8515 by keralaguest

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									   8515    electric, laser or other light or photon beam etc
 851511    Soldering Irons and Guns
 851519    Other Brazing or Soldering Machine and Apparatus
 851521    Machines for Resistance Welding of Metal, Fully or Partly Automatic
 851529    Other Machines and Apparatus for Resistance Welding of Metal
           Machines, Apparatus, for Arc Welding of Metals, Fully or Partly
 851531    Automatic
 851539    Other Machines and Apparatus for Arc Welding of Metals
 851580    Other Welder; Electric Machines, Apparatus, for Hot Spraying of Metals
 851590    Parts of Soldering, Brazing or Welding Machines and Apparatus

American Standards

ANSI/EIA 448-19A-2000, Test Standard for
Electromechanical Components -
Environmental Effects of Machine
Soldering Using a Vapor Phase System
Evaluates electromechanical surface
mountable components that have been
subjected to the environmental effects of
machine soldering using the batch type vapor
phase system.

AWS A2.4-1998, Symbols for Welding,
Brazing, and Nondestructive Examination
Establishes a method of specifying certain
welding, brazing, and nondestructive
examination information by means of symbols.
Detailed information and examples are
provided for the construction and interpretation
of these symbols. This system provides a
means of specifying a sequence of welding or
brazing operations and nondestructive
examination, as well as the examination
method, frequency, and extent.

AWS A5.31-1993 (R2003), Fluxes for
Brazing and Braze Welding
Fifteen fluxes for brazing and braze welding are
classified according to the filler metal, form,
and activity temperature range. Classification
is in accordance with a new classification
system that employs the designator "FB" to
indicate fluxes for brazing and braze welding
applications. In addition to selected tests for
each classification, major topics include
general requirements, testing procedures, and
packaging requirements. The Appendix
suggests some general application guidelines.

ANSI Z49.1-2005, Welding, Cutting and
Allied Processes, Safety in
This standard covers all aspects of safety and
health in the welding environment, emphasizing
oxygen gas and arc welding processes with
some coverage given to resistance welding. It
contains information on protection of personnel
and the general area, ventilation, fire
prevention and protection, and confined
spaces. A significant section is devoted to
precautionary information, showing examples,
and an extensive bibliography is included.

AWS C1.1M/C1.1-2000 (R2006),
Recommended Practices for Resistance
Welding
This Recommended Practice is a collection of
data and procedures that are intended to assist
the user in setting up resistance welding
equipment to produce resistance welded
production parts. While the recommendations
included are not expected to be final
procedures for every production part or every
welding machine, they dserve as starting points
from which a user can establish acceptable
welding machine settings for specific
production welding applications. In some
cases, recommended machine data is not
available. In these instances, some description
of the process is given to assist the reader in
determining if the process might be suitable for
application.

AWS C1.4M/C1.4-2000, Specification for
Resistance Welding of Carbon and
Low-alloy Steels
Provides the minimum shear strength and weld
button diameter requirements for carbon steel
and low-alloy steel sheet resistance and
projection welds. This standard is intended to
replace MIL-W-12332A, Welding, Resistance,
Spot, Seam and Projection, for Fabricating
Assemblies of Low Carbon Steel;
MIL-W-45223A, Welding, Spot, Hardenable
Steel; and MIL-W-46154, Welding, Resistance,
Spot and Projection for Fabricating Assemblies
of Carbon Steel Sheets. For certain
applications, MIL-W-6858 may take
precedence over this standard.

AWS C1.5-2005, Specification for the
Qualification of Resistance Welding
Technician
This specification establishes the requirements
for qualification of Resistance Welding
Technicians employed in the welding industry.
The minimum experience, examination,
application, qualification, and requalification
requirements and methods are defined herein.
This specification is a method for technicians to
establish a record of their qualification and
abilities in welding industry work such as
development of machine trouble shooting,
processes controls, quality standards, problem
solving, etc.

AWS D8.6/D8.6M-2005, Specification for
Automatic Resistance Spot Welding
Electrodes
This standard outlines the requirements for
Resistance welding electrodes relating to the
Automotive welding industry.

ANSI/API 1104-1999, Welding of Pipelines
and Related Facilities
Covers gas and arc welding for the production
of high-quality welds in carbon and low-alloy
steel piping used in the compression, pumping,
and transmission of crude petroleum,
petroleum products, and fuel gases, and where
applicable, to distribution systems.

ANSI Z49.1-2005, Welding, Cutting and
Allied Processes, Safety in
This standard covers all aspects of safety and
health in the welding environment, emphasizing
oxygen gas and arc welding processes with
some coverage given to resistance welding. It
contains information on protection of personnel
and the general area, ventilation, fire
prevention and protection, and confined
spaces. A significant section is devoted to
precautionary information, showing examples,
and an extensive bibliography is included.

AWS A5.1/A5.1M-2003, Carbon Steel
Covered Arc-Welding Electrodes,
Specification for
This specification establishes the requirements
for classification of carbon steel electrodes for
shielded metal arc welding. The requirements
include mechanical properties of weld metal,
weld metal soundness, and usability of
electrode. Requirements for composition of the
weld metal, moisture content of low-hydrogen
electrode coverings, standard sizes and
lengths, marking, manufacturing, and
packaging are also included. A guide to the
use of the standard is included in an Annex.

AWS A5.11-97/A5.11M-2005, Nickel and
Nickel-Alloy Welding Electrodes for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding, Specification
for
This specification prescribes the composition,
dimensions, soundness, and properties of weld
metal from more than 30 classifications of
nickel and nickel-alloy covered electrodes.
Major topics include general requirements,
testing, manufacturing, identification, and
packaging. A guide to using the specification is
included in an annex. This specification makes
use of both U.S. Customary Units and the
International System of Units (SI). Since these
are not equivalent, each system must be used
independently of the other.

AWS A5.12/A5.12M-98, Tungsten and
Tungsten Alloy Electrodes for Arc
Welding and Cutting
Prescribes the requirements for the
classifcation of bare tungsten and
tungsten-alloy electrodes for gas tungsten arc
welding and cutting and plasma arc welding
and cutting. Classification is based upon the
chemical composition of the electrode.
Standard sizes, finish, lengths, quantities,
product identification, color coding and
chemical composition limits are specified. This
specification make use of both U.S. Customary
units and the International System of Units (SI).
Since these are not equivalent, each system
must be used independently of the other.

AWS A5.13-2000, Specification for
Surfacing Electrodes for Shielded Metal
Arc Welding
Prescribes the requirements for classification of
surfacing electrodes for shielded metal arc
welding. Classification is based upon the
chemical composition of the deposited weld
metal except for tungsten carbide electrodes
where classification is based on the mesh
range, quantity, and composition of the
tungsten carbide granules. A guide is
appended to the specification as a source of
information as to the characteristics and
applications of the classified electrodes. This
standard was first listed in the July 19, 1996
issue of Standards Action. It is being
resubmitted due to substantive changes.

