Docstoc

Computer Basics.ppt - Wikispaces

Document Sample
Computer Basics.ppt - Wikispaces Powered By Docstoc
					Computer Basics
WHAT IS A PERSONAL
COMPUTER?
   Computer designed for use by one person at
    a time
      IBM Personal Computer

      Apple Macintosh

      IBM Compatibles
Other Personal Computers
 Dell
 HP
 Sony
 Compaq
 Acers
COMPUTER, INFORMATION
AND INTEGRATION LITERACY
   Computer literacy
       Knowledge and understanding of computers
        and their uses
   Information literacy
       Knowing how to find, analyze, and use
        information
   Integration literacy
       The ability to use computers and other
        technologies combined with a variety of
        teaching and learning strategies
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
   Computer programs
     A series of instructions that tells the
      hardware of a computer how to perform
      tasks
     Stored on various storage media
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
 System Software
 Application Software
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
   SYSTEM SOFTWARE – Programs that
    control the operations
      Computer

      Devices
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
   APPLICATION SOFTWARE – Programs
    designed to perform specific tasks for users
      Educational

      Business

      Scientific
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
   System software
      Operating system

         Microsoft Windows

         Mac OS

         Linux

         Unix
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
   Application software
     Word Processing

     Spreadsheet

     Database

     Presentation

      graphics
     Communication
                            AppleWorks is a popular
                           suite used by teachers and
                              students primarily on
                              Macintosh computers
COMPUTER SOFTWARE
 Word Processing
    Word

 Spreadsheet
    Excel

 Database
    Access

                    NEXT
Operating Systems
The Role of the Operating
System
   programs that control the operations of the
    computer and its devices
    Operating system

 Microsoft Windows
   Vista

   XP

 Mac OS X
   Leopard

   Tiger

 Linux
 Unix
Logical devices
 Diskette – A: (older machines only)
 Hard Drive - C:
 CD-ROM - D: (maybe different)
 Other Storage – (Any letter assigned by
  Windows)
Understanding File Storage
 FILES – a collection of data that has a name
    Created by programs

    File types

       , Word - .docx

       PowerPoint - .pps

       Excel - .xlsx

 FOLDERS
    Storage location for files

    Helps to organize files
Managing Files & Folders
   File Management
      Organizing and keeping track of files and
       folders
      File Hierarchy places files in folders, then
       place folders in other folders
Working in the Folder Window
 The Folder List
 Create and Rename Files & Folders
 Search for Files & Folders
 Organize Files & Folders
 Copy & Move Files & Folders
 Delete and Restore Files & Folders
 Create a Shortcut to a File & Folder
Understanding the clip board
 Cut
 Copy
 Paste
School Networking
Local Area Network
   Limited geographical
    area
      Office

      School
Local Area Network
   Consists of a number of computers
    connected to a central computer
SCHOOL’S LOCAL AREA
NETWORK
Server
 A central computer that manages resources
  on a network and provides storage
 Other computers are called clients or
  workstation
Hub/Switch
   Connects all computer
Wide Area Network
   Covers a large geographic area
     City

     School District

     Internet
DISTRICT’S WIDE AREA
NETWORK
THE BENEFITS OF COMPUTER
NETWORKS IN EDUCATION
   Sharing of computer
    hardware, software,
    and data resources
   Unlimited educational
    resources
   Communicate with
    other educators and
    students
WIRELESS SCHOOLS AND
CLASSROOMS
  Notebook
   computers
  Handheld

   computers
  Wireless

   technology brings
   the computer lab to
   students
HIGH SPEED OR
BROADBAND ACCESS
 Government works to provide high speed
  Internet access to classrooms
 Broadband technology transmits signals at
  much faster speeds
Internet and World Wide Web
           Overview
WHAT IS THE INTERNET?
 Worldwide group of connected networks
  that allow public access to information and
  services
 Estimated 1.5 billion users
 Variety of users
 No single organization owns or controls
Connecting to the Internet at
Home
 Dial-up access
 Cable modems
 Digital subscriber line (DSL)
Connecting to the Internet at
Work
   Internet service provider (ISP)
What Is The WORLD WIDE
WEB (WWW) ?
 Started in 1991
 Worldwide collection of electronic
  documents
 Built-in Hyperlinks
 Graphical interface
WWW
   Electronic document viewed on the web
     Text

     Graphics

     Sound

     Video
Web Page
   Electronic document viewed on the web
     Text

     Graphics

     Sound

     Video
Web Site
 Collection of related web pages
 Each web site has a home page
Home Page
 Starting Point
 Site purpose
 Site content
Uniform Resource Locators
(URL)
   Unique address for each page on a web site




    HTTP://WWW.anywhere.Com/folder
HTTP
   Hypertext Transfer Protocol
     Communication protocol used to transfer
      pages on the web
Web Browser
   Software that Allows You to Browse the
    Web
Web Browsers at Work
 Netscape
 Microsoft Internet Explorer
 Mozilla Firefox
 Safari
Web Browsers at Home
   Provided by Online services
      AOL

      Netzero

      Verizon

      Optimum Online
Web Portals
   Way of looking at the Web
     General Areas

        AOL

        Netscape

        Yahoo

     Subject Areas

        Firstgov-government
Search Engine
   Special website that locate information on
    the WWW.
      Google

      Yahoo

      Altavista
Internet Addressing
 Domain name
 Related numeric address




    WWW.SCSITE.COM
    198.112.168.223
World Wide Web (WWW)
Domain Suffix Names

 www.xyz.EDU - Education
 www.xyz.GOV -Government
 www.xyz.ORG - Organization
 www.xyz.COM- Company
 www.xyz.NET - Company
Why Use Computer Technology
in Education?

 Technology is everywhere
 Technology can support learning
 Computers support communications beyond
  classroom walls
 Support of National Technology Standards
 http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?
  video_id=167&title=Why_teach_technology_
TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS
   International Society for Technology in
    Education (ISTE)- provides a framework for
    implementing technology in teaching and
    learning through the National Educational
    Technology Standards (NETS) :
      Students

      Teachers

      Administrators

				
DOCUMENT INFO