Bronx County District Attorney Office 2005 Annual Report by ghkgkyyt


									               ♦OFFICE OF THE♦


Robert T. Johnson
District Attorney
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                                          District Attorney ’s Message
                                                  “As in prior years,
                                          my office fights crime through a
                                          strateg y which includes vigorous
                                             prosecution combined with
                                              innovative rehabilitative
                                          prog rams, anti-crime education,
Robert T. Johnson,
                                             and community outreach.”
Bronx County District Attorney

      The media has begun to use          Bronx actually rose some 17.8 % over            On a personal note, in 2005 I
terms like “booming”or “resurgence”       the previous year. This highlights the    became the longest serving District
to describe the condition of the          need for continued vigilance and          Attorney in the history of Bronx
Bronx. Articles now speak of devel-       even greater effort.                      County. I was first elected to the
opments such as an $18 million proj-            As in prior years, my office        office in November of 1989, and
ect to rebuild the Grand Concourse,       fights crime through a strategy which     re-elected in 1991, 1995, 1999, and
a significant expansion of the Bronx      includes vigorous prosecution com-        2003. I am humbled by the trust
Museum of the Arts, new commer-           bined with innovative rehabilitative      placed in me by the people of the
cial developments in the Hub and          programs, anti-crime education, and       Bronx, and gratified to have been
the Bronx Terminal Market, and of         community outreach. In 2005, we           given this remarkable opportunity
course the planned new $800 million       prosecuted some 5,700 felony cases.       to serve.
baseball stadium. It has even been        We engaged in some novel litigation,
reported that for the first time in 350   such as a successful defense of the
years, herring are now swimming in        scientific reliability of “Shaken Baby
the Bronx River.                          Syndrome,” a type of traumatic brain
      A safer environment has helped      injury sometimes inflicted on helpless
to spur this renaissance. In 2005,        infants. A series of long-term investi-
overall crime complaints again            gations into violent gang activity in
decreased, with significant decreases     the Patterson Houses and the Diego
in burglaries, rape, and auto theft.      Beekman housing developments
Despite all of this good news, which      resulted in convictions or pending
is detailed in the following pages,       indictments. On the economic crime
the Bronx continues to experience         front, a major black market ciga-
a higher incidence of crime than is       rette ring, which apparently funneled
proportional to its 16.6% share of        money into a Middle Eastern coun-
New York City’s population. Most          try, was dismantled. The ultimate
troubling is the fact that in 2005 the    destination of the currency is still
number of shooting victims in the         being investigated.

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                1
2   Annual Report 2005
                               Table of Contents

            DISTRICT ATTORNEY’S MESSAGE                                                           1
            CRIME OVERVIEW                                                                        4
                       Reduction in Crime                                                         4
                       Bronx County ’s Higher Proportion of Violent Crime                         6

            PROSECUTING CRIME                                                                     7
                      V IOLENT C RIME                                                             8
                      D RUG C RIME                                                               11

            CRIME VICTIMS ASSISTANCE                                                             12
                       CVAU S AT E L L I T E O F F I C E                                         13
                       B R O N X C LO T H E S -L I N E P R O J E C T                             14

            PARTNERSHIPS AND COLLABORATION                                                       15
                      COURT MERGER                                                               15
                      B R O N X M E N T A L H E A LT H C O U R T                                 15
                      B RONX T REATMENT C OURT                                                   16
                      B RONX C OMMUNITY S OLUTIONS                                               17
                      O PERATION W EED AND S EED                                                 17
                      I NTEGRATED D OMESTIC V IOLENCE P ART                                      19
                      B R O N X D I S T R I C T A T T O R N E Y ’ S G A N G I N I T I AT I V E   19
                      A UTO C RIME I NITIATIVES                                                  21
                      E LDER A BUSE                                                              22
                      P ROJECT S AFE N EIGHBORHOODS                                              23
                      B RONX S EXUAL A SSAULT R ESPONSE T EAM                                    25
                      M ULTIDISCIPLINARY T EAM ON C HILD A BUSE                                  26
                      INTERNET CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN                                           26
                      CRIMES AGAINST REVENUE PROGRAM                                             26
                      JOINT TRAINING PROGRAM                                                     28
                      I N T E R N AT I O N A L V I S I T O R L E A D E R S H I P P R O G R A M   29

            COMMUNITY OUTREACH                                                                   31

Annual Report 2005                                                                                    3
                                      Crime Overview

      In 1990, with crime at record levels, it would have been difficult to imagine development being a problem in
the Bronx. Things have changed. According to a story in the New York Times (March 19, 2006), “Now Booming, Not
Burning, the Bronx Fears a Downside,” the possibility of development pushing out long-time residents and busi-
nesses is a fear in some Bronx neighborhoods. The Bronx is in the midst of a renaissance resulting, in part, from the
continuing decline in crime. This new beginning includes the plan to construct a new Yankee Stadium, thousands of
units of housing, shopping malls, and maybe a convention center.

      There is no question that vio-              In 2005 crime complaints for                        auto theft and a 71% decline in
lent crime has decreased sharply since       index crimes again decreased − 4%                        violent crime since 1990.
1990. In 2005 homicides remained             from 2004. The largest decrease
near the historically low level they         (15%) was in burglaries. This year
have been for the past few years.            rapes also declined by 12%, and
Other violent crimes, such as rape           auto theft complaints declined 8%,
and assault, also continued to drop.         contributing to an 82% decline in

    Violent Crime
    1990 – 2005

                  48,023 47,480
                             44,340 45,471

      40,000                                          34,967

      30,000                                                            25,780
                                                                                          20,886 20,393
      20,000                                                                                              16,954
                                                                                                                   15,930 15,266
                                                                                                                                   14,687 13,771

                 90 91 92           93 94             95 96             97 98         99 00 01 02                        03 04           05

    Source: New York City Police Department

  4                                                                                                                      Annual Report 2005
     In the past 15 years, the num-                   1990 to 129 in 2005. For each of                  Bronx. The number of homicides
ber of homicides in the Bronx has                     the past nine years, there have been              remains at levels not seen since the
been reduced by 80%, from 653 in                      fewer than 200 homicides in the                   1960s.

    Decline In Homicides
    1990 - 2005
         700                                                                               Since 1990, Bronx homicides
                         554       547                                                      have declined by over 80%.
         600                                 512

         300                                                          249
                                                                              196                 190    189
         200                                                                         166                       171
                                                                                            137                      136   126   129



                 90     91        92        93     94       95      96      97      98     99     00    01     02    03    04    05

    S o u r c e : N e w Yo r k C i t y P o l i c e D e p a r t m e n t

     Overall violent crime in the                     and 71% lower than in 1990. During                and diminishing resources create sig-
Bronx decreased every year between                    the same period, arrests in the Bronx             nificant caseloads.
1994 and 2005. In 2005, violent                       increased by 56%. Despite decreases
crime was 6% lower than in 2004                       in crime, however, increasing arrests

    Bronx Reduction in Violent Crime v. Increase in Arrests
    Percentage Change from 1990 - 2005
         60%                                                  60.5%            64.3%
         50%        Arrest %                                                                           51.8%
        50%                              43.8%                                            41.9%
         40%                                           49.6%
        40%         Violent Crime %                                  47.0%                      46.5%
         30%                                    42.1%                             39.3%
         20%                        36.4%
         10%             10.7%
        10%  2.1%
          0%      -0.2%
       -10% -1.1% -7.7% -5.3% -14.6%
       -20%                               -27.2%
       -30%                                     -40.2%
       -40%                                                  -51.9%
       -50%                                                                -57.5%
       -60%                                                                              -66.8%
                                                                    -56.5%                            -69.4% -71.3%
       -70%                                                                       -64.7%        -68.2%

            90    91         92        93        94      95      96      97         98     99     00    01     02     03    04    05
    S o u r c e : N e w Yo r k C i t y P o l i c e D e p a r t m e n t

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                                      5
BRONX COUNTY’S HIGHER                   rape, robbery, felonious assault, bur-   four of the City’s felony assaults and
PROPORTION OF CITYWIDE                  glary, grand larceny and motor vehi-     one in five of its rapes and robberies
VIOLENT CRIME                           cle theft) dropped in the Bronx and      occurred in the Bronx, giving the
                                        the rest of New York City. Even with     county the highest incidence in New
      Despite these encouraging         the remarkable decreases in violent      York City per 100,000 population of
reductions in crime, in 2005 the        crime, however, drugs and violence       murder, rape, robbery and felonious
Bronx experienced a disproportion-      are still very serious problems in the   assault. We are particularly con-
ately high incidence of crime in        Bronx. In 2005 the 129 murders in        cerned that in 2005 the number of
relation to its 16.6% share of the      the Bronx constituted nearly 24% of      shooting victims in the Bronx rose
City’s population. Since 1990, crime    the citywide total. Bronx shooting       17.8% over the previous year, at a
complaints across the seven catego-     incidents represented 22% of such        time when the number of victims in
ries reported by the NYPD (murder,      incidents citywide. Nearly one in        the rest of the City decreased.

    Bronx Violent Crime 2005
    Percentage of Citywide Violent Crime v. Population

                                                                                                In every
       Murder                                                            23.9%                category, the
                                                                                              share of the
                                                             O                                City’s violent
                                                                                             crime exceeds
       Rape                                                   P    21.7%                    its 16.6% share
                                                                                              of the City’s
       Felony Assault                                         L
       Robbery                                                    20.3%

       Burglary                                  17.3%        I


       Shooting Incidents                                    N       22.2%
      0%             5%                10%             15% 16.6%        20%              25%               30%
    S o u r c e : N e w Yo r k C i t y P o l i c e D e p a r t m e n t

  6                                                                                           Annual Report 2005
                                 Prosecuting Crime
     The Bronx District Attorney’s Office prosecuted 5,768 felony-level defendants in 2005, a slight increase over the 5,710
defendants prosecuted in 2004. Narcotics cases accounted for close to half the felony prosecutions in Bronx County.

    Bronx District Attorney’s Office
    Felony Prosecutions: 2005
                                                4.5% CPSP & Larceny
      Total Felony
      Prosecutions: 5,768                                           3.3% Burglary

                                                                              6.2% Weapons

                         45.8%                                                      8.5% Other
                                                                                     7.7% Assault

                                                                               5.1% Homicide and
                                                                               Attempted Homicide

                                                                          2.7% Sex Crimes
                                   Robbery 16.2%
    S o u r c e : B r o n x D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y ’s O ff i c e

      In each of the past 15 years, this Office sent a higher proportion of convicted felons to state prison than the
statewide average.