AWS A5.17/A5.17M-97, Specification for
Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for
Submerged-Arc Welding
Provides the requirements for the classification
of solid and composite carbon steel electrodes
and fluxes for submerged arc welding.
Electrode classification is based on chemical
composition of the solid electrode or low
dilution weld metal produced with a composite
electrode. Flux classification is based on the
soundness and mechanical properties of weld
metal produced with the flux and an electrode
classified herein. Other requirements include
sizes, marking, manufacturing, and packaging.
The form and usability of the flux are also
included.

AWS A5.18/A5.18M-2005, Specification for
Carbon Steel Electrodes and Rods for
Gas Shielded Arc Welding
This specification prescribes the requirements
for classification of solid carbon steel
electrodes and rods, composite stranded
carbon steel electrodes, and composite metal
cored carbon steel electrodes for gas shielded
arc welding. Classification is based on
chemical composition of the electrode for solid
electrodes and rods, chemical composition of
weld metal for composite stranded and
composite metal cored electrodes and the as
-welded mechanical properties of the weld
metal for each. Additional requirements are
included for manufacture, sizes, lengths, and
packaging. A guide is appended to the
specification as a source of information
concerning the classification system employed
and the intended use of the electrodes and
rods.
This specification makes use of both U.S.
Customary Units and the International System

AWS A5.20-2005, Carbon Steel Electrodes
for Flux Cored Arc Welding, Specification
for
This specification prescribes the requirements
for classification of carbon steel electrodes for
flux cored arc welding. The requirements
include chemical composition and mechanical
properties of the weld metal and certain
usability characteristics. The AWS
A5.20/A5.20M specification also includes
optional, supplemental designators for
improved toughness and diffusible hydrogen
and to indicate conformance to special
mechanical property requirements when the
weld metal is deposited using both low heat
input, fast cooling rate and high heat input,
slow cooling rate procedures. Additional
requirements are included for standard sizes,
marking, manufacturing and packaging. A
guide is appended o the specification as a
source of information concerning the
classification system employed and the
intended use of carbon steel flux cored
AWS A5.22-2005, Specification for
Stainless Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored
Arc Welding and Stainless Steel Flux
Cored Rods for Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding
Classification and other requirements are
specified for more than 40 grades of flux cored
stainless steel electrodes and rods. New
classifications include duplex alloys not
previously classified and flux cored rods for gas
tungsten arc welding. Designations indicate the
chemical composition of the weld metal, the
position of welding (newly introduced in this
revision of the standard), and the external
shielding medium required (for those
classifications for which one is required). A
special designation (k) is used to identify those
classifications that are intended specifically for
cryogenic service. The requirements include
general requirements, testing, and packaging.
The Annex provides general application
guidelines for individual alloys and other useful
information about welding electrodes.

AWS A5.28/A5.28M-2005, Low-Alloy Steel
Electrodes and Rods for Gas Shielded
Arc Welding
This specification prescribes the requirements
for classification of solid low-alloy steel
electrodes and rods, composite stranded
low-alloy steel electrodes, and composite metal
cored low-alloy steel electrodes for gas
shielded arc welding. Classification is based
on chemical composition of the electrode for
solid electrodes and rods, chemical
composition of weld metal for composite
stranded and composite metal cored electrodes
and the as-welded or postweld heat treated
mechanical properties of the weld metal for
each. Additional requirements are included for
manufacture, sizes, lengths and packaging. A
guide is appended to the specification as a
source of information concerning the
classification system employed and the
intended use of the electrodes and rods. This
specification makes use of both U.S.
Customary Units and the International System

AWS A5.29/A5.29M-2005, Specification for
Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored
Arc Welding
This specification prescribes the requirements
for classification of low-alloy steel electrodes
for flux cored arc welding. The requirements
include chemical composition and mechanical
properties of the weld metal and certain
usability characteristics. Optional,
supplemental designators are also included for
improved toughness and diffusible hydrogen.
Additional requirements are included for
standard sizes, marking, manufacturing and
packaging. A guide is appended to the
specification as a source of information
concerning the classification system employed
and the intended use of low-alloy steel flux
cored electrodes. This specification makes use
of both U.S. Customary Units and the
International System of Units (SI). Since these
are not equivalent, each system must be used
independently of the other.

AWS A5.3/A5.3M-99, Aluminum and
Aluminum Alloy Electrodes for Shielded
Metal Arc Welding
Prescribes requirements for the classification of
covered (flux coated) E1100, E3003 and E4043
aluminum alloy electrodes for shielded metal
arc welding. Tests conducted for classification
are chemical analysis of the core and tensile
and bend tests on specimens from a groove
weld test assembly fabricated with two sizes of
electrodes for each classification. Standard
electrode sizes, electrode indentification, and
chemical composition limits are specified.
This standard makes use of both U.S.
Customary Units and the International System
of Units (SI). Since these are not equivalent,
each system must be used independently of
the other.

AWS A5.4/A5.4M-2006, Stainless Steel
Welding Electrodes for Shielded Metal
Arc Welding
Composition and other requirements are
specified for more than forty classifications of
covered stainless steel welding electrodes.
The requirements include general
requirements, testing, and packaging. The
Annex provides application guidelines and
other useful information about the electrodes.
This specification makes use of both U.S.
Customary Units and the International System
of Units [SI]. Since these are not equivalent,
each system must be used independently of
the other.

AWS A5.5/A5.5M-2006, Specification for
Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded
Metal Arc Welding
This specification prescribes the requirements
for classification of low-alloy steel covered
electrodes used for shielded metal arc welding.
The requirements include chemical
composition and mechanical properties of weld
metal, weld metal soundness, usability tests of
electrodes, and moisture tests of the
low-hydrogen electrode covering.
Requirements for standard sizes and lengths,
marking, manufacturing, and packaging are
also included.

AWS B2.1-1-001-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Shielded
Metal Arc Welding of Carbon Steel,
(M-1/P-1, Group 1 or 2), 3/16 through 3/4
inch, in the As-Welded Condition, With
Backing
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel plate and pipe in the
thickness range of 3/16 through 3/4 in., using
manual shielded metal arc welding. It cites the
base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
design for filler and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-002-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding of Carbon Steel,
(M-1/P-1, Group 1 or 2), 3/16 through 7/8
inch, in the As-Welded Condition, With or
Without Backing
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel plate and pipe in the
thickness range of 3/16 through 7/8 in., using
manual gas tungsten arc welding. It cites the
base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for fillet and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-003-2002, Gas Metal Arc
Welding of Galvanized Steel, 10 through
18 Gage, in the as-Welded Condition,
with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding galvanized steel in the thickness range
of 18 gauge through 10 gauge, using
semiautomatic gas metal arc welding (short
circuiting transfer mode). It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for groove welds and fillet welds.

