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What Made The Jazz Age Jazzy

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 The Great
  Gatsby
American Dream
• The term “American Dream” was first
  used by James Truslow Adams in his book
  The Epic of America which was written in
  1931. He states: "The American Dream”
  is that dream of a land in which life
  should be better and richer and fuller for
  everyone, with opportunity for each
  according to ability or achievement.
• It is a difficult dream for the European upper classes
  to interpret adequately, and too many of us ourselves
  have grown weary and mistrustful of it. It is not a
  dream of motor cars and high wages merely,
  but a dream of social order in which each
  man and each woman shall be able to attain
  to the fullest stature of which they are
  innately capable, and be recognized by others
  for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous
  (偶然的,幸运的)circumstances of birth
  or position."
Some say, that the American Dream has become the
pursuit of material prosperity - that people work
more hours to get bigger cars, fancier homes, the fruits
of prosperity for their families - but have less time to
enjoy their prosperity. Others say that the American
Dream is beyond the grasp of the working poor who
must work two jobs to insure their family’s survival.
Yet others look toward a new American Dream with
less focus on financial gain and more emphasis on
living a simple, fulfilling life.
• In Gatsby’s life, he was in
  pursuit of his American
  Dream, not for himself, but
  for his beloved Daisy.
Jazz age
      The Roaring Twenties
The decade of the twenties is often referred to as the

“ Jazz Age’. However, the term has much as much to

do with the jazzy atmosphere of the time as with the

music!
               Jazzy Sounds
• Prohibition caused
  many of the jazz
  musicians to migrate
  north from New
  Orleans to Chicago
• Joe “King” Oliver”
  was one of the best
• His claim to fame was
  hiring Louis
  “Satchmo” Armstrong
             Louis Armstrong
• Louis Armstrong is
  the greatest single
  figure in the entire
  history of jazz.
• The “Hot Five” seen
  here was one of the
  hottest groups of the
  twenties.
Jelly Roll Morton
         • Jelly Roll Morton led
           one of Chicago’s most
           popular groups
         • He was a piano player,
           band leader, and show
           business personality
         • He got the name “Jelly
           Roll” because he
           rolled his fingers and
           his music was sweet
Jazzy Duds
     • Flappers were typical
       young girls of the
       twenties, usually with
       bobbed hair, short skirts,
       rolled stockings, and
       powdered knees!
     • They danced the night
       away doing the
       Charleston and the Black
       Bottom.
    Jazzy Talk -Twenties Slang
• All Wet - wrong          • Flat Tire - a dull,
• Berries - anything         boring person
  wonderful                • Gam - a girls leg
• Bee’s Knees - a superb   • Gin Mill - A speak
  person or thing            easy
                           • Hooch - bootleg liquor
• Big Cheese -an
  important person         • Hoofer - chorus girl
                           • Torpedo - a hired
• Bump Off - to murder
                             gunman
• Dumb Dora - a stupid
  girl
 The “Great” Gatsby

Why is Gatsby great?
   It lies in his permanent and irresistible love
    for Daisy. Once he fell in love with “golden
    girl”, “and forever wed his unutterable visions
    to her perishable breath”. She became his
    symbol of ideal. Though Daisy had already
    loved other man and he clearly noticed “her
    voice is full of money”, he still stick to his
    original pursuit and sought for repeating the
    past unchangeably.
   As it was, as a result of his love, his clinging
    pursuit and devotion for ideal were also
    beyond mundane kind and enmity of men and
    women. In order to repeat the past, he did not
    hesitate to come into the material world in
    New York, which was dreggy. But actually he
    had no interest in wealth and luxurious life.
    His bravery and courage was great.
   His soul suffered, but he never complained
    or regretted. He stuck to his ideal
    unchangeably. The narrator of this novel said
    he never praised or criticized a person easily
    from the beginning of the story. But when he
    was leaving Gatsby forever, he shouted:
    “They are a rotten crowd; you are worth the
    whole damn bunch put together.” So Gatsby
    is great.
The evaluation of Gatsby
 He is mystifying because it contains so
  many contradictory qualities.


 On one hand he is heroic, larger than
  ordinary men.

