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Computer Usage by Adults other than the Internet

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									Computer Usage by Adults
 other than the Internet
      By Harvey Heilbrun
          EST 571
           2/27/06
             Introduction
•   Much research has been done on the use of
    computers for the Internet. Just go to:
    http://www.pewinternet.org/ and do a
    websearch on Internet usage and you will get
    1082 documents.
•   The Internet is not the only way computers
    can be used.
•   Once graduating from school, what ways are
    computers being used other than the Internet?
•   Is there a difference in computer use as
    people get older?
       Goals and Process
• To see where adults are using
    computers other than the Internet.
•   Use web searching of the Internet to
    determine previously done research.
•   Do an online survey to discover how
    adults are using computers.
      Research and Survey
•   Very little research, if any, is published that looks at how
    computers are being used outside of the Internet. See: (A
    NATION ONLINE: How Americans Are Expanding Their Use Of The Internet )
    http://www.ntia.doc.gov/ntiahome/dn/html/toc.htm

•   An online survey was created to gather data on uses of
    computers by adults using SurveyMonkey.com.
•   The survey was linked to my class website (parents of
    my present students were requested to fill out the
    survey) and was e-mailed to certain individuals, over the
    age of 55 and parents of ex-students of mine.
•   It was also linked to a colleague’s website which was
    named class of the week through Eduhound, providing
    more access across the country.
•   I posted a request on the AARP bulletin board.
                                   Survey
1. Where do you use computers? (check all that apply)
•                       at home
•                       at work
•                       at someone else's house
•                       in the library
•                       Other (please specify)
2. On average, about how much time do you spend each day on computers?
3. What tasks do you use the computer for other than the Internet? (check all that apply)
•          None
•          Word Processing
•          Accounting Software (like Quicken or Tax software)
•          Spreadsheets (like Excel)
•          Presentation software (like Powerpoint)
•          Games
•          To view DVDs
•          To listen to CDs or downloaded music
•          To read books or articles that have been downloaded or purchased.
•          To copy disks, CDS, DVDs, Pictures, etc.
•          To backup files
•          To save or view pictures
•          Other (please specify)
                             Survey cont.
4. On average, how much time to you spend on each of the following activities each week?
    (remember it should add up to 100%)
•          Internet
•          Word Processing
•          using Accounting Software (like Quicken or Tax software)
•          using Spreadsheets (like Excel)
•          using Presentation software (like Powerpoint)
•          playing Games
•          viewing DVDs
•          listening to CDs or downloaded music
•          reading books or articles that have been downloaded or purchased
•          copying disks, CDS, DVDs, Pictures, etc.
•          backing up files
•          Saving or viewing pictures
•          Other
•
5. What gender are you?
•                     Male Female
6. What age are you?
25-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 over 65

7. What is your highest level of education achieved?
high school 2-year college 4-year college
graduate school post-graduate school
Other (please specify)
                                Survey cont.
8. What best describes your occupation?
•                         Professional sportsperson
•                         Professional (doctor, lawyer, etc.)
•                         Education (teacher, educational administrator)
•                         Technical/engineer
•                         Public sector (police, firemen, transit, etc.)
•                         Government official
•                         Service/customer support
•                         Clerical
•                         Sales/marketing
•                         Production/manufacturing
•                         Trades/craftperson
•                         Student
•                         Self employed
•                         Unemployed, looking
•                         Retired
•                         Other (please specify)
•
9. How many children do you have?
• 0         1             2             3            4            5        more than 5
                   Data
• In all 72 responses were received from
    my survey.
•   4 of those surveys were discounted
    either due to incorrect age or faulty
    data.
Demographics of Survey
                Age Breakdown



              65+      25-35
              12%      10%



    56-65
    15%                                25-35
                                       36-45
                                       46-55
                                       56-65
                                       65+
                               36-45
                               44%
      46-55
       19%
Demographics of Survey
           Gender Breakdown



