Docstoc

taylor

Document Sample
taylor Powered By Docstoc
					CAPS
          WHAT IS CAPS?

   Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey
    (CAPS) is a cooperative program
    requiring coordination and
    communication between many Federal,
    regional, State, county, and private
    entities to collect and manage data on
    plant pests, weeds, and biological control
    agents.
       The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal
        and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant
        Protection and Quarantine (USDA-APHIS-PPQ)
        provide national and regional coordination and
        funding to supplement and enhance
        Alabama’s pest survey and detection
        programs.
             CAPS GOALS

   Goal I: Early detection of
    exotic plant pests and weeds
          This goal is reached through cooperators
           conducting directed detection surveys
           based on pest risk assessments for
           organisms that demonstrate a high risk of
           entering the United States and may have a
           high probability of becoming established
           and reaching significant pest status.
               Components of Alabama’s early detection
                program encompass such areas as analysis
                of interception data, taxonomic support,
                pest information, pest risk assessments,
                pathway analyses, risk mapping, and
                guidelines for reporting new detections.
                 CAPS GOALS

   Goal ll: Maintain a pest information database to
    support the cooperative management of PPQ
    program pests and biological control programs.

        The second goal is obtained through NAPIS.

             The purpose of (NAPIS) or the National Agricultural
              Pest Information System is to facilitate data
              management coordination for the plant pest survey
              data gathered as part of the CAPS program. NAPIS
              provides the capabilities for entering, storing,
              processing, summarizing, managing, retrieving,
              graphing, and distributing plant pest survey data to
              the participants of the CAPS program and to other
              interested parties.

             NAPIS currently houses 1.3 million records on more than
              3800 different organisms covering such diverse areas as
              insects, pathogens, weeds, and biological control organisms.
              NAPIS contains data that describes the results of a wide
              range of plant pest surveys and observations conducted
              throughout the United States

             www.ceris.purdue.edu/napis/
               CAPS GOALS

   Goal lll: Provide timely and accurate
    plant pest and weed distribution
    data to support export of U.S.
    agricultural products

       This goal will is achieved through the
        distribution of plant pest data
        (presence/absence) to county level resolution.

            This data will support the development and/or
             expansion of specific export markets where
             export of agricultural products has been or may
             be impaired because of inadequate or
             inaccurate plant pest occurrence data (such as
             lack of demonstrated pest free zones).
INVASIVE PLANTS AND
 THE CAPS PROGRAM
   1. COGONGRASS

   2. TROPICAL SODA APPLE

   3. TROPICAL SPIDERWORT
COGONGRASS
         COGONGRASS

   2003 – 2005
    The Alabama Department of
    Agriculture & Industries conducted
    863 visual surveys finding 177
    positive sites.

   2006
    The Alabama Department of
    Agriculture & Industries conducted
    169 visual surveys finding 7 new
    positive sites.
                                    2006 Cogongrass
                                (Imperata cylindrica)

              Lauderdale

                                           Limestone
                                                            Madison              Jackson
             Colbert

                                Lawrence
          Franklin                                 Morgan                           De Kalb
                                                                     Marshall


                                                                                              Cherokee
       Marion                 Winston
                                                 Cullman                         Etowah

                                                            Blount
                                  Walker
                                                                      St Clair
                                                                                     Calhoun
    Lamar        Fayette
                                                                                                 Cleburne
                                             Jefferson
                                                                           Talladega

     Pickens
                       Tuscaloosa                      Shelby
                                                                                     Clay            Randolph


                                         Bibb
                                                                                     Tallapoosa
       Greene                                                           Coosa                         Chambers
                                                       Chilton
                       Hale
                                                                             Elmore
                                  Perry                                                                   Lee
  Sumter
                                                           Autauga
                                        Dallas
                                                                        Montgomery          Macon
                                                                                                            Russell
              Marengo
Choctaw                                                    Lowndes
                                                                                           Bullock

                               Wilcox                                                                   Barbour


                                                                                    Pike
              Clarke
                                                       Butler
                                                                     Crenshaw                               Henry
                               Monroe
                                                                                  Coffee         Dale

                                             Conecuh
Washington                                                   Covington                                    Houston

                                                                                           Geneva
                                             Escambia




 Mobile
                                                  County Previously Determined Established
                   Baldwin
                                                  County Surveyed, Positive, Not Established
                                                  County Surveyed, Negative
TROPICAL SODA APPLE
TROPICAL SODA APPLE

   2003 – 2005
    The Alabama Department of Agriculture &
    Industries conducted 957 visual surveys finding
    around 15,903 positive acres.

