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					                                                                                                                                  Thursday,
                                                                                                                                  January 3, 2008




                                                                                                                                  Part II

                                                                                                                                  Federal
                                                                                                                                  Communications
                                                                                                                                  Commission
                                                                                                                                  47 CFR Chapter I
                                                                                                                                  Commercial Mobile Alert System;
                                                                                                                                  Proposed Rule
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                                            546                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS                                  accommodations (accessible format                      (b) the accuracy of the Commission’s
                                            COMMISSION                                              documents, sign language interpreters,                 burden estimates; (c) ways to enhance
                                                                                                    CART, etc.) by e-mail; FCC504@fcc.gov                  the quality, utility, and clarity of the
                                            47 CFR Chapter I                                        or phone: 202–418–0530 or TTY: 202–                    information collected; and (d) ways to
                                            [PSHSB Docket No. 07–287; FCC 07–214]                   418–0432.                                              minimize the burden of the collection of
                                                                                                       In addition to filing with the                      information on the respondents,
                                            Commercial Mobile Alert System                          Secretary, a copy of any comments on                   including the use of automated
                                                                                                    the Paperwork Reduction Act                            collection techniques or other forms of
                                            AGENCY: Federal Communications                          information collection requirement                     information technology. In addition,
                                            Commission.                                             contained herein should be submitted to                pursuant to the Small Business
                                            ACTION: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.                  the Federal Communications                             Paperwork Relief Act of 2002, Public
                                            SUMMARY: By this Notice of Proposed
                                                                                                    Commission via e-mail to PRA@fcc.gov                   Law 107–198, see 44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(4),
                                            Rulemaking, the Federal                                 and to Nicholas A. Fraser, Office of                   we seek specific comment on how it
                                            Communications Commission                               Management and Budget, via e-mail to                   might ‘‘further reduce the information
                                            (Commission or FCC) initiates a                         Nicholas_A._Fraser@omb.eop.gov or via                  collection burden for small business
                                            comprehensive rulemaking to establish                   fax at 202–395–5167.                                   concerns with fewer than 25
                                            a Commercial Mobile Alert System                        FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lisa                  employees.’’
                                            (CMAS). In particular, the Commission                   M. Fowlkes, Deputy Bureau Chief,                         OMB Control Number: None.
                                            seeks comment on the recommendations                    PSHSB, at (202) 418–7450 or Jeffery                      Title: Election Whether To Participate
                                            of the Commercial Mobile Services Alert                 Goldthorp, Chief, Communications                       in the Commercial Mobile Alert System.
                                            Advisory Committee (CMSAAC). These                      Services Analysis Division, PSHSB at                     Form No.: N/A.
                                                                                                    (202) 418–1096. For additional                           Type of Review: New Collection.
                                            recommendations are attached as
                                                                                                    information concerning the Paperwork                     Respondents: Businesses or other for-
                                            Appendix A. The Commission
                                                                                                    Reduction Act information collection                   profit.
                                            convened the CMSAAC in compliance
                                                                                                    requirement contained in this                            Number of Respondents: 1,253.
                                            with the Warning Alert and Response                                                                              Time per Response: 6 minutes.
                                            Network (WARN) Act, which requires                      document, send an e-mail to
                                                                                                                                                             Frequency of Response: One-time.
                                            that the FCC adopt technical standards,                 PRA@fcc.gov or contact Jerry Cowden at                   Obligation to Respond: Mandatory.
                                            protocols, procedures, and other                        (202) 418–0447.                                          Total Annual Burden: 125.3 hours.
                                            technical requirements for the CMAS                     SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a                     Total Annual Costs: $0.
                                            based on the recommendations of the                     summary of the Commission’s Notice of                    Privacy Act Impact Assessment: N/A.
                                            CMSAAC. The purpose of this                             Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in                            Nature and Extent of Confidentiality:
                                            rulemaking is to create a mechanism                     PSHSB Docket No. 07–287, FCC 07–214,                   Not applicable.
                                            under which CMS providers may elect                     adopted December 14, 2007, and                           Needs and Uses: Section 602(b)(2)(A)
                                            to transmit emergency alerts to the                     released December 14, 2007. The                        of the WARN Act requires each
                                            public. The Commission has initiated                    complete text of this document is                      Commercial Mobile Service (CMS)
                                            this proceeding to comply with the                      available for inspection and copying                   provider to notify the Commission,
                                            Warning Alert and Response Network                      during normal business hours in the                    within 30 days of the Commission’s
                                            (WARN) Act and to satisfy the                           FCC Reference Information Center,                      release of the order adopting CMAS
                                            Commission’s mandate to promote the                     Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room                 technical requirements and protocols,
                                            safety of life and property through the                 CY–A257, Washington, DC 20554. This                    whether it intends to participate in the
                                            use of wire and radio communication.                    document may also be purchased from                    CMAS. The information collected will
                                            DATES: Comments are due on or before                    the Commission’s duplicating contractor                be the CMS provider’s contact
                                            February 4, 2008, and reply comments                    Best Copy and Printing, Inc., Portals II,              information and its election, i.e., a ‘‘yes’’
                                            are due on or before February 19, 2008.                 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY–B402,                    or ‘‘no,’’ on whether it intends to
                                            Written comments on the Paperwork                       Washington, DC 20554, telephone (800)                  provide commercial mobile service
                                            Reduction Act proposed information                      378–3160 or (202) 488–5300, facsimile                  alerts. The Commission will use the
                                            collection requirement must be                          (202) 488–5563, or via e-mail at                       information collected to meet its
                                            submitted by the public, Office of                      fcc@bcpiweb.com. It is also available on               statutory requirement under the WARN
                                            Management and Budget (OMB), and                        the Commission’s Web site at http://                   Act to accept licensees’ election filings
                                            other interested parties on or before                   www.fcc.gov.                                           and to establish an effective CMAS that
                                            March 3, 2008.                                             This document contains a proposed                   will provide the public with effective
                                            ADDRESSES: Send comments and reply                      information collection requirement. The                mobile alerts in a manner that imposes
                                            comments to the Office of the Secretary,                Commission, as part of its continuing                  minimal regulatory burdens on affected
                                            Federal Communications Commission,                      effort to reduce paperwork burdens,                    entities.
                                            445 12th Street, SW., Room TW–A325,                     invites the general public and the OMB
                                                                                                    to comment on the proposed                             Synopsis of the Notice of Proposed
                                            Washington, DC 20554. You may submit                                                                           Rulemaking
                                            comments, identified by PSHSB Docket                    information collection requirement
                                            No. 07–287, by any of the following                     contained in this document, as required                   1. Background. On October 13, 2006,
                                            methods:                                                by the Paperwork Reduction Act of                      the President signed the Security and
                                              • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://                 1995, Public Law 104–13. Public and                    Accountability For Every Port (SAFE
                                            www.regulations.gov/. Follow the                        agency comments are due March 3,                       Port) Act into law. Title VI of the SAFE
                                            instructions for submitting comments.                   2008.                                                  Port Act, the WARN Act, establishes a
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                                              • Federal Communications                                 Comments should address: (a)                        process for CMS providers to elect to
                                            Commission’s Web site: http://                          Whether the proposed collection of                     transmit emergency alerts to their
                                            www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/. Follow the                       information is necessary for the proper                subscribers. The WARN Act requires
                                            instructions for submitting comments.                   performance of the functions of the                    that the Commission engage in a series
                                              • People with Disabilities: Contact                   Commission, including whether the                      of activities to accomplish that goal.
                                            the FCC to request reasonable                           information shall have practical utility;              Among these activities was the


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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                              547

                                            requirement that by December 12, 2006,                  providers that have elected to                         to reach people on the go in a short
                                            the Commission establish an advisory                    participate in the CMAS; and (4)                       timeframe, even where they do not have
                                            committee to recommend system critical                  technical testing requirements for CMS                 access to broadcast radio or television or
                                            protocols and technical                                 providers that elect to transmit                       other sources of EAS. Providing critical
                                            recommendations for the CMAS, and                       emergency alerts and for the devices                   alert information in this respect will
                                            arrange for the Committee to hold its                   and equipment used by such providers                   ultimately help avert danger and save
                                            first meeting. The Commission formed                    for transmitting such alerts. In this                  lives.
                                            the Commercial Mobile Service Alert                     NPRM we seek comment on questions                         6. On October 13, 2006, the President
                                            Advisory Committee (CMSAAC), which                      pertaining to all of these statutory                   signed the Security and Accountability
                                            had its first meeting on this date. By                  requirements. We also seek comment                     For Every Port (SAFE Port) Act into law.
                                            October 12, 2007 (one year of                           about how the issues discussed in the                  Title VI of the SAFE Port Act, the
                                            enactment), the CMSAAC was required                     NPRM relate to the Commission’s                        WARN Act, establishes a process for
                                            to provide system critical                              activities in connection with the                      CMS providers to elect to transmit
                                            recommendations regarding technical                     Emergency Alert System (EAS).                          emergency alerts to their subscribers.
                                            requirements and protocols for the                         4. By starting this rulemaking today,               The WARN Act requires that we engage
                                            CMAS to the Commission. The                             we take a significant step towards                     in a series of activities to accomplish
                                            CMSAAC submitted its report on this                     implementing one of our highest                        that goal. These requirements are listed
                                            date. Within 180 days of receipt of the                 priorities—to ensure that all Americans                below, followed by our activity to
                                            CMSAAC’s recommendations, the                           have the capability to receive timely and              satisfy that requirement:
                                            Commission must complete a                              accurate alerts, warnings and critical                    • By December 12, 2006 (60 days of
                                            proceeding to adopt technical standards,                information regarding impending                        enactment), we were required to
                                            protocols, procedures and technical                     disasters and other emergencies                        establish an advisory committee to
                                            requirements based on                                   irrespective of what communications                    recommend system critical protocols
                                            recommendations submitted by the                        technologies they use. As we have                      and technical recommendations for the
                                            CMSAAC. A copy of the CMSAAC                            learned from recent disasters such as the              CMAS, and arrange for the Committee to
                                            recommendations is attached to this                     Southern California fires, the Virginia                hold its first meeting. We formed the
                                            NPRM.                                                   Tech shootings, and the 2005                           Commercial Mobile Service Alert
                                               2. Introduction. With this Notice of                 hurricanes, such a capability is essential             Advisory Committee (CMSAAC), which
                                            Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), we                          to enable Americans to take appropriate                had its first meeting on this date.
                                            initiate a comprehensive rulemaking to                  action to protect their families and
                                                                                                                                                              • By April 13, 2007 (180 days of
                                            establish a Commercial Mobile Alert                     themselves from loss of life or serious
                                                                                                                                                           enactment), we were required to
                                            System (CMAS), under which                              injury. This rulemaking represents our
                                                                                                                                                           determine what constitutes ‘‘remote
                                            Commercial Mobile Service providers                     continued commitment to satisfy the
                                                                                                                                                           communities effectively unserved by
                                            may elect to transmit emergency alerts                  mandate of the Communications Act
                                                                                                                                                           commercial mobile service for the
                                            to the public. This proceeding                          that the Commission promote the safety
                                                                                                                                                           purpose of enabling residents of those
                                            represents our next step in compliance                  of life and property through the use of
                                                                                                                                                           communities to receive emergency
                                            with the Warning Alert and Response                     wire and radio communication.
                                                                                                       5. This NPRM is the latest example of               alerts.’’ This required determination
                                            Network (WARN) Act requirement that
                                            the Commission enable commercial                        our commitment to enhance the                          relates to a program under which NOAA
                                            mobile service alerting capability for                  redundancy, reliability and security of                may issue grants to provide for outdoor
                                            providers that elect to transmit                        emergency alerts to the public by                      alerting technologies. We issued a
                                            emergency alerts. In addition, with this                requiring that alerts be distributed over              Declaratory Ruling addressing this issue
                                            rulemaking we continue to address our                   diverse communications platforms.                      on April 11, 2007.
                                            obligations under the President’s                       Most recently, we expanded the EAS                        • By October 12, 2007 (one year of
                                            ‘‘Public Alert and Warning System’’                     from its legacy in analog television and               enactment), the CMSAAC was required
                                            Executive Order that the Commission                     radio to include participation by digital              to provide system critical
                                            ‘‘adopt rules to ensure that                            television broadcasters, digital cable                 recommendations regarding technical
                                            communications systems have the                         television providers, digital broadcast                requirements and protocols for the
                                            capacity to transmit alerts and warnings                radio, Digital Audio Radio Service                     CMAS to the Commission. The
                                            to the public as part of the public alert               (DARS) and Direct Broadcast Satellite                  CMSAAC submitted its report on this
                                            and warning system.’’                                   (DBS) systems. As we noted in our 2005                 date. The CMSAAC recommendations
                                               3. Section 602 of the WARN Act                       EAS Further Notice of Proposed                         are attached at Appendix B.
                                            requires the Commission to adopt: (1)                   Rulemaking, 70 FR 7102–01, wireless                       • Within 180 days of receipt of the
                                            System critical protocols and technical                 services are becoming equal to                         CMSAAC’s recommendations, we must
                                            requirements for the CMAS; (2) a                        television and radio as an avenue to                   complete a proceeding to adopt
                                            mechanism under which commercial                        reach the American public quickly and                  technical standards, protocols,
                                            mobile service providers’ (‘‘CMS                        efficiently. As of June 2007,                          procedures and technical requirements
                                            providers’’) licensees may elect to                     approximately 243 million Americans                    based on recommendations submitted
                                            participate in the CMAS and disclose to                 subscribed to wireless services. Wireless              by the CMSAAC, necessary to enable
                                            their subscribers whether or not they                   service has progressed beyond voice                    commercial mobile service alerting
                                            will participate; (3) rules under which                 communications and now provides                        capability for commercial mobile
                                            licensees and permittees of                             subscribers with access to a wide range                service providers.
                                            noncommercial educational (NCE)                         of information critical to their personal                 • Within 90 days of our adoption of
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                                            broadcast stations or public broadcast                  and business affairs. In times of                      CMAS technical requirements, we must
                                            stations install necessary equipment and                emergency, Americans rely on their                     complete a proceeding to require NCE
                                            technologies on, or as part of, any                     mobile telephony service to receive and                and public broadcast station licensees
                                            broadcast television digital signal                     retrieve critical, time-sensitive                      and permittees to install equipment to
                                            transmitter to enable the distribution of               information. A comprehensive mobile                    enable the distribution of geographically
                                            geographically targeted alerts by CMS                   alerting system would have the ability                 targeted alerts by CMS providers that


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                                            548                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            have elected to transmit emergency                      sufficient detail how their proposed                   (administrative information) with the
                                            alerts.                                                 alternative would promote an effective                 alert message, and can send
                                               • Within 120 days of our adoption of                 CMAS as envisioned by the WARN Act.                    authentication and authorization data to
                                            CMAS technical requirements, we must                       8. The CMSAAC’s recommendations                     the alert’s originator. We seek comment
                                            complete a proceeding that, among                       are detailed and highly technical in                   on whether this higher layer protocol is
                                            other things, establishes the process by                many places. As noted above, we have                   necessary for the CMAS. We also seek
                                            which CMS providers would elect to                      attached the CMSAAC’s                                  comment on how point-to-point, point-
                                            transmit emergency alerts to                            recommendations at Appendix B to this                  to-multi point and broadcast models
                                            subscribers.                                            NPRM. Accordingly, rather than                         could carry this information and
                                               • Within two years after completion                  summarize each of the                                  provide the recommended
                                            of the technical rulemaking, we must                    recommendations in this document, we                   authentication information. We further
                                            examine whether CMS providers                           provide descriptions of the major issues               seek comment on any alternative
                                            electing to transmit emergency alerts                   addressed by the CMSAAC’s                              methods for transmitting this data.
                                            should continue to permit their                         recommendations in order to facilitate a                  13. Federal Government’s Role. What
                                            subscribers the capability to block such                focused approach for public comment.                   should be the Federal Government’s
                                            alerts and must submit a report with its                   9. Available Transport Technologies.                role, if any, in managing the CMAS? The
                                            recommendations to Congress.                            We seek comment on the availability of                 CMSAAC recommended that a Federal
                                                                                                    technologies now and in the future for                 Government entity fulfill the roles of
                                            WARN Act Section 602(a)—Technical
                                                                                                    the transmission of alerts over the                    ‘‘Alert Aggregator’’ (i.e., receive,
                                            Requirements
                                                                                                    CMAS. For example, to what extent do                   accumulate and authenticate alerts
                                               7. Section 602(a) of the WARN Act                    point-to-point and point-to-multipoint                 originated by authorized alert initiators
                                            requires that the Commission adopt                      technologies provide viable solutions                  using the Common Alert Protocol
                                            technical standards, protocols,                         for a national CMAS? In this regard, we                (CAP)) and the ‘‘Alert Gateway’’ (i.e.,
                                            procedures, and other technical                         note that, the CMSAAC raised concerns                  formulate an alert based on key fields in
                                            requirements based on the                               regarding the viability of point-to-point              the CAP alert sent by the alert initiator
                                            recommendations of the CMSAAC that                      solutions for a national alerting system.              and transmit the alert to corresponding
                                            will enable commercial mobile service                   We seek comment on these concerns.                     gateways operated by each CMS
                                            alerting capability for CMS providers                   Specifically, can current generation                   provider). We seek comment on these
                                            that voluntarily elect to transmit                      point-to-point services such as short                  recommendations. Is it necessary and
                                            emergency alerts. The CMSAAC has                        message service (SMS) be used to                       desirable for a Federal government
                                            recently completed its report, and we                   efficiently alert large populations of                 entity to assume these roles? If so, what
                                            seek comment generally on all the                       people within a short time frame? What                 Federal government entity would be
                                            recommendations contained therein.                      impact would wireless 3G networks                      appropriate? Commenters suggesting
                                            Accordingly, we seek comment on the                     have on the SMS model?                                 that a Federal government entity other
                                            technical standards, protocols,                            10. Can point-to-multipoint                         than the Commission should fulfill
                                            procedures and other requirements that                  technologies such as cell broadcast                    these roles should also address how we
                                            should be adopted to facilitate the                     provide a viable transport solution for                could implement such a
                                            transmission of emergency alerts by                     alerts transmitted over the CMAS? If                   recommendation, taking into account
                                            CMS providers. We ask whether these                     current cell broadcasting does not                     our statutory authority and jurisdiction.
                                            recommendations, if adopted, would                      provide a viable solution, what further                We also seek comment on whether a
                                            satisfy the requirements of the WARN                    development would be necessary to use                  private sector entity could fulfill these
                                            Act and our goal of ensuring a robust,                  cell broadcasting for the CMAS? Are                    roles either independently or pursuant
                                            reliable and effective CMAS that could,                 there significant differences in how                   to delegated authority by a Federal
                                            in conjunction with other alerting                      CDMA or GSM systems could employ                       government entity (e.g., under a
                                            systems and technologies, be used to                    cell broadcasting today and in the                     ‘‘Memorandum of Understanding’’
                                            transmit emergency alerts to all                        future? Are current mobile devices                     (MoU) arrangement, similar to the one
                                            Americans, including those with special                 capable of receiving cell broadcast                    used by the Justice Department
                                            needs and those who do not speak                        alerts?                                                regarding Amber Alerts).
                                            English. We seek comment on whether                        11. We also seek comment,                              14. The CMSAAC also recommended
                                            the CMSAAC recommendations present                      particularly from the EAS community,                   that all alerts, whether national or local,
                                            an effective mechanism for alert                        on whether a broadcast distribution                    would be funneled through this
                                            originators at all levels of government to              model similar to that used to distribute               aggregator. Is a centralized system best
                                            initiate emergency alerts and whether                   EAS is consistent with the WARN Act                    positioned to accomplish the goals of
                                            these recommendations could be                          and the CMAS. Could radio data                         the CMAS as envisioned by the WARN
                                            implemented using a myriad of current                   systems like the Radio Broadcast Data                  Act? Would this run the risk of creating
                                            and future technologies. Commenters                     System (RBDS), which do not require                    a single point of failure? Further, we
                                            should review all of the                                significant service provider                           seek comment on the government
                                            recommendations and comment, where                      infrastructure, nonetheless meet our                   alerting system capability to a) support
                                            appropriate, on the manner in which                     goals for efficient delivery of alerts over            the aggregation of alerts from emergency
                                            each of the recommendations                             the CMAS? What about emerging                          agencies down to county and municipal
                                            contributes to an effective, unified                    wireless broadcast technologies such as                levels, b) distribute alerts to a diverse
                                            system for the delivery of alerts over                  MediaFLO and DVB-H? Comments                           range of potential alerting systems, and
                                            commercial mobile systems as                            should include a discussion concerning                 c) interact and determine the status of
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                                            envisioned by the WARN Act. We                          the broad range of devices intended to                 such connected alerting systems. What
                                            further seek comment on any                             utilize the CMAS and potential impact                  is the role of state emergency agencies
                                            alternatives to the CMSAAC’s                            on the subscriber service experience.                  in such a scheme? Should the aggregator
                                            recommendations. Comments that                             12. The CMAS as proposed by the                     concept be expanded to include state
                                            suggest alternatives to the CMSAAC’s                    CMSAAC likely will require a higher                    and county emergency agencies, such as
                                            recommendations should address with                     layer protocol that carries meta-data                  state and county emergency operations


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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                              549

                                            centers (EOCs)? Could this be done in a                 proper threshold for the class of alerts               to a specific number (such as a ‘‘311’’
                                            manner that could track a state’s role in               that should be transmitted using the                   number in New York City) or URL?
                                            any EAS activation? What equipment or                   CMAS? We solicit examples of events                       22. Geographically Targeted
                                            security issues might be involved in                    meeting these criteria. Further, we seek               Commercial Mobile Alerts. We seek
                                            expanding the scope of the system?                      comment on whether the choice of                       comment on what level of precision we
                                            What criteria should be established for                 ‘‘imminent’’ represents a correct                      should require for the geographical
                                            determining the appropriateness of                      threshold? Does ‘‘imminent’’ apply to                  targeting (geo-targeting) of CMAS alerts.
                                            connecting an agency? What                              all types of threats, such as weather for              In section 5.4 of its recommendations,
                                            responsibilities should be attendant on                 example? Also, we note that CMS                        the CMSAAC acknowledged ‘‘that it is
                                            connected agencies?                                     providers already support the                          the goal of the CMAS for CMSPs to be
                                               15. Use of the Common Alerting                       transmission of Amber alerts to mobile                 able to deliver geo-targeted alerts to the
                                            Protocol (CAP). We seek comment on                      devices using SMS technology. What is                  area specified by the Alert Initiator.’’
                                            the CMSAAC’s recommendation that                        the added value of also including                      However, the CMSAAC recommended
                                            the CMAS use CAP as the basic alerting                  Amber Alerts in CMAS? What are the                     that, due to current limited capabilities
                                            protocol from the alert initiator to the                potential negatives if ‘‘too many’’ alerts             on the part of CMS providers, ‘‘an alert
                                            alert gateway. We also seek comment                     are generated? What balance of alerts                  that is specified by a geocode, circle or
                                            about the use of CAP as a general,                      should be sought, and what factors                     polygon . . . will be transmitted to an
                                            system-wide CMAS interface. Is use of                   should be considered in seeking such a                 area not larger than the CMSP’s
                                            CAP currently practicable in the context                balance?                                               approximation of coverage for the
                                            of CMAS? If CAP use were mandated,                         18. We also seek comment on the                     county or counties with which that
                                            how quickly could such use be                           content of CMAS alerts, including the                  geocode, circle or polygon intersects.’’
                                            introduced by all CMAS participants?                    CMSAAC’s recommendation that all                       We seek comment on this
                                            We note that we have specifically                       service providers support, at minimum,                 recommendation, including the
                                            mandated use of CAP recently in our                     a capability for a text based common                   assertion that technical limitations
                                            EAS Second Report and Order, where                      alerting message format support across                 currently preclude dynamic geo-
                                            we concluded that use of CAP would                      multiple service platform technologies.                targeting at a level more granular than
                                            provide specific benefits to the evolving                  19. The CMSAAC also recommended                     the county.
                                            EAS. As noted above, one of the key                     that the elements of a Commercial                         23. The CMSAAC recognized that a
                                            benefits of CAP is that it ensures that                 Mobile Alert Message (CMAM) should                     ‘‘CMS provider may elect to target
                                            diverse alert systems and technologies                  be (1) event type or category, (2) area                smaller areas’’ and recommended ‘‘that
                                            can participate within a common,                        affected, (3) recommended action, (4)                  certain urban areas with populations
                                            transparent framework. Would CAP as                     expiration time with time zone, and (4)                exceeding 1,000,000 inhabitants or with
                                            utilized in the context of CMAS                         sending agency. We seek comment on                     other specialized alerting needs be
                                            promote similar transparency? To the                    these choices. Are they consistent with                identified for priority consideration
                                            extent that commenters believe that the                 accepted industry practices for                        regarding implementation of more
                                            use of CAP as proposed would not be                     emergency alerts? Are they consistent                  precise geo-targeting.’’ The CMSAAC
                                            appropriate, they should discuss in                     with the evolving concept of CAP-                      recommended that a process be initiated
                                            detail any alternative protocols.                       formatted messages? The CMSAAC                         by the Alert Gateway operator and the
                                               16. Alert Formatting, Classes, and                   anticipated that the elements of a CMA                 CMS providers to identify such priority
                                            Content Issues. We seek comment on                      would evolve as experience is gained by                locations by August, 2008, and
                                            whether we should adopt a character                     alert initiators. We seek comment on                   recognized ‘‘the desire to move forward
                                            limit for alerts transmitted over the                   this assumption. How might CMAM                        with this process on a small number of
                                            CMAS. We note that the CMSAAC                           elements evolve over time?                             areas with particularly urgent alerting
                                            recommended that, at least initially, the                  20. The CMSAAC also recommended                     needs as soon as possible.’’ We seek
                                            technical limit of any CMAS alert                       a method for the automatic generation of               comment on these and the other
                                            should be 90 characters of text.                        alert text by extracting information from              recommendations raised in section 5.4
                                            Commenters should provide detailed                      CAP fields, SAME codes and free-form                   of the CMSAAC’s recommendations.
                                            technical explanation in support of their               text, but proposed that the CMAS allow                    24. CMAS for Individuals With
                                            positions and explain the relationship                  the generation of free text in Amber                   Disabilities and the Elderly. We seek
                                            between ‘‘payload’’ and ‘‘displayable                   Alerts and Presidential alerts. We seek                comment on what, if any, technical or
                                            message size’’ as referenced in the                     comment on this recommendation. We                     accessibility requirements we should
                                            CMSAAC’s recommendations.                               also seek comment on whether                           adopt to ensure that commercial mobile
                                               17. We also seek comment on whether                  Presidential and Amber alerts can be                   alerts can be received by people with
                                            and to what extent emergency alerts                     structured to use automatic text.                      disabilities and the elderly. The
                                            should be classified. We specifically                      21. We also seek comment on the                     CMSAAC submitted recommendations
                                            seek comment on the CMSAAC’s                            CMSAAC’s recommended set of                            addressing the needs of users, including
                                            recommendation that there be three                      standardized alerting messages. Should                 individuals with disabilities and the
                                            classes of Commercial Mobile Alerts:                    the alert message include telephone                    elderly, and we seek comment on these
                                            Presidential-level, Imminent threat to                  numbers, URLs or other response and                    recommendations. Among the major
                                            life and property; and Child Abduction                  contact information in certain                         recommendations by the CMSAAC is a
                                            Emergency or ‘‘AMBER Alert’’ Service.                   Commercial mobile alerts? Is there                     proposal that the CMAS support a
                                            For example, the CMSAAC                                 public safety value to the inclusion of                common audio attention signal and a
                                            recommended that the term ‘‘Imminent                    such information in a Commercial                       common vibrating cadence to be used
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                                            threat to life and property’’ be defined                mobile alert? What, if any, would be the               solely for CMAS alerts. We seek
                                            as ‘‘alerts where the CAP severity equals               impact on the network? In prior                        comment on this recommendation. Does
                                            Extreme or Severe, CAP urgency is                       emergencies, mobile traffic increased to               the CMAS need to require these
                                            Immediate or Expected, and CAP                          the point of network congestion. What                  attention signals for all users? Further,
                                            certainty is Observed or Likely.’’ Is this              would be the impact on network                         the CMSAAC recommended that the
                                            proposed definition sufficient to set a                 congestion if subscribers were directed                alert initiator use clear and simple


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                                            550                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            language whenever possible, with                        commercial mobile service provided by                  emergency alerts? The CMSAAC has
                                            minimal use of abbreviations and that                   such licensee.’’ The Commission shall                  drafted recommended text by which
                                            the mobile device be able to provide an                 ‘‘require any CMS licensee providing                   CMS providers may indicate that they
                                            easy way to allow the user to recall the                commercial mobile service that elects,                 will not be electing to participate in the
                                            message for review. We seek comment                     in whole or in part, under paragraph (2)               CMAS. We seek comment on this text.
                                            on these recommendations and other                      [Election] not to transmit emergency                   Does it satisfy the statute?
                                            issues that parties wish to raise                       alerts to provide clear and conspicuous                   30. The CMSAAC suggested that,
                                            concerning users with special needs.                    notice at the point of sale of any devices             because the WARN Act does not require
                                            The CMSAAC also recommended that                        with which its commercial mobile                       any disclosure for a CMS provider that
                                            legacy mobile devices not be required to                service is included, that it will not                  participates in the CMAS, no disclosure
                                            support CMAS, notwithstanding that                      transmit such alerts via the service it                is required. We seek comment on this
                                            much of the special needs services will                 provides for the device.’’                             assertion. If a CMS provider only offers
                                            depend on features in the mobile                           28. CMSAAC recommended that CMS                     CMAS within part of its territory or only
                                            device. We seek comment on this                         providers should have the discretion to                on certain mobile devices, where and
                                            recommendation. Is there a way,                         determine how to provide this notice.                  how should the disclosure obligations
                                            perhaps through software upgrades, for                  Thus, as an initial matter, we seek                    apply?
                                            present mobile devices to support                       comment on this recommendation.                           31. Notifications to Existing
                                            CMAS? Could, and if so, should                          Alternatively, should we specify the                   Subscribers. With respect to existing
                                            upgrades be performed over the air?                     methods by which a service provider                    subscribers, under section 602(b)(1)(C),
                                               25. Transmission of CMAS Alerts in                   should notify prospective and existing                 the Commission shall ‘‘require any
                                            Languages Other Than English. We seek                   subscribers that it has elected not to                 licensee providing commercial mobile
                                            comment on the technical feasibility of                 offer emergency alerts? The Commission                 service that elects under paragraph (2)
                                            providing commercial mobile alerts in                   has established procedures in other                    not to transmit emergency alerts to
                                            languages in addition to English. The                   proceedings concerning the provision of                notify its existing subscribers of its
                                            CMSAAC suggested that there may be                      notice to subscribers and the display of               election.’’ Should CMS providers be
                                            fundamental technical challenges to                     information in a service provider’s                    granted the discretion to determine how
                                            implementing parallel alerts in                         places of business. For purposes of this               to provide notice of non-election? If not,
                                            languages in addition to English. We                    proceeding, we also would define any                   we seek comment on how such
                                            seek comment on this view. We                           point of sale as any means—retail,                     notification should be made, including
                                            recognize the significant public safety                 telephone, or Internet-based—by which                  the methods and duration of a service
                                            interest in delivering alerts to speakers               a service provider facilitates and                     provider’s notification to existing
                                            of languages other than English and                     promotes its services for sale to the                  subscribers of its election. Commercial
                                            strongly affirmed this principle in our                 public. We include third party,                        mobile service providers regularly
                                            May 2007 EAS Second Report and                          separately branded resellers as meeting                communicate service and equipment
                                            Order. CMSAAC also asserted that                        the criteria for a point of sale. We seek              offers and upgrades to existing
                                            multilingual (and geo-targeted) alerting                comment on this choice. Are there                      subscribers through direct mailings and
                                            would raise latency (alert delay)                       others that should be included?                        through notification on paper bills. Do
                                            concerns. How would requirements for                       29. In these commercial                             existing marketing and billing practices
                                            multi-language alerts affect the                        environments, what constitutes clear                   allow service providers to meet the
                                            generation and distribution of messages                 and conspicuous notice at the point of                 requirement to notify existing
                                            on a local, state and national level?                   sale? Does a general notice in the form                subscribers of the service provider’s
                                                                                                    of a statement attesting to the election               election? Are these types of existing
                                            WARN Act Section 602(b)—CMAS                            not to provide emergency alerts satisfy                communication methods sufficient to
                                            Election Rulemaking                                     the statutory requirement? Does the                    reach the service provider’s entire
                                               26. Section 602(b) concerns                          language of the statute require the                    existing subscriber base? Commenters
                                            commercial mobile service licensees’                    posting of a general notice in clear view              should take into account the fact that
                                            election to transmit or not transmit                    of subscribers in the service provider’s               some service providers are offering their
                                            emergency alerts to subscribers. It                     stores, kiosks, third party reseller                   subscribers electronic billing and do not
                                            requires the Commission to establish                    locations, Web site (proprietary or third              send a paper bill, and some service
                                            procedures by which a CMS provider                      party), and any other venue through                    providers have opt-out programs
                                            will notify new and existing subscribers                which the service provider’s devices                   allowing their subscribers to decline
                                            of its election and inform the                          and services are marketed or sold? What                receiving any direct mailings from the
                                            Commission of its election and the                      form would that general notice take; for               service provider. Should service
                                            method of its transmittal of alerts, and                example, should service providers                      providers be required to notify existing
                                            to establish procedures for a CMS                       include a placard of a particular size at              subscribers by sending them a separate
                                            provider to withdraw its election and                   the point of sale? Is notification in the              notice of a change in the terms and
                                            afford existing subscribers to                          service provider’s service subscription                conditions of their service? How should
                                            discontinue service upon notification of                terms and conditions sufficient notice to              service providers notify pre-paid
                                            that withdrawal.                                        subscribers? Does the clear and                        customers? Should service providers
                                               27. Notice at Point of Sale. Under                   conspicuous standard require that each                 demonstrate to the Commission that
                                            Section 602(b)(1), ‘‘within 120 days after              device sold by the service provider                    they have met this requirement and, if
                                            the date on which [the Commission]                      include a notice that emergency alerts                 so, how should they do so? Should
                                            adopts relevant technical standards and                 are not included as a feature of the                   service providers be required to
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                                            other technical requirements pursuant                   device or the service provider’s service?              maintain a record of subscribers who
                                            to subsection (a), the Commission shall                 Does a service provider meet the                       have acknowledged receipt of the
                                            complete a proceeding to allow any                      condition of clear and conspicuous                     service provider’s notification?
                                            licensee providing commercial mobile                    notification if it requires subscribers to                32. Related Filings and Other
                                            service to transmit emergency alerts to                 read and indicate an understanding that                Requirements. Sections 602(b)(2)(A),
                                            subscribers to, or users of, the                        the service provider does not offer                    (B), (D) and (E) establish certain


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                                            requirements for service providers                      should the CMS provider provide in its                 implement emergency alerts to
                                            electing to provide or not to provide                   report to the Commission if it indicates               subscribers?
                                            emergency alerts to subscribers. As                     its intention to provide emergency                        36. Section 602(b)(2)(D)(iii) requires
                                            specified in the timelines of the WARN                  alerts? For example, we seek comment                   the Commission to establish a procedure
                                            Act, the election process must be                       on the CMSAAC’s recommendations                        ‘‘under which a subscriber may
                                            complete in September 2008. In several                  that, at a minimum, a CMS provider                     terminate a subscription to service
                                            instances, the statute requires service                 explicitly commits to support the                      provided by a commercial mobile
                                            providers to submit notifications to the                development and deployment of                          service licensee that withdraws its
                                            Commission indicating its election, non-                technology for the following: the ‘‘C’’                election without penalty or early
                                            election, or its withdrawal from                        reference point, the CMS provider                      termination fee.’’ We seek comment on
                                            providing emergency alerts. Section                     Gateway, the CMS provider                              the procedures necessary to allow a
                                            602(b)(2)(A) requires that, ‘‘within 30                 infrastructure, and the mobile device                  subscriber to terminate service upon a
                                            days after the Commission issues its                    with CMAS functionality. The CMSAAC                    service provider’s withdrawal of its
                                            order under [section 602(b)], each                      also suggests that the required                        election to provide emergency alerts. In
                                            licensee providing commercial mobile                    technology may not be in place for some                what manner should subscribers and
                                            service shall file an election with the                 time. Accordingly, should electing CMS                 potential subscribers be informed of
                                            Commission with respect to whether or                   providers be able to specify when they                 their right to discontinue service? Is
                                            not it intends to transmit emergency                    will be able to offer mobile alerting?                 notification in the terms and conditions
                                            alerts.’’ Similarly, under section                         34. With respect to notification that               of service sufficient to apprise
                                            602(b)(2)(B), a service provider that                   the service provider elects to provide                 subscribers of their right to discontinue
                                            elects to transmit emergency alerts must                emergency alerts, we seek comment on                   service without penalty or termination
                                            ‘‘notify the Commission of its election’’               the manner by which service providers                  fee? Should the Commission prescribe a
                                            and ‘‘agree to transmit such alerts in a                shall notify the Commission and attest                 specific procedure for subscribers or
                                            manner consistent with the technical                    to their adoption of the Commission’s                  should service providers submit to the
                                            standards, protocols, procedures, and                   standards, protocols, procedures and                   Commission a description of their
                                            other technical requirements                            other technical requirements. Should                   procedure for informing subscribers of
                                            implemented by the Commission.’’                        the Commission require electronic filing               their right to terminate service? What
                                            Further, section 602(b)(2)(D) requires                  of the submission? What should the                     should such procedures be?
                                            the Commission to establish procedures                  CMS provider submit in its report to the                  37. Section 602(b)(2)(E) states that
                                            relating to withdrawal of an election                   Commission if it indicates its intention               ‘‘any commercial mobile service
                                            and the filing of late election notices                 to provide emergency alerts?                           licensee electing to transmit emergency
                                                                                                       35. The statute allows service                      alerts may offer subscribers the
                                            with the Commission. Under section
                                                                                                    providers to withdraw from their                       capability of preventing the subscriber’s
                                            602(b)(2)(D)(i), ‘‘the Commission shall
                                                                                                    election to provide emergency alerts,                  device from receiving such alerts, or
                                            establish a procedure for a commercial
                                                                                                    upon notification to the Commission                    classes of such alerts, other than an alert
                                            mobile service licensee that has elected
                                                                                                    and to subscribers. We seek comment on                 issued by the President.’’ The CMSAAC
                                            to transmit emergency alerts to
                                                                                                    the proper mechanism for service                       recommended that the CMS providers
                                            withdraw its election without regulatory
                                                                                                    providers to file this withdrawal with                 should offer their subscribers a simple
                                            penalty or forfeiture upon advance
                                                                                                    the Commission. We contemplate two                     opt-out process. With the exception of
                                            written notification of the withdrawal to
                                                                                                    scenarios: first, the service provider has             presidential messages, which are always
                                            its affected subscribers.’’ Finally, section
                                                                                                    elected to provide emergency alerts, but               transmitted, the CMSAAC
                                            602(b)(2)(D)(ii) requires ‘‘the                         does not build the infrastructure, or                  recommended that the process should
                                            Commission to establish a procedure for                 second, the service provider elects to                 allow the choice to opt out of ‘‘all
                                            a commercial mobile service licensee to                 provide emergency alerts, does so to all               messages,’’ ‘‘all severe messages,’’ and
                                            elect to transmit emergency alerts at a                 or some portion of its coverage area, but              AMBER Alerts. The CMSAAC suggested
                                            date later than provided in                             then chooses to no longer provide alerts               that, because of differences in the way
                                            subparagraph (A).’’ The CMSAAC                          and elects to discontinue the service.                 CMS providers and device
                                            proposed a timeline for election based                  With respect to the second scenario,                   manufacturers provision their menus
                                            on its interpretation of the WARN Act.                  how much advance service provider                      and user interfaces, CMS providers and
                                            We seek comment on this interpretation                  notification to subscribers should the                 device manufacturers should have
                                            and timeline. Commenters with a                         Commission require prior to the service                flexibility on how to present the opt-out
                                            different interpretation should provide                 provider’s withdrawal of the service?                  choices to subscribers. We seek
                                            detailed alternatives.                                  What methods should service providers                  comment on the recommendations of
                                               33. With respect to all these filing                 use to notify all existing subscribers at              the CMSAAC with respect to three
                                            requirements, we request comment on                     the service provider’s various points of               choices of message types that a
                                            the most efficient method for accepting,                sale? Should the Commission impose                     subscriber should be allowed to choose
                                            monitoring, and maintaining service                     the same set of requirements considered                to opt out of receiving. We also seek
                                            provider election and withdrawal                        under section 602(b)(1)(C) regarding                   comment on the CMSAAC
                                            information. We anticipate that this                    notification to existing subscribers and               recommendation that CMS providers
                                            information will be of interest to the                  potential subscribers that a service                   and device manufacturers should have
                                            public and will serve to aid consumers                  provider has elected not to provide                    flexibility on whether the Commission
                                            in their decision regarding which                       emergency alerts? Were the Commission                  should establish baseline criteria for
                                            service provider can best meet their                    to allow some cost recovery mechanism,                 informing subscribers of this capability
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                                            expectations for delivering emergency                   what changes in that process should be                 and if any uniform standards for
                                            alerts. Should the Commission require                   required when a service provider ceases                conveying that information to
                                            electronic filing of the submission? With               to provide emergency alerts? Should                    subscribers is required. We understand
                                            respect to the initial filing by the service            service providers be required to                       that current and future devices have
                                            provider of its intention to provide or                 demonstrate or certify that they are no                different user interfaces and menu
                                            not to provide emergency alerts, what                   longer passing through costs to                        structures for enabling and disabling


