Salient Points of actions resulting from Session I: Theme Session: India the Knowledge Hub of 21st Century 1. To become a Knowledge Hub, GER needs to be much larger than what it is(above 12 %) . It is not a question of QUANTITY OR QUALITY. Both are required. Only when we meet the demands of our own youth, can we take bold initiatives to attract persons from outside and also make it attractive for our students who desire to go abroad to get quality education. So the real issue is that of “CHALLENGE OF THE SCALE” 2. One of the elements of this challenge of scale is the availability of teaching faculty who can also engage in research. Some specific suggestions which can be taken up by Universities/Institutions are : a) There are many qualified industry personnel who are willing to conduct specific courses and also guide industry relevant research. Universities would need to enable such persons as practice professors by changing their procedures and also enabling some induction orientation courses for them, if required. This induction training to be done also for newly joined teachers so that they can be more productive. b) Use of technologies to share knowledge/ teaching from other teachers. c) Share experimental facilities for research from clusters of national laboratories/industries apart from setting up new laboratories with assistance of companies in businesses d) Adopt student centric learning centric education paradigm then exam culture as the only measure. A few Universities/Labs/Industries to take a lead. 3. As a process of building confidence about quality of growing number of colleges/universities, there is a challenge of scale in ACCREDITATION. For this again, many persons from Industry who have large experience in their own accreditation for global standards (ISO, CMM/MBF/Six SIGMA etc.) can be used. Right away a few Universities/ Industries can join to take leadership to deploy such Accreditation Mechanisms on the lines defined by NAAC. 4. The five principles (Panchsheel) experimented successfully by DCE now DTU can be adopted by others. One element is to integrate research and develop at undergraduate engineering courses, leading to innovative products. Honestly it may be more beneficial to look into usage of more internationally acceptable terms like Blooms taxonomy, project based learning and Washington accord for getting acceptance than to coin new terms. Panchshell word originally used by India in the context of our foreign relations has been a damp squib! 5. Target having increased number of foreign students in our institutions. A few Universities to take a lead in various disciplines. 6. TIFAC-CORE experience of Industry – Academia partnership from new courses to research to direct funding, in about 37 institutions in different disciplines and in different parts of India, needs much more attention by Industry. Industries themselves can take up this model to implement with Universities/Colleges. Also TIFAC may increase its operations. Needs more visibility and marketing of these schemes through debates, articles and road shows by these agencies. 7. IBM model of engaging about 300 engineering colleges need much more partners from Universities. IBM would welcome it and is also ready to consider it in non-engineering Degree colleges also. Similar models from others like Infosys (Campus Connect which has over 450 institutions as members) programmes may also be adopted by others. 8. There is a need to introduce industry oriented, global standard type of courses in a few (five) non-B.Tech, non-MBBS type degree courses. If these are upgraded then the coverage will be for much number of students. Later such experience can be extended to more disciplines. Universities to take a lead. CII to help with Industry Partners. Needs that a suitable protocol is followed by both parties without which marriage will break or go into cold war! 9. All over India there is a need to identify a few specific local issues. Research and new courses should be built around these local issues. These courses will create more and more relevant academic programmes. And over a period, it will open new research areas which will attract foreign entities, as well. This is a method for Global Knowledge Hub. Reference to Innovation U which was a very good study published in 2007 is important. As a beginning, a few Universities to come forward. CII will help identify Industry partners for them. 10. Open Universities need special attention for partnerships by Industries and other Universities so that their quality and outreach can become better. Also to develop a special Global Knowledge Consortium (of Universities & Industries) to work with their Open Universities. Use of Alumni Network of older Universities can help this process. This is a very efficient method of enhancing GER and addressing the challenge of scale. A few Open Universities to work with CII to develop the above mechanisms. Also the criteria for selection of students has to be standardized and assessments and way programs are run have to meet the requisite standards. Without this the clients of open universities the students and the employers would be disappointed rendering the programs unattractive. Issue/Problem Proposed Action solution(s) Increasing Partnership with Universities/Institutions to set up Employability industry for improving globally certified “SKILL from 25% of communication skills, DEVELOPMENT CENTRES” 100% soft skills & technology under University and