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     The Project
The NationoJ Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) led by Indian Council' of Agricultural
Research (ICAR) has awarded the Sustainabile rura,1 Livelihood Security Project (SRLS)
under Component 3 to a Research Consortia led by Gramin Vikas Trust titled Integrated
Fa'rming System (IFS) for enhancing sustainable rural livelihood security in Sahibganjl
and Pakur Districts of Jharkhand

 Launch Workshop
 The launch workshop is to familiarize the. project among the stakeholders before its
prospective implementation at the target areas. r'his workshop will fadlitate to provide
concept and action plan along with all tools and techniques for successful
implemenfar,ion of the project.

 National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP)
NAIP is to facilitate on accelerated and sustainable transformation of the Indian
agriculture so that it can support poverty alleviation and income generation through
collaborative development and application of agricultural innovations by lhe public
organizations in partnership with farmers' groups, the private sector and other

 Component 3: Research on Sustainable Rural Livelihood
The emphasis in Component 3 on rural livelihood improvement reflects that several
million people in the country remained largely by-passed from the impact of green
revo~ution and modern agricultural practices. A large proportion of these people and of
the rural poor live ,in the less-favoured, marginal or more complex environments. A long­
term sociaL political and environmental stability requires that due attention should be
given to these areas. The relevance of less-endowed areas to the decentralized
development, resource conservation, and water harnessing and bio-diversity
management is being increasingly recognized.

      •    • .      .i.~.w:.~~ll:
•	 Gramin Vikas Trust (East), Ranchi
•	 Birsa Agricultural University, Ronchi a:nd Zonol Agricultural Research Centre,
•	 Society for Rural IndustriaHsation, Ranchi

 GRAMIN VIKAS TRUST                                               »?
                                                                  I ",

Gramin Vikas Trust is a Deve,lopment Organization promoted by Krishak Bharati
Cooperative Limited (KRIBHCO), a premiere Cooperative in Fertilizer sector, in
collaboration with DFID-UK and Govt. of India, as an Independent legal entity to plan
and ,implement participatory development programmes in resource poor areas. GVT
is haVing a wide range of expepiences in Project planning, Implementation of holistic
programmes and strategic support for inter-sectoral approaches for Livelihood and
Poverty Reduction, GVT has 0 proven track record in the area of generating livelihood
options for the poor with strategic support at District, Cluster and Village ievells.
Gramin Vikas Trust is operating in Western India in districts of M.P. Rajasthan, Gujarat and
Chhattisgarh and in Eastern India in districts of Jharkhand ,Orissa and West Benga'i for
improvement of livelihoods of millions of people.

About 50000 rural tribal households raised above poverty lines

About 2,5lakhs tribal people benefited by different project interventions.

About J0000 village volunteers trained & equipped to take forward project intervention

About 31akhs smalilivesfock covered lmder health camps.

About 35000 ha of land covered under improved cultivation

More than J500 SHG involved in income generating activities

More than 50% of SHG have been linked with SGSY, PMRY and FI etc.

More than 2.5lakhs people have been exposed to training for their capacity building.

Participato'ry Technology Generation two upland rice varieties (Ashoka -228 and

Ashoka -200F) and three maize varieties (BGM-2,GDRM-164 and GDRM-184)

devel'oped through

Participatory Plant Breeding (PPB).

Birsa Agricultural University was established on 26th June, 1981 after its formal
inauguration by the then Prime Minister of India, Late Smt. Indira Gandhi. Its primary
objective is developing area specific technologies and manpower in the field of
agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry for the agricultural development of the
plateau region of Bihar and economic upliftment of tribal and other backward class
population of the region.

•	   Developed and released 14 appropriate rice varieties, 7 varieties of groundnut, two
     each of maize, marua, nigar, wheat and one each of pigeon pea, mustard black
     gram, horse gram, gundli, soyabean, French bean and cowpea.
•	   Generation and transfer of Integrated Nutrient MO'nagement, Integrated Pest
     Management and Water Management technologies.
•	   Development of improved breed of Pig (T & DJ adaptable under local bio-physical
     and socio-economic situations.
•	   Need-based backyard poultry and integrated pig-fish culture technologies.
•	   Special commendation made by LC.A.'R for N.S.P. revival, N.A.T.P. performance and
     identification & validation of !.T.K.
•	   Performance of BAU components of IVLP was rated the best in country

SRI Ranchi, a non government organization was registered in 1984 under Society
Registration Act XXI of 1860, on the request of Bihar Government, by a group of
academics, professionals and administrators, to provide alternative and modern
livelihood opportunity, mainly forthe tribal people.
•	   In 1987, SRI initiated the first Regional Resource Centre of Rural Technology, which is
     now a National Network under Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India.
•	   In 1995 SRI set up the first Blloclk-Ievel Ruml Technology Park which is now a National
     'Programme under Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
•	   SRI' covers a wide range: Engineering Techno ogy, Non-conventional Agriculture,
     Energy, Enterprise Promotion ond Leadership and has about 25 innovations to its
•	   SRI, has a strong ski'll training establishrylent and has trained more that 22,000 village
     youth in various trades.