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                                            552                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            device features. To what extent is a                    deploying as the backbone of the Digital               how should subscribers be made aware
                                            uniform methodology for disabling this                  Emergency Alert System (DEAS)? If so,                  of such tests?
                                            feature necessary? Are there more                       would it be consistent with the WARN
                                                                                                                                                           Overall Relationship of CMAS to EAS
                                            classes of alerts that should be                        Act simply to implement the DEAS in
                                                                                                                                                           and Development of a National Alert
                                            considered?                                             a manner that complies with section
                                               38. Section 602(b)(2)(E) also provides                                                                      System by FEMA
                                                                                                    602(c) of the WARN Act?
                                            that the Commission shall, within two                      41. How will this DTV-based system                     43. As noted earlier, the Commission
                                            years of the adoption of the technical                  interface with the CMAS? How will this                 originally intended to consider in its
                                            requirements, ‘‘examine the issue of                    requirement regarding the geo-targeting                rulemaking in EB Docket No. 04–296
                                            whether a [CMS provider] should                         of CMAMs fit into centrally                            whether wireless mobile service
                                            continue to be permitted to offer its                   administered CMAS as envisioned by                     providers should be included in the
                                            subscribers an opt-out capability.’’ We                 the CMSAAC. How would the DTV-                         EAS. Notwithstanding various
                                            seek comment on the appropriate                         based system implement the message                     operational differences between the EAS
                                            mechanism for doing so. Further, we                                                                            and those requirements mandated by
                                                                                                    formats defined by the ‘‘C’’ interface?
                                            seek comment on whether the                                                                                    the WARN Act (chiefly, the voluntary
                                                                                                    We also seek comment on the scope of
                                            Commission can expand the scope of                                                                             participation model of the latter), both
                                                                                                    this section. Although the caption of
                                            this inquiry to other questions                                                                                alert systems will provide important
                                                                                                    section 602(c) refers to digital television
                                            concerning the development of the                                                                              emergency information to American
                                                                                                    transmissions, it mandates that the
                                            CMAS. We note that the CMSAAC                                                                                  citizens. As such, both systems would
                                                                                                    Commission impose any equipment
                                            recommended this result because the                                                                            seem to qualify for inclusion in the
                                                                                                    requirements to licensees and
                                            CMAS is a new and untested system                                                                              ‘‘national alert system,’’ to be developed
                                                                                                    permittees of NCE and public broadcast
                                            and will need periodic review as it is                                                                         and coordinated by FEMA, as envisaged
                                                                                                    stations as those terms are defined
                                            deployed. We seek comment on this                                                                              by President Bush’s June 2006 Executive
                                                                                                    under Section 397(6) of the                            Order. We seek comment about how the
                                            recommendation.                                         Communications Act. That provision
                                               39. Section 602(b)(2)(C) states ‘‘[a]                                                                       CMSAAC’s proposals for a CMAS relate
                                                                                                    references both radio and television                   to the directives contained in that
                                            commercial mobile service licensee that
                                                                                                    broadcast stations. We seek comment on                 Executive Order. We also seek comment
                                            elects to transmit emergency alerts may
                                            not impose a separate or additional                     this definition as it relates to section               about the overall compatibility of the
                                            charge for such transmission or                         602(c) of the WARN Act. Is it a fair                   CMAS with the EAS (i.e., in addition to
                                            capability.’’ Does this provision                       reading of the language to conclude that               the specific questions that have been
                                            completely preclude a participating                     this section applies only to licensees                 raised earlier in this NPRM). Should we
                                            service provider’s ability to recover                   and permittees of NCE and public                       mandate such compatibility? What steps
                                            costs associated with the provision of                  broadcast television stations?                         would we need to take to ensure such
                                            alerts? What about CMAS-related                         WARN Act Section 602(f)—Testing                        compatibility? As related above, the
                                            services and technologies that are not                                                                         CMSAAC has proposed use of CAP1.1
                                            used to deliver CMAS? Should the                           42. Section 602(f) of the WARN Act                  as the standard CMAS alert interface,
                                            section’s reference to ‘‘transmission or                provides that the Commission shall                     and the Commission has mandated that
                                            capability’’ be read narrowly? For                      ‘‘require by regulation technical testing              CAP1.1 shall also be the standard
                                            example, much of the alert technology                   for commercial mobile service providers                interface for the evolving EAS (if it is
                                            will reside in the subscriber’s mobile                  that elect to transmit emergency alerts                adopted by FEMA). Would adoption
                                            device. Can the CMS providers recover                   and for the devices and equipment used                 and incorporation of CAP1.1 per the
                                            CMAS-related developmental costs from                   by such providers for transmitting such                CMAS in and of itself ensure that it’s
                                            the subscriber through mobile device                    alerts.’’ We seek comment on what type                 compatible with a CAP-formatted EAS
                                            charges based on a determination that                   of testing regime the Commission                       alert delivery system? If not, what
                                            mobile devices lie outside the                          should require. We note that the                       modifications to the CMSAAC’s
                                            ‘‘transmission or capability’’ language of              CMSAAC proposed that in order to                       proposals would be necessary to ensure
                                            the section?                                            ensure the reliability and performance                 such compatibility with the future
                                                                                                    of this new system, certain procedures                 National Alert System required under
                                            WARN Act Section 602(c)—Digital                         for logging CMAS alerts at the Alert                   EO 13407? Finally, we also seek
                                            Television Transmission Towers                          Gateway and for testing the system at                  comment on what additional statutory
                                            Retransmission Capability                               the Alert Gateway and on an end-to-end                 authority, independent of the WARN
                                               40. Section 602(c) of the WARN Act                   basis should be implemented. We seek                   Act, we have to implement a mobile
                                            requires that within 90 days of adoption                comment on these proposed procedures.                  alerting system.
                                            of the technical requirements, we must                  Do they satisfy the requirements of
                                            complete a proceeding to require NCE                    section 602(f) of the WARN Act? We                     Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
                                            and public broadcast station licensees                  particularly seek comment on whether                      44. As required by the Regulatory
                                            and permittees to install equipment and                 there should be some form of testing of                Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended
                                            technologies on, or as part of, any                     the CMAS that sends test messages to                   (RFA), the Commission has prepared
                                            broadcast television digital signal                     the mobile device and the subscriber.                  this present Initial Regulatory
                                            transmitter to enable the distribution of               Do the EAS testing rules offer a model                 Flexibility Analysis (IRFA) of the
                                            geographically targeted alerts by CMS                   for such tests? In those rules, internal               possible significant economic impact on
                                            providers that have elected to transmit                 systems test are combined with tests                   a substantial number of small entities by
                                            emergency alerts. We seek comment on                    that are heard (or in some cases seen) by              the policies and rules proposed in this
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                                            this requirement. Specifically, we seek                 the public. Should some similar form of                Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
                                            comment on whether the system                           test that alerts the public be required in             (NPRM). Written public comments are
                                            described in this section is identical to               the CMAS? Should the testing process                   requested on this IRFA. Comments must
                                            the ‘‘Datacasting’’ system that the                     be invisible to the subscriber or should               be identified as responses to the IRFA
                                            Association of Public Television                        all subscribers participate in certain                 and must be filed by the deadlines for
                                            Stations (APTS) and FEMA are                            tests? If testing involves subscribers,                comments on the NPRM provided in


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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                             553

                                            Section IV of the item. The Commission                  Description and Estimate of the Number                 or fewer employees, and three firms had
                                            will send a copy of the NPRM,                           of Small Entities to Which Rules Will                  employment of 1,000 employees or
                                            including this IRFA, to the Chief                       Apply                                                  more. For the second category of
                                            Counsel for Advocacy of the Small                          48. The RFA directs agencies to                     Cellular and Other Wireless
                                            Business Administration (SBA). In                       provide a description of, and, where                   Telecommunications, data for 2002
                                            addition, the NPRM and IRFA (or                         feasible, an estimate of, the number of                show that there were 1,397 firms that
                                            summaries thereof) will be published in                 small entities that may be affected by                 operated for the entire year. Of this
                                            the Federal Register.                                   the rules adopted herein. The RFA                      total, 1,378 firms had employment of
                                                                                                    generally defines the term ‘‘small                     999 or fewer employees, and 19 firms
                                               45. Need for, and Objectives of, the                                                                        had employment of 1,000 employees or
                                            Proposed Rules. With the NPRM, the                      entity’’ as having the same meaning as
                                                                                                                                                           more. Thus, using the prior categories
                                            Federal Communications Commission                       the terms ‘‘small business,’’ ‘‘small
                                                                                                                                                           and the available data, we estimate that
                                            (Commission), as required by the                        organization,’’ and ‘‘small governmental
                                                                                                                                                           the majority of wireless firms can be
                                            Warning Alert and Response Network                      jurisdiction.’’ In addition, the term
                                                                                                                                                           considered small.
                                            (WARN) Act, initiates a comprehensive                   ‘‘small business’’ has the same meaning                   53. Cellular Service. As noted, the
                                            rulemaking to establish a Commercial                    as the term ‘‘small business concern’’                 SBA has developed a small business
                                            Mobile Alert System (CMAS), under                       under the Small Business Act. A ‘‘small                size standard for small businesses in the
                                            which Commercial Mobile Service                         business concern’’ is one which: (1) is                category ‘‘Wireless Telecommunications
                                            providers (alternatively, ‘‘CMS                         independently owned and operated; (2)                  Carriers (except satellite).’’ Under that
                                            providers’’) may voluntarily elect to                   is not dominant in its field of operation;             SBA category, a business is small if it
                                            transmit emergency alerts to the public.                and (3) satisfies any additional criteria              has 1,500 or fewer employees. Since
                                            This proceeding represents our next                     established by the Small Business                      2007, the SBA has recognized wireless
                                            step in compliance with the Warning                     Administration (SBA).                                  firms within this new, broad, economic
                                            Alert and Response Network (WARN)                          49. Small Businesses. Nationwide,                   census category. Prior to that time, the
                                            Act, that the Commission enable                         there are a total of approximately 22.4                SBA had developed a small business
                                                                                                    million small businesses, according to                 size standard for wireless firms within
                                            commercial mobile service alerting
                                                                                                    SBA data.                                              the now-superseded census categories of
                                            capability for CMS providers that elect
                                                                                                       50. Small Organizations. Nationwide,                ‘‘Paging’’ and ‘‘Cellular and Other
                                            to transmit emergency alerts.
                                                                                                    there are approximately 1.6 million                    Wireless Telecommunications.’’ Under
                                               46. Section 602 of the WARN Act                      small organizations.                                   the present and prior categories, the
                                            requires the Commission to adopt: (1)                      51. Governmental Entities. The term                 SBA has deemed a wireless business to
                                            system critical protocols and technical                 ‘‘small governmental jurisdiction’’ is                 be small if it has 1,500 or fewer
                                            requirements for the CMAS; (2) a                        defined as ‘‘governments of cities,                    employees. Because Census Bureau data
                                            mechanism under which CMS providers                     towns, townships, villages, school                     are not yet available for the new
                                            may elect to participate in the CMAS                    districts, or special districts, with a                category, we will estimate small
                                            and disclose to their subscribers                       population of less than fifty thousand.’’              business prevalence using the prior
                                            whether or not they would participate;                  As of 2002, there were approximately                   categories and associated data.
                                            (3) rules under which licensees and                     87,525 governmental jurisdictions in the                  54. For the first category of Paging,
                                            permittees of noncommercial                             United States. This number includes                    data for 2002 show that there were 807
                                            educational (NCE) broadcast stations or                 38,967 county governments,                             firms that operated for the entire year.
                                            public broadcast stations install                       municipalities, and townships, of which                Of this total, 804 firms had employment
                                            necessary equipment and technologies                    37,373 (approximately 95.9%) have                      of 999 or fewer employees, and three
                                            on, or as part of, any broadcast                        populations of fewer than 50,000, and of               firms had employment of 1,000
                                            television digital signal transmitter to                which 1,594 have populations of 50,000                 employees or more. For the second
                                            enable the distribution of geographically               or more. Thus, we estimate the number                  category of Cellular and Other Wireless
                                            targeted alerts by CMS providers that                   of small governmental jurisdictions                    Telecommunications, data for 2002
                                            have elected to participate in the CMAS;                overall to be 85,931 or fewer.                         show that there were 1,397 firms that
                                            and (4) technical testing requirements                     52. Wireless Telecommunications                     operated for the entire year. Of this
                                            for CMS providers that elect to transmit                Carriers (except Satellite). Since 2007,               total, 1,378 firms had employment of
                                            emergency alerts and for the devices                    the SBA has recognized wireless firms                  999 or fewer employees, and 19 firms
                                            and equipment used by such providers                    within this new, broad, economic                       had employment of 1,000 employees or
                                            for transmitting such alerts. In this                   census category. Prior to that time, the               more. Thus, using the prior categories
                                            NPRM we seek comment on questions                       SBA had developed a small business                     and the available data, we estimate that
                                            pertaining to all of these statutory                    size standard for wireless firms within                the majority of wireless firms can be
                                            requirements. We also seek comment                      the now-superseded census categories of                considered small.
                                                                                                    ‘‘Paging’’ and ‘‘Cellular and Other                       55. Auctions. In addition, we note
                                            about how the issues discussed in the
                                                                                                    Wireless Telecommunications.’’ Under                   that, as a general matter, the number of
                                            NPRM relate to the Commission’s
                                                                                                    the present and prior categories, the                  winning bidders that qualify as small
                                            activities in connection with the
                                                                                                    SBA has deemed a wireless business to                  businesses at the close of an auction
                                            Emergency Alert System (EAS).
                                                                                                    be small if it has 1,500 or fewer                      does not necessarily represent the
                                               47. Legal Basis. Authority for the                   employees. Because Census Bureau data                  number of small businesses currently in
                                            actions proposed in the NPRM may be                     are not yet available for the new                      service. Also, the Commission does not
                                            found in sections 1, 4(i) and (o), 201,                 category, we will estimate small                       generally track subsequent business size
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                                            303(r), 403, and 706 of the                             business prevalence using the prior                    unless, in the context of assignments or
                                            Communications Act of 1934, as                          categories and associated data. For the                transfers, unjust enrichment issues are
                                            amended, 47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i) and (o),                 first category of Paging, data for 2002                implicated.
                                            201, 303(r), 403, and 606, as well as by                show that there were 807 firms that                       56. Broadband Personal
                                            sections 602(a), (b), (c), (f), 603, 604 and            operated for the entire year. Of this                  Communications Service. The
                                            606 of the WARN Act.                                    total, 804 firms had employment of 999                 broadband Personal Communications


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                                            554                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            Service (PCS) spectrum is divided into                  together with affiliates and controlling               a total of two licenses. Subsequently, in
                                            six frequency blocks designated A                       interests, has average gross revenues for              the 700 MHz Second Report and Order,
                                            through F, and the Commission has held                  the three preceding years of not more                  the Commission reorganized the
                                            auctions for each block. The                            than $15 million. The SBA has                          licenses pursuant to an agreement
                                            Commission has created a small                          approved these small business size                     among most of the licensees, resulting
                                            business size standard for Blocks C and                 standards. A third auction commenced                   in a spectral relocation of the first set of
                                            F as an entity that has average gross                   on October 3, 2001 and closed on                       paired spectrum block licenses, and an
                                            revenues of less than $40 million in the                October 16, 2001. Here, five bidders                   elimination of the second set of paired
                                            three previous calendar years. For Block                won 317 (MTA and nationwide)                           spectrum block licenses (many of which
                                            F, an additional small business size                    licenses. Three of these claimed status                were already vacant, reclaimed by the
                                            standard for ‘‘very small business’’ was                as a small or very small entity and won                Commission from Nextel). A single
                                            added and is defined as an entity that,                 311 licenses.                                          licensee that did not participate in the
                                            together with its affiliates, has average                  58. Wireless Communications                         agreement was grandfathered in the
                                            gross revenues of not more than $15                     Services. This service can be used for                 initial spectral location for its two
                                            million for the preceding three calendar                fixed, mobile, radiolocation, and digital              licenses in the second set of paired
                                            years. These small business size                        audio broadcasting satellite uses in the               spectrum blocks. Accordingly, at this
                                            standards, in the context of broadband                  2305–2320 MHz and 2345–2360 MHz                        time there are 54 licenses in the 700
                                            PCS auctions, have been approved by                     bands. The Commission defined ‘‘small                  MHz Guard Bands.
                                            the SBA. No small businesses within the                 business’’ for the wireless                               60. 700 MHz Band Commercial
                                            SBA-approved small business size                        communications services (WCS) auction                  Licenses. There is 80 megahertz of non-
                                            standards bid successfully for licenses                 as an entity with average gross revenues               Guard Band spectrum in the 700 MHz
                                            in Blocks A and B. There were 90                        of $40 million for each of the three                   Band that is designated for commercial
                                            winning bidders that qualified as small                 preceding years, and a ‘‘very small                    use: 698–757, 758–763, 776–787, and
                                            entities in the C Block auctions. A total               business’’ as an entity with average                   788–793 MHz Bands. With one
                                            of 93 ‘‘small’’ and ‘‘very small’’ business             gross revenues of $15 million for each                 exception, the Commission adopted
                                            bidders won approximately 40 percent                    of the three preceding years. The SBA                  criteria for defining two groups of small
                                            of the 1,479 licenses for Blocks D, E, and              has approved these definitions. The                    businesses for purposes of determining
                                            F. On March 23, 1999, the Commission                    Commission auctioned geographic area                   their eligibility for bidding credits at
                                            reauctioned 155 C, D, E, and F Block                    licenses in the WCS service. In the                    auction. These two categories are: (1)
                                            licenses; there were 113 small business                 auction, which commenced on April 15,                  ‘‘small business,’’ which is defined as
                                            winning bidders. On January 26, 2001,                   1997 and closed on April 25, 1997, there               an entity that has attributed average
                                            the Commission completed the auction                    were seven bidders that won 31 licenses                annual gross revenues that do not
                                            of 422 C and F PCS licenses in Auction                  that qualified as very small business                  exceed $15 million during the preceding
                                            35. Of the 35 winning bidders in this                   entities, and one bidder that won one                  three years; and (2) ‘‘very small
                                            auction, 29 qualified as ‘‘small’’ or ‘‘very            license that qualified as a small business             business,’’ which is defined as an entity
                                            small’’ businesses. Subsequent events                   entity.                                                with attributed average annual gross
                                                                                                       59. 700 MHz Guard Bands Licenses.                   revenues that do not exceed $40 million
                                            concerning Auction 35, including
                                                                                                    In the 700 MHz Guard Bands Order, the                  for the preceding three years. In Block
                                            judicial and agency determinations,
                                                                                                    Commission adopted size standards for                  C of the Lower 700 MHz Band (710–716
                                            resulted in a total of 163 C and F Block
                                                                                                    ‘‘small businesses’’ and ‘‘very small                  MHz and 740–746 MHz), which was
                                            licenses being available for grant.
                                                                                                    businesses’’ for purposes of determining               licensed on the basis of 734 Cellular
                                               57. Narrowband Personal                              their eligibility for special provisions               Market Areas, the Commission adopted
                                            Communications Service. The                             such as bidding credits and installment                a third criterion for determining
                                            Commission held an auction for                          payments. A small business in this                     eligibility for bidding credits: an
                                            Narrowband Personal Communications                      service is an entity that, together with               ‘‘entrepreneur,’’ which is defined as an
                                            Service (PCS) licenses that commenced                   its affiliates and controlling principals,             entity that, together with its affiliates
                                            on July 25, 1994, and closed on July 29,                has average gross revenues not                         and controlling principals, has average
                                            1994. A second commenced on October                     exceeding $40 million for the preceding                gross revenues that are not more than $3
                                            26, 1994 and closed on November 8,                      three years. Additionally, a ‘‘very small              million for the preceding three years.
                                            1994. For purposes of the first two                     business’’ is an entity that, together with            The SBA has approved these small size
                                            Narrowband PCS auctions, ‘‘small                        its affiliates and controlling principals,             standards.
                                            businesses’’ were entities with average                 has average gross revenues that are not                   61. An auction of 740 licenses for
                                            gross revenues for the prior three                      more than $15 million for the preceding                Blocks C (710–716 MHz and 740–746
                                            calendar years of $40 million or less.                  three years. SBA approval of these                     MHz) and D (716–722 MHz) of the
                                            Through these auctions, the                             definitions is not required. An auction                Lower 700 MHz Band commenced on
                                            Commission awarded a total of forty-one                 of 52 Major Economic Area (MEA)                        August 27, 2002, and closed on
                                            licenses, 11 of which were obtained by                  licenses for each of two spectrum blocks               September 18, 2002. Of the 740 licenses
                                            four small businesses. To ensure                        commenced on September 6, 2000, and                    available for auction, 484 licenses were
                                            meaningful participation by small                       closed on September 21, 2000. Of the                   sold to 102 winning bidders. Seventy-
                                            business entities in future auctions, the               104 licenses auctioned, 96 licenses were               two of the winning bidders claimed
                                            Commission adopted a two-tiered small                   sold to nine bidders. Five of these                    small business, very small business, or
                                            business size standard in the                           bidders were small businesses that won                 entrepreneur status and won a total of
                                            Narrowband PCS Second Report and                        a total of 26 licenses. A second auction               329 licenses. A second auction
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                                            Order. A ‘‘small business’’ is an entity                of remaining 700 MHz Guard Bands                       commenced on May 28, 2003, and
                                            that, together with affiliates and                      licenses commenced on February 13,                     closed on June 13, 2003, and included
                                            controlling interests, has average gross                2001, and closed on February 21, 2001.                 256 licenses: five EAG licenses and 251
                                            revenues for the three preceding years of               All eight of the licenses auctioned were               CMA licenses. Seventeen winning
                                            not more than $40 million. A ‘‘very                     sold to three bidders. One of these                    bidders claimed small or very small
                                            small business’’ is an entity that,                     bidders was a small business that won                  business status and won 60 licenses,


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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                               555

                                            and nine winning bidders claimed                        speed Internet access services. We                     firms within this new, broad, economic
                                            entrepreneur status and won 154                         estimate that the number of wireless                   census category. Prior to that time, the
                                            licenses.                                               cable subscribers is approximately                     SBA had developed a small business
                                               62. The remaining 62 megahertz of                    100,000, as of March 2005. As described                size standard for wireless firms within
                                            commercial spectrum is currently                        below, the SBA small business size                     the now-superseded census categories of
                                            scheduled for auction on January 24,                    standard for the broad census category                 ‘‘Paging’’ and ‘‘Cellular and Other
                                            2008. As explained above, bidding                       of Cable and Other Program                             Wireless Telecommunications.’’ Under
                                            credits for all of these licenses will be               Distribution, which consists of such                   the present and prior categories, the
                                            available to ‘‘small businesses’’ and                   entities generating $13.5 million or less              SBA has deemed a wireless business to
                                            ‘‘very small businesses.’’                              in annual receipts, appears applicable to              be small if it has 1,500 or fewer
                                               63. Advanced Wireless Services. In                   MDS and ITFS. Other standards also                     employees. Because Census Bureau data
                                            the AWS–1 Report and Order, the                         apply, as described.                                   are not yet available for the new
                                            Commission adopted rules that affect                       65. The Commission has defined                      category, we will estimate small
                                            applicants who wish to provide service                  small MDS (now BRS) entities in the                    business prevalence using the prior
                                            in the 1710–1755 MHz and 2110–2155                      context of Commission license auctions.                categories and associated data. For the
                                            MHz bands. The Commission did not                       In the 1996 MDS auction, the                           first category of Paging, data for 2002
                                            know precisely the type of service that                 Commission defined a small business as                 show that there were 807 firms that
                                            a licensee in these bands might seek to                 an entity that had annual average gross                operated for the entire year. Of this
                                            provide. Nonetheless, the Commission                    revenues of less than $40 million in the               total, 804 firms had employment of 999
                                            anticipated that the services that will be              previous three calendar years. This                    or fewer employees, and three firms had
                                            deployed in these bands may have                        definition of a small entity in the                    employment of 1,000 employees or
                                            capital requirements comparable to                      context of MDS auctions has been                       more. For the second category of
                                            those in the broadband Personal                         approved by the SBA. In the MDS                        Cellular and Other Wireless
                                            Communications Service (PCS), and that                  auction, 67 bidders won 493 licenses. Of               Telecommunications, data for 2002
                                            the licensees in these bands will be                    the 67 auction winners, 61 claimed                     show that there were 1,397 firms that
                                            presented with issues and costs similar                 status as a small business. At this time,              operated for the entire year. Of this
                                            to those presented to broadband PCS                     the Commission estimates that of the 61                total, 1,378 firms had employment of
                                            licensees. Further, at the time the                     small business MDS auction winners, 48                 999 or fewer employees, and 19 firms
                                            broadband PCS service was established,                  remain small business licensees. In                    had employment of 1,000 employees or
                                            it was similarly anticipated that it                    addition to the 48 small businesses that               more. Thus, using the prior categories
                                            would facilitate the introduction of a                  hold BTA authorizations, there are                     and the available data, we estimate that
                                            new generation of service. Therefore,                   approximately 392 incumbent MDS                        the majority of wireless firms can be
                                            the AWS–1 Report and Order adopts the                   licensees that have gross revenues that                considered small. Thus, under this
                                            same small business size definition that                are not more than $40 million and are                  category, the majority of firms can be
                                            the Commission adopted for the                          thus considered small entities. MDS                    considered small.
                                            broadband PCS service and that the SBA                  licensees and wireless cable operators                    68. In the Paging Third Report and
                                            approved. In particular, the AWS–1                      that did not receive their licenses as a               Order, we developed a small business
                                            Report and Order defines a ‘‘small                      result of the MDS auction fall under the               size standard for ‘‘small businesses’’ and
                                            business’’ as an entity with average                    SBA small business size standard for                   ‘‘very small businesses’’ for purposes of
                                            annual gross revenues for the preceding                 Cable and Other Program Distribution.                  determining their eligibility for special
                                            three years not exceeding $40 million,                  Information available to us indicates                  provisions such as bidding credits and
                                            and a ‘‘very small business’’ as an entity              that there are approximately 850 of                    installment payments. A ‘‘small
                                            with average annual gross revenues for                  these licensees and operators that do not              business’’ is an entity that, together with
                                            the preceding three years not exceeding                 generate revenue in excess of $13.5                    its affiliates and controlling principals,
                                            $15 million. The AWS–1 Report and                       million annually. Therefore, we                        has average gross revenues not
                                            Order also provides small businesses                    estimate that there are approximately                  exceeding $15 million for the preceding
                                            with a bidding credit of 15 percent and                 850 small entity MDS (or BRS)                          three years. Additionally, a ‘‘very small
                                            very small businesses with a bidding                    providers, as defined by the SBA and                   business’’ is an entity that, together with
                                            credit of 25 percent.                                   the Commission’s auction rules.                        its affiliates and controlling principals,
                                               64. Broadband Radio Service and                         66. Educational institutions are                    has average gross revenues that are not
                                            Educational Broadband Service.                          included in this analysis as small                     more than $3 million for the preceding
                                            Broadband Radio Service (‘‘BRS’’),                      entities; however, the Commission has                  three years. The SBA has approved
                                            formerly known as Multipoint                            not created a specific small business                  these small business size standards. An
                                            Distribution Service (‘‘MDS’’), and                     size standard for ITFS (now EBS). We                   auction of Metropolitan Economic Area
                                            Educational Broadband Service (‘‘EBS’’),                estimate that there are currently 2,032                licenses commenced on February 24,
                                            formerly known as Instructional                         EBS licensees, and all but 100 of the                  2000, and closed on March 2, 2000. Of
                                            Television Fixed Service (‘‘ITFS’’), use                licenses are held by educational                       the 985 licenses auctioned, 440 were
                                            frequencies at 2150–2162 and 2500–                      institutions. Thus, we estimate that at                sold. Fifty-seven companies claiming
                                            2690 MHz to transmit video                              least 1,932 EBS licensees are small                    small business status won. Also,
                                            programming and provide broadband                       entities.                                              according to Commission data, 365
                                            services to residential subscribers.                       67. Common Carrier Paging. As noted,                carriers reported that they were engaged
                                            These services, collectively referred to                the SBA has developed a small business                 in the provision of paging and
                                            as ‘‘wireless cable,’’ were originally                  size standard for wireless firms within                messaging services. Of those, we
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                                            designed for the delivery of                            the broad economic census category of                  estimate that 360 are small, under the
                                            multichannel video programming,                         ‘‘Wireless Telecommunications Carriers                 SBA-approved small business size
                                            similar to that of traditional cable                    (except Satellite).’’ Under this category,             standard.
                                            systems, but over the past several years                the SBA deems a business to be small                      69. Wireless Communications Service.
                                            licensees have focused their operations                 if it has 1,500 or fewer employees. Since              This service can be used for fixed,
                                            instead on providing two-way high-                      2007, the SBA has recognized wireless                  mobile, radiolocation, and digital audio


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                                            556                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            broadcasting satellite uses. The                        year. Of these, 7,633 had annual receipts              nature of this service, we will presume
                                            Commission established small business                   of under $10 million, and an additional                that all LPTV licensees qualify as small
                                            size standards for the wireless                         403 firms had receipts of between $10                  entities under the above SBA small
                                            communications services (WCS)                           million and $24,999,999. For providers                 business size standard.
                                            auction. A ‘‘small business’’ is an entity              of Custom Computer Programming                            74. The Commission has, under SBA
                                            with average gross revenues of $40                      Services, the Census Bureau data                       regulations, estimated the number of
                                            million for each of the three preceding                 indicate that there were 32,269 firms                  licensed NCE television stations to be
                                            years, and a ‘‘very small business’’ is an              that operated for the entire year. Of                  380. We note, however, that, in
                                            entity with average gross revenues of                   these, 31,416 had annual receipts of                   assessing whether a business concern
                                            $15 million for each of the three                       under $10 million, and an additional                   qualifies as small under the above
                                            preceding years. The SBA has approved                   565 firms had receipts of between $10                  definition, business (control) affiliations
                                            these small business size standards. The                million and $24,999,999. Consequently,                 must be included. Our estimate,
                                            Commission auctioned geographic area                    we estimate that the majority of the                   therefore, likely overstates the number
                                            licenses in the WCS service. In the                     firms in this category are small entities              of small entities that might be affected
                                            auction, there were seven winning                       that may be affected by our action.                    by our action, because the revenue
                                            bidders that qualified as ‘‘very small                     72. NCE and Public Broadcast                        figure on which it is based does not
                                            business’’ entities, and one that                       Stations. The Census Bureau defines                    include or aggregate revenues from
                                            qualified as a ‘‘small business’’ entity.               this category as follows: ‘‘This industry              affiliated companies. The Commission
                                               70. Wireless Communications                          comprises establishments primarily                     does not compile and otherwise does
                                            Equipment Manufacturers. While these                    engaged in broadcasting images together                not have access to information on the
                                            entities are merely indirectly affected by              with sound. These establishments                       revenue of NCE stations that would
                                            our action, we see are describing them                  operate television broadcasting studios                permit it to determine how many such
                                            to achieve a fuller record. The Census                  and facilities for the programming and                 stations would qualify as small entities.
                                            Bureau defines this category as follows:                transmission of programs to the public.’’
                                                                                                                                                           Description of Projected Reporting,
                                            ‘‘This industry comprises                               The SBA has created a small business
                                                                                                                                                           Recordkeeping, and Other Compliance
                                            establishments primarily engaged in                     size standard for Television
                                                                                                                                                           Requirements
                                            manufacturing radio and television                      Broadcasting entities, which is: such
                                            broadcast and wireless communications                   firms having $13 million or less in                       75. There are potential reporting or
                                            equipment. Examples of products made                    annual receipts. According to                          recordkeeping requirements proposed in
                                            by these establishments are:                            Commission staff review of the BIA                     this NPRM. For example, section
                                            transmitting and receiving antennas,                    Publications, Inc., Master Access                      602(b)(2)(A) of the WARN Act requires
                                            cable television equipment, GPS                         Television Analyzer Database as of May                 that CMS providers shall file an election
                                            equipment, pagers, cellular phones,                     16, 2003, about 814 of the 1,220                       with the Commission with respect to
                                            mobile communications equipment, and                    commercial television stations in the                  whether or not it intends to participate
                                            radio and television studio and                         United States had revenues of $12                      in the CMAS. Further, 602(b)(1)(C) of
                                            broadcasting equipment.’’ The SBA has                   (twelve) million or less. We note,                     the WARN Act requires CMS providers
                                            developed a small business size                         however, that in assessing whether a                   to provide clear and conspicuous notice
                                            standard for Radio and Television                       business concern qualifies as small                    to new and existing customers of the
                                            Broadcasting and Wireless                               under the above definition, business                   CMS provider’s election not to
                                            Communications Equipment                                (control) affiliations must be included.               participate in the CMAS. Further, the
                                            Manufacturing, which is: all such firms                 Our estimate, therefore, likely overstates             Commission is considering whether to
                                            having 750 or fewer employees.                          the number of small entities that might                adopt procedures by which CMS
                                            According to Census Bureau data for                     be affected by our action, because the                 providers would log alerts. The
                                            2002, there were a total of 1,041                       revenue figure on which it is based does               Commission seeks comment on these
                                            establishments in this category that                    not include or aggregate revenues from                 proposals and especially invited small
                                            operated for the entire year. Of this                   affiliated companies.                                  entity comment. The NPRM also seeks
                                            total, 1,010 had employment of under                       73. In addition, an element of the                  comment on potential testing
                                            500, and an additional 13 had                           definition of ‘‘small business’’ is that the           procedures for the CMAS that could
                                            employment of 500 to 999. Thus, under                   entity not be dominant in its field of                 affect CMS providers as well as Wireless
                                            this size standard, the majority of firms               operation. We are unable at this time to               Communications Equipment
                                            can be considered small.                                define or quantify the criteria that                   Manufacturers. Finally, section
                                               71. Software Publishers. While these                 would establish whether a specific                     602(b)(2) requires that CMS providers
                                            entities are merely indirectly affected by              television station is dominant in its field            undertake a procedure to elect whether
                                            our action, we are describing them to                   of operation. Accordingly, the estimate                or not to provide alerts to their
                                            achieve a fuller record. These                          of small businesses to which rules may                 customers. The proposals set forth in
                                            companies may design, develop or                        apply do not exclude any television                    the NPRM are intended to advance our
                                            publish software and may provide other                  station from the definition of a small                 public safety mission and establish an
                                            support services to software purchasers,                business on this basis and are therefore               effective CMAS in a manner that
                                            such as providing documentation or                      over-inclusive to that extent. Also as                 imposes minimal regulatory burdens on
                                            assisting in installation. The companies                noted, an additional element of the                    affected entities.
                                            may also design software to meet the                    definition of ‘‘small business’’ is that the
                                            needs of specific users. The SBA has                    entity must be independently owned                     Steps Taken to Minimize the Significant
                                            developed a small business size                         and operated. We note that it is difficult             Economic Impact on Small Entities, and
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                                            standard of $23 million or less in                      at times to assess these criteria in the               Significant Alternatives Considered
                                            average annual receipts for the category                context of media entities and our                         76. The RFA requires an agency to
                                            of Software Publishers. For Software                    estimates of small businesses to which                 describe any significant alternatives that
                                            Publishers, Census Bureau data for 2002                 they apply may be over-inclusive to this               it has considered in developing its
                                            indicate that there were 6,155 firms in                 extent. There are also 2,117 low power                 approach, which may include the
                                            the category that operated for the entire               television stations (LPTV). Given the                  following four alternatives (among


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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                              557

