THE INTERNET

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					THE INTERNET

Introduction and Terms




        Gloria Beadles
      Computers-8th grade
  IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
A network is created anytime two or more
 computers are linked together to share
 information.
The internet is often described as a
 “network of networks.” The internet is not
 a single network, but a super network of
 more than 50,000 smaller subnetworks.
       Names for the Internet
¤ World Wide Web

¤ The Net

¤ W3

¤ Cyperspace
      Internet Domain Names
   (areas or sections of internet)
 .mil-military       .org-organizational
  domain               domain

 .edu-educational    .gov-governmental
  domain               domain

 .com-commercial     .net-network
  domain               provider domain
Tips for saying and writing
      internet names:
              • The @ sign is
                pronounced “AT.”
              • A period (.) is a “Dot.”
              • Spell out each letter
                unless the name is
                obvious.
              • All letters in an
                internet address should
                be in lowercase.
         Internet terminology
Host or server- any computer attached to
 the Net and providing services to Internet
 users

Download-copy

Client-any computer accessing a host on the
 internet
Uses for Internet
         Travel arrangements
         Research
         Banking
         Take classes
         Talk to friends
         News
         Weather
         Shop
      Internet Terminology
URL- Internet address
Browser-connects a user to the internet
Hit-term that refers to every time a site is
visited
Modem-device that converts computer
signals into signals that can travel over
telephone lines
Hyperlink-a word or picture that is linked to
information elsewhere
     Terminology continues. . .
 GUI-a “gooey” system
  that allows computer
  commands to be sent
 Icon-a picture or
  graphic that represents
  something
 Home page-lists
  information available
  at a website
Open Response Question

Define and describe the internet.
Explain how the internet works.
Include the three basic points we
       discussed in class.
Proficient Answer
          The internet is a “network
           of networks.”
          A network is two or more
           computers connected to
           share information
          A modem is a device that
           converts electronic signals
           that can be transferred via
           phone lines and back to
           original data when
           received by the client’s
           computer.
Distinguished Answer!
            Three points made in
             proficient answer plus two
             of the following points:
               Illustration or drawing of a
                network
               Domain name
               URL, GUI,
               Address extensions
               Ownership
               Server, host, client
               Phone system is backbone
Apprentice and Novice
           Apprentice-two of the
            three points given
           Novice-one of the
            three points
           No credit-not
            completed or did not
            include any of the
            three points in
            proficient answer

				
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