Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan

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					Indian River County Library
Master Facilities Plan
       2005-2025




   Ruth O’Donnell, Library Consultant
                  and
        Harvard Jolly Architects
                                                                                                     1


            Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025
                                    Executive Summary

Introduction
In response to anticipated continuing population growth the Indian River County Board of
County Commissioners, Public Library Advisory Board, and county management initiated a
public library facilities planning process in early 2004. They sought expert opinions to assist
them in identifying future library space needs and best locations in a formal master plan
document. Ruth O’Donnell, Library Consultant, and Ward Friszolowski, Architect, Harvard
Jolly Architects, studied existing and future needs, current usage of services, status of existing
facilities, and other issues related to public library service in the county. The table below
presents a summary of existing facilities.

                                                       Size in
     Library Site           Facility History                                Service Roles
                                                     Square Feet
 Main Library              Owned by IR County          49,286 SF Full service public library
 1600 21st St.             Opened February                       with focus on:
 Vero Beach                1991                                      Reference
                           Expanded 2002                             Independent learning
                                                                     Preschoolers learning
                                                                     Community activities
                                                                     and information
 North Indian River        Owned by IR County          25,445 SF Full service with focus on:
 County Library            Opened November                           Popular materials
 (North IRC)               1990                                      Independent learning
 1001 Co. Rd. 512          Expanded 2002                             Preschoolers learning
 Sebastian
 Gifford Library           IR County owns the            1,513 SF Public library outreach
 Gifford Youth             building (opened in            (does not service (not a full service
 Activity Center           1998, expanded in         include shared library). Focused on
                                                     meeting room)
 4875 43rd Ave.            2000)                                    children attending the
 Vero Beach                Opened in early 2004                     Center; adults can use but
                           in dedicated space in                    materials not appropriate.
                           the Youth Activity                       Computers available and
                           Center                                   are also used in Center
                           Partnership between                      GED classes.
                           the library system,
                           United Way                               Shares a conference room
                           Foundation of IR                         with the Center that is
                           County, and the                          located next to the library.
                           Gifford Youth
                           Activity Center, a
                           non-profit agency



       Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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                                                     Size in
    Library Site           Facility History                              Service Roles
                                                   Square Feet
 Law Library              Located in IR County         3,993 SF Special library; focus is
 IR County                Courthouse, owned                     reference service related to
 Courthouse               by County                             legal information
 2000 16th Ave            Opened in current
 Vero Beach               location in 1995

 TOTAL ALL                                               80,237

 TOTAL PUBLIC                                            76,244

This plan is presented to the Board of County Commissioners after review and approval by the
Indian River County Public Library Advisory Board (PLAB). The plan includes study methods
and findings, and a recommended plan for developing the library system to meet public library
service needs for the next twenty years.

Methods
   The consultants worked closely with library and county staff as they investigated facilities
   needs. Study methods included:
   Document, electronic information, and publications review
   Interviews with elected and appointed county officials, the Public Library Advisory board,
   and library management
   •   Four public meetings, a meeting with Friends of the Library leadership, and three
       meetings with library employees
   •   Interviews and meetings with representatives of a number of organizations and public
       agencies in the county
   •   Assessments of the Main, North IRC, and Gifford libraries
   •   Comparison of library resources and use to state and national peer groups and state
       standards.
   •   Population demographic review and analysis and study of current and projected
       residential development in the county
   •   Review and analysis of library resource and use statistics, including comparison to state
       and national peer groups and Florida standards
   •   Observation of traffic patterns and travel time and distances around the county


Findings
Study findings are described in detail in Sections Two through Seven of the plan. In summary,
the consultants found that:


       Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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Existing Facilities
• The Main Library and the North Indian River County Library facilities are in good
   condition but cannot be expanded further at their present locations. Space is fully used at
   these libraries and any new service and the regular addition of newly available library
   materials requires reallocation of existing space and thinning of collections.
•   The library outlet at the Gifford Youth Center can be expanded to gain additional space.

Local Opinion
• Most member of the public, elected and appointed officials, library support group
   members, and library staff think additional public library space will be needed as the
   population of the county grows.
•   Most people interviewed believe that the town of Fellsmere and the Gifford Community
    should have local public library service because of economic and transportation issues in
    those two areas.
•   The South County area is also perceived to need local service.
•   A joint use public/community college library on the Indian River Community College
    Muller Campus is thought by many to be desirable as a means of attracting improved
    higher education opportunities to the county as well as serving the public.
•   Most people believe the beach population is best served by libraries on the mainland and
    that it would be difficult if not impossible to locate a library on the island.
•   Library staff and members of the public suggest moving non-public service functions to a
    separate facility (from the Main Library) to provide additional public service space.

Library Resources and Use
Library collections, staffing, funding and other resources were compared to two peer groups:
five library systems in Florida and 35 libraries from around the nation. Comparisons were
also made to standards published in Florida Library Association Public Library Standards
2004. Those comparisons indicate that:
•   Indian River library funding is good by comparison to others.
•   Resources available to the public such as collections, hours of service, technology,
    staffing, and volunteers are either above or well above average for the two peer groups
    and either at the Essential or Enhanced quality levels in the standards.
    Note: quality levels in the standards are Essential, Enhanced, and Exemplary.
•   Use of the library system’s resources ranges from one below average (electronic visits)
    and one average to the remainder above or well above average in comparison to state and
    national peer groups (there are no Florida standards for the use measures discussed).
•   These results indicate strong support for libraries and equally strong levels of use.




    Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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Population Demographics
• The 2005 projected county population of 124,400 is projected to increase to 168,000
   residents by 2025, the end of this plan. This 35% increase will occur in new residential
   development throughout the areas of the county east of I-95.
•   Residential development in planned developments of significant size is anticipated in
    unincorporated areas, especially in the central and southern parts of the county.
•   Population growth will also take place in the Sebastian area, turning Sebastian into the
    largest incorporated city by 2025, twice the size of Vero Beach and almost doubling the
    numbers of people living there compared to the present day.
•   The population west of I-95 is not expected to increase since that area will continue its
    agricultural use designation.
•   People living in the incorporated areas of the county will make up a little over 40% of the
    total population by 2025, a slight increase from 2003 estimates of 36.5%.
•   Population projections indicate that a service area plan with four divisions – North
    County, Mid-County, West County, and South County – is appropriate for planning
    needed library development. A map of the service areas is in Section Five of the plan.
•   Mapping of population data indicates that young children (under 5) and people over 65
    are concentrated in different parts of the county. There are many children in the
    southeast, Fellsmere, and Gifford. Older people are clustered on the island, in the West
    Vero Corridor, in Sebastian and Roseland, and in Vero Beach. This has implications for
    library service as both these populations are heavy library users.
•   Population data mapping also indicates that people living below the poverty level and/or
    who have no high school diploma are concentrated in Gifford, Roseland, Fellsmere, and
    south county. Individuals with these conditions are also a library service target.

Travel Time and Distance to Libraries
• Libraries in Indian River County are within Florida standards as regards the time it takes
   to get to them from various part of the county east of I-95.
•   Population growth and the success in implementing plans for road development are
    factors that will impact the ease with which people can get to a public library.

Locating Public Libraries
The consultants offered their expertise regarding site selection for public libraries. Issues
discussed were:
•   Public libraries should be as visible as possible from well traveled roads. They should not
    be deep in residential areas.
•   Library use increases when facilities are located near retail stores, commercial activity,
    civic/cultural centers, recreation facilities, and schools.
•   Locations near schools and active parks can be problematic for public library
    management. Additional staff is needed to handle the afternoon influx of unattended
    children.


    Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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   •   Joint use facilities offer many benefits, including saving taxpayer money and serving
       multiple constituencies from a single building. The library must maintain an identity and
       atmosphere that makes it attractive to the general public, however, not just to students.
   •   Potential sites must be carefully evaluated for adequacy of acreage for the size building
       planned and other issues. A site selection checklist is included in the plan for future use.

   Future Space Needs
   The table below presents facility needs by the four defined library service areas and in the
   three quality level standards published in the Florida Library Association Public Library
   Standards 2004.


                                2005 Space Need in Square Feet  2025 Space Need in Square Feet
                     Currently Essential                       Essential
          Area                           Enhanced Exemplary              Enhanced Exemplary
                     Available   .6 SF                           .6 SF
                                         .7 SF per    1 SF per           .7 SF per    1 SF per
                                  per                             per
                                           capita      capita              capita      capita
                                capita                          capita
       North
                        25,445
       County                      19,389      22,620       32,315     32,397      37,797      53,995
                            SF
       Mid
       County*          50,799     26,792      31,257       44,653     30,879      36,025      51,465
                            SF
       South
       County                0     20,618      24,054       34,363     26,870      31,349      44,784

       West
       County                0      7,841       9,149       13,069     10,654      12,429      17,756

       Countywide:
                         3,993
       Law Library                    NA          NA           NA         NA          NA              NA
                            SF
       Total            80,237
                                   74,640      87,080      124,400    100,800     117,600     168,000
                            SF


Plan for Library Facilities Development
A summary of recommendations for development of the library system is presented in the list
below. Details regarding options considered as part of the recommendations development
process are in Section Eight of the plan; these details may be essential reading for full
understanding of the recommendations below.

The recommendations list is followed by two tables, Expanded Recommendations and Proposed
2025 Space by Service Area.

   Recommendations List
   1. Main Library



       Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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   Move support services staff (technical services and systems) to another location with at
   least 5,000 SF; conduct a full review of space utilization and reallocate space to
   maximize use for the location’s service roles.
2. Gifford Library
   Option 2 – Expand the existing Gifford library service by adding space and increasing
   visibility at the youth activity center; continue as a special services branch.
3. North IRC Library
   Options 1 and 2 – Open one or more popular level branches in the
   Sebastian/Wabasso/Roseland area and then replace the existing North IRC facility within
   20 years with a larger full service branch on another location in Sebastian closer to U.S.
   1. Close the popular branches when the new facility opens.
4. Fellsmere
   Renovate some of the old Fellsmere school space into a special service branch library
   targeting the needs of families.
5. West County
   Build a joint use public/community college branch library on the IRCC, Mueller Campus
   large enough to meet the needs of the West County area, with shared construction and
   operating costs.
6. South County
          Best: Build a full service branch library on or close to Oslo Road between 27th
          Avenue SW and 43rd Avenue SW (west of South County Park).
          Acceptable: Build a full service branch library at South County Park, Oslo Road
          and 20th Avenue SW.
7. Law Library
   Continue the Law Library at the county courthouse location.




   Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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Expanded Recommendations
                                                                                                   Suggested
             Facilities & Service                                                                                                              Existing/proposed
Priority                                               Location/Project Type                        Opening    Service Level
                     Area                                                                                                                       Square Footage
                                                                                                     Dates*
   1       West County/IRCC            IRCC Mueller Campus/ New construction; costs                 2008-09 Joint use branch               Proposed      30,000 SF
           Branch                      shared
   2       South County Branch         Best: on or near Oslo Rd, between 27th and 43rd              2011-12      Full service branch       Proposed      31,500 SF
                                       Ave SW/ New construction
                                       OR
                                       Acceptable: On Oslo Rd. at S. County Park
                                       property/ New construction
   3       Fellsmere Branch            Old Fellsmere school/ Rehab and convert space                2013-14      Special service           Proposed       3,000 SF
                                                                                                                 branch
   4       Gifford Branch              Same location/ Expansion of existing 1,513 SF                2014-15      Special service           Proposed
                                                                                                                 branch                    expansion to 4,000 SF
           North Popular               Storefront(s) in Sebastian, Wabasso, Roseland                             Popular branch
   5       Branch(es):                 area/ Convert space for temporary use until new              2014-15                                Proposed 1: 2,000 SF
   6       Popular branch 1            NIR branch is built                                          2017-18                                Proposed 2: 2 ,000 SF
           Popular branch 2                                                                                                                (Temp. – not in total)
   7       Main Library                1. Move support services to leased space/ Convert            2020-21      Main                      1. See Other Facilities
                                       leased space as needed                                                                              below sub-total
                                       2. Main Library/ Convert 3,110 SF on 1st floor                                                      2.Existing 49,286 SF
                                       and 1,440 SF on 2nd floor
   8       North IRC Branch            Sebastian, closer to U.S. 1 than existing facility/          2024-25      Full service branch       Proposed      35,000 SF
                                       New construction to replace existing 25,445 SF
                                       facility
SUB -TOTAL – Four service areas                                                                                                                       152,786 SF
Other facilities: Law Library                                                                                                                            3,993 SF
                  Support Services Office (proposed for 2020-21)                                                                                         5,000 SF
TOTAL – System                                                                                                                                       161,779 SF
 * Firm dates cannot be established at this time since the county’s ability to open new facilities depends on many factors, including but not limited to actual
population growth and availability of funding such as impact fees and other revenue. A library at the Old Fellsmere School depends on rehabilitation of that
building.



                                Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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Proposed 2025 Space by Service Area
                         2025 Space Needs Range by
    Service Area           FLA Standards Quality          Existing Space        Proposed Space
                          Levels (.6, .7, 1 per capita)
North County Area                 32,297 to 53,995 SF          25,445 SF                  38,000 SF

Mid County Area                   30,879 to 51,465 SF          50,799 SF                  53,286 SF

South County Area                 26,870 to 44,784 SF                    0                31,500 SF

West County Area                  10,654 to 17,756 SF                    0                30,000 SF
Other:
  Law Library                                      NA           3,993 SF                    3,993 SF
  Support Services                                             *3,110 SF                    5,000 SF

Totals                         100,800 to 168,000 SF               80,237               161, 779 SF


* This space is part of the Main Library (Mid-County) square footage for this column.

Financial Implications
Estimates of costs to construct furnish, equip, and provide collections for proposed new facilities
and to operate them for their first year are included in the report. Land is not included. The table
below provides totals.

Total Costs to Build and Equip Proposed Libraries and for a First Year of Operation
                                       Size in                                    Cost to Operate for
                                                    Cost to Build and Equip*
        Proposed Facility              Square                                          First Year*
                                                         (2004-05 dollars)
                                        Feet                                          (2004 dollars)
West County Branch Library
                                          30,000                    $6,360,000              $1,361,000
(new)
South County Branch Library
                                          31,500                    $7,822,000              $1,294,010
(new)
Fellsmere Library
                                           3,000                      $599,000                $173,895
(Build out of rehabilitated space)
Gifford Library
                                           4,000                      $827,178                $190,735
(expansion/renovation)
North Popular Libraries (2)                2,000                      $311,000                $121,805
(Build out of leased space)                 each                           each
Main Library
                                           2,600                       $274,00                      NA
(renovation of existing space)
North Branch Library
                                          35,000                    $6,580,000              $1,676,150
(new)
*Does not include cost of land (construction costs) or leased space (operating costs) where those
apply.

         Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2004-2025: Executive Summary
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                                                                               Content

SECTION 1 – INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 1
Purpose of this Plan.....................................................................................................................................................1

Introduction to the Library Facilities ........................................................................................................................1

Library Governance and Funding .............................................................................................................................2

History ..........................................................................................................................................................................2

Other Planning Documents Used by the Library .....................................................................................................3

Research Methods........................................................................................................................................................3


SECTION 2 – EXISTING LIBRARY SERVICES............................................................. 6
Indian River County Library .....................................................................................................................................6

Education-Related Library Services........................................................................................................................33

Other Library Services .............................................................................................................................................35

Analysis of Research..................................................................................................................................................36


SECTION 3 – SYSTEM ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND SERVICE LEVELS 37
Organizational Structure and Service Levels Options ...........................................................................................37

IR County Library Service Levels and Organizational Structure ........................................................................38


SECTION 4 – PUBLIC AND KEY STAKEHOLDER OPINION..................................... 39
Public Opinion ...........................................................................................................................................................39

Elected and Appointed Officials’ Opinion...............................................................................................................41

Library Staff Opinion ...............................................................................................................................................42


SECTION 5 – DEMOGRAPHICS AND POPULATION GROWTH ............................... 43
Population Growth Projections ................................................................................................................................43

Other Demographics .................................................................................................................................................50


SECTION 6 – TRAVEL WITHIN INDIAN RIVER COUNTY .......................................... 58
Planned Public Transportation and Roadway Improvements ..............................................................................58



                                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
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Potential Travel Delays .............................................................................................................................................59

Travel Times and Distances......................................................................................................................................59


SECTION 7 – DEFINING SYSTEM WIDE SPACE NEEDS AND LOCATION
CONSIDERATIONS...................................................................................................... 60
Methods of Determining Public Library Space Needs ...........................................................................................60

Indian River System Wide Space Needs and Service Areas ..................................................................................60

Space needs for Four Areas of Indian River County..............................................................................................61

Factors Used in Defining Individual Library Space Needs....................................................................................62

Locating Public Libraries .........................................................................................................................................62


SECTION 8 – OPTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................ 64
Mid County – Main Library.....................................................................................................................................64

Mid County – Gifford................................................................................................................................................66

North County – North Indian River County Library ............................................................................................67

North County – Fellsmere.........................................................................................................................................68

West County...............................................................................................................................................................71

South County .............................................................................................................................................................75

Island ..........................................................................................................................................................................78

Countywide – Law Library.......................................................................................................................................79

Recommendations List and Library Development Chart......................................................................................80


FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS ........................................................................................ 83
Estimated Facilities Development Costs ..................................................................................................................83

Estimated Operating Cost for Opening Year of New Facilities.............................................................................86

Facilities Development Funding Opportunities ......................................................................................................87


APPENDIX ONE: NATIONAL PEER GROUP.............................................................. 88

APPENDIX TWO: INDIAN RIVER COUNTY EDUCATION RELATED STATISTICS .. 89

APPENDIX THREE: TRAVEL TIMES AND DISTANCES CHART............................... 90


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APPENDIX FOUR: LIBRARY SITE SELECTION CHECKLIST ................................... 91

List of Charts and Tables
Figure 1: Indian River County Library System Facilities............................................................... 1
Figure 2: Florida Peer Group Used for Comparisons ..................................................................... 6
Figure 3: Public Library Services ................................................................................................... 7
Figure 4: IR County Library 2003-04 Operating Budget* ........................................................... 10
Figure 5: Florida Peer Comparison - Expenditures per Capita 2002-03 ...................................... 11
Figure 6: Florida Peer Comparison – Contributions by Friends Groups or Foundations 2002-0311
Figure 7: National Peer Comparison – Expenditures per Capita 2002-03.................................... 11
Figure 8: Materials Resources Standard ....................................................................................... 12
Figure 9: IRC Library Materials - 2003........................................................................................ 12
Figure 10: Florida Peer Comparison – Library Materials per Capita 2002-03............................. 13
Figure 11: National Peer Comparison – Library Materials per Capita 2002-03........................... 13
Figure 12: Standards for hours of service ..................................................................................... 14
Figure 13: Public Access Computers Standard............................................................................. 14
Figure 14: Florida Peer Comparison – Public Computer Workstations 2002-03......................... 15
Figure 15: National Peer Comparison – Public Computer Workstations with Internet Access
    2002-03 ................................................................................................................................. 16
Figure 16: Staffing Standard......................................................................................................... 16
Figure 17: IRC Library Staffing – Current ................................................................................... 17
Figure 18: Florida Peer Comparison - Full Time Equivalent Staff 2003-04 ................................ 17
Figure 19: Florida Peer Comparison - Volunteer Hours 2002-03 ................................................ 18
Figure 20: Florida Peer Comparison – Square Footage per Capita 2002-03................................ 19
Figure 21: Comparison of Main and North IRC Library Use: 2002-03 ....................................... 19
Figure 22: Registered Borrowers Standard................................................................................... 20
Figure 23: Florida Peer Comparison – Registrations as Percent of Population 2002-03 ............. 20
Figure 24: Florida Peer Comparison – Library Visits per Capita 2002-03................................... 26
Figure 25: National Peer Comparison – Library Visits per Capita 2002-03 ................................ 26
Figure 26: Florida Peer Comparison – Electronic Visits to Library 2002-03............................... 27
Figure 27: National Peer Comparison – Electronic Visits to Library 2002-03 ............................ 27
Figure 28: Florida Peer Comparison - Circulation per Capita 2002-03........................................ 28
Figure 29: National Peer Group Comparison – Collection Turn-over 2002-03 ........................... 28
Figure 30: Florida Peer Comparison – In Library Use of Materials 2002-03 .............................. 30
Figure 31: National Peer Comparison – In Library Use of Materials 2002-03 ............................ 30
Figure 32: Florida Peer Comparison – Use of Electronic Materials 2002-03 .............................. 31
Figure 33 Florida Peer Comparison – Reference Questions Answered 2002-03 ......................... 32
Figure 34: National Peer Comparison – Reference Questions Answered per Capita 2002-03 .... 32
Figure 35: Florida Peer Comparison – Attendance at Library Programs 2002-03 ....................... 33
Figure 36: National Peer Comparison – Attendance at Library Programs 2002-03..................... 33
Figure 37: Proposed Service Levels for Indian River County Library......................................... 38
Figure 38: Indian River County Unincorporated Area Municipalities: Population Projections to
    2030....................................................................................................................................... 43
Figure 39: Indian River County Census Designated Places (CDP) and Unallocated Population:
    Population Projections to 2030 ............................................................................................. 44


