Unit 1.1.2 Influences on your healthy_ active lifestyle

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Unit 1.1.2 Influences on your healthy_ active lifestyle Powered By Docstoc
					         Unit 1.1.2
Influences on your healthy,
       active lifestyle
                Task 1
• Tell your partner what influenced you to
  become involved in sport?
         Lesson Objective
• Understand and describe the various
  influences that affect sports
  participation.
               Key Words
•   Role models
•   Socio-economic
•   Media coverage
•   Cultural factors
      The 6 Factors of Influence in
            Physical Activity
1.   People
2.   Image
3.   Cultural Factors
4.   Resources
5.   Health and Wellbeing
6.   Socio-economic
               1. People
• Most people’s choice of physical
  activity is influenced by others. People
  tend to choose the same activities
  as there friends or members
  of their family.
          1. People - Family
• If your parents have a keen
  interest in a particular sport or
  introduce you to an activity at a
  young age, you are more likely to
  take up the same sport.
• Children whose parents socialise
  at sports clubs are more likely to
  be influenced and be involved in
  the same sport if their parents
  enjoy playing it.
• How might family have a negative
  influence on physical activity
  uptake?
         1. People - Friends
• How many of you took up a
  sport or do physical activity
  because your friends do?
• You are also more likely to
  try sports if you have a
  friend that already plays or if
  their friendship group sees it
  as a cool thing to do.
   1. People – Role Model
is someone who is looked up to and
admired for what they have achieved
   personally and/or professionally
      1. People – Role Model
• Top-class sportspeople not only
  encourage people to participate and
  possibly play in a certain way,
  but can also influence lifestyle
  choices on and off the pitch.
• For example haircut & clothes.
• Do role models have to be
  players and why?
      Role Model Homework
• How many female role
  models are there in the
  class?
• How many boys picked a
  male role model?
• How many girls picked a
  female role model?
        2. Image - Fashion
• Sports clothing is often
  worn as a fashion item
  regardless of whether they
  participate or not.
• Can you think of examples?
• Fans wear replica football
  shirts, rappers wear
  American Football shirts
  in videos and trainer makes
  come in and out of fashion.
          2. Image - Fashion
• Sports also fall in and out of
  fashion during different times of
  the year.
• Can you think of examples and
  why this might be the case?
• Wimbledon fortnight.
• How well national teams are
  doing.
• The current image of the sport
  e.g. rugby (blood gate) and
  cycling (drugs).
• Media coverage will also affect a
  sports popularity.
         2. Image - Media
• What different forms of
  the media are there?
• Complete worksheet 3
• Media helps to improve
  the understanding of
  sport, popularizes
  sporting personalities
  and provides sports’
  entertainment.
               Task 2
• Study the images on the next two
  slides.
• What was the impact of the media
  coverage of these events on
  the image of the sports?
England won the Rugby World Cup in
2003.
Because of the win, participation in
rugby union went up by almost 30
per cent.
The national governing body, the
Rugby Football Union (RFU), received
more revenue and was able to
further publicize the sport.
Unfortunately, England did not
qualify for the Euro 2008 football
tournament.

As a result, the Wimbledon tennis
tournament received more coverage
in the media.
On the Internet,
11.7 million users
followed the 2008
Wimbledon
Championships,
an increase of 3
million people on
2007.
       3. Cultural Factors
Cultural influences are those that
impact on daily life and are often out of
a person’s control.
     3. Cultural Factors - Age
• How can the age of a
  person influence their
  chances of participating in
  certain activities?
• There might be an age limit
  on competitions. E.g. 18 to
  do the London Marathon
• Adults may have family
  commitments or health
  problems.
  3. Cultural Factors - Disability
• Sporting opportunities for
  the disabled are ever
  improving.
• Lottery grants have
  helped many sports
  centres to update their
  facilities.
• British Paralympics team
  very successful in
  Beijing.
   3. Cultural Factors - Gender
• Although most sports are available
  to both sexes, generally, each sex
  competes separately for safety
  reasons.
• Public perception can be a
  problem. Perhaps girls
  hesitate to play football
  because it is shown as a male
  sport by the media
• A boy would also struggle to find a
  netball team.
• Are some sports seen as male or
  female?
     3. Cultural Factors - Race
• Why are there fewer
  black swimmers, tennis
  players or golfers?
• Certain sports have
  traditional or cultural links
  to particular groups, for
  example, gymnastics is
  very popular in Russia
  and China.
 4. Resources – Access & Location

