CHFwithpneumonia-drug index by dredwardmark

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 3

									ALAMBRO, MARCELA Co-amoxiclav Β-lactam cell wall inhibitor + β-lactamase inhibitor Upper RTI, Lower RTI, GUT infection, skin and soft tissue infections, bone and joint infection, septic abortions, puerperal sepsis, intra-abdominal sepsis, oral dental infections, IV female genitalia infections, septiciemia, peritonitis, post surgical infections LRTI, URTI, skin and soft tissue infections, mycobacterial infections due to mycobacterium avium or M. intracellulare. Localized infections due to M. chelonei, M. fortuitum, or M. kansasii, Prevention of M. avium complex in HIV patients w/CD4 lyphocyte count equal to or less than 100/mm3. Eradication of H. pylori in the presence of acid suppression, acute otitis media Hypertension, Heart failure, MI, Diabetic nephropathy Mild to moderate infections: 375 mg TID or 625 mg BID; Severe infections: 1 g tab BID. Therapy can be started parenterally then continued with an oral preparation Previous history of augmentin or penicillin associated jaundice or hepatic dysfunction Anticoagulation therapy, OC, probenecid, allopurinol Diarrhea, psedomembranous colitis, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, candidiasis Tab 375 mg, 625 mg, 1 g; Syr 156 mg x 30 ml, 60 ml, 228.5 mg x 70 ml, 457 mg x 70 ml; vial 300 mg, 600 mg, 1.2 g

clarithromycin

Inhibition of protein synthesis by binding to 50s ribosomal subunit

250 mg or 500 mg BID for 6-14 days

Concomitant use w/ cisapride, pimozide, & terfenadine

GI disturbances, headache, taste perversion, transient elevation of liver enzymes

Tab 250 mg, 500 mg

captopril

ACE inhibitor

25 mg BID or TID. May inc to 50 mg BID or TID

Hypersensitivity, pregnancy

Furosemide

Selectively inhibit NaCl reabsorption in the thick ascending limb of t he loop of Henle Calcium channel blocker

Edema, hypertension

½ to 1 tab per dose. Frequency as prescribed by physician 5 mg, for severe cases 10 mg BID-TID

Hepatic coma, electrolyte depletion, tinnitus

Patients on prior diuretics, nitrated, Ksparing diuretics, NSAID’s, Indomethacin, lithium Aminoglycosides, salicylic acid, lithium

Rash, dysgeusia, taste alteration, neutropenia, cough

Tab 25 mg, 50 mg

nifedipine

Hypertension, coronary insufficiency with or w/o angina, vasospatic angina, to increase heart rate in px w/ sinus bradycardia or sick sinus syndrome. Px’s with concomitant bronchial asthma

Acute MI

Enhances action of hypotensive preparations and βblockers

Dehydration, circulatory collapse, possible vascular thrombosis Infrequency, flushing, nausea, dizziness, headache, sedation, tiredness, leg edema

Tab 40 mg

Cap 5 mg, 10 mg

Aspirin

Nonselective inhibitor of both COX isoforms

Spironolactone

Potassium-sparing diuretic

ISDN

ISMN

Denitration of the drug, with release of free nitrite iion, relaxes cardiac smooth muscle cels. Denitration of the drug, with release of free nitrite iion, relaxes cardiac smooth muscle cels.

Paracetamol

A weak prostaglandin inhibitor in peripheral tissues with no significant antiinflammatory effects.

Secondary prevention 1 tab OB Severe anemia, Activated charcoal, Nausea, dyspepsia, Tab 80 mg of cerebrovascular blood urinary acidifiers, epigastric discomfort, events in patients with coagulation antacids, urinary anorexia, GI bleeding. transient ischemic defects, renal alkalizers, carbonic May worsen peptic ulcer. attack and minor insufficiency anhydrase inhibitor, Hypersensitivity, stroke, reinfarction in corticosteroid may prolonged bleeding time, patients with previous affect absorption, leucopenia, MI, restenosis of excretion or thrombocytopenia, coronary bypass graft, pharmacologic purpura, decreased thrombosis of effects of ASA plasma Fe conc, arteriovenous shunts shortened erythrocyte in patients undergoing survival time hemodialysis. Essential hypertension, Essential Acute renal Reduces vascular Gynecomastia, edema, primary hypertension: 50-100 insufficiency, anuria, responsiveness to agranulocytosis, aldosteronism, malignant mg daily in divided hyperkalemia, norepinephrine. headache, hypertension, hypokalemia doses or as a single hypersensitivity NSAID’s drowsiness, dose lethargy, GI disturbances, inability to achieve or maintain erection, irregular menses, amenorrhea, ataxia, postmenopausal bleeding, drug fever CHD, angina pectoris, MI, Angina attack: 1 tab Very low BP, acute Alcohol, antiCutaneous CHF, chronic right SL 2-3 hourly MI w/ low filling hypertensives, Beta vasodilatation w/ ventricular failure, chronic pressure except in blockers, nausea, vomiting cor pulmonale, acute left ICU, shoch w/ phenothiazines ventricular failure vascular collapse Long-term treatment of 1 tab BID Very low BP, acute Alcohol, antiCutaneous CHD, prophylaxis of MI w/ low filling hypertensives, Beta vasodilatation w/ angina pectoris, post MI, pressure, shoch w/ blockers, nausea, vomiting pulmonary hypertension, vascular collapse phenothiazines chronic heart conditions in conjunction w/ digitalis glucosides and/or diuretics Pyrexia of unknown origin. Adult and children > Renal and hepatic Coumarin antiHemtological, skin Fever and pain with 10 yrs: 2-3mL; <10 failure coagulants and other allergic common childhood yrs: 1-2 mL. reactions disorders, tonsillitis, upper Depending on the respiratory tract infections, severity of the case, post-immunizaton dose may be repeated reactions, after 4 hourly. In sever tonsillectomy and other cases, dose may be conditions. Prevention of administered via IV febrile convulsions, very slowly. headache, cold, sinusitis, musclepain, arthritis and toothache.

Tab 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg

Tab 5 mg, 10 mg; SL tab 5 mg

Tab 20 mg

150mg/mL x 2mL amp


								
To top