                                            others): ‘‘(1) the establishment of                     Information Center, SHALL SEND a                         3.1.3 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of
                                            differing compliance or reporting                       copy of this Notice of Proposed                            Single Technology Operator’s Network
                                            requirements or timetables that take into               Rulemaking, including the Initial                          on All Devices
                                                                                                                                                             3.1.4 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of
                                            account the resources available to small                Regulatory Flexibility Analysis, to the                    Single Technology Operator’s Network
                                            entities; (2) the clarification,                        Chief Council for Advocacy of the Small                    on Subset of Devices
                                            consolidation, or simplification of                     Business Administration.                                 3.2 Scenarios for Multiple Technologies
                                            compliance and reporting requirements                     69. It is further ordered that the                       Deployed
                                            under the rule for such small entities;                 Commission’s Public Safety and                           3.2.1 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Multiple
                                            (3) the use of performance rather than                  Homeland Security Bureau, shall send a                     Technology Operator Network on All
                                            design standards; and (4) an exemption                  copy of this Notice of Proposed                            Devices
                                            from coverage of the rule, or any part                  Rulemaking, including the Initial                        3.2.2 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Multiple
                                                                                                                                                               Technology Operator Network on Subset
                                            thereof, for such small entities.’’                     Regulatory Flexibility Analysis, to the                    of Devices
                                               77. As noted in paragraph 1 above,                   National Institute for Standards and                     3.2.3 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of
                                            this NPRM initiates a comprehensive                     Technology (NIST).                                         Multiple Technology Operator Network
                                            rulemaking to establish a system by                       Federal Communications Commission.                       on Subset of Devices
                                            which CMS providers may elect to                        Marlene H. Dortch,
                                                                                                                                                             3.3 Scenario for Operator Does Not Elect
                                            transmit emergency alerts to the public,                                                                           to Transmit CMAS Alerts
                                                                                                    Secretary.                                               3.4 Subscriber Notification
                                            a goal mandated by recent legislation
                                            and consistent with the Commission’s                    Appendix A—Commercial Mobile                               Recommendations
                                                                                                                                                             3.4.1 Notification Procedures
                                            obligation to protect the lives and                     Service Alert Advisory Committee                         3.4.2 Notification Text Recommendations
                                            property of Americans. In commenting                    Commercial Mobile Alert Service                        4 CMAS Alert Scenarios
                                            on the manner in which the                              Architecture and Requirements                            4.1 Nominal CMAS Alert Scenarios
                                            Commission seeks in this NPRM to                          Date: 10/12/2007.                                      4.1.1 Scenario for Nominal Text CMAS
                                            achieve this goal, commenters are                         All marks, trademarks, and product                       Alert
                                            invited to propose steps that the                                                                                4.1.1.1 Pre-Conditions
                                                                                                    names used in this document are the                      4.1.1.2 Normal Flow
                                            Commission may take to minimize any                     property of their respective owners.                     4.1.2 Scenario for Nominal Streaming
                                            significant economic impact on small                                                                               Audio or Streaming Video CMAS Alert
                                            entities. When considering proposals                    Table of Contents
                                                                                                                                                             4.1.3 Scenario for Nominal Downloaded
                                            made by other parties, commenters are                   1 Introduction and Executive Summary                       Multimedia CMAS Alert
                                            invited to propose significant                           1.1 Executive Summary                                   4.2 CMAS Alert Cancellation Scenario
                                            alternatives that serve the goals of these               1.1.1 Reference Architecture (Section 2)                4.2.1 Pre-Conditions
                                            proposals                                                1.1.2 Deployment Scenarios (Section 3)                  4.2.2 Normal Flow
                                                                                                     1.1.3 CMAS Alert Scenarios (Section 4)                  4.3 CMAS Alert Update Scenarios
                                            Federal Rules That May Duplicate,                        1.1.4 General Recommendations and                       4.3.1 Scenario for Update of Text CMAS
                                            Overlap, or Conflict With the Proposed                     Conclusions (Section 5)                                 Alert
                                            Rules                                                    1.1.5 Service Profiles (Section 6)                      4.3.1.1 Pre-Conditions
                                                                                                     1.1.6 Mobile Device Functionality for                   4.3.1.2 Normal Flow
                                              78. None.                                                CMAS Alerts (Section 7)                               4.3.2 Scenario for Update of Streaming
                                            Ex Parte Rules                                           1.1.7 Security for CMAS Alerts (Section                   Audio or Streaming Video CMAS Alert
                                                                                                       8)                                                    4.3.3 Scenario for Update of Downloaded
                                               66. These matters shall be treated as                 1.1.8 CMAS Reliability & Performance                      Multimedia CMAS Alert
                                            a ‘‘permit-but-disclose’’ proceeding in                    (section 9)                                           4.4 CMAS Alert Expiration Scenario
                                            accordance with the Commission’s ex                      1.1.9 Interface Protocols for CMAS Alerts               4.4.1 Pre-Conditions
                                            parte rules. Persons making oral ex parte                  (Section 10)                                          4.4.2 Normal Flow
                                            presentations are reminded that                          1.2 Definitions                                         4.5 Duplicate CMAS Alerts Scenarios
                                            memoranda summarizing the                                1.3 Acronyms                                            4.5.1 Scenario for Duplicate CMAS Alerts
                                                                                                    2 Reference Architecture                                   on Same Broadcast Technology
                                            presentations must contain summaries                     2.1 Functional Reference Model Diagram                  4.5.1.1 Pre-Conditions
                                            of the substance of the presentations                    2.2 Government Administered Elements                    4.5.1.2 Normal Flow
                                            and not merely a listing of the subjects                   Definitions & Requirements                            4.5.2 Scenario for Duplicate CMAS Alerts
                                            discussed. More than a one or two                        2.2.1 Reference Point A                                   on Different Broadcast Technologies
                                            sentence description of the views and                    2.2.2 Alert Aggregator                                  4.5.2.1 Pre-Conditions
                                            arguments presented is generally                         2.2.3 Reference Point B                                 4.5.2.2 Normal Flow
                                            required. Other requirements pertaining                  2.2.4 Alert Gateway                                     4.6 Multiple Different Active CMAS
                                            to oral and written presentations are set                2.2.4.1 General Alert Gateway System                      Alerts Scenario
                                                                                                       Requirements                                          4.6.1 Pre-Conditions
                                            forth in section 1.1206(b) of the                        2.2.4.2 CMSP Profile Support                            4.6.2 Normal Flow
                                            Commission’s rules.                                      2.3 CMSP Administered Elements                        5 General Requirements & Conclusions
                                            Ordering Clauses                                           Definitions & Requirements                            5.1 Scope & Definition of CMAS Alerts
                                                                                                     2.3.1 Reference Point C                                 5.2 General CMAS Requirements &
                                              67. It is ordered, that pursuant to                    2.3.2 CMSP Gateway                                        Conclusions
                                            sections 1, 4(i) and (o), 201, 303(r), 403,              2.3.3 CMSP Infrastructure                               5.3 Recommendations for Alert Initiation
                                            and 706 of the Communications Act of                     2.3.4 Reference Points D & E                              & Alert Initiators
                                            1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i)                  2.3.5 Mobile Device                                     5.3.1 CMAM Elements
                                            and (o), 201, 303(r), 403, and 606, as                  3 Deployment Scenarios                                   5.3.2 Generating CMAM From CAP Fields
                                            well as by sections 602(a),(b),(c), (f),                 3.1 Scenarios for Single Technology                     5.3.2.1 Generating CMAM From Free
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                                                                                                       Deployed                                                Form Text
                                            603, 604 and 606 of the WARN Act, this                   3.1.1 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Single                    5.3.3 Presidential Message and AMBER
                                            Notice of Proposed Rulemaking IS                           Technology Operator Network on All                      Alert
                                            hereby ADOPTED.                                            Devices                                               5.3.4 Recommended Message Initiator
                                              68. It is further ordered that the                     3.1.2 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Single                      Training
                                            Commission’s Consumer and                                  Technology Operator Network on a                      5.4 Recommendations for Geo-Targeting
                                            Government Affairs Bureau, Reference                       Subset of Devices                                       of CMAS Alerts



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                                            558                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                              5.5 Requirements and Recommendations                    10.4.4 Element Mapping from B                        Table 10–2 CMAC_Alert_Attributes Segment
                                                on Needs of Users, Including Individuals                Reference Point (CAP) to C Reference               Table 10–3 CMAC_Alert_Info Segment
                                                with Disabilities and the Elderly                       Point (CMAC) to E Reference Point                  Table 10–4 CMAC_Area Segment
                                              5.5.1 General Requirements                                (CMAE) Elements                                    Table 10–5 CMAC_Resource Segment
                                              5.5.2 User Needs Requirements                           10.4.5 Definition of CMAC_cmas_geocode               Table 10–6 Mapping Reference Point B
                                              5.5.2.1 Alert/Attention Signal                            Element                                                Elements to Reference Point C Elements
                                              5.5.2.2 Message Content                                 10.4.6 Definition of CMAC Response                   Table 10–7 CMAC_cmas_geocode
                                              5.5.2.3 Output Mode/Display                               Codes                                                  Assignments
                                              5.5.2.4 Behavior on Receipt of a Message                10.4.7 Example CMAS ‘‘C’’ Interface Alert            Table 10–8 Reference Point E Protocol
                                              5.5.2.5 CMAS-Related Print and Online                     Messages                                               Elements
                                                Materials                                             10.5 Reference Point E Protocols                     Table 11–1 Table of Total 2006 Tornado &
                                              5.5.3 Subscriber CMA Opt-Out                          11 Annex A—Anticipated Peak & Average                      Flash Flood Warnings by State
                                                Recommendations                                         CMAS Traffic Volume                                Table 11–2 Table of 2006 Tornado & Flash
                                              5.6 Recommendations for CMAM                          12 Annex B—WARN Act Statutory                              Flood Warnings by State by Month
                                                Transmissions                                           Requirements                                       Table 11–3 Estimated CMA Volume by
                                              5.7 Multi-Language CMAS Alerts                          12.1 WARN Act Requirements                               Month
                                                Recommendations                                       12.2 WARN Act Interpretations
                                              5.8 CMAS Reception Control on Mobile                    12.2.1 CMSP Election                                 1   Introduction and Executive Summary
                                                Devices                                               12.3 Licensees and Permittees of                     1.1 Executive Summary
                                              5.9 Roaming                                               Noncommercial Educations Broadcasting
                                                                                                        Stations or Public Television Stations                On October 13, 2006, the President signed
                                            6 Service Profiles
                                                                                                                                                           the Security and Accountability For Every
                                              6.1 Conclusions on Text, Audio, Video &               List of Figures                                        Port (SAFE Port) Act 1 into law. Title VI of
                                                Multimedia Resources                                                                                       the SAFE Port Act, the Warning, Alert and
                                              6.2 Text Profile                                      Figure 2–1 CMAS Functional Reference
                                                                                                         Model                                             Response Network (WARN) Act, 2 establishes
                                              6.3 Streaming Audio Profile (future                                                                          a process for Commercial Mobile Service
                                                capability)                                         Figure 3–1 CMAS in Entire Single
                                                                                                         Technology Network on All Devices                 Providers (CMSPs) to voluntarily elect to
                                              6.4 Streaming Video Profile (future                                                                          transmit emergency alerts. Section 603(c) of
                                                capability)                                         Figure 3–2 CMAS in Entire Network on
                                                                                                         Sub-set of Devices                                the WARN Act required that the Federal
                                              6.5 Downloaded Multimedia Profile                                                                            Communications Commission (Commission)
                                                (future capability)                                 Figure 3–3 CMAS in Subset of Single
                                                                                                         Technology Operator’s Network on All              establish the Commercial Mobile Service
                                            7 Mobile Device Functionality for CMAS                                                                         Alert Advisory Committee (CMSAAC) to
                                                Alerts                                                   Devices
                                                                                                    Figure 3–4 CMAS in Subset of Single                    develop and recommend technical standards
                                              7.1 General Requirements on Mobile                                                                           and protocols for the voluntary transmission
                                                Device Functionality                                     Technology Operator’s Network on
                                                                                                         Subset of Devices                                 of emergency alerts by CMSPs within one
                                              7.2 Mobile Device Audio Attention Signal                                                                     year from the date of enactment of the WARN
                                                                                                    Figure 3–5 CMAS in Entire Multiple
                                                & Vibration Cadence Recommendations                                                                        Act. (i.e., by October 12, 2007).3 This
                                                                                                         Technology Operator Network on All
                                              7.3 CMAS Functionality on Mobile                                                                             document presents the result of the
                                                                                                         Devices
                                                Device                                                                                                     CMSAAC’s efforts to satisfy the obligations
                                                                                                    Figure 3–6 CMAS in Entire Multiple
                                              7.4 Impact to Mobile Device Battery Life                                                                     set forth in the WARN Act.
                                                                                                         Technology Operator Network on Subset
                                            8 Security for CMAS Alerts                                                                                        The WARN Act places the following tasks
                                                                                                         of Devices
                                              8.1 Alert Interface & Aggregator Trust                                                                       before the CMSAAC. Each is followed by the
                                                                                                    Figure 3–7 CMAS in Subset of Multiple
                                                Model                                                                                                      section number or numbers in this report that
                                                                                                         Technology Operator Network on Subset
                                              8.1.1 Trust Model Definitions                                                                                includes recommendations addressing the
                                                                                                         of Devices
                                              8.1.2 Trust Model Requirements                                                                               associated WARN Act’s requirements:
                                                                                                    Figure 3–8 Operator Does Not Elect to
                                              8.2 Alert Gateway Security Requirements                    Transmit CMAS Alerts                                 Within one year after the enactment of this
                                              8.3 Reference Point C Security                        Figure 4–1 Flow for Scenario for Nominal               Act, the Advisory Committee shall develop
                                              8.4 Reference Points D & E Security                        Text CMAS Alert                                   and submit to the Federal Communications
                                            9 CMAS Reliability & Performance                        Figure 4–2 Flow for CMAS Alert Cancellation            Commission recommendations—
                                              9.1 Alert Gateway Performance                              Scenario                                             (1) For protocols, technical capabilities,
                                                Requirements                                        Figure 4–3 Flow for Scenario for Update of             and technical procedures through which
                                              9.2 Alert Delivery Latency                                 Text CMAS Alert                                   electing commercial mobile service providers
                                              9.3 CMAS End-to-End Reliability                       Figure 4–4 Flow for CMAS Alert Expiration              receive, verify, and transmit alerts to
                                              9.4 Message Logging                                        Scenario                                          subscribers (Sections 2, 4, 6, 8, 10);
                                              9.4.1 Alert Gateway Logging                           Figure 4–5 Flow for Scenario for Duplicate                (2) For the establishment of technical
                                              9.5 CMAS Testing                                           CMAS Alerts on Same Broadcast                     standards for priority transmission of alerts
                                              9.5.1 General CMAS Testing                                 Technology                                        by electing commercial mobile service
                                                Recommendations                                     Figure 4–6 Flow for Scenario for Duplicate             providers to subscribers (Sections 2, 9);
                                              9.5.2 Alert Gateway Testing                                CMAS Alerts on Different Broadcast                   (3) For relevant technical standards for
                                            10 Interface Protocols for CMAS Alerts                       Technologies                                      devices and equipment and technologies
                                              10.1 Reference Point A Protocol                       Figure 4–7 Flow for Scenario for Multiple              used by electing commercial mobile service
                                              10.2 Reference Point B Protocol                            Different Active CMAS Alerts Scenario             providers to transmit emergency alerts to
                                              10.3 Alert Gateway Interfaces & Mapping               Figure 10–1 Relationship of CAP Elements to            subscribers (Sections 7, 9);
                                                Requirements                                             Reference Point C Elements                           (4) For the technical capability to transmit
                                              10.3.1 Alert Gateway Interface                        Figure 10–2 CMAC Message Structure                     emergency alerts by electing commercial
                                                Requirements                                        Figure 12–1 Potential Deployment Timeline              mobile service providers to subscribers in
                                              10.3.2 Alert Gateway Interface Mapping                                                                       languages in addition to English, to the
                                                Requirements                                        List of Tables                                         extent practicable and feasible (Section 5);
                                              10.4 Reference Point C Protocol                       Table 2–1 CMSP Profile on Alert Gateway                   (5) Under which electing commercial
                                              10.4.1 Structure of the CMA ‘‘C’’                     Table 5–1 CAP Value Field Mapping to Text              mobile service providers may offer
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                                                Reference Point Protocol                            Table 6–1 Text Profile                                 subscribers the capability of preventing the
                                              10.4.2 CMAC Data Dictionary                           Table 6–2 Streaming Audio Profile
                                              10.4.2.1 CMAC_Alert_Attributes Segment                Table 6–3 Video Profile                                  1 Security and Accountability For Every Port Act
                                              10.4.2.2 CMAC_Alert_Info Segment                      Table 6–4 Downloaded Multimedia Profile                of 2006 (SAFE Port Act), Pub. L. 109–347.
                                              10.4.2.3 CMAC_Area Segment:                           Table 10–1 Parameter Mapping from ‘‘B’’                  2 Safe Port Act, Title VI-Commercial Mobile

                                              10.4.2.4 CMAC_Resource Segment:                            Interface CAP Message in to ‘‘C’’                 Service Alerts.
                                              10.4.3 Example CMAC XML Schema                             Interface CMAC message                              3 WARN Act, § 603(c).




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                                                                      Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                                 559

                                            subscriber’s device from receiving emergency             with the Mobile Device (Section 2.3.3).                recognizes that certain areas with especially
                                            alerts, or classes of such alerts, (other than an        Ultimately, the alert is received on a                 urgent alerting needs have a need for more
                                            alert issued by the President), consistent with          customer’s Mobile Device. The major                    precise geo-targeting, and provisions are
                                            Section 602(b)(2)(E) of the WARN Act                     functions of the Mobile Device are to                  made to accommodate them. Longer term the
                                            (Section 5);                                             authenticate interactions with the CMSP                CMSAAC recommends that provisions in
                                               (6) For a process under which commercial              Infrastructure, to monitor for CMAS alerts, to         Section 604 of the WARN Act be applied to
                                            mobile service providers can elect to transmit           maintain customer options (such as the                 fully realize the benefits of dynamic geo-
                                            emergency alerts if                                      subscriber’s opt-out selections and                    targeting.
                                               (a) Not all of the devices or equipment               subscriber’s preferred language, if                       This section also makes recommendations
                                            used by such provider are capable of                     applicable), and to activate the associated            on the needs of users, including individuals
                                            receiving such alerts (Section 3); or                    visual, audio, and mechanical (e.g., vibration)        with disabilities and the elderly. Among the
                                               (b) The provider cannot offer such alerts             indicators that the subscriber has indicated           major recommendations is the requirement
                                            throughout the entirety of its service area              as options when an alert is received on the            for the CMAS to support a common audio
                                            (Section 3); and                                         Mobile Device. (Section 2.3.5.)                        attention signal and a common vibrating
                                               (7) As otherwise necessary to enable                  1.1.2 Deployment Scenarios (Section 3)                 cadence to be used solely for CMAS alerts.
                                            electing commercial mobile service providers                                                                    Further, the CMSAAC recommends that the
                                            to transmit emergency alerts to subscribers.                This section notes that the WARN Act                alert initiator use clear and simple language
                                               Following are summaries of each section in            specifies that a CMSP who elects to transmit           whenever possible, with minimal use of
                                            the document, with a focus on the                        emergency alerts can elect to transmit the             abbreviations and that the mobile devices
                                            recommendations the CMSAAC makes in                      CMAS alerts ‘‘in whole or in part.’’ 5 The             provide an easy way to allow the user to
                                            each. This section is provided as a high-level           CMSAAC defines ‘‘in whole or in part’’ as              recall the message for review.
                                            overview only and is not intended as a                   including all or a subset of the CMSP’s                   The section notes that the WARN Act
                                            substitute for the formal recommendations of             service area, and/or all or a subset of current        provides for subscriber CMAS alert Opt-Out,
                                            the CMSAAC, many of which are highly                     and future mobile devices supported by the             and recommends that CMSPs shall offer their
                                            technical and are laid forth in detail in                CMSP network. The section then posits a set            subscribers a simple opt-out process that is
                                            subsequent sections of the document.                     of scenarios in which an individual alert is           based on the classification of imminent threat
                                                                                                     sent over CMSP networks that deploy various            and AMBER Alerts. Except for presidential
                                            1.1.1 Reference Architecture (Section 2)                 technologies and handsets that may or may              messages, which are always transmitted, the
                                               This section recommends a functional                  not support the transmission of the alert.             process should allow the choice to opt-out of
                                            reference model for the distribution of alerts           (Sections 3.1–3.3). This section also contains         (1) All messages, (2) All severe messages, or
                                            to Commercial Mobile Service Providers                   recommendations for the notices to                     (3) AMBER Alerts. Regarding the
                                            (CMSPs) (Section 2.1). Under this reference              subscribers that the WARN Act requires                 transmission of CMAS alerts in languages
                                            model, a Federal government entity, the                  where a CMSP does not elect to provide                 other than English, the CMSAAC has
                                            ‘‘Alert Aggregator,’’ would receive, aggregate,          alerts. (Section 3.4).                                 analyzed the technical feasibility of
                                            and authenticate alerts originated by                    1.1.3 CMAS Alert Scenarios (Section 4)                 supporting multi-language CMAS alerts on
                                            authorized alert initiators using the Common                                                                    various delivery technologies and has
                                            Alerting Protocol (CAP). The government                     This section provides descriptions of a
                                                                                                     representative sample of scenarios and                 determined that support of languages other
                                            entity would also act as an ‘‘Alert Gateway’’                                                                   than English is a very complex issue and
                                            (Section 2.2) to formulate a 90 character alert          message flows related to the transmission
                                                                                                     and support of CMAS Alerts. The section                that, at the present time, the CMSAAC
                                            based on key fields in the CAP alert sent by                                                                    believes there are fundamental technical
                                            the alert initiator 4. Based on CMSP profiles            includes descriptions and charts of scenarios
                                                                                                     involving text based streaming audio or                problems to reliably implement any
                                            maintained in the Alert Gateway, the Alert                                                                      languages in addition to English. The
                                            Gateway would then deliver the alert over a              streaming video CMAS alert, CMAS alert
                                                                                                     cancellation, CMAS alert updates, CMAS                 CMSAAC recommends, however, that the
                                            secure interface (see Section 2.3.1) to another                                                                 biennial review committee continue to study
                                            gateway maintained by the appropriate                    alert expiration, duplicate CMAS alerts, and
                                                                                                     multiple different active CMAS alerts.                 the feasibility of supporting additional
                                            CMSP ‘‘CMSP Gateway.’’ (Section 2.3.2)                                                                          languages, as technology evolves.
                                               Each individual CMSP Gateway would be                 1.1.4 General Recommendations and                         Finally, the CMSAAC notes that roaming is
                                            responsible for the management of the                    Conclusions (Section 5)                                only supported on an intra-technology basis.
                                            particular CMSP elections to provide alerts in
                                                                                                        This section sets forth the CMSAAC’s                1.1.5 Service Profiles (Section 6)
                                            whole or in part. The CMSP Gateway would
                                                                                                     recommendations concerning the extent and
                                            also be responsible for formulating the alert                                                                      In this section the CMSAAC notes that the
                                                                                                     scope of CMAS alerts. The major
                                            in a manner consistent with the individual                                                                      CMAS architecture and recommendations are
                                                                                                     recommendation in this section is that there
                                            CMSP’s available delivery technologies,                                                                         based upon the principles of technology-
                                                                                                     should be three classes of Commercial
                                            mapping the alert to the associated set of cell                                                                 neutral service profiles containing, for
                                                                                                     Mobile Alerts (CMAs): Presidential-level,
                                            sites/paging transceivers, and handling                                                                         example, profiles for maximum payload and
                                                                                                     Imminent threat to life and property; and
                                            congestion within the CMSP Infrastructure.                                                                      displayable message size. The section defines
                                            The CMSP Gateway will process alerts in a                Child Abduction Emergency or ‘‘AMBER
                                                                                                                                                            service profiles for: (a) Text; (b) Streaming
                                            first in—first out (FIFO) queuing method                 Alert’’ Service (Section 5.1). The section also
                                                                                                                                                            Audio (future capability); (c) Streaming
                                            except for a Presidential-level alert, which             recommends a format for CMAS alerts
                                                                                                                                                            Video (future capability); and (c)
                                            will be immediately moved to the top of the              (Section 5.3.1.) and a method for extracting
                                                                                                                                                            Downloaded Multimedia Profile (future
                                            queue and processed before all other non-                a CMAS alert from CAP fields and free form
                                                                                                                                                            capability), and provides general
                                            Presidential alerts. The CMSAAC or its                   text (Section 5.3.2.). The section also
                                                                                                                                                            recommendations and conclusions for each.
                                            successor will study the feasibility of                  recommends that alert initiators be trained
                                                                                                     on creating CMAS alerts (Section 5.3.4).               1.1.6 Mobile Device Functionality for
                                            establishing a procedure that, if invoked,
                                                                                                        A significant recommendation concerns               CMAS Alerts (Section 7)
                                            would give certain messages priority status
                                            irrespective of their ranking in the Alert               the geo-targeting of CMAS alerts. The                     This section describes the impact to the
                                            Gateway queue.                                           CMSAAC acknowledges that it is the goal of             mobile devices, i.e., the handsets, for the
                                               Upon receipt of an alert from the CMSP                the CMAS for CMSPs to be able to deliver               support of CMAS alerts. The section includes
                                            Gateway, the CMSP Infrastructure distributes             geo-targeted alerts to the areas specified by          the recommendation that if the end user has
                                            the received CMAS alert message to the                   the alert initiator. However, early CMAS               both muted the mobile device audio and
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                                            determined set of cell sites/paging                      implementations will likely be limited to              alarms and/or has deselected or turned off
                                            transceivers and authenticates interactions              static geo-targeting areas. Hence, the                 the vibration capabilities of the mobile
                                                                                                     CMSAAC recommends that, initially, geo-                device, neither the CMAS audio attention
                                              4 Provisions have also been made for authorized
                                                                                                     targeting be at least precise enough to target         signal nor the special emergency alert
                                            alert originators to formulate and distribute alerts     at the county level. The CMSAAC further                vibration cadence will be activated upon
                                            via the Alert Gateway in free text. See e.g., section                                                           receipt of a CMAS alert. Further, the section
                                            5.3.2, supra.                                              5 WARN   Act, § 602(c).                              recommends that, in order to minimize the



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                                            possibility of network congestion and false             unpredictable because RF transmissions can             602(b)(1)(A), a CMSP is a licensee providing
                                            alerts, mobile devices should not support any           be subject to noise and other interference or          commercial mobile service as defined in
                                            user interface capabilities to forward received         environmental factors; the capabilities of the         section 332(d)(1) of the Communications Act
                                            CMAS alerts, to reply to received CMAS                  cellular environment are not predictable               of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 332(d)(1)), where the term
                                            alerts, or to copy and paste CMAS alert                 especially in a disaster environment; the              ‘‘commercial mobile service’’ means any
                                            contents. The section also notes that the               subscriber may be in a location that does not          mobile service that is provided for profit and
                                            monitoring for CMAS alerts could have a                 have any RF signal; and the subscriber’s               makes interconnected service available.6
                                            significant impact on handset battery life, but         mobile device may not have any remaining
                                            that with modifications to network                      power. In order to assure the reliability and          1.3     Acronyms
                                            infrastructure, mobile devices and/or                   performance of this new system, the                    AMBER America’s Missing: Broadcast
                                            standards, the reduction of battery life can be         CMSAAC recommends procedures for                         Emergency Response
                                            less than 10% of today’s capability for                 logging CMAS alerts at the Alert Gateway               CAP Common Alerting Protocol as defined
                                            monitoring.                                             and for testing the system at the Alert                  in CAP version 1.1 specification
                                            1.1.7 Security for CMAS Alerts (Section 8)              Gateway and on an end-to-end basis.                    CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
                                                                                                    1.1.9 Interface Protocols for CMAS Alerts              CMA Commercial Mobile Alert
                                               This section recommends a specific Alert
                                                                                                    (Section 10)                                           CMAM Commercial Mobile Alert Message
                                            Aggregator and Alert Gateway Trust Model to
                                            assure the security, authentication and                   This section establishes detailed technical          CMAS Commercial Mobile Alert Service
                                            authorization of alerts from the Alert initiator        protocols and specifications for the delivery          CMSAAC Commercial Mobile Service Alert
                                            to the CMSP Gateway. The section then                   of alerts over the various interfaces in the             Advisory Committee
                                            recommends security requirements for the                Reference Model. Specifically, the section             CMSP Commercial Mobile Service Provider
                                            interface between the Alert and CMSP                    established requirements that Alert Initiators         CTIA Cellular Telecommunications
                                            Gateways and within each CMSP’s network.                must meet to deliver CMAS alerts to the Alert            Industry Association
                                                                                                    Aggregator, and that the Alert Gateway must            EOC Emergency Operations Center
                                            1.1.8 CMAS Reliability & Performance                                                                           FIPS Federal Information Processing
                                            (Section 9)                                             meet to deliver CMAS alerts to the CMSP
                                                                                                    gateway. CAP mapping parameters are                      Standards
                                               Recommendations in this section include              provided in detail.                                    GNIS Geographic Names Information
                                            Alert Gateway performance requirements                                                                           System
                                            such as the capability to monitor system                1.2 Definitions                                        GSM Global System for Mobile
                                            utilization for capacity planning purposes,               Commercial Mobile Alert (CMA)—The                      communications
                                            and to temporarily disable and buffer CMAS              term CMA refers to the event that creates the          NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric
                                            alert traffic in the event of an overload. The          need for a CMAM and can fall into any of the             Administration
                                            CMSAAC acknowledges the importance of                   following three categories: (i) A Presidential         MVNO Mobile Virtual Network Operator
                                            assessing any latency in alert delivery, but            alert, (ii) An imminent threat to life and             NIST National Institute of Standards and
                                            notes that it will be difficult to predict              property, or (iii) An AMBER alert.                       Technology
                                            system performance in this area prior to                  Commercial Mobile Alert Message                      NWS National Weather Service
                                            deployment. The CMSAAC suggests that                    (CMAM)—The term CMAM refers to                         SAME Specific Area Message Encoding
                                            factors relevant to potential latency include;          communication that is issued to the end-user           SMS Short Message Service
                                            mobile device battery life impact, call                 via the Commercial Mobile Alerting System              UMTS Universal Mobile
                                            processing impact; capabilities of the                  in response to (i) A Presidential alert, (ii) an         Telecommunications System
                                            delivery technology; message queues;                    imminent threat to life and property, or (iii)         VPN Virtual Private Network
                                            number of languages; number of targeted cell            An AMBER alert.                                        WARN Warning, Alert, and Response
                                            sites/paging transceivers for the alert area;             Commercial Mobile Alert Service                        Network
                                            and any geo-targeting processing. Similarly,            (CMAS)—The term CMAS refers to the end-                XML Extensible Markup Language
                                            although the CMSAAC recommends that the                 to-end architecture for delivery of emergency
                                            CMAS end-to-end reliability technology meet             alert messages subject to the WARN Act.                2     Reference Architecture
                                            telecom standards for highly reliable systems,            Commercial Mobile Service Provider
                                            the over-all reliability of CMAS is                     (CMSP)—Per the WARN Act Section                            6 WARN   Act, § 602(b)(1)(A).
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                                            2.2 Government Administered Elements                      3. The authorized government entity will                3. Maintain a log of wireless alert messages
                                            Definitions & Requirements                              publish open non-proprietary standards for             received from the Alert Aggregator and
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert                  message origination                                    delivered to and rejected by the CMSP
                                                                                                      4. The Alert Aggregator will utilize CAP as          Gateway.
                                            Aggregator and Alert Gateway be the
                                                                                                    the messaging standard to the Alert Gateway.              4. Implementation and support of defined
                                            responsibility of the authorized government               5. Messages will be delivered to the Alert           ‘‘service profiles’’ specifying alert message
                                            entity. The CMSAAC further recommends                   Gateway on a first-in first-out basis, with the        formats containing information elements
                                            that the system be acquired, managed,                   exception of the Presidential message, which           required by CMSPs for the delivery of alert
                                            operated, and administered by the same                  will move to the front of any existing                 messages to wireless devices.
                                            authorized government entity.                           messages.                                                 5. Stores CMSPs profiles including the
                                            2.2.1   Reference Point A                                 6. The Alert Aggregator will support bi-             CMSP election within a specific service area,
                                                                                                    directional message traffic to deliver the             supported technologies including any
                                              The actions to be performed at Reference              message and to notify the alert message
                                            Point A include the following:                                                                                 associated service profiles, characteristics,
                                                                                                    originator of the status of its CMAS message.          restrictions, limitations, or parameters.
                                              1. Provide information for the                          7. The Alert Aggregator may consist of
                                            authentication and validation of actions                                                                          6. Deployment to achieve geographic
                                                                                                    separate paths for the delivery of the message
                                            across this reference point.                                                                                   separation from the CMSP Gateway.
                                                                                                    to the Alert Gateway and from the Alert
                                              2. Delivery of a new, updated, or cancelled                                                                     7. Support interfacing with multiple
                                                                                                    Gateway for message status notification.
                                                                                                                                                           CMSPs and with multiple CMSP Gateways
                                            wireless alert message to Alert Distribution            2.2.3 Reference Point B                                per CMSP.
                                            Network in CAP format.
                                                                                                      The actions to be performed by Reference                8. Geographically redundant Alert Gateway
                                              3. Acknowledgement from Alert Gateway
                                                                                                    Point B include the following:                         to avoid a single point of failure.
                                            to Alert Aggregator that the new, updated, or             1. Carry forward information for the
                                            cancelled wireless alert message has been                                                                      2.2.4.2     CMSP Profile Support
                                                                                                    authentication and validation of actions
                                            received by the Alert Gateway.                          across this reference point.                              The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert
                                            2.2.2   Alert Aggregator                                  2. Delivery of a new, updated, or cancelled          Gateway have a profile for every CMSP. The
                                                                                                    wireless alert message to Alert Gateway in             CMSAAC further recommends that these
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that the                                                                               profiles be administered using the following
                                                                                                    CAP format.
                                            authorized government entity operate an                                                                        procedures:
                                                                                                      3. Carry acknowledgement from Alert
                                            alerting framework that aggregates all alerts           Gateway to Alert Aggregator that the new,                 • The CMSP Gateway IP addresses and
                                            submitted by Federal, State, Tribal and local           updated, or cancelled wireless alert message           CMSP service area on a state level will be
                                            originators and deliver these alerts to the             has been received.                                     provided by an authorized CMSP
                                            Alert Gateway. The CMSAAC makes the                                                                            representative to the Alert Gateway
                                                                                                    2.2.4 Alert Gateway
                                            following additional recommendations                                                                           administrator 30 days in advance of the
                                            regarding the Alert Aggregator:                         2.2.4.1 General Alert Gateway System                   required in-service date when CMSP begin to
                                              1. All message originators will comply                Requirements                                           transmit the CMAMs.
                                            with the Trust Model when sending messages                The functions to be performed by the Alert              • Any updates of CMSP profile will be
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                                            through the alert framework to the Alert                Gateway include the following:                         provided by an authorized CMSP
                                            Gateway. (See Section 8.1, below for a                    1. Ensure authenticity of interactions with          representative to the Alert Gateway
                                            discussion of the Trust Model)                          the Alert Aggregator and the CMSP Gateway.             administrator in writing at least 30 days in
                                              2. The Alert Aggregator will be operated                2. Validate (e.g., authentication and non-           advance of the required in-service date.
                                            according to the requirements set forth in the          repudiation) the received wireless alert                  • The parties will negotiate and mutually
                                            Trust Model.                                            message.                                               agree on an implementation date.
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                                                                                                        TABLE 2–1.—CMSP PROFILE ON ALERT GATEWAY
                                                            Profile parameter                                            Parameter election                                                           Description

                                            CMSP Name ...........................................        ................................................................    Unique identification of CMSP.
                                            CMSP Gateway Address ........................               IP address or Domain Name .................
                                                                                                        Alternate IP address ..............................                  Optional and subject to implementation.
                                            Geo-Location Filtering .............................        <yes/no> ................................................            If ‘‘yes’’ the only CMAM issued in the listed states will be
                                                                                                                                                                                 sent to the CMSP Gateway.
                                                                                                                                                                             If ‘‘no’’, all CMAM will be sent to the CMSP Gateway.
                                            If yes, list of states ..................................   CMAC Geocode for state ......................                        List can be state name, abbreviated state name, or CMAC
                                                                                                                                                                                 GeoCode for state (see Section 10.4.5).



