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        The Effects on
        Your Body
Is Alcohol A Drug?
 Yes,alcohol is a legal drug.
 Alcohol affects your brain. Drinking
 alcohol leads to a loss of
 coordination, poor judgment,
 slowed reflexes, distorted vision,
 memory lapses, and even
Damage To Your Health
 Liver Damage
 Kills Brain Cells
 Excessive Weight
 Bad Breath
Laws In The United States
 You must be 21 to consume alcohol
 Drinking and Driving Illegal
 Breathalyzer above .08 in US = DUI
    –   Blood or Urine
      Types of Alcohol
 Alcohol  can be consumed in one
 way, by drinking it. There are 3
 classifications of drinks:
 Liquor (Rum, Vodka, Whiskey)

 Beer or Malt Beverage

     What is One Drink?
 Your body removes on average 1 drink
 per hour. Each drink you have is
 equal to .02.
   Liquor 2 oz.

   Beer 12 oz.

   Wine 5 oz.
How Much Is Too Much If You Are
   If you have 2 liquor drinks and a beer, are you
    capable of driving within 1 hour?
   Yes, your breathalyzer would be .06
   If you have 5 beers over 2 hours, are you
    capable of driving?
   Yes, your breathalyzer would be .08 because
    your body removes .02 an hour.
 Factors Determining How You Can
        Handle Your Alcohol
► Body Weight
► Food Consumption
► Type of Alcohol
► Amount
► Time You Drink
► Male/Female
   Males have a hormone
    that breaks down
    alcohol quicker
Laws Regarding Driving
If you are under 21, there is a no
 tolerance law. Meaning, if you get
 pulled over and have to take a
 breathalyzer. If you register .001, you
 have a DUI!
Sobriety Test

Field test have about a 70% accuracy.
 Reason why they might not be accurate
 are a person being nervous around a
 police officer.
  Walk on the Line Test
  Stand on One Leg Test
  Alphabet Test
If you are over 21 and go to a bar or a
 party, you should always have a DD
 or a ride. If you are in the town you
 live in, you can call the police for a
 ride home. You will not get in trouble
 for this.
This is safer then being wrapped
 around a telephone pole.

You have the right to say “NO” to a test by
 an officer.
If you say, “NO”, you are automatically
Car Accidents
Car Accidents
Car Accidents
       Drinking and Driving
• 40% of car accidents
  involving people
  from 25-15 have
  something to do with
• After 12 Midnight,
  70% of drivers on
  the road are drunk.
Binge Drinking
   Binge drinking is
    consuming more then 5
    drinks in one sitting.
    Stories Related To Drinking and Driving
   Tiffany Lyn Clawson
    November 19, 1978 - February 21, 1991
   My 12-year-old daughter Tiffany was visiting her father for the
    weekend and had gone to the store across the street. She was
    only three steps from her dad's driveway when a drunk driver,
    going over 40 mph, hit her. She was thrown on to the hood and
    rolled up the windshield, landing on the luggage rack of his
    station wagon. He didn't know he hit her and continued driving
    while my 10-year-old son was looking on in horror from his
    father's front window. Luckily a police officer traveling in the
    opposite direction turned and followed him, eventually getting
    him to stop.
   My daughter had no pulse or heartbeat when removed from the
    roof of the car. She was revived and when we arrived at the
    hospital were told she probably would not live through the night.
    She lived for 26 days on life support and was in a coma. She
    was struck 1-26-91 and died of her injuries 2-21-91. The man
    who killed Tiffany was sentenced to four to10 years and his
    license was taken away for life. He served eight years and has
    been released. I am still serving my life sentence without my
   Lorelei Holmes
    July 19, 1982 - May 23, 1997
   My daughter, Lorelei, lost her life to a drunk driver
    on May 23,1997. She was just 14 years old. She
    never graduated high school. She will never go to
    college. She will never get married and have
    children. I will never hold her again. It's so unfair.
    If the drunk driver had done just one thing
    differently, my daughter would still be alive to do
    all the things she will now never get to do. If he
    had called a taxi or a friend to take him home,
    Lorelei would still be with us today. Please don't
    drink and drive!
   Greg Ott
    December 13, 1976 - October 13, 1994
   Greg was the younger of my two boys. His nickname
    was Bubba and he was always a quiet young man. He
    was an honor student for four years and was looking
    forward to graduation in 1995. He played defense #54
    on the school football team. Greg was an excellent
    athlete. He had great potential, but he got into a truck
    with some friends after school one day. The driver was
    drunk and at a high rate of speed, he lost control of
    the truck going around a curve and hit a tree. There
    were five young men in that truck, all around the age
    of 17. Greg was the only one killed. He is greatly
    missed and loved by so many.
Risks to Binge Drinking
   Drinking alcohol leads to a loss of
    coordination, poor judgment,
    slowed reflexes, distorted vision,
    memory lapses, and even
How Do You Know If A Friend
Has A Drinking Problem?
Getting drunk on a regular basis
Lying about how much alcohol he or she is
Believing that alcohol is necessary to have
Having frequent hangovers
Feeling run-down, depressed, or even
Having "blackouts" -- forgetting what he or
she did while drinking
Having problems at school or getting in
trouble with the law

