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					Bishops/Archbishops
          What is a Bishop?
• A successor of the Apostles who has
  received the fullness of Christ's priesthood
  through the sacrament of Holy Orders.
• A bishop is the ordinary over a diocese.
• His most distinctive power, that of
  ordaining priests and other bishops,
  belongs uniquely to a bishop.
        What is an Archbishop
• An archbishop is a bishop who presides over
  one or more dioceses.
• He may call the bishops to a provincial council,
  having the right and duty to do so, and he may
  act as first judge of appeal over a decision of
  one of his bishops.
• His immediate jurisdiction, however, pertains
  solely to his own diocese.
• He is to be vigilant that the faith and
  ecclesiastical discipline are carefully preserved (
        Bishop vs Archbishop
• A bishop who is entrusted with the pastoral care
  of a diocese is a diocesan bishop.
• A diocesan bishop who is entrusted with care of
  an archdiocese is an archbishop.
• An archbishop is also called the metropolitan
  archbishop when referring to his role as head of
  the province.
  – In this capacity, he has certain limited obligations and
    authority with respect to the other dioceses in his
    province.
        Apostolic Succession
• Each bishop in the Catholic Church is a
  successor to the Apostles.
• Ordained by fellow bishops, who were
  themselves ordained by fellow bishops, each
  bishop can trace a direct, unbroken line of
  ordination back to the Apostles, a condition
  known as "apostolic succession.―
• As with the original Apostles, the office of the
  bishop (the episcopate) is reserved to baptized
  males.
              Holy Orders:
          Sacrament of a Bishop
Through the Sacrament of Holy Orders, the mission
entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be
exercised in the Church until the end of time.

Bishops receive the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy
Orders, which integrates them into the Episcopal college
and makes them visible heads of the particular Church
entrusted to them.

As successors of the apostles and members of the college,
the bishops share in the apostolic responsibility and
mission of the whole Church under the authority of the
Pope.
       Diocese vs. Archdiocese
• A diocese is a territorial division of the church under the
  care and authority of a bishop. It is a geographic area
  and the community of Christians who live there.
• A diocese is made up of local communities of Catholics
  called parishes.
• An archdiocese is the chief diocese in a group of
  neighboring dioceses. It may be prominent because of
  its history, large population, or influence. Often an
  archdiocese is the diocese that first existed in a region
  before other dioceses were established in the area.
• A group of dioceses, including the local archdiocese, is
  called a province.
              Duties of a Bishop
• Duties of a diocesan bishop are to "teach, sanctify and
  govern":
   – that is, to oversee preaching of the Gospel and Catholic
     education in all its forms;
   – to oversee and provide for the administration of the sacraments;
   – and to legislate, administer and act as judge for Canon Law
     within his diocese.
• Bishops confer the sacrament of holy orders and are
  able to ordain deacons, priests and bishops. Bishops are
  the original ministers of confirmation, though priests may
  confirm when delegated or when liturgical law indicates.
• Only bishops consecrate chrism, the holy oil used at
  baptism, confirmation and ordinations.
    Specific Duties of a Bishop
• He is obliged to celebrate Mass every Sunday and Holy
  Day of Obligation with the intention of praying for those
  in his care.

• Assign clergy to their posts in various institutions and
  oversee finances.

• It is only within the power of the bishop or eparch to
  consecrate churches and bless altars.

• Only a bishop or other ordinary may grant Imprimaturs
  for theological books, certifying that they are free from
  doctrinal or moral error, as part of his teaching authority.
          Reporting to Rome
• All Bishops are also required to submit a
  quinquennial report to the Pope (ie, every five
  years).
• Bishops report on their diocese and any
  problems that may have arisen in their diocese
  or difficulties the faithful are facing.
• At the time this report is required, the Bishops
  travel to Rome to pray before the Tomb of St.
  Peter and to meet individually with the Holy
  Father.
                   Becoming a Bishop
•       The process of choosing a priest to serve as a bishop is an
        ongoing process that takes four to eight months on average.
    –       The first step in this process is for current bishops to watch
           priests to determine which priests have the qualities that a
           bishop needs to serve his province. Once the bishop has
           determined whether a priest in his province would be a good
           bishop, he will submit that priest's name to his archbishop.
    –      Once the archbishop has the names of candidates, he will pray
           for a decision. After he has done this, he will gather all of the
           bishops of his province together to vote on a new bishop. The
           candidates who pass the vote move on to the apostolic nuncio,
           who serves as an ambassador to a specific nation. When the
           apostolic nuncio comes to a decision about each of the
           candidates, he sends his individual reports to the Congregation
           for Bishops.
•       The Congregation for Bishops reads through the apostolic
        nuncio's reports on each candidate. While the Congregation
        for Bishops won't change anything on the apostolic nuncio's
        reports, it will vote on the candidates and attach a
        recommendation to each candidate. This packet of
        information is sent to the pope in Rome.
How many bishops are there in the
        United States?
• There are 430 active and retired U.S. bishops in the United
  States:
• 259 Active Bishops:
   –   5 Cardinal Archbishops
   –   29 Archbishops
   –   1 Coadjutor Archbishop
   –   153 Diocesan Bishops
   –   70 Auxiliary Bishops
   –   1 Coadjutor Bishop
• 171 Retired Bishops:
   –   8 retired Cardinal Archbishops
   –   19 retired Archbishops
   –   94 retired Diocesan Bishops
   –   50 retired Auxiliary Bishops

            Bishops in the World—30, 354
      Archbishop of Louisville
• In June of 2007, Pennsylvania native and
  Bishop of Knoxville, Joseph E. Kurtz, D.D.,
  was appointed to the Archdiocese of
  Louisville.

• Archbishop Joseph E. Kurtz was chosen
  as the Vice President of the United States
  Council of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) of
  Louisville, Ky., as vice president.
     Archdiocese of Louisville
• The Archdiocese of Louisville was the the
  first inland diocese of the United States
• On April 8, 1808, Pope Pius VII subdivided the
  primal see of Baltimore by constituting the
  Dioceses of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
  Bardstown.
• In 1841, the seat of the Diocese of Bardstown
  was moved to Louisville.
• Since the 1980’s the Archdiocese of Louisville
  has been known for its ―ecumenical and
  interfaith initiatives.‖
        Statistics about Louisville
The Archdiocese of Louisville:
    – contains 200,000 Catholics in 66,000 households
    – consists of 24 counties in central Kentucky covering 8,124 square miles
    – has 111 parishes and missions (102 parishes—according to Catholic World
      Book)
    – has 48 K-12 schools serving 20,745 students
    – has 150 diocesan priests
    – has 119 permanent deacons
    – has 43 religious order priests
    – has 13 monastic priests
    – has 59 brothers
    – has 38 monastic brothers
    – has 655 sisters
    – serves more than 265,000 persons in Catholic hospitals, home health centers,
      homes for the aged, specialized homes and centers for social services
    – serves more than 20,000 individuals through family ministries programming
    – offers ongoing services to more than 40,000 individuals through Catholic
      Charities programs

				
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