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					popular music in america
              1850-2000
             kara hartz
               6.30.04
                           a new genre
                                1850s

Popular music was
born in America with
the music of Stephen
Foster. “Jeanie with the
Light Brown Hair”
became one of his most
famous songs.


                             Stephen Foster
                                    music unites us
                                            1860s

                                    American life changed
                                    at the onset of the Civil
                                    War. So did its music.
                                    Americans joined the
                                    Union Army in
                                    singing “The Battle
                                    Hymn of the Republic”
                                    during this time of
                                    war.

Arlington, Va. Band of 107th U.S.
Colored Infantry at Fort Corcoran
                        sound is reinvented
                                     1870s
The invention of the
phonograph impacted
the popular music
industry more than
almost anything else.
Now music could be
recorded and
sold….again and
again and again and
again…
america comes out to play
                   1880s

        Vaudeville burst onto
        American stages and
        lifted the spirits of tired
        workers during the
        Industrial Revolution.
        This new style was a
        lively combination of
        song, dance, and
        theatre.
                      those ragged rhythms
                                     1890s
Americans danced to a
new beat as the century
came to a close.
Ragtime music was
made popular by
composer Scott Joplin
and was one of the first
styles to be enjoyed by
blacks and whites
alike.                     Ragtime music provided the soundtrack
                           for dancing the Cakewalk.
a booming industry
             1900s

   Americans soon
   capitalized on music‟s
   money-making
   possibilities.
   Publishers sold their
   popular sheet music on
   legendary Tin Pan
   Alley.
                           come on and hear
                                     1910s

Irving Berlin brought
the Ragtime Era to a
close with his extremely
popular “Alexander‟s
Ragtime Band.”
Unfortunately, this
song isn‟t really
ragtime.
               those roaring twenties
                               1920s
                    Jazz performers like
                    Louis Armstrong and
                    Duke Ellington and
                    blues singer Bessie
                    Smith hit the scene
                    with their lively
                    rhythms, soulful
                    voices, and incredible
                    instrumentals. Jazz
                    became “America‟s
                    classical music.”

Bessie Smith
                if it ain‟t got that swing
                                     1930s
Jazz evolved into swing
as a new style of
dancing swept the
nation. Singers
developed scat singing
by trying to imitate
the various
instruments of the
band.                      Benny Goodman’s Orchestra
                                  crooners soothe america
                                                   1940s

                                          As families sent their
                                          men off to fight in
                                          World War II, Bing
                                          Crosby, Glenn Miller,
                                          and Frank Sinatra
                                          helped keep the nation
                                          at ease with their
                                          smooth vocals.
Bing Crosby entertains American troops.
              rock „n‟ roll is here to stay
                                     1950s

Elvis Presley was
America‟s very first
rock star. His
swiveling hips were
banned from TV‟s Ed
Sullivan Show.
Viewers could only see
the singer‟s head and
chest during the
broadcast.
                    the british are coming
                                     1960s

The British Invasion
brought Americans the
Rolling Stones, the
Who, and of course, the
Beatles. Fans around
the world were struck
with “Beatlemania.”
     do the hustle
            1970s

Many different styles
of music became
popular during this
time. Saturday Night
Fever was the
beginning of a new
style called disco.
               video killed the radio star
                                   1980s


MTV aired for the first
time, making image
every bit as important
to musicians as their
music. Now music can
be seen and heard.
                              anything and everything
                                                1990s

                                                 Music during the
                                                 1990s included
                                                 everything from
                                                 ballads to boy bands
                                                 and rock to rap.
                                                 Popular styles from the
                                                 past like swing also
                                                 started to come back.
N*Sync provided teenage girls with a reason to
          scream in the late 1990s.
                          dot com
                           2000s

Music became available
for free thanks to the
internet. The angry
music industry
quickly puts a stop to
this. To date, we still
have to pay for our
music.
It's gotta be rock and roll music, if you wanna dance with me.
                                                 ~ Chuck Berry



I saw Satan laughing with delight the day the music died.
                                              ~ Don McLean



We hardly need to use our ears, how music changes through the
 years.
                                                     ~ Queen
Today's music ain't got the same soul, I like that old time rock
  and roll.
                                                    ~ Bob Seger

I have my ship, and all her flags are a-flying. She is all that I
   have left, and music is her name.
                                    ~ Crosby, Stills, and Nash

