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SARGENT SHRIVER THE SOCIETY OF THE FRIENDLY SONS OF ST . PATRICK

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					               ADDRESS BY

             SARGENT SHRIVER

THE SOCIETY OF THE FRIENDLY SONS OF ST . PATRICK


             MARCH 17, 1975

            BEVERLY HILTON HOTEL

            LOS ANGELES , CALIFORNIA
         YOUR EMINENCE CARDINAL MANNING, GOVERNOR BROWN, MAYOR

BRADLEY, IRISHMEN NAMED KELLEY, O'ROURKE , AND CALLAHAN -- AND

MY FELLOW IRISHMEN, WHO ARE NAMED SCHULTZ , CAVELLI, AND
lasm•M
IMMO

MARCOVITZ;

         THOUGH MY ANCESTORS WERE GERMAN, I THINK I HAVE THE RIGHT

TO CLAIM THAT PM IRISH. I HAVE AN IRISH WIFE. I HAVE AN ARMY OF

IRISH IN—LAWS. MY FIVE CHILDREN TELL EVERYONE THEY'RE IRISH. MY

PARISH PRIEST IS IRISH. AND SOMETHING I'LL 	    a MOST. OF YOU

CAN'T SAY -- MY ACCOUNTANT IS IRISH, TOO; THE BOOKS MAY NOT BE

BALANCED, BUT THEY'RE BEAUTIFULLY WRITTEN. MY LIQUOR CABINET IS




                                                             2.


EVEN STOCKED WITH JAMESON'S. I HAVE HAD THE BURDENS , SO I

THINK I DESERVE THE BENEFITS OF BEING IRISH -- AT LEAST ON

ST . PATRICK'S DAY.

         ONE OF THOSE BENEFITS IS TO RAISE A CUP AND DRINK A FEW.

THE IRISH ARE THE GREATEST DISTILLERS OF WHISKEY IN THE HISTORY

OF THE WORLD . AND THEY'D ALL BE MILLIONAIRES IF THEY DID THE

BOTTLING BEFORE THE DRINKING.
      ANOTHER BENEFIT IS THE RIGHT TO WEAR SOMETHING GREEN:

      I UNDERSTAND THAT BOB HOPE CELEBRATES ST. PATRICK'S DAY

BY WEARING HIS MONEY.

      OF COURSE, IOHN McKAY PUTS ON SOMETHING ORANGE -- AND

BEAR BRYANT JUST BREAKS DOWN AND CRIES.

      EVEN THE WHITE HOUSE HAS RECOGNIZED ST. PATRICK'S DAY .

WHILE THEY HAVEN'T DECLARED IT A NATIONAL HOLIDAY, THEY HAVE SEEN

TO IT THAT ALL OF US CARRY A LITTLE GREEN IN        WALLETS --

VERY LITTLE.




                                                          4.


     AND WHILE EVERYONE CLAIMS TO BE IRISH ON THIS DATE, .THE

IRISH MAKE SOME FANTASTIC CLAIMS, TOO:

      FOR EXAMPLE, ST. PATRICK WAS A BISHOP AND A CELIBATE ...

WHICH IS RATHER STRANGE SINCE EVERY IRISHMAN CLAIMS TO BE HIS

DESCENDANT.

     AND REGARDLESS OF HOW ANYONE ELSE SEES MICHAELANGELO'S

PAINTING OF THE LAST SUPPER THE IRISH SEE 11 APOSTLES IN A NOTRE

DAME UNIFORM AND THE OTHER APOSTLE WEARING A SOUTHERN CAL

JERSEY.
     THE IRISH ARE ALSO SUPERB POLITICIANS . IN FACT , MAYBE

THE PERFECT POLITICIAN WOULD BE A COMBINATION OF TED KENNEDY'S

CHARISMA , PAT MOYNIHAN'S IDEAS , MAYOR DALEY'S ELECTION DAY

OPERATION-AND JOHN TUNNEY'S TEETH.

     LOS ANGELES IS A VERY IRISH CITY. YOUR BROWN HILLS ARE

ABOUT AS HIGH AS IRELAND'S GREEN HILLS . YOUR LA BREA. TAR PITS

LOOK LIKE IRELAND'S PEAT BOGS . AND EVEN YOUR MAYOR HAS AN

IRISH LAST NAME .




                                                               6.

      IT'S ALSO GOOD TO SEE GERRY BROWN AGAIN. HE HAS A TOUGH

 JOB. IT'S NOT EASY TO FILL THE SHOES OF YOUR PREDECESSOR WHEN

YOU DON'T HAVE TWO RIGHT FEET.