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Figure 40: Combined Populations within Four Areas of Indian River County ............................ 49
Figure 41: Indian River County Schools by Type ........................................................................ 51
Figure 42: Public School Enrollment by Grade............................................................................ 51
Figure 43: Public Library Space Standard .................................................................................... 60
Figure 44: Library Space Needs System Wide According to Florida Standards.......................... 61
Figure 45: Public Library Space Needs by Library Service Area ................................................ 61
Figure 46: Expanded Recommendations ...................................................................................... 81
Figure 47: Proposed 2025 Space by Service Area........................................................................ 82
Figure 48: Indian River County Public School Population by Grade Level, 2003-04 ................. 89
Figure 49: Indian River County Public School Students by Race/Ethnicity and Language......... 89
List of Maps
Map 1: Registered Borrower Density – Library System Registered Borrower Density............... 22
Map 2: Registered Borrower Density – Registered at Main Library............................................ 23
Map 3: Registered Borrower Density – Registered at North Indian River Library...................... 24
Map 4: Density of Juvenile Registered Borrowers – System Wide.............................................. 25
Map 5: Density of Items Borrowed System Wide ........................................................................ 29
Map 6: Persons per Square Mile, 2003 Population Estimate........................................................ 45
Map 7: Four Library Service Areas .............................................................................................. 48
Map 8: Persons Age 0 to 4 per Square Mile, 2003 Population Estimate...................................... 53
Map 9: Persons Age 65 and Over, 2003 Population Estimate...................................................... 54
Map 10: Percent of Persons below Poverty, 2000 Census............................................................ 55
Map 11: Percent of Persons Age 25 and Over with No High School Diploma, 2000 Census ..... 56
Map 12: Percent of Persons 18 and Over Who Speak Spanish Only, 2000 Census..................... 57




                        Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
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                                Section 1 – Introduction

Purpose of this Plan
Indian River County, Florida, located on the southeast coast of the state between St. Lucie
County to the south and Brevard County to the north, has had rapid population growth for
several decades. The current population is beginning to strain the capacities of the county’s
public library service, the Indian River County Library, and continuing growth is expected.

In response to anticipated continuing population growth the Board of County Commissioners,
Public Library Advisory Board, and county management initiated a public library facilities
planning process in early 2004. They sought expert opinions to assist them in identifying future
library space needs and best locations in a formal master plan document. This master plan is the
result of a study conducted by Ruth O’Donnell, Library Consultant, and Ward Friszolowski,
Harvard Jolly Architects; it provides their analysis of needs and recommended solutions.

Introduction to the Library Facilities
The system currently has two full service libraries, an outreach library in a youth center, and a
law library in the county courthouse. Each site has its own service emphasis. The table below
introduces the library facilities and the service emphasis provided at each

Figure 1: Indian River County Library System Facilities

                                                     Size in
   Library Site            Facility History                               Service Roles
                                                   Square Feet
Main Library              Owned by IR County         49,286 SF Full service public library
1600 21st St.             Opened February                      with focus on:
Vero Beach                1991                                     Reference
                          Expanded 2002                            Independent learning
                                                                   Preschoolers learning
                                                                   Community activities
                                                                   and information
North Indian River        Owned by IR County         25,445 SF Full service with focus on:
County Library            Opened November                          Popular materials
(North IRC)               1990                                     Independent learning
1001 Co. Rd. 512          Expanded 2002                            Preschoolers learning
Sebastian
Gifford Library           IR County owns the           1,513 SF Public library outreach
Gifford Youth             building (opened in           (does not service (not a full service
Activity Center           1998, expanded in        include shared library). Focused on
                                                   meeting room)
4875 43rd Ave.            2000)                                   children attending the
Vero Beach                Opened in early 2004                    Center; adults can use but
                          in dedicated space in                   materials not appropriate.
                          the Youth Activity                      Computers available and


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                                                      Size in
   Library Site            Facility History                               Service Roles
                                                    Square Feet
                          Center                                   are also used in Center
                          Partnership between                      GED classes.
                          the library system,
                          United Way                               Shares a conference room
                          Foundation of IR                         with the Center that is
                          County, and the                          located next to the library.
                          Gifford Youth
                          Activity Center, a
                          non-profit agency

Law Library               Located in IR County         3,993 SF Special library; focus is
IR County                 Courthouse, owned                     reference service related to
Courthouse                by County                             legal information
2000 16th Ave             Opened in current
Vero Beach                location in 1995

TOTAL ALL                                                80,237

TOTAL PUBLIC                                             76,244

Library Governance and Funding
The Indian River County Library system is a division of the General Services Department of
county government. The library’s governing body is the Indian River Board of County
Commissioners. They are assisted by the Public Library Advisory Board.

Services are funded from the county’s general fund, the Florida State Aid to Libraries Program,
grants, and donations. Local funding makes up the great majority of funding although the total
amount in the various revenue categories varies from year to year.

History
The Indian River County Library was established as a county wide system in October 1986 when
two organizations operating public libraries turned their assets over to the county. At that time,
the Board of County Commissioners accepted responsibility for providing public library services
to Indian River County residents. Libraries in the area have a long history, however. Two public
libraries, the Marian Fell Library in Fellsmere and the Woman’s Club Library in Vero Beach
were founded in 1914 and 1915 respectively. The Woman’s Club Library eventually became the
Main Library in Vero Beach and the Fellsmere library is still active as a privately operated
children’s after school service. In the north end of the county, a public library was first formed in
1981 by the Sebastian River Library Association. This service eventually became the North
Indian River County Library.




                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
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In 1985, the Board of County Commissioners accepted a library system and facilities
development plan from Cecil Beach, Library Consultant. This plan recommended establishment
of a county wide system and construction of three new buildings, one each in the northern,
central, and southern parts of the county. This plan resulted in the construction of the Main and
North IRC Library buildings.

Reportedly, a library was not built in the southern part of the county due to lack of funds. A bond
referendum that included funding for three libraries was changed to support two before it went to
a vote in 1986. Because of concern that the referendum would not pass at amount needed for
three libraries, the south county library and $2.3 million were dropped. A $5.9 million bond
referendum passed, allowing construction of the two existing full service libraries. County
Commission members at that time recognized that more space was needed.

Other Planning Documents Used by the Library
Long Range Plan 2002-2005
      The Indian River County Library System Long Range Plan 2002-2005 is a services plan
      that presents the system’s mission (see below), service roles (see table above), goals,
      objectives, and proposed activities for the years of the plan. This plan was developed with
      community participation and is used as a guide for development and improvement of
      services.
              “The mission of the Indian River County Library System is to provide the means
              by which people of all ages, interests, and circumstances may avail themselves of
              the recorded wisdom, experiences, and ideas of others.”

       Public library space needs relate directly to the type of services to be provided in a library
       building. The long range plan sets a precedent for the service focus of any new or
       enlarged libraries in the county. At this time, library management does not anticipate any
       significant changes in the service roles of its full service libraries so those roles are likely
       to be emphasized in new facilities as well.

Technology Plan
      The Indian River County Library System Technology Plan 2003-2006 discusses
      development of the library’s technology infrastructure and equipment related to access to
      digital information. The addition of new space can impact this plan because of the
      likelihood that new technologies will be considered that were not discussed in the
      existing plan. The existing technology plan can, however, serve as a basis for discussions
      of technology related issues for any new or expanded facilities.

Research Methods
The consultants used a number of approaches to collect information relative to library facility
needs in Indian River County.
   Interviews and Meetings
           Interviews with elected and appointed county officials – County Commissioners,
           County Administrator, and the General Services Director were interviewed
           individually


                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                4


           Meeting with the Public Library Advisory Board
           Four invited focus group meetings; two were held in Sebastian and two in Vero
           Beach. Representatives from various age, racial/ethnic, and special interest groups
           attended.
           Meetings with two Friends of the Library groups
           Individual interviews with the Library Director and the manager of the North IRC
           Library
           Three library staff focus groups
           Discussions in person and by phone/email with county planning staff and a
           representative of the Indian River Metropolitan Planning Organization
           Telephone interviews with Indian River County School District staff, including the
           Coordinator of Media Services
           Meeting with the Administrator of Development & Marketing and the Executive
           Director of the Gifford Youth Activity Center and with a Gifford community
           representative
           Interview with Board of the Marian Fell Library
           Telephone interview with a member of the Indian River Historical Society
           Telephone interview with a representative of the corporate offices of Operation Hope,
           Palm Bay, Florida
           Meeting with the Campus Provost of the IRCC, Mueller Campus and a phone
           interview with the Associate Vice President/Provost of IRCC
Facility Reviews
           Completed facility assessments of the Main, North IRC, and Gifford libraries
           Toured libraries and observed activity in facilities on several occasions
   Population
           Studied U.S. Census data and population projections to 2030 provided by the Indian
           River County Planning Division
           Mapped population and demographic data (Harvard Jolly contracted with Civic
           Technologies, Inc. to develop maps)
           Studied current and projected residential development in Indian River County,
           provided by the Planning Division
   Review and Analysis of Library Resources
       Analyzed library resources and use statistics and compared to population-peer libraries in
       Florida and the nation using:
          Florida Department of State public library statistics database, 2002-03
          Public Library Data Service, peer comparison of 2002-03 statistics
          Mapped addresses of registered patrons and borrowers (provided by Civic
          Technologies, Inc.)




                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                          5


County Geography and Roadways Observation
   Toured the County on major roads and in major developments, testing travel times and
   distances between various starting and ending points
Document, Electronic Information, and Publications Review
       Current library system long-range services and technology plans
       Informational publications of the Indian River and Sebastian Chambers of Commerce
       Indian River County Community Development Report, April 2004
       Florida Department of Transportation, Transportation Analysis Zones data
       Library registration and use database files
       U.S. Census 2000 electronic files




             Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                       6



                       Section 2 – Existing Library Services

Indian River County Library
The need for public library space and facilities relates directly to the resources and services
provided and the use of those resources. The methods used for considering the resources and use
of the library system were:
    1. Comparison to public library standards published by the Florida Library Association
    2. Comparison to two groups of peer libraries, Florida and national
    3. Mapping selected data
These methods are described below.

   1. Library system resources and use were compared to the Florida Library Association
      Public Library Standards 2004. This tool uses a quality level for some of its quantitative
      standards to assist libraries and their governing bodies in setting library development
      goals. The three quality levels are:
          Essential: Essential level standards define the basics of library service. Every full
          service library can and should offer them.
          Enhanced: This level starts where Essential leaves off and offers expanded services.
           Exemplary: Achieving this standard provides the highest and best service to the
           community.

   2. Peer library comparisons were used to evaluate the resources and use of the Indian River
      County Library – a peer group of Florida library systems and a peer group of public
      libraries from across the United States.
          Florida peer group – four other library systems governed by a county commission and
          with the closest population sizes were used as a peer group. The statistics used are
          from the Florida Department of State, State Library and Archives, 2002-03 Florida
          public library statistics database. Graphs showing Florida peer group statistics show
          each library’s statistic separately.

           Figure 2: Florida Peer Group Used for Comparisons
                                                 Number of
                                 Population                      Total Sq. Ft.
                                                  Outlets
            Hernando County          140,670                 6          32,384
            St. Johns County         139,849                 5          54,800
            Martin County            134,491                 8          95,226
            Citrus County            125,804                 5          52,349
            Indian River
            County                   121,174                 4          77,643
            Monroe County*            80,537                 5          48,849

            *Monroe County has over 40,000 less population than IR County but is the closest smaller
            sized county.


                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                   7



           National peer group – 35 other public libraries around the nation, governed in a
           variety of ways, and serving populations between 123,000 and 110,000. The source
           for this data is the Public Library Data Service (PLDS), Library Research Center,
           University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. A list of the 35 libraries is in Appendix
           One.

           Each of the PLDS graphs in this section shows statistics for:
                  IRC Library by itself
                  The mean or average for the peer group without IRC Library
                  The mean or average for the peer group including IRC Library
                  The median of the group including the IRC Library

   3. A third method used for studying library resources and use was mapping. Addresses of
      library registrants were geocoded and mapped to show where people live who make up
      the data for various statistics. A total of 43,536 registrant records, or 75% of all
      registrants, were usable for mapping. The remaining 25% could not be used because of
      incomplete addresses, post office boxes, or other problems with the data.

This section includes other Information about the IRC Library as well as statistics and
comparisons. Information about other libraries in the county – at schools and other locations –
follows the public library section immediately below.

Public Library Services Available
       The two full service libraries provide the standard services available in modern public
       libraries. The Gifford Library, an outreach service for an underserved population, offers
       very limited services for a target group, the youth of the Gifford area.
       Figure 3: Public Library Services
              Service Type                   Main               North IRC               Gifford
       Materials loan and in-house
       use:
       1. Print                       1. Print            1. Print                 1. Print
                a. Books                 a. 2 weeks           a. 2 weeks               a. Yes
                b. Magazines             b. In-house          b. 2 weeks               b. Planned
                c. Newspapers            c. In-house          c. In-house              c. Planned
       2. Video                       2. Video            2. Video                 2. Video
                a. VCR                     a. 1 week          a. 1 week                No
                b. DVD                     b. 1 week          b. 1 week
       3. Audio                       3. Audio            3. Audio                 3. Audio
                a. Cassette                a. 1 week          a. 1 week                No
                b. CD                      b. 1 week          b. 1 week
       4. Software                    4. No               4. No                    4.   No
       5. Online reserves             5. Yes              5. Yes                   5.   Yes
       6. Online renewal              6. No               6. No                    6.   No
       7. Access to registration      7. Yes              7. Yes                   7.   Yes
            and circulation records



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                                                                                           8


      Service Type                     Main                 North IRC            Gifford
1. Interlibrary loans         1. Yes                 1. Yes                      1. Yes
2. Intralibrary loans         2. Yes – delivery 5    2. Yes – delivery 5         2. None
   (between libraries in         times per week         times per week
   the system)

Audio-visual equipment        24 hours               24 hours              None
loan

Reference/information         Yes                    Yes                   None
Service (phone, e-mail)

Local history/genealogy:                                                   None
1. Florida collection         1. Yes                 1. Yes
2. Local history collection   2. Yes                 2. No
3. Genealogy research
   materials and services     3. Yes – very          3. No
                                 extensive service
Public access computers:
1. Automated, online          1.    Yes              1. Yes                1. Yes
    catalog
2. Internet access            2.    Yes              2.    Yes             2.    Yes
3. Information databases      3.    Yes              3.    Yes             3.    Yes
4. PC applications            4.    Yes              4.    Yes             4.    Planned
5. Email                      5.    Yes              5.    Yes             5.    Planned
6. Chat                       6.    Yes              6.    Yes             6.    Yes
7. Instant messaging          7.    Yes              7.    No              7.    Yes
8. B & W printing             8.    Yes              8.    Yes             8.    Planned
9. Color printing             9.    Yes              9.    Yes             9.    Yes
10. Download                  10.   yes              10.   Yes             10.   Yes

Children/Teen services:
1. Class visits               1. Yes                 1. Yes                1.    No
2. Outreach to day care       2. Yes                 2. Yes                2.    No
    and schools
3. Homework help              3. Informal            3. Informal           3. Youth center
4. YA/Teen area               4. Collection only     4. Collection only       offers
                                                                           4. No
Formal programs:
1. Adult                      1. Yes                 1. Yes                1. No
2. Children                   2.                     2.                    2.
       a. Year round             a. Yes                 a. Yes                 a. Planned
       b. Summer                 b. Yes                 b. Yes                 b. Yes
3. Teen                       3. Yes                 3. No                 3. No
4. Computer related           4. Yes                 4. No                 4. No
   classes

Use of meeting room space:
1. Meeting room(s)            1. 2 rooms             1. 1 room             1. No
2. Conference room(s)         2. 2 rooms             2. 1 room             2.1 room


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                                                                                                  9


              Service Type                 Main                 North IRC               Gifford
       3. Study room(s)            3. 6 rooms             3. 3 rooms               (shared)
                                                                                   3. No
       Adult literacy services     Yes – through          Yes – through another    Youth Center
                                   another agency         agency housed at         offers
                                   housed at library      library

       Outreach services:
       1. Elder related            1. No                  1. No                    Gifford is an
       2. Minority population      2. Yes – Gifford       2. No                    outreach service
          related                                                                  of the Main
       3. Economic level related   3. Yes – Gifford       3. No                    Library
       4. Disabilities related     4. No                  4. No

       Friends of the Library
       group:                                                                      NA
       1. Fundraising              1. Used book store;    1. Used book sale
                                      gift shop
       2. Services                 2. Yes                 2. Yes
       3. Other activities         3. Yes                 3. Yes


Law Library Services
      The Indian River County Law Library, also known as the James Vocelle Law Library, is
      located in the County Courthouse and managed by the public library system. This service
      is open to the public although its services make it a special rather than a public library.

       Services include a collection of law books and journals, a photocopier, two public access
       computers with Internet and Lois Law (electronic database), carrel seating, an attorney
       work room supplied by the local Bar Association, and a small conference room. The
       library is staffed by one full-time Librarian II position and is open 8:30 AM to Noon and
       1:00 to 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday.

       The Law Librarian estimates that use is 70% by the general public and 30% by attorneys.
       Statistics for 2002-03 (also included with Indian River statistics in peer comparisons) are:
               Visits                        5,558 (3.58% attorneys, 68.42% public)
               Calls                          5.518 (43.33% attorneys, 56.67% public)
               Telephone reference            3,806
               In-house reference             7,849
               Computer uses                  1,877
               Circulation                      184
               In-house use of materials     19,957

       The Law Library has been funded by the county general fund and court fees. A 2004
       amendment to the Florida Constitution changes the funding source to a fee that can be
       collected by the courts under specific circumstances. This is a replacement for the
       formerly used court fees. Twenty-five percent of the amount collected from the new fee



                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                        10


       is available for law library services. Whether it will produce adequate revenue to support
       existing services is not yet known.

