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Deep Trek

VIEWS: 149 PAGES: 40

									                               DEEP TREK WORKSHOP


                 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an
                 agency of the United States Government. Neither the United
                 States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their
                 employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes
                 any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness,
                 or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process
                 disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately
                 owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial
                 product, process, or service by trade name, trademark,
                 manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or
                 imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the
                 United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and
                 opinions of authors expressed therein do not necessarily state or
                 reflect those of the United States Government or any agency

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       March 2001
                              DEEP TREK WORKSHOP


I.      Disclaimer
II.     Introduction
III.    Executive Summary
IV.     Conference Presentations
        A. Gas Exploration, Production, and Storage
             Brad Tomer, National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. DOE

        B. Oil Overview Presentation
             Bill Lawson, National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. DOE

        C. Geothermal Drilling Research at Sandia National Laboratories
             Sam Varnado, Sandia National Laboratories, U.S. DOE

        D. Madden Deep Unit Madison Wells, Fremont County Wyoming,
           Challenges & Wish List
             Robert Soza, Burlington Resources

        E. Deep Trek Presentation
             John Shaughnessy, BP

        F. Deep Drilling Problems
             William Maurer, Maurer Technology

        G. Perspectives on Deep Drilling Technology: Concerns and Challenges
             William von Eberstein, Shell Exploration and Production Company

V.     Appendices

Deep Trek Workshop                                                             March 2001
              Department of Energy

                         National Energy Technology Laboratory

      May 2001

      Dear Deep Trek Workshop Participant:

      The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Sandia National
      Laboratories are pleased to provide the proceedings of the Deep Trek Workshop held
      on March 20-21, 2001 in Houston. These proceedings include the presentations made
      during the workshop, as well as the breakout session results that were developed for
      advanced smart drilling systems, drilling and completion fluids, completion based
      well design, and drilling diagnostics and sensor systems. A list of participants is also
      included. We have attempted to capture accurately all the ideas, comments, and
      consensus opinions generated during the workshop. If you note any omissions or
      wish to provide additional information, we welcome your comments.

      We hope your organization is interested in a new deep trek initiative that may result
      in collaborative efforts to develop the technologies necessary for reducing drilling
      costs and enhancing the economics of deep hydrocarbon resources. With this in
      mind, NETL is taking steps to analyze the workshop results and formulate a
      solicitation for immediate release, should funds become available. Further details
      and updates will be available at the NETL website: We
      hope that stakeholder groups will use these proceedings in their planning endeavors
      as well.

      Your active participation in the workshop and the breakout work sessions is
      sincerely appreciated. Over 95 participants from more than 50 organizations,
      representing various stakeholders groups, provided a wealth of information and
      opinions. This collaboration among stakeholders groups will accelerate the planning
      for advances in deep drilling technologies.

      We look forward to your future participation in Deep Trek.


                                                   Brad Tomer,
                                                   Product Manager
                                                   Gas Exploration, Production, and Storage
                                                   Strategic Center for Natural Gas

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       March 2001
                               DEEP TREK WORKSHOP

                               EXECUTIVE S UMMARY

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and Sandia National Laboratories hosted
the Deep Trek Workshop on March 20-21, 2001. The purpose was to gather stakeholder input on
technology gaps and needs for drilling and completing deep oil and gas wells, and to determine
how the DOE can collaborate with industry to meet these needs. Specific technology challenges
and opportunities focused on drilling and completion fluids, completion-based well design,
advanced smart drilling systems, and drilling diagnostics and sensor systems. These workshop
proceedings include all speaker presentations, the breakout session products, and the participant
list. The proceedings are publicly available at the NETL website: CD-
ROMs can also be ordered from this site.

During the workshop, 96 participants from 53 organizations shared ideas through presentations
and through facilitated breakout sessions. In addition, industry presenters gave detailed lists of
their drilling needs for an R&D program. The breakout sessions featured structured
brainstorming and critical analyses to identify barriers and technology opportunities, and to
prioritize collaborative actions. The workshop is expected to aid in developing strategic industry,
academia, and government alliances.

The limits of conventional well construction technology are tested in drilling and completing
deep wells. The rock is typically hot, hard, abrasive, and highly pressured. The fluids produced
are, in many cases, corrosive. Control of well bore trajectory and placement of casing and
cement are difficult problems. In addition, because of weight limitations, there are a limited
number of rigs available to drill deep wells. This increases drilling costs. Today, it is
tremendously expensive to drill at depths greater than 16,000 feet, and in deep wells, as much as
50 percent of drilling cost can be encountered in the last 10 percent of the hole length. It is not
uncommon to encounter a penetration rate of only two to four feet per hour, at an operating cost
of tens of thousands of dollars a day for a land rig. If this low penetration rate is encountered on
an offshore location, the cost becomes millions of dollars daily. In deep formations, the driller
spends significantly less time on a percentage basis “making hole” than in shallower wells. Some
ways to keep a driller “making hole” include: reduce the number of “trips” out of the hole,
increase bit and drilling assembly life, reduce corrosion/erosion effects, and increase the driller’s
knowledge of what is happening downhole in real time.

Program Goals
The Deep Trek initiative is designed to develop technologies that make it economically feasible
to produce deep oil and gas resources. Deep Trek will focus on increasing the overall effective
rate of penetration (ROP) for deep drilling. This work will include high performance “smart”

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                        March 2001
systems and materials for deep, harsh environments. Smart systems will include advanced
sensors, capable of withstanding high temperature and high pressure operation to enable logging-
while-drilling and measurement-while-drilling systems to operate. These systems will allow the
driller to anticipate problems and significantly reduce the need to pull the drill string. New
systems will be developed that will allow data to be transmitted to the surface in real time. High-
speed data transmission is a difficult venture in the drilling environment and is much more
problematic in high temperature, high pressure conditions. Advanced materials development will
be aimed at reducing weight, increasing resistance to corrosion/erosion, and integrating the data
transmission system. One of the goals of this work is to develop lighter, erosion resistant drilling
and casing strings, which would extend the depth capabilities of the existing rig fleet rather than
requiring fabrication of new rigs. Individual components will be developed first and then
demonstrated together in a deep drilling system. Perhaps the greatest need is to view the well
construction process from a total systems perspective and to incorporate new information
technology in the process.

Public Benefit

In a recent National Petroleum Council gas study, one of the leading frontiers for gas resource
development is in deep formations. EIA estimates that 7 percent of U.S. gas production in 1999
came from deep formations; this is expected to increase to 14 percent by 2010. Without
additional improvements in drilling technology, this deep gas resource will be developed
primarily because of increased gas prices. The situation is aggravated by the escalating costs
associated with deep drilling. Currently, there is no technology-based hope for a future solution.

Because lower gas prices are essential for economic growth, investing in deep drilling
technology will have an order of magnitude payoff in future economic benefit. Pressure for this
benefit is seen with escalating supply costs and an increase in gas demand. Gas demand is
expected to continue to increase, because gas is the fuel of choice for environmental impact
mitigation associated with electric power generation. Current gas demand estimates could prove
conservative should international agreements, currently under consideration, lead to additional
environmental legislation.

Workshop Breakout Sessions
Five parallel breakout sessions were held on the afternoon of March 20 and the morning of
March 21:

   ♦   Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A
   ♦   Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group B
   ♦   Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems
   ♦   Drilling & Completion Fluids
   ♦   Completion-Based Well Design

The scope definitions for these technical areas were bounded by the following target goals
(temperature aspects were noted in some of the groups):

   ♦   Greater than 16,000 feet
   ♦   U.S. onshore

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       March 2001
   ♦   Gas & oil
   ♦   Next 5-year action plan
   ♦   Drilling completion & stimulation (DCS)

Through the breakout group sessions, participants identified:

   ♦   Key barriers and issues to meeting Deep Trek initiatives,
   ♦   Technical opportunities to overcome these barriers, and
   ♦   Action plans identifying objectives, actions and products, resources and timeframe, and
       collaboration opportunities.

A short summary is provided for each technical area and its top priority opportunity-action plan.
Actual storyboard products for barriers and issues, opportunities, and action plans are in
Appendix A. Although only the top opportunities were scrutinized in detail, many other
opportunities were noted. Each breakout group presented its results in a concluding plenary
session, but to avoid repetition, these presentations are not included. Participants are listed in
Appendix B.


Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A

Two of the highest priority opportunities were real time data transfer and real time data
instrumentation. Their action plans were identical, calling for a committee of government and
industry personnel to spearhead the plan, and then study the state of the art and previous
accomplishments in this area. The “next steps,” as identified by the group, were to define the
problem and goals, perform a gap analysis, re-evaluate the economics of existing technologies,
and consider the end user needs. Additionally, determination of the value-added is necessary,
along with identification of potential solutions followed by request for proposals (RFPs).
Industry should define the problem while government should hold workshops for data collection.
An equal partnership of government and industry is needed, with additional assistance from
universities. The government was identified as having connections for team formation.

Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group B

The highest ranked priority for this advanced smart drilling group was the development of a rig
operator decision support system, with an open architecture applicable to all wells. Four tasks
were identified: develop higher data rate telemetry systems, form consortium to define standards
for open architecture information standards, develop logic algorithms for drilling applications
that fuse real time downhole and surface data, and upgrade temperature and pressure
performance for sensors and electronics while looking for other markets to support. All of these
tasks will involve some sort of industry and government collaboration.

Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems

The highest ranked opportunity for drilling diagnostics and sensor systems was downhole
diagnostics drilling parameters including data validation, weight torque on bit, and state of bore
hole analysis. Actions focused on developing a low cost, reliable, high accurate, and retrievable
tool while preventing bit damage. Resources needed include better seismic while drilling,
Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       March 2001
downhole processors, and better materials. Lead roles focus on service companies via JIPs with
lab and university research development. Leveraging of funds will be essential.

Drilling & Completion Fluids

In order to optimize the fluid performance, the industry needs economic tests and simulators
developed that will aid in determining drill fluid contribution to well-bore stability. These tests
would also help evaluate the mechanical/chemical interaction of rock/fluid. Development could
be accomplished through a collaborative effort with industry, the government, and universities.
Actions suggested for reaching a solution include defining the problem, developing a
fundamental understanding of the mechanisms, defining the constraints, developing test
procedures and equipment, and field validation.

