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					                             FishingFishing is catching fish either for
fun or so they can be eaten. There are many different types of fishing,
the goal of fishing for money is to catch or harvest seafood (either fish
or other sea life). Fishing can be done in the sea, or in a lake or
river, and by boat or from the shore.Fishing for moneyFishing for money
is a very dangerous job, because people can die, but much money can be
made in the process. Fishing gives a lot of food to many countries around
the world, but those who take it as a job must often find fish far into
the ocean under bad conditions. People who go fishing for money get
almost all aquatic life, from tuna, cod, and salmon to shrimp, lobster,
clams, and squid. Ways to fish for money have become very simple using
large nets and machines to catch fish. Many countries have made rules
limiting how much fish people can catch.Raising fish in the forms of
aquaculture and mariculture add to the free-range catch of fish.Fishing
for funFishing for fun is normally done with a fishing rod and line with
any number of hooks to get the fish. This is something called angling.
There may be rules that say how many lines and hooks one fisherman can
use and how many fish he can catch. Popular kinds of fish people get for
fun in fresh water include Black Bass (Black Bass includes the entire
range of Bass fish), Pike, Muskellunge, Perch, Carp, Trout, Salmon, and
Sunfish. Fish people get in saltwater include Swordfish, Marlin, Tuna,
and others.Rules generally do not allow the use of nets and catching fish
with hooks not in the mouth. However some kinds of fish can be taken with
nets for bait and a few for food. Non-sport fish that aren't said to be
worth as much can sometimes be taken by many ways like snagging, bow and
arrow, or even gun, because they are seen as competing with more valuable
fish.Recreational fishing laws also include other life that lives in
water, such as frogs and turtles.Sport fishing is a recent popular way of
recreational fishing where fishermen try to get more fish than other
fishermen. This sport came from local fishing contests into a large
contest in the U.S.A. where skilled fishermen can compete and be helped
out by companies giving money, and other large contests around the
world.Catch-and-release fishing is increasingly practiced especially by
fly fishermen, as well as spin and bait casting fishermen, to increase
conservation and to protect rare fish such as marlin. The practice is
however disputed as it by some is considered unethical to perform painful
actions to the fish for fun and not for the reason of food production.
Because of this, catch-and-release practice is illegal in
NorwayCollection of live fishFish can also be collected in ways that do
not injure them (such as in a seine net), for observation and study or
for keeping in Aquarium. There is a substantial industry devoted to the
collection, transport, export and farming of wild and domesticated live
fish, usually freshwater or marine tropical fish.Fishing with trapsSome
fish such as lobster and crab are caught commercially in pots or traps.
These traps can be made from wood or metal and hold many fish at once.
They are baited with fresh fish such as tuna and cod, or raw meat.
Fishing boats must have licences to catch these fish and quotas are
rigorously enforced.Too much fishingIn the past, fishing has been so good
for getting money that people began overfishing (fishing too much) - a
serious problem that does lots of damage (bad).[1] Overfishing does not
always mean extinction, but simply that a fish type has been harvested so
that there cannot be as many of that kind of fish as before. As more
boats are sent out to catch the fish, many population levels of a type of
fish can drop.[1] Then, there are not enough of that kind of fish left to
have new kinds of fish.[1]Many times, fishing boats catch fish they don't
mean to catch, called bycatch. All kinds of fish can become bycatch, and
they are usually thrown back into the sea after they have died. Drift net
fishing sometimes catches creatures like seals, dolphins, whales, and sea
turtles. This kind of fishing made people complain. In the 1980s, it was
guessed that 18 miles (30 km) of nets were lost every night, tangling up
boats and animals.

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