C • “…you’ve got to do something about her— h You’ve let thing go on too long, Atticus, too long.” a • My feathers rose again. “You tryin’ to tell me what to do?” “Naw, it’s—he’s got a lot on his p mind now, without us worrying him.” t • “I’m not scared…” Dill muttered. • “You’re not a boy. Boys get out and play e baseball with other boys, they don’t hang around the house worryin’ their folks.” r • “Scout, let’s get us a baby.” • “Why do you reckon Boo Radley’s never run off?” Dill sighed a long sigh and turned away 1 from me. “Maybe he doesn’t have anywhere to run off to.” 4 Chapters 15 and 16 • Page 151—What do you make of this confrontation? How do the children react? • Page 153—Is it convincing that Scout would be able to diffuse a potentially violent situation? • Page 158—How are the townspeople described? What does this say about the town and its activities? • Page 164—How is the courtroom setting significant to the story? Symbolism A symbol is something that represents something else What can be a symbol? • An object • Picture • Written word • Sound • Numerals • Language Religious Symbols Mathematical Symbols Political Symbols Maple Leaf = All things Canadian Red Bars = Pacific and Atlantic Ocean (surrounding Canada) Red Bars also = English and French influences Color Symbolism Symbolism in Writing • Symbolism is used to provide meaning to the writing beyond what is actually being described • Plot and action are one level in the story, symbolism is another level Symbolism in Writing • The theme is represented on a physical level • Example: A storm occurring when there is a conflict or high emotions • Example: Transition from day to night might = move from goodness to evil Examples from Literature Lord of the Flies Ralph with his conch shell represents order and democracy, while Jack symbolizes savagery and anarchy. The island itself symbolizes the world in which we live, and the actions of the characters are symbolic of the way people conduct their lives Examples from Literature Harry Potter Could be seen as containing a lot of symbolism, although there are as many interpretations as there are creatures in the books. One clear symbol is a commonly used one—the use of the snake to represent evil. It is no coincidence that the symbol of Slytherin House is a serpent. All information and examples from: http://www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/symbolism/page.html Symbolism in To Kill a Mockingbird Symbolism: The Mockingbird • The only time Atticus describes “sin” to his children, he advises Scout and Jem to avoid shooting mockingbirds. • Why does the mockingbird (p. 90) become a central symbol of the novel? • How does this warning relate to the other events of the story? • How does exploration of the mockingbird shed light on other elements of the story? Symbolism: Characters Choose a character whose name serves a symbolic function. • Explain how the name as a symbol relates to the real person. • Does the person reflect his or her namesake or contradict his or her namesake? • Why has Lee depicted them this way?