Completion-Based Well Design

The highest ranked priority for completion-based well design was the development and
application of information tools for drilling and completion processes, as well as high-
temperature, high-pressure sensors. Field tests of sensors, data delivery systems, and data
collection and analysis systems are necessary. For example, current measurement while drilling
(MWD) needs to be robust. Expertise needs include high-temperature and high-pressure
electronics, micro devices, data transmission, and information technology. A neutral but
inclusive JIP consortium should lead this effort with service company involvement and a clear
path to commercialization.
This group also noted a number of general issues and crosscutting topics. There is a concern
about the availability of technical expertise to apply advanced technology. What may be termed
the “expertise pipeline” for new talent, as measured by university programs and the flow of
students, continues to shrink. There is also a tendency for industry to focus on the short-term
benefits of reducing up-front drilling costs. This comes at the expense of maximizing the long-
term payoffs of long well life and greater total production from improved completion tools and
techniques. In a generally risk-adverse environment, it is difficult to promote the use of new
technology in field operations. The cost of failure is prohibitive, particularly in costly deep wells.
Another group mentioned technology test underwriting, performance pricing, and exportability.

Next Steps

NETL is already taking steps to analyze the workshop results and formulate a solicitation for
immediate release should funds become available for this activity. Further details and updates
will be available at NETL’s website.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                         March 2001

                         Advanced Smart Drilling Systems - Group A

                           NAME                          ORGANIZATION
                     Fereidoun               BP
                     Buddy Bollfrass         Ocean Drilling Program
                     John H. Cohen           Maurer Engineering
                     Gary Collins            Conoco, Inc.
                     Don Duttlinger          PTTC
                     Betty Felber            NETL/NPTO
                     Michael Fripp           Halliburton
                     Leonard Graham          National Energy Technology Laboratory
                     Craig Ivie              Schlumberger Drill Bits
                     Jeff Jean               ACPT, Inc.
                     Arnis Judzis*           TerraTek
                     Ray LaSala              U.S. Department of Energy
                     Jim Leslie              ACPT, Inc.
                     Roy Long                National Energy Technology Laboratory
                     Hum Mandell             NASA Johnson Space Center
                     William Maurer          Maurer Engineering
                     Bill Motion             Sperry-Sun Drilling Systems
                     Jay Muthusami           Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
                     Hans Neubert            ACPT, Inc.
                     Dennis Nielson          DOSECC, Inc.
                     John Peters             Chevron Petroleum Technology
                     Mike Prairie            Sandia National Laboratories
                     Bob Radtke              Technology International, Inc.
                     Earl Shanks             Transocean Seoco Forex
                     Bill Stringfellow       Hydril Advanced Composites
                     Bil Thedtke             Technology International
                     Ajay Verma              Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
                     Bill von Eberstein      SEPCO
                     Glen Warner             Chevron Petroleum Technology
                     Steve Williamson        Omsco Industries
                     *Report out presenter

                     FACILITATOR: Alicia Dalton, Energetics

Deep Trek Workshop                                 A-I                               March 2001
                                                                Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A
                                                             What Are the Barriers to Cost Effective Deep Drilling?
           TEMPERATURE                       INFORMATION                  SKILLS AND        P RESSURE             ROP                  RIG                 COST                TUBULAR                 O THER
                                           TRANSMISSION AND               P ERSONNEL                                                                                            LIMITS
• Temperature         • Temperature        • Telemetry and down hole      • No HPHT         • High          • Rock strength      • Drilling rigs      • High cost of        • Drill string/ Tool   • Identification of
  issues                issues               power                          training          pressure      • Bit technology       designed for         rotary steerable      reliability            fluid entries and
  − Seals for tools     − Seals for          kk                           • Personnel in      effect on     • No aggressive        shallow holes        systems               k                      character
  − PDM                    tools           • Lack of real time drilling     strong price      seals           drag bits for        kkkkkk             • Cost-               • Drill string         • Drilling fluid
     reliability        − PDM                data                           “time”          • Lost            hard rock          • Flow rates           effectiveness of      drilling in long       technology
  − Sensors                reliability       kkkkkkkkkkkk                 • Access to         circulation     kkkkkk               required (tool       materials for         wells                  Rheology
• Silicon               − Sensors            kkk                            drilling          k               kkk                  damage)              harsh               • Long drill             high/low
  technology (IC’s    • High               • Limited knowledge of           engineers       • Pore          • Low ROP            • Hydraulic limits     environments          strings                temperature &
  etc.) (with           temperature          down hole drilling             kk                pressure      • ROP last             kk                   kk                  • Vibrations (drill      high pressure
  respect to            drilling motors      conditions (real time)       • What does a       ahead of        10-20% of hole     • Power delivery     • Economics (for        string dynamics)       k
  MWD)                  kkkk                 kk                             drilling          bit           • ROP increase         is difficult T*N     lower rate wells)     kkkkkk               • Logistics
• MWD limit           • High               • Low data rate, no “real        engineer need     kk              X2 to justify        or Q*P             • DW cost               kkkkkk                 Marine/Air
  195°C LWD             temperature          time” capability               to go deeper,   • Swivel          cost                                      effective rigs      • Drill string/        • Difficulty in
                                             kkk                                                                                                                              Casing wear
  limit 175° C =        tools                                               faster,           packings      • Hard rock                                 (outside GOM)                                testing tools
  Smart drilling        kk                 • Limited down hole data         cheaper           max 5800                                                • Too many            • Hole angle/            kkkkkk
  depth limited       • Lack of            • Need to understand the       • Resistance to     psi             (e.g. ROP)                                casings               drilling severity    • Too many
• Lack of high          materials for        down well environment                          • High                                                                            control/
                                                                            change                          • Multiple trips                          • Current tools too                            obstructionist
  temperature           motors at high       better                                           pressure        k                                         expensive for         measurement            rules,
                        temperature          k
  electronics                                                                                 drilling      • Rock variability                          land operation        (limit fatigue/        regulations,
  kkkk                • Motor failure at   • Low/no speed reliable 2-                         system 20       (need smart bit)                                                wear) cost             environmental
                                                                                                                                                        and don’t always
                                             way communication
• MWD sensors           high                                                                  ksi or        • Long trip times                           cut costs             effective              regs, partners,
                        temperatures         down hole                                        greater                                                                       • High tubular           etc.
  which will                                                                                                • Bi-center bit                           • Tool reliability
  survive extreme     • Lack of            • Down hole monitoring                             k                                                         kkkkkk                weights at deep
  environments          development of       k                                              • MWD                                                                             depths
  kk                    high temperature   • Large amount of data to                          pressure                                                                        kkk
                        polymers and         be handled                                       limitations
                        resins             • High rate data                                 • High
                        kkkkkkk              transmission from bit to                         pressure
                      • High                 surface
                        temperature          kkk
                        battery (low       • Data rate for up/down
                        cost, too)           hole to allow knowledge
                        kk                   of conditions and control
                      • Cementing at         (wired drill pipe)
                        high               • Poor information about
                        temperatures         formation (ex. Pore
                      • Stable high          pressure)
                        temperature        • (Reliability) Signal/
                        packer elements      Power across drill pipe
                                           • Measurement of in situ
                                             conditions (pressure,
                                             temperature, pore fluid)
                                           • Lack of reliable, low
                                             cost, miniature
                                             signal/power receiver/
                                           • Subsurface hazards (e.g.
                                             depleted zones)
k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                                      A-2                                                                                         March 2001
                                                             Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A
                                                       What Are the R&D Opportunities to Overcome the Barriers?
                                                      BEST P RACTICES/                                                                 DOWN HOLE                    SYSTEMS AND
         ROP                   MATERIALS               TECHNIQUES                     JIP                  VIBRATION                   DATA /INFO                 INTEGRATION OF                  TEMPERATURE
   • Increase wear and      • Polymer electrolyte     • Best practices for    • R&D work on            • Vibration dampeners       • Real time drilling       • Optimize system approach        • Cool the mud to
     impact resistance        batteries                 deep drilling           “wired” tubing/drill     within the drill string     data to optimize           to rig design drillings           reduce effective down
     of PDC and TSP         • Nanotechnology            kkkk                    pipe                   • Drilling systems            drilling process           system & equipment                hole temperature
     cutters                  sensors                 • Low speed             • Testing fund or JIP      with vibration              kkkkkkkk                   kkkkkkkk                        • Increase temperature
   • Soften rock with       • Alternatives to steel     turbodrills           • Joint industry and       control for use with        kkk                        kkk                               capability of materials
     ultrasonics before       for drilling string     • Improved inspection     government               drag bits                 • Develop high             • Long wearing, impact              k
     drilling                 and casing – lighter,     of drill pipe and       “materials” research     kkk                         information                resistant drag cutters          • Hi temperature
   • Combination roller       more corrosion            BHA tools               program.               • Controllable                transmission               kkkkkk                            electronic component
                                                                                                                                     technology               • Smart drilling pipe
     PDC bit                  resistant                                       • Joint industry           vibration dampeners                                                                      development
     k                      • Develop new                                       commitment to          • Drill string                kkkk                       kkkkkkkk                          kkk
   • Optimize hole            materials for more                                specific financing       attenuator                • Electromagnetic data       kkkk                            • Limit temperature
                                                                                                                                     transfer                 • Faster drilling
     section drilling         aggressive drag bits                              tech costs i.e.,       • Passive and active                                                                       transmission to down
     performance (ROP       • More wear resistant                               commercial               vibration control           k                          − Thermally stable                string fluid flow
     vs. life of bit)                                                           commitment               k                         • Seismic while drilling         diamond cutters               k
                              materials for tool
                                                                                                                                     kkkkkk                                                     • Silicon-on-insulator
   • “Morphing drill          joints                                            kkk                    • Measurement of
                                                                                                                                   • Develop MWD                − Bits which can be
     bit” optimizes         • Motors with less                                • Tool joint               vibrations along drill                                                                   electronics
                                                                                                         string                      drilling system                rotated at higher rpm         kkk
     itself for different     reliance on                                       development for
     formations                                                                 “smart” inclusions     • Vibration absorbing       • Diagnostics while              in abrasive/ hard rock      • Develop high
                              elastomers but with
                                                                                                                                     drilling                                                     temperature
   • Constant WPB sub         high torque,                                      k                        materials                                               kkk
                                                                              • Field demo’s of high     kkkkkk                      k                        • Matched bits and motors           composites
                              moderate rpm                                                                                         • Real time data/power
                                                                                tech/cost solutions    • Develop cost                                         • New seal initiative               kkkkkkkkkk
                            • Improved                                                                                               transmission through                                       • High temperature
        O THER                component supply                                  for low budget/land      effective smart                                      • 7500 psi mud seals are
                                                                                applications             systems to recognize        drill string                                                 PDM
                              (electronics)                                                                                                                     doable
                                                                                                                                   • Down hole                                                  • Develop high
                                                                                                         vibrations down hole                                 • Develop deep HPHT
                                                                                                         and eliminate them          intelligence                                                 temperature
                                                                                                                                                                drilling rig
   • Train personnel                                                                                   • Combined motor            • Develop high rate                                            MWD/LWD systems
                                                                                                                                                              • Rig with high pressure
                                                                                                                                     data system that is                                          around new 250°C
   • Database for deep                                                                                   shock absorber
                                                                                                                                     transparent to the rig
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Honeywell chip
     drilling technology                                                                                                                                        kk
                                                                                                                                     operation and high
                                                                                                                                                              • Improved deep hole              • Develop high
                                                                                                                                     temperature                                                  temperature polymers
                                                                                                                                                                vibration monitoring
                                                                                                                                   • Develop real time                                          • Develop high
                                                                                                                                                              • Reduce weight of drill string
                                                                                                                                     high data rate                                               temperature
                                                                                                                                     transmission and         • Monobore well design
                                                                                                                                     processing system
                                                                                                                                                              • Laser drilling                  • Sensors & electronics
                                                                                                                                   • Down hole                                                    designed for HTHP
                                                                                                                                                              • Synthetic diamond
                                                                                                                                     processing of data
                                                                                                                                                                technology for longer
                                                                                                                                   • Seismic interpretation
                                                                                                                                                                lasting PDC bits in hard
                                                                                                                                     for pore pressure
                                                                                                                                   • Pore pressure gamma        k
                                                                                                                                     sensors doable           • CWD
                                                                                                                                   • Real time software       • Casing drilling
                                                                                                                                     applications             • Line-while-drill
                                                                                                                                       − Rig site analysis      k
                                                                                                                                       − Pressure control     • Adaptive drill tool to alter
                                                                                                                                       −   Well control         bit dynamics
                                                                                                                                   •   Closed loop drilling   • Match rig, hydraulic system
                                                                                                                                       (real time               drill string & data
                                                                                                                                       data/control) to         transmission to improve
                                                                                                                                       optimize bit/motor       deep well ROP “Look at
                                                                                                                                       use                      total system”

