Unit 1.1.2 Influences on your healthy, active lifestyle Task 1 • Tell your partner what influenced you to become involved in sport? Lesson Objective • Understand and describe the various influences that affect sports participation. Key Words • Role models • Socio-economic • Media coverage • Cultural factors The 6 Factors of Influence in Physical Activity 1. People 2. Image 3. Cultural Factors 4. Resources 5. Health and Wellbeing 6. Socio-economic 1. People • Most people’s choice of physical activity is influenced by others. People tend to choose the same activities as there friends or members of their family. 1. People - Family • If your parents have a keen interest in a particular sport or introduce you to an activity at a young age, you are more likely to take up the same sport. • Children whose parents socialise at sports clubs are more likely to be influenced and be involved in the same sport if their parents enjoy playing it. • How might family have a negative influence on physical activity uptake? 1. People - Friends • How many of you took up a sport or do physical activity because your friends do? • You are also more likely to try sports if you have a friend that already plays or if their friendship group sees it as a cool thing to do. 1. People – Role Model is someone who is looked up to and admired for what they have achieved personally and/or professionally 1. People – Role Model • Top-class sportspeople not only encourage people to participate and possibly play in a certain way, but can also influence lifestyle choices on and off the pitch. • For example haircut & clothes. • Do role models have to be players and why? Role Model Homework • How many female role models are there in the class? • How many boys picked a male role model? • How many girls picked a female role model? 2. Image - Fashion • Sports clothing is often worn as a fashion item regardless of whether they participate or not. • Can you think of examples? • Fans wear replica football shirts, rappers wear American Football shirts in videos and trainer makes come in and out of fashion. 2. Image - Fashion • Sports also fall in and out of fashion during different times of the year. • Can you think of examples and why this might be the case? • Wimbledon fortnight. • How well national teams are doing. • The current image of the sport e.g. rugby (blood gate) and cycling (drugs). • Media coverage will also affect a sports popularity. 2. Image - Media • What different forms of the media are there? • Complete worksheet 3 • Media helps to improve the understanding of sport, popularizes sporting personalities and provides sports’ entertainment. Task 2 • Study the images on the next two slides. • What was the impact of the media coverage of these events on the image of the sports? England won the Rugby World Cup in 2003. Because of the win, participation in rugby union went up by almost 30 per cent. The national governing body, the Rugby Football Union (RFU), received more revenue and was able to further publicize the sport. Unfortunately, England did not qualify for the Euro 2008 football tournament. As a result, the Wimbledon tennis tournament received more coverage in the media. On the Internet, 11.7 million users followed the 2008 Wimbledon Championships, an increase of 3 million people on 2007. 3. Cultural Factors Cultural influences are those that impact on daily life and are often out of a person’s control. 3. Cultural Factors - Age • How can the age of a person influence their chances of participating in certain activities? • There might be an age limit on competitions. E.g. 18 to do the London Marathon • Adults may have family commitments or health problems. 3. Cultural Factors - Disability • Sporting opportunities for the disabled are ever improving. • Lottery grants have helped many sports centres to update their facilities. • British Paralympics team very successful in Beijing. 3. Cultural Factors - Gender • Although most sports are available to both sexes, generally, each sex competes separately for safety reasons. • Public perception can be a problem. Perhaps girls hesitate to play football because it is shown as a male sport by the media • A boy would also struggle to find a netball team. • Are some sports seen as male or female? 3. Cultural Factors - Race • Why are there fewer black swimmers, tennis players or golfers? • Certain sports have traditional or cultural links to particular groups, for example, gymnastics is very popular in Russia and China. 4. Resources – Access & Location • Where a person lives can have a great impact on what activities they can undertake. • For example, if facilities are not available locally or transport links do not exist, it would be hard for people to join a sports club. 4. Resources – Availability & Time • Participants need the time in order to do physical activity and also the facilities must be available. • For example if you have a Saturday job but the taster sessions for a new sport for beginners is only on that day, you could not go. 5. Health and Wellbeing • If you are ill you will not be able to take part on a temporary basis. • Some health problems will prevent participation in some activities but this only limits their choice and doesn’t mean participation has to stop. • For example asthma 6. Socio-economic – Cost • Most activities cost! Hire of facilities, equipment, coaching and therefore some people cannot afford to participate. • What are the most expensive and cheapest sports to take part in? 6. Socio-economic –Status • This relates to a persons position in society e.g. employed, in education or looking for work. • Status may influence the type of sport a person is involved in, or enjoys to watch. Summary: Categories People Family Peers Role models Image Fashion Media Cultural Age Disability Gender Race Resources Availability Location Access Time Health and Wellbeing Illness and health problems Socio-economic Cost Status Exam Question 1 • Jan is a good all-round sports performer and could represent the school in many different sports but has chosen swimming. • Explain how her family and socio-economic status may influence her choice of sporting activity. (2marks) Exam Question 2 • Give three ways that participants can be influenced by people into taking part in sport. Give and example to help illustrate your answer. (3marks) Exam Question 3 • What difficulties may a disabled person encounter when participating in sport. (4marks) Answers 1. Family may be swimmers or have a family membership to the swimming club. Swimming is relatively a cheap sport (swimsuit/goggles) other sports may not be affordable. Swimming can be seen as feminine so more socially acceptable for girls. 