Abraham Lincoln was
president of the United
States from 1861 until
assassination in 1865.
As president he is best remembered for
leading theUnion through the Civil War
and freeing Confederate slaves with the 1863
Emancipation Proclamation; for delivering the
Gettysburg Address, the most famous oration
in American history, on 19 November 1863;
and for his tragic assassination by John
Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington,
D.C. Upon Lincoln's death, Andrew Johnson
assumed the presidency. The Lincoln
Memorial, with its famous statue of Lincoln by
Daniel Chester French, was dedicated in
Washington in 1922.
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy's 1963
assassination was one
of the most shocking
public events of the
FK was elected to replace President Dwight
Eisenhower in 1960 (narrowly defeating
Eisenhower's vice-president, Richard Nixon);
he swept into office with a reputation for
youthful charm, impatience, wit and vigor.
Kennedy's term was sometimes called the
New Frontier, a phrase he coined in his
acceptance speech at the 1960 Democratic
convention. Kennedy was shot to death by
sniper Lee Harvey Oswald during an open-
car motorcade in Dallas, Texas on 22
November 1963; two days later, Harvey was
shot and killed by another man, Jack Ruby.
Kennedy was succeeded by Lyndon Johnson.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King,
Jr. was an African-
A powerful speaker and a man of great spiritual strength, he
shaped the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and
1960s. King was pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in
Montgomery, Alabama from 1954-59. There he led blacks in the
Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-56, an action inspired by the
arrest of Rosa Parks when she refused to give up her seat on a
public bus. Racial segregation on city buses was ruled
unconstitutional in 1956; the boycott ended in success, and King
had become a national figure. King returned to his home town of
Atlanta in 1959 and became co-pastor with his father of the
Ebenezer Baptist Church, a position he held until his death. On
the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation
Proclamation in 1963, King organized a march on Washington,
D.C. that drew 200,000 people demanding equal rights for
minorities,at which time he gave the famous lectture ―I have a
dream‖. King won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, becoming at the
time the youngest recipient ever. His writings included Stride
Toward Freedom (1958, a history of the Montgomery bus
boycott), Why We Can't Wait (1963) and Where Do We Go
From Here? Chaos or Community (1967). King was shot to
death by James Earl Ray in 1968 while visiting Memphis,
Robert Francis "Bobby"
Kennedy (November 20,
1925 – June 6, 1968), also
called RFK, was one of two
younger brothers of U.S.
President John F. Kennedy
and served as United States
Attorney General from 1961
Robert F. Kennedy boldly faced tough problems and challenged
the comfortable and complacent. To keep his vision alive, his
family and friends founded a living memorial in 1968.
Today the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial is dedicated to
advancing the human rights movement through providing
innovative support to courageous human rights defenders
around the world. Through long-term partnerships and cutting
edge methods, we assist advocates who have won the RFK
Human Rights Award to boldly confront injustice in support of
human freedom. We support investigative journalists and
authors who bring light to injustice and encourage the human
rights movement through the RFK Book and Journalism Awards.
Our Speak Truth to Power program educates the public on the
value of the human rights and the courage of its defenders.
One Para 1-5 It is high time to honor the heroes who
helped liberate slaves by forging the
Underground Railroad in the early civil-
rights struggles in America.
Two Para 6-23 By citing examples the author praises the
exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped
slaves travel the Underground Railroad
February 2, 1827
moved to the North
Indiana and in Cincinnati, Ohio
from Kentucky escape to the North
January 30, 1900
Levi Coffin was an important figure
in the Underground Railroad
network that helped thousands of
runaway slaves escape to freedom
in the years before the American
Coffin was born on October 28, 1798, in North
In 1826, he moved to Indiana and established
a pork-processing business.
Due to his religious beliefs, he became a
strong opponent of African-American slavery.
By the time he turned fifteen, Coffin already
had begun to assist runaway slaves
In 1847, he opened a business that sold
only goods produced by free laborers. He
also became an active participant in the
He purportedly helped more than three
thousand slaves escape from their
masters and gain their freedom in
Many former slaves went to Canada, where
Southern slave owners did not have the
legal right to retrieve them. Coffin's active
participation in the Underground Railroad
caused his fellow abolitionists to nickname
him the "president of the Underground
Levi Coffin helped African Americans in
other ways as well .