          Integrated Farming System for Enhancing Sustainable
          Rural Livelihood Security in Rainfed Area of Sahebganj
          and Pakur Districts in Jharkhand

1.	 New strategies for sustainable system for crop production and development of
    forming model,s and diversification in farming system through crops, vegetablies,
    fruits, aquaculture and organic farming.
    Livelihood improvement by diversification of second crop on mono-crop area,
    vegetable production, aquaculture, organic farmilng, doiry, poultry & piggery
    development and medicinal plant cultivation
    Introduction of new irrigation modules like flexi-dams, drip irrigation etc.
3.	 Creation of short term storage facilities, processing units for value addition and
    improved market.
4.	 !Increased income by intervention of processing & standardizatiion of farm
    produces through val!ue addition

Due-diligence of Socio-Economic conditions reveals that Pakur and Sahibganj are the 2
Districts where the Agro-c1imatic conditions are by and large adverse. Agriculture is still
the mea lIS of sustenance. Both the distr!icts are predominantly populated by STs, SCs
and other 'backward oIasses in a rural environment which is remote, deprived of proper
communicatlon and other developmental parameters.
Thus development of Agriculiure dove-tailed with other new livelihood options are the
most urgent developmental chal'renges in these districts.

The pristine approach of this project ,is set Pilot/ Exemplary modules in the targeted
areas and ensuring exponential growth of the programmes during and ofter the
"phasing out" of this Project. The Project envisages to effectively addressing the venture
through participatory Intensification and diversification of agriculture and allied
activities. Thus engaging itself in the areas of irltmduction-validation-acclimatisation of
suitable Agricultural Technologies, Value addition of the Produce, Market Linkups,
Market led production schedules and Micro-Enterprises based on Farm Produces; the
project wants to foster Or paradigm shift in the livelihood pattern at the target areas .

          ••• •
Soon after selecting a target Village, rapport building exercise with the target village
community with a view to ascertain problems, their cause and effect, shall be taken up.
It will involve providing awareness to the community and selection of interested Farmers
who would be given a baseline Troining in various ~ntervention techniques. In the
following phase, SHGs willi be established and they will be helped and encouraged to
establish the var.ious ,Intervention modules in their vill~age .In the 3rd step, all farm and non­
Farm activoities will be undertaken through well enscorlced integrated forming
system(I:FS) and all:ied input producing enterproises under a well thought work plan.
Lastly, Community Resource Centers for the sustainability of the project sha:!1 be


      Introduction of flexi-dams for economic use of water
.:.   Mi,lk yield enhancement for nutritional improvement
.:.   Integrating TX D breed of pig and black-Bengal goat whi:ch will produce 4 kids and
      plglets resLJllting in foster recycling within the farming community for increased yield .
•:.   Developing satell,ite based info-center for quick dissemination of the technology
.:.   Introducing better fry production for aquaculture development
.:.   Introduction of Cool House - a Geodesic dome structure for preserving vegetables
      for 6 -7 days.
This Integrated Farming Framework has been developed as a workable system to address
economic, environmental, social ar:ld welfare issues through:
    Org,a:nisation, management and planning: Important details of farm interventions and
    farming practices will be recorded to ensure environmentally responsible production.
    Soil Management: Flexidams, new water harvesting structures, plantation cover to
    create shelterbelt will ensure the long-term fertility of soil, aid yield and profitability and
    reduce risk of soil damage and associated environmental concerns.
    Orop Nutrition: A balanced approach to use of fertil'iser will be adopted, practices will
    be adapted to local situations, thereby reducing risks of environmental pollution by
    Crop Protection: INM & IPM will ensure rationalized crop protection practices. Efforts
    will be made to combine a balanced crop rotation with the selection of more tolerant
    cultivars to reduce risk.
    Alnimal :Husbandry and Animal Hea'lth: Farmers will be trained to employ techniques
    directed towards maintaining animals in good health, comfort and low stress by
    establishing synergy with state Sector Programmes on Animal Husbandry..
     EnerQ!Y and Water Efficiency: More careful and selective use of inputs will lower the
     energy requirement. Water resource use will be balanced to allow to determine crop
    Waste Ma,nagement & Product Storage: Wastes - including farm yard manure will be
    seen as a valuable resource in terms of saving money and reducing pollution.
     Human and Social Capital: Skill development training to the youth belonging to the
     landless labourers household will increase human capital and thereby ensure social
     development. Women will be empowered through their large involvement in agro­
     based microenterprises. Besides, open and active involvement of the farmer in local
    community life will help to generate transparency and trust.

The project envisages to effectively and favourably address the various indices viz,
Farming System Module, Food self reliance for farming families, Mitigation of pseudo
employment vis a vis Labour Migration, Capital Formation (Social, Physical & Finoncial) ,
Diversification and increased risk bearing capacity.

A number of Centrally sponsored scheme and State sponsored scheme are in existence.
There is a pressing need to develop a synergy in between theses schemes and NAIP in
order to accompHsh a sustainable model for providing, livelihood security to the populace
living at par or below the minimum level of sustena:nce. The following areas of intervention
have been earmarked for developing the synergy.
•	 Micro/ Minor Irrigation ,Organic Farming                 • Fries and Hatchery
•	 Seed Distribution & Production for self reliance.        • Animal Husbandry
•	 Agro Processing and Marketing                            • Agro-Forestry
     Developing Water bodies and Plantation coverage        • Capacity building,

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