4th Grade Planets of our Solar System OmniGlobe Lesson Plan

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4th Grade Planets of our Solar System OmniGlobe Lesson Plan Powered By Docstoc
					                         Planets of our Solar System
                                 OmniGlobe Unit Lesson Plan

Grade / Class / Subject: Elementary 4th grade
Lesson Time: (4 -5) ~30 minutes times
Unit / Theme: Solar System and Space
2010 Colorado State Standards:
       1. Earth Science Grade 4 - standard #1
Essential Question: How does the Earth compare to other objects orbiting the Sun?
Content Objective(s):
       1. The students will be able to list the names of the 8 planets and at least 1 key fact
           about each planet and compare it to Earth.
       2. The students will be able to put the planets in order from closest to the Sun to
           the furthest from the Sun.
       3. The students will be able to model the basic movement of the planets around the
           Sun.
Language Objective(s):
       1. The students will be able to write the names of the 8 planets in proper order
           starting closest to the Sun and write at least 1 interesting fact about each planet.
       2. The students will be able to explain in sentences using key vocabulary words
           how the planets move around the Sun.
Key Vocabulary:
    Revolution
    Rotation
    Orbit
Critical Thinking Strategies:
    Background Knowledge (Schema)
    Visualizing
    Synthesizing
    Inferring – Main Focus
Resources:
    Comets, Stars, the Moon, and Mars –Space Poems and Paintings by Douglas Florian -
       Harcourt, Inc.(2007)
    A variety of age and reading level appropiate books on the planets.
Extensions / Variations:
    Math - Calculate your weight on the planets.
    Literacy- Read Poetry about the planets.




                                                       Page 1 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
Lesson Delivery:
    Setup –
         o Group students in groups of 2-3.
         o Assign groups a planet. (But not Earth)
         o Hand out “Planet researcher” and “Comparing my Planet” papers. (Can
            be printed back to back)
         o Hand out “Poem Inferences” Papers.
         o Have a variety of books and resources available for students to do
            research.

    1. Pre-lesson-
          a. Read the poem for each planet out load to the groups.
          b. Question: What inferences can you make about the planet from the poem?
          c. Chart the “inference” responses of the class.
          d. After each response: Question: Why did you make that inference? or What
              made you have that inference?
          e. Chart the “why” responses.
          f. Have kids fill in “Poem Inferences” paper after each poem.

    2. Work Time-
          a. Have each group research about the planet and fill in the “planet researcher /
             my planet comparison” paper.
          b. When they find an interesting fact about a planet they can come and see if it
             is visible on the OmniGlobe.
          c. Prepare a presentation to the class about their planet using the OmniGlobe
             and their “planet researchers / my planet comparison” papers.
    3. Presentations-
          a. Starting with Mercury, have groups present about their planet.
                  i. Address class inferences about the planets and if they were correct
                     explaining why or why not.
                 ii. Address how your planet is similar and different to Earth
          b. During presentations chart planet information as a class compilation.
    4. Assessment or extension-
          a. Make a mobile of the solar system




                                                       Page 2 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
Planet
Name
                         Inference                                                          Why
Mercury


Venus


Earth


Mars


Jupiter


Saturn


Uranus




                                                           Page 3 of 14
    Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
Neptune



                         Poem Inferences
                        Planet Researchers-
                                        Being an Astronomer!
   Planet Name:___________________________________________

   Where did the name come from? ____________________________________________

   Does it have a nickname? If so, what?_______________________________


   Class Inference Study:

       1. Inference:______________________________________________________________________

            Answer: ________________________________________________________________________

            __________________________________________________________________________________



       2. Inference:______________________________________________________________________

            Answer: ________________________________________________________________________

            __________________________________________________________________________________



       3. Inference:______________________________________________________________________

            Answer: ________________________________________________________________________
                                                          Page 4 of 14
   Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
         __________________________________________________________________________________



                                                                        My Planet
                         Earth                                     Name: ____________________




                                    Comparing My Planet



                                                       Page 5 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
 Order from the                              3                                            Order from the
 Sun                                                                                      Sun
 Diameter-                            7,926 miles                                         Diameter-
 Length across                                                                            Length across
 Length of day                          24 hours                                          Length of day
 Length of year                         365 days                                          Length of year
 Number of                                    1                                           Number of
 moons                                                                                    moons
 Average                              59 Degrees                                          Average
 Temperature                          Fahrenheit                                          Temperature
 Type:                Terrestrial                                                   Type:
 Terrestrial or                                                                     Terrestrial or
 Gas                                                                                Gas
 Classification:     Inner Planet                                                   Classification:
 Inner or Outer                                                                     Inner or Outer
   Other possible notable features                                  Other possible notable features
 Rings                                       No                                           Rings
 Tilt                            ~23 1/3 degrees                                          Tilt
 Rotation                        Counterclockwise                                         Rotation
 Color                                 Blue                                               Color
 Other: Spots/                    Definite surface                                        Other: Spots/
 Storms/                          with volcanoes,                                         Storms/
 Volcanoes/                       valleys. Has an                                         Volcanoes/
 Valleys/                        atmosphere with                                          Valleys/
 Atmosphere/                     weather/ storms.                                         Atmosphere/
 Etc                                                                                      Etc




 Planet Order Classification:   Type:                                                   Other facts
 Name from the   Inner or     Terrestrial
         Sun   Outer planet     or Gas
                Example of Planet Comparisons
                                                       Page 6 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
Name          Order Where did the Planet                                                  Other facts
              from   name come Nickname
             the Sun   from?


