homemaker

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					Homemaker
Cooking
   Clock jack       Bellows
   Lug pole         Spit
   Crane            Dog wheel
   Trammels         Nipper
   Spider           Root cellar
   Dutch oven       Baking peel
   Iron basket      Bread oven
   granary
                       1. Put scents like bayberry,
                          pine or ginger in boiling
Candles                   water
                       - For bayberries, wax floats
   Beeswax               to top, skimmed off put
   Tallow                kettle with wax
   Wicks              2. Add tallow from farm
                          animals, beeswax, or
   Spermaceti            spermaceti
   Candle rods        3. Melt the wax
   Bayberries seeds   4. Get wick (from spun
   Candle box            milkweed silk and fibers
                          from hemp plant)
                       5. Dip in wax until the
                          thickness wanted is
                          achieved
Brooms
   Hemlock branch     1.  Hemlock branch
                           with needles cut
   Jack knife             from tree
   Strip of leather   2. Branches tied
                           together with a strip
   Thick branch           of leather
   Yellow birch       3. Scraped bark off
                       4. Carved a point at one
                           end
                       5. Jabbed the point into
                           the bundle of
                           hemlock branches
Bread      Flour
           Milk
           Water
           Yeast
           Lard
           Salt
           Sugar
           Bread oven

        1. Grind grain into flour
        2. Mix flour with other
           ingredients
        3. Form dough into loaf
        4. Put in bread oven
Butter
   Butter churn
   Dasher
   Cream
   Butter crock
   Butter mold

1. Milk cow
2. Part of milk set aside for butter
    making
3. Creamy part of milk skimmed
    off top
4. Cream put in butter churn
5. Pump dasher up and down
6. Clumps of butter form at
    bottom
7. Clump gets larger
8. Take butter out and wash
9. Press in butter mold
Soap
   Tallow         1. Fill leach barrel with
                      wood ashes
   Ashes          2. Pour in water
   Leach barrel   3. Filter water and
                      extract lye which
   Water             leaks out into a
   Lye               bucket
                   4. Pour lye into kettle
                      with tallow
                   5. Boil until it forms a
                      jelly-like mass, which
                      is what colonist used
                      for soap
    Apple cider
   Bin
   1 or 2 rollers
   Horse
   Lever
   Platform
   Tin pan
   Screw
   Bucket
   apples
1. Apples placed in bin that had
    rollers in it
2. Rollers crushed apples
3. People scraped pulp from
    between rollers
4. Pulp shoveled into buckets
5. Pulp put into cider press
6. Lever pushed, which turned
    screw
7. Cider drained into bucket
8. Bucket poured into barrel for
    storage
Spinning wool Click for video)
   Wool/fleece
   Spinning wheel
   Carding paddles
   Grease

1. Wash the wool
2. Grease it
3. Card the wool
4. Wool ready to be
   spun
    Women
   Men made all the decisions
   But, in 1687 Sarah Harrison made history when she
    said “no” to the preacher when he asked her to obey
    her husband during their marriage ceremony
   Everyone had a duty to marry
    Poor women chose husbands and rich people had
    arranged marriages
   Single women could sue people, make a contract,
    earn wages, run a business, own and sell property,
    BUT married women did not have those freedoms
   Many women married at 16
   Divorce was a rare option
   Marriages were very simple
   Women did all the housework: gardening tending to
    children and chores

				
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