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Social Networking By: Anthony Doan Social Networking • What is social networking? • A social network is a map of ties such as friendship, kinship, common interest, financial exchange, dislike, sexual relations, or relationships of beliefs, knowledge or prestige.3 • Can be traced back as early as 1971 with the first email being sent.1 • Can be related to as far back as the development of devices such as the telegraph. Social Networking • Concerns around social networking:3 • The unhealthiness of sitting behind a computer screen for an extended time. • The lack of actual communication that is needed. • Has the development of social networking been beneficial to Americans? • The development of social networking into what it is now has certainly been advantageous to humans and still is today because it provides fast and easy communication, which certainly outweighs the cons. Causes of Social Networking • Humans have always wanted to keep in contact with one another, whether it was for business or just social means, the desire to communicate was always strong.4 • The communication between humans started off with letters and postcards, but as technology and sciences progressed, communication was as easy as a click of a button. • Businessmen can really take advantage of social networking to increase profits. • People can use social networking just to associate with friends and family. 1971 • First EMAIL is sent. • The computers were right next to each other. • Marked start of social networking. • People were able to communicate with words behind a computer screen. 1978 • BBS (Bulletin Board Systems) used phone lines to exchanged data with other users • First copies of early web browsers are distributed through Usenet • Early online bulletin board • Birthplace of flame wars and trolling 1992/1994 • It wasn’t until 1992 that the internet was open for the public to use. • Before then, it was more for the government and satellite uses. • Geocites founded in 1994 • One of the first social networking sites • For users to create their own websites 1997 • AOL Instant Messenger is launched. • Popularized use of instant messaging. • Sixdegress.com is launched. • Allows users to create profiles and list friends. 2000-now • Friendster is launched in 2002. • 3 million users in first three months. • Myspace is launched in 2003. • Created by internet marketing firm. • Facebook is launched in 2004. • Originally as a way of connect college students. • Youtube is launched in 2005. 2000-now • Twitter is launched in 2006. • Reached 3,283 tweets per second during the World Cup. • Tumblr is launched in 2007. • Blogging platform similar to twitter. Impacts • Recent studies have shown that social networking has a big influence in political campaigns.2 • The emergence of social networking was the start of campaigning over the internet to get votes. • “Perhaps, the most exciting development that is connecting people back to the public sphere is the emergence of social networking sites on the internet such as Facebook.”5 • A lot of the spread of current news comes from communication through social networking sites. Impacts • Helped communication for Americans become a lot: • Quicker – through the use of the internet, in a matters of seconds, we can talk to one another. • Easier – no extra work, people can just stay at home and communicate behind a computer screen. • Simpler – with just a click of a button, you can send a message half way across the world Pre-21st Century America • In terms of communication, social networking is to the 21st century as telegraphs are to the late 18th to 19th century. 6 • Similarities: • Can contact through a certain distant. • Allows for quicker, easier communication. • Gives people opportunity to keep in touch without physically meeting each other. Pre-21st Century America • Differences • Telegraphs: • Were used so that people could communicate, mainly for business use. • Spoke with Morse Code. • Social Networking: • Allows people to connect but nowadays it is more for social purposes rather than for business. • Spoke with words. Questions & Answers • What year was the first Email sent? • Answer: 1971 • Social networking is to the 21st century as _________ are to the early 18th to 19th century. • Answer: Telegraphs Questions & Answers • What are the concerns surrounding social networking? • Unhealthy to be sitting behind a computer screen for a long time. • Does not develop real life communication that is needed to talk to others. Questions & Answers • What are the similarities and differences of social networking and telegraphs? • Similarities • Communication from a distance. • Generally quick and simple to keep in contact. • Differences • Telegraphs were mainly for business use. • Telegraphs used Morse Code, with social networking, you can use words. Works Cited • 1) Rucker, JD. 17 May 2011. <http://www.fastcompany.com/1720374/the-history-of-social-networking>. • 2) Lamare, Amy. 11 May 2011. <http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/144250/20110511/campaigns-are-won-and-lost-on- facebook-social-networking-now-the-most-influential-part-of-the-campai.html>. • 3) Conger, Cristen. 17 May 2011. <http://news.discovery.com/tech/is-online-social-networking-good-or-bad.html>. • 4) Nickson, Christopher. 17 May 2011. <http://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-history-of-social-networking/>. • 5) Chong, Christopher. 18 May 2011. <http://aliran.com/5546.html>. • 6) Bellis, Mary. 16 May 2011. <http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventions/a/telegraph.htm>. • 7) AIM logo. Google Search Engine. 16 May 2011. <Google.com/images>. • 8) Top 10 Social-Networking Sites. Google Search Engine. 17 May 2011. <Google.com/images>. • 9) Tumblr logo. Google Search Engine. 16 May 2011. <Google.com/images>. • 10) Twitter logo. Google Search Engine. 16 May 2011. <Google.com/images>. • 11) Facebook logo. Google Search Engine. 16 May 2011. <Google.com/images>.
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