AWS B2.1-1-004-2002, Gas Metal Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel (M1, Group 1),
10 through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel in the thickness range of
18 gauge through 10 gauge, using
semiautomatic gas metal arc welding (short
circuiting transfer mode). It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-007-2002, Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding of Galvanized Steel, 10 through
18 Gage, in the as-Welded Condition,
with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding galvanized steel in the thickness range
of 18 gauge through 10 gauge, using manual
gas tungsten arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-008-2002, Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel (M-1, Group 1),
10 through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel in the thickness range of
18 gauge through 10 gauge, using manual gas
tungsten arc welding. It cites the base metals
and operating conditions necessary to make
the weldment, the filler metal specifications,
and the allowable joint designs for fillet welds
and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-011-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification – Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Galvanized Steel, 10
through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding galvanized steel in the thickness range
of 10 gauge through 18 gauge, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-012-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification – Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Carbon Steel (M-1, Group
1), 10 through 18 Gage in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel in the thickness range of
10 gauge through 18 gauge, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1-016-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E7018,
As-Welded or PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet and groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-017-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E6010,
As-Welded or PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet and groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-018-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Self-Shielded Flux Cored Arc Welding of
Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or
2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E71T-8,
As-Welded Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using
semiautomatic self-shielded flux cored arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for fillet and groove welds. This
WPS was developed primarily for plate and
structural applications.

AWS B2.1-1-019-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for CO2
Shielded Flux Cored Arc Welding of
Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or
2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E70T-1
and E71T-1, As-Welded Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using
semiautomatic CO2 shielded flux cored arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for fillet and groove welds. This
WPS was developed primarily for plate and
structural applications.

AWS B2.1-1-020-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for 75%
Ar/25% CO2 Shielded Flux Cored Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1,
Group 1 or 2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch
Thick, E70T-1 and E71T-1, As-Welded or
PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using
semiautomatic Ar/CO2 shielded flux cored arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for fillet and groove welds. This
WPS was developed primarily for plate and
structural applications.

AWS B2.1-1-021-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick, ER70S-2 and
E7018 As-Welded or PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using manual
gas tungsten arc welding followed by shielded
metal arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for fillet and groove
welds. This WPS was developed primarily for
plate and structural applications.

AWS B2.1-1-022-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E6010 (Vertical
Uphill) Followed by E7018, As-Welded or
PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet and groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-026-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick, E6010 (Vertical
Downhill) Followed by E7018, As-Welded
or PWHT Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using manual
shielded metal arc welding. It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for fillet and groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-027-1998, Welding Procedure
Specification (WPS) for Self-Shielded
Flux Cored Arc Welding of Carbon Steel
(M-1/P-1/S-1, Group 1 or 2) 1/8 through
3/4 inch Thick, E71T-11 As-Welded
Condition
Contains the essential welding variables for
carbon steel in the thickness range of 1/8
through 3/4 inch, using semi-welding,
necessary to make the weld-ments, the filler
metal specifications and the allowable joint
designs for fillet and groove welds. This WPS
is intended primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-210:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding with Consumable
Inserts of Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1,
Group 1 or 2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch
Thick, INMs-1 and ER70S-2, As-Welded
or PWHT Condition Primarily Pipe
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-1-211:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding with Consumable
Inserts Followed by Shielded Metal Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1,
Group 1 or 2), 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch
Thick INMs-1 ER70S-2 and E7018
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-1-232-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (SWPS) for
Argon Plus 25% Carbon Dioxide Shielded
Gas Metal Arc Welding (Short Circuiting
Transfer Mode) followed by Argon Plus
25% Carbon Dioxide Shielded Flux Cored
Arc Welding of Carbon Steel
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using gas
metal arc welding (short circuiting transfer
mode) with Argon plus 25% Carbon Dioxide
shielding for the root followed by flux cored arc
welding (globular transfer mode) with Argon
plus 25% Carbon Dioxide shielding for the
balance. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe application.

AWS B2.1-1-233-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (SWPS) for
Argon Plus 25% Carbon Dioxide Shielded
Gas Metal Arc Welding (Short Circuiting
Transfer Mode) followed by Argon Plus
2% Oxygen Shielded Gas Metal Arc
Welding (Spray Transfer Mode) of Carbon
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using Argon
plus 25% CO2 shielded gas metal arc welding
(short circuiting transfer mode) for the root
followed by Argon plus 2% 02 shielded gas
metal arc welding (spray transfer mode) for the
balance. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-1-234-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (SWPS) for
Argon plus 25% Carbon Dioxide Shielded
Flux Cored Arc Welding of Carbon Steel
(M-1/P-1/S-1) Groups 1 and 2, 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch thick, E7XT-X,
As-Welded or PWHT Condition Primarily
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using Argon
plus 25% CO2 shielded flux cored arc welding.
It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove and fillet welds. This
WPS was developed primarily for pipe
applications.

AWS B2.1-1-235-2006, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (SWPS) for
Argon plus 2% Oxygen Shielded Gas
Metal Arc Welding (Spray Transfer Mode)
of Carbon Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1) Groups 1
and 2, 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch thick,
ER70S-3 Flat Position Only As-Welded
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using Argon
plus 2% Oxygen shielded gas metal arc
welding (spray transfer mode). It cites the base
metals and operating conditions necessary to
make the weldment, the filler metal
specifications, and the allowable joint designs
for groove and fillt welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-1/8-006-2002, Gas Metal Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel to Austentic
Stainless Steel (M-1 to M-18, or P-8), 10
through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel to austenitic stainless
steel in the thickness range of 18 gauge
through 10 gauge, using semiautomatic gas
metal arc welding (short circuiting transfer
mode). It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the
allowable joint designs for fillet welds and
groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1/8-010-2002, Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding of Carbon Steel to Austentic
Stainless Steel (M-1 to M-8 or P-8), 10
through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel to austenitic stainless
steel in the thickness range of 18 gauge
through 10 gauge, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for fillet welds and
groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1/8-014-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification – Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Carbon Steel to Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-1 to M-8 or P-8), 10
through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel to austenitic stainless
steel in the thickness range of 10 gauge
through 18 gauge, using manual shielded metal
arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for fillet welds and
groove welds.