Resources - Financial
          Public library standards
          Standard 52, the funding standard does not provide specific monetary amounts but
          instead says, “Governing bodies establish local funding based on local revenues and
          well-considered budget requests.”
          IRC Library budget
          The 2003-04 operating budget provides for spending of $3,841,806 or $31.70 per
          capita.
          Figure 4: IR County Library 2003-04 Operating Budget*
             Budget                     Change                       Change
                                                                                    Law
           Category        Main**        from         North IRC       from                             Total
                                                                                   Library
            2003-04                     2002-03                      2002-03
          Personnel

          Salaries        $1,112,409       6.35%        $557,381        4.58%        $42,214      $1,712,004

          Benefits          $360,420      12.92%        $178,789        9.56%        $12,167           $551,376
          Sub-total
                          $1,472,829                    $736,170                     $54,382      $2,263,381

          Operating       $1,095,831      -0.59%        $405,450        4.79%        $72,883      $1,574,164

          Total           $2,568,660       3.74%       $1,141,620       5.40%       $127,264      $3,837,544
          *Does not include capital outlay funds; they are discussed on page 12.
          **Includes all staff housed at the facility; some staff positions at Main have system-wide
          responsibilities. Also includes any funds used for Gifford services.

          Peer comparisons
          Florida peer group comparisons show that Indian River County library expenditures
          in 2002-03 were the highest in the Florida peer group at around $30 per capita. Peer
          libraries ranged from $18 to $28. The comparison of contributions by support groups
          – Friends of the Library and Foundations – indicates Indian River was next to the
          highest at $91,152 (Martin County received $364,351 for capital investment).

          Nationally, the comparison shows Indian River County $1.30 below the peer group
          average of $33.00.




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                                                                                                                                                    11


Figure 5: Florida Peer Comparison - Expenditures per Capita 2002-03
                                                 $35

                                                 $30

    Expenditures per Capita                      $25

                                                 $20

                                                 $15

                                                 $10

                                                      $5

                                                      $0
                                                              Hernando            St. Johns         Martin            Citrus     Indian    Monroe
                                                               County             County            County           County       River    County
                                                                                                                                 County


Figure 6: Florida Peer Comparison – Contributions by Friends Groups or Foundations
2002-03
       Funds Contributed by Friends/Foundation




                                                 $400,000
                                                 $350,000
                                                 $300,000
                                                 $250,000
                                                 $200,000
                                                 $150,000
                                                 $100,000
                                                      $50,000
                                                            $0
                                                                     Hernando St. Johns                  Martin         Citrus    Indian   Monroe
                                                                      County   County                    County        County      River   County
                                                                                                                                  County



Figure 7: National Peer Comparison – Expenditures per Capita 2002-03
                                                 34



                                                 33
                                                                                   33               33



                                                 32                32



                                                 31
  Expend per capita ($)




                                                 30



                                                 29
                                                                                                                  29

                                                 28
                                                           Indian River Library                 Mean (N=36)
                                                                            Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




                                                      Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 12



          New facilities budget
          The Indian River County 2003-04 CIP budget (proposed capital projects) lists
          funding from the one cent sales tax for a proposed new 25,000 square foot branch
          library as follows:

                  Construction, furniture and equipment and contingency:
                  o 2007/08          $3,340,000
                  o 2008/09            3,340,000
                  o Total            $6,680,000

                  Operating costs (salaries, benefits and operating expenses):
                  o 2008/9 = $1,367,657 (the justification indicates these funds will not occur
                     until FY 2009-10)

Resources – Library Materials
          Public library standards
          Figure 8: Materials Resources Standard
          Standard 77: “The number of items (volumes) in all formats in the library’s collection
          is:”


              Quality                     Number of items in all formats, per capita
              Level
                             Up to           25,001 to          100,001 to       750,001 and
                             25,000          100,000            750,000          up population
                             population      population         population
              Essential      10,000                        2                 2                   2
                             minimum, 3
                             per capita
                             preferred
              Enhanced                  4                 3.5                3              2.5
              Exemplary                 5                 4.5                4                3

          IRC Library materials resources
          Comparison to Florida standard: IRC Library has 3.41 items per capita (all formats)
          and falls in the Enhanced level.

          Together, all outlets of the Indian River County Library (including the Law Library)
          have the following numbers of items in collections at the end of fiscal year 2003.
          Figure 9: IRC Library Materials - 2003
              1. Print materials                            371,258
              2. Electronic books (through Solinet)          28,812
              3. Electronic databases                            68

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                                                                                                                      13


                4. Audio materials                           17,569
                5. video materials                           22,931
                6. Current print serial subscriptions          1,775
                7. Current electronic serial subscriptions        23
                   (through electronic database subscriptions)
                Total……………………………………………..442,436

Materials are at the Enhanced quality level of the Florida Standards. The Law Library
is included; this is material that is not part of a standard public library collection.

Peer comparisons
Peer comparison with the Florida group indicates that Indian River had by far the
largest collection per capita. The others ranged from 1.36 to 2.39. Nationally, Indian
River County was also the highest in the peer group. The average was well below
IRC.
Figure 10: Florida Peer Comparison – Library Materials per Capita 2002-03

                            4.00
                            3.50
                            3.00
                            2.50
               # of Items




                            2.00
                            1.50
                            1.00
                            0.50
                            0.00
                                    Hernando              St. Johns      Martin            Citrus   Indian   Monroe
                                     County               County         County           County     River   County
                                                                                                    County



Figure 11: National Peer Comparison – Library Materials per Capita 2002-03
                        3.300



                        3.200
                                         3.198


                        3.100



                        3.000
  Holdings per capita




                        2.900


                                                                         2.841
                                                           2.831                       2.826
                        2.800



                        2.700
                                   Indian River Library               Mean (N=36)
                                                   Peer Group (N=35)                Median (N=36)




                            Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                              14



Resources – Hours of Service
          Public library standards
          Figure 12: Standards for hours of service
          Standard 26: “The library is open to the public at fixed times and with a uniform
          schedule. The library provides minimum unduplicated service hours as follows:”


                      Quality Level             Minimum Unduplicated Hours
                     Essential           40 hours (from FL law)
                     Enhanced            68 hours
                                         20 of these must be evenings and weekends
                     Exemplary           76 hours
                                         7 days a week; 4 evenings

          Comparison to Florida standard: at 65.6 hours a week Indian River County Library
          meets the requirements of Florida law to receive state aid and falls within the
          Essential quality level.

          Peer comparisons
          The Florida peer group has a high of 69 hours a week and a low of 56. Just one
          library, St. Johns County, meets the Enhanced quality level. Open hours were not
          compared for the national peer group.

Resources – Technology
          Public library standards
          Figure 13: Public Access Computers Standard
          Standard 101: “Availability of public access Internet-connected computer
          workstations.”
                                     Essential            Enhanced              Exemplary
            Number of operating      Minimum of 1         1 public              1 public
            computer                 public workstation   workstation per       workstation per
            workstations             per 3,000            2,000 population      1,000 population
                                     population

          IRC Library technology resources
             Indian River public libraries offer extensive technology based services, including:
             •   Access to libraries by telephone and facsimile
             •   Web site, both a system/Main Library site and a separate North IRC site
             •   Integrated, web-based library database (catalog of materials, registrant
                 records, circulation records). Some public computer workstations are reserved
                 for catalog access. The catalog stations at the Main Library are not all web
                 based. Library staff report that these workstations are being phased out,


                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                             15


                                   although slowly, as a service to older customers who do not like to use the
                                   web product.
          •                        Computer workstations for public access to the Internet, informational
                                   databases, and personal computing. The system technology plan sets a goal of
                                   one workstation peer 1,000 residents by the end of fiscal year 2006.
          •                        Connectivity via high speed phone lines (T-1) and a wired network managed
                                   from the Main Library. PC Reservation is used for computer use sign-up and
                                   control.
          •                        Wireless access to the library network and Internet for the public.
          •                        Classes for the public on the Internet and computing
          •                        Over 100 CD ROM reference resources and over 100 genealogical CD ROM
                                   reference resources
          •                        Information and referral database of local and regional social services
                                   resources
          •                        Library database and Internet access on a computer workstation with screen
                                   magnification for person with vision loss

Service fall in the Enhanced level with one public access computer per approximately
1.5 thousands of residents.

Peer group comparisons
The Florida peer group offers a range from 49 to Indian River’s 90 computers
available to the public.

The national comparison includes staff computers as well as public access and shows
IRC well above the peer group average.
Figure 14: Florida Peer Comparison – Public Computer Workstations 2002-03

                                  100
   Public Computer Workstations




                                   90
                                   80
                                  70
                                  60
                                  50
                                  40
                                  30
                                  20
                                  10
                                   0
                                        Hernando   St. Johns   Martin    Citrus   Indian   Monroe
                                         County     County     County   County     River   County
                                                                                  County




                                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                            16


          Figure 15: National Peer Comparison – Public Computer Workstations with Internet
          Access 2002-03
                                                 150

                                                                146
                                                 140



                                                 130
             Workstations with Internet access




                                                 120



                                                 110

                                                                                                 106
                                                                                105
                                                 100

                                                                                                                 96
                                                 90
                                                         Indian River Library                 Mean (N=36)
                                                                          Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




          Future
          Technologies that allow access to digital information and recreation are developing
          rapidly. Public libraries offer new technologies and electronic formats as public
          demand, library budgets, and staff judgments make it appropriate to do so. Existing
          technology that is available now but not yet used by the IR County system includes:
              Self check-out stations
              Radio frequency identification (RFID) for materials control
              Computer kiosks with connection to the library web site and its resources at non-
              library locations

Resources –Staffing
          Public library standards
          Figure 16: Staffing Standard
          Standard 56: “The library has the following number of FTEs per 1,000 of
          population:”

            Quality Level                                                          FTEs per 1,000 population
            Essential                                                                                         .3
            Enhanced                                                                                          .5
            Exemplary                                                                                         .6

          IRC Library resources – paid staff
          Staffing levels in the table below are expressed in full time equivalencies (FTEs). One
          FTE is equal to 37.5 hours of work, a full time schedule for the library.




                                                       Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 17


Figure 17: IRC Library Staffing – Current
                                                  System       FTEs Located    FTEs Located at
                    Departments
                                                   FTEs          at Main        North County

 1.          Administration                           6.66             *4.66              2.00
 2.          Circulation                             17.08             11.95              5.13
 3.          Children’s                               4.26            **1.66              2.60
 4.          YA/Media                                 3.77              3.77
 5.          Reference                                8.33              5.33              3.00
 6.          Computer lab/Elec. resources             2.00                                2.00
 7.          FL History/Genealogy                     2.00              2.00
 8.          Technical Services/Systems              12.23             *9.23              3.00
 9.          Law Library                              1.00

 Total                                            ***57.33             38.60             17.73

* Many of these positions have system-wide responsibilities and provide services for North
IRC and Gifford as well as Main.
** Does not include a Born to Read staff member from another agency.
***Total does not include a part-time person at Gifford employed by the Youth Activities
Center to staff the library outlet there.

Comparison to Florida standard: .47 per capita fall into the Enhanced quality level.

Peer comparisons
Florida peer comparison shows a range from 42.2 to 70.5 FTEs with Indian River
third highest and in the middle of the five libraries compared. A national comparison
was not made.
Figure 18: Florida Peer Comparison - Full Time Equivalent Staff 2003-04

             80
             70
             60
             50
      FTEs




             40
             30
             20
             10
              0
                  Hernando   St. Johns   Martin    Citrus    Indian   Monroe
                   County    County      County   County      River   County
                                                             County




              Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                     18


           IRC Library resources – volunteers
           Indian River County is fortunate to have many residents and visitors who volunteer at
           the library. In 2002-03, volunteer hours amounted to the equivalent of 16.58 full time
           employees (32,340 hours). This level of volunteer use provides almost 30% more
           staff time than is available from paid staff, a significant percentage.

           It should be noted that similar levels of public library volunteerism are usual in
           Florida counties with large numbers of retirees. The total volunteer hours for the state
           were over one million in 2002-03; nine library systems had more hours than Indian
           River. The current level of volunteer service in Indian River can be considered among
           the highest in the state.

           Florida peer comparison shows Indian River at 32,340, slightly higher in volunteer
           hours than St. Johns County with the other three libraries having even less down to a
           low of 3,961 at Hernando County.

           Figure 19: Florida Peer Comparison - Volunteer Hours 2002-03

                                35,000

                                30,000
              Volunteer Hours




                                25,000

                                20,000

                                15,000

                                10,000

                                 5,000

                                    0
                                         Hernando   St. Johns   Martin    Citrus   Indian   Monroe
                                          County    County      County   County     River   County
                                                                                   County



Resources – Facilities
          Florida standards – see Section 7, Figure 43 for a comparison
          Peer comparisons
          Florida peer comparison shows the Indian River Library’s .64 square foot per capita
          to be the second highest of the group. Square footage for group members ranges from
          .23 to.71. It should be noted that the Indian River County square footage includes
          3,993 square feet at the Law Library, a special library service. National comparisons
          were not made.




                                Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                          19


           Figure 20: Florida Peer Comparison – Square Footage per Capita 2002-03

                                       0.8
                                       0.7
              Square Feet per Capita   0.6
                                       0.5
                                       0.4
                                       0.3
                                       0.2
                                       0.1
                                        0
                                             Hernando      St. Johns   Martin        Citrus           Indian     Monroe
                                              County        County     County        County            River     County
                                                                                                      County




Library Use – Comparison within the System
       Public libraries also compare use between outlets within a system. Use at the Main and
       North IRC libraries is charted below for the most recent fiscal year available, 2002-03.
       Annual statistics for Gifford are not available for that year.
       Figure 21: Comparison of Main and North IRC Library Use: 2002-03

                    750,000                      707,447
                    700,000
                    650,000
                    600,000
                    550,000
                    500,000
                    450,000
                                                        402,488
                    400,000                                                                                   Main
                                                 305,405
                    350,000                                       307,216
                    300,000                                                                                   North IRC
                                                                         282,118
                    250,000                                188,452
                    200,000                                                         185,684
                    150,000                                                             28,823
                                                                          27,961
                    100,000
                                                                           27,204             5,691
                     50,000                                                                           2,976
                          0
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                                        Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                20


Library Use – Borrower Registrations
          Borrower density maps – four maps on the following pages provide graphical
          representation of where library users live.
          Public library standards
          Figure 22: Registered Borrowers Standard
          Standard 29: “The percent of the service area population that is registered for a library
          card in the library’s database (purged annually of registrants who have not used their
          card in the last three years) is:”
                      Quality Level         Percent of Population
                     Essential                                30%
                     Enhanced                                 50%
                     Exemplary                                75%

          Florida standards comparison: Indian River registration total fall within the Enhanced
          quality level with 61.08% of residents registered for library service in 2002-03.

          Peer comparison
          Florida peer comparison shows IRC in the middle of its Florida peer group at 61.08%.
          In the national peer group comparison, IRC is higher than the peer group and the
          national average.
          Figure 23: Florida Peer Comparison – Registrations as Percent of Population 2002-03


            80.00%
            70.00%
            60.00%
            50.00%
            40.00%
            30.00%
            20.00%
            10.00%
             0.00%
                     Hernando   St. Johns    Martin    Citrus   Indian    Monroe
                      County    County       County   County     River    County
                                                                County




                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                         21


         National comparison
                                                 70



                                                              66

           Registrations as percent of pop (%)
                                                 60




                                                                                                              54

                                                                              51               52
                                                 50




                                                 40
                                                      Indian River Library                 Mean (N=36)
                                                                       Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




NOTE: THE NEXT FOUR PAGES ARE MAPS OF DENSITY IN THE COUNTY FOR VARIOUS
CATEGORIES OF REGISTERED BORROWERS.




                                                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 22


Map 1: Registered Borrower Density – Library System Registered Borrower Density




                                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 23


Map 2: Registered Borrower Density – Registered at Main Library




                                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                  24


Map 3: Registered Borrower Density – Registered at North Indian River Library




                                   Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 25


Map 4: Density of Juvenile Registered Borrowers – System Wide




                                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                         26



Library Use – Visits to the Library
          Florida standard – not available

           Peer comparisons
           Florida peer comparison shows Indian River at 4.92 visits per capita in the middle of
           the group that ranges from 7.02 to 2.9 visits. In the national group, the library is
           above average.
           Figure 24: Florida Peer Comparison – Library Visits per Capita 2002-03

                                    8

                                    7
                                    6
              Library Visits




                                    5

                                    4

                                    3
                                    2

                                    1
                                    0
                                        Hernando     St. Johns       Martin           Citrus     Indian River   Monroe
                                         County       County         County          County        County       County



           Figure 25: National Peer Comparison – Library Visits per Capita 2002-03
                                    5.400



                                    5.200
                                                   5.187


                                    5.000



                                    4.800



                                    4.600
                Visits per capita




                                    4.400
                                                                                    4.386
                                                                   4.363
                                                                                                  4.304
                                    4.200
                                            Indian River Library                 Mean (N=36)
                                                             Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




                                    Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                                    27


Library Use – Electronic Visits
          Florida standard – not available

           Peer comparisons
           In the Florida peer comparison IRC is in the middle of its peer group with 204,223
           visits to its web sites. The peer group ranged from 11,000 to 600,000 web visits.
           Nationally, it is above average.
           Figure 26: Florida Peer Comparison – Electronic Visits to Library 2002-03

                                                700,000

                                                600,000

                                                500,000
                              Web Site Visits




                                                400,000

                                                300,000

                                                200,000

                                                100,000

                                                     0
                                                            Hernando      St. Johns       Martin    Citrus      Indian     Monroe
                                                             County        County         County   County        River     County
                                                                                                                County




       Figure 27: National Peer Comparison – Electronic Visits to Library 2002-03
                               220000


                               200000                           204233


                               180000                                            186507        187871



                               160000


                               140000


                               120000
          Electronic visits




                               100000


                                       80000
                                                                                                              80182

                                       60000
                                                          Indian River Library               Mean (N=36)
                                                                          Peer Group (N=35)                Median (N=36)




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                                                                                                                                        28


Library Use – Check-out of Materials
          Florida standard – not available

           Map
           A density map showing where people live who checked out materials on May 25,
           2004 follows this page.

           Peer comparisons
           Florida peer comparison shows Indian River County highest of the group at 8.54
           check-outs per capita. The lowest is 4.22 per capita. The national comparison
           regarding check-out of materials is different than the Florida comparison. Collection
           turnover, the average number of times items check out in a year, was compared.
           Indian River was less than the peer group average.
           Figure 28: Florida Peer Comparison - Circulation per Capita 2002-03

                                                    9.00
                                                    8.00
                                                    7.00
                                                    6.00
                     Circulations




                                                    5.00
                                                    4.00
                                                    3.00
                                                    2.00
                                                    1.00
                                                    0.00
                                                            Hernando       St. Johns        Martin        Citrus      Indian   Monroe
                                                             County        County           County       County        River   County
                                                                                                                      County


           National comparison
           Figure 29: National Peer Group Comparison – Collection Turn-over 2002-03
                                                    2.940


                                                    2.920
                                                                                    2.921            2.918

                                                    2.900
              Collection turnover (circ/holdings)




                                                    2.880


                                                    2.860


                                                    2.840


                                                    2.820
                                                                   2.814
                                                    2.800
                                                                                                                   2.800

                                                    2.780
                                                             Indian River Library                Mean (N=36)
                                                                             Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




                                                     Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
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Map 5: Density of Items Borrowed System Wide




                                Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                                         30


Library Use – In Library Use of Materials (Non-electronic)
          Florida standard – not available

          Peer comparisons
          Florida peer comparison includes only four of the five libraries. Indian River County
          is the highest at 3.72 per capita. National comparison shows IRC higher than average
          by far.
          Figure 30: Florida Peer Comparison – In Library Use of Materials 2002-03

                                               4

                                              3.5
              In Library Uses of Materials




                                               3

                                              2.5

                                               2
                                              1.5

                                               1

                                              0.5
                                               0
                                                    Hernando County St. Johns County              Citrus County           Indian River
                                                                                                                            County



          Figure 31: National Peer Comparison – In Library Use of Materials 2002-03
                                              4.500




                                              4.000
                                                              3.924



                                              3.500
                  In library use per capita




                                              3.000




                                              2.500
                                                                                               2.441
                                                                               2.317                         2.360

                                              2.000
                                                        Indian River Library                Mean (N=36)
                                                                        Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




                                              Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                               31


Library Use – Use of Electronic Materials
          Florida standard – not available

           Peer comparisons
           Florida peer comparison shows Indian River highest in use of electronic materials at
           224,296 uses. The other libraries range from a low of 3,998 to 157,029 uses. A
           national comparison was not made.
           Figure 32: Florida Peer Comparison – Use of Electronic Materials 2002-03

                                          250,000
              Electronic Materials Uses




                                          200,000

                                          150,000

                                          100,000

                                           50,000

                                               0
                                                    Hernando   St. Johns   Martin   Citrus   Indian   Monroe
                                                     County     County     County   County    River   County
                                                                                             County



Library Use – Reference/Information
          Florida standard – not available

           Peer comparisons
           Florida per comparison for reference and information questions answered indicates
           Indian River the highest of the peer group at 3.48 questions per capita. The other
           libraries range from l72 to 2.96 per capita. Nationally, IRC is significantly above
           average. Law Library statistics have some impact on these data as that is the major
           service offered there.