                                      Percentage of to State Prison
    Percentage of Convicted Felons Sentenced Convicted
    New York State v. Bronx 1990-2005 Felons Sentenced to State
     60%            Bronx
                    New York State



               90     91 92 93 94 95 96 97                         98 99 00 01 02 03 04                        05
    Source: NYS Department of Criminal Justice Services

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                     7
                                               VIOLENT CRIME

      The rate of violent crime continued to decline in 2005; but however low the numbers, there are always crimes
that shock us with their brutality. The four cases described here are homicides prosecuted in 2005, one involving a
baby shaken to death. Another case involves a retired school teacher who was robbed, beaten and killed in a park.
The third case involves a “cold case” homicide, a victim of a contract killing, apparently because her landlord wanted
the apartment. The final violent crime summarized here was labeled by the newspaper a “chivalry slay” because the
victim failed to hold open a laundromat door.

      Bronx baby killer convicted after failing to discredit SBS
      Bronx Times, October 20, 2005
                                                                  13, 2003. Martin stated that when he
             According to the National Institute                  woke from a nap in the late afternoon, the
       of Neurological Disorders and Stroke,                      child was not breathing so he had a neigh-
       Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is “a type                      bor call 911.
       of inflicted traumatic brain injury that                          The baby was taken to the
       happens when a baby is violently shaken.                   Emergency Room and died three days
       A baby has weak neck muscles and a                         later on May 16.
       large, heavy head. Shaking makes the                              Doctors diagnosed the baby with a
       fragile brain bounce back and forth inside                 subdural hematoma and bi-retinal hem-
       the skull and causes bruising, swelling,                   orrhages in the eyes and testified at trial
       and bleeding, which can lead to perma-                     that both conditions were classic signs of
       nent, severe brain damage or death. The                    “shaken baby syndrome.” This trial was
       characteristic injuries of shaken baby syn-                the first in the Bronx in which the defense
       drome are subdural hemorrhages (bleed-                     sought to challenge and discredit the valid-
       ing in the brain), retinal hemorrhages                     ity of shaken baby syndrome. The judge
       (bleeding in the retina), damage to the                    weighed the testimony of nine different
       spinal cord and neck, and fractures of the                 medical doctors called as expert witnesses
       ribs and bones.” For decades the medi-                     for the prosecution or defense in the fields
       cal and legal communities have accepted                    of pediatrics, forensic pathology, neuropa-
       SBS as an explanation of how a child can                   thology, neurosurgery and ophthalmology.
       be injured or killed. In thousands of cases                By discrediting expert testimony attacking
       nationwide, prosecutors have used medi-                    shaken baby syndrome, this case reaffirmed
       cal testimony to successfully prosecute                    its validity.
       child abusers. In 2005 in Bronx County,                           On October 12, 2005, Martin was
       the defense mounted a challenge to SBS                     found guilty in a non-jury trial of crimi-
       that could affect many future cases.                       nally negligent homicide. He was sen-
             Thirty-four-year-old Leslie Martin                   tenced on October 31 to 11/3-to-four years
       was left alone for the first time with his                 in prison. ♦
       five-month-old daughter Brianna on May

  8                                                                                           Annual Report 2005
    Elderly teacher’s Bronx park tryst turns deadly
    New York Post, 9/14/2004

                                                      bruised with a black eye. Jon-Hope admit-
           Carl Dunat was a retired school-           ted to stabbing the struggling victim sev-
     teacher and philanthropist who donated           eral times.
     tens of thousands of dollars to his alma               A couple of hours after killing
     mater, City College. He was an avid read-        Dunat, and following a sexual encounter,
     er who loved nature. On Saturday after-          Jon-Hope robbed a 29-year-old victim in
     noon, September 10, 2004, seventy-one-           the same park and stole his watch, wallet,
     year-old Dunat was in an area of Pelham          bracelet, cell phone and cash. This victim
     Bay Park known for homosexual activity.          managed to get away and notify police.
           That Saturday, 23-year-old Andre                 On March 30, 2005, Jon-Hope
     Jon-Hope had been drinking beer and              pleaded guilty to murder in the second
     emerged from the trees in the area. Dunat        degree. He was sentenced on April 27,
     may have been in the park looking for            2005, to 20-years-to-life imprisonment.
     a sexual encounter, but instead he was           In addition, Jon-Hope was sentenced to a
     robbed, brutally beaten, and stabbed with        concurrent five-year sentence for the sec-
     a screwdriver. Dunat was found dead the          ond robbery. ♦
     following day with his shorts down and

    Woman was slain for her apt.
    New York Post, 4/11/2003

                                                      Street and Bullard Avenue.
           Twenty-one-year-old retail clothing               Mundo told cops he was a contract
     store sales clerk Talina Bryant was last         killer who was hired by Bryant’s landlord
     seen alive by a friend as she boarded a bus      to end a dispute and get her out of her
     home on September 5, 2000. Her family            rent-stabilized apartment. Mundo enlisted
     reported her missing the following day.          the assistance of 25-year-old Gilberto
     Police found blood residue in her base-          Adames. The landlord allegedly paid them
     ment apartment, and some of the carpet-          about $6,000 to commit the murder. The
     ing and flooring had been removed.               unidentified landlord was never charged
           Nearly three years passed before           because of insufficient evidence.
     NYPD detectives were able to link 24-                   Mundo confessed to killing Bryant.
     year-old David Mundo to the crime. An            He said he and Adames bound Bryant
     extensive investigation was conducted            with duct tape and stabbed her with a
     during which undercover NYPD detec-              knife, then wrapped her body in plastic
     tives taped Mundo conspiring to com-             garbage bags. Bryant died of multiple
     mit a new murder. Mundo led cops to              stab wounds.
     Bryant’s body, which was buried near                    On October 14, 2004, Mundo plead-
     Metro-North railroad tracks at 237th             ed guilty to murder in the first degree. He

Annual Report 2005                                                                                  9
 Woman was slain for her apt.
 New York Post, 4/11/2003, Continued

      was sentenced on November 4, 2004, to                Adames also received a concurrent sen-
      20-years-to-life imprisonment.                       tence of 4½-to-9 years imprisonment on
            On March 14, 2005, Gilberto                    an unrelated drug conviction in which he
      Adames pleaded guilty to manslaughter in             pleaded guilty to one count of attempted
      the first degree. On March 23, 2005, he              criminal sale of a controlled substance in
      was sentenced to 17½ years imprisonment              the fifth degree.♦
      with five years post-release supervision.

     ‘Chivalry slay’ suspect on trial in Bx. Dad’s death
     New York Post, April 21, 2005
                                                                  After this senseless murder Ramirez
            On the evening of November 30,                 was apprehended at his home. Ballistics
      2003, Willie Brunson watched a football              tests matched a gun recovered near his
      game and went to the laundromat to do his            home to the murder weapon. A witness
      family’s laundry. Brunson was the father of          testified that Ramirez later bragged
      three children, and his wife was recovering          about shooting Brunson after being
      from surgery.                                        called “little man.”
            Upon leaving the laundromat,                          On April 28, 2005, a jury found
      Brunson failed to leave the door open for            Ramirez guilty of murder in the sec-
      an elderly woman. This alleged lack of               ond degree and criminal possession of
      chivalry resulted in an argument with 20-            a weapon in the second degree. He was
      year-old Raymond Ramirez. After instigat-            sentenced on June 22, 2005, to 25-years-to
      ing this dispute over manners, Ramirez               life imprisonment for the murder charge,
      shot Brunson once in the heart with a .25-           and to a concurrent sentence of five years
      caliber automatic handgun. Brunson died              imprisonment plus five years post-release
      shortly afterwards at the hospital.                  supervision for the weapons charge. ♦

10                                                                                    Annual Report 2005
                                                       DRUG CRIME
      Drug arrests have decreased in recent years, resulting in a reduction in both the number of felony drug prosecutions
and the percentage of our caseload that these cases comprise. In 1996 drug cases accounted for more than 65% of the
Office’s felony-level defendants. In 2005, fewer than half of Bronx felony defendants were prosecuted on drug charges.
Nevertheless, drug crime is still a very serious problem in the Bronx.

      Over the past 16 years combined,       state prison, a higher proportion than    This year, 55% of Bronx defendants
57% of Bronx defendants convicted on         that for either New York State (53%)      convicted on felony drug charges were
felony drug charges were sentenced to        or the rest of New York City (52%).       sentenced to state prison.

    State Prison Sentences
    Percentage of Narcotics Convictions from 1990-2005

         Bronx                                                                              57.4%

         New York State                                           52.8%

         Rest of the City                                     52.1%
     40%                         45%                          50%                          55%                      60%

    Source:            NYS        Department                 of   Criminal            Justice        Services

      Drugs, Guns, Money and Working Undercover

                                                                       northern Manhattan. Here the officer met 29-
               In January 2005 the New York City Police                year-old Ken (pseudonym). In late August 2005,
       Department’s Bronx Narcotics Unit began an                      the officer purchased a kilogram of cocaine in
       undercover operation in the Southeast Bronx. This               upper Manhattan from Leo, Ken and others.
       operation resulted in the arrest of multiple drug               At this point police arrested a number of indi-
       dealers involving narcotics sales in both the Bronx             viduals. The youngest of those arrested was a
       and Manhattan. At the outset, undercover officers               16-year-old Manhattan girl who pleaded guilty
       began purchasing small quantities of cocaine from               to a felony charge and was placed on probation.
       three drug dealers, 21-year-old Issiah Gomez, 33-               The investigation culminated with the arrest of
       year-old Leo (pseudonym) and 23-year-old Jamal                  the supplier of the kilogram of cocaine, 26-year-
       Bonneau. The three acquaintances allegedly sold                 old Shamel Alston. He pleaded guilty to criminal
       drugs together from the Bronx building in which                 sale of a controlled substance in the third degree
       they lived. Over the next few months, Gomez sold                and was sentenced to five years incarceration.
       cocaine to undercover officers on nine occasions,                      On March 31, 2006, one of the three origi-
       eventually selling more than four ounces.                       nal drug dealers, Jamal Bonneau, pleaded guilty
               In May 2005, an undercover officer began                to attempted criminal sale of a controlled sub-
       purchasing weapons from Gomez. Between May                      stance in the third degree. He was sentenced on
       and July 2005 the officer purchased seven firearms,             April 18, 2006, to three years imprisonment and
       including a Chinese-made semi-automatic rifle.                  three years of post-release supervision. Gomez
               In August 2005, the investigation expand-               pleaded guilty on April 27, 2006, to criminal pos-
       ed beyond the Bronx. It is further alleged that                 session of a weapon in the third degree and crimi-
       the undercover officer purchased additional                     nal sale of a controlled substance in the second
       cocaine from Leo, who led the officer into                      degree. Leo and Ken are awaiting trial.♦

