Compare and contrast summative and formative evaluations. What are the positive and negative aspects of both? Summative evaluation- Administrative function meant to ensure a teacher is accountable. It involves check lists, rating scales, and short narratives. Pros included when using a summative evaluation include quick and less time consuming than formative and holds program accountable. Cons include absence of concern with teaching and learning, is not an ongoing process for professional development, and questionable validity. Formative Evaluation- Supervisory function which focuses on professional development and the improvement of teaching by assisting teachers in areas of need. Pros included with this type of evaluation include the focus on effective instruction, often builds trust and rapport, and is not concerned with legal issues. Cons involve inconsistent results due to various evaluators and often surprise visits which create anxiety.
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