Industry skills and knowledge partnership (PPP model to be National Skills Council, evolved). enlarge definition of employability to include Improve Teaching Learning all sectors and not just Environment – the industry as understood in the o Teacher‟s competence narrow sense. Self o Use of ICT and open employment needs source learning great emphasis! Involve students in Industry relevant, major and minor projects. Industry ready Bridge the gap Set up Industry-Institute council in professionals – between a each Institution & University How to produce graduating engineer for today‟s & and a professional tomorrow‟s engineer industries (professional whatever?) Partner with industry in training of students‟ internship for UG/PG students needs serious discussion with HR for making policies more friendly to those who acquire higher capability. Create culture of Design and product development by creating interdisciplinary student & faculty teams Issue/Problem Proposed solution(s) Action Serious Encourage team Mount mission in technology shortage of teaching/collaborativ excellence in each university teachers – what e teaching. Team of to do? teachers/ industry Recognise and reward good experts/ researchers teachers this has to be at from R&D department, college, university, organisations teach state level and national levels. courses in areas where shortage is Sell the academic and teaching huge. profession aggressively as IT companies sell their jobs to the Encourage & involve young minds! students in teaching - senior students Define the academic career path teaching junior not in terms of titles or salary but students – yes in terms of work content and fame create teaching instinct in students & create tomorrow‟s teachers. Promote teaching portals How to leap Create research Mount Mission Industry relevant frog in culture at UG levels R&D in universities Research & to create thinking Innovation in capabilities and Universities? Innovation potential. Create opportunities for Industry supported innovations in universities Set up Technology incubators and new product development units in Universities under Govt./ Industry partnership. Define and implement academic and research integrity policy. Issue/Problem Proposed Action solution(s) How to create Make university and Excite them and empower them and Universities of its people faculty & make processes of funding simple. Tomorrow? students technology Understand wastage is inbuilt in empowered. research. All the checks have not stopped corruption or bad research Maximize the quality! Let good work and workers impact of power if differentiate themselves through the mind, power of work done than by application connectivity & received. power of networking. Adopt global bench marks to improve reputation and work challenging Make Indian Universities 24X7 & join in NKNet work. Transform selected Universities as “ Knowledge Universities i.e. UNI3 Focus on “Knowledge and Prosperity” How to create 21st We need Speed Initiate Institutionalised leadership century leadership in Leaders who are programme under UGC/AICTE in Indian Universities? Breakthrough partnership with leading IIMS/ Leaders at the leading foreign Universities and source line. Industry today industry boasts of great leaders. Acknowledged fact is that we have a Educate, train and shape leaders of crisis of leadership in today into leaders of 21st century. our Universities in India. Issue/Problem Proposed Action solution(s) Creating knowledge Knowledge cities Mission: to setup 2-3 Knowledge cities/ Enterprise have higher cities in each state in India. These hubs in India education and be based on strong Industry- research in the Academia partnerships & PPP Nucleus. models. Take up on the Infosys model of a campus and improve Knowledge cities upon it. MSU, in Lansing has some provide an effective interesting ideas implemented for and vibrant showing most of the problems we partnership between tackle as scientists and engineers is Academic and interdisciplinary and has to be Industry. treated as such. Another very good example is Cal IT2 for a buling that They have promotes interdisciplinary culture Institutions, IISc has started one in India. Industries, R&D labs, Skill Development Centres, Design Centres and Test Houses in a common place. All these work for in a networked environment. India requires SEZs in Education & Research in its knowledge cities. Salient Points of the Session 3 Biotechnology: The Growth Driver 1. Current success in Biotechnology is due to strong foundation laid under the leadership and vision of Dr S Ramachandran through National Biotechnology Board. Since 1985, the beginning of PG programme in Biotechnology in five centres, National Animal Tissue Culture facility, Institute of Microbial Technology with Microbial culture facility; Plant tissue culture facility have paved the way for the growth of Biotechnology looked we witness today. 2. The driver for growth is ability to translate the laboratory research to market with speed. Globalization has become driver for future. This requires a major look at curriculum which should include internship in M.Sc. Calls for focused research rather than the research which is of no use to University, students or industry. 3. The success with large molecule is better for growth rather than small molecule. Time to market large molecules is less than small molecule. This calls for a major change in medical curriculum. Diagnostics as a service industry has to be modernized. 