Slide 1 - Cape Peninsula University of Technology by wuxiangyu


                      Informatics Development
                         for Health in Africa
                      Mikko Korpela and Anja Mursu, University of Kuopio, Finland
                      Abimbola Soriyan, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

INDEHELA is a long-term research programme                                        The research design
on Informatics Development for Health in Africa.                                  • ”Landscape methods”: Surveys of companies (n=103),
The initiative started as research partnership                                    survey of software education in universities (n=26)
between the University of Kuopio, Finland, and                                    • ”In-depth methods”: Case studies in companies & customers
the Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, in 1989.                                 • ”Insight & testing method”: Action research in a real project
The Academy of Finland funded the Finnish-
                                                                                  1. Theoretical analysis of the
Nigerian INDEHELA-Methods project in 1998-2001                                    special requirements
                                                                                  in Nigeria and Africa
as well as the INDEHELA-Context pre-study in
2003 and full four-country study in 2004-2007.                                    2. Literature review of relevant                Made-in-Nigeria                       5. Diffusion of results
                                                                                  methods, techniques and                      systems development                      to practitioners
                                                                                  practices (globally)                             methodology                          in Nigeria and Africa

INDEHELA-Methods, 1998-2001                                                       3. Survey and case studies of
                                                                                  the existing practice and                        4. Action research =
                                                                                  problems in Nigeria                               experimentation
• Overall objective: ”Better service to communities through
                                                                                                                                    in ”host projects”
better information systems methods and better IS education”
• Research focus: Endogenous process – development
intervention by local actors, ”technology acquisition” instead                    Example of results 2:
of ”technology transfer”
                                                                                  Generic framework for sustainability
  University     Software company        Customer organisation                    analysis of information systems
                                                                                       Capacity to                Appropriate   Appropriateness Demand (need)
     IS & SE        Software         devel-            IS             Citizens,       sustain the IS            introduction of of IT to its users for IT and impact
      educ-                                           use             commun-         ensured by …             IT ensured by … ensured by …          ensured by …
                     project        opment
       ation                                                            ities

     Relevant      Risks?       Methods,          Sustain-       Impact on
     contents?                  techniques,       ability?       individuals,
                                practices?                       organizations,
                                                                 society?               Network of             IS development            ICT as means           Service provided
                                                                                        supporting              that empowers             within a use          to community by
                                                                                         activities            user community               activity             ICT use activity

 Example of results 1:
 Profile of software industry in Nigeria                                          INDEHELA-Context, 2004–2007
                                                                                  Socio-economic impact, sustainability and
 • Number of software companies: estimated 130 – 150
 (for a population of 120-140 million)
                                                                                  affordability in information systems development
                                                                                  in and for Africa
 • Ownership mainly Nigerian (89%)
 • Customers are mainly from private sector                                       Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique, and University of
 • Applications are typically accounting or human resources                       Cape Town, South Africa, joined into a comparative study.
 management                                                                                       Finland (consultants training)
                                                                                                                                                                 Compare the
 • Size: 46% small (11-50 employees), 34% micro (1-10 empl.)                               South Africa
                                                                                                                                                                 results from
                                                                                        Mozambique                                                               four contexts
 • IT personnel: 44% of companies have 1-5 IT staff,                                 Nigeria
 37% have 6-15 IT staff                                                             University           Software company              Customer organisation

 • IT personnel’s education typically Bachelor’s degree,
 age typically in the age bracket 20-29 years or 30-39 years                            IS & SE             Software            devel-                    IS             Citizens,
                                                                                         educ-               project                                     use             commun-
 • 75% of companies install imported software,                                            ation                                                                            ities

 49% develop software locally (tailoring)
 • Projects typically last for 6 months,                                               Test the           Test the             How can social, political, historical,
 average 12 projects at the same time                                                  results            results              economical issues be addressed?

 • Software work is like in the North, contextual factors differ
 • Orientation to local markets, but foreign packages                             Health Informatics in Africa web site:

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