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GEO and GEOSS…… GEO Work Plan


									      GEO Work Plan
     Symposium 2011

GEO Agricultural Monitoring
       Task DS 09
DS 09 Global Agricultural Monitoring and
  Early Warning Task (Formerly Ag 0703)
  Increase the use of Earth Observation to support the generation of timely and
  reliable agricultural statistics and associated information at national and global
  levels, leading to improved accuracy and confidence in the reporting.
  Support the improved detection of agricultural drought leading to effective
  early warning of famine and a more timely mobilization of an international
  response in food aid.
  Enhance monitoring and modeling of agricultural land use change through
  improved periodic national to global assessments and projections, to inform
  land use policy in the context of economic development and climate change.
  Increase national capabilities for agricultural monitoring through regional
  networks, thematic workshops and targeted capacity building leading to
  greater transparency in methods and reporting (Agriculture Strategic Target).
    Note re. Data/Information Services
• The 09 Task is focused on enhancing and increasing use of EO data by
  the agricultural monitoring community at the global and national level –
  fostering cooperation and coordination amongst the Community of
  Practice (data providers, data brokers and information users)
• Data/information services is just one, albeit important aspect of the
  DS09 Task, namely the provision of satellite data, in-situ data and
  climate model output with a focus on:
   – Satellite data/product continuity (Space Agencies)
   – Coordinated Satellite Acquisition (increasing temporal frequency) –
      virtual constellation (Space Agencies)
   – Open Data Policy (Space and Weather Agencies)
   – Improved distribution of in-situ meteorological sites and expedited
      data delivery (WMO, National Agencies)
  Agricultural monitoring at the national and global scale informs the
  national and international decision-making
                         Task DS 09
Task Co-Leads:

Chris Justice, University of Maryland
Wu Bingfang, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS, Beijing, China
Olivier Leo, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy
Derrick Williams, USDA FAS, USA

Task Executive Director: Jai S Parihar, Space Applications Centre (ISRO),
GEO -JECAM Sub-task Lead: Ian Jarvis, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
GEO Secretariat PoC: Joao Soares, GEO Secretariat, Geneva
CEOS GEO Agriculture POC: Prasad Thenkabail, USGS , USA
                         DS 09 Approach
Satellite, In-
Data/Product              Agricultural
 and Model                Monitoring
 Providers                Community

Data Services            (National and
                      International level)

                                              National and
              Information Services            International
      (statistics/alerts/bulletins/reports)    Policy and
•   The Task deliverable is an enhanced global operational
    agricultural monitoring system of systems for agricultural
    production, famine early-warning, food security and
    agricultural land use change.

•   This will require capacity building at global and national
    levels – particularly for countries with insufficient capability
    for national reporting
    Priority Actions:
•   Joint Experiments on Crop Assessment and Monitoring (GEO-
    – Establishing a series of research supersites over a range of different
       cropping systems

    –   Facilitating the inter-comparison of data and methods for crop area,
        condition monitoring and yield estimation, with the aim of establishing
        ‘best practices’ for different agricultural systems

•   Approach: to acquire EO data from available assets - coordinated through
    CEOS and to collect and share in-situ measurements – joint analysis activities

•   Current Challenges: i) Commitment from Space Agencies to provide data for
    sites, particularly India, China and Russia, ii) support for cross site
    comparison workshops

    Sites currently: China, EU, Argentina, Paraguay, US, new sites
        being added - Lead (Canada)
    Priority Actions:
•   The PAY- Production Area Yield Database
    – Goal more consistent global reporting
•   Approach
    – Countries provide statistics to a common data base for inter-
      comparison and analysis
    – GUI allows for queries on Yield, Production and Area by: Agency,
      Commodity (e.g. Corn, Soy, Wheat, Rice), Country, Year (2005-
      present), Date of Forecast, Data Type (Forecast, Reported)
    – Analyze major discrepancies
•   Current Challenges
    – Initially for internal use by the CoP
    – Additional monitoring groups and countries are encouraged to participate
    Leads: US, China, EU, FAO
    Priority Actions:
•   Coordinated Data Initiatives for Global Agricultural Monitoring
    – Focus on priority data activities
•   Approach: identify key topics currently focussed on
    – Define Observation Requirements and Identify gaps in the current in-situ
      observation (Documentation)
    – Ensure Data Continuity (Advocacy)
    – Encourage Free and Open Data from EU, China, India, Russia (Advocacy)
    – Coordinated moderate resolution satellite acquisition – virtual constellation
    – Timely delivery of product
    – Compilation of best available global information on agricultural areas, crop
      calendars and cropping system (Data inter-comparison)
    – Improved distribution of in-situ weather data network for Africa (WMO)
•   Current Challenges
    – Responsiveness of agencies
    Leads: US, EU,
    Priority Actions:
•   GLAMSS Thematic Workshop Series
    – A series of technical international workshops on techniques and methods, best
      practices, emerging technologies and model inter-comparisons
•   Approach
    – Targeted workshops
        • on agricultural topics that can benefit from increased communication
        • to advance specific task activities
    – Hosted by a member of the community of practice
    – Where possible co-located with other community meetings
•   Current Challenges
    – Funding for developing country meetings and participant travel