AWS B2.1-1/8-227-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding of Carbon Steel to
Austenitic Stainless Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1
Groups 1 and 2 Welded to M-8/P-8/S-8,
Group 1) 1/16 through 1-1/2 inch thick,
ER309 As-Welded Condition Primarily
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for carbon steel to austenitic stainless
steel in the thickness range of 1/16 through
1-1/2 inch, using manual gas tungsten arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment.
The filler metal specifications, and the
allowable joint designs for groove and fillet
welds. This SWPS was developed primarily for
pipe applications.
AWS B2.1-1/8-228-2002, Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Carbon
Steel to Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-1/P-1/S-1 Groups 1 and 2 Welded to
M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1) 1/8 through 1-1/2
inch thick ER309-15 16 or 17
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for welding carbon steel to austenitic
stainless steel in the thickness range of 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch, using manual shielded
metal arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment. The filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for groove and fillet
welds. This SWPS was developed primarily for
pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-1/8-229-2002, Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Carbon Steel to Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-1/P-1/S-1 Groups 1 and 2 Welded to
M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1) 1/8 through 1-1/2
inch thick ER309 and E309-15 16 or 17
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for welding carbon steel to austenitic
stainless steel in the thickness range of 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding followed by shielded metal arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment.
The filler metal specifications, and the
allowable joint designs for groove and fillet
welds. This SWPS was developed primarily for
pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-1/8-230-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding, with Consumable
Insert Root, of Carbon Steel to Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-1/P-1/S-1, Groups 1
and 2 Welded to M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1)
1/16 through 1-1/2 inch thick IN309 and
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding carbon steel to austenitic stainless
steel in the thickness range of 1/16 through
1-1/2 inch, using manual gas tungsten arc
welding with consumable insert root. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment. The filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for groove welds. This SWPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-4-218-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Shielded
Metal Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel
(M-4/P-4/S-4, Group 1 or 2) E8018-B2,
1/8 through 1/2 in. Thick, As-Welded
Condition or 1/8 through 1-1/2 in Thick
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual shielded metal
arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications and the
allowable joint designs for groove welds. This
WPS was developed primarily for pipe
applications.

AWS B2.1-4-219-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel
(M-4/P-4/S-4, Group 1 or 2) 1/8 through
12/2 in thick As-Welded Condition or 1/8
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding followed by manual shielded metal
arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for groove welds.
This WPS was developed primarily for pipe
applications.

AWS B2.1-4-220-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding (Consumable
Insert Root) of Chromium-Molybdenum
Steel (M-4/P-4/S-4, Group 1 or 2) 1/8
through 1/2-in. Thick, As-Welded
Condition or 1/8 through 3/4-in Thick
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 3/4 inch in the PWHT
condition, using manual gas tungsten arc
welding with a consumable insert root. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-4-221-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding (Consumable
Insert Root) Followed by Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Chromium-Molybdenum
Steel (M-4/P-4/S-4, Group 1 or 2) 1/8
through 1/2-in Thick As-Welded
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding with a consumable insert root,
followed by shielded metal arc welding. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-5A-222-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel (M-5A or
P-5A) ER90S-B3 1/8 through 1/2-in.
Thick, As-Welded Condition or 1/8
through 3/4-in Thick PWHT Condition
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 3/4 inch in the PWHT
condition, using manual gas tungsten arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-5A-223-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Shielded
Metal Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel (M-5A or
P-5A) ER9018-B3 1/8 through 1/2-in.
Thick, As-Welded Condition or 1/8
through 1-1/2-in Thick PWHT Condition
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas shielded
metal arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for groove welds.
This WPS was developed primarily for pipe
applications.

AWS B2.1-5A-224-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel (M-5A or
P-5A) 1/8 through 1/2-in. Thick
As-Welded Condition or 1/8 through
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding followed by manual shielded arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-5A-224-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel (M-5A or
P-5A) 1/8 through 1/2-in. Thick
As-Welded Condition or 1/8 through
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding followed by manual shielded arc
welding. It cites the base metals and operating
conditions necessary to make the weldment,
the filler metal specifications, and the allowable
joint designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-5A-225-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding (Consumable
Insert Root) of Chromium-Molybdenum
Steel (M-5A or P-5A) 1/8 through 1/2 in.
thick, As-Welded Condition or 1/8 through
3/4 in thick PWHT Condition IN521
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 3/4 inch in the PWHT
condition, using manual gas tungsten arc
welding with a consumable insert root. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications

AWS B2.1-5A-226-1999, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding (Consumable
Insert Root) Followed by Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Chromium-Molybdenum
Steel (M-5A or P-5A) 1/8 through 1/2-in.
Thick As-Welded Condition or 1/8
Contains the essential welding variables for
chromium-molybdenum steel in the thickness
range of 1/8 through 1/2 inch in the as-welded
condition, or 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch in the
PWHT condition, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding with a consumable insert root
followed by shielded metal arc welding. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for groove welds. This WPS was
developed primarily for pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-8-005-2002, Gas Metal Arc
Welding of Austentic Stainless Steel (M-8
or P-8) 10 through 18 Gage, in the
as-Welded Condition, with or without
Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding austenitic stainless steel in the
thickness range of 18 gauge through 10 gauge,
using semiautomatic gas metal arc welding
(short circuiting transfer mode). It cites the
base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-8-009-2002, Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding of Stainless Steel (M-8 or P-8),
10 through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding austenitic stainless steel in the
thickness range of 18 gauge through 10 gauge,
using manual gas tungsten arc welding. It cites
the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for fillet welds and groove welds.
AWS B2.1-8-013-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification – Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Austenitic – Stainless
Steel (M-8/P-8), 10 through 18 Gage, in
the as-Welded Condition, with or without
Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
welding austenitic stainless steel in the
thickness range of 18 gauge through 10 gauge,
using manual shielded metal arc welding. It
cites the base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for fillet welds and groove welds.

AWS B2.1-8-023-05, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1),
1/8 through 1-1/2 inch Thick, As-Welded
Condition
This standard contains the essential welding
variables for austenitic stainless steel in the
thickness range of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using
manual shielded metal arc welding. It cites the
base metals and operating conditions
necessary to make the weldment, the filler
metal specifications, and the allowable joint
designs for fillet and groove welds. This WPS
was developed primarily for plate and structural
applications.

AWS B2.1-8-024:2001, Welding Procedure
Specification (WPS) for Gas Tungsten
Arc Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1), 1/8 through 1-1/2
inch thick, As-Welded Condition
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-8-025:2001, Welding Procedure
Specification (WPS) for Gas Tungsten
Arc Welding followed by Shielded Metal
Arc Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1) 1/8 through 1-1/2
inch thick, As-Welded Condition
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-8-212:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding of Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-8/P-8/S-8, Group), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick ERXX,
As-Welded Condition, Primarily Pipe
Applications
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-8-213-97, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-8/P-8/S-8, Group), 1/8
through 1-1/2 inch Thick E3XX-XX,
As-Welded Condition, Primarily Pipe
Applications
Contains the essential welding variables for
austenitic stainless steel in the thickness range
of 1/8 through 1-1/2 inch, using shielded metal
arc welding. Cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for fillet and groove
welds. This WPS was developed primarily for
pipe applications.

AWS B2.1-8-214:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding Followed by
Shielded Metal Arc Welding of Austenitic
Stainless Steel (M-8/P-8/S-8, Group), 1/8
through 1-1/2 Inch Thick ER3XX,
E3XX-XX As-Welded Condition Primarily
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-8-215:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding, with Consumable
Insert of Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1) 1/8 through 1-1/2
Inch Thick IN3XX and ER3XX,
As-Welded Condition
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1-8-216:2001, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification (WPS) for Gas
Tungsten Arc Welding, with Consumable
Insert Followed by Shielded Metal Arc
Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
(M-8/P-8/S-8, Group 1) 1/8 through 1-1/2
inch Thick IN3XX ER3XX and E3XX-XX
Provides specific instructions for GTAW
welding with a consumable insert root pass of
carbon steel pipe.

