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					                    T HE
 H O LY P S A LTE R




           The Mother of God Protectress of Austin



F O R W E S TE RN R ITE P A R I S H E S



   ST.
  HILARION                         P RE S S
                                             DIVINE OFFICE • ESSENTIAL TONES
                                             DIVINE OFFICE • GENERAL RUBRICS
                                                                                                                       1

     ESSENTIAL TONES FOR THE OFFICE

                                                                Through our Lord Je-sus Christ Thy Son, Who

   V. O Lord, Thou shalt o- pen my lips.

                                                                liv-eth and reign-eth with Thee in the u- ni- ty

   R. And my mouth shall de-clare Thy praise.
And all the opening versicles, such as at Lauds and             of the Ho-ly Spi-rit, God: through all the ag- es
Compline, are sung in the same manner.



                                                                of ag- es. R. A- men.
   O God, be at-ten-tive un-to help-ing me.
                                                             The following is the most common tone for “Let us Bless.”


   O Lord, make haste to help me. Glo-ry be to the
                                                               V. Let us bless the Lord. R. Thanks be to God.
                                                             The following tones are used for Matins lessons:
   Fa-ther, and to the Son, and to the Ho-ly Spi-rit.

                                                                Grant, O Lord, to bless. May the al-migh-ty
   As it was in the be-gin-ning, and now and al-

                                                                Lord bless us with His grace. R. A-men.
   ways, and un-to the ag- es of ag- es. A- men.

                                                                (1) A-rise, be en-ligh-tened, O Je-ru-sa-lem, for
   Al- le- lu- ya. or: Praise be to Thee, O Lord,

                                                                thy light is come, (2) and the glo-ry of the Lord
   King of e- ter-nal glo- ry.
The Priest salutes the choir thus:
                                                                is ris- en up- on Thee. (1) and (2) alternate until:


 V. The Lord be with you. R. And with thy spi-rit.
                                                                But Thou, O Lord, be mer-ci-ful un-to us.
                                                             The versicle after the Hymns of Lauds, Vespers, and Com-
                                                             pline, and after each of the Nocturns at Matins, is sung:
   Let us pray.             (Collect tone)

The Collects are ended as follows:

                                                                V. Keep us, O Lord. (Compline)
2                                                      DIVINE OFFICE • INTRODUCTION


                GENERAL RUBRICS                                                      HOW TO INTONE ANTIPHONS
                                                                                6. He who intones the ant.’s does so while turned
         BOWING TOWARD THE ALTAR                                            north or south, and after his intonation and the first verse
                                                                            of the Psalm are completed, he shall bow to the Altar.
   1. Those who enter or leave the choir bow to the
Altar and then to the Bishop or Dean (the highest-                                          ON THE CELEBRANT
ranking person on his side of choir). If anyone passes from                     7. If there is no Priest, another in choir may lead the
one side of choir to the other, he shall bow to the Altar.                  office. He may give the blessings for the Matins lessons,
             WHEN THE CHOIR STANDS                                          but he may not bless incense or cense the Altar. If he is
                                                                            not a Priest or Deacon, instead of “The Lord be with
    2. At Vespers, the choir must stand continuously.1 At
                                                                            you,” he sings, “O Lord, hear my prayer,” and the choir
Compline, they must stand throughout the Hour. At
                                                                            answers, “And let my cry come unto Thee.” And then
Matins they must stand the whole time, except while the
                                                                            he may sing the Collect.
lessons are read, and the Responsories with their verses
are sung, which follow the lessons. At the First and                                       ON THE CHOIR HABIT
remaining Hours, they must stand throughout the Hour.                            8. The ordinary dress of the clergy in choir is a surplice
But part of this time may be spent kneeling; see 4.                         over which a plain black cope is worn. On the Nativity,
WHEN THE CHOIR TURNS TO THE ALTAR                                           Theophany, Purification, Pascha, Ascension, Pentecost,
                                                                            Trinity, Feast of Relics, Dormition and Nativity of Our
      3. The choir turns to the Altar at Vespers from “O God,
                                                                            Lady, All Saints, the Dedication festival, and the patronal
be attentive unto helping me” to the 1st antiphon (ant.),
                                                                            feast, and other double feasts which fall upon Sundays,
and this is true for all the Hours. Whenever “Glory be”
                                                                            all the clergy use silk copes at procession, but at Matins
is said, they likewise turn to the Altar. For Responsories,
                                                                            always black copes. At Vespers and the Day Hours from
Chapters, Collects, and the last stanza of Hymns, and in
                                                                            Pascha to the next Sunday, and on double feasts from
all versicle and responses (V. and R.’s), and after the
                                                                            Pascha to the feast of St. Michael (May 8), and from the
Magnificat, Benedictus, and Nunc Dimittis (from their
                                                                            vigil of Pentecost to Trinity, and during the octaves of the
“Glory be” till the end of the Hour) they shall turn to the
                                                                            Nativity and Dormition of Our Lady, and that of the
Altar. And in the Hours without canticle, they shall so
                                                                            Dedication festival, the choir appear only in white
turn from the “Glory be” ofthe last Psalm till the end of
                                                                            surplices. The rulers of the choir always use silk copes,
the Hour. At Matins they so turn from the beginning
                                                                            and on Sundays and feasts the celebrating Priest wears a
[versicle] till the last commencement of the invitatorium
                                                                            silk cope for censing the Altar and reading the Collect.
(Inv.), and in the Nocturns from the last verse of the Psalm
till the beginning of the lesson. Also, in the Te Deum, they                       ON THE SINGING OF THE PSALMS
turn to the Altar at “Thee, O God, we praise,” i.e., the first                  9. The Psalms are always chanted antiphonally, that
verse, and for the last verse.                                              is, the ruler or precentor or appointed choir member
             WHEN THE CHOIR KNEELS                                          assigned this duty will intone the first half of the first verse,
                                                                            up to the colon or asterisk. Then his side of the choir will
    4. On ferias outside Paschaltide (P.T.), when the
                                                                            sing the rest of that verse. The other side of the choir then
preces are said at the Hours, the choir kneels during
                                                                            sings the entire next verse, up to the midway colon or
them, from “Kyrieleyson” to the conclusion of the
                                                                            asterisk and beyond, and so the two sides alternate, the
Collect, although the celebrant (celebrating Priest) rises
                                                                            Glory Be being treated as the last two verses of the Psalm.
earlier. And on those days they kneel at Matins for the
                                                                            If another Psalm follows without the intervention of a
Lord’s Prayer before the lessons. This kneeling is followed
                                                                            Glory Be, that Psalm is not intoned afresh, but its first
at the Vespers and Matins of the Dead as well. In Lent
                                                                            verse is sung by the side opposite that which sang the last
there is kneeling at the beginning of every Hour.
                                                                            verse of the preceding Psalm. And if no ant. but a Glory
          “CHANGING SIDES” IN CHOIR                                         Be separates two Psalms, then the chanting passes over
                                                                            to the other side in the same way.
   5. The half of the choir that leads should change
weekly: one week it shall be the Decani (right) side, the                            SOLO READERS AND SINGERS
other week the Cantoris (left) side. But on Double Feasts
                                                                                10. Each reader or singer executing part of the office
the Decani (south) side will lead.
                                                                            solo will bow and get the Bishop’s blessing after reading
    1
      Sitting is allowed during the Responsory verse. It will be observed   or singing his assigned lesson or chant.
that this is barely enough time to sit down, however.
                                            DIVINE OFFICE • GENERAL RUBRICS
                                            BLESSINGS FOR THE MATINS LESSONS                                                 3

                                                                 May the divine assistance: abide with us always.
                 BLESSINGS                                         R. Amen.
               before the Matins Lessons
                                                              On Saints’ feasts of 9 lessons, or feasts of 3 lessons with
When there are 9 lessons these six blessings are said for
                                                              Gospel exposition, this is the last blessing:
the first 2 Nocturns, except on the feasts of Holy Mary and
of All Saints, and feasts of 3 lessons without Gospel            May the King of Angels bring us: to the
exposition, and on and in Octaves, and on ferias in
Paschaltide, according to the order of Nocturns.                   company of the heavenly citizens. R. Amen.

                  FIRST NOCTURN                               But when there are 9 lessons of the Temporale through
                                                              the year, except from Trin. to Advent, and on the

   W   ith a blessing everlasting: May the eternal
         Father bless us. R. Amen.
                                                              Transfiguration, Exaltation of the Holy Cross, and
                                                              Dedication Festival, and on the Sun. within the Octave of
                                                              Dedication, and on the Octave-day thereof, or when there
   May God, the Son of God: deign to bless and                are 3 lessons of the Temporale with Gospel exposition,
     assist us. R. Amen.                                      then this is the last blessing:
   May the grace of the Holy Spirit: enlighten our               In the unity of the Holy Spirit: may the Father
     hearts and bodies. R. Amen.                                    bless us, and the Son. R. Amen.
                SECOND NOCTURN                                From Trin. to Advent, on Sundays when service is of the
   May the almighty Lord: bless us with His grace.            Sun., the last blessing is:
     R. Amen.                                                    May the Holy Trinity confirm us: in perfect
   May Christ give us: the joys of unending life. R.               charity. R. Amen.
     Amen.
                                                                        FERIAS AND LESSER FEASTS
   May the Life-giving Spirit purify us: inwardly
                                                              On all ferias through the year outside Paschaltide, and
     and outwardly. R. Amen.
                                                              when there are 3 lessons without Gospel exposition, these
  THIRD NOCTURN, OR FIRST NOCTURN                             3 are said:
          HAVING A GOSPEL                                        May God have mercy upon us: and grant us
                 If according to Matthew:                          peace. R. Amen.
   May the Gospel reading: be our salvation and                  May the virtue of Christ: abide in our hearts. R.
     protection. R. Amen.                                          Amen.
                  If according to Mark:                          Sent from heaven: may the Life-giving Spirit
   May the Creator of the world arm us: with the                   instruct us. R. Amen.
     weapons of the Gospels. R. Amen.
                   If according to Luke:
                                                                          BLESSINGS OF OUR LADY
   Through the words of the Gospel: may our
                                                              On feasts and commemorations of the Mother of God
     transgressions be blotted out. R. Amen.                  through the whole year:
                   If according to John:
                                                                                     First Nocturn
   May the fountain of the Gospel: fill us with                   (always used at the weekly Comm. for the single Nocturn)
     heavenly dogma. R. Amen.
                                                                 May the loving Virgin of virgins: intercede for us
When there is no exposition of the Gospel, the 7th blessing        with the Lord. R. Amen.
is:
   May the Creator of all things: bless us now and               Christ, the Son of Mary: be lenient and merciful
     unto the ages. R. Amen.                                       unto us. R. Amen.
                                                                 May the Holy Theotokos: be our helper. R.
Always for the 8th lesson (except for St. Mary and All
Saints), or for the second lesson when the Gospel
                                                                   Amen.
exposition is the 1st lesson:
4                                                 DIVINE FOR THE MATINS LESSONS
                                                BLESSINGSOFFICE • INTRODUCTION


                       Second Nocturn                               O Virgin, bringing forth Thy Son: make us
     May the righteous deeds of Holy Mary: guide us                   acceptable unto Him. R. Amen.
       to the heavenly kingdom. R. Amen.                            May the Wisdom of the Father save us: at the
     May she that brought forth Christ: supplicate                    prayers of His Mother. R. Amen.
       Him in our behalf. R. Amen.                                                Second Nocturn
     O Mary, Star of the Sea: most merciful one, help
                                                                    O Virgin worthy of God: be kind to us that make
       us. R. Amen.
                                                                      request of thee. R. Amen.
                        Third Nocturn                               O Virgin Mary: intercede piously in our behalf.
     By the righteousness of Mary: may the Gospel                     R. Amen.
       reading profit us. R. Amen.                                  May she that bare the Flower: grant us the
     May the Virgin Mary obtain for us: the Divine                    Flower’s fragrance. R. Amen.
       consolation. R. Amen.                                                       Third Nocturn
     May the Queen of Heaven bring us: to the
                                                                    Preserve thy servants: O Mary the Virgin. R.
       company of the heavenly citizens. R. Amen.
                                                                       Amen.
    BLESSINGS FOR OCTAVES OF OUR LADY                               At the prayers of Holy Mary: may the Father
                        First Nocturn                                  bless us, and the Son. R. Amen.
      (used upon the single Nocturn when there are 3 lessons)       May the Son of the Virgin Mary: grant us the
     Pure, chaste, and pious: O Mary, have mercy on                    joys of life. R. Amen.
       us poor sinners. R. Amen.




                                                                C
                                                            THE COMMON PRAYERS
                                                       DIVINE OFFICE • GENERAL RUBRICS                                                                  5




                                           H O L Y P S A LTE R
                                               According to the Use of the
                                            Illustrious and Most Venerable
                                                    Church of Sarum
                                                              C C C C C

                             I N t h e N A M E o f O U R L O R D J E S U S C H R I S T , AMEN.

                                                              C C C C C

                              PRAYER
              That May be Said Before the Hours:                                                ANGELIC SALUTATION


    O  pen my mouth, O Lord, to bless Thy holy
        name; cleanse also my heart from all vain                                  R  ejoice, Mary, full of grace; the Lord is with
                                                                                       thee. Blessed art thou among women, and
                                                                               blessed is the fruit of thy womb.2
thoughts, that I may be worthy to be heard before
the sight of Thy Divine Majesty. Through our Lord
Jesus C Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth                                               [APOSTOLICAL SYMBOL
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
through all the ages of ages. Amen.                                                I believe in God the Father almighty, Creator of
                                                                                     heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ His only
                                                                               Son, our Lord, Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,
                      C      C         C   C    C                              born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate,
                                                                               was crucified, died, and was buried: He descended
            PREPARATION for the HOURS                                          into hell; the third day He rose again from the dead. He
Before and after all the Hours, these prayers are always                       ascended into heaven, sitteth on the right hand of God
said inaudibly by the celebrating Priest.                                      the Father almighty; from thence He shall come to
                                                                               judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy
                       LORD’S PRAYER                                           Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of
                                                                               saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the
    O  ur Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed be
        Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be
done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day
                                                                               flesh, and life everlasting. Amen.3 ]
                                                                               In the beginning of every Office, say first the Lord’s
our daily bread. And forgive us our debts as we                                Prayer, and make the sign of the Cross on thy forehead,
forgive our debtors. And lead us not into                                      according to what is written: Before prayer prepare thy
temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.1                                   soul for the Lord, lest thou be as one that tempteth God.
                                                                                                                — St. Jerome of Bethlehem


1 A more accurate translation from the Latin would be: “And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors.”
2 Or, “Hail, Mary, full of grace...”
3 Done before services only in later usage. This creed, called the Apostolical Symbol, is derived from the baptismal creed of 3rd-c. Rome. It is a purely
Western custom, as opposed to the universal Nicene-Constantinoplitan Symbol of Faith. St. Fructuosus of Braga (d. 665) assigned this creed to be done at
Compline; St. Benedict of Aniane (d. 821) ordained it to be done at Matins and the First Hour also. This Symbol received its definitive form at Lèrins.
6                                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                                             Flash forth lightning, and Thou shalt scatter
       SATURDAY at VESPERS                                               them; * send forth Thine arrows, and Thou shalt
             THE FIRST VESPERS OF SUNDAY                                 trouble them.
                                                                             Send forth Thy hand from on high; * rescue and
                          Preparation
                                                                         deliver me from many waters, from the hand of the
After the usual ringing of all the bells, the lamps having               sons of aliens,
being kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in
the north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and                  Whose mouth hath spoken vanity, * and their
facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:                     right hand is the right hand of unrighteousness.
                                                                             O God, a new song shall I sing unto Thee; * with
    Our Father... Amen.
                                                                         the psaltery of ten strings shall I chant unto Thee,
    Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
    [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]                                        Who givest salvation unto kings, Who redeemest
                                                                         David Thy servant: * from the evil sword deliver
                          Introduction                                   me.
Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:                   And rescue me from the hand of the sons of
                                                                         aliens, * whose mouth hath spoken vanity, and their
    V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                                         right hand is the right hand of unrighteousness,
The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:                                     Whose sons are like new plants * strongly
    R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                       planted in their youth,
       be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the                        Their daughters prettified * and lavishly adorned
       Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,                  like unto a temple.
       and now and always, and unto the ages of                              Their garners are full, * bursting forth with all
       ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                             manner of store.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we                       Their sheep are abundant in young, multiplying
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”               in their gateways; * - their oxen are fat.
                              Psalms                                         There is no breach of wall, * nor any passage,
                                                                         nor any outcry in their streets.
The choir turn to face north and south, and the incipit of
the antiphon (ant.) is chanted, then the first verse of the                  They have called the people blessèd which fareth
Psalm, after which he who intoned it bows to the Altar. But              thus, * but blessèd is the people whose God is the Lord.
the opposite side sings the second verse, and so forth,
antiphonally. On most Sundays, the Psalms are:                           All turn to the East, cross themselves, and bow, at:

                            Psalm 143:                                      C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                                         the Holy Spirit.   And all rise at:

    B  lessed is the Lord my God, * Who teacheth
        my hands for battle and my fingers for war.
   My mercy and my refuge, * my helper and my
                                                                            As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                                         * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
deliverer,                                                               They turn again to face north and south, and so for each
   My defender is He, and in Him have I hoped, *                         Psalm and Glory Be in every Office. Then the ant. is re-
Who subjected my people under me.                                        intoned and sung through by the whole choir:
   O Lord, what is man, that Thou art made known                           ant.   Blessed is the Lord my God.
unto him, * or the son of man, that Thou takest
account of him?                                                                                  Psalm 144:
   Man is like unto vanity; * his days like a shadow
pass away.
   O Lord, bow down the heavens and come down;
                                                                            I will exalt Thee, O my God, my king, and I
                                                                              will bless Thy name for ever, * yea, for ever
                                                                         and ever.
* touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.                                Every day will I bless Thee, * and I will praise
                                                                         Thy name for ever, yea, for ever and ever.
1 Anciently, the antiphon was sung through after every Psalm verse.
                                              SATURDAY AT VESPERS                                              7

    Great is the Lord and exceedingly to be praised,        As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and of His greatness there is no end.                  * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Generation and generation shall praise Thy
                                                           ant.   For ever and unto the ages of ages.
works, * and Thy power shall they declare.
    Of the majesty of the glory of Thy holiness shall                           Psalm 145:
they speak, * and they shall tell of Thy wonders.
    And the power of Thine awesome deeds shall
they relate, * and they shall tell of Thy majesty.
                                                            P   raise the Lord, O my soul. I will praise the
                                                                 Lord in my life, * I will chant unto my God
                                                         for as long as I have my being.
    The memory of the multitude of Thy goodness              Trust ye not in princes, * in the sons of men, in
shall they pour forth, * and in Thy righteousness        whom there is no salvation.
shall they rejoice.                                          His spirit shall go forth, and he shall return unto
    Compassionate and merciful is the Lord, * long-      his earth; * in that day all his thoughts shall perish.
suffering and plenteous in mercy.                            Blessed is he of whom the God of Jacob is his
    The Lord is good to all, * and His compassions       help, whose hope is in the Lord his God, * Who
are over all His works.                                  hath made heaven and the earth, the sea and all that
    Let all Thy works, O Lord, give praise to Thee, *    is therein,
and let Thy righteous ones bless Thee.                       Who keepeth truth unto eternity, * Who
    Of the glory of Thy kingdom shall they speak, *      executeth judgment for the wronged, Who giveth
and shall tell of Thy dominion,                          food unto the hungry.
    To make Thy dominion known to the sons of men,           The Lord looseth the fettered, * the Lord maketh
* and the glory of the majesty of Thy kingdom.           wise the blind.
    Thy kingdom is the kingdom of all the ages, *            The Lord setteth aright the fallen, * the Lord
and Thy sovereignty is in every generation and           loveth the righteous.
generation.                                                  The Lord preserveth the proselytes; He shall
    Faithful is the Lord in all His words, * and holy    adopt for His own the orphan and widow, * and the
in all His works.                                        way of sinners shall He destroy.
    The Lord upholdeth all that are falling, * and           The Lord shall be king unto eternity: * thy God,
setteth up all that are broken down.                     O Sion, unto generation and generation.
    The eyes of all look to Thee with hope, * and            C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
Thou gavest them their food in due season.               the Holy Spirit.
    Thou openest Thy hand, * and fillest every living        As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
thing with Thy favour.                                   * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Righteous is the Lord in all His ways, * and holy      ant.   I will praise my God in my life.
in all His works.
                                                                                Psalm 146:
    The Lord is nigh unto all that call upon Him, * to
all that call on Him in truth.
    The will of them that fear Him shall He do, * and       P   raise ye the Lord, for a psalm is a good thing;
                                                                 * let praise be sweet unto our God.
                                                            The Lord buildeth up Jerusalem; * He shall
their supplication shall He hear, and He shall save
them.                                                    gather together the dispersed of Israel.
    The Lord preserveth all that love Him, * but all        He healeth the broken in heart, * and bindeth
the sinners shall He utterly destroy.                    their fractures together.
    My mouth shall speak the praise of the Lord, *          He numbereth the multitude of the stars, * and
and let all flesh bless His holy name for ever, yea,     calleth them all by name.
for ever and ever.                                          Great is our Lord, and great is His strength, * and
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to     of His understanding there is no measure.
the Holy Spirit.                                            The Lord lifteth up the meek, * but humbleth
8                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

sinners to the earth.                                                                CHAPTER
   Begin your song to the Lord with thanksgiving; *          From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Septuagesima,
chant unto God with the harp,                                and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service
   To Him that covereth heaven with clouds, * Who            is of the Sun., the Chapter is:
prepareth rain for the earth,
   Who maketh grass to grow on the mountains, *
and green herb for the service of man,
                                                             B  lessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
                                                                  Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all
                                                             comfort, Who comforteth us in all our tribulation.
   Who giveth to the beasts their food, * and to the
                                                             Whatever the chapter, the choir always responds:
younglings of the ravens which call upon Him.
   He shall not delight in the strength of a horse, *           R. Thanks be to God.
nor in the legs of man is He well pleased.
                                                                                  RESPONSORY
   The Lord is well pleased in them that fear Him, *
                                                             The Responsory for the Sunday or Feast is chanted.
and in them that hope in His mercy.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                                     HYMN
the Holy Spirit.                                             Facing north & south the choir sings the proper Hymn for the
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,           Sunday or Feast, the ruler of the choir intoning it and his side
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                           singing the first stanza. From the first Sun. after Theoph.Oct.
                                                             to Lent, when service is of the Sun., the Hymn is:
    ant.   Let praise be sweet unto our God.
                                                                                        Hymn I
                         Psalm 147:
                                                                O   God, Creator of all things,
                                                                     Ruler of heaven, Who dost clothe
    P  raise the Lord, O Jerusalem; * praise thy
        God, O Sion.
   For He hath strengthened the bars of thy gates; *
                                                                The day with seemly brilliancy;
                                                                The night with graceful quietude—
He hath blessed thy sons within thee.                        The other side sings the 2nd stanza, and so they alternate:
   He bringeth peace upon thy borders, * and with
                                                                That rest may give limbs soothèd back
the fatness of the wheat He filleth thee.
                                                                Unto their usual labouring,
   He sendeth His saying unto the earth; * right                And may restore exhausted minds,
swiftly runneth His word.                                       And may dissolve fretful sorrows:
   He giveth His snow like wool; * the mist He
sprinkleth like ashes.                                          Now day is done, we give Thee thanks,
   He hurleth His ice like morsels; * who shall                 And at the dawning of the night
stand before His cold?                                          We lay bare before Thee our prayers,
   He shall send forth His word and melt them; *                That Thou sustain us sinful ones.
His wind shall blow and the waters shall flow.                  The heart’s high places sing of Thee,
   He declareth His word unto Jacob, * His statutes             Melodious voices ring with Thee:
and judgments to Israel.                                        Let modest charity love Thee;
   He hath not dealt so with every nation, * nor hath           The sober mind pray unto Thee.
He shown His judgments unto them.
                                                                That although blackness of the night
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                                Hath veiled the daytime in her depth,
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                Faith may not know obscurity;
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,              And night, to faith, be radiant.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                Do not allow the mind to sleep
    ant.   Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem. (with neum)            Which hath known sleep through sinfulness:
Once the choir have finished the neum, the Priest, turned       The faith that reneweth Thy chaste
to the Altar, sings the proper Chapter in his stall.            Shall palliate the clouds of sleep.
                                                      SATURDAY AT VESPERS                                                            9

   Once passion’s lusts are laid aside                              And then both sides, as always, sing the final
   The heart’s clear depths may rest in Thee:                       stanza, turning to the East and bowing:
   Lest Satan, by his envious wile,                                 C To God the Father, glory be,
   Should rouse the sleeper with his fear.                          And glory to His only Son,
But always, for the last stanza, both sides of the choir join,      With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
turning to the Altar and bowing:                                    Both now and for eternity. Amen.
   C Let us ask Christ and His Father,                                                        V. & R.
   Christ’s Spirit, and His Father’s Breath,                        The versicle (V.) to the Hymn is sung by two servers
   The Godhead mighty in all things,                                (on ferias and simple feasts of simple or double
   O Trinity: Guard them that pray. Amen.                           invitatory, by one). The V. for the above hymn is:

                          V. & R.                                   V. Let our evening prayer ascend to Thee, O Lord.
                                                                    And while the neum is chanted, the response is said
The versicle proper to the Hymn is sung by two servers. If
                                                                    softly by the whole choir without chant:
the above Hymn was used, the versicle is:
  V. Let our evening prayer ascend to Thee, O Lord.                 R. And may Thy mercy descend upon us.

During the neum, the response is spoken softly by the choir:
                                                                 Censing: On Sundays & feasts, as the versicle is sung, two taper-
  R. And may Thy mercy descend upon us.                          bearers enter & process with the thurifer to the Priest. At the choir
                                                                 step, unless the Bishop is present, he blesses incense: Server:
   From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when               Bless. Priest: The Lord (bless). May it be blessed by Him in Whose
   service is of the Sun., the Hymn is:                          honour it shall be burnt. C In the name of the Father, & of the
                                                                 Son, & of the Holy Spirit. Amen. If present, the Bishop always
               Hymn II (of St. Ambrose)                          blesses, at his throne. As the ant. & Magnificat are sung, the Priest
   The ruler intones, & his side continues, the 1st stanza:      & ministers go up to the altar step, where he kneels, kisses a cross
                                                                 traced on the ground, then rises & censes: (1) the midst of the Altar,
                                                                 thrice; (2) its right horn, thrice; (3) its left horn, thrice; (4) the
   O   Light, O Blessèd Trinity,
        O first and royal Unity,
   The fiery sun now withdraweth;
                                                                 midst, again; (5) the patronal icon; (6) the Relics ark; & (7) the
                                                                 Altar, which he censes on every side, walking around it. Bowing
                                                                 deeply upon the last altar step, he returns to his place at the choir
   Pour forth Thy light within our hearts. Choir 2:              step preceded by server & taper-bearers, & is censed there by the
                                                                 server. Then the taper-bearers replace their candlesticks upon the
   At morning, let our hymns praise Thee,                        highest Altar step, as usual. The server censes all the choir [&
   At evening, let us pray to Thee,                              people], bowing to each, exc. the Bishop is always censed by his
   In our lowly exaltation                                       chaplain. On great Feasts the censing is more solemn, as shown in
   Let all the ages give Thee praise. Choir 1:                   the Book of Customs. On simple ferias, there is no censing of the
                                                                 Altar. And always, if the Bishop is present, he first blesses the
   [Now night-time draweth nigh to us;                           incense with the two taper-bearers on his left & right.
   Grant us a calm and peaceful night,                                        Canticle of the Mother of God
   And in the morning gaze on us                                                   CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
   From heaven, O All-Merciful. Choir 2:
                                                                 The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
   O Christ, release us from our bonds,                          Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)
   From sinful habits wash us clean,
   Before all else, absolve our sins,
   Forgive the evils we have done. Choir 1:                         M    y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                          spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                                    For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
   We pray Thee to give ear to us,                               handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
   We beseech Thee to rescue us;                                 generations shall call me blessed.
   Christ Jesus, Who art almighty,
                                                                    For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
   Deliver us from the evil one.]*
                                                                 * and holy is His name.
     * Some Anglo-Saxon books contain these verses.                 And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
10                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

generation and generation.                                      Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
                                                                soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
   He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath
scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.             V. Let us bless the Lord.
   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *                  R. Thanks be to God.
and exalted them of low degree.
                                                                Procession: On many Sundays and feasts, at first Vespers,
   He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and            a procession around the church is made here as shown in
the rich He hath sent empty away.                               the Book of Processions, with a station at the great Cross
   He hath holpen His servant Israel * in remem-                on the iconostasis.
brance of His mercy,
   As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his                                            Blessing
seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55 [Great Feasts: antiphon sung here]        If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to                the day or feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
                                                                    yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
the Holy Spirit.                                                    “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                  answers, “Amen.”
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the           The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all
the choir stands turned to the East.                                Our Father... Amen.
                                                                    Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
From a book on the lectern, the Priest sings the Collect at
                                                                    [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
the choir step (if the Bishop celebrates, he does not change
his place). And on a Sunday or feast, two taper-bearers
stand to the left and right of the Priest, facing him:

  V. The Lord be with you.                                           VESPERS of OUR LADY & of the DEAD
  R. And with thy spirit.                                       Usually the daily Vespers of Our Lady and of the Dead are
  Let us pray.                                                  begun here (in practice that of the Dead is not done on
                                                                Sundays).
                        COLLECT                                                           COLLATION
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:            There are two ringings made for Collation, but each with
                                                                only one bell, even on Double Feasts. The reader ascends
     V. The Lord be with you.                                   the ambo and there asks the blessing, intoning:
     R. And with thy spirit.
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
                                                                    G rant, O Lord, to bless.
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):        And the highest-ranking Priest present chants:
     V. Let us bless the Lord.                                      May the almighty Lord bless us with His grace.
     R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                To which the choir responds:           Amen.

                COMMEMORATIONS                                  Then the reader reads from the Pastoral Care of St.
                                                                Gregory the Great, or his Dialogues, and when the
     The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
                                                                highest-ranking Priest determines that enough has been
     After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
                                                                read, he sings aloud:
     sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
     Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the           But Thou... Which the reader completes:
     commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
                                                                    ... O Lord, be merciful unto us.
                        Conclusion                              And so ends the service of Collation.

  V. The Lord be with you.                                      Note: In Lent, Collation is read after Vespers and before Compline. And it
                                                                is never begun before the two servers who sang the second “Let us bless
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                the Lord” return to their places and bow deeply at the choir step.
                                                          COMPLINE                                                    11

                  COMPLINE                                    things?
                                                                 The light of Thy countenance, O Lord, hath been
                      Preparation                             signed upon us; * Thou hast given gladness to my
There is always one ringing of one bell for Compline, exc.    heart.
that on Double Feasts there are two ringings.
                                                                 From the fruit of their wheat, wine and oil * are
Then, all standing and facing the East, the Priest says the   they multiplied.
silent prayers:
                                                                 In peace in the same place * I shall lay me down
  Our Father... Amen.                                         and sleep.
  Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                      For Thou, O Lord, alone * hast made me to dwell
                                                              in hope.
                     Introduction
Then the Priest intones in a modest voice:                    The choir turn to the Altar, cross themselves, and bow at
                                                              every Glory Be:
  V. Turn us back, O God of our salvation.
  R. And turn away Thine anger from us.
                                                                 C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                              the Holy Spirit.
He signs his forehead and sings in a full voice:
                                                              And each time they rise at:
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                                 As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
The choir answers:                                            * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory              The choir turn back to face north and south for each
     be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the           Psalm:
     Holy Spirit, (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
     and now and always, and unto the ages of                                         Psalm 30:
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                                 I n Thee, O Lord, have I hoped, let me not be
                                                                    put to shame in the age to come; * in Thy
                                                              righteousness deliver me, and rescue me.
                         Psalms                                  Bow down Thine ear unto me; * make haste to
                                                              rescue me.
The choir turns to face north and south, and the ant. is
intoned as for Vespers, the one intoning it turning and          Be Thou unto me a God to defend me * and a
bowing to the Altar as the opposite choir joins in the        house of refugeto save me.
Psalm. Psalm-tone intonation is made only once for all the       For my strength and my refuge art Thou, * and
four Psalms:
                                                              for Thy name’s sake wilt Thou guide me and nour-
                          Psalm 4:
                                                              ish me.

   W     hen I called upon Thee, O God of my
           righteousness, Thou didst hearken unto
me; * in mine affliction Thou hast enlarged me.
                                                                 Thou wilt bring me out of this snare which they
                                                              have hid for me, * for Thou art my defender, O
                                                              Lord.
    Have compassion on me * and hear my prayer.                  Into Thy hands I will commit my spirit; * Thou
    O ye sons of men, how long will ye be slow of             hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.
heart? * Why do ye love vanity, and seek after                   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
falsehood?                                                    the Holy Spirit.
    Know also that the Lord hath made wondrous                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always, *
His holy one; * the Lord will hearken unto me when            and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
I cry unto Him.
    Be angry, and sin not; feel compunction upon                                      Psalm 90:
your beds * for what ye say in your hearts.
    Sacrifice a sacrifice of righteousness, and hope in
the Lord; * many say: Who will show unto us good
                                                                 H  e that dwelleth in the help of the Most High

                                                              heaven.
                                                                      * shall abide in the shelter of the God of
12                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

   He shall say unto the Lord: Thou art my helper         the Holy Spirit.
and my refuge; * He is my God, and I will hope in            As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
Him.                                                      * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   For He shall deliver thee from the snare of the
hunters * and from every troubling word.                                         Antiphon
   With His shoulders will He overshadow thee, *          Then the proper ant. is sung through, usually:
and under His wings shalt thou have hope.                    ant.   Have compassion on me, O Lord, and hear my
   With a shield will His truth encompass thee; *         prayer.
thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night,                                 Chapter
   Nor for the arrow that flieth by day, nor for the
thing that walketh in darkness, * nor for the mishap
and demon of noonday.
                                                             T  hou, O Lord, art among us, and Thy holy
                                                                 name is called upon by us: forsake us not, O
                                                          Lord our God. Jer. 14:9
   A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thou-
                                                            R. Thanks be to God.
sand at Thy right hand, * but unto thee shall it not
come nigh.                                                During Lent, a responsory is sung here.
   Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold, * and
                                                                                   HYMN
thou shalt see the reward of sinners.
                                                          The proper hymn is intoned by the ruler of the choir, and
   For Thou, O Lord, art my hope; * thou madest
                                                          the first stanza sung by his side of the choir. On simple
the Most High thy refuge.                                 feasts and through most of the year (except on double
   No evils shall come nigh thee, * and no scourge        feasts and within octaves with ruling of the choir, and from
shall draw nigh unto thy dwelling.                        Quadragesima to the day after Trinity), the hymn is:
   For He shall give His Angels charge over thee *                      Hymn I (Ambrosian, 7th c.)
to keep thee in all thy ways.
   On their hands shall they bear thee up, * lest at
any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
                                                             B  efore the ending of the day,
                                                                  Creator of the world, we pray
                                                             That with Thy wonted mercy Thou
   Upon the asp and basilisk shalt thou tread, * and         Wouldst shepherd us, preserving us.
thou shalt trample upon the lion and dragon.
   For he hath set his hope on Me, and I will deliver        Let apparitions of the night,
him; * I will shelter him because he hath known My           And dreamings, leave us straightaway:
name.                                                        Tread underfoot our enemy,
   He shall cry unto Me, and I will hearken unto             That our flesh may not be defiled.
him; I am with him in affliction * and I will rescue         C Almighty Father, grant us this
him and glorify him.                                         Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son,
   With length of days will I satisfy him, * and I           Who reigneth for eternity
will show him My salvation.                                  With Thee and the Holy Spirit. Amen.
                      Psalm 133:                          On the Comm. of St. Mary, the last stanza is:


     B ehold now, bless ye the Lord, * all ye
        servants of the Lord.
   Ye that stand in the house of the Lord, * in the
                                                             C O Master, glory be to Thee,,
                                                             Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                             With Father and Holy Spirit,
courts of the house of our God,                              Unto the ages without end. Amen.
   In the nights lift up your hands unto the holies, *
                                                                                   Hymn II
and bless the Lord.
   The Lord bless thee out of Sion, * He that made        On double feasts and within octaves with ruling of the
                                                          choir, through most of the year, the Hymn is “O Lord, the
heaven and the earth.                                     Saviour.”
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                           COMPLINE                                                       13
This Hymn is said daily from the Vigil of the Nativity until   glory of Thy people Israel.
Theoph. Oct.; and on all double feasts from Theoph. Oct.          C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
until the first Sun. of Lent; and on all double feasts from
Pentecost until the Vigil of the Lord’s Nativity; and on the
                                                               the Holy Spirit.
Vigil of Pentecost and on the Thurs., Fri., and Sat. in that      As it was in the beginning, and now and always
week; and daily in and upon the octaves of the Assumption      * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
and Nativity of Holy Mary and of the Dedication of the
Church, whether service is of the octave or of some Saint                                 Antiphon
of ix lessons:
                                                                              Here the proper ant. is sung in full.


   O    Lord, the Saviour of the world,
         Thou that hast saved us on this day,
   In this night be our Defender,
                                                               On most days, the ant. is:

                                                                  ant.Save us, O Lord, as we keep watch; preserve
                                                               us as we sleep, that we may keep watch with Christ,
   And be our Saviour at all times.                            and rest in peace.
   Now in Thy mercy be with us,                                But on all feasts and commemorations, and in all the
   And spare them that supplicate Thee:                        octaves, of the Mother of God yearlong (except in Advent,
   Do Thou blot out our transgressions;                        on the Annunciation, and in Paschaltide), the ant. is:
   Do Thou enlighten our darkness.
                                                                  ant.We glorify thee, O Theotokos, for that Christ
   That sleep may not weigh down the mind,                     hath been born of thee: save all of us who glorify
   Neither the foe break through and steal,                    thee.
   We entreat Thee: let not the flesh                          On double feasts, the ant. is “Bestow Thy light,” p. 22.
   Of any be defiled and stained.
                                                                                            Preces
   With heartfelt prayers, we beg of Thee,                     The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria,
   Thou that dost set our thoughts aright:                     either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
   May we arise out of our beds                                to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
   With purity and with chaste minds.                          Advent.
                                                               The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:
   C Glory to God, to the Father,
   And glory to His only Son,                                     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                                Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
   Both now and for eternity. Amen.                               Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.
The versicle is chanted by one server only:                       Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)
                                                                  Choir I:      Xristeleyson.
  V. Keep us, O Lord.
                                                                  Choir II:     Xristeleyson.
And the choir says the response softly, without chanting it:
                                                                  Choir I: Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
  R. As the apple of Thine eye, in the shelter of                 Choir II: Kyrieleyson.
      Thy wings, shelter us.                                      Choir I & II: Kyrieleyson.