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                          11
                       Crime Victims Assistance
     The District Attorney’s Crime      contacts with victims and witnesses    on 161st Street and the CVAU satel-
Victims Assistance Unit (CVAU)          during 2005. These services were       lite office in the north Bronx.
made approximately 17,500 service       provided from both the main office

    Crime Victims Assistance Unit                                             Total 2005 Service
    Contacts By Type of Service Provided                                      Contacts: 17,498

                 Therapy             Relocation                       CVB Application &
          Crisis    0.9%             Assistance                       Affidavits
                                                     5.1%                          Support
      Counseling                           2.3%                       6.6%
           6.7%                                                                    24.6%

                Info &                                                                 0.9% Court
             Referrals                                                                 Accompaniment
                36.2%                                 1.0%                      11.6% Personal
                                                  Transportation                Advocacy
    S o u r c e : O ff i c e o f B r o n x D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y

    Crime Victims Assistance Unit                                             Total 2005 Client
    Contacts By Type of Crime                                                 Contacts: 1,632

                                                     Child &
     Robbery/Assault                                  8.0%


            Sex Crimes Children 18.7%                      Sex Crimes Adults 5.9%

    S o u r c e : O ff i c e o f B r o n x D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y

 12                                                                                        Annual Report 2005
CRIME VICTIMS ASSISTANCE UNIT             grants in 2003, 2004 and 2005 that         Attorney’s main office. During 2005
SATELLITE OFFICE                          support the program’s implementa-          staff provided 2,317 services to clients
                                          tion. Under this Urban High Crime          at the satellite office. These clients
      The Bronx District Attorney’s       Neighborhood Initiative, the District      were victims of crimes such as domes-
Crime Victims Assistance Unit             Attorney’s Office works with an            tic violence, assault, and elder abuse.
(CVAU) provides comprehensive ser-        Advisory Committee composed of                    A need for additional space
vices to crime victims. The location      representatives from law enforce-          resulted from the program’s expan-
of the unit, in the District Attorney’s   ment, schools, hospitals, faith-based      sion. Consequently, in 2005 renova-
Office on 161st Street in the South       organizations, local media, local          tion began on unoccupied third floor
Bronx, is generally convenient because    government, youth services, child          space donated rent-free by the City at
of its proximity to the court. But for    welfare and community-based orga-          the building that houses Community
some crime victims who reside in the      nizations to tailor the type of ser-       Board 12. These renovations are
northern end of the county, transpor-     vices and their delivery to the needs      nearing completion and were funded
tation is a problem.                      of the community.                          largely by the federal grant.
      In September 2002, we                     In late 2003 the satellite office           The Advisory Committee contin-
received a one-year planning grant        opened in Community District 12            ues to meet regularly and has developed
from the federal government for an        on White Plains Road, and addi-            a referral network linking service pro-
innovative project to bring services      tional staff were hired in 2004. CVAU      viders in the community to clients for
closer to crime victims in the North      staff provide services from this office    those services that cannot be provided
East Bronx. We received additional        similar to those offered at the District   by CVAU staff.

       Mr. Z

                                                                             The Satellite Office crime victim
               On January 2, 2005, 25-year-old Mr.                    advocate worked with Mr. Z’s mother, Ms.
        Z (pseudonym) was shot near his home fol-                     M (pseudonym), and the Crime Victims
        lowing a dispute. The shooter was arrested                    Board (CVB) to obtain funds for Mr. Z’s
        and charged with attempted murder in the                      medical expenses. Because Mr. Z’s dis-
        second degree. Both the shooter and Mr. Z                     ability rendered him physically unable to
        lived in a public housing development located                 sign the CVB application, Ms. M obtained
        in Community District 12. For Mr. Z, this was                 Power of Attorney status to allow her to
        the beginning of a long journey of recovery                   sign the application on her son’s behalf.
        that still continues.                                         The crime victim advocate faxed this
               The shooting left Mr. Z with serious                   information to the CVB, and the applica-
        injuries that required hospitalization. One                   tion was processed and approved on June
        of Mr. Z’s social workers in the hospital                     10, 2005.
        referred his case to the CVAU Satellite                              Mr. Z was discharged from the hos-
        Office. The shooting left him a quadriple-                    pital in October 2005 and moved into his
        gic, and there was even initial concern                       grandfather’s house. Mr. Z required spe-
        whether Mr. Z would survive. His injuries                     cific equipment, such as a special bed, and
        made movement difficult, which left him                       Satellite Office staff assisted him in obtain-
        susceptible to infections. As his medical                     ing this equipment. Although his condition
        needs changed, he was transferred to dif-                     has improved, Mr. Z still has a host of
        ferent medical facilities.                                    service needs.

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                     13
      Mr. Z

              On November 15, 2005, Mr. Z gave                        to be her son’s caretaker, but she needs perma-
        testimony in the case of the person who                       nent housing. She completed an application
        allegedly shot him. Because of the severity                   with the New York City Housing Authority,
        of Mr. Z’s injuries, the testimony was given                  and Satellite Office staff are working on estab-
        at his home. The advocate traveled there to                   lishing priority for Mr. Z's housing needs.
        provide support. Also present were an assis-                         Meanwhile, Mr. Z is making remark-
        tant district attorney, the detective assigned                able progress. He has been discharged from
        to investigate the shooting, the grand jury                   the hospital, but the severity of his injuries
        foreperson and a video technician. The                        will require physical therapy and time for
        examination was videotaped to be played                       healing. Satellite Office staff will continue to
        during the grand jury presentation.                           work with Mr. Z and Ms. M as they monitor
              Satellite Office staff continue to work                 his situation to determine specific needs as
        with both Mr. Z and his mother. Ms. M wants                   they arise. ♦

BRONX CLOTHES-LINE PROJECT                 healing. Each shirt symbolizes pain,       poems, photographs and drawings.
                                           survival, healing and empowerment,         Some t-shirts were memorials to vic-
       In April 2005, the Bronx            and provides a window into the life of     tims of homicide.
District Attorney’s Crime Victims          a victim who survived violence. The              District Attorney Robert
Assistance Unit collaborated with the      messages on the shirts are individual-     Johnson said, “Some in their zeal
Bronx Committee for National Crime         ized – some poetic, some plaintive         to punish offenders inadvertent-
Victims’ Rights Week to host the ninth     – allowing the artists to express their    ly overlook the needs of victims.
annual Survivors Tribute and display       feelings in their own way. This visual     The annual observance of National
of the Bronx Clothes-Line Project.         presentation tells the stories of hun-     Crime Victims’ Rights Week helps to
The theme for 2005 was “Justice Isn’t      dreds of survivors of abuse, violence      ensure that the scales of justice are
Served Until Crime Victims Are,”           and neglect. The dramatic illustra-        more balanced and that we also do
which emphasized America’s promise         tion of t-shirts hanging side-by-side      everything possible to enable victims
to all crime victims to make available     provided viewers with a glimpse of         to rebuild their lives. Although we in
advocacy, resources, information,          the devastating effects of crime on        law enforcement have accomplished
protection, privacy and choices.           victims. Survivors of domestic vio-        much in these past 25 years since the
       As it has each year since 1996,     lence, rape, child abuse, elder abuse,     first observance of National Crime
the Crime Victims Assistance Unit          assault and other crimes of violence       Victims’ Rights Week, much more
collaborated with a coalition of crime     decorated the t-shirts with messages,      remains to be done.”
victim advocates and service orga-
nizations to create and organize the
annual Bronx Clothes-Line Project.
The Clothes-Line Project is a striking
visual presentation of t-shirts designed
by survivors of crime to break the
silence surrounding victimization and
to make their voices heard by others
who support them in their struggle for

 14                                                                                                 Annual Report 2005
                Partnerships and Collaboration
COURT MERGER: BRONX SUPREME                to 3,566) during that period, the net    the grants and sub-grants, monitors
COURT, CRIMINAL DIVISION                   effect was a 22.2% reduction in pend-    compliance with the terms of grants
                                           ing cases in Bronx County.               and with sub-grantees’ letters of
       In November 2004 the New York                                                agreement, has fiscal responsibility,
State Office of Court Administration       BRONX MENTAL HEALTH COURT                and provides staff to work in the
(OCA) implemented a court merger                                                    court part.
program to address the backlog of                The Bronx District Attorney’s            In 2003, eligibility for diver-
misdemeanor cases. This merger, the        Office has been diverting defendants     sion to the Bronx Mental Health
first in the state, created the Criminal   to drug treatment for many years         Court was extended to defendants
Division of Supreme Court which            and developed formal partnerships        with serious mental illness (with or
handles felony and misdemeanor             to do so in October 1992. Over time      without drug dependency). In 2004,
proceedings that were previously           it became clear that some of these       the court’s capacity was further
divided between Supreme Court and          defendants were suffering from both      expanded to provide services for
the New York City Criminal Court.          drug dependency and mental illness.      mentally ill defendants with HIV/
This Office has cooperated fully with      While staff always tried to place such   AIDS. Using federal funds to pro-
OCA, including reorganization of           non-violent defendants in treatment      vide mental health and drug depen-
our Criminal Court Bureau, enabling        programs that were appropriate           dence screening and assessment,
the new Criminal Division to operate       for persons with dual diagnoses, in      placement and program evaluation,
more efficiently. By January 2006,         2002 we entered into a formal part-      we recommended 196 defendants
the backlog of misdemeanor cases           nership with Treatment Alternatives      for placement in 2005. These defen-
had been reduced from 8,687 (in            for Safer Communities (TASC) and         dants are subject to the same level
September 2004) to 5,511, a reduc-         Research Triangle Institute to create    of supervision and sanctions for fail-
tion of 36.6%. Even with an increase       the Bronx Mental Health Court. As        ure to complete treatment as other
of 19.7% in indictments (from 2,978        the grantee, this Office administers     diverted defendants.
      A Mental Health Court Success Story

