Alcohol/Marijuana The Effects on Your Body Is Alcohol A Drug? Yes,alcohol is a legal drug. Alcohol affects your brain. Drinking alcohol leads to a loss of coordination, poor judgment, slowed reflexes, distorted vision, memory lapses, and even blackouts. Damage To Your Health Liver Damage Kills Brain Cells Excessive Weight Gain Bad Breath Laws In The United States You must be 21 to consume alcohol Drinking and Driving Illegal Breathalyzer above .08 in US = DUI – Blood or Urine Types of Alcohol Alcohol can be consumed in one way, by drinking it. There are 3 classifications of drinks: Liquor (Rum, Vodka, Whiskey) Beer or Malt Beverage Wine What is One Drink? Your body removes on average 1 drink per hour. Each drink you have is equal to .02. Liquor 2 oz. Beer 12 oz. Wine 5 oz. How Much Is Too Much If You Are Driving? If you have 2 liquor drinks and a beer, are you capable of driving within 1 hour? Yes, your breathalyzer would be .06 If you have 5 beers over 2 hours, are you capable of driving? Yes, your breathalyzer would be .08 because your body removes .02 an hour. Factors Determining How You Can Handle Your Alcohol ► Body Weight ► Food Consumption ► Type of Alcohol ► Amount ► Time You Drink ► Male/Female Males have a hormone that breaks down alcohol quicker Laws Regarding Driving If you are under 21, there is a no tolerance law. Meaning, if you get pulled over and have to take a breathalyzer. If you register .001, you have a DUI! Sobriety Test Field test have about a 70% accuracy. Reason why they might not be accurate are a person being nervous around a police officer. Walk on the Line Test Stand on One Leg Test Alphabet Test Laws If you are over 21 and go to a bar or a party, you should always have a DD or a ride. If you are in the town you live in, you can call the police for a ride home. You will not get in trouble for this. This is safer then being wrapped around a telephone pole. Tests You have the right to say “NO” to a test by an officer. If you say, “NO”, you are automatically guilty! Car Accidents Car Accidents Car Accidents Drinking and Driving • 40% of car accidents involving people from 25-15 have something to do with alcohol. • After 12 Midnight, 70% of drivers on the road are drunk. Binge Drinking Binge drinking is consuming more then 5 drinks in one sitting. Stories Related To Drinking and Driving Tiffany Lyn Clawson November 19, 1978 - February 21, 1991 My 12-year-old daughter Tiffany was visiting her father for the weekend and had gone to the store across the street. She was only three steps from her dad's driveway when a drunk driver, going over 40 mph, hit her. She was thrown on to the hood and rolled up the windshield, landing on the luggage rack of his station wagon. He didn't know he hit her and continued driving while my 10-year-old son was looking on in horror from his father's front window. Luckily a police officer traveling in the opposite direction turned and followed him, eventually getting him to stop. My daughter had no pulse or heartbeat when removed from the roof of the car. She was revived and when we arrived at the hospital were told she probably would not live through the night. She lived for 26 days on life support and was in a coma. She was struck 1-26-91 and died of her injuries 2-21-91. The man who killed Tiffany was sentenced to four to10 years and his license was taken away for life. He served eight years and has been released. I am still serving my life sentence without my Stories Lorelei Holmes July 19, 1982 - May 23, 1997 My daughter, Lorelei, lost her life to a drunk driver on May 23,1997. She was just 14 years old. She never graduated high school. She will never go to college. She will never get married and have children. I will never hold her again. It's so unfair. If the drunk driver had done just one thing differently, my daughter would still be alive to do all the things she will now never get to do. If he had called a taxi or a friend to take him home, Lorelei would still be with us today. Please don't drink and drive! Stories Greg Ott December 13, 1976 - October 13, 1994 Greg was the younger of my two boys. His nickname was Bubba and he was always a quiet young man. He was an honor student for four years and was looking forward to graduation in 1995. He played defense #54 on the school football team. Greg was an excellent athlete. He had great potential, but he got into a truck with some friends after school one day. The driver was drunk and at a high rate of speed, he lost control of the truck going around a curve and hit a tree. There