                                                               The Priest prays:
          Canticle of Righteous Simeon
             CALLED THE NUNC DIMITTIS                            Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)
The proper ant. on Nunc Dimittis is intoned here.
                                                                 V.   And lead us not into temptation.
                                                                 R.   But deliver us from evil.
   N    ow lettest Thou Thy servant depart * in
         peace, O Master, according to Thy word.
    For mine eyes have seen * Thy salvation.
                                                                 V.
                                                                 R.
                                                                      In peace in the same place.
                                                                      I shall lay me down and sleep.
    Which Thou hast prepared * before the face of              Then the Priest prays:
all peoples.
    The light of revelation for the nations * and the             I believe in God... (silently, until:)
14                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

  V. The resurrection of the flesh.                                May the almighty and merciful Lord grant you
  R. And life everlasting. Amen.                                pardon and remission of all your sins, space for true
  V. Let us bless the Father C and the Son with the             repentance and amendment of life, and the grace
         Holy Spirit.                                           and consolation of the Holy Spirit. R. Amen.
  R.     Let us praise Him and supremely exalt Him              Ferial/Ordinary Conclusion: When service is of the feria,
         unto the ages.                                         either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
  V.     Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of          to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
                                                                Advent, the ferial conclusion is done. Otherwise, the
         heaven.
                                                                conclusion is as follows:
  R.     And worthy of praise, and glorious, and
         supremely exalted unto the ages.                                       Ordinary Conclusion
  V.     May the almighty and merciful Lord bless and                             The Priest sings aloud:
         keep us.
                                                                  V. O God, Thou wilt turn and quicken us.
  R.     Amen.
                                                                  R. And Thy people shall be glad in Thee.
                     The Confession                               V. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
Then, turned to the Altar, the Bishop or highest-ranking          R. And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.
Priest, whether celebrating or not, says in a low voice:
                                                                  V. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this night.
                                                                  R. To preserve us without sin.
     I   confess to God, to Blessed Mary, to all the
         Saints,                                                  V.
                                                                  R.
                                                                     Have mercy upon us, O Lord.
                                                                     Have mercy upon us.
Here he turns to the choir:
                                                                  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
   and to you, that I have sinned exceedingly in                  R. According as we have hoped in Thee.
thought, word, and deed, through my fault.                        V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
Turning to the altar again, he says:                              R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
                                                                     saved.
     I beseech Holy Mary, all the Saints of God,
                                                                  V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
And turning to the choir again, he says:                          R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
     and you, to pray for me.                                     V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                  R. And with thy spirit.
The choir answers, turned towards the Priest:
                                                                  Let us pray.
   May almighty God have mercy on thee, forgive                    Collect: Enlighten our darkness, we beseech
thee all thy sins, deliver thee from all evil, preserve         Thee, O Lord God: and do Thou mercifully cast
and strengthen thee in good, and bring thee to                  away from us the snares of the whole night. C
eternal life. Priest: Amen.                                     Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth
Then, first turning to the Altar, the choir says the confes-    and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy
sion, turning to the Altar and to the Priest as he had done:    Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
   I confess to God, to blessed Mary, to all the Saints,          V. The Lord be with you.
and to thee, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought,           R. And with thy spirit.
word, and deed, through my fault. I beseech holy
                                                                And one server chants:
Mary, all the Saints of God, and thee, to pray for me.
                                                                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
The Priest, turned to the choir, says:
                                                                  R. Thanks be to God.
    May almighty God have mercy on you, forgive
                                                                Finally, the Priest inaudibly says the silent prayers:
you all your sins, deliver you from all evil, preserve
and strengthen you in good, and bring you to eternal               Our Father... Amen.
life. R. Amen.                                                     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                              COMPLINE                                                   15
Every day, except on double feasts and through the octaves of       made whiter than snow.
the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our Lady, and of
the Dedication of the Church, and on All Souls’, and on the
                                                                        Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *
Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from that time until the 1st   the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from the Wed. before Pascha                Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
until the 1st Sun. after Trin., the prayers For the Peace of the    all mine iniquities.
Church are added here (p. 16).
                                                                        Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
                                                                    right spirit within me.
                                                                        Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
                   Ferial Conclusion                                not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
                   The Priest sings aloud:                              Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and
                                                                    with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
  V. O God, Thou wilt turn and quicken us.
                                                                        I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the
  R. And Thy people shall be glad in Thee.
                                                                    ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
  V. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
                                                                        Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
  R. And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.                        God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
  V. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this night.                                 Thy righteousness.
  R. To preserve us without sin.                                        O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
  V. Have mercy upon us, O Lord.                                    mouth shall declare Thy praise.
  R. Have mercy upon us.                                                For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;
  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.                             * with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
  R. According as we have hoped in Thee.                            pleased.
  V. Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I                        A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart
     cried to Thee.                                                 that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
  R. Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.                             Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
The Psalm is spoken without chant:                                  Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
                                                                        Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                           Psalm 50:
                                                                    righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt

   H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
         Thy great mercy.
                                                                    offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon
                                                                    Thine altar.
   And according to the multitude of Thy compas-                        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
sions, * blot out my transgression.                                 the Holy Spirit.
   Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and                         As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
cleanse me from my sin.                                             * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
                                                                    (In Lent, Psalm 142 and Glory Be are added here to Psalm
before me.                                                          50.) The Priest alone rises and chants:
   Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified                   V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.                       R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
   For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and                   V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
in sins did my mother bear me.                                        R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
   For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden                       saved.
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made                        V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
manifest unto me.                                                     R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
   Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall                    V. The Lord be with you.
be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be                   R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                      Let us pray.
16                                                       ST. HILARION PRESS

            Enlighten our darkness, we beseech Thee,
     Collect:                                                      the Holy Spirit.
O Lord God: and do Thou mercifully cast away from                     As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
us the snares of the whole night. C Through our Lord               * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
                                                                   The choir says, without chant:
Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all
the ages of ages. Amen.                                              Kyrieleyson. Xristeleyson. Kyrieleyson.
On ferias when the choir kneel, they remain thus until the           Our Father... (silently till the Priest says without chant:)
collect ‘For the Peace of the Church.’ But the Priest sings:
                                                                     V. And lead us not into temptation.
  V. The Lord be with you.                                           R. But deliver us from evil.
  R. And with thy spirit.                                            V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
Then one server chants:                                              R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
                                                                     V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
  V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                                     R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
  R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                        saved.
The Priest closes the office inaudibly with the silent               V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
prayers:
                                                                     R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
  Our Father... Amen.                                                V. The Lord be with you.
  Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                          R. And with thy spirit.
Every day, except on double feasts and through the octaves           Let us pray.
of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our Lady, and           Collect: Be pleased, we beseech Thee, O Lord, to
of the Dedication of the Church, and on All Souls’, and on
the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from that time until      accept the prayers of Thy Church: that all adversi-
the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from the Wed. before        ties and errors destroyed she may serve Thee in
Pascha until the first Sun. after Trin., the prayers For the       steadfast freedom: and grant us Thy peace in our
Peace of the Church are added here.                                times. C Through Christ our Lord. R. Amen.
                                                                   And on days with kneeling, the Priest and all the choir
                                                                   here trace the sign of the cross upon the ground, kiss the
     FOR THE PEACE OF THE CHURCH                                   same, and then raise themselves from their prostration.

When service is of the feria, either in Advent, or from the
first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to the Lord’s Supper, or from
the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the choir kneels for this
commemoration. And always it is said without chant.                There follow the variations on Compline throughout the
                                                                   year.
                         Psalm 122:
                                                                                         COMPLINE I

     U nto Thee have I lifted up mine eyes, * unto
        thee that dwellest in heaven.
   Behold, as the eyes of servants * look unto the
                                                                   This Compline is done from the first Sun. in Advent. The
                                                                   ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:

hands of their masters.                                                  Come, O Lord, to visit us in peace, that we
                                                                      ant.
                                                                   may be glad before Thee with a heart made perfect.
   As the eyes of the handmaid look unto the hands
of her mistress, * so do our eyes look unto the Lord               If a double feast falls in Advent, then the Hymn will be “O
our God, until He take pity on us.                                 Lord, the Saviour.”
   Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us, *
for greatly are we filled with abasement.                                               COMPLINE II
   Greatly hath our soul been filled therewith; * let              On the Vigil of the Lord’s Nativity, the ant. upon the Psalms is:
reproach come upon them that prosper, and abase-                     ant. Make ye yourselves ready, like unto men
ment on the proud.                                                 awaiting their Lord, when He shall return from His
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                nuptials.
                                                            COMPLINE                                                    17
The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:                                                      COMPLINE VII
   ant.Watch, all of you, and pray, for you do not              On the first Sun. of Lent, the ant. on the Psalms is:
know when the hour will come: watch, therefore,
                                                                   ant. The light of Thy countenance hath been
for you know not when the lord of the house
                                                                signed upon us, O Lord God: Thou hast given
cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the
                                                                gladness to my heart.
cockcrowing, or in the morning: lest coming on a
sudden he find you sleeping.                                    After the chapter, this responsory is sung:

                                                                    Resp. In peace in the same place I shall lay me
                   COMPLINE III                                 down and sleep.
From the Day of the Nativity until Circumcision, the ant.
                                                                    V. I shall not give sleep to mine eyes, nor slum-
on the Psalms is:
                                                                ber to mine eyelids.
   ant. This day is born to us a Saviour, Who is                    I shall lay me down and sleep.
Christ the Lord, in the city of David.                              V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
The Hymn is “O Lord, the Saviour,” and the ant. on Nunc         to the Holy Spirit.
Dimittis is:                                                        In peace in the same place I shall lay me down
   ant. Alleluya, the Word was made flesh, alleluya,            and sleep.
and dwelt among us, alleluya, alleluya.                                                    Hymn

                   COMPLINE IV
On Circumcision Day, the ant. on the Psalms is:
                                                                   O   Light and Dayspring, O Xriste,
                                                                        Who layest bare the dark of night,
                                                                   Thou that art known as Light of Light,
    ant. When the Lord was born, the choirs of                     Presaging joyous radiance:
Angels sang, saying: Salvation to our God, Who
                                                                   Thee we entreat, O Holy Lord,
sitteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb.
                                                                   Be our defender in this night:
The rest is as for Compline III.                                   Let us take our repose in Thee;
                                                                   Give us a calm and restful night.
                    COMPLINE V
                                                                   Let troubled sleep not hinder us,
On the Vigil of the Theophany, and throughout the octave,
                                                                   No enemy snatch us from Thee,
the ant. on the Psalms is:
                                                                   The flesh, giving him its consent,
   ant. Light of Light, Thou hast appeared, O                      Placing us before Thee guilty.
Christ: to Whom the Magi offer gifts, alleluya,
alleluya, alleluya.                                                Let the eyes be engaged in sleep,
                                                                   But let the heart keep watch for Thee,
The Hymn is “O Lord, the Saviour,” and the ant. on Nunc            And let the arm of Thy right hand
Dimittis is:
                                                                   Protect Thy servants that love Thee.
   ant. Alleluya, all they from Saba shall come,
                                                                   O our Defender, look on us,
alleluya, bringing gold and frankincense, alleluya,
                                                                   Chasten them that lay snares for us:
alleluya.
                                                                   Do Thou guide Thy servants aright,
                   COMPLINE VI                                     Whom Thou hast purchased with Thy blood.
From the day after Theoph. Oct., until the first Sun. of
Lent, and from the day after Trinity to Advent, except
                                                                   Be mindful of us, O our Lord,
through the octaves of the Visitation, Dormition, and              That are in this burdensome flesh,
Nativity of St. Mary, and of the Dedication festival, the          Thou that art the soul’s Defender,
ant. on the Psalms and Hymn are as usual, and the ant. on          O Lord, be with and assist us.
Nunc Dimittis is “Save us, O Lord.” On double feasts
during this season, Compline XVII is done.
18                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

     C Glory to God, to the Father,                            spirit.
     And glory to His only Son,                                                          Hymn
     With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
     Both now and for eternity. Amen.                             G  od-worshipper, remember
                                                                       That once thou didst pass under
                                                                  The holy dew of Baptism,
     V. Keep us, O Lord, etc.
                                                                  And wert made new by Chrism.
The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:
                                                                  When sleep is calling, do thus:
       When thou shalt see one naked, clothe him,
     ant.                                                         Request a bed untainted,
and despise not thine own flesh. Then shall thy light             And let the Cross’ figure
break forth as the morning, and the glory of the                  On brow and breast be signèd.
Lord shall gather thee up. Is 58:7,4
                                                                  The Cross scattereth offences;
                    COMPLINE VIII                                 The darkness fleeth before it;
                                                                  The mind hallowed by that Sign
On the third Sun. in Lent, all is as at Compline VII except
that the ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:
                                                                  Doth not know how to waver.

        In the midst of life, we are in death; whom
     ant.                                                         How distant, yea how distant,
do we seek for our helper, except Thee, O Lord?                   Are tales of roving dreamings,
Thou that because of our sins art justly angered.                 Be distant with thy cunning,
Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy and merciful Saviour,                 From the steadfast, O trickster.
deliver us not to bitter death.                                   O twisted, tortuous serpent,
The following verses are added to the above ant. on Sat.,         That by a thousand tangles
Sun., and on feasts of 9 lessons:                                 And sophistical cunnings
                                                                  Vexest hearts that are restful.
  V. Cast us not away in the time of our old age;
       when our strength faileth, forsake us not, O               Depart, for Christ is present,
       Lord.                                                      Be powerless; He is present:
  All:      Holy God...                                           The Sign by which thou knewest Him
                                                                  Doth damn thy whole assemblage.
  V. O shut not up Thine ears unto our prayers.
                                                                  Let the body, though weary,
  All:      Holy God...
                                                                  Recline and rest but little:
  V. Thou Who knowest the secrets of the heart, be                And yet may Christ, beneath it,
       sparing unto our sins.                                     Be thought on as it sleepeth.
  All:  Holy and merciful Saviour, deliver us not to              C Unto the eternal Father,
       bitter death.                                              And unto Christ that reigneth,
                     COMPLINE IX                                  And to the Holy Spirit,
                                                                  Be glory, now and ever. Amen.
From Passion Sun. until the Lord’s Supper, the ant. on the
Psalms is “Have compassion.” After the usual chapter,             V. Keep us, O Lord, etc.
there is a short responsory:
                                                               The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:
  Resp.   Into Thy hands, O Lord, I will commit my
       spirit.                                                    ant.O King glorious in the midst of Thy Saints,
                                                               Who art worthy of praise for ever, and yet art
  V. Thou hast redeemed me, O Lord, God of truth.
                                                               ineffable: Thou, O Lord, art among us, and Thy holy
     All:   I will commit my spirit.                           name is called upon over us; forsake us not, O our
                                                               God, that on the day of judgment Thou mayst be
There is no Glory Be, but the singer of the verse says:
                                                               pleased to gather us up Among Thy Saints and elect,
     Into Thy hands, O Lord. All: I will commit my             O blessed King.
                                                           COMPLINE                                                     19
On Sat., Sun., and feasts of 9 lessons these verses are           Our Father... Amen.
added:                                                            Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
  V. O blessed King, do Thou guide along soul-                 Then they say Psalm 50 without note, and without Glory
      saving paths Thy servants.                               Be:
                                                                                      Psalm 50:
  All:    Among Thy Saints and elect, O blessed King.
  V. That they may, by pious fastings, wipe away
      wretched deeds ofguilt.
                                                                  H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                         Thy great mercy.
                                                                   And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
  All:    O blessed King.                                      sions, * blot out my transgression.
  V. And may keep in a pure manner the mystical                    Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
      solemnities of Pascha.                                   cleanse me from my sin.
  All:    Among Thy Saints and elect, O blessed King.              For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
                                                               before me.
                    COMPLINE X                                     Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
                                                               evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified
On the Thur. of the Lord’s Supper, before anything else,
the Priest intones the ant. on the Psalms without chant:       in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
                                                                   For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and
   ant.   Christ became obedient.                              in sins did my mother bear me.
Then Psalm 4, the first part of Psalm 30, Psalm 133, and           For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden
the Nunc Dimittis are said, without Glory Be and without       and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
chant. Then the ant. is said in full:                          manifest unto me.
   ant.Christ became obedient for us unto death,                   Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
even the death of the Cross.                                   be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
                                                               made whiter than snow.
   V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                   Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *
   R. And with thy spirit.
                                                               the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
   Let us pray.
                                                                   Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
   Collect: Look down graciously, O Lord, upon this            all mine iniquities.
Thy family, for which our Lord Jesus Christ did not                Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
hesitate to be delivered into the hands of wicked              right spirit within me.
men, and to undergo the torment of the Cross. C                    Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of             not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
the Holy Spirit, God through all the ages of ages. R.
                                                                   Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and
Amen.
                                                               with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
   V. The Lord be with you.                                        I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the
   R. And with thy spirit.                                     ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
   V. Let us bless the Lord.                                       Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
   R. Thanks be to God.                                        God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
                                                               Thy righteousness.
And so Compline itself is ended on this day.                       O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
                                                               mouth shall declare Thy praise.
                   COMPLINE XI
                                                                   For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;
On Friday, the Day of Preparation, the Priest begins the       * with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
ant. as for Compline X, without chant, while the choir is
                                                               pleased.
kneeling, but after the Psalms are done and the ant.
repeated, while the choir prostrate themselves, the Priest         A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart
says softly:                                                   that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
20                                                     ST. HILARION PRESS

   Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto                                       COMPLINE XIII
Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.               From the Day of Pascha until the following Sat., the first
   Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of                versicle of the Priest is:
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                                                                    V. O God, be attentive unto helping me, etc.
offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon
Thine altar.                                                     The ant. and Psalms are as for Compline XII, and after the
                                                                 full rendition of the ant., the Prec. intones:
Then the Priest says only:
                                                                   Gradual: This is the day which the Lord hath
   Look down graciously, O Lord, upon this Thy                   made; let us rejoice and be glad therein.
family, for which our Lord Jesus Christ did not hesitate
to be delivered into the hands of wicked men, and to             This gradual is sung as for Divine Mass, but without verse
undergo the torment of the Cross.                                and without neum. There follows:

Nothing further is said, and so Compline itself is ended on        V. In Thy Resurrection, O Christ.
this day.                                                          R. Let the heavens and the earth rejoice, alleluya.
                                                                   V. The Lord be with you.
                     COMPLINE XII                                  R. And with thy spirit.
On Holy Sat., at the Vigil of Pascha, once the bells are            Let us pray.
rung, two large bells doubly or triply, the Priest’s first
versicle is:                                                         Collect: Pour forth within us, O Lord, the Spirit
                                                                 of Thy love: that thou wouldst make us to be of one
     V. O God, be attentive unto helping me, etc.
                                                                 heart and mind, whom Thou hast fulfilled with the
The ant. on the Psalms is:                                       Holy Paschal Mysteries. C Through our Lord Jesus
                                                                 Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee
     ant.   Alleluya, alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.              in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the
Then are sung Psalms 4, 30.i., 133, and Nunc Dimittis,           ages of ages. Amen.
under one tone, with one Glory Be. Once the ant. is
repeated in full, the Priest begins:                                V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                    R. And with thy spirit.
     V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                    V. Let us bless the Lord.
     R. And with thy spirit.
     Let us pray.                                                   R. Thanks be to God.

            Pour forth within us, O Lord, the Spirit
     Collect:                                                    There is no Alleluya, but Compline itself is ended.
of Thy love: that thou mayest make us to be of one
heart and mind, whom Thou hast fulfilled with the                                   COMPLINE XIV
Holy Paschal Mysteries. C Through our Lord Jesus                 From Sun. in the octave of Pascha, until Ascension, the
Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee                Priest’s first versicle is:
in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the
                                                                    V. Turn us back, O God of our salvation, etc.
ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                 The ant. on the Psalms is:
     V. The Lord be with you.
     R. And with thy spirit.                                        ant.   Alleluya, alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.
And the Priest himself shall say:                                The usual four Psalms are sung, and the chapter is the
                                                                 usual.
     V. Let us bless the Lord.                                                                Hymn
     R. Thanks be to God.
There is no Alleluya, but Compline itself is ended.                 O   Jesus, Saviour of the world,
                                                                         Word of the Father, the Most High,
                                                                    Thou that art Light of Light unseen,
                                                                    And watchful Guardian of Thine own.
                                                         COMPLINE                                                        21

   Thou that hast created all things,                             The gates of Hades entering,
   And settest bounds for the seasons,                            Thine own, held captive, redeeming,
   Renew with the stillness of night                              The Victor by high victory,
   Our bodies, weary from our toil.                               Sitting again at God’s right hand.
   That, although we briefly take rest,                           May the same kindness compel Thee
   Our bodies being encumbered,                                   To overcome our wickedness,
   Our flesh might repose in such wise                            Sparing also them that share vows:
   That our mind may keep watch in Christ.                        And sate us with Thy countenance.
   We beg Thee in humility                                        Be our rejoicing and our joy,
   To free us from the enemy,                                     Who art our future recompense:
   Lest he have power to seduce                                   May all our glory be in Thee
   Them that, by Thy blood, are redeemed.                         For ever, and eternally.
   We pray Thee, Author of all things,                            C O Master, glory be to Thee,
   In this the Paschal rejoicing,                                 Who risest high above the stars,
   That Thou wouldst protect Thy people                           With Father and Holy Spirit,
   Against every attack of death.                                 Unto the ages without end. Amen.
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                               When service is of St. Mary, the last stanza is:
   Thou that art risen from the dead,
                                                                  C O Master, glory be to Thee,
   With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                  Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                                  With Father and Holy Spirit,
But when service is of St. Mary, the last stanza is:              Unto the ages without end. Amen.
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                  V. Keep us, O Lord, etc.
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                               The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:
   With Father and Holy Spirit,
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.                               ant.Alleluya, Christ ascending on high, alleluya,
                                                               led captivity captive, alleluya, alleluya.
   V. Keep us, O Lord, etc.
The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:                                                    COMPLINE XVI
   ant.Alleluya, the Lord is risen again, alleluya, as         From the Vigil of Pentecost until Trin. Sun., the ant. on the
                                                               Psalms is the fourfold Alleluya as for Compline XIV, with
He told you, alleluya, alleluya.                               the usual chapter.
                                                               Except for Pentecost Sun., Mon., Tues., and Wed., the
                   COMPLINE XV                                 hymn is “O Lord, the Saviour,” but on those four days the
From the Vigil of the Ascension until Pentecost, the ant. on   following sequence is sung in place of a hymn:
the Psalms is the same as for Compline XIV.
                                                                                        Sequence
                           Hymn


   O  Jesus, O our Redemption,
       Our charity and our desire,
                                                                  G  racious choir, sing out and say
                                                                      The lofty titles of the Lord.
                                                                 Messias, Sother, Emmanual, Sabaoth, Adonai.
   O God and Creator of all,                                     Only-begotten, the Way and the Life, the Hand,
   Made man towards the end of time.                               Homoousion.
                                                                 Wisdom and Might, Beginning, Primogenitus,
   What loving-kindness conquered Thee,                            yea, the Firstborn.
   That Thou shouldst bear our sins away,                        Alpha, Omega He is called, both the Head and the
   And shouldst suffer so cruel a death                            Ending.
   To bear us up and out from death?
22                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

  Fountain, Source of all good things, the Paraclete                          COMPLINE XVIII
     and Mediator.                                           On the Feasts of Relics and of All Saints, the ant. on the
  Lamb and Heifer, the Dragon, a Worm and no                 Psalms is:
     man, Sheep, Ram, Lion.
  Mouth and Word of God, Light, Sun, Glory,                     ant. By the prayers of all the Saints, bestow
     Splendour, and Image.                                   salvation of body and of soul, O Christ, to Thy
  Blossom, Bread, Vine, Door, Rock, Mountain,                servants.
     and Stone of the corner.                                The hymn is “O Lord, the Saviour,” and the ant. on Nunc
  Angel and Spouse of His Church, the Shepherd,              Dimittis as for Compline XVII, i.e., “Bestow Thy light.”
     the Priest, and the Prophet.
  Athanatos and Kyros, Theos, Pantocrator, and                                 COMPLINE XIX
     Isus.                                                   This Compline is done on the Purification, Visitation,
  O may He save us, to Whom be doxa through                  Dormition, and Nativity of the Mother of God.
     ages of ages.
                                                             On the Purification of St. Mary, ant. on the Psalms is:
     V. Keep us, O Lord, etc.
                                                                ant. A Virgin hath conceived the Word; a virgin
The ant. on Nunc Dimittis on all the days is:                she remained; a Virgin hath brought forth the King
                                                             of all kings.
  ant. Alleluya, the Spirit, the Paraclete, alleluya,
He will teach you all things, alleluya, alleluya.            On the Visitation and Dormition, the ant. on the Psalms is:

                                                                ant.O Holy Virgin Mary, intercede for all the
                 COMPLINE XVII                               world, for thou hast begotten the King of the earth.
On Trin. Sun. and all double feasts from this day until
Advent and from Theoph. Oct. to the first Sun. of Lent,      On the Nativity of Our Lady, the ant. on the Psalms is:
except on the feasts and through the octaves of Holy Mary,
the Feast of Relics, and that of All Saints, the ant. and       ant.Blessed Mother and unwedded Virgin,
Psalms are the usual. The hymn is “O Lord, the Saviour.”     glorious Queen of the world: intercede in our behalf
The ant. on Nunc Dimittis is:                                unto the Lord.
        Bestow Thy light upon us, O Lord, that
     ant.                                                    The hymn is always “O Lord, the Saviour,” and the ant. on
forsaking the darkness of the heart, we may be able          Nunc Dimittis is “We glorify thee, O Theotokos.”
to arrive at the light which is Christ.
This Compline is also done on the Feast and through the
octave of the Dedication of the church, provided it fall
outside Advent, Lent, and Paschaltide.
                                                                 SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                        23
                                                                                        The second half is sung by the choir.
            SUNDAY at MATINS                                                    For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry
                           Preparation                                       land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us
                                                                             worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep
On the Lord’s Day, after the bells are rung and those in
                                                                             before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,
choir are turned to the East, the Priest says silently:
                                                                             and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep
    Our Father... Amen.                                                      of His hand.
    Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                                                  The whole Inv. is sung.
    [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                                                                                Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
                          Introduction                                       hearts, as in the provocation in the day of
                                                                             temptation in the wilderness. For your fathers
Then he sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:
                                                                             tempted Me; they proved Me and saw My works.
    V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
                                                                                               The second half is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                                Forty years long was I grieved with that genera-
    R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.                                tion, and I said: They do always err in their hearts,
                                                                             and they have not known My ways; so I sware in
The Priest then signs himself on his forehead and sings in
a full voice:
                                                                             Mine anger: They shall not enter into My rest.
                                                                                               The whole Inv. is sung.
    V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                                 C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
                                                                             to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and
    R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                           now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.1
       be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
                                                                             The second half of the Inv. is sung; then the cantor re-
       Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,                      intones it, and the choir sings it through to the end.
       and now and always, and unto the ages of
       ages. Amen.1 Alleluya.                                                                         HYMN
From Septuagesima to Pascha, we sing not “Alleluya,” but                            The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
“Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                                             On Sundays from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
                                                                             Hymn is:
                        INVITATORY
The proper Invitatorium is sung here by the precentor or                             Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
ruler of the choir, according to the day or feast. And on
double feasts, the whole choir repeats it.
          Then the chanters begin to sing Psalm 94:
                                                                                U   pon the firstborn of all days,
                                                                                     On which the world is created,
                                                                                And her Creator, risen again,
                                                                                Delivereth us, death being slain:
    C ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
       with jubilation unto God our Saviour. Let us
come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
                                                                                Let all of us rise more swiftly,
                                                                                Sloth being banished straightaway,
and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.                            And seek the Holy One by night,
              The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.                              As we have learned from the Prophet.

    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over                          That He may hearken to our prayers,
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His                               And to us stretch forth His right hand,
people: for in His hand are the ends of the earth, and                          And restore us to heaven’s thrones
the heights of the mountains are His.                                           When purified of uncleanness.
1
  An accurate translation of the second half of the Glory Be is “As it was      That unto them who chant the Psalms
in the beginning, both now and ever, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.”          At this most sacred time of day,
24                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

     In the hours of stillness and peace,                        The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
     He might bestow a blessed reward.                           The earth resoundeth. Amen.
     And now, Radiance of the Father,
                                                                               FIRST NOCTURN
     We earnestly entreat of Thee:
     Let every sin be far from us,                            Note: the antiphons (ant.’s) on the Nocturns Psalms are
                                                              usually for one of three seasons:
     And lust, which maketh us impure.
                                                                a: All Sundays in Advent
     Let not the fashioned body be                              b: All Sundays from Theoph. Oct. to Passion Sun. when
     Befouled, nor let it be impure,                               service is of the Sunday.
     So that we are more fiercely burnt                         c: All Sundays from Trinity to Advent, when service is
     Within the flames of Tartarus.                                of the Sunday.

     Whence, O Redeemer, we beseech:                          For the Psalms, the choir turns to face north and south,
                                                              and the ant. is intoned. The one who intoned it bows
     Wash Thou away our shamelessness,                        afterwards to the Altar, and the choir continues chanting
     And mercifully grant unto us                             the Psalm(s) antiphonally:
     The gift of everlasting life.
                                                                                       Psalms
     May we, exiled by carnal deeds,
                                                                                       Psalm 1:
     Become as pure as the Angels:
     That intently, and keeping watch,
     We may chant out the hymns of praise.                       B    lessed is the man that hath not walked in the
                                                                        counsel of the ungodly, * nor stood in the
                                                              way of sinners, nor sat in the seat of the pestilent.
The last stanza of every Hymn of this metre (exc. “O God,
Creator of All”) is, until Purification, as follows:              But his will is rather in the law of the Lord, * and
                                                              in His law will he meditate day and night.
     C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                And he shall be like the tree which is planted by
     Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,                          the streams of the waters, * which shall bring forth
     With Father and Holy Spirit,                             its fruit in its season.
     Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                                  And its leaf shall not fall, * and all things what-
After Purification it is:                                     soever he may do shall prosper.
                                                                  Not so are the ungodly, not so, * but rather they
     C Most loving Father, grant us this,
                                                              are like the chaff which the wind doth hurl away
     And His co-equal, only Son,
                                                              from the face of the earth.
     With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
     Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                            For this reason shall the ungodly not stand up in
                                                              judgment, * nor sinners in the council of the righ-
From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, on both Sun. and   teous.
ferias, when service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:
                                                                  For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous, *
         Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                   and the way of the ungodly shall perish.

     R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
          Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
                                                                                       Psalm 2:

     And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
     Power of the spirit.
                                                                 W     hy have the heathen raged, * and the
                                                                        peoples meditated empty things?
                                                                 The kings of the earth were aroused, and the
     That as together we sing to our kind King,               rulers were assembled together, * against the Lord,
     We may be worthy with His Saints to enter                and against His Christ.
     The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live                    Let us break their bonds asunder, * and let us
     That life rejoicing.                                     cast away their yoke from us.
  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—                        He that dwelleth in the heavens shall laugh them
  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,                   to scorn, * and the Lord shall deride them.
                                               SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                    25

   Then shall He speak unto them in His wrath, *           And my soul is troubled greatly; * but Thou, O
and in His anger shall He trouble them.                 Lord, how long?
   But as for Me, I was established as king by Him,        Turn to me again, O Lord, deliver my soul; *
upon Sion His holy mountain, * proclaiming the          save me for Thy mercy’s sake.
commandment of the Lord.                                   For in death there is none that is mindful of
   The Lord said unto Me: Thou art My Son; * this       Thee; * and in hades who will confess Thee?
day have I begotten Thee.                                  I toiled in my groaning; * every night I will wash
   Ask of Me, and I will give Thee the nations for      my bed; with tears will I water my couch.
Thine inheritance, * and the uttermost parts of the        Through wrath is mine eye become troubled; * I
earth for Thy possession.                               have grown old among all mine enemies.
   Thou shalt herd them with a rod of iron; * Thou         Depart from me, all ye that work vanity, * for the
shalt shatter them like a potter’s vessels.             Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping.
   And now, O ye kings, understand; * be in-               The Lord hath heard my supplication; * the Lord
structed, all ye that judge the earth.                  hath received my prayer.
   Serve ye the Lord with fear, * and rejoice in Him       Let all mine enemies be greatly put to shame and
with trembling.                                         be troubled; * let them be turned back, and speedily
   Lay hold of instruction, lest at any time the Lord   be greatly put to shame.
be angry, * and ye perish from the righteous way.
                                                        All turn to the East, cross themselves, and bow at:
   When quickly His wrath be kindled, * blessed
are all that have put their trust in Him.                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                        the Holy Spirit.
                      Psalm 3:
                                                        And all rise at:

   O     Lord, why are they multiplied that afflict
          me? * Many rise up against me.
   Many say unto my soul: * There is no salvation
                                                          As it was in the beginning, and now and al-
                                                        ways,* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
for him in his God.                                     They turn again to face north and south, and so for each
   But Thou, O Lord, art my helper, * my glory, and     Glory Be in the Office. Then the ant. is re-intoned and
the lifter up of my head.                               sung throughout by the choir.
   I cried unto the Lord with my voice, * and He                                 Antiphon
heard me out of His holy mountain.
                                                           a: ant.The sceptre shall not be taken from Juda,
   I laid me down and slept; I awoke, * for the Lord    nor a ruler from his thigh, till He come that is to be
will help me.                                           sent. Gen. 49:10
   I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people
that set themselves against me round about; * arise,       b: ant.   Serve ye the Lord with fear.
O Lord; save me, O my God.
                                                           c: ant.For the good deeds of his faith, he is
   For Thou hast smitten all who without cause are      rightly called blessèd who meditateth in the law of
mine enemies; * the teeth of sinners hast Thou          the Lord day and night.
broken.
   Salvation is of the Lord, * and Thy blessing is                               Psalm 7:
upon Thy people.
                      Psalm 6:                             O    Lord my God, in Thee have I put my hope;
                                                                 * save me from them that persecute me, and
                                                        do Thou deliver me.
   O   Lord, rebuke me not in Thine anger, * nor
        chasten me in Thy wrath.
   Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak; *
                                                           Lest at any time like a lion he seize my soul, *
                                                        when there is none to redeem me, nor to save.
heal me, O Lord, for my bones are troubled.                O Lord my God, if I have done this, * if there be
                                                        injustice in my hands,
26                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   If I have paid back evil to them that rendered evil       For I will behold the heavens, the works of Thy
unto me, * then let me fall back empty from mine         fingers; * the moon and the stars, which Thou hast
enemies.                                                 founded.
   Then let the enemy pursue my soul, and take it, *         What is man, that Thou art mindful of him, * or
and let him tread down my life into the earth, and       the son of man, that Thou visitest him?
my glory let him bring down into the dust.                   Thou hast made him a little lower than the
   Arise, O Lord, in Thine anger; * exalt Thyself to     angels; with glory and honour hast Thou crowned
the furthest boundaries of Thine enemies.                him, * and Thou hast set him over the works of Thy
   And arouse Thyself, O Lord my God, in the             hands.
commandment which Thou hast enjoined; * and a                All things hast Thou subjected under his feet,
congregation of peoples shall surround Thee.             sheep and all oxen, * yea, and the beasts of the
   And for their sakes return Thou on high; * the        field,
Lord shall judge the peoples.                                The birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, * the
   Judge me, O Lord, according to my righteous-          things that pass through the paths of the sea.
ness, * and according to mine innocence within me.           O Lord, our Lord, how wonderful * is Thy name
   Let the wickedness of sinners be ended, and do        in all the earth!
Thou guide the righteous man, * O God, that                                      Psalm 9:
searchest out the hearts and reins.
   Righteous is my help from God, * Who saveth
them who are upright of heart.
                                                            I   will confess Thee, O Lord, with my whole
                                                               heart; * I will tell of all Thy wonders.
                                                            I will be glad and rejoice in Thee; * I will chant
   God is a judge that is righteous, strong and          unto Thy name, O Most High.
forbearing, * and inflicteth not wrath every day.           When mine enemy be turned back, * they shall
   Unless ye be converted, His glittering sword          grow weak and shall perish before Thy face.
shall He furbish; * He hath bent His bow, and hath          For Thou hast maintained my judgment and my
made it ready.                                           cause; * Thou hast sat upon a throne, O Thou that
   And on it He hath made ready the instruments of       judgest righteousness.
death; * His arrows for them that rage hotly hath He        Thou hast rebuked the heathen, and the ungodly
perfected.                                               man hath perished; * his name Thou hast blotted out
   Behold, he was in travail with unrighteousness; *     for ever, and unto ages of ages.
he hath conceived toil and brought forth iniquity.          The swords of the enemy have utterly failed, *
   He opened a pit and dug it, * and he shall fall       and his cities Thou hast destroyed.
into the hole which he hath made.                           The remembrance of him hath perished with a
   His toil shall return upon his own head, * and        resounding noise, * but the Lord for ever abideth.
upon his own pate shall his unrighteousness come            In judgment hath He prepared His throne, * and
down.                                                    He Himself will judge the world in righteousness;
   I will give praise unto the Lord according to His     He will judge the peoples in uprightness.
righteousness; * and I will chant unto the name of          And the Lord is become a refuge for the poor
the Lord Most High.                                      man, * a helper in times of well-being and in afflic-
                       Psalm 8:                          tions.
                                                            And let them that know Thy name hope in Thee,
     O  Lord, our Lord, how wonderful * is Thy
         name in all the earth.
   For Thy magnificence is lifted * high above the
                                                         * for Thou hast not forsaken them that seek Thee, O
                                                         Lord.
heavens.                                                    Chant unto the Lord Who dwelleth in Sion; *
                                                         proclaim ye His ways among the nations.
   Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast
Thou perfected praise, because of Thine enemies, *          For He that maketh enquiry for blood hath
to destroy the enemy and avenger.                        remembered them; * He hath not forgotten the cry
                                                 SUNDAY AT MATINS                                           27

of the paupers.                                              His eyes are set upon the poor man; * he lieth in
    Have mercy on me, O Lord; * see my humilia-           wait in a secret place like a lion in his den.
tion which I have suffered from mine enemies,                He lieth in wait to seize upon the poor man, * to
    O Thou that dost raise me up from the gates of        seize upon the poor man when he draweth him in.
death, * that I may declare all Thy praises in the           In his snare will he humble himself; * he will
gates of the daughter of Sion.                            bow down and fall while gaining dominion over the
    We will rejoice in Thy salvation; * the heathen       poor.
are ensnared in the destruction which they have              For he said in his heart: God hath forgotten; * He
wrought.                                                  hath turned away His face, that He might not see
    In this snare which they hid * hath their foot        unto the end.
been caught.                                                 Arise, O Lord my God, let Thy hand be lifted
    The Lord is known by the judgments which He           high; * forget not Thy paupers to the end.
executeth; * in the works of his own hands hath the          Why hath the ungodly one provoked God? * For
sinner been caught.                                       he hath said in his heart: He will not make enquiry.
    Let sinners be turned away unto hades; * yea, all        Thou seest, for Thou understandest travail and
the nations that are forgetful of God.                    anger, * that Thou mightest deliver him into Thy
    For the poor man shall not be forgotten to the        hands.
end; * the patience of the paupers shall not perish          To Thee hath the beggar been abandoned; * for
for ever.                                                 the orphan art Thou a helper.
    Arise, O Lord, let not man prevail; * let the            Break Thou the arm of the sinner and of the evil
nations be judged before Thee.                            man; * his sin shall be sought out and be found no
    O Lord, set a lawgiver over them; * let the           more.
heathen know that they are but men.                          The Lord shall be king for ever, and unto the
    Why, O Lord, hast Thou gone to stand afar off; *      ages of ages; * ye heathen shall perish out of His
why dost Thou overlook us in times of well-being          land.
and in afflictions?                                          The desire of the poor hast Thou heard, O Lord;
    When the ungodly man is arrogant, the poor man        * to the preparation of their heart hath Thine ear
burneth within; * they are caught in the counsels         been attentive,
which they devise.                                           To judge for the orphan and the humble; * that
    For the sinner praiseth himself in the lusts of his   man may no more presume to be haughty upon the
soul, * and the unrighteous man likewise blesseth         earth.
himself therein.                                                                Psalm 10:

    The sinner hath provoked the Lord; * according
to the magnitude of his wrath, he careth not.                I n the Lord have I hoped; how will ye say to
                                                               my soul: * Flee unto the mountains like a
                                                          sparrow?
    God is not before him; * profane are his ways in
every season.                                                For behold, the sinners have bent their bow, they
    Thy judgments are removed from his sight; *           have prepared arrows for the quiver, * to shoot
over all his enemies shall he gain dominion.              down in a moonless night the upright of heart.
    For he said in his heart: * I shall not be shaken;       For what Thou hast formed they have destroyed,
from generation to generation shall I be without          * and the righteous man, what hath he done?
harm.                                                        The Lord is in His holy temple; * the Lord, in
    With cursing is his mouth filled, and with bitter-    heaven is His throne.
ness and deceit; * under his tongue are toil and             His eyes are set upon the poor man; * His eyelids
travail.                                                  examine the sons of men.
    He sitteth in ambush with the rich in secret             The Lord examineth the righteous man and the
places, * that he may slay the innocent.                  ungodly, * but he that loveth unrighteousness hateth
28                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

his own soul.                                                                   Psalm 12:
   He will rain down snares upon sinners; * fire and
brimstone and wind of tempest shall be the portion
of their cup.
                                                             H    ow long, O Lord, wilt Thou utterly forget
                                                                   me; * how long wilt Thou turn Thy face
                                                          away from me?
   For the Lord is righteous and hath loved righ-            How long shall I take counsel in my soul * with
teousness; * upon uprightness hath His countenance        grievings in my heart by day and by night?
looked.                                                      How long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to       * Look upon me, hear me, O Lord my God.
the Holy Spirit.                                             Enlighten mine eyes, lest at any time I sleep unto
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,        death, * lest at any time mine enemy say: I have
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        prevailed against him.
                          Antiphon                           They that afflict me will rejoice if I am shaken, *
                                                          but as for me, I have hoped in Thy mercy.
    a: ant. He shall be the expectation of nations, and
                                                             My heart will rejoice in Thy salvation; I will sing
He shall wash His robe in wine, and His garments
                                                          unto the Lord, Who is my benefactor, * and I will
in the blood of the grape. Gen. 49:11
                                                          chant unto the name of the Lord Most High.
     b: ant.   O Lord my God, in Thee have I put my
                                                                                Psalm 13:
hope.
          O God, O Judge Who art righteous,
     c: ant.
strong, and forbearing, and gracious, defend in Thy
                                                             T   he fool hath said in his heart: * There is no
                                                                  God.
                                                             They are become corrupt and loathsome in their
compassion the faithful that hope in Thee. (7:13)
                                                          ways; * there is none that doeth good, no not one.
                          Psalm 11:                          The Lord looked down from heaven upon the
                                                          sons of men, * to see ifthere be any that understand
     S ave me, O Lord, for a righteous man there is
        no more; * for truths have diminished from
the sons of men.
                                                          or seek after God.
                                                             They are all gone astray, they are altogether
    Vain things hath each man spoken to his neigh-        rendered useless; * there is none that doeth good, no
bour; * deceitful lips are in his heart, and in his       not one.
heart hath he spoken evils.                                  Shall not all they that work iniquity come to
    Let the Lord destroy all deceitful lips, * and the    understanding? * They that eat up my people as they
tongue that speaketh boastful words.                      eat bread have not called upon the Lord.
    Which have said: Our tongue will we magnify, *           There have they feared with fear * where there is
our lips are our own; who is lord over us?                no fear.
    Because of the distress of the beggars and the           For the Lord is in the generation of the righteous;
groaning of the poor, * now will I arise, saith the       * the counsel of the poor man have ye shamed, but
Lord.                                                     the Lord is his hope.
    I will establish them in salvation; * I will be          Who shall give out of Sion the salvation of
manifest therein.                                         Israel? * When the Lord hath turned back the
                                                          captivity of His people, Jacob shall rejoice and
    The words of the Lord are pure words, silver that
                                                          Israel shall be glad.
is fired, * tried in the earth, brought to sevenfold
purity.                                                                         Psalm 14:
    Thou, O Lord, shalt keep us and shalt preserve us
* from this generation, and for evermore.
    The ungodly walk round about; * to the measure
                                                             O   Lord, who shall abide in Thy tabernacle, *
                                                                  and who shall dwell in Thy holy mountain?
                                                             He that walketh blameless * and worketh
of Thy loftiness hast Thou esteemed the sons of men.      righteousness,
                                                     SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                     29

   Speaking truth in his heart, * who hath not                    G rant, O Lord, to bless.
spoken deceitfully with his tongue.
                                                               The Priest, standing, chants the proper blessing from those
   Neither hath done evil to his neighbour, * nor
                                                               on p. 2, to which the choir answers:
taken up a reproach against those near him.
   In his sight he that worketh evil is set at nought,           R. Amen.
* but he glorifieth them that fear the Lord.                   And everyone sits for the lessons, standing again when
   He giveth oath to his neighbour, and forsweareth            censed during the second responsory, on feasts, or at least
not; * he hath not lent his money on usury, and hath           as the Glory Be is sung, in the third responsory.
not received bribes against the innocent.
                                                                                        Lesson 1
   He that doeth these things * shall never be
                                                                             The proper lesson is read here.
shaken.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to            Whenever the lesson is of a Prophet, it is ended with:
the Holy Spirit.                                               ‘Thus saith the Lord God, be converted to Me, and ye shall
                                                               be saved.’
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                             Whenever the lesson is of another sort, it is generally
                                                               ended with: ‘But Thou, O Lord, be merciful unto us.’
                         Antiphon
                                                               When Scripture or a patristic lesson is read, or a lesson
   a: ant.His eyes are more beautiful than wine, and           from the Lives of the Saints, no announcement is made, but
His teeth whiter than milk. (with neum) Gen. 49:12             the words of the passage are begun immediately.

  b: ant. Look upon me, and hear me, O Lord my                    Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any
                                                               “Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
God. (with neum)
   c: ant.Arise, and for ever keep and preserve Thy                                 Responsory 1
servants by Thy holy protection, Thou Who hast                            The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
power over the stars. (with neum)                              The reader of the next lesson says:

                                                                  G rant, O Lord, to bless.
                        V. and R.
                                                               The Priest, sitting now, gives the proper blessing, to which
The proper versicle is intoned by one server (on double        all answer: “Amen.” There follows:
feasts, two). When the above ant.’s are used, the V. and R.
are:                                                                                    Lesson 2
  a: V. Out of Sion is the comeliness of His beauty.                         The proper lesson is read here.
     R. Our God shall manifestly come.                         As given above, the Responsory follows without interval:
  b. & c.: V. I remembered Thy name in the night,                                   Responsory 2
      O Lord.
                                                               The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
     R. And I kept Thy law.
                                                               while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
The choir prays together, inaudibly:                           server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.

   Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)               The reader of the next lesson says:

  V. And lead us not into temptation.                             G rant, O Lord, to bless.
  R. But deliver us from evil.                                 The Priest, sitting, gives the proper blessing, to which all
                                                               answer: “Amen.” There follows:
                       LESSONS
The reader of the lesson, having ascended the iconostasis                               Lesson 3
with the book, in black choir cope, or, on double feasts, in                 The proper lesson is read here.
a surplice, intones:
30                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

                    Responsory 3                             shall save His people from their sins.   cf. Mich 5:3
The proper Resp. is sung here, with Glory be. And when the            Of my goods, no need hast Thou: in Thee
                                                                b: ant.
chanters sing “Glory Be,” the choir rises, and at the end    have I hoped; keep me, O Lord.
turns to face north and south for the Psalms, as usual:
                                                                      O Father of the universe, preserve us who
                                                                c: ant.
                                                             are redeemed from death, and make Thy servants
              SECOND NOCTURN                                 worthy of Thy service.
                        Psalms
                                                                                   Psalm 16:
                        Psalm 15:


     K   eep me, O Lord, for in Thee have I hoped; I
          said unto the Lord: Thou art my Lord, * for
                                                                H     earken, O Lord, unto my righteousness; *
                                                                       attend unto my supplication.
                                                                 Give ear unto my prayer, * which cometh not
of my goods, no need hast Thou.
                                                             from deceitful lips.
    In the saints that are in His earth hath the Lord
been wondrous; * He hath wrought all His desires                 From before Thy face let my judgment come
in them.                                                     forth; * let mine eyes behold uprightness.
    Their infirmities increased, * thereupon they                Thou hast proved my heart, Thou hast visited it
hastened.                                                    in the night; * Thou hast tried me by fire, and
                                                             unrighteousness was not found in me.
    I will not assemble their assemblies of blood, *
nor will I make remembrance of their names                       That my mouth might not speak of the works of
through my lips.                                             men, * for the sake of the words of Thy lips, have I
                                                             kept the ways that are hard.
    The Lord is the portion of mine inheritance and
of my cup; * Thou art He that restorest mine inherit-            Set my footsteps in Thy paths, * that my steps
ance unto me.                                                may not be shaken.
    Portions have fallen to me that are among the                I have cried for Thou hast hearkened unto me, O
best, * for mine inheritance is most excellent to me.        God; * incline Thine ear unto me, and hearken unto
                                                             my words.
    I will bless the Lord Who hath given me under-
standing; * moreover, even till night have my reins              Let Thy mercies be made wonderful, * O Thou
instructed me.                                               that savest them that hope in Thee.
    I beheld the Lord ever before me, * for He is at             From them that have resisted Thy right hand,
my right hand, that I might not be shaken.                   keep me, O Lord, * as the apple of Thine eye.
    Therefore did my heart rejoice and my tongue                 In the shelter of Thy wings wilt Thou shelter me;
was glad; * moreover, my flesh shall dwell in hope.          * from the face of the ungodly which have op-
                                                             pressed me.
    For Thou wilt not abandon my soul in hades, *
nor wilt Thou suffer Thy Holy One to see corrup-                 Mine enemies have surrounded my soul; they
tion.                                                        have enclosed themselves with their own fat; * their
                                                             mouth hath spoken pride.
    Thou hast made known to me the ways of life;
Thou wilt fill me with gladness with Thy counte-                 They that cast me out have now encircled me; *
nance; * delights are in Thy right hand for ever.            they have set their eyes to look askance on the earth.
    C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son * and to            They have taken me as might a lion ready for his
the Holy Spirit.                                             prey, * and as might a lion’s whelp that dwelleth in
                                                             hiding.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                               Arise, O Lord, overtake them and trip their
                                                             heels;* deliver my soul from ungodly men, Thy
                        Antiphon                             sword from the enemies of Thy hand.
   a: ant. Bethlehem, thou art not the least among               O Lord, from Thy few do Thou separate them
the princes of Juda, for out of thee shall arise the         from the earth in their life; * yea, with Thy hidden
Captain Who shall rule My people Israel: for He              treasures hath their belly been filled.
                                              SUNDAY AT MATINS                                            31

   They have satisfied themselves with swine; * and    flew upon the wings of the winds.
have left the remnants to their babes.                    And He made darkness His hiding place, His
   But as for me, in righteousness shall I appear      tabernacle round about Him, * dark water in the
before Thy face; * I shall be filled when Thy glory    clouds of the air.
is made manifest to me.                                   From the far-shining radiance that was before
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to    Him, * there passed by clouds, hail and coals of fire.
the Holy Spirit.                                          And the Lord thundered out of heaven, * and the
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always      Most High gave forth His voice.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        And He sent forth His arrows, and scattered
                      Antiphon                         them, * and lightnings He multiplied, and troubled
                                                       them sorely.
         Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a
   a: ant.
                                                          And the well-springs of the waters were seen, *
son: and His name shall be called Emmanuel. Esaias
                                                       and the foundations of the world were revealed,
7:14
         Incline, O Lord, Thine ear unto me, and
   b: ant.
                                                          At Thy rebuke, O Lord, * at the on-breathing of
hearken unto my words.                                 the spirit of Thy wrath.
                                                          He sent from on high, and He took me; * He
         Our hearts do Thou set on fire to Thee, O
   c: ant.                                             received me out of manywaters.
Creator of the world, by holy fire cleansing them,        He will deliver me from mine enemies which are
and by burning proving them.                           mighty and from them that hate me, * for they are
                                                       stronger than I.
                     Psalm 17:
                                                          They overtook me in the day of mine affliction, *

   I  will love Thee, O Lord, my strength; * the
      Lord is my foundation, and my refuge, and my
deliverer.
                                                       and the Lord became my firm support.
                                                          And He led me forth into a spacious place; * He
                                                       will deliver me, because He desired me.
   My God is my helper, * and I will hope in Him,         And the Lord will recompense me according to
   My defender, and the horn of my salvation, * -      my righteousness, * and according to the purity of
and my helper.                                         my hands will He recompense me.
   With praise will I call upon the name of the           For I have kept the ways of the Lord, * and I
Lord, * and from mine enemies shall I be saved.        have not acted impiously toward my God.
   The pangs of death surrounded me, * and the            For all His judgments are before me, * and His
torrents of iniquity sorely troubled me.               statutes departed not from me.
   The pangs of hades encircled me; * round about         And I shall be blameless with Him, * and I shall
the snares of death have overtaken me.                 keep myself from mine iniquity.
   And in mine affliction I called upon the Lord, *       And the Lord will reward me according to my
and unto my God I cried;                               righteousness, * and according to the purity of my
   He heard my voice out of His holy temple, * and     hands before His eyes.
my cry before Him shall enter into His ears.              With the holy man wilt Thou be holy, * and with
   And the earth shook and was made to tremble, *      the innocent man wilt Thou be innocent.
and the foundations of the mountains were troubled        And with the elect man wilt Thou be elect, * and
and were shaken, because God was angry with them.      with the perverse wilt Thou be perverse.
   There went up smoke in His wrath, and fire from        For Thou wilt save a humble people, * and Thou
His countenance set all aflame; * coals were kindled   wilt humble the eyes of the arrogant.
therefrom.                                                For Thou wilt light my lamp, * O Lord my God,
   And He bowed the heavens and came down, *           Thou wilt enlighten my darkness.
and thick darkness was under His feet.                    For by Thee shall I be delivered from a host of
   And He mounted upon Cherubim and flew; * He         robbers, * and by my God shall I leap over a wall.
32                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

    As for my God, blameless is His way; * the              From them that arise up against me wilt Thou lift
words of the Lord are tried in the fire; defender is     me high; * from the unrighteous man deliver me.
He of all that hope in Him.                                 For this cause will I confess Thee among the
    For who is god, save the Lord, * and who is god,     nations, O Lord, * and unto Thy name will I chant.
save our God?                                               It is he that magnifieth the salvation of His king
    It is God, Who girded me with power * and hath       and worketh mercy for His anointed, for David *
made my path blameless,                                  and for his seed unto eternity.
    Who maketh my feet like the feet of a hart * and        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
setteth me upon high places,                             the Holy Spirit.
    Who teacheth my hands for war, * and Thou               As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
madest mine arms a bow of brass.                         * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    And Thou gavest me the shield of salvation, *                                 Antiphon
and Thy right hand hath upheld me.
                                                            a: ant. In His days shall righteousness dawn
    And Thine instruction hath corrected me even
                                                         forth, an abundance of peace, and all the kings of
unto the end; * yea, Thine instruction, the same will
                                                         the earth shall worship Him; all the nations shall
teach me.
                                                         serve Him. (with neum) Ps. 71:7, 11
    Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, * and the
tracks of my feet are not weakened.                          b: ant. The Lord is my foundation and my refuge.
    I shall pursue mine enemies and I shall overtake     (with neum)
them, * and I shall not turn back until they fail.                Thou wilt save a humble people from
                                                            c: ant.
    I shall greatly afflict them and they shall not be   death, O Redeemer, and the proud necks Thou
able to stand; * they shall fall under my feet.          humblest with Thine arrow. (17:31,17) (with neum)
    For Thou hast girded me with power for war; *                                V. and R.
in subjection under me hast Thou bound the feet of
                                                         The proper versicle is chanted by one server (on double
all them that rose up against me.
                                                         feasts, two).
    And Thou hast made mine enemies turn their
back before me, * and them that hate me hast Thou          a: V. There shall come forth a rod out of the root
utterly destroyed.                                             of Jesse. Esaias 11:1
                                                               R. And a flower shall rise up out of his root.
    They cried, and there was no saviour—even to
the Lord, * and He hearkened not to them.                  b & c: V. At midnight I arose to give thanks unto
    And I will grind them fine as dust before the face         Thee.
of the wind; * I will trample them down as mud in           R. For the judgments of Thy righteousness.
the streets.
                                                         The choir prays together, inaudibly:
    Deliver me from the gainsaying of the people; *
Thou wilt set me at the head of nations.                    Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)
    A people which I knew not hath served me; * no          V. And lead us not into temptation.
sooner than their ear had heard, they obeyed me.            R. But deliver us from evil.
    Sons that are strangers have lied unto me; sons
that are strangers have grown old, * and they have                              LESSONS
limped away from their paths.                            The reader, having ascended the ambo, intones:
    The Lord liveth, and blessed is my God, * and let
the God of my salvation be exalted.                         Grant, O Lord, to bless.
    O God Who givest avengement unto me * and            The Priest, standing, chants the proper blessing. To this
hast subdued peoples under me, O my Deliverer            blessing the choir answers:
from enemies which are prone to anger,
                                                            R. Amen.
                                                        SUNDAY AT MATINS                                              33
And everyone sits for the lessons, standing again at the              In the sun hath He set His tabernacle, * and He,
Glory Be in the sixth responsory.
                                                                   like a bridegroom coming forth from his chamber,
                         Lesson 4                                     Will rejoice like a giant to run his course; * from
               The proper lesson is read here.
                                                                   the outermost border of heaven is His going forth,
                                                                      And His goal is unto the outermost part of
                      Responsory 4                                 heaven, * and there shall no man hide himself from
               The proper Resp. is sung here.                      His heat.
The reader of the next lesson says:
                                                                      The law of the Lord is blameless, converting
                                                                   souls; * the testimony of the Lord is trustworthy,
   G rant, O Lord, to bless.                                       bringing wisdom to infants.
                                                                      The statutes of the Lord are upright, gladdening
The Priest, sitting now, gives the proper blessing, to which
all answer: “Amen.” There follows:
                                                                   the heart; * the commandment of the Lord is far-
                                                                   shining, enlightening the eyes.
                         Lesson 5                                     The fear of the Lord is pure, enduring for ever
               The proper lesson is read here.                     and ever; * the judgments of the Lord are true,
                                                                   altogether justified,
                      Responsory 5
                                                                      More to be desired than gold and much precious
The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
                                                                   stone, * and sweeter than honey and the honey-
while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a server
censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.                       comb.
                                                                      Yea, for Thy servant keepeth them; * in keeping
The reader of the next lesson says:                                them there is much reward.
                                                                      As for transgressions, who will understand them?
   G rant, O Lord, to bless.                                       From my secret sins cleanse me, * and from those
The Priest, still sitting, gives the proper blessing, to which     of others spare Thy servant.
all answer: “Amen.” There follows:                                    If they have not dominion over me, then blame-
                                                                   less shall I be, * and I shall be cleansed from great
                         Lesson 6                                  sin.
               The proper lesson is read here.                        And the sayings of my mouth shall be unto Thy
                      Responsory 6                                 good pleasure, * and the meditation of my heart
                                                                   shall be before Thee for ever,
The proper Resp. is sung here, with Glory Be. And when the
chanters sing “Glory Be,” the choir rises and turns to face           O Lord my helper * - and redeemer.
north and south for the Psalms, as usual:                             C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                                   the Holy Spirit.
                 THIRD NOCTURN                                        As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                           Psalms                                  * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                          Psalm 18:                                                      Antiphon
                                                                      a: ant.The night is passed, and the day is at
   T
hands.
       he heavens declare the glory of God, * and
        the firmament proclaimeth the work of His                  hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness,
                                                                   and put on the armour of light. Rom. 13:12
   Day unto day poureth forth speech, * and night                     b: ant.The commandment of the Lord is far-
unto night proclaimeth knowledge.                                  shining, enlightening the eyes.
   There are no tongues nor words * in which their
voices are not heard.                                                       Christ came forth into the world like a
                                                                      c: ant.
                                                                   bridegroom from his chamber, descending from
   Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth, *
                                                                   heaven with mighty power, bringing us salvation.
and their words unto the ends of the world.
34                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

                           Psalm 19:                              He asked life of Thee, and Thou gavest him
                                                              length of days * unto ages of ages.
     T  he Lord hear thee in the day of affliction; *
         the name of the God of Jacob defend thee.
   Let Him send forth unto thee help from His
                                                                  Great is his glory in Thy salvation; * glory and
                                                              majesty shalt Thou lay upon him.
sanctuary, * and out of Sion let Him help thee.                   For Thou shalt give him blessing for ever and
   Let Him remember every sacrifice of thine, * and           ever; * Thou shalt gladden him in joy with Thy
thy whole- burnt offering let Him fatten.                     countenance.
   The Lord grant thee according to thy heart, * and              For the king hopeth in the Lord, * and through
fulfil all thy purposes.                                      the mercy of the Most High shall he not be shaken.
   We will rejoice in Thy salvation, * and in the                 Let Thy hand be found on all Thine enemies; *
name of the Lord our God shall we be magnified.               let Thy right hand find all that hate Thee.
   The Lord fulfil all thy requests; * now have I                 For Thou wilt make them as an oven of fire in
known that the Lord hath saved His anointed one.              the time of Thy presence; * the Lord in His wrath
                                                              will trouble them sorely, and fire shall devour them.
   He will hearken unto him out of His holy
heaven; * in mighty deeds is the salvation of His                 Their fruit wilt Thou destroy from the earth, *
right hand.                                                   and their seed from the sons of men.
   Some trust in chariots, and some in horses, * but              For they have intended evil against Thee; * they
we will call upon the name of the Lord our God.               have devised counsels which they shall not be able
                                                              to establish.
   They have been fettered and have fallen, * but
we are risen and are set upright.                                 For Thou shalt make them turn their backs; *
                                                              among those that are Thy remnant, Thou shalt make
   O Lord, save the king, * and hearken unto us in
                                                              ready their countenance.
the day when we call upon Thee.
                                                                  Be Thou exalted O Lord, in Thy strength; * we
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                              will sing and chant of Thy mighty acts.
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son * and to
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                              the Holy Spirit.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                            Antiphon                          * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
          It is now the hour for us to rise from sleep:
     a: ant.                                                                           Antiphon
yea, our eyes are opened to awake unto Christ, for
                                                                 a: ant. Rejoice in the Lord always; let your
He is the true Light shining in heaven.
                                                              modesty be known to all men; the Lord is nigh. Be
     b: ant.   The Lord fulfill all thy requests.             nothing solicitous, but in every thing, by prayer, let
                                                              your petitions be made known to God. (with neum)
         Send forth unto us, Saviour, the help of
     c: ant.                                                  Phil. 4:5
Thy salvation, and in due season grant us life
                                                                 b: ant. O Lord, in Thy strength the king shall be
unending. (19:2)
                                                              glad. (with neum)
                           Psalm 20:
                                                                        O King existing eternally, do Thou spare
                                                                  c: ant.

     O  Lord, in Thy strength the king shall be glad,
        * and in Thy salvation shall he rejoice
exceedingly.
                                                              our downfalls which bring us sorrow, bestowing
                                                              Thy gifts, and ruling Thy universe. (with neum)

   The desire of his heart hast Thou granted unto                                    V. and R.
him, * and hast not denied him the requests of his               The proper versicle is chanted by one server (or two).
lips.
                                                                 a: V. The Lord shall come forth from His holy
   Thou wentest before him with the blessings of                      place.
goodness; * Thou hast set upon his head a crown of
                                                                     R. He shall come and save His people from
precious stone.
                                                                      their sins.
                                                      SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                     35

  b & c: V. Be Thou exalted, O Lord, in Thy                                          Responsory 9
     strength.                                                 The proper Resp. is sung, with Glory be. And when “Glory Be”
  R. We will sing and chant of Thy mighty acts.                is sung, the choir rises and turns to face the Altar for the Te
                                                               Deum. But throughout Advent and Lent, the Resp. is sung
The choir prays together, inaudibly:                           through again from beginning to end in place of the Te Deum.
   Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)
                                                                                      TE DEUM
   V. And lead us not into temptation.
                                                               On Sundays and feasts the Hymn our holy fathers Ambrose
   R. But deliver us from evil.                                and Augustine composed is sung, all facing East, and the
                                                               Priest having intoned it censes the Altar as for Vespers. At
                       LESSONS                                 other times, the Altar is not censed, but two servers still
The reader, having ascended the ambo, intones:                 cense the choir as usual. The Te Deum is never sung in
                                                               Advent, however, nor from Septuagesima to Pascha.
   G rant, O Lord, to bless.
The Priest, standing, chants the proper blessing, to which
the choir answers:
                                                                  T   hee, O God, we praise; Thee we confess to
                                                                       be the Lord. (Facing north/south:) Thee, the
                                                               Father eternal, all the earth doth worship. To Thee
                                                               all the Angels, to Thee the heavens and all the
   Amen.                                                       Powers, to Thee the Cherubim and Seraphim, cry
And everyone sits for the lessons, standing again at the       aloud with voice unceasing: Holy, Holy, Holy is the
Glory Be in the third responsory.                              Lord God of Sabaoth. Heaven and earth are full of
                                                               the majesty of Thy glory. Thee the glorious quire of
                         Lesson 7                              Apostles, Thee the throng of Prophets worthy of
              The proper lesson is read here.                  praise, Thee the host of Martyrs in robes of white,
                                                               praise. Thee, throughout all the earth, the Holy
                     Responsory 7                              Church confesseth: Father, of boundless majesty;
           The proper Resp. chant is sung here.                Thy true and only Son, Who is to be worshipped;
The reader of the next lesson says:                            also the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  Thou, O Christ, art the King of Glory. Thou art
   G rant, O Lord, to bless.                                   the everlasting Son of the Father. Thou, taking it
The Priest, sitting now, gives the proper blessing, to which   upon Thee to deliver man, didst not abhor the womb
all answer: “Amen.” There follows:                             of the Virgin. Thou, having conquered the sting of
                                                               death, hast opened the kingdom of heaven to them
                         Lesson 8                              that believe. Thou sittest at the right hand of God in
              The proper lesson is read here.                  the glory of the Father. We believe that Thou shalt
                                                               come to be our Judge. We therefore beseech Thee:
                     Responsory 8
                                                               help Thy servants whom Thou, by Thy precious
The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,      blood, hast redeemed. Make them to be numbered
while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.
                                                               with Thy Saints in glory everlasting. O Lord, save
                                                               Thy people and bless Thine inheritance. Shepherd
The reader of the next lesson says:                            them, and bear them up unto eternity.
   G rant, O Lord, to bless.                                      Day after day we bless Thee. And we praise Thy
                                                               name for ever: and unto the ages of ages. Vouch-
The Priest, sitting, gives the proper blessing, to which all   safe, O Lord, this day to preserve us without sin.
answer: “Amen.” There follows:
                                                               Have mercy upon us, O Lord, have mercy upon us.
                         Lesson 9                              Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us: according as
                                                               we have hoped in Thee. (The choir turns to the East:)
              The proper lesson is read here.
                                                               In Thee, O Lord, have I hoped; let me not be put to
                                                               shame for ever. (Ps. 27:12; 122:4; 32:22; 30:1)
36                                                        ST. HILARION PRESS


                           LAUDS                                                               Psalms
The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the          From Septuagesima until Pascha, Psalm 92 is replaced by
East:                                                                 Psalm 50.
                          V. and R.                                                         Psalm 92:
The first versicle at Lauds varies, but on most Sundays is:

     V. High above all the nations is the Lord.
                                                                         T   he Lord is King, He is clothed with majesty;
                                                                              * the Lord is clothed with strength and He
                                                                      hath girt Himself.
     R. Above the heavens is His glory. Ps 112:4
                                                                         For He established the world * which shall not
The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:   be shaken.
  V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                              Thy throne is prepared of old; * Thou art from
                                                                      everlasting.
The choir answers:
                                                                         The rivers have lifted up, O Lord; * the rivers
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                      have lifted up their voices.
     be to the Father C and to the Son and to the                        The rivers will lift up their waves * at the voices
     Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,                 of many waters.
     and now and always, and unto the ages of                            Wonderful are the surgings of the sea; * wonder-
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                            ful on high is the Lord.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we                   Thy testimonies are made very sure; * holiness
sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”             becometh Thy house, O Lord, unto length of days.
Antiphons: The most usual ant.’s are given here. On the                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and whenever a new Resp. is            the Holy Spirit.
sung at first Vespers of the Sun., and on the last Sundays               As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
before Septuagesima and Advent, all of them are sung; on
                                                                      * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
other Sundays, only the first ant. is used for all the Psalms.


          In Septuagesima                          Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop,         For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I
From Septuagesima until Pascha, the            and I shall be made clean; * Thou shalt     had given it; * with whole-burnt
first and second Psalms of Lauds are           wash me, and I shall be made whiter         offerings Thou shalt not be pleased.
not 92 & 99, but 50 & 117:                     than snow.                                      A sacrifice unto God is a broken
                Psalm 50:                          Thou shalt make me to hear joy and      spirit; * a heart that is broken and
                                               gladness; * the bones that be humbled,      humbled God will not despise.
     H   ave mercy on me, O God, *
          according to Thy great mercy.
                                               they shall rejoice.
                                                   Turn Thy face away from my sins, *
                                                                                               Do good, O Lord, in Thy good
                                                                                           pleasure unto Sion, * and let the walls of
    And according to the multitude of          and blot out all mine iniquities.           Jerusalem be builded.
Thy compassions, * blot out my                     Create in me a clean heart, O God, *        Then shalt Thou be pleased with a
transgression.                                 and renew a right spirit within me.         sacrifice of righteousness, with oblation
    Wash me thoroughly from mine                   Cast me not away from Thy               and whole-burnt offerings; * then shall
iniquity, * and cleanse me from my sin.        presence, * and take not Thy Holy Spirit    they offer bullocks upon Thine altar.
    For I know mine iniquity, * and my         from me.                                        C Glory be to the Father and to the
sin is ever before me.                             Restore unto me the joy of Thy          Son * and to the Holy Spirit.
                                               salvation, * and with Thy governing             As it was in the beginning, and now
    Against Thee only have I sinned and
                                               Spirit establish me.                        and always, * and unto the ages of ages.
done this evil before Thee, * that Thou
                                                   I shall teach transgressors Thy ways,   Amen.
mightest be justified in Thy words, and
                                               * and the ungodly shall turn back unto                      Psalm 117:
prevail when Thou art judged.
                                               Thee.
    For behold, I was conceived in
iniquities, * and in sins did my mother
bear me.
                                                   Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O
                                               God, Thou God of my salvation; * my
                                               tongue shall rejoice in Thy righteous-
                                                                                              O     give thanks unto the Lord, for
                                                                                                     He is good, * for His mercy
                                                                                           endureth for ever.
    For behold, Thou hast loved truth; *       ness.                                           Let the house of Israel now say that
the hidden and secret things of Thy                O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, *      He is good, * for His mercy endureth
wisdom hast Thou made manifest unto            and my mouth shall declare Thy praise.      for ever.           ...
me.
                                                          SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                          37

   ant.The Lord is king, girded with strength, with                                               Psalm 62:
the majesty of the Virtues, Whose throne is for ever.
                            Psalm 99:                                       O     God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
                                                                                   dawn.
                                                                            My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
  S   hout with jubilation unto God, all the earth; *
       serve the Lord with gladness.
  Come before His presence * - with rejoicing.
                                                                        my flesh longed after Thee!
                                                                            In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
                                                                        in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
   Know ye that the Lord Himself is our God; * it is                    see Thy power and Thy glory.
He that hath made us, and not we ourselves.
                                                                            For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
   We are His people and the sheep of His pasture;                      shall praise Thee.
enter into His gates with thanksgiving, * into His
                                                                            So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy
courts with hymns; give thanks unto Him.
                                                                        name will I lift up my hands.
   Praise His name, for the Lord is good; His mercy
                                                                            As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,
endureth for ever, * and His truth unto generation
                                                                        * and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise
and generation.
                                                                        Thee.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                                            If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                        meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                      helper.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                            In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul
  ant. Let us all know that the Lord Himself is our                     hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been
God, to Whom let us shout in jubilation, and exalt                      quick to help me.
Him; yea, for ever let us praise His name.                                  But as for these, in vain have they sought after


Psalms of Septuagesima, Contd.                 warded them off.                                marvellous in our eyes.
    Let the house of Aaron now say that             I was pushed and overturned that I             This is the day which the Lord hath
He is good, * for His mercy endureth           might fall, * and the Lord was quick to         made; * let us rejoice and be glad
for ever.                                      help me.                                        therein.
    Let all that fear the Lord now say              The Lord is my strength and my                 O Lord, save now; O Lord, send
that He is good, * for His mercy               song, * and He is become my salvation.          now prosperity: * blessed is he that
endureth for ever.                                  The voice of rejoicing and salvation       cometh in the name of the Lord.
    Out of mine affliction I called upon       * is in the tents of the righteous.                 We have blessed you out of the
the Lord, and He heard me * and                     The right hand of the Lord hath            house of the Lord; * God is the Lord,
brought me into a broad place.                 wrought strength, the right hand of the         and hath appeared unto us.
    The Lord is my helper, * and I will        Lord hath exalted me, * the right hand              Ordain a feast with thick boughs, *
not fear what man shall do unto me.            of the Lord hath wrought strength.              even unto the horns of the altar.
    The Lord is my helper, * and I shall            I shall not die, but live, * and I shall       Thou art my God, and I will confess
look down upon mine enemies.                   tell of the works of the Lord.                  Thee; * Thou art my God, and I will
    It is better to trust in the Lord * than        With chastisement hath the Lord            exalt Thee.
to trust in man.                               chastened me, * but He hath not given               I will give thanks unto Thee, for
    It is better to hope in the Lord * than    me over unto death.                             Thou hast heard me * and Thou art
to hope in princes.                                 Open unto me the gates of righteous-       become my salvation.
    All the nations compassed me round         ness; I will enter therein and give thanks          O give thanks unto the Lord, for He
about, * and by the name of the Lord I         unto the Lord. * This is the gate of the        is good, * for His mercy endureth for
warded them off.                               Lord, the righteous shall enter in thereat.     ever.
    Surrounding me they compassed me,               I will give thanks unto Thee, for              C Glory be to the Father and to the
* and by the name of the Lord I warded         Thou hast heard me * and art become             Son * and to the Holy Spirit.
them off.                                      my salvation.                                       As it was in the beginning, and now
    They compassed me about like unto               The stone which the builders               and always, * and unto the ages of ages.
bees around a honeycomb, and they              rejected, * the same is become the head         Amen.
burst into flame like a fire among the         of the corner.
                                                                                                  Then Psalms 62, etc., as above.
thorns, * and by the name of the Lord I             This is the Lord’s doing, * and it is
38                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of          Bless the Lord, O light and darkness; * bless the
the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge      Lord, O lightnings and clouds.
of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.              Let the earth bless the Lord; * let her praise Him
   But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall      and supremely exalt Him unto the ages.
be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of          Bless the Lord, O mountains and hills; * bless
them is stopped that speak unjust things.                 the Lord, all things that spring up upon the earth.
                                                             Bless the Lord, O fountains; * bless the Lord, O
                      Psalm 66:
                                                          seas and rivers.

     G  od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
         cause His face to shine upon us, and have
mercy on us,
                                                             Bless the Lord, O monsters of the sea, and all
                                                          things that move in the waters; * bless the Lord, all
                                                          ye winged creatures of the sky.
   That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *                Bless the Lord, all ye beasts and cattle; * bless
among all the nations Thy salvation.                      the Lord, ye sons of men.
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all        Let Israel bless the Lord; * let him praise Him
the peoples praise Thee.                                  and supremely exalt Him unto the ages.
   Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou             Bless the Lord, ye priests of the Lord; * bless the
shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations       Lord, ye servants of the Lord.
shalt Thou guide upon the earth.                             Bless the Lord, ye spirits and ye souls of the
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all       righteous; * bless the Lord, ye Saints, and ye that be
the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her     humble of heart.
fruit.
                                                             Bless the Lord, O Ananias, Azarias, and Misael;
   Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *
                                                          * O praise ye Him and supremely exalt Him unto
and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
                                                          the ages.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
the Holy Spirit.                                          The following verses serve as the doxology:
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                             C Let us bless the Father and the Son with the
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                          Holy Spirit; * let us praise Him and supremely exalt
  ant. I will bless Thee, O Lord, in my life, that I      Him unto the ages.
may see Thy power and Thy glory.                             Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of
                                                          heaven, * and worthy of praise, and glorious, and
             Canticle of the Three Youths:
                                                          supremely exalted unto the ages. Dan 3:57-88

     B less the Lord, all ye works of the Lord; * O
        praise ye Him and supremely exalt Him
unto the ages.
                                                             ant. Let each created thing of heaven, and the
                                                          earth, bless the Lord; let it say a hymn, and exalt
   Bless the Lord, ye Angels of the Lord; * ye            Him above all for ever.
heavens, bless the Lord.                                                         Psalm 148:
   Bless the Lord, all ye waters that are above the
heavens; * bless the Lord, all ye powers of the Lord.
   Bless the Lord, O sun and moon; * bless the
                                                             P   raise the Lord from the heavens; * praise
                                                                  Him in the highest.
                                                             Praise Him, all ye His Angels; * praise Him, all
Lord, ye stars of heaven.
   Bless the Lord, ye rain and dew; * bless the Lord,     ye His hosts.
every wind of God.                                           Praise Him, O sun and moon; * praise Him, all
   Bless the Lord, fire and heat of burning; * bless      ye stars and light.
the Lord, winter cold and summer heat.                       Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens, * and thou
   Bless the Lord, O falls of dew and frost; * bless      water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
the Lord, O ice and cold.                                 name of the Lord.
   Bless the Lord, O hoar-frosts and snows; * bless          For He spake, and they came to be; * He com-
the Lord, O nights and days.                              manded, and they were created.
                                                SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                      39

    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and              the firmament of His power.
ever; * He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not           Praise Him for His mighty acts; * praise Him
pass away.                                                according to the multitude of His greatness.
    Praise the Lord from the earth, * ye dragons, and        Praise Him with the sound of trumpet; * praise
all ye abysses.                                           Him with the psaltery and harp.
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest, * which         Praise Him with timbrel and dance; * praise Him
perform His word,                                         with strings and flute.
    The mountains and all the hills, * fruitful trees,       Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
and all cedars,                                           with cymbals of jubilation; * let every breath praise
    The beasts and all the cattle, * creeping things      the Lord.
and winged birds,                                            C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son * and to
    Kings of the earth and all peoples, * princes and     the Holy Spirit.
all the judges of the earth,                                 As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
    Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;       * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
let them praise the name of the Lord, * for exalted is
                                                              ant.Let every breath praise the Lord, for He
the name of Him alone.
                                                          spake and they came to be, all of them; He com-
    His praise is above the earth and heaven, * and
                                                          manded, and all things were created.
He shall exalt the horn of His people.
    This is the hymn for all His saints, * for the sons   N.B. All these ant.’s are sung on Lord’s Days when some
of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto          new History with full service is begun, and when the
                                                          service is of the Sun. last before Septuagesima and before
Him.                                                      Advent. On the intervening Lord’s Days, though, only the
                      Psalm 149:                          first ant., ‘The Lord is king,’ is sung, after all the Psalms.


  S   ing unto the Lord a new song; * His praise is
       in the church of the saints.
   Let Israel be glad in Him that made him; * let the
                                                                                 CHAPTER
                                                                          The proper Chapter is read.
sons of Sion rejoice in their King.                       All Sundays from the first after Theoph. Oct. to
   Let them praise His name in the dance; * with          Septuagesima and from the first after Trinity to Advent, the
                                                          Chapter is:
the timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto
Him.
   For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people, * and
He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
                                                             B   enediction, and glory, and wisdom, and
                                                                  thanksgiving, honour and power, and
                                                          strength to our God for ever and ever. Amen.
   The saints shall boast in glory, * and they shall         R. Thanks be to God.
rejoice upon their beds.
   The high praise of God shall be in their throat, *                               HYMN
and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:                              The proper Hymn is sung.
   To do vengeance among the heathen, * punish-
                                                          All Sundays from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
ments among the peoples,                                  service is of the Sun., the Hymn is:
   To bind their kings with fetters, * and their
nobles with manacles of iron:                                             Hymn I (of St. Ambrose)
   To do among them the judgment that is written;
* this glory shall be to all His saints.                     O   All-Creator, Eternal,
                                                                  Thou that dost rule the night and day,
                                                             And givest division to time,
                                                             To ease the press of tedium.
                      Psalm 150:
                                                             Let daylight’s herald now ring out,
   P   raise ye God in His saints; * praise Him in
                                                             Keeping the vigil of night’s depths,
40                                                ST. HILARION PRESS

     Light by night to them that go forth,                     That God our Father may, in His compassion,
     Distinguishing the hours of night.                        Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
                                                               And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven
     Summoned by him, the morning star                         By His sweet mercy.
     Freeth the sky from thick darkness;
     By him, every choir of the lost                           C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
     Forsaketh its destructive course.                         The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
                                                               The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
     By him, the sailor gathereth strength,                    The earth resoundeth. Amen.
     The seethings of the sea subside;
     By him, as he singeth his song,
                                                                                     V. & R.
     The Church’s rock doth wash his sin.
                                                            The versicle to the Hymn is sung by two servers (on ferias
     Let us arise, therefore, with haste:                   and simple feasts of simple or double invitatory, by one).
     The cock is rousing them that sleep:                   The versicle for the above hymn is:
     And rebuking sloth-ridden souls,                          V. The Lord is king.
     Revealing the unfaithful will.
                                                            And while the neum is chanted, the response is said softly
     At cock-crowing, hope is returned;                     by the whole choir without chant:
     Health floweth to the sick again,
                                                               R. He is clothed with majesty, alleluya. Ps 92:1
     The robber’s sword’s set in its sheath,
     And, to the fallen, faith restored.                    Censing: During the Gospel canticle, the Priest blesses
                                                            incense and censes the Altar, patronal icon, and ark of
     O Jesus, look on us that fall—
                                                            Relics, as on p. 9. And the server censes the Priest and
     In looking upon us, change us:                         then the choir.
     If Thou but look, the fallen stand,
     And guilt is washed away by tears.                                    Canticle of Zacharias
                                                                            CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
     O Light, do Thou shine on our hearts,                  The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
     Do Thou dispel sleep of the soul;                      Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full
     May our voice praise Thee first of all,                here.)
     And may we pay our vows to Thee.
     C O Master, glory be to Thee,
     Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                               B
                                                            people.
                                                                   lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
                                                                    hath visited and wrought redemption for His

     With Father and Holy Spirit,                              And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
     Unto the ages without end. Amen.                       the house of His servant David.
But after Purif., the last stanza is:                          As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
                                                            the prophets of old.
     C Glory to God, to the Father:                            That we should be saved from our enemies, *
     And glory to His only Son,                             and from the hand of all that hate us.
     With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                           To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
     Both now and for eternity. Amen.                       remember His holy covenant.
Through the summer, on Sundays and ferias, until Advent,       The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
when service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:          * that He would grant unto us,
               Hymn II (of St. Gregory I)                      That we be delivered out of the hand of our
                                                            enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,
     B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
          The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
     With every striving, let us all send our prayers
                                                               In holiness and righteousness before Him * all
                                                            the days of our life.
     To the Almighty.                                          And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of
                                                      SUNDAY AT MATINS                                                         41

the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of                                   Conclusion
the Lord, to prepare His ways.
                                                                 V. The Lord be with you.
   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,               R. And with thy spirit.
* by the remission of their sins.
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *                   Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
                                                               soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in             V. Let us bless the Lord.
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way            R. Thanks be to God.
of peace. Lk 1:68-79
On certain very great Feasts, the antiphon is sung again                                  Blessing
here.                                                             If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                                                                  the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to               yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
the Holy Spirit.                                                  “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                answers, “Amen.”
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                               The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
The ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the choir. From
henceforth until the end of Matins, the choir stands facing       Our Father... Amen.
East.
                                                                  Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
From a book on the lectern, the Priest sings the Collect at       [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
the choir step (if the Bishop celebrates, however, he does
not change his place), and the two taper-bearers at the left   Matins of the day is ended.
and right of the Priest turn to face him:
                                                               Every day, except on double feasts and through the octaves
                                                               of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our Lady, and
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                               of the Dedication of the Church, and on All Souls’, and on the
  R. And with thy spirit.                                      Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from that time until the first
  Let us pray.                                                 Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from the Wed. before Pascha
                                                               untilthe first Sun. after Trin., the prayers For the Peace of the
                      COLLECT                                  Church are added here.
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:

   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                   FOR THE PEACE OF THE CHURCH
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
                                                               When service is of the feria, either in Advent, or from the
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it:)
                                                               first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to the Lord’s Supper, or from
                                                               the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the choir kneels for this
   V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                               commemoration. And always it is said without chant.
   R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                                          Psalm 122:

              COMMEMORATIONS
   The common commemorations are found on page
                                                                  U   nto Thee have I lifted up mine eyes, * unto
                                                                       thee that dwellest in heaven.
                                                                  Behold, as the eyes of servants * look unto the
   183. After each antiphon sung by the choir, the
   Priest sings in a soft voice the versicle, and after        hands of their masters.
   the choir’s response, he sings the Collect of the              As the eyes of the handmaid look unto the hands
   commemoration, from the same lectern as before.             of her mistress, * so do our eyes look unto the Lord
   Once all the commemorations have been made, the             our God, until He take pity on us.
   Priest sings:                                                  Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us, *
                                                               for greatly are we filled with abasement.
42                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS


   Greatly hath our soul been filled therewith; * let
reproach come upon them that prosper, and abase-
                                                                               FIRST HOUR
                                                                                    CALLED PRIME
ment on the proud.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                                  Preparation
the Holy Spirit.                                               All standing and facing East, the bell having been rung,
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,             the Priest says the silent prayers:
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                Our Father... Amen.
The choir says, without chant:                                    Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                  [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
  Kyrieleyson. Xristeleyson. Kyrieleyson.
  Our Father... (silently, until the Priest says without                            Introduction
       chant:)                                                 The Priest signs his forehead and sings in a full voice:
  V.   And lead us not into temptation.
                                                                 V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
  R.  But deliver us from evil.
  V.   Arise, O Lord, help us.                                 The choir answers:
  R.  And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.                         R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
  V.   O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.                      be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
  R.  And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be                  Holy Spirit, (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
      saved.                                                        and now and always, and unto the ages of ages.
   V. O Lord, hear my prayer.                                       Amen. Alleluya.
   R. And let my cry come unto Thee.                           From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
   V. The Lord be with you.                                    chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
   R. And with thy spirit.
   Let us pray.                                                       Hymn. (Ambrosian, 5th or 6th c.)
    Collect: Be pleased, we beseech Thee, O Lord,
to accept the prayers of Thy Church: that all adver-
sities and errors destroyed she may serve Thee in
                                                                  N  ow that the day star hath appeared,
                                                                       Let us humbly request of God
                                                                  That in the actions of the day
steadfast freedom: and grant us Thy peace in our                  He may preserve us from all harm.
times. C Through Christ our Lord. R. Amen.
                                                                  May He restrain and check the tongue,
And on days with kneeling, the Priest and all the choir           Lest the bristling of strife resound,
here trace the sign of the cross upon the ground, kiss the        With love, may He conceal our sight,
same, and then raise themselves from their prostration.
                                                                  Lest it delight in vanities.
                                                                  May the depths of the heart be pure,
                                                                  And may scurrility desist:
                 MATINS of OUR LADY                               Let sparsity of food and drink
 Usually the daily Matins of Our Lady are begun here.             Wear down the boasting of the flesh.
                                                                  That, when the daytime hath withdrawn,
                 MATINS of the DEAD
                                                                  And God’s Law bringeth back the night,
Usually on weekdays, after Matins of Our Lady, the daily          Then we, made clean by temperance,
Matins of the Dead are begun here.
                                                                  May sing our praises unto Him.
                                                                  C Glory to God, to the Father,
                                                                  And glory to His only Son,
                             C                                    With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                  Both now and for eternity. Amen.
                                                    THE FIRST HOUR                                                 43