AWS B2.1.22-015-2002, Standard Welding
Procedure Specification – Gas Tungsten
Arc Welding of Aluminum (M-22 or P-22),
10 through 18 Gage, in the as-Welded
Condition, with or without Backing
Contains the essential welding variables for
aluminum in the thickness range of 10 gauge
through 18 gauge, using manual gas tungsten
arc welding. It cites the base metals and
operating conditions necessary to make the
weldment, the filler metal specifications, and
the allowable joint designs for fillet welds and
groove welds.

AWS C5.5/C5.5M-2003, Recommended
Practices for Gas-Tungsten-Arc Welding
This document is designed to assist anyone
who is associated with gas tungsten arc
welding (GTAW). This includes welders,
welding technicians, welding engineers, quality
control personnel, welding supervisors,
purchasing personnel, educators, and students.
This document discusses welding principles,
equipment, gas shielding , and techniques for
manual and automatic GTAW. Welding safety,
trouble shooting, and related items are included
for understanding by all types of personnel in
establishing better production welding
operations.

AWS D10.6-2000, Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing,
Recommended Practice for
Summarizes information on the welding of
titanium. Explains the special precautions
necessary to shield the molten and hot metal
from atmospheric contamination. Various
methods of checking weld quality are also
presented.

AWS D10.7M/D10.7-2000, Gas Shielded
Arc Welding of Aluminum and Aluminum
Alloy Pipe, Recommended Practices for
Presents information concerning those
properties of aluminum that affect its
weldability and that cause specific problems in
the fabrication of aluminum pipe.
Recommendations are made for solving these
problems and suggested procedures are
presented for welding aluminum pipe joints with
the Gas Tungsten Arc and Gas Metal Arc
Welding Processes.

AWS D16.1M/D16-2004, Specification for
Robotic Arc Welding Safety
Establishes safety requirements with respect to
the design, manufacture, maintenance, and
operation of arc welding robot systems and
ancillary equipment. It also helps to identify
and minimize hazards involved in maintaining,
operating, and setting up of arc welding robot
systems.

AWS D16.2M/D16.2-2007, Components of
Robotic and Automatic Welding
AWS/NEMA D16.2M/D16.2:200X, Guide for
Components of Robotic and Automatic Arc
Welding Installations, provides performance
recommendations for evaluating components of
a typical robotic or automatic welding
installation. Emphasis is placed on the role of
the welding interface. A pin arrangement and
specific pin function for each location in a
standardized 37-pin connector are proposed.

AWS D8.8-97, Specification for Automotive
Frame Weld Quality - Arc Welding
Defines practical tolerances neeeded to
achieve satisfactory weld quality when dealing
with the production volumes associated with
automotive structural parts.

AWS F6.1-1978 (R1989), Method for Sound
Level Measurement of Manual Arc
Welding and Cutting Processes
Describes the equipment and procedure to be
used in measuring sound levels of manual arc
welding processes. It allows the user to
measure sound levels in a reproducible manner
that permits comparison with other processes.

UL 60974-1-2004, Standard for Arc Welding
Equipment, Part 1: Welding Power
Sources
The following items are subject to comment:
1.) Revision to the requirements for engine
powered rotating welding power sources.
2.) Revision to add the word "terminal" to the
national difference for wire connectors.

International Standards

ISO

ISO 10564:1993
Soldering and brazing materials - Methods for the
sampling of soft solders for analysis

ISO 5187:1985
Welding and allied processes - Assemblies made with
soft solders and brazing filler metals - Mechanical test
methods

ISO 12224-1:1997
Solder wire, solid and flux cored - Specification and test
methods - Part 1: Classification and performance
requirements

ISO 12224-2:1997
Flux cored solder wire - Specification and test methods -
Part 2: Determination of flux content
ISO 12224-3:2003
Solder wire, solid and flux cored - Specifications and test
methods - Part 3: Wetting balance test method for flux
cored solder wire efficacy

ISO 3677:1992
Filler metal for soft soldering, brazing and braze welding
- Designation

ISO 9453:2006
Soft solder alloys - Chemical compositions and forms

ISO 9454-1:1990
Soft soldering fluxes - Classification and requirements -
Part 1: Classification, labelling and packaging

ISO 9454-2:1998
Soft soldering fluxes - Classification and requirements -
Part 2: Performance requirements

ISO 9455-10:1998
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 10: Flux
efficacy tests, solder spread method

ISO 9455-11:1991
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 11: Solubility
of flux residues

ISO 9455-12:1992
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 12: Steel tube
corrosion test

ISO 9455-13:1996
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 13:
Determination of flux spattering

ISO 9455-14:1991
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 14:
Assessment of tackiness of flux residues

ISO 9455-15:1996
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 15: Copper
corrosion test

ISO 9455-16:1998
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 16: Flux
efficacy tests, wetting balance method

ISO 9455-17:2002
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 17: Surface
insulation resistance comb test and electrochemical
migration test of flux residues
ISO 9455-1:1990
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 1:
Determination of non-volatile matter, gravimetric method

ISO 9455-2:1993
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 2:
Determination of non-volatile matter, ebulliometric
method

ISO 9455-3:1992
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 3:
Determination of acid value, potentiometric and visual
titration methods

ISO 9455-5:1992
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 5: Copper
mirror test

ISO 9455-6:1995
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 6:
Determination and detection of halide (excluding
fluoride) content

ISO 9455-8:1991
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 8:
Determination of zinc content

ISO 9455-9:1993
Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 9:
Determination of ammonia content

ISO 857-2:2005
Welding and allied processes - Vocabulary - Part 2:
Soldering and brazing processes and related terms

ISO 2016:1981
Capillary solder fittings for copper tubes - Assembly
dimensions and tests

ISO 242:1975
Carbide tips for brazing on turning tools

ISO 18279:2003
Brazing - Imperfections in brazed joints

ISO 3677:1992
Filler metal for soft soldering, brazing and braze welding
- Designation
ISO 857-2:2005
Welding and allied processes - Vocabulary - Part 2:
Soldering and brazing processes and related terms
ISO 10447:2006
Resistance welding - Peel and chisel testing of
resistance spot and projection welds

ISO 14329:2003
Resistance welding - Destructive tests of welds - Failure
types and geometric measurements for resistance spot,
seam and projection welds

ISO 14373:2006
Resistance welding - Procedure for spot welding of
uncoated and coated low carbon steels

ISO 16432:2006
Resistance welding - Procedure for projection welding of
uncoated and coated low carbon steels using embossed
projection(s)

ISO 16433:2006
Resistance welding - Procedure for seam welding of
uncoated and coated low carbon steels

ISO 8166:2003
Resistance welding - Procedure for the evaluation of the
life of spot welding electrodes using constant machine
settings

