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SAMPLING AND MIXING

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					SAMPLING AND MIXING
   BACKSTREET BOYS
          VS.
   WEIRD AL YANKOVIC
                         Sampling
• In music, sampling refers to the act of taking a portion of one sound
  recording and reusing it as an instrument in a new recording.

• This is done with a sampler, which can either be a piece of
  hardware, or a computer program on a digital computer. A sampler
  is an electronic musical instrument that uses stored audio signal
  samples, generally recordings of existing sounds, and plays them
  back at a range of pitches.

• Often "samples" consist of one part of a song used in another, for
  instance the use of the drumline from Led Zeppelin's "When the
  Levee Breaks" in songs by the Beastie Boys, Mike Oldfield and
  Erasure.

• "Samples" occur often in hip hop and R&B, but are becoming more
  common in other music, as well.
                      Sampling Continued
•   Sampling dates back to the 1960s when Jamaican DJs tried out a type of music
    called dub. These DJs combined reggae albums with other albums into single works.
    Frequently, they would rap over the music, scatting unrehearsed lyrics.

•   These early practices made their way to America in the early 70s. With the
    assistance of Jamaican-born DJ Kool Herc, who moved to the Bronx, dub, the
    buoyant predecessor to hip-hop, fashioned latter-day DJing and sampling techniques.

•   Initially, DJs did not have the technological comfort of samplers.

•   By the late 1970s, the stylings of Herc spread from the West Bronx all over New York
    City. Like any musical style, dub became modified to its surroundings. As an
    alternative of reggae, disco and funk music - which was the trendy inner-city music of
    the day - were mixed together. New Yorkers were improvising their own variety of
    poetry and dub was soon christened "rap".

•   Near the mid-1980s, rap music was budding and samplers were very low-priced. It
    was at this time that sampling finally became mainstream.
Sampling Studio- Everyone say
    hello, how are you?
                     Audio Mixing
• Audio mixing is the process by which a multitude of recorded
  sounds are combined into one or more channels, most commonly
  two-channel stereo. In the process, the source signals' level,
  frequency content, dynamics and panoramic position are commonly
  being manipulated and effects such as reverb might be added. This
  practical, aesthetic or otherwise creative treatment is done in order
  to produce an elevated mix that is more appealing to listeners.