                        Psalms                               themselves, and for my vesture have they cast lots.
Note: Most weekdays only Psalms 53, 118a, & 118b are done.       But Thou, O Lord, remove not Thy help far from
                                                             me : attend unto mine aid.
                        Psalm 21:
                                                                 Rescue my soul from the sword : even this only-

   O     God, my God, attend to me : why hast
         Thou forsaken me? Far from my salvation
are the words of my trangressions.
                                                             begotten one of mine from the hand of the dog.
                                                                 Save me from the mouth of the lion : and my
                                                             lowliness from the horns of the unicorns.
   My God, I will cry by day, and wilt Thou not                  I will declare Thy name unto my brethren : in the
hearken? : and by night, and it shall not be unto folly      midst of the church will I hymn Thee.
for me.                                                          Ye that fear the Lord, praise Him : all ye that are
   But as for Thee, Thou dwellest in the sanctuary :         of the seed of Jacob, glorify Him.
O Praise of Israel.                                              Let all fear Him that are of the seed of Israel : for
   In Thee have our fathers hoped : they hoped, and          He hath not set at nought nor abhorred the supplica-
Thou didst deliver them.                                     tions of the pauper.
   Unto Thee they cried, and were saved : in Thee                Nor hath He turned His face from me : and when
they hoped, and were not brought to shame.                   I cried unto Him, He hearkened unto me.
   But as for me, I am a worm and not a man : a                  From Thee is my praise; in the great church will I
reproach of men, and the outcast of the people.              confess Thee : my vows will I pay before them that
   All that look upon me have laughed me to scorn :          fear Thee.
they have spoken with their lips and have wagged                 The poor shall eat and be filled, and they that
their heads:                                                 seek the Lord shall praise Him : their hearts shall
   He hoped in the Lord; let Him deliver him : let           live for ever and ever.
Him save him, for He desireth him.                               All the ends of the earth shall remember : and
   For Thou art He that drewest me forth from the            shall turn unto the Lord.
womb; my hope from the breasts of my mother : on                 And all the kindreds of the nations : shall worship
Thee was I cast from the womb.                               before Him.
   From my mother’s womb, Thou art my God :                      For the kingdom is the Lord’s : and He Himself is
depart not from me.                                          sovereign of the nations.
   For tribulation is nigh : for there is none to help me.       All they that be fat upon the earth have eaten and
   Many bullocks have encircled me : fat bulls               worshipped : all they that go down into the earth
havesurrounded me.                                           shall fall down before Him.
   They have opened their mouth against me : as                  Yea, my soul liveth for Him : and my seed shall
might a lion ravenous and roaring.                           serve Him.
   I have been poured out like water : and scattered             The generation that cometh shall be told of the
are all my bones.                                            Lord : and they shall proclaim His righteousness to a
   My heart is become like wax melting : in the              people that shall be born, which the Lord hath made.
midst of my bowels.
                                                                                    Psalm 22:
   My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my
tongue hath cleaved to my throat : and into the dust
of death hast Thou brought me down.                             T   he Lord is my shepherd, and I shall not want
                                                                     : in a place of green pasture, there hath He
                                                             made me to dwell.
   For many dogs have encircled me : the congrega-
tion of evil doers hath surrounded me.                          Beside the water of rest hath He nurtured me :
   They have pierced my hands and my feet : they             He hath converted my soul.
have numbered all my bones.                                     He hath led me on the paths of righteousness : -
   And they themselves have looked and stared                for His name’s sake.
upon me : they have parted my garments amongst                  For though I should walk in the midst of the
44                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

shadow of death : I will fear no evil, for Thou art       none that wait on Thee be put to shame.
with me.                                                     Let them be ashamed which are lawless : without
   Thy rod and Thy staff : they have comforted me.        a cause.
   Thou hast prepared a table before me : in the             Make Thy ways, O Lord, known unto me : and
presence of them that afflict me.                         teach me Thy paths.
   Thou hast anointed my head with oil : and Thy             Lead me in Thy truth and teach me : for Thou art
cup which filleth me, how excellent it is!                God my Saviour; for on Thee have I waited all the
   And Thy mercy shall pursue me : all the days of        day long.
my life.                                                     Remember thy compassions, O Lord : and Thy
   And I will dwell in the house of the Lord : - unto     mercies, for they are from everlasting.
length of days.                                              The sins of my youth : and mine ignorances
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to       remember not.
the Holy Spirit.                                             According to Thy mercy remember Thou me : for
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :       the sake of Thy goodness, O Lord.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                             Good and upright is the Lord : therefore will He
                                                          set a law for them that sin in the way.
                      Psalm 23:
                                                             He will guide the meek in judgment : He will

     T  he earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof
         : the world, and all that dwell therein.
    He hath founded it upon the seas : and upon the
                                                          teach the meek His ways.
                                                             All the ways of the Lord are mercy and truth,
                                                          unto them that seek after His covenant : and His
rivers hath He prepared it.                               testimonies.
    Who shall ascend into the mountain of the Lord :         For the sake of Thy name, O Lord : be gracious
or who shall stand in His holy place?                     unto my sin, for it is great.
    He that is innocent in hands and pure in heart,          Who is the man that feareth the Lord? : He will
who hath not received his soul in vain : and hath not     set him a law in the way which He hath chosen.
sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.
                                                             His soul shall dwell among good things : and his
    Such a one shall receive a blessing from the Lord     seed shall inherit the earth.
: and mercy from God his Saviour.
                                                             The Lord is the strength of them that fear Him :
    This is the generation of them that seek the Lord     and His covenant shall be manifested unto them.
: of them that seek the face of the God of Jacob.
                                                             Mine eyes are ever toward the Lord : for He it is
    Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted    that will draw my feet out of the snare.
up, ye everlasting gates : and the King of Glory shall
                                                             Look upon me, and have mercy on me : for I am
enter in.
                                                          one only-begotten and poor.
    Who is this King of Glory? : The Lord strong and
                                                             The afflictions of my heart are multiplied : bring
mighty, the Lord, mighty in war.
                                                          me out from my necessities.
    Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted
                                                             Behold my lowliness and my toil : and forgive all
up, ye everlasting gates : and the King of Glory shall
                                                          my sins.
enter in.
                                                             Look upon mine enemies, for they are multiplied
    Who is this King of Glory? : The Lord of hosts,
                                                          : and with an unjust hatred have they hated me.
He is the King of Glory.
                                                             Keep my soul and rescue me : let me not be put
                      Psalm 24:                           to shame, for I have hoped in Thee.
                                                             The innocent and the upright have cleaved unto
     U nto Thee, O Lord, have I lifted up my soul :
        O my God, in Thee have I trusted; let me
never be put to shame.
                                                          me : for I waited on Thee, O Lord.
                                                             Redeem Israel, O God : out of all his afflictions.
   Nor let mine enemies laugh me to scorn : yea, let         C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                     THE FIRST HOUR                                                      45

the Holy Spirit.                                                God before themselves.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                For behold, God helpeth me : and the Lord is the
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                protector of my soul.
                                                                   He will bring evils upon mine enemies : utterly
                          Psalm 25:
                                                                destroy them by Thy truth.

   J   udge me, O Lord, for in mine innocence have
        I walked : and hoping in the Lord I shall not
grow weak.
                                                                   Willingly shall I sacrifice unto Thee : I will
                                                                confess Thy name, O Lord, for it is good.
                                                                   For out of every affliction hast Thou delivered
    Prove me, O Lord, and try me : prove with fire              me : and mine eye hath looked down upon mine
my reins and my heart.                                          enemies.
    For Thy mercy is before mine eyes : and I have                 C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
been well-pleasing in Thy truth.                                the Holy Spirit.
    I have not sat with the council of vanity : nor                As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
shall I go in with them that transgress the law.                and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    I have hated the congregation of evil-doers : and
with the ungodly will I not sit.                                N.B. From Septuagesima to Pascha, Psalm 117 is
                                                                replaced by Psalm 92 as shown at the bottom of this page.
    I will wash my hands in innocency : and I will
compass Thine altar, O Lord,                                                           Psalm 117:
    That I may hear the voice of Thy praise : and tell
of all Thy wondrous works.
    O Lord, I have loved the beauty of Thy house :
                                                                    O     give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good :
                                                                           for His mercy endureth for ever.
                                                                    Let the house of Israel now say that He is good :
and the place where Thy glory dwelleth.                         for His mercy endureth for ever.
    Destroy not my soul with the ungodly : nor my                   Let the house of Aaron now say that He is good :
life with men of blood,                                         for His mercy endureth for ever.
    In whose hands are iniquities : their right hand is             Let all that fear the Lord now say that He is good
full of bribes.                                                 : for His mercy endureth for ever.
    But as for me, in mine innocence have I walked :                Out of mine affliction I called upon the Lord, and
redeem me, O Lord, and have mercy on me.                        He heard me : and brought me into a broad place.
    My foot hath stood in uprightness : in the congre-              The Lord is my helper : and I will not fear what
gations will I bless Thee, O Lord.                              man shall do unto me.
                          Psalm 53:                                 The Lord is my helper : and I shall look down
                                                                upon mine enemies.
   O    God, in Thy name save me : and in Thy
        strength do Thou judge me.
   O God, hearken unto my prayer : give ear unto
                                                                    It is better to trust in the Lord : than to trust
                                                                inman.
                                                                    It is better to hope in the Lord : than to hope in
the words of my mouth.
                                                                princes.
   For strangers are risen up against me, and mighty
                                                                    All the nations compassed me round about : and
men have sought after my soul : and have not set
                                                                by the name of the Lord I warded them off.

         In Septuagesima                     For He established the world *              Wonderful are the surgings of the
Psalm 117 is replaced by:                which shall not be shaken.                  sea; * wonderful on high is the Lord.
                                             Thy throne is prepared of old; *            Thy testimonies are made very sure;
               Psalm 92:                 Thou art from everlasting.                  * holiness becometh Thy house, O
                                             The rivers have lifted up, O Lord; *    Lord, unto length of days.
   T   he Lord is King, He is clothed
        with majesty; * the Lord is
clothed with strength and He hath girt
                                         the rivers have lifted up their voices.
                                             The rivers will lift up their waves *   Glory Be is not sung here, but Psalm
                                         at the voices of many waters.               118a is sung immediately.
Himself.
46                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

    Surrounding me they compassed me : and by the                                  Psalm 118a:
name of the Lord I warded them off.
    They compassed me about like unto bees around
a honeycomb, and they burst into flame like a fire
                                                                 B   lessed are the blameless in the way : who
                                                                       walk in the law of the Lord.
                                                                 Blessed are they that search out His testimonies :
among the thorns : and by the name of the Lord I              with their whole heart shall they seek after Him.
warded them off.                                                 For they that work iniquity : have not walked in
    I was pushed and overturned that I might fall :           His ways.
and the Lord was quick to help me.                               Thou hast enjoined Thy commandments : that we
    The Lord is my strength and my song : and He is           should keep them most diligently.
become my salvation.                                             Would that my ways were directed : to keep Thy
    The voice of rejoicing and salvation : is in the          statutes.
tents of the righteous.                                          Then shall I not be ashamed : when I look on all
    The right hand of the Lord hath wrought                   Thy commandments.
strength, the right hand of the Lord hath exalted me             I will confess Thee with uprightness of heart :
: the right hand of the Lord hath wrought strength.           when I have learned the judgments of Thy righteous-
    I shall not die, but live : and I shall tell of the       ness.
works of the Lord.                                               I will keep Thy statutes : do not utterly forsake
    With chastisement hath the Lord chastened me :            me.
but He hath not given me over unto death.                        Wherewithal shall a young man correct his way? :
    Open unto me the gates of righteousness; I will           By keeping Thy words.
enter therein and give thanks unto the Lord : this is            With my whole heart have I sought after Thee :
the gate of the Lord, the righteous shall enter in            cast me not away from Thy commandments.
thereat.
                                                                 In my heart have I hid Thy sayings : that I might
    I will give thanks unto Thee, for Thou hast heard         not sin against Thee.
me : and art become my salvation.
                                                                 Blessed art Thou, O Lord : teach me Thy stat-
    The stone which the builders rejected : the same          utes.
is become the head of the corner.
                                                                 With my lips have I declared : all the judgments
    This is the Lord’s doing : and it is marvellous in        of Thy mouth.
our eyes.
                                                                 In the way of Thy testimonies have I found
    This is the day which the Lord hath made : let us         delight : as much as in all riches.
rejoice and be glad therein.
                                                                 On Thy commandments will I ponder : and I will
    O Lord, save now; O Lord, send now prosperity :           understand Thy ways.
blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
                                                                 On Thy statutes will I meditate : I will not forget
    We have blessed you out of the house of the               Thy words.
Lord : God is the Lord, and hath appeared unto us.
                                                                 C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
    Ordain a feast with thick boughs : even unto the          the Holy Spirit.
horns of the altar.
                                                                 As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
    Thou art my God, and I will confess Thee : Thou           and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
art my God, and I will exalt Thee.
    I will give thanks unto Thee, for Thou hast heard                              Psalm 118b:
me : and Thou art become my salvation.
    O give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good : for
His mercy endureth for ever.
                                                                 G   ive reward unto Thy servant, quicken me :
                                                                      and I will keep Thy words.
                                                                 O unveil mine eyes : and I shall perceive won-
                                                              drous things out of Thy law.
Glory Be is not sung, but the first section of Psalm 118
follows immediately:                                             I am a sojourner on the earth : hide not from me
                                                              Thy commandments.
                                                    THE FIRST HOUR                                              47

    My soul hath longed : to desire Thy judgments at                    Symbol of St. Athanasius
all times.                                                                 CALLED the QUICUMQUE
    Thou hast rebuked the proud : cursed are they
that decline from Thy commandments.
    Remove from me reproach and contempt : for
                                                               W      hosoever wisheth to be saved : before all it
                                                                       is needful that he hold the Catholic Faith.
                                                               Which, unless each one keep whole and undefiled
after Thy testimonies have I sought.
                                                            : without doubt he shall perish for ever.
    For princes sat and they spake against me : but
Thy servant pondered on Thy statutes.                          And the Catholic Faith is this : that we worship
                                                            one God in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity.
    For Thy testimonies are my meditation : and Thy
statutes are my counsellors.                                   Neither confounding the Persons : nor dividing
                                                            the substance.
    My soul hath cleaved unto the earth : quicken me
according to Thy word.                                         For there is one Person of the Father : another of
                                                            the Son, another of the Holy Spirit.
    My ways have I declared, and Thou hast heard
me : teach me Thy statutes.                                    But the Godhead of the Father and of the Son
                                                            and of the Holy Spirit is one : an equal glory, a co-
    Make me to understand the way of Thy statutes :
                                                            eternal majesty.
andI will ponder on Thy wondrous works.
                                                               Such as is the Father, such is the Son : such is the
    My soul hath slumbered from despondency :
                                                            Holy Spirit.
strengthen me with Thy words.
                                                               Uncreated is the Father, uncreated the Son :
    Remove from me the way of unrighteousness :
                                                            uncreated the Holy Spirit.
and with Thy law have mercy on me.
                                                               Incomprehensible is the Father, incomprehensible
    I have chosen the way of truth : and Thy judg-
                                                            the Son : incomprehensible the Holy Spirit.
ments have I not forgotten.
                                                               Eternal is the Father, eternal the Son : eternal the
    I have cleaved to Thy testimonies, O Lord : put
                                                            Holy Spirit.
me not to shame.
                                                               And yet, not three Eternals : but one Eternal.
    The way of Thy commandments have I run :
when thou didst enlarge my heart.                              As also there are not three Uncreateds, nor three
                                                            Incomprehensibles : but one Uncreated and one
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                            Incomprehensible.
the Holy Spirit.
                                                               Likewise, almighty is the Father, almighty the
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                            Son : almighty the Holy Spirit.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                               And yet, not three Almighties : but one Almighty.
              Antiphon on the Psalms                           Thus the Father is God, the Son is God : the Holy
On Sundays from the first after Theoph. Oct. to             Spirit is God.
   Septuagesima and the first after Trin. to Advent, when      And yet, not three gods : but there is one God.
   service is of the Sun., the ant. is “The Lord.”
                                                               Thus the Father is Lord, the Son is Lord : the
On ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
   Septuagesima and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
                                                            Holy Spirit is Lord.
   Advent, when service is of the feria, the ant. is “O        And yet, not three lords : but one Lord.
   God.”                                                       For as we are compelled by Christian truth : to
On ferias in Advent, the ant. is “Come and deliver.”        confess each Person by Himself to be God and Lord:
  ant. The Lord is my shepherd, and I shall not                So are we forbidden by the catholic religion : to
want; in a place of green pasture, there hath He            say there be three Gods or Lords.
made me to dwell.                                              The Father is made of none : neither created nor
                                                            begotten.
   ant. O God, hearken unto my prayer; give ear
                                                               The Son is of the Father alone : not made, nor
unto the words of my mouth.
                                                            created, but begotten.
   ant. Come and deliver us, O our God.
48                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

    The Holy Spirit is of the Father through the Son :     everlasting fire.
not made, nor created, nor begotten, but                       This is the Catholic Faith, which unless each one
proceeding.                                                faithfully and steadfastly believe : he cannot be
    Therefore, there is one Father, not three fathers :    saved.
one Son, not three sons; one Holy Spirit, not three            C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
Holy Spirits.                                              the Holy Spirit.
    And in this Trinity none is afore, none is after :         As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
none is greater or lesser.                                 and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    But all the three Persons : are co-eternal and co-
equal, one to another.                                                  Antiphon on Quicumque
    So that in all things, as aforesaid : both the Unity   On all Sundays when Psalm 21 and the rest are said, the
                                                             ant. is “Thee, O God.”
in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is to be worshiped.
    He therefore that wisheth to be saved : let him        On other simple Sundays through the year, and simple
think thusly on the Trinity.                                 feasts of 3 or 9 lessons, with ruling of the choir, and
                                                             within Oct.’s when the choir is ruled, and on Comm.’s
    But it is needful to eternal salvation : that he         of St. Mary and the local feast (exc. Feasts and
faithfully believe also the Incarnation of our Lord          Comm.’s falling in the Oct. of Trin.), the ant. is “To
Jesus Christ.                                                Thee all.”
    The right Faith, then, is as we must believe and       On double feasts through the year outside the weeks of
confess : that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God,        Pascha and Trin., the ant. is “Thanks be to Thee.”
is God and man.
                                                           On ferias through the year, when service is of the feria,
    He is God of the Father’s substance, begotten            and on Feasts of 3 lessons without ruling of the choir,
before the ages : and He is man of His Mother’s              and on and within Oct.’s when the choir is not ruled,
substance, born into the world.                              and on Vigils and Ember-days, unless they fall in the
                                                             two weeks after Pentecost, the ant. is “Glory be to
    Perfect God and perfect man : of a reasonable            Thee.”
soul and human flesh subsisting.
                                                           Through the week of Trin., whatever the service, the ant.
    Equal to the Father after His Divinity : lesser than
                                                           is “O excellent.”
the Father after His humanity.
    Who although He be God and man : is                       ant. Thee, O God, Father unbegotten, Thee the
nevertheless not two, but one Christ.                      Son only begotten, Thee the Holy Spirit, the
    But one, not by transmutation of His Divinity into     Paraclete, Holy and Undivided Trinity, we confess
flesh : but by the taking up of His humanity unto          Thee with our mouth and all our heart; we give
God:                                                       praise to Thee and we bless Thee. To Thee be glory
                                                           unto the ages. (with neum)
    Utterly one, not by mingling of substance : but by
singleness of person.                                         ant. To Thee all Thy creatures, as is meet, render
    For as the reasonable soul and the flesh is one        praise; Thee they worship, Thee they glorify, O
man : so God and man is one Christ.                        blessed Trinity. (with neum)
    He that suffered for our salvation, descended into        ant.Thanks be to Thee, O God: thanks be unto
hell : the third day He rose again from the dead.          Thee, one and very Trinity, one and highest Deity,
    He ascended into heaven, sitteth on the right          holy and one Unity. (with neum)
handof God the Father almighty : from thence He
shall come to judge the living and the dead.                  ant.Glory be to Thee, O Trinity, equal and one
    At Whose coming all men shall rise again with          Divinity, and before all the ages, both now and for
their bodies : and shall give an account for their own     ever. (with neum)
works.                                                       ant. O excellent, blessed, glorious Trinity: Father,
    And they that have done good shall go into life        Son, Holy Spirit. (with neum)
everlasting : but they that have done evil into
                                                       THE FIRST HOUR                                                       49

                      CHAPTER                                      Resp. II: Jesus Christ, Son of the living God:
On all Sundays and Feasts and Oct.’s when the choir is          Have mercy upon us.
  ruled, and on Comm.’s of St. Mary, and of the local              V. Who didst condescend to be born of a Virgin.
  feast, throughout the year (exc. the week of Pascha),         Have... or:
  Chapter I is said.
                                                                   V. Who sittest at the right hand of the Father.
On other ferias through the year, and all ferias from the       Have...
  Oct. of Pascha to Pent., and on and within Oct.’s
  without ruling of the choir, and on the Vigils of Ascen-         C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to
  sion and Pent., and of Nativity and Theoph., provided         the Holy Spirit.
  they do not fall on Sun., Chapter II is said.                    Jesus Christ, Son of the living God: Have mercy
On all other ferias through Advent, and from the first          upon us.
  Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to the Lord’s Supper, and from
  the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of        V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
  the feria, Chapter III is said.                                 R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
   Chapter I. To the King of ages, immortal,                                              PRECES
invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever
                                                                The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria,
and for ever, amen. R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
  Chapter II. O Lord, have mercy upon us, for                   to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
                                                                Advent.
we have waited for Thee: be Thou our arm in the
                                                                The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:
morning, and our salvation in the time of trouble. R.
Thanks be to God.                                                  Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
                                                                   Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
  Chapter III. Love ye truth and peace, saith the
                                                                   Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.
Lord almighty. R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                   Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)
Whenever Chap. III is said, the preces are said with
prostration at all the Hours.                                      Choir I:      Xristeleyson.
                                                                   Choir II:     Xristeleyson.
             SHORT RESPONSORY                                      Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
Generally the Resp. is as follows (the verse directed to be        Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
done for the service of that day is chosen).                       Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.
   Resp. I: Jesus Christ, Son of the living God:                The Priest prays:
Have mercy upon us, alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                  Our Father... (all in silence)
   V. Who sittest at the right hand of the Father.
Have... or:                                                     Then he chants aloud:
   V. Who didst condescend to be born of a Virgin.
                                                                  V.   And lead us not into temptation.
Have... or:
                                                                  R.   But deliver us from evil.
   V. Who on this day hast appeared unto the world.               V.   My soul shall live and shall praise Thee.
Have... or:                                                       R.   And Thy judgments will help me.
   V. Who art risen from the dead. Have...                        V.   I have gone astray like a sheep that is lost.
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to               R.   O Lord, seek Thy servant, for I have not
the Holy Spirit.                                                       forgotten Thy commandments.
   Jesus Christ, Son of the living God: Have mercy
                                                                Then the Priest prays:
upon us, alleluya, alleluya.
On all ferias and feasts of 3 lessons and within Oct.’s
                                                                   I believe in God... (silently, until he chants aloud:)
without ruling of the choir, and on Vigils, from Theoph.
                                                                   V. The resurrection of the flesh.
Oct. to Passion Sun., and from Trin. to the Nativity Vig.,
exc. the week of Trin. when service is of Trin., the Resp. is      R. And life everlasting. Amen.
as follows:
50                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

V. Let my mouth be filled with Thy praise.                   Here he turns to the choir:
R. That I may hymn Thy glory, all the day long Thy              and to you, that I have sinned exceedingly in
     salvation.                                              thought, word, and deed, through my fault.
V.   O Lord, turn Thy face away from my sins.
                                                             Turning to the altar again, he says:
R.   And blot out all mine iniquities.
V.   Create in me a clean heart, O God.                         I beseech Holy Mary, all the Saints of God,
R.   And renew a right spirit within me.
                                                             And turning to the choir again, he says:
V.   Cast me not away from Thy presence.
R.   And take not Thy Holy Spirit from me.                      and you, to pray for me.
V.   Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation.               The choir answers, turned towards the Priest:
R.   And with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
                                                                May almighty God have mercy on thee, forgive
V.   Rescue me, O Lord, from the evil man.
                                                             thee all thy sins, deliver thee from all evil, preserve
R.   From the unjust man deliver me.
                                                             and strengthen thee in good, and bring thee to
V.   Rescue me from mine enemies, O God.                     eternal life. Priest: Amen.
R.   And from them that rise up against me redeem
     me.                                                     Then, first turning to the Altar, the choir says the confes-
                                                             sion, turning to the Altar and to the Priest as he had
V.   Deliver me from them that work iniquity.                done:
R.   And from men of blood do Thou save me.
V.   So will I chant unto Thy name unto the ages.                I confess to God, to blessed Mary, to all the Saints,
                                                             and to thee, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought,
R.   That I may pay my vows from day to day.
                                                             word, and deed, through my fault. I beseech holy Mary,
V.   Hearken unto us, O God our Saviour.
                                                             all the Saints of God, and thee, to pray for me.
R.   Thou hope of all the ends of the earth, and of
     them that be far off at sea.                            The Priest, turned to the choir, says:
V.   O God, be attentive unto helping me.                        May almighty God have mercy on you, forgive
R.   O Lord, make haste to help me.                          you all your sins, deliver you from all evil, preserve
V.   Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy and Immortal! O             and strengthen you in good, and bring you to eternal
     Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the           life. R. Amen.
     world:
                                                                May the almighty and merciful Lord grant you
R.   Have mercy upon us.
                                                             pardon and remission of all your sins, space for true
V.   Bless the Lord, O my soul.
                                                             repentance and amendment of life, and the grace and
R.   And all that is within me bless His holy name.          consolation of the Holy Spirit. R. Amen.
V.   Bless the Lord, O my soul.
                                                             Ferial/Ordinary Conclusion: When service is of the
R.   And forget not all that He hath done for thee.
                                                             feria, either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after
V.   Who is gracious unto all thine iniquities.              Theoph. Oct. to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun.
R.   Who healeth all thine infirmities.                      after Trin. to Advent, the ferial conclusion is done.
V.   Who redeemeth thy life from corruption.                 Otherwise, the conclusion is as follows:

R.   Who crowneth thee with mercy and compassion.
                                                                             Ordinary Conclusion
V.   Who fulfilleth thy desire with good things.
                                                                               The Priest sings aloud:
R.   Thy youth shall be renewed as the eagle’s.
                                                               V.   O God, Thou wilt turn and quicken us.
                     The Confession
                                                               R.   And Thy people shall be glad in Thee.
Then, turned to the Altar, the Bishop or highest-ranking
                                                               V.   Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
Priest, whether celebrating or not, says in a low voice:
                                                               R.   And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.

     I   confess to God, to Blessed Mary, to all the
         Saints,
                                                               V.
                                                               R.
                                                                    Vouchsafe, O Lord, this day.
                                                                    To preserve us without sin.
                                                         THE FIRST HOUR                                               51

  V. Have mercy upon us, O Lord.                                                   Ferial Conclusion
  R. Have mercy upon us.                                                          The Priest sings aloud:
  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
                                                                    V. O God, Thou wilt turn and quicken us.
  R. According as we have hoped in Thee.
                                                                    R. And Thy people shall be glad in Thee.
  V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
                                                                    V. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
  R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
     saved.                                                         R. And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.
  V. O Lord, hear my prayer.                                        V. Vouchsafe, O Lord, this night.
  R. And let my cry come unto Thee.                                 R. To preserve us without sin.
  V. The Lord be with you.                                          V. Have mercy upon us, O Lord.
  R. And with thy spirit.                                           R. Have mercy upon us.
   Let us pray.                                                     V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
                                                                    R. According as we have hoped in Thee.
                       COLLECT                                      V. Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I
On all double feasts throughout the year, except in the                cried to Thee.
week of Pascha, the Collect is:                                     R. Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.
   Collect I: At this hour of this day, fill us, O                The Psalm is spoken without chant:
Lord, with Thy mercy, that, rejoicing all the day
                                                                                         Psalm 50:
long, we may delight in Thy praises. C Through our
Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                     H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                            Thy great mercy.
                                                                      And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
On all Sundays and feasts of the Saints which are not
                                                                  sions, * blot out my transgression.
doubles, and on ferias outside the week of Pascha, the                Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
Collect is:                                                       cleanse me from my sin.
   Collect II: O Holy Lord, Father almighty,                          For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
everlasting God, Who hast caused us to arrive at the              before me.
beginning of this day, save us this day by Thy                        Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
power: and grant that on this day we may turn aside               evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified in
into no sin, nor stumble upon any danger, but let our             Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
every action be ever directed, by Thy guidance, to                    For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and in
the practise of Thy righteousness. C Through our                  sins did my mother bear me.
Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth                    For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:                   and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
through all the ages of ages. Amen.                               manifest unto me.
And whichever Collect is used, the Priest continues                   Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be
aloud:                                                            made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
                                                                  made whiter than snow.
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                      Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                  the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
And a server chants:                                                  Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                       all mine iniquities.
  R. Thanks be to God.                                                Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
                                                                  right spirit within me.
After this, the choir makes a procession into the chapter room,
                                                                      Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
and the reading of the martyrology is begun as on p. 52.
                                                                  not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
52                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

   Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and         If there is kneeling, the choir kisses a cross traced on the
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                    ground and rises. The Priest continues aloud:

   I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the           V. The Lord be with you.
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                           R. And with thy spirit.
   Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
                                                           And a server chants:
God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
Thy righteousness.                                           V. Let us bless the Lord.
   O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my                 R. Thanks be to God.
mouth shall declare Thy praise.
                                                           After this, the choir makes a procession into the chapter
   For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;    room, and the reading of the martyrology is begun.
* with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
pleased.                                                                   Martyrology Reading
   A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart      In the chapter room, the choir is seated except for the
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.           boys who must stand. And a server, in a surplice, reads
   Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto              the Martyrology listing for the next day. The reader does
                                                           not say, “Grant, O Lord, to bless,” but begins directly:
Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
   Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of             Reader:   Tomorrow, the Nth day of the month of
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt                            N., shall be the Feast of (or: shall be, at
offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine                  N., the Feast of) Saint N., etc.
altar.                                                     All Martyrology readings end:
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
the Holy Spirit.                                              Reader: The Feast also of many other holy
                                                           Martyrs, Confessors, and Virgins.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always, *
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                           If there are obituaries, he adds:

(On Lenten weekdays, Psalm 31 and Glory Be are here           Reader:   The same day, N., who was (Dean, or a
added to Psalm 50.) The Priest alone rises and chants:                  parishioner, or a Monk) of this (church,
                                                                        or parish, or Monastery), passed away.
  V.  Arise, O Lord, help us.
  R.  And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.                   And, in that case, the Priest, standing behind the reader,
  V.  O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.              says without note:
  R.  And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be            Priest:   May his / her / their soul(s), and the
      saved.                                                            souls of all the faithful departed,
   V. O Lord, hear my prayer.                                           through the mercy of God, rest in peace.
   R. And let my cry come unto Thee.                          Choir:    Amen.
   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.                                                Continuation of Prime
    Let us pray.                                           Now the Priest sings aloud:

    Collect: O Holy Lord, Father almighty, everlasting        V. Precious in the sight of the Lord.
God, Who hast caused us to arrive at the beginning of         R. Is the death of His saints.
this day, save us this day by Thy power: and grant that       Priest:May Holy Mary, Mother of our Lord and
on this day we may turn aside into no sin, nor stumble     God Jesus Christ, and all the holy, righteous, and elect
upon any danger, but let our every action be ever          of God, intercede and pray for us sinners to the Lord
directed, by Thy guidance, to the practise of Thy          our God: that we may be worthy to be helped and saved
righteousness. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy         by Him. C Who in perfect Trinity liveth and reigneth,
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of     God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
Amen.                                                      Then the Priest sings, in the usual versicle/response tone:
                                                        THE FIRST HOUR                                                   53

   V. O God, be attentive unto helping me.                     Whichever Collect is done, the Priest continues, singing:
   R. O Lord, make haste to help me.                              V. The Lord be with you.
This versicle and response are done thrice, then:                 R. And with thy spirit.

   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to            A server sings the versicle:
the Holy Spirit: as it was in the beginning, and now
                                                                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                  R. Thanks be to God.
   (no “Alleluya.”)

   Kyrieleyson. Xristeleyson. Kyrieleyson.
                                                                                        Blessing
   Our Father... (silently, as usual, till the Priest says:)
                                                                  If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                             the day or feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
  R. But deliver us from evil.                                    yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
                                                                  “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
  V. Let Thy mercy come also upon us, O Lord.                     answers, “Amen.”
  R. Even Thy salvation according to Thy word.
  V. And look upon Thy servants, and upon Thy
                                                               The Priest concludes the First Hour with the silent
     works.                                                    prayers:
  R. And do Thou guide their sons.
  V. And let the brightness of the Lord our God be
                                                                  Our Father... Amen.
     upon us.                                                     Rejoice Mary... Jesus. Amen.
                                                                  [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
  R. And the works of our hands do Thou guide
     aright upon us; yea, the work of our hands do             And so the First Hour is ended.
     Thou guide aright.
  Let us pray.
                                                                                    Daily Reading
                       COLLECT
                                                               The writings of the Holy Fathers are read, from the loft:
On double feasts, and when the choir is ruled, outside the
week of Pascha, the Collect is:                                   Reader:    Grant, O Lord, to bless.
   Collect I: Almighty, everlasting God, guide our                Priest:May He bless us, Who liveth and reigneth
actions in Thy good pleasure: that in the name of                    without end. R. Amen.
Thy beloved Son we may deserve to abound in good               But note that on double feasts and in Lent, the blessing is:
works. C Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the
unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of            Priest:   May almighty God bless us with His grace.
ages. Amen.                                                    The choir sits for the reading and remains seated, and
On other feasts and pro-feasts, without ruling of the          when the reader has finished, he says:
choir, and on ferias yearlong, exc. from the Lord’s
                                                                  Reader:    But Thou, O Lord, be merciful unto us.
Supper to the Oct. ofPascha, the Collect is:
                                                               And the reader descends from the loft to read the:
   Collect II: Be pleased, we beseech Thee, O
Lord God, to guide and sanctify and govern our
                                                                                       Schedule
hearts and bodies in Thy law, and in the works of
Thy commandments: that now and for eternity we                 The community’s schedule is read here.
may be worthy to be healed and saved with Thine                Whenever Psalm 122 was said after Matins, i.e., every
assistance. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy                day, except on double feasts and through the octaves of
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity            the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our Lady, and
of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.         of the Dedication of the Church, and on All Souls’, and
                                                               on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from that time
Amen.                                                          until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from the Wed.
54                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

before Pascha untilthe first Sun. after Trin., all stand           Collects:Be present and assist our supplications,
after the schedule reading and say, without chant:              O Lord, and dispose the way of Thy servants in the
                           Psalm 120:                           well-being of Thy salvation: that amidst all changes
                                                                of the way and of this life, they may ever be pro-
     Ihave lifted up mine eyes to the mountains :
      from whence cometh my help.
    My help cometh from the Lord : Who hath made
                                                                tected by Thine assistance.
                                                                   Almighty, everlasting God, the eternal salvation
heaven and the earth.                                           of believers, hearken unto us for Thy servants and
                                                                handmaidens for whom we implore Thy mercy: that,
    Give not thy foot unto moving : and may He not
                                                                health having been restored to them, they may
slumber that keepeth thee.
                                                                render Thee thanks in Thy Church. C Through
    Behold, He shall not slumber nor shall He sleep :           Christ our Lord. Amen.
He that keepeth Israel.
    The Lord shall keep thee : the Lord is thy shelter          The Bishop, or highest-ranking Priest, says:
at thy right hand.
                                                                   B less.
    The sun shall not burn thee by day : nor the moon
by night.                                                          All:   The Lord (bless).
    The Lord shall keep thee from all evil : the Lord
                                                                                In the name of the Father, C and of
                                                                   Bishop/Priest:
shall guard thy soul.
                                                                      the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
    The Lord shall keep thy coming in and thy going
out : from henceforth and for evermore.                            All:   Amen.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to            And thus everyone arms himself with the sign of the
the Holy Spirit.                                                Cross, and departs in the name of the Lord.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :            On ferias in Lent, the Commendation of Souls is done
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                here without chanting, with Psalms 118 and 138, as the
                                                                choir sits.
  Kyrieleyson. Xristeleyson. Kyrieleyson.
  Our Father... (silently, as usual, till the Priest says,
         without chant:)

  V. And lead us not into temptation.                                                         C
  R. But deliver us from evil.
  V. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
  R. And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.
  V. Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.
  R. O my God, that hope in Thee.
  V. Send forth unto them, O Lord, help from Thy
     sanctuary.
  R. And out of Sion help them.
  V. Be unto them, O Lord, a tower of strength.
  R. Against the face of the enemy.
  V. Let the enemy have no advantage over them.
  R. Nor let the son of iniquity avail to hurt them.
  V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
  R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with thy spirit.
  Let us pray.
                                                      THE THIRD HOUR                                            55

                                                              for I have desired it.
                THIRD HOUR                                       Incline my heart unto Thy testimonies : and not
                     CALLED TERCE
                                                              unto covetousness.
                      Preparation                                Turn away mine eyes that I may not see vanity :
All standing and facing East, the bell having been rung,      quicken Thou me in Thy way.
the Priest says the silent prayers:                              Establish for Thy servant Thine oracle : unto fear
   Our Father... Amen.                                        of Thee.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                     Remove my reproach which I have feared : for
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                        Thy judgments are good.
                                                                 Behold, I have longed after Thy commandments :
                     Introduction                             in Thy righteousness, quicken me.
The Priest signs his forehead and sings in a full voice:         Let Thy mercy come also upon me, O Lord :
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                              even Thy salvation according to Thy word.
                                                                 So shall I give an answer to them that reproach
The choir answers:                                            me : for I have hoped in Thy words.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                 And take not utterly out of my mouth the word of
     be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the           truth : for in Thy judgments have I hoped.
     Holy Spirit, (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,            So shall I keep Thy law continually : for ever,
     and now and always, and unto the ages of                 and unto the ages of ages.
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                       And I walked in spaciousness : for after Thy
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we        commandments have I sought.
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”       And I spake of Thy testimonies before kings :
                                                              and I was not ashamed.
               Hymn (of St. Ambrose)                             And I meditated on Thy commandments : which
                                                              I have greatly loved.
   N   ow, Holy Spirit, condescend
        (One with the Father and the Son)
   To come to us without delay,
                                                                 And I lifted up my hands to Thy commandments
                                                              which I have loved : and I pondered on Thy sta
   And be diffused within our breast.                         tutes.
                                                                 C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
   May mouth and tongue, soul, thought, and strength
                                                              the Holy Spirit.
   Make thanksgiving to Thee resound;
   Our love be kindled by Thy fire,                              As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   And light our neighbours with its flame.                   and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                  Psalm 118d:
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
                                                                 R   emember Thy words to Thy servant :
                                                                      wherein Thou hast made me to hope.
                                                                 This hath comforted me in my humiliation : for
                                                              Thine oracle hath quickened me.
                         Psalms
                                                                 The proud have transgressed exceedingly : but
                        Psalm 118c:                           from Thy law have I not declined.

