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					FUTURE PERFECT TENSE:
A future perfect tense used to describe action that will be completed in the future. Something that will have happened up to a future point in time I will have finished three chapters by tomorrow. Peter will have been to five countries after this tour is finished. Important Notes:
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Use a future time clause (by the time + simple present) in combination with the future perfect. Jake will have finished the report by the time you arrive.

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If you need to express how much or how many have been completed, used, etc. use the future perfect form. Use the future perfect continuous to express how long something will have been happening up to another point in time. She will have held three positions (future perfect = amount) by the time she receives her next promotion. She will have been working for three hours (future perfect continuous = length of time) by seven this morning!

Common time expressions used with the future perfect: by the time + time clause with the simple present, by + date or time

USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in the Future

The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future. Examples:
    

By next November, I will have received my promotion. By the time he gets home, she is going to have cleaned the entire house. I am not going to have finished this test by 3 o'clock. Will she have learned enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing? Sam is probably going to have completed the proposal by the time he leaves this afternoon.

Notice in the examples above that the reference points (marked in italics) are in Simple Present rather than Simple Future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Future (Non-Continuous Verbs)

With Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Future Perfect to show that something will continue up until another action in the future. Examples:
 

I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave. By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week.

Although the above use of Future Perfect is normally limited to Non-Continuous Verbs and non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, the words "live," "work," "teach," and "study" are sometimes used in this way even though they are NOT Non-Continuous Verbs.

REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses
Like all future forms, the Future Perfect cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Future Perfect, Present Perfect is used. Examples:
 

I am going to see a movie when I will have finished my homework. Not Correct I am going to see a movie when I have finished my homework. Correct

Positive sentences: Subject Auxiliary verb Auxiliary verb Past participle + + + I/a dog etc. will have gone, seen, etc. They will have graduated from from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday. Questions (interrogative sentences): Auxiliary verb Subject Auxiliary verb + + will I/a dog etc. have Will they have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009? Will I have retired by the end of the year? Will you have bought a new processor by the end of this week? Negative sentences: Subject Auxiliary verb Auxiliary verb + + I/a dog etc. won't have They won't have graduated from from Cambridge by July 2009. My uncle won't have retired by the end of the year. FORM Future Perfect with "Will" [will have + past participle] Examples:
 

+

Past participle gone, seen, etc.

?

+

Past participle gone, seen, etc.

You will have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S. Will you have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.?

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You will not have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.

FORM Future Perfect with "Be Going To"
[am/is/are + going to have + past participle] Examples:
  

You are going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S. Are you going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.? You are not going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.

NOTE: It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the Future Perfect with little or no difference in meaning. Paragraph on Future Perfect: I will have wakened up early in the morning. I will have gone for a morning walk. I will have eaten my breakfast and I will have gone to my college. When I will have come back, my mother will have started preparing lunch. After eating my lunch I will have slept for a couple of hours. I will have wakened up when my friends would have come over. Then we would have played cricket for an hour. I would have gone home and started studying. I will have completed my home work and watched television for an hour. Then I would have eaten my dinner with my family. After dinner I would have gone for a walk with my father. Fill in the verbs in brackets in the Future Perfect. He ______________ the suitcase by tomorrow. (to pack) 1) Anne 2) We 3) She 4) I 5) Sam 6) She 7) The police 8) They 9) Paolo her bike next week. (to repair) the washing by 8 o'clock. (to do) Paris by the end of next year. (to visit) this by 6 o'clock. (to finish) by next week. (to leave) this with her mother tonight. (to discuss) the driver. (to arrest) their essay by tomorrow. (to write) the teams. (to manage) our mission. (to fulfil)

10) If we can do that - then we


				
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