• Audio mixing is done in studios as part of an album or single
  making. The mixing stage often follows the multitrack recording
  stage and the final mixes are normally submitted to a mastering
  engineer. The process is generally carried out by a mixing
  engineer (a mixer), though sometimes it is the musical producer
  who mixes the recorded material.
Alfred Matthew “Weird Al” Yankovic
• Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (pronounced /ˈjæŋkəv        ɪk/;
  born October 23, 1959) is an American singer-songwriter, music
  producer, actor, comedian and satirist. Yankovic is known in
  particular for his humorous songs that make light of popular culture
  and that often parody specific songs by contemporary musical acts.
  Since his first-aired song parody in 1979, he has sold more than
  12 million albums—more than any other comedy act in history—[1]
  recorded more than 150 parody and original songs,[2][3][4] and has
  performed more than 1,000 live shows.[5] His works have earned
  him three Grammy Awards among nine nominations, four gold
  records, and six platinum records in the United States. Yankovic's
  first top ten Billboard album (Straight Outta Lynwood) and single
  ("White & Nerdy") were both released in 2006, nearly three decades
  into his career.
            Weird Al’s Success
• In addition to recording his albums, Yankovic has written
  and starred in his own film, UHF, and his own television
  show, The Weird Al Show, and directed music videos for
  himself and other artists including Ben Folds, Hanson,
  and The Presidents of the United States of America. He
  has also made guest appearances on television shows
  such as Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job!, The
  Simpsons, Behind the Music, Space Ghost Coast to
  Coast, Johnny Bravo, The Grim Adventures of Billy &
  Mandy, Sabrina, the Animated Series, Square One
  Television, Robot Chicken, and Transformers: Animated
  in addition to starring in his own Al TV specials.
                      Weird Al’s Life
•   Al's first accordion lesson, which sparked his career in music, was on
    October 22, 1966, a day before his seventh birthday. A door-to-door
    salesman traveling through Lynwood offered the Yankovic parents a choice
    of accordion or guitar lessons at a local music school. Yankovic claims the
    reason his parents chose accordion over guitar was "They figured there
    should be at least one more accordion-playing Yankovic in the world",
    referring to Frankie Yankovic, to whom he is no relation.[7] He continued
    lessons at the school for three years before continuing to learn on his
    own.[6] Yankovic's early accordion role models include Frankie Yankovic
    and Myron Floren (the accordionist on The Lawrence Welk Show). In the
    1970s, Yankovic was a big fan of Elton John and claims John's Goodbye
    Yellow Brick Road album "was partly how I learned to play rock 'n roll on the
    accordion."[7] He would repeatedly play the album and try to play along on
    his accordion. As for his influences in comedic and parody music, Yankovic
    lists artists including Tom Lehrer, Stan Freberg, Spike Jones, Allan
    Sherman, Shel Silverstein and Frank Zappa "and all the other wonderfully
    sick and twisted artists that he was exposed to through the Dr. Demento
    Radio Show."[6][9] Other sources of inspiration for his comedy come from
    Mad magazine,[7] Monty Python,[10] and the Zucker, Abrahams and Zucker
    parody movies.[11]
                    More Weird Al
• Yankovic began kindergarten a year earlier than most children, and
  he skipped the second grade. "My classmates seemed to think I was
  some kind of rocket scientist so I was labeled a nerd early on", he
  recalls.[7] As his unusual schooling left him two years younger than
  most of his classmates, Yankovic was not interested in sports or
  social events at school. He claims to have been a straight-A student
  throughout high school, which earned him the honor of becoming
  valedictorian of his senior class.[7] Yankovic was fairly active in his
  school's extracurricular programs, including the National Forensic
  League (in which he "usually brought home some kind of trophy"), a
  play based upon Rebel Without a Cause, the yearbook program (for
  which he wrote most of the captions), and the Volcano Worshipper's
  Club, "which did absolutely nothing. We started the club just to get
  an extra picture of ourselves in the yearbook."[7]
                       The Beginnings
•   [edit] Dr. Demento, "My Bologna" and early fame
•   In 1976, Yankovic, then a high school senior, sent a homemade tape to Dr. Demento,
    the host of a comedy radio program.[7] The tape's first song was "Belvedere Cruisin",
    about his family's Plymouth Belvedere; another song included on the tape (which
    never received airtime) was "Dr. D Superstar", a parody of the title song from the
    musical Jesus Christ Superstar.[12] Demento said "'Belvedere Cruising' might not
    have been the very best song I ever heard, but it had some clever lines [...] I put the
    tape on the air immediately."[7] Yankovic also played at local coffeehouses saying,
•   “It was sort of like amateur music night, and a lot of people were like wannabe Dan
    Fogelbergs. They'd get up on stage with their acoustic guitar and do these lovely
    ballads. And I would get up with my accordion and play the theme from '2001.' And
    people were kind of shocked that I would be disrupting their mellow Thursday night
    folk fest.[13]”During Yankovic's sophomore year as an architecture student at Cal
    Poly San Luis Obispo, he became a disc jockey at the university's radio station,
    KCPR. Yankovic said he had been nicknamed "Weird Al" by fellow students and "took
    it on professionally" as his persona for the station.[7] In 1978, he released his first
    recording (as Alfred Yankovic), "Take Me Down", on the LP, Slo Grown, as a benefit
    for the Economic Opportunity Commission of San Luis Obispo County. The song
    mocked famous nearby landmarks such as the fountain toilets at the Madonna Inn.
                   Fame has a Name
•   In mid-1979, shortly before his senior year, "My Sharona" by The Knack was on the
    charts and Yankovic took his accordion into the restroom across the hall from the
    radio station (to take advantage of the echo chamber acoustics) and recorded a
    parody entitled "My Bologna". He sent it to Dr. Demento, who played it to good
    response from listeners. Yankovic met The Knack after a show at his college, and
    introduced himself as the author of "My Bologna". The Knack's lead singer, Doug
    Fieger, said he liked the song and suggested that Capitol Records vice president
