SAFETY OF TOYS
Amendments The European toy industry employs over 100,000 people directly and there are over 2000 companies
Repealed Legal operating in the toy and games sector. Most of them are small and medium sized enterprises. The
Notices most important trading partners to the EU in this sector remain USA (22% of exports) and the Far
Consultations East (88% of imports).
Ongoing Safety is an important issue for toys. The achievement of internal market for toys, by harmonizing
safety characteristics of toys across the EU, has positively contributed both to the development of
the sector and toy consumer protection. Directive 88/378/EEC, amended by Directive 93/68/EEC,
sets a high level of protection for consumers.
The Directive lays down the safety criteria or "essential requirements" which toys must meet during
manufacture and before being placed on the market. The safety criteria cover general risks
(protection against health hazards or physical injury) and particular risks (physical and mechanical,
flammability, chemical properties, electrical properties, hygiene, radioactivity). The degree of risk
has to take into account the ability of the user (children).
These web pages (Regulatory Affairs / Safety of Toys) offer you information on the existing legislation
concerning the safety of toys and on the closed, ongoing and upcoming consultations that are being prepared by
the Malta Standards Authority. Links to guidance documents and FAQs are offered where available and
Further information on the safety of toys can also be found on the Commission's enterprise website.
SAFETY OF TOYS - LEGISLATION – Main Regulations
Legal Notice 373 of 2002
Title: SAFETY OF TOYS REGULATIONS
Act: Product Safety Act (Cap. 427)
Council Directive 88/378/EEC of 3 May 1988 on the approximation of the laws of the
Transposes: Member States concerning the safety of toys, amended by Council Directive 93/68/EEC
of 22 July 1993.
Link to Directive: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31988L0378:EN:HTML
Entry into Force: 6th December 2002
Publication: Government Gazette of Malta No. 17,324 of 6th December 2002
Toys, defined as any product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by
Applies to: children of less than 14 years of age but excluding those products which are listed in
Annex I of the Directive, which is set out in Schedule I of the Regulation.
A harmonized European law ensuring that in each Member State, toys are placed on the
Aim of Regulation: market only if they are safe and to ensure free movement of toys within the European
Amends: Not applicable
Repeals: Not applicable
SAFETY OF TOYS - Consultations
In this section you can download closed and ongoing consultations issued by the regulatory team within the Malta Standards Authority. The
ongoing consultations are available for you to respond to. This section may also contain a list of upcoming consultations planned by the
You are kindly invited to submit comments relating to the ongoing consultations by the stipulated deadlines via firstname.lastname@example.org
SAFETY OF TOYS – Useful Links
European Commission - http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/toys/index_en.htm
European Commission guidelines related to toys - http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/toys/eg_guidance.htm
EU National Competent Authorities - http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/toys/ms_ca.htm
Guidance Documents from the Coordination of the Notified Bodies under the Toys Safety Directive 88/378/EEC (NB-Toys) -
List of Harmonised Standards:
Directive 88/378/EEC (last updated October 2007) - http://eur-
Designated Notified Bodies:
For Directive 88/378/EEC -
Other sites of general interest:
Toys Industries of Europe (TIE) - http://www.tietoy.org/
International Council of Toy Industries (ICTI) – http://www.toy-icti.org/404Handler.htm
The British Toy and Hobby Association - http://www.btha.co.uk/
Spanish Association of Toys Manufacturers (AEFJ) - http://www.aefj.es/
European Association for the co-ordination of consumer representation in standardisation (ANEC) - http://www.anec.org/
The European Consumer’s Association (BEUC) - http://www.beuc.org/Content/Default.asp?
Product Safety Enforcement Forum of Europe (PROSAFE) - http://www.prosafe.org/
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) - http://www.cpsc.gov/
European Consumer Safety Association (ECOSA) – www.ecosa.org