      Example of Planet Comparisons (Filled)


                                                         Page 7 of 14
  Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
Mercury
                  1               Roman
                              Messenger of the
                                                           The swift
                                                            planet
                                   gods


Venus
                  2            Roman Goddess
                                 of love and
                                                             Earth’s
                                                              sister
                                   beauty


 Earth
                  3           The Old English
                              word for ground
                                                            The blue
                                                             planet
                                  or soil.


 Mars
                  4             Roman god of
                                   war
                                                            The red
                                                             planet



Jupiter
                  5               King of the
                                 Roman gods
                                                             None
                                                           or the gas
                                                             planet


Saturn
                  6             Roman god of
                                 agriculture
                                                          None or the
                                                            ringed
                                                            planet


Uranus
                  7            Greek god of the
                                     sky
                                                         None or the
                                                         tilted planet



Neptune
                  8           Roman god of the
                                   sea
                                                          None or the
                                                           blue giant




                                                          Page 8 of 14
   Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District, Spring 2010
 Calculating Your Weight on Other Planets
Example: Mercury
    Weight in pounds: 150
    Multiplier: 0.378

         Weight (lbs): 150 x 0.378 = 56.7 pounds

Mercury                                        x        0.738
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Venus                                          x        0.907
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Mars                                           x        0.377
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Jupiter                                        x        2.36
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Saturn                                         x        0.916
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Uranus                                         x        0.889
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds
Neptune                                        x        1.12
                ___________pounds                                          _________________Pounds




                                                   Page 9 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District
           OmniGlobe - Solar System
                   Mobile
                Instructions
Materials:
      2 – sturdy strips 20 -24 inches long and about 2 inches wide
           (Options: Foam project board / cardboard)
      10 – Pieces of string/ yarn/ fishing line about 8- 10 inches long
      4 – small paper clips
      Planet and sun pictures printed on cardstock
      Transparent tape and Glue

Procedures:

         Step 1: Cut the foam board or cardboard into 2 – strips about 2
         inches wide and 20 – 24 inches long.

         Step 2: Tape or glue the strips into an “+” shape. (Let glue dry)

         Step 3: Cut out the 8 planets and the sun, label them.

         Step 4: Make a loop out of 1 piece of string and tape it to the
         center of your strips. (This is now the top of the mobile, where
         you will hang it from.)

         Step 5: Using small pieces of tape, tape one side of the string to
                the top of the cutout sun picture and the other side of the
               string to the center of the bottom of your strips.




                                     ------Turn page over------



                                                Page 10 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District
         Step 6: Repeat this procedure with the other 8 planets. You should
                start close to the sun with Mercury getting a little further
                out with each plant. The last planet is Neptune and it
                should be on the very end of the strip. You will end up with
                4 planets on each strip. (Plant order starting closest to the
                sun. –Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,
                Neptune)

        Step 7: Hang up you mobile using the top string. Then use small
                 and large paperclips to balance you mobile by placing
                 them on the strips.


           Saturn

           Diagram:

                                                          Neptune
                                                          Ura
                                                          nus




                          Uranus                                           Jupiter




                                                          Saturn




                                                Page 11 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District
           OmniGlobe - Solar System
                   Mobile
                Assessment
Materials:
      2 – sturdy strips 20 -24 inches long and about 2 inches wide
           (Options: Foam project board / cardboard)
      10 – Pieces of string/ yarn/ fishing line about 8- 10 inches long
      4 – small paper clips
      Planet and sun pictures printed on cardstock
      Transparent tape and Glue

Procedures:
     Step 1: Cut the foam board or cardboard into 2 – strips about 2
           inches wide and 20 – 24 inches long.

         Step 2: Tape or glue the strips into an “+” shape. (Let glue dry)

         Step 3: Cut out the 8 planets and the sun, label them.

         Step 4: Make a loop out of 1 piece of string and tape it to the
               center of your strips. (This is now the top of the mobile,
               where you will hang it from.)

         Step 5: Using small pieces of tape, tape one side of the string to
               the top of the cutout sun picture and the other side of the
               string to the center of the bottom of your strips.

         Step 6: Repeat this procedure with the other 8 planets. With the
               planets you will use a second sting and paper to add your
               fact under the picture of the planet.

         Step 7: Hang up you mobile using the top string. Then use small
               paperclips to balance you mobile by placing them on the
               strips.
                                                Page 12 of 14
Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District
       Saturn



       Diagram:
                                                       Ura
                                                       nus




 Planet Order: (write the names of the planets in proper order staring
 from the one closest to the Sun and ending with the furthest from the
 Sun.)

          Sun -> _________________ -> _________________ -> _________________ ->

          _________________ -> _________________ -> _________________ ->

          _________________ -> _________________ (Furthest from the sun)

 Planet Fact Cards:


Planet Name:______________________                         Planet Name:______________________

Planet Fact: ___________________________                   Planet Fact: ___________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________




                                                 Page 13 of 14
 Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District
 Planet Fact Cards:




Planet Name:______________________                         Planet Name:______________________

Planet Fact: ___________________________                   Planet Fact: ___________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________

Planet Name:______________________                         Planet Name:______________________

Planet Fact: ___________________________                   Planet Fact: ___________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________

Planet Name:______________________                         Planet Name:______________________

Planet Fact: ___________________________                   Planet Fact: ___________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________
_________________________________________                  _________________________________________




                                                 Page 14 of 14
 Created by: Andrew Kaufman – OmniGlobe TOSA Thompson R2J School District

				
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