    Rupert Perry release the song as a single.[7] "My Bologna" was released as a single
    with "School Cafeteria" as its B-side, and the label gave Yankovic a six-month
    recording contract.[14] Yankovic, who was "only getting average grades" in his
    architecture degree, began to realize that he might make a career of comedic
    music.[7]
•   On September 14, 1980, Yankovic was a guest on the Dr. Demento Show, where he
    was to record a new parody live. The song was called "Another One Rides the Bus",
    a parody of Queen's hit, "Another One Bites the Dust". While practicing the song
    outside the sound booth, he met Jon "Bermuda" Schwartz, who told him he was a
    drummer and agreed to bang on Yankovic's accordion case to help Yankovic keep a
    steady beat during the song. They rehearsed the song just a few times before the
    show began.[7] "Another One Rides the Bus" became so popular that Yankovic's first
    television appearance was a performance of the song on the The Tomorrow Show
    (April 21, 1981) with Tom Snyder. On the show, Yankovic played his accordion, and
    again, Schwartz banged on the accordion case and provided comical sound effects
       Backstreet Boys: I Want It That
                   Way
•   Backstreet Boys I Want it That way Lyrics:   •
    Yeah                                             [Chorus]
                                                     Now I can see that
    You are my fire                                  we're falling apart
    The one desire                                   From the way that it
    Believe when I say                               used to be, yeah
    I want it that way                               No matter the distance
                                                     I want you to know
    But we are two worlds apart                      That deep down
    Can't reach to your heart                        inside of me...
    When you say
    That I want it that way                          You are my fire
                                                     The one desire
    [Chorus:]                                        You are
    Tell me why                                      You are, you are, you are
    Ain't nothin' but a heartache
    Tell me why                                      Don't wanna hear you say
    Ain't nothin' but a mistake                      Ain't nothin' but a heartache
    Tell me why                                      Ain't nothin' but a mistake
    I never wanna hear you say                       (Don't wanna hear you say)
    I want it that way                               I never wanna hear you say
                                                     I want it that way
    Am I your fire
    Your one desire                                  Tell me why
    Yes I know it's too late                         Ain't nothin' but a heartache
    But I want it that way                           Tell me why
                                                     Ain't nothin but a mistake
                                                     Tell me why
                                                     I never wanna hear you say
                                                     (Don't wanna hear you say it)
                                                     I want it that way
                                                     I want it that way
                                                     Lyrics: I Want it That way, Backstreet Boys [end]
                  Weird Al- EBay
    (he sampled the music and re-wrote the lyrics)
•   Weird Al Yankovic eBay Lyrics:                   •   I am the type who is liable to snipe you
    Yeah                                                 With two seconds left to go, whoa
    A used ... pink bathrobe                             Got Paypal or Visa, whatever'll please ya
    A rare ... mint snowglobe                            As long as I've got the dough
    A Smurf ... TV tray
    I bought on eBay                                     I'll buy ... your tchotchkes
                                                         Sell me ... your watch, please
    My house ... is filled with this crap                I'll buy (I'll buy, I'll buy, I'll buy ...)
    Shows up in bubble wrap                              I'm highest bidder now
    Most every day
    What I bought on eBay                                (Yeahhh)(Junk keeps arriving in the mail)
                                                         (From that worldwide garage sale)
    Tell me why (I need another pet rock)                (Dukes Of Hazzard ashtray)
    Tell me why (I got that Alf alarm clock)             (Hey! A Dukes Of Hazzard ashtray)
    Tell me why (I bid on Shatner's old toupee)          Oh yeah ... (I bought it on eBay)
    They had it on eBay
                                                         Wanna buy (a PacMan Fever lunchbox)
    I'll buy (buy, buy,)... your knick-knack             Wanna buy (a case on vintage tube socks)
    Just check ... my feedback                           Wanna buy (a Kleenex used by Dr.
    "A++!" they all say                                  Dre, Dr. Dre)
    They love me on eBay                                 Found it on eBay
    Gonna buy (a slightly-damaged golf pack)             Wanna buy (that Farrah Fawcett poster)
    Gonna buy (some Beanie Babies, new with tags)        (Pez dispensers and a toaster)
    From some guy I've never met in Norway               Don't know why ... the kind of
    [ Find more Lyrics on www.mp3lyrics.org/TXxN ]       stuff you'd throw away
    Found him on eBay                                    I'll buy on eBay
                                                         What I bought on eBay-y-y-y-y-y-y-y-y-y-y
                                                         Lyrics: eBay, Weird Al Yankovic [end]
         YOUR PROJECT!
• Find a partner and sit next to them
• Re-write a popular song in the style of
  Weird Al Yankovic
• No cuss words, no sex, no drugs, no
  alcohol, no gangs
• You must provide written lyrics of the
  original song and the new song you write
• Present in class on Friday
  Your Project- EXAMPLE
                              Happy little twinkie man
Twinkle twinkle little star   I really wish your name was Stan
How I wonder what you are     You’re so good in a yummy pie
                              Don’t leave me out or I’ll get dry
Up above the world so high    Happy little twinkie man
Like a diamond in the sky     I really wish your name was Stan

Twinkle twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are

				
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