                                                                            Tim’s psychiatric history began in
              On August 13, 2003, Tim, 36, was                        his native country. As an adolescent, he
        arrested for selling narcotics to an under-                   experienced numerous episodes of agita-
        cover detective. On September 22, the Judge                   tion and talking to himself while in class.
        referred Tim to the Bronx TASC Mental                         In tenth grade Tim was diagnosed with
        Health Unit for assessment and evalua-                        a mental illness. His alcohol and crack
        tion. This was his first and only arrest. Tim                 cocaine use started at age 18. He “got use
        pleaded guilty on October 22, 2003, to                        to the voices” and found himself in and
        criminal sale of a controlled substance in the                out of hospital emergency rooms after
        third degree and entered the Bronx Mental                     passing out from drug use.
        Health Court. He was told he would receive                          Perhaps because of his drug use,
        a prison sentence of two-to-six years if he                   Tim developed a heart condition that
        did not remain successfully in treatment.                     required open heart surgery. Tim stopped

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                  15
      A Mental Health Court Success Story

      using drugs after his doctors warned                     York City’s shelter system. Tim describes
      him of the dangers to his health, but he                 this time in his life as “entering into hell.”
      continued to drink. Tim tried to stop                    The TASC Mental Health team diverted
      drinking but could not. In 1998, Tim was                 Tim to a shelter where he could continue
      hospitalized after an attempted suicide.                 his program at Fordham-Tremont while
      It was around the time of these struggles                accessing medical services at Columbian
      with depression that Tim was arrested.                   Presbyterian Hospital.
            Tim was diagnosed by the Bronx                            While at the shelter, Tim’s property
      TASC Mental Health Unit with a seri-                     was periodically stolen. After one year in
      ous mental illness, as well as a heart                   the shelter, Tim was placed in a supportive
      condition, hypertension and asthma. His                  housing facility. Throughout this time, Tim
      initial placement consisted of attend-                   remained drug free and medication com-
      ing day treatment at Fordham-Tremont                     pliant. He followed through with appoint-
      Community Mental Health Center while                     ments and housing leads and remained
      living in the community. With the support                in good spirits. Following his success in
      of an Intensive Case Manager, Tim was                    treatment, Tim returned to court on July
      able to keep medical appointments and                    15, 2005. His case was dismissed. Tim left
      access services. After about three months,               the courtroom with his fist raised in vic-
      following an argument with his girlfriend,               tory, but he continues treatment with his
      Tim became homeless and entered New                      “friends at Fordham-Tremont.” ♦

BRONX TREATMENT COURT                Bronx defense bar and drug treat-              One hundred fifty-one clients
                                     ment providers.                          were enrolled in treatment pro-
     Since 1999, the Bronx                 Defendants must be 19 years        grams through the Bronx Treatment
Treatment Court (BXTC) has           of age or older (younger defendants      Court in 2005. A total of 1,307
provided substance abuse treat-      are eligible for diversion through       clients were enrolled from its incep-
ment under close judicial supervi-   other programs), charged with            tion in March 1999 through the end
sion to felony narcotics offenders   committing specific crimes, have         of 2005. Of 155 defendants placed
as an alternative to incarceration   no prior felony convictions and no       in treatment in 2004, 59 have com-
(ATI). BXTC, like the national       prior convictions for violent crimes.    pleted treatment and 37 have been
drug court model, includes swift     BXTC defendants plead guilty to          terminated from the program. The
defendant assessment and place-      a felony charge with deferred sen-       remaining 59 clients were still in
ment in treatment, close judicial    tence and immediately enter treat-       treatent in 2006.
supervision of offenders, urinaly-   ment. Defendants who successfully              In addition, this past year
sis and graduated sanctions and      complete the 12-18 month treat-          nearly 800 Bronx defendants who
incentives. The Bronx Treatment      ment program have their felony           were not eligible for BXTC were
Court is a collaborative effort of   charges dismissed or reduced to a        diverted through other treatment
representatives from the Office of   misdemeanor. Participants who fail       programs. Since 1993, we have
Court Administration, the Bronx      to complete treatment are sentenced      placed a total of 9,646 defendants
District Attorney’s Office, the      to a state prison term                   in treatment programs.

 16                                                                                        Annual Report 2005
    Drug Treatment Enrollment*
    1993 – 2005
       PROGRAM                     1993 - 2002             2003            2004          2005          TOTAL
       DTAP                              1,598               216             165           298              2,277

       BXTC                               817                177             162           151              1,307

       Extended Willard                   176                 20             27             17                240

       Mental Health Court                98                 101             102           196                497

       Other Residential                 3,253               114             138           158              3,663

       Other                             1,407                53             73            129              1,662

       TOTAL                             7,349              681             667           949             9,646

    S o u r c e : O ff i c e o f B r o n x D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y

         *Note: Drug Treatment Alternatives to Prison (DTAP) is for predicate felony (second and later)
    offenders. Extended Willard Drug Treatment is also for predicate felony offenders and is operated
    by the New York State Department of Correctional Services in conjunction with the Division of
    Parole. “Other Residential” includes first-time offenders placed in residential programs. “Other”
    includes residential and outpatient programs for first-time and predicate defendants.

BRONX COMMUNITY SOLUTIONS                community-based programming for            bery perpetrators in the Weed and
                                         services, including vocational train-      Seed area. The Bronx is home to two
       In 2004 we worked with            ing and job placement, substance           Weed and Seed sites, one located in
the Center for Court Innovation          abuse treatment, health and men-           the Soundview/Bruckner neighbor-
to establish a Community Court,          tal health counseling and housing          hood and the other in Mott Haven.
known as “Bronx Community                assistance. By scheduling clients to             Both sites involve collabora-
Solutions,” to enhance communi-          begin community service immedi-            tion among the District Attorney’s
ty service sentences and provide         ately, identifying new community           Office, the U.S. Attorney for the
services to defendants. The goal         service partners, developing its own       Southern District of New York, the
of the project is to provide judges      clean-up crew, and closely moni-           NYPD, other local, state and fed-
with more sentencing options for         toring the work of clients, Bronx          eral law enforcement agencies and
the many defendants convicted of         Community Solutions has created            the New York City Department of
non-violent, misdemeanor offenses        visible improvements to neighbor-          Education. Operation Weed and
such as marijuana possession, pros-      hood conditions in the Bronx.              Seed/Soundview also relies on
titution and shoplifting. By combin-                                                close working relationships with
ing punishment with services, Bronx      OPERATION WEED & SEED                      the Bronx Borough President’s
Community Solutions aims to hold                                                    Office, the Bronx YMCA, Kips Bay
offenders accountable while offer-              Weed and Seed is a federally        Boys and Girls Club, the Bronx
ing them the assistance they need to     funded strategy designed to “weed          Lions Club, Kiwanis Club, clergy,
avoid further criminal conduct.          out” drug traffickers and violent          elected officials, school-based par-
       In 2005, Bronx Community          gangs while “seeding” the community        ent organizations, other commu-
Solutions worked with over 6,300         with federal, state and local resources    nity-based organizations and com-
clients, 68% of whom complied ful-       to improve the quality of life. The        munity residents. Operation Weed
ly with alternative sentences. Clients   law enforcement strategies that are        and Seed/Mott Haven is led by
of Bronx Community Solutions per-        part of this effort have combined          the South Bronx Overall Economic
formed more than 18,000 days of          federal and local resources to identify,   Development Corporation (SOBRO)
community service. Several hundred       target, arrest and prosecute narcotics     and involves collaboration with
clients were referred to affiliated      traffickers, gang members and rob-         St. Ann’s Church and the NYC

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                17
Departments of Sanitation and         ship training for LEAC members.        through the arts. Many of the indi-
Parks and Recreation.                 In addition, the NYPD Citizens         vidual programs rely on linkages
      In July 2002 through a fed-     Police Academy provided training       with other organizations, including
erally-funded grant, this office      regarding law enforcement. LEAC        the Legacy Coalition, Department
implemented a community pros-         members now collaborate with the       of Education, and the New York
ecution program that linked the       District Attorney’s Office to solve    City Housing Authority.
two Weed and Seed sites. As part      problems within the community.               Our collaborative efforts are not
of this program, we formed Law              Each Weed and Seed site has      limited to these two neighborhoods,
Enforcement Advisory Committees       at least one “Safe Haven” where        however. This Office works closely
(LEACs), comprised of community       programs for children and adults       with the court monitoring programs
members who live in the Weed and      are offered. These include recre-      in the 50th Precinct and in the 47th
Seed neighborhoods. In 2004 the       ational programs such as Junior        Precinct. In addition, there are Office
Citizens Committee for New York       Knicks basketball, mentoring pro-      representatives to each of the Bronx
City provided customized leader-      grams and crime prevention             Precinct Community councils.