   S   et before me for a law, O Lord, the way of
        Thy statutes : and I will seek after it
continually.
                                                                 I remembered Thy judgments of old, O Lord :
                                                              and was comforted.
                                                                 Despondency took hold upon me : because of the
   Give me understanding, and I will search out Thy           sinners who forsake Thy law.
law : and I will keep it with my whole heart.                    Thy statutes were my songs : in the place of my
   Guide me in the path of Thy commandments :                 sojourning.
56                                              ST. HILARION PRESS


   I remembered Thy name in the night, O Lord :           commandments.
and I kept Thy law.                                          They that fear Thee shall see me and be glad : for
   This hath happened unto me : because I sought          on Thy words have I set my hope.
after Thy statutes.                                          I have known, O Lord, that Thy judgments are
   Thou art my portion, O Lord : I said that I would      righteousness : and with truth hast Thou humbled
keep Thy law.                                             me.
   I entreated Thy countenance with my whole heart           Let now Thy mercy be my comfort : according to
: Have mercy on me according to Thy word.                 Thy saying unto Thy servant.
   I have thought on Thy ways : and I have turned            Let Thy compassions come upon me and I shall
my feet back to Thy testimonies.                          live : for Thy law is my meditation.
   I made ready, and I was not troubled : that I             Let the proud be put to shame, for unjustly have
might keep Thy commandments.                              they transgressed against me : but as for me, I will
   The cords of sinners have entangled me : but Thy       ponder on Thy commandments.
law have I not forgotten.                                    Let those that fear Thee return unto me : and those
   At midnight I arose to give thanks unto Thee :         that know Thytestimonies.
for the judgments of Thy righteousness.                      Let my heart be blameless in Thy statutes : that I
   I am a partaker with all them that fear Thee ; and     may not be put to shame.
with them that keep Thy commandments.                        C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
   The earth, O Lord, is full of Thy mercy : teach        the Holy Spirit.
me Thy statutes.                                             As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to      and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
the Holy Spirit.                                                                    Antiphon
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                          On Sun., the ant., chapter, and Resp. noted “a:” are sung.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          On ferias, those noted “b:” are sung. On ferias in Advent,
                                                          those noted “c:” are sung. Or the proper ant. is sung.
                     Psalm 118e:
                                                                     Praise and unending glory be to God the
                                                                a: ant.
     T  hou hast dealt graciously with Thy servant,
         O Lord : according to Thy word.
   Goodness and discipline and knowledge teach
                                                          Father, and to the Son, with the Holy Paraclete, unto
                                                          ages of ages.
Thou me : for in Thy commandments have I be-                         Let Thy mercies come upon me, O Lord, and
                                                                b: ant.
lieved.                                                   I shall live.
   Before I was humbled, I transgressed : there fore
Thy saying have I kept.                                         c: ant.   O Lord, stir up Thy power and come to save
   Thou art good, O Lord : and in Thy goodness            us.
teach me Thy statutes.                                                               Chapter
   Multiplied against me hath been the unright            The Priest sings the chapter proper to the day.
eousness of the proud : but as for me, with my                        The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the
                                                                a: Chap.
whole heart will I search out Thy commandments.           charity of God, and the communication of the Holy
   Curdled like milk is their heart : but as for me, in   Spirit be with us all. R. Thanks be to God. 2 Cor 13:13
Thy law have I meditated.
                                                                      Heal me, O Lord, and I shall be healed;
                                                                b: Chap.
   It is good for me that Thou hast humbled me :
that I might learn Thy statutes.                          save me, and I shall be saved: for Thou art my praise.
                                                          R. Thanks be to God. Jer 17:14
   The law of Thy mouth is better to me : than
thousands of gold and silver.                                         He that is to come, will come, and will not
                                                                c: Chap.
   Thy hands have made me and fashioned me :              delay: there shall no more be fear in our borders, for He
give me understanding and I will learn Thy                is our Saviour. R. Thanks be to God. cf Heb 10:37
                                                       THE THIRD HOUR                                                   57

                      Responsory                                V. The Lord be with you.
The proper Resp. with its V. and R. is chanted here:            R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                Let us pray.
                            A:
  Resp.  Incline my heart, O God, / Unto Thy testi-                                   COLLECT
      monies.                                                 The proper Collect is sung, concluded with “Amen.” Then
  All: Incline my...                                          the Priest sings again:

  V. Turn away mine eyes, that I may not see                    V. The Lord be with you.
      vanity: quicken Thou me in Thy way.                       R. And with thy spirit.
  All: Unto Thy testimonies.
                                                              A server chants the versicle:
  V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
      to the Holy Spirit.                                       V. Let us bless the Lord.
  Cantor: Incline my heart, O God, / All: unto Thy              R. Thanks be to God.
      testimonies.
                                                              The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
   V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.
                                                                 Our Father... Amen.
   R. Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.
                                                                 Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                            B:                                   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
  Resp.:  Heal my soul, / for I have sinned against
                                                              And so the Third Hour is ended on Sundays, feasts, and
      Thee.                                                   ferias in the Nativity and Paschal seasons.
  All: Heal my soul...
  V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.                                                    Preces
  All: For I have sinned against Thee.                        The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria,
                                                              either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
  V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
                                                              to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
      to the Holy Spirit.                                     Advent. And then the choir rises again after the Collect.
   Cantor: Heal my soul, / All: for I have sinned
                                                              The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:
against Thee.
                                                                 Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
  V. Be my helper, O Lord.
                                                                 Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
  R. Depart not from me; forsake me not, O God                   Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.
     my Saviour.
                            C:                                   Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)
  Resp.:  Come to deliver us, / O Lord God of hosts.             Choir I:      Xristeleyson.
                                                                 Choir II:     Xristeleyson.
  All: Come to deliver...
  V. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be                Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
      saved.                                                     Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
  All: O Lord God of hosts.                                      Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.
  V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and            The Priest prays:
      to the Holy Spirit.
  Come to deliver us, / O Lord God of hosts.                    Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)
                                                                V. And lead us not into temptation.
  V. The heathen shall fear Thy name, O Lord.
  R. And all the kings of the earth Thy glory.                  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                                V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.
Ferias: Then on ferias from the day after Theoph. Oct. to       R. Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.
the Wed. before Pascha, and from the first Sun. after Trin.
to the Vigil of Nativity, the Preces below are begun here.      V. Return, O Lord, how long?
On all other ferias, and upon Sundays and feasts, the           R. And be Thou entreated concerning Thy
Priest sings aloud:                                                 servants.
58                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.                   all mine iniquities.
  R. According as we have hoped in Thee.                      Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
  V. Thy Priests shall be clothed with righteousness.     right spirit within me.
  R. And Thy righteous shall rejoice.                         Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
  V. O Lord, save the king.                               not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
  R. And hearken unto us in the day when we call              Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and
       upon Thee.                                         with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
  V.   Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.                 I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the
                                                          ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
  R.   O my God, that hope in Thee.
                                                              Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
  V.   O Lord, save Thy people and bless Thine
                                                          God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
       inheritance.
                                                          Thy righteousness.
  R.   Shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.
                                                              O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
  V.   O Lord, let peace be now in Thy strength.          mouth shall declare Thy praise.
  R.   And prosperity in Thy palaces.                         For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;
  V.   Let us pray for the faithful departed.             * with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
  R.   Rest eternal grant unto them, O Lord, and let      pleased.
       light perpetual shine upon them.                       A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart
  V.   Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I        that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
       cried to Thee.                                         Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
  R.   Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.             Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
The Psalm is spoken without chanting.                         Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                                                          righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                       Psalm 50:                          offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon

     H  ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
         Thy great mercy.
   And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
                                                          Thine altar.
                                                              C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                          the Holy Spirit.
sions, * blot out my transgression.                           As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
   Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and           * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
cleanse me from my sin.
                                                          (In Lent, Psalm 37, with a Glory Be, is added here to
   For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever         Psalm 50.) The Priest alone rises and, in his stall, chants:
before me.
   Against Thee only have I sinned and done this            V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified         R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.             V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
   For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and         R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
in sins did my mother bear me.                                 saved.
   For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden          V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made              R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
manifest unto me.                                           V. The Lord be with you.
                                                            R. And with thy spirit.
   Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
                                                            Let us pray.
be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
made whiter than snow.                                                          COLLECT
   Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *         The Priest sings the proper Collect, ended with “Amen.” If
                                                          there is kneeling, the choir kisses a cross traced on the
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
                                                          ground and rises.
   Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
                                                       THE SIXTH HOUR                                               59
The Priest chants:                                                Extinguish disputation’s flames,
                                                                  Remove the passions' burning heat;
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                  Bestow on us vitality
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                  Of body and true peace of heart.
Then one server chants:
                                                                  C Most loving Father, grant us this,
  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                       And His co-equal, only Son,
  R. Thanks be to God.                                            With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
The Priest closes inaudibly with the silent prayers:
                                                                  Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.

   Our Father... Amen.                                                                Psalms
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                                         Psalm 118f:
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
And so the Third Hour is ended on ferias outside of the
Nativity and Paschal seasons. On ferias in Lent, the
                                                                  M      y soul fainteth for Thy salvation : on Thy
                                                                          words have I set my hope.
                                                                   Mine eyes are grown dim with waiting for Thine
Fifteen Psalms and Litany with Collects are done here.         oracle : they say, When wilt Thou comfort me?
                                                                   For I am become like a wine-skin in the frost :
                                                               yet Thy statutes have I not forgotten.
                                                                   How many are the days of Thy servant? : When
                 SIXTH HOUR                                    wilt Thou execute judgment for me on them that
                       CALLED SEXT                             persecute me?
                                                                   Transgressors have told me fables : but they are
                       Preparation                             not like Thy law, O Lord.
All standing and facing East, the bell having been rung, the       All Thy commandments are truth : without a
Priest says the silent prayers:
                                                               cause have men persecuted me; do Thou help me.
   Our Father... Amen.                                             They well nigh made an end of me on the earth :
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                   but as for me, I forsook not Thy commandments.
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                             According to Thy mercy quicken me : and I will
                                                               keep the testimonies of Thy mouth.
                      Introduction
                                                                   For ever, O Lord : Thy word abideth in heaven.
The Priest signs his forehead and sings in a full voice:
                                                                   Unto generation and generation is Thy truth :
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.                    Thou hast laid the foundation of the earth, and it
                                                               abideth.
The choir answers:
                                                                   By Thine ordinance doth the day abide : for all
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory               things are Thy servants.
     be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the                If Thy law had not been my meditation : then
     Holy Spirit, (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,          should I have perished in my humiliation.
     and now and always, and unto the ages of ages.                I will never forget Thy statutes : for in them hast
     Amen. Alleluya.                                           Thou quickened me.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we             I am Thine, save me : for after Thy statutes have
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”     I sought.
              Hymn. (of St. Ambrose)                               Sinners have waited for me to destroy me : but
                                                               Thy testimonies have I understood.
   O   mighty Ruler, God of truth,
        Guiding creation's rise and fall,
   Thou givest radiance to the dawn,
                                                                   Of all perfection have I seen the outcome :
                                                               exceeding spacious is Thy commandment.
   And to the noonday, fiery light.
60                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to                          Psalm 118h:
the Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                           T    ransgressors have I hated : but Thy law have
                                                                 I loved.
                                                           My helper and my protector art Thou : on Thy
                    Psalm 118g:                         words have I set my hope.
                                                           Depart from me, ye evil-doers : and I will search
     O   how I have loved Thy law, O Lord! : the
          whole day long it is my meditation.
   Above mine enemies hast Thou made me wise in
                                                        out the commandments of my God.
                                                           Uphold me according to Thy saying and quicken
                                                        me : and turn me not away in shame from mine
Thy commandment : for it is mine for ever.
                                                        expectation.
   Above all that teach me have I gained under-
                                                           Help me, and I shall be saved : and I will medi-
standing : for Thy testimonies are my meditation.
                                                        tate on Thy statutes continually.
   Above mine elders have I received understanding
                                                           Thou hast set at nought all that depart from Thy
ing: for after Thy commandments have I sought.
                                                        statutes : for unrighteous is their inward thought.
   From every way that is evil have I restrained my
                                                           I have reckoned as transgressors all the sinners of
feet : that I might keep Thy words.
                                                        the earth : therefore have I loved Thy testimonies.
   From Thy judgments have I not declined : for
                                                           Nail down my flesh with the fear of Thee : for of
Thou hast set a law for me.
                                                        Thy judgments am I afraid.
   How sweet to my palate are Thy sayings! : more
                                                           I have wrought judgment and righteousness : O
sweet than honey to my mouth.
                                                        give me not up to them that wrong me.
   From Thy commandments have I gained under-
                                                           Receive Thy servant unto good : let not the
standing : therefore have I hated every way of
                                                        proud falsely accuse me.
unrighteousness.
                                                           Mine eyes have failed with waiting for Thy
   Thy law is a lamp unto my feet : and a light unto
                                                        salvation : and for the word of Thy righteousness.
my paths.
                                                           Deal with Thy servant according to Thy mercy :
   I have sworn and resolved : that I will keep the
                                                        and teach me Thy statutes.
judgments of Thy righteousness.
                                                           I am Thy servant : give me understanding, and I
   I was humbled exceedingly, O Lord : quicken me
                                                        shall know Thy testimonies.
according to Thy word.
                                                           It is time for the Lord to act : for they have
   The free-will offerings of my mouth be Thou
                                                        dispersed Thy law.
now pleased to receive, O Lord : and teach me Thy
judgments.                                                 Therefore have I loved Thy commandments :
                                                        more than gold and topaz.
   My soul is in Thy hands continually : and Thy
law have I not forgotten.                                  Therefore I directed myself according to all Thy
                                                        commandments : every way that is unrighteous have
   Sinners have set a snare for me : yet from Thy
                                                        I hated.
commandment have I not strayed.
                                                           C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
   I have inherited Thy testimonies for ever : for
                                                        the Holy Spirit.
they are the rejoicing of my heart.
                                                           As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   I have inclined my heart to perform Thy statutes
                                                        and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
for ever : for a recompense.
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to                          Antiphon
the Holy Spirit.
                                                        On Sundays, ant., chap., and Resp. noted “a” are said.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :     On ferias, “b.” And on ferias in Advent, “c:”
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                       THE SIXTH HOUR                                                   61

   ant. a:  Let the glory of praise ring out in the mouths      V. The Lord is my shepherd, and I shall not want.
of all, to the Father, and to His begotten Son, and to          R. In a place of green pasture, there hath He
theHoly Spirit alike: resound they with praise unend-               made me to dwell.
ing.
   ant. b: Turn me not away in shame, O Lord, from
                                                                                           C.:
mine expectation.                                               Resp.:   Show us, O Lord, / Thy mercy.
                                                                All: Show us...
   ant. c:   In Thy coming, O Lord, deliver us.
                                                                V. And Thy salvation do Thou give unto us.
                        Chapter                                 All: Thy mercy.
                                                                V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
   Chap. a: There are three Who give testimony in
heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit:                  to the Holy Spirit.
and these three are One. R. Thanks be to God. I Jn 5            Cantor: Show us, O Lord, / All: Thy mercy.

   Chap. b:Prove all things; hold fast that which is            V. Remember us, O Lord, in Thy favour for Thy
good; from all appearance of evil refrain yourselves.              people.
R. Thanks be to God. I Thes 5                                   R. Visit us with Thy salvation.

   Chap. c: Her time is near at hand, and her days            Ferias: Then on ferias from the day after Theoph. Oct. to
                                                              the Wed. before Pascha, and from the first Sun. after Trin.
shall not be prolonged: the Lord will have mercy on           to the Vigil of Nativity, the Preces below are begun here.
Jacob, and Israel will be saved. R. Thanks be to              On all other ferias, and upon Sundays and feasts, the
God. Esaias. 14:1                                             Priest sings aloud:

                      Responsory                                V. The Lord be with you.
The proper Resp. with its V. and R. is chanted here:            R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                Let us pray.
                           A.:
                                                                                     COLLECT
  Resp.:  For ever, O Lord, / Thy Word abideth in
                                                              The proper Collect is sung, concluded with “Amen.” Then
      heaven.
                                                              the Priest sings again:
  All: For ever...
  V. Unto generation and generation is Thy truth.               V. The Lord be with you.
  All: Thy Word abideth in heaven.                              R. And with thy spirit.
  V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and            A server chants the versicle:
      to the Holy Spirit.
  Cantor: For ever, O Lord, / All: Thy Word
                                                                V. Let us bless the Lord.
      abideth in heaven.                                        R. Thanks be to God.
                                                              The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
  V. The Lord is my shepherd, and I shall not want.
  R. In a place of green pasture, there hath He                  Our Father... Amen.
     made me to dwell.                                           Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                 [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                           B.:
                                                              And so the Sixth Hour is ended on Sundays, feasts, and
  Resp.:  I will bless the Lord / At all times.
                                                              ferias in the Nativity and Paschal seasons.
  All: I will...
  V. His praise shall continually be in my mouth.                                       Preces
  All: At all times.
                                                              The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria,
  V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and            either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
      to the Holy Spirit.                                     to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
  Cantor: I will bless the Lord / All: at all times.          Advent. And then the choir rises again after the Collect.
62                                                         ST. HILARION PRESS

The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:                                               Psalm 50:

     Choir I:
     Choir II:
     Choir I:
                   Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
                   Kyrieleyson.
                   Kyrieleyson.
                                                                        H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                               Thy great mercy.
                                                                         And according to the multitude of Thy
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)             compassions, * blot out my transgression.
     Choir I:      Xristeleyson.                                         Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson.                                     cleanse me from my sin.
                                                                         For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)                before me.
     Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
                                                                         Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
     Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.
                                                                     evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified
The Priest prays:                                                    in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
                                                                         For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and
  Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)
                                                                     in sins did my mother bear me.
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                                    For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden
  R. But deliver us from evil.                                       and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
  V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.                               manifest unto me.
  R. Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.                       Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
                                                                     be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
  V. Return, O Lord, how long?
                                                                     made whiter than snow.
  R. And be Thou entreated concerning Thy
                                                                         Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *
       servants.
                                                                     the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
  V.   Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
                                                                         Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
  R.   According as we have hoped in Thee.                           all mine iniquities.
  V.   Thy Priests shall be clothed with righteous-                      Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
       ness.                                                         right spirit within me.
  R.   And Thy righteous shall rejoice.                                  Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
  V.   O Lord, save the king.                                        not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
  R.   And hearken unto us in the day when we call                       Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and
       upon Thee.                                                    with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
  V.   Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.                            I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the
  R.   O my God, that hope in Thee.                                  ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
  V.   O Lord, save Thy people and bless Thine                           Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
       inheritance.                                                  God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
  R.   Shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.                 Thy righteousness.
                                                                         O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
  V.   O Lord, let peace be now in Thy strength.
                                                                     mouth shall declare Thy praise.
  R.   And prosperity in Thy palaces.
                                                                         For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;
  V.   Let us pray for the faithful departed.                        * with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
  R.   Rest eternal grant unto them, O Lord, and let                 pleased.
       light perpetual shine upon them.                                  A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart
  V.   Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I                   that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
       cried to Thee.                                                    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
  R.   Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.                        Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
The Psalm is spoken without chanting.                                    Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                                                                     righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                                                         THE NINTH HOUR                                                    63

offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon
Thine altar.                                                                    NINTH HOUR
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                                   CALLED NONE
the Holy Spirit.                                                                      Preparation
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,              All standing and facing East, the bell having been rung,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                              the Priest says the silent prayers:

(In Lent, Psalm 66, with a Glory Be, is added here to              Our Father... Amen.
Psalm 50.) The Priest alone rises and, in his stall, chants:       Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
  V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
  R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.                                              Introduction
  V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.                    The Priest signs his forehead and sings in a full voice:
  R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
     saved.                                                       V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
  V. O Lord, hear my prayer.                                    The choir answers:
  R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
                                                                  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                     be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
  R. And with thy spirit.                                            Holy Spirit, (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
  Let us pray.                                                       and now and always, and unto the ages of
                       COLLECT                                       ages. Amen. Alleluya.
The Priest sings the proper Collect, ended with “Amen.” If      From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
there is kneeling, the choir kisses a cross traced on the       chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
ground and rises.

The Priest chants:                                                            Hymn. (of St. Ambrose)
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with thy spirit.                                          O   God, creations' fadeless life,
                                                                        Who art Thyself unchangeable,
                                                                   Determining the hours of day
Then one server chants:                                            By changes in the daily light,
  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                        At evening grant Thy radiance
  R. Thanks be to God.                                             Lest life, at any time, be lost.
The Priest closes the office inaudibly with the silent             But let eternal glory be
prayers:                                                           A holy death’s swift recompense.
   Our Father... Amen.                                             C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                       And His co-equal, only Son,
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                             With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
And so the Sixth Hour is ended on ferias outside of the
Nativity and Paschal seasons.
                                                                                         Psalms
                                                                                        Psalm 118i.


                            C                                      W    onderful are Thy testimonies : therefore
                                                                         hath my soul searched them out.
                                                                   The unfolding of Thy words will give light : and
                                                                understanding unto babes.
                                                                   I opened my mouth and drew in my breath : for I
                                                                longed for Thy commandments.
64                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

    Look upon me and have mercy on me : according           From the beginning I have known from Thy
to the judgment of them that love Thy name.              testimonies : that Thou hast founded them for ever.
    My steps do Thou direct according to Thy saying         Behold my humiliation and rescue me : for Thy
: and let no iniquity have dominion over me.             law have I not forgotten.
    Deliver me from the false accusation of men :           Judge my cause and redeem me : for Thy word’s
and I will keep Thy commandments.                        sake quicken me.
    Make Thy face to shine upon Thy servant : and           Far from sinners is salvation : for they have not
teach me Thy statutes.                                   sought after Thy statutes.
    Mine eyes have poured forth streams of waters :         Thy compassions are many, O Lord : according
because I kept not Thy law.                              to Thy judgment quicken me.
    Righteous art Thou, O Lord : and upright are Thy        Many are they that persecute me and afflict me :
judgments.                                               from Thy testimonies have I not declined.
    Thou hast ordained as Thy testimonies :                 I beheld men acting foolishly and I pined away :
exceeding righteousness and truth.                       because they kept not Thy sayings.
    My zeal for Thee hath made me to pine away :            Behold, how I have loved Thy commandments,
because mine enemies have forgotten Thy words.           O Lord : in Thy mercy, quicken me.
    Thine oracle is tried with fire to the uttermost :      The beginning of Thy words is truth : and all the
and Thy servant hath loved it.                           judgments of Thy righteousness endure for ever.
    I am young and accounted as nothing : yet Thy           C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
statutes have I not forgotten.                           the Holy Spirit.
    Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness       As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
: and Thy law is truth.                                  and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Tribulations and necessities have found me : Thy                          Psalm 118k:
commandments are my meditation.
    Thy testimonies are righteousness for ever : give
me understanding and I shall live.
                                                            P   rinces have persecuted me without a cause :
                                                                 and because of Thy words my heart hath
                                                         been afraid.
    C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
                                                            I will rejoice in Thy sayings : as one that findeth
the Holy Spirit.
                                                         great spoil.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                            Unrighteousness have I hated and abhorred : but
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                         Thy law have I loved.
                     Psalm 118j:                            Seven times a day have I praised Thee : for the
   I have cried with my whole heart: hear me, O          judgments of Thy righteousness.
Lord : and I will seek after Thy statutes.                  Much peace have they that love Thy law : and for
   I have cried unto Thee: save me : and I will keep     them there is no stumbling-block.
Thy testimonies.                                            I awaited Thy salvation, O Lord : and Thy
   I arose in the dead of night and I cried : on Thy     commandments have I loved.
words have I set my hope.                                   My soul hath kept Thy testimonies : and hath
   Mine eyes woke before the morning : that I            loved them exceedingly.
might meditate on Thy sayings.                              I have kept Thy commandments and Thy
   Hear my voice, O Lord, according to Thy mercy :       testimonies : for all my ways are before Thee, O
according to Thy judgment, quicken me.                   Lord.
   They have drawn nigh that lawlessly persecute            Let my supplication draw nigh before Thee, O
me : but from Thy law are they far removed.              Lord : according to Thine oracle give me
   Near art Thou, O Lord : and all Thy ways are          understanding.
truth.
                                                   THE NINTH HOUR                                                65

   Let my petition come before Thee, O Lord :                                   Responsory
according to Thine oracle deliver me.                     The proper Resp. with its V. and R. is chanted here:
   My lips shall pour forth a hymn : when Thou
hast taught me Thy statutes.
                                                                                     A.:
   My tongue shall speak of Thy sayings : for all           Resp.:   I have cried with my whole heart: / Hear
Thy commandments are righteousness.                             me, O Lord.
   Let Thy hand be for saving me : for I have               All: I have cried...
chosen Thy commandments.                                    V. And I will seek after Thy statutes.
   I have longed for Thy salvation, O Lord : and            All: Hear me, O Lord.
Thy law is my meditation.                                   V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
   My soul shall live and shall praise Thee : and               to the Holy Spirit.
Thy judgments will help me.
                                                            Cantor:I have cried with my whole heart: / All:
   I have gone astray like a sheep that is lost : O            Hear me, O Lord.
seek Thy servant, for I have not forgotten Thy              V. From my secret sins cleanse me, O Lord.
commandments.
                                                            R. And from those of others save Thy servant.
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                                                     B.:
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         Resp.:   Redeem me, O Lord, / And have mercy on
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                me.
                      Antiphon                              All: Redeem me...
                                                            V. My foot hath stood in uprightness: in the
On Sundays, ant., chap., and Resp. noted “a” are said.
On ferias, “b.” And on ferias in Advent, “c.”                   congregations will I bless Thee, O Lord.
                                                            All: And have mercy on me.
    ant. a: From Whom are all things, by Whom are           V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
all things, in Whom are all things: to Him be glory             to the Holy Spirit.
unto the ages.
                                                            Cantor: Redeem me, O Lord, / All: And have
   ant. b: According to Thy word, give me                       mercy on me.
understanding, O Lord.
                                                            V. From my secret sins cleanse me, O Lord.
         Come, O Lord, and do not tarry; absolve
   ant. c:                                                  R. And from those of others save Thy servant.
Thou the evil deeds of Thy people Israel.
                                                                                     C.:
                       Chapter                              Resp.:  Upon thee, O Jerusalem, / the Lord shall
   Chap. a:  One Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, one              arise.
God and Father of all, Who is above all, and                All: Upon thee...
through all, and in us all: Who is blessed unto the         V. And His glory shall be seen in thee.
ages. R. Thanks be to God. cf. Eph. 4:5                     All: The Lord shall arise.
   Chap. b:  Bear ye one another’s burdens: and so          V. Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and
you shall fulfill the law of Christ. R. Thanks be to            to the Holy Spirit.
God. Gal. 6:2                                               Cantor: Upon thee, O Jerusalem, / All: the Lord
                                                                shall arise.
   Chap. c: Come, let us go up to the mountain of
the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob, and         V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
He will teach us of His ways: and we will walk in           R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
His paths, for the law shall go forth out of Sion, and         saved.
the word of the Lord out of Jerusalem. R. Thanks
be to God. Mich. 4:2
66                                                         ST. HILARION PRESS

Ferias: Then on ferias from the day after Theoph. Oct. to              V.   I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.
the Wed. before Pascha, and from the first Sun. after Trin.
                                                                       R.   Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.
to the Vigil of Nativity, the Preces below are begun here.
On all other ferias, and upon Sundays and feasts, the                  V.   Return, O Lord, how long?
Priest sings aloud:                                                    R.   And be Thou entreated concerning Thy
                                                                            servants.
     V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                       V.   Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
     R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                       R.   According as we have hoped in Thee.
     Let us pray.
                                                                       V.   Thy Priests shall be clothed with
                          COLLECT
                                                                            righteousness.
The proper Collect is sung, concluded with “Amen.” Then
                                                                       R.   And Thy righteous shall rejoice.
the Priest sings again:
                                                                       V.   O Lord, save the king.
     V. The Lord be with you.                                          R.   And hearken unto us in the day when we call
     R. And with thy spirit.                                                upon Thee.
A server chants the versicle:                                          V.   Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.
                                                                       R.   O my God, that hope in Thee.
     V. Let us bless the Lord.                                         V.   O Lord, save Thy people and bless Thine
     R. Thanks be to God.                                                   inheritance.
The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:                          R.   Shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.
                                                                       V.   O Lord, let peace be now in Thy strength.
     Our Father... Amen.
                                                                       R.   And prosperity in Thy palaces.
     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                       V.   Let us pray for the faithful departed.
     [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                                                                       R.   Rest eternal grant unto them, O Lord, and let
And so the Sixth Hour is ended on Sundays, feasts, and                      light perpetual shine upon them.
ferias in the Nativity and Paschal seasons.
                                                                       V.   Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I
                                                                            cried to Thee.
                             Preces
                                                                       R.   Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.
The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria,
either in Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.          The Psalm is spoken without chanting.
to the Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to
Advent. And then the choir rises again after the Collect.                                   Psalm 50:

The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:

     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
                                                                        H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                              Thy great mercy.
                                                                        And according to the multitude of Thy
     Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.                                      compassions, * blot out my transgression.
     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.
                                                                        Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)             cleanse me from my sin.
     Choir I:      Xristeleyson.                                        For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson.                                     before me.
     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)                   Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
     Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.                                      evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified
     Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.                                      in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
The Priest prays:                                                       For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and
                                                                     in sins did my mother bear me.
     Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)          For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden
     V. And lead us not into temptation.                             and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
                                                                     manifest unto me.
     R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                    THE NINTH HOUR                                                    67

    Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall           V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be           R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
made whiter than snow.                                           saved.
    Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *            V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.                R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
    Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out           V. The Lord be with you.
all mine iniquities.                                          R. And with thy spirit.
    Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a          Let us pray.
right spirit within me.                                                            COLLECT
    Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
                                                            The Priest sings the proper Collect, ended with “Amen.” If
not Thy Holy Spirit from me.                                there is kneeling, the choir kisses a cross traced on the
    Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and         ground and rises.
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                     The Priest chants:
    I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                            V. The Lord be with you.
    Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou             R. And with thy spirit.
God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in           Then one server chants:
Thy righteousness.
                                                              V. Let us bless the Lord.
    O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
                                                              R. Thanks be to God.
mouth shall declare Thy praise.
    For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;    The Priest closes the office inaudibly with the silent
* with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be              prayers:
pleased.                                                       Our Father... Amen.
    A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart         Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.               [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
                                                            And so the Ninth Hour is ended on ferias outside of the
Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.          Nativity and Paschal seasons.
    Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                                                            On ferias in Lent, the Vespers of the Dead is done here,
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt                before Vespers of the day, unless the next day be a feast of
offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon            9 lessons.
Thine altar.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
the Holy Spirit.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                         C
(In Lent, Psalm 101, with a Glory Be, is added here to
Psalm 50. And whenever the following day is a Feast of 9
lessons, then Psalms 129 and 142 are also said here, each
with Glory Be and said without chanting.)

The Priest alone rises and, in his stall, chants:

  V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
  R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
68                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
          SUNDAY at VESPERS                                    the Holy Spirit.
            THE SECOND VESPERS OF SUNDAY                          As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                               * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                         Preparation
After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being      ant. Sit Thou at My right hand, the Lord said
kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the       unto my Lord.
north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:                                 Psalm 110:

     Our Father... Amen.
     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                    I  will confess Thee, O Lord, with my whole
                                                                     heart, * in the council of the upright and in the
                                                               congregation.
     [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]
                                                                   Great are the works of the Lord, * sought out in
                        Introduction                           all the things that He hath willed.
Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:         Confession and majesty are His work, * and His
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.                    righteousness abideth unto ages of ages.
                                                                   He made a remembrance of His wondrous deeds;
The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:
                                                               merciful and compassionate is the Lord; * He hath
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory               given food to them that fear Him.
       be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the              He will be mindful for ever of His covenant; *
       Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,        the power of Hisworks hath He declared unto His
       and now and always, and unto the ages of                people,
       ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                       That He may give them the inheritance of the
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we         nations; * the works of His hands are truth and
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”     judgment.
                            Psalms                                 Faithful are all His commandments, confirmed
                                                               unto ages of ages, * made in truth and uprightness.
                          Psalm 109:
                                                                   He hath sent redemption unto His people; * He

     T he Lord said unto my Lord: * Sit Thou at
        My right hand,
    Until I make Thine enemies * the footstool of
                                                               hath enjoined His covenant for ever.
                                                                   Holy and terrible is His name; * the fear of the
                                                               Lord is the beginning of wisdom.
Thy feet.                                                          And all they that foster this have a good under-
    A sceptre of power shall the Lord send unto Thee           standing; * His praise abideth unto ages of ages.
out of Sion; * rule Thou in the midst of Thine                     C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
enemies.                                                       the Holy Spirit.
    With Thee is dominion in the day of Thy power,                 As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
in the splendour of Thy saints; * from the womb                * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
before the morning star have I begotten thee.
    The Lord hath sworn and will not repent: * Thou               ant.Faithful are all His commandments: con-
art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedek.         firmed unto ages of ages.
    The Lord at Thy right hand * hath broken kings                                   Psalm 111:
in the day of His wrath.
    He shall judge among the nations, He shall fill
them with dead bodies, * He shall crush the heads
                                                                  B   lessed is the man that feareth the Lord; * in
                                                                       His commandments shall he greatly delight.
                                                                  His seed shall be mighty upon the earth; * the
of many upon the earth.
                                                               generation of the upright shall be blessed.
    He shall drink of the brook in the way; * there-
                                                                  Glory and riches shall be in his house, * and his
fore shall He lift up His head.
                                                               righteousness abideth unto ages of ages.
                                                SUNDAY AT VESPERS                                               69

   There hath risen up in darkness a light for the           ant.   Blessed be the name of the Lord for ever-
upright; * he is merciful and compassionate and           more.
righteous.                                                                       Psalm 113:
   A good man is he that is compassionate and
lendeth; he shall order his words with judgment, *
for he shall remain unshaken for ever.
                                                             W
                                                          people,
                                                                    hen Israel went out of Egypt, * and the
                                                                     house of Jacob from among a barbarous

   In everlasting remembrance shall the righteous             Judea became His sanctuary, * Israel His
be; * he shall not be afraid of evil tidings.             dominion.
   His heart is ready to hope in the Lord; his heart is       The sea beheld and fled; * Jordan turned back.
established; * he shall not be afraid, until he look          The mountains skipped like rams, * and the hills
down upon his enemies.                                    like lambs of flocks.
   He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor, his          What aileth thee, O sea, that thou fleddest, * and
righteousness abideth unto ages of ages; * his horn       thou Jordan, that thou didst turn back?
shall be exalted with glory.                                  Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams, * and
   The sinner shall see and be angered, he shall          ye hills like lambs of flocks?
gnash with his teeth and melt away; * the desire of           At the presence of the Lord the earth was shaken,
the sinner shall perish.                                  * at the presence of the God of Jacob,
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to           Who turneth the rock into pools of waters * and
the Holy Spirit.                                          the precipice into fountains of waters.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,            Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us * but unto Thy
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        name give glory.
   ant. In His commandments shall he greatly                  For Thy mercy and Thy truth, * lest haply the
delight.                                                  heathen say: Where is their God?
                      Psalm 112:                              But our God is in heaven and on earth; * all
                                                          things soever He hath willed, He hath done.
   P   raise the Lord, O ye servants, * praise ye the
        name of the Lord.
   Blessed be the name of the Lord * from hence-
                                                              The idols of the nations are of silver and gold, *
                                                          the works of the hands of men.
forth and for evermore.                                       They have a mouth, but shall not speak; * eyes
   From the rising of the sun unto the going down         have they, and shall not see.
of the same, * the name of the Lord is to be praised.         Ears have they, and shall not hear; * noses have
   High above all the nations is the Lord; * above        they, and shall not smell.
the heavens is His glory.                                     Hands they have, and shall not feel, feet have
   Who is like unto the Lord our God, Who                 they, and shall not walk; * they shall make no sound
dwelleth on high * and looketh down on things that        in their throat.
are lowly, in heaven and on the earth?                        Let those that make them become like unto them,
   Who raiseth up the poor man from the earth, *          * and all that put their trust in them.
and from the dunghilllifteth up the pauper,                   The house of Israel hath hoped in the Lord; *
   That He may seat him with princes, * with the          their helper and defender is He.
princes of His people,                                        The house of Aaron hath hoped in the Lord; *
   Who maketh the barren woman to dwell in a              their helper and defender is He.
house, * and be a mother rejoicing over children.             They that fear the Lord have hoped in the Lord; *
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to       their helper and defender is He.
the Holy Spirit.                                              The Lord, being mindful of us, * hath blessed us.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,            He hath blessed the house of Israel, * He hath
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        blessed the house of Aaron.
70                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

    He hath blessed them that fear the Lord, * the                At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
little with the great.                                            And bear from thence the prize of life:
    The Lord grant you increase, * to you and to your             Let us avoid all evil things,
children.                                                         And purge out every wickedness.
    Ye are blessed of the Lord, * Who made heaven                 C Most loving Father, grant us this,
and the earth.                                                    And His co-equal, only Son:
    The heaven of heaven belongeth to the Lord, *                 With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
but the earth He gave unto the sons of men.                       Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
    Not the dead shall praise Thee, O Lord, * nor any
                                                               Until Purification the last stanza is:
that go down to hades.
    But we the living will bless the Lord, * from                 C O Master, glory be to Thee,
henceforth and for evermore.                                      Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to              With Father and Holy Spirit,
the Holy Spirit.                                                  Unto the ages without end. Amen.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                                     V. and R.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                               Every Sun. and feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
     ant.   But we the living will bless the Lord.             to Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V.
                                                               and R. is:
                         CHAPTER                                 V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
                The proper Chapter is read here.                 R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2
On all Sundays and ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct.
                                                               The Priest censes the Altar, the patronal icon, and the ark
to Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
                                                               of Relics, and the server censes the choir:
Advent, when service is of the season, the Chapter is:
                                                                           Canticle of the Mother of God
     A      nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
             of God: and the patience of Christ.                              CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
                                                               The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
            R. Thanks be to God.
                                                               Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)
On double feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.

                           HYMN
                 The proper Hymn is sung here.
                                                                  M     y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                         spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                                  For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
All Sundays from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and     handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
from the first after Trin. to Advent, the Hymn is:             generations shall call me blessed.
              Hymn (of St. Gregory the Great)
                                                                  For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
                                                               * and holy is His name.

     O   All-Good Creator of light,
          Who bringest forth the light of day,
     Providing the earth’s foundation
                                                                  And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
                                                               generation and generation.
                                                                  He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath
     With fresh beginnings of new light.
                                                               scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.
     Who hast commanded that the dawn,                            He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *
     When joined to dusk, be known as day:                     and exalted them of low degree.
     Dark chaos stealeth over us;                                 He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
     Hear our entreaties and weeping.                          the rich He hath sent empty away.
     Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,                     He hath holpen His servant Israel * in remem-
     Be exiled from the gift of life;                          brance of His mercy,
     Lest, heedless of eternity,                                  As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his
     It bind itself with sin’s fetters.                        seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55
                                                     SUNDAY AT VESPERS                                                    71

   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to           The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  Our Father... Amen.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
whole choir. Then the Priest sings the Collect at the choir
step, with the taper-bearers to his right and left:
                                                                             VESPERS of OUR LADY
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                               Usually the daily Vespers of Our Lady are begun here.
  R. And with thy spirit.
  Let us pray.
                                                                              VESPERS of the DEAD
                       COLLECT
                                                               Usually, after Vespers of Our Lady, the daily Vespers of
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:           the Dead are begun here.

   V. The Lord be with you.                                                   LENTEN COLLATION
   R. And with thy spirit.                                     There are two ringings made for Collation, but each with
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle    only one bell, even on Double Feasts. The reader ascends
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):       the ambo and there asks the blessing, intoning:

   V. Let us bless the Lord.                                      G rant, O Lord, to bless.
   R. Thanks be to God.
                                                               And the highest-ranking Priest present chants:

               COMMEMORATIONS                                     May the almighty Lord bless us with His grace.
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.              To which the choir responds:     Amen.
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the            Then the reader reads from the Pastoral Care of St.
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the        Gregory the Great, or his Dialogues, and when the
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:            highest-ranking Priest determines that enough has been
                                                               read, he sings aloud:

                       Conclusion                                 But Thou... Which the reader completes:
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        ... O Lord, be merciful unto us.
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                               And so ends the service of Lenten Collation.
Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):

  V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                                                     COMPLINE
  R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                  Compline for every evening is shown on pp. 11 - 22.

                         Blessing
   If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
   yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,                                       C
   “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   answers, “Amen.”
72                                                        ST. HILARION PRESS


             MONDAY at MATINS                                          For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry
                                                                    land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us
                          Preparation                               worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep
After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to           before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,
the East, the Priest says silently:                                 and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep
     Our Father... Amen.                                            of His hand.
                                                                                      The whole Inv. is sung.
     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
     [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                               Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
                                                                    hearts, as in the provocation in the day of tempta-
                          Introduction
                                                                    tion in the wilderness. For your fathers tempted Me;
Then the Priest sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:         they proved Me and saw My works.
     V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.                                              The second half is sung.
Those in choir answer:                                                 Forty years long was I grieved with that genera-
     R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.                      tion, and I said: They do always err in their hearts.
                                                                    And they have not known My ways; so I sware in
He signs himself on his forehead and sings in a full voice:         Mine anger: They shall not enter into My rest.
     V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                                        The whole Inv. is sung.

Those in choir answer:                                                  C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
   R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:)                         to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and
Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the                now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and                The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                    intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.
Alleluya.
                                                                                              HYMN
From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”                 The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
                                                                    On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
                        INVITATORY                                  Hymn is:
The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the
precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or                          Hymn I (of St. Ambrose)
feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
ferias the inv. is as follows:

     Inv.   O come, / Let us rejoice in the Lord.
                                                                       O  ur limbs being refreshed with sleep,
                                                                           Spurning our beds, we stand aright:
                                                                       O Father, we entreat of Thee:
                                                                       Be with us who chant unto Thee.
            Then the chanter(s) begin to sing Psalm 94:
                                                                       Before all, may our tongue hymn Thee,
     Come, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
       with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
                                                                       The ardour of our soul seek Thee,
                                                                       That Thou, O Holy One, mayst be
and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.                   The Source of our subsequent deeds.

