The Amazing of Java-Wayang Kulit

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					The Amazing of
Javanese Culture




Sept92hanga
6/10/2011
1|Page



                                  WAYANG KULIT
A. About Wayang Kulit
                                  Wayang kulit is the traditional art of Indonesia, which mainly
                             developed in Java. In Java wanyang kulit is amazing one from so
                             many culture in Java. Wayang comes from the word Ma Hyang
                             means toward the “maha esa or the one”. Wayang is played by
                             a Dalang (puppeteer) who is also the narrator's dialogue
                             wayang characters, with music accompanied by gamelan music
                             is played by a group of nayaga and songs sung by the singer .
Dalang plays the wayang kulit behind the kelir (screen), the screen is made of white cloth,
while the electric lights flashed behind him or oil lamp ( blencong ), so that the audience
who were on the other side of the screen can see the wayang kulit that falls into the screen.
In order to understand the story of wayang ( lakon ), the audience must have knowledge of
the characters that shadow puppets on the screen. On wayang kulit show, we can say the
story which shown as LAKON. So many lakon on wayang kulit show such as:
   1. Gatotkaca Krama
   2. Kresno Boyong
   3. Semar Boyong [Asmara Bumi]
   4. Antasena Rabi
   5. Bimo Suci
   6. Antasena Takon Bapak
   7. Rama Nitis
   8. Suyudana Gugur
       In general, wayang kulit takes the story of the manuscript, the Mahabharata and
Ramayana , but not be limited only by the grip (standard), Dalang could also play lakon
carangan (composition). Some stories were taken from the Panji stories.
       Wayang kulit show has been recognized by UNESCO on November 7, 2003, as an
amazing work culture in the field of narrative story and legacy of beautiful and valuable (
Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity ). Wayang leather is more popular
in the Java parts of central and eastern.


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B. The Making Of Wayang Kulit
       Wayang kulit made of buffalo leather that has been processed become leather
sheets. Why buffalo skin? Because it does not contain much oil. Cowhide for example, has a
high oil content so that the drying process can be up for weeks. Buffalo skin can dry
immediately after drying 4 to 5 days. New buffalo skin exfoliated dried in the sun with a
stretched position. If the weather is cloudy, the whole sprinkled with salt water on buffalo
skin surface so as not to quickly decay. Once completely dry, the skin re-soaked for one
night, then dried again. Only after dry for the second time the hairs are attached to the skin
scraped with a knife. To make a wayang kulit need about size 50 x 30 cm sheet of leather
then it carved with the equipment is made of iron spired good quality steel. The steels are
made in advance in various shapes and sizes, there is a sharp, flat, small, large and other
forms each having different functions. But basically the equipment is used to set or create
different carved object.
       Next step is copy a picture or pattern that already exists. After that cut out
appropriate forms. The pattern that had already been made up of several parts. The next
step is the installation of body parts like hands, there are two connections on the hands,
upper arms and elbows, how to dial with a small screw made of buffalo or cow horn. Stalk
whose function is to move the arm that black colored material is also made from buffalo
horn and generally golden color using color paper gold leaf that is affixed or can be by
dibron, painted with a powder that melted. The puppets used prada, the result is much
better, the color can last longer than a bront.



C. Philosophy in Wayang Kulit
       Javanese people have a kind of traditional art that can live and grow up to now and
is able to touch hearts, and vibrate the soul, the art of wayang. Besides being a powerful
communication tool and a means of understanding life, for the Javanese wayang sibolisme
views Javanese people living on matters of life.
       In the wayang as if the java is not only dealing with general theories about humans,
but the models of life and human behavior is described concretely. In essence the art of
wayang contain conceptions that can be used as a guide attitudes and actions of certain
social groups.

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       Conceptions are composed into an implicit cultural values and reflected in the flow
of stories, both in view of the attitude towards the essence of life, origin and purpose of life,
human relationship with God, man's relationship with the environment and man's
relationship with other human beings Java.


       Wayang shows especially are often associated with traditional ceremonies:
marriages, births salvation, moving house, circumcision, etc., and usually presented in the
stories are a celebration intended meaning, for example in the wedding celebration story
taken "Parto Krama" (marriage of Arjuna ), a celebration of the birth of Abhimanyu birth
stories displayed, if applicable, take the story "Murwa Kala / Ruwatan".
       Each of wayang character have philosophy it self for example For example, a
character that almost every puppet is raised by the Dalang of the group is often referred to
as "Punakawan". In the world of wayang figures Punakawan are a special attraction because
their jokes. But it was behind it all, the name - their name is semar, Gareng, Petruk and
Bagong turned out to have its own philosophy. Perhaps only a small portion of society who
know that the real name - their name comes from the Arabic language. Their name comes
from the word Syimar (= Semar), Khairan (= Gareng), Fatruki (= Petruk) and Bagho (=
Bagong). If the words were merged to become "Syimar Khairan, Fatruki Bagho" which
means "Spread the good, avoid evil". In addition, one owned by Semar motto is "Begegeg
Ugeg Ugeg, Mel Mel Sadulito". So people should be sturdy, not easily shaken, must remain
the establishment. Studying little by little, but without stopping. From the motto, of course
we already knew what was meant to be conveyed to us.




The Amazing of Javanese Culture