      SO AGAIN WE COME TO THE CELEBRATION OF ST . PATRICK'S DAY,

THE COMMEMORATION • OF A MISSIONARY WHO LIVED MORE THAN A

MILLENIUM AGO , THE RENEWAL OF A SPIRIT WHICH HAS SURVIVED THAT

TIME, THE DISTEMPERS OF WAR AND FAMINE, AND THE TIDES OF

IMMIGRATION AND EXILE. YET SURELY WE SHOULD WONDER WHY WE

ARE HAPPY TO RECALL A HISTORY S O WRACKED wax ANGUISH, SO

STAINED WITH INNOCENT BLOOD .
                                                                 7



        GOD'S ANSWER TO JOB IS ONE ANSWER -- THAT THOSE HE. LOVES,

   HE ALLOWS TO SUFFER, FOR IN SUFFERING THERE IS THE PERFECTION OF

   THE SOUL . JUST AS MEN CANNOT BE BRAVE IN BATTLE WITHOUT THE

   COMING OF CONFLICT , SO A PEOPLE CANNOT BE A TEMPERED RACE

   WITHOUT THE TESTING OF ADVERSITY. WE MAY NOT COMPREHEND A

   MEANING AT THE MOMENT; WE MOURN THE MAIMING OF BODY, THE

   MUTILIATION OF JUSTICE; YET LATER , AS WE LOOK BACK, WE SENSE -

   EVEN IF WE CANNOT. SAY PRECISELY -- THE PURPOSE OF THE PASS\ GE.




                                                                        717




                                                     8.



     AND MORE , WE TURN TO THAT HERITAGE TO BE TAUGHT BY

IT, TO TAKE STRENGTH FOR THIS HOUR AND HEREAFTER. LISTEN TO

YEATS: "LET US NOT CASUALLY REDUCE THAT GREAT PAST TO A TROUBLE

OF FOOLS, FOR WE NEED NOT FEEL THE. BITTERNESS OF THE PAST TO

DISCOVER ITS MEANING FOR THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE. "

     A SPARK AMID DARKNESS , HOPE EVEN IN DESPAIR , THE AFFIRMANCE

OF LIFE IN THE PRESENCE OF DEATH, FAITH WHEN OTHERS APOSTASIZE ,

A FIGHT FOR THE RIGHT AGAINST THE ODDS	    THESE ARE THE GRACE

AND THE GIFT OF IRELAND . A GRACE BECAUSE FEW HAVE KNOWN

SUCH WOUNDS AND YET GONE ON, STILL BE LIEVING THAT HE WHO SEEKS



                                                                   71
                                                                  9.



    SHALL FIND/ALWAYS WITH A SENSE OF WONDER AND OF WIT . A GIFT
                                                 WN1C4
                                               	       MADE IT ,
    BECAUSE IT HAS NOT BEEN KEPT TO THE NATION

    BUT CARRIED OUTWARD TO ALL THE WORLD .

          IRELAND IS AN IDEA AS WELL AS A PLACE , AN IDEAL BEFORE IT

     WAS A COUNTRY, ITS BORDERS ALL HUMAN SPACE , ITS BROTHERS THE

     HUMAN SPECIES . FOR THE DEEPEST IMPULSES OF HUMAN EXISTENCE

     ARE THE OLDEST ENTERPRISE OF IRISH EXPERIENCE.




                                                            10.

•
         FIRST THERE IS THE YEARNING FOR INDEPENDENCE . WHEN

    AMERICA MARKS ITS TWO HUNDRED YEARS, IRELAND WILL HAVE KNOWN

    BARELY FIFTY YEARS OF NATIONILOOD . THE STRUGGLE CROSSED A

    DECADE OF CENTURIES , AN ETERNITY AGAINST PICTS , IVERNIANS , AND

    DANES; THE NORMANS OF HENRY AND THE ENGLISH OF CROMWELL .

    THOSE WHO BEGAN IT COULD NOT EVEN DREAM THE WORLD IN

    WHICH IT WOULD BE WON. THEY DID NOT KIND W THE NAME THEIR

    NATION WOULD COME TO BE CALLED; WHAT THEY, AND THEIR

    DESCENDANTS KNEW WAS THE CAUSE OF THEIR DYING. THERE WAS
               1

    NO SINGLE FATHER OF THE COUNTRY, NO ONE SHOT WHICH WAS HEARD
                                                              11.
AROUND THE GLOBE . INSTEAD , IN A SMALL ISLAND SPECK OF
                                                 (5
 EARTH,' MEN AND WOMEN. -- AND CHILDREN -- 	          THEIR

 STANDARD EA CH TIME IT FELL; AND BY SO DOI NG , THEY SET A

 STANDARD OF SACRIFICE AND FAITH FOR ALL WHO WANT TO DETERMINE

THEIR OWN DESTINY.