    Male
    39%

                                        Fe male
                                        Male

                              Fe male
                               61%
Demographics of Survey
   Internet Usage
•   The highest use (more than 50% of their
    time) of the Internet was in the 25-35 year old
    group (71%).
•   Significant drop in 36-55 year old groups
    (27% & 23%).
•   The second highest use was in the 56+ age
    groups (50%).
                Results
• Overall the two main uses of
    computers other than the Internet were
    Word Processing (85%) and Saving/
    Viewing pictures (82%)
•   Secondary uses were Copying disks
    (59%), Spreadsheets (59%) and
    Presentation software (50%)
Significant Results by Age Groups
•   Looking at Word processing across the age
    groups you notice a 22% decrease in usage
    in people 65 and over, from the next lowest
    usage.
•   Looking at Music you notice the age groups
    of 25-45 have a 20% higher usage than older
    groups.
•   Looking at Backing up files the 46-55 year old
    group is almost 20% higher than any other
    group.
                 What next?
• The small non-random sample of
    respondents makes it impossible to
    make any global conclusions or
    predictions.
•   Future research in this area would need
    the following:
    Larger more random sample size, mirroring the real
    population.
    Use   paper surveys in addition to online ones.
    Add the demographic of socio-economic status.
    Look at gender, socio-economic status, level of
    education and types of occupations differences.
                  Data
•   Survey Results Question1 (Where computers used)
•   Survey Results Question 3 (Computer Usage)
•   Survey Results Question 4 (Time Spent)
•   Survey Results Question 7 (Level of Education)
•   Survey Results Question 8 (Occupation)

•   Internet Usage of Computers compiled
•   Non-Internet Usage of Computers
•   Computer Usage by Age 25-35
•   Computer Usage by Age 36-65+
                                      Total Computer Usage
                                                                                   Total Computer Usage


                         90%
                               Word Pro
                                                                                                                                             Pictures
                         80%


                         70%

                                                      Spreadsheets                                                        Copy
Percentage of Surveyed




                         60%

                                                                   Presentation
                         50%                                                                                                      Backup


                         40%
                                                                                                    Music
                                                                                                                                                          Other
                         30%               Accounting                             Games
                                                                                                               Books


                         20%
                                                                                          DVDs

                         10%


                         0%
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                                                                                              Categories
                                Word Processing Usage
                                             Word Processing C omputer Usage

                                 100.0%
                         100%

                                                                               90.0%
                         90%              86.7%
                                                              84.6%

                         80%


                         70%
Percentage of Surveyed




                                                                                       62.5%
                         60%


                         50%


                         40%


                         30%


                         20%


                         10%


                          0%
                                 25-35    36-45               46-55            56-65    65+
                                                            Age Ranges
                                       Music Usage
                                                Music Usage


                         50%
                                        46.7%

                         45%
                               42.9%


                         40%



                         35%
Percentage of Surveyed




                         30%


                                                                           25.0%
                         25%


                                                                   20.0%
                         20%

                                                      15.4%
                         15%



                         10%



                         5%



                         0%
                               25-35    36-45          46-55       56-65   65+
                                                   Age Groupings
                           Backing Up Files Usage
                                               Backing Up Files Usage


                         90%



                         80%                               76.9%



                         70%



                         60%   57.1%
Percentage of Surveyed




                                                                                50.0%
                         50%


                                                                        40.0%
                         40%

                                       33.3%

                         30%



                         20%



                         10%



                         0%
                               25-35   36-45               46-55        56-65   65+
                                                       Age Groupings
                                       Internet Usage
                                          Internet Usage 50% or more of the Time


                         80%


                               71.4%
                         70%




                         60%



                                                                                   50.0%   50.0%
Percentage of Surveyed




                         50%




                         40%




                         30%
                                         26.7%
                                                              23.1%

                         20%




                         10%




                         0%
                               25-35     36-45                46-55                56-65   65+
                                                            Age Groups
                                                                      36-45 Computer Usage                                                                                                                            46-55 Computer Usage