                                          Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                                 32


          Figure 33 Florida Peer Comparison – Reference Questions Answered 2002-03


                                             4.00
                                             3.50
             Reference Questions
                                             3.00
                                             2.50
                                             2.00
                                             1.50
                                             1.00
                                             0.50
                                             0.00
                                                      Hernando     St. Johns     Martin       Citrus       Indian       Monroe
                                                       County       County       County       County        River       County
                                                                                                           County



          Figure 34: National Peer Comparison – Reference Questions Answered per Capita
          2002-03
                                              4.000


                                              3.500           3.664



                                              3.000



                                              2.500
                Reference trans per capita




                                              2.000



                                              1.500



                                              1.000                                          1.066
                                                                               .988
                                                                                                            .849
                                               .500
                                                        Indian River Library              Mean (N=36)
                                                                        Peer Group (N=35)               Median (N=36)




Library Use – Participation in Library Programs
          Florida standard – not available

          Peer comparisons
          Florida peer comparison for attendance at library sponsored program places Indian
          River second highest with 49,123 attendees. The range across all five libraries is from
          122,434 to 57,261. Nationally, IRC had twice as many attendees as the average.



                                              Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                                                            33


           Figure 35: Florida Peer Comparison – Attendance at Library Programs 2002-03

                                                           70,000

                                                           60,000
              Program Attendees                            50,000

                                                           40,000

                                                           30,000

                                                           20,000

                                                           10,000

                                                               0
                                                                    Hernando    St. Johns     Martin         Citrus     Indian     Monroe
                                                                     County      County       County        County       River     County
                                                                                                                        County



           Figure 36: National Peer Comparison – Attendance at Library Programs 2002-03
                                                            60000




                                                            50000
                                                                            49123
                    Program attendance (total attendees)




                                                            40000




                                                            30000




                                                                                             22649          23406
                                                            20000                                                          21216



                                                            10000
                                                                      Indian River Library                Mean (N=36)
                                                                                      Peer Group (N=35)                 Median (N=36)




Education-Related Library Services
Public Schools
       There are twenty libraries at the twenty-two locations operated by the Indian River
       County School District. The locations without libraries are Wabasso School and the
       Alternative Center for Education. The available libraries are:
                  14 elementary media centers
                  3 middle school media centers


                                                           Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 34


                   2 high school media centers
                   1 district professional collection

           Staffing – Each of the elementary and middle schools is staffed by a certified media
           specialist and one assistant. Vero Beach High School has three media specialists and
           two assistants; Sebastian River High School has two media specialists and one
           assistant.

           Use – The school system’s Media Services Coordinator reports a total circulation of
           over 300,000 items in 2003-04. The media centers have automated catalogs that can
           be accessed online for home use. Students can also use numerous other informational
           databases at home and school. Each center has computers available for student use;
           the number available ranges from seven to 35, depending on the grade levels served
           by the school.

           Service hours – Public school media centers are open during the school day, 15 to 40
           minutes before school, and 15 minutes to an hour after school. They are not open on
           weekends. In the past an extended access grant allowed longer hours after school but
           funds are no longer available for this service. Family Night once a week at a couple
           of the elementary schools was also previously available.

           Relationship with public library
           Cooperation between the public libraries and school media centers is good according
           to management at both, but it could be expanded. Currently, the Main Library picks
           up public library materials returned to Vero Beach High School once a week.

Charter Schools
       Indian River Charter High School has a formal and staffed media center/library program.
       Service hours are 8:00 AM to 3:30 PM on schools days although classes are held both
       earlier and later than this schedule. The media specialist is a former county library
       employee and well acquainted with public library services and staff.

Homeschooling
     Homeschooling of school aged children occurs in Indian River County

Private Schools
       There are a number of private schools in Indian River County. St. Edward’s School,
       located on the island, is by far the largest of these and has three divisions: Upper, Middle,
       and Lower. The School has two media centers available for students. St. Helen’s Catholic
       School also has a staffed media center open during school hours. At least one other
       private school has a collection of library materials that is not staffed.

Higher Education
          Indian River Community College Mueller Campus has a “Campus Link Electronic
          Library.” Located in a room in one of the two campus academic buildings, the
          electronic library offers information services through computers. County residents


                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                   35


           can use this resource on site; access from off site is not available. No other library or
           information services are provided at this campus; a full service academic library is
           available at the St. Lucie County campus.

Other Library Services
   Marian Fell Library, Fellsmere
       The Marian Fell Library located across from the public elementary school in Fellsmere is
       operated by the Fellsmere Library Association and is run by volunteers. The service
       consists of an after-school homework help program for elementary school aged children.
       It is a limited service housed in a very small building. Twelve to fifteen children are
       served three afternoons a week from 2:00 – 4:00 PM. Computers with Internet connection
       and a small collection of print items are available.

       This service was managed by the North IRC Library in the past; one county staff member
       kept it open twenty hours a week. The county turned management back over to the
       Association because use was so limited and the new North IRC library facility opened.
       The association Board has gifted the building and grounds to the Indian River Historic
       Society. That organization will continue its use as deemed appropriate.

Operation Hope, Fellsmere
       Operation Hope, a Palm Bay, Florida based non-profit community charity, is opening a
       library in the fall of 2004 at their expanded location in Fellsmere. The library will have a
       computer lab with Internet access (up to sixteen computers) and a circulating collection
       that will be primarily children’s books. The library will be available to all community
       members for free. Operation Hope focuses on migrant workers and their families and
       provides educational services at six sites in Florida.

   Vero Beach Museum of Art
       The Stone Library in the Vero Beach Museum of Art has over 5,250 items in print and
       audio visual formats on art related topics, including a Film Studies Collection. It is a
       circulating collection available to museum members, art school faculty, docents, and
       museum staff.


Environmental Learning Center
       The Learning Center, a non-profit organization located in Wabasso, is a private non-
       profit education center. It has a library of approximately 1,800 items, mainly on natural
       science topics, including some video and audio tapes. The Center has a small children’s
       library. Materials there are also focused on natural science. Local residents can check out
       materials for two-week loans at no cost.

Faith-based Libraries
       Many churches and other faith-based organizations in the county have small libraries
       focused on religion.


                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                     36


Indian River Correctional Institution
       The correctional institution has a library available for use by inmates and staff.

Analysis of Research
Comparison to Florida standards indicates Indian River County is providing Essential quality
service in four categories (hours, staffing, square footage) and Enhanced quality service in two
categories (materials available, registered borrowers). None fall into the Exemplary quality level.
The library system can improve by bringing the Essential level services up to Enhanced level and
working towards bringing at least some to Exemplary.

Indian River County compares favorably with its service population size peers in Florida and the
nation.
     Comparison to the Florida peer group of five other county operated public libraries indicates
    IRC is:
       In the bottom half of the group for two types of use (library visits and electronic visits)
       In the top half for three resources (hours open, staffing, square footage) and two types of
       use (registered borrowers and program participation)
       The highest in the group for four resources (expenditure of funds, materials available,
       public access computers, volunteer hours) and four uses (check out of materials, in
       library use of materials, use of electronic materials, and reference questions answered)
   Comparison to the national peer group of 35 public libraries indicates IRC is:
       Below average in check out of materials
       Above average in all other categories compared: two resources (materials, computers for
       staff and public use) and six types of use (borrower registration, library visits, electronic
       visits, in-library use of materials, program participation, reference questions answered)

The peer comparisons indicate the library system has above average resources. Use by the
service population is also, in general, above average, indicating a population of public library
users who find their libraries to have the materials and services they want.

The three types of use that compared below average are visits to the library in person and
electronically and check out of materials. Low in person visits and materials check out are usage
factors that can indicate a lack of conveniently located facilities. The mapping of user addresses
done as part of this study shows that most current library users live within an easy trip to a
library facility. Those who are further away are not using their library.

Research regarding other libraries in Indian River County reveals that, while there are several
others serving various constituencies and purposes, none meet needs for public library service in
their area of the county.




                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                    37



    Section 3 – System Organizational Structure and Service Levels

Organizational Structure and Service Levels Options
Public libraries with multiple service outlets organize to provide services in a variety of ways.
Organizational structure can be decided independent of decisions about service levels to be
provided at libraries but these two concepts are usually related.
   Organizational Structure Options
       Single library – The library’s governing body operates one library facility.
       Main or central library with branches – This is the model currently used in Indian River
       County. The Main Library houses administration and most of the support services and is
       larger than other locations. It is considered the major resource in the system. The two
       other sites, North IRC Library and the Gifford Youth Activities Center site, are
       considered branches. In some situations, branches are identified as falling within defined
       levels such as full-service, neighborhood, community, kiosk, special and so forth. Each of
       these terms refers to the type and scope of services available at the branch.
       Regional libraries with or without branches – In this model, multiple comprehensive or
       central type libraries provide services to major areas of a system service area. There may
       also be branch libraries in the system and they may report to the regional library in their
       area. In instances of service to very large populations, there may also be a central or main
       library as well as a number of regional libraries.
       Branch libraries only – There is no main/central or regional library in this model; all
       branches report directly to administration and none of them is considered in a leadership
       role, regardless of size or services.
   While the second model above best describes the current situation in Indian River County, it
   does not fully reflect how the library system operates. The North IRC Library is more
   independently managed than is common in a main-with-branches structure. This stems from
   the pre-1986 situation when it was a separately governed library. The level of independence
   includes providing its own technical services and some of its technology systems services.
   The North IRC Library director participates in system-wide decision making as would any
   branch manager in a system but also has more independence regarding services planning and
   delivery than would be expected. This situation will not exist for any new library outlets
   established.

Service Levels
   Every public library cannot and should not provide the same range of services. For example,
   the New York Public Library includes both a premier research institution that is used by
   scholars from around the world and a system of branch libraries that provide local residents
   with public library service. In most parts of the country, scholarly research facilities are the
   purview of academic libraries and not undertaken by public libraries.

   Even in a public library such as Indian River County’s the services available vary from
   location to location. Differences can be the result of many variables but most often are due to
   customer needs and resources available. Establishing a service levels scheme for a library


                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                         38


   system can be helpful in planning and evaluating facilities and services because it
   predetermines the type of service that will be offered in specified types of locations.

IR County Library Service Levels and Organizational Structure
The current organizational structure of the IR County Library – main library with branches – will
continue. Any new branches or service outlets will be managed and organized within the service
levels scheme below.
   Figure 37: Proposed Service Levels for Indian River County Library
    Service                                                                  Facility
                                      Services                                                 Hours
     Level                                                                    type
    Special   Service limited to a topic such as legal reference, or to a   Building      Determined by
    service   target group, such as youth or migrants. Services and         serving       location;
    branch    collections limited to specific needs can include:            other         minimum of 40
                  Delivery from other libraries                             purposes as   hours a week
                  Computers and other digital technology                    well as
                  Materials in a variety of formats focused on the          library
                  topic or target population                                service
                  Programs and services of interest to the target
                  population but not all general users

    Popular   Offers limited service to meet neighborhood or small          Building      20 – 30 hours a
    branch    community needs, including:                                   serving       week with
                  Computers                                                 other         emphasis on
                  Small collection of popular materials in a variety of     purposes as   nights and
                  formats                                                   well as       weekends
                  Delivery from other libraries                             library
                  Comfortable seating                                       service
                  Informal gathering spaces

    Full          Services as identified in long-range services plans       Library       40 to 76 hours
    service       and focused on the community served                       building      per week; some
    branch        Formal gathering spaces                                                 night and
                  Meets at least Essential quality level in Florida                       weekend hours
                  standards, Enhanced preferred


    Joint         Public library full-service (see above)                   Co-location   Full service level
    use           Academic or school services as needed by partner          with          or more
    branch        institution                                               partner
                                                                            agency
    Main          Services as identified in long-range services plans       Library       68 to 76 hours
                  and focused on the community served and the needs         building      per week; 4
                  of the entire county                                                    nights a week and
                  Collection is a major resource for the system                           Sat./Sun.
                  Genealogy services and other system-wide services
                  too expensive to duplicate at branches
                  Meets Enhanced or Exemplary quality level in
                  Florida standards


                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                 39


               Section 4 – Public and Key Stakeholder Opinion

Public Opinion
Meetings to discuss the need for additional library facilities and the adequacy of existing
buildings were held in May 2004. The consultants met with 54 Indian River residents in four
focus groups, two each in Sebastian and Vero Beach. They also met with representatives of both
Friends of the Library groups, and with the Public Library Advisory Board. The opinions
collected are summarized below.

Existing Buildings
           Main Library
               Participants like the atmosphere in and around the library; they want this library
               to remain as the central library of the system.
               All participants agree that the Main Library building is inadequate in size to meet
               future needs, especially as the southern part of the county grows; some think it is
               inadequate now. Participants recognize that new facilities will pull some business
               away from this library and help with current crowding.
               Some residents are interested in expansion possibilities and one person has a
               specific proposal to offer. There is concern about parking shortages if there is
               expansion of the library; some people think current parking is inadequate.
               Discussions of interior space needs included: more shelving area; a food/beverage
               area; more space for public access computers including a separate computer room
               in the children’s area; another, smaller meeting room; more social gathering areas.
               Addition of a drive-up book drop is an exterior amenity many desire.
               Several participants think the library would benefit from a full analysis of how
               space is currently used and reallocation of spaces to meet current needs.
               This library should continue to provide genealogy and local history services for
               the entire county.
           North IRC Library
               Users of this library are very concerned about overcrowding and that the building
               is inadequate to the current need; even some individuals who do not use this
               library expressed concern.
               Participants believe the library cannot be expanded at its present location, unless a
               second story is possible.
               Participants believe population growth in the northern part of the county will be
               extensive and this library will be become even less able to meet needs. They are
               also concerned about Fellsmere residents’ needs.
               Interior changes discussed were: a separate computer lab; a separate gaming
               computer area; more informal seating; more space for shelving; a food/beverage
               area; and a teen area.
           Gifford Youth Activity Center Library
               Participants aware of this library outlet emphasized their belief that it is
               inadequate to the need of the area and should be expanded. They note that the
               space available, and consequently the services offered, are very limited. Also,




                  Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025
                                                                                                      40


               because it does not have its own identity as a library facility use is presently
               restricted to children who attend the Youth Activity Center.
               Some participants believe the current space could be expanded to offer a wider
               array of services and increase visibility to the general public.
            Law Library
               Members of the Public Library Advisory Board are aware that changes to funding
               sources for county law libraries may impact the future of this library but they
               think it must be maintained.

        It is clear that focus group participants are pleased with the Main and North IRC
        Libraries. They do, however, have great concerns about the future given the level of
        development going on and proposed in the county. They also want to see some
        improvements to existing space; some are interested in expansion of the buildings.

New Library Facilities
          Participants agreed that the County needs more library facilities and that the need will
          grow over the next twenty years. A number of locations were mentioned:
              South County – many believe this to be the most pressing concern because of the
              new development going in there. There is disagreement, however, about where in
              this area a library should be located. Some think the South County Park area
              appropriate, others do not and want a library either further east or west on Oslo
              Road. Some others think a library should be further south than Oslo Road.
              Location of a south county library will be affected, it is felt, by decisions about a
              west county library (see below). There is agreement, though, that this area needs a
              library and its construction is a high priority.
              West County – most participants think the county is planning a joint use library
              with the Mueller Campus of the Indian River Community College. There is
              disagreement about whether that is the best use of county funds, given more
              pressing population growth in the south. Some are also concerned about how
              people will get to the library – it is perceived to be too far away. On the other
              hand, some participants are very enthusiastic about this location because of
              proximity to retail shopping (the mall) and a major highway (S.R. 60). They also
              believe a good library on that campus will help bring Florida Atlantic University
              services to the county. There did not seem to be a great deal of concern about
              incompatibilities between community college and general public service
              populations although this was raised a time or two. There was concern, however,
              that the facility is large enough to provide the needed public library services and
              that additional space is built for academic needs. Some participants believe that
              children’s services would not need to be as extensive at a west library as at a
              south because of the population demographics.
              Fellsmere – residents of Fellsmere and others in the area want a County operated
              library in the town. The existing privately operated and very small Marian Fell
              Library is limited to offering after-school activities to elementary students and all
              agree that this building is not adequate as a library. Participants strongly
              expressed that a new library should be in Fellsmere’s original town limits. There
              is an interest in putting a library in the old school there as it is rehabilitated; this is


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              viewed as an excellent location. Any new facility should have spaces for special
              services focused on the needs of the heavily Hispanic and migrant worker
              population. Another justification for a Fellsmere library was development of the
              recently annexed part of the town.
              Gifford – residents of this area and of other parts of the county think Gifford
              needs its own library. This is a strongly held opinion by many. Lack of private
              and public transportation is cited as a reason, along with the economic conditions
              of many Gifford residents. Most people think the existing library outlet at the
              Youth Activity Center is a temporary measure and a start, but a larger library is
              badly needed. Several possibilities were mentioned: a storefront on 45th, the old
              Macedonian Church where a Black history museum is going in, or near the
              middle school.
              Sebastian – some residents of that city and the north county area believe the
              existing library will have to be replaced with a larger one within 20 years.
              Wabasso and Winter Beach – some participants think a library will be needed to
              serve existing residents and new development in this area. Others disagree, citing
              proximity to the North IRC Library.
              Beaches – most participants, even those who live on the beach, do not think a
              public library will be used by beach residents. Those few who do think a library
              should be located at the Riverside Park. A library on the beaches seems to be a
              very low priority.
           Other comments
              Population growth – participants are aware of plans for residential development in
              the county but some feel it may not occur on the time frame proposed by
              developers; it may take much longer than is thought to increase the population as
              much as is projected.
              Outlet service – specialty library outlets such as kiosks for return and pick-up of
              materials and small storefront libraries were mentioned at some meetings. Outlets
              with electronic resources would be inexpensive but would have to be staffed,
              some note. Also mentioned – partnering with other agencies for space.