 On the other hand he is trivial and common.
Gatsby is sensitive and idealistic,
almost divine in his dedication his
love and faith. But he is also
minister, because of his criminal
activities.
His inconsistent character, together
with his uncertain background, is
hard to define. All this, however,
helps to create the impression of a
remote figure, and this is in keeping
with the unreal, fantastic
atmosphere that surrounds him and
his dream.
Significantly, however, in spite of
all the inconsistencies and
contradictions, Gatsby manages to
hold the readers’ sympathy
throughout. The whole-hearted
dedication of Gatsby and his
sincere belief in what he does
makes him heroic, and this
submerges the unpleasant details
so that they do not seem
important in the final outcome.
The real hero in the book

  Hero usually means a character who
   dominates the action, in that
   everything that happens centers
   around him; it is he, in, fact, who
   gives rise to events that take place.
One opinion—Gatsby is hero
 Gatsby is the character who causes the
  action in the novel. It is his dream of
  Daisy, his desire to re-establish their
  former relationship, that gives rise to
  Nick’s involvement. Tom’s hostility and
  the deaths of Myrtle and Gatsby himself.
  And it is Gatsby, with his idealism and
  unquestioning faith, who predominates
  in the reader’s imagination and wins his
  sympathy and awe. It would seem then
  that not only does the novel have a hero
  but that the hero is Gatsby himself.
A different opinion
 However, we must remember that Gatsby represents
  only one side of the moral theme. He must always be
  seen against the Buchanans. The action does not merely
  involve the events that happen-the action concerns the
  balancing of two ways of life, two sets of values as
  represented by Gatsby and the Buchanans. And it is Nick
  Carraway, as he moves between these two groups of
  characters, who achieves a greater significance. Through
  his reactions and comments, she shows up the
  attractiveness and shortcomings of each way of life. In
  so doing he develops the kind of maturity towards which
  the whole moral theme of the novel is moving. And
  although Gatsby captures the reader’s imagination, it is
  Nick with whom he identifies himself. It is through Nick
  too that the reader is able to see Gatsby’s magnificence
  as well as his vulgarity. The novel’s hero, therefore, is
  not Gatsby but Nick Carraway.
The evaluation of Tom, Daisy’s husband
   Tom is cast as Gatsby’s opposite in the
    novel. Right from the beginning, in Chapter
    1, Tom’s physical power and athletic
    activities are made obvious. These,
    together with his wealth and material
    possessions, place him against Gatsby’s
    sentimental outlook. Whereas Gatsby
    yearns for love and beauty, Tom, as Nick
    puts it, seeks “wistfully, for the dramatic
    turbulence of some irrecoverable football
    game”. If Gatsby is given to fantasy, Tom
    is absorbed in the very earthly pursuits.
The evaluation of Nick
    It is true that Nick Carraway begins by
    merely recording events and keeping a
    distance between himself and characters
    such as the Buchanans and Gatsby. But he
    is soon caught up with the people and the
    events around him. Unlike Gatsby, whose
    personality remains unchanging and static,
    nick develops and matures. While Gatsby
    and the Buchanans guard their interests
    single-mindedly, nick learns to see matters
    from others’ point of view. Nick is not to
    be placed with Gatsby or with the
    Buchanans, for he stands alone and above
    them.
He indeed is the real protagonist in the
novel, not Gatsby. For Gatsby and the
Buchanans represent two kinds of extreme
behavior, two distorted ways of life.
Gatsby may dominate over the Bunchanans
because his values are more appealing, but
his view of life still remains one-sided and
unreal. Nick, however, achieves moral
insight and wisdom, which make him a more
complete person. Indirectly then, the novel,
traces Nick’s development, from
detachment to participation, from passive
unconcern to understanding, from a narrow,
subjective outlook to a board indulgence.
How is the theme of love related to the theme
of money in The Great Gatsby?
   Because of Gatsby’s love for Daisy, he
    makes great effort to earn a fortune. In order
    to get in touch with Daisy, he holds lavish
    parties. It is his love that makes him to make
    money, and at the same time it is his money
    that enables him to find Daisy and express
    his love again.
   . The concern with love and money makes up the main
    idea in the novel. How love and money are related to
    each other in the case of each of the characters will
    constitute the substance of the answer however,
    characters, for whom love is not related with money,
    must not be omitted. Nick’s sympathy for Gatsby, if it
    is not love in the sexual sense, is still relevant in that it
    is love seen in a wider aspect, meaning fellow-feeling.
    And if nick’s feeling for Gatsby is unrelated to money,
    this helps to mark a clear contrast between him and all
    the other characters for whom money must always
    affect ideas of love.
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s other works
   The side of paradise
   Flappers and philosophers
   The beautiful and damned
   Tales of the Jazz Age
   All the sad young men
   Tender is the night
   Taps at reveille
   The last tycoon
   The crack-up
   The stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald
   Afternoon of an author
   The pat hobby stories
   The letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald

				
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