                                            2.3 CMSP Administered Elements                                         10. CMSP Gateway(s) in a CMSP network                                  establishing a procedure that, if invoked,
                                            Definitions & Requirements                                           will be identified by a unique IP address or                             would give certain messages priority status
                                            2.3.1    Reference Point C                                           domain name.                                                             irrespective of their ranking in the Alert
                                                                                                                   11. The CMSP Gateway will support the                                  Gateway queue.
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that the actions                             defined CMAS ‘‘C’’ interface and associated                              2.3.3 CMSP Infrastructure
                                            to be performed by Reference Point C include                         protocols between the Alert Gateway and the
                                            the following:                                                       CMSP Gateway.                                                               CMSP infrastructure functionality is
                                              1. Provide information for the                                       12. The interface from the CMSP Gateway                                generally dependent on delivery technology,
                                            authentication and validation of actions                             to the CMSP Infrastructure is CMSP and                                   the capabilities of the delivery technology,
                                            across this reference point.                                         technology dependent and is not specified in                             and mobile vendor/CMSP specific policy and
                                              2. Delivery of a new, updated, or cancelled                        CMAS.                                                                    requirements. The following are general
                                            wireless alert message by the Alert Gateway                            13. The CMSP Gateway model will support                                guidelines recommended by the CMSAAC for
                                            in a format that is suitable for the mobile                          standardized IP based security mechanisms                                the functions to be performed by the CMSP
                                            devices and the wireless alert delivery                              such as a firewall. The CMSP will provide a                              Infrastructure:
                                            technology or technologies implemented by                            secure connection from the CMSP Gateway to                                  1. Authentication of interactions with the
                                                                                                                 the Alert Gateway for reception of the CMAS                              Mobile Device which is dependent upon the
                                            the CMSP.
                                                                                                                 messages.                                                                capabilities of the delivery technology and
                                              3. Acknowledgement from CMSP Gateway
                                                                                                                   14. The CMSP Gateway application will                                  CMSP policy. This function may not be part
                                            to Alert Gateway that the new, updated, or
                                                                                                                 support CMAM:                                                            of CMAS but a capability of the underlying
                                            cancelled wireless alert message has been
                                                                                                                   a. Authentication.                                                     delivery technology.
                                            received by the CMSP Gateway.                                                                                                                    2. Distribute the received CMAS alert
                                                                                                                   b. Message integrity.
                                            2.3.2    CMSP Gateway                                                  c. Availability (i.e. keep alive messages).                            message to the determined set of cell sites/
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that the                                       15. The CMSP Gateway will support a                                    paging transceivers for transmission to the
                                            functions to be performed by the Commercial                          mechanism on the Reference Point C                                       mobile devices within the range of cell sites/
                                            Mobile Service Provider Gateway include the                          interface with the Alert Gateway to stop and                             pager transceivers.
                                            following:                                                           start alert message deliveries from the Alert                               3. For each specified cell site/pager
                                                                                                                 Gateway to the CMSP Gateway under                                        transceiver, transmit the CMAS alert message
                                              1. Authentication of interactions with the
                                                                                                                 conditions such as the event too many                                    using the delivery technology or delivery
                                            Alert Gateway.
                                                                                                                 messages are being received on the interface,                            technologies supported by the CMSP for that
                                              2. Management of Commercial Mobile
                                                                                                                 the CMSP Gateway buffers are full,                                       specific cell site/paging transceiver.
                                            Service Provider elections to support CMAS
                                            alert services within the Commercial Mobile                          congestion exists at the CMSP Gateway, etc.                              2.3.4 Reference Points D & E
                                            Service Provider’s service areas.                                      16. The CMSP Gateway will support a                                       Reference Point D is the interface between
                                              3. Determination if CMSP has elected to                            mechanism to handle congestion within the                                the CMSP Gateway and the CMSP
                                            offer CMAS alert services within the                                 CMSP Infrastructure according to CMSP                                    Infrastructure. Reference Point E is the
                                            specified alerting area.                                             policy.                                                                  interface between the CMSP Infrastructure
                                              4. Determination of which delivery                                   17. The CMSP Gateway will not be                                       and the mobile device including the air
                                                                                                                 responsible for performing any formatting, re-                           interface.
                                            technology or delivery technologies will be
                                                                                                                 formatting, or translation of the CMAM other                                Reference Points D and E are defined and
                                            utilized for the transmission of CMAS alert
                                                                                                                 than the following:                                                      controlled by the Commercial Mobile Service
                                            messages within the specified alerting area.
                                                                                                                   a. Text, audio, video, and multimedia files                            Providers. The CMSAAC recommendations
                                              5. Map the alert area of the CMAS alert                            may require transcoding into the proper                                  in this document define what type of
                                            message into the associated set of cell sites/                       format (e.g., codec) supported by the mobile
                                            paging transceivers.                                                                                                                          information needs to be conveyed across
                                                                                                                 device.                                                                  Reference Point E to support CMAS alerts on
                                              6. Manage and execute CMAS alert                                     18. The CMSP Gateway will be responsible
                                            retransmission subject to delivery technology                                                                                                 mobile devices. The CMSAAC recommends
                                                                                                                 for validating message integrity and alerting                            that the definition of the Reference Point D
                                            capability and CMSP policy.                                          parameters and respond with an error
                                              7. A CMSP that elects to transmit alerts                                                                                                    and E protocols be performed by the
                                                                                                                 message to the Alert Gateway if these                                    commercial mobile service providers in
                                            will have one or more CMSP Gateways                                  validations fail.
                                            designated for receipt of alerts from the Alert                                                                                               conjunction with the CMSP infrastructure
                                                                                                                   19. The CMSP Gateway will retrieve any                                 network vendors and the mobile device
                                            Gateway.                                                             resources (e.g., audio, video, multimedia files                          vendors.
                                              8. The CMSP Gateway should have                                    such as graphics) from the Alert Gateway if
                                            redundancy and be designed to provide high                           the alert attributes indicate a resource is                              2.3.5 Mobile Device
                                            reliability and availability comparable to                           available and if the CMSP has the capability                                Mobile device functionality is generally
                                            similarly situated network elements.                                 to broadcast these resource types.                                       dependent on delivery technology, the
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                                              9. A Commercial Mobile Service Provider                              20. The CMSP Gateway will process                                      capabilities of the delivery technology, and
                                            may have one or more CMSP Gateways in the                            CMAMs in a first in-first out (FIFO) queuing                             mobile vendor/CMSP specific policy and
                                            CMSP network to support regional                                     method except for a Presidential-level alert                             requirements. CMAS should allow for mobile
                                            distribution of CMSA messages and to handle                          which will be immediately moved to the top                               device vendor flexibility in the design of
                                            anticipated CMAM traffic levels. The CMSP                            of the queue and processed before all other                              CMA user interactions, and allow for
                                            has the responsibility for the distribution of                       non-Presidential alerts. The CMSAAC or its                               innovation by the mobile device vendors and
                                            the CMAM traffic among CMSP Gateways.                                successor will study the feasibility of                                  CMSPs, especially as mobile device



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                                            technology advances. The following are                    b. Presentation of a CMAS alert will                    2. Potential date when mobile device(s)
                                            general guidelines recommended by the                   activate associated visual, audio, and                  with CMAS support are available for
                                            CMSAAC for the functions to be performed                mechanical (e.g., vibration) indicators per             consumer purchase.
                                            by the Mobile Device:                                   subscriber options configured on the mobile               3. Whether the deployment will be ‘‘in
                                               1. Authentication of interactions with the           device.                                                 whole or in part’’.
                                            CMSP infrastructure. The authentication will              7. Detection and suppression of                         It is important to understand the various
                                            not be part of the CMAS alert and is delivery           presentation of duplicate CMAS alerts.                  scenarios that may be deployed in CMSP
                                            technology dependent.                                     8. Suppression of CMAS alert visual, audio            networks to support CMAS for those CMSP
                                               2. Determination of delivery technology or           and mechanical (e.g., vibration) indicators             that do elect to transmit the CMAS alerts in
                                            delivery technologies being supported by the            upon subscriber’s action on the mobile                  whole or part. In addition, these scenarios
                                            Commercial Mobile Service Provider in the               device user interface (e.g., key stroke, touch          need to be understood for the development
                                            subscriber’s current visited network.                   screen).                                                of appropriate information a CMSP must
                                               3. Monitor associated channel or channels                                                                    provide to the subscriber to educate them on
                                            according to the requirements of the delivery           3   Deployment Scenarios
                                                                                                                                                            the availability of CMAS alerts. This
                                            technology or delivery technologies for                    The WARN Act specifies that a commercial             information also needed to educate the
                                            CMAS alerts.                                            mobile service operator who elects to                   sources of the CMAS alerts so there is not an
                                               4. Maintain configuration of CMAS alert              transmit emergency alerts can elect to
                                            options including the following:                                                                                unrealistic expectation as to the percentage of
                                                                                                    transmit the CMAS alerts in whole or in                 population to which the alert message may
                                               a. Subscriber’s choice of CMAS alert opt-            part.7 The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                            out selections.                                                                                                 be broadcast.
                                                                                                    definition of ‘‘in whole or in part’’ include
                                               b. Subscriber’s preferred language for                                                                         Note: The following diagrams show variety
                                                                                                    the following:
                                            CMAS alerts if applicable to the delivery                                                                       of mobile devices (i.e. cellular mobile phones
                                                                                                       • All or a subset of the CMSP’s service
                                            technology.                                                                                                     and pagers) as illustrative examples; it is not
                                                                                                    area.
                                               c. Default language is English if CMAS                                                                       the intention to suggest all mobile device
                                                                                                       • All or a subset of current and future
                                            alert is not being transmitted in subscriber’s                                                                  technologies are supported by a single
                                                                                                    mobile devices supported by the CMSP
                                            preferred language.                                                                                             operator or via a single CMSP network.
                                                                                                    network.
                                               5. Extraction of the CMAS alert content in
                                                                                                       For reasons detailed in Annex B—WARN                 3.1 Scenarios for Single Technology
                                            the subscriber’s preferred language or in the
                                                                                                    Act Statutory Requirements, the date of                 Deployed
                                            default language of English, if the CMAS alert
                                            is not being transmitted in the subscriber’s            election is likely not the date of deployment.
                                                                                                    Therefore the CMSAAC recommends that the                3.1.1 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Single
                                            preferred language.                                                                                             Technology Operator Network on All Devices
                                               6. Presentation of received CMAS alert               process for a CMSP to ‘‘file an election with
                                            content to the mobile device user in                    the Commission with respect to whether or                 This scenario illustrates where the CMSP
                                            accordance with the capabilities of the                 not it intends to transmit emergency alerts’’           deploys a single delivery technology within
                                            mobile device, if the CMAS alert complies               should include the following information:               the CMSP network to support CMAS alerts,
                                            with the subscriber’s opt-out selections.                  1. Potential date of initial deployment.             and all mobile devices on that network
                                               a. Presidential level CMAS alerts are                                                                        support the delivery technology and thus the
                                            always presented.                                           7 WARN   Act, § 602(b)(1)(B).                       reception of the CMAS alerts.
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                                            3.1.2 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Single                    the CMSP network to support CMAS alerts,
                                            Technology Operator Network on a Subset of              and only a subset of mobile devices on that
                                            Devices                                                 CMSP network support the delivery
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP              technology and thus the reception of the
                                            deploys a single delivery technology within             CMAS alerts.
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                                            3.1.3 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of Single                 subset of the CMSP network to support                  CMSP network where the delivery
                                            Technology Operator’s Network on All                    CMAS alerts, and all mobile devices on that            technology is deployed.
                                            Devices                                                 CMSP network support the delivery
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP              technology and thus the reception of the
                                            deploys a single delivery technology in a               CMAS alerts while in the portion of the
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                                            3.1.4 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of Single                 subset of the CMSP network to support                  CMSP network where the delivery
                                            Technology Operator’s Network on Subset of              CMAS, and only a subset of mobile devices              technology is deployed.
                                            Devices                                                 on the CMSP network support the delivery
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP              technology and thus the reception of the
                                            deploys a single delivery technology in a               CMAS alerts while in the portion of the
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                                            3.2 Scenarios for Multiple Technologies                 within the CMSP network to support CMAS
                                            Deployed                                                alerts, and all mobile devices on that CMSP
                                            3.2.1 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Multiple                  network support all delivery technologies
                                            Technology Operator Network on All Devices              and thus the reception of the CMAS alerts.
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP
                                            deploys multiple delivery technologies
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                                            3.2.2 Scenario—CMAS in Entire Multiple                  within the CMSP network to support CMAS                of the CMAS alerts. Some mobile devices
                                            Technology Operator Network on Subset of                alerts, and only a subset of mobile devices on         may not support either delivery technology.
                                            Devices                                                 the CMSP network supports one or both
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP              delivery technologies and thus the reception
                                            deploys multiple delivery technologies
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                                            3.2.3 Scenario—CMAS in Subset of                        subset of the CMSP network to support                  devices may not support either delivery
                                            Multiple Technology Operator Network on                 CMAS alerts, and only a subset of mobile               technology. This is a realistic picture of the
                                            Subset of Devices                                       devices on the CMSP network support one or             deployment of CMAS, especially in a
                                              This scenario illustrates where the CMSP              both delivery technologies and thus the                nationwide scenario.
                                            deploys multiple delivery technologies on a             reception of the CMAS alerts. Some mobile
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                                            3.3 Scenario for Operator Does Not Elect to
                                            Transmit CMAS Alerts
                                              This option illustrates where the CMSP
                                            does not elect to transmit CMAS alerts.
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                                            3.4 Subscriber Notification                             4   CMAS Alert Scenarios                               to the originating government entity and the
                                            Recommendations                                           This section provides descriptions                   alert is not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                              The CMSAAC, in collaboration with the                 recommended by the CMSAAC for many                        3. The government alerting network
                                            Cellular Telephone and Internet Association             common scenarios which are related to the              converts the received alert message into the
                                            (CTIA) and its membership developed the                 support of CMAS Alert messages. These                  text profile based CMAS format supported by
                                            proposed text to be used by commercial                  scenarios are a representative sample and do           the CMSP.
                                            mobile service providers to notify their                not include all possible sequences and/or                 a. If the alert fails conversion, the alert is
                                                                                                    events. Specifically this section will include         not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            subscribers (1) when they intend to transmit
                                                                                                    descriptions of the following scenarios:                  4. The text profile based CMAM is sent to
                                            emergency alerts ‘‘in part’’ or (2) when they
                                            do not intend to transmit emergency alerts.               • Nominal CMAS alert scenarios for text              the CMSP over Reference Point C.
                                                                                                    based CMAS alert, as well as future                       5. The CMSP validates the received
                                            The WARN Act appears not to require                                                                            CMAM.
                                                                                                    capabilities of streaming audio, streaming
                                            specific text be developed for service                                                                            a. If the CMAM fails validation, an error
                                                                                                    video, and downloaded multimedia CMAS
                                            providers who elect to transmit emergency                                                                      response is returned to the government
                                                                                                    alerts.
                                            alerts throughout its entire coverage area.
                                                                                                      • CMAS alert cancellation scenario.                  alerting network and the CMAM is not
                                            Therefore no text was developed for that                  • CMAS alert update scenarios for text               broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            case.                                                   based CMAS alert, as well as future                       6. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement
                                            3.4.1   Notification Procedures                         capabilities of streaming audio, streaming             to the government alerting network that a
                                                                                                    video, and downloaded multimedia CMAS                  valid CMAM has been received.
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that carriers
                                                                                                    alerts.                                                   7. The CMSP performs geo-targeting to
                                            retain the discretion to determine how to
                                                                                                      • CMAS alert expiration scenario.                    translate the indicated alert area into the
                                            provide specific information regarding (1)
                                                                                                      • Duplicate CMAS alert scenarios for both            associated set of cell sites / paging
                                            whether or not they offer wireless emergency                                                                   transceivers for the broadcast of the CMA.
                                                                                                    duplicate CMAS alerts on the same broadcast
                                            alerts, and (2) which devices are or are not            technology and duplicate CMAS alerts from                 a. If the CMSP does not support CMAS in
                                            capable of receiving wireless emergency                 different broadcast technologies.                      the indicated alert area, the CMAM is not
                                            alerts, as well as how to tailor additional               • Multiple different active CMAS alert               broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            notice, if necessary, for devices offered at            scenarios.                                                b. If the CMSP does not have any cell site
                                            other points of sale, i.e., retail outlets, mobile        • Multiple different CMAS alerts.                    / paging transceiver coverage within the
                                            virtual network operators (MVNOs) and third                                                                    indicated alert area, the CMAM is not
                                            party vendors.                                          4.1 Nominal CMAS Alert Scenarios
                                                                                                                                                           broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            3.4.2   Notification Text Recommendations               4.1.1 Scenario for Nominal Text CMAS                      c. If the entire nation is indicated as the
                                                                                                    Alert                                                  alert area then all cell sites / paging
                                               The CMSAAC submits the following
                                                                                                       An event has occurred and the appropriate           transceivers of the CMSP which support the
                                            recommended notice text, consistent with the                                                                   CMAS service are used for the broadcast of
                                                                                                    government entities have decided to issue a
                                            requirements of the WARN Act.                                                                                  the CMAM.
                                                                                                    text based CMA to warn the CMSP
                                            I. NOTICE BY CARRIER WHO INTENDS TO                     subscribers within the indicated alerting                 8. The CMSP broadcasts the CMAM to the
                                                 TRANSMIT EMERGENCY ALERTS ‘‘IN                     area.                                                  set of cell sites / paging transceivers
                                                 PART.’’                                               This scenario applies to both the CMSP              identified by the geo-targeting processing in
                                               NOTICE REGARDING TRANSMISSION OF                     subscribers and to subscribers who are                 the previous step.
                                                 WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERTS                          roaming as visiting subscribers into the                  a. The CMAM is broadcast via the CMSP
                                                 (Commercial Mobile Alert Service)                  service area of the CMSP network which will            selected technology.
                                               [[WIRELESS PROVIDER]] has chosen to                  be broadcasting the CMA.                                  9. The mobile device monitors for the
                                            offer wireless emergency alerts within                  4.1.1.1 Pre-Conditions                                 broadcast of the CMAM via the CMSP
                                            portions of its service area, as defined by the                                                                selected technology.
                                                                                                       1. Mobile device is authorized and                     a. If the CMAM is not a Presidential alert
                                            terms and conditions of its service                     authenticated for service on CMSP network.
                                            agreement, on wireless emergency alert                                                                         and if the end user opt-out selections for
                                                                                                       2. Mobile device is receiving adequate              CMAS alerts indicate that this type of CMAM
                                            capable devices. There is no additional                 radio signal strength from the CMSP.
                                            charge for these wireless emergency alerts.                                                                    is not to be presented, the CMAM is
                                                                                                       3. Mobile device is in state that allows for        discarded or ignored. End of scenario.
                                               Wireless emergency alerts may not be                 the detection and reception of the CMA (e.g.,             10. The CMAM is received and presented
                                            available on all devices or in the entire               not busy, not on a voice call).                        to the end user including the activation of the
                                            service area, or if a subscriber is outside of             4. No previous Commercial Mobile Alert              CMAS audio attention signal and/or the
                                            the [WIRELESS PROVIDER’s] service area.                 Message (CMAM) is being broadcast by the               activation of the special emergency alert
                                            For details on the availability of this service         CMSP.                                                  vibration cadence (if mobile device has
                                            and wireless emergency alert capable                       5. There is no active CMAM on mobile                vibration capabilities) for a short duration as
                                            devices, please ask a sales representative, or          device.                                                defined by CMSP policies and by the
                                            go to [[INSERT WEB SITE URL]].                             6. CMSP subscriber is within the alerting           capabilities of the mobile device, and display
                                               Notice required by FCC Rule XXXX                     area for the CMA.                                      of the CMAM message text on the visual
                                            (Commercial Mobile Alert Service).                      4.1.1.2 Normal Flow                                    display of the mobile device.
                                            II. NOTICE BY CARRIER WHO, ‘‘IN                            The normal flow for the text based CMA                 a. Activation of the CMAS audio attention
                                                 WHOLE,’’ DOES NOT INTEND TO                        is described in the following steps and in the         signal and/or special vibration cadence
                                                 TRANSMIT EMERGENCY ALERTS                          associated flow diagram which follows:                 complies with the end user mobile device
                                               NOTICE TO NEW AND EXISTING                              1. The appropriate government entity                configuration as defined in Section 7.2,
                                                 SUBSCRIBERS REGARDING                              creates the alert message in CAP format                below.
                                                 TRANSMISSION OF WIRELESS                           which is sent to the government alerting                  11. The behavior of the mobile device
                                                 EMERGENCY ALERTS (Commercial                       network over Reference Point A.                        beyond this point is outside the scope of the
                                                 Mobile Alert Service)                                 2. The government alerting network                  WARN Act and, therefore, is not subject to
                                               [[WIRELESS PROVIDER]] presently does                 validates and authenticates the received alert         recommendations by the CMSAAC. The
                                            not transmit wireless emergency alerts.                 request.                                               functionality of the mobile device is CMSP
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                                               Notice required by FCC Rule XXXX                        a. If the alert fails validation or                 and mobile device specific.
                                            (Commercial Mobile Alert Service).                      authentication, an error response is returned          BILLING CODE 6712–01–P




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                                            BILLING CODE 6712–01–C                                    This scenario applies to both the CMSP                 3. Mobile device is in state that allows for
                                            4.1.2 Scenario for Nominal Streaming                    subscribers and to subscribers who are                 the detection and reception of the CMA (e.g.,
                                            Audio or Streaming Video CMAS Alert                     roaming as visiting subscribers into the               not busy, not on a voice call).
                                            Streaming audio or streaming video CMAS                 service area of the CMSP network which will              4. A previous non-expired Commercial
                                            alerts are a future capability.                         be broadcasting the CMA.                               Mobile Alert Message (CMAM) has been
                                                                                                                                                           broadcast by the CMSP and has been
                                            4.1.3 Scenario for Nominal Downloaded                     If the received CMAM cancellation is not
                                                                                                                                                           received by the mobile device (i.e., there is
                                            Multimedia CMAS Alert Downloaded                        valid and if, as a part of its implementation,
                                                                                                                                                           an active CMAM on the mobile device).
                                            multimedia CMAS alerts are a future                     the CMSP has enabled message                             6. CMSP subscriber is within the alerting
                                            capability.                                             retransmission, the CMSP may continue to               area of the active CMA.
                                                                                                    send the original alert until expiry or until
                                            4.2   CMAS Alert Cancellation Scenario                                                                         4.2.2 Normal Flow
                                                                                                    a valid CMAM cancellation is received.
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                                              The event that caused the issuance of the                                                                      The normal flow for the cancelled CMA is
                                            CMA has changed and the appropriate                     4.2.1   Pre-Conditions                                 described in the following steps and in the
                                            government entities have decided that the                 1. Mobile device is authorized and                   associated flow diagram which follows:
                                            event is no longer an imminent threat to life           authenticated for service on CMSP network.               1. The appropriate government entity
                                            or property. Consequently the appropriate                 2. Mobile device is receiving adequate               creates the alert cancellation message in CAP
                                            government entities have decided to issue a             radio signal strength from the CMSP.                   format which is sent to the government
                                                                                                                                                                                                            EP03JA08.009</GPH>




                                            cancellation of the CMA.                                                                                       alerting network over Reference Point A.



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                                              2. The government alerting network                    the government alerting network and the                CMSP selected technology and receives the
                                            validates and authenticates the received alert          CMAM cancellation is not broadcast by the              CMAM cancellation.
                                            cancellation request.                                   CMSP. End of scenario.                                   a. If the CMAM cancellation is not a
                                              a. If the alert fails validation or                      6. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement                Presidential alert and if the end user opt-out
                                            authentication, an error response is returned           to the government alerting network that a              selections for CMAS alerts indicate that this
                                            to the originating government entity and the            valid CMAM cancellation has been received.             type of CMAM is not to be presented, the
                                            alert cancellation is not sent to the CMSP.                7. The CMSP discontinues the broadcasts             CMAM cancellation is discarded or ignored.
                                            End of scenario.                                        the associated CMAM including the text                 End of scenario.
                                              3. The government alerting network                    component and any associated audio, video,
                                            converts the received alert message into the                                                                     11. The CMAM cancellation is received
                                                                                                    or multimedia components.                              and the CMAM cancellation is presented to
                                            text profile based CMAS format support by                  8. The CMSP performs geo-targeting to
                                            the CMSP.                                                                                                      the end user including the activation of the
                                                                                                    translate the indicated alert area into the            CMAS audio attention signal and/or the
                                              a. The Alert Gateway ensures that the                 associated set of cell sites/paging transceivers
                                            urgency, severity, certainty match the values                                                                  activation of the special emergency alert
                                                                                                    for the broadcast of the CMA.
                                            of those fields in the original message. As a                                                                  vibration cadence (if mobile device has
                                                                                                       a. If the CMSP does not support CMAS in
                                            consequence, a cancelled CMAM passed to                                                                        vibration capabilities) for a short duration as
                                                                                                    the indicated alert area, the CMAM is not
                                            the CMSP Gateway has the same urgency,                                                                         defined by CMSP policies and the
                                            severity, certainty, and message category as            broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                                                                                                                                           capabilities of the mobile device, and the
                                            the original CMA alert in order to ensure the              b. If the CMSP does not have any cell site/
                                                                                                    paging transceiver coverage within the                 display of the CMAM cancellation message
                                            opt-out filter on the handset is the same for                                                                  text on the visual display of the mobile
                                            both messages. Therefore if the original                indicated alert area, the CMAM is not
                                                                                                    broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                device.
                                            CMAM was ignored based on opt-out criteria,                                                                      a. Activation of the CMAS audio attention
                                            then the CMAM cancellation should also be                  c. If the entire nation is indicated as the
                                                                                                    alert area then all cell sites/paging                  signal and/or special vibration cadence will
                                            ignored.
                                                                                                    transceivers of the CMSP which support the             comply with the end user mobile device
                                              b. If the alert fails conversion, the alert
                                            cancellation is not sent to the CMSP. End of            CMAS service are used for the broadcast of             configuration as defined in Section 7.2
                                            scenario.                                               the CMAM.                                              below.
                                              4. The CMAM cancellation is sent to the                  9. The CMSP broadcasts the CMAM                       12. The behavior of the mobile device
                                            CMSP over Reference Point C.                            cancellation to the same set of cell sites /           beyond this point is outside the scope of the
                                              5. The CMSP validates the received CMAM               paging transceivers identified by the geo-             WARN Act and, therefore, is not subject to
                                            cancellation.                                           targeting processing in the previous step.             recommendations by the CMSAAC. The
                                              a. If the CMAM cancellation fails                        10. The mobile device monitors for the              functionality of the mobile device is CMSP
                                            validation, an error response is returned to            broadcast of the CMAM cancellation via the             and mobile device specific.
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                                            4.3   CMAS Alert Update Scenarios                       about changes associated with the event that           the CMSP has enabled message
                                            4.3.1 Scenario for Update of Text CMAS                  caused the issuance of the previous CMA.               retransmission, the CMSP may continue to
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                                            Alert                                                     This scenario applies to both the CMSP               send the original alert until expiration or
                                                                                                    subscribers and to subscribers who are                 until a valid CMAM cancellation is received.
                                               The appropriate government entities have             roaming as visiting subscribers into the
                                            decided to issue an update to a previously              service area of the CMSP network which will            4.3.1.1     Pre-Conditions
                                            issued text based CMA to warn the CMSP                  be broadcasting the CMA.                                 1. Mobile device is authorized and
                                            subscribers within the indicated alerting area            If the received CMAM cancellation is not             authenticated for service on CMSP network.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          EP03JA08.010</GPH>




                                                                                                    valid and if, as a part of its implementation,



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                                              2. Mobile device is receiving adequate                severity, certainty, and message category as           CMAS service are used for the broadcast of
                                            radio signal strength from the CMSP.                    the original CMA alert in order to ensure the          the updated CMAM.
                                              3. Mobile device is in state that allows for          opt-out filter on the handset is the same for             9. The CMSP broadcasts the updated
                                            the detection and reception of the CMA (e.g.,           both messages. Therefore if the original               CMAM to the set of cell sites/paging
                                            not busy, not on a voice call).                         CMAM was ignored based on opt-out criteria,            transceivers identified by the geo-targeting
                                              4. The CMSP may be broadcasting a                     then the updated CMAM should also be                   processing in the previous step.
                                            previous CMA which is associated with the               ignored.                                                  a. The updated CMAM is broadcast via the
                                            updated CMA.                                               b. If the alert fails conversion, the alert is      CMSP selected technology.
                                              5. A CMAM may be active on mobile                                                                               10. The mobile device monitors for the
                                                                                                    not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            device.                                                                                                        broadcast of the updated CMAM via the
                                                                                                       4. The updated text based CMAM is sent
                                              6. CMSP subscriber is within the alerting                                                                    CMSP selected technology.
                                            area of the updated CMA.                                to the CMSP over Reference Point C.
                                                                                                       5. The CMSP validates the received                     a. If the updated CMAM is not a
                                            4.3.1.2 Normal Flow                                     updated CMAM.                                          Presidential alert and if the end user opt-out
                                              The normal flow for the update of text                   a. If the updated CMAM fails validation, an         selections for CMAS alerts indicate that this
                                            based CMAM is described in the following                error response is returned to the government           type of CMAS alert is not to be presented, the
                                            steps and in the associated flow diagram                                                                       updated CMAM is discarded or ignored. End
                                                                                                    alerting network and the updated CMAM is
                                            which follows:                                                                                                 of scenario.
                                                                                                    not broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                              1. The appropriate government entity                                                                            11. The updated CMAM is received and
                                                                                                       6. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement
                                            creates the updated alert message in CAP                                                                       presented to the end user including the
                                                                                                    to the government alerting network that a              activation of the CMAS audio attention signal
                                            format which is sent to the government                  valid updated CMAM has been received.
                                            alerting network over Reference Point A.                                                                       and/or the activation of the special
                                                                                                       7. The CMSP discontinues any broadcasts             emergency alert vibration cadence (if mobile
                                              2. The government alerting network
                                                                                                    of the previously issued CMAM.                         device has vibration capabilities) for a short
                                            validates and authenticates the received
                                                                                                       8. The CMSP performs geo-targeting to               duration as defined by CMSP policies and
                                            updated alert request.
                                              a. If the alert fails validation or                   translate the indicated alert area into the            the capabilities of the mobile device, and the
                                            authentication, or conversion, an error                 associated set of cell sites/paging transceivers       display of the updated CMAM message text
                                            response is returned to the originating                 for the broadcast of the updated CMAM.                 on the visual display of the mobile device.
                                            government entity and the alert is not sent to             a. If the CMSP does not support CMAS in                a. Activation of the CMAS audio attention
                                            the CMSP. End of scenario.                              the indicated alert area, the updated CMAM             signal and/or special vibration cadence
                                              3. The government alerting network                    is not broadcast by the CMSP. End of                   complies with the end user mobile device
                                            converts the received alert message into the            scenario.                                              configuration as defined in Section 7.2
                                            text profile based CMAS format supported by                b. If the CMSP does not have any cell site/         below.
                                            the CMSP.                                               paging transceiver coverage within the                    12. The behavior of the mobile device
                                              a. The Alert Gateway ensures that the                 indicated alert area, the updated CMAM is              beyond this point is outside the scope of the
                                            urgency, severity, certainty match the values           not broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.            WARN Act and, therefore, is not subject to
                                            of those fields in the original message. As a              c. If the entire nation is indicated as the         recommendations by the CMSAAC. The
                                            consequence, an updated CMAM passed to                  alert area then all cell sites/paging                  functionality of the mobile device is CMSP
                                            the CMSP Gateway has the same urgency,                  transceivers of the CMSP which support the             and mobile device specific.
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                                            4.3.2 Scenario for Update of Streaming                     Downloaded multimedia CMAS alerts are               functionality when the expiration time has
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                                            Audio or Streaming Video CMAS Alert                     a future capability.                                   been detected.
                                              Streaming audio or streaming video CMAS               4.4   CMAS Alert Expiration Scenario                   4.4.1   Pre-Conditions
                                            alerts are a future capability.                                                                                  1. The associated non-expired non-
                                                                                                      The previously issued Commercial Mobile
                                            4.3.3   Scenario for Update of                          Alert Message (CMAM) alert has reached its             cancelled CMAM has been or is currently
                                               Downloaded Multimedia CMAS Alert                     expiration time without having been updated            being broadcast by the CMSP.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        EP03JA08.011</GPH>




                                                                                                    or cancelled. This scenario describes the



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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                                 577

                                            4.4.2   Normal Flow                                        1. The expiration time of a previously                3. All active broadcasts of any associated
                                              The normal flow for the CMAS alert                    issued CMAM has been determined by the                 audio, video, or multimedia components of
                                                                                                    CMSP.                                                  the previously issue CMAM are discontinued
                                            expiration is described in the following steps
                                                                                                       2. Any active broadcasts of text component          by the CMSP.
                                            and in the associated flow diagram which                of the previously issued CMAM are
                                            follows:                                                discontinued by the CMSP.




                                            4.5 Duplicate CMAS Alerts Scenarios                       3. Mobile device is in state that allows for            a. The CMAM being retransmitted contains
                                            4.5.1 Scenario for Duplicate CMAS Alerts                the detection and reception of CMAM (e.g.,             the same message identifier as the previously
                                            on Same Broadcast Technology                            not busy, not on a voice call).                        broadcast version.
                                                                                                      4. A previous copy of the CMAM has been                 b. The retransmission could be performed
                                              A CMAM is being retransmitted by the
                                                                                                    broadcast by the CMSP.                                 by the CMSP selected delivery technology
                                            CMSP network. The mobile device detects
                                            and ignores the duplicate CMAM.                           5. The previous copy of the CMAM is                  depending on the capabilities of the delivery
                                              This scenario applies to both the CMSP                contained on mobile device.                            technology.
                                            subscribers and to subscribers who are                    6. CMSP subscriber is still within the                  2. The mobile device monitors for the
                                            roaming as visiting subscribers into the                alerting area for the CMA.
                                                                                                                                                           broadcast of the CMAM via the CMSP
                                            service area of the CMSP network which will             4.5.1.2   Normal Flow                                  selected technology.
                                            be broadcasting the CMA.                                                                                          3. The mobile device detects the received
                                                                                                      The flow for duplicate CMAM on the same
                                            4.5.1.1 Pre-Conditions                                  broadcast technology is described in the               CMAM as a duplicate CMAM based upon
                                              1. Mobile device is authorized and                    following steps and in the associated flow             message identifier and other message
                                            authenticated for service on CMSP network.              diagram which follows:                                 attributes. The duplicate CMAM is ignored
                                              2. Mobile device is receiving adequate                  1. The CMSP network retransmits a                    and discarded by the mobile station.
                                            radio signal strength from the CMSP.                    previously broadcast CMAM.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                           EP03JA08.012</GPH>




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                                            4.5.2 Scenario for Duplicate CMAS Alerts                which is sent to the government alerting                  8. The CMSP broadcasts the CMAM using
                                            on Different Broadcast Technologies                     network over Reference Point A.                        the first broadcast technology to the set of
                                              An event has occurred and the appropriate                2. The government alerting network                  cell sites/paging transceivers identified by
                                            government entities have decided to issue a             validates and authenticates the received alert         the geo-targeting processing in the previous
                                            text based CMA to warn the CMSP                         request.                                               step.
                                            subscribers within the indicated alerting                  a. If the alert fails validation or                    a. The CMAM is broadcast via the first
                                            area. The CMSP network supports more than               authentication, an error response is returned          CMSP selected technology.
                                            one broadcast technology in the indicated               to the originating government entity and the              9. The CMSP performs geo-targeting to
                                            alerting area and the CMSP elects to                    alert is not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.        translate the indicated alert area into the
                                                                                                       3. The government alerting network                  associated set of cell sites/paging transceivers
                                            broadcast the CMA on more than one
                                                                                                    converts the received alert message into the           for the second broadcast technology used for
                                            technology in the indicated alerting area.
                                                                                                    text profile based CMAS format supported by            the broadcast of the CMAM.
                                            Support of multiple broadcast technologies
                                                                                                    the CMSP.                                                 a. If the CMSP does not have any cell site/
                                            by the CMSP network may be result of the
                                                                                                       a. If the alert fails conversion, the alert is      paging transceiver coverage for the second
                                            deployment and implementation of newer
                                                                                                    not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            broadcast technologies. This scenario applies                                                                  broadcast technology within the indicated
                                                                                                       4. The text profile based CMAM is sent to
                                            to both the CMSP subscribers and to                                                                            alert area, the CMAM is not broadcast by the
                                                                                                    the CMSP over Reference Point C.
                                            subscribers who are roaming as visiting                                                                        CMSP using the second broadcast
                                                                                                       5. The CMSP validates the received
                                            subscribers into the service area of the CMSP                                                                  technology. The CMAM is processed as
                                                                                                    CMAM.
                                            network which will be broadcasting the                                                                         described in Section 4.1.1 above. End of
                                                                                                       a. If the CMAM fails validation, an error
                                            CMA.                                                                                                           scenario.
                                                                                                    response is returned to the government
                                            4.5.2.1 Pre-Conditions                                  alerting network and the CMAM is not                      c. If the entire nation is indicated as the
                                                                                                    broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                alert area then all cell sites/paging
                                              1. Mobile device is authorized and
                                                                                                       6. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement                transceivers of the second broadcast
                                            authenticated for service on CMSP network.
                                                                                                    to the government alerting network that a              technology of the CMSP which support the
                                              2. Mobile device is receiving adequate
                                                                                                    valid CMAM has been received.                          CMAS service are used for the broadcast of
                                            radio signal strength from the CMSP.
                                                                                                       7. The CMSP performs geo-targeting to               the CMAM.
                                              3. Mobile device is in state that allows for
                                            the detection and reception of the CMA (e.g.,           translate the indicated alert area into the               10. The CMSP broadcasts the CMAM using
                                            not busy, not on a voice call).                         associated set of cell sites/paging transceivers       the second broadcast technology to the set of
                                              4. No previous CMAM is being broadcast                for the first broadcast technology used for the        cell sites/paging transceivers identified by
                                            by the CMSP.                                            broadcast of the CMAM.                                 the geo-targeting processing in the previous
                                              5. There is no active CMAM on mobile                     a. If the CMSP does not support CMAS in             step.
                                            device.                                                 the indicated alert area, the CMAM is not                 a. The CMAM is broadcast via the second
                                              6. CMSP subscriber is still within the                broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                CMSP selected technology.
                                            alerting area for the CMA.                                 b. If the CMSP does not have any cell site/            11. The CMAM is received from both the
                                              7. The mobile device is capable of                    paging transceiver coverage for the first              first and second broadcast technologies.
                                            receiving the CMAM from more than one                   broadcast technology within the indicated                 12. Based upon mobile device capabilities
                                            broadcast technology.                                   alert area, the CMAM is not broadcast by the           and configurations, only one of the received
                                                                                                    CMSP using the first broadcast technology.             CMAM will be presented to the end user. The
                                            4.5.2.2 Normal Flow                                     The CMAM will be processed as described in             mobile device should only perform one
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                                              The flow for duplicate text profile based             Section 4.1.1 above. End of scenario.                  activation of the CMAS audio attention signal
                                            CMAS alerts on the different broadcast                     c. If the entire nation is indicated as the         and/or the activation of the special
                                            technologies is described in the following              alert area then all cell sites/paging                  emergency alert vibration cadence (if mobile
                                            steps and in the associated flow diagram                transceivers of the first broadcast technology         device has vibration capabilities).
                                            which follows:                                          of the CMSP which support the CMAS                        a. If the CMAM is not a Presidential alert
                                              1. The appropriate government entity                  service are used for the broadcast of the              and if the end user opt-out selections for
                                                                                                                                                                                                              EP03JA08.013</GPH>




                                            creates the alert message in CAP format                 CMAM.                                                  CMAS alerts indicate that this type of CMAS



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                                                                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                               579

                                            alert is not to be presented, the CMAM is               WARN Act and, therefore, is not subject to             functionality of the mobile device is CMSP
                                            discarded or ignored. End of scenario.                  recommendations by the CMSAAC. The                     and mobile device specific.
                                              13. The behavior of the mobile device                                                                        BILLING CODE 6712–01–P
                                            beyond this point is outside the scope of the
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                                            BILLING CODE 6712–01–C
                                                                                                                                                                                                        EP03JA08.014</GPH>