 k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                         A-3                                                                                                        March 2001
                                                 Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A
                                            What Actions to Take Advantage of R&D Opportunities?
   O PPORTUNITY                                ACTIONS                                       LEADERS                   COLLABORATIONS               RESOURCES
PRIORITY #1 –        • Committee of government and industry formation to spearhead   • Industry – Define problem   • Government/Industry     • Government – Connections
                     • State of the art (accomplishments)                            • Government – Workshops        (50/50)                   for team formation
Real Time Data
                     • Define problems/goals                                           for data collection         • Universities
Transfer             • Gap analysis
                     • Re-evaluate economics of existing technologies
                     • End user needs consideration
                     • Determine value added
                     • Identify potential solutions
                     • RFPs
PRIORITY #2 –        • Committee of government and industry formation to spearhead   • Industry – Define problem   • Government/Industry     • Government – Connections
                     • State of the art (accomplishments)                            • Government – Workshops        (50/50)                   for team formation
Real Time Data
                     • Define problems/goals                                           for data collection         • Universities
Instrumentation      • Gap analysis
                     • Re-evaluate economics of existing technologies
                     • End user needs consideration
                     • Determine value added
                     • Identify potential solutions
                     • RFPs
PRIORITY #3 –        • Capture operations’ needs                                     • Rig operators and           • Operators involved in   • Non-traditional JIP – Well
                     • Integration                                                     contractors                   planning, R&D, and        commitment
Optimize System
                     • Define purpose                                                • API, IADC, etc.               solutions               • Government
Approach to Rig      • Identify critical components                                  • Operators                   • Rig Operators             − Funding
Design Drilling                                                                                                    • Contractors
                     • Economics and contracting strategy                            • Government                                              − Demonstrations
System and                                                                                                         • API
                     • Review KTB approach                                                                                                     − Upgrades
Equipment            • Review KTB results                                                                          • IADC                      − Team formation
                     • Optimize ROP                                                                                • Operators               • Cont ractors – Rig
                     • Testing/Verification (test drill)                                                           • Government              • Operators – Well
                     • Assurance program                                                                           • Service
                     • Commercialize
                     • Outside industry perspective and possibilities
                     • Demonstrate (field test)
                       − Laboratory testing
                       − Modeling
                     • Publications
                     • Lobby
                     • Incentives

Deep Trek Workshop                                                         A-4                                                                             March 2001
                                                 Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group A
                                       What Actions to Take Advantage of R&D Opportunities? (continued)
   O PPORTUNITY                                    ACTIONS                                LEADERS             COLLABORATIONS                  RESOURCES
PRIORITY #4 –         • Identify limitations of current equipment               •    University           • Operators for testing      • Operators – Data
Optimize ROP            − Reliability                                           •    Government           • Operators with suppliers   • Oil companies – Modeling
including Trip Time     − Life                                                  •    Testing facilities   • Everyone with DOE            data
                        − Material                                              •    Tool manufacturers                                • Motor and bit companies
(Added by group)                                                                                                                         − Data
                        − Performance
                      • Identify cost benefits                                                                                           − Hardware
                      • Gather data on various applications                                                                              − “Know-how”
                      • Monitor and optimize drill string design (real time)
                      • Bit to surface modeling
                      • Study and improve hydraulics
                      • Lab testing
                      • Under balance drilling
                      • Innovative drilling systems

Deep Trek Workshop                                                             A-5                                                                   March 2001

                         Advanced Smart Drilling Systems - Group B

                               NAME                     ORGANIZATION
                       Dave Bacon                 Chevron
                       Ansgar Baule               Baker Hughes Inteq
                       Robert Coats               Baker Hughes Inteq
                       Blaine Comeaux*            Sperry-Sun
                       Mahlon Dennis              Dennis Tool Co.
                       Mark E. Freeman            Russlink Energy
                       Ali Kadaster               Anadarko
                       Jay Klassen                NEYRFOR Turbodrilling
                       Mike Pavelka               Kerr McGee
                       Jim Schumacher             Texaco
                       John Shaughnessy           BP
                       Damir S. Skerl             SDCI-Houston
                       Robert Soza                Burlington Resources
                       Bob Stayton                GTI
                       Sam Varnado                Sandia Labs
                       *Report out presenter

                     FACILITATOR: Phil DiPietro, Energetics

Deep Trek Workshop                             A-6                        March 2001
                                                       Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group B
                                                  What Are the Barriers (Tech, Business, Market, Others)?
          COST                ROCKS GET HARD                HIGH T& P              LARGE HOLE SIZE        DO NOT SEE           INEFFICIENCY OF THE          MISCELLANEOUS
                                (LOW ROP)                25 KPSI , 400-600 F           (DUE TO         WHAT ’S GOING ON      CONVEYANCE OF ENERGY
                                                                                    TELESCOPING )                            FROM SURFACE TO ROCK
• High cost of failure      • Vibration induced         • Materials                • ROP               • High-temperature   • Higher standpipe pressures   • Sloughing of the
• Ability of service          failure of bit cutters      requirements versus      • Volume of waste     sensors                                             hole
  company to capture          and BHA components          availability
  R&D benefits              • No mud hammer with        • Temperature
• High ROP = low              a weighted mud              limitation of
  service company           • Bit technology              elastomers for PDMs
  revenues                    suitable for all            (positive displacement
• Difficult to test           formations                  motors
  equipment                 • Variation of the strata   • HTHP designs and
• Lack of longer term       • Gear reduction for          testing for MWD and
  R&D funding by the          turbines (cost,             motors
  industry                    reliability)
• How do we handle          • Safety concerns
  commercial tool             associated with UBD
  patents, competition        (under-balanced
  with DOE funds?             drilling)
• Durability (capability)
  versus cost
• Technology transfer

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       A-7                                                                     March 2001
                                                   Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group B
                                        What Are the Technology R&D Opportunities to Overcome Barriers?
MECHANICAL AND MATERIALS                       DO NOT SEE                        ROCKS GET HARD                      LARGE HOLE SIZE                   HIGH TEMPERATURE AND
                                            WHAT ’S GOING ON                                                          (TELESCOPING )                           PRESSURE
• PDM motor with metal/ceramic       • Rig operator decision support      • Under balanced drilling           • Drilling fluid or process that      • Continuous well cooling
  seal                                 system                               (replacement for conventional       “cases” hole as you drill             kkk
  kkkkkk                               − Correlations between surface       BOP systems, fluids that will       kkkk                                • Insulated drill pipe
• Seals that can withstand 25 kpsi        data & downhole                   change phase w/ choke pressure)   • Capability to drill a straighter
  kkkkk                                − Look ahead of bit                  kkkkkkk                             hole (steerable drill)
• New swivel packing for 7.5 kpsi      − NASA-type sensors                • Better metallurgy for bits          k
  kkkkk                                kkkkkkkkkk                           (microwave treatment)             • Conventional slick casing with an
                                     • High temperature electronics and     kkkkk                               expandable chemical coating –
                                       sensors that will work downhole    • Slim hole: adaptation of mining     eliminate need for cement
                                       kkkkkkkkk                            technology and procedures
                                     • Formation-blind drilling             kk
                                       apparatus (small diameter bits)    • Integrated motor/vibration
                                       kkkkkkkkk                            dampener
                                                                          • “Different” rock destruction
                                                                            concepts (laser, hp water)
                                                                          • High-temp shock absorber

k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                      A-8                                                                            March 2001
                                                     Advanced Smart Drilling Systems – Group B
                                                             5-Year R&D Action Plan
               P RODUCT NEEDED                                TASKS TO DELIVER PRODUCT                                             WHO DOES?
1     Rig operator decision support system   • Form coalition to define standards for information systems    • Industry / government
      • Open architecture                    • Develop logic algorithms for drilling operations. Two         • Industry / government
      • Applicable to all wells                options, either think downhole or bring raw data to surface
                                             • Develop higher rate data transmission (e.g., acoustics,       • Government / industry in advisory role
                                               transistor in mud, fiber optics)
                                             • Upgrade temperature and pressure performance of sensors and   • Government / industry
                                               electronics (look for other markets that could use similar
                                               technology in order to increase the production volume)