      THE SECOND YEARNING IS UNITY. FOURSCORE AND NINE

YEARS AFTER ITS REVOLUTION , AMERICA ESTABLISHED THAT UNITY AS

IT EXTENDED HUMAN FREEDOM . THE COST WAS BLOODY CIVIL

STRIFE; THE DURATION WAS FOUR YEARS . BUT FOR GENERATIONS ,

IRELAND HAS BEEN SPLIT ASUNDER. PEOPLE LIVE IN THE SAME

NEIGHBORHOOD, BUT ARE DISTANT; THEY DO DIFFERENT WORK, OR


                                                              12.


SIMILAR WORK AT DIFFERENT WAGES • THEY WORSHIP THE SAME GOD BUT

SOME CONDEMN THE OTHER'S SERVICE AS SACRILEGE . THERE IS KILLING

IN BELFAST AND LONDONDERRY, BOMBING IN TYRONE AND ANTRIM ,

AND TERROR EVERYWHERE. STILL GOOD MEN, AND MORE EACH SEASON,

MOVE TOWARD UNITY IN PEACE -- THROUGH A REKINDLING OF COMMON

                                              SOMEDAY THE
ANTECEDENTS, A QUIETING OF. MUTUAL SUSPICION...

YEARNING WILL SHAPE A UNITED IRELAND WHERE THE MAJORITY IS

JUST , THE MINORITY IS PROTECTED , AND THE PEACE IS SECURE

THIS MAY SEEM WISHFUL OR UNREACHABLE        BUT SO WAS OUR

                             )
INDEPENDENCE IN THE BEGINNING AND SO IN FACT WAS IRISH LIBERATION

FOR A THOUSAND YEARS.
                                                          13 .

                                T SG DOUG E
       THE FINAL YEARNING IS	             THE SCRIPTURE TELLS

  US TO BE IN THE WORLD , BUT NOT OF IT; THE TELLING IS NOT OF

 A TRUTH WE DO NOT KNOW; IT IS AN IMPELLING TO LOOK INTO OUR

 H EARTS FOR THE TRUTH THAT IS ALREADY THERE . MEN ARE OF A

 FAMILY AND A TRIBE , BUT . NOT ENTIRELY OF IT . CITIZENS ARE OF A

  COUNTRY, BUT NOT COMPLETELY OF IT. WE MUST TRANSCEND WHAT

 WE ARE AND WHERE WE ARE FROM -- NOT TO ABANDON THE PARAMETERS

  OF OUR BEING , BUT TO WIDEN THEM .




                                                           14.


      BY NECESSITY AS MUCH AS CHOICE, THE IRISH ARE THE

 TRANSCENDING RACE .

      IRISHMEN WHO COULD NOT BE IRISH IN THEIR OWN LAND CAME

 TO THE NEW WORLD AND 'WITH OTHERS DECLARED AND DEFENDED THE

I NDEPENDENCE OF A NEW LAND -- SO THAT BY BECOMING AMERICANS,

 THEY BECAME MORE FULLY IRISH.

      IRISHMEN WHO COULD NOT FREE THEIR NORTH AND THEIR SOUTH

 ENLISTED IN THE CAUSE OF UNITING AMERICA'S NORTH AND SOUTH --

 SO THAT BY BECOMING LIBERATORS OF THE SLAVES, THEY BECAME

A WITNESS TO LIBERTY EVERYWHERE .
                                                                   15 .


     THERE ARE FOUR AND HALF MILLION IRISHMEN IN ERIE AND

ULSTER; THERE ARE THIRTY MILLION IN THE UNITED STATES. THEY

CROSSED THE ATLANTIC , WHICH FOR THEM , IN JAMES JOYCE'S
                                  gS,
                                        	   THEY SETTLED HERE ,
WORDS, WAS "A BOWL OF BITTER

WORKED, BOUGHT HOMES, BUILT AND SAVED; THEY FOUGHT THE

WARS WE HAD TO FIGHT AND THEY LIVED THE PEACES AS THEY WERE

THEIR GLORY IS THAT THEY ARE AMERICANS , BUT REMAIN IRISH .




                                                             16.


     SO THIS , ABOVE ALL , WE CELEBRATE ON ST . PATRICK'S DAY --

NOT MERELY THE MYSTIQUE OF IRISH DESCENT , OR THE JOURNEY THE

IRISH MADE; RATHER THAT THEIR JOURNEY TO A FAR DESTINATION DID

NOT DENY THEIR ORIGIN, BUT WAS ROOTED IN IT -- AND THAT IT

IN TURN STILL ENRICHES AMERICA. THEY CAME HERE, BUT THEY

NEVER LEFT HOME .
                                                             17 .