2. Family, Friends and Role models + eg 3. - Access to facilities; stair lifts, changing areas, toilets - Integration with able-bodied participants - Adapted equipment available for use - Availability of specialist coaching Opportunities to become or remain in Physical Activity The Sports Participation Pyramid Lesson Objective • What opportunities there are to get involved in sport. • Understand and explain the Sport Participation Pyramid. Question • What different opportunities with the London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games create for people to get involved in sport? Roles and Skills Required 1. Performer – Fitness, motivation, determination, ability, opportunity, and knowledge. 2. Coach/Leader – Motivational, ability to analyse performance, good communicator and enthusiastic. Roles and Skills Required 3. Official – Clear, fair, fit, calm, knowledgeable, confident and patient. 4. Volunteer – At grass roots level most activities take place because of the vital unpaid work by coaches, sectaries and treasurers. The Sports Participation Pyramid Elite Performance Participation Foundation The Sports Participation Pyramid The Sports Participation Pyramid is a model of sport development. The purpose is to have the necessary structures in place at each level so that people are encouraged and enabled to take part in sport and work their way up the model until they find their own level. The Sports Participation Pyramid The more people that enter the foundation level the broader the base. Therefore, in theory, the more people at the base the more should be able to achieve elite level performance. Foundation • At this stage most participants are likely to be learning/experiencing basic sporting skills and an understanding of activities. • These include primary PE lessons and multi-sports sessions. Participation • This is the stage when young people begin to participate regularly in activities they enjoy. • People choose to use their leisure time to take part. • For example lunch time, evening or weekends. • Level is not as high as performance. Performance • During this stage people begin to concentrate and develop skills in particular sports. • Quality local and regional coaching and training. • Local and regional competitions. • Higher division leagues and regional representation. Elite/Excellence • Governing bodies are responsible for development at this level as players pass from county/regional squads to national and international level. • Olympic, European and World championships. Initiatives providing opportunities for involvement in sport. Lesson Objective • Describe a number of initiatives developed to encourage participation in physical activity. Key Words • PESSCL Strategy • Start, Stay, Succeed Initiative. • Top Link • Active Kids Programme • Youth Sports Trust Government Aim • Government initiative aimed at increasing the number of 5-16 taking up opportunities and staying involved throughout their lives. • Target = 85% of these children to receive 2hrs of high quality PE and school sport each week. PESSCL Strategy • Physical Education, School Sport and Club Links. • The PESSCL strategy aims to strengthen links between schools and local sports clubs. • E.g. Eye Cricket Club, Diss Rugby Club, Harleston Magpies. • It is hoped that children enjoy sport at school and then be able to continue to play and to improve at a local club. School Sports Partnership • What is the name of our School Sports Partnership? • High Suffolk School Sports Partnership. • They are groups of schools clustered around a sports college. Each linked high school has a School Sport Coordinator (SSCo) who works with its feeder primary schools to provide sporting opportunities for its pupils. School Sports Partnership • Who is Hartismere’s SSCo? • Complete Worksheet 5 Sport England • Sport England’s objective is to create opportunities for people to pursue their sporting interest through the following: 1. Start – increase participation in sport to improve the health of the nation, with a focus on priority groups. Sport England 2. Stay – Retain people in sport and active recreation through an effective network of clubs, sports facilities, coaches, volunteers and competitive opportunities. 3. Succeed – Achieve sporting success at every level. Sport England • Due to the success of Sport England’s initiative in 2008 they introduced a new strategy, Grow, Sustain, Excel. • What do you think these stand for? • Increase number of participants. • Keep them involved. • Increase number of talented performers. Youth Sports Trust • Responsible for the TOP Programmes. • Designed to give young people (up to 18) of all abilities the chance to make the most of all the opportunities that PE and sport can bring. Homework • Visit the Youth Sport Trust Website. • www.youthsporttrust.org • Complete Homework 5 Active Kids • Supermarkets run voucher schemes and these can be used by schools or groups (Scouts) to buy sporting equipment. Exam Questions 1. Explain what is meant by the ‘sports participation pyramid’ (1 mark) 2. What do the initials PESSCL stand for? (1 mark) 3. Sport England set up an initiative called Start, Stay, Succeed. What did it aim to do? (3 marks) Answers 1. ‘The sports participation pyramid illustrates the development from mass participation at the base of the pyramid to excellence at the top.’ 2. PE, School Sport and Club Links Answers 3. Start - increase participation in physical activity and so improve health of the nation. Stay - create a network of clubs/coaches/sports facilities/volunteers so people have the chance to remain involved in sport. Succeed - create opportunities for talented athletes to succeed.