Elected and Appointed Officials’ Opinion
         Status of existing libraries – Commissioners expressed pride in the library system and
         that it is a significant asset to Indian River County.
         Uses of current space – Commissioners are aware of the high level of use evident in
         library statistics reports. Several indicated they observe crowded libraries during their
         own use of the service. Two Commissioners commented on the high demand for
         public access computers at the libraries.
         Need for additional library space – all recognize that expected population growth and
         consequent increased service needs indicate that additional library space is required.
         There are, however, differences between Commissioners regarding the number of
         additional facilities needed and where they might be located. All express interest in
         seeing the master plan and its discussion of needs and reviewing the recommended
         solutions to those needs.


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           Possible future locations – Between them Commissioners mentioned possible new
           libraries in the southern, western, northern, and island parts of the county. Most
           appear to favor a configuration of two to four additional library locations over the life
           of the master plan.
           Joint use libraries – Commissioners appeared divided about whether the County
           should join the Indian River Community College to establish a joint use
           public/community college library at the IRCC - Mueller Campus. Two strongly
           support a joint use library and indicate it should be built soon. One is concerned about
           a number of issues related to this possible joint venture and another indicated a non-
           favorable opinion.
           Gifford Library – two Commissioners discussed the small library outlet located in the
           Gifford Youth Activity Center. Both strongly support this service and expressed a
           desire to see both the space available and the level of service expanded.

Library Staff Opinion
Existing Libraries
           Main Library
               Many of the comments about needed space in the building that were made by the
               public were also made by staff. Separate space for teens, more shelving space so
               the audio-visual collection can be expanded, and food/beverage service were
               particularly noted.
               The Local History/Genealogy room needs archival space with temperature and
               humidity control, away from windows. Security may also be needed, depending
               on the location of this space.
               Location of the elevator is perceived as a problem.
               Some staff thinks moving Technical Services, Systems, and perhaps even
               Administration to another location (leased space, perhaps) would free up adequate
               space to make desired changes. Some of the people who would be moved have
               concern about not working in a library in proximity to the materials they support.
           North County Library
               Spaces needed at this library include a separate teen area, a computer training
               classroom, food/beverage area, and a welcome desk.
               The new addition has caused blind areas that cause control problems
               One suggestion for using interior space was to use process organization, that is,
               organizing service not by what is available but by the way customers use the
               products.
               The Information Commons model used by some academic libraries was
               mentioned as a possibility for organizing space.
New Libraries
           Library staff members echoed the opinions of the public regarding the need for
           additional libraries and, like them, were divided about priorities.




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              Section 5 – Demographics and Population Growth

Population Growth Projections
Population Mapping
      This section includes maps that graphically depict density of the 2003 population of
      Indian River County related to demographics discussed.

Estimates and Projections
       Source: Indian River County Community Development Report July 2004, Issue #23

         Figure 38: Indian River County Unincorporated Area Municipalities: Population
         Projections to 2030
              Unincorp-
  Year         orated                                 Municipalities                                     Total
               County
                                        I. R.                            Vero         Total
                           Fellsmere              Orchid    Sebastian
                                       Shores                            Beach     Municipalities
2003              76,908      4,173      3,574        299      18,275     17,945          44,266     121,174*
Estimate
2005             77,796       4,578      3,926        310      19,732     18,058          46,604         124,400
2010             84,206       5,640      4,700        340      22,675     18,239          51,594         135,800
2020             94,326       6,923      5,470        387      31,972     18,422          63,174         157,500
2025            100,139       7,687      5,600        400      35,568     18,606          67,861         168,000
2030            108,563       7,800      5,600        410      36,335     18,792          68,937         177,500

2003- 30:         31,655      3,627      2,026        111      18,060       847           24,671          56,326
Growth &
percentage       41.16%     86.92%     56.69%     37.12%      98.82%      4.72%          55.73%          46.50%
of change


* Indian River County hosts visitors during the winter months. This seasonal population is
estimated in the county’s current comprehensive plan to be 24,784 in 2005 and grow to 33,023
by 2020. ON page 23 of the comprehensive plan, this group is defined as “… tourists, migrant
workers, and other short term and long term visitors (usually defined as less than six months.”
Winter visitors who stay for several months as well as tourists looking for email access use the
library and have an impact that is not accounted for in the above population figures.




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Figure 39: Indian River County Census Designated Places (CDP) and Unallocated Population: Population Projections to 2030
                                                             Vero                            West Vero
            Florida             North               South                         Wabasso                  Winter                 Unallocated
  Year                Gifford            Roseland            Beach     Wabasso               Corridor                Total CDPs
             Ridge              Beach               Beach                          Beach                   Beach                  Population.
                                                             South                           (S.R. 60)

2005        17,540     7,949       261      1,838    3,985    21,170        918      1,291         8,327       968       64,247         13,549

2010        19,875     8,029       265      1,848    4,236    23,053        918      1,503         9,262       970       69,959         14,247

2020        22,889     8,376       269      1,858    5,013    24,852        924      1,988     10,501          977       77,647         16,679

2025        23,702     8,618       270      1,887    5,039    25,484        945      2,100     10,564          980       79,589         20,550

2030        27,209     9,208       400      2,005    5,136    29,220        960      2,300     11,125          986       88,549         20,014


2005-        9,669     1,259       131        167    1,151     8,050         42      1,009         2,798        18       24,302          6,465
2030:
Growth     55.13%     15.84%    50.19%     9.09%    28.88%   38.03%      4.57%     78.16%     33.60%        1.86%      39.04%           47.71%
and % of
change




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Map 6: Persons per Square Mile, 2003 Population Estimate




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Impact of Proposed and in-Process Residential Development
       Indian River County Community Development Report July 2004, Issue # 23 reports new
       commercial and residential projects. This information, along with census and state
       generated statistics, is used by county planners to anticipate population growth in specific
       areas of the county.

       According to this development information and conversations with county planning staff,
       areas of Indian River County that will be most impacted by residential growth over the
       next few years are:
            South County – The greatest number of new residential developments are planned in
            this area. If everything that is planned is actually built, this area will be densely
            populated. Residential development is planned not only in the western portion of the
            area which now has no or little development, but also in and around the existing
            development in the eastern part of South County.
            North County – There will be growth in Sebastian as it annexes unincorporated areas
            and as building occurs on the many empty properties within the city limits. Fellsmere
            will also be affected by development because of the land recently annexed along I-95
            which is expected to be developed. Another growth factor in this area is renewed
            interest in Vero Lake Estates, located between Sebastian and I-95. Lots here are most
            of the remaining inexpensive land in the county.
            Mid County – Development is occurring north of Vero Beach and Gifford. There are
            one large and several smaller developments planned or in construction.
            West County – The State Road 60 corridor will see some development, particularly
            south of 60. There is a possibility of a large residential development west of I-95 and
            south of 60 in the South 98th Avenue area. Development is also projected for the area
            between 8th and 9th Streets SW.

        Looking at the county development possibilities, one can easily see how Indian River
        County could grow to the projected populations. Planned development, however, even
        when in the permitting process, does not necessarily equate to future homes with people
        living in them. Factors such as developers’ financial status and number of projects in
        process, national and state economic conditions, and interest rates make counting on
        residential development plans now on the table an uncertain business. Proposed
        developments cannot be ignored for purposes of this plan but planners should consider
        that some of this development may never occur.

Library Service Areas and Population Projections for Each Area
       The municipalities and census designated places in Figures 38 and 39 are often discussed
       by county residents as being within one of the four areas of the county listed above.
       These geographic areas were modified to define library service areas: North County, Mid
       County, South County, and West County. Service areas allow planners to identify more
       local needs than the county as a whole. The mostly unpopulated agricultural and ranch
       area in the western part of the county is not assigned to an area. The 2000 Census
       indicates 613 people live there. One facility, the Law Library, is a countywide service
       and is not assigned to one of the four areas.


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Map 7 (next page) depicts the geographic divisions of the service area scheme used in
this plan. The four areas defined in the list below include the five municipalities and all
of the unincorporated area. Some parts of the unincorporated area are listed by their CDP
(census designated place) name. The remainder of the county’s geography is referred to
on the list as “unallocated population.” This term is used to account for areas within the
service area that are not part of a municipality or CDP. This list is primarily geographic
(estimated population figures are in Figure 40) but it also makes an effort to account for
the total population of the county.
 Service Area       Includes
North County        1.   Fellsmere
                    2.   North Beach (CDP)
                    3.   Orchid
                    4.   Roseland (CDP)
                    5.   Sebastian
                    6.   Wabasso (CDP)
                    7.   Wabaso Beach (CDP)
                    8.   25% of unallocated population of county

Mid County          1. Gifford (CDP)
                    2. Indian River Shores
                    3. South Beach (CDP)
                    4. Vero Beach
                    5. Winter Beach (CDP)
                    6. 33% of Vero Beach South* (CDP)
                    7. 10% of unallocated population of county
                    Note: Does not include population south of 45th St.
                    between 58th Ave. and I-95

South County        1. Florida Ridge (CDP)
                    2. 67% of Vero Beach South (CDP)
                    3. 35% of unallocated population of county
                    Note: Does not include population North of 9th St.
                    between 58th Ave. and I-95

West County         1. West Vero Corridor (S.R. 60) (CDP)
                    2. 30% of unallocated population of county
                    Note: Includes population south of 45th St. between
                    58th Ave and I-95 and population north of 9th St.
                    between 58th Ave. and I-95

*The Vero Beach South CDP includes most of the mainland area between the St. Lucie County line and the
southern city limits and part of the western limits of the City of Vero Beach. Part of the Vero Beach South
area has been included in Mid County because of proximity to the Main Library.

The map on the next page shows the four areas. Figure 40 shows population projections
for each area.


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Map 7: Four Library Service Areas




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The projected populations of each area are charted in Figure 40, following, and make
clear which areas will have the larger populations.

It should be noted that these charts include the population that is not allocated to a
municipality or a census designated place and which is estimated to range from 13,549 in
2005 to 20,015 in 2030. It has an impact on library planning and consequently has been
split evenly between the four service areas. It is likely that more growth will occur in the
West and South County service areas but the number of residents cannot be determined at
this point even with the information available about pending development. A small
amount of the unallocated population lives in the agricultural part of the county which is
not expected to gain population. That area of county geography is not being considered
for purposes of this plan.

According to the IR County Planning Division, the North and South County areas will
experience the most growth and be the most highly populated areas. The Mid and West
County service areas will also grow, but in Mid-County, Vero Beach and Indian River
Shores are almost built-out. Planned development is not nearly as extensive in Mid-
County as elsewhere.

Figure 40: Combined Populations within Four Areas of Indian River County



            60,000

            50,000

            40,000

            30,000

            20,000

            10,000

                  0
                          2005          2010          2020          2025          2030
     North County        32,315        36,751        48,491        53,995        55,214
     Mid County          44,653        46,710        49,878        51,465        53,485
     South County        34,363        38,092        42,793        44,784        50,672
     West County         13,069        14,247        16,338        17,756        18,129




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Other Demographics
Race and Ethnicity
      Race/Ethnicity        Percent of Population
          One race
          o White                         87.4%
          o Black or African American      8.2%
          o Other                          0.9%
          Two or more races                1.2%
          Hispanice or Latino
          of any race                      6.5%

Age (also see maps 7 and 8)
           Median age       47.0 years

       Age Group           Percent of Population
          Youth                          21.3%
         o Under 5 years       4.7 %
         o 5 to 19           16.6%
          Working age adults             49.5%
         o 20 to 24           3.9%
         o 25 to 59          39.9%
         o 60 to 64           5.7%
          Seniors                        29.2%
         o 65 to 74          14.6 %
         o 75 to 84          11.5%
         o 85+                3.1%

Employment and Income (also see Map10)
         Population in civilian labor force – 50.8% of population over 16
         Median household income – $39,635
         Median family income
         Income                             Percentage of Population
            Less than $10,000                4.1%
            $10,000 to $24,999              15.0%
            $25,000 to $49,999              34.0%
            $50,000 to $99,000              30.6%
            $100,000 to $199,999            10.0%
            $200,000 or more                 5.5%

Other Social Characteristics (also see Map 11)
          Educational attainment
          Education Level                        Percentage of Population 25 Years and Over
              No diploma                            18.5%
              High school graduate/equivalency only 29.1%
              Some college, no degree               23.2%
              Associate/4 year degree               21.4%


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           Graduate/professional degree               7.9%

       Language spoken at home (also see map 12)
       6.4% speak Spanish at home, 3.3% less than “very well.”
Students
   Students are an important service group for public libraries. The Main Library has Formal
   Education Support Center as one of its secondary roles and the libraries offer materials to
   support pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade education. Higher education students also
   use the public library’s information services, collections, computers, and interlibrary loan
   program to support their studies. The Indian River County education environment is
   described in more detail in Appendix Two.

       Public PreK-12 Schools
       The Indian River County School District operates 21 public schools.
       Figure 41: Indian River County Schools by Type
                                                Number of
                    School Type
                                                 Facilities
        Alternative                                          1
        Exceptional Student Education                        1
        Elementary                                          14
        Middle                                               3
        High School                                          2

           Student demographics
           o Enrollment by grade level
              Figure 42: Public School Enrollment by Grade
                                            Enrollment – Fall
                        Grade
                                                  2003
               Pre Kindergarten                            362
               Elementary (K – 5)                        7,219
               Middle School (6-8)                       3,929
               High School (9-12)                        5,109
               Total                                    16,619

           o Language – 647 students’ primary language is not English
           o 6,618 students receive free or reduced cost lunch

           Source: IR County School District demographic statistics: DOE Student Database,
           Survey 2 data, October 13-17, 2003, as of November 24, 2003 Available at
           www.firn.edu/doe/eias/flmove/indian.htm.




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Private and Charter Schools
    Private schools – 7 schools. Most have enrollments ranging from around 100 to
    close to 200. St. Helen’s Catholic School has a student population of around 300;
    St. Edward’s School enrolls about 850 students in its three schools.
    Charter schools – 4 schools. Together they had enrollments for 2003-04 of 722
    students.

Higher Education
   Community college – Indian River Community College, Mueller Campus is a
   branch of a larger community college program based in Fort Pierce (St. Lucie
   County). At present the Mueller campus has two, single story classroom buildings
   and the Richardson Center – a conference/meeting center – on its site. Local
   students can also attend classes at IRCC sites in Fort Pierce, Okeechobee, Stuart,
   and Port St. Lucie. IRCC reports that there were 7,000 registrations of Indian
   River County residents during 2003-04 (includes duplicate registrations by the
   same individuals). According to the Campus Provost, an estimated two-thirds of
   those used the Mueller Campus.
   University
   o University of Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory – current planning
       anticipates around seven graduate students doing research at the laboratory at
       any one time
   o Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton (Palm Beach County) – FAU is the
       closest university that offers a wide array of programs of study at all levels of
       matriculation. FAU has a closer program in Port St. Lucie (St. Lucie County),
       the Treasure Coast Campus. That FAU campus is a partnership with IRCC.




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Map 8: Persons Age 0 to 4 per Square Mile, 2003 Population Estimate




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Map 9: Persons Age 65 and Over, 2003 Population Estimate




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Map 10: Percent of Persons below Poverty, 2000 Census




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Map 11: Percent of Persons Age 25 and Over with No High School Diploma, 2000 Census




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Map 12: Percent of Persons 18 and Over Who Speak Spanish Only, 2000 Census




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                  Section 6 – Travel within Indian River County

The methods, time, and distances of travel around Indian River County impact the need for
public library facilities, both the number of service points available and their locations. Factors
that are at issue are:
             Need for local service – Focus group participants expressed a desire for public library
             service that is more local than is currently available. They are concerned that
             increasing population growth will make trips to existing libraries too lengthy or time
             consuming.
             Transportation resources – Public transportation and roadways impact people’s ability
             to get to their library.
             Potential travel delays such as construction and bridges – Long-term or numerous
             construction projects cause drivers to alter and lengthen their routes. Bridges can
             cause traffic delays depending on their type and the number of lanes available.
             Travel times/distances and public library standards – The distance a person has to
             travel to get to a library and the time it takes to make the trip have significant impact
             on library use.

Planned Public Transportation and Roadway Improvements
The Indian River County Long Range Transportation Plan 2025 Update, Executive Summary,
April 2001 published by the Indian River County Metropolitan Planning Organization
summarizes county plans for a “multi-modal transportation system including roadways, public
transportation, bicycle facilities, sidewalks…that meets projected 2025 transportation
demand…” The list of improvements is lengthy and reflects a concern about population growth
in the county as well as an effort to provide improved travel options for residents.

Roadway development
         Roadway development will occur in five phases (five year increments)
         Plans call for construction of:
             Ten two lane roads expanded to four lane
             Highway 60 two lane section to four lanes and its four lane section from I-95 to
             66th Avenue to six lanes
             Six four lane roads to six lane
             Four new roads
         County plans are impacted by public opinion, however. At a 2004 Board of County
         Commissioners meeting a hearing concerning one of the expansions in the plan
         resulted in possible changes because of negative public opinion. Whether or not the
         plan is implemented as designed, there will definitely be a lot of road improvements
         in the county over the life of this master plan. Those improvements will make it easier
         to get to libraries by automobile and, since many will include bike paths and
         sidewalks, by bicycle and on foot.




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   Public transit system development
       Planned development includes additional routes, more frequent service, and expanded
       hours. Future service will connect downtown Vero Beach to Sebastian along US 1, Vero
       Beach to I-95 along Highway 60, and Vero Beach to the South and West County areas.
       Despite these improvements, much of the county will continue to be without service,
       including the low-income areas where residents are less likely to have their own
       transportation or be available to transport children to the library after school.

   Bicycle and sidewalk development
       New bicycle paths are planned with road improvements and as stand-alone
       improvements. Most of the county will continue to be without these amenities, however.

Potential Travel Delays
          Bridges – There are three bridges from the mainland to the barrier island in Indian
          River County: the Wabasso Bridge, and the Merrill Barber and 17th Street Bridges in
          Vero Beach. None are draw bridges. Focus group participants indicate they are
          satisfactory to the need. Bridge development discussed in the Long Range
          Transportation Plan includes the addition of bike paths and sidewalks where they do
          not now exist.
          Construction – Planned roadway improvements should prove more than mildly
          disruptive if all are implemented over the next twenty years. Disruption may be so
          severe as to limit residents’ ability to get to existing libraries in a reasonable amount
          of time.

Travel Times and Distances
         Public Library Standards
         Florida Library Association Standards for Public Libraries 2004 addresses the need
         for convenient locations.
              Standard 86: “Library facilities are located:
                    •    in urban and suburban areas, no more than 20 minutes driving time from
                         residents.
                    • in rural areas, no more than 30 minutes driving time from residents.
                    • where possible on a fixed transportation route.
                 Note: Driving time standards are not applicable during peak traffic seasons.”
           Comparison to standard
           Appendix Three is a chart reporting travel times and distances between selected
           locations in Indian River County. The chart makes clear that the current libraries meet
           the Florida standard for the eastern part of the county. Much of the western,
           agricultural county is far from a library but there are very few people living in that
           area.




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      Section 7 – Defining System Wide Space Needs and Location
                                      Considerations

Methods of Determining Public Library Space Needs
Space needs for a public library system serving a geographic area, such as Indian River County,
and space needs for individual libraries within a system are calculated, in part, using published
state standards – national standards are not available. County wide need for the whole population
is determined through a square footage per capita calculation.

Needs estimates for the size of individual service units within a system can also use the square
footage per capita approach when a population size can be defined. When that is not possible, or
when a different approach is desired, needs determinations are based on services to be provided
and the extent of the resources, staff, and technology to be housed.

This plan uses both approaches: it provides square footage per capita for the system as a whole
and a combination of the two techniques to estimate size need for recommended new/expanded
individual libraries.