    Leads to date: EU, China, Canada, Brazil, India
Re-organization of 2009-2011 Sub-tasks
(i.e. which sub-tasks support the new Task)

•   Ag 0703a has been expanded into the current Task
•   Ag 0703b and c have been inactive – suggest removing
    these sub tasks from the new program
    – Some aspects of Ag0703b maybe included in terms of
       a joint activity on drought with DS 01
Related 2009-2011 Work Plan Progress
    –   JECAM Office Established – Web site developed and detailed science plan
        and data sharing principles developed
    –   12 initial sites established – new site proposals being evaluated
    –   Space agencies currently developing acquisition plan
•   PAY
    –   Data entry completed analysis being initiated
    -   Dynamic Global Croplands Likelihood Map (250m)
    -   Near Real Time data from MODIS (NASA LANCE System) and Spot VGT
    -   Compilation of Enhanced Global Crop Calendars (ISRO)
Related 2009-2011 Work Plan Progress (cont’d)
•   GTWS
    –   S. American JECAM Session 15 th SBRS, Cuiritiba, Brazil ( May 2 nd 2011)

    –   CoP coordination meeting at GEO Ministerial, Beijing (November 2 nd 2010)

    –   Observation Requirements & Coordination Workshop, Belgium (October 12-15th 2010)

    –   JECAM China Coordination Workshop, Hong Kong (September 28 th 2010)
    –   Thematic workshop on impact of Climate Change on Agriculture, Ahmedabad, India (December 2009)

    –   Thematic Workshop SAR/Optical Agricultural Monitoring, Kananaskis, (Canada, Nov , 2009)

    –   Workshop on Establishing a Global Ag. Monitoring System of Systems, (CAS, Beijing, Feb, 2009)

    –   Ag 0703 Session at NEESPI/LCLUC Workshop Almaty, (Kazakhstan, Sept, 2009)

    –   Ag 0703 Session at SBSR, Natal (Brazil April 2009)

    –   Thematic Workshop and Document on Best Practices for Crop Acreage Estimates (JRC, MARS, June,

Inclusion of New Proposals
•   A GEO Agriculture Rangelands activity
    – Initial discussion 2011 ISRSE Sydney
    – Initial community workshop needed to
        • Identify community priorities for a GEO activity
    – Australia a potential activity lead
•   A joint Agricultural Drought activity in partnership with DS01 Disaster
    Risk Reduction and Early Warning
    – Initial discussion 2010 Beijing Ministerial and follow up telecons
    – Initial agricultural drought workshop needed to
        • Identify community priorities for GEO activity
•   Increasing emphasis needed on 1) Agriculture and Water Use (topic
    for 2012 Workshop, Beijing) , 2) Agriculture and Climate Change
    (considering a workshop 2012, USA) - new proposals TBD
Issues and Gaps
•   Space agency commitments for GEO-JECAM (India, China, Japan
    and Russia)
•   Space agency commitment for coordinated moderate resn acquisition
•   Commitment from WMO for rain-gauge data iniatitive
•   Funding for Developing Country GEO-JECAM and Participation in
•   Funding for Agricultural Monitoring Capacity Building
Possible Measures to fill Gaps
•   GEOSEC to contact China, Japan and India Agency Heads for Data
    Provision for GEO-JECAM (working with CEOS).
•   Identify donors for Capacity Building
•   Elevate national commitments from G20, BRICS
Resources Available for Implementation
(current status and in planning)
•  COP Contributions to GTWS (workshops) + strong support
   from EU/JRC, China IRSA, India, Canada
• Support for GEO-JECAM Secretariat (Agriculture and
   Agrifood Canada)
• In-kind support for AG Secretariat (ISRO, India)
• Training program initiated (India)
• US proposal for US Ag Co-Chair submitted to NASA
• China GEO Ag proposal submitted by IRSA to MOST
Open for Plenary Discussion
Identify Synergies
- Develop next steps on Joint SBA/Task initiative
   on Drought – agricultural drought is currently
   addressed as part of agricultural monitoring
- Linkages to DS 10 (Ag Land Cover), IS 03 Ag
   Capacity Building
- Big picture issue of moving Task from primarily
   voluntary contributions to funded GEO task

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