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                                            580                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            4.6 Multiple Different Active CMAS Alerts                  a. If the 1st CMAM fails validation, an error       the text profile based CMAS format
                                            Scenario                                                response is returned to the government                 supported by the CMSP.
                                              An event has occurred and the appropriate             alerting network and the CMAM is not                      a. If the alert fails conversion, the alert is
                                            government entities have decided to issue a             broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            text based CMA to warn the CMSP                            6. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement                   13. The 2nd text profile based CMAM is
                                            subscribers within the indicated alerting               to the government alerting network that the            sent to the CMSP over Reference Point C.
                                            area. During the broadcast period of the 1st            1st received CMAM is valid.                               14. The CMSP validates the 2nd received
                                            alert message, a second event has occurred                 7. The CMSP performs geo-targeting for the          CMAM.
                                            for the same alerting area and the appropriate          1st CMAS alert to translate the indicated alert           a. If the 2nd CMAM fails validation, an
                                            government entities have decided to issue a             area into the associated set of cell sites/            error response is returned to the government
                                            second text based CMA to warn the CMSP                  paging transceivers for the broadcast of the           alerting network and the CMAM is not
                                            subscribers within the indicated alerting               1st CMAM.                                              broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.
                                            area.                                                      a. If the CMSP does not support CMAS in                15. The CMSP sends an acknowledgement
                                              The CMSP processes CMAM received from                 the indicated alert area, the 1st CMAM is not          to the government alerting network that the
                                            the Alert Gateway on a first come first served          broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                2nd received CMAM is valid.
                                            basis. There is no prioritization of processing            b. If the CMSP does not have any cell site/            16. The CMSP performs geo-targeting for
                                            or delivery of CMAM within the CMSP                     paging transceiver coverage within the                 the 2nd CMAM to translate the indicated
                                            network. This scenario applies to both the              indicated alert area, the 1st CMAM is not              alert area into the associated set of cell sites/
                                            CMSP subscribers and to subscribers who are             broadcast by the CMSP. End of scenario.                paging transceivers for the broadcast of the
                                            roaming as visiting subscribers into the                   c. If the entire nation is indicated as the         2nd CMAM.
                                                                                                    alert area then all cell sites/paging                     a. For this scenario, since the indicated
                                            service area of the CMSP network which will
                                                                                                    transceivers of the CMSP which support the             alert area of the 1st and 2nd CMAM are the
                                            be broadcasting the CMA.
                                                                                                    CMAS service are used for the broadcast of             same, the results of the geo-targeting for both
                                            4.6.1   Pre-Conditions                                  the 1st CMA.                                           the 1st and 2nd CMAM should return the
                                              1. Mobile device is authorized and                       8. The CMSP broadcasts the 1st CMAM to              same set of cell sites/paging transceivers.
                                            authenticated for service on CMSP network.              the set of cell sites/paging transceivers                 17. The CMSP broadcasts the 2nd CMAM
                                              2. Mobile device is receiving adequate                identified by the geo-targeting processing in          to the set of cell sites/paging transceivers
                                            radio signal strength from the CMSP.                    the previous step.                                     identified by the geo-targeting processing
                                              3. Mobile device is in state that allows for             a. The 1st CMAM is broadcast via the                step.
                                            the detection and reception of CMA (e.g., not           CMSP selected technology.                                 a. The 2nd CMAM is broadcast via the
                                            busy, not on a voice call).                                9. The 1st CMAM is received and                     CMSP selected technology.
                                              4. No previous CMAM is being broadcast                presented to the end user including the                   b. The retransmission of the 1st CMAM
                                            by the CMSP.                                            activation of the CMAS audio attention signal          and the initial transmission of the 2nd
                                              5. There is no CMAM on mobile device.                 and/or the activation of the special                   CMAM may be simultaneously broadcast, or
                                              6. CMSP subscriber is within the alerting             emergency alert vibration cadence (if mobile           may be transmitted sequentially, depending
                                            area for the CMA.                                       device has vibration capabilities) for a short         on the delivery technology.
                                              7. Both CMA are to be issued for the same             duration as defined by CMSP policies and by               18. The 2nd CMAM is received and
                                            alerting area.                                          the capabilities of the mobile device, and             presented to the end user including the
                                                                                                    display of the 1st CMAM message text on the            activation of the CMAS audio attention signal
                                            4.6.2   Normal Flow
                                                                                                    visual display of the mobile device.                   and/or the activation of the special
                                              The flow for multiple different CMAS                     a. If the 1st CMAM is not a Presidential            emergency alert vibration cadence (if mobile
                                            alerts within the same alerting area is                 alert and if the end user opt-out selections for       device has vibration capabilities) for a short
                                            described in the following steps and in the             CMAS alerts indicate that this type of CMAS            duration as defined by CMSP policies and by
                                            associated flow diagram which follows:                  alert is not to be presented, the CMAM is              the capabilities of the mobile device, and
                                              1. The appropriate government entity                  discarded or ignored.                                  display of the 2nd CMAM message text on
                                            creates the 1st alert message in CAP format                b. Activation of the CMAS audio attention           the visual display of the mobile device.
                                            which is sent to the government alerting                signal and/or special vibration cadence                   a. If the 2nd CMAM is not a Presidential
                                            network over Reference Point A.                         complies with the end user mobile device               alert and if the end user opt-out selections for
                                              2. The government alerting network                    configuration as defined in Section 7.2                CMAS alerts indicate that this type of CMAS
                                            validates and authenticates the 1st received            below.                                                 alert is not to be presented, the 2nd CMAM
                                            alert request.                                             10. An appropriate government entity                is discarded or ignored.
                                              a. If the 1st alert fails validation or               creates a 2nd alert message in CAP format for             b. Activation of the CMAS audio attention
                                            authentication, an error response is returned           the same alerting area as the 1st alert                signal and/or special vibration cadence
                                            to the originating government entity and the            message. The 2nd alert message is sent to the          complies with the end user mobile device
                                            alert is not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.         government alerting network over Reference             configuration as defined in Section 7.2
                                              3. The government alerting network                    Point A.                                               below.
                                            converts the 1st received alert message into               11. The government alerting network                    c. The mobile device ignores the
                                            the text profile based CMAS format                      validates and authenticates the 2nd received           retransmission of the duplicate 1st CMAM.
                                            supported by the CMSP.                                  alert request.                                            d. The mobile device processing and
                                              a. If the alert fails conversion, the alert is           a. If the 2nd alert fails validation or             presentation of multiple received CMAS
                                            not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.                  authentication, an error response is returned          alerts is outside the scope of the WARN Act
                                              4. The 1st text profile based CMAM is sent            to the originating government entity and the           and, therefore, is not subject to
                                            to the CMSP over Reference Point C.                     alert is not sent to the CMSP. End of scenario.        recommendations by the CMSAAC. The
                                              5. The CMSP validates the 1st received                   12. The government alerting network                 functionality of the mobile device is CMSP
                                            CMAM.                                                   converts the 2nd received alert message into           and mobile device specific.
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                                            5 General Requirements & Conclusions                    based service profile. Future technologies,            introduced. As CMSPs gain experience with
                                              The following section contains the                    such as streaming audio, streaming video,              these technologies, the applicability of those
                                            CMSAAC’s general recommendations and                    and multimedia, are mentioned throughout               technologies to the CMAS will be better
                                            conclusions for the CMAS. Many of the                   this document; however, technology                     understood.
                                            conclusions and recommendations apply to                advances to support these future capabilities            The CMSAAC recommends that this
                                                                                                                                                                                                            EP03JA08.015</GPH>




                                            initial deployments of the CMAS, for a text-            are just beginning to be developed and                 document be treated as a living document,



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                                            582                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            with periodic updates to account for                    well-defined reasonable and non-                       Portability. There is no guarantee that the
                                            experiences with initial CMAS deployments               discriminatory intellectual property rights            end user will receive the CMAS alert message
                                            and experiences with new technologies and               policy, allowing for multi-vendor                      during the time interval that the user’s
                                            their applicability to CMAS. An industry                implementations.                                       subscription is being ported between CMSPs.
                                            group consisting of government and industry               It is anticipated that mobile devices that           As part of Number Portability, there is no
                                            stakeholders should be created after the                support CMAS may incur additional                      service portability between CMSPs.
                                            CMSAAC’s activity is complete to review and             development and manufacturing costs and                  6. It is not a requirement to support CMAS
                                            update this document on a periodic basis.               these costs may be passed on to the                    on non-initialized mobile devices, including
                                            This review should occur no less frequently             subscriber.                                            mobile devices that are not authorized for
                                            than biennially. It is expected that during               A CMSP or any device deployed by a                   service.
                                            research, development, and deployment, this             CMSP to support the transmission of CMAS                 7. CMAS is intended for commercial
                                            industry group may need to convene more                 alerts according to the WARN Act shall not             mobile services (i.e, cellular phones and
                                            frequently than biennially to address                   be required to identify location or location           pagers) supported by commercial mobile
                                            research conclusions and any development                history of the mobile device.                          service licensees. Some devices are not
                                            or deployment issues.                                     The CMSAAC recommends that, prior to                 designed to support CMAS (e.g., telematics,
                                                                                                    the adoption of rules as specified in the              data only devices such as laptop data cards)
                                            5.1 Scope & Definition of CMAS Alerts                   WARN Act Section 602 (b) (1), the                      and thus are outside the scope of the CMAS
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that there are                 Commission will require all participants in            architecture.
                                            three classes of Commercial Mobile Alerts:              the CMSAAC and all participants in the                   a. Broadcast technologies such as
                                               1. Presidential-level.                               public comment process on this Commercial              MediaFLO, DVB–H, and FM/RBDS receivers
                                               2. Imminent threat to life and property              Mobile Alert Service Architecture and                  are not considered as part of the CMAS.
                                            (defined as alerts where the CAP severity               Requirements document to provide written               Service providers of these technologies do
                                            equals Extreme or Severe, CAP urgency is                assurance to the Commission that, if and               not hold commercial mobile service licenses
                                            Immediate or Expected, and CAP certainty is             insofar as one or more licenses may be                 as they do not provide interconnect service,
                                            Observed or Likely).                                    required under any of their respective                 and are not licensed to transmit in the same
                                               3. Child Abduction Emergency or ‘‘AMBER              Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) that are            channels as commercial mobile services. It is
                                            Alert’’.                                                technically essential for purposes of                  recognized that these technologies may
                                               Because of the technical limitations in              implementing or deploying CMAS, the rights             provide supplemental alert information for
                                            delivering emergency alerts on CMSP                     holders shall license such IPR on a fair,              the CMAS.
                                            systems, the CMSAAC recommends that only                reasonable and nondiscriminatory basis for               8. The CMAMs are delivered across
                                            the 3 classes defined above will be                     those limited purposes only.                           Reference Point C to the CMSP network at no
                                            transmitted as CMA messages.                            5.2 General CMAS Requirements &                        cost to the CMSP.
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that the CMSPs                 Conclusions                                            5.3 Recommendations for Alert Initiation &
                                            who elect to support CMAs are considered                                                                       Alert Initiators
                                                                                                       This section contains the CMSAAC’s
                                            for this purpose only to be agents of the
                                                                                                    recommendations for general requirements               5.3.1 CMAM Elements
                                            federal, state, local, or tribal agencies that
                                                                                                    and assumptions for CMAS. More specific
                                            originate the alerts and are providing CMAs             requirements and assumptions may be                       A typical emergency alert message issued
                                            on their behalf.                                        contained within the other sections of this            by the National Weather Service on weather
                                               A CMSP that elects to transmit alerts under          document.                                              radio might appear as follows:
                                            Section 602(b)(2) of the WARN Act may not                  1. Federal, state, tribal, and local level             ‘‘The National Weather Service in Phoenix
                                            impose a separate or additional charge for              CMAS alert messages will be supported using            has issued a severe thunderstorm warning for
                                            such transmission or capability when the                the same CMAS solution.                                northwest Maricopa County effective until 5
                                            emergency alerts are transmitted in a manner               2. Point-to-point or unicast delivery               p.m. local time. Seek shelter now inside a
                                            consistent with the technical standards,                technologies are not feasible or practical for         sturdy structure and stay indoors!’’
                                            protocols, procedures, and other technical              the support of CMAS, i.e., SMS point-to-                  (Note the above message contains over 200
                                            requirements implemented by the                         point, MMS. Reasons for point-to-point                 characters and spaces and is not in the
                                            Commission. For transmission or service                 technologies not being feasible or practical           correct format for a CMAM).
                                            beyond standards, protocols, procedures, and            are:                                                      The CMSAAC recommends that CMAMs
                                            other technical requirements implemented by                a. Point-to-point technologies can                  follow this same general format, within the
                                            the Commission, a Commercial Mobile                     experience significant delivery delays.                text character limitations of CMA as defined
                                            Service licensee is not bound by Section                   b. Point-to-point technologies can result in        in the text profile in Section 6.2 below. Given
                                            602(b)(2)(C) of the WARN Act.                           network and radio interface congestion to the          the rapidly evolving nature of wireless
                                               The Commercial Mobile Service licensee               point of blocking voice calls.                         technology, the biennial review committee
                                            may utilize the technical standards,                       c. Point-to-point technologies lack security        shall review whether the character limit
                                            protocols, procedures, and other technical              and can be easily spoofed.                             profile, as described in Section 6.2, may be
                                            requirements implemented by the                            d. Point-to-point technologies lack geo-            increased.
                                            Commission to support the WARN Act for                  targeting capabilities because it is targeted to          The necessary elements of an effective
                                            other services or purposes and are not bound            phone numbers instead of a specific alert              CMAM and the order in which they should
                                            by Section 602(b)(2)(C) of the WARN Act.                area.                                                  be presented in the CMAM are:
                                            The government portion, from Reference                     e. Point-to-point technologies lack                    1. What’s happening (Event Type or Event
                                            Point A to Reference Point C, of the CMAS               emergency alert specific alert tones and               Category).
                                            will not be made available for commercial               thereby emergency alerts can not be                       2. Area affected (in this area).
                                            use.                                                    distinguished from normal SMS message                     3. Recommended action (Response
                                               CMAS will be provided according to the               traffic.                                               description).
                                            technical standards, protocols, procedures,                f. Point-to-point technologies lack support            4. Expiration time with time zone
                                            and other technical requirements                        of roamers.                                            (Represented as a distinct time—e.g., until
                                            implemented by the Commission to support                   3. For a CMSP that elects to transmit               09:30 a.m. EDT).
                                            the WARN Act. A CMSP’s networks shall not               CMAS alerts, text is the minimum                          5. Sending agency (agency type, i.e., police,
                                            be bound to use any specific vendor,                    requirement for CMAS alert messages. All               fire, National Weather Service, etc.).
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                                            technology, software, implementation, client,           CMAS alert messages delivered to the CMSP                 Note: The above format for a CMAM is
                                            device, or third party agent, in order to meet          will contain at least a textual component.             recommended for initial deployments of
                                            the obligations under the WARN Act.                        4. No new CALEA lawful intercept access             CMAS and as experience is gained by alert
                                               Technical standards, protocols,                      points will be created for CMAS alert                  initiators and by CMSPs, we envision that the
                                            procedures, and other technical requirements            broadcast delivery technologies.                       format will evolve to provide the most
                                            implemented by the Commission shall be                     5. There is no interaction between CMAS             efficient and informative format for the
                                            standardized in industry fora which have a              alert message delivery and Number                      CMAMs.



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                                            5.3.2    Generating CMAM From CAP Fields                               have provided meaningful information in the                           developed by which new event codes in
                                               For initial CMAS system deployments and                             CMAM text.                                                            addition to the standard SAME and CAP
                                            until Alert Initiators are trained in the                                 The CMSAAC recommends the use of the                               event codes can be developed and registered.
                                            generation of CMAM, in order to create                                 sender identity used by the Alert Gateway in                             The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                                                                                                   the Trust Model to identify the sender. The                           affected area be generated from the optional
                                            consistent and accurate CMAMs, the
                                                                                                                   Alert Gateway will then assign an agreed                              geocode field. If the optional geocode field is
                                            CMSAAC recommends that the Alert
                                                                                                                   upon text phrase or abbreviation (e.g., VDOT,                         missing, the polygon or circle elements will
                                            Gateway ‘‘construct’’ the CMAM using                                   NWS, etc.) to be transmitted to the CMSP
                                            selected required and optional fields in the                                                                                                 be used to determine the associated geocodes
                                                                                                                   Gateway.                                                              and the corresponding affected area
                                            CAP message. The translated CMAM will                                     The CMSAAC makes the following
                                            then be transmitted to the CMSP across the                                                                                                   description. The CMSAAC further
                                                                                                                   recommendations regarding the use of the                              recommends that a process be developed by
                                            Reference Point C.                                                     required category and optional eventCode
                                               Allowing the Alert Gateway to create the                                                                                                  which new geocodes in addition to standard
                                                                                                                   CAP fields. They are:
                                            CMAM using CAP fields creates consistent                                                                                                     FIPS codes can be registered and
                                                                                                                      1. Encourage the National Weather Service
                                            and accurate messages and will enable                                                                                                        implemented in the Alert Gateway for
                                                                                                                   to continue its practice of using codes, such
                                            enhancements to be made over time in the                               as SAME codes, in the eventCode field to                              deriving the affected area description.
                                            Alert Gateway and made available to all CMA                            identify weather alerts.                                                 The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                            capable mobile devices in the field. For                                  2. When the eventCode field is populated                           response description will be taken from the
                                            instance, if a new alert event is identified, a                        with a value, that value will be used by the                          optional responseType CAP Field. If the field
                                            new event code or category can be added to                             Alert Gateway to determine what text phrase                           is not populated, the message should be
                                            the CAP message, translated in the Alert                               will be transmitted to the CMSP gateway                               transmitted with the text string ‘‘Check local
                                            Gateway and a new text string can be sent to                           (e.g., TOR will be translated to Tornado                              media for info’’ applied. The CMSAAC
                                            the mobile device through the CMSP                                     Warning).                                                             further recommends that a process be
                                            Gateway.                                                                  3. If the eventCode field is not populated                         developed by which new responseType
                                               However, generating CMAM using CAP                                  or is populated with a value unknown to the                           Codes in addition to the standard CAP
                                            fields may not provide flexibility to Alert                            Alert Gateway, the required category field                            response type codes can be developed and
                                            Initiators to tailor the CMAM content to a                             will be used by the Alert Gateway to                                  registered.
                                            specific alert event. Even though CMAS is                              determine what text phrase to be transmitted                             The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                            not intended to provide comprehensive alert                            to the CMSP gateway.                                                  expiration time will be determined from the
                                            information, a CMAM with a ‘‘what is                                      4. Emergency message originators and the                           optional expires CAP field. If this field is not
                                            happening’’ text indicating ‘‘security                                 National Weather Service are encouraged to                            populated, local guidelines will be applied
                                            warning’’ may not be very meaningful to the                            utilize codes for eventCodes. These codes                             by the Alert Gateway as to when the message
                                            end user. The recent steam pipe explosion in                           should be known by the Alert Gateway and                              is no longer in effect.
                                            New York City and the Virginia Tech                                    have appropriate text phrases associated with                            The following table defines the text string
                                            shootings are examples where an                                        them to be transmitted to the CMSP gateway.                           associated with the CAP value fields used to
                                            automatically generated CMAM would not                                 The CMSAAC recommends that a process be                               generate the CMAM:

                                                                                                        TABLE 5–1.—CAP VALUE FIELD MAPPING TO TEXT
                                                       CAP field                                                            Value                                                                     Text string

                                                                                                                                        What is happening

                                            category ............................   Met ....................................................................................    Severe Weather Warning.
                                                                                    Safety ................................................................................     Public Safety Warning.
                                                                                    Fire ....................................................................................   Fire Warning.
                                                                                    Geo ...................................................................................     Geologic Warning.
                                                                                    Security .............................................................................      Security Warning.
                                                                                    Rescue ..............................................................................       Rescue Alert.
                                                                                    Health ................................................................................     Health Warning.
                                                                                    Env ....................................................................................    Environmental Warning.
                                                                                    Transport. ..........................................................................       Transport Alert.
                                            eventCode ........................      TOR ...................................................................................     Tornado Warning.
                                                                                    VOW ..................................................................................      Volcano Warning.
                                                                                    SVR ...................................................................................     Severe TStorm Warning.
                                                                                    EQW ..................................................................................      Earthquake Warning.
                                                                                    TSW ..................................................................................      Tsunami Warning.
                                                                                    BZW ..................................................................................      Blizzard Warning.
                                                                                    DSW ..................................................................................      Dust Storm Warning.
                                                                                    FFW ..................................................................................      Flash Flood Warning.
                                                                                    HWW .................................................................................       High Wind Warning.
                                                                                    HUW ..................................................................................      Hurricane Warning.
                                                                                    TRW ..................................................................................      Tropical Storm Warning.
                                                                                    WSW .................................................................................       Winter Storm Warning.
                                                                                    CFW ..................................................................................      Coastal Flood Warning.
                                                                                    FLW ...................................................................................     Flood Warning.
                                                                                    FRW ..................................................................................      Fire Warning.
                                                                                    SMW .................................................................................       Special Marine Warning.
                                                                                    AVW ..................................................................................      Avalanche Warning.
                                                                                    CDW ..................................................................................      Civil Danger Warning.
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                                                                                    CEM ..................................................................................      Civil Emergency.
                                                                                    HMW .................................................................................       HazMat Warning.
                                                                                    LEW ..................................................................................      Police Warning.
                                                                                    CAE ...................................................................................     AMBER Alert.
                                                                                    NUW ..................................................................................      Nuclear Power Plant Warning.
                                                                                    RHW ..................................................................................      Radiological Hazard Warning.




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                                                                                            TABLE 5–1.—CAP VALUE FIELD MAPPING TO TEXT—Continued
                                                        CAP field                                                          Value                                                                     Text string

                                                                                                                                     What area is affected


                                                                                                                                                                             ‘‘in this area’’

                                                                                                                                    When the alert expires

                                            expires ..............................   The expiration time of the information of the alert mes-                                Translated by the Alert Gateway to an event expires
                                                                                       sage. The date and time is represented in [dateTime]                                    time in a 12 hour/Time zone format (i.e., Until7:00AM
                                                                                       format (e.g., ‘‘2002–05–24T16:49:00–07:00’’ for 24                                      PDT).
                                                                                       May 2002 at 16:49 PDT).

                                                                                                                               What action should be taken

                                            responseType ...................         Shelter or SPW .................................................................        Take Shelter Now.
                                                                                     Evacuate or EVI ................................................................        Evacuate Now.
                                                                                     Prepare .............................................................................   Prepare for Action.
                                                                                     Execute .............................................................................   Execute Action.
                                                                                     Avoid Hazard 8 ..................................................................       Avoid Hazard.

                                                                                                                                  Who is sending the alert

                                            sender ...............................   Identifies the originator of this alert. Guaranteed by as-                              Translated by the Alert Gateway to an acronym or short
                                                                                       signer to be unique globally; e.g., may be based on an                                  abbreviation picked by the sender.
                                                                                       Internet domain name—could also come from the                                         Note: URLs, phone numbers, and email addresses are
                                                                                       sender’s name in the Trust Model.                                                       not sent to the mobile device.



                                            5.3.2.1 Generating CMAM From Free Form                                 issued to the CMSP instead of the free form                           information to designate the targeted alert
                                            Text                                                                   text.                                                                 area.
                                               As indicated in the above section, the                                 The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert                                  2. The free text message would be
                                            generation of CMAM using CAP fields may                                Gateway issue automatically generated                                 presented to the Alert Gateway in a free text
                                            not provide flexibility to Alert Initiators to                         CMAMs for alerts other than presidential and                          CAP field. This free text message would be
                                            tailor the CMAM content to a specific alert                            AMBER Alert messages until free form                                  transmitted to the CMSP gateway. For
                                            event where only an event category is                                  CMAMs meet the policies established for the                           Presidential alerts, the Alert Gateway may
                                            available such as a ‘‘security warning’’. In                           Alert Gateway.                                                        use a generic statement such as ‘‘The
                                            addition, Alert Initiators may want to provide                            If the use of free form text messages                              President has issued an emergency alert.
                                            specific response information above what is                            becomes problematic or induces network                                Check local media for more details’’.
                                            available in the CAP responseType field.                               disruptions in practice, the Alert Gateway                               3. It may be desirable for some AMBER
                                                                                                                   mechanism and policy would need to be                                 Alert messages to include specific
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that a
                                                                                                                   modified to further restrict the issuance of                          information such as a vehicle license plate.
                                            capability be provided for Alert Initiators to
                                                                                                                   free form text messages or to utilize only                            The National Center for Missing and
                                            generate free form text consistent with the
                                                                                                                                                                                         Exploited Children (NCMEC) should be
                                            text profile of Section 6.2, below. The                                automatically generated CMAMs.
                                                                                                                                                                                         authorized to formulate unique free-form
                                            CMSAAC further recommends that the Alert                                  The free form text for the CMAM should
                                                                                                                                                                                         message text for CMAS.
                                            Gateway have a mechanism to determine                                  be included as a parameter of the CAP
                                                                                                                                                                                            4. These two special cases will use the
                                            when the free form text should be used                                 message with the valueName indicating
                                                                                                                                                                                         normal processes for sending messages to the
                                            instead of the automatically generated                                 ‘‘CMAMtext’’.
                                                                                                                                                                                         Alert Aggregator (i.e., use of CAP messages)
                                            CMAM described in Section 5.3.2 above. The                                The CMSAAC further recommends that                                 and will be treated as any other emergency
                                            Alert Gateway mechanism is subject to the                              training be provided to Alert Initiators on                           alert initiated message except as specified
                                            implementation of the Alert Gateway and the                            generation of meaningful CMAM which                                   above and in Section 2.2.2 above.
                                            policy of the authorized government entity.                            provides sufficient information on the mobile
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that the FCC                                  devices. It is recommended that the above                             5.3.4 Recommended Message Initiator
                                            establish a forum that includes the CMSPs to                           mentioned forum participate in the                                    Training
                                            develop the Alert Gateway mechanism and                                development of the training program for free                             In order for emergency message initiators
                                            policy for free form text-based CMAMs that                             form text targeted for CMAMs.                                         to develop and transmit effective emergency
                                            will be subject to final approval of the                                                                                                     messages, within the character length limits
                                            CMSPs. This policy would encompass                                     5.3.3 Presidential Message and AMBER
                                                                                                                   Alert                                                                 of the CMAM, the CMSAAC recommends
                                            specific decision points at the Alert Gateway                                                                                                that alert initiator training on consistently
                                            such as: the message length does not exceed                              There are two additional special cases                              populating CAP fields and generating CMAM
                                            the maximum character limit, the message                               where automatic text generation at the Alert                          be accomplished via the credentialing
                                            contains no phone numbers or URLs which                                Gateway would not be practical. These are                             process (See Section 8.1 below).
                                            would encourage mass access of the wireless                            the Presidential Alert message and AMBER
                                            network, the message contains all the                                  Alerts. The CMSAAC recommends that:                                   5.4 Recommendations for Geo-Targeting of
                                            necessary elements of an effective message                               1. They may be identified either by a code                          CMAS Alerts
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                                            referenced in section, etc. If any of the                              in the optional CAP eventCode field—EAN                                 The CMSAAC acknowledges that it is the
                                            decision points are not met, the                                       for Presidential Alert and CAE for AMBER                              goal of the CMAS for CMSPs to be able to
                                            automatically generated message would be                               Alert—or by the required CAP sender field.                            deliver geo-targeted alerts to the areas
                                                                                                                   Presidential level messages are not restricted                        specified by the Alert Initiator. Systems used
                                              8 This value is recommended for CMAS use only                        to nationwide only alert messages. The                                by Alert Initiators may allow them to define
                                            pending inclusion into the CAP standard by the                         Presidential level message may contain                                an alert area on a map. For example, the
                                            responsible standards body.                                            polygon, circle, GNIS, or geocode                                     defined alert area could include the projected



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                                            path of a tornado or an event that                           3. The architecture to support CMAS shall             command, consistent with the other
                                            encompasses a portion of an urban area. The               not require the CMSPs to open the                        commands used for call or message handling
                                            CMSAAC further recognizes that CMSPs                      configuration, interfaces and topology of                on the mobile device, is recommended.
                                            currently have limited capability to deliver              their network including cell or paging                   5.5.2 User Needs Requirements
                                            geo-targeted alerts.                                      transceiver towers to any third parties, nor
                                               Based upon current capabilities, the                   provide subscriber information or data                   5.5.2.1 Alert/Attention Signal
                                            CMSAAC recommends the following for geo-                  outside their network. A CMSP shall not be                  A unique vibration cadence (if supported
                                            targeting of CMAS alerts:                                 required to report cell site/paging transceiver          by the mobile device) should be provided as
                                               1. In order to expedite initial deployments            information, coverage information, or any RF             well as a unique audio attention signal. If
                                            of CMAS an alert that is specified by a                   properties of their respective networks. The             both are available, the two modes do not
                                            geocode, circle or polygon (See Section 10.4)             CMSP shall be the sole agent responsible for             need to be activated simultaneously but will
                                            will be transmitted to an area not larger than            determining which network facilities,                    follow the user’s settings in the handset. If
                                            the CMSP’s approximation of coverage for                  elements, or locations are involved in                   the handset supports dual activation the
                                            the county 9 or counties with which that                  transmitting an alert to a mobile device.                signals will be simultaneous according to
                                            geocode, circle, or polygon intersects. Some                 4. Transmission of alerts shall be to two-            user settings, but otherwise will be separate
                                            wireless technology RF propagation areas, for             dimensional areas. There shall not be any                signals. The vibration cadence for the alert
                                            systems such as paging systems or multi-                  altitude or ceiling component.                           signal should be noticeably different from the
                                            county cell sites, may greatly exceed a single            5.5 Requirements and Recommendations                     default cadence of the handset.
                                            county. In these instances, CMSPs will                    on Needs of Users, Including Individuals                    For devices that have polyphonic
                                            support geo-targeting subject to the                      With Disabilities and the Elderly                        capabilities, the CMSAAC recommends that
                                            limitations imposed by their technology. Cell                                                                      the audio attention signal should consist of
                                            sites’/paging transceivers’ physical location                The WARN Act requirements for the
                                                                                                                                                               more than one tone, all of which are to be
                                            within the alert area may be used to                      establishment of the Commercial Mobile
                                                                                                                                                               in the low frequency range below 2 kHz, and
                                            determine the initial predefined alert areas.             Service Alert Advisory Committee
                                                                                                                                                               preferably below 1 kHz. For devices which
                                            The CMSP is not required to perform RF                    membership specifically call for
                                                                                                                                                               have only single frequency audio alert tone
                                            coverage mapping of cell sites/paging                     representation from ‘‘national organizations
                                                                                                                                                               capability, it is recommended that the audio
                                            transceivers to initial alert areas.                      representing individuals with special needs,
                                                                                                                                                               alert tone be in the low frequency range
                                               a. A CMSP may elect to target smaller                  including individuals with disabilities and
                                                                                                                                                               below 2 kHz. The CMSAAC further
                                            areas. CMSP may elect to target CMAM for                  the elderly’’.10
                                                                                                                                                               recommends, subject to mobile device
                                            distributions to predefined alert areas smaller              During its work, the CMSAAC reviewed
                                                                                                                                                               capabilities, that the signal have a temporal
                                            than a county and may use GNIS codes,                     input from members on accessibility
                                                                                                                                                               pattern (on-off pattern) to make it easier to
                                            polygon, or circle information to identify a              considerations. Most of the following
                                                                                                                                                               detect, particularly in noisy conditions and
                                            predefined list of cell sites/paging                      requirements benefit all subscribers in an
                                                                                                                                                               by people with hearing loss. See Section 7
                                            transceivers within the alert area. In the                emergency.
                                                                                                                                                               below for additional information.
                                            interim period before the availability of                    It is recognized that not all wireless
                                                                                                                                                                  An audio attention signal starting with a
                                            dynamic targeting, the CMSAAC                             devices have the features to support all
                                                                                                                                                               lower intensity and going to a higher
                                            recommends that certain urban areas with                  recommendations, but manufacturers are
                                                                                                                                                               intensity during the tone sequence may
                                            populations exceeding 1,000,000 inhabitants               strongly encouraged to implement those
                                                                                                                                                               effectively get attention while endeavoring to
                                            or with other specialized alerting needs be               recommendations that are technically
                                                                                                                                                               avoid unduly startling the message recipient.
                                            identified for priority consideration regarding           feasible, so that their mobile devices can
                                                                                                                                                               Some mobile devices may support this
                                            implementation of more precise geo-                       accommodate as many users as possible for
                                                                                                                                                               capability; however, such a capability is
                                            targeting. The CMSAAC further recommends                  emergency alerting.
                                                                                                                                                               controlled by the subscriber preferences for
                                            that a process be established by the Alert                5.5.1 General Requirements                               audio attention signal settings; this capability
                                            Gateway operator and the CMSPs to identify                   In order to notify mobile service                     is not applicable to all mobile devices and
                                            no later than August 2008 those initial areas             subscribers that an emergency alert message              should be implemented at the discretion of
                                            that should be given such priority treatment              has been received on the mobile device, the              the mobile device vendors.
                                            for more precise geo-targeting. The CMSAAC                CMSAAC recommends that the CMAS                          5.5.2.2 Message Content
                                            recognizes the desire to move forward with                support a common audio attention signal and
                                            this process on a small number of areas with                                                                          The CMSAAC makes the following
                                                                                                      a common vibrating cadence to be used
                                            particularly urgent alerting needs as soon as                                                                      recommendations regarding message content:
                                                                                                      solely for CMAMs. These alerting
                                            possible. The CMSAAC recommends that                                                                                  General Guideline: alert initiator use clear
                                                                                                      mechanisms must be distinct from all other
                                            Section 604 funding be provided to FEMA for                                                                        and simple language whenever possible, with
                                                                                                      audio alerting signals and vibrations
                                            this purpose.                                                                                                      minimal use of abbreviations. The most
                                                                                                      available in the mobile device and must not
                                               2. The CMSAAC recognizes that the use of                                                                        important information should be presented
                                                                                                      be able to be selected or modified by the user
                                            predefined sets of cell sites frequently will                                                                      first.
                                                                                                      for any other purpose. The CMAS audio
                                            not optimally cover the alert area desired.                                                                           Text messages: Follow General Guideline.
                                                                                                      attention signals and vibration cadence
                                            Therefore, the CMSAAC recommends that                                                                                 Audio messages: Follow General
                                                                                                      signals as defined in Section 7.2 below are
                                            the FCC encourage DHS/FEMA, in concert                                                                             Guideline. The alert initiator must insure
                                                                                                      applicable to all mobile devices which
                                            with CMSPs, to immediately initiate the                                                                            abbreviations are spoken as full words.
                                                                                                      support CMAS including any specialized
                                            research, development, testing, and                                                                                   Video messages: Follow General Guideline.
                                                                                                      mobile devices for individuals with special
                                            evaluation program referenced in Section 604                                                                          Multimedia messages: The alert initiator
                                                                                                      needs.
                                            of the WARN Act. Section 604 requires DHS                                                                          should provide ample text and audio to
                                                                                                         In addition, the CMSAAC recommends
                                            to establish a program to develop innovative                                                                       explain images such as maps, so that message
                                                                                                      that the user should not be required to
                                            technologies that will allow CMSPs to                                                                              recipients understand the content of the
                                                                                                      remember or use a unique command to turn
                                            efficiently transmit geo-targeted CMAMs to                                                                         graphics/images.
                                                                                                      off the notification of the CMAM. A familiar
                                            the public. The CMSAAC further                                                                                     5.5.2.3 Output Mode/Display
                                            recommends that CMSPs work with this DHS                    10 Beyond the WARN Act, consideration may be              The CMSAAC makes the following
                                            program to evaluate the feasibility and                   given to legislation such as Title II of the Americans   recommendations regarding output mode/
                                            implementation issues associated with                     With Disabilities Act which requires accessibility to    display:
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                                            proposed solutions to increase geographic                 state and local government programs and                     General Guideline: The mobile device
                                            targeting specificity. Finally, the CMSAAC                communications; Section 504 of the Rehabilitation        should provide an easy way to allow the user
                                            recommends that the FCC assess the progress               Act which requires accessibility of Federal
                                                                                                      government programs; Section 255 of the
                                                                                                                                                               to recall the message for review.
                                            of the CMSP geo-targeting as part of the                                                                              Outside the scope of CMSAAC are
                                                                                                      Communications Act which requires accessibility
                                            biennial review process.                                  in telecommunications products where readily             alternate delivery mechanisms that would
                                                                                                      achievable; and Section 508 which applies to             enable a CMAS-registered person to sign up
                                              9 County,   parish or equivalent jurisdictional area.   Federal government purchase of wireless devices.         with a third party for alternate format



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                                            586                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                            message delivery. This would provide the                mobile device vendors should consider                    For future multimedia capabilities, if web
                                            means to access speech delivery for people              appropriate methods for delivery and                   content is delivered to the mobile device,
                                            who do not have text-to-speech (TTS)                    allowing users the ability to display this             consideration should be given to the
                                            functionality in their phones, and would                associated text on mobile devices as                   proposed World Wide Web Consortium
                                            enable delivery of American Sign Language               technology evolves and video and captioning            (W3C) Mobile Web Best Practices 1.0.
                                            (ASL) if available and supported by the user’s          capabilities become available. Also, the alert         5.5.3 Subscriber CMA Opt-Out
                                            handset and service. The CMSAAC                         initiator should provide an audio description          Recommendations
                                            recommends that the Alert Aggregator have               of the video content as a separate multimedia
                                            the capability to deliver alerts to third party         audio component consistent with the                      As stated in the WARN Act, the CMA
                                            services in order for them to deliver                   multimedia profiles.                                   subscriber opt out process may be supported
                                            accessible alerts to users with special needs.             Future Multimedia Alert Message:                    by a CMSP that elects to transmit.
                                              The need to support languages other than                 Follow the general guideline. The alert               Æ Opt-out is defined in Section
                                            English is recognized. See Section 5.7 Multi-           initiator should provide all information in            602(b)(2)(E) in the WARN Act as ‘‘the
                                                                                                    text and graphical form as part of the                 capability of preventing the subscriber’s
                                            Language CMAS Alert Recommendations
                                                                                                    multimedia components to the alert message.            device from receiving such alerts, or classes
                                            below for further information.
                                                                                                    The alert initiator should provide an audio            of such alerts, other than an alert issued by
                                              Text Messages:
                                                                                                    description of the important information               the President’’.12
                                              The mobile devices should use a font to
                                                                                                    supplied in the graphic, which is a separate             Æ ‘‘Receiving such alerts’’ may also be
                                            make the message easily readable. Per the
                                                                                                    multimedia component consistent with the               interpreted to ‘‘notify and display to the user
                                            American Foundation for the Blind, the goal
                                                                                                    multimedia profiles.                                   of such alerts’’ as the mobile device may
                                            in font selection is to use easily recognizable
                                                                                                                                                           actually receive the alert but not present it to
                                            characters, either standard Roman or Sans               5.5.2.4 Behavior on Receipt of a Message               the subscriber.
                                            Serif fonts. Another good choice is Arial.                 It is desirable to have the CMAM                      As noted in Section 5.1 above, there are
                                            Avoid decorative fonts.                                 prominently presented on the mobile device             three classes of CMAS Message categories:
                                              The use of color should be avoided for the            without user interaction when the alert
                                            purpose of conveying information, as some                                                                      1. Presidential-level
                                                                                                    message is received. To turn off the
                                            people are color-blind, and some devices do                                                                    2. Imminent threat to life and property
                                                                                                    notification of the CMAS message, a familiar
                                            not display color.                                                                                             3. Child Abduction Emergency or ‘‘AMBER
                                                                                                    command consistent with the other
                                              If technically feasible, the mobile device                                                                      Alert’’
                                                                                                    commands used for message handling on the
                                            display should provide high contrast display            mobile device is recommended. It is best to               Presidential-level messages must always be
                                            and provide adjustable font size.                       avoid requiring the subscribers to remember            transmitted and are not eligible for the opt-
                                              One area of particular concern is that                and use a unique command or command                    out procedure. Imminent Threat alerts are
                                            people who are blind or visually impaired               sequence. The need to scroll or manipulate             messages where the CAP severity field is
                                            will be most underserved by a solely text-              the device should be minimized.                        Extreme or Severe, the CAP urgency field is
                                            based CMAM. The Committee recognizes that                                                                      Immediate or Expected, and the CAP
                                            these subscribers could be best served by               5.5.2.5 CMAS-Related Print and Online                  certainty field is Observed or Likely. AMBER
                                            having the CMAM made available in speech                Materials                                              Alert messages are considered a different
                                            format. There are mobile devices and                       As important to the accessibility of the            message classification and are treated
                                            software on the market with screen reading              CMAS is the accessibility of any CMAS-                 separately.
                                            and text-to-speech conversion capability. It is         related consumer information in print or                  The CMSAAC recommends that CMSPs
                                            agreed that such specialized mobile devices,            electronic form. Providing information that            shall offer their subscribers a simple opt-out
                                            which are geared for people who are blind               incorporates accessibility solutions for               process that is based on the classification of
                                            and who have low vision, could be a                     individuals with special needs may also                imminent threat and AMBER Alerts. Except
                                            solution.11 The CMSAAC recommends that                  bring benefits to the general population, not          for presidential messages, which are always
                                            participating CMSPs who elect to transmit               just users with disabilities, as studies of            transmitted, the process should allow the
                                            CMAS alert messages strongly consider                   multimodal learning have shown. Listed here            choice to opt-out of:
                                            offering this capability.                               are a variety of available resources that                 • All messages,13
                                              In mobile devices/software that includes              present solutions to accessibility obstacles in           • All severe messages,14
                                            capabilities to support text-to-speech access,          formats designed to easily educate and assist             • AMBER Alerts 15
                                            the CMAS text should be accessible to the               publishers. The Web Accessibility Initiative
                                                                                                                                                              Because of differences in the way CMSPs
                                            screen-reading functions in phones that are             (WAI) develops strategies, guidelines, and
                                                                                                                                                           and device manufacturers provision their
                                            capable of generating text-to-speech. The opt-          resources to help make the Web accessible to
                                                                                                                                                           menus and user interfaces, CMSPs and
                                            out menus on displays also should be                    people with disabilities. The following WAI
                                                                                                                                                           device manufacturers shall have flexibility
                                            available to these screen readers. The                  resources are intended to provide basic
                                                                                                                                                           on how to present the opt-out choices to
                                            CMSAAC recommends that the CMAS text is                 information for people who are new to Web
                                                                                                                                                           subscribers.
                                            accessible to these screen readers when                 accessibility. The W3C—World Wide Web
                                            CMAS capability is incorporated in those                Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility             5.6 Recommendations for CMAM
                                            devices.                                                Guidelines are available at http://                    Transmissions
                                              Future Audio Alert Message:                           www.w3.org/WAI/.                                         The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                              Follow the general guideline. Alert                      The principles of universal design—                 CMAM be retransmitted into an effected area
                                            initiators should insure that speech is                 designing to meet the needs of as many users           until the alert expires. This will provide the
                                            enunciated and presented at a slow pace.                as possible—provide a new dimension for                alert to those that might have missed the
                                            Alert initiators should provide a text version          improving the usability of electronic                  initial broadcast alert, e.g., been in the
                                            along with the audio version. Note this is not          materials for everyone. The Carl and Ruth              process of a voice call, those that might have
                                            the text-based alert; this is a multimedia alert        Shapiro Family National Center for                     had their mobile device turned off when the
                                            that contains both a text and audio                     Accessible Media at WGBH developed                     alert was issued or those that might be
                                            component consistent with the multimedia                Accessible Digital Media Design Guidelines             entering the area after the alert was issued.
                                            profiles.                                               for Electronic Publications, Multimedia and
                                              Future Video Alert Message:                           the Web, available at http://ncam.wgbh.org/              12 WARN     Act § 602(b)(2)(E).
                                              Follow the general guideline. Alert                   publications/adm/.
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                                                                                                                                                             13 Presidential  messages will still be received.
                                            initiators should provide text versions of the             The above resources are provided for                   14 Extreme messages, AMBER Alerts and
                                            audio content of video alerts. CMSPs and                informational purposes to ensure the                   presidential messages will still be received
                                                                                                    accessibility of all CMAS related print and            (Extreme messages are those messages where the
                                              11 For more information, the American                 web content. It is not the intent of the               CAP severity field is Extreme, the CAP urgency
                                            Foundation for the Blind (AFB) is an authoritative      CMSAAC to make recommendations for                     field is Immediate, and the CAP certainty field is
                                            resource for accessible devices and related             existing web content or web content not                Observed or Likely).
                                            technology developments: http://www.afb.org.            associated with CMAS.                                     15 All other messages will still be received.