2     High temperature electronics and       • Develop basic HT electronic components                        • Govt./academia/industry (advisory)
      sensors that will work down hole       • Develop HT batteries                                          • Govt./academia/industry (advisory)
      >400oF, 25,000 psi                     • Develop appropriate sensors                                   • Govt./academia/industry (advisory)

3     Formation-blind drilling apparatus     • Screen/assess existing innovations, equipment, methods,       • Government subsidizes industry-led field tests
                                               designs, and materials
                                             • Develop new concepts                                          • Industry lead / government provide access to basic science
                                                                                                               and military technology (Petroleum Technology Transfer
                                             • Establish independent clearing house for arms-length          • Government - no commercial royalty tie-ins or lock-outs
                                               evaluation of new concepts
4     Develop new methods for well           • Provide seed money for concept development                    • Government / industry
      control that will enable safer UBD
      drilling in high-volume and high-
      pressure wells
5     Mechanical components and              • PDM motors with better seals                                  • Government / industry. One approach is for industry to
      materials for HTHP applications        • Develop swivel packing w/ 7,500 psi rating                      fund an employee to work at a national lab for a 6-month
                                             • Develop seals for numerous downhole components that can         or longer rotation
                                               stand 25 kpsi, 400-600oF, and exposure to corrosive
                                             • Transition from unit pricing to performance pricing           • Industry (internal)

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                A-9                                                                       March 2001

                             Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems

                              NAME                     ORGANIZATION
                       Jim Albright             Los Alamos National Lab
                       Perakath Benjamin        Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
                       Craig Cooley             Ussynthetic
                       Roger Entralgo           Energy Research Clearing House
                       Bill Hauser              MMS
                       Richard C. Haut          Halliburton Deepwater
                       Sudhendu Kashikar        Schlumberger
                       Buddy King               Nobel Eng. & Dev.
                       Jack Kolle               Tempress Technologies Inc.
                       Tom Laylock              Marathon Oil
                       Keith Millheim           Anadarko Petroleum Corp.
                       Mike Nero                Weatherford
                       Randy A. Normann         Sandia National Laboratories
                       Jack Pruitt              Halliburton Security DBS
                       Steven P. Rountree       Prime Directional Systems
                       Roger L. Schultz         Halliburton Energy Services
                       Gene Sparkman            Energy Research Clearing House
                       Charles Thomas           INEEL
                       Brad Tomer               NETL
                       Paul Tubel*              Tubel Technologies
                       Eddie Wright             Texas A&M/ODP
                       Jiang Wu                 Chevron Petroleum
                      *Report out presenter

                     FACILITATOR: Kevin Moore, Energetics

Deep Trek Workshop                            A-10                               March 2001
                                                          Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems
                                               What Are the Barriers/Issues (Tech, Business, Market, Others)?
 RELIABILITY AND        INDUSTRY CULTURE            SENSORS               FORMATION             B ITS AND BHA            DATA                 LIMITATIONS               COST
   CAPABILITY                                                                                                        MANAGEMENT AND
• Reliability of        • Lack of common       • Military             • High pressure, high   • Bits to handle       • Lack of data         • People resources   • Component cost
  sensors and             agenda to attack       components sharing     temperature rock        soft/hard rock         transmission ability   training             effectiveness
  electronics             problems             • Exploit new sensor     mechanics               combinations           (downhole)           • Lack of new deep   • Small diameter
• High temperature      • Resistance to          technology             (understanding)       • Bit vibration and    • Real time data         iron                 systems – 2 inch
  (kills electronics)     change               • Lack of industry     • Deep multi-laterals     control                analysis and         • Older rig          • Prototype high
• Motor life (low)      • Need “out-of-the-      knowledge of           (drilling and         • Unknown downhole       application            equipment            testing costs
• Motor diagnostics       box thinking           component 4C           completion)             drill string, BHA,   • Data management                           • Daily drilling and
• Long term reliable    • He is not here.        sensor usage         • Casing collapse         bit actions            and integration                             equipment cost
  electronics systems     How could he help?   • System high power    • “Safe” drill and      • Event recognition    • Data overload vs.
• Intelligent wells                              consumption            produce gas           • More durable bit       data presentation
  permanent sensors                            • Downhole power         simultaneously          cutting structures     for informed
• Eliminate electric                             capacity and life    • Multiple pore         • Torque                 decisions
  cables and                                   • Pressure while         pressures per well      measurement          • Data standard
  hydraulic lines for                            drilling             • Geo-steering            capability             protocol
  completion                                   • What measurements    • Do not know if we                            • Real time data
  reliability too low                            are the priority       have deep gas                                  monitor form a
• Motor/BHA                                      (drilling)           • Measure of cutting                             remote location
  pressure drop too                            • Look ahead of the      remove/hole                                  • How do we use the
  high                                           Bit                    cleaning                                       drilling diagnostic
• Pressure limited                                                    • Deep geo steering                              data – apply it to
• High-temperature,                                                   • Formation                                      change what?
  long-term sealing                                                     evaluation
  technology (leakage                                                 • Under balance
  through welds,                                                      • Formation damage
  elastomer failure)                                                    during drilling
                                                                      • Drill motor/bit

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                       A-11                                                                          March 2001
                                                         Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems
                                           What Are the Technology R&D Opportunities to Overcome Barriers?
 RELIABILITY AND               SENSORS               FORMATION                 B ITS AND             DATA                    INDUSTRY                  COST                LIMITATIONS
   CAPABILITY                                                                    BHA             MANAGEMENT AND              CULTURE
• Sensor system           • Improved sensor      • Deep core taking       • Active downhole      • Standard data DH     • New industry          • Tiny tools            • Algorithms real
  shock isolation           specification more     capability               vibration control      and SRF gathering      growth to influence   • Low cost                time display to
• Electronic                robust                 kk                       kkkkk                  (standards)            change                  disposable MWD          increase learning
  assemblies for high       kk                   • Correlate formation    • Downhole “closed-      kkkk                 • Expose oil              tool                    rate
  temperature             • Seismic while          to cores                 loop” systems        • Data mining and        companies to new      • Reduction of flat       k
  (>350o F)                 drilling sensors     • Formation                kk                     fusion                 technologies            time while drilling   • Increase multi-
  environment solder,     • Develop bit status     tester/sampler while   • Short hop              kk                   • Risk sharing            k                       disciplinary groups
  boards, etc.              and condition          drilling                 communications for   • Faster data                                  • Drilling using        • New super-deep
  kkkkkkkkk                 sensors                                         bit data transfer      transmission media                             casing                  modern drill rigs
• Develop new               kkkk                                          • Models of rock         (e.g., fiber optics)                         • ROP enhancement         (like was done for
  elastomers              • Downhole 4D                                     comminution          • Algorithms high                                program                 DW)
• All “metal” motors        seismic                                         k                      speed/RT data                                  k                       k
  k                         k                                             • Make tougher           analysis
• More efficient          • Fiber optics sensors                            (stronger) bits        kk
  motors and MWD            logging                                         kk                   • Downhole
  kk                        kkkkk                                                                  diagnostics drilling
• Multizone               • Downhole seismic                                                       parameters
  hydrocarbon flow          source                                                                 kkkkkkkkkk
  control                   kkk                                                                  • Composite drill
  kk                      • Real Time (RT)                                                         pipe or coiled
• Equipment health          pore pressure                                                          tubing with data
  monitoring and            kkkkkk                                                                 lines
  predictive                                                                                     • Knowledge capture
  maintenance                                                                                      and sharing lessons
  kkkk                                                                                             learned
• Logging tool                                                                                     k
  robotic carrier in                                                                             • Genetic algorithm
  horizontal well                                                                                  based drilling
• New type of                                                                                      programs
  batteries/power                                                                                • RT well remote
  supply – long life in                                                                            monitoring
  high temperature                                                                                 kkk
• High efficiency
  (low power

k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                         A-12                                                                              March 2001
                                                          Drilling Diagnostics & Sensor Systems
                                                   What Actions to Take Advantage of R&D Opportunity?
    O PPORTUNITY WITH DETAILS                ACTIONS P RODUCTS TOOLS                             RESOURCES                   LEAD ROLE COLLABORATION               TIME/$
• Downhole diagnostics drilling        • Industry performance baseline by basin    • Industry training and drilling      •   Service company via JIP         • Leveraging
  parameters                           • High accuracy directional drilling tool     objectives                          •   Ocean drilling program
  − Data validation                    • Low cost retrievable tool                 • Better seismic while drilling       •   Industry collaboration
  − Weight torque on bit               • Disposable small diameter tool            • Coring while drilling               •   Test facility
  − State of BHA                       • Drilling reliability tool                 • Better materials, e.g., diamond     •   Lab, university consortia
  − Motor ∆p, T, RPM                   • System integration                          bearings                            •   Small business involvement
  − Bit cutting structure              • Bit on bottom?                            • DH processors                       •   DOE - deep drilling data base
     − Wear state                      • Standards for rig instrumentation and     • Memory tool non-retrievable
     − Temperature                       design
     − Loading                         • Better sensors for better understanding
  − Gas in wellbore                      of rock properties
  − Equivalent circulating density     • Prevent bit damage
                                       • Cutting structure
  − Interpretive algorithms
  − Straight hole?                       − Condition?
                                         − Is hole being cleaned?
                                         − What kind of rock drilling?
PRIORITIES #2 and #3
• Electronic assemblies HT >350 o F    • Micro-machine sensors                     •   Weapons programs                  • Government/labs with defense      • Sustainability?
  environment                          • High speed OP-AMP 10 MHz R to R           •   Academia research                   industries
• New type battery/power supply-long     single supply                             •   National labs                     • Existing industry via DOE/JIP
  life in high temperature             • Small scale refrigeration                 •   Government/government foreign –
  − 225o C EE PROM                     • Caps 100 µf 100 volt                          United States
  − DSP                                • FPGA 225o C
  − 225o C SMPS 90% efficiency
• Real time pore pressure              • Seismic while drilling                    • DEA 119, 135(?)                     • Associations, universities
  − What is real time?                 • Operating procedures to react to RT       • Geoscience physics community
  − Drill at balance continuously        pore pressure
                                       • Volume of cuttings
                                       • Gas in well bore measurement tool
                                       • Mud density analysis
                                       • Automate kick detection and control
                                       • Delta flow measurement capability at
• Active Downhole Vibration Control    •   Closed loop                             •   Aerospace industry                • DOE/DEA
  − Measure and interpret              •   Procedures to get out of it             •   IFP (French)                      • Geothermal
  − Bit whirl                          •   Initial detection signal recognition    •   Academia
                                       •   Modeling of event “synchro”             •   Labs
                                       •   Instrumentation of drill string         •   Small Business
                                       •   When to use turbines and/or PDM