• Where a person lives can
  have a great impact on what
  activities they can
  undertake.
• For example, if facilities are
  not available locally or
  transport links do not exist,
  it would be hard for people
  to join a sports club.
 4. Resources – Availability & Time
• Participants need the time in
  order to do physical activity
  and also the facilities must
  be available.
• For example if you have a
  Saturday job but the taster
  sessions for a new sport for
  beginners is only on that
  day, you could not go.
      5. Health and Wellbeing
• If you are ill you will not be
  able to take part on a
  temporary basis.
• Some health problems will
  prevent participation in
  some activities but this only
  limits their choice and
  doesn’t mean participation
  has to stop.
• For example asthma
     6. Socio-economic – Cost
• Most activities cost! Hire
  of facilities, equipment,
  coaching and therefore
  some people cannot
  afford to participate.
• What are the most
  expensive and cheapest
  sports to take part in?
    6. Socio-economic –Status
• This relates to a persons
  position in society e.g.
  employed, in education
  or looking for work.
• Status may influence the
  type of sport a person is
  involved in, or enjoys to
  watch.
            Summary: Categories
      People           Family
                       Peers
                       Role models
       Image           Fashion
                       Media
      Cultural         Age
                       Disability
                       Gender
                       Race
    Resources          Availability
                       Location
                       Access
                       Time
Health and Wellbeing   Illness and health
                       problems
  Socio-economic       Cost
                       Status
          Exam Question 1
• Jan is a good all-round
  sports performer and could
  represent the school in
  many different sports but
  has chosen swimming.
• Explain how her family and
  socio-economic status may
  influence her choice of
  sporting activity. (2marks)
          Exam Question 2
• Give three ways that
  participants can be
  influenced by people into
  taking part in sport. Give
  and example to help
  illustrate your answer.
  (3marks)
          Exam Question 3
• What difficulties may a
  disabled person encounter
  when participating in sport.
  (4marks)
                     Answers
1.   Family may be swimmers or have a
     family membership to the swimming
     club.
     Swimming is relatively a cheap sport
     (swimsuit/goggles) other sports may
     not be affordable.
     Swimming can be seen as feminine
     so more socially acceptable for girls.
2.   Family, Friends and Role models + eg
3.   - Access to facilities; stair lifts,
     changing areas, toilets
     - Integration with able-bodied
     participants
     - Adapted equipment available for use
     - Availability of specialist coaching
Opportunities to become or
remain in Physical Activity

 The Sports Participation
       Pyramid
          Lesson Objective
• What opportunities there
  are to get involved in sport.
• Understand and explain the
  Sport Participation
  Pyramid.
               Question
• What different
  opportunities with the
  London 2012 Olympic
  Games and Paralympic
  Games create for
  people to get involved in
  sport?
    Roles and Skills Required
1. Performer – Fitness,
   motivation, determination,
   ability, opportunity, and
   knowledge.
2. Coach/Leader –
   Motivational, ability to
   analyse performance,
   good communicator and
   enthusiastic.
    Roles and Skills Required
3. Official – Clear, fair, fit,
   calm, knowledgeable,
   confident and patient.
4. Volunteer – At grass roots
   level most activities take
   place because of the vital
   unpaid work by coaches,
   sectaries and treasurers.
The Sports Participation Pyramid