ISO 12145:1998
Resistance welding equipment - Angles for mounting
spot welding electrodes

ISO 12166:1997
Resistance welding equipment - Particular specifications
applicable to transformers with one secondary winding
for multi-spot welding, as used in the automobile
industry

ISO 14327:2004
Resistance welding - Procedures for determining the
weldability lobe for resistance spot, projection and seam
welding

ISO 14554-1:2000
Quality requirements for welding - Resistance welding of
metallic materials - Part 1: Comprehensive quality
requirements

ISO 14554-2:2000
Quality requirements for welding - Resistance welding of
metallic materials - Part 2: Elementary quality
requirements

ISO 15609-5:2004
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials - Welding procedure specification -
Part 5: Resistance welding

ISO 17654:2003
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials -
Resistance welding - Pressure test on resistance seam
welds

ISO 17657-1:2005
Resistance welding - Welding current measurement for
resistance welding - Part 1: Guidelines for measurement

ISO 17657-2:2005
Resistance welding - Welding current measurement for
resistance welding - Part 2: Welding current meter with
current sensing coil

ISO 17657-3:2005
Resistance welding - Welding current measurement for
resistance welding - Part 3: Current sensing coil

ISO 17657-4:2005
Resistance welding - Welding current measurement for
resistance welding - Part 4: Calibration system

ISO 17657-5:2005
Resistance welding - Welding current measurement for
resistance welding - Part 5: Verification of welding
current measuring system

ISO 18278-1:2004
Resistance welding - Weldability - Part 1: Assessment of
weldability for resistance spot, seam and projection
welding of metallic materials

ISO 18278-2:2004
Resistance welding - Weldability - Part 2: Alternative
procedures for the assessment of sheet steels for spot
welding

ISO 5183-1:1998
Resistance welding equipment - Electrode adaptors,
male taper 1:10 - Part 1: Conical fixing, taper 1:10

ISO 5826:1999
Resistance welding equipment - Transformers - General
specifications applicable to all transformers

ISO 5828:2001
Resistance welding equipment - Secondary connecting
cables with terminals connected to water-cooled lugs -
Dimensions and characteristics
ISO 669:2000
Resistance welding - Resistance welding equipment -
Mechanical and electrical requirements

ISO 7284:1993
Resistance welding equipment - Particular specifications
applicable to transformers with two separate secondary
windings for multi-spot welding, as used in the
automobile industry

ISO 7286:1986
Graphical symbols for resistance welding equipment

ISO 7931:1985
Insulation caps and bushes for resistance welding
equipment

ISO 8167:1989
Projections for resistance welding

ISO 8205-1:2002
Water-cooled secondary connection cables for
resistance welding - Part 1: Dimensions and
requirements for double-conductor connection cables

ISO 8205-2:2002
Water-cooled secondary connection cables for
resistance welding - Part 2: Dimensions and
requirements for single-conductor connection cables

ISO 8205-3:1993
Water-cooled secondary connection cables for
resistance welding - Part 3: Test requirements

ISO 9312:1990
Resistance welding equipment - Insulated pins for use in
electrode back-ups

ISO 14343:2002/Amd 1:2006
- Amendment 1: Addition of strip electrodes for
submerged arc welding and electroslag welding

ISO 14372:2000
Welding consumables - Determination of moisture
resistance of manual metal arc welding electrodes by
measurement of diffusible hydrogen

ISO 3580:2004
Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual
metal arc welding of creep-resisting steels -
Classification

ISO 3581:2003
Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual
metal arc welding of stainless and heat-resisting steels -
Classification

ISO 15609-1:2004
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials - Welding procedure specification -
Part 1: Arc welding

ISO 15614-1:2004
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials - Welding procedure test - Part 1: Arc
and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and
nickel alloys

ISO 15614-2:2005
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials - Welding procedure test - Part 2: Arc
welding of aluminium and its alloys

ISO 15614-5:2004
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials - Welding procedure test - Part 5: Arc
welding of titanium, zirconium and their alloys

ISO/TR 17671-1:2002
Welding - Recommendations for welding of metallic
materials - Part 1: General guidance for arc welding

ISO/TR 17671-2:2002
Welding - Recommendations for welding of metallic
materials - Part 2: Arc welding of ferritic steels

ISO/TR 17671-3:2002
Welding - Recommendations for welding of metallic
materials - Part 3: Arc welding of stainless steels

ISO/TR 17671-4:2002
Welding - Recommendations for welding of metallic
materials - Part 4: Arc welding of aluminium and
aluminium alloys

ISO 14171:2002
Welding consumables - Wire electrodes and wire-flux
combinations for submerged arc welding of non alloy
and fine grain steels - Classification

ISO 14172:2003
Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual
metal arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys -
Classification
ISO 14174:2004
Welding consumables - Fluxes for submerged arc
welding - Classification

ISO 14175:1997
Welding consumables - Shielding gases for arc welding
and cutting

ISO 14341:2002
Welding consumables - Wire electrodes and deposits for
gas shielded metal arc welding of non alloy and fine
grain steels - Classification

ISO 16834:2006
Welding consumables - Wire electrodes, wires, rods and
deposits for gas-shielded arc welding of high strength
steels - Classification

ISO 17632:2004
Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes for gas
shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc welding of
non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification

ISO 17633:2004
Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes and
rods for gas shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc
welding of stainless and heat-resisting steels -
Classification

ISO 17634:2004
Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes for gas
shielded metal arc welding of creep-resisting steels -
Classification

ISO 18275:2005
Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual
metal arc welding of high-strength steels - Classification

ISO 18276:2005
Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes for
gas-shielded and non-gas-shielded metal arc welding of
high-strength steels - Classification

ISO 2560:2002
Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual
metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels -
Classification

ISO 6848:2004
Arc welding and cutting - Nonconsumable tungsten
electrodes - Classification

ISO 17641-1:2004
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Hot
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 1: General

ISO 17641-2:2005
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Hot
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 2: Self-restraint tests

ISO 17642-1:2004
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Cold
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 1: General

ISO 17642-2:2005
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Cold
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 2: Self-restraint tests

ISO 17642-3:2005
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Cold
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 3: Externally loaded tests

ISO/TR 17641-3:2005
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Hot
cracking tests for weldments - Arc welding processes -
Part 3: Externally loaded tests

ISO 9692-1:2003
Welding and allied processes - Recommendations for
joint preparation - Part 1: Manual metal-arc welding,
gas-shielded metal-arc welding, gas welding, TIG
welding and beam welding of steels

ISO 9692-1:2003
Welding and allied processes - Recommendations for
joint preparation - Part 1: Manual metal-arc welding,
gas-shielded metal-arc welding, gas welding, TIG
welding and beam welding of steels

ISO 9692-2:1998
Welding and allied processes - Joint preparation - Part
2: Submerged arc welding of steels