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                                                                     Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                                  587

                                              The interval and frequency of transmission            technologies and has determined that                     1. The CMSP will have the capability to
                                            of CMAM performed by the CMSP is based                  support of languages other than English is a           enable or disable the broadcast capabilities or
                                            upon balancing the capabilities of the CMSP             very complex issue. Fundamentally the                  CMAS functionality on any of their
                                            specified delivery technology and various               existing air interfaces of CMSPs have                  associated mobile devices. This capability is
                                            factors, such as:                                       technical limitations and the support of               under CMSP control mechanisms such as
                                            —Number of simultaneous active alerts                   multiple languages may result in a significant         mobile device provisioning, and the CMSP
                                            —Number of languages                                    impact to capacity and latency due to these            shall be required to give notification to the
                                            —Mobile device battery life                             limitations.                                           subscribers as defined in Section 3.4 above.
                                            —Latency from alert initiator to receipt by               In addition, an important question is how              2. The mobile device user may have the
                                              first mobile device                                   many languages should be considered? On a              capability on their mobile device to disable
                                            —Notification to subscribers entering alert             National basis, only Spanish exceeds 1% of             the delivery technology for the CMAS alert
                                              area                                                  households. On a local basis, however, there           messages. The execution of this capability by
                                            —Limitations of delivery technology                     are potentially more than 37 languages that            the subscriber shall require confirmation of
                                            —Configuration of delivery technology and               exceed 1% of households which would                    the action by the subscriber and there are no
                                              mobile devices                                        require more than 16 different character sets          additional CMSP notification requirements as
                                            —Impact to normal call processing.                      to be supported in the mobile device. This             described in Section 3.4 above.
                                              Therefore, the CMSAAC recommends that                 raises issues such as character set limitations,
                                                                                                    the amount of CMAS alert message traffic               5.9     Roaming
                                            the CMSP determine the frequency of
                                            retransmissions based upon the                          that would need to be delivered in multi-                The CMSAAC recommends that roaming
                                            considerations and optimization of the above            languages, bandwidth limitations, increased            be supported only on an intra-technology
                                            mentioned factors.                                      cost and complexity, mobile device                     basis. For example:
                                                                                                    capabilities and deployment impacts.                     1. Roaming GSM subscribers receive CMAS
                                            5.7 Multi-Language CMAS Alerts                          Additional character sets to support multiple          alerts from GSM operators in the serving
                                            Recommendations                                         languages also will potentially limit the              market.
                                               The WARN Act requires the CMSAAC to                  amount of data that can be transmitted; for              2. Roaming CDMA subscribers receive
                                            submit to the Commission recommendations                example, some character sets require 2 Bytes           CMAS alerts from CDMA operators in the
                                            ‘‘for the technical capability to transmit              per character versus 1 Byte per character, and         serving market.
                                            emergency alerts by electing commercial                 thus 90 characters available in the text profile         3. If a CMSP elects not to support CMAS
                                            mobile providers to subscribers in languages            for a CMAM now reduces the text message                alerts, subscribers from other CMSP will not
                                            in addition to English, to the extent practical         to 45 characters. Additional languages                 receive CMAS alert messages when roaming
                                            and feasible.’’ 16                                      increase the cost and complexity both in the           onto that CMSP’s network.
                                               Provision has been made in the CMAS                  mobile device and in the CMSP network. At                4. If a CMSP elects not to support CMAS
                                            architecture to support language extensions,            the present time, the CMSAAC believes there            alerts and subscribers from that CMSP roam
                                            for example the C interface contains fields to          are fundamental technical problems to                  onto another CMSP network which does
                                            identify language and character encoding (see           reliably implement any languages in addition           support CMAS alerts, that roaming subscriber
                                            Section 10.4, below). Such extensions are               to English.                                            will receive CMAS alert messages only if
                                            reserved for a time at which the engineering                                                                   their mobile device is configured to receive
                                                                                                    5.8 CMAS Reception Control on Mobile
                                            impact of additional language sets is                                                                          CMAS alert messages with the delivery
                                                                                                    Devices
                                            understood. The biennial review committee                                                                      technology of roamed-to CMSP network.
                                            shall continue to study the feasibility of                 CMAS reception control is required where
                                                                                                                                                             5. Inbound roamers may be supported if
                                            broadcasting alerts in languages other than             subscribers and/or CMSPs should be allowed
                                                                                                                                                           the mobile device is configured for, is eligible
                                            English.                                                to control the reception of CMAS alerts via
                                                                                                                                                           to receive and is technically capable of
                                               It is recognized that there is a strong desire       control of the delivery technology (e.g.,
                                                                                                                                                           receiving CMAS alert messages with the
                                            for the CMAS to support Spanish in addition             broadcast) on a CMAS-capable mobile
                                                                                                                                                           delivery technology of the serving CMSP
                                            to English. A CMSP may choose to transmit               device. The CMSAAC recognizes the WARN
                                                                                                                                                           network.
                                            alerts received in languages other than                 Act requirements of not being able to opt-out
                                            English based on the capabilities of the                of Presidential messages. However, the                 6   SERVICE PROFILES
                                            technology the CMSP has deployed to                     primary justifications for allowing a                    The CMAS architecture and
                                            support CMAS alerts, the capabilities of the            subscriber and/or CMSP to control the CMAS             recommendations are based upon the
                                            mobile device, the CMSP’s policy, and the               delivery technology capabilities on the                principles of service profiles. Commercial
                                            definition of the single unified Federal policy         mobile devices include:                                mobile operators may utilize any broadcast
                                            for the support of alerts in multiple                      a. Providing the ability of not presenting          technology to the mobile devices which
                                            languages. In addition, the Alert Gateway               CMAS alert messages to users that may not              comply with the service profiles. The
                                            would need to be able to generate CMAM in               understand or may experience undue alarm               following service profiles are defined
                                            multiple languages.                                     such as parents wanting to suppress this
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that CMSPs                     service for young children or the elderly.               • Text Profile
                                            not be required to give notification in its                b. Disabling the broadcast capability when            • Streaming Audio Profile (future
                                            election to transmit alerts, at point of sale or        traveling to locations where the CMAS                  capability)
                                            through any other means, or to the CMSP’s               services are not desired or not supported and            • Streaming Video Profile (future
                                            subscriber base for not supporting the                  thus preserving battery life in normal                 capability)
                                            transmission in languages other than English.                                                                    • Downloaded Multimedia Profile (future
                                                                                                    circumstances.
                                               A fundamental requirement for the                                                                           capability)
                                                                                                       c. In the presence of the CMSP radio signal,
                                            optional support of languages other than                potential savings on battery life, which may             The CMSAAC recommends that each
                                            English is that the CMAM must be delivered              be critical in an emergency or disaster                CMAS alert sent to the CMSP Gateway
                                            to the CMSP in the language that it is to be            situation especially where power is not                contain, at a minimum, the attributes for the
                                            delivered and in the CMAS format. At the                available to recharge the mobile device.               text profile. Optionally, there may be
                                            current time, there shall be no language                   d. Disabling the broadcast capability for           multiple streaming audio, streaming video,
                                            translation in the CMSP network or in the               mobile devices that are being used for special         and/or downloaded multimedia attributes
                                            mobile device. This requirement should be               applications where the CMAS service is not             associated with the CMAS alert sent to the
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                                            reviewed as technology improvements are                 applicable such as a backup notification               CMSP Gateway.
                                            developed.                                              method for in-home security systems.                     Specifically, the following will be the
                                               The CMSAAC has analyzed the technical                   e. Being able to disable the broadcast              service profiles associated with a CMAS alert
                                            feasibility of supporting multilanguage                 capability for CMSPs that elect not to                 sent to the CMSP Gateway:
                                            CMAS alerts on the various delivery                     transmit alerts in whole or in part.                     • One Text Profile
                                                                                                       Based upon the above, the CMSAAC                      • Zero or more Streaming Audio Profiles
                                              16 WARN   Act § 603(c)(4)).                           recommends:                                              • Zero or more Streaming Video Profiles



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                                            588                           Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules

                                              • Zero or more Downloaded Multimedia                           2. The CMAS service profiles for text,                b. Any audio, video, and multimedia files
                                            Profiles                                                      audio, video, and multimedia messages are              collected for the CMAS alert messages must
                                              The following section provides general                      for the transmission of text data, audio files,        be provided to the CMSPs in a standard set
                                            recommendations and conclusions on text,                      video files, and multimedia files and not for          of formats.
                                            audio, video, and multimedia resources.                       the presentation of real-time content.                   5. The CMSAAC recommends that the
                                                                                                             3. The CMSP networks are outside the                government alerting infrastructure be aligned
                                            6.1 Conclusions on Text, Audio, Video &                       scope of the Trust Model of the government             with the capabilities and requirements as
                                            Multimedia Resources                                          alerting infrastructure.                               defined under the CMAS.
                                               1. The CMSAAC recommends that the                             4. The Alert Gateway is responsible for               a. The above referenced initial CMAS
                                            formats for future streaming audio, streaming                 collecting and assembling all text, audio,             service profiles are not capable of providing
                                            video, and multimedia be defined at point                     video, and multimedia components of the                real-time multimedia broadcasts including a
                                            where implementation and deployment of                        CMAS messages to be given to the CMSPs for             Presidential audio alert.
                                            these technologies have reached a point                       transmission.
                                            where a standard set of formats can be                           a. If the CAP message includes a Resource           6.2     Text Profile
                                            identified, e.g., at the initial biennial review              Element that includes an URI, it is not                  Support of the text profile is the minimum
                                            described in Section 5 above. The CMSAAC                      expected that the CMSPs will be required to            requirement for any CMSP which elects to
                                            also recommends that the alert initiation                     retrieve the file specified by the URI. Rather,        support CMAS.
                                            systems do not implement any coding                           the Alert Gateway will retrieve the associated           This information is passed from the Alert
                                            formats for these types of resources until the                file during the collection and assembly                Gateway to the CMSP Gateway and may
                                            full impact to the end-to-end CMAS system                     process for the CMAS alert message for                 include attributes that are generated by the
                                            is understood.                                                retrieval by the CMSPs.                                CMAS alert originator.

                                                                                                                  TABLE 6–1.—TEXT PROFILE
                                                                                                           [Service profile: Text_universal_service_profile]

                                                     Attribute name                                         Attribute definition                                                    Note

                                            Purpose ................................   Common denominator for text messages.
                                            Maximum Payload Size .......               120 bytes (As noted in Section 5.3.1, the biennial re-           Size is estimated.
                                                                                         view committee shall review whether the character
                                                                                         limit profile may be increased.).
                                            Maximum Displayable Mes-                   90 characters for an English language CMA encoded                Languages other than English, or coding other then 7-
                                             sage Size.                                  with 7-bit encoding. (As noted in Section 5.3.1, the             bit coding, will result in a change to the maximum
                                                                                         biennial review committee shall review whether the               number of characters supported.
                                                                                         character limit profile may be increased.).
                                            Data Coding Scheme ...........             UTF–8 as defined in IETF RFC–3629 ............................   The text on the C interface is provided in UTF–8 format
                                                                                                                                                          which is capable of supporting text in English and
                                                                                                                                                          other languages. It is the responsibility of the CMSP
                                                                                                                                                          Gateway to translate to any character format encod-
                                                                                                                                                          ing required by the CMSP selected delivery tech-
                                                                                                                                                          nology.



                                            6.3 Streaming Audio Profile (Future                           based CMAS alerts. Support of the streaming              This information is passed from the Alert
                                            Capability)                                                   audio profile is optional for any CMSP which           Gateway to the CMSP Gateway and may
                                                                                                          elects to support CMAS and is dependent on             include attributes that are generated by the
                                               The streaming audio profile defines the
                                                                                                          the technology selected by the CMSP and                CMAS alert originator.
                                            attributes for the support of streaming audio                 mobile device capabilities.

                                                                                                         TABLE 6–2.—STREAMING AUDIO PROFILE
                                                                                                         [Service profile: Streaming_audio_service_profile]

                                                     Attribute name                                         Attribute definition                                                    Note

                                            Purpose ................................   Define service profile for streaming audio messages. ...
                                            Maximum size ......................        Based upon the authorized government entity policy ....          Size of the streaming audio file is dependent on the file
                                                                                                                                                          type and encoding algorithms.
                                                                                                                                                        Size of CMAS alerts with streaming audio components
                                                                                                                                                          are much larger than text based CMAS alerts and,
                                                                                                                                                          therefore, could have greater impact to bandwidth re-
                                                                                                                                                          quirements, message latency, etc.
                                            C Interface Data Coding                    Identification of the standard format of the streaming           See reference model.
                                              Scheme.                                    audio file being retrieved by the CMSP Gateway.
                                            C interface Audio File Ref-                Issue of audio file transmissions remains to be ad-              The contents of this attribute are based upon the
                                              erence.                                    dressed.                                                         streaming audio file being pulled by the CMSP Gate-
                                                                                                                                                          way from the Alert Gateway.
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                                            6.4 Streaming Video Profile (Future                           based CMAS alerts. Support of the streaming              This information is passed from the Alert
                                            Capability)                                                   video profile is optional for any CMSP which           Gateway to the CMSP Gateway and may
                                                                                                          elects to support CMAS and is dependent on             include attributes that are generated by the
                                               The streaming video profile defines the
                                                                                                          the technology selected by the CMSP and                CMAS alert originator.
                                            attributes for the support of streaming video                 mobile device capabilities.




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                                                                                                                TABLE 6–3.—VIDEO PROFILE
                                                                                                         [Service profile: Streaming_video_service_profile]

                                                     Attribute name                                        Attribute definition                                                   Note

                                            Purpose ................................   Define service profile for streaming video alert mes-
                                                                                         sages.
                                            Maximum Size .....................         Based upon the authorized government entity policy ....          Size of the streaming video file is dependent on the file
                                                                                                                                                          type and encoding algorithms.
                                                                                                                                                        Size of CMAS alerts with streaming video components
                                                                                                                                                          are much larger than text based CMAS alert mes-
                                                                                                                                                          sages and, therefore, could have greater impact to
                                                                                                                                                          bandwidth requirements, message latency, etc.
                                            C Interface Data Coding                    Identification of the standard format of the streaming           See reference model.
                                              Scheme.                                    video file being retrieved by the CMSP Gateway.
                                            C Interface Video File Ref-                Issue of video file transmissions remains to be ad-              The contents of this attribute are based upon the
                                              erence.                                    dressed.                                                         streaming video file being pulled by the CMSP Gate-
                                                                                                                                                          way from the Alert Gateway.



                                            6.5 Downloaded Multimedia Profile (Future                     to be downloaded to the mobile device.                 distributed using broadcast mechanisms
                                            Capability)                                                   Support of the downloaded multimedia                   instead of point-to-point mechanisms based
                                                                                                          profile is optional for any CMSP which elects          upon by the CMSP selected technology.
                                              The downloaded multimedia profile
                                                                                                          to support CMAS and is dependent on the                  This information is passed from the Alert
                                            defines the attributes for the support of                     technology selected by the CMSP and mobile             Gateway to the CMSP Gateway and may
                                            CMAS alerts with multimedia files (e.g.,                      device capabilities. The multimedia files for          include attributes that are generated by the
                                            graphics, photos, maps, animation) which are                  download to the mobile device are                      CMAS alert originator.

                                                                                                     TABLE 6–4.—DOWNLOADED MULTIMEDIA PROFILE
                                                                                                     [Service profile: Downloaded_multimedia_service_profile]

                                                     Attribute name                                        Attribute definition                                                   Note

                                            Purpose ................................   Define service profile for CMAS alerts with multimedia
                                                                                         files for download to the mobile device.
                                            Maximum Size .....................         Based upon the authorized government entity policy ....          Size of the multimedia file for download is dependent
                                                                                                                                                          on the file type and encoding algorithms.
                                                                                                                                                        Size of CMAS alerts with multimedia components for
                                                                                                                                                          download to the mobile device are much larger than
                                                                                                                                                          text based CMAS alert messages and, therefore,
                                                                                                                                                          could have greater impact to bandwidth require-
                                                                                                                                                          ments, message latency, etc.
                                            C Interface Data Coding                    Identification of the standard format of the multimedia          See reference model.
                                              Scheme.                                    file being retrieved by the CMSP Gateway.
                                            C Interface Multimedia File                Issue of multimedia file transmissions remains to be ad-         The contents of this attribute are based upon the multi-
                                              Reference.                                 dressed.                                                         media file being pulled by the CMSP Gateway from
                                                                                                                                                          the Alert Gateway.



                                            7 Mobile Device Functionality for CMAS                           1. Mobile device behavior is outside the            mobile device of the subscriber. There will
                                            Alerts                                                        scope of the WARN Act and, therefore, is not           not be any acknowledgement or confirmation
                                              This section describes the impact to the                    subject to recommendations by the CMSAAC.              of receipt from the mobile device.
                                            mobile devices for the support of CMAS                           2. There be a common audio attention                  6. CAP messages will not be delivered to
                                                                                                          signal and a common vibration alert cadence            mobile devices of the subscribers.
                                            alerts and organized into the following
                                                                                                          for CMAM. (See Section 7.2 below.)
                                            topics:                                                                                                              7.2 Mobile Device Audio Attention Signal &
                                                                                                             3. The functionality and features of the
                                            • General Requirements of Mobile Device                       mobile device after the receipt of the CMAM            Vibration Cadence Recommendations
                                              Functionality                                               (e.g., message storage, message expiration,               Currently most Americans are familiar
                                            • Mobile Device Audio Attention Signal &                      alert presentation visual interface, and user          with the current EAS audio attention signals
                                              Vibration Cadence Recommendations                           acknowledgment to the mobile device of alert           on radios and televisions which have been in
                                            • CMAS Functionality on Mobile Device                         messages) will be CMSP and mobile device               use since the 1960s. Reproduction of this
                                            • Impact to Mobile Device Battery Life                        specific.
                                                                                                                                                                 audio attention signal on mobile devices is
                                                                                                             4. Legacy deployed mobile devices may not
                                            7.1 General Requirements of Mobile Device                                                                            the most recognizable method to notify the
                                                                                                          be supported. At a minimum, new CMAS
                                            Functionality                                                                                                        American public of CMAS alert message.
                                                                                                          functionality is needed on future mobile
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that the CMSP                        devices.                                                  The EAS uses a two tone system for audio
                                            and the mobile device vendors have the                           a. New mobile devices will be introduced            alerts which is a combination of 853Hz and
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                                            flexibility in the design and implementation                  by normal market mobile device lifecycle               960Hz sine waves. For devices capable of
                                            of mobile devices in order to take the                        replacement.                                           supporting dual tone EAS audio attention
                                            maximum advantages of advances in mobile                         b. Some legacy pager devices may be able            signals, the CMAS audio attention signal
                                            device technologies and to account for the                    to be updated with over the air programming.           should sound as close to the EAS audio
                                            evolution of mobile devices and the                              5. Distribution of the CMAS alert messages          attention signals as can be feasibility
                                            capabilities of the future. The CMSAAC                        to the CMSP’s subscribers will be                      achieved with the capabilities of the mobile
                                            further recommends that:                                      unidirectional from the CMSP network to the            devices.



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                                               The single tone for the NOAA warning                 cadence will not be activated upon receipt of             (e) Number of languages supported.
                                            alarm tone for NOAA Weather Radios and                  a CMAS alert.                                             (f) Number of alerts sent.
                                            commercial broadcast stations is 1050Hz.                   3. If the end user has both muted the                  (g) Alert Duration, and number of times the
                                            EAS audio attention signals on commercial               mobile device audio and alarms and has                 portable device alerts the user.
                                            broadcast stations are 8 to 25 seconds in               deselected or turned off the vibration                    Each technology implements text broadcast
                                            duration and the NOAA warning alarm tone                capabilities of the mobile device, neither the         messaging differently. In addition, each
                                            is 8 to 10 seconds.                                     CMAS audio attention signal nor the special            technology is deployed with different
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that temporal                  emergency alert vibration cadence will be              hardware and software, as well as, different
                                            patterns of the CMAS audio attention signal             activated upon receipt of a CMAS alert.                standards releases. During the battery life
                                            should be supported if technologically                     4. Subject to the limitations of the CMSP           evaluation, these issues explain the wide
                                            feasible. The recommended temporal pattern              selected broadcast technologies and the                range of reported battery life impact of text
                                            of the CMAS audio attention signal is one               mobile devices, the presentation of the                Broadcast Messaging. The battery life impact
                                            long tone of approximately 2 seconds                    received CMAS alert message should take                of CMAS on a state of the art deployment of
                                            followed by two short tones of approximately            priority over other mobile device functions            infrastructure and portable devices targeting
                                            1 second each with approximately 1⁄2 second             except for the preemption of an active voice           optimized battery life could be as high as
                                            gap between tones. The entire sequence is               or data session.                                       40% or more.
                                            repeated twice with approximately 1⁄2 second               5. If the end user does not acknowledge the            When using older technology or different
                                            between repetitions. Temporal patterns of the           CMAS alert to the mobile device, the mobile            network parameters, the impact to battery life
                                            CMAS audio attention signal are mobile                  device should support the capability to                can be quoted as a lower percentage,
                                            device manufacturer specific.                           activate and deactivate the CMAS audio                 although battery life will be lower than the
                                               For devices that have polyphonic                     attention signal and/or should activate and            optimized solution with cell broadcast
                                            capabilities, the CMSAAC recommends that                deactivate the special emergency alert                 enabled.
                                            the audio attention signal consist of the two           vibration cadence, if mobile device has                   Although there are limitations in today’s
                                            EAS tones. For devices which have only                  vibration capabilities. The frequency and              implementation of Cell Broadcast, it can be
                                            single frequency alert tone capability, it is           interval of the activation and deactivation of         utilized for transmission of Emergency
                                            recommended that the CMAS audio attention               the CMAS audio attention signal and/or the             Alerts. The impact to portable device battery
                                            signal be in the low frequency range below              special emergency alert vibration cadence is           life can be managed through careful selection
                                            2 kHz.                                                  dependent on CMSP policies and mobile                  of the above parameters. The high impact
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that the                       device capabilities.                                   parameters influenced by the CMSAAC are
                                            vibration cadence for the CMAS alert signal                6. In order to minimize the possibility of          maximum latency to deliver the message over
                                            be noticeably different from the default                network congestion and false alerts, mobile            the E interface, Retransmission interval,
                                            cadence of the mobile device and should be              devices should not support any user interface          Number of languages supported, Number of
                                            similar to the temporal pattern of the audio            capabilities to forward received CMAS alerts,          alerts sent, and Alert Duration. With
                                            attention signal and is mobile device                   to reply to received CMAS alerts, or to copy           modifications to network infrastructure,
                                            manufacturer specific.                                  and paste CMAS alert contents.                         mobile devices and/or standards, and proper
                                               If both CMAS audio and vibration cadence                7. The presentation of CMAS alert                   selection of the above criteria, the reduction
                                            alerts are available, the two modes do not              messages to the subscriber on the mobile               of battery life can be less than 10% of today’s
                                            need to be activated simultaneously but will            device should be distinguishable from any              capability for monitoring the Cell Broadcast
                                            follow the user’s settings in the mobile                other types of textual messages received by            channel without sending alerts messages.
                                            device; if the mobile device supports dual              the mobile device subject to mobile device             These modifications could potentially
                                            activation the signals will be simultaneous             capabilities.                                          adversely affect the timeline given in Section
                                            according to user settings, but otherwise will             a. Color cannot be a required method for            12.2.1 below. When alert messages are sent,
                                            be separate signals.                                    distinguishing CMAS alert messages from                e.g. a disaster situation with multiple alerts
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that neither the               other types of text messages on the mobile             sent from multiple agencies, the reduction of
                                            CMAS audio attention signal nor the                     device since all mobile devices do not have            battery life increases proportionally to the
                                            vibration cadence provided by the CMSP for              color display capabilities.                            number of messages sent and can approach
                                            the CMAS alert should be selectable by the                 b. Color cannot be used as the sole method          up to 40% of the battery life.
                                            subscriber for any mobile device functions.             for convening information. (See Section 5.5               To design and deploy a system with the
                                            However, the CMSAAC acknowledges that                   above)                                                 performance described above, modifications
                                            there is no way to prevent the subscriber                                                                      to the portable devices, network
                                            from downloading a ring tone that emulates              7.4 Impact to Mobile Device Battery Life
                                                                                                                                                           infrastructure and/or standards are required.
                                            the CMAS audio attention signal.                          The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert                 These changes are scheduled in the proposed
                                               The CMSAAC recommended that the                      Aggregator support a policy of ensuring that           timeline for deployment of CMAS.
                                            CMAS audio attention signal and the                     the aggregate CMAM rate does not adversely
                                            associated vibration cadence shall not be               impact mobile device battery life.                     8   Security for CMAS Alerts
                                            used for any application other than CMAS.                 The CMSAAC recommends that the CMSPs                 8.1 Alert Interface & Aggregator Trust
                                            The CMSAAC further recommended that the                 give consideration to modifications to                 Model
                                            CMAS audio attention signal and the                     network infrastructure, mobile devices and/
                                            associated vibration cadence should be                  or standards, and to the proper selection of           8.1.1 Trust Model Definitions
                                            protected via copyright and/or trademarks               the criteria below, in order to limit the                The following definitions are offered for
                                            and should be available for appropriate use             reduction of battery life.                             clarity and specificity.
                                            on free and non-discriminatory basis.                     This analysis was limited in scope to text             • Identity—A trusted agent will verify the
                                                                                                    based messages, and does not analyze the               identity of each individual that will be
                                            7.3 CMAS Functionality on Mobile Device                 impacts of other profiles, such as audio,              requesting credentials.
                                               This section contains the CMSAAC’s                   video or multimedia. The delta impact on                 • Responsibility—The individual will
                                            conclusions and recommendations regarding               portable device battery life of text based alert       have the duties of issuing public alerts and
                                            the CMAS functionality on the mobile device             messages of CMAS depends upon the                      warnings on behalf of their respective
                                            that would be needed to support CMAS                    following input criteria:                              jurisdiction.
                                            alerts.                                                   (a) Delivery Technology (GSM, UMTS,                    • Jurisdiction—The area a person has
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                                               1. If the end user has muted the mobile              CDMA2000 1x, Flex, Re-Flex, etc.).                     authority to send public alert and warning
                                            device audio and alarms, the CMAS audio                   (b) Initial system network parameters                messages.
                                            attention signal will not be activated upon             before implementation of broadcast                       • Authority—Any public servant that is
                                            receipt of a CMAS alert.                                messaging.                                             permitted by their jurisdiction to send a
                                               2. If the end user has deselected or turned            (c) Maximum latency to deliver the                   public alert and warning message.
                                            off the vibration capabilities of the mobile            message over the E interface.                            • Capability—The nominated individual
                                            device, the special emergency alert vibration             (d) Retransmission interval.                         must demonstrate the knowledge of process,



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                                            content and policy pertaining to the issuance           Model specified in Section 8.1 above. The C            CMAM traffic upon receiving an overload
                                            of public alerts and warnings. The minimum              interface is outside the scope of the Trust            warning from the CMSP Gateway.
                                            requirement shall be a national level                   Model and therefore the Alert Gateway shall               4. The Alert Gateway will provide the
                                            computer based training course. States and or           support standardized authentication and                capability for a CMSP or CMSP Gateway to
                                            local jurisdictions may require further                 authorization mechanisms to interface with             temporarily disable the transmission of all
                                            training if they so desire.                             the CMSP Gateways.                                     CMAMs to the CMSP Gateway. While CMAM
                                               • Credential—A specified form of evidence              3. A single authorized source such as a              delivery to CMSP Gateway has been stopped,
                                            that an individual has completed the                    designated government agency, or their                 the Alert Gateway shall establish an alert
                                            verification of identity, responsibility and            authorized agent, will serve as the sole               queue for the specific CMSP Gateway.
                                            capability. This credential will allow the              operator for the Alert Gateway.                           a. The CMSP Gateway will notify the Alert
                                            individual to send or countersign a public                4. The Alert Gateway will authenticate the           Gateway to stop sending CMAM using an
                                            alert and warning message.                              source of all alert transactions. If the source        error response as described in Section 10.4.6
                                               • Certified system—will support the Trust            cannot be authenticated, the message will not          below. Once the error condition has cleared,
                                            Model and counter-signatory function to                 be sent and a warning issued to the Alert              the CMSP Gateway will notify the Alert
                                            send public alert and warning messages.                 Gateway’s monitoring system.                           Gateway to restart CMAM delivery and retry
                                               • Countersigned—A public alert and                     5. The Alert Gateway will inform the alert           delivery of CMAMs in the queue if the
                                            warning message must be digitally signed by             originator via Alert Aggregator if the CMAS            CMAMs have not expired.
                                            two credentialed personnel for acceptance               message was not accepted by the CMSP                      b. The authorized government entity which
                                            into the CMAS.                                          Gateway.                                               manages the Alert Gateway will establish a
                                               • Originator—Can be a Federal, State,                                                                       process where an authorized CMSP
                                            Tribal, or local jurisdiction.                          8.3 Reference Point C Security                         representative can provide notification of a
                                            8.1.2 Trust Model Requirements                            The CMSAAC recommends that the                       planned or unplanned outage of a CMSP
                                                                                                    Reference Point C interface be IP based.               Gateway and during that outage period,
                                               The CMSAAC makes the following                       Therefore the security of the Reference Point          CMAMs are not delivered from the Alert
                                            recommendations regarding Trust Model                   C interface should be based upon standard IP           Gateway to that specific CMSP Gateway.
                                            requirements:                                           security mechanisms such as VPN tunnels                During a planned or unplanned outage, the
                                               1. All messages will be attributed reliably          and IPSEC functionality.                               ability to support test message across the
                                            to an individual sender.                                                                                       Reference Point C interface will be supported
                                               2. All messages will be accepted from                8.4 Reference Points D & E Security
                                                                                                                                                           as defined in Section 10.4 below.
                                            individuals holding a specified credential or             The CMSAAC recommends that the                          5. If the CMAM delivered over the
                                            from a certified system which required                  security of the Reference Points D and E be            Reference Point C interface was rejected by
                                            individual credentials.                                 based upon CMSP policies and upon the                  a CMSP Gateway due to congestion or
                                               3. All messages must be countersigned by             capabilities of the CMSP selected delivery             temporary transient error conditions, the
                                            a second credentialed sender. All messages              technologies.                                          Alert Gateway will establish an alert queue
                                            not countersigned will be rejected and not be                                                                  for the specific CMSP Gateway and retry
                                            sent. The sender must be notified if the                9  CMAS Reliability & Performance
                                                                                                                                                           delivering it to the CMSP Gateway by a
                                            message was rejected for this reason.                     The CMSAAC recommends that, to the                   configurable interval, e.g. every 30 seconds,
                                               4. The CMSAAC recommends that a                      extent feasible, prior to the September 2008           if the CMAM has not expired.
                                            process be established by which credentials             CMSP Election, the statistical data on peak               6. There are two logical queues per CMSP
                                            can be certified upon demonstration of                  and average alert traffic volume at least for          Gateway, one logical queue for Presidential
                                            identity, responsibility and capability.                the period October 2007 thru August 2008 be            alerts and another logical queue for all other
                                               5. Identity, responsibility and capability           available to CMSPs to support the                      CMAMs. The processing of the Presidential
                                            must be recertified annually. All credentials           engineering considerations for the CMSP                queue takes priority over the non-
                                            will expire in 12 months.                               Gateway and air interfaces. This statistical           Presidential queue.
                                               6. All messages entered into the system              data needs to be available at the geo-targeted
                                                                                                                                                              7. If an alert queue exists for a CMSP
                                            will be logged, this log will be maintained for         areas defined in Section 5.4 above.
                                                                                                                                                           Gateway, all incoming alerts shall be placed
                                            a reasonable period of time to support an
                                                                                                    9.1 Alert Gateway Performance                          into the queue based upon the time the
                                            audit.
                                                                                                    Requirements                                           CMAM was received by the Alert Gateway.
                                               7. The digital signatures will be bound to
                                                                                                       See Annex A—Anticipated Peak & Average                 8. The Alert Gateway will support separate
                                            the message and carried from the originator
                                                                                                    CMAS Traffic Volume for anticipated peak &             alert queues for each CMSP Gateway so that
                                            to the Alert Gateway.
                                                                                                    average CMAS traffic volume. The CMSAAC                queuing for one or more CMSP Gateway shall
                                               8. The message transport layer from the
                                            originator to the Alert Gateway will utilize an         makes the following recommendations                    not affect alerts delivery to all other CMSP
                                            existing open non-proprietary transport                 regarding Alert Gateway performance                    Gateways.
                                            standard and shall be Internet Protocol based.          requirements:                                             9. The Alert Gateway will be designed to
                                                                                                       1. Based on available historical data               have the service availability of 99.999%.
                                            8.2 Alert Gateway Security Requirements                 presented to the committee, and then                      10. System performance will be monitored
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert                 applying a 2X factor, it is estimated that no          in real-time 24 hours a day seven days a
                                            Gateway be protected against the potential              more than 25,000 alert messages per year will          week to ensure all levels of service are met
                                            for misuse such as hoax emergency alerts,               be delivered to the Alert Gateway for                  and/or exceeded.
                                            illegal distribution of offensive content,              transmission to the various CMSPs. It is also          9.2 Alert Delivery Latency
                                            Denial of Service (DoS/DDoS) attacks and                assumed that peak rates as high as 12,000
                                            SPAM. The CMSAAC recommends the                         alert messages per month and 6,000 alert                  The CMSAAC recommends that, since
                                            following requirements to achieve the                   messages per day are possible. For a given             latency will require experience in
                                            necessary level of security:                            hour, it is also conceivable that there can be         deployment, end-to-end latency requirements
                                               1. The Alert Gateway will be subject to and          an alert for every county in the U.S. and              be addressed in the biennial review.
                                            administered in a manner consistent with the            therefore the Alert Gateway should be                     The CMSAAC recognizes the importance of
                                            Trust Model and shall be in compliance with             capable of receiving and processing 3,000              delivering CMAMs as quickly as possible
                                            Federal Information Processing Standard                 alert messages per hour and a peak rate of 30          from the alert initiators to the transmission
                                            (FIPS) 199 and FIPS 200. The Alert Gateway              alert messages per second.                             within the alert area. The CMSAAC also
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                                            shall also be in compliance with security                  2. The Alert Gateway will have capabilities         recognizes that there are operational
                                            requirements for National Critical                      to monitor the system utilization for capacity         characteristics of the CMSP Infrastructure
                                            Infrastructure/Key Resources.                           planning purposes and it shall be scalable to          which impact CMAM delivery latency. These
                                               2. The Alert Gateway will be part of the             accommodate the need for additional                    operational characteristics include the
                                            government alert distribution network. The              capacity.                                              following factors:
                                            interface between the Alert Aggregator and                 3. The Alert Gateway will provide a                 —Mobile device battery life impact
                                            the Alert Gateway shall support the Trust               transmission control mechanism to buffer the           —Call processing impact