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                         A-13                                                                   March 2001

                               Drilling & Completion Fluids

                          NAME                      ORGANIZATION
                     Dave Burnett            GPRI-A&M
                     Don Dreesen             Los Alamos National Laboratory
                     Allen Gault*            Conoco
                     Aston Hinds             Halliburton Company
                     Fersheed Mody           Halliburton Energy Services
                     Keith Morton            Chevron
                     Eugene Pollard          Ocean Drilling Program - TAMU
                     Wayne Stewart           Drilling Specialties
                     *Report out presenter

                     FACILITATOR: Brett Humble, Energetics

Deep Trek Workshop                           A-14                             March 2001
                                                             Drilling & Completion Fluids
                                                               What Are the Barriers?
                                                                         GENERAL TOPICS
                     • Rheology (Hole cleaning, cuttings transport, gel strength @ temperature change)
                     • Bean Counter’s rules
                     • Depleted formations
                     • Gas solubility
                     • Corrosion control in heavy brines (zinc based, greater than 400 degrees F)
                     • Damage to production zone by fluid
                     • Water based Mud (WBM) performance equal to Synthetic based Mud (SBM)/Oil based Mud (OBM)
                     • Inadequate lab testing capability
                     • Lubricity – torque and drag in deviated holes
                     • Interdisciplinary communications problems
                     • Rheological stability with temperature change
                     • Formation damage (reverse circulation drilling, open hole from bottom up)
                     • Cuttings transport (reverse circulation drilling)
                     • Mud weight determination with gas cut – BHP
                     • Time off bottom is high
                     • Thermal stresses
                     • Temperature stability of WBM at 300 degrees F and greater
                     • Federal/State regulations
                     • High pressure (greater than 18 lb/gal
                     • Well bore stability (lost circulation)
                     • Hard rock abrasion wear to bits
                     • Ability to define environment – comp strength, shear strength, fracture, pore pressure, abrasivity. Geology

Deep Trek Workshop                                                             A-15                                                  March 2001
                                                               Drilling & Completion Fluids
                                                  What Are the R&D Opportunities to Overcome Barriers?
             DISPOSAL/W ASTE TREATMENT                                             FLUID DESIGN                                             FLUID TESTING /O PERATIONS
• Develop approved disposal method for material from well   • Develop method of modeling to capture the                       • Develop economical tests & simulators for drill fluid
  operations                                                  mechanical/chemical interaction of rock/fluid                     contribution to well-bore stability
  kkkkk                                                       kkkkk                                                             kkkkkk
                                                            • Develop WBM that mimic performance of OBM                       • Real-time Rheology & Chemistry (surface first, down-hole
                                                              kkkk                                                              later)
                                                            • Develop non-damaging completion fluid that has low fluid loss     kkk
                                                              kkk                                                             • Under-balanced drilling – high volume degassing
                                                            • Develop a quick way to measure fluid compatibility with           kk
                                                              formation                                                       • Rheology as a function of time pressure & temperature
                                                              kk                                                              • Develop a method for quickly testing cuttings
                                                            • Mineral oil invert – salt saturated weighted mud with thermal
                                                              stability ≥ 500 degrees F
                                                            • Reversible WBM/Invert –Lubricity – ROP – Regs/Legs
                                                            • Design of an economical ROP vs Fluid & Temp & Pressure Test
                                                            • Develop method/procedure to determine formation composition
                                                              from nuclear logs (chemistry, reactivity, type of mud)
                                                            • Develop advanced synthetic muds – thermal-regs/legs-ROP
                                                            • DF-Filtercakes that enhance cement bonds
                                                            • Self-sealing DF systems (Removal of LCM from fractures)

k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                      A-16                                                                               March 2001
                                                            Drilling & Completion Fluids
                                                What Actions to Take Advantage of R&D Opportunity?
   #     PRODUCT/DELIVERABLE                        ACTIONS                    WHO DOES /LEADS                  COLLABORATIONS                SCHEDULE/ R ESOURCES
 1      Develop economical tests &        • Define the problem             (no lead, only collaboration)    • Industry/Gov’t &               Multi-year
        simulators for drill fluid        • Develop fundamental                                               Universities                   > $1,000,000
        contribution to well-bore           understanding of
        stability                           mechanisms in order of
                                          • Define constraints
                                          • Develop test procedures &
 2      Develop environmentally           • Evaluate regulatory issues     (no lead, only collaboration)    • DOE/National Labs assess       Multi-year
        approved method for disposal      • Identify materials included                                       legacy                         > $1,000,000
        of well operations materials        in disposal                                                     • Industry/Universities work
                                          • Propose alternate treatment                                       with regulators to develop
                                            methods                                                           guidelines (include
                                          • Test/demonstrate methods                                          stakeholders, NGO’s)
                                            to gain regulatory
 3      Develop modeling to capture       • Verify results from product    (no lead, only collaboration)    • Universities/Industry          2-3 years
        the mechanical/chemical             #1                                                                                               > $500,000
        interaction of rock/fluid         • Model should be able to
                                            reproduce results from # 1
                                          • Field validation of model
 4      Develop WBM to serve as           • Define constraints             Service companies/industry       • Chemical                       2-3 years
        alternatives to SBM/OBM           • Determine who is doing                                            Industry/Universities          Multi-million
                                          • Conduct lab testing to
                                            determine viability
                                          • Identify potential for field
 5      Real-time rheology * &            • Identify what properties of    Oil & gas industry               • Utilize expertise from other   Multi-year
        chemistry (surface first, down-     fluid you want to measure                                         industries/National Labs       Multi-million
        hole later)                       • Identify best sensors
                                          • Propose prototype
                                            measurement system
                                          • Test prototype
*Need to utilize circulation chips which can be placed in fluids and circulated to obtain measurements

Deep Trek Workshop                                     A-17                                             March 2001
                      GROUP PRODUCTS

The general cha rge to the group was:
“discuss the interplay between the drilling                 Completion-Based Well Design
and completion process, as well as the
optimized design of casing and                           NAME                   ORGANIZATION
completion programs. Identify materials          Dave Borns              Sandia National Laboratories
needed for high-temperature completions,         Daniel Bour             Halliburton Energy Services
                                                 Eddie Cousins           Conoco
high-temperature cement, and cement              Dan Gleitman            Halliburton Energy Services
placement techniques.” Given this charge,        Shawna Hartman*         Chevron
the group identified and responded to            John Morgan             Burlington Resources
three areas:                                     Ron Sweatman            Halliburton Energy Services
                                                 *Report out presenter
   ♦ Barriers to cost-effective deep well
     systems,                              FACILITATOR: Jim Carey, Energetics
   ♦ Technology opportunities to
     overcome these barriers, and
   ♦ Action plans for five priority R&D topics.

The group first brainstormed on the barriers to achieving cost-effective systems. The issues were
then grouped into logical categories. Three major technical areas were identified: well integrity,
data acquisition and quality, and drilling processes and equipment. In addition, three non-
technical areas were identified: regulatory issues, the availability of technical expertise, and
technology risk. The complete results are shown in Table 1.

Based on these barriers, the group brainstormed on technology opportunities. The topics
identified and grouped into six general topic areas: simulation, materials and fabrication, tools
and techniques, sensors and data management, human resources and expertise, and risk
management. The group then voted on priority topics and the complete results are shown in
Table 2.

After voting, the top topics were aggregated into a set of five priority topics for which action
plans would be prepared. A sixth topic, risk analysis and risk sharing, was deemed a critical
cross cutting issue for the other five.

The five topics were as follows:

   ♦   Develop and apply high-temperature, high-pressure sensors and information tools to
       drilling and completion processes.

   ♦   Accelerate development of tubular solutions.

   ♦   Develop downhole solutions to surface production problems.

   ♦   Optimize longevity of wellbore through numerical analysis of wellbore and completion
Deep Trek Workshop                            A-18                                           March 2001
   ♦   Develop low cost enhanced sealants and placement techniques.

For each topic, the group identified products/deliverables, resources (knowledge and expertise),
who leads/collaborates, schedule, and dollars. Table 3 presents the complete results for the
action plans.

In addition to the products shown in the tables, a number of general issues and crosscutting
topics were noted during discussions.

   ♦   It is critical to view completions as an integrated part of well planning and design in order
       to assure productivity over the entire well life-cycle.

   ♦   There is a general tendency to focus on the short-term benefits of reducing up-front
       drilling costs, as opposed to maximizing the longer-term payoff of longer well life and
       greater total production from improved completion tools and techniques.

   ♦   In a risk-averse environment, it is difficult to promote the use of new technology in field
       operations. The cost of failure is seen as prohibitive, particularly in very costly deep
       wells. For example, new tools and techniques have been developed but not applied.

   ♦   There is concern over the availability of technical expertise needed to apply advanced
       technology. What may be termed the “expertise pipeline” for new talent, as measured by
       college and university programs and the flow of students, continues to shrink. For
       example, in one of the companies represented in the group, only 9% of the technical
       workforce are less than 30 years of age.

   ♦   There is the need to consider “blue-sky” technology options that could provide
       revolutionary approaches to completion tools and techniques. Part of developing these
       options would be to examine and adapt developments (e.g., in electronics and
       information technology) from outside the oil and gas industries.

   ♦   Bringing in technical expertise from outside the “typical” oil/gas world capabilities (e.g.,
       reservoir engineering, geotechnical) can both facilitate the use of new technology and
       prevent “reinventing the wheel.”

   ♦   Perhaps most importantly, in any technology development there is the necessity for
       technology developers to understand the real-time needs and problems of field operations
       and personnel. This particularly true for any “blue-sky” efforts to be successful.

Tables 1 through 3 follow.

