Phrases (415) A phrase is a group of words used as a single part of speech that DOES NOT have both a subject and a verb. A clause, on the other hand, has a subject and a verb. Prepositions (p. 386-387) A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun and another noun. She is standing under the archway. (The word “under” describes where “she” is in relationship to the archway.) Jennifer’s house is near Ashley’s house. (The word “near” describes where Jennifer’s house is in relationship to Ashley’s house.) I. Prepositional Phrases A phrase that begins with a PREPOSITION and ends with a NOUN—the object of the preposition. See page 386-87 for a LIST of prepositions. Example: During the stormy night, the teenagers ran into the abandoned haunted house. 2 types of Prep. phrases Adjective Phrases Adverb Phrases Adjective phrases Describes a noun or pronoun Tells “Which one?” or “What kind?” Example: Thomas Kinkade is a painter of light. Example: Her house is the one on the left. Adverb Phrases Describes a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. Tells how? When? Where? Why? To what extent? Example: The rain fell throughout the day. Example: Are you good at basketball? Example: Ms. Tidwell has been teaching for fifteen years.