   2006
    The Alabama Department of Agriculture &
    Industries conducted 118 visual surveys finding 9
    new positive sites equaling around 1,764 acres.

   Present
    20,000 to 30,000 acres positive
                        2006 Tropical Soda Apple
                                 (Solanum viarum)
              Lauderdale

                                           Limestone
                                                            Madison              Jackson
             Colbert

                                Lawrence
          Franklin                                 Morgan                           De Kalb
                                                                     Marshall


                                                                                              Cherokee
       Marion                 Winston
                                                 Cullman                         Etowah

                                                            Blount
                                  Walker
                                                                      St Clair
                                                                                     Calhoun
    Lamar        Fayette
                                                                                                 Cleburne
                                             Jefferson
                                                                           Talladega

     Pickens
                       Tuscaloosa                      Shelby
                                                                                     Clay            Randolph


                                         Bibb
                                                                                     Tallapoosa
       Greene                                                           Coosa                         Chambers
                                                       Chilton
                       Hale
                                                                             Elmore
                                  Perry                                                                   Lee
  Sumter
                                                           Autauga
                                        Dallas
                                                                        Montgomery          Macon
                                                                                                            Russell
              Marengo
Choctaw                                                    Lowndes
                                                                                           Bullock

                               Wilcox                                                                   Barbour


                                                                                    Pike
              Clarke
                                                       Butler
                                                                     Crenshaw                               Henry
                               Monroe
                                                                                  Coffee         Dale

                                             Conecuh
Washington                                                   Covington                                    Houston

                                                                                           Geneva
                                             Escambia


                                                 County Surveyed, Negative
 Mobile
                                                 County Surveyed, Positive, Eradication in Progress
                   Baldwin
 TROPICAL
SPIDERWORT
             TROPICAL
            SPIDERWORT
   Tropical spiderwort is an aggressive weed
    that produces aerial (above ground) and
    subterranean (below ground) flowers.
       This results in viable seed being produced
        both above and below ground.
   Tropical spiderwort also possesses the
    ability to root at the nodes and can be
    propagated from cut stems.
       Therefore, light cultivation can often break
        plant parts and increase the area of
        infestation.
   Tropical spiderwort has been documented
    as being extremely tolerant to
    glyphosate.
       In other words, it is Round Up resistant.
     TROPICAL
    SPIDERWORT




Tropical spiderwort aerial flowers. [A.S. Culpepper]




Tropical spiderwort subterranean flowers. [E.P. Prostko]
                           2006 Tropical Spiderwort
                         (Commelina benghalensis L)
              Lauderdale

                                           Limestone
                                                            Madison              Jackson
             Colbert

                                Lawrence
          Franklin                                 Morgan                           De Kalb
                                                                     Marshall


                                                                                              Cherokee
       Marion                 Winston
                                                 Cullman                         Etowah

                                                            Blount
                                  Walker
                                                                      St Clair
                                                                                     Calhoun
    Lamar        Fayette
                                                                                                 Cleburne
                                             Jefferson
                                                                           Talladega

     Pickens
                       Tuscaloosa                      Shelby
                                                                                     Clay            Randolph


                                         Bibb
                                                                                     Tallapoosa
       Greene                                                           Coosa                         Chambers
                                                       Chilton
                       Hale
                                                                             Elmore
                                  Perry                                                                   Lee
  Sumter
                                                           Autauga
                                        Dallas
                                                                        Montgomery          Macon
                                                                                                            Russell
              Marengo
Choctaw                                                    Lowndes
                                                                                           Bullock

                               Wilcox                                                                   Barbour


                                                                                    Pike
              Clarke
                                                       Butler
                                                                     Crenshaw                               Henry
                               Monroe
                                                                                  Coffee         Dale

                                             Conecuh
Washington                                                   Covington                                    Houston

                                                                                           Geneva
                                             Escambia




 Mobile                                            County Surveyed, Negative
                   Baldwin
                                                   County Survey, Positive, Not Established
                                                   No Survey Reported
            CONTACT
          INFORMATION
   Travis Taylor
    Survey Coordinator

   ADDRESS
        Alabama Dept. of Agriculture
         1445 Federal Drive
         Montgomery, AL 36109

   CONTACT INFORMATION
       1-800-642-7761
       travis.taylor@agi.alabama.gov

				
DOCUMENT INFO