4. For any biotechnology based product or services growth, be it pharmaceuticals, food, agriculture, environment, has to ensure quality, safety, efficacy, economical, easy to scale up, environmentally safe. 5. The curriculum should have core course on Basic sciences with mathematics and statistics in the first two years before specializing into Biotechnology for a four to five year program with compulsory internship. Both upstream and downstream processing characterization of the products, clinical and bio- analytical techniques, Regulatory affairs, Biostatistics, quality assurance , awareness, IPR and product development should be part of the curriculum. Such trained manpower can help the industry to have a process in place to launch a product in minimum time and maximum efficiency. Universities should be a partner with industry so that students are empowered to participate in decision making. 6. A serious documentation of the biodiversity available in the country may help in identifying genes with desired characteristics which already nature has created and thereby minimize expenditure on research. This calls for creation of a Global Biological Research Consortium. Salient Points of the Session 5 ‘21st Century Cities – Knowledge Base’ The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in India is just about 11-12% whereas it is more than 50% for the developed nations. From the available data it is also clear that in the developed nations, there are about 5-10 Universities per million population. In India this number is just 0.3. In other words, to make the number of Universities per million comparable to that of the developed nations, India should have 3000-4000 universities. The whole model of education hence has to be changed if India has to become the knowledge super power. I think reference to the report prepared by Pan IIT wherein the gaps in funding for higher education has been clearly spelt out. Please contact Vijay Thadani. Even the 11th plan is falling short 5 times than what is needed to catch up with the world only to half way stage. Else we cant sustain the CAGR of >8% in any way! Many Asian countries have done much better in education over last 50years. Need for uniformity in funding the national institutions. Presently only a hand full of institutions of national importance get good funding. Almost the 80-20 rule is observed i.e., 20% of the institutions receive 80% of the higher education funding. Need of distance learning to meet the huge national need. Thrust should be on good communication needed in the knowledge based economy. Sustainability is also an issue in the future universities and cities. „knowledge‟ is defined as the wisdom to use the information. There is a need to highlight the scaling issues of the education model and discuss the strategy for developing university campuses with special thrust on the transparency in the education system. Need to create universities with an ambiance where free thinking and imagination flourish. Apart from the excellent class rooms and laboratories, there have to be places in the university where thinking goes unhindered. Better problem solving can take place in an informal environment like cafeteria, dinning halls etc. Need to insist on the green campus for the future universities. Considering the various views it is clear that in next fifty years, India has to increase the educational base by manifold and the ICT has to play a major role in this venture. The large number of universities which need to be built can certainly not remain confined to few cities of the country. The whole education system should become more distributed. Universities or clusters of universities perhaps will form the nuclei of the modern cities. The knowledge and wealth will be equitably distributed in the cities around the universities with full sustainability. In the modern cities, movement of the citizens needs to be minimized. Presently a large amount of city resources are wasted in transporting people for services which can be easily provided by communication technology. Use of ICT will make a huge saving in energy and make the cities smart and more sustainable. I think the inputs from Jim needs to find place. It is a very good as is analysis. I don‟t know why this is altogether not recorded. Salient Points of the Session 6 Crystal Gazing: IT/ICT – 2010 – 20 IT/ICT will continue to facilitate cost control and productivity enhancement both in manufacturing and services sectors. Need to educate and develop our human resources accordingly. Need for fast tracking of education and increased enrolment. Need for improved Pedagogy for greater learning effectiveness. Need to conduct SWOT analysis of the environment and content generation. Intensive use of NPTEL courseware and adoption of ERP. Standardization of database and governance. Need for formation of National Clouds Forum. Need of adopting disruptive technologies. Standardised IT framework to be used in academic institutions. It is not the job of a regulatory and cant be enforced or assured. On the other hand a mild push on what It is used by some of the front runners in India and abroad be made known to the institutions and the university leadership as also funding agencies. If IT standards cant be enforced in Business org how can we in an automnomous environments such as education? Need of content development pertaining to finishing schools and distance education, as part of quality delivery mechanisms.