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Fahrenheit 451 Book Burning

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					Fahrenheit 451

Book                   Burning
   From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


   So….why did Ray Bradbury write a
    book about the burning books anyway?
    Let’s look at the forces of history and
    culture that motivated him to write, and
    many readers to read, this book.
Fahrenheit 451
   Book burning is the practice of ceremoniously
    destroying by fire one or more copies of a book
    or other written material. In modern times other
    forms of media, such as gramophone records,
    CDs and video tapes have also been
    ceremoniously burned or torched.
   The practice, often carried out publicly, is
    usually motivated by moral, political or religious
    objections to the material.
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   Many people find book burning to be offensive
    for a variety of reasons. Some feel it is a form
    of censorship that religious or political leaders
    practice against those ideas that they oppose.
    This is especially true of Nazi Germany under
    Adolf Hitler. Those who oppose book burning
    on those grounds often equate those who burn
    books with Nazis.
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   Notable book burning incidents:
   Following the advice of Li Si, Qin Shi Huang
    ordered all philosophy books and history
    books from states other than Qin—except
    copies in the imperial library for official
    uses—to be burned 213 BC. This was
    accompanied by the live burial of a large
    number of intellectuals, who did not comply
    with the state dogma
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   According to the New Testament book of Acts,
    early converts to Christianity in Ephesus who
    had previously practiced sorcery burned their
    scrolls: "A number who had practised sorcery
    brought their scrolls together and burned them
    publicly. When they calculated the value of the
    scrolls, the total came to fifty thousand
    drachmas." (Acts 19:19, NIV) The term sorcery
    refers to magical practices.
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 Christian books were burnt by a decree
  of emperor Diocletian in 303, calling for
  an increased persecution of Christians.
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 In 1242, French crown had burned all
  Talmud copies in Paris, after it was
  found guilty in Paris trial(sometimes
  called "the Paris debate").
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 In 1410 John Wycliffe's books were burnt
  by the illiterate Prague archbishop
  Zbyněk Zajic z Házmburka in the court of
  his palace in Lesser Town of Prague to
  hinder the spread of Jan Hus' teaching.
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 In 1497 the Bonfire of the Vanities,
  preached by Girolamo Savonarola,
  consumed pornography, lewd pictures,
  pagan books, gaming tables, cosmetics,
  copies of Boccaccio's Decameron, and
  all the works of Ovid which could be
  found in Florence.
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   Burning books is often associated with
    the Nazi regime. On May 10, 1933,
    Nazis in Berlin burned works of Jewish
    authors, and the library of the Institut für
    Sexualwissenschaft, and other works
    considered "un-German".
Fahrenheit 451
 Martin Luther's German translation of the
  Bible was burned in Germany in 1624 by
  order of the Pope.
 In 1683 several books by Thomas
  Hobbes and other authors were burnt in
  Oxford University.
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 In 1842, officials at the school for the blind in
  Paris France, were ordered by its new director,
  Armand Dufau, to burn books written in the
  new braille code. After every braille book at the
  institute that could be found was burned,
  supporters of the code's inventor, Louis Braille,
  rebelled against Dufau by continuing to use the
  code, and braille was eventually restored at the
  school.
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   In 1917 in Russia the Bolsheviks ordered
    the destructions of all books contrary to
    Communism, including many religious
    works, works in favour of the Czarist
    history, works on nationalism, works on
    freedom and economic profit.
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   The works of Jewish authors and other "degenerate"
    books were burnt by the Nazis in the 1930s and 1940s.

   May 10, 1933 on the Opernplatz in Berlin, S.A. and Nazi
    youth groups burned around 20,000 books from the
    Institut für Sexualwissenschaft and the Humboldt
    University; including works by Thomas Mann, Erich Maria
    Remarque, Heinrich Heine, Karl Marx and H.G. Wells.
    Student groups throughout Germany also carried out their
    own book burnings on that day and in the following
    weeks. Erich Kastner wrote a self-ironic account
    (published only after the fall of Nazism) of having
    witnessed the burning of his own books, on that occasion.
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   Books burned…
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 In 1948, at Binghamton, New York children -
  overseen by priests, teachers, and parents -
  publicly burned around 2000 comic books.

   In May 1981 Sinhalese police officers on
    rampage burned the public library of Jaffna,
    northern Sri Lanka; a huge library collection,
    which was the second largest library in Asia,
    was destroyed: 97,000 books and very rare
    collection of ancient palm leaf volumes were
    among them
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 The novel The Satanic Verses has been the
  subject of bookburnings by Muslims, for
  instance at Bolton and Bradford in 1989.

 In 1992 the Oriental Institute (Orijentalni
  institut) in Sarajevo was attacked by Serb
  nationalist forces with incendiary grenades and
  the whole collection was burned, the largest
  single act of book-burning in modern history.
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 In the 1990s congregants of the Full Gospel
  Assembly in Grande Cache, Alberta, Canada
  burned books with ideas in them that they did
  not agree with, or that they deemed to contain
  ideas contrary to the teachings of God.

 There have been several incidents of Harry
  Potter books being burned, including those
  directed by churches at Alamogordo, New
  Mexico, Charleston, South Carolina, and
  Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Fahrenheit 451
   In the introduction of the 1967 Simon and
    Schuster book club editon of Fahrenheit 451
    Ray Bradbury implies that the Nazi book
    burnings drove him to write the short
    story/novella the Fireman which was the
    precursor along with the foundation for his
    novel Fahrenheit 451 (451°F being the
    temperature at which paper autoignites),
    stating "It follows then that when Hitler burned
    a book I felt it as keenly, please forgive me, as
    his killing a human, for in the long sum of
    history they are one in the same flesh."
Fahrenheit 451
   On March 4, 1966, John Lennon said that the Beatles were more
    popular than Jesus meaning that Christianity (and religion in general)
    were getting so weak and unpopular that a rock 'n' roll group (the
    Beatles) were more popular than it at the time. He just said it as an
    example to make his point, that Christianity was not popular among
    young people, and he certainly didn't want to compare the Beatles with
    Jesus or to show off himself as being better or greater than Jesus. But
    when the above statement was printed out of context in Anerican teen
    Magazine "Datebook" a few months later, great uproar broke out.
   American radio stations banned Beatles records. Some even went so
    far as to organize burning of Beatles records and photographs, and
    there were scenes of boys and girls jumping on Beatles records,
    holding burning Beatles photographs and grinning and holding
    banners that said "Jesus died for you John Lennon" and "John Lennon
    is Satan"!!!(
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   In one episode of The Simpsons, Lisa
    Simpson sees a Book-Mobile being
    driven by Reverend Lovejoy; however,
    the letters behind a tree reveal that it
    actually reads Book-Burning-Mobile.
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   The point? Remembering what theme is…
   How did the facts we just looked at, which
    Bradbury would have also known, impact Ray
    Bradbury’s themes in this novel?
   Why would he have been concerned with the
    burning of books?
   What might he hope would happen to people’s
    thinking after reading a book about book
    burning as a form of censorship?