Slide 1 - Deggen - camera operator_ lighting cameraman_ DP based

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					NO BUDGET DIRECTING
 with Darren Eggenschwiler
       Workshop Topics:

• The Roles of Film Production

• Practical Shoot

• Directing Actors
The Roles of Film Production
•   Writer        •   Sound Recordist
•   Producer      •   Camera Operator
•   Editor        •   Boom Operator
•   Composer      •   Key Grip
•   Actor         •   Gaffer
•   Director of
    Photography
                  • Director
    Practical shoot
• Camera

• Composition

• Microphones

• Lighting
    Camera:         Brightness controls


• Iris / Aperture – affects depth of field
• Shutter – affects motion blur
• Neutral Density filter

• All of these controls affect Brightness.
       Camera:       Lens controls



• Zoom – frame size, perspective and depth
         of field.

• Focus – focal length, in a way – blurs
                everything else.
     Camera:        Electronic controls



• Gain – Increases sensitivity

• White Balance -   Colour temp. correction
        Camera:        Motion controls



•   Tracking -   Moving in / out
•   Crabbing -   Moving to the left / right
•   Panning -    Rotating horizontally left / right
•   Tilting  -   Rotating vertically up / down
•   Rolling -    Clockwise or anti-clockwise
•   Flying   -   Raising or lowering vertically
    Practical shoot
• Camera

• Composition

• Microphones

• Lighting
           Composition

•   Head-room
•   Looking-room
•   Height
•   Perspective
•   Dutched angle
    Practical shoot
• Camera

• Composition

• Microphones

• Lighting
      Microphones: Types of Transducer
• Condenser                -        Capacitor

• Dynamic                  -        Induction coil

• Ribbon                   -        Induction strip


•   There are many more, but these are the types used in the film industry
Microphones: Polar Pick up Pattern
A polar pick up pattern is a graph used to
show the microphone’s sensitivity to sound
coming from different directions.

They are shown as if looking at the mike
from above, the front of the microphone
pointing up.
Example: on the left is the microphone with a 3D pickup graph
around it.

On the right is the actual pick up pattern of the same
microphone.
    Microphones: Types of Polar Pattern

•   Omni Directional
•   Bi Directional
•   Cardioid
•   Super Cardioid
•   Hyper Cardioid
     Microphones:   Types of Casing



•   Handheld
•   Rifle
•   Studio
•   Lavaliere
      Microphones:   Wind Protection



•   Softie
•   Zeppelin
•   Wind Screen
•   Pop Filter
    Practical shoot
• Camera

• Composition

• Microphones

• Lighting
      Lighting:   Types of Light



• Hard Light
• Soft Light

• Colour (gels and temperature)
  Lighting:     Different types of setup

• High Key   • Low Key
Lighting:      Different Designs of Fixture



• Fresnel

• Softbox

• Floodlight
    Lighting:   Three Point System


• Key light

• Fill light

• Back light
Lighting: The Difference it Makes
    Practical shoot
• Camera

• Composition

• Microphones

• Lighting
        Directing Actors
• Choose who you work with

• Get them involved in acting
games.

• Inspire them

   Wait for the next CUT Workshop!
     Thanks for being here!
Thanks go to:

                Ian Robertson for organising the workshop.
                Pete Shields for founding CUT
                You Folks for letting me talk
                The Internet for providing most of the material

				
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posted:6/5/2011
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