ISO 17846:2004
Welding and allied processes - Health and safety -
Wordless precautionary labels for equipment and
consumables used in arc welding and cutting

ISO 3677:1992
Filler metal for soft soldering, brazing and braze welding
- Designation

ISO 857-2:2005
Welding and allied processes - Vocabulary - Part 2:
Soldering and brazing processes and related terms

ISO 14112:1996
Gas welding equipment - Small kits for gas brazing and
welding



IEC

CISPR 11 Ed. 4.1 b:2004 "Industrial, scientific and medical (ISM)
radio-frequency equipment - Electromagnetic
disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods
of measurement"
"The limits and methods of measurement laid down in this
International Standard apply to industrial, scientific and
medical (ISM) equipment, and to electro-discharge machining
(EDM) and arc welding equipment. Procedures are given for
the measurement of radio-frequency disturbances and limits
are laid down within the frequency range 9 kHz to 400 GHz.
Requirements for ISM lighting apparatus operating in the ISM
frequency bands of 915 MHz (only allowed in region 2 as
defined by the ITU Radio Regulations), 2,45 GHz and 5,8 GHz
are contained in this standard. Requirements for other types
of lighting apparatus are covered in CISPR 15."

IEC 60245-6 Amd.1 Ed. 2.0 b:1997 Amendment 1 - Rubber insulated cables - Rated
voltages up to and including 450/750 V - Part 6:
Arc welding electrode cables

IEC 60245-6 Amd.2 Ed. 2.0 b:2003 Amendment 2 - Rubber insulated cables - Rated
voltages up to and including 450/750 V - Part 6:
Arc welding electrode cables

IEC 60245-6 Ed. 2.0 b:1994 Rubber insulated cables - Rated voltages up to
and including 450/750 V - Part 6: Arc welding
electrode cables
Details the particular specifications for rubber insulated lift arc
welding electrode cables.

IEC 60974-1 Ed. 3.0 b:2005 Arc welding equipment - Part 1: Welding power
sources
Is applicable to power sources for arc welding and allied
processes designed for industrial and professional use.
Specifies safety and performance requirements of welding
power sources and plasma cutting systems.

IEC 60974-10 Amd.1 Ed. 1.0 b:2004 Amendment 1 - Arc welding equipment - Part 10:
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements

IEC 60974-10 Ed. 1.1 b:2004 Arc welding equipment - Part 10: Electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) requirements
" Applicable to equipment for arc welding and allied processes,
including power sources and ancillary equipment, for example
wire feeders, liquid cooling systems and arc striking and
stabilising devices. With regard to emissions, the objective of
this standard is to specify a) test methods to be used in
conjunction with CISPR 11 and its amendments 1 and 2 to
determine electromagnetic emissions; b) relevant standards
for harmonic current emission, voltage fluctuations and flicker.
With regard to immunity,the objective of this standard is to
define immunity requirements and test methods for continuous
and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances including
electrostatic discharges."

IEC 60974-11 Ed. 2.0 b:2004 Arc welding equipment - Part 11: Electrode
holders
Specifies safety and performance requirements of electrode
holders; is applicable to electrode holders for manual metal arc
welding with electrodes up to 10 mm in diameter.

IEC 60974-12 Ed. 2.0 b:2005 Arc welding equipment - Part 12: Coupling devices
for welding cables
Specifies safety and performance requirements of coupling
devices. Is applicable to coupling devices for cables for
welding and allied processes designed for connection and
disconnection without using tools.

IEC 60974-2 Ed. 1.0 b:2005 Arc welding equipment - Part 2: Liquid cooling
systems
Specifies safety and construction requirements for liquid
cooling systems intended to cool torches. These liquid cooling
systems can be internal or external to power sources for arc
welding and allied processes.

IEC 60974-3 Ed. 1.0 b:2003 Arc welding equipment - Part 3: Arc striking and
stabilizing devices
Specifies safety requirements for arc striking and arc
stabilizing devices used in arc welding and allied processes
(typically plasma arc cutting and arc spraying).

IEC 60974-4 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 Arc welding equipment - Part 4: In-service
inspection and testing
"Specifies test procedures for in-service inspection and, after
repair, to ensure electrical safety. These test procedures are
also applicable for maintenance. Is applicable to power
sources together with ancillary equipment for arc welding,
cutting and allied processes built in conformity with IEC
60974-1."

IEC 60974-5 Ed. 1.0 b:2002 Arc welding equipment - Part 5: Wire feeders Specifies safety and performance
requirements for industrial
and professional equipment used in arc welding and allied
processes to feed filler wire. The wire feeder may be a
stand-alone unit which may be connected to a separate
welding power source or one where the welding power source
and the wire feeder are housed in a single enclosure. The wire
feeder may be suitable for manually or mechanically guided
torches.

IEC 60974-6 Ed. 1.0 b:2003 Arc welding equipment - Part 6: Limited duty
manual metal arc welding power sources
"Specifies safety requirements for construction and
performance requirements of welding power sources, limited to
a rated maximum welding current of 160 A. These welding
power sources are mainly used by laymen."
IEC 60974-7 Ed. 2.0 b:2005 Arc welding equipment - Part 7: Torches Specifies safety and construction
requirements for torches for
arc welding and allied processes.

IEC 60974-8 Ed. 1.0 b:2004 Arc welding equipment - Part 8: Gas consoles for
welding and plasma cutting systems
"Specifies safety and performance requirements for gas
consoles intended to be used with combustible gases or
oxygen. These gas consoles are designed to supply gases for
use in arc welding, plasma cutting, gouging and allied
processes in non-explosive atmospheres. They may be
external or internal to the power source enclosure. "

IEC/TS 62081 Ed. 1.0 b:1999 Arc welding equipment - Installation and use This Technical Specification
describes the general conditions
for the installation and use of arc welding equipment that
comply with IEC 60974-1. Gives particular information for
operators.

IEC 60068-2-20 Amd.2 Ed. 4.0 b:1987 Amendment 2 - Environmental testing. Part 2:
Tests. Test T: Soldering
Incorporates Amendment No. 1

IEC 60068-2-20 Ed. 4.0 b:1979 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test T:
Soldering
"Describes solderability tests on wire and tag terminations (Ta)
and printed wiring boards (Tc), also describes tests for
resistance to soldering heat, applicable to components (Tb). "

IEC 60068-2-44 Ed. 2.0 b:1995 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Guidance
on test T: Soldering
"Provides background information and recommendations for
writers of specifications containing references to IEC 68-2-20,
IEC 68-2-54 and IEC 68-2-58. "

IEC 60068-2-54 Ed. 2.0 en:2006 Environmental testing - Part 2-54: Tests - Test Ta:
Solderability testing of electronic components by
the wetting balance method
"Outlines Test Ta, solder bath wetting balance method
applicable for any shape of component terminations to
determine the solderability. It is especially suitable for
reference testing and for components that cannot be
quantitatively tested by other methods. For surface mounting
devices (SMD), IEC 60068-2-69 should be applied if it is
suitable. It provides the standard procedures for solder alloys
containing lead (Pb) and for lead-free solder alloys."