     THIS DESTINY MUST NOW SET OUR DIRECTION. WE, TOO, MUST

T RANSCEND A PARTICULAR LAND -- NOT BY LEAVING IT , BUT BY

ENLARGING ITS DUTY; NOT' BECAUSE. WE ARE UNDER THE TYRRANY OF

AN OCCUPYING POWER, BUT BECAUSE MOST MEN ARE PREOCCUPIED BY

THE ANCIENT TYRRANIES OF POVERTY, FAMINE, AND WARFARE AS WE MEET

HERE, FOUR HUNDRED MILLION PEOPLE ARE STARVING) THEY ARE DYING

OR NEAR TO IT . A COLLEGE STUDENT AT M I T . HAS DESIGNED A

NUCLEAR BOMB IN HIS BASEMENT -- AND THE PHYSICISTS SAY IT

MIGHT WORK. THE ATOMIC ARSENAL PROLIFERATES; RESOURCES ARE

LAVISHED ON ARMAMENTS EVERYWHERE . CONSCIENCE STIRS US TO

ACT AS WE CAN; CIRCUMSTANCE COMPELS US. FOR AMERICA CANNOT




                                                               18


  LIVE ALONE; SURELY AND IN SAFETY -- A MAD DICTATOR WITH A BOMB , OR

  A - HUNGRY AND ENRAGED WORLD , WOULD NOT LET US . WE CANNOT

  PROSPER IN ISOLATION, FOR WE RELY ON THE OIL AND RAW MATERIALS

  OF OTHERS . WE CANNOT SAVE OURSELVES, OR MORE FUNDAMENTALLY OUR

  SOULS , UNLESS WE HOLD TO THE STANDARD WHICH CHRIST HAS SET

  FOR JUDGMENT: "I WAS HUNGRY, AND YOU GAVE ME FOOD . "
                                                            19.'


       THERE ARE MANY PLANS; THERE ARE SAFEGUARDS; THE EXPERTS

  HAVE PREPARED THEM; THE POLITICIANS DEBATE THEM.

       BUT OF US, OF ALL AMERICANS, A SINGLE THING ABOVE ALL

  ELSE IS REQUIRED -- THE YEARNING FOR TRANSCENDENCE WHICH

  IS THE COMMON IMPULSE OF MAN, THE SPECIAL HERITAGE OF THE

  IRISH. WE MUST NOT PERMIT A WAR THAT WAS WRONG TO DESTROY

 A WORLD OBLIGATION WHICH IS RIGHT.




                                                            20.


    AS THE IRISH HAVE SHARED THEIR SPIRIT , WE MUST SHARE OUR

GOODS -- BECAUSE WE HAVE THE GOODS TO SPARE. WE MUST. REJECT

THE SELFISH LIE THAT OUR ECONOMY WILL RECOVER BY HOARDING

FOR OURSELVES, BY HOLDING SUSTENANCE FROM OTHERS. THE WORLD

IS ONE LIFEBOAT IN A SEA OF STARS; THERE IS NO CAUSE FOR JOY

IF OUR END IS SOUND WHILE THE OT HER END IS SINKING .

     THE IRISH SOUL REVEALS THAT PEOPLE LIVE BY MORE THAN

GRAIN AND MATERIAL GAIN. THE IRISH FAMINE PROVED THAT NO

ONE CAN SURVIVE WITHOUT THEM.
                                                           21




     A GREAT IRISH POET ONCE WROTE:. "I BELIEVE PROFOUNDLY

 IN THE FUTURE OF IRELAND , THAT THIS IS AN ISLE OF DESTINY, AND

THAT WHEN OUR HOUR HAS COME WE WILL HAVE SOMETHING TO
                       11

 GIVE TO THE WORLD .

      THROUGH ALL ITS HOURS ., IRELAND HAS BEEN A GIFT TO THE

 WORLD; IN THE HOMELAND AND IN A DIASPORA, THE IRISH HAVE

 REACHED IN SONG, AND POETRY, AND DEED TO THE DEEPEST

 CHORDS OF HUMAN YEARNING.




                                                         22.


     NOM AS WE CELEBRATE THEM AND THEIR DAY AND OURS NOW

WHEN THE WORLD'S HOUR HAS COME , AMERICA MUST GIVE SOMETHING

OF ITS STOREHOUSE TO THE EARTH TO WHICH IRELAND HAS GIVEN SO

MUCH OF ITS. SOUL.

				
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