   ♦   Table 1. Barriers
   ♦   Table 2. Opportunities
   ♦   Table 3. Action Plans

Deep Trek Workshop                           A-19                                        March 2001
                                                            Completion-Based Well Design
                                           Table 1. What Are the Barriers to Cost-Effective Deep Well Systems?
          WELL                            DATA                       DRILLING P ROCESS /                  TECHNOLOGY                       TECHNOLOGY                       REGULATORY
        INTEGRITY                  ACQUISITION/Q UALITY                 EQUIPMENT                            RISK                           EXPERTISE
• Cement durability: cyclic      • Handling/analysis of large    • Float equipment for reverse     • Absolute necessity needed • Lack of technology                  • Waste handling
  pressure and temperature         amounts of data                 circulation cementing             for innovation                  development personnel           • Use of synthetic materials
  stress failure                 • Understanding of down hole    • Rig design to achieve faster    • Lack of $ for high-risk         expertise                       • Produced fluids
• Well integrity during and        conditions in real time         trips reeled pipe for example     efforts                       • Lack of folks for the future:   • Risk-based decision
  after drilling                 • Accurate temperature          • Cement placement:               • Knowledge of existing           education/training pipeline       analysis is lacking
  − Bore hole stability –          prediction (geothermal          − Challenging well                technology by operators                                         • Annular gas regulation (gas
      tensile and compressive      cementing)                          conditions limit cement     • State-of-the-art not brought                                      migration)
      failure                    • Data-cost component of              placement with                to state-of-use practice
  − Crossflows                     project                             conventional methods        • Access to existing high-
  − Casing damage                • LOT/FIT procedures and          − Possible solution:              dollar technologies
  − Leaking annular gas:           interpretation
                                                                       reverse cementing           • Contractor-customer
                                 • Insufficient data             • Productive time on bottom         interface can restrict
      short- and long-term
• Corrosive environment            − Well testing                  versus non-productive time        advances in technology
  (high-cost tubing)               − Production data             • Long-term well reliability      • Conservative decision
• Thermal stability of cements   • Is there truly a reservoir-     vs. up-front drilling $           makers in drilling role,
                                   grade petroleum system                                            culture
• Compaction-induced                                             • High-temperature electronic
  failures:                        down there?                     components (lack of)            • High well cost limits testing
  − How to assess                                                • When you get there do you
                                                                                                   • Difficult to prove how more
  − Mapping                                                        end up with a “usable” hole
                                                                                                     up-front cost can prevent
  − Mechanisms                                                     size?
                                                                                                     long-term problems, i.e.,
  − Completion methods                                           • Lost circulation
                                                                                                     slow degradation of zone
• Equipment production                                             − Mud losses                      isolation causing loss of
  durability                                                       − Well control                    hydrocarbons to other zones
  − Hard rock,                                                     − Too many casing strings       • Zero tolerance for error
  − High temperature,                                            • Additives                       • Data quality needs
  − High pressure,                                                 − Cement and fluids
  − Corrosives                                                   • Borehole optimized for
• Limitations in stimulation                                       production not just ROP
  processes/ procedures                                          • 1:1 drilling/completion cost
• Flow assurance                                                   ratio

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                           A-20                                                                                   March 2001
                                                           Completion-Based Well Design
                                      Table 2. What Are the Technology Opportunities to Overcome the Barriers?
        SIMULATION                     MATERIALS AND                       TOOLS AND                      SENSORS AND                         RISK                      HUMAN RESOURCES AND
                                        FABRICATION                       TECHNIQUES                         DATA                          MANAGEMENT                        EXPERTISE
                                                                                                          MANAGEMENT                  (CROSSCUTTING TOPIC)              (CROSSCUTTING TOPIC)
• Wellbore stability             • Membrane technology            • Develop technology to          • Data collection ahead of       • Dollars to reduce risk of lost   • Potential solutions in
  optimization using wellbore      downhole to eliminate            increase borehole pressure       drill bit                        investment in developing           Russian technology
  numerical models                 corrosives                       integrity                        k                                new technology for               • API and government joint
  kk                               kk                               kk                             • Integrated and robust sensor     domestic drilling problems:        development of Best
• FEA (finite element            • Downhole separation/           • Develop reverse circulation      and telecommunications           Deep, high temperature,            Practices
  analysis) of well integrity      injection                        tools                            (e.g., fiber optic in            high pressure, etc.              • Web-based training
  over production life             kk                               k                                composite tubing casing)       • Risk based safety/               • Research programs for U.S.
  kk                             • Expandable                     • Ductile cements to resist        k                                environmental analysis             graduate students
• Coupled modeling of P, T,        metal/resilient/metal liner      HT/HP                          • High-temperature smart           k
  chemical stress effects on       hangers                          k                                completions (sensors,          • Subsidize technology testing
  wellbore materials               kk                             • Reverse cementing                actuators)                       risk
• Develop well/cat integrity     • Develop and apply non-           k                                kk                               kkk
  models for casing stress and     metal tubulars for corrosive   • Annular seal design—           • Well database analysis to      • Provide large tax incentives
  failure                          HT environment                   “cementless’ wells               find and prove key factors       for providing break-through
• Optimization of well design      kk                             • Develop and validate BHCT        (root cause and causal           technology solutions to
  for production through         • Composite materials              models                           effects)                         industry
  simulation                       k                                k                                k                              • Level out swings in price,
                                 • Better manufacturing           • Underbalanced drilling:        • Integrated data and              people equipment cost
                                   processes—tubulars               HT/HP and deep water             information systems (data      • Relating value of data
                                 • Develop insulated              • Jet/impact drilling—no           mining)                          analysis techniques
                                   (temperature) drill pipe         Bit/no trip                      kk                               (management/technical
                                                                  • Bit replacement without        • Leak-off flow path               interface)
                                                                    tripping                         characteristics analysis and   • Lease new acreage with tie
                                                                  • Cost efficient, operations-      measurement                      to development plan and
                                                                    friendly reservoir tests for   • Real time 3-D imaging of         data acquisition plan, not
                                                                    improved data                    hole while drilling              just money
                                                                  • High-temperature
                                                                    components for
                                                                  • Computer-assisted drilling
                                                                  • Cheap deep water well test
                                                                  • Bi-center bit and

k = Vote for priority topic.

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                            A-21                                                                                    March 2001
                                                                Completion-Based Well Design
                                                            Table 3. Action Plans for Priority Topics
          TOPIC                       P RODUCTS/                    RESOURCES (KNOWLEDGE                WHO LEADS/                         SCHEDULE                           DOLLARS
                                     DELIVERABLES                       AND EXPERTISE )                COLLABORATION
Develop and apply high-    • Field test:                        • Expertise in                     • Neutral but inclusive;  • 5 years                               • Not cheap
temperature/high-pressure    − Sensors                            − HT/HP electronics                JIP, national lab                                               • Cost-sharing
sensors and information      − Data delivery systems              − Micro devices                    consortium                                                      • Balanced funding across
tools to drilling and        − Data collection and analysis       − Data transmission (optical       − Include service                                                 critical pieces
completion processes             systems                             and others)                        companies
(7 votes)                    − Show reliable data streams         − Information technology           − Must be clear path to
                                 over time                        − Field experience is critical        commercialization
                           • E.g., make current MWD more        • Do not limit to current industry   − Pay attention to
                             robust                               knowledge                             “Hand-off” to
                           • E.g., permanent sensors in                                                 commercialization/
                             wellbore for well / completion                                             service companies
                             stability/ longevity
                           • E.g., data management (data
Accelerate development of • Temperature-resistant               • Materials science                • JIPs                         • Staged commercial products • $50 million over 5 years
tubulars solutions           composite tubulars (T, P,            − Metallurgy                       − Multiple with more           (e.g., some things are
(corrosive, DEEP, HT, HP)    stress)                              − Composites                          than oil/gas industry       already in development)
(5 votes)                  • Expandable systems (e.g.,            − Sensors                          − “Blue-Sky”
                             monobores, cementless                − Microdevices                        component with
                             systems, self-sealing systems)     • Draw from outside                     national labs
                           • Embedded sensors/ data
                                                                  − Learning curve is moving
Develop downhole solutions • Develop reliable downhole HT       •   Electronics                    • State-of-the-art is trash;   • Transfer of first results (lab   • $10 million over 5 years
to surface production        separators (for water, gas,        •   Processing sciences              thus national lab led          à JIP, service companies)
problems                     corrosives as well as for          •   Chemical engineering             effort (with industry,         in 3 years
(4 votes)                    asphaltenes, hydrates, etc.)       •   Geomechanics                     university, service            − But do not rush it
                           • Develop formation injection        •   Reservoir engineering            companies)
                             systems                                                               • Lab for fundamentals,
                           • Smart systems for monitoring                                            then à JIP, service
                             and control                                                             company lead
Optimize longevity of      • Develop and validate               • Import expertise in              • Over-arching JIP             • 2 years: validation and gap • Validation: $2 million over
wellbore through numerical • Numerical analysis tool:             information technology             − Know current                 analysis of existing systems  2 years
analysis of wellbore and     modules for existing backbones     • Earth sciences                         backbones                • Staged incorporation of new • Total program: $50 million?
completion systems         • Expert systems for real-time       • Combine with the real field        − Spec modules                 modules
(4 votes)                    decision support of drilling and     users                            • Small JIP per module         • Demonstrate enhanced real-
                             completions                          − Couple strong math             • Coordinate with GRI            time expert system at 5
                             − Modules to fit with existing           background with field          activity                       years
                                 systems (backbones)                  reality
                             − Open access                        − Coordinate/integrate with
                             − User-friendly                          existing backbone folks
                             − Data-friendly

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                          A-22                                                                                  March 2001
                                                           Completion-Based Well Design
                                                  Table 3. Action Plans for Priority Topics (continued)
         TOPIC                     P RODUCTS/                    RESOURCES (KNOWLEDGE            WHO LEADS/                     SCHEDULE                       DOLLARS
                                  DELIVERABLES                       AND EXPERTISE )            COLLABORATION
Develop (cheap) enhanced   • Develop and field demonstrate   •   Structural engineering     • JIP for cement            • HT/HP cement:               • HT/HP cement demos
sealants and placement       − Ductile cements               •   Metallurgy                   applications                − Field trial in <2 years     − ~$1 million per on low
techniques                   − Non-Portland cements          •   Completion engineering     • Industry (outside)/lab/   • Consortium:                     end
(3 votes)                    − Non-cement alternatives       •   Materials science            university consortium       − Concepts in 2 years         − ~$10 million total
                           • Integrate new approaches into   •   Rheology                     for non-cement “Blue        − Then industry review      • Consortium:
                             models                                                           Sky”                        − Field tests in 5 years      − ~$5 million for first
                                                                                                                                                          2 years
                                                                                                                                                        − ~$10 million for field

Deep Trek Workshop                                                                   A-23                                                                         March 2001
                                 Deep Trek Workshop