IEC 60068-2-58 Ed. 3.0 b:2005 "Environmental testing - Part 2-58: Tests - Test
Td: Test methods for solderability, resistance to
dissolution of metallization and to soldering heat of
surface mounting devices (SMD)"
"This part of IEC 60068 outlines test Td, applicable to surface
mounting devices (SMD), which are intended to mount on
substrates. This standard provides the standard procedures
for solder alloys containing lead (Pb) and for lead-free solder
alloys. This standard provides standard procedures for
determining the solderability and resistance of soldering heat
to lead-free solder alloys. This standard provides standard
procedures for determining the solderability, dissolution of
metallization and resistance of soldering heat to solder alloys
which are eutectic or near eutectic tin lead solders."

IEC 60068-2-69 Ed. 1.0 b:1995 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Te:
Solderability testing of electronic components for
surface mount technology by the wetting balance
method
Describes two wetting balance methods. These methods
determine quantitatively the solderability of terminations on
surface mounted devices. The procedures describe the solder
bath wetting balance method and the solder globuwetting
balance method and are both applicable to components with
metallic termination and metallized solder pads.

IEC 60317-19 Amd.1 Ed. 2.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 19: Solderable
polyurethane enamelled round copper wire
overcoated with polyamide, class 130"

IEC 60317-19 Amd.2 Ed. 2.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 19: Solderable
polyurethane enamelled round copper wire
overcoated with polyamide, class 130"

IEC 60317-19 Ed. 2.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 19: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, overcoated with polyamide,
class 130"

IEC 60317-2 Amd.1 Ed. 3.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 2: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 130, with a
bonding layer"

IEC 60317-2 Amd.2 Ed. 3.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 2: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 130, with a
bonding layer"

IEC 60317-2 Ed. 3.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 2: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, class 130, with a bonding layer

IEC 60317-20 Amd.1 Ed. 2.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 20: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 155"

IEC 60317-20 Amd.2 Ed. 2.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 20: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 155"

IEC 60317-20 Ed. 2.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 20: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, class 155"

IEC 60317-21 Amd.1 Ed. 2.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 21: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire overcoated with
polyamide, class 155"
IEC 60317-21 Amd.2 Ed. 2.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 21: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire overcoated with
polyamide, class 155"

IEC 60317-21 Ed. 2.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 21: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire overcoated with polyamide,
class 155"

IEC 60317-23 Amd.1 Ed. 2.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 23: Solderable
polyesterimide enamelled round copper wire, class
180"

IEC 60317-23 Amd.2 Ed. 2.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 23: Solderable
polyesterimide enamelled round copper wire, class
180"

IEC 60317-23 Ed. 2.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 23: Solderable polyesterimide enamelled
round copper wire, class 180"

IEC 60317-35 Amd.1 Ed. 1.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 35: Solderable
polyurethane enamelled round copper wire, class
155, with a bonding layer"

IEC 60317-35 Amd.2 Ed. 1.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 35: Solderable
polyurethane enamelled round copper wire, class
155, with a bonding layer"

IEC 60317-35 Ed. 1.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 35: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, class 155, with a bonding
layer"

IEC 60317-36 Amd.1 Ed. 1.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 36: Solderable
polyesterimide enamelled round copper wire, class
180, with a bonding layer"

IEC 60317-36 Amd.2 Ed. 1.0 b:1999 "Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires - Part 36: Solderable
polyesterimide enamelled round copper wire, class
180, with a bonding layer"

IEC 60317-36 Ed. 1.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 36: Solderable polyesterimide enamelled
round copper wire, class 180, with a bonding layer"
IEC 60317-4 Amd.1 Ed. 3.0 b:1997 "Amendment 1 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 4: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 130"

IEC 60317-4 Amd.2 Ed. 3.0 b:1999
"Amendment 2 - Specifications for particular types
of winding wires. Part 4: Solderable polyurethane
enamelled round copper wire, class 130"

IEC 60317-4 Ed. 3.2 b:2000 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 4: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, class 130

IEC 60317-51 Ed. 1.0 b:2001 "Specifications for particular types of winding wires
- Part 51: Solderable polyurethane enamelled
round copper wire, class 180 "

IEC 60335-2-45 Ed. 3.0 b:2005 Household and similar electrical appliances -
Safety - Part 2-45: Particular requirements for
portable heating tools and similar appliances
"Deals with the safety of portable electric heating tools and
similar appliances, their rated voltage being not more than 250
V. Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this
standard are branding tools;burning-in pens; conduit-soldering
tools; dehorning tools; desoldering irons; firelighters; glue
guns; heat guns; paint strippers; plastic-cutting tools; soldering
guns; soldering irons; stripping pliers and thermoplastic
conduit-welding tools."

IEC 60512-12-1 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-1: Soldering tests - Test
12a: Solderability, wetting, solder bath method"
Details a standard test method to assess the solderability of
the terminations of a connector designed for use with printed
boards or for other applications using similar soldering
techniques.

IEC 60512-12-2 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-2: Soldering tests - Test
12b: Solderability, wetting, soldering iron method "
Details a standard test method to assess the solderability of
the terminations of a connector that are designed to be
soldered with a soldering iron and the soldering bath test
method of IEC 60512-12-1 is not appropriate.

IEC 60512-12-3 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-3: Soldering tests - Test
12c: Solderability, de-wetting "
Defines a standard test method to assess the ability of the
terminations of a connector to remain covered with solder
when being brought into contact with molten solder under
specified conditions.

IEC 60512-12-3 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-3: Soldering tests - Test
12c: Solderability, de-wetting "
Defines a standard test method to assess the ability of the
terminations of a connector to remain covered with solder
when being brought into contact with molten solder under
specified conditions.

IEC 60512-12-4 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-4: Soldering tests - Test
12d: Resistance to soldering heat, solder bath
method "
Details a standard test method to assess the ability of a
connector to withstand the heating stresses produced by a
mass soldering operation.

IEC 60512-12-5 Ed. 1.0 b:2006 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-5: Soldering tests - Test
12e: Resistance to soldering heat, soldering iron
method "
Details a standard test method to assess the ability of a
connector to withstand the heating stresses produced by a
soldering iron.

IEC 60512-12-6 Ed. 1.0 b:1996 Electromechanical components for electronic
equipment - Basic testing procedures and
measuring methods - Part 12: Soldering tests -
Section 6: Test 12f: Sealing against flux and
cleaning solvents in machine soldering
Details a standard test method to verify the effectiveness of
the sealing of a component against flux and cleaning solvents
during the machine soldering process.

IEC 60512-12-7 Ed. 1.0 b:2001 "Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and
measurements - Part 12-7: Soldering tests - Test
12g: Solderability, wetting balance method"
Defines a standard test method to assess the solderability of
the terminations of a component designed for use with printed
boards or for other applications using similar soldering
techniques.

								
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