Indian River System Wide Space Needs and Service Areas
   Standards
       Figure 43: Public Library Space Standard
       Standard 90: “Standards in the chart below are for use in assessing library space needs
       when planning new construction and expansion of existing library facilities. The facility
       will meet the following square-footage standards, depending on quality level.”

            Quality Level                     Total gross square feet per capita

                             Up to 25,000             25,001 to      100,001 to     750,001 and
                             population               100,000        750,000        up
                                                      population     population     population
           Essential         .6 SF with .8 SF         .6 SF          .6 SF          .6 SF
                             desired
                             (.6 SF is state
                             construction grant
                             standard)
           Enhanced          .9 SF                    .8 SF          .7 SF          .65 SF
           Exemplary         1.0 SF                   1.0 SF         1.0 SF         .85 SF


   Indian River Current and Future Square Footage Needs According to Standards
       According to the Florida standards, gross square footage for public libraries in Indian
       River County should be:


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           Figure 44: Library Space Needs System Wide According to Florida Standards
                                                 New SF                     New SF
                                      2005 Need Needed to    2025 Need     Needed to
                Quality Level         in Square    Meet      in Square        Meet
                                         Feet   Standard*       Feet       Standard*
                                                 in 2005                    in 2025
               Essential                 74,640          0     100,800         20,563
                (.6 per capita)
               Enhanced                  87,080      6,843     117,600            37,363
                (.7 per capita)
               Exemplary                124,400     44,163     168,000            87,763
               (1.0 per capita)

           *The library system has 80,237 square feet of space, including the Law Library and
           76,244 square feet without it.

Space needs for Four Areas of Indian River County
      Figure 45 lists current and projected square footage needs for each of the four areas of
      Indian River County. The space needed was determined based on Florida standards and
      population projections for 2005 and 2025.
       Figure 45: Public Library Space Needs by Library Service Area

                                   2005 Space Need in Square Feet  2025 Space Need in Square Feet
                        Currently Essential                       Essential
           Area                             Enhanced Exemplary              Enhanced Exemplary
                        Available   .6 SF                           .6 SF
                                            .7 SF per    1 SF per           .7 SF per    1 SF per
                                     per                             per
                                              capita      capita              capita      capita
                                   capita                          capita
       North
                           25,445
       County                           19,389    22,620     32,315      32,397       37,797    53,995
                               SF
       Mid
       County*             50,799       26,792    31,257     44,653      30,879       36,025    51,465
                               SF
       South
       County                     0     20,618    24,054     34,363      26,870       31,349    44,784

       West
       County                     0      7,841     9,149     13,069      10,654       12,429    17,756

       Countywide:
                            3,993
       Law Library                         NA       NA         NA          NA              NA     NA
                               SF
       Total            80,237
                                     74,640       87,080      124,400 100,800     117,600      168,000
                             SF
       *Mid County includes the Main and Gifford libraries. The Main Library includes 4,550 SF used
       for system wide activities (administration and support services)


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Factors Used in Defining Individual Library Space Needs
Square footage needs for an individual facility that is part of a library system are based on
multiple factors:
       1. Assigned service level of the library/outlet
       2. Size and other demographics of the population that will be served
       3. Roles as identified by long-range services planning
       4. Organizational structure of the system
       5. Special services to be provided

Each of these factors can increase or decrease proposed facility size. In a long-term plan such as
this, the first two are most important and were considered in the recommendations. When service
and building program planning is conducted closer to the time of anticipated development of a
library/outlet, numbers three, four and five are more heavily considered.

Locating Public Libraries
A number of factors must be considered as potential locations for public libraries are identified
and reviewed. Checklist of Library Building Design Considerations, by William W. Sannwald,
provides an in-depth list of questions to help in the decision process (Appendix Four). The list
asks questions in five areas:

           General conditions – questions focus on convenience for the service population,
           affordability, visibility from the street, zoning, likely enhancement of and
           architectural fit with the area. Of these, the most important for assuring future use are
           visibility and convenience. Public libraries must be visible from a major roadway if
           they are to be fully utilized. They must also be conveniently located for the service
           population. Cost is, of course, a major factor in construction planning.

           Attractors/detractors – questions focus on acceptance by the service population of the
           location, proximity to people attractors such as commercial and other activities,
           impact on use, safety, and appropriateness for a library.

           The importance of proximity to other services and activity cannot be stressed enough.
           Going to the public library is often not a single-destination trip but rather a stop on
           the way to or from somewhere else. Common attractors near which a library can be
           located and that are known to contribute to interest in using a library are:
               Retail/commercial businesses
               Civic, community, or cultural centers
               Health care centers such as clinics
               Recreation facilities
               Other government services
               Schools




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Several of these can also be problematic for a library and have the potential to detract
from good service:
   Close proximity to schools and recreation facilities brings large numbers of
   children and teens, requiring additional staffing and special programs during
   week-day afternoon hours.
   •   Recreation facilities increase the number of unattended children coming to the
       library which also increases the need for staffing and can be a safety concern
       as they are often unattended by adults.
   •   Where there is a pool and very active sports, conflicts over wet bathing suits
       and sweaty clothes also arise.
   •   Older residents become resentful and stop using the library because of a
       perception that kids are “taking over” the facility.
   •   Parks are often located some distance from main streets and are shielded from
       public view, not a good location for a public library.
   •   Purposes for using a park or recreation facility are quite different from those
       for using a library so location near such a facility may not draw library
       customers.
   Co-location of public libraries and other agencies in civic, community or cultural
   centers can be advantageous but problems are also possible.
   •   Service hours conflict if the library is open longer than the center
   •   The library may not be given a prominent enough location in relation to the
       other agencies at the center.

The concern is not that these problems cannot be overcome. Rather, it is that
operational costs increase and delivery of needed services may be impacted because
other services required by the location are emphasized.

Accessibility – questions focus on ease of access for the greatest number of
customers, travel times, traffic patterns, access to public transportation, and
bicycle/walking/private vehicle access. Public library sites must be accessible to as
many potential customers as possible but not so close together as to be redundant.
Transportation resources play an important role in public library use so they must also
be considered. Section 6 of this document provides information on transportation
system plans for Indian River County and distances/travel times between various
areas of the county.

Size – site size relates directly to the size of a proposed library. This section of the
checklist focuses on adequacy of the property, parking, easements, green space, etc.
Recommendations for specific new/expanded facilities in this plan include needed
property size.

Environmental issues – questions focus on tests regarding soil and environmental
issues, flood plain concerns, etc. These are concerns that can only be addressed when
specific sites are identified.


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                   Section 8 – Options and Recommendations

Mid County – Main Library
Although this facility was recently expanded, it still has some areas where crowding is a concern.
Administration and support services staff housed at the Main Library are in crowded offices.
The young adult (teen) area provides no space for seating. Additional computers, even a
computer lab, will be needed in future and there is no space to add new workstations.
Genealogy/local history materials and equipment are housed outside the area where trained staff
is available and future growth in that service is anticipated. As all library collections grow, more
shelving will be needed.

A member of the Public Library Advisory Board and residents at focus groups offered
suggestions for enlarging the building and expanding parking. Staff members suggested that
moving non-public services out of the Main Library could relieve some crowding concerns.
However, Figure 45 indicates the Main Library has adequate space to serve the Mid County
population now and until late in this plan. The difficulty is that it is currently serving not only
that area but also all of the South and West County areas. When new libraries are available in
other parts of the county the Main Library will be adequately sized for its service population.

   Option 1 – Move administrative and support services staff out of the Main Library.
           Administration – The library system is administered from offices located on the
           second floor of the Main Library that occupy 1,440 square feet on the second floor.
           This space also houses a position from another department. The space appears to be
           inadequate to the need. Administration staff consists of the system director who also
           manages operations of the Main Library and four other full-time positions. A position
           functioning as assistant director is assigned to and housed in the circulation
           department at the Main Library.
           Support Services – 3,110 square feet on the first floor of the Main Library is used for
           support services, which include materials related technical services functions –
           ordering, cataloging, and processing materials for all but North IRC – and technology
           systems and equipment management. Support services space needs will continue to
           increase as the library system grows.
       These functions could be housed elsewhere, such as in leased space or at a new library, in
       order to provide more space at the Main Library for other needs.
       Issues
           Vacated space can be used for public services, although renovation will be required to
           make the space useable for this purpose.
           Moving the library director out of the Main Library would require establishing a new
           management position to direct day-to-day functions at the Main Library or using the
           current position functioning as Assistant Director for that purpose.




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          Some technical services staff members express concern about their ability to carry out
          their duties in a location that is not a library; others do not have this concern. It is not
          uncommon for public library systems to house administrative and technical
          services/systems staff in other than a library.

Option 2 – Move support services staff to another location.
       Technical services and computing systems staff could move to a new library building or
       to other, non-library space.
       Issues
          Support services space needs will continue to increase as the library system grows.
          They currently have 3,110 square feet.
          Administration could move into the support services space on the first floor, giving
          them an additional 1,670 square feet of space, an increase of 116% over their current
          location. The offices administration vacates could be renovated into public use space.
          The system director could continue to manage day-to-day activities of the Main
          Library with the assistance of the existing assistant director.
          An opportunity to co-locate all technical services staff would be created, bringing the
          personnel at North IRC Library who do this work together with the larger group at the
          Main Library.
          The last bulleted statement under Option 1 applies to this option, as well.

   Option 3 – Continue to house administrative and support services at the Main Library.
       Issues
          Increasing size of the library system will require additional support services staff,
          storage and work space. Public areas at the Main Library will have to be committed to
          this purpose.

   Option 4 – Conduct a full review of space utilization at the Main Library and reallocate
   space to maximize use for the location’s service roles.
       Issues
          This effort could be made in concert with any of the other options or even if none of
          them are selected.


 Recommendation: Main Library

        Options two and four – Move support services staff (technical services and systems) to
        another location with at least 5,000 SF; conduct a full review of space utilization and
        reallocate space to maximize use for the location’s service roles.




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Mid County – Gifford
The library outlet at the Gifford Youth Activity Center is a very limited service, functioning as a
special services branch and serving a targeted population – the children who come to the activity
center where it is housed. The service is currently staffed by an employee of the youth center but
the library director hopes to provide staff in future. The building is owned by Indian River
County and leased to its occupants.

Everyone interviewed or who participated in focus group meetings expressed support for library
service for the Gifford area. Residents perceive that the economic conditions and lack of
transportation prevent use of the Main Library 4.8 miles away, especially for children. Route 8 of
the Indian River Transit system goes into the Gifford area but does not pass near Main. Other
barriers relate to economic conditions, which prevent people from having their own
transportation and time to come to the library, and psychological barriers. Gifford is an African
American community, some of whose members reportedly do not feel comfortable going to the
Main Library, even if they could get there. The general consensus is that Gifford needs local
public library service, especially for its youth.

   Option 1 – Continue to develop the existing Gifford Library as a special services branch
   within the existing square footage of the Youth Activities Center building.
       Issues
           If this option is selected, the county library system should fully support and manage
           the service, including establishing a budget for and staffing it.
           The service roles of the outlet should be clearly established and used to determine the
           type of services provided. If the option is pursued, this will not be a space that attracts
           adults so adult service should not be attempted, given the scarcity of space.
           The Center may have additional space it can allocate to the service to allow an
           expanded library within its walls.
           The option does not meet the needs of Gifford residents, as they have been identified
           by interviews and focus groups.

Option 2 – Expand the existing Gifford library service by adding space and increasing visibility
at the youth activity center; continue as a special services branch.
       Issues
           A Sheriff’s Deputy will be living at the park soon, providing a measure of security for
           expanded library hours.
           Any expansion should provide a separate library entrance with easy access from the
           parking lot and exterior identification for the library.
           Gifford Youth Activity Center staff and supporters are very interested in keeping the
           service at this location, and expanding as much as the site allows. They believe this is
           the most appropriate location for a public library in Gifford.




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   Option 3 – Expand the Gifford Library to full service level by moving to another, larger
   location in Gifford, leased or constructed for the purpose.
       Issues
           This option would give the library its own identity and would attract and serve more
           customers and customers of varying ages.
           Gifford does not offer much in existing buildings for this option. A vacant storefront
           could be sought, although this type of property is not readily available.
           A new library building could be located more centrally within the Gifford area.
           Construction of a new library building will require purchase of land.
           Although Gifford’s population is not predicted to grow more than about 15% by
           2025, the activity center will soon have as its back (north) door neighbor a large
           residential development with up-scale homes. There are already similar homes to the
           west of the center. These developments mean that a branch library in the Gifford area
           could serve not only Gifford but all of the northern part of Mid County. This thinking,
           however, runs up against the fact that Mid County already has more space at the Main
           Library than standards suggest is needed by the Mid County population.


 Recommendation: Gifford Library

        Option 2 – Expand the existing Gifford library service by adding space and increasing
        visibility at the youth activity center; continue as a special services branch.


North County – North Indian River County Library
The North County area is now served by the North IRC Library. Like the Main Library, this
facility was recently expanded and now has 25,445 square feet. According to Florida standards,
it is adequately sized now (at the Essential and Enhanced quality levels) but in 2025 it should
have between 32,397 and 53,995 square feet to serve all of the northern part of the county.

Consultant observation and staff/user reports indicate the library is crowded and sometimes
inadequate to handle the flow of customers. Computer use is high and additional computers for
public use will be needed as the area grows in population. The meeting room is in constant use
and a second meeting space would be well used. Additional collection space will be needed.

When the library was built there was some concern about its location; some thought it was too
far away from the downtown area of Sebastian and from the island residents it serves.
Commercial and residential development appears to be growing near the library, however. On
the other hand, there are library users on the island for whom the existing location is not
convenient.




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If public library service is established elsewhere in North County, that will help meet the North
County need. A possible library in Fellsmere is discussed below. It is not likely, however, that
people who live east of I-95 will travel to Fellsmere to use the library.


   Option 1 – Open one or more temporary popular level branches in the Sebastian, Roseland,
   Wabasso area.
       Issues
           Popular branches are best located in retail/commercial centers and in space such as
           leased storefronts with plenty of available parking.
           Popular branches in leased space will relieve the strain on the existing North IRC
           Library until a replacement, larger North IRC Library is available. When a new
           library is available these branches can close.
   Option 2 – Replace the existing North IRC facility within 20 years with a larger full service
   branch on another location in Sebastian and closer to U.S. 1.
       Issues
           North IRC Library will continue to be the major public library service outlet in this
           area because of its size and full service branch level of service.
           More library space will definitely be needed in future for North County. The need is
           not immediate but must be met within the next fifteen to twenty years.
           The county has park property in the area that could be used, but it is not appropriately
           located for a public library. It will be necessary to secure an approximately five acre
           site for a new and larger library building.
           Popular branches can be closed when a new and larger library is available or can
           remain open to meet community and neighborhood need if that can be afforded.


 Recommendation: North IRC Library

        Options 1 and 2 – Open one or more popular level branches in the
        Sebastian/Wabasso/Roseland area and then replace the existing North IRC facility
        within 20 years with a larger full service branch on another location in Sebastian closer
        to U.S. 1. Close the popular branches when the new facility opens.


North County – Fellsmere
Focus group participants and most interviewees agree that the residents of Fellsmere and the
surrounding area have needs that can be addressed by the availability of public library services in
the town. The population of Fellsmere is expected to increase from the 2003 estimate of 4,173 to
7,687 by 2025. Library registrant mapping shows that there are public library users in Fellsmere
and its immediate surrounding area.



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Many Fellsmere residents have needs that indicate library service should be tailored to assist
their economic and cultural development. Much of the population is Hispanic; the main
employment is agricultural work. There is a high density of people who are living below the
poverty level, do not have a high school diploma, and/or only speak Spanish. The density of
children aged 0 to 5 years is also high. A library can address the needs of families with these
economic and cultural conditions through focusing on a targeted population.

Two privately operated library services are available now in Fellsmere – Marian Fell Library
serving a few elementary school children after school and Operation Hope’s one-room library on
their campus. They may be appropriate partners for the county as it plans its own service in the
area.

   Option 1 – Partner with Operation Hope to operate a special service branch library at their
   facility and targeting the needs of families.
       Operation Hope is dedicating some of their extensive space in Fellsmere to library
       service for their constituency.

       Issues
           The amount of space Operation Hope has made available for library service is one
           small room. A total of 30,000 square feet of space is available at the location.
           Since the main focus of Operation Hope is to provide education services to migrant
           workers it would be considerably outside their scope to offer a public library service
           on their campus. They are, however, planning to let anyone who is interested use their
           library.
           Discussions with the administration of Operation Hope indicate they have not thought
           of this possibility but are willing to discuss it.
           This option is the fastest approach to getting public library service to Fellsmere as it
           can be done without construction or renovation of space.


   Option 2 – Renovate some of the Old Fellsmere School space into a special service branch
   library targeting the needs of families.
       The old Fellsmere School on South Orange Street in the center of Fellsmere was built in
       1916 and is a highly visible landmark. This three story building of historical significance
       is undergoing rehabilitation by the Indian River County Historical Society with granted
       and donated funds totaling $550,000. The money is being used for stabilization of the
       physical plant and remediation of environmental problems in the building. In late
       summer, the work that could be afforded with these funds was nearing completion.
       Hurricanes damaged the building, however, and work is currently at a standstill (as of
       December, 2004). The building will not be useable until a great deal of additional interior
       work is completed and the hurricane damage is repaired. The building and approximately
       two acres of property belong to the City of Fellsmere and are leased to Indian River
       County.



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   Issues
       The school was damaged by September 2004 hurricanes and it is not clear at this
       writing when repairs can be made. According to county staff, the damage will
       significantly delay any efforts to continue rehabbing the building.
       The Historical Society is interested in having a library at the old school as that use is
       seen as a positive compliment to other planned cultural and recreational activities.
       Space on the second (main) or third floors – the first floor is a basement – could be
       renovated into a small public library facility. The space is not now appropriately
       organized for library service as it is too divided into separate rooms. Architectural and
       engineering evaluation is needed to determine if walls can be removed to make larger
       spaces.
       The amount of space that would be available is not known but it appears that
       approximately 3,000 square feet will be available on either the second or third floors
       (first floor is the basement). Decisions by the Historical Society and the cost of
       renovations will be deciding factors regarding how much space can be committed to a
       library in the building.
       The North IRC is close to Fellsmere and can provide the broader array of services
       needed by people who find a special services branch too limited for their needs.


Option 3 – Build a full service branch library in Fellsmere.
   Building a new library is an option that delays bringing service to Fellsmere but allows
   the opportunity to develop a full service library that includes the special services spaces
   needed by residents. The 2025 population of the town should have from 5,000 to 7,687
   square feet of library space, according to FLA standards. A new facility can be designed
   to serve the special needs of the population as well as general service needs. Possible
   locations are discussed below.

       The Marian Fell Library, located across from the elementary school and used for after
       school activities, is being given to the IRC Historical Society. This organization has
       indicated willingness to gift or lease the almost two acres of land to the county for
       public library purposes. The existing building is not appropriate for that use as it is
       much too small.
       Issues
            The available acreage is on the minimum end of the range of space needed for a
            new building. It may not be possible to build on the property and still keep the
            existing building which the Historical Society has committed to do.
            This property is convenient to the elementary school and a block or two off a
            main thoroughfare, so it is appropriately located for public library service.




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           Other property in Fellsmere or outside city limits
           Issues
               A new facility could be built on a location in the city limits of Fellsmere or in the
               unincorporated area closer to the newly annexed but as yet undeveloped area of
               the city.
               This option allows the county to secure an adequately sized site


 Recommendation: Fellsmere
        Option 2 – Renovate some of the old Fellsmere school space into a special service
        branch library targeting the needs of families.