were five young men in that truck, all around the age of 17. Greg was the only one killed. He is greatly missed and loved by so many. Risks to Binge Drinking Drinking alcohol leads to a loss of coordination, poor judgment, slowed reflexes, distorted vision, memory lapses, and even blackouts. How Do You Know If A Friend Has A Drinking Problem? Getting drunk on a regular basis Lying about how much alcohol he or she is using Believing that alcohol is necessary to have fun Having frequent hangovers Feeling run-down, depressed, or even suicidal Having "blackouts" -- forgetting what he or she did while drinking Having problems at school or getting in trouble with the law Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease. If these words make alcoholism sound serious, that's because it is. Alcoholism is a serious problem that requires serious treatment -- physical, mental and emotional. Signs of Alcoholism The difference between a social drinker and an alcoholic can be tough call to make. If you think you might have a problem with alcoholism, see if you answer "yes" to any of the following questions: · Do you drink to escape feelings of pain, misery and hopelessness? · Has your weekend-only binge drinking turned into a daily event? · Do you become anxious when you can't drink? · Do you lie about how much you drink? · Have your spouse, kids, neighbors and/or friends complained about your drinking? · Has your boss questioned you about consistent tardiness or missed workdays? · Do you have one or more DUI arrests? · Have you experienced abdominal pain, recurring nausea or ulcers? · During your routine physical exam, has your doctor asked if you were a heavy drinker? Alcohol Detox First Step: Admit you have a problem! Second Step: Rehab Center Alcohol detox can be viewed in three separate stages: 1. Medical Detox: A medical doctor will need to supervise your medical withdrawal from alcohol, ensuring you complete this phase safely and with minimal complications. Medical alcohol detox can take several days. 2. Physical Detox: Once your body is no longer dependent on alcohol, you will need to work on building up your physical health. A nutritionist can be helpful during this phase, enabling you to develop a balanced diet to help you through the rest of your detox. 3. Emotional Detox: Alcohol detox can be extremely difficult on your emotional health, which is why most treatment centers offer counseling during detox. Because alcohol has become an integral part of your mental, emotional and social life, you will need emotional help as Other Programs Alanon AA Treatment Center After Treatment After a person comes out of treatment, they can no longer drink or they will relapse. Question and Answer Q. Why can't teens drink if their parents can? A. Teens' bodies are still developing and alcohol has a greater impact on their physical and mental well-being. For example, people who begin drinking before age 15 are four times more likely to develop alcoholism than those who begin at age 21. Q. How can I say no to alcohol? I'm afraid I won't fit in. A. Remember, you're in good company. The majority of teens don't drink alcohol. Also, it's not as hard to refuse as you might think. Try: "No thanks," "I don't drink," or "I'm not interested." Marijuana #1 used illegal drug in the US Considered a “Gateway” Drug Which leads to harder drugs like cocaine, crack and “E” What is it? Marijuana comes from a plant. It is dried, then shredded up and smoked like a cigarette, cigar or pipe. Ways that it is used Joint = Cigarette Bong = Pipe Blunt = Cigar How it is Dangerous Marijuana contains the same cancer causing chemicals as tobacco, more times in higher concentration. Also marijuana usually is not smoked with a filter like cigarettes, this means your body is getting a higher concentration of those chemicals. Short Term Effects Short-term effects of marijuana include problems with memory and learning, distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch), trouble with thinking and problem solving, loss of motor coordination, increased heart rate, and anxiety. These effects are even greater when other drugs are mixed with marijuana. A user may also experience dry mouth and throat. Long Term Effects Marijuana smoke contains some of the same cancer-causing compounds as tobacco, sometimes in higher concentrations. Studies show that someone who smokes five joints per week may be taking in as many cancer- causing chemicals as someone who smokes a full pack of cigarettes every day. The End Study for your TEST!