Tall_Buildings

Document Sample
Tall_Buildings Powered By Docstoc
					              Tall Buildings
• Pre-Civil War context
  – Mostly buildings of 2-3 stories
  – Balloon framing dominant
  – Lack of large private businesses
Symbolic Qualities of Tall Buildings
• Symbolic of “rising” power of corporate
  businesses
• Symbolic of massive business and wealth
• Symbolic of integration between business
  and art/culture
• Symbolic of community aspirations and
  municipal pride
       Changing Technology
• Need for space
• Telephones, telegraphs, electricity
• New technological developments
  – Industrial strength plate glass
  – Elevators
The Chicago School, 1890-1920
• Architects
  – William Le Baron Jenney
  – Daniel Burnham and John W. Root
  – Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler
  – William Holabird and Martin Roche
  – Frank Lloyd Wright
Home Insurance Building
  Chicago, 1883-85
 Wm. Le Baron Jenney
Monadnock Building, Chicago
 1884-92, Burnham & Root
 Reliance Building, Chicago
1889-95, Burnham and Root
 Reliance Building, Chicago
1889-95, Burnham and Root
Chicago Auditorium, 1886-90
     Adler and Sullivan
                Ideology
• “Form follows function”
• Structural rationalism
• Base, shaft, and capital
The Chicago School, 1890-1920
• Three-part system
    – Massive “base”, vertical “shaft”, projecting
      “capital”
•   Terra cotta panels
•   “Chicago window”
•   Projecting eaves
•   Pier and spandrel
    Wainwright Building,
St. Louis, Missouri, 1890-91
     Adler and Sullivan
    Wainwright Building,
St. Louis, Missouri, 1890-91
     Adler and Sullivan
    Wainwright Building,
St. Louis, Missouri, 1890-91
     Adler and Sullivan
Guaranty Building, Buffalo, NY
           1895
Guaranty Building, Buffalo, NY
           1895
Carson, Pirie, Scott & Company
  Store, Chicago, 1891-1904
Carson, Pirie, Scott & Company
  Store, Chicago, 1891-1904
Bayard Building, NYC, 1897-99
  National Farmer’s Bank
Owatonna, Minnesota, 1907-08
Marquette Building, Chicago
1893-94, Holabird and Roche

				
DOCUMENT INFO