West County
Figure 45 shows West County as having the lowest population of the four library service areas
but it is difficult at this time to accurately determine what the eventual population will be.
Development is planned and should bring in even more people than indicated in the chart.
County staff has been working towards establishing local service there through a joint use
public/academic library.

Indian River Community College, Mueller Campus is located in West County. The Board of
County Commissioners gave permission to staff on December 2, 2002, based on a November 2,
2002 recommendation from the Public Library Advisory Board, to pursue discussions about a
joint use public/academic library on this campus. It is located in the S. R. 60 corridor between
58th and 66th Streets; access is from 58th St. via College Lane. Discussions about such a library
have been taking place off and on for a number of years and as long ago as mid 1998 when the
Public Library Advisory Board recommended a west county library to the County Commission.

Joint community college-public libraries have been successful in Broward, Pinellas, Martin, and
St. Lucie counties in Florida. The Martin and St. Lucie libraries are partnerships of those
counties and the Indian River Community College. In addition to serving local residents with
public library needs and academic services at the community college level, some residents and
officials believe a similar library in Indian River County will help support efforts to bring a
branch of Florida Atlantic University to the county.

Joint use libraries are attractive to government agencies and taxpayers because they offer a way
to meet two needs within one building. Sharing construction and operational costs between two
entities serves two main purposes: first, it allows each entity to have more space than it could
afford on its own, and second, it allows lower construction ongoing costs than if two separate
buildings were used. These benefits are achieved only if sharing of costs occurs. If one agency
contributes significantly more than the other, the benefit is one sided and may not be the best
approach to service delivery for that agency.




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Issues
   Is this the right location to meet county public library needs?
   Projected population for West County in Figure 39 ranges from 13,069 in 2005 up to
   17,756 in 2025. This is probably an underestimate but as it is, the population is
   enough to warrant local public library service.
   Is the campus going to develop into an attractor for public library users?
   IRCC’s development philosophy is that branch campuses will develop into full
   service locations. There is a long range plan for Mueller Campus development that
   includes additional buildings, extension of College Lane, and a new entrance on 66th
   Avenue. The new entrance requires paving of 66th Street and construction of a bridge
   entrance to campus from 66th Street. This and the College Lane road work will be
   done by Indian River County, not IRCC, as College Lane is a public road.
   Two new two-story classroom buildings of 25,000 and 35,000 - 40,000 square feet
   are in the planning stages. Construction on the smaller building will begin in
   approximately eight months. Part of this space will probably be used by Florida
   Atlantic University classes. A request for funding for the larger building goes before
   the Florida legislature in early 2005. Both will be accessed from the existing College
   Lane.
   Growth in enrollments at Mueller since 2000-01 has been 9.5%. Full time equivalent
   enrollments in 2003-04 were 1,984 (6,321 unduplicated students enrolled; many were
   part time). College officials expect continuing increases in enrollment because of the
   growth of the Indian River population. Enrollment, level of growth, and timely
   addition of new buildings should make the campus a place where local residents will
   be going for classes, continuing education, and special events.
   Will the library be visible to the public? Where will it be located on campus? Will it
   be easily accessed by the general public?
   The college anticipates that the library building will be located near the existing
   Richardson Center which places it near but not on College Lane, the street currently
   traveled to enter campus from 58th Street. If the planned new entrance off 66th is
   created, the library location will be far away from it and the public will have to drive
   well into campus from that entrance to get to the library. Some campus land fronts
   S.R. 60 and the college is considering purchasing more, but it may not be enough
   space for the size library needed. College officials do not consider that land
   appropriate for a library that meets their students’ needs.
   Locating the library in the interior of the campus does not provide good service to the
   general public. It will be inconvenient and lose its identity as a service for the general
   public.
   Will there be dedicated or at least adequate parking for the public?
   Parking will be shared with other campus buildings. Adequate parking is a concern to
   members of the public who attended focus group meetings. Dedicated public library
   parking is a component of success for a joint use library, although not essential.



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How large should the library be?
College and county staff appear to differ in their understanding of the size under
discussion. The county library director and PLAB report that 32,000 SF is the size
most recently discussed. The campus provost said he understood the size under
discussion to be 20,000 to 25,000 SF. College officials have, in the past, indicated
they will need 17,000 square feet; most of that space is for services that the general
public will also be using, however. These space needs projections apparently assume
this library will also serve South County.
Estimated public library space needs for the West County area based on population
range from around 8,000 to 13,000 square feet in 2005 and 10,600 to 17,800 square
feet in 2025. If no South County library is built, some of that population will use a
West County library, creating need for the 32,000 square feet being discussed. If
South County has its own library, a smaller facility will be adequate in the West.
Will the College contribute to the cost of construction, furnishings and equipment,
and related activities?
The college will lease land for a library building to the county for a long term. They
will also seek legislative approval for construction funds from the state’s Community
College Facility Enhancement Challenge Grant fund. The sales tax funds that the
county plans to use for construction can be the required 100% match needed for a
Challenge Grant, thereby doubling the amount of construction money available,
according to the Vice Chancellor for Financial Policy at the Community College
Division of the Florida Department of Education. In summary, availability of
construction funds from IRCC depends on state grant decisions. If the state funds are
received, that allows the county to use some of its available funds for other purposes.
Can the funds anticipated for construction be used for this purpose?
The county plans to use infrastructure sales surtax money for its share of construction
costs. It will probably also apply for a state grant for public library construction. Both
of these funding types require that the county own or have a long-term lease on the
building. The Facility Enhancement Challenge Grants mentioned above require that
the college own the building. It appears that if a Challenge Grant is used, IRCC will
have to own the building and lease it long-term to the county.
How will ongoing operating costs be supported?
If the college owns the building and leases it to the county, both entities can
participate in funding operations. The college will provide grounds and parking lot
maintenance and will getfunding each year to pay for utilities and interior
maintenance supplies on a preset formula. They will also provide one, half-time
position for their Link Electronic Library which will move to the new library. The
college will also provide the library materials and computers for the Link Electronic
Library and perhaps some print materials, as well. The county will be responsible for
all other ongoing operating costs as of this writing, although that may change.




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       Which agency will manage the library and staff? Or will some staff work for each
       agency?
       The county library system will manage the joint use library. It is not clear who will
       supervise the half-time employee for the Link Center service.
       What resources will be used to support materials purchases and processing in
       preparation for opening and ongoing operations?
       It appears that the county will pay this cost and county staff will do the associated
       work.
       Distances/travel time and public transportation
       A car trip from the Main Library to a west turn onto 66th Ave. is just 3.6 miles and
       takes seven minutes, minimum. Generally, public libraries should not be closer than
       two miles, but this is still a short distance. Distances from the southern part of the
       county should also be considered as that will be part of the service area if no other
       facility is available in the south. Currently, travel time is quite reasonable but that will
       change if the projected residential development in South County becomes a reality.
       The distance is up to 15 miles depending on where the driver starts.
       The bus line that travel west on S.R. 60 is projected to extend to I-95 in future, so bus
       transportation will eventually be available near this location.

Option 1 – Build a joint use public/community college branch library on the IRCC, Mueller
Campus of a size appropriate to serve both West and South County, if construction and
operating costs are shared.
   Issues
       The needs of South County will not be successfully met by a library on the IRCC
       campus. The location is inconvenient for people in the eastern portion of that area
       because of travel distances and times and anticipated road work over the next 20
       years. Many will continue to use, and crowd, the Main Library. The people of South
       County have long been anticipating local library services. Density maps indicate they
       are library users and that this is a pocket of residents with young children, an
       important service group for public libraries.
Option 2 – Build a joint use public/community college branch library on the IRCC, Mueller
Campus large enough to meet the needs of the West County area, if construction and
operating costs are shared.
   Issues
       The West County population is large enough to warrant a full service public library,
       although not a large one.
       The issues in Option 1 above also apply to this option. Those that are not yet resolved
       to the satisfaction of both parties must be pursued by the ongoing working committee
       and consensus achieved.




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   Option 3 – Build a full service branch library in West County.
       Issues
           As mentioned above, the West County population is large enough to warrant a full
           service public library branch, although not a large one.
           Commercial/retail business and other attractors are numerous here. A library can be
           built in a location near public attractors and with high visibility if appropriate
           property is available for sale.
   Option 4 – Open a popular branch library in West County.
       The availability of retail and commercial establishments along S.R. 60, including an
       enclosed shopping mall, provides an opportunity to meet local needs at a lower level of
       service and less expensively than a full service library.
       Issues
           The Main Library is less than four miles from the mall and even closer to the
           commercial areas along S.R. 60. West County residents can access Main quite easily
           by car. Public transit improvements will allow limited access by bus in future.
           Popular branch service is appropriate for a heavily over 65 population because of
           their interest in best seller, genre fiction, informal gathering and reading spaces.
           The lack of formal gathering space (meeting and conference rooms) in a popular
           service branch will be a detriment to this part of the county where free meeting space
           is not readily available for the community.


 Recommendation: West County
        Option 2 – Build a joint use public/community college branch library on the IRCC,
        Mueller Campus large enough to meet the needs of the West County area, with
        construction and operating costs shared.


South County
Library and county management recognize the need for local public library service in the
southern part of the county. Local service has been close to a reality in the past but then did not
happen. South County residents rely on the Main Library for their service now but they need a
local library for the reasons below.
           Population – The projected 2005 population of the South County area is estimated as
           34,363 people. By 2025 that is projected to grow to about 50,000. The Main Library
           will not be adequate to continue as the nearest public library in the face of this much
           population growth. Map 1 shows that parts of this area have a heavy density of
           registered library users. The incidence of persons living below poverty is from 10 to
           17.65% per census block, indicating a need for library service. There are also pockets
           of population whose residents have a high incidence of no high school diploma. This
           area appears to have children who use the library – juvenile registered borrower
           density is high.


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           Distances/travel time and public transportation – Although the distance from the St.
           Lucie County line to the Main Library is just 8.7 miles, many trips to the Main
           Library or a West County library will take more than the 20 minutes maximum travel
           time in the Florida standards. Seasonal congestion extends trip time and anticipated
           development will further congest roads.

Various locations for a library were suggested by residents and county staff. The options below
discuss the most likely of those.
   Option 1: Build a full service branch library at South County Park, Oslo Road and 20th
   Avenue SW.
       The county owns 80 acres at the South County Park. The property has frontage on Oslo
       Road, a main thoroughfare in the area. The entrance is on 20th Avenue SW, a short
       distance from Oslo Road. When a library for the southern part of the county was
       considered in the past, this was to be its location. A new multi-purpose facility on the
       property to be built to the right of the park entrance driveway is in the planning stages.
       Further park development – aquatic and more playing fields – is hoped for in future. A
       water treatment plant and fire station are also at this location.

       Issues
           Opportunity for high visibility and an entrance from Oslo Road is available.
           Parking may need to be shared with recreation facilities which could cause problems
           at times of high use and when library programs are going on.
           A middle school and elementary school are within short walks/bike rides. The school
           system owns around 80 acres nearby; that property is under consideration as the
           location for a new south county high school (no decision as of this writing). The
           number and close proximity of schools can have a significant impact on the services
           and staffing needed, particularly in afternoon and evening hours. Students from
           nearby schools will flood into the library after school, many of them there to wait
           until parents pick them up after work. Programs and staff to keep them occupied and
           to assist them with homework will be needed. Older customers will not want to share
           space with so many children during this time period. In general, when public libraries
           are built near schools, additional staffing for after school hours is needed.
           The active recreation services at the park will also bring children to the location and
           this may cause difficulties with supervision and control. On the other hand, serving
           children is something that libraries do and do well. This location will certainly be
           highly available to a lot of kids.
           Preliminary evaluation of this location raises concerns about whether it is centrally
           located for what will be the South County population. New development is occurring
           and planned for west of the park. Some of the population will eventually be in the
           western portion of South County, if all residential development occurs as planned
           which it may not.




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Option 2: Build a full service branch library on or close to Oslo Road between 27th Avenue
SW and 43rd Avenue SW (west of South County Park).
   Locating a South County library further west than the park on Oslo Road places it
   centrally between the eastern and western portions of the area.
   Issues
       Retail/commercial development is in place at these two intersection, providing
       attractors for a library. This section of Oslo Road is still close to schools and the park.
       Building a library here will require purchase of land.
       A location further west on Oslo Road could also serve West County, if no local
       service is available there. The distance from Oslo Road to S.R. 60 is about nine miles.
       Several roads that connect the two are planned to be four lane within the next five to
       ten years.
Option 3: Build a full service branch library east of the South County Park.
   Locating a South County library east of the South County Park will bring library service
   closer to the already developed part of the area.

        The county owns extensive acreage at the Hallstrom Homestead off Old Dixie
        Highway but county staff does not believe it can be used for a library because of
        state government restrictions.


        The county owns extensive acreage at the Hallstrom Homestead off Old Dixie
        Highway. The Historical Society is rehabbing the building there; the land may be an
        appropriate site for a library if an entrance off and visibility from a major
        thoroughfare is possible.
        A library in the eastern part would meet long standing needs of the people who now
        live there.
Option 4: Build a joint use high school/public branch library.
   The Indian River County school system reportedly plans a new high school in South
   County. It may be possible to develop a joint use school-public library on their site.
   Issues
       The location for a new high school has not been decided as of this writing and
       location is an important factor in whether or not a joint use library would be
       appropriate.
       The questions listed in the discussion of a joint use community college-public library
       also apply to a school/public library.
        Security is a concern for school/public joint use libraries. Public schools are closed
       campuses these days. Public libraries are open to all without question.
       Public libraries have concerns about this type of joint use library. Older people often
       object to the numbers of students in the library during the school day, normally a
       quiet and peaceful time for seniors to use the service. Service emphasis is also a

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           concern – blending the teaching role of a school library with the education support
           role of a public library is difficult.
           There are few successful school/public joint use models to examine. Those that do
           exist have had mixed results.
            The major reasons for doing this type of partnership are:
                 Reduce construction cost for one or both partners by sharing the cost
                 Maximize use of a school space by having it open when the school is not
                 Share operational costs for the partnering entities (depending on agreements
                 regarding provision of resources)



 Recommendation: South County

        Best
                Option 2 – Build a full service branch library on or close to Oslo Road between
                27th Avenue SW and 43rd Avenue SW (west of South County Park).

        Acceptable
               Option 1 – Build a full service branch library at South County Park, Oslo Road
               and 20th Avenue SW.


Island
Almost all interviewees and focus group participants believe that a public library facility is not
needed on the island. The three bridges are thought to provide ready access to the libraries on the
mainland. The island population is primarily retirees who can afford a year-round or seasonal
home on expensive beach property. There are some families with children, however, and
grandchildren come to visit. The 850 students of the St. Edwards schools use their school
libraries during the school day.

The density of registered library cardholders is at the medium to high level in the Vero Beach,
South Beach, and Wabasso sections of the island. Density is much less in Indian River Shores,
Orchid, and North Beach.

Travel times from the island to the two existing full service libraries are within the Florida
standard of 20 minutes except for those very close to the St. Lucie County line. Bus service is
available but very limited. Residents travel to the mainland for almost all retail purchases,
including groceries.

The need for an on-island library service is not strongly supported when residents’ adequate
personal transportation, availability of free time, and proximity to mainland libraries is
considered. Local service there, even as minimal as a popular services branch, would be a
popular amenity for island residents, however and should be considered when more pressing
needs are met after the life of this plan.


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Countywide – Law Library
     The Law Library may be affected in future by this year’s change in funding source. At
     present there is no reason to think the county will not continue to support this service nor
     that there is an interest in relocating the service. If, however, continuation and location
     become concerns in future, these are options to consider.
   Option 1 – Continue the Law Library at the county courthouse location.
       This is the most appropriate location for this special services branch because it is located
       where people frequently come in contact their need for legal information – the courts. It
       is also convenient for the legal and judicial community.
   Option 2 – Move the Law Library to the Main Library.
       Issues
           Space is not available. Other services will have to be scaled back to accommodate
           this option and the Law Library service collection will have to be reduced in size.
           Legal information should be available in close proximity to the courts and judicial
           offices. It should also be maintained at an adequate level to meet local needs.
           Public libraries rarely provide law library service within a public library facility
           because the service is very consumptive of space and not a public library service.

Option 3 – Reduce Law Library service to electronic only and make it available at the Main
Library
       Issues
           The Law Library does not now subscribe to legal databases, which are quite
           expensive and paid for on a per hour of use basis. This would be a new cost; print
           materials would not be purchased, however.
           Space for enough computers to meet public needs would have to be found at the Main
           Library where space is already a problem.
           Electronic only service might require additional staff to assist users who are not able
           to search the complex law databases on their own.


 Recommendation: Law Library

        Option 1 – Continue the law library at the county courthouse location.




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Recommendations List and Library Development Chart
   8. Main Library
       Move support services staff (technical services and systems) to another location with at
       least 5,000 SF; conduct a full review of space utilization and reallocate space to
       maximize use for the location’s service roles.
   9. Gifford Library
       Option 2 – Expand the existing Gifford library service by adding space and increasing
       visibility at the youth activity center; continue as a special services branch.
   10. North IRC Library
       Options 1 and 2 – Open one or more popular level branches in the
       Sebastian/Wabasso/Roseland area and then replace the existing North IRC facility within
       20 years with a larger full service branch on another location in Sebastian closer to U.S.
       1. Close the popular branches when the new facility opens.
   11. Fellsmere
       Renovate some of the old Fellsmere school space into a special service branch library
       targeting the needs of families.
   12. West County
          Build a joint use public/community college branch library on the IRCC, Mueller
          Campus large enough to meet the needs of the West County area, with shared
          construction and operating costs.
   13. South County
              Best: Build a full service branch library on or close to Oslo Road between 27th
              Avenue SW and 43rd Avenue SW (west of South County Park).
              Acceptable: Build a full service branch library at South County Park, Oslo Road
              and 20th Avenue SW.
   14. Law Library
       Continue the Law Library at the county courthouse location.


Figures 46 and 47 list specifics for implementing the above recommendations.




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Figure 46: Expanded Recommendations
                                                                                                   Suggested
             Facilities & Service                                                                                                              Existing/proposed
Priority                                               Location/Project Type                        Opening    Service Level
                     Area                                                                                                                       Square Footage
                                                                                                     Dates*
   1       West County/IRCC            IRCC Mueller Campus/ New construction; costs                 2008-09 Joint use branch               Proposed      30,000 SF
           Branch                      shared
   2       South County Branch         Best: on or near Oslo Rd, between 27th and 43rd              2011-12      Full service branch       Proposed      31,500 SF
                                       Ave SW/ New construction
                                       OR
                                       Acceptable: On Oslo Rd. at S. County Park
                                       property/ New construction
   3       Fellsmere Branch            Old Fellsmere school/ Rehab and convert space                2013-14      Special service           Proposed       3,000 SF
                                                                                                                 branch
   4       Gifford Branch              Same location/ Expansion of existing 1,513 SF                2014-15      Special service           Proposed
                                                                                                                 branch                    expansion to 4,000 SF
           North Popular               Storefront(s) in Sebastian, Wabasso, Roseland                             Popular branch
   5       Branch(es):                 area/ Convert space for temporary use until new              2014-15                                Proposed 1: 2,000 SF
   6       Popular branch 1            NIR branch is built                                          2017-18                                Proposed 2: 2 ,000 SF
           Popular branch 2                                                                                                                (Temp. – not in total)
   7       Main Library                1. Move support services to leased space/ Convert            2020-21      Main                      1. See Other Facilities
                                       leased space as needed                                                                              below sub-total
                                       2. Main Library/ Convert 3,110 SF on 1st floor                                                      2.Existing 49,286 SF
                                       and 1,440 SF on 2nd floor
   8       North IRC Branch            Sebastian, closer to U.S. 1 than existing facility/          2024-25      Full service branch       Proposed      35,000 SF
                                       New construction to replace existing 25,445 SF
                                       facility
SUB -TOTAL – Four service areas                                                                                                                       152,786 SF
Other facilities: Law Library                                                                                                                            3,993 SF
                  Support Services Office (proposed for 2020-21)                                                                                         5,000 SF
TOTAL – System                                                                                                                                       161,779 SF
 * Firm dates cannot be established at this time since the county’s ability to open new facilities depends on many factors, including but not limited to actual
population growth and availability of funding such as impact fees and other revenue. A library at the Old Fellsmere School depends on rehabilitation of that
building.