                 Elite


             Performance



             Participation



             Foundation
The Sports Participation Pyramid
 The Sports Participation
 Pyramid is a model of sport
 development. The purpose
 is to have the necessary
 structures in place at each
 level so that people are
 encouraged and enabled to
 take part in sport and work
 their way up the model until
 they find their own level.
The Sports Participation Pyramid
 The more people that enter
 the foundation level the
 broader the base.
 Therefore, in theory, the
 more people at the base
 the more should be able to
 achieve elite level
 performance.
              Foundation
• At this stage most
  participants are likely to be
  learning/experiencing basic
  sporting skills and an
  understanding of activities.
• These include primary PE
  lessons and multi-sports
  sessions.
            Participation
• This is the stage when
  young people begin to
  participate regularly in
  activities they enjoy.
• People choose to use their
  leisure time to take part.
• For example lunch time,
  evening or weekends.
• Level is not as high as
  performance.
            Performance
• During this stage people
  begin to concentrate and
  develop skills in particular
  sports.
• Quality local and regional
  coaching and training.
• Local and regional
  competitions.
• Higher division leagues and
  regional representation.
           Elite/Excellence
• Governing bodies are
  responsible for development
  at this level as players pass
  from county/regional squads
  to national and international
  level.
• Olympic, European and
  World championships.
    Initiatives providing
opportunities for involvement
           in sport.
          Lesson Objective
• Describe a number of
  initiatives developed to
  encourage participation in
  physical activity.
                Key Words
•   PESSCL Strategy
•   Start, Stay, Succeed Initiative.
•   Top Link
•   Active Kids Programme
•   Youth Sports Trust
           Government Aim
• Government initiative aimed
  at increasing the number of
  5-16 taking up opportunities
  and staying involved
  throughout their lives.
• Target = 85% of these
  children to receive 2hrs of
  high quality PE and school
  sport each week.
          PESSCL Strategy
• Physical Education, School
  Sport and Club Links.
• The PESSCL strategy aims to
  strengthen links between
  schools and local sports clubs.
• E.g. Eye Cricket Club, Diss
  Rugby Club, Harleston Magpies.
• It is hoped that children enjoy
  sport at school and then be able
  to continue to play and to
  improve at a local club.
      School Sports Partnership
• What is the name of our School
  Sports Partnership?
• High Suffolk School Sports
  Partnership.
• They are groups of schools
  clustered around a sports
  college. Each linked high school
  has a School Sport Coordinator
  (SSCo) who works with its
  feeder primary schools to
  provide sporting opportunities
  for its pupils.
    School Sports Partnership
• Who is Hartismere’s SSCo?
• Complete Worksheet 5
           Sport England
•  Sport England’s objective
   is to create opportunities
   for people to pursue their
   sporting interest through
   the following:
1. Start – increase
   participation in sport to
   improve the health of the
   nation, with a focus on
   priority groups.
           Sport England
2. Stay – Retain people in
   sport and active
   recreation through an
   effective network of
   clubs, sports facilities,
   coaches, volunteers and
   competitive
   opportunities.
3. Succeed – Achieve
   sporting success at
   every level.
             Sport England
• Due to the success of Sport
  England’s initiative in 2008 they
  introduced a new strategy,
  Grow, Sustain, Excel.
• What do you think these stand
  for?
• Increase number of
  participants.
• Keep them involved.
• Increase number of talented
  performers.
         Youth Sports Trust
• Responsible for the TOP
  Programmes.
• Designed to give young
  people (up to 18) of all
  abilities the chance to make
  the most of all the
  opportunities that PE and
  sport can bring.
              Homework
• Visit the Youth Sport Trust
  Website.
• www.youthsporttrust.org
• Complete Homework 5
                   Active Kids
• Supermarkets run voucher
  schemes and these can be
  used by schools or groups
  (Scouts) to buy sporting
  equipment.
           Exam Questions
1. Explain what is meant by
   the ‘sports participation
   pyramid’ (1 mark)
2. What do the initials
   PESSCL stand for?
   (1 mark)
3. Sport England set up an
   initiative called Start, Stay,
   Succeed. What did it aim
   to do? (3 marks)
               Answers
1. ‘The sports participation
   pyramid illustrates the
   development from mass
   participation at the base of
   the pyramid to excellence
   at the top.’
2. PE, School Sport and Club
   Links
                  Answers
3. Start - increase participation
   in physical activity and so
   improve health of the nation.
   Stay - create a network of
   clubs/coaches/sports
   facilities/volunteers so people
   have the chance to remain
   involved in sport.
   Succeed - create
   opportunities for talented
   athletes to succeed.

				
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