      Watson Corridor Long-Term Investigation

                                                               ly 88 sales of crack/cocaine, cocaine and
            The Office of the Bronx District                   heroin during the course of the undercov-
      Attorney first became involved in planning               er operation. Approximately 745 bags of
      a 43rd Precinct Weed and Seed site in                    heroin and 694 bags of crack/cocaine and
      1997. At that time law enforcement identi-               cocaine were purchased during the inves-
      fied the Watson Avenue Corridor as the                   tigation for $9,070. Two search warrants
      location of the most serious crime problem               were executed during the operation which
      in the precinct. Since Weed and Seed                     yielded 130 bags of heroin.
      began, the law enforcement partners have                       Fifteen of the 33 individuals indicted
      focused their efforts in that area and have              were convicted and received terms of
      made great strides. Nonetheless, in 2005                 incarceration ranging from one to six
      the Watson Avenue Corridor remained a                    years. An additional six individuals
      problem area.                                            received drug treatment alternatives to
             From October 2004 until April                     incarceration, with the promised sentence
      2005, in conjunction with the New York                   for failing to complete treatment ranging
      City Police Department, the Bronx District               from two years to 4½-to-9 years incarcera-
      Attorney’s Office conducted a long-term                  tion. Two individuals received five years of
      investigation and undercover operation.                  felony probation, and another two individ-
      This resulted in 17 indictments involving                uals received time served or four months
      33 individuals from the Watson corridor                  incarceration on misdemeanors. Two indi-
      area. Ten of the 33 subjects had prior                   viduals remain unapprehended, one case
      felony narcotics convictions and two had                 was dismissed, and five individuals’ cases
      prior convictions for violent felonies. The              are pending. ♦
      individuals were indicted for approximate-

 18                                                                                       Annual Report 2005
INTEGRATED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE             the IDV Part for adjudication and       together senior trial attorneys and
PART                                     heard by one judge, who is aware        staff from bureaus throughout
                                         of the circumstances surrounding        the Office at periodic meetings to
      The Bronx has the highest          all cases.                              discuss cases and initiatives. This
rate of domestic violence reports              This new process is clearly a     approach to gang-related criminal
per hundred thousand population in       step forward, even though the part      activity encourages communication
the City. The Bronx’s nearly 50,000      requires us to provide ADAs at a time   and coordination of prosecutori-
Domestic Incident Reports repre-         when resources are limited. Since       al efforts. The Office’s Detective
sent 25% of the citywide total. On       2002 the Bronx Borough President’s      Squad and Detective Investigators
October 22, 2001, a new integrated       Office, in collaboration with this      also participate in the Initiative. A
domestic violence (IDV) court part       Office and Sanctuary for Families,      liaison with the NYC Department of
opened in Bronx Criminal Court,          has received grant funding from the     Correction provides our office and
the first in the State. This part        Office on Violence Against Women        other law enforcement agencies with
now combines Supreme Court’s             of the U.S. Department of Justice.      gang intelligence. Gang Initiative
Criminal and Civil Divisions and         With resources from these grants, the   meetings are led by a member of the
Family Court. It was implemented         Borough President’s Office formed       District Attorney’s executive staff
in recognition that domestic vio-        an advisory committee that initiates    and by the Chief of the Office’s
lence often involves not only crimi-     domestic violence awareness proj-       Gang Prosecutions Bureau.
nal matters but other family matters     ects. Grant funds are also used for           Although gang-related cas-
as well. For example, a woman who        some of the District Attorney’s staff   es may be prosecuted by any of
has been assaulted by her husband        in the court part, and to enable        the various bureaus that partici-
may obtain a “full stay away” order      Sanctuary for Families, a non-profit    pate in the Gang Initiative (such as
of protection in Criminal Division.      organization dedicated to meeting       Narcotics, Rackets, Criminal Court,
If the couple has children together      the needs of victims of domestic        General Crimes, Domestic Violence
and the father wants to see the chil-    violence, to provide legal and other    and Child Abuse/Sex Crimes), the
dren, he must go to Family Court         services to crime victims.              Gang Prosecutions Bureau specializ-
to obtain visitation rights. If either                                           es in gang prosecutions. A computer
party seeks a divorce, he or she         BRONX DISTRICT ATTORNEY’S               program is used to collect informa-
must do so in Supreme Court, Civil       GANG INITIATIVE                         tion on gang-related incidents and
Division. In the past these cases, in                                            defendants. The Gang Initiative and
different courts, would have pro-             In 2002 this Office launched       the bureau provide mechanisms to
ceeded completely independently.         a Gang Initiative to combat violent     coordinate a response to gang-relat-
Now all three cases are sent to          crime. The Gang Initiative brings       ed crime in the Bronx.

      The Bloods

                                                                   The investigation lasted almost a year
             The first investigation by the Bronx                  and included the use of court-authorized
       District Attorney’s Gang Prosecutions                       wiretaps on over five phone lines. It also
       Bureau involved a violent narcotics distribu-               involved other electronic surveillance tech-
       tion ring in the Patterson Houses, a New                    niques and an analysis of records from sev-
       York City Housing Authority development.                    eral telephone companies, a utility compa-

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                19
     The Bloods
ny and the New York State Department of Motor          of this violent “Bloods” drug ring based in the
Vehicles. During the course of the investigation,      Patterson Houses, was convicted of conspiracy
the following items were recovered: 1,155 vials of     in the fourth degree and criminal possession of a
crack, a one-and-a-half ounce rock of crack, 527       controlled substance in the third degree and other
bags of marijuana, $4,025 in cash, five guns, 53       related crimes after a ten-week trial. More than
rounds of ammunition, a bullet-proof vest, scales,     100 telephone conversations were played for the
and other drug paraphernalia. Investigators believe    jury during the course of the trial. Windley was
the gang’s drug sales brought in about $70,000 per     sentenced to a term of 15 years-to-life imprison-
month. The business was protected by threats and       ment. He was a persistent felony offender with
the use of violence. Eleven individuals were indict-   three felony convictions. Five additional individuals
ed on charges including attempted murder, assault,     either pleaded guilty or were convicted after trial
weapons possession, narcotics and conspiracy.          for committing various crimes and received state
      On November 23, 2005, thirty-one-year-           prison sentences. ♦
old Anthony Windley (AKA “Tone”), the leader

     Treyside Bloods

                                                       The execution of search warrants led to three
      On November 10, 2005, Bronx District             additional arrests. A total of 39 members of the
Attorney Robert T. Johnson and Police                  Treyside Bloods were indicted in 2005. District
Commissioner Raymond Kelly announced the               Attorney Johnson stated, “These defendants
arrest and indictment of 28 alleged members            allegedly attempted to fill the void created by
and associates of the Treyside Bloods on charges       prior investigations that shut down drug dealing
of conspiracy to sell and distribute narcotics,        operations at Diego Beekman twice in the last
assault, attempted assault, and weapons posses-        ten years. We hope that these charges against yet
sion. The charges resulted from a year-long joint      another new crop of alleged ‘drug dealing wan-
investigation by the Bronx District Attorney’s         nabes’ sends a reassuring message to the com-
Gang Prosecutions Bureau and the New York              munity that we in law enforcement will be back
City Police Department’s Bronx Gang Squad.             again and again, if necessary.”
The investigation began in November 2004 and                 According to investigators, the gang earned
involved more than 30 drug sales to undercover         more than $1.5 million per year from street-level
detectives, visual surveillance and the use of         drug sales in a 24-square block area. The overwhelm-
court-ordered wiretaps.                                ing majority of the drug transactions occurred in the
      The gang members lived mostly in the             Diego Beekman Houses, a complex of approximately
vicinity of the Diego Beekman housing develop-         30 buildings in the Mott Haven section of the Bronx.
ments and derived their name from the fact that        The gang peddled heroin and crack-cocaine under
most members lived in buildings that contain the       numerous brand names including G-Unit, Shaft,
number “3” in the address. It is alleged that the      Paradise, Funny Money, and Freeway. Marijuana was
gang was responsible for a number of shootings         also sold in small quantities.
and assaults and was involved in the illegal sale            During the course of the investigation,
of both heroin and cocaine.                            undercover detectives purchased several hundred
      Six of the 28 indicted defendants were           vials of crack-cocaine and glassine envelopes
already in custody when detectives executed            containing heroin and cocaine in powder form.
arrest warrants pursuant to grand jury action.         Additional contraband was seized following

20                                                                                    Annual Report 2005
      Treyside Bloods
   execution of the arrest and search warrants.                       a controlled substance, criminal sale and posses-
   Investigators recovered a loaded .40 caliber semi-                 sion of marijuana, assault, and criminal posses-
   automatic pistol, a loaded P85 Ruger handgun,                      sion of a weapon.
   an imitation pistol, approximately 25 grams of                           The 31-year-old identified “key player” in
   crack-cocaine, 64 vials or bags containing crack-                  the Treyside organization faces up to 62 years
   cocaine, seven bags of powder cocaine, 15 glass-                   imprisonment if convicted of all of the most
   ine envelopes containing heroin, more than an                      serious charges against him, which include one
   ounce of marijuana, drug paraphernalia includ-                     Class A-II and four Class B felony drug sales.
   ing scales and packaging items, and more than                      Most of the other defendants, including the
   $10,000 in cash.                                                   alleged partners, face maximum sentences of up
         The indictments charge the defendants                        to 25 years imprisonment.♦
   with conspiracy, criminal sale and possession of

AUTO CRIME INITIATIVES                   auto stripping and/or unauthor-                        In the last six years, the pro-
                                         ized use of a vehicle. It was also               gram has been expanded to include
      The Office of the Bronx            expected to result in an increased               document fraud and insurance
District Attorney has operated the       number of stolen cars recovered                  fraud. In 1999, we expanded our
Bronx Anti-Auto Theft Program            pursuant to arrests made and/or                  effort to include night-time surveil-
since 1995. The program, which           search warrants executed. Although               lance and investigations of auto-
has been supported with resourc-         this program has been very suc-                  related crimes. This expansion was
es provided by state grants, was         cessful, in 2003 (the most recent                made possible through a series of
designed to increase the number          year for which statewide statistics              grants from the New York State
of successful prosecutions of defen-     are available) auto theft in Bronx               Motor Vehicle Theft and Insurance
dants charged with grand larceny of      County remained at the highest rate              Fraud Prevention Board, which pro-
a motor vehicle, criminal possession     per 100,000 registered vehicles in               vide funds for equipment, investiga-
of stolen property, illegal possession   the state and second highest rate per            tors and prosecutors.
of a vehicle identification number,      100,000 population.