He pressured the federal government during
the Civil War to establish the Freedmen's
In addition, Coffin helped African Americans
establish their own businesses and obtain
He died on September 16, 1877, in
Cincinnati. Several years after his death,
African Americans in Cincinnati erected a
monument over Coffin's grave to honor his
Everyone was born the same .
We are all the sons of God.
Everyone was born the same .
We are all the sons of God.
Make the best
Be send →Kentucky
Be separated forever
Roll in the sand
True or Fault
1. Just like Uncle Tom in Uncle Tom’s Cabin,
Josiah Henson was a long-suffering slave who
was unwilling to stand up for himself. ( )
2. All the men and women who forged the
Underground Railroad were blacks. ( ) F
3. These railroad conductors were frequently
faced with death threats and warnings from the
local government. ( )T
4. Many fugitives chose Canada as their primary
destination because slavery had been abolished
5.Character in Uncle Tom‘s Cabin represents
nothing but everything opposite to Josiah Henson.
( ) T
True or Fault
6.Josiah Henson is the only person who forged the
Underground Railroad.( ) F
7.The exploits of building Underground Railroad
are well sung.( F)
8.By night, John Parker was a worker in the
Underground Railroad.( F )
9.The Bible insist that every person created to be
equal.( ) T
10.Canada was the primary destination for many
fugitives because there were plenty of food.( F)
In paragraph 2:
For Josiah Henson has lived on through the character in
American fiction that he helped inspire: Uncle Tom , the
long-suffering salve in Harriet Beecher Stowe‘s Uncle
This sentence means that :Josiah Henson helped the
author Harriet Beecher Stowe to create the famous
character ,so he is still remembered by others.
―Uncle Tom , the long-suffering salve in Harriet Beecher
Stowe‘s Uncle Tom‘s Cabin. ― 是 character 的同位语。
Inspire means stir up the inspiration of somebody.
In line 15
I had traveled here to Henson‘s last home-now a
historic site that Cater formerly directed to learn more
about a man who was ,in many ways, an African-
In many way means to a great extent.
―now a historic site that Cater formerly directed‖ is
used to decorate the word ―home‖.
In line 29
And it‘s about time . For the heroes of the Underground
Railroad remain too little remembered , their exploits still
largely unsung . I was intent on telling their stories.
In these sentences ,the second ―remain‖ is abridged in
sentence ―their exploits still largely unsung‖ because its
structure is similar with the first one‖ the heroes of the
Underground Railroad remain too little remembered ―.
―It‘s about time‖ means ―it‘s high time‖ . We should use
conjecture tone after it.
It ‗s about time that we started work.
The usage of ―but‖ :
1.Henson is but one man on a long list of
courageous men and women.
―but ―means ―only‖ or ―just‖.
2.There was room for all but two.
―but‖ means ―except‖ or ―other than‖.
3.I‘d love to go ,but I have something to do
―but― means ―however‖.
After reading the text, let‘s
learn some advice on writing
skills which may be of some
help to you.
Using library resources
You will by now be used to using brainstorming to
generate information on topics you write about. However,
in writing about complex and serious issues, you cannot
expect to generate all the ideas by brainstorming, which
focus on what you already know. Suppose you want to
write about the impact of the civil-rights movement in
American. You may already have some ideas on this issue.
By brainstorming, you can develop a general framework.
However, that is not sufficient(enough) for you to write a
paper on such a serious and complex topic. You will find
it necessary to do some library research on the issue.
A college library usually has the following basic
sources which help you locate the information you need:
General references include dictionaries, encyclopedias(百科全书),
atlases(地图), etc. They can give you a basic understanding of a topic.
They give information on what has been written and published about
Abstracts not only list subject headings, but also summarize key
information in a highly condensed(高度浓缩) form.
A bibliography——a list of publications on a subject——gives you an
overview of what has been published on a given subject.
Follow the research guides provided by each library and you should be
able to find the necessary information for your essay.