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Figure 47: Proposed 2025 Space by Service Area


                       2025 Space Needs Range by
   Service Area          FLA Standards Quality          Existing Space      Proposed Space
                        Levels (.6, .7, 1 per capita)
North County Area               32,297 to 53,995 SF           25,445 SF              38,000 SF

Mid County Area                 30,879 to 51,465 SF           50,799 SF              53,286 SF

South County Area               26,870 to 44,784 SF                  0               31,500 SF

West County Area                10,654 to 17,756 SF                  0               30,000 SF
Other:
  Law Library                                    NA            3,993 SF                3,993 SF
  Support Services                                            *3,110 SF                5,000 SF

Totals                       100,800 to 168,000 SF              80,237              161, 779 SF

This space is included in the Main Library for this column.




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                                Financial Implications

Estimated Facilities Development Costs
All costs are based on year 2004/2005 numbers and should be inflated by 5% per year until the
year of implementation. Collection costs are for opening day collections, materials fully
cataloged, processed, and stored until needed; estimates are based on estimates from Baker &
Taylor, a library materials jobber used by the library. Land costs are not included in these
estimates.

West County/IRCC Branch*
          • Building / site construction costs
                 30,000 SF x $150.00/SF                    =      $ 4,500,000
          • Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost                  =      $ 450,000
          • Furniture
                 30,000 SF x $18.00/SF                     =      $ 540,000
          • Technology
                 30,000 SF x $5.00/SF                      =      $ 150,000
          • Collection (36,000 @ $20 each)                 =      $ 720,000
              (Does not include IRCC need; 2.5 items per
              capita, 2010 population of 14,247**)
             ____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                        =      $ 6,360,000
          * Half of construction related, furniture & equipment costs to be paid by IRCC.
          ** Collection projection is conservative; more will be needed if south library is not
          built.

South County Branch

           • Building / site construction cost
                 31,500 SF x $150.00/SF               =           $ 4,725,000
         • Soft costs: survey, A/E fees, testing
                 10% of construction cost             =           $   472,500
         • Furniture
                 31,500 SF x $18.00/SF                =           $ 567,000
         • Technology
                 31,500 SF x $5.00/SF                 =           $ 157,500
         • Collection (95,000 items @ $20 each)       =           $ 1,900,000
            (2.5 items per capita, 2010 population of
             38,092)
___________________________________________________
             TOTAL                                    =           $ 7,822,000




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Gifford Branch
           • Building / site renovation and new
              construction costs 1,513 SF x $75.00/SF  = $ 113,475
                                 2,487 SF x $150.00/SF = $ 373,050
           • Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost              = $ 48,653
           • Furniture
                 4,000 SF x $18.00/SF                  = $ 72,000
           • Technology
                 4,000 SF x $5.00/SF                   = $ 20,000
           • Collection (10,000 items at $20 each)     = $ 200,000
             _____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                        =       $ 827,178

Fellsmere Branch

          •   Building renovation cost - interior finish out only*
                 3,000 SF x $100.00/SF                       =     $ 300,000
          •   Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost                    =     $ 30,000
          •   Furniture
                 3,000 SF x $18.00/SF                        =     $ 54,000
          •   Technology
                 3,000 SF x $5.00/SF                         =     $ 15,000
          •   Collection (10,000 items @ $20 each)           =     $ 200,000
              ____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                          =     $ 599,000

      *This cost assumes that other funds will be available to renovate the existing building
      shell and repair hurricane damage.


North Popular Branches (each)
          Cost does not include monthly lease space costs
          • Renovation, interior finish-out cost
                 2,000 SF x $75.00/SF                     = $ 150,000
          • Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost                 = $ 15,000
          • Furniture
                 2,000 SF x $18.00/SF                     = $ 36,000
          • Technology
                 2,000 SF x $5.00/SF                      = $ 10,000
          • Collection (5,000 items @ $20 each)           = $ 100,000
             ____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                       = $ 311,000


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Main Library
          Support services located separately from a library:
          Cost does not include monthly lease space cost.
          • Renovate, interior finish-out – new lease space
                 2,600 SF x $75.00/SF                      =  $ 195,000
          • Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost                  =  $ 19,500
          • Furniture
                 2,600 SF x $18.00/SF                      =  $ 46,800
          • Technology
                 2,600 SF x $5.00/SF                       =  $ 13,000
             _____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                        =  $ 274,300

           Renovate Main Library after support services move:
           • Renovate, interior finish-out cost – existing library
                 2,600 SF x $75.00/SF                       =      $ 195,000
           • Soft costs
                 10% of construction cost                   =      $ 19,500
           • Furniture
                 2,600 SF x $18.00/SF                       =      $ 46,800
           • Technology
                 2,600 SF x $5.00/SF                        =      $ 13,000
             ____________________________________________________
              TOTAL                                         =      $ 274,300


North IRC Branch
          Cost does not include new land cost or allow for sale of existing facility.

           •    Building / site construction cost
                    35,000 SF x $150.00/SF          =    $5,250,000
           •    Soft costs
                    10% of construction cost        =     $ 525,000
           •    Furniture
                    35,000 SF x $18.00/SF           =    $ 630,000
           •    Technology
                    35,000 SF x $5.00/SF            =    $ 175,000
           •    Collection (Use existing plus
                   popular libraries to open*)
               _____________________________________________________
                TOTAL                               =     $6,580,000

       * If popular libraries are not used, new materials will be needed for this sized library.




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Estimated Operating Cost for Opening Year of New Facilities

                                                West County     South County       Gifford        Fellsmere    North Popular        North IRC
                                                 Branch*          Branch           Branch          Branch        Branches          Branch (new)
                                   Rate
                                                                                                                        2,000 SF
                                                  30,000 SF          31,500 SF         4,000 SF     3,000 SF                each       35,000 SF

 Staffing & Benefits (for    See notes on
 year service begins)          next page          $ 855,000      $    760,000      $ 122,500       $ 122,500    $       87,500     $ 1,080,000
 Operating Expenditures (at 2004 levels)

    Library materials (all
                  formats)    $8.50 per SF        $ 255,000      $    267,750      $    34,000     $ 25,500     $       17,000     $    297,500
       Supplies, printing,
            postage ,misc.    $1.30 per SF        $    39,000    $     40,950      $      5,200    $   3,900    $         2,600    $     45,500
  Travel, training, dues &
             memberships      $250 per FTE         $    4,750    $       4,750     $       875     $     875    $          625     $      6,750
  Contractual/professional
                   services   $1.20 per SF        $    36,000    $     36,600      $      4,800    $   3,600     $        2,400    $     42,000
   Equipment maintenance
   & upgrades; Telephone $0.80 per SF             $    20,000    $     25,200      $      3,200    $   2,400        $     1,600    $     28,000
                 Utilities $2.15 per SF           $    64,500    $     67,725      $      8,600    $   6,450        $     4,300    $     75,250

   Interdepartment charges $2.89 per SF          $ 86,750         $ 91,035         $ 11,560     $ 8,670     $ 5,780                $ 101,150
                  Subtotal                       $ 506,000       $ 534,010         $ 68,235     $ 51,395    $ 34,305               $ 596,150
                     Totals                    * $1,361,000      $ 1,294,010       $ 190,735 ** $173,895 ** $ 121,805              $ 1,676,150


* Some operational costs will be paid by IRCC so actual total will be less than is listed here.
** Does not include cost of leased space.




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Staffing notes (includes benefits)
        West County Branch – 19 FTE for 2010 population and IRCC student needs(Enhanced
        quality level, additional staff for IRCC student needs) at an average of $45,000 each
        (requires more professionally trained employees)

       South Branch – 19 FTE for 38,092 (2010) population (based on Enhanced quality level)
       at an average of $40,000 each

       Gifford – 3.5 FTE (based on two people working at all times, 55 hours of service a week
       plus pre and post opening time) at $35,000 each

       Fellsmere – same as Gifford

       North Popular Branches – 2.5 FTE (based on 30 hours of service a week, two people
       working at all times, plus pre-opening/post-closing time) an at average of $35,000 each

       North IRC Branch (new) – 27 FTE for 2025 population (Enhanced quality level) at an
       average of $40,000 each

Facilities Development Funding Opportunities
           General funds – the ad valorem taxes and other revenue sources the county uses to
           provide services to the public.
           Optional sales tax – a one cent sales tax county government can use for infrastructure
           development when approved by a vote of residents.
           Bonds – governments can seek bonds that must be repaid
           State construction grants – up to $500,000 for construction or renovation of public
           libraries; legislatively appropriated, by project, each year; requires a 50% match.
           Funds from other agencies such as IRCC and the school system – schools and
           community colleges can access several funding opportunities for capital construction.
           Impact fees – Indian River County is currently studying its impact fee structure. The
           need for public library service and the possibility of using impact fees to help support
           it is being considered as part of the study.
           Library taxing district – with the approval of residents, counties can establish taxing
           districts for the purpose of providing public library service. Examples in Florida are
           Orange County, Alachua County, Manatee County and others. Revenue from taxes
           can be saved from year to year for eventual capital improvements.
           Fund raising – public libraries routinely initiate fund raising programs for capital
           projects.




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                     Appendix One: National Peer Group

Population                Library Name                    City        State    Square Miles Served
122,287      Rochester Public Library                Rochester        MN                    658.4
121,987      Hunterdon County Library                Flemington       NJ
121,975      Napa City-County Library                Napa             CA                      787
121,500      Sara Hightower Regional Library         Rome             GA                      830
121,123      Ector County Library                    Odessa           TX                    901.1
121,000      Cedar Rapids Public Library             Cedar Rapids     IA                     65.3
                                                     Thousand
121,000      Thousand Oaks Library System            Oaks              CA                      56
120,925      Scranton Public Library                 Scranton          PA                    25.2
120,563      Monroe County Public Library            Bloomington       IN                    394
120,130      Allentown Public Library                Allentown         PA                    28.7
119,821      Tippecanoe County Public Library        Lafayette         IN                     500
119,708      Southwest Public Libraries              Grove City        OH                     128
                                                     Grand
119,281      Mesa County Public Library District     Junction          CO                    3309
118,762      Gail Borden Public Library District     Elgin             IL                       51
118,458      Bethlehem Area Public Library           Bethlehem         PA                     66.3
117,083      Ferguson Library, The                   Stamford          CT                     39.2
117,000      Inglewood Public Library                Inglewood         CA                      8.9
             Mansfield-Richland County Public
116,800      Library                                 Mansfield        OH                     497
116,510      Amherst Public Library                  Amherst          NY                     53.3
115,930      Abilene Public Library                  Abilene          TX                      102
115,774      Santa Fe Public Library                 Santa Fe         NM                       70
115,715      Smithtown Library, The                  Smithtown        NY                     53.9
115,603      Muskegon County Library                 Muskegon         MI
115,000      Indian River County Library System      Vero Beach       FL                      503
114,581      Kalamazoo Public Library                Kalamazoo        MI
113,750      Carrollton Public Library               Carrollton       TX                       36
113,087      Beaumont Public Library System          Beaumont         TX                       73
112,937      Peoria Public Library                   Peoria           IL                     46.5
             Anniston-Calhoun County, Public
112,249      Library of                              Anniston          AL                     608
111,700      Downey City Library                     Downey            CA                    12.8
111,454      Lincoln Library                         Springfield       IL                      62
111,379      Longview Public Library                 Longview          TX                     274
110,757      Pickens County Library System           Easley            SC                     496
110,157      Bay County Library System               Bay City          MI                     444
110,149      Forsyth County Public Library           Cumming           GA                   225.8
110,000      Clearwater Public Library System        Clearwater        FL                    25.4




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   Appendix Two: Indian River County Education Related Statistics

Source: IR County School District demographic statistics: DOE Student Database, Survey 2 data,
October 13-17, 2003, as of November 24, 2003 Available at
www.firn.edu/doe/eias/flmove/indian.htm.

       Figure 48: Indian River County Public School Population by Grade Level, 2003-04
                                              American
              White    Black          Asian/
                                               Indian/ Multi- Total Total Total
       Grade  Non-     Non- Hispanic Pacific
                                              Alaskan racial Female Male Students
             Hispanic Hispanic       Islander
                                                Native
           PK        189       56       95       3         0        19     146   216      362
          KG         745      184      198      17         2        48     583   611     1,194
            1       760      186       177      11         1        47     560   622     1,182
            2       731      175       157      19         1        42     545   580     1,125
            3       853      227       207      16         4        33     615   725     1,340
            4       771      170       113      10         4        32     564   536     1,100
            5       877      177       170      16         1        37     620   658     1,278
            6       884      236       156      16         3        29     640   684     1,324
            7       897      213       148      15         8        21     625   677     1,302
            8       947      189       133      14         4        16     629   674     1,303
            9      1,044     251       180      27         5        14     721   800     1,521
           10       965      186       127      15         4         9     631   675     1,306
           11       928      210       117       9         4         4     630   642     1,272
           12       752      141       101      10         1         5     498   512     1,010
        Totals    11,343    2,601    2,079      198       42        356   8,007 8,612   16,619

       Figure 49: Indian River County Public School Students by Race/Ethnicity and Language
                              # Primary           # Receive
         Racial/Ethnic
                            Language Not        Reduced/Free
           Category
                               English              Lunch
       White, Non-
       Hispanic                            21            2,888
       Black, Non-
       Hispanic                          35              1,855
       Hispanic                         559              1,618
       Asian/Pacific
       Islander                            23                  58
       American Indian/
       Alaskan Native                     2                 13
       Multiracial                        7                186
       Total                            647              6,618


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 Appendix Three: Travel Times and Distances Chart

                   Locations                           Travel Time           Travel Distance
 U.S. 1 from county line to county line*            34 to 26.5 minutes     22 miles

 State Road 60 Corridor
   I-95 to Main Library on State Road 60            15 minutes             7 miles
   I-95 to 66th Ave/Indian River Mall on            4 minutes              3.2 miles
   S.R. 60
   I-95 to IRCC Mueller Campus entrance             7 minutes              4.9 miles
   I-95 to S.R. AIA on State Road 60*               22 to 22.5 minutes     10.8 miles

 From Main Library to:
   Atlantic Ocean                                   10 minutes             3.5 miles
   Indian River Mall/66th Ave. on S.R. 60           7 minutes              3.6 miles
   Gifford Youth Activity Center                    12 minutes             4.8 miles
   St. Lucie County line on A1A                     15 minutes             8.7 miles

 South County
  St. Lucie County line to Oslo Rd. on              3 minutes              2.0 miles
  U.S. 1
  I-95 to U.S. 1 on Oslo Rd.                        14 minutes             7.5 miles
  I-95 to 58th on Oslo Rd.                          6 minutes              3.4 miles
  I-95 to 27th on Oslo Rd.                          9 minutes              5.3 miles
  I-95 to S. Regional Park on Oslo Rd.              12 minutes             6.1 miles
  Oslo Rd. south to county line on 27th             4 minutes              1.9 miles
  Ave.
  Oslo Rd. north to 8th on 27th Ave.                3 minutes              3.5 miles
  8th north to S.R. 60 on 27th Ave.                 5 minutes              5.4 miles

 North County
  N. County Library to I-95                         6 minutes              3.5 miles
  N. County Library to Fellsmere                    9 minutes              6.4 miles
  welcome sign
  I-95 to Fellsmere welcome sign                    3 minutes              2.5 miles
  N. County Library to U.S. 1                       5 minutes              2.9 miles
  N. County Library to Wabasso                      9 minutes              6.2 miles
  N. County Library to U.S. 1/Wabasso               12 minutes             5.8 miles
  Ave. via Barber St.
  N. County Library to A1A over                     15 minutes             9.7 miles
  Wabasso Bridge
  I-95 to U.S. 1 on County Road 512                 11 minutes             6 miles
  (Sebastian)*
*Source: “Light of Speed,” Press Journal, March 2, 2003. Measurements made in January 2003.
All other times/distances measured April – June, 2004 by consultants.




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                Appendix Four: Library Site Selection Checklist

From Checklist of Library Building Design Considerations, 4th ed., William W. Sannwald,
American Library Association, 2001

A. General
   1. Is the site conveniently located to the population served?
   2. Does the site provide high visibility and Identification?
   3. Is the site affordable?
   4. Will the site provide visibility of the building from the street?
   5. Will a library be an appropriate use of the land in question?
   6. Will the site retain or enhance the natural contours of the land?
   7. Is the site zoned for a library? If not, is a library zoning possible?
   8. Are there existing structures to be demolished?
   9. If so, do those structures present any environmental problems?
   10. If the library is a branch, are there overlapping service areas?
   11. Will the use of the site add aesthetic value or amenities to the neighborhood?
   12. Are there liabilities or nuisance factors to adjacent properties?
   13. Will the use of the site for a library have any negative impact?
   14. Will the library fit in with the area’s architectural style?
   15. Will the building work with the traffic flow?

B. Location
   1. Is the location considered acceptable by the population served?
   2. Is the site accessible to all segments of the community served?
   3. Is the site close to the part of the community understood to be most active and that will
      generate the most use?
   4. Is the site appropriate for a library?
   5. Would library usage increase if another site was selected? Decrease if another site was
      selected? Stay the same?
   6. Will this location best meet the objective of providing materials and services to the
      greatest number at the lowest cost?
   7. Is the location in an area frequently visited by the community for daily activities like
      shopping, working and other services?
   8. Is the site near commercial, retail, cultural and other activities?
   9. Does the site present a safety issue for patrons or staff?

C. Accessibility
   1. Is the site easily accessible to those living in the area served?
   2. Is the site easily reached by the greatest number of potential customers?
   3. Are travel times from target population areas acceptable?
   4. Have traffic patterns near the library been considered?
   5. Is the site located on a busy highway that will require a separate entrance?
   6. Is the site accessible to public transportation?
   7. Is bicycle access encouraged?


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   8. Are there sidewalks?
   9. Is the site convenient for private vehicle access?
   10. Does the entrance provide adequate space and ease of accessibility for all arriving groups
       and individuals?

D. Size
   1. Does the site provide adequate room for current and future needs
   2. Does the site provide space for green space?
   3. Is the site large enough for adequate parking?
   4. Does the property contain possible easements?
   5. Does the property accommodate adequate setbacks?
   6. Is there enough space for staging during construction?

E. Environmental Issues
   1. Has an environmental impact report been made?
   2. Is the site oriented to take advantage of natural light?
   3. Does the site have adequate drainage?
   4. Where is the site in the flood plain?
   5. Has a subsurface probe been done?
   6. Has the site been improved (curbs, water, sewer, etc.)?
   7. Are there any natural or artificial barriers?
   8. Are there any hidden problem so geology, topography, etc.?
   9. Do neighboring facilities pose possible environmental problems?
   10. Has the condition of the soil been tested?
   11. Are their advantages or disadvantages to the slope?




                 Indian River County Library Master Facilities Plan 2005-2025

				
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