Decision Making

					Decision Making
  Making responsible
 decisions will help you
 deal with conflict and
   peer pressure while
    managing stress.

• To gain a feeling of
  empowerment, you must take
  responsibility for decisions.
• A person who has some sense of
  control over their behavior
  and decisions feels
 Teenagers usually make decisions
using one of three decision making
               • A person who fails to
                 make a choice and
                 the failure to choose
                 determines what will
                 happen is using an
                 inactive decision-
                 making style.
               • Individuals who use this
                 style don’t know what they
                 want, put off making
                 difficult decisions and do
                 not gain self confidence.
Another style is:
       • A reactive decision-
         making style.
       • A person using this style
         allows others to make
         decisions for them.
       • These individuals are
         usually easily influenced
         and lack self-confidence.
       • They have a need to be
         liked by others and give
         control of their decisions
         to others.
A proactive decision-making
style is one in which a person:
                • Examines the
                  decision to be
                • Identifies and
                  evaluates actions
                  to take
                • Selects an action
                • Takes
                  responsibility for
                  the consequences
                  of this action
    Teenagers who have a proactive
       decision-making style are
      responsible decision makers.
• Promotes health
• Protects safety
• Follows laws
• Shows respect for self
  and others
• Follow guidelines set
  by responsible adults
• Demonstrates good
     The steps used to make
 Responsible Decisions include:
1. Describe the     For example:
   situation that   Johnny has been
   requires a         nominated for an
   decision.          office in the student
                      council, but he does
                      not always have a ride
                      home after school. So
                      he may not be able to
                      attend the after school
Responsible Decision Making
2. List possible   •   Johnny could do nothing and see
                       what happens
  decisions you    •   Johnny could talk to the sponsor
  might make.
                       and see if he/she could help
                   •   Johnny could talk to his parents
                       about possible ways to get home
                   •   He could find out if there is a bus
                       that goes close to his home
                   •   He could ask friends who are in
                       student council if he can ride
                       home with them
                   •   He could tell his friends and the
                       sponsor that he can not be an
                       officer because it is not the
                       responsible thing to do since he
                       can’t always have a ride
Responsible Decision Making
3. Share the list  Johnny shows the list to his
  of possible        counselor or a teacher.
  decisions with   OR, he shows the list to his
  a trusted adult.   parents.
                         OR, Johnny shows the list to
                           another adult who he
                           knows has his best
                           interest at heart.
Responsible Decision Making
4. Evaluate the     Johnny ASKS:
                    Will this decision result in an
  consequences of      action that:
  each decision.    • Is healthful
  Ask questions     • Is safe
                    • Is legal
  about the         • Shows respect for self and
  consequences of      others
  each possible     • Follows the guidelines of
                       responsible adults such as
  decision.            parents or guardians
                    • Demonstrates that I have good
Responsible Decision Making
5. Decide        Johnny decides to take to the sponsor and
                    see if she has any suggestions.
  which             Johnny finds out that as an officer he
  decision is       must be at all meetings unless he is
                    sick or has been excused in advance.
  responsible       But she tells him that the activity bus
  and most          is an option to take him home. She
                    also states that several very active
  appropriate.      members of student council live in his
                    neighborhood and she would be glad
                    to help arrange a ride with one of
                 Johnny decides based on these facts that
                    he will run for an office.
Responsible Decision Making
6. Act on your   Johnny runs for office and wins.
                 After he has been an officer for 2 months
  decision          he talks to the sponsor and they
  and               discuss how he has been getting
  evaluate the   Three other students have offered to give
  results.          him rides home, so he has not had to
                    miss any meetings.
                 He decides to write thank you notes to
                    his new friend’s parents telling them
                    he appreciates the rides home.
                 He is glad that he spoke with the sponsor
                    and made the decision to run for
                    student council office.
Sometimes Peer Pressure
  influences decisions!
            Peer Pressure is
             the influence
             people of
             similar age or
             status place on
             others to have
             them behave in
             certain ways or
             make certain
Peer pressure can be positive
        or negative!
• An example of
  positive peer
  pressure is when
  friends encourage
  you to study and
  make good
• Negative peer
  pressure occurs
  when friends want
  you to try drugs.
Resistance skills can be used by a
person who want to say NO or to
        leave a situation.
                 • Resistance skills
                   can be used
                   when peer
                   pressure is

                 • Resistance skills
                   help you say NO
                   and stick to
                   your decision.
    Some resistance skills
 teenagers can use include:
• Say NO in an       • Avoid being in
  assertive way.       situations in
• Give reason for      which there will
  saying NO.           be pressure to
• Make sure your       make harmful
  body language or     decisions.
  nonverbal          • Resist the pressure
  behavior matches     to engage in
  what you say.        illegal behavior.
• Avoid being with   • Influence others
  people who make      to make
  harmful              responsible
  decisions.           decisions.
Please get out your
   journal sheet!
Respond to the open response
 question on the next slide.
Place the completed journal
 entry (answer to the open
 response question) in your
    journal or notebook.
 Answer all parts to this question using only
     one side of your notebook paper.
Sara’s friend Jane uses alcohol or marijuana almost every day. Jane has
      been cutting classes, failing most of her subjects and spending time
      with other kids who use drugs. She says she’s having a great time,
      but when ever Sara ask her what she’s doing that’s so much fun,
      she can’t remember. So far, Sara hasn’t said anything to her, but
      she’s really worried about her.

A.    List and the steps of the decision making process.

B. Explain how using a decision making process will help Sara make a
     better decision and allow her to help Jane in a more productive
     manner. Be very specific.