                         100%                                                                                                                                     90%
                                                                                                                                                                              Word Pro                                                                                       Pictures

                         90% Word Pro                                                                                                                             80%                                                                                            Backup
                                                                                                                      Pictures
                         80%                                                                                                                                                                          Presentation
                                                                                                                                                                                             Spreadsheets
                                                                                                                                                                  70%

                                                                                                      Copy
                         70%
Percentage of Surveyed




                                                                                                                                         Percentage of Surveyed
                                                                                                                                                                  60%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Other
                         60%

                                              Spreadsheets
                                                       Presentation                                                                                               50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Copy
                         50%                                                          Music

                                                                                                                                                                  40%
                         40%
                                                                                                             Backup                                                                                                                             Books
                                                                                              Books                                                               30%
                         30%           Accounting                     Games
                                                                                                                                                                                     Accounting                      Games
                                                                              DVDs
                                                                                                                                 Other                            20%
                         20%                                                                                                                                                                                                          Music


                         10%                                                                                                                                      10%                                                        DVDs


                          0%                                                                                                                                             0%
                                Word Pro      Spreadsheets            Games           Music           Copy            Pictures                                                Word Pro       Spreadsheets            Games            Music               Copy               Pictures
                                                                               Categories                                                                                                                                      Categories



                                                                      56-65 Computer Usage                                                                                                                            65+ Computer Usage


                         100%
                                                                                                                                                                         80%
                                Word Pro                                                                              Pictures                                                                                                                            Pictures
                         90%
                                                                                                                                                                         70%
                         80%                                                                                                                                                   W ord Pro                                                      Copy
                                                                                                                                                                         60%



                                                                                                                                                Percentage of Surveyed
                         70%
Percentage of Surveyed




                                                                                                                                                                                           Spreadsheets                                              Backup
                                              Spreadsheets
                         60%                                                                                                                                             50%

                                                                                                      Copy
                         50%                                                                                                                                             40%                                Games                                                    Other

                                       Accounting                                                            Backup              Other
                         40%
                                                                                                                                                                         30%
                                                                                                                                                                                    Accounting Presentation                  Music
                                                       Presentation Games                     Books
                         30%
                                                                                                                                                                         20%
                                                                                      Music
                         20%                                                                                                                                                                                                         Books

                                                                              DVDs
                                                                                                                                                                         10%
                         10%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      DVDs
                                                                                                                                                                          0%
                          0%
                                Word Pro      Spreadsheets            Games           Music           Copy            Pictures
                                                                                                                                                                               W ord Pro          Presentation               Music                   Backup
                                                                               Categories                                                                                                                             Categories
                                                                      25-35 Computer Usage


                         120%




                                Word Pro
                         100%


                                                                                                                      Pictures




Percentage of Surveyed
                         80%
                                                       Presentation
                                              Spreadsheets



                         60%                                                                          Copy   Backup



                                                                                      Music
                         40%

                                       Accounting                     Games                                                      Other


                         20%
                                                                              DVDs            Books




                          0%
                                Word Pro      Spreadsheets            Games           Music           Copy            Pictures
                                                                               Categories
                                       Internet Usage
                                           Internet Usage of Computers

                         45.0%

                         40.0%

                         35.0%
Per centag e of User s




                         30.0%
                                                                                                   25-35
                         25.0%                                                                     36-45
                                                                                                   46-55
                         20.0%                                                                     56-65
                                                                                                   65+
                         15.0%

                         10.0%

                         5.0%

                         0.0%
                                 0   <10   11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90   91-
                                                                                             100
                                                  Perc entage of Internet Us e
                                     Non Internet Usage
                                          Non Internet Usage of Computers

                         120.0%

                         100.0%
Per centag e of User s




                         80.0%                                                                                   25-35
                                                                                                                 36-45
                         60.0%                                                                                   46-55
                                                                                                                 56-65
                         40.0%                                                                                   65+

                         20.0%

                          0.0%
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