Human Relation Factors 1 Running Head: HUMAN RELATION FACTORS Human Relation Factors Jacklyn Roberts, EDA 530 Grand Canyon University November 28, 2007 Human Relation Factors 2 In this era of educational reform and high standards, educational leaders most provide strong leadership qualities to enhance student achievement. Research has shown that effective leaders show competence in managerial, instructional, and interpersonal skills (Razik, 2001). It is imperative in today’s complex and demanding society for administrators to understand human relation concepts such human nature and human patterns. Halloran (1978) described human relations as the interactions between people, whether they occur in conflict situations or cooperative situations. When studying people in an organization such as a school system, human relations is described as the study of how effectively people can work in groups and satisfy organizational needs as well as personal needs. Human relation factors impact Marble Elementary School in Murphy North Carolina school daily Motivation is a human relation factor in an organization that greatly affects performance. Motivation is the effort in which a person applies to a given task, (Razik, 2001). Motivation can be determined by various relationships with members of an organization. The educational leader at a school can determine the level of motivation within the organization. One of the most important aspects of an administrators job is to motivate staff, students and the community by discovering what motivates each group of people and nurture that motivation. According to recent research, motivation is a key factor in faculty satisfaction and student achievement (Renchler, 2007). Deal (1987) gave three ingredients for administrators to foster a motivated school climate in his research. These ideas included that old ineffective practices need to be forgotten, areas in need must be explored and hard work celebrated. Motivation is a major human relation factor at Marble Elementary School. The principal consistently motivates staff, students and the community by implementing an open encouraging system of communication. Human Relation Factors 3 Morale is an essential human relation factor at Marble Elementary School. The morale of the school is uplifting and motivational. Motivational morale is the positive attitudes that make up the atmosphere of the organization (Reitz, 1987). Morale is the base for a motivated satisfied organization. An administrator can lift up morale by reflecting a positive attitude daily and encouraging staff members and students. An administrator is a role model for the school and can boost morale by role modeling how staff members should treat other colleagues and students. Closely related to motivation, research suggests that morale can be an important factor in student achievement, (Renchler, 2007). In many schools in America, informal groups affect the effectiveness of an organization. Informal groups are the informal organizations within schools that relate to the total work situation (Razik, 2001). Often referred to as the grapevine, informal organizations can disrupt an administrators communication system or the schools plans for working toward the school vision. They can resist changes, give false information and lesson motivation and morale. According to Ranzik (2001), administrators can lesson negative effects of informal groups by making sure staff feel appreciated for their work and feel that their contribution to the organization is significant. Cherokee county schools are often affected by informal groups in certain schools. The informal groups lesson the authority of the administrator and create a timid atmosphere. Marble Elementary School does not have informal groups and work as a team which creates a motivating atmosphere and promotes learning. Human nature is a human relation factor that impacts school districts. Many theories such as Theory X and Theory Y published in 1960 by MacGregor suggest that human nature consistently plays a role in every aspect of a human’s life, especially the workplace. Human nature is the way in which we judge and see others, (Ranzik, 2001). According to the Theory Y Human Relation Factors 4 (MacGregor, 1960), humans exercise self control and self direction and seek responsibility. It is essential for administrators to research human nature and how to motivate staff to have an open mind at the workplace. In Cherokee County, having an open mind and attitude is emphasized by all administration. REFERENCES Improving Student Achievement Through Professional Development, (2007). North Carolina Public Schools. Electronically retrieved November 10, 2007 from www.ncpublicschools.org . Ranzik, T. A. & Swanson, A. D. (2001). Fundamental Concepts of Educational Leadership (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Human Relation Factors 5 Hall.