                        APPENDIX B: PARTICIPANTS

Fereidoun Abbassian                             Buddy Bollfrass
PM Deep Water Drilling Tech                     Engineering Advisor
BP                                              TAMU Ocean Drilling Program
501 Westlake Park Boulevard                     1000 Discovery Drive
Houston, TX 77079                               College Station, TX 77845-9547
Phone: (281) 366-5631                           Phone: (979) 845-1359
Fax: (281) 366-2905                             Fax: (979) 845-2308
E-mail:                        E-mail:

James Albright                                  David Borns
Los Alamos National Laboratory                  Staff Tech, Geophysical Technology
Mailstop D443                                   Sandia National Laboratories
Los Alamos, NM 87544                            P.O. Box 5800
Phone: (505) 667-4318                           1515 Eubank SE
Fax: (505) 667-8487                             Albuquerque, NM 87123
E-mail:                     Phone: (505) 844-7333
                                                Fax: (505) 844-7354
David Bacon                                     E-mail:
Consultant, DRLG
Chevron Petroleum Tech CO                       Daniel Bour
2202 Oil Center Court                           Technical Advisor
Houston, TX 77073                               Halliburton
Phone: (281) 230-2638                           3651 Pegasus Drive
Fax: (281) 230-2669                             Suite 122
E-mail:                        Bakersfield, CA 93308
                                                Phone: (661) 392-9782
Ansgar Baule                                    Fax:
Technical Support Engineer                      E-mail:
Baker Hughes Inteq
2001 Rankin Road                                David Burnett
Houston, TX 77073                               Director of Technology
Phone: (713) 625-4991                           GPRI-Texas A & M
Fax: (713) 625-5201                             3116 Tamu
E-mail:            Texas A & M University
                                                College Station, TX 77843-3116
Perakath Benjamin                               Phone: (979) 845-2274
Vice President                                  Fax: (979) 862-7407
Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI)            E-mail:
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone: (979) 260-5274
Fax: (979) 260-1965

Deep Trek Workshop                       B- 1                                         March 2001
James Carey                                            Eddie Cousins
Assistant Vice President                               Project Manager
Energetics, Incorporated                               Conoco, Inc.
7164 Gateway Drive                                     600 N. Dairy Ashford
Columbia, MD 21046                                     Houston, TX 77252
Phone: (410) 290-0370                                  Phone: (281) 293-2296
Fax: (410) 290-0377                                    Fax: (281) 293-2158
E-mail:                          E-mail:

Robert Coats                                           Mahlon Dennis
Senior Drilling Coordinator                            President
Baker Hughes Inteq                                     Dennis Tool Company
1010 Rankin Road                                       2020 Rankin Road
Houston, TX                                            Houston, TX 77073-5100
Phone: (713) 625-6634                                  Phone: (281) 821-9495
Fax:                                                   Fax: (281) 821-4171
E-mail:                         E-mail:

John Cohen                                             Donald Dreesen
Vice President                                         Staff Member
Maurer Engineering                                     Los Alamos National Laboratory
2916 West T.C. Jester                                  Mailstop D443
Houston, TX 77018                                      Los Alamos, NM 87544
Phone: (713) 683-8227 x 215                            Phone: (505) 667-1913
Fax: (713) 683-6418                                    Fax: (505) 667-8487
E-mail:                              E-mail:

Gary Collins                                           Donald Duttlinger
Senior Staff Engineer                                  Executive Director
Conoco, Inc.                                           Petroleum Technology Transfer Council
P.O. Box 2197                                          2916 W. T.C. Jester
Houston, TX 77252-2197                                 Suite 103
Phone: (281) 293-6969                                  Houston, TX 77018
Fax: (281) 293-3424                                    Phone: (713) 688-0900
E-mail:                  Fax: (713) 688-0935
Blaine Comeaux
Senior Product Champion, Driling Optimization          Roger Entralgo
Sperry-Sun                                             Assistant Director
110 Capital Drive                                      Energy Research Clearing House
Suite 200                                              4800 Reearch Forest Drive
Lafayette, LA 70508                                    The Woodlands, TX 77381
Phone: (337) 266-8310                                  Phone: (281) 363-7927
Fax: (337) 266-8315                                    Fax: (281) 364-6099
E-mail:                E-mail:

Craig Cooley                                           Betty Felber
Testing and Evaluation Manager                         Senior Scientist
Ussynthetic Corp.                                      National Energy Technology Laboratory/NPTO
1260 South 1600 West                                   1 West 3rd
Orem, UT 84058                                         Tulsa, OK 74103
Phone: (801) 235-9001                                  Phone: (918) 699-2031
Fax: (801) 235-9141                                    Fax: (918) 295-6586
E-mail:                        E-mail:

Deep Trek Workshop                              B- 2                                       March 2001
Mark Freeman                                         William Hauser
General Manager                                      Petroleum Engineer
Russlink Energy Corp.                                MMS
Drilling Research & Development                      381 Elden Street
8300 Bissonnet                                       Herndon, VA 20170
Suite 485                                            Phone: (703) 787-1613
Houston, TX 77074                                    Fax: (703) 787-1093
Phone: (713) 981-7648                                E-mail:
Fax: (713) 272-0308
E-mail:                              Richard Haut
                                                     Integrated Technology Manager
Michael Fripp                                        Halliburton Deepwater
Senior Scientist                                     10200 Bellaire Road
Halliburton                                          Houston, TX 77072-5299
2601 Belt Line Road                                  Phone: (281) 575-3037
Carrollton, TX 75006                                 Fax: (281) 575-3289
Phone: (972) 418-3196                                E-mail:
Fax: (972) 418-4306
E-mail:                Aston Hinds
                                                     Vice President, Global HSE
Allen Gault                                          Halliburton
Senior Staff Engineer                                3000 N. Sam Houston Parkway E.
Conoco, Inc.                                         P.O. Box 3
P.O. Box 2197                                        Houston, TX 77020
Houston, TX 77252-2197                               Phone: (713) 676-3948
Phone: (281) 293-3338                                Fax: (713) 676-3920
Fax:                                                 E-mail:
                                                     Craig Ivie
Dan Gleitman                                         Manager Research
Director, Business Development                       Schlumberger Drill Bits
Halliburton Westport Technology Center Int.          6501 Navigation
6700 Portwest Drive                                  Houston, TX 77011
Houston, TX 77024                                    Phone: (713) 924-5253
Phone: (713) 479-8415                                Fax:
Fax: (713) 864-9357                                  E-mail:
                                                     Jeff Jean
Leonard Graham                                       Vice President of Operations
Deputy Director                                      ACPT, Inc.
National Energy Technology Laboratory                15602 Chemical Lane
P.O. Box 880                                         Huntington Beach, CA 92649
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880                            Phone: (714) 895-5544
Phone: (304) 285-4714                                Fax: (714) 895-7766
Fax: (304) 285-4216                                  E-mail:
                                                     Arnis Judzis
Shawna Hartman                                       Executive Vice President
Drilling Engineer                                    TerraTek
Chevron Petroleum Technology                         400 Wakara Way
2202 Oil Center                                      Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Houston, TX 77073                                    Phone: (801) 584-2483
Phone: (281) 230-2731                                Fax: (801) 584-2406
Fax:                                                 E-mail:

Deep Trek Workshop                            B- 3                                          March 2001
Ali Kadaster                                        Raymond LaSala
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation                      Manager, Geothermal Drilling
17001 Northchase Drive                              U.S. Department of Energy
Suite #757                                          1000 Independence Avenue
Houston, TX 77060                                   EE-12
Phone: (281) 874-8891                               Washington, DC 20585
Fax: (281) 874-8892                                 Phone: (202) 586-4198
E-mail:                   Fax: (202) 586-8185
Zbigniew Karaszewski
Director                                            Bill Lawson
Houston Advanced Research Center                    Director, National Petroleum Technology Office
4800 Research Forest Drive                          National Energy Technology Laboratory
The Woodlands, TX 77381                             1 West 3rd
Phone: (281) 364-6091                               Tulsa, OK 74103
Fax: (281) 364-6097                                 Phone: (918) 699-2003
E-mail:                       Fax: (918) 295-6585
Sudhendu Kashikar
Deepwater Drilling Specialist                       Thomas Laylock
Schlumberger                                        Senior Drilling Engineer
1155 Dairy Ashford                                  Marathon Oil
Suite 402                                           P.O. Box 3128
Houston, TX 77079                                   Houston, TX 77253-3128
Phone: (281) 556-3883                               Phone: (713) 296-3310
Fax: (281) 558-3756                                 Fax: (713) 513-4065
E-mail:                           E-mail:

Buddy King                                          James Leslie
Vice President, Tech Services                       CEO
Noble Corp.                                         ACPT, Inc.
13135 S. Dairy Ashfons                              15602 Chemical Lane
Houston, TX                                         Huntington Beach, CA 92649
Phone: (286) 276-6100                               Phone: (714) 895-5544
Fax:                                                Fax: (714) 895-7766
E-mail:                         E-mail:

Jay Klassen                                         Roy Long
Senior Engineer                                     Project Manager
NEYRFOR Turbodrilling                               National Energy Technology Laboratory
2031 Humble Place Drive                             P.O. Box 880
Suite 201                                           Morgantown, WV 26507-0880
Humble, TX 77338                                    Phone: (304) 285-4236
Phone: (337) 837-8083                               Fax: (304) 285-4469
Fax: (337) 232-1047                                 E-mail:
                                                    Don Lyle
Jack Kolle                                          Senior News Editor
President                                           Hart's E & P Magazine
Tempress                                            4545 Post Oak Place
18858 72nd Svenue South                             Suite 210
Kent, WA 98032                                      Houston, TX 77027
Phone: (425) 251-8120                               Phone: (713) 993-9320
Fax: (425) 251-8123                                 Fax: (713) 840-0923
E-mail:                     E-mail:

Deep Trek Workshop                           B- 4                                        March 2001
Humboldt Mandell                                       John Morgan
Manager, Customer Engagement                           Director, Operations
NASA Johnson Space Center                              Burlington Resources International
Houston, TX 77058                                      400 N. Sam Houston Parkway East
Phone: (281) 483-3977                                  Suite 1200
Fax: (281) 244-7478                                    Houston, TX 77494
E-mail:                      Phone: (281) 878-3702
                                                       Fax: (281) 878-3631
Jim Manelis                                            E-mail:
Drilling Engineer
Russlink                                               Denby Morrison
7900 Bissonnet, 480                                    Offshore Technology Manager
Houston, TX 77063                                      Shell Global Solutions
Phone: (713) 272-0554                                  Bellaire Technology Center
Fax:                                                   P.O. Box 481
E-mail:                                Houston, TX 77001-0481
                                                       Phone: (713) 245-7409
William Maurer                                         Fax: (713) 245-7233
President                                              E-mail:
Maurer Engineering
2916 West T.C. Jester                                  Keith Morton
Houston, TX 77018                                      Drilling Fluids Advisor
Phone: (713) 683-8227 x 208                            Chevron Petroleum Technology
Fax: (713) 683-6418                                    2202 Oil Center
E-mail:                           Houston, TX 77073
                                                       Phone: (281) 230-2677
William McDonald                                       Fax: (281) 230-2669
Executive Vice President                               E-mail:
Maurer Technology
2916 W.T.C. Jester                                     Bill Motion
Houston, TX 77018                                      TAM
Phone: (713) 683-8227                                  Sperry-Sun Drilling Systems
Fax:                                                   3000 N. Sam Houston Parkway E.
E-mail:                         Houston, TX 77032
                                                       Phone: (281) 871-4412
Keith Millheim                                         Fax: (281) 871-5480
Manager, Operations, Technology, and Planning          E-mail:
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation
17001 Northchase Drive                                 Jay Muthusami
Suite #766                                             Research Scientist
Houston, TX 77060                                      Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
Phone: (281) 874-8879                                  1408 University Drive East
Fax: (281) 874-8892                                    College Station, TX 77840
E-mail:                    Phone: (979) 260-1505
                                                       Fax: (979) 260-1965
Fersheed Mody                                          E-mail:
Manager, Technology
Halliburton                                            Mike Nero
3000 N. Sam Houston Parkway E.                         R & D Supervisor, Telemetry
Houston, TX 77032                                      Weatherford Drilling & Intervention Service
Phone: (281) 871-5927                                  11909 Spencer Road
Fax: (281) 871-5810                                    Houston, TX 77041
E-mail:                  Phone: (713) 983-5154
                                                       Fax: (713) 983-5061

Deep Trek Workshop                              B- 5                                         March 2001
Hans Neubert                                 Marty Paulk
Engineering Director                         Applications Manager
ACPT, Inc.                                   Halliburton
15602 Chemical Lane                          9950 Westpark
Huntington Beach, CA 92649                   Houston, TX 77032
Phone: (714) 895-5544                        Phone: (713) 243-2635
Fax: (714) 895-7766                          Fax: (713) 243-2660
E-mail:                    E-mail:

Doug Newsom                                  James Pavelka
Eagle Vision Digital                         Drilling Engineer
4800 Research Forest Drive                   Kerr McGee
The Woodlands, TX 77381                      12711 Aries Loop
Phone: (281) 364-4061                        Willis, TX 77318
Fax:                                         Phone: (281) 618-6197
E-mail:          Fax: (281) 618-6839
Paul Newsom
Consultant                                   Mike Payne
2214 Nantucket Unit C                        Consultant
Houston, TX 77057                            BP
Phone: (713) 952-3530                        501 Westlake Park
Fax:                                         Houston, TX 77079
E-mail:                      Phone: (281) 366-2848
                                             Fax: (281) 366-7356
Dennis Nielson                               E-mail:
Executive Director
DOSECC, Inc.                                 John Peters
P.O. Box 58857                               Drilling Engineer
Salt Lake City, UT 84158-0857                Chevron Petroleum Technology
Phone: (801) 585-6855                        2202 Oil Center
Fax: (801) 585-5477                          Houston, TX 77073
E-mail:                  Phone: (281) 230-2648
                                             Fax: (281) 230-2669
Randy Normann                                E-mail:
Sandia National Laboratories                 Eugene Pollard
P.O. Box 5800                                Research Engineer
MS-1033                                      TAMU Ocean Drilling Program
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0703                   1000 Discovery Drive
Phone: (505) 845-9675                        College Station, TX 77845
Fax: (505) 844-3952                          Phone: (979) 845-2161
E-mail:                   Fax:
Earnest Parker
Prime Directional Systems                    Michael Prairie
1125 Highway 90 East                         Manager, Geothermal Research
Broussard, LA 70518-6155                     Sandia National Laboratories
Phone: (337) 364-2478                        P.O. Box 5800
Fax: (337) 367-7145                          MS 1033
E-mail:                   Albuquerque, NM 87185-0703
                                             Phone: (505) 844-7823
                                             Fax: (505) 844-3952

Deep Trek Workshop                    B- 6                                         March 2001
Jack Pruitt                                    Earl Shanks
Project Manager                                Director, Technology Development
Halliburton Energy Services                    Transocean Seoco Forex
15815 Waverly Road                             P.O. Box 2765
Houston, TX 77032                              Houston, TX 77252-2765
Phone: (281) 985-2573                          Phone: (713) 232-7412
Fax: (281) 442-1409                            Fax: (713) 232-7022
E-mail:            E-mail:

Robert Radtke                                  John Shaughnessy
Technology International, Inc.                 Staff Drilling Engineer
2103 River Fall drive                          BP
Kingwood, TX 77339-3154                        501 Westlake Park Boulevard
Phone: (281) 359-8520                          P.O. Box 3092
Fax: (281) 359-8527                            Houston, TX 77253-3092
E-mail:               Phone: (281) 366-7254
                                               Fax: (281) 366-7254
Paul Rodney                                    E-mail:
Chief Scientist
Halliburton/Sperry-Sun                         Damir Skerl
P.O. Box 60070                                 CEO
Houston, TX 77205-0070                         Smart Drilling & Completion, Inc.
Phone: (281) 871-4551                          11767 Katy Freeway
Fax: (281) 871-4552                            Suite 812
E-mail:            Houston, TX 77079
                                               Phone: (281) 940-0122
Steven Rountree                                Fax: (281) 940-0126
MWD Project Manager                            E-mail:
Prime Directional Systems
1125 Highway 90 East                           Pete Smullen
Brossard, LA 70518-6155                        Manager External Technologies
Phone: (337) 364-2478                          Shell International EP
Fax: (337) 367-7145                            3737 Bellaire Boulevard
E-mail:                     Houston, TX 77429
                                               Phone: (713) 245-7343
Roger Schultz                                  Fax:
Scientific Advisor                             E-mail:
Halliburton Energy Services
2601 Beltline Road                             Robert Soza
P.O. Box 819052                                Drilling Engineer
Houston, TX 75361-9052                         Burlington
Phone: (972) 418-3277                          P.O. Box 51810
Fax: (972) 418-4306                            Midland, TX 79710
E-mail:          Phone: (915) 688-6808
                                               Fax: (915) 688-6044
James Schumacher                               E-mail:
Deepwater Drilling Advisor
Texaco                                         Gene Sparkman
20518 Chadbury Park Drive                      Director
Katy, TX 77450                                 Energy Research Clearing House
Phone: (713) 954-6060                          4800 Reearch Forest Drive
Fax: (713) 954-6113                            The Woodlands, TX 77381
E-mail:                     Phone: (281) 363-7963
                                               Fax: (281) 364-6097

Deep Trek Workshop                      B- 7                                       March 2001
Robert Stayton                                    Paul Tubel
Manager                                           Owner
GTI                                               Tubel Technologies
4800 Research Forest                              4800 Research Forest
The Woodlands, TX 77381                           The Woodlands, TX 77381
Phone: (281) 363-7991                             Phone: (281) 364-6030
Fax: (281) 363-7990                               Fax: (281) 364-6097
E-mail:          E-mail:

Wayne Stewart                                     Sam Varnado
Technical Manager                                 Director, Infrastructure & Information Systems
Drilling Specialties Company, LLC                 Sandia National Laboratories
1768 Highway 123                                  P.O. Box 5800
Bartlesville, OK 74004                            1515 Eubank Street
Phone: (918) 661-1011                             Albuquerque, NM 87123
Fax: (918) 661-5174                               Phone: (505) 845-9555
E-mail:                          Fax: (505) 844-9066
Bill Stringfellow
Engineering Specialist                            Ajay Verma
Hydril Advanced Composites                        Researcher
8641 Moers Road                                   Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
Houston, TX 77075                                 1408 University Drive East
Phone: (713) 914-6639 x131                        College Station, TX 77840
Fax: (713) 910-8810                               Phone: (979) 260-5274
E-mail:                  Fax: (979) 260-1965
Ronald Sweatman
Technology Leader                                 William von Eberstein
Halliburton Energy Services                       Senior Drilling Superintendant
10200 Bellaire Boulevard                          SEPCO
2SW24K                                            701 Poydras
Houston, TX 77072-5299                            New Orleans, LA 70139
Phone: (281) 575-4389                             Phone: (504) 728-4584
Fax: (281) 575-4045                               Fax: (504) 728-7764
E-mail:           E-mail:

Charles Thomas                                    Glenn Warner
Engineer                                          Drilling Engineer
INEEL                                             Chevron Petroleum Technology
P.O. Box 1625                                     2202 Oil Center
MS 2110                                           Houston, TX 77073
Idaho Falls, ID 83415-2203                        Phone: (281) 230-2606
Phone: (208) 526-7004                             Fax: (281) 230-2669
Fax: (208) 526-9822                               E-mail:
                                                  Steve Williamson
Brad Tomer                                        Vice President Engineering
Product Manager                                   Omsco Industruies
National Energy Technology Laboratory             6300 Navigation
3610 Collins Ferry Road                           P.O. Box 230589
Morgantown, WV 26507                              Houston, TX 77223
Phone: (304) 285-4692                             Phone: (713) 844-3724
Fax: (304) 285-4216                               Fax: (713) 921-0988
E-mail:                   E-mail:

Deep Trek Workshop                         B- 8                                         March 2001
Eddie Wright
Senior Operations Officer
TAMU Ocean Drilling Program
1000 Discovery Drive
College Station, TX 77845
Phone: (979) 845-3207
Fax: (979) 845-2308

Jiang Wu
Drilling Engineer
Chevron Petroleum Technology
2202 Oil Center
Houston, TX 77073
Phone: (281) 230-2658
Fax: (281) 230-2669

Albert Yost
Division Director
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Gas Supply Projects
P.O. Box 880
Morgantown, WV 26505
Phone: (304) 285-4479
Fax: (304) 285-4469

Deep Trek Workshop                      B- 9   March 2001

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