    Decline In Grand Larceny Auto
    1990 - 2005

     24,000         22,946
                                                                           Auto Theft in the Bronx has
                                                                     been reduced by 82% since 1990.
     19,000                    17,711
       9,000                                                              7,170 6,968
                                                                                              5,528 5,207
                                                                                                          4,725 4,377
                  90    91    92    93   94    95       96    97      98      99    00    01      02    03    04    05

    Source:            New         Yo r k     City        Police             Department

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                            21
ELDER ABUSE                             tion of services to elderly victims.     seminars for case workers at Bronx
                                        As an outgrowth of this committee,       Adult Protective Services that cov-
      “Elder abuse” can take many       an Elder Abuse Multidisciplinary         ered such issues as how to maximize
forms, including neglect or abuse       Task Force was created in 2001. The      cooperation in an effort to elimi-
of a physical, financial, psycho-       complexities of elder mistreatment       nate abusive situations. Office staff
logical, emotional or sexual nature.    and neglect necessitate a compre-        also led a workshop at the annual
Although anyone can be a victim of      hensive, multidisciplinary approach.     Adult Abuse Conference of New
crime, age may render victims physi-    The Task Force is co-chaired by          York State titled, “How to Make an
cally weak, physically or emotionally   the Elder Abuse Coordinator at the       Elder Abuse Referral to a District
isolated or mentally disabled. These    Bronx District Attorney’s Office, the    Attorney’s Office: Elements Needed
conditions increase the trauma of       Assistant Director of ElderServe         for a Successful Prosecution.”
victimization and make the crim-        Licensed Home Care Services                    The Bronx District Attorney’s
inal justice system more difficult      Agency of the Hebrew Home for            Office was recently selected
to negotiate. The Bronx District        the Aged at Riverdale and the            to become a CASE Model Site
Attorney’s Office hired an Elder        Bronx Borough Director of Adult          (Communities Against Senior
Abuse Coordinator in 2000 to serve      Protective Services. This bimonth-       Exploitation). The CASE part-
as a liaison among the bureaus and      ly gathering of law enforcement,         nership is an elder fraud preven-
units of the Office, obtain services    social service, healthcare, financial,   tion and intervention program. It
from outside agencies and serve as a    business, governmental and private       links the Bronx District Attorney’s
resource for educating the commu-       agencies enables the sharing of          Office with over 20 sites across
nity. The Coordinator handled 240       expertise and facilitates the coordi-    the country that are working with
calls in 2005 regarding suspected       nation of efforts to prevent, inves-     faith-based communities to combat
elder abuse and neglect and is often    tigate and remedy the abuse of our       elder fraud and exploitation. As
the first point of contact for elder    most vulnerable seniors.                 part of this program, staff from
abuse inquiries.                              In 2005 staff from the District    the District Attorney’s Office con-
      In 1998, the Bronx District       Attorney’s Office participated in        duct training in the community
Attorney formed an elder abuse          the New York City Council Aging          using CASE resource materials.
committee to develop strategies to      Committee’s hearing on Elder             This program is being implement-
enhance prosecution in elder abuse      Abuse-Financial Crimes. Staff also       ed without funding, staffed by vol-
cases and to increase the coordina-     participated in elder abuse training     unteers from the Office.

      Loanshark, 75, gets 9-year sentence
      New York Daily News, 1/9/2006

             Clarence “Duke” McGann is a                          Leavenworth, but in 1966 he was paroled
       career criminal whose criminal his-                        from the Federal Correctional Institution
       tory dates back to at least 1954, when                     in Danbury, Connecticut. He had over
       he robbed the First National Bank of                       eight years remaining on his sentence to
       Southern Maryland on Andrews Air Force                     serve on supervision. In 1968 McGann
       Base in Maryland and two additional                        was arrested on stolen property and weap-
       banks in New York.                                         ons charges. He fled to Jamaica but was
             McGann served time in a variety                      extradited back to the U.S. and sentenced
       of federal prisons including Alcatraz and                  to prison for a federal parole violation.

 22                                                                                           Annual Report 2005
      Loanshark, 75, gets 9-year sentence
      New York Daily News, 1/9/2006 Continued

              In 1981 McGann was indicted on                             Investigators uncovered detailed
       drug and weapons charges. In 1982, dur-                    records showing a profitable loansharking
       ing jury selection for his trial, he fled to               and numbers operation. McGann would
       Florida, where he was arrested and con-                    loan money to fellow elderly residents
       victed on two separate gun charges. After                  (and others) at an interest rate of 25% per
       serving his sentences in Florida, McGann                   week. When a loan was not paid off in
       was extradited back to the Bronx where he                  full as agreed, the interest would be added
       had been convicted in absentia for crimi-                  to the principal and a new loan would be
       nal possession of a controlled substance in                generated, thus compounding the amount
       the third degree and criminal possession                   owed. As a result, McGann’s customers
       of a weapon in the third degree. He was                    would quickly owe much larger sums than
       sentenced in the Bronx to 8 1/3 -to-25                     the original amount borrowed.
       years imprisonment.                                               Henry (pseudonym), an 81-year-old,
              Upon release from prison in                         retired candy maker, testified at trial that he
       1996, McGann moved into 900 Grand                          lived on a small fixed income consisting of
       Concourse, a building which is primarily a                 a pension and social security. He borrowed
       residence for senior citizens.                             $500 from McGann but could not pay it
              On August 1, 2003, McGann’s 36-                     back. The debt quickly grew until Henry
       year-old stepson came to his apartment to                  was forced to pay $600 a month for over a
       repay a small debt. The two men argued                     year to satisfy the debt. Evidence presented
       over how much interest was owed. As the                    at trial demonstrated that McGann similar-
       stepson tried to take a $20 bill off the table,            ly victimized dozens of other people, many
       McGann pulled out a .22 caliber revolver                   of whom were elderly neighbors.
       and fired. The bullet missed his stepson and                      McGann represented himself at trial,
       lodged in the wall. The stepson fled, but                  but his legal adviser presented a summa-
       returned with the police. The officers recov-              tion on his behalf when he voluntarily
       ered the firearm and the bullet from the                   absented himself from the court after the
       wall and obtained a search warrant.                        prosecution finished its case. On October
              During the search of the premises,                  7, 2005, a jury found McGann guilty
       investigators recovered $20,000 cash,                      of attempted assault in the first degree,
       $24,000 in checks, thousands of betting                    criminal usury in the first degree, and pos-
       slips and several logbooks of detailed loan-               session of gambling records in the first
       sharking records. They also found a stun                   degree. He was sentenced on January 6,
       gun and a starter pistol.                                  2006, to nine years in prison. ♦

PROJECT SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS                local police and prosecutors, the      of New York to try to reduce the
                                          US Attorney’s Office and the fed-      number of illegal guns on the streets
     Project Safe Neighborhoods           eral Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco        of the Bronx.
(PSN) was introduced in January           and Firearms (ATF). Under this              As part of this effort, we are
2002 as a national strategy designed      grant program, the Bronx District      focusing on interviewing defendants
to reduce gun violence in America         Attorney collaborates with the US      charged with either illegal sale or
through the combined efforts of           Attorney for the Southern District     possession of guns. A Detective

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                  23
Investigator and an assistant district    entered the country illegally or have     The same ADA prosecutes the case
attorney debrief such defendants          a prior felony conviction are eligible    whether it is heard in Criminal or
in an effort to obtain information        for federal prosecution in gun cases.     Family Court. Grant funds are also
to form the basis for long-term           Furthermore, if a gun has been            used for ADAs to prosecute juvenile
investigations of weapons traffick-       defaced to thwart its identification,     offender and youthful offender cases
ing and the issuance of search war-       the defendant can be prosecuted           in Supreme Court.
rants for the seizure of weapons. In      federally even without a prior con-             As a multi-pronged effort, PSN
prior years this effort was further       viction. Under these conditions,          also includes a media campaign.
enhanced with state funding which         when convicted in federal court,          In the Southern District of New
enabled us to conduct complex             gun violators receive stiffer prison      York, which includes the Bronx, this
sting operations and purchase             sentences than they would for the         campaign is known as “Project Fed
illegal guns, but this funding has        same conviction in state court.           Up.” As an adjunct to enforcement,
been discontinued.                               In January 2003, Project Sentry    Project Fed Up has designed a series
      Project Safe Neighborhoods          was added to PSN to include a focus       of ads that have been displayed on
builds on existing relationships and      on juvenile gun violence. Under           billboards and bus shelters around
agreements with these agencies to         Project Sentry the Bronx District         the Bronx, and on flyers and palm
share assets and intelligence to inves-   Attorney targets three groups of          cards. The media campaign is
tigate weapons trafficking and pros-      young offenders: (1) juveniles under      designed to inform the public that
ecute gun cases more effectively. This    the age of 16 who are eligible to be      the NYPD and the Bronx District
Office works very closely with the        adjudicated juvenile delinquents (in      Attorney have joined with federal
US Attorney’s Office, particularly in     Family Court), (2) juveniles under the    agencies in an offensive against gun
the two Bronx Weed and Seed sites,        age of 16 who are eligible for Juvenile   violence known as Project Fed Up,
where the law enforcement focus is        Offender status, and (3) young adults     and that “if you do gun crime, you
on gangs and violent crime.               16 to 19 years old. Grant funds pro-      do hard time.”
      In our efforts to eradicate         vide resources for an assistant dis-            This Office has received a
gun violence, we will continue to         trict attorney (ADA) to work with the     series of PSN grants beginning in
cooperate with the US Attorney            Office of the Corporation Counsel         2002 and continuing into the future.
to determine whether a particular         to determine whether individual cas-      While the specifics of these grants
case is best prosecuted in state or       es involving juveniles should be pre-     have varied (as described above),
federal court. Defendants who are         sented to the grand jury for indict-      all have focused on prosecuting and
over the age of 18 and either have        ment or removed to Family Court.          preventing gun violence.