 Alcoholism is a disease. If these
 words make alcoholism sound
 serious, that's because it is.
 Alcoholism is a serious problem that
 requires serious treatment -- physical,
 mental and emotional.
Signs of Alcoholism
The difference between a social drinker and an
alcoholic can be tough call to make. If you think you
might have a problem with alcoholism, see if you
answer "yes" to any of the following questions:
· Do you drink to escape feelings of pain, misery and
· Has your weekend-only binge drinking turned into a
daily event?
· Do you become anxious when you can't drink?
· Do you lie about how much you drink?
· Have your spouse, kids, neighbors and/or friends
complained about your drinking?
· Has your boss questioned you about consistent
tardiness or missed workdays?
· Do you have one or more DUI arrests?
· Have you experienced abdominal pain, recurring
nausea or ulcers?
· During your routine physical exam, has your doctor
asked if you were a heavy drinker?
    Alcohol Detox
 First Step: Admit you have a problem!
 Second Step: Rehab Center
 Alcohol detox can be viewed in three separate stages:
 1. Medical Detox: A medical doctor will need to supervise
  your medical withdrawal from alcohol, ensuring you
  complete this phase safely and with minimal
  complications. Medical alcohol detox can take several
 2. Physical Detox: Once your body is no longer dependent
  on alcohol, you will need to work on building up your
  physical health. A nutritionist can be helpful during this
  phase, enabling you to develop a balanced diet to help
  you through the rest of your detox.
 3. Emotional Detox: Alcohol detox can be extremely
  difficult on your emotional health, which is why most
  treatment centers offer counseling during detox. Because
  alcohol has become an integral part of your mental,
  emotional and social life, you will need emotional help as
Other Programs

  Alanon
  AA
  Treatment Center
After Treatment

  After a person comes out of
   treatment, they can no longer
   drink or they will relapse.
  Question and Answer
 Q. Why can't teens drink if their parents can?
 A. Teens' bodies are still developing and alcohol
  has a greater impact on their physical and mental
  well-being. For example, people who begin
  drinking before age 15 are four times more likely to
  develop alcoholism than those who begin at age
 Q. How can I say no to alcohol? I'm afraid I won't
  fit in.
 A. Remember, you're in good company. The
  majority of teens don't drink alcohol. Also, it's not
  as hard to refuse as you might think. Try: "No
  thanks," "I don't drink," or "I'm not interested."

  #1 used illegal drug in the US
  Considered a “Gateway” Drug
    Which leads to harder drugs like cocaine,
     crack and “E”
What is it?

  Marijuana comes from a plant. It is dried,
   then shredded up and smoked like a
   cigarette, cigar or pipe.
Ways that it is used

  Joint = Cigarette
  Bong = Pipe
  Blunt = Cigar
How it is Dangerous

  Marijuana contains the same cancer
   causing chemicals as tobacco, more
   times in higher concentration.
  Also marijuana usually is not smoked
   with a filter like cigarettes, this means
   your body is getting a higher
   concentration of those chemicals.
Short Term Effects

  Short-term effects of marijuana include
   problems with memory and learning,
   distorted perception (sights, sounds,
   time, touch), trouble with thinking and
   problem solving, loss of motor
   coordination, increased heart rate, and
   anxiety. These effects are even greater
   when other drugs are mixed with
   marijuana. A user may also experience
   dry mouth and throat.
Long Term Effects

  Marijuana smoke contains some of the
   same cancer-causing compounds as
   tobacco, sometimes in higher
   concentrations. Studies show that
   someone who smokes five joints per
   week may be taking in as many cancer-
   causing chemicals as someone who
   smokes a full pack of cigarettes every
                The End
Study for your TEST!

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