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                                            —Capabilities of the delivery technology                include error codes for rejection as specified         Troubleshooting capability to allow thorough
                                            —Message queues                                         in Section 10.4.6 below.                               testing and troubleshooting of the end-to-end
                                            —Number of languages                                      2. The Alert Gateway will maintain an                CMAS without wearying the public:
                                            —Number of targeted cell sites/paging                   online log of active and cancelled alert                  1. Provision for testing of the CMAS,
                                              transceivers for the alert area                       messages for 90 days.                                  including the delivery mechanisms, without
                                            —Geo-targeting processing                                 3. The Alert Gateway will maintain                   requiring all subscribers to see a test message.
                                              It is difficult to predict or model systems           archived logs for a minimum of 36 months.                 a. This might be accomplished by
                                            that have not been designed, built, or                    4. The Alert Gateway will provide CMSPs              providing signaling in the application layer
                                            deployed.                                               access to online messaging logs and archived           which indicates a test message—which
                                                                                                    logs for testing and troubleshooting purposes.         would not be displayed by ‘normal
                                            9.3   CMAS End-to-End Reliability                         5. The Alert Gateway will generate                   terminals’, but could be displayed by ‘test
                                               The CMSAAC recommends that CMAS                      monthly system and performance statistics              terminals’. CMSPs could configure which
                                            system reliability from alert initiation to the         reports based on CMA alerting category,                devices were ‘test terminals’.
                                            transmission of the CMAM over the CMSP                  alerting originator, alerting area and other              b. Provide the ability to send test messages
                                            selected delivery technology meet telecom               alerting attributes.                                   to a single CMSP/network without impact to
                                            standards for highly reliable systems.                    6. The Alert Gateway will provide the                other CMSPs.
                                               In order to achieve, a feasible and practical        capability for a CMSP to temporarily disable              c. Provide the ability to test the CMAS up
                                            level of CMAS reliability on an end-to-end              the transmission of all CMAMs to the CMSP              to the CMSP Gateway without impacting the
                                            basis:                                                  Gateway. This event will be captured in the            CMSP infrastructure.
                                               • The CMSPs will process CMAS alerts on              log file. Cancellation of the event should be             2. Provide CMSP access to the CMAM logs
                                            a best effort.                                          noted in the log file as well.                         from the Alert Gateway.
                                                                                                                                                              3. Messages used for testing purposes shall
                                               • The CMAS alert message may be                      9.5 CMAS Testing                                       be clearly differentiated from messages for
                                            retransmitted according to CMSP policies                   End-to-end testing of the CMAS is defined           actual events.
                                            and the capabilities of the CMSP selected               to be testing from the Alert Initiator to the
                                            delivery technology.                                                                                           9.5.2 Alert Gateway Testing
                                                                                                    CMSP Gateway. This testing will verify the
                                               Even though many components and                      A, B, and C reference points, as well as the              The CMSAAC recommends that the Alert
                                            elements of the end to end CMAS solution                function of the Alert Aggregator, Alert                Gateway support several types of testing:
                                            have high reliability, the over-all reliability of      Gateway, and CMSP Gateway. It is                          a. Functional testing for the C interface (not
                                            CMAS is unpredictable for the following                 undesirable to send test messages over the             expected to be sent to the subscribers)
                                            reasons:                                                CMSP infrastructure to the mobile devices as              b. Connection testing for new CMSP
                                               • RF transmissions can be subject to noise           these messages could cause considerable                   The CMSAAC further recommends the
                                            and other interference or environmental                 confusion to the end user, as well as utilizing        following requirements for Alert Gateway
                                            factors.                                                CMSP network resources.                                testing:
                                               • The capabilities of the cellular                      Using real event codes for testing purposes            1. The Alert Gateway will support
                                            environment are not predictable especially in           poses the risk of unintentionally alarming             initiating a test message for each service
                                            a disaster environment. For example, it                 and confusing recipients. For this reason, and         profile implemented for Reference Point C
                                            cannot be predicted which and how many                  to insure that a test message does not                 upon request by a particular CMSP. The test
                                            cell sites will remain operational after a              propagate to the CMSP subscriber base, the             message will only be sent to a specific CMSP
                                            disaster.                                               CMSAAC recommends that all end-to-end                  Gateway. The message will not be broadcast
                                               • The subscriber may currently be in a               testing be indicated using the CAP status              to subscribers.
                                            location that does not have any RF signal.              element with a value of ‘‘test’’, which shall             2. The Alert Gateway will support
                                               • The subscriber’s mobile device may not             be mapped to a test message over Reference             initiating a test message for each service
                                            have any remaining power.                               Point C. Upon receipt of a test message, the           profile implemented for Reference Point C for
                                                                                                    CMSP Gateway will respond with an                      all CMSP Gateways. The message will not be
                                            9.4 Message Logging                                                                                            broadcast to subscribers.
                                                                                                    acknowledgment of receipt of the message
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that the logs on                and log receipt of the message according to               3. The Alert Gateway will support keep-
                                            the Alert Gateway be used to identify                   CMSP policy.                                           alive test messages periodically over the C
                                            messages received by or rejected by the                    The CMSAAC recommends that the CMSP                 interface. The frequency will be configurable
                                            CMSP Gateway. These logs will be accessible             Gateway support receiving a test message               based on policy to be determined by the
                                            by the alert originators and by the CMSPs.              from the Alert Gateway for testing Reference           authorized government entity and the
                                            These logs will be the only required audit              Point C. This test message shall not be                CMSPs. The keep-alive test messages will not
                                            methods for the determination of which                  delivered to the CMSP Infrastructure nor               be sent if there are real messages to be sent.
                                            CMAS messages were sent to the CMSPs.                   broadcast to subscribers.                                 4. All test messages for the C interface will
                                              The CMSAAC further recommends that,                      The CMSAAC recommends that the CMSP                 be clearly marked and identified as test
                                            upon receipt of an alert, the CMSP Gateway              Gateway support the receipt and processing             messages.
                                            will respond back to the Alert Gateway with             of Alert Gateway keep-alive test messages              10 Interface Protocols for CMAS Alerts
                                            an acknowledgment that the alert message                periodically. The frequency shall be
                                            was received or rejected. Message logging on            configurable based on policy to be                        The following two interfaces are applicable
                                            the CMSP Gateway is a function of the                   determined by the authorized government                for the support of CMAS alerts in the CMSP
                                            system performance part of the Commercial               entity and the CMSPs.                                  networks:
                                            Mobile CMSP’s business, and will not be an                 The CMSAAC recommends that the keep-                   • Alert Gateway—CMSP Interface which is
                                            audit trail.                                            alive test messages not be sent if there are           Reference Point C.
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that there be                   real messages to be sent.                                 • CMSP—Mobile Device Interface for
                                            no requirements for the CMSP to retain logs                                                                    CMAS alert content which is Reference Point
                                                                                                    9.5.1 General CMAS Testing                             E.
                                            for any period of time.                                 Recommendations                                           Both of these interfaces are defined in this
                                            9.4.1 Alert Gateway Logging                                An important part of a successful CMAS              section.
                                              The CMSAAC makes the following                        will be the ability to effectively test and
                                            recommendations regarding Alert Gateway                 troubleshoot the various components and                10.1 Reference Point A Protocol
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                                            logging:                                                interfaces.                                              The CMSAAC recommends that Reference
                                              1. The Alert Gateway will maintain a log                 The CMSAAC recommends that this test                Point A interface requirements consist of the
                                            of messages with time-stamps that verify                and troubleshooting capability be integrated           following:
                                            when messages are received from the Alert               into the architecture and protocol of the                1. The message sent to the Alert Aggregator
                                            Aggregator and when the messages are                    CMAS up front, to maximize effectiveness.              must consist of one of the following:
                                            acknowledged or rejected by the CMSP                       The CMSAAC recommends the following                   a. A valid CAP 1.1 message with all
                                            Gateway. The log for rejected messages will             primary aspects of CMAS Testing and                    mandatory elements.



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                                            • Message ID                                            Gateway will not forward messages with                    e. Expiration time with time zone: The
                                            • Sender ID                                             eventCode = ‘‘EAT’’ or ‘‘NIC’’ to the CMSP             Alert Gateway will translate the time
                                            • Sent Date/Time                                        Gateway.                                               according to Table 5.1 for the CAP expires
                                            • Message Status                                           2. The Alert Gateway will deliver CMAMs             element if provided. The Alert Gateway will
                                            • Message Type                                          using the same language as issued by the               use the time zone provided in the CAP
                                            • Scope                                                 alert originator and will not do language              expires element or may use the time zone in
                                            • Event Category                                        translation as a gateway function.                     the affected area. If not provided, the Alert
                                            • Urgency                                                  3. Each CMAM will only include one                  Gateway will use one hour from the current
                                            • Severity                                              language. The CMA issued in multiple                   time as a default. If the affected area has more
                                            • Certainty                                             languages will be issued by separate                   than one time zone, the Alert Gateway will
                                            • Resource Description                                  messages.                                              use one of the time zones.
                                            • Area Description—A FIPS geo-code, a                      4. All CMAM alert, update and                          f. Sending Agency: The Alert Gateway will
                                              polygon or circle (WGS–84 format) will be             cancellation messages will come only from              translate it according to Table 5.1 for the CAP
                                              used to support the area description.                 the alert originators, including Presidential          sender element. The translated sending
                                              2. The Alert Aggregator will provide a                Alert. The Alert Gateway will pass these               agency should not exceed the maximum
                                            mechanism to validate the identity of the               messages to the CMSP Gateway. The Alert                length of 12 characters in order to fit into the
                                            individual sending the message to allow non-            Gateway is not required to generate alerts,            maximum CMA message length limit. The
                                            repudiation.                                            alert updates and/or cancellations.                    translated sending agency will be truncated
                                              3. The implementer of the Alert Aggregator               5. The Alert Gateway will not alter the             to 12 characters if it causes the constructed
                                            will provide a documented, non-proprietary,             content of text alert messages, with the               message to exceed the maximum CMA
                                            specification for transport that will support           exception of                                           message length limit.
                                            appropriate security and reliability.                      a. If CAP expires is not available, the                11. If the CAP message received by the
                                                                                                    default parameter value of one hour shall be           Alert Gateway is not formatted correctly, the
                                            10.2 Reference Point B Protocol                         used.                                                  Gateway will reject the message and inform
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that Reference                     b. Constructing the text alert message using        the alert originator.
                                            Point B interface requirements consist of the           CAP elements such as category, eventCode                  12. If a CAP message contains multiple
                                            following:                                              and responseType. The algorithm for                    INFO blocks with the same headline but
                                              1. The implementer of the Alert Gateway               constructing the text alert message is                 different area elements, the Alert Gateway
                                            will provide a documented non-proprietary               described in Section 5.3 above.                        will collapse it into a single CMAM with a
                                            specification for the B interface which will               6. For Presidential Alert, the Alert Gateway        single INFO block and multiple area
                                            support appropriate security and reliability.           will use the following CAP elements to                 elements before sending it to the CMSP
                                                                                                    construct the message:                                 Gateway.
                                            10.3 Alert Gateway Interfaces & Mapping                    a. Use CAP parameter (with valueName =                 13. If a CAP message contains multiple
                                            Requirements                                            CMAMtext), if available and less than the              INFO blocks with the different headlines, the
                                            10.3.1 Alert Gateway Interface                          maximum CMA message length limit. If not,              Alert Gateway will create separate CMAM
                                            Requirements                                            then                                                   with each INFO block. The Alert Gateway
                                               The CMSAAC recommends the following                     b. Use Alert Gateway generated automatic            will process the INFO blocks in the order
                                            requirements for the Alert Gateway                      text: ‘‘The President has issued an emergency          contained in the CAP message.
                                            interfaces:                                             alert. Check local media for more details.’’              14. The Alert Gateway will not do
                                               1. The Alert Gateway will support an open,              7. For AMBER Alert, the Alert Gateway               translations of the character sets.
                                            non-proprietary interface to the Alert                  will use the following CAP elements to                    15. The Geo-mapping of targeted area (cell
                                            Aggregator (e.g. IP).                                   construct the message:                                 sites) will be the responsibility of CMSPs and
                                               2. The Alert Gateway will initially support             a. Use CAP parameter (with valueName =              not a function of the Alert Gateway.
                                            CAP v1.1 as the application layer protocol for          CMAMtext), if available and less than the                 16. The Alert Gateway will provide the
                                            communicating with the Alert Aggregator.                maximum CMA message length limit. If not,              geo-targeting information over Reference
                                               3. The Alert Gateway will uniquely                   the Alert Gateway will reject the message.             Point C in accordance with the CMSP profile
                                            identify each CMSP Gateway identified by a                 8. For alerts other than the Presidential           stored within the Alert Gateway.
                                            unique IP address or domain name.                       Alert or AMBER Alert, the Alert Gateway                   17. The Alert Gateway will provide
                                               4. The Alert Gateway will support the ‘‘C’’          will support free-format text generation or            Geocode as specified in Section 10.4 below
                                            interface protocol as defined in Section 10.4           automatic text generation.                             to the CMSP Gateway.
                                            below.                                                     9. For free-format text generation, the Alert          18. The Alert Gateway will translate
                                               5. The Alert Gateway will support all                Gateway will use the CAP parameter (with               latitude/longitude coordinates into
                                            CMAM formats that can be delivered to                   valueName = CMAMtext) to construct the                 appropriate State or County Geocode if no
                                            CMSP Gateway.                                           message. If the CAP parameter (with                    State or County Geocode is provided by the
                                               6. The Alert Gateway will support the                valueName = CMAMtext) is not available or              alert originator.
                                            common service profile formats as referred to           exceeds the maximum CMA message length                    19. The Alert Gateway will not be required
                                            in Section 6 above for text, audio, video and           limit, the Alert Gateway will reject the               to translate State or County Geocode into
                                            multimedia transmission of alert messages to            message.                                               latitude/longitude coordinates.
                                            the CMSP Gateways.                                         10. For automatic text generation, the Alert           20. The Alert Gateway will specify an
                                               7. The Alert Gateway will support                    Gateway will support the following rules to            agreed upon maximum number of latitude/
                                            receiving acknowledgment from the CMSP                  construct the message:                                 longitude coordinates per polygon to be sent
                                            Gateway that the CMAM has been received                    a. What’s happening: The Alert Gateway              to the CMSP Gateway.
                                            or rejected by the CMSP Gateway.                        will use the expanded text as defined in                  21. If Geocode, polygon or circle is not
                                               8. If any mandatory parameter/attribute is           Table 5.1 for the CAP eventCode element if             provided for a Presidential Alert, the Alert
                                            not included in the CAP message sent over               available. If eventCode is not provided, the           Gateway will use ‘‘Nation wide’’ by default.
                                            the B interface, the Alert Gateway will use a           Alert Gateway will use the expanded text as               22. If Geocode, polygon or circle is not
                                            default parameter value if available, or reject         defined in Table 5.1 for the CAP category              provided for any non-presidential alert or
                                            the CAP message if a default parameter value            element.                                               update, the Alert Gateway will reject the
                                            is not available.                                          b. Area Affected: The Alert Gateway will            message and return an error to the alert
                                                                                                    use the phrase ‘‘in this area’’.                       originator.
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                                            10.3.2 Alert Gateway Interface Mapping                     c. Recommended action: The Alert                       23. For audio, video and multi-media
                                            Requirements                                            Gateway will use the CAP responseType                  CMAMs, if the CAP message includes the
                                               The Alert Gateway will map the CMAMs                 element if available. If responseType is not           associated files, the Alert Gateway will
                                            received in CAP format into the CMAC                    provided, the Alert Gateway will not include              a. Re-format, if necessary, the associated
                                            format supported by the CMSP Gateway.                   this information.                                      files into standardized format as specified in
                                               1. If eventCode = ‘‘EAN’’, the CMAM will                d. Area Affected: The Alert Gateway will            the associated service profile (see Section 6
                                            be handled as a Presidential Alert. The Alert           use the phrase ‘‘in this area’’.                       above).



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                                               b. Store the associated files on the Alert                               the following parameters to identify the alert                                 and filtering rules for all the messages
                                            Gateway to be retrieved by the CMSP                                         area: CMAC_polygon, CMAC_circle or                                             received via the ‘‘B’’ interface as shown in
                                            Gateways.                                                                   CMAC_gnis format.                                                              Table 10–1. The following is a description of
                                               c. Send the message with proper URL so                                      26. The Alert Gateway will be responsible                                   the column shown in Table 10–1:
                                            that CMSP Gateways can retrieve the files if                                to generate the CMAC geocode(s)                                                   Column 1: Lists the CAP element.
                                            they so choose.                                                             corresponding to the alert area from the CAP
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Column 2: Lists the code values applicable
                                               24. For audio, video and multi-media                                     ‘‘area’’ element. The CMAC geocode(s)
                                            CMAMs, if the CAP message includes only                                                                                                                    to CMAMs.
                                                                                                                        corresponding to the alert area will be
                                            the URL but not the associated files, the Alert                             generated from either the area described by                                       Column 3: Lists the filtering and mapping
                                            Gateway will                                                                the polygon or circle, conversion of the                                       rules to be used by the Alert Gateway. ‘‘Pass’’
                                               a. Retrieve the associated files from the                                SAME code or ZIP code for the alert area, or                                   means the element and code value will be
                                            URL in the CAP message.                                                     using the FIPS value if specified in the                                       passed from the ‘‘B’’ interface to the ‘‘C’’
                                               b. Re-format, if necessary, the associated                               original CAP alert message.                                                    interface. ‘‘Mapped’’ means the CAP element
                                            files into standardized format as specified in                                 27. If the original CAP message does not                                    and code value will be mapped into the
                                            the associated service profile (see Section 6                               contain a polygon, circle, or geocode, the                                     appropriate CMAC attribute. ‘‘Reject’’ means
                                            above).                                                                     Alert Gateway will reject the message unless                                   the Alert Gateway will reject the CAP
                                               c. Store the associated files on the Alert                               the message originator was the President, in                                   message received from the ‘‘B’’ interface and
                                            Gateway to be retrieved by the CMSP                                         which case the alert area will be assumed                                      no message will be sent over the ‘‘C’’
                                            Gateway.                                                                    Nationwide in the absence of the area
                                                                                                                                                                                                       interface. ‘‘Ignored’’ means the CAP element
                                               d. Send the message with proper URL so                                   information.
                                            that CMSP Gateway can retrieve the files if                                    28. CAP will be the protocol used on the                                    is not applicable to CMAM and will be
                                            they so choose.                                                             ‘‘B’’ interface to carry the CMAM into the                                     ignored by the Alert Gateway. ‘‘Generated’’
                                               25. The Alert Gateway, via Reference Point                               Alert Gateway. Not all the elements and                                        means the Alert Gateway will generate the
                                            C, will always provide the CMSP Gateway,                                    values allowed by CAP are useful for                                           appropriate CMAC elements and attributes.
                                            the CMAC_geocode as defined in Section                                      CMAMs. Also some elements are optional in                                         Column 4: Lists the corresponding ‘‘C’’
                                            10.4 below. Additionally, if available, the                                 CAP but required by CMAMs. The Alert                                           interface CMAC elements as defined in
                                            Alert Gateway will provide one or more of                                   Gateway will apply the following mapping                                       Section 10.4 below.

                                                 TABLE 10–1.—PARAMETER MAPPING FROM ‘‘B’’ INTERFACE CAP MESSAGE IN TO ‘‘C’’ INTERFACE CMAC MESSAGE
                                                            CAP element                                      (CMA) Permitted values                                  Alert gateway filtering rules                                  CMAC element

                                            N/A .................................................    .......................................................    Generated by the Alert Gateway ..                          CMAC protocol version.
                                            N/A .................................................    .......................................................    Generated by the Alert Gateway ..                          CMAC sending Alert Gateway id.
                                            alert ................................................   N/A ................................................       Ignored ..........................................         N/A
                                            identifier (free format) ....................            .......................................................    Mapped from the free format into                           CMAC_message_identifier      (2
                                                                                                                                                                  a 2 octet binary number.                                   octet binary number).
                                            sender ............................................       .......................................................   Pass ..............................................        CMAC_sender.
                                            sent ................................................     .......................................................   Mapped into UTC format ..............                      CMAC_sent_date_time.
                                            status .............................................     ‘‘Actual’’ ‘‘Exercise’’ ‘‘System’’                         Pass with permitted values; Re-                            CMAC—status.
                                                                                                         ‘‘Test’’.                                                ject message with ‘‘Draft’’.
                                            msgType ........................................         ‘‘Alert’’ ‘‘Update’’ ‘‘Cancel’’ ‘‘Error’’                  Pass with permitted values; Re-                            CMAC_message_type.
                                                                                                                                                                  ject message with ‘‘Ack’’.
                                            source ............................................      N/A ................................................       Ignored.
                                            scope .............................................      ‘‘Public’’ .........................................       Reject message if ‘‘Public’’ is not                        N/A.
                                                                                                                                                                  in field..
                                            restriction .......................................      .......................................................    Reject message if this element is                          N/A.
                                                                                                                                                                  included.
                                            addresses ......................................         .......................................................    Reject message if this element is                          N/A.
                                                                                                                                                                  included.
                                            code ...............................................     .......................................................    Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            note ................................................    .......................................................    Pass ..............................................        CMAC_cancel_error_node.
                                            references ......................................        .......................................................    Mapped from the free format into                           CMAC_referenced_message_
                                                                                                                                                                  a 2 octet binary number.                                   identifier (2-octet binary num-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ber).
                                            incidents .........................................      N/A ................................................       Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            N/A .................................................    .......................................................    Generated by the Alert Gateway ..                          CMAC_original_cap_alert_uri.
                                            info .................................................   .......................................................     .......................................................   Ignored.
                                            language ........................................        .......................................................    Pass ..............................................        CMAC_text_language.
                                            category .........................................       .......................................................    Mapped .........................................           CMAC_category.
                                            event ..............................................     N/A ................................................       Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            responseType ................................            All but ‘‘Assess’’ ............................            Reject message with ‘‘Assess’’ in                          CMAC_response_type.
                                                                                                                                                                    field, pass all others.
                                            urgency ..........................................       ‘‘Immediate’’ ‘‘Expected’’ ..............                  Pass with permitted values or re-                          CMAC_urgency.
                                                                                                                                                                    jecting message with other val-
                                                                                                                                                                    ues.
                                            severity ...........................................     ‘‘Extreme’’ ‘‘Severe’’ .....................               Pass with permitted values or re-                          CMAC_severity.
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                                                                                                                                                                    jecting message with other val-
                                                                                                                                                                    ues.
                                            certainty .........................................      ‘‘Observed’’ ‘‘Likely’’ .....................              Pass with permitted values or re-                          CMAC_certainty.
                                                                                                                                                                    jecting message with other val-
                                                                                                                                                                    ues.
                                            audience ........................................        N/A ................................................       Ignored ..........................................         N/A.




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                                               TABLE 10–1.—PARAMETER MAPPING FROM ‘‘B’’ INTERFACE CAP MESSAGE IN TO ‘‘C’’ INTERFACE CMAC MESSAGE—
                                                                                            Continued
                                                             CAP element                                      (CMA) Permitted values                                 Alert gateway filtering rules                                 CMAC element

                                            eventCode ......................................          ‘‘EAN’’ ...........................................       Map ‘‘EAN’’ to ‘‘Presidential’’; .......                   CMAC_special_handling.
                                                                                                      ‘‘CAE’’ ...........................................       Map ‘‘CAE’’ to ‘‘Child Abduction’’;
                                                                                                                                                                Map other values to ‘‘No special
                                                                                                                                                                    handling’’.
                                            eventCode ......................................          .......................................................   Mapped .........................................           CMAC_event_code.
                                            effective ..........................................      N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            onset ..............................................      N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            expires ...........................................       .......................................................   Passed; Reject message if al-                              CMAC_expires_date_time.
                                                                                                                                                                    ready expired;.
                                                                                                                                                                Apply default value of one hour if
                                                                                                                                                                    not provided.
                                            senderName ..................................             .......................................................   Mapped .........................................           CMAC_sender_name.
                                            headline .........................................        .......................................................   Passed              conditionally              when        CMAC_text_alert_message.
                                                                                                                                                                    eventCode= ‘‘EAN’’ or ‘‘CAE’’;.
                                                                                                                                                                Ignored when eventCode has
                                                                                                                                                                    other values.
                                            description ......................................        N/A ................................................      Ignoring .........................................         CMAC_text_alert_message.
                                            N/A .................................................     ASCII 7-bit ....................................          Ignoring .........................................         CMAC_text_encoding.
                                            N/A .................................................     Less than 90 characters ...............                   Generated by the Alert Gateway ..                          CMAC_text_message_length.
                                            N/A .................................................     .......................................................   Generated by the Alert Gateway                             CMAC_text_alert_message.
                                                                                                                                                                    as specified in Section 5.5.
                                            instruction .......................................       N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            web ................................................      .......................................................   Mapped to a local link on the Alert                        CMAC_web_link.
                                                                                                                                                                    Gateway.
                                            contact ...........................................       N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            parameter .......................................         N/A ................................................      Passed              conditionally              when        CMAC_text_alert_message.
                                                                                                                                                                    eventCode= ‘‘EAN’’ or ‘‘CAE’’;.
                                                                                                                                                                Passed              conditionally              when
                                                                                                                                                                    eventCode has other values
                                                                                                                                                                    and parameter valueName =
                                                                                                                                                                    ‘‘CMAMtext’’; Ignored otherwise.
                                            resource .........................................        N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            resourceDesc .................................            .......................................................   Mapped .........................................           CMAC_resource_description.
                                            mimeType ......................................           .......................................................   Mapped .........................................           CMAC_mime_type.
                                            size .................................................    .......................................................   Mapped .........................................           CMAC_resource_size.
                                            uri ...................................................   .......................................................   Mapped to a local link on the Alert                        CMAC_uri.
                                                                                                                                                                    Gateway.
                                            derefUri ..........................................       N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            degest ............................................       .......................................................    .......................................................   Ignored
                                            area ................................................     N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            areaDesc ........................................         .......................................................   Passed ..........................................          CMAC_area_description.
                                            polygon ..........................................        .......................................................   Passed ..........................................          CMAC_polygon.
                                            circle ...............................................    .......................................................   Passed ..........................................          CMAC_circle.
                                            geocode .........................................         .......................................................   Passed, or generated based on                              CMAC_cmas_geocode.
                                                                                                                                                                    polygon and/or circle.
                                            geocode .........................................         .......................................................   Generated based on polygon and/                            CMAC_cmas_gnis.
                                                                                                                                                                    or circle.
                                            altitude ...........................................      N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.
                                            ceiling .............................................     N/A ................................................      Ignored ..........................................         N/A.



                                              29. If an incoming CAP message fails the                                     a. CMA error #1: Unsupported code value                                       d. CMA error #4: Text message length
                                            Alert Gateway validation or filtering rules, an                             of ‘‘<value>’’ in element ‘‘<element name>’’                                   exceeds maximum limit.
                                            error message will be sent over the ‘‘B’’                                   (e.g. scope = ‘‘Private’’)
                                            interface to the alert originator. The error                                                                                                               10.4       Reference Point C Protocol
                                                                                                                           b. CMA error #2: Missing required element
                                            message may contain additional information                                  ‘‘<element name>’’ (e.g. element Y =                                             The C reference point is the interface from
                                            in the ‘‘note’’ element. The ‘‘note’’ element in                                                                                                           the Alert Gateway to the CMSP Gateway. The
                                                                                                                        eventCode)
                                            the error response to the alert originator may                                                                                                             C reference point is used to map the CAP
                                            contain multiple error messages. The                                           c. CMA error #3: Unsupported element
                                                                                                                        ‘‘<element name>’’ (e.g. element Z =                                           elements into the CMSP protocol on the C
                                            following are some examples of error
                                            responses.                                                                  restriction)                                                                   reference point (‘‘CMAC’’), as follows:
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                                            10.4.1 Structure of the CMA ‘‘C’’ Reference             —CMAC Alert Attributes segment                          CMAC Alert Message document object
                                            Point Protocol                                          —CMAC Alert Info segment                               model be as follows:
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that each                       —CMAC Alert Area segment
                                            CMAC Alert message consist of the following             —CMAC Alert Resource segment
                                            segments:                                                The CMSAAC recommends that the
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                                                                                                                                                                                                 EP03JA08.016</GPH>




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                                            BILLING CODE: 6712–01–C                                                one or more CMAC_Alert_Area segements.             10.4.2     CMAC Data Dictionary
                                              The CMSAAC recommends that a CMAC                                    The CMAC_Resource segment is optional              10.4.2.1    CMAC_Alert_Attributes Segment
                                            Alert Message must contain:
                                                                                                                 for future use in streaming audio, streaming
                                              one CMAC_Alert_Attributes segment                                  video, and multimedia CMAs.
                                              one or more CMAC_Alert_Info segments

                                                                                                    TABLE 10–2.—CMAC_ALERT_ATTRIBUTES SEGMENT
                                                                                             Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                           optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                             conditional

                                            CMAC_alert ................................     M ................   (1) Surrounds CMAC alert message subelements.
                                                                                                                 (2) MUST include the xmlns attribute referencing the CMAC URN as the namespace, e.g.:
                                                                                                                   <cmac:CMAC_alert        xmlns:cmac=‘‘urn:xxx:xxxxx:xx:cmac:1.0’’>  [sub-elements]   </
                                                                                                                   cmac:CMAC_alert>
                                                                                                                 (3) In addition to the specified subelements, MAY contain one or more <CMAC_alert_info>
                                                                                                                   blocks.
                                            CMAC_protocol_v version ........... M ................               The version of the CMAC protocol. Used by the CMSP Gateway only. Specified by the Alert
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                                                                                                                   Gateway.
                                            CMAC_sending_a alert_gateway_ M ................                     URI of the Alert Gateway sending the CMAC message. Specified by thet Alert Gateway.
                                             id.
                                            CMAC_message_i identifier ....... M ................                 A 2-octet binary value uniquely identifying this message, assigned by the Alert Gateway and
                                                                                                                   derived from the CAP identifier element. This element is sent to the mobile device.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  EP03JA08.017</GPH>




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                                                                                         TABLE 10–2.—CMAC_ALERT_ATTRIBUTES SEGMENT—Continued
                                                                                            Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                            conditional

                                            CMAC_referenced_message_                       C ................   A 2-octet binary value uniquely identifying a referenced CMAM, assigned by the Alert Gateway.
                                             identifier.                                                           Required for an Update, Cancel or Ack CMAC_message_type. Derived from the CAP ref-
                                                                                                                   erences element.
                                            CMAC_special_handling ............             O ................   Specifies if this alert message requires special handling. Specified by the Alert Gateway, de-
                                                                                                                   rived from CAP elements.
                                                                                                                Code Values: ‘‘Presidential’’ ‘‘Child Abduction’’ ‘‘No Special Handling.’’
                                            CMAC_sender ............................       M ................   Identifies the originator of this alert. Used by the CMSP for logging purposes only. Alert Gate-
                                                                                                                   way uses the CAP sender element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_sent_date_time ..............             M ................   The date and time the message is sent by originator in UTC in XML dateTime format. Derived
                                                                                                                   from the CAP sent element.
                                            CMAC_status .............................      M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP status element to populate this element. Code Values:
                                                                                                                ‘‘Actual’’—Actionable by all targeted recipients.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Exercise’’—Actionable only by designated exercise participants, for CMSP use.
                                                                                                                ‘‘System’’—For messages that support alert network internal functions. In addition this is used
                                                                                                                   for the ‘‘keep alive’’ message between the Alert Gateway and the CMSP Gateway.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Test’’—Technical testing of the C Reference Point only, for CMSP Gateway use only.
                                            CMAC_message_type ...............              M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP msgType element to populate this element. Code Values:
                                                                                                                ‘‘Alert’’—Initial information requiring attention by targeted recipients.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Update’’—Updates and supercedes the earlier message(s) identified in <CMAC_referenced_
                                                                                                                   message_identifier>
                                                                                                                ‘‘Cancel’’—Cancels the earlier message(s) identified in <CMAC_referenced_message_identi-
                                                                                                                   fier>
                                                                                                                ‘‘Ack’’—Acknowledges receipt and acceptance of the message(s) identified in < CMAC_ref-
                                                                                                                   erenced_message_identifier > additional explanation may appear in <CMAC_note>
                                                                                                                ‘‘Error’’ indicates rejection of the message(s) identified in <CMAC_referenced_message_identi-
                                                                                                                   fier >explanation SHOULD appear in <CMAC_note>
                                            CMAC_note ................................     O ................   Optional element. Used for CMSP logging purposes for a cancel or error message type, or to
                                                                                                                   provide a response back to the Alert Gateway. Alert Gateway uses the CAP note element to
                                                                                                                   populate this element on messages from the Alert Gateway to the CMSP Gateway. The
                                                                                                                   CMSP Gateway uses this element on messages to the Alert Gateway.
                                            CMAC_original_cap_alert_uri .....              M ................   This element contains the uri where the CMSP may retrieve the original complete CAP version
                                                                                                                   of the alert from the Alert Gateway. Specified by the Alert Gateway.



                                            10.4.2.2     CMAC_Alert_Info Segment                                be a separate CMAM from the Alert Gateway.           with associated sub-elements will be created
                                              Multiple occurrences are permitted within                         The CMSAAC further recommends that each              for the CMAMs to be given to the CMSPs for
                                                                                                                language be sent as a separate CMAM with             broadcast via the CMSP selected technologies
                                            the CAP from the alert originator; the
                                                                                                                a unique message identifier. It is anticipated       consistent with the requirements and
                                            CMSAAC recommends that each occurrence                              that a separate CMAS_Alert_Info element              procedures defined by the CMSAAC.

                                                                                                         TABLE 10–3.—CMAC_ALERT_INFO SEGMENT
                                                                                            Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                            conditional

                                            CMAC_alert_info ........................                            (1) Only a single occurrence is permitted within a single <CMAC_alert>. If there are multiple
                                                                                                                    ‘‘info’’ segements in the original CAP message, the Alert Gateway shall format as separate
                                                                                                                    CMAC messages each with a unique identifier.
                                                                                                                (2) In addition to the specified subelements, MAY contain one or more <CMAC_resource>
                                                                                                                    blocks and/or one or more <CMAC_area> blocks.
                                            CMAC_category .........................        M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP category element to populate this element. Code Values used by
                                                                                                                    CMSP Gateway only:
                                                                                                                ‘‘Geo’’—Geophysical (inc. landslide).
                                                                                                                ‘‘Met’’—Meteorological (inc. flood).
                                                                                                                ‘‘Safety’’—General emergency and public safety.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Security’’—Law enforcement, military, homeland and local/private security.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Rescue’’—Rescue and recovery.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Fire’’—Fire suppression and rescue.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Health’’—Medical and public health.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Env’’—Pollution and other environmental.
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                                                                                                                ‘‘Transport’’—Public and private transportation.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Infra’’—Utility, telecommunication, other non-transport infrastructure.
                                                                                                                ‘‘CBRNE’’—Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear or High-Yield Explosive threat or attack.
                                                                                                                ‘‘Other’’—Other events.
                                            CMAC_event_code ....................           O ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP eventCode element to populate this element. Optional element
                                                                                                                    used by the CMSP Gateway only.




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                                                                                            TABLE 10–3.—CMAC_ALERT_INFO SEGMENT—Continued
                                                                                          Mandatory/
                                                      CMAC element                         optional/                                                     CMAC definition
                                                                                          conditional

                                                                                                              A system-specific code for event typing, in the form: <CMAC_event_code>, <CMAC_
                                                                                                                  valueName> valueName</CMAC_valueName>, <CMAC_value>value</CMAC_value>, </
                                                                                                                  CMAC_event_code> where the content of ‘‘CMAC_valueName’’ is a user assigned string
                                                                                                                  designating the domain of the code, and the content of ‘‘value’’ is a string (which may rep-
                                                                                                                  resent a number) denoting the value itself (e.g., CMAC_valueName =‘‘SAME’’ and
                                                                                                                  value=‘‘TOR’’).
                                                                                                              Values of ‘‘CMAC_valueName’’ that are acronyms SHOULD be represented in all capital letters
                                                                                                                  without periods (e.g., SAME).
                                                                                                              The following SAME codes are supported in CMAS:
                                                                                                              Æ Civil Danger Warning CDW
                                                                                                              Æ Civil Emergency Message CEM
                                                                                                              Æ Evacuation Immediate EVI
                                                                                                              Æ Hazardous Materials Warning HMW
                                                                                                              Æ Law Enforcement Warning LEW
                                                                                                              Æ Local Area Emergency LAE
                                                                                                              Æ Nuclear Power Plant Warning NUW
                                                                                                              Æ Radiological Hazard Warning RHW
                                                                                                              Æ Shelter in Place Warning SPW
                                                                                                              Æ Avalanche Warning AVW
                                                                                                              Æ Blizzard Warning BZW
                                                                                                              Æ Child Abduction Emergency CAE
                                                                                                              Æ Coastal Flood Warning CFW
                                                                                                              Æ Dust Storm Warning DSW
                                                                                                              Æ Earthquake Warning EQW
                                                                                                              Æ Fire Warning FRW
                                                                                                              Æ Flash Flood Warning FFW
                                                                                                              Æ Flood Warning FLW
                                                                                                              Æ High Wind Warning HWW
                                                                                                              Æ Hurricane Warning HUW
                                                                                                              Æ Severe Thunderstorm Warning SVR
                                                                                                              Æ Special Marine Warning SMW
                                                                                                              Æ Tornado Warning TOR
                                                                                                              Æ Tropical Storm Warning TRW
                                                                                                              Æ Tsunami Warning TSW
                                                                                                              Æ Volcano Warning VOW
                                                                                                              Æ Winter Storm Warning WSW
                                            CMAC_response_type ...............           O ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP responseType element to populate this element. Code values:
                                                                                                              ‘‘Shelter’’—Take shelter in place.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Evacuate’’—Relocate.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Prepare’’—Make preparations.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Execute’’—Execute a pre-planned activity.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Monitor’’—Attend to information sources.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Assess’’—Evaluate the information in this message. (This value SHOULD NOT be used in
                                                                                                                  public warning applications.).
                                                                                                              ‘‘None’’—No action recommended.
                                                                                                              Multiple instances MAY occur within a single <CMAC_info> block. This element is passed to
                                                                                                                  the mobile device.
                                            CMAC_severity ..........................     M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP severity element to populate this element. Code Values sent to
                                                                                                                  the mobile device:
                                                                                                              ‘‘Extreme’’—Extraordinary threat to life or property.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Severe’’—Significant threat to life or property.
                                            CMAC_urgency ..........................      M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP urgency element to populate this element. Code Values sent to
                                                                                                                  the mobile device:
                                                                                                              ‘‘Immediate’’—Responsive action SHOULD be taken immediately.
                                                                                                              ‘‘Expected’’—Responsive action SHOULD be taken soon (within next hour).
                                            CMAC_certainty .........................     M ................   Alert Gateway uses the CAP certainty element to populate this element. Code Values sent to
                                                                                                                  the mobile device:
                                                                                                              ‘‘Observed’’—Determined to have occurred or to be ongoing.
                                                                                                              ‘‘‘‘Likely’’—Likely (probability > 50%).
                                            CMAC_expires_date_time ..........            M ................   The expiry time of the information of the alert message for use by the CMSP Gateway. The
                                                                                                                  date and time is represented in UTC [dateTime] format. Maximum duration is 24 hours. De-
                                                                                                                  rived from the CAP expires element.
                                            CMAC_sender_name .................           O ................   Optional element for logging purposes at the CMSP Gateway. The human-readable name of
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                                                                                                                  the agency or authority issuing this alert. Alert Gateway uses the CAP senderName element
                                                                                                                  to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_text_language ................          M ................   Specifies the language of the text in the CMAC_text_alert_message, for use by the mobile de-
                                                                                                                  vice.
                                                                                                              Code Values: ‘‘English’’, ‘‘Spanish’’, ‘‘French’’ (future Canada use only), ‘‘Other’’—for future
                                                                                                                  use.
                                                                                                              Specified by the Alert Gateway and derived from the CAP language element.



