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Unit 19 Modern agriculture Task 1 Brainstorming 1.What will you think of when you see the word “agriculture”? agriculture Task 2 Pre-reading Traditional farming agriculture Modern farming raising a few chickens traditional farming a chicken farm modern farming ordinary fertilizer traditional farming chemical fertilizer modern farming ploughing the field with cattle traditional farming ploughing the field with a tractor modern farming a cracking land/ drought traditional farming green house modern farming Agriculture Advantages Disadvantages 1. Causes little 1. Produces less food. pollution. 2. Depends on 1.traditional 2. Food is tasty. weather completely. farming 3. The cost is small. 3. Needs many people. … 4. The kinds of food are limited. … 1.Produces more 1. Causes more food, plants. pollution. 2.Weather doesn’t 2.Food is less tasty. 2.modern matter much. 3.The cost is big. farming 3.Uses fewer people … 4.The kinds of food are very rich. … Task 3 Fast reading 1: What was traditional agriculture in China like? 2: What effects do modern techniques have on agriculture in China now? 3: What is the biggest problem of Chinese farmers? How do Chinese scientists solve it? 4: What should future agriculture depend on? 5: What is most important for agriculture? 6: What techniques are referred to in the text? Task 3 Fast reading 1: What was traditional agriculture in China like? Traditional agriculture in China didn’t change much for thousands of years. 2: What effects do modern techniques have on agriculture in China now? Modern techniques help ①farmers make as much use of the land as possible, ② save time and allow farmers to grow an extra crop in each season, ③ Chinese farmers improve their production, ④ grow better and healthier fruits / plants. 3: What is the biggest problem of Chinese farmers? How do Chinese scientists solve it? It is the shortage of arable land. The scientists use the latest techniques, such as growing vegetables in greenhouses, using GM. 4: What should future agriculture depend on? It should depend on high technology as well as traditional methods. 5: What is most important for agriculture? Both food production and taking care of the environment are very important. 6: What techniques are referred to in the text? 1. Chemical fertilisers 2. Pumps for irrigation 3. Special seedbeds 4. Machines e.g.tractors 5. International exchange 6. Greenhouse 7. GM technique Solve the problems: A.shortage of arable land 1 3 6 7 B.weather conditions 2 6 C.lack of knowledge 5 D.how to make production cheaper 4 Task 4 Careful reading Finish the exercises on P.46. 1 In China only seven percent of the land is used for farming. This is _______. A because farmers don’t need more land to produce food for the whole population B because China needs more & more land to build cities C because there are not enough farmers to work on the land D because the other land can’t be used for agriculture 2 Fertilisation is a technique that is used to ______. A make poor soil better B make wet land drier C make dry land wetter D grow vegetables with their roots in water instead of earth 3 Modern agriculture means finding ways to ______________. A increase irritation & stop using fertilisers B stop irritation & using fertilisers C increase production & be friendly to the environment D produce the same amount while taking better care of nature 4 In the sentence “ … they are protected from the wind, rain & insects”, “they” means _______. A greenhouses B roots C vegetables D tomatoes 5 In GM “M” stands for “modified”, which means “changed”. What changes is _____________. A the way in which poor soil is made better B the way in which Chinese farmers work on their land C the way in which crops develop from seed D the way in which farmers take care of the environment Task 6 Reading Repeat after the tape: Task 5 Retelling Retell the text according to the following key words: traditional agriculture / but modern techniques / make as much use of …as possible / save / improve / grow better / although, shortage / latest techniques / in spite of / future agriculture / because , not only …but also … Sample: Traditional agriculture in China didn’t change much for thousands of years. But modern techniques help farmers make as much use of land as possible, they also help farmers save time and allow farmers to grow an extra crop in each season. Besides, modern techniques help farmers improve production and grow better and healthier plants and fruit. Although the shortage of arable land is the biggest problem of Chinese farmers, Chinese scientists have developed some latest techniques to solve the problem, such as growing vegetables in greenhouses, using GM. In spite of this, future agriculture should depend on high technology as well as traditional methods. Because not only is food production important but also taking care of the environment is important.
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