Block 4 and 5 Student Made Guide

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Block 4 and 5 Student Made Guide Powered By Docstoc
					Darnisha Stevenson

Terrence Glover

Brandon Marshall

Darek Komendzinski


      American Revolution (1776-1783)
         o Significance: Gaining independence from Great Britain
         o Cause: Harsh taxes and laws examples:
                  Stamp Act(a quality response might include something like—“High taxes was a
                     major cause of colonial rebellion in the American Revolution. For example, the
                     stamp act imposed higher taxes on all printed material in the colonies, thus
                     affecting the bottom lines of the wealthier and merchant classes.”
                  Tea Act
                  Quartering Act—troops remained after French and Indian War (1763)
         o Effect: Creation of the United States of America
         o Relevant People: George Washington, Paul Revere, John Hancock

      Shay’s Rebellion (1786-1787)
           o Significance: Veterans from Am. Revolution were not being paid. Daniel Shays gathers
                groups of unpaid farmers/veterans to start a raid against Massachusetts Gov. Mass.
                Was taxing these farmers and taking their land for unpaid debts
           o Relevant People: Daniel Shays and John Shattuck, Mass. Gov
           o Cause :Unpaid war debts by gov.
           o Effect: Rebellion was squashed. , Articles of Confederation were replaced by
                Constitution. (Under Articles—no federal army, state taxes to fed. Gov were voluntary),
                Bill of Rights added.
      Quasi War (1789-1800)
           o Significance: U.S. gained bigger army
           o Cause: Americans trying to be neutral & Against Washington’s farewell, result of
                relationship with France
           o Effect: U.S. Built up navy, we grew concerned about our alliance with France (no longer
                our BFF)
           o Relevant People: French And Americans, George Washington, Britain
      First Barbary War (1801-1805)
           o Significance: First major conflict in Middle East (North Africa)
         o Cause: Pirates tried to invade U.S. ships
         o Effects: U.S. Pays $60,000 to get sailors back
         o Relevant People: Thomas Jefferson & Yussif Karamanli
     War of 1812 (1812-1815)
         o Significance: Second war with British, Britain interfered with American trade, U.S.
             advocated war. British invaded, burned D.C.
         o Cause: Embargo Act of 1807 & trading
         o Effect: Defeated British, led to rise of Andrew Jackson
         o Relevant People: Napoleon, Andrew Jackson, James Madison

                                 1815 – 1840 Review
  -   1817-1818 First Seminole War: American struggle for Florida territory occupied by
      Indians; symbolized the U.S.’s way of expressing their dominance. Resulted in only a
      small piece of land for Indian occupation.

  -   1823 Monroe Doctrine: Established Latin America as U.S. sphere of influence and
      Spanish colonies began to fall. Moved the U.S. in a direction against Washington’s
      farewell address

  -   1831 Nat Turner’s Revolt: Because of prolonged harsh slave conditions, Nat Turner and
      70 other slaves banned together and formed a group, as they went on a killing spree of
      several whites, unleashing built up anger. Afterwards, to get back at the slaves, angered
      Southern officials created even more Laws were restricting African American enslaved
      people’s activities, resulting in an overall negative outcome of the revolt. Passed fugitive
      slave laws and restricted slave movement across South.

  -   1832 Blackhawk War: Indian tribes, being lead by Black Hawk were attempting to fight
      for land that had been wrongfully given up in a series of treaties in the U.S. It resulted in
      the slaughtering of Indians, and their loss of land, which had proven the U.S.’s inability
      to keep promises they claimed in treaties.
   -    1838 Trail of Tears: The forced migration of settled Native Americans westward,
        producing numerous deaths as they had to endure cold winters without many supplies
        to live off of.

Mario Esquivel, Micole Thompson, Deion Owens, Doneisha Hawkins


       1846-1848: Mexican American War
       1848: Seneca Falls Convention
       1850: Bloomer Rebellion
       1852-1854: ―Opening of Japan‖
       1859: John Brown’s Rebellion
       1861-1865: Civil War


       Mexican American War: To obtain land from Mexico in order to expand its territories
        and slavery (Manifest Destiny). Border dispute over land—U.S. argued Nueces River,
        Mexico said Rio Grande. Results: Mexico lost California (missed out on gold rush),
        made Texas a state, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah…slavery expanded into
        American west.
       Seneca Falls Convention: Convention held to discuss women’s rights which Elizabeth
        Stanton and Lucretia Mott debated against a congress of workers’ and congress men.
        Wanted suffrage, property rights, right to divorce, right to political office, etc.
        Abolishing slavery. Declaration of Rights and Sentiments.
       ―Opening of Japan‖: Trade markets were opened with Japan and ended Japan’s self-
        isolation, and began trading w/ other countries such as the U.S. Leads to U.S. expanding
        into the Pacific. Long term—upsets Japan becomes a long term cause for WWII
       John Brown’s Rebellion: JB believed that all people should be treated equally, and
        wanted to help further the process of abolishing slavery. First Raid-Kansas/Nebraska
        1855; Second Raid Hapers Ferry, VA. Raid failed, but helped lead to Civil War—JB
        becomes a martyr and symbol of the abolition movement.
       Civil War: Causes: slavery, trade agreements, states rights. To preserve the United States
        as one union and to keep states from leaving. Effects: 13, 14, 15 Amendments,
        preservation of union, assassination of Lincoln, Reconstruction

 Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890-members of the Sioux tribe in
  South Dakota was slain by military apprehension. This included Chief
  Bigfoot and Sioux members attempted to escape arrest while children
  and families were brutally slain. Last major resistance of Native
  Americans—meant closing of the west.
 Overthrow of Hawaii of 1893-Sanford B. Dole wanted U.S. control of
  Hawaii because of pineapples. Dole hired a private military to
  overthrow the legal Hawaiian monarchy. Hawaii wanted a new
  constitution, but instead was annexed. Expanded Monroe Doctrine
  into the Pacific.
 Spanish American War 1898-1899-Causes: Restricted Spanish trade
  with U.S. and Latin America, Cuban revolution, sinking of U.S.S.
  Maine, Yellow Journalism. Effects: Liberation of Cuba, acquisition
  of Guam, Philippines, PR, etc. Protection and expansion of Monroe
 Boxer Rebellion1899-1901- Westerners came to China trying to
  change their traditional religions to Christianity and to trade. Chinese
  Boxers (ultra-nationalists) began attacking these groups and forcing
  them out of China. Western forces attacked the boxers and with
  China’s gov. suppressed the rebellion.
 Philippine American War 1899-1902- The U.S government quest for
  an empire overseas and the desire of Filipino freedom. Independence
  of Philippines was delayed until 1986.
 Hay-Banau-Varilla Treaty 1903—T. Rossevelt—walk softly and carry
  a big stick. Threatens Panama to open a canal for U.S. trade interests.
 Triangle Shirtwaist Strike 1911- Fifteen thousand shirtwaist makers in
  Philadelphia went on strike, and even replacement workers at the
  Triangle factory joined the strike shutting the factories down. Strike
  did not prevent a fire killing many of the workers.
 World War 1 1914- the US, Germany, Russia, France, and Spain all
  fought because of the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand,
  and MAIN (Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism). U.S.
            got involved because of trade agreements (Germany, France, Britain),
            Germany sank Lusitania and boarded other ships, U.S. kept sending
            arms to France/England, Germany tried to turn Mexico against us.
            Impact: Treaty of Versailles; Germany broken up, Austria broken,
            restitution, break up of Ottoman (sectionalization of Middle East);
            League of Nations (U.S. does not join.)
           Occupation of Haiti of 1915-1935- U.S Marines landed at Port-au-
            Prince on the authority of then President of the United States.

Chronological Order (1915-1940)

      1915 Occupation of Haiti
      1916 Woodrow Wilson Re-Elected
      1916-17 Pancho Villa and Occupation of Veracruz
      1919 WWI Ends
      1919 Chicago Race Riot/Red Summer
      1920 Progression Era
      1929-1945 Great Depression
      1939 WWII Begins

Relevant People

1915 - Occupation of Haiti

   o         Franklin D. Rooselvelt

1916 – Pancho Villa and Occupation of Veracruz

   o          Mexican revoluionary leader Pancho Villa

1929 – Great Depression

   o President durring the begging of the great depression was Herbert Hoover

   o President durring recovery was Franlin D Roosevelt
1939 – WWII

   o Archduke Franz Ferdinand
   o Emperor Franz Josef I
   o Adolf Hitler
   o Franklin D Roosevelt

World War one was significant as it introduced several techniques and weapons to help the
world of war. It also aided in the rise of communism from the other countries, and sent the
United States to reigning power.

Causes of World War One

Militarianism  Growing emphasis of military (build of army)

Alliances  Triple Entente – Triple alliance

Imperialism  Conquer other nations for resources

Nationalism  pride in own country – Kingdom


-Governmental changes

-Economic change

- Disillusionment

The Occupation of Haiti was significant because it gave Haiti the right to be free and also be

Causes of the Occupation of Haiti

-The invasion of Germany communities on the Haitian island.



-The rise in rebellion of the Haitians

-Port- Au- Prince was reconstructed into an agricultural town.
The Pancho Villa Expedition was significant because


-   Villa’s illegal incursion into the United States
-   attack on the village of Columbus, Luna County, New Mexico, during the Mexican Revolution
-   Trouble between the U.S. and Pancho Villa had been growing since 1915


-   Feeling betrayed, Villa began attacking American property and citizens in northern Mexico.

-   Battle of Columbus

March on Birmingham 1963-1965

It was a march to bring attention the mistreated African Americans, in Birmingham

World War II 1939-1945

Was global military conflict this war was fought between the allies and the axis. This was
the bloodiest war fought in American history. Combined with the holocaust they say over
10 million were murdered. The war was lead by hitler a german dictator

Cold War 1947-1991

Was when Russia and the u.s both were making the atomic bomb there was no conflict, but
they were nervous because they both had them pointing at each other.

Delano Grape Strike 1965-1970

Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1965

This was when the blacks were tired of being treated different from the other white people
on the bus. So they went on strike for riding the bus. A local black woman was told to get
up by the name of Rosa parks and refused. She was arrested and is now a civil rights
Doneisha Hawkins

Deion Owens

Mario Esquivel

Micole Thompson

                                               U.S History

Mex. American War (1846- 1848)

         Aquired texas, New Mexico, Arizon, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. It was
part of the treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo.

        The Mexican government refused to recognize texas’ independence.

        Expansion of slavery; Manifest Destiny; Borders and Land (Nueces River and Rio grande)

        President Polk; Zachary Taylor; Abraham Lincoln

Seneca Falls Convention (1848)

        Women gathered to talk about the lack of rights they had at the time, such as working and
voting and having equal rights as men.

        Cause: women were fed up with their lack of rights

        Effect: their voices were finally heard even if nothing was done right away.

        Elizabeth Stanton; Lucretia Mott

Bloomer Rebellion (1850’s)

          Women started to dress less conventional, wearing clothes that flared out more than super tight
fitting. I.e Corsets

        Cause: Women wearing uncomfortable clothing

        Effect: Clothing began to change

        Amelia Bloomer

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