       Cops shoot it out with gun gang
       New York Post, 10/14/2004

                                                                     Firearms Investigations Unit in an undercover
             The New York City Police Department’s                   sting operation. The CI and two undercover
       (NYPD’s) elite Firearms Investigations Unit has               detectives met with Oliver. The confidential
       the important and delicate task of intervening                informant and Oliver went into a building to
       to prevent gun trafficking. On October 13,                    conduct the exchange. While in the building,
       2004, Andy Oliver, 25, and his accomplices                    Oliver and his co-conspirators robbed the CI at
       agreed to sell five firearms to a confidential                gunpoint of $2,500.
       informant (CI) working with the NYPD’s                               After the robbery, the undercover detec-

 24                                                                                               Annual Report 2005
      Cops shoot it out with gun gang
      New York Post, 10/14/2004, Continued
                                                                            One of the co-defendants, 25-year-old
       tives saw the robbers fleeing on a fire escape.
                                                                      Eric Scruggs, admitted to being the owner of
       Oliver fired his .38 caliber revolver at the
                                                                      the .38 caliber revolver that was used in the
       undercover detectives. One officer returned
                                                                      robbery and shooting at police. Two hundred
       fire. No one was hit. The building was sur-
                                                                      dollars from the robbery was recovered from
       rounded by the NYPD, and the suspects were
                                                                      Scruggs and two hundred dollars was recov-
       arrested. Most of the money ($2,100) was
                                                                      ered from the apartment.
       recovered from Oliver.
                                                                            Scruggs pleaded guilty on February 2,
              This case is illustrative of one type of
                                                                      2006, to attempted robbery in the first degree
       case that would fall under PSN. The case
                                                                      and received a sentence of 3½ years imprison-
       was not referred for federal prosecution, but
                                                                      ment and five years post-release supervision.
       was prosecuted by an assistant district attor-
                                                                            Another co-defendant, 21-year-old
       ney who worked very closely with the US
                                                                      Terrell Williams, admitted at the time of his
       Attorney’s Office on other cases.
                                                                      plea to storing the gun used in the robbery.
              On February 8, 2006, Oliver pleaded
                                                                      He also retrieved the gun for use in the rob-
       guilty to criminal possession of a weapon in the
                                                                      bery. Williams pleaded guilty on February 2,
       second degree and robbery in the first degree
                                                                      2006, to attempted robbery in the first degree
       and received two concurrent 10 year prison sen-
                                                                      and was sentenced to 3½ years imprisonment
       tences and five years post-release supervision.
                                                                      and five years post-release supervision. ♦

BRONX SEXUAL ASSAULT                       funding for a Bronx Sexual Assault              The Bronx SART is supported
RESPONSE TEAM                              Response Team (SART).                     by federal and state grants and con-
                                                 The Bronx SART began deliver-       sists of a group of 12 - 14 Sexual
      In 2002 the Bronx Adolescent         ing advanced forensic and counseling      Assault Forensic Examiners (SAFEs)
and Adult Sexual Assault Task              services in April 2004 to every sexual    who are coordinated by a project
Force began meeting at the District        assault victim seeking treatment at       director who works from North
Attorney’s Office. The goal of the         any of the three municipal hospitals      Central Bronx Hospital. The exam-
Task Force is to identify and respond      in the Bronx. The Bronx SART is on-       iners conduct a physical examina-
to system challenges and develop           call around-the-clock, every day of       tion, collect potential DNA evidence,
solutions to improve services for vic-     the year to respond within one hour.      and document both internal and
tims of sexual assault. The Task           The responders include a specially-       external injuries. Between April 2004
Force is composed of representatives       trained forensic examiner and a rape      and October 2005, the Bronx SART
from hospitals and the medical com-        crisis advocate. Compassionate and        handled 342 cases. In 95% of those
munity, the New York City Criminal         competent care delivered promptly         cases, a SART examiner responded
Justice Coordinator’s Office, the New      helps sexual assault victims overcome     to the hospital within one hour of
York City Alliance Against Sexual          the trauma from the attacks. The          admission of the sexual assault victim
Assault, nonprofit crime victim ser-       rapid response is also meant to ensure    to the Emergency Room. In 54% of
vice providers, the New York City          that critical evidence is properly col-   those cases, the physical examination
Police Department, and the Bronx           lected as soon as possible after an       of the victim revealed findings of
District Attorney’s Office. The mem-       attack, which assists with the investi-   genital trauma consistent with the
bers identified a need and with the        gation and prosecution of these vio-      alleged sexual assault.
aid of the Mayor’s Office obtained         lent crimes.

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                     25
MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAM ON              to 270 joint interviews with mem- Through this program, detectives
CHILD PHYSICAL AND SEXUAL              bers of the Multidisciplinary Team. and assistant district attorneys have
ABUSE                                  Through its participation in the developed excellent contacts in the
                                       Multidisciplinary Team, the Office law enforcement community with
      The Multidisciplinary Team on
                                       has significantly improved its ability whom they share ideas and exper-
Child Physical and Sexual Abuse is
                                       to prosecute child abusers effectively tise. The agencies include New York
a coalition of representatives from
                                       while addressing the needs of child State’s ICAC Task Force and Attorney
the Office of the Bronx District
                                       abuse victims.                         General, numerous District Attorneys’
Attorney, Bronx hospitals, men-
                                                                              Offices, the New York State District
tal health service providers, school
                                                                              Attorneys Association, U.S. Customs,
districts, the Administration for INTERNET CRIMES AGAINST
                                                                              the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Children’s Services, the New York CHILDREN
                                                                              and the U.S. Secret Service. In addi-
City Corporation Counsel, the NYPD
                                             Ever-increasing access to tion, members of the Satellite Task
and the Juvenile Rights Division of
                                       computers and the internet opens Force are members of numerous other
the Legal Aid Society. Its purpose is
                                       doors for both children and adults task forces and committees dedicated
to improve communication among
                                       to acquire a wealth of information to the investigation and prosecution of
participating agencies and coordinate
                                       without ever having to leave their internet crimes against children.
their involvement in child abuse cas-
                                       homes. Unfortunately, however, the           In 2005 the Office prosecuted
es. The primary benefit of this mul-
                                       availability of this technology may    four cases involving internet crimes
tidisciplinary approach is the mini-
                                       also give sexual predators access against children. Two of these
mization of system-induced trauma
                                       to our children. According to the resulted in convictions and the other
to the victim. The Multidisciplinary
                                       U.S. Census 2000, there are close two cases are pending.
Team assists hospital personnel in
                                       to 400,000 Bronx residents who are
identifying and treating victims of
                                       under the age of 18. Many of them CRIMES A GAINST R EVENUE
child abuse, and acts as a network for
                                       use computers daily.                   PROGRAM
further referrals.
                                             In 2001 this Office received a
      This team approach affords a
                                       federal grant to establish an Internet       In 2005, with funding from the
number of benefits. First, it enhances
                                       Crimes Against Children (ICAC)         NY State Division of Criminal Justice
the quality of evidence available to
                                       Investigative Satellite initiative. Services (DCJS), this Office initiated a
all participants by affording them the
opportunity to be present to ask ques-
tions at the victim’s first interview.
Second, it minimizes the additional
trauma to the victim who, if sub-
jected to repeated interviews, must
revisit incidents that may have been
emotionally devastating. Third, it
avoids problems associated with hav-
ing victims repeat their stories, such
as details forgotten or inadvertently
omitted, and having victims become
tired and uncooperative. In 2005, the
District Attorney’s Office responded       Operation Bronx Smoke Out Press Conference

 26                                                                                        Annual Report 2005
                                                                                 sell both legitimate and illegal goods
                                                                                 and services. The Office collaborates
                                                                                 in such investigations on a regular basis
                                                                                 with the New York State Department
                                                                                 of Taxation and Finance and the New
                                                                                 York City Department of Finance.
                                                                                       Although individuals involved
                                                                                 in illegal activities do not generally
                                                                                 report revenue derived from these
                                                                                 activities as income, such illegal rev-
                                                                                 enue is taxable as income within the
                                                                                 meaning of the Tax Law. New rev-
   Operation Bronx Smoke                 Out                                     enue investigations will be generated
                                                                                 by a careful review of our pending
Crimes Against Revenue Program.          applicable laws. In collaboration with inventory of cases as well as new
The goal of the program is to investi-   other City, State and Federal agencies, arrests involving larceny (employee
gate and prosecute those who violate     the Bronx District Attorney’s Office is dishonesty, identity theft, frauds,
tax laws, reclaim lost revenue and       conducting investigations into a num- prostitution, fencing, gambling, nar-
increase voluntary compliance with       ber of businesses and individuals who cotics and unstamped cigarettes).

      Cig ring goes up in smoke
      New York Newsday, 9/2/2005

                                                                    surveillance (i.e., court-ordered wiretaps
             Selling cigarettes illegally can be                    on suspects’ telephones), physical surveil-
       profitable. One group that realized this                     lance, Global Positioning Systems on
       purchased approximately 10,000 cartons                       vehicles belonging to suspects, and under-
       of untaxed cigarettes each week on the                       cover police work. This collaborative work
       Shinnecock Indian Reservation on Long                        among the Bronx District Attorney’s Office
       Island. Sometimes the cigarettes were                        (including its Detective Investigators),
       delivered to the Bronx. These cigarettes                     the NYPD Citywide Vice Enforcement
       were then resold on the black market in                      Division, New York State Police, and the
       and around Bronx County to bodegas,                          New York State Department of Taxation
       delicatessens and independent distributors.                  and Finance uncovered an extensive
       This operation generated about $40,000                       network of untaxed cigarette dealers.
       per week from the sale of untaxed ciga-                      The 1½-year investigation culminated in
       rettes. The group also profited from the                     August 2005 with the arrest of the defen-
       sale of counterfeit cigarettes by purchasing                 dants and the execution of approximately
       tobacco products manufactured abroad                         30 search warrants primarily in the Bronx
       and selling them locally as American                         at various storage facilities, commer-
       brand cigarettes.                                            cial establishments and residences. The
             The investigation that uncovered                       searches yielded several thousand cases of
       this operation began in December 2003                        untaxed cigarettes, thousands of counter-
       and included extensive eavesdropping                         feit tax stamps, two firearms, and about

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                 27
     Cig ring goes up in smoke
     New York Newsday, 9/2/2005, Continued

      $700,000 cash.                                            The cash was delivered to crew members
            In August 2005 a grand jury brought                 and air marshalls for Royal Jordanian
      three separate indictments against 28                     Airline. The ultimate destination of the
      defendants on money laundering and other                  currency is still under investigation by the
      offenses. The largest indictment included 22              NYPD and the FBI. Most of the defendants
      defendants on about 1,100 counts. Most of                 are Jordanian nationals.
      the charges were for violating the NYS Tax                       Eight of the defendants have pleaded
      Law and the NYC Administrative Code                       guilty to felony violations of the NYS Tax
      for tax violations. Several of the defendants             Law. One of those who pleaded guilty,
      had previous convictions for the possession               39-year-old Ahmad Alnuaiamt, is an asso-
      and sale of untaxed cigarettes. One had a                 ciate of two of the ringleaders. Another,
      previous felony conviction for attempted                  44-year-old Alabed Mnawer, was one of
      gun possession. The two smaller indict-                   the ring’s largest customers. Sentences
      ments involved more than 30 purchases by                  range from 30 days to one year, but also
      the defendants of untaxed cigarettes worth                include tax penalties totaling $103,500.
      over $1 million. These purchases took place               If recovered, these penalties will be given
      over a seven-month period. Detectives from                to the NYS Department of Taxation
      the NYPD and NY State Police delivered                    and Finance. This criminal activity is not
      the cigarettes from the Native American                   only harmful to honest merchants, but it
      reservation to the defendants.                            deprives the government of tax revenue
            Several defendants allegedly sent an                at a time when the City and State govern-
      estimated half million dollars in profits                 ments face numerous challenges that must
      from the illegal scheme to Amman, Jordan.                 be met with limited resources. ♦