Music is a world within itself with a language we all
 understand. With an equal opportunity for all to sing,
 dance, and clap their hands.
                                              ~ Stevie Wonder
I am a surgeon and music is my knife. It cuts away my
   sorrow and purifies my life.
                                               ~ Paul Simon


Music is your special friend, dance on fire as it intends.
                                                     ~ The Doors

Music touching my soul, the spirit dance was unfolding.
                                              ~ John Lennon

Play that funky music, white boy, lay down that boogie and
   play that funky music 'til you die.
                                             ~ Wild Cherry
You listen to the music and you like to sing along, you want
  to get the meaning out of each and every song. Then you
  find yourself a message and some words to call your own,
  and take them home.
                                                      ~ Bread
He sings the songs that remind him of the good times.
                                             ~ Chumbawamba

You're so vain, you probably think this song is about you.
                                                ~ Carly Simon


Without a song or a dance, what are we?
                                                      ~Abba
                         image reference list
Slide One
Recording Academy. (2003). Norah Jones. Retrieved June 22, 2004 from http://www.grammy.com/multimedia/.

Slide Two
University of Pittsburg. (n.d.). Stephen Foster. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://www.pitt.edu/~amerimus/foster.htm.

Slide Three
Duke University. (1863). When Johnny Comes Marching Home. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/dynaweb/sheetmusic/1860-
     1869/@Generic__BookTextView/68156;nh=1?DwebQuery=a5654#X.

Smith, W. M. (1865). Band of the 107th U.S. Colored Infantry [reproduction number LC-B8171-7861]. Retrieved June
    20, 2004 from http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwmhtml/cwmpres08.html.

Slide Four
Library of Congress. (n.d.). Thomas Edison Phonograph Advertisement. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/edhtml/phono1.jpg.

Slide Five
Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. (1840). Bush Street Theatre. Retrieved June 22,
     2004 from http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?varstg:5:./temp/~ammem_Ve3y::.
Slide Six
University of Arkansas at Little Rock. (n.d.). The Fancy Cakewalk. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://waynesweb.ualr.edu/African%20American%20Theatre/Cake%20Walk.htm.

Slide Seven
Parlor Songs Association. (1900). Whitney Warner Music Publishers. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://www.parlorsongs.com/insearch/tinpanalley/tinpanalley.asp.

Slide Eight
Rienzi Hills. (n.d.). Alexander’s Ragtime Band. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://www.rienzihills.com/SING/alexander.htm.

Slide Nine
Kingwood College. (n.d.). Bessie Smith. Retrieved June 22, 2004 from
     http://mathrisc1.lunet.edu/blues/images/B_Smith9.jpg.

Slide Ten
CD Swing. (n.d.). The Benny Goodman Orchestra. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/dynaweb/sheetmusic/1860-
     1869/@Generic__BookTextView/68156;nh=1?DwebQuery=a5654#X.

Slide Eleven
University of San Diego. (1944). Bing Crosby in London. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
     http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~ksoroka/crosbybig.JPG.
Slide Twelve
Jordanairs. (1956). Elvis at The Ed Sullivan Show. Retrieved on June 22, 2004 from
     http://www.jordanaires.net/Elvis/102856hd.jpg.

Slide Thirteen
British Broadcasting Company. (n.d.). Beatlemania. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/39444000/jpg/_39444740_beatlemania300ok.jpg.

Slide Fifteen
Top Wallpaper. (n.d.). MTV. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from http://www.topwallpaper.de/tv/mtv.jpg.

Slide Fourteen
Amazon. (1977). Saturday Night Fever. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from http://images-
     eu.amazon.com/images/P/B00004RNN4.03.LZZZZZZZ.jpg.

Slide Sixteen
British Broadcasting Company. (n.d.). N*Sync. Retrieved June 20, 2004 from
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1610000/images/_1613189_nsync.jpg.

Slide Seventeen
Technische Universität Berlin. (2001). Napster Screen Shot. Retrieved June 22, 2004 from http://ig.cs.tu-
     berlin.de/w2000/ir1/referate2/k-3b/napster1.jpg.

Slides Eighteen – Twenty One
Rock Wisdom. (2004). Retrieved June 20, 2004 from http://www.rockwisdom.com/.
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