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                                                                                              TABLE 10–3.—CMAC_ALERT_INFO SEGMENT—Continued
                                                                                            Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                            conditional

                                            CMAC_text_encoding ................            M ................   Specifies the data encoding scheme of the text in the CMAC_text_alert_message, for use by
                                                                                                                  the mobile device.
                                                                                                                Code Values: ‘‘UTF–8’’.
                                                                                                                Specified by the Alert Gateway.
                                            CMAC_text_alert_message_                       M ................   The length, in characters, of the text in the CMAC_text_alert_message. Note the number of oc-
                                             length.                                                              tets in the CMAC_text_alert_message can be derived from this parameter and the CMAC_
                                                                                                                  text_encoding parameter. Specified by the Alert Gateway.
                                            CMAC_text_alert_message ........               M ................   The text of the alert message for use by the mobile device. This field is defined by the CMAS
                                                                                                                  Text Profile and may contain up to 90 English characters using a 7-bit encoding scheme.
                                                                                                                  Other languages or data encoding schemes will change the number of characters supported.
                                                                                                                  Specified by the Alert Gateway, which may be derived or obtained via CAP elements.
                                            CMAC_web_link .........................        O ................   Optional element for future use. The identifier of the hyperlink associating additional informa-
                                                                                                                  tion with the alert message. This data must be in a domain accessible by the CMSP Gate-
                                                                                                                  way. Alert Gateway uses the CAP web element to populate this element.



                                            10.4.2.3 CMAC_Area Segment
                                              Multiple occurrences are permitted.

                                                                                                                TABLE 10–4.—CMAC_AREA SEGMENT
                                                                                            Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                            conditional

                                            CMAC_area ...............................      M ................   (1) Multiple occurrences permitted, in which case the target area for the <CMAC_alert_info>
                                                                                                                  block is the union of all the included <CMAC_area> blocks.
                                                                                                                (2) MAY contain one or multiple instances of <CMAC_polygon> or <CMAC_circle>, and shall
                                                                                                                  contain at least one instance of <CMAC_geocode>. If multiple <CMAC_polygon>, <CMAC_
                                                                                                                  circle> or <CMAC_geocode> elements are included, the area described by this <area> is the
                                                                                                                  union of those represented by the included elements.
                                            CMAC_area_description ............             M ................   The text describing the affected area of the alert message for use by the CMSP for logging
                                                                                                                  purposes only. Alert Gateway uses the CAP areaDesc element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_polygon ..........................        O ................   Optional element. The paired values of points defining a polygon that delineates the affected
                                                                                                                  area of the alert message. Alert Gateway uses the CAP polygon element to populate this
                                                                                                                  element.
                                            CMAC_circle ..............................     O ................   Optional element. The paired values of a point and radius delineating the affected area of the
                                                                                                                  alert message. Alert Gateway uses the CAP circle element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_cmas_geocode ..............               M ................   The CMAS-defined geographic code delineating the affected area of the alert message. This is
                                                                                                                  an extension to the FIPS code (see Section 10.4.5). Alert Gateway uses the CAP geocode,
                                                                                                                  polygon, circle, and/or sender elements to derive this element.
                                            CMSC_gnis ................................     O ................   Optional element. This value is the geographic code delineating the affected area of the alert
                                                                                                                  message using the U.S.G.S. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) code. Derived
                                                                                                                  by the Alert Gateway.



                                            10.4.2.4 CMAC_Resource Segment                                      Text Profile but may be applicable to future
                                              Multiple occurrences are permitted. The                           streaming audio, streaming video, and
                                            CMAC_Resource segment is not used for the                           multimedia alerts.

                                                                                                          TABLE 10–5.—CMAC_R RESOURCE SEGMENT
                                                                                            Mandatory/
                                                       CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                            conditional

                                            CMAC_resource .........................        O ................   (1) Refers to an additional file with supplemental information related to this <CMAC_alert_info>
                                                                                                                  element; e.g., an image or audio file.
                                                                                                                (2) Multiple occurrences MAY occur within a single <CMAC_alert_info> block.
                                            CMAC_resource_description .....                O ................   Optional element. The human-readable text describing the content and kind, such as ‘‘map’’ or
                                                                                                                  ‘‘photo,’’ of the resource file. For use by the CMSP Gateway for logging purposes only. Alert
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                                                                                                                  Gateway uses the CAP resourceDesc element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_mime_type .....................           O ................   Optional element. The identifier of the MIME content type and sub-type describing the resource
                                                                                                                  file. Alert Gateway uses the CAP mimeType element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_resource_size ................            O ................   Optional element. The integer indicating the size of the resource file. Alert Gateway uses the
                                                                                                                  CAP size element to populate this element.
                                            CMAC_resource_uri ...................          O ................   Optional element. The identifier of the hyperlink for the resource file. Alert Gateway uses the
                                                                                                                  CAP uri element to populate this element.



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                                                                                              TABLE 10–5.—CMAC_R RESOURCE SEGMENT—Continued
                                                                                           Mandatory/
                                                      CMAC element                          optional/                                                      CMAC definition
                                                                                           conditional

                                            CMAC_digest .............................     O ................   Optional element. The code representing the digital digest (‘‘hash’’) computed from the re-
                                                                                                                source file. Calculated using the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA–1) per [FIPS 180–2]. Alert
                                                                                                                Gateway uses the CAP digest element to populate this element.



                                            10.4.3 Example CMAC XML Schema                                     <element name =                                      </simpleType>
                                            <?xml version = ‘‘1.0’’ encoding = ‘‘UTF–                            ‘‘CMAC_original_cap_alert_uri’’ type =             </element>
                                               8’’?>                                                             ‘‘anyURI’’/>                                       <element name = ‘‘CMAC_certainty’’>
                                            <schema xmlns = ‘‘http://www.w3.org/2001/                          </element>                                           <simpleType>
                                               XMLSchema’’                                                     <element name = ‘‘CMAC_alert_info’’                  <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>
                                            targetNamespace = ‘‘cmac:1.0’’                                       minOccurs = ‘‘0’’>                                 <enumeration value = ‘‘Observed’’/>
                                            xmlns:cmac = ‘‘cmac:1.0’’                                          <complexType>                                        <enumeration value = ‘‘Likely’’/>
                                            xmlns:xs = ‘‘http://www.w3.org/2001/                               <sequence>                                           </restriction>
                                               XMLSchema’’                                                     <element name = ‘‘category’’ maxOccurs =             </simpleType>
                                            elementFormDefault = ‘‘qualified’’                                   ‘‘unbounded’’>                                     </element>
                                            attributeFormDefault = ‘‘unqualified’’>                            <simpleType>                                         <element name =
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_Alert_Attributes’’>                         <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                        ‘‘CMAC_expires_date_time’’ type =
                                            <annotation>                                                       <enumeration value = ‘‘Geo’’/>                         ‘‘dateTime’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                            <documentation>CMAC Alert Message                                  <enumeration value = ‘‘Met’’/>                       <element name = ‘‘CMAC_sender_name’’
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Safety’’/>                      type = ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                               (version 1.0)</documentation>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Security’’/>                  <element name = ‘‘CMAC_text_language’’ />
                                            </annotation>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Rescue’’/>                    <simpleType>
                                            <complexType>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Fire’’/>
                                            <sequence>                                                                                                              <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Health’’/>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_protocol_version’’                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘English’’/>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Env’’/>
                                               type =‘‘string’’/>                                                                                                   <enumeration value = ‘‘Spanish’’/>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Transport’’/>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_sending_alert_                                                                                   <enumeration value = ‘‘French’’/>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Infra’’/>
                                               gateway_id’’ type = ‘‘anyURI’’/>                                                                                     <enumeration value = ‘‘Other’’/>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘CBRNE’’/>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_message_                                                                                         </restriction>
                                                                                                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Other’’/>
                                               identifier’’ type = ‘‘string’’/>                                                                                     </simpleType>
                                                                                                               </restriction>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_referenced_                                 </simpleType>                                        <element name = ‘‘CMAC_text_encoding’’/>
                                               message_identifier’’ type = ‘‘string’’                          </element>                                           <simpleType>
                                               minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ />                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_event_code’’                  <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_special_                                      minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ maxOccurs =                      <enumeration value = ‘‘ UTF–8’’/>
                                               handling’’>                                                       ‘‘unbounded’’>                                     </restriction>
                                            <simpleType>                                                       <complexType>                                        </simpleType>
                                            <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                                    <sequence>                                           </element>
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Presidential’’/>                            <element ref = ‘‘cmac:valueName’’/>                  <element name =
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Child Abduction’’/>                         <element ref = ‘‘cmac:value’’/>                        ‘‘CMAC_text_alert_message_length’’ type =
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘No Special                                  </sequence>                                            ‘‘string’’/>
                                               Handling’’/>                                                    </complexType>                                       <element name =
                                            </restriction>                                                     </element>                                             ‘‘CMAC_text_alert_message’’ type =
                                            </simpleType>                                                      <element name = ‘‘CMAC_responseType’’                  ‘‘string’’ />
                                            </element>                                                           maxOccurs = ‘‘unbounded’’>                         <element name = ‘‘CMAC_web’’ type =
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_sender’’ type =                             <simpleType>                                           ‘‘anyURI’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                               ‘‘string’’/>                                                    <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                      <element name = ‘‘CMAC_alert_resource’’
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_sent_date_time’’                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Shelter’’/>                     minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ maxOccurs =
                                               type = ‘‘dateTime’’/>                                           <enumeration value = ‘‘Evacuate’’/>                    ‘‘unbounded’’ >
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_status’’>                                   <enumeration value = ‘‘Prepare’’/>                   <complexType>
                                            <simpleType>                                                       <enumeration value = ‘‘Execute’’/>                   <sequence>
                                            <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                                    <enumeration value = ‘‘Monitor’’/>                   <element name =
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Actual’’/>                                  <enumeration value = ‘‘Assess’’/>                      ‘‘CMAC_resource_desciption’’ type =
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Exercise’’/>                                <enumeration value = ‘‘None’’/>                        ‘‘string’’/>
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘System’’/>                                  </restriction>                                       <element name = ‘‘CMAC_mime_type’’ type
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Test’’/>                                    </simpleType>                                          = ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                            </restriction>                                                     </element>                                           <element name = ‘‘CMAC_resource_size’’
                                            </simpleType>                                                      <element name = ‘‘CMAC_severity’’>                     type = ‘‘integer’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                            </element>                                                         <simpleType>                                         <element name = ‘‘CMAC_resource_uri’’ type
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_message_type’’>                             <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                        = ‘‘anyURI’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                            <simpleType>                                                       <enumeration value = ‘‘Extreme’’/>                   <element name = ‘‘CMAC_digest’’ type =
                                            <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                                    <enumeration value = ‘‘Severe’’/>                      ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Alert’’/>                                   </restriction>                                       </sequence>
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Update’’/>                                  </simpleType>                                        </complexType>
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                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Cancel’’/>                                  </element>                                           </element>
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Ack’’/>                                     <element name = ‘‘CMAC_urgency’’>                    <element name = ‘‘area’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’
                                            <enumeration value = ‘‘Error’’/>                                   <simpleType>                                           maxOccurs = ‘‘unbounded’’>
                                            </restriction>                                                     <restriction base = ‘‘string’’>                      <complexType>
                                            </simpleType>                                                      <enumeration value = ‘‘Immediate’’/>                 <sequence>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_note’’ type =                               <enumeration value = ‘‘Expected’’/>                  <element name = ‘‘CMAC_area_description’’
                                               ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’/>                                  </restriction>                                         type = ‘‘string’’/>



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                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_polygon’’ type =                                      </element>                                                                  <element name = ‘‘valueName’’ type =
                                              ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ maxOccurs =                                   </sequence>                                                                   ‘‘string’’/>
                                              ‘‘unbounded’’/>                                                            </complexType>                                                              <element name = ‘‘value’’ type = ‘‘string’’/>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_circle’’ type =                                       </element>                                                                  </schema>
                                              ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ maxOccurs =                                   </sequence>                                                                 10.4.4 Element Mapping From B Reference
                                              ‘‘unbounded’’/>
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_cmac_geocode’’                                        </complexType>                                                              Point (CAP) to C Reference Point (CMAC) to
                                              type=’’string’’ maxOccurs = ‘‘unbounded’’>                                 </element>                                                                  E Reference Point (CMAE) Elements
                                            <element name = ‘‘CMAC_gnis’’ type =                                         </sequence>
                                              ‘‘string’’ minOccurs = ‘‘0’’ maxOccurs =                                   </complexType>                                                               Note: elements listed in bold are
                                              ‘‘unbounded’’/>                                                            </element>                                                                  mandatory.

                                                                      TABLE 10–6.—MAPPING REFERENCE POINT B ELEMENTS TO REFERENCE POINT C ELEMENTS
                                                                                 CAP element                                                                     CMAC element                                             CMAE element

                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_protocol_version .....................                     N/A.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   CMAE_protocol_version.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_sending_alert_gateway_id ......                            N/A.
                                            identifier .................................................................................       CMAC_message_identifier ..................                      CMAE_identifier.
                                            references ...............................................................................         CMAC_referenced_message_identifier                              N/A.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_special_handling ........................                  CMAE_alert_handling.
                                            sender .....................................................................................       CMAC_sender ......................................              N/A.
                                            sent .........................................................................................     CMAC_sent_date_time ........................                    N/A.
                                            status ......................................................................................      CMAC_status ........................................            N/A.
                                            msgType .................................................................................          CMAC_message_type ...........................                   CMAE_alert_type.
                                            source ......................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            scope ......................................................................................       N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            restriction .................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            code .........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            note .........................................................................................     CMAC_n note ..........................................          N/A.
                                            incidents ..................................................................................       N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_original_cap_alert_uri .............                       N/A.
                                            category .................................................................................         CMAC_category ...................................               CMAE_category.
                                            event .......................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            eventCode ...............................................................................          CMAC_event_code ................................                N/A.
                                            responseType ..........................................................................            CMAC_response_type ...........................                  CMAE_response_type.
                                            severity ...................................................................................       CMAC_severity .....................................             CMAE_severity.
                                            urgency ..................................................................................         CMAC_urgency ....................................               CMAE_urgency.
                                            certainty .................................................................................        CMAC_certainty ...................................              CMAE_certainty.
                                            audience ..................................................................................        N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            effective ...................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            onset ........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            expires .....................................................................................      CMAC_expires_date_time ...................                      CMAE_expires.
                                            senderName ............................................................................            CMAC_sender_name .............................                  N/A.
                                            language ..................................................................................        CMAC_text_language ..........................                   CMAE_language.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_text_encoding ..........................                   CMAE_char_set.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     CMAC_text_alert_message_length .....                            CMAE_alert_text_length.
                                            parameter (when value = ‘‘CMAM text’’) ................................                            CMAC_text_alert_message .................                       CMAE_alert_text.
                                            headline ...................................................................................       N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            description ...............................................................................        N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            instruction ................................................................................       N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            web ..........................................................................................     CMAC_web_link .....................................             N/A.
                                            contact .....................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            parameter (when value not = ‘‘CMAMtext’’) ...........................                              N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            areaDesc ................................................................................          CMAC_area_description ......................                    N/A.
                                            polygon ....................................................................................       CMAC_polygon ......................................             N/A.
                                            circle ........................................................................................    CMAC_circle ..........................................          N/A.
                                            geocode ...................................................................................        CMAC_cmas_geocode ........................                      N/A.
                                            geocode ...................................................................................        CMSC_gnis ............................................          N/A.
                                            altitude .....................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            ceiling ......................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            resourceDesc .........................................................................             CMAC_resource_description .................                     N/A.
                                            mimeType ................................................................................          CMAC_mime_type .................................                N/A.
                                            size ..........................................................................................    CMAC_resource_size ............................                 N/A.
                                            uri ............................................................................................   CMAC_resource_uri ...............................               N/A.
                                            derefUri ....................................................................................      N/A .........................................................   N/A.
                                            digest .......................................................................................     CMAC_digest .........................................           N/A.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   CMAE_associated_multimedia_indi-
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                 cator.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   CMAE_CMSP_defined_parameter.
                                            N/A ..........................................................................................     N/A .........................................................   CMAE_reserved.




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                                            10.4.5 Definition of CMAC_cmas_geocode                               and Associated Areas’’, dated 31 August                 the District of Columbia, possessions, and
                                            Element                                                              1990.                                                   associated areas will be US000.
                                               The CMAC_cmas_geocode is five                                       2. The CMAC_cmas_geocode indication for                  4. In the future, it is possible that alerts
                                            characters where the first two characters or                         an entire state will be the two digit FIPS State        may be targeted for regions of the country
                                            digits identify the state or region and the last                     Numeric Code as defined in Federal                      (e.g., Gulf States). The more efficient and
                                            three digits identify the specific counties,                         Information Processing Standard 5–2 (FIPS               error resistant solution would be to have
                                            regions, or equivalent entities. The CMSAAC                                                                                  CMAC_cmas_geocode values for regional
                                                                                                                 5–2), titled ‘‘Codes for the Identification of
                                            recommends that the CMAC_cmas_geocode                                                                                        areas such as FEMA regions or National
                                                                                                                 the States, the District of Columbia and the            Weather Service (NWS) regions. The FEMA
                                            be assigned as follows:
                                                                                                                 Outlying Areas of the United States, and                regions would be assigned values in the
                                               1. The CMAC_cmas_geocode indication for
                                            a specific county will be as defined in                              Associated Areas’’, dated 28 May 1987                   format of US0xx and the NWS regions would
                                            Federal Information Processing Standard 6–                           followed by three zeroes (000).                         be assigned values in the format of US1xx.
                                            4 (FIPS 6–4), titled ‘‘Counties and Equivalent                         3. The CMAC_cmas_geocode indication for                  The following table defines the
                                            Entities of the United States, Its Possessions,                      an entire United States including all states,           CMAC_cmas_geocode value assignments.

                                                                                                         TABLE 10–7.—CMAC_CMAS_GEOCODE ASSIGNMENTS
                                                     CMAC_cmas geocode                                                                                      Definition

                                            00000 ..............................................       Not used.
                                            00001 thru 99999 ............................              For identification of states and counties.
                                            US000 .............................................        Entire United States.
                                            US001 .............................................        FEMA Region 1 (Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Connecticut).
                                            US002 .............................................        FEMA Region 2 (New York, New Jersey, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands).
                                            US003 .............................................        FEMA Region 3 (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia).
                                            US004 .............................................        FEMA Region 4 (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, and
                                                                                                         Mississippi).
                                            US005      .............................................   FEMA Region 5 (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin).
                                            US006      .............................................   FEMA Region 6 (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas).
                                            US007      .............................................   FEMA Region 7 (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska).
                                            US008      .............................................   FEMA Region 8 (Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Utah).
                                            US009      .............................................   FEMA Region 9 (Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, American Samoa, Guam, Commonwealth of the
                                                                                                         Northern Mariana Islands, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Federated States of Micronesia).
                                            US010 .............................................        FEMA Region 10 (Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington).
                                            US011 thru US100 ..........................                Not Assigned.
                                            US101 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Central Region (Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky,
                                                                                                         Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, and Nebraska).
                                            US102 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Eastern Region (Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New
                                                                                                         York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Vermont).
                                            US103 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Southern Region (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mis-
                                                                                                         sissippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, and Texas).
                                            US104 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Western Region (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon,
                                                                                                         Utah, and Washington).
                                            US105 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Alaska Region (Alaska).
                                            US106 .............................................        National Weather Service (NWS) Pacific Region (Hawaii, Guam, America Samoa).
                                            US107 thru US999 ..........................                Not Assigned.



                                            10.4.6 Definition of CMAC Response Codes                             CMAC_Error_111 Expiration time greater                  CMAC_Resp_500 Transient error on CMSP
                                               The CMSAAC recommends the following                                than allowed interval                                   Gateway—Discontinue transmission of
                                            as the response codes that may be returned                           CMAC_Error_112 Failure to convert text                   alerts
                                            from the CMSP Gateway to the Alert Gateway                            message into alphabet encoding scheme                  CMAC_Resp_501 Resume transmission of
                                            in the CMAC_note element in response a                               CMAC_Error_113 Text encoding not                         alerts to CMSP Gateway
                                            received CMAS message via the Reference                               compatible with specified text language                CMAC_Resp_502 Keep alive message
                                            Point C interface:                                                   CMAC_Error_114 Special handling element                  response
                                            CMAC_Error_100 Invalid Alert Gateway ID                               not consistent with message content                    10.4.7 Example CMAS ‘‘C’’ Interface Alert
                                            CMAC_Error_101 Unsupported protocol                                  CMAC_Error_115 Polygon element contains                 Messages
                                               version                                                            more than maximum number of
                                            CMAC_Error_102 Segment XXX missing                                    coordinates                                            As an example of a CMAS Alert Message,
                                            CMAC_Error_103 Invalid message length                                CMAC_Error_200 Failure to retrieve                          consider the following CAP alert
                                            CMAC_Error_104 Mandatory element XXX                                  additional alert info from Alert Gateway                   message from the National Weather
                                               missing                                                           CMAC_Error_201 Message received after                       Service:
                                            CMAC_Error_105 Conditional element XXX                                expiration time                                          <cap:alert xmlns:cap=‘‘http://
                                               missing which is required based upon                              CMAC_Error_203 Message update failed                        www.incident.com/cap/1.0’’>
                                               value of element YYYY                                                                                                      <cap:identifier>NOAA-NWS-ALERTS
                                                                                                                 CMAC_Error_204 Message cancellation failed
                                            CMAC_Error_106 Optional element XXX
                                                                                                                 CMAC_Error_300 Alert message failed due to                  Arizona 2007–08–01T18:22:17–04:00</
                                               not allowed
                                            CMAC_Error_107 Unrecognized value in                                  insufficient system storage                                cap:identifier>
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                                               element XXX                                                       CMAC_Error_301 CMSP server error                         <cap:sender>w-nws.web
                                            CMAC_Error_108 Value in element XXX is                               CMAC_Error_302 Maximum number of                            master@noaa.gov</cap:sender>
                                               out of acceptable range                                            sessions reached (if C interface is session             <cap:sent>2007–08–01T18:22:17–
                                            CMAC_Error_109 Value XXX of element                                   based)                                                     04:00<cap:sent>
                                               YYY not supported                                                 CMAC_Resp_400 CMAS test successful                       <cap:status:>Actual</cap:status>
                                            CMAC_Error_110 Invalid length of element                             CMAC_Resp_401 CMAS test failed due to                    <cap:msgType>Alert</cap:msgType>
                                               XXX                                                                XXX                                                     <cap:scope>Public</cap:scope>



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                                               <cap:note>Current Watches, Warnings and                     DIMINISHED. LAT...LON 3488 11177                     <CMAC_severity>Severe
                                                 Advisories for Arizona Issued by the                      3489 11169 3499 11169 3498 11177 $$                    </CMAC_severity>
                                                 National Weather Service</cap:note>                       DB                                                   <CMAC_urgency>Expected
                                               <cap:references>http://www.weather.gov/                     </cap:description>                                     </CMAC_urgency>
                                                 alerts/az.html                                          <cap:web>http://www.weather.gov/alerts/                <CMAC_certainty>Likely
                                                 </cap:references>                                         AZ.html                                                </CMAC_certainty>
                                               <cap:info>                                                  #AZC005.FGZFFWFGZ.221100</                           <CMAC_expires_date_time>2007–08–
                                               <cap:category>Met</cap:category>                            cap:web>                                               01T23:15:00</CMAC_
                                               <cap:event>Flash Flood Warning                            <cap:area>                                               expires_date_time>
                                                 </cap:event>                                            <cap:areaDesc>Kaibab Plateau, Marble,                  <CMAC_text_language>English
                                               <cap:urgency>Expected                                       Glen Canyons, Grand Canyon Country,                    </CMAC_text_language >
                                                 </cap:urgency>                                            Coconino Plateau, Northeast Plateaus,                <CMAC_text_encoding>ISO–6739–2</
                                               <cap:severity>Severe</cap:severity>                         Mesas Hwy, Little Colorado River Valley                CMAC_text_encoding>
                                               <cap:certainty>Likely</cap:certainty>                       in, Western Mogollon Rim, Eastern                    <CMAC_text_message_length>56
                                               <cap:effective>2007–08–                                     Mogollon Rim, Oak Creek, Sycamore                      </CMAC_text_message_length>
                                                 01T22:11:00</cap:effective>                               Canyons, Northeast Plateaus, Mesas Sou               <CMAC_message>Severe Weather Warning
                                               <cap:expires>2007–08–01T23:15:00                            (Arizona)
                                                                                                                                                                  until 4:15pm MST
                                                 </cap:expires>                                            </cap:areaDesc>
                                                                                                                                                                  </CMAC_message>
                                               <cap:headline>Flash Flood Warning</                       <cap:geocode>004005</cap:geocode>
                                                                                                                                                                <CMAC_area>
                                                 cap:headline>                                           </cap:area>
                                                                                                                                                                <CMAC_area_description>Kaibab Plateau,
                                               <cap:description>FLASH FLOOD                              </cap:info>
                                                                                                                                                                  Marble, Glen Canyons, Grand Canyon
                                                 WARNING AZC005–012315—                                  </cap:alert>
                                                 BULLETIN—EAS ACTIVATION                                 This Alert Gateway would construct a                     Country, Coconino Plateau, Northeast
                                                 REQUESTED FLASH FLOOD WARNING                             CMAS ‘‘C’’ Interface message based on                  Plateaus, Mesas Hwy, Little Colorado
                                                 NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE                                  this CAP alert as follows:                             River Valley in, Western Mogollon Rim,
                                                 FLAGSTAFF AZ 311 PM MST WED                             <?xml version = ‘‘1.0’’ encoding = ‘‘UTF–                Eastern Mogollon Rim, Oak Creek,
                                                 AUG 1 2007 THE NATIONAL                                   8’’?>                                                  Sycamore Canyons, Northeast Plateaus,
                                                 WEATHER SERVICE IN FLAGSTAFF                            <CMAS_alert xmlns = ‘‘urn:xxx:                           Mesas Sou (Arizona)
                                                 HAS ISSUED A * FLASH FLOOD                                xxx:xx:xxx:cmac:1.0’’>                                 </CMAC_area_description>
                                                 WARNING FOR... SOUTH CENTRAL                            <CMAC_protocol_version>1.0                             <CMAC_geocode>004005
                                                 COCONINO COUNTY IN NORTH                                  </CMAC_protocol_version >                              </CMAC_geocode>
                                                 CENTRAL ARIZONA... * UNTIL 415 PM                       <CMAC_alert_gateway_id>http://                         </CMAC_area>
                                                 MST * AT 306 PM MST...NATIONAL                            cmas_alert_gateway.gov                               </CMAC_alert_info>
                                                 WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR                             </CMAC_alert_gateway_id >                            </CMAC_alert>
                                                 INDICATED FLASH FLOODING FROM                           <CMAC_identifier>1056</identifier>                   This CMAM would be broadcast as:
                                                 A THUNDERSTORM OVER THE                                 <CMAS_sender> w-nws.webmaster                          Severe Weather Warning in this area until
                                                 WARNED AREA. * LOCATIONS IN THE                           @noaa.gov </CMAS_sender>                               4:15pm MST NWS
                                                 WARNING INCLUDE HIGHWAY 89                              <CMAC_sent_date_time>2003–06–17
                                                                                                                                                              10.5    Reference Point E Protocols
                                                 THROUGH OAK CREEK CANYON                                  T14:57:00–07:00
                                                 BETWEEN SLIDE ROCK STATE PARK                             </CMAC_sent_date_time>                               The protocols that will be used for
                                                 AND MIDGELY BRIDGE. THE HEAVY                           <CMAC_status>Actual                                  Reference Point E are dependent upon the
                                                 RAINS WILL LIKELY TRIGGER LIFE-                           </CMACstatus>                                      capabilities of the delivery technology or
                                                 THREATENING ROCKSLIDES...                               <CMAC_message_type>Alert                             technologies that have been selected by the
                                                 MUDSLIDES...AND DEBRIS FLOWS                              </CMAC_message_type>                               CMSP.
                                                 NEAR THE BRINS FIRE BURN AREA IN                        <CMAC_alert_gateway_id>http://                         The following is the CMA specific
                                                 OAK CREEK CANYON...AS WELL AS                             cmas_alert_gateway.gov/CMAM1056                    information that must be delivered over
                                                 FLOODING OF CREEKS...ROADS...AND                          </CMAC_alert_gateway_id >                          Reference Point ‘‘E’’ to support the CMAS
                                                 NORMALLY DRY WASHES. DO NO                              <CMAC_alert_info>                                    text profile; mapping of this information to
                                                 ATTEMPT TO DRIVE THROUGH THIS                           <CMAC_category>Met                                   the delivery technology is beyond the scope
                                                 AREA UNTIL THE THREAT HAS                                 </CMAC_category>                                   of the CMSAAC:

                                                                                             TABLE 10–8.—REFERENCE POINT E PROTOCOL ELEMENTS
                                                            Parameter                                                                              Function

                                            CMAE_protocol_version ..................         CMAE protocol version.
                                            CMAE_identifier ..............................   A number uniquely identifying this message.
                                            CMAE_alert_handling ......................       Identifies special handling for the alert:
                                                                                             —Presidential Alert.
                                                                                             —Child Abduction Emergency (i.e., AMBER Alert)
                                                                                             Additional values are reserved for future use.
                                            CMAE_alert_type ............................     Alert message is new, update or cancel CMAS alert.
                                            CMAE_language .............................      Language of the alert message in the CMAE_Alert_Text parameter.
                                            CMAE_char_set ..............................     Character set for the alert message in the CMAE_Alert_Text parameter (e.g., GSM 7-bit encoding, ISO
                                                                                               639–2, UCS–2, UTF–16).



                                            11 Annex A—Anticipated Peak & Average                      reported by the National Weather Service.
                                            CMAS Traffic Volume
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                                                                                                       The following has a breakdown by state of
                                              In 2006, there was a total of 9239 tornado               these warnings:
                                            and flash flood warnings in the U.S. as




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                                              It can be assumed that these warnings                   Given the above statistics and adding a              number is expected to grow due to increased
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                                            account for approximately 50% of all                    factor of uncertainty in, the anticipated              usage and due to the potential support of
                                            warnings issued in 2006. In addition, there             initial yearly CMAMs for a single language of          additional languages in the future.
                                            are approximately 1200 child abduction                  English which meet the criteria for CMAs is               On a monthly basis, the tornado and flash
                                            emergency/Amber Alerts per year.                        assumed to be 25,000 alerts per year. This             flood data is as follows:
                                                                                                                                                                                                          EP03JA08.018</GPH>




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                                              Using these actual alert statistics as a                             4. A commercial mobile service operator             information used in connection with
                                            percent of the total per month, and applying                        who elects in whole or in part NOT to                  delivering such an alert.26
                                            to the 25,000 estimate number yields the                            transmit emergency alerts:
                                                                                                                                                                       12.2 WARN Act Interpretations
                                            following estimate of alerts per month:                                a. Must provide clear and conspicuous
                                                                                                                notice at point-of-sale of any devices with            12.2.1 CMSP Election
                                                  TABLE 11–3.—ESTIMATED CMA                                     which its commercial mobile service is                   The WARN Act specifies the election
                                                       VOLUME BY MONTH                                          included, that it will not transmit such alerts        process for a CMSP that elects to transmit
                                                                                                                via the service it provides for the device.19          CMAs as follows:
                                            CMA Estimate Per Month:                                                b. Must provide notification of this                   602(b)(2) ELECTION—
                                             January .....................................                658   decision to its existing subscribers.20                   (A) IN GENERAL—Within 30 days after the
                                             February ....................................                273      c. Shall not by itself provide a basis for          Commission issues its order under paragraph
                                             March ........................................              3158   liability against the provider (including its          (1), each licensee providing commercial
                                             April ...........................................           3123   officers, directors, employees, vendors, and           mobile service shall file an election with the
                                             May ...........................................             2695   agents).21                                             Commission with respect to whether or not
                                             June ..........................................             3802      5. Commercial mobile service licensee may           it intends to transmit emergency alerts.27
                                             July ............................................           3001   not impose a separate or additional charge for
                                                                                                                                                                          The above mentioned election process
                                             August .......................................              2473   such transmission or capability.22                     must be complete in September, 2008 as
                                             September .................................                 2535      6. Any commercial mobile service licensee           specified in the timelines in the WARN Act.
                                             October .....................................               1786   electing to transmit emergency alerts may                 The CMAS requires new technology
                                             November ..................................                 1050   offer subscribers the capability of preventing         development and deployments, including
                                             December ..................................                  446   the subscriber’s device from receiving such            development of mobile device functionality
                                                                                                                alerts, or classes of such alerts, other than an       for CMAS and new mobile devices. The
                                                  Total .......................................     25000       alert issued by the President.23                       requirements for this new technology will
                                                                                                                   7. CMSPs who elect to transmit emergency            not be available until the completion of the
                                              Note there is significant uncertainty in                          alerts may transmit in languages in addition           CMSAAC process and the completion of the
                                            these estimates as one cannot predict                               to English to the extent practical and                 FCC Report and Order in April, 2008 as
                                            ‘‘mother nature’’ or human activities. These                        feasible.24                                            specified by the WARN Act. Typical
                                            estimates should only serve as guidelines to                           8. Any CMSP (including its officers,                development cycles for a development of this
                                            the anticipated message traffic in the CMAS.                        directors, employees, vendors, and agents)             magnitude require up to 12 months of
                                                                                                                that transmits emergency alerts and meets its          standardization work in the appropriate
                                            12 Annex B—WARN Act Statutory
                                                                                                                obligations under this title shall not be liable       standards bodies once the requirements are
                                            Requirements
                                                                                                                to any subscriber to, or user of, such person’s        finalized followed by 18–24 months
                                            12.1 WARN Act Requirements                                          service or equipment for                               implementation and deployment before
                                              1. Transmission of emergency alerts via                              a. Any act or omission related to or any            availability of the service and supporting
                                            commercial mobile service is voluntary.                             harm resulting from the transmission of, or            mobile devices.
                                              a. Commercial mobile service operators                            failure to transmit, an emergency alert.25                Thus, a CMSP that files an election with
                                            may voluntarily elect to transmit emergency                            b. The release to a government agency or            the Commission in September 2008 with the
                                            alerts {Sec. 602(a)}.                                               entity, public safety, fire service, law               intent to transmit emergency alerts is making
                                              2. A commercial mobile service operator                                                                                  a commitment to support the development
                                                                                                                enforcement official, emergency medical
                                                                                                                                                                       and deployment of technology for the
                                            who elects to transmit emergency alerts agree                       service, or emergency facility of subscriber
                                                                                                                                                                       following:
                                            to do so in a manner consistent with the
                                            technical standards, protocols, procedures,                                                                                —‘‘C’’ reference point
                                                                                                                include the following: All or a subset of the mobile   —CMSP Gateway
                                            and other technical requirements                                    operator’s service area and/or all or a subset of
                                            implemented by the Commission.17                                    current and future mobile devices supported by the
                                                                                                                                                                       —CMSP Infrastructure
                                              3. A commercial mobile service operator                           mobile operator network.                               —Mobile Device with CMAS functionality
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                                            who elects to transmit emergency alerts can                           19 Id. § 602(b)(1)(B).                                  and support of the CMSP selected
                                            elect to transmit the emergency alert services                        20 Id. § 602(b)(1)(C).                                  technology
                                            in whole or in part.18                                                21 Id. § 602(e)(2).                                     However, the technology, capabilities for
                                                                                                                  22 Id. § 602(b)(2)(C).                               deployment, and mobile devices may not be
                                              17 WARN                                                             23 Id. § 602.(b)(2)(E) & Sec. 603(c)(5).
                                                         Act, § 602(b)(2)(B)(ii).
                                              18 WARN                                                             24 Id. § 603(c)(4)}.                                  26 Id.   § 602(e)(1)(B).
                                                         Act, § 602(b)(1)(B). The Committee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EP03JA08.019</GPH>




                                            interprets the definition of ‘‘in whole or in part’’ to               25 Id. § 6022(e)(1)(A)}.                              27 Id.   § 602(b)(2).



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                                                                    Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 2 / Thursday, January 3, 2008 / Proposed Rules                                                 607

                                            available for initial deployment and                    recommendation, due to the required                    until a much later timeframe via a phased
                                            subscriber purchase potentially 12 months               standardization and development cycles for             implementation.
                                            plus 18–24 months (approximately 30–36                  the technology and capabilities of the mobile
                                            months) following the CMSAAC                            devices. Full deployments may not occur




                                               The above potential deployment timeline              CMSP chooses a particular technology to                (47 U.S.C. 397(6))) to install necessary
                                            is based upon the assumptions that (1) the              transmit alerts (e.g., cell broadcast), if a           equipment and technologies on, or as part of,
                                            CMSAAC recommendations contained                        vendor with which a CMSP has a                         any broadcast television digital signal
                                            within this document are accepted without               relationship chooses not to develop the same           transmitter to enable the distribution of
                                            any major technical changes and (2) the                 capability, then the CMSP may be forced into           geographically targeted alerts by commercial
                                            government documentation and deliverables               not electing to transmit alerts (at least not ‘‘in     mobile service providers that have elected to
                                            are available at the milestone dates indicated          whole’’).                                              transmit emergency alerts under this
                                            on the timeline. The industry will begin                   It is also assumed the requirements,                section.28
                                            standardization efforts at the completion of            development, and deployments of the Alert
                                            the CMSAAC recommendations but any                      Gateway and Alert Aggregator align with the              This Committee acknowledges the
                                            major technical changes to the CMSAAC                   CMSP developments to allow for testing                 potential relevance of the rulemaking
                                            recommendations will adversely affect the               during the development process and prior to            described in section 602(c) of the WARN Act
                                            above potential deployment timeline.                    CMAS deployments.                                      to this Committee’s recommendations.
                                               There are factors outside of the CMSP’s                                                                     Accordingly, the Committee recommends
                                                                                                    12.3 Licensees and Permittees of
                                            direct control that will influence the                                                                         that the equipment and technologies
                                                                                                    Noncommercial Educations Broadcasting
                                            deployment and availability of CMA service.                                                                    described in Section 602(c) of the WARN Act
                                                                                                    Stations or Public Television Stations
                                            These factors include manufacturer                                                                             be deployed promptly and in a manner
                                            development cycles for equipment in the                   The WARN Act requires in section 602(c)              consistent with the Committee’s
                                            CMSP infrastructure, manufacturer                       that:                                                  recommendations. The Committee further
                                            commitment to support the delivery                        Within 90 days after the date on which the           recommends that the national organization
                                            technology of choice by the CMSP, and                   Commission adopts relevant technical                   representing the licensees and permittees of
                                            mobile device manufacturer development of               standards based on recommendations of the              non-commercial broadcast stations work with
                                            the required CMAS functionality on the                  Commercial Mobile Service Alert Advisory               the FCC pursuant to Section 602(c) on the
                                            mobile devices. Typically, a CMSP will have             Committee, established pursuant to section             necessary equipment.
                                            equipment from multiple manufacturers                   603(a), the Commission shall complete a
                                            deployed in the CMSP infrastructure. Multi-             proceeding to require licensees and                    [FR Doc. E7–24876 Filed 1–2–08; 8:45 am]
                                            vendor environments require feature                     permittees of noncommercial educational                BILLING CODE 6712–01–P
                                            availability and deployment alignment, and              broadcast stations or public broadcast
                                            require interoperability testing between the            stations (as those terms are defined in section          28 Id.   § 602(c).
                                            different manufacturers equipment. Also, if a           397(6) of the Communications Act of 1934
sroberts on PROD1PC70 with PROPOSALS




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