JOINT TRAINING PROGRAM       WITH      trained together with assistant dis-          The purpose of the program
THE NYPD                               trict attorneys. Between 2002 and       is to educate and promote an open
                                       2005, approximately 235 assistant       discussion on criminal law and pro-
     In January 2002 we launched       district attorneys and more than        cedural issues and to keep com-
the BXDA/NYPD Joint Training           700 police officers and detectives      munication open between the two
Program. This program is con-          received this training.                 law enforcement agencies. This will
ducted regularly in the Litigation           The experience levels of the      help both agencies to better serve
Training Unit of the Office of         police and attorneys vary. There        the public and the criminal jus-
the Bronx District Attorney. The       are usually two patrol officers per     tice system.
faculty is comprised of a group of     precinct and two Bronx Task Force             The basic core of program
experienced attorneys and NYPD         officers, plus officers from special-   topics is (1) New York Law, includ-
supervisors designated to teach        ized units and a Precinct Training      ing search and seizure, identification
specific topics. During each ses-      Sergeant. The attorneys are from        evidence and statement evidence,
sion approximately 30 - 35 uni-        various prosecution bureaus and usu-    (2) Complaint Room Procedures,
formed members of the New              ally have one to two and one-half       (3) Domestic Violence Issues and (4)
York City Police Department are        years of experience.                    Case Preparation and Presentation.

 28                                                                                         Annual Report 2005

      In 2005, for the third year,
Bronx District Attorney’s Office staff
assisted the US Department of State
as speakers for the International
Visitor Leadership Program. During
this year staff addressed a two-mem-
ber delegation from South Korea, an
attorney from Montenegro, an eight-
member delegation from China, and
a 22-member delegation representing
a number of countries from around           International Visitor Leadership Program
the world; the topic was intellectual
property rights.                         approximately 100 judges, prosecutors    part of a seminar titled “Combating
      In addition, the Office’s Arson/   and law enforcement personnel. He        Internet Piracy” and organized by the
Economic Crime Bureau Chief visited      spoke on the local perspective in com-   American Institute in Taiwan and the
Taipei, Taiwan where he lectured to      bating intellectual property crimes as   US Patent and Trademark Office.

    International Visitor Leadership Program

Annual Report 2005                                                                                               29
                              Community Outreach

      Community residents and           those offered by the Office. Some        Assistance Unit Satellite Office. This
business people often serve as the      of the other programs, such as           series airs on Bronxnet, Channel 67
“glue” that holds together collab-      the Elder Abuse Initiative and           in various time slots each week.
orative efforts among public and        Operation Weed & Seed, are dis-
private sector agencies and thereby     cussed elsewhere in this report. Still             PROJECT JUMP
enhances each group’s efficacy in       other programs have been in exis-
preventing crime and improving          tence for a number of years and are            Sophomores, juniors and
quality of life. The Bronx District     described on the Office’s web site:      seniors from the Law, Justice and
Attorney and his staff actively par-                     Public Service Academy at Theodore
ticipate in a variety of programs                                                Roosevelt High School are matched
and community activities to better             ASK THE BRONX D.A.                with volunteers from the Bronx
serve the residents of the county.                                               District Attorney’s Office on a one-
      In these collaborations the             Ask the Bronx D.A., a show         to-one basis. Mentors provide much-
Community Affairs Unit often serves     co-hosted by the District Attorney       needed support and inspiration to
as a liaison between the District       and Bronxnet’s Melanie Torres, is a      students making their way through
Attorney and the residents of Bronx     12-part series that serves to educate    school. Traveling to the Bronx
County. Staff from the unit attend      Bronx residents about the criminal       District Attorney’s Office to meet
community meetings, and the unit        justice system. The show was cre-        with their mentors allows students
provides speakers and tours of the      ated as part of an outreach effort       to experience the mentors’ work
courts, offers education and pre-       to educate the public on matters of      environment and learn about the
vention programs, participates in       concern ranging from on-the-street       functioning of the criminal justice
interagency committees, and inter-      drug sales to elder abuse. Each show     system. Thirty-five mentor/mentee
acts regularly with community resi-     lasts one half-hour and deals with       pairs were matched in 2005.
dents, neighborhood leaders and         a particular topic. People from the
others. The unit also keeps residents   community are invited to ask the               READ-TO-ME PROGRAM
informed of the status of cases as      District Attorney and his staff vari-
they progress through the criminal      ous questions related to that topic.           In partnership with two local
justice system.                         Topics of discussion have focused        day care centers, staff from the
      The Office’s programs are         on: Economic Crime, Quality of           Bronx District Attorney’s Office
coordinated by the unit, but vol-       Life, Domestic Violence, Narcotics,      hold monthly reading sessions.
unteers from both legal and sup-        Community Outreach, Elder Abuse,         Support staff and assistant district
port staff are needed to implement      Homicide Survivors, the Abandoned        attorneys volunteer their time once
them. These individuals use their       Infant Protection Act and the Bronx      a month to read stories to chil-
own time, often during evenings         Multidisciplinary Team on Child          dren between the ages of two and
and weekends, to work with the          Abuse, Project Safe Neighborhoods,       five at the Marshall England Early
Bronx community.                        Safeguarding Your Child on the           Childhood Learning Center and at
      The programs highlighted          Internet, Bias Crime, and the Bronx      the Paradise Learning Center.
below represent only a sample of        District Attorney’s Crime Victim

 30                                                                                           Annual Report 2005
       TOURS AND SPEAKERS                 meet with assistant district attorneys    assists the students by helping them
                                          to discuss legal careers and the crimi-   to develop effective communication
      The Community Affairs Unit          nal justice system. Students are then     skills while learning more about the
coordinates requests for tours and        divided into teams, with an assistant     complexities of the judicial system.
speakers. Assistant district attorneys    district attorney serving as a coach
address community, religious, civic       or mentor. Each team learns how to           EAGLE ACADEMY MENTORING
and student groups regarding the          develop advocacy skills and debat-                   PROGRAM
criminal justice system. Speakers         ing techniques. Students then test
discuss a variety of issues of interest   their newly acquired skills in a moot           The Eagle Academy is an
to the community. In addition, assis-     court competition. At the end of the      all-boys public charter school
tant district attorneys are available     program, every student is awarded         that stresses academic excellence.
to conduct tours of the courthouses       a certificate marking successful par-     Students from the Eagle Academy
and explain how a case proceeds           ticipation in the program.                are matched with male mentors
through the criminal justice system.                                                from the Bronx District Attorney’s
                                              PEOPLE’S COURT PROGRAM                Office. A staff member from the
  STUDENTS TOGETHER AVOIDING                         (P.S. 156)                     Office meets with personnel from the
         RISK (STAR)                                                                Academy to coordinate group activ-
                                                Elementary school students          ities for the mentor/mentee pairs
      The STAR program uses a             from P.S. 156 travel to the Bronx         and provides support and advice on
multi-faceted approach to battling        District Attorney’s Office to partici-    fostering a positive relationship with
narcotics and violence. Trained           pate in mock trials. Incidents violat-    mentees. There were 23 pairs in the
staff at the District Attorney’s          ing school rules are brought before       2005-2006 school year.
Office participate in a three-part        the mock court and the children act
community outreach program for            as defense counsel, prosecutor and             M.S. 80 LEGAL PROGRAM
5th and 6th grade children and            court officers. With the assistance of
their parents. This program pro-          assistant district attorneys, the stu-         The Legal Program at Middle
vides age-appropriate information         dents learn how trials are prepared       School 80 in Norwood offers age-
on the negative effects of gangs,         and conducted. The program also           appropriate legal studies to 8th
gun violence and drugs. The pro-
gram also provides information on
the people and operations of the
District Attorney’s Office and the
criminal justice system. Close to
400 students participated in the
STAR program in 2005.


     The Bronx District Attorney’s
Office Youth Trial Advocacy
Program (YTAP) provides motivat-
ed students with an opportunity to
                                            Weed & Seed Family Day Celebration
explore a career in law. Students

Annual Report 2005                                                                                                 31
grade students. Participants are
given an opportunity to explore
the criminal justice system with the
guidance of assistant district attor-
neys on a biweekly schedule for five
months. The goal of the program
is to expose these students to the
process by which trials are devel-
oped and conducted. During the
five-month period, participants are
given an opportunity to see the sys-
tem at work by spending a full day
visiting the courts. Students are able
to use their new skills in a mock trial     Safeguarding Your Children on the Internet Workshop
at the end of the program.
                                          about issues such as identity theft,    kept informed about issues of signifi-
  THE ADULT WORKSHOP SERIES               criminal court arraignment, trial       cance to the community.
                                          procedures, dangers lurking on the
      The Adult Workshop Series           Internet and the presence of gangs               SPECIAL PROJECTS
provides the District Attorney’s          in our schools and neighborhoods.
Office with an avenue to edu-             Workshops are presented monthly               The Community Affairs Unit
cate Bronx residents about vari-          on a rotating basis.                    also implements several special
ous issues related to the criminal                                                events and programs throughout the
justice system. Workshops such as                 PRECINCT COUNCIL                year to address various community
“After the Arrest,” “You Be the                    REPRESENTATIVES                needs. Special programs are devel-
Judge,” “Safeguarding Your Child                                                  oped with community organizations
on the Internet,” “Perspectives                 There are 12 precinct commu-      to afford various segments of the
on Protecting Your Identity,”             nity councils in the Bronx that meet    Bronx community an opportunity
“Gang Awareness” and “The                 monthly. Twelve assistant district      to interact with the Bronx District
Fundamentals of Court Monitoring          attorneys have volunteered to attend    Attorney and his staff.
for Community-Based Groups” have          these meetings. These representatives
been developed to inform citizens         assure that the District Attorney is

 32                                                                                            Annual Report 2005

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