                The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.                   Let darkness now give place to light,
                                                                       And nightfall to the morning star,
    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over                 So that the guilt which night hath brought
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His                      May vanish through the gift of light.
people; for in His hand are the ends of the earth,
and the heights of the mountains are His.                              We pray, then, in humility,
                                                                       That Thou cut off from us our sins,
               The second half is sung by the choir.                   That by the mouth of us who sing,
                                                    MONDAY AT MATINS                                               73

   Thou canst be praised eternally.                           my heart shall not be afraid.
                                                                  Though war should rise up against me : - in this
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                       have I hoped.
   And His co-equal, only Son,                                    One thing have I asked of the Lord, this will I
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                            seek after : that I may dwell in the house of the Lord
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                          all the days of my life,
Before the Purification, the last stanza is:                      That I may behold the delight of the Lord : and
                                                              that I may visit His holy temple.
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,                                For He hid me in His tabernacle in the day of my
   With Father and Holy Spirit,                               troubles : He sheltered me in the secret place of His
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.                           tabernacle.
                                                                  Upon a rock hath He exalted me : and now,
From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, on both Sun. and   behold, He exalted my head above mine enemies.
ferias, when service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:
                                                                  I went round about and I sacrificed in His taber-
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                    nacle a sacrifice of praise and jubilation : I will sing
                                                              and I will chantunto the Lord.
   R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
        Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
   And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
                                                                  Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I
                                                              cried : have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.
   Power of the spirit.                                           My heart said unto Thee: I will seek the Lord :
                                                              my face hath sought after Thee; Thy face, O Lord,
   That as together we sing to our kind King,
                                                              will I seek.
   We may be worthy with His Saints to enter
   The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live                       Turn not Thy face from me : and turn not away
   That life rejoicing.                                       in wrath from Thy servant.
                                                                  Be Thou my helper; cast me not utterly away :
  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—                     and forsake me not, O God my Saviour.
  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,                       For my father and my mother have forsaken me :
  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all                  but the Lord hath taken me to Himself.
  The earth resoundeth. Amen.
                                                                  Set me a law, O Lord, in Thy way : and lead me
                                                              in the right path because of mine enemies.
                       NOCTURN
                                                                  Deliver me not over unto the souls of them that
On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve
                                                              afflict me, for unjust witnesses are risen up against
Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there
are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the   me : and injustice hath lied to itself.
Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine        I believe that I shall see the good things of the
Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.                               Lord : in the land of the living.
                          Psalms                                  Wait on the Lord; be thou manful : and let thy
                                                              heart be strengthened, and wait on the Lord.
                         Psalm 26:
                                                                                     Psalm 27:
   T  he Lord is my light : and my saviour; whom
       then shall I fear?
   The Lord is the defender of my life : of whom                 U    nto Thee, O Lord, will I cry; O my God, be
                                                                       not silent unto me, lest, if Thou be silent to
then shall I be afraid?                                       me : I become like them that go down into the pit.
   When the wicked draw nigh against me : - to eat               Hearken, O Lord, unto my supplication when I
my flesh.                                                     pray unto Thee : when I lift up my hands toward
   They that afflict me and are mine enemies : they           Thy holy temple.
themselves became weak and they fell.                            Draw me not in with sinners : and with the
   Though a host should array itself against me :             workers of unrighteousness destroy me not,
74                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

   Who speak peace with their neighbours : but                  The voice of the Lord gathereth the harts, and
evils are in their hearts.                                   shall reveal the thickets of oak : and in His temple
   Give unto them, O Lord, according to their deeds          every man uttereth glory.
: and according to the wickedness of their endeav-              The Lord dwelleth in the flood : yea, the Lord
ors.                                                         shall sit as king for ever.
   According to the work of their hands, give unto              The Lord will give strength unto His people : the
them : render their reward unto them.                        Lord will bless His people with peace.
   For they have not understood the works of the                                    Psalm 29:
Lord, and the works of His hands : Thou shalt
destroy them, and shalt not build them up.
   Blessed is the Lord : because He hath heard the
                                                             me.
                                                                I   will exalt Thee, O Lord, for Thou hast upheld
                                                                    me : and hast not made my foes to rejoice over
voice of my supplication.
                                                                 O Lord my God, I cried unto Thee : and Thou
   The Lord is my helper and my defender : my
                                                             hast healed me.
heart hath hoped in Him, and I am helped.
                                                                 O Lord, Thou hast brought up my soul out of
   And my flesh hath flourished again : and out of
                                                             hades : Thou hast saved me from them that go down
my desire will I confess Him.
                                                             into the pit.
   The Lord is the strength of His people : and the
                                                                 Chant unto the Lord, O ye saints of His : and
champion of salvation for His anointed one.
                                                             give thanks at the remembrance of His holiness.
   Save Thy people and bless Thine inheritance :
                                                                 For wrath is in His anger : but in His will there is
shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.
                                                             life.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                                 At evening shall weeping find lodging : but in
the Holy Spirit.
                                                             the morning rejoicing.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                                 And I said in my prosperity : I shall remain
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             unshaken for ever.
     ant.   The Lord is the defender of my life.                 O Lord, by Thy will : hast Thou granted power to
                          Psalm 28:
                                                             my beauty.
                                                                 But Thou hast turned away Thy face : and I am
     B  ring unto the Lord, ye sons of God : bring
         unto the Lord the sons of rams.
    Bring unto the Lord glory and honour; bring unto
                                                             become troubled.
                                                                 Unto Thee, O Lord, will I cry : and unto my God
                                                             will I make supplication.
the Lord the glory due unto His name : worship the
                                                                 What profit is there in my blood : when I go
Lord in His holy court.
                                                             down into corruption?
    The voice of the Lord is upon the waters; the
                                                                 Shall dust confess Thee : or declare Thy truth?
God of glory hath thundered : the Lord is upon the
many waters.                                                     The Lord hath heard me and hath had mercy on
                                                             me : the Lord became my helper.
    The voice of the Lord in might : the voice of the
Lord in majesty,                                                 Thou hast turned my mourning into joy for me :
                                                             Thou didst rend my sackcloth and didst gird me
    The voice of the Lord Who breaketh the cedars :
                                                             with gladness:
yea, the Lord will break the cedars of Lebanon.
                                                                 That my glory may chant unto Thee, and that I
    And He will break them small like the calf of
                                                             may not be pierced with sorrow : O Lord my God, I
Lebanon : and His beloved is like a son of the
                                                             will confess Thee for ever.
unicorns.
                                                                 C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
    The voice of the Lord Who divideth the flame of
                                                             the Holy Spirit.
fire, the voice of the Lord Who shaketh the wilder-
ness : yea, the Lord will shake the wilderness of                As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
Kaddis.                                                      and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                               MONDAY AT MATINS                                            75

  ant.   Worship the Lord in His holy court.           me in Thy mercy, O Lord : let me not be put to
                                                       shame, for I have called upon Thee.
                       Psalm 30:
                                                           Let the ungodly be put to shame and let them be

  I  n Thee, O Lord, have I hoped, let me not be
      put to shame in the age to come : in Thy
righteousness deliver me, and rescue me.
                                                       brought down into hades : speechless be the deceit-
                                                       ful lips,
                                                           Which speak iniquity against the righteous man :
   Bow down Thine ear unto me : make haste to          with arrogance and contempt.
rescue me.
                                                           How great is the multitude of Thy goodness, O
   Be Thou unto me a God to defend me : and a          Lord : whichThou hast hid for them that fear Thee,
house of refuge to save me.
                                                           Which Thou hast wrought for them that hope in
   For my strength and my refuge art Thou : and for    Thee : before the sons of men!
Thy name’s sake wilt Thou guide me and nourish
                                                           Thou shalt hide them in the secrecy of Thy
me.
                                                       presence : from the disturbance of men.
   Thou wilt bring me out of this snare which they
                                                           Thou shalt shelter them in the tabernacle : from
have hid for me : for Thou art my defender, O Lord.
                                                       contradiction of tongues.
   Into Thy hands I will commit my spirit : Thou
                                                           Blessed is the Lord, for He hath made His mercy
hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.
                                                       wondrous : in a fortified city.
   Thou hast hated them that cling : to empty
                                                           But as for me, I said in mine ecstasy : I am cast
vanities.
                                                       away from the presence of Thine eyes.
   But I have hoped in the Lord : I will rejoice and
                                                           Therefore hast Thou heard the voice of my
be glad in Thy mercy.
                                                       supplication : when I cried unto Thee.
   For Thou hast regarded my lowliness : Thou hast
                                                           O love ye the Lord, all ye His saints, for the Lord
saved my soul out of necessities,
                                                       requireth truth : and unto them that act with exceed-
   And hast not shut me up in the hands of enemies     ing pride, He rendereth them their due.
: Thou hast set my feet in a spacious place.
                                                           Be ye manful, and let your heart be strengthened
   Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am afflicted;       : all ye that hope in the Lord.
mine eye is troubled with anger : as also my soul
and my belly.                                                                Psalm 31:
   For my life is spent with grief : and my years
with groanings.
   My strength hath grown weak in poverty : and
                                                          B   lessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven
                                                                : and whose sins are covered.
                                                          Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth
my bones are troubled.                                 not sin : and in whose mouth there is no guile.
   I am become a reproach among all mine enemies,         Because I kept silence, my bones are waxed old :
and greatly for my neighbours also : and a fear to     through my crying all the day long.
mine acquaintances.                                       For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me :
   They that saw me without fled from me : I am        I was reduced to misery whilst the thorn stuck fast
forgotten by the heart like a dead man.                in me.
   I am become like a broken vessel : for I have          Mine iniquity have I acknowledged, and my sin
heard the reproach of many that dwell round about.     have I not hid.
   When they assembled together against me : they         I said: I will confess mine iniquities before the
devised to take away my life.                          Lord against myself : and Thou forgavest the
   But as for me, I have hoped in Thee, O Lord; I      ungodliness of my heart.
said: Thou art my God : in Thy hands are my lots.         For this shall every one that is holy pray unto
   Deliver me from the hands of mine enemies : and     Thee : in a seasonable time.
from them that persecute me.                              Moreover, in a flood of many waters : shall they
   Make Thy face to shine upon Thy servant, save       not come nigh unto him.
76                                                ST. HILARION PRESS

   Thou art my refuge from the affliction which                 Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord : the
surroundeth me : O my Rejoicing, deliver me from            people whom He hath chosen for His inheritance.
them which have encircled me.                                   The Lord looked down from heaven : He beheld
   I will instruct thee and teach thee in this way          all the sons of men.
which thou shalt go : I will fix Mine eyes upon thee.           From His habitation which He prepared : He
   Be ye not as the horse or as the mule : which            looked upon all the inhabitants of the earth,
have no understanding.                                          He that alone fashioned the heart of them : Who
   Whose jaws thou must hold with bit and bridle :          understandeth all their works.
lest they come nigh unto thee.                                  A king is not saved by great might : nor shall a
   Many are the scourges of the sinner : but mercy          giant be saved by the magnitude of his own
shall encircle him that hopeth in the Lord.                 strength.
   Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, ye righteous :             Futile is the horse for salvation : nor by the
and glory, all ye that are upright of heart.                magnitude of his might shall he be saved.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to             Behold, the eyes of the Lord are upon them that
the Holy Spirit.                                            fear Him : upon them that hope in His mercy.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :             To deliver their souls from death : and to nourish
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            them in famine.
                                                                Our soul shall wait for the Lord : for He is our
     ant.   In Thy righteousness, deliver me, O Lord.
                                                            helper and our defender.
                          Psalm 32:                             For our heart shall be glad in Him : and in His
                                                            holy name have we hoped.
     R  ejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous : praise is
         meet for the upright.
    Give praise to the Lord with the harp : chant unto
                                                                Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us : according
                                                            as we have hoped in Thee.
Him with the ten-stringed psaltery.                                                Psalm 33:
    Sing unto Him a new song : chant well unto Him
with jubilation.
    For the word of the Lord is true : and all His
                                                               I  will bless the Lord at all times : His praise
                                                                  shall continually be in my mouth.
                                                               In the Lord shall my soul be praised : let the
works are in faithfulness.
                                                            meek hearand be glad.
    The Lord loveth mercy and judgment : the earth
                                                               O magnify the Lord with me : and let us exalt
is full of the mercy of the Lord.
                                                            His name together.
    By the Word of the Lord were the heavens
                                                               I sought the Lord, and He heard me : and deliv-
established : and all the might of them by the Spirit
                                                            ered me from all my tribulations.
of His mouth,
                                                               Come unto Him and be enlightened : and your
    Who gathereth together as into a wineskin the
                                                            faces shall not be ashamed.
waters of the sea : Who layeth up the abysses in
storehouses.                                                   This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him :
                                                            and saved him out of all his tribulations.
    Let all the earth fear the Lord : and let all the
inhabitants of the world be shaken before Him.                 The angel of the Lord will encamp round about
                                                            them that fear Him : and will deliver them.
    For He spake, and they came into being : He
commanded, and they were created.                              O taste and see that the Lord is good : blessed is
                                                            the man that hopeth in Him.
    The Lord scattereth the plans of the heathens, He
setteth aside the devices of the peoples : and He              O fear the Lord, all ye His saints : for there is no
bringeth to nought the plans of princes.                    want to them that fear Him.
    But the counsel of the Lord abideth unto eternity          Rich men have turned poor and gone hungry :
: the thoughts of His heart unto generation and             but they that seek the Lord shall not be deprived of
generation.                                                 any good thing.
                                               MONDAY AT MATINS                                            77

   Come ye children, hearken unto me : I will teach          Let their way become darkness and a sliding : an
you the fear of the Lord.                                angel of the Lord also pursuing them.
   What man is there that desireth life : who loveth         For without cause have they secretly prepared for
to see good days?                                        me destruction in their snare : without reason have
   Keep thy tongue from evil : and thy lips from         they cast reproach on my soul.
speaking guile.                                              Let a snare come upon him, which he knoweth
   Turn away from evil, and do good : seek peace,        not; and let the trap, which he hath hidden, catch
and pursue it.                                           him : and into that same snare let him fall.
   The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous : and         But my soul shall rejoice in the Lord : it shall
His ears are opened unto their supplication.             delight in His salvation.
   The face of the Lord is against them that do evil :       All my bones shall say : Lord, O Lord, who is
utterly to destroy the remembrance of them from the      like unto Thee?
earth.                                                       Delivering the beggar from the hand of them that
   The righteous cried, and the Lord heard them :        are stronger than he : yea, poor man and pauper
and He delivered them out of all their tribulations.     from them that despoil him.
   The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite         Unjust witnesses rose up against me : things I
heart : and He will save the humble of spirit.           knew not they asked me.
   Many are the tribulations of the righteous : and          They repaid me with evil things for good : and
the Lord shall deliver them out of them all.             barrenness for my soul.
   The Lord keepeth all their bones : not one of             But as for me, when they troubled me : I put on
them shall be broken.                                    sackcloth.
   The death of sinners is evil : and they that hate         And I humbled my soul with fasting : and my
the righteous shall do wrong.                            prayer shall return to my bosom.
   The Lord will redeem the souls of His servants :          As though it had been a neighbour, as though it
and none of them will do wrong that hope in Him.         had been our brother, so sought I to please : as one
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to      mourning and sad of countenance, so humbled I
the Holy Spirit.                                         myself.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :          Yet against me they rejoiced and gathered
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         together : scourges were gathered together upon me,
                                                         and I knew it not.
   ant.   Praise is meet for the upright.                    They were rent asunder, yet not pricked at heart;
                         Psalm 34:                       they tempted me, they mocked me with mockery :
                                                         they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
   J  udge them, O Lord, that do me injustice : war
       against them that war against me.
   Take hold of weapon and shield : and arise unto
                                                             O Lord, when wilt Thou look upon Me? Deliver
                                                         my soul from their evil doing : even this only-
                                                         begotten one of mine from the lions.
my help.
                                                             I will confess Thee in the great congregation :
   Draw out a sword, and shut the way against them
                                                         among a mighty people will I praise Thee.
that persecute me : say to my soul: I am thy salva-
                                                             Let not them rejoice against me that unjustly are
tion.
                                                         mine enemies : they that hate me without a cause,
   Let them that seek my soul : be shamed and
                                                         and wink with their eyes.
confounded.
                                                             For peaceably indeed they spake unto me : but in
   Let them be turned back, and be utterly put to
                                                         their wrath were they devising deceits.
shame : they that devise evils against me.
                                                             And they opened wide their mouth against me :
   Let them become as dust before the face of the
                                                         they said: Well done, well done; our eyes have seen
wind : an angel of the Lord also afflicting them.        it.
78                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

   Thou hast seen it, O Lord; keep not silence : O      : and Thy righteousness unto the upright of heart.
Lord, depart not from me.                                   Let not the foot of pride come against me : nor
   Arise, O Lord, and be attentive unto my judg-        let the hand of a sinner move me.
ment : my God,and my Lord, unto my cause.                   Yonder be fallen all they that work iniquity : they
   Judge me, O Lord, according to Thy righteous-        are cast out, and shall not be able to stand.
ness, O Lord my God : let them not rejoice against          C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
me.                                                     the Holy Spirit.
   Let them not say in their hearts: Well done, well        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
done, our soul : let them not say: We have swal-        and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
lowed him up.
   Let them be shamed and confounded together :            ant.   War against them that war against me.
who rejoice at my woes.                                                        Psalm 36:
   Let them be clothed with shame and confusion :
who speak boastful words against me.
   Let them rejoice and be glad who desire the
                                                           F   ret not thyself because of evil-doers : nor
                                                                 envy them that work iniquity.
                                                            For like grass quickly shall they be withered :
righteousness of my cause : and let them that desire    and like green herbs quickly shall they fall away.
the peace of Thy servant say continually: The Lord          Hope in the Lord, and do good : and dwell on the
be magnified.                                           earth, and like a shepherd shalt thou be fed with its
   And my tongue shall treat of Thy righteousness :     riches.
and of Thy praise all the day long.                         Delight thyself in the Lord : and He will give
                      Psalm 35:                         thee the askings of thy heart.
                                                            Disclose unto the Lord thy way : and trust in
     T he transgressor, that he may sin, saith to
        himself : that there is no fear of God before
his eyes.
                                                        Him, and He shall bring it to pass.
                                                            And He shall bring forth thy righteousness as the
                                                        light : and thy judgment as the noonday; submit
   For he hath wrought craftiness before Him : lest
                                                        thyself unto the Lord and supplicate Him.
he should find his iniquity and hate it.
                                                            Fret not thyself because of him that prospereth in
   The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit :
                                                        his way : nor because of a man that doeth iniquity.
he hath not willed to understand how to do good.
                                                            Cease from wrath and forsake anger : fret not
   Iniquity hath he devised upon his bed : he hath      thyself so as to do evil.
set himself in every way that is not good, and evil
                                                            For evil-doers shall utterly perish : but they that
hath he not abhorred.
                                                        wait on the Lord, they shall inherit the earth.
   O Lord, Thy mercy is in heaven : and Thy truth
                                                            And yet a little while, and the sinner shall not be
reacheth unto the clouds.
                                                        : and thou shalt seek for his place, and shalt not find
   Thy righteousness is as the mountains of God :       it.
Thy judgments are a great abyss.                            But the meek shall inherit the earth : and shall
   Men and beasts wilt Thou save, O Lord : how          delight themselves in an abundance of peace.
Thou hast multiplied Thy mercy, O God!                      The sinner will diligently keep watch over the
   Let the sons of men : hope in the shelter of Thy     righteous man : and will gnash with his teeth upon
wings.                                                  him.
   They shall be drunken with the fatness of Thy            But the Lord shall laugh at him : because He
house : and of the torrent of Thy delight shalt Thou    foreseeth that his day will come.
make them to drink.                                         The sinners have drawn a sword : they have bent
   For in Thee is the fountain of life : in Thy light   their bow,
shall we see light.                                         To cast down poor man and pauper : to slay the
   O continue Thy mercy unto them that know Thee        upright in heart.
                                                MONDAY AT MATINS                                              79

    Let their sword enter into their own hearts : and         I have seen the ungodly man highly exalted : and
let their bows be broken.                                 lifting himself up like the cedars of Lebanon.
    Better is the little which the just man hath : than       But I passed by, and lo, he was not : and I sought
the great riches of sinners.                              him, and his place was not to be found.
    For the arms of the sinners shall be broken : but         Keep innocence, and behold uprightness : for
the Lord upholdeth the righteous.                         there is a remnant for the peaceable man.
    The Lord knoweth the ways of the blameless :              But the transgressors shall be utterly destroyed
and their inheritance shall be for ever.                  together : and the remnants of the ungodly shall be
    They shall not be put to shame in an evil time :      utterly destroyed.
and in days of famine they shall be filled.                   But the salvation of the righteous is from the
    But the sinners shall perish, and the enemies of      Lord : and He is their defender in a time of afflic-
the Lord, in the moment when they are glorified and       tion.
exalted, vanish away : and like smoke have van-               And the Lord shall help them and shall deliver
ished away.                                               them : and He will rescue them from sinners and
    The sinner borroweth and will not repay : but the     will save them because they hoped in Him.
just man showeth mercy and giveth.                                              Psalm 37:
    For they that bless him shall inherit the earth :
but they that curse him shall utterly perish.
    By the Lord are the steps of a man rightly di-
                                                             O     Lord, rebuke me not in Thine anger : nor
                                                                   chasten me in Thy wrath.
                                                              For Thine arrows are fastened in me : and Thou
rected : and His way shall he greatly desire.
                                                          hast laid Thy hand heavily upon me.
    When he falleth he shall not be utterly cast down
                                                              There is no healing in my flesh in the face of Thy
: for the Lord upholdeth his hand.
                                                          wrath : and there is no peace in my bones in the face
    I have been young, and now indeed I am old, and       of my sins.
I have not seen the righteous man forsaken : nor his
                                                              For mine iniquities are risen higher than my head
seed begging bread.
                                                          : as a heavy burden have they pressed heavily upon
    All the day long the righteous showeth mercy,         me.
and lendeth : and his seed shall be unto blessing.
                                                              My bruises are become noisome and corrupt : in
    Decline from evil and do good : and dwell unto        the face of my folly.
ages ofages.
                                                              I have been wretched and utterly bowed down
    For the Lord loveth judgment, and He will not         until the end : all the day long I went with downcast
forsake His holy ones : they shall be kept for ever.      face.
    But the wicked shall be banished : and the seed           For my loins are filled with mockings : and there
of the ungodly shall be utterly destroyed.                is no healing in my flesh.
    The righteous shall inherit the earth : and shall         I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly : I have
dwell therein unto ages of ages.                          roared from the groaning of my heart.
    The mouth of the righteous shall meditate wis-            O Lord, before Thee is all my desire : and my
dom : and his tongue shall speak of judgment.             groaning is not hid from Thee.
    The law of his God is in his heart : and his steps        My heart is troubled, my strength hath failed me
shall not be tripped.                                     : and the light of mine eyes, even this is not with
    The sinner watcheth the righteous one : and           me.
seeketh to slay him.                                          My friends and my neighbours : drew nigh over
    But the Lord will not abandon him to his hands :      against me and stood.
nor in any way condemn him when He judgeth him.               And my nearest of kin stood afar off : and they
    Wait on the Lord and keep His way, and He shall       that sought after my soul used violence.
exalt thee to inherit the earth : when sinners are
utterly destroyed, thou shalt see it.
80                                                          ST. HILARION PRESS

   And they that sought evils for me spake vain                       The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
things : and craftinesses all the day long did they                   Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
                                                                      blessing is:
meditate.
   But as for me, like a deaf man I heard them not :                     Priest: May God have mercy upon us: and grant
and was as a speechless man that openeth not his                      us peace. R. Amen.
mouth.
                                                                      Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
   And I became as a man that heareth not : and that                  when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last
hath in his mouth no reproofs.                                        Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.
   For in Thee have I hoped, O Lord : Thou wilt                                                Lesson 1
hearken unto me, O Lord my God.
                                                                      The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding
   For I said: Let never mine enemies rejoice over                    the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.
me : yea, when my feet were shaken, those men
spake boastful words against me.                                      Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any
                                                                      “Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
   For I am ready for scourges : and my sorrow is
continually before me.                                                                      Responsory 1
   For I will declare mine iniquity : and I will take                 The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
heed concerning my sin.
                                                                         Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
   But mine enemies live and are made stronger
than I : and they that hated me unjustly are multi-                   The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
plied.                                                                Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
                                                                      blessing is:
   They that render me evil for good slandered me :
because I pursued goodness.                                              Priest: May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
   Forsake me not, O Lord : my God, depart not                        hearts. R. Amen.
from me.
                                                                                               Lesson 2
   Be attentive unto my help : O Lord of my salva-
                                                                      The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows
tion.
                                                                      immediately:
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                                                            Responsory 2
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                   The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                      while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
                                                                      server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.
     ant.   Disclose unto the Lord thy way. (with neum)
                                                                         Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
                            V. and R.
                                                                      The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
            The proper versicle is intoned by one server.             Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
                                                                      blessing is:
When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:

  V. O Lord, Thy mercy is in heaven.                                           Sent forth from heaven, may the life-
                                                                         Priest:
  R. And Thy truth reacheth unto the clouds. Ps 35:5                  giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.

The choir prays together, inaudibly:                                                           Lesson 3
                                                                      The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there
     Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)                    follows:
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                                                       Responsory 3
  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                                      The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,
                                                                      the choir rises.
                            LESSONS
     Reader:     Grant, O Lord, to bless.
                                                          MONDAY AT MATINS                                                 81
After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,                Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum              be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
is not chanted.
                                                                      made whiter than snow.
And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is                  Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :
begun straightaway:                                                   the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
                            LAUDS                                         Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out
The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the          all mine iniquities.
East:                                                                     Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a
                           V. and R.                                  right spirit within me.
The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.              Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after             not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
Trin. to Advent, it is thus:
                                                                          Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and
   V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.                              with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
   R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22                        I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the
                                                                      ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
                        Introduction
                                                                          Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:
                                                                      God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in
  V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                           Thy righteousness.
                                                                          O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth
The choir answers:
                                                                      shall declare Thy praise.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                          For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it
     be to the Father C and to the Son and to the                     : with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
     Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,                 pleased.
     and now and always, and unto the ages of                             A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                            that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we                    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”             Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
                            Psalms                                        Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                                                                      righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                           Psalm 50:
                                                                      offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine

   H    ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
         great mercy.
   And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
                                                                      altar.
                                                                          C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                                      the Holy Spirit.
sions : blot out my transgression.                                        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and                        and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
cleanse me frommy sin.
                                                                         ant.   Have mercy on me, O God.
   For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever
before me.                                                                                   Psalm 5:
   Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in
Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
                                                                         U    nto my words give ear, O Lord : hear my
                                                                               cry.
                                                                         Attend unto the voice of my supplication : O my
   For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in                 King and my God.
sins did my mother bear me.                                              For unto Thee will I pray, O Lord : in the morn-
   For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden                     ing Thou shalt hear my voice.
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made                           In the morning shall I stand before Thee, and
manifest unto me.
82                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

thou shalt look upon me : for not a God that willest             name will I lift up my hands.
iniquity art Thou.                                                  As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,
   He that worketh evil shall not dwell near Thee :              * and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise
nor shalltransgressors abide before Thine eyes.                  Thee.
   Thou hast hated all them that work iniquity :                    If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I
Thou shalt destroy all them that speak a lie.                    meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my
   A man that is bloody and deceitful shall the Lord             helper.
abhor : but as for me, in the multitude of Thy mercy,               In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul
   Shall I go into Thy house : I shall worship toward            hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been
Thy holy temple in fear of Thee.                                 quick to help me.
   O Lord, guide me in the way of Thy righteous-                    But as for these, in vain have they sought after
ness because of mine enemies : make straight my                  my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of
way before Thee.                                                 the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge
   For in their mouth there is no truth : their heart is vain.   of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.
   Their throat is an open sepulchre : with their                   But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall
tongues have they spoken deceitfully; judge them, O              be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of
God.                                                             them is stopped that speak unjust things.
   Let them fall down on account of their own                                           Psalm 66:
devisings; according to the multitude of their un-
godliness, cast them out : for they have embittered
Thee, O Lord.
                                                                    G    od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
                                                                          cause His face to shine upon us, and have
                                                                 mercy on us,
   And let all them be glad that hope in Thee : they                That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *
shall ever rejoice, and Thou shalt dwell among                   among all the nations Thy salvation.
them.
                                                                    Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all
   And all shall glory in Thee that love Thy name :              the peoples praise Thee.
for Thou shalt bless the righteous.
                                                                    Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou
   O Lord, as with a shield of Thy good pleasure :               shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations
hast Thou crowned us.                                            shalt Thou guide upon the earth.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to                 Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all
the Holy Spirit.                                                 the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :              fruit.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                    Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *
     ant.   Hear my cry, O Lord.                                 and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
                                                                    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                         Psalm 62:
                                                                 the Holy Spirit.

     O   God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
          dawn.
    My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
                                                                    As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                                 * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.

my flesh longed after Thee!                                         ant.   O God my God, unto Thee I rise early at
                                                                 dawn.
    In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to                                   Canticle of Esaias:
see Thy power and Thy glory.
    For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
shall praise Thee.
                                                                    Iwill give thanks to Thee, O Lord, for Thou
                                                                     wast angry with me : Thy wrath is turned
                                                                 away, and Thou hast comforted me.
    So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy                 Behold, God is my Saviour : I will deal
                                               MONDAY AT MATINS                                               83

confidently, and will not fear.                          let them praise the name of the Lord, * for exalted is
   Because the Lord is my strength and my praise :       the name of Him alone.
and He is become my salvation.                               His praise is above the earth and heaven, * and
   Ye shall draw waters with joy out of the              He shall exalt the horn of His people.
Saviour’s fountains : and ye shall say in that day:          This is the hymn for all His saints, * for the sons
Praise ye the Lord, and call upon His name.              of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto
   Make His works known among the people :               Him.
remember that His name is high.                                                 Psalm 149:
   Sing ye to the Lord, for He hath done great
things : show this forth in all the earth.
   Rejoice and praise, O thou habitation of Sion :
                                                            S   ing unto the Lord a new song; * His praise is
                                                                in the church of the saints.
                                                            Let Israel be glad in Him that made him; * let the
for great is He that is in the midst of thee, the Holy   sons of Sion rejoice in their King.
One of Israel. Esaias 12:1- 6                               Let them praise His name in the dance; * with
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to      the timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto
the Holy Spirit.                                         Him.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people, * and
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
   ant. Thy wrath is turned away, O Lord, and Thou
                                                            The saints shall boast in glory, * and they shall
hast comforted me.                                       rejoice upon their beds.
                                                            The high praise of God shall be in their throat, *
                      Psalm 148:                         and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:

   P   raise the Lord from the heavens; * praise
        Him in the highest.
    Praise Him, all ye His Angels; * praise Him, all
                                                            To do vengeance among the heathen, * punish-
                                                         ments among the peoples,
                                                            To bind their kings with fetters, * and their
ye His hosts.                                            nobles with manacles of iron:
    Praise Him, O sun and moon; * praise Him, all           To do among them the judgment that is written;
ye stars and light.                                      * this glory shall be to all His saints.
    Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens, * and thou
                                                                                Psalm 150:
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.
    For He spake, and they came to be; * He com-            P  raise ye God in His saints; * praise Him in
                                                                the firmament of His power.
                                                            Praise Him for His mighty acts; * praise Him
manded, and they were created.
    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and      according to the multitude of His greatness.
ever; * He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not          Praise Him with the sound of trumpet; * praise
pass away.                                               Him with the psaltery and harp.
    Praise the Lord from the earth, * ye dragons, and       Praise Him with timbrel and dance; * praise Him
all ye abysses.                                          with strings and flute.
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest, * which        Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
perform His word,                                        with cymbals of jubilation; * let every breath praise
    The mountains and all the hills, * fruitful trees,   the Lord.
and all cedars,                                             C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son * and to
    The beasts and all the cattle, * creeping things     the Holy Spirit.
and winged birds,                                           As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
    Kings of the earth and all peoples, * princes and    * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
all the judges of the earth,
    Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;         ant.   Praise the Lord from the heavens. (with neum)
84                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

                       CHAPTER                                     Daybreak conduceth to new life:
The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the         At daybreak fullness cometh forth:
East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to      The Son fully in the Father,
the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to      The Father fully in the Word.
Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:
                                                                   C Glory to God, to the Father,

     W  atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
          fully, and be strengthened: let all your
things be done in charity. 1 Cor 16:13-14
                                                                   And glory to His only Son,
                                                                   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
     R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                Before Purification, the last stanza is:
                          HYMN                                     C O Master, glory be to Thee,
The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.         Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:
                                                                   With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
               Hymn I (of St. Ambrose)
                                                                                         V. and R.
     T  he Father’s glory’s brilliancy,
          Thou that dost bring forth light from light,
     O Light of Light, and Spring of light,
                                                                The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
                                                                Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:

     The Dayspring Who enlightenest day:                          V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
                                                                  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
     O true and very Sun, come down,
     Shining with endless radiance;                             From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
                                                                the Sun., the Hymn is:
     And do Thou pour upon our hearts
     The Holy Spirit’s beam of light.                                   Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
     With prayers let us invoke Thee, God,
     Father of glory without end,
     Father of mighty grace, that Thou
                                                                   B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
                                                                        The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
                                                                   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
     Wouldst take from us the dangerous sin.                       To the Almighty.

     May He inspire courageous deeds,                              That God our Father may, in His compassion,
     Prevent the bite of jealousy,                                 Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
     Grant us rather the harder things,                            And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,
     And give grace to accomplish them.                            By His sweet mercy.

     May He shepherd and rule our minds,                           C The joy-creating Deity grant us this,
     Our bodies being chaste and true,                             The Son, the Father, and in equal manner
     May our belief burn fervently,                                The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
     Blind to the poison of untruth.                               The earth resoundeth. Amen.

     Yea, let our Christ be food for us,                                                 V. and R.
     And let our faith be made our drink;                       The proper V. and R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph.
     Let us, with great rejoicing, drink                        to Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. and R. is:
     The Spirit’s sober drunkenness.                              V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
     May this day pass exultantly,                                R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
     Our modesty be as the dawn,
                                                                On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
     Our faith be like to the noonday,                          begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
     Our mind ignorant of the night.                            ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.
                                                        MONDAY AT MATINS                                                     85

                 Canticle of Zacharias                                               Festal Conclusion
                 CALLED THE BENEDICTUS                           On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On             seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)   the Preces are begun here as on p. 86.

                                                                 The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the

   B
people.
       lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
        hath visited and wrought redemption for His
                                                                 choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
                                                                 facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
                                                                 change his place, even on feasts.
   And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
                                                                   V. The Lord be with you.
the house of His servant David.
                                                                   R. And with thy spirit.
   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *                    Let us pray.
the prophets of old.
                                                                                         COLLECT
   That we should be saved from our enemies, *
and from the hand of all that hate us.                           The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to                    V. The Lord be with you.
remember His holy covenant.                                         R. And with thy spirit.
   The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
                                                                 Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
* that He would grant unto us,                                   in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
   That we be delivered out of the hand of our
enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,                    V. Let us bless the Lord.
   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all                   R. Thanks be to God.
the days of our life.
   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of                             COMMEMORATIONS
the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of               The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
the Lord, to prepare His ways.                                      After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
                                                                    sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,                  Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
* by the remission of their sins.                                   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.
                                                                                         Conclusion
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way              V. The Lord be with you.
of peace. Lk 1:68-79                                               R. And with thy spirit.

On the greatest Feasts only, in earlier practice, the            Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
antiphon is repeated here.                                       soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):

   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                V. Let us bless the Lord.
the Holy Spirit.                                                   R. Thanks be to God.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                                         Blessing
                                                                    If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                         Antiphon                                   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
The proper ant. with neum is re-intoned and sung through            yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
by the whole choir. From henceforth until the end of                “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
Matins, all the choir stands turned to the East. On most            answers, “Amen.”
ferias, the ant. is:

   ant.   Blessed be the Lord God of Israel. (with neum)         The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
86                                                         ST. HILARION PRESS

     Our Father... Amen.                                               R. And hearken unto us in the day when we call
     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                              upon Thee.
     [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                               V.   Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.
And so Matins is completed on Sundays and feasts.                      R.   O my God, that hope in Thee.
Every day, except on double feasts and through the                     V.   O Lord, save Thy people and bless Thine
octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our                  inheritance.
Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All                  R.   Shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.
Souls’, and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from            V.   O Lord, let peace be now in Thy strength.
the Wed. before Pascha untilthe first Sun. after Trin., the            R.   And prosperity in Thy palaces.
prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see                V.   Let us pray for the faithful departed.
p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of
Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.                              R.   Rest eternal grant unto them, O Lord, and let
                                                                            light perpetual shine upon them.
                                                                       V.   Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I
                              Preces                                        cried to Thee.
The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria, in
                                                                       R.   Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.
Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to the             The Psalm is spoken without chanting.
Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent.
                                                                                            Psalm 50:
The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:

     Choir I:
     Choir II:
                   Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
                   Kyrieleyson.
                                                                        H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                              Thy great mercy.
                                                                         And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.                                      sions, * blot out my transgression.
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)                 Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
     Choir I:      Xristeleyson.                                     cleanse me from my sin.
     Choir II:     Xristeleyson.                                         For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
     Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)                before me.
     Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.                                          Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
     Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.                                      evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified
                                                                     in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
The Priest prays:
                                                                         For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and
  Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)          in sins did my mother bear me.
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                                    For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden
                                                                     and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                                     manifest unto me.
  V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.
                                                                         Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
  R. Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.                   be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
  V. Return, O Lord, how long?                                       made whiter than snow.
  R. And be Thou entreated concerning Thy                                Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *
       servants.                                                     the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
  V.   Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.                                Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out
  R.   According as we have hoped in Thee.                           all mine iniquities.
  V.   Thy Priests shall be clothed with righteous-                      Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a
       ness.                                                         right spirit within me.
  R.   And Thy righteous shall rejoice.                                  Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
  V.   O Lord, save the king.                                        not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
                                                    MONDAY AT MATINS                                                    87

   Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and           The Priest chants:
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
                                                               V. The Lord be with you.
   I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the             R. And with thy spirit.
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
                                                             Then one server chants:
   Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in              V. Let us bless the Lord.
Thy righteousness.                                             R. Thanks be to God.
   O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my
                                                             The Priest closes the office inaudibly with the silent
mouth shall declare Thy praise.                              prayers:
   For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;
* with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be                  Our Father... Amen.
pleased.                                                        Rejoic e Mary... thy womb.
                                                                [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
   A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.             And so Matins is ended on ferias outside of the Nativity
   Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto                and Paschal seasons.
Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
   Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt                                MATINS of OUR LADY
offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon             Usually the daily Matins of Our Lady are begun here.
Thine altar.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                          MATINS of the DEAD
the Holy Spirit.                                             Usually, after Matins of Our Lady, the daily Matins of the
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,           Dead are begun here.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.

(In Lent, Psalm 6, with a Glory Be, is added here to Psalm
50.) The Priest alone rises and, in his stall, chants:

  V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
  R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
                                                             The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with
  V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
                                                             their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.
  R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
      saved.
  V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
  R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with thy spirit.
  Let us pray.
                       COLLECT
The Priest sings the proper Collect, ended with “Amen.”

When there is kneeling, all kiss a cross traced upon the
ground, and then rise from their kneeling.
88                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
          MONDAY at VESPERS                                    and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                         Preparation                              ant.   The Lord hath inclined His ear unto me.
After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being
                                                                                       Psalm 115:
kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the
north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:              I   believed, wherefore I spake : I was humbled
                                                                      exceedingly.
                                                                   As for me, I said in mine ecstasy : Every man is a
     Our Father... Amen.
     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                 liar.
     [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]                             What shall I render unto the Lord : for all that He
                                                               hath rendered unto me?
                        Introduction
                                                                   I will take the cup of salvation : and I will call
Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:
                                                               upon the name of the Lord.
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.                        My vows unto the Lord will I pay in the presence
The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:
                                                               of all His people : precious in the sight of the Lord
                                                               is the death of His saints.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                   O Lord, I am Thy servant : I am Thy servant and
         be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the        the son of Thy handmaid.
         Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,          Thou hast broken my bonds asunder : I will
         and now and always, and unto the ages of              sacrifice a sacrifice of praise unto Thee, and I will
         ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                 call upon the name of the Lord.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we             My vows unto the Lord will I pay in the presence
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                               of all His people : in the courts of the house of the
                            Psalms                             Lord, in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem.
                          Psalm 114:                               C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                               the Holy Spirit.
     Iam filled with love : for the Lord will hear the
      voice of my supplication.
   For He hath inclined His ear unto me : and in my
                                                                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
days will I call upon Him.                                        ant.   I believed, wherefore I spake.
   The pangs of death have encompassed me : the                                        Psalm 116:
perils of hades have found me.
   Tribulation and sorrow have I found : and I
called upon the name of the Lord.
                                                                  O    praise the Lord, all ye nations : praise Him, all
                                                                        ye peoples.
                                                                  For He hath made His mercy to prevail over us :
   O Lord, deliver my soul; merciful is the Lord and
                                                               and the truth of the Lord abideth for ever.
righteous : and our God hath mercy.
                                                                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   The Lord preserveth the infants : I was brought
                                                               the Holy Spirit.
low and He saved me.
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Return, O my soul, unto thy rest : for the Lord
                                                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
hath dealt bountifully with thee.
   For He hath delivered my soul from death, mine                 ant.   O praise the Lord, all ye nations.
eyes from tears : and my feet from sliding.
                                                                                       Psalm 119:
   I will be well-pleasing before the Lord : in the
land of the living.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                                  U  nto the Lord in mine affliction have I cried :
                                                                      and He heard me.
                                                                  O Lord, deliver my soul from unrighteous lips :
the Holy Spirit.
                                                  MONDAY AT VESPERS                                                      89

and from a crafty tongue.
   What shall be given unto thee : and what shall be
added unto thee for thy crafty tongue?
                                                                A    nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
                                                                      of God: and the patience of Christ.
                                                                     R. Thanks be to God.
   The arrows of the mighty one : sharpened with             On double feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.
coals of the desert.
   Woe is me, for my sojourning is prolonged : I                                       HYMN
have tented with the tentings of Kedar; my soul hath                       The proper Hymn is sung here.
long been a sojourner.                                       From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
   With them that hate peace I was peaceable :               service is of the feria, the Hymn is:
when I spake unto them, they warred against me
                                                                      Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
without a cause.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                                H   eaven’s Creator, Limitless,
                                                                      Who, sundering in half the streams,
                                                                Didst make their bound the firmament,
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                                Lest, mingled, they should be confused:
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                Setting a place for heaven’s streams
   ant.   I cried, and He heard me.
                                                                And rivulets of earth alike,
                        Psalm 120:                              That water might allay the heats,
                                                                Lest they lay waste the soil of earth:
   I  have lifted up mine eyes to the mountains :
      from whence cometh my help.
    My help cometh from the Lord : Who hath made
                                                                Most gracious One, now shower forth
                                                                The gift of everlasting grace:
heaven and the earth.                                           Nor, by false steps of new deceit,
    Give not thy foot unto moving : and may He not              Let former error lay us waste.
slumber that keepeth thee.
                                                                May faith find Him Who is the Light,
    Behold, He shall not slumber nor shall He sleep :
                                                                Take on the radiance of His light,
He that keepeth Israel.
                                                                Bring fear to every empty thing—
    The Lord shall keep thee : the Lord is thy shelter          Let nothing false detain our faith.
at thy right hand.
    The sun shall not burn thee by day : nor the                C Most loving Father, grant us this,
moon by night.                                                  And His co-equal, only Son,
    The Lord shall keep thee from all evil : the Lord           With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
shall guard thy soul.                                           Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
    The Lord shall keep thy coming in and thy going          Before Purification, the last stanza is:
out : from henceforth and for evermore.
                                                                C O Master, glory be to Thee,
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to            Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
the Holy Spirit.                                                With Father and Holy Spirit,
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :            Unto the ages without end. Amen.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                      V. and R.
   ant.   My help cometh from the Lord. (with neum)
                                                             The proper V. & R. is sung. On ferias from the first Sun.
                                                             after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
                       CHAPTER                               Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
              The proper Chapter is read here.
                                                               V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
On all Sundays and ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct.     R. As incense in Thy sight.
to Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
Advent, when service is of the season, the Chapter is:
90                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the           And His mercy is on them that fear Him unto
Hymn is:                                                        generation and generation.
         Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                        He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath
                                                                scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.
     O   All-Good Creator of light,
          Who bringest forth the light of day,
     Providing the earth’s foundation
                                                                   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *
                                                                and exalted them of low degree.
     With fresh beginnings of new light.                           He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
                                                                the rich He hath sent empty away.
     Who hast commanded that the dawn,                             He hath holpen His servant Israel in
     When joined to dusk, be known as day:                      remembrance of His mercy, * as He spake to our
     Dark chaos stealeth over us;                               fathers, to Abraham and his seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55
     Hear our entreaties and weeping.
                                                                   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to
     Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,                   the Holy Spirit.
     Be exiled from the gift of life;                              As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
     Lest, heedless of eternity,                                * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
     It bind itself with sin’s fetters.
                                                                                         Antiphon
     At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
                                                                The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
     And bear from thence the prize of life:                    whole choir. On most ferias, the ant. is:
     Let us avoid all evil things,
     And purge out every wickedness.                               ant.   May my soul magnify Thee evermore, O my
                                                                God. (with neum)
     C Most loving Father, grant us this,
     And His co-equal, only Son:                                 From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all the choir
                                                                remains turned to the East.
     With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
     Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                                              Festal Conclusion
                         V. and R.                              On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
                                                                seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
Every feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent,
                                                                the Preces are begun here as on p. 91.
and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V. and R.
is:                                                             The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the
                                                                choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.              facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
  R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2                          change his place, even on feasts.
On feast days, the Priest censes the Altar, the patronal          V. The Lord be with you.
icon, and the ark of Relics, and the server censes the
                                                                  R. And with thy spirit.
choir:
                                                                  Let us pray.
            Canticle of the Mother of God                                               COLLECT
               CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
                                                                The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)       V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                   R. And with thy spirit.

     M  y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
         spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
   For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
                                                                Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
                                                                in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):

handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all                      V. Let us bless the Lord.
generations shall call me blessed.                                 R. Thanks be to God.
   For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
* and holy is His name.
                                                         MONDAY AT VESPERS                                                 91

                                                                  The Priest prays:
                 COMMEMORATIONS
                                                                    Our Father... (inaudibly, until the Priest chants aloud:)
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest                V. And lead us not into temptation.
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the             R. But deliver us from evil.
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:                 V. I said: O Lord, have mercy on me.
                                                                    R. Heal my soul, for I have sinned against Thee.
                         Conclusion                                 V. Return, O Lord, how long?
  V. The Lord be with you.                                          R. And be Thou entreated concerning Thy
  R. And with thy spirit.                                                servants.
                                                                    V.   Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
                                                                    R.   According as we have hoped in Thee.
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                                    V.   Thy Priests shall be clothed with righteous-
  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                              ness.
  R. Thanks be to God.                                              R.   And Thy righteous shall rejoice.
                                                                    V.   O Lord, save the king.
                           Blessing                                 R.   And hearken unto us in the day when we call
   If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for                  upon Thee.
   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
   yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
                                                                    V.   Save Thy servants and Thy handmaidens.
   “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir                  R.   O my God, that hope in Thee.
   answers, “Amen.”                                                 V.   O Lord, save Thy people and bless Thine
                                                                         inheritance.
The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:                       R.   Shepherd them and bear them up unto eternity.
   Our Father... Amen.                                              V.   O Lord, let peace be now in Thy strength.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                        R.   And prosperity in Thy palaces.
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                              V.   Let us pray for the faithful departed.
And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our           R.   Rest eternal grant unto them, O Lord, and let
Lady, and of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation, follow.                light perpetual shine upon them.
                                                                    V.   Hearken, O Lord, unto my voice, wherewith I
                                                                         cried to Thee.
                            Preces                                  R.   Have mercy on me, and hearken unto me.
The choir kneels here only when service is of the feria, in       The Psalm is spoken without chanting.
Advent, or from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to the
Lord’s Supper, or from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent.                              Psalm 50:

The choirs sing the Kyrieleyson antiphonally:

   Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)
                                                                     H    ave mercy on me, O God, * according to
                                                                           Thy great mercy.
                                                                     And according to the multitude of Thy compas-
   Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
                                                                  sions, * blot out my transgression.
   Choir I:      Kyrieleyson.
                                                                     Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, * and
   Choir II:     Xristeleyson. (“Christ, have mercy.”)            cleanse me from my sin.
   Choir I:      Xristeleyson.                                       For I know mine iniquity, * and my sin is ever
   Choir II:     Xristeleyson.                                    before me.
   Choir I:      Kyrieleyson. (“Lord, have mercy.”)                  Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
   Choir II:     Kyrieleyson.
   Choir I/II:   Kyrieleyson.
92                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS


evil before Thee, * that Thou mightest be justified              V. Arise, O Lord, help us.
in Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.                  R. And redeem us for Thy name’s sake.
    For behold, I was conceived in iniquities, * and             V. O Lord God of hosts, make us to return.
in sins did my mother bear me.                                   R. And cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be
    For behold, Thou hast loved truth; * the hidden                   saved.
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made                   V.   O Lord, hear my prayer.
manifest unto me.                                                R.   And let my cry come unto Thee.
    Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall              V.   The Lord be with you.
be made clean; * Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
                                                                 R.   And with thy spirit.
made whiter than snow.
    Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness; *               Let us pray.
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.                                        COLLECT
    Turn Thy face away from my sins, * and blot out            The Priest sings the proper Collect, ended with “Amen.”
all mine iniquities.
                                                               When there is kneeling, all kiss a cross traced upon the
    Create in me a clean heart, O God, * and renew a           ground, and then rise from their kneeling. And the Priest
right spirit within me.                                        chants:
    Cast me not away from Thy presence, * and take
                                                                 V. The Lord be with you.
not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
                                                                 R. And with thy spirit.
    Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation, * and
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                        Then one server chants:
    I shall teach transgressors Thy ways, * and the              V. Let us bless the Lord.
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                               R. Thanks be to God.
    Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
                                                               The Priest closes the office inaudibly with the silent
God of my salvation; * my tongue shall rejoice in
                                                               prayers:
Thy righteousness.
    O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips, * and my                     Our Father... Amen.
mouth shall declare Thy praise.                                   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
    For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it;          [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
* with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be                 And so Vespers is ended on ferias outside of the Nativity
pleased.                                                       and Paschal seasons. Throughout most of the year,
    A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit; * a heart         Vespers of Our Lady, and Vespers of the Dead, and in
                                                               Lent the Collation, follow.
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
Sion, * and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
    Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
offerings; * then shall they offer bullocks upon
Thine altar.                                                      Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to              pages 11 - 29.
the Holy Spirit.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                             C
(In Lent, Psalm 129, with a Glory Be, is added here to
Psalm 50.) The Priest alone rises and, in his stall, chants:
                                                     TUESDAY AT MATINS                                                   93

                                                                         The second half is sung by the choir.
        TUESDAY at MATINS
                                                                 For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry
                       Preparation                            land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us
After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to     worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep
the East, the Priest says silently:                           before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,
                                                              and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep
   Our Father... Amen.
                                                              of His hand.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                                    The whole Inv. is sung.
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                                                                 Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
                      Introduction                            hearts, as in the provocation in the day of tempta-
Then the Priest sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:   tion in the wilderness. For your fathers tempted Me;
                                                              they proved Me and saw My works.
   V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
                                                                                The second half is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                 Forty years long was I grieved with that genera-
   R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.
                                                              tion, and I said: They do always err in their hearts.
He signs himself on his forehead and sings in a full voice:   And they have not known My ways; so I sware in
                                                              Mine anger: They shall not enter into My rest.
   V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
                                                                                The whole Inv. is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                  C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
   R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:)
                                                              to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and
Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
                                                              now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.              The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-
Alleluya.                                                     intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.

From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we                                 HYMN
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                                     The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
                     INVITATORY                               On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the            Hymn is:
precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or                    Hymn I (by St. Ambrose)
feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
ferias the inv. is as follows:

  Inv. Let us shout with jubilation / Unto God our
                                                                 O   Sharer of the Father’s light,
                                                                     Thyself the Light of light, and day,
                                                                 We break the night with our chanting:
Saviour.                                                         Do Thou help us Thy suppliants.
       Then the chanter(s) begin to sing Psalm 94:
                                                                 Remove the darkness of our souls;
                                                                 The hosts of demons put to flight;
   C  ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
       with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
                                                                 Cast drowsiness away from us,
                                                                 Lest it overtake us slothful ones.
and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.
                                                                 And so, O Christ, be forgiving
           The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.                  Towards us that believe in Thee:
                                                                 That what we chant, singing to Thee,
    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over
                                                                 May profit us who beseech Thee.
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His
people; for in His hand are the ends of the earth,               C Most loving Father, grant us this,
and the heights of the mountains are His.                        And His co-equal, only Son,
94                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

     With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                              Behold, Thou hast made my days as the spans of
     Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                         a hand : and my being is as nothing before Thee.
Before the Purification, the last stanza is:                      Nay, all things are vanity : every man living.
                                                                  Surely man walketh about like a phantom : nay,
     C O Master, glory be to Thee,                             in vain doth he disquiet himself.
     Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                                  He layeth up treasure : and knoweth not for
     With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                               whom he shall gather it.
     Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                                  And now, what is my patient endurance? is it not
On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when      the Lord? : Yea, my hope is from Thee.
service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:
                                                                  From all mine iniquities deliver me : Thou hast
         Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                    made me a reproach to the foolish.
                                                                  I was dumb and opened not my mouth, for Thou
     R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
          Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
     And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
                                                               hast made me : take away from me Thy scourges.
                                                                  For from the strength of Thy hand I have fainted
     Power of the spirit.                                      : with reprovings for iniquity hast Thou chastened
                                                               man.
     That as together we sing to our kind King,                   And hast made his life to melt away like a
     We may be worthy with His Saints to enter                 spider’s web : nay, in vain doth every man disquiet
     The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live                  himself.
     That life rejoicing.
                                                                  Hearken unto my prayer, O Lord, and unto my
  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—                      supplication : give ear unto my tears.
  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,                       Be not silent, for I am a sojourner with Thee, and
  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all                   a stranger : as were all my fathers.
  The earth resoundeth. Amen.                                     Spare me, that I may be refreshed : before I go
                                                               hence, and be no more.
                       NOCTURN
                                                                                     Psalm 39:
On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve
Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there
are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the
Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine
                                                                  W     ith patience I waited patiently for the Lord
                                                                          : and He was attentive unto me.
                                                                  And He hearkened unto my supplication : and He
Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.
                                                               brought me up out of the pit of misery, and from the
                          Psalms                               mire of clay.
                         Psalm 38:                                And He set my feet upon a rock : and He ordered
                                                               my steps aright.
     Isaid: I will take heed to my ways : lest I sin
      with my tongue.
   I set a guard for my mouth : when the sinner
                                                                  And He hath put into my mouth a new song : a
                                                               hymn unto our God.
stood up against me.                                              Many shall see, and shall fear : and shall hope in
   I was dumb and was humbled, and held my                     the Lord.
peace, even from good : and my sorrow was stirred                 Blessed is the man whose hope is in the name of
anew.                                                          the Lord : and who hath not looked upon vanities
   My heart grew hot within me : and in my medita-             and false frenzies.
tion a fire was kindled.                                          Many, O Lord my God, are Thy wonders which
   I spake with my tongue : O Lord, make me to                 Thou hast wrought : and in Thy thoughts there is
know mine end,                                                 none that shall be likened unto Thee.
   And the number of my days, what it is : that I                 I declared and spake : They are multiplied
may know what I lack.                                          beyond number.
                                                TUESDAY AT MATINS                                            95

   Sacrifice and offering hast Thou not desired : but                           Psalm 40:
a body hast Thou perfected for me.
   Whole-burnt offerings and oblations for sin hast
Thou not demanded : Then I said: ‘Behold, I am come.’
                                                             B    lessed is the man that hath understanding for
                                                                    the poor man and the pauper : in an evil day
                                                          the Lord will deliver him.
   In the heading of the book it is written concerning        May the Lord keep him, and make him to live,
me to do Thy will, O my God : and Thy law is in the       and make him blessed upon the earth : and never
midst of my bowels.                                       surrender him into the hands of his enemies.
   I have proclaimed the good tidings of Thy                  May the Lord help him on his bed of pain : the
righteousness in the great congregation : lo, my lips I   whole of his confinement in his sickness hast Thou
shall not restrain; Lord, Thou knowest it.                turned to the better.
   Thy righteousness have I not hid in my heart : Thy         I said: O Lord, have mercy on me : heal my soul,
truth and Thy salvation have I declared.                  for I have sinned against Thee.
   I have not concealed Thy mercy, nor Thy truth :            Mine enemies have spoken evil things against
from the great assemblage.                                me : When shall he die, and when shall his name
   But Thou, O Lord, remove not Thy compassions far       perish?
from me : let Thy mercy and Thy truth continually help        And though he came in to see me, his heart spake
me.                                                       vanity : he gathered iniquity unto himself.
   For evils without number have encompassed me;              He went forth : and spake in a like manner.
mine iniquities took hold of me : and I became unable         All mine enemies whispered against me : against
to see.                                                   me they devised evil for me.
   They are multiplied more than the hairs of my head         An unjust word they set against me: Can it be
: and my heart hath failed me.                            that he that sleepeth shall rise up again?
   Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me : O Lord, be             Yea, even the man of my peace in whom I
attentive unto helping me.                                hoped, who ate of my bread : hath magnified the
   Let them be shamed and confounded together :           lifting of heels against me.
which seek after my soul, to destroy it.                      But Thou, O Lord, be merciful unto me : and
   Let them be turned back and confounded : that          raise me up, and I will requite them.
desire evils for me.                                          By this I know that Thou hast delighted in me :
   Let them quickly receive shame for their reward :      because mine enemy shall not rejoice over me.
who say to me: Well done, well done.                          And because of mine innocence Thou hast
   Let them rejoice and be glad in Thee, all they that    helped me : and hast established me before Thee for
seek after Thee, O Lord : and let them that love Thy      ever.
salvation continually say: The Lord be magnified.             Blessed is the Lord God of Israel : from everlast-
   But as for me, a poor man am I and a pauper : the      ing to everlasting; so be it; so be it.
Lord will care for me.
                                                                                Psalm 41:
   My helper and my defender art Thou : O my God,
make no tarrying.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to the      A
                                                          God.
                                                                 s the hart panteth after the fountains of
                                                                  water : so panteth my soul after Thee, O
Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :          My soul thirsted for God, the mighty, the living :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          when shall I come, and appear before the face of
                                                          God?
   ant.   Lest I sin with my tongue.                         My tears have been my bread by day and by
                                                          night : whilst it is said to me daily: Where is thy
                                                          God?
96                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   These things have I remembered, and I poured             For not by their own sword did they inherit the
out my soul within me : for I shall go to the place of   land : nor did their own arm save them,
the wondrous tabernacle, even to the house of God,          But Thy right hand, and Thine arm, and the light
   With a voice of rejoicing and thanksgiving : yea,     of Thy countenance : because Thou wast well-
of the sound of them that keep festival.                 pleased in them.
   Why art thou cast down, O my soul : and why              Thou Thyself art my King, and my God : Thou
dost thou disquiet me?                                   that commandest the salvation of Jacob.
   Hope in God, for I will give thanks unto Him :           Through Thee shall the horn of our strength push
He is the salvation of my countenance, and my God.       down our enemies : and through Thy name shall we
   Within me my soul hath been troubled : therefore      bring to nought them that rise up against us.
will I remember Thee from the land of Jordan and            For not in my bow will I hope : and my sword
Hermoniem, from the little mountain.                     shall not save me.
   Deep calleth unto deep : at the voice of Thy             For Thou hast saved us from them that afflict us :
cataracts.                                               and them that hate us hast Thou put to shame.
   All Thy billows and Thy waves : have passed              In God we will boast all the day long : and in
over me.                                                 Thy name will we give praise in the age to come.
   By day the Lord will command His mercy : and             But now Thou hast cast us off and put us to
by night His ode shall be with me,                       shame : and wilt not go forth, O God, with our
   My prayer unto the God of my life : I will say        hosts.
unto God: Thou art my helper.                               Thou hast made us to turn back before our enemies
   Why hast Thou forgotten me : and wherefore go         : and they that hate us took spoils for themselves.
I with downcast face whilst mine enemy afflicteth           Thou hast given us up as sheep to be eaten : and
me?                                                      among the nations hast Thou scattered us.
   Whilst my bones were broken : mine enemies               Thou hast sold Thy people without a price : and
reproached me,                                           there was no gain in the selling of us.
   Whilst they said to me daily : Where is thy God?         Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours : a
   Why art thou cast down, O my soul : and why           scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
dost thou disquiet me?                                      Thou hast made us a byword among the nations : a
   Hope in God, for I will give thanks unto Him :        shaking of head among the peoples.
He is the salvation of my countenance, and my God.          All the day long my disgrace is before me : and the
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to      shame of my face hath covered me,
the Holy Spirit.                                            Because of the voice of him that reproacheth and
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :      revileth : because of the face of the enemy and pursuer.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            All this hath come upon us, and we have not
                                                         forgotten Thee : nor have we dealt unrighteously in
        O Lord, heal my soul, for I have sinned
     ant.
                                                         Thy covenant.
against Thee.
                                                            Though our heart hath not turned back : yet Thou
                      Psalm 43:                          hast turned aside our paths from Thy ways.
                                                            For Thou hast humbled us in a place of affliction :
     O   God, with our ears have we heard : for our
         fathers have told us,
   The work which Thou hadst wrought in their
                                                         and the shadow of death hath covered us.
                                                            If we have forgotten the name of our God : and if we
days : - in the days of old.                             have stretched out our hands to a strange god,
   Thy hand utterly destroyed the heathen, and in           Shall not God search out these things? : For He
their stead Thou didst plant them : Thou didst bring     knoweth the secrets of the heart.
evils upon those peoples, and didst cast them out.          For Thy sake we are slain all the day long : we are
                                                         counted as sheep for the slaughter.
                                               TUESDAY AT MATINS                                              97

   Rise up, why sleepest Thou, O Lord? : Arise, and      within, with gold- fringed garments is she arrayed :
cast us not off at the end.                              adorned in varied colours.
   Wherefore turnest Thou Thy face away : dost Thou         The virgins that follow after her shall be brought
forget our poverty and our affliction?                   unto the King : those near her shall be brought unto
   For our soul hath been humbled down to the dust :     Thee.
our belly hath cleaved to the earth.                        They shall be brought with gladness and
   Arise, O Lord, help us : and redeem us for Thy        rejoicing : they shall be brought into the temple of
name’s sake.                                             the King.
                      Psalm 44:                             In the stead of thy fathers, sons are born to thee :
                                                         thou shalt make them princes over all the earth.
   M     y heart hath poured forth a good word : I
           speak of my works to the king.
   My tongue is the pen : of a swiftly writing scribe.
                                                            I shall commemorate thy name : in every
                                                         generation and generation.
   Comely art Thou in beauty more than the sons of          Therefore shall peoples give praise unto thee for
men; grace hath been poured forth on Thy lips :          ever : and unto the ages of ages.
wherefore God hath blessed Thee for ever.                   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   Gird Thy sword upon Thy thigh : - - O Mighty          the Holy Spirit.
One,                                                        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   In Thy comeliness and Thy beauty : and bend           and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Thy bow, and proceed prosperously, and be king,             ant.   My heart hath poured forth a good word.
   Because of truth and meekness and righteousness
: and Thy right hand shall guide Thee wondrously.                               Psalm 45:

   Thine arrows are sharp, O Mighty One : (under
Thee shall peoples fall) sharp in the heart of the
enemies of the king.
                                                            O   ur God is refuge and strength : a helper in
                                                                 afflictions which mightily befall us.
                                                            Therefore shall we not fear when the earth be
   Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever : a           shaken : nor when the mountains be removed into
sceptre of uprightness is the sceptre of Thy             the heart of the seas.
kingdom.                                                    Their waters roared and were troubled : the
   Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity      mountains were troubled by His might.
: wherefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with           The rushings of the river make glad the city of
the oil of gladness more than Thy fellows.               God : the Most High hath hallowed His tabernacle.
   Myrrh and stacte and cassia exhale from Thy              God is in the midst of her, she shall not be
garments : from the ivory palaces, whereby they          shaken : God shall help her right early in the
have made Thee glad, they the daughters of kings in      morning.
Thine honour.                                               The nations were troubled, kingdoms tottered :
   At Thy right hand stood the queen, arrayed in a       the Most High gave forth His voice, the earth was
vesture of inwoven gold : adorned in varied colours.     shaken.
   Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thine          The Lord of hosts is with us : our helper is the
ear : and forget thine own people and thy father’s       God of Jacob.
house.                                                      Come and behold the works of God : what
   And the King shall greatly desire thy beauty : for    marvels He hath wrought on the earth.
He Himself is thy Lord, and thou shalt worship              Making wars to cease unto the ends of the earth :
Him.                                                     He will crush the bow and will shatter the weapon,
   And Him shall the daughters of Tyre worship           and shields will He utterly burn with fire.
with gifts : the rich among the people shall entreat        Be still, and know that I am God : I will be
thy countenance.                                         exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the
   All the glory of the daughter of the King is          earth.
98                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

  The Lord of hosts is with us : our helper is the        the city of the Lord of hosts, in the city of our God :
God of Jacob.                                             God hath laid her foundations unto eternity.
                           Psalm 46:                         We have thought, O God, of Thy mercy : in the
                                                          midst of Thy people.
     C lap your hands, all ye nations : shout unto
        God with a voice of rejoicing.
   For the Lord Most High is terrible : a great King
                                                             According to Thy name, O God, so is Thy praise
                                                          also unto the ends of the earth : Thy right hand is
over all the earth.                                       full of righteousness.
   He hath subdued peoples under us : and nations            Let Mount Sion be glad, and let the daughters of
under our feet.                                           Judea rejoice : because of Thy judgments, O Lord.
   He hath chosen us for His inheritance : the beauty        Encircle Sion and encompass her : tell her story
of Jacob, which He loved.                                 in her towers.
   God is gone up in jubilation : the Lord with the          Set your hearts upon her strength, and consider
voice of the trumpet.                                     her bulwarks : that ye may tell it to another
   O chant unto our God, chant ye : chant unto our        generation.
King, chant ye.                                              For He is our God for ever, yea, for ever and ever
   For God is king of all the earth : O chant ye with     : He shall shepherd us unto the ages.
understanding.                                                                   Psalm 48:
   God is king over the nations : God sitteth upon His
holy throne.
   The princes of the peoples are gathered together
                                                             H    ear this, all ye nations : give ear, all ye that
                                                                   inhabit the world,
                                                             Both ye that are born of earth, and ye sons of
with the God of Abraham : for God’s mighty ones of
                                                          men : rich and poor men together.
the earth are greatly exalted.
                                                             My mouth shall speak wisdom : and the
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to the
                                                          meditation of my heart shall be of understanding.
Holy Spirit.
                                                             I will incline mine ear unto a parable : I will
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                          unfold my problem on the psaltery.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             Wherefore should I fear in an evil day? : The
     ant.   A helper in afflictions.                      iniquity at my heel shall compass me about.
                           Psalm 47:                         There be some that trust in their strength : and
                                                          boast themselves in the multitude of their riches.

     G  reat is the Lord, and greatly to be praised :
         in the city of our God, in His holy
mountain, in the well-rooted joy of all the earth,
                                                             A brother cannot redeem; shall a man redeem? :
                                                          He shall not give to God a ransom for himself,
                                                             Nor the price of the redemption of his own soul :
   The mountains of Sion on the sides of the north :
                                                          though he hath laboured for ever, and shall live to
the city of the great King.
                                                          the end.
   God is known in her towers : when He cometh to
                                                             For he shall not see corruption, when he shall see
help her.
                                                          wise men dying : the mindless man and the witless
   For lo, the kings of the earth were assembled :        shall perish together.
they came together.
                                                             And they shall leave their riches to others : and
   When they saw her thus they marvelled : they           their graves shall be their houses unto eternity,
were troubled, they were shaken, trembling took
                                                             Their dwelling places unto generation and
hold of them.
                                                          generation : though they have called their lands after
   There were pangs as of a woman in travail : with       their own names.
a vehement wind shalt Thou shatter the ships of
                                                             And man, being in honour, did not understand :
Tharsis.
                                                          he is compared to the mindless cattle, and is become
   Even as we have heard, so too we have seen in          like unto them.
                                                     TUESDAY AT MATINS                                               99

    This way of theirs is a stumbling-block for them          whole-burnt offerings are continually before Me.
: yet afterwards they will please with their mouth.               I will not welcome bullocks out of thy house :
    Like sheep they are laid in hades : death shall be        nor he-goats out of thy flocks.
their shepherd.                                                   For Mine are all the beasts of the field : cattle on
    And the upright shall have dominion over them in          the mountains, and oxen.
the morning : and their help shall wax old in hades;              I know all the fowls of the air : and with Me is
they have been cast out from their glory.                     the beauty of the field.
    Yet God shall redeem my soul out of the hand of               If I hunger, not to thee will I tell it : for Mine is
hades : when he receiveth me.                                 the world, and the fulness thereof.
    Be not afraid when a man becometh rich : nor when             Shall I eat of the flesh of bulls : or the blood of
the glory of this house is increased.                         goats, shall I drink it?
    For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away : nor           Sacrifice unto God a sacrifice of praise : and pay
shall his glory descend after him.                            unto the Most High thy vows.
    For his soul shall be blessed in his lifetime : he will       And call upon Me in the day of thine affliction :
acknowledge Thee while Thou doest good unto him.              and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify Me.
    He shall enter into the generation of his fathers : he        But unto the sinner God hath said : Why
shall not see light unto eternity.                            declarest thou My statutes and takest up My
    And man, being in honour, did not understand : he         covenant in thy mouth?
is compared to the mindless cattle, and is become like            Thou hast hated instruction : and hast cast out
unto them.                                                    My words behind thee.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to the          If thou sawest a thief, thou didst run with him :
Holy Spirit.                                                  and with the adulterer thou hast set thy portion.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :              Thy mouth hath abounded with evil : and thy
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                              tongue hath woven deceits.
   ant.   Give ear, all ye that inhabit the world.                Thou didst sit down and speak against thy
                                                              brother : and against thine own mother’s son didst
                         Psalm 49:                            thou lay a stumbling-block; these things thou didst,
                                                              and I kept silence.
   T   he God of gods, the Lord, hath spoken : and
         He hath called the earth,
    From the rising of the sun and unto the setting
                                                                  Thou didst think an iniquity, that I should be like
                                                              unto thee : I will reprove thee, and bring thy sins
thereof : out of Sion is the magnificence of His              before thy face.
comeliness.                                                       Wherefore, understand these things, ye that
    God shall come visibly : yea, our God, and shall          forget God : lest He snatch you away and there be
not keep silence.                                             none to deliver you.
    Fire shall blaze before Him : and round about                 A sacrifice of praise shall glorify Me : and there
Him shall there be a mighty tempest.                          is the way wherein I shall show unto him My
    He shall summon heaven above : and the earth,             salvation.
                                                                                     Psalm 51:
that He may judge His people.
    Gather together unto Him His holy ones : who
have established His covenant upon sacrifices.                   W    hy dost thou boast in evil, O mighty man :
                                                                       and in iniquity all the day long?
                                                                 Thy tongue hath devised unrighteousness : like a
    And the heavens shall declare His righteousness :
- for God is judge.                                           sharpened razor hast thou wrought deceit.
    Hear, O my people, and I will speak unto thee, O             Thou hast loved evil more than goodness :
Israel : and I will testify against thee: I am God, thy       unrighteousness more than to speak righteousness.
God.                                                             Thou hast loved all the words of engulfing ruin :
    Not for sacrifices will I reprove thee : nay, thy         and a deceitful tongue.
100                                                       ST. HILARION PRESS

    Wherefore, God will destroy thee at the end : He                                         Lesson 1
will pluck thee out and remove thee from thy                        The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding
dwelling place, and thy root out of the land of the                 the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.
living.
                                                                    Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any
    The righteous shall see and fear, and shall laugh               “Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
at him and say : Lo, this is the man that made not
God his helper,                                                                           Responsory 1
    But trusted in the abundance of his riches : and                The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
strengthened himself in his vanity.
                                                                       Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
    But as for me, I am like a fruitful olive tree in the
house of the Lord : I have hoped in the mercy of                    The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
                                                                    Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
God for ever, and unto the ages of ages.
                                                                    blessing is:
    I will give praise unto Thee for ever, for what
Thou hast done, and I will wait on Thy name, for it                          May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
                                                                       Priest:
is good before Thy saints.                                          hearts. R. Amen.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to                                         Lesson 2
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                    The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                immediately:
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                          Responsory 2
   ant.   The God of gods, the Lord, hath spoken.
                                                                    The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
          (with neum)                                               while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
                                                                    server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.
                          V. and R.
          The proper versicle is intoned by one server.                Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:               The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
                                                                    Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
  V. Sacrifice unto God a sacrifice of praise.                      blessing is:
  R. And pay unto the Most High thy vows. Ps
      49:15                                                                  Sent forth from heaven, may the life-
                                                                       Priest:
The choir prays together, inaudibly:
                                                                    giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.

   Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)                                             Lesson 3
                                                                    The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                               follows:
  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                                                          Responsory 3
                          LESSONS                                   The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,
   Reader:     Grant, O Lord, to bless.                             the choir rises.

The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of        After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the            as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum
blessing is:                                                        is not chanted.

                                                                    And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is
         May God have mercy upon us: and grant
   Priest:
                                                                    begun straightaway:
us peace. R. Amen.
Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last
Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.
                                                          TUESDAY AT MATINS                                              101

                            LAUDS                                         Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out
The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the          all mine iniquities.
East:                                                                     Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a
                           V. and R.                                  right spirit within me.
The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.              Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after             not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
Trin. to Advent, it is thus:
                                                                          Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and
   V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.                              with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
   R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22                        I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the
                                                                      ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
                        Introduction
                                                                          Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:
                                                                      God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in
  V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                           Thy righteousness.
                                                                          O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth
The choir answers:
                                                                      shall declare Thy praise.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory                          For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it
     be to the Father C and to the Son and to the                     : with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
     Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,                 pleased.
     and now and always, and unto the ages of                             A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                            that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we                    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”             Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
                            Psalms                                        Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                                                                      righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                           Psalm 50:
                                                                      offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine

   H    ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
         great mercy.
   And according to the multitude of Thy
                                                                      altar.
                                                                          C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                                      the Holy Spirit.
compassions : blot out my transgression.                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and                        and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
cleanse me from my sin.
   For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever                         ant.According to Thy great mercy, have mercy
before me.                                                            on me, O God.
                                                                                             Psalm 42:
   Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in
Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.                             J udge me, O God, and give judgment in my
                                                                            cause, against a nation that is not holy : from a
                                                                      man unjust and crafty deliver me.
   For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in
sins did my mother bear me.                                              For Thou, O God, art my strength : wherefore
                                                                      hast Thou cast me off? and wherefore go I with
   For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden
                                                                      downcast face whilst mine enemy afflicteth me?
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
manifest unto me.                                                        O send out Thy light and Thy truth : they have
                                                                      guided me along the way, and have brought me unto
   Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
                                                                      Thy holy mountain, and unto Thy tabernacles.
be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
made whiter than snow.                                                   And I shall go in unto the altar of God : unto God
                                                                      Who giveth gladness to my youth. I will give praise
   Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :
                                                                      unto Thee, O God, my God, with the harp.
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
102                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   Why art thou cast down, O my soul : and why            the peoples praise Thee.
dost thou disquiet me?                                       Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou
   Hope in God, for I will give thanks unto Him :         shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations
He is the salvation of my countenance, and my God.        shalt Thou guide upon the earth.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to          Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all
the Holy Spirit.                                          the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :       fruit.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                             Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *
                                                          and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
   ant.   The salvation of my countenance, and my
                                                             C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
God.
                       Psalm 62:                          the Holy Spirit.
                                                             As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
   O      God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
           dawn.
    My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
                                                          * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             ant.    Unto Thee I rise early at dawn, O God.
my flesh longed after Thee!                                                  Canticle of Ezechias:
    In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
see Thy power and Thy glory.                                 I   said: In the midst of my days : I shall go to
                                                                 the gates of hell.
                                                              I sought for the residue of my years : I said: I
    For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
shall praise Thee.                                        shall not see the Lord God in the land of the living.
    So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy            I shall behold man no more : nor the inhabitant
name will I lift up my hands.                             of rest.
    As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,         My generation is at an end, and it is rolled away
* and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise        from me : like a shepherd’s tent.
Thee.                                                         My life is cut off as by a weaver : whilst I was
    If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I         yet but beginning, he cut me off.
meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my                   From morning even to night Thou wilt make an
helper.                                                   end of me : I hoped till morning; as a lion so hath he
    In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul   broken all my bones.
hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been           From morning even to night Thou wilt make an
quick to help me.                                         end of me : I will cry like a young swallow; I will
    But as for these, in vain have they sought after      meditate like a dove.
my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of           Mine eyes are weakened : looking upward.
the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge          Lord, I suffer violence; answer Thou for me :
of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.           what shall I say, whereas He Himself hath done it?
    But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall         I will recount to Thee all my years : in the
be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of       bitterness of my soul.
them is stopped that speak unjust things.                     O Lord, if man’s life be such, and the life of my
                                                          spirit be in such things as these, Thou shalt correct
                       Psalm 66:
                                                          me, and make me to live : behold, in peace is my

   G  od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
       cause His face to shine upon us, and have
mercy on us,
                                                          bitterness most bitter.
                                                              But Thou hast delivered my soul that it should
                                                          not perish : Thou hast cast all my sins behind Thy
  That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *              back.
among all the nations Thy salvation.                          For hell shall not confess to Thee, neither shall
  Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all      death praise Thee : nor shall they that go down into
                                                   TUESDAY AT MATINS                                                 103

the pit look for Thy truth.                                                         Psalm 149:
    The living, the living, he shall give praise to
Thee, as I do this day : the father shall make Thy
truth known unto the children.
                                                               S   ing unto the Lord a new song : His praise is
                                                                    in the church of the saints.
                                                               Let Israel be glad in Him that made him : let the
    O Lord, save me : and we will sing our psalms           sons of Sion rejoice in their King.
all the days of our life in the house of the Lord. Is.         Let them praise His name in the dance : with the
38:10-20                                                    timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto Him.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to            For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people : and
the Holy Spirit.                                            He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :            The saints shall boast in glory : and they shall
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            rejoice upon their beds.
   ant.    All the days of our life, O Lord, save us.          The high praise of God shall be in their throat :
                                                            and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:
                         Psalm 148
                                                               To do vengeance among the heathen :

   P   raise the Lord from the heavens : praise Him
        in the highest.
    Praise Him, all ye His Angels : praise Him, all ye
                                                            punishments among the peoples:
                                                               To bind their kings with fetters : and their nobles
                                                            with manacles of iron:
His hosts.                                                     To do among them the judgment that is written :
    Praise Him, O sun and moon : praise Him, all ye         this glory shall be to all His saints.
stars and light.
                                                                                    Psalm 150:
    Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens : and thou
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.                                              P  raise ye God in His saints : praise Him in the
                                                                   firmament of His power.
                                                               Praise Him for His mighty acts : praise Him
    For He spake, and they came to be : He
commanded, and they were created.                           according to the multitude of His greatness.
    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and            Praise Him with the sound of trumpet : praise
ever : He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not pass      Him with the psaltery and harp.
away.                                                          Praise Him with timbrel and dance : praise Him
    Praise the Lord from the earth : ye dragons, and        with strings and flute.
all ye abysses.                                                Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest : which         with cymbals of jubilation : let every breath praise
perform His word,                                           the Lord.
    The mountains and all the hills : fruitful trees,          C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
and all cedars,                                             the Holy Spirit.
    The beasts and all the cattle : creeping things and        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
winged birds,                                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Kings of the earth and all peoples : princes and           ant.   Praise ye God in the highest. (with neum)
all the judges of the earth,
    Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;                                CHAPTER
let them praise the name of the Lord : for exalted is       The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the
the name of Him alone.                                      East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
                                                            the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
    His praise is above the earth and heaven : and He       Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:
shall exalt the horn of His people.
    This is the hymn for all His saints : for the sons
of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto               W    atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
                                                                      fully, and be strengthened: let all your
                                                            things be done in charity. 1 Cor 16:13-14
Him.
104                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

   R. Thanks be to God.                                            To the Almighty.
                          HYMN                                     That God our Father may, in His compassion,
The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.         Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when               And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:                              By His sweet mercy.
               Hymn I (of Prudentius)                              C The blessèd Godhead bestow this upon us—

   T  he winged herald of daylight
       Foretelleth that the light is near:
   And Christ, the Wakener of souls,
                                                                   Of the Begetter, and of His Begotten,
                                                                   And Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                   The earth resoundeth. Amen.
   Doth further summon us to life.
                                                                                        V. and R.
   “Bear off your couches,” He crieth,                          The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
   “Ye sick, and ye slothful from sleep,                        Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
   Keep watch, chaste, sober, and upright:
                                                                  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
   I am already nigh at hand.”
                                                                  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
   Weeping and praying soberly,
                                                                On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
   Let us rouse Jesus to our aid,                               begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
   For humble and attentive prayer                              ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.
   Doth not permit pure hearts to sleep.
                                                                                 Canticle of Zacharias
   Do Thou, O Christ, dispel our sleep;                                         CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
   Break in pieces the chains of night;
                                                                The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
   Absolve the sin of former days,                              Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full
   And infuse in us Thy new light.                              here.)

   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                   B
                                                                people.
                                                                       lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
                                                                        hath visited and wrought redemption for His

   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                               And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
Before Purification, the last stanza is:                        the house of His servant David.
                                                                   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                the prophets of old.
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                                   That we should be saved from our enemies, *
   With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                and from the hand of all that hate us.
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                                   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
                         V. and R.                              remember His holy covenant.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to          The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                 * that He would grant unto us,
  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.                              That we be delivered out of the hand of our
  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7                     enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,
                                                                   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all
From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
the Sun., the Hymn is:                                          the days of our life.
                                                                   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                      the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of

   B  ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
       The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
                                                                the Lord, to prepare His ways.
                                                                   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,
                                                       TUESDAY AT MATINS                                                    105

* by the remission of their sins.                                                        Conclusion
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *                        V. The Lord be with you.
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.                 R. And with thy spirit.
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in
                                                                  Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way
                                                                  soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
of peace. Lk 1:68-79
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                 V. Let us bless the Lord.
the Holy Spirit.                                                    R. Thanks be to God.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                                         Blessing
                                                                     If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                         Antiphon                                    the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the                yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Matins, all            “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
the choir stands turned to the East. On most ferias, the ant.        answers, “Amen.”
is:
    ant. The Lord hath raised up a horn of salvation
                                                                  The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
for us in the house of His servant David. (with neum)
                                                                     Our Father... Amen.
                    Festal Conclusion                                Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal                [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
the Preces are begun here (p. 86).                                And so Matins is completed on Sundays and feasts.
                                                                  Every day, except on double feasts and through the
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the   octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,     Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not              Souls’, and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
change his place, even on feasts.                                 that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from
                                                                  the Wed. before Pascha untilthe first Sun. after Trin., the
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of
  Let us pray.                                                    Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.

                        COLLECT
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
                                                                                            Preces
   V. The Lord be with you.                                       The Preces for ferias are given on p. 86, under Monday
   R. And with thy spirit.                                        Matins. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended
                                                                  as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle       For the Peace of the Church, Matins of Our Lady, and
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):          Matins of the Dead.
   V. Let us bless the Lord.
   R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                  The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with
                                                                  their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.
                COMMEMORATIONS
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the                                        C
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
106                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                               the Holy Spirit.
        TUESDAY at VESPERS                                        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                       Preparation                             and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being         ant.   Rejoicing, let us go into the house of the
kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the       Lord.
north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
                                                                                          Psalm 122:
facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:

   Our Father... Amen.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                     Unto Thee have I lifted up mine eyes : unto
                                                                        thee that dwellest in heaven.
                                                                  Behold, as the eyes of servants : look unto the
   [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]
                                                               hands of their masters.
                      Introduction                                As the eyes of the handmaid look unto the hands
Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:     of her mistress : so do our eyes look unto the Lord
                                                               our God, until He take pity on us.
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                                  Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us :
The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:                       for greatly are we filled with abasement.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                                                                  Greatly hath our soul been filled therewith : let
       be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the          reproach come upon them that prosper, and
       Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,        abasement on the proud.
       and now and always, and unto the ages of                   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
       ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                   the Holy Spirit.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.

                          Psalms                                     ant.   Thou that dwellest in heaven, have mercy on
                        Psalm 121:
                                                               us.
                                                                                          Psalm 123:

   I   was glad because of them that said unto me :
      Let us go into the house of the Lord.
    Our feet have stood : in thy courts, O Jerusalem.
                                                                     Had it not been that the Lord was with us, let
                                                                        Israel now say : had it not been that the
                                                               Lord was with us,
    Jerusalem is builded as a city : which its dwellers           When men rose up against us : then had they
share in concord.                                              swallowed us up alive.
    For there the tribes went up, the tribes of the               When their wrath raged against us : then had the
Lord : as a testimony for Israel, to give thanks to the        water overwhelmed us.
name of the Lord.
                                                                  Our soul hath passed through a torrent : then had
    For there are set thrones unto judgment : thrones          our soul passed through the water that is irresistible.
over the house of David.
                                                                  Blessed be the Lord Who hath not given us : to
    Ask now for the things which are for the peace of          be a prey to their teeth.
Jerusalem : and for the prosperity of them that love
                                                                  Our soul like a sparrow was delivered : out of the
thee.
                                                               snare of the hunters.
    Let peace be now in thy strength : and prosperity
                                                                  The snare is broken : and we are delivered.
in thy palaces.
                                                                  Our help is in the name of the Lord : Who hath
    For the sake of my brethren and my neighbours :
                                                               made heaven and the earth.
I spake peace concerning thee.
                                                                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
    Because of the house of the Lord our God : I
                                                               the Holy Spirit.
have sought good things for thee.
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                 TUESDAY AT VESPERS                                              107

   ant.   Our help is in the name of the Lord.            ant.   We became as men that are comforted. (with
                                                                   neum)
                       Psalm 124:
                                                                                   CHAPTER

   T   hey that trust in the Lord shall be as Mount
        Sion : he that dwelleth at Jerusalem, never-
more shall he be shaken.
                                                                       The proper Chapter is read here.
                                                          On all ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
                                                          Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent,
   Mountains are round about her, and the Lord is         when service is of the season, the Chapter is:
round about His people : from henceforth and for
evermore.
   For the Lord will not permit the rod of sinners to
                                                             A     nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
                                                                    of God: and the patience of Christ.
be upon the lot of the righteous : lest the righteous              R. Thanks be to God. 2 Thess 3:5
stretch forth their hands unto iniquities.                On double feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.
   Do good, O Lord, unto them that are good : and
unto the upright of heart.                                                           HYMN
   But them that turn aside unto crooked ways shall                        The proper Hymn is sung here.
the Lord lead away with the workers of iniquity :         From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
peace be upon Israel.                                     service is of the feria, the Hymn is:
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to                 Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
the Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             T  he world’s Creator, Limitless,
                                                                 Who, raising up the soils of earth,
                                                             The water’s billows driven off,
   ant. Do good, O Lord, unto them that are good,            Madest the land immovable.
and unto the upright of heart.                               That, bringing forth befitting seed,
                       Psalm 125:                            Adorned with flowers of joyful hue,
                                                             She might remain fertile in fruit,
   W
comforted.
          hen the Lord turned again the captivity of
           Sion : we became as men that are
                                                             And yield her pleasant sustenance.
                                                             Cleanse by the grace of flowering life
    Then was our mouth filled with joy : and our             The wounds of the unwatered soul:
tongue with rejoicing.                                       May it, washing its deeds by tears,
    Then shall they say among the nations : The Lord         Weary the passions’ wickedness.
hath done great things unto them.
                                                             Thy precepts may the soul obey,
    The Lord hath done great things among us : and           Draw near to no maliciousness,
we are become glad.                                          Rejoice to be fulfilled with good,
    Turn again, O Lord, our captivity : like streams         And of death’s work be ignorant.
in the south.
    They that sow with tears : shall reap with               C Most loving Father, grant us this,
rejoicing.                                                   And His co-equal, only Son,
                                                             With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
    In their going they went, and they wept : as they
                                                             Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
cast their seeds.
    But in their coming shall they come with              Before Purification, the last stanza is:
rejoicing : bearing their sheaves.                           C O Master, glory be to Thee,
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to         Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
the Holy Spirit.                                             With Father and Holy Spirit,
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         Unto the ages without end. Amen.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
108                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

                         V. and R.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On ferias from the first Sun.
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
                                                                   M     y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                          spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                                   For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                                handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.              generations shall call me blessed.
  R. As incense in Thy sight.                                      For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
                                                                * and holy is His name.
On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the
Hymn is:                                                           And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
                                                                generation and generation.
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                         He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath
                                                                scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.
   O   All-Good Creator of light,
        Who bringest forth the light of day,
   Providing the earth’s foundation
                                                                   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *
                                                                and exalted them of low degree.
   With fresh beginnings of new light.                             He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
                                                                the rich He hath sent empty away.
   Who hast commanded that the dawn,
   When joined to dusk, be known as day:                           He hath holpen His servant Israel * in
   Dark chaos stealeth over us;                                 remembrance of His mercy,
   Hear our entreaties and weeping.                                As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his
                                                                seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55
   Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,                        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to
   Be exiled from the gift of life;                             the Holy Spirit.
   Lest, heedless of eternity,
                                                                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
   It bind itself with sin’s fetters.
                                                                * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
                                                                                         Antiphon
   And bear from thence the prize of life:
   Let us avoid all evil things,                                The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
                                                                whole choir. On most ferias, the ant. is:
   And purge out every wickedness.
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                            ant.My spirit hath rejoiced in the Lord God my
   And His co-equal, only Son:                                  Saviour. (with neum)
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                               From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all the choir
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                            remains turned to the East.

                         V. and R.                                                  Festal Conclusion
Every feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent,     On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V. and R.    seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
is:                                                             the Preces are begun here (p. 91).

  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.              The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the
  R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2                          choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
                                                                facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
On feast days, the Priest censes the Altar, the patronal        change his place, even on feasts.
icon, and the ark of Relics, and the server censes the
choir:                                                            V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                  R. And with thy spirit.
            Canticle of the Mother of God                         Let us pray.
                CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
                                                                                        COLLECT
The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)    The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
                                                    TUESDAY AT VESPERS                                               109

   V. The Lord be with you.                                    The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
   R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                  Our Father... Amen.
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle       Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):          [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
   V. Let us bless the Lord.                                   And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our
   R. Thanks be to God.                                        Lady, and Vespers of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation,
                                                               follow.

               COMMEMORATIONS
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.                                        Preces
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the            The Preces for ferias are given on p. 91, under Monday
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the        Vespers. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:            as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
                                                               Vespers of Our Lady and Vespers of the Dead. In Lent,
                                                               the Collation is also done.
                       Conclusion
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with thy spirit.

Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                                  Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on
  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                       pages 11 - 29.
  R. Thanks be to God.


                         Blessing
   If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
   yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
   “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   answers, “Amen.”
                                                                                            C
110                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                                          The second half is sung by the choir.
      WEDNESDAY at MATINS                                         For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry
                       Preparation                             land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us
After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to      worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep
the East, the Priest says silently:                            before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,
                                                               and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep
   Our Father... Amen.                                         of His hand.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                                     The whole Inv. is sung.
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                                                                  Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
                      Introduction                             hearts, as in the provocation in the day of tempta-
Then the Priest sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:    tion in the wilderness. For your fathers tempted Me;
                                                               they proved Me and saw My works.
   V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
                                                                                 The second half is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                  Forty years long was I grieved with that genera-
   R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.                   tion, and I said: They do always err in their hearts.
He signs himself on his forehead and sings in a full voice:    And they have not known My ways; so I sware in
                                                               Mine anger: They shall not enter into My rest.
   V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
                                                                                 The whole Inv. is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
   R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:)                    to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and
Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the           now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.               The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-
Alleluya.                                                      intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.

From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we                                  HYMN
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                                      The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
                     INVITATORY                                On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the             Hymn is:
precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or
                                                                       Hymn I (by St. Gregory the Great)
feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
ferias the inv. is as follows:

   Inv. In Thy hand, O Lord, / Are all the ends of                O   All-Good Creator of all,
                                                                       Our Ruler, look down graciously:
                                                                  Deliver us immersed in sleep
the earth.
                                                                  From rest that causeth us to sin.
          Then the chanter(s) sing(s) Psalm 94:
                                                                  O Holy Christ, we ask of Thee:

   C  ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
       with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
                                                                  Do Thou forgive our transgressions.
                                                                  We rise up to confess our sins
                                                                  And interrupt night’s hindrances.
and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.
                                                                  We lift up both our hearts and hands
           The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.                   As we have learned from the Prophet,
    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over            Who gave the precept so to do,
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His                 As Paul upheld in very deed.
people; for in His hand are the ends of the earth,                Thou seest the evil we have done.
and the heights of the mountains are His.                         We manifest our secret sins;
                                                   WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                         111

   Bewailing them, we pour forth prayers,                     rendered useless : there is none that doeth good, no
   Forgive us that in which we sinned.                        not one.
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                           Shall not all they that work iniquity come to
   And His co-equal, only Son,                                understanding : they that eat up my people as they
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                            eat bread?
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                              They have not called upon the Lord : there have
                                                              they feared with fear where no fear is.
Before the Purification, the last stanza is:
                                                                  For God hath scattered the bones of man-pleasers
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                              : they have been put to shame, because God hath set
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,                            them at nought.
   With Father and Holy Spirit,                                   Who shall give out of Sion the salvation of
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.                           Israel? : When God hath turned back the captivity of
                                                              His people, Jacob shall rejoice and Israel shall be
On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when
service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:                 glad.
                                                                                    Psalm 54:
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)

   R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
        Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
                                                                 G    ive ear, O God, unto my prayer : and dis
                                                                       dain not my supplication; attend unto me,
                                                              and hear me.
   And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every                  I was grieved in my meditation : and I was
   Power of the spirit.                                       troubled at the voice of the enemy and at the
                                                              oppression of the sinner;
   That as together we sing to our kind King,
   We may be worthy with His Saints to enter                     Because they have turned iniquity upon me : and
   The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live                   with wrath were they angry against me.
   That life rejoicing.                                          My heart is troubled within me : and the terror of
                                                              death is fallen upon me.
  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—                        Fear and trembling are come upon me : and
  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,                   darkness hath covered me.
  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                 And I said: Who will give me wings like a dove?
  The earth resoundeth. Amen.
                                                              : And I will fly, and be at rest.
                       NOCTURN                                   Lo, I have fled afar off : and have dwelt in the
                                                              wilderness.
On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve
Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there      I waited for God that saveth me : from faint-
are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the   heartedness and from tempest.
Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine       Plunge them into the depths, O Lord, and divide
Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.
                                                              their tongues : for I have seen iniquity and
                          Psalms                              gainsaying in the city.
                         Psalm 52:                               Day and night they go round about her upon her
                                                              walls : iniquity and toil and unrighteousness are in
   T   he fool hath said in his heart : - - There is no
         God.
    They are corrupt and are abominable in iniquities
                                                              the midst of her.
                                                                 And usury and deceit : have not departed from
                                                              her streets.
: there is none that doeth good.
                                                                 For if mine enemy had reviled me : I might have
    God looked down from heaven upon the sons of
                                                              endured it.
man : to see if there be any that understand or seek
after God.                                                       And if he that hateth me had spoken boastful
                                                              words against me : I might have hid myself from
    They are all gone astray, they are altogether
                                                              him.
112                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   But thou it was, O man of like soul with me : my       on high.
guide and my familiar friend,                                By day I shall not fear : but as for me, I will hope
   Thou who together with me didst sweeten my             in Thee.
repasts : in the house of God I walked with thee in          In God will I commend my words, in God I have
oneness of mind.                                          set my hope : I will not fear what flesh shall do to
   Let death come upon such ones : and let them go        me.
down alive into hades.                                       All the day long they detested my words : all
   For wickedness is in their dwellings : and in the      their thoughts were against me for evil.
midst of them.                                               They will dwell near and will hide themselves :
   As for me, unto God have I cried : and the Lord        they will watch where I set my heel,
hearkened unto me.                                           Even as they have waited for my soul : on no
   Evening, morning, and noonday will I tell of it        account wilt Thou save them, in wrath wilt Thou
and will declare it : and He will hear my voice.          bring down the peoples, O God.
   He will redeem my soul in peace from them that            My life have I declared unto Thee : Thou hast set
draw nigh unto me : for they among many were              my tears before Thee.
with me.                                                     Even as in Thy promise : mine enemies shall be
   God will hear, and He will humble them : He            turned back.
that is before the ages.                                     In what day soever I shall call upon Thee :
   For to them there is no requital, because they         behold, I know that Thou art God.
have not feared God : He hath stretched forth His            In God will I praise His word, in the Lord will I
hand in retribution.                                      praise His speech : in God have I put my hope; I
   They have defiled His covenant : they were             will not fear what man shall do unto me.
scattered by the wrath of His countenance, and their         In me, O God, there be vows : which I will
hearts have convened.                                     render in praise of Thee.
   Their words were smoother than oil : - and yet            For Thou hast delivered my soul from death,
they are darts.                                           mine eyes from tears, and my feet from sliding : that
   Cast they care upon the Lord, and He will              I may be well-pleasing before the Lord in the light
nourish thee : He will never permit the righteous to      of the living.
be shaken.
                                                                                Psalm 56:
   But Thou, O God, shalt bring those men down :
into the pit of destruction.
   Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half          H    ave mercy on me, O God, have mercy on
                                                                   me : for my soul trusted in Thee.
                                                             And in the shadow of Thy wings will I hope :
their days : but as for me, O Lord, I will hope in
Thee.                                                     until iniquity shall pass away.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to          I will cry unto God the Most High : unto God my
the Holy Spirit.                                          benefactor.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :          He hath sent out of heaven and saved me : He
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          hath given over to reproach them that were
                                                          trampling me down.
   ant.   May the Lord turn back the captivity of His
                                                             God hath sent forth His mercy and His truth : and
people.
                                                          hath delivered my soul from the midst of lions’
                        Psalm 55:
                                                          cubs; I lay me down to sleep as one troubled.

   H    ave mercy on me, O God, for man hath
         trodden me down : all the day long, making
war, he hath afflicted me.
                                                             As for the sons of men, their teeth are weapons
                                                          and arrows : and their tongue a sharp sword.
                                                             Be Thou exalted above the heavens, O God : and
   Mine enemies have trodden me down all the day
                                                          Thy glory above all the earth.
long : for many are they that war against me from
                                                WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                                113

    They have prepared a snare for my feet : and                And man shall say:- If indeed there is fruit for
bowed down my soul.                                          the righteous man : there is indeed a God that
    They have dug a pit before my face : and have            judgeth them upon the earth.
fallen into it themselves.                                                          Psalm 58:
    Ready is my heart, O God, ready is my heart : I
will sing and chant in my glory.
    Awake, O my glory; awake, O psaltery and harp :          me.
                                                                R   escue me from mine enemies, O God : and
                                                                     from them that rise up against me redeem
I myself will awake at dawn.
                                                                 Deliver me from them that work iniquity : and
    I will confess Thee among the peoples, O Lord :          from men of blood do Thou save me.
I will chant unto Thee among the nations.
                                                                 For lo, they have hunted after my soul : the
    For magnified even unto the heavens is Thy               mighty have set upon me.
mercy : and Thy truth even unto the clouds.
                                                                 Neither is it mine iniquity, O Lord, nor my sin :
    Be Thou exalted above the heavens, O God : and           without iniquity I ran, and directed my steps;
Thy glory above all the earth.
                                                                 Arise to meet me, and behold : and Thou, O Lord
    C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to        God of hosts, the God of Israel,
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                 Be attentive to visit all the heathen : be not
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         merciful to any that work iniquity.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                 They shall return at evening, and shall hunger
   ant.   For my soul hath trusted in Thee.                  like dogs : and shall go round about the city.
                        Psalm 57:
                                                                 Behold, they shall utter sounds with their mouth,
                                                             and a sword is in their lips : For who, say they, hath

   I  f ye indeed speak of righteousness : judge
       rightly, ye sons of men.
    For in your heart ye work iniquity in the earth :
                                                             heard?
                                                                 And Thou, O Lord, shalt laugh them to scorn :
                                                             Thou shalt bring to nought all the heathen.
your hands weave unrighteousness.                                O my Strength, I will keep watch for Thee, for
    Even from the womb, sinners are estranged :              Thou, O God, art my helper : as for my God, His
even from the belly they are gone astray, they have          mercy shall go before me.
spoken lies.                                                     My God shall make it manifest unto me among
    Their rage is like that of a serpent : like that of an   mine enemies : slay them not, lest at any time they
asp that is deaf and stoppeth her ears.                      forget Thy law.
    Which shall not hearken to the voice of the                  Scatter them by Thy power : and bring them
charmers : nor is spellbound by the spells of a              down, O Lord my defender.
wizard.                                                          The sin of their mouth is the speech of their lips :
    God will shatter their teeth in their mouth : the        yea, let them be taken captive in their pride.
great teeth of the lions the Lord hath broken.                   And from their curse and falsehood : shall their
    They shall vanish like passing waters : He will          final destruction be made known,
bend His bow till they be weakened.                              In the wrath of their utter destruction, and they
    Like wax that is melted shall they be taken away         shall be no more : and they shall know that God is
: fire hath fallen upon them and they saw not the            sovereign of Jacob and of the ends of the earth.
sun.                                                             They shall return at evening, and shall hunger
    Before your thorns can know their brier : while          like dogs : and shall go round about the city.
they are yet alive, in His wrath shall He swallow                They shall be scattered abroad that they may eat :
them up.                                                     if they be not satisfied, they shall murmur.
    The righteous man shall be glad, when he seeth               But as for me, I will sing of Thy power : and in
the avengement : he shall wash his hands in the              the morning I will rejoice in Thy mercy.
blood of the sinner.
114                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

    For Thou art become my helper and my refuge :        hast Thou lifted me on high.
in the day of my tribulation.                               Thou hast guided me, for Thou art become my
    Thou art my helper, unto Thee will I chant : for     hope : a tower of strength against the face of the
Thou, O God, art my helper; O my God, Thou art           enemy.
my mercy.                                                   I will dwell in Thy tabernacle unto the ages : I
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to     shall be sheltered in the shelter of Thy wings.
the Holy Spirit.                                            For Thou, O God, hast heard my prayers : Thou
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :     hast given an inheritance to them that fear Thy
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         name.
                                                            Days shalt Thou add to the days of the king : his
   ant.   Judge rightly, ye sons of men.
                                                         years unto days for generation and generation.
                        Psalm 59:                           He shall abide before the face of God in the age
                                                         to come : as for His mercy and truth, who shall seek
   O    God, Thou hast cast us off and hast de
         stroyed us : Thou hast been wroth and hast
had pity upon us.
                                                         them out?
                                                            So will I chant unto Thy name unto the ages :
   Thou madest the earth to quake and troubled it :      that I may pay my vows from day to day.
heal the breaches thereof, for it hath been shaken.         C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   Thou hast shown Thy people hard things : Thou         the Holy Spirit.
hast made us to drink the wine of contrition.               As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Thou hast given a sign unto them that fear Thee :     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
that they may flee from before the face of the bow.
                                                            ant.   Give us, O Lord, help from affliction.
   That Thy beloved ones may be delivered : save
Thou with Thy right hand and hearken unto me.                                    Psalm 61:
   God hath spoken in His sanctuary : I will rejoice
and I will divide Sikima, and the vale of tabernacles
will I measure out.
                                                            S    hall not my soul be subjected to God? : For
                                                                  from Him is my salvation.
                                                             For He is my God, my saviour and my helper :
   Mine is Galaad, and Mine is Manasses : and            and I shall be shaken no more.
Ephraim is the strength of My head.                          How long do ye assail a man? : Ye kill, all of
   Judah is My king : Moab is the cauldron of My         you, as ye might assail a leaning wall and a tottering
hope.                                                    rampart.
   Upon Idumea will I stretch out My shoe : the              But they made plans to cast aside mine honour :
foreign tribes have been subjected unto Me.              they ran in falsehood; with their mouth they bless,
   Who will bring me into a fortified city : or who      but with their heart they curse.
will lead me into Idumea?                                    But be subject unto God, O my soul : for from
   Wilt Thou not, O God, Who hast spurned us :           Him is my patient endurance.
and wilt Thou not, O God, go forth with our forces?          For He is my God, my saviour and my helper :
   Give us help from affliction : for vain is the        and I shall not be moved from hence.
salvation of man.                                            In God is my salvation and my glory : He is the
   In God we shall work mighty deeds : and He will       God of my help, and my hope is in God.
bring to nought them that afflict us.                        Hope in Him, all ye congregation of the peoples :
                                                         pour out your hearts before Him, for God is our
                        Psalm 60:
                                                         helper.

   H   earken, O God, unto my supplication :
        attend unto my prayer.
   From the ends of the earth unto Thee have I
                                                             For the sons of men are vain, the sons of men are
                                                         a lie in the balance : out of vanity they gather
                                                         themselves together that they might do injustice.
cried, when my heart was despondent : on a rock
                                             WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                            115

   Set not your hopes on injustice, and lust not after      Say unto God:- How awesome are Thy works! :
plunder : if riches flow in, set not your hearts         In the multitude of Thy power shall Thine enemies
thereon.                                                 be proved false unto Thee.
   Once hath God spoken; these two things have I            Let all the earth worship Thee and chant unto
heard : that dominion belongeth to God, and mercy        Thee : let them chant unto Thy name, O Most High.
is Thine, O Lord; for Thou wilt render to every man         Come and see the works of the Lord : how
according to his works.                                  awesome He is in His counsels, more than the sons
                       Psalm 63:                         of men.
                                                            He turneth the sea into dry land; in the river shall
   H    earken, O God, unto my prayer, when I
         make supplication unto Thee : rescue my
soul from fear of the enemy.
                                                         they pass through on foot : there shall we rejoice in
                                                         Him,
                                                            In Him that is ruler in His sovereignty for ever;
   Shelter me from the concourse of them that do
                                                         His eyes look upon the nations : let not them that
wickedness : from the multitude of them that work
                                                         embitter Him be exalted in themselves.
unrighteousness.
                                                            O bless our God, ye nations : and make the voice
   They have sharpened their tongues like a sword,
                                                         of His praise to be heard,
they have bent their bow, a bitter thing : that they
may shoot in secret at the blameless man.                   Who hath established my soul in life : and
                                                         permitteth not my feet to be shaken.
   Suddenly shall they shoot at him and shall not
fear : they have strengthened themselves in a               For Thou hast proved us, O God, and by fire hast
wicked word.                                             Thou tried us : even as silver is tried by fire.
   They have spoken of hiding snares : they said:           Thou hast brought us into the snare, Thou hast
Who shall see them?                                      laid afflictions upon our back : Thou madest men to
                                                         mount upon our heads.
   They have searched after iniquity : in searching
they are grown weary of searching.                          We went through fire and water : and Thou didst
                                                         bring us out into refreshment.
   A man shall draw nigh, and the heart is deep :
and God shall be exalted.                                   I will go into Thy house with a whole-burnt
                                                         offering : to Thee will I pay my vows which my lips
   As an arrow of infants are their blows : and their
                                                         pronounced,
tongues are made strengthless against them.
                                                            And which my mouth had spoken : in mine
   All that saw them were troubled : and every man
                                                         affliction.
was afraid.
                                                            Whole-burnt offerings full of marrow will I offer
   And they declared the works of God : and His
                                                         unto Thee, with incense and rams : oxen and goats
deeds they understood.
                                                         will I offer unto Thee.
   The righteous man shall be glad in the Lord, and
                                                            Come and hear, and I will declare unto you, all
shall hope in Him : and all the upright in heart shall
                                                         ye that fear God : what things He hath done for my
be praised.
                                                         soul.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                            Unto Him with my mouth have I cried : and I
the Holy Spirit.
                                                         exalted Him with my tongue.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                            If in my heart I regarded unrighteousness : let the
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                         Lord not hear me.
   ant.   Rescue my soul from fear of the enemy, O          Wherefore God hath hearkened unto me : He
Lord.                                                    hath been attentive to the voice of my supplication.
                       Psalm 65:                            Blessed is God Who hath not turned away my
                                                         prayer : nor His mercy away from me.
   S  hout with jubilation unto the Lord all the
       earth; chant ye unto His name : give glory in
praise of Him.
116                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

                      Psalm 67:                              The chariot host of God is ten thousandfold, yea,
                                                         thousands of them that abound in number : the Lord
   L   et God arise and let His enemies be scattered
        : and let them that hate Him flee from before
His face.
                                                         is among them at Sinai, in His holy place.
                                                             Thou hast ascended on high, Thou leddest
    As smoke vanisheth, so let them vanish : as wax      captivity captive : Thou didst receive gifts among
melteth before the fire, so let sinners perish at the    men,
presence of God.                                             (Yea, for they were disobedient) : that Thou
    And let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice in   mightest dwell there.
the presence of God : let them delight in gladness.          Blessed is the Lord God, blessed is the Lord day
    Sing unto God, chant unto His name : prepare ye      by day : the God of our salvation shall prosper us
the way for Him that rideth upon the setting of the      along the way.
sun; Lord is His name.                                       Our God is the God of salvation : and the path-
    Yea, rejoice before Him : let them be troubled at    ways leading forth from death are those of the
His presence, Who is a father of orphans and a           Lord’s Lord.
judge to the widows.                                         But God shall crush the heads of His enemies :
    God is in His holy place : God settleth the          the hairy crown of them that continue in their
solitary in a house.                                     trespasses.
    Mightily leading forth them that were shackled :         The Lord said: I will return from Basan : I will
and likewise them that embitter Him, them that           return in the deeps of the sea,
dwell in tombs.                                              That thy foot may be dipped in blood : yea, the
    O God, when Thou wentest forth before Thy            tongue of thy dogs in that of thine enemies.
people : when Thou didst traverse the wilderness,            Thy processionals have been seen, O God : the
    The earth was shaken : and the heavens dropped       processionals of my God, of my King Who is in His
dew, at the presence of the God of Sinai, at the         sanctuary.
presence of the God of Israel.                               Princes went before, and after them the chanters :
    A rain freely given shalt Thou ordain, O God, for    in the midst of timbrel-playing maidens.
Thine inheritance : yea, it became weak, but Thou            In congregations bless ye God : the Lord from
shalt restore it.                                        the well-springs of Israel.
    Thy living creatures shall dwell therein : Thou          Yonder is Benjamin the younger in rapture : the
hast prepared it in Thy goodness for the poor man,       princes of Judah their rulers,
O God.                                                       The princes of Zabulon : the princes of
    The Lord shall give speech with great power : to     Nephthalim.
them that bring good tidings.
                                                             Give Thou command, O God, unto Thy hosts :
    He that is the King of the hosts of His beloved      strengthen, O God, this which Thou hast wrought in
one : shall divide the spoils for the beauty of the      us.
house.
                                                             Because of Thy temple in Jerusalem : kings shall
    Even if ye sleep among the lots, ye shall have the   bring gifts unto Thee.
wings of a dove covered with silver : and her
                                                             Rebuke the wild beasts of the reed, that
pinions of sparkling gold.
                                                         congregation of bulls among the heifers of the
    When He that is in the heavens ordaineth kings       peoples : lest they exclude them that have been
over her, they shall be made snow-white in Selmon        proved like silver.
: the mountain of God is a butter mountain.
                                                             Scatter the nations that desire wars : ambassadors
    A curdled mountain, a butter mountain : why          shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall hasten to
suppose ye that there be other curdled mountains?        stretch out her hand unto God.
    This is the mountain wherein God is pleased to           Ye kingdoms of the earth, sing unto God : chant
dwell : yea, for the Lord will dwell therein to the      ye unto the Lord,
end.
                                                    WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                                      117

    Unto Him that rideth the heaven of heaven :                   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
towards the dayspring.
                                                               The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
    Lo, He will utter with His voice a voice of power          Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
: give ye glory unto God; His magnificence is over             blessing is:
Israel and His power is in the clouds.
                                                                        May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
                                                                  Priest:
    Wondrous is God in His saints : the God of                 hearts. R. Amen.
Israel, He will give power and strength unto His
people; blessed is God.                                                                   Lesson 2
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to           The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows
the Holy Spirit.                                               immediately:
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                                   Responsory 2
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                               The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
   ant.   In congregations bless ye the Lord. (with neum)      while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
                                                               server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.
                          V. and R.
                                                                  Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
          The proper versicle is intoned by one server.
                                                               The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:
                                                               Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
  V. O God, my life have I declared unto Thee.                 blessing is:
  R. Thou hast set my tears before Thee. Ps 55:8                  Priest: Sent forth from heaven, may the life-
The choir prays together, inaudibly:                           giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.

   Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)                                          Lesson 3
                                                               The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there
  V. And lead us not into temptation.                          follows:
  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                                                       Responsory 3
                          LESSONS                              The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,
   Reader:     Grant, O Lord, to bless.                        the choir rises.

The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of   After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the       as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum
blessing is:                                                   is not chanted.

         May God have mercy upon us: and grant
   Priest:                                                     And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is
                                                               begun straightaway:
us peace. R. Amen.
                                                                                           LAUDS
Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last            The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the
Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.                          East:
                                                                                          V. and R.
                           Lesson 1
                                                               The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.
The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding       after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.              Trin. to Advent, it is thus:
Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any             V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
“Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
                                                                  R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22
                        Responsory 1
                                                                                       Introduction
The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
                                                               The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:
118                                                ST. HILARION PRESS

  V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                  Thy righteousness.
The choir answers:                                              O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth
                                                             shall declare Thy praise.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                                                                For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it
     be to the Father C and to the Son and to the
                                                             : with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be
     Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
                                                             pleased.
     and now and always, and unto the ages of
                                                                A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart
     ages. Amen. Alleluya.
                                                             that is broken and humbled God will not despise.
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we          Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto
sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                             Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.
                         Psalms                                 Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of
                        Psalm 50:                            righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt
                                                             offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine
   H    ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
          great mercy.
    And according to the multitude of Thy
                                                             altar.
                                                                C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                             the Holy Spirit.
compassions : blot out my transgression.
                                                                As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
    Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and
                                                             and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
cleanse me from my sin.
    For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever               ant.   Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, O
before me.                                                   God.
                                                                                    Psalm 64:
    Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in
Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.                    T    o Thee is due praise, O God, in Sion : and
                                                                      unto Thee shall a vow be rendered in
                                                             Jerusalem.
    For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in
sins did my mother bear me.                                     Hearken unto my prayer : for unto Thee shall all
    For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden           flesh come.
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made                  The words of lawless men have overpowered us :
manifest unto me.                                            but to our ungodliness shalt Thou be merciful.
    Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall             Blessed is he whom Thou hast chosen and hast
be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be           taken to Thyself : he shall dwell in Thy courts.
made whiter than snow.                                          We shall be filled with the good things of Thy
    Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :            house : holy is thy temple, wonderful in
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.               righteousness.
    Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out              Hearken unto us, O God our Savior : Thou hope
all mine iniquities.                                         of all the ends of the earth and of them that be far
    Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a          off at sea,
right spirit within me.                                         Who settest fast the mountains by Thy strength,
    Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take            Who art girded round about with power : Who
not Thy Holy Spirit from me.                                 troublest the hollow of the sea; as for the roar of its
    Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and           waves, who shall withstand them?
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                         The heathen shall be troubled, and the dwellers
    I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the           of the farthest regions shall be afraid at Thy signs :
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                           Thou shalt make the outgoings of the morning and
                                                             the evening to delight.
    Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in
                                              WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                           119

    Thou hast visited the earth and abundantly               But as for these, in vain have they sought after
watered her : Thou hast multiplied the means of           my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of
enriching her.                                            the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge
    The river of God is filled with waters : Thou hast    of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.
prepared their food, for thus is the preparation             But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall
thereof.                                                  be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of
    Do Thou make her furrows drunk with water,            them is stopped that speak unjust things.
multiply her fruits : in her showers will she be glad                            Psalm 66:
when she sprouteth forth.
    Thou shalt bless the crown of the year with Thy
goodness : and Thy plains shall be filled with
                                                             G    od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
                                                                   cause His face to shine upon us, and have
                                                          mercy on us,
fatness.
                                                             That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *
    Enriched shall be the mountains of the                among all the nations Thy salvation.
wilderness : and the hills shall be girded with
                                                             Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all
rejoicing.
                                                          the peoples praise Thee.
    The rams of the flock have clothed themselves
                                                             Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou
with fleece, and the valleys shall abound with wheat
                                                          shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations
: they shall cry aloud, yea, they shall chant hymns
                                                          shalt Thou guide upon the earth.
unto Thee.
                                                             Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                          the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her
the Holy Spirit.
                                                          fruit.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                             Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                          and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
   ant.   To Thee is due praise, O God, in Sion.             C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                        Psalm 62:
                                                          the Holy Spirit.
                                                             As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
   O      God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
           dawn.
    My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
                                                          * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             ant.   My lips shall praise Thee in my life, O my
my flesh longed after Thee!                               God.
                                                                              Canticle of Anna:
    In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
see Thy power and Thy glory.                                 M    y heart is established in the Lord : my horn
                                                                    is exalted in my God.
                                                             My mouth is enlarged over mine enemies : I am
    For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
shall praise Thee.                                        glad in Thy salvation.
    So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy           There is none holy as the Lord, for there is none
name will I lift up my hands.                             righteous as our God : and there is none holy beside
    As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,     Thee.
* and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise           Boast ye not : and utter not high things unto
Thee.                                                     excess:
    If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I            Nor let boastful words of pride come forth from
meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my               your mouth, for the Lord is a God of knowledge :
helper.                                                   and a God that prepareth His own ways.
    In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul      The bow of the mighty is become weak : and the
hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been       strengthless have girded themselves with power.
quick to help me.                                            They that were full of bread are sunk into low
120                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

estate : and the hungry have been rested in the land.           He established them for ever, yea, for ever and
   For the barren hath borne seven : and she that           ever : He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not pass
abounded in children is enfeebled.                          away.
   The Lord slayeth and engendereth life : He                   Praise the Lord from the earth : ye dragons, and
bringeth down to hades and bringeth up again.               all ye abysses.
   The Lord maketh poor and enricheth : He                      Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest : which
bringeth low and lifteth high again.                        perform His word,
   He raiseth the pauper from the earth : and from              The mountains and all the hills : fruitful trees,
the dunghill doth He lift up the poor man.                  and all cedars,
   To seat him with the mighty of the people : and              The beasts and all the cattle : creeping things and
He maketh him heir of their throne of glory.                winged birds,
   He granteth his prayer to him that prayeth : and             Kings of the earth and all peoples : princes and
hath blest the years of the righteous man.                  all the judges of the earth,
   For the mighty man shall not be strong in his                Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;
own strength : the Lord will weaken His adversary;          let them praise the name of the Lord : for exalted is
the Lord is holy.                                           the name of Him alone.
   Let not the wise man boast in his wisdom; let not            His praise is above the earth and heaven : and He
the mighty man boast in his might : let not the rich        shall exalt the horn of His people.
man boast in his riches:                                        This is the hymn for all His saints : for the sons
   But in this let him that boasteth make his boast,        of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto
that he hath understanding and knoweth the Lord :           Him.
and that He worketh judgment and righteousness in                                 Psalm 149:
the midst of the earth.
   The Lord hath gone up into the heavens and hath
thundered : He will judge the ends of the earth, for
                                                               S   ing unto the Lord a new song : His praise is
                                                                    in the church of the saints.
                                                               Let Israel be glad in Him that made him : let the
He is righteous.                                            sons of Sion rejoice in their King.
   And He will give strength to our kings : and He             Let them praise His name in the dance : with the
will lift up the horn of His anointed one. I Kings 2:1-10   timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto Him.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to            For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people : and
the Holy Spirit.                                            He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :            The saints shall boast in glory : and they shall
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            rejoice upon their beds.
   ant.   The Lord shall judge the ends of the earth.          The high praise of God shall be in their throat :
                                                            and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:
                        Psalm 148
                                                               To do vengeance among the heathen :

   P   raise the Lord from the heavens : praise Him
        in the highest.
   Praise Him, all ye His Angels : praise Him, all ye
                                                            punishments among the peoples:
                                                               To bind their kings with fetters : and their nobles
                                                            with manacles of iron:
His hosts.                                                     To do among them the judgment that is written :
   Praise Him, O sun and moon : praise Him, all ye          this glory shall be to all His saints.
stars and light.
                                                                                  Psalm 150:
   Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens : and thou
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.                                              P  raise ye God in His saints : praise Him in the
                                                                   firmament of His power.
                                                               Praise Him for His mighty acts : praise Him
   For He spake, and they came to be : He
commanded, and they were created.                           according to the multitude of His greatness.
                                                   WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                                                     121

   Praise Him with the sound of trumpet : praise                   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
Him with the psaltery and harp.                                    And His co-equal, only Son,
   Praise Him with timbrel and dance : praise Him                  With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
with strings and flute.                                            Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
   Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him                  Before Purification, the last stanza is:
with cymbals of jubilation : let every breath praise
the Lord.                                                          C O Master, glory be to Thee,
                                                                   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
                                                                   With Father and Holy Spirit,
the Holy Spirit.
                                                                   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                                         V. and R.
ant.   Ye heavens of heavens, praise ye God. (with              The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
                                                                Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
         neum)
                                                                  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
                       CHAPTER                                    R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the
East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to   From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to   the Sun., the Hymn is:
Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:
                                                                        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)

   W    atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
          fully, and be strengthened: let all your
things be done in charity.
                                                                   B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
                                                                        The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
                                                                   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
   R. Thanks be to God.        I Cor. 16:13-14                     To the Almighty.
                          HYMN                                     That God our Father may, in His compassion,
The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.         Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when               And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:                              By His sweet mercy.
                 Hymn I (of Prudentius)                            C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
                                                                   The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
   O   night and darkness, and the mists,
        Confused and turbid things of earth,
   Light entereth and the sky is pale:
                                                                   The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                   The earth resoundeth. Amen.
   Depart from us, for Christ is come.
                                                                                         V. and R.
   The darkness of the earth is rent,
                                                                The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
   Pierced by the arrow of the sun;                             Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
   Colour returneth to the world
   With the face of the shining star.                             V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
                                                                  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
   Thee only do we know, O Christ:
   With pure mind and with simple heart,                        On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
   Weeping and chanting, we pray Thee:                          begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
                                                                ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.
   Be solicitous for our souls.
   Much is smeared with deceitful rouge;                                         Canticle of Zacharias
                                                                                 CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
   Let it be purged by Thy light:
   Thou, Light of the dawn star, lighten                        The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
   Us with Thy serene countenance.                              Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)
122                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS



   B
people.
       lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
        hath visited and wrought redemption for His
                                                                  change his place, even on feasts.

                                                                    V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                    R. And with thy spirit.
   And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in               Let us pray.
the house of His servant David.
                                                                                         COLLECT
   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
the prophets of old.                                              The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
   That we should be saved from our enemies, *                       V. The Lord be with you.
and from the hand of all that hate us.                               R. And with thy spirit.
   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
                                                                  Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
remember His holy covenant.                                       in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
   The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
* that He would grant unto us,                                       V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                                     R. Thanks be to God.
   That we be delivered out of the hand of our
enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,
   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all                                COMMEMORATIONS
the days of our life.                                                The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
                                                                     After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of
                                                                     sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of                Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
the Lord, to prepare His ways.                                       commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,
* by the remission of their sins.
                                                                                         Conclusion
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.                 V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                    R. And with thy spirit.
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way             Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
of peace. Lk 1:68-79                                              soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                 V. Let us bless the Lord.
the Holy Spirit.                                                    R. Thanks be to God.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                           Blessing
                         Antiphon                                    If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                                                                     the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
                                                                     yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Matins, all
                                                                     “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
the choir remains turned to the East. On most ferias, the
                                                                     answers, “Amen.”
ant. is:
    ant. Salvation from our enemies; and from the
hand of all that hate us, deliver us, O Lord. (with neum)         The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:

                    Festal Conclusion                                Our Father... Amen.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal                Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,           [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
the Preces are begun here (p. 86).
                                                                  And so Matins is completed on feast days.
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the
                                                                  Every day, except on double feasts and through the
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
                                                                  octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
                                                                  Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All
                                                   WEDNESDAY AT VESPERS                                                  123

Souls', and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from       WEDNESDAY at VESPERS
the Wed. before Pascha until the first Sun. after Trin., the
                                                                                      Preparation
prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see
p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of       After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being
Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.                      kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the
                                                               north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
                                                               facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:

                          Preces                                  Our Father... Amen.
                                                                  Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
The Preces for ferias are given on p. 86, under Monday
Matins. And when the Preces are done, the Office is ended         [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]
as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
                                                                                      Introduction
For the Peace of the Church, Matins of Our Lady, and
Matins of the Dead.                                            Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:

                                                                 V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                               The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:
The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with          R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.
                                                                     be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
                                                                     Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
                                                                     and now and always, and unto the ages of
                                                                     ages. Amen. Alleluya.
                                                               From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
                                                               chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”

                                                                                         Psalms
                                                                                        Psalm 126:


                                                                  E    xcept the Lord build the house : in vain do
                                                                        they labour that build it.
                                                                  When their wrath raged against us : then had the
                                                               water overwhelmed us.
                                                                  Except the Lord guard the city : in vain doth he
                                                               watch that guardeth her.
                                                                  It is vain for you to rise at dawn : Ye that eat the
                                                               bread of sorrow, rouse yourselves after resting,
                                                                  When He hath given sleep to His beloved : lo,
                                                               sons are the heritage of the Lord, the reward of the
                                                               fruit of the womb.
                                                                  Like arrows in the hand of a mighty man : so are
                                                               the sons of them that were outcasts.
                                                                  Blessed is he that shall fulfil his desires with
                                                               them : they shall not be put to shame when they
                                                               speak to their enemies in the gates.
                                                                  C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                               the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                  ant.   Blessed is he that shall fulfill his desires.
124                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

                        Psalm 127:                                                     Psalm 129:


   B    lessed are all they that fear the Lord : that
          walk in His ways.
    Thou shalt eat the fruit of thy labours : blessed
                                                                  O     ut of the depths have I cried unto Thee, O
                                                                        Lord : O Lord, hear my voice.
                                                                   Let Thine ears be attentive : to the voice of my
art thou, and well shall it be with thee.                      supplication.
    Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine : on the sides            If Thou shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord : O
of thy house,                                                  Lord, who shall stand?
    Thy sons like young olive trees : round about thy              For with Thee there is forgiveness : for Thy
table.                                                         name’s sake have I patiently waited for Thee, O
    Behold, so shall the man be blessed : that feareth         Lord.
the Lord.                                                          My soul hath waited patiently for Thy word : my
    The Lord bless thee out of Sion : and mayest               soul hath hoped in the Lord.
thou see the good things of Jerusalem all the days of              From the morning watch until night : from the
thy life.                                                      morning watch let Israel hope in the Lord.
    And mayest thou see thy children’s children :                  For with the Lord there is mercy : and with Him
peace be upon Israel.                                          is plenteous redemption.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to               And He shall redeem Israel : out of all his
the Holy Spirit.                                               iniquities.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :               C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                               the Holy Spirit.
                                                                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   ant.   Blessed are all they that fear the Lord.             and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                        Psalm 128:
                                                                  ant.   Out of the depths have I cried unto Thee, O

   M     any a time have they warred against me
         from my youth : let Israel now say,
   Many a time have they warred against me from
                                                               Lord.
                                                                                       Psalm 130:

my youth : and yet they have not prevailed against
me.                                                               O     Lord, my heart is not exalted : nor are mine
                                                                         eyes become lofty.
                                                                  Nor have I walked in things too great : or too
   The sinners wrought upon my back : they
lengthened out their iniquity.                                 marvellous for me.
   The Lord is righteous; He hath cut asunder the                 If I were not humble-minded : but exalted my
necks of sinners : let them be put to shame and                soul,
turned back, all they that hate Sion.                             As one weaned from his mother : so wouldst
   Let them be as the grass upon the housetops :               Thou requite my soul.
which before it is plucked up is withered away.                   Let Israel hope in the Lord : from henceforth and
   Wherefore the reaper filleth not his hand : nor he          for evermore.
that gathereth sheaves his bosom.                                 C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   Nor have they that passed by said: The blessing             the Holy Spirit.
of the Lord come upon you : we have blessed you in                As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
the name of the Lord.                                          and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                               ant.   Let Israel hope in the Lord. (with neum)
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                                                      CHAPTER
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                             The proper Chapter is read here.
   ant.   We have blessed you in the name of the               On all ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
Lord.                                                          Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent,
                                                  WEDNESDAY AT VESPERS                                                 125
when service is of the season, the Chapter is:              On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the
                                                            Hymn is:

   A    nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
         of God: and the patience of Christ.                        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
        R. Thanks be to God. 2 Thess 3:5
On double feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.
                                                               O   All-Good Creator of light,
                                                                    Who bringest forth the light of day,
                                                               Providing the earth’s foundation
                          HYMN                                 With fresh beginnings of new light.
              The proper Hymn is sung here.
                                                               Who hast commanded that the dawn,
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when           When joined to dusk, be known as day:
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:                          Dark chaos stealeth over us;
         Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)                     Hear our entreaties and weeping.
                                                               Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,
   O   Holiest and heavenly God,
        Who with Thy fiery brilliancy,
   Dost tint the heavens’ radiant midst,
                                                               Be exiled from the gift of life;
                                                               Lest, heedless of eternity,
   Enhancing it with comely light,                             It bind itself with sin’s fetters.

   O Thou Who on the fourth of days                            At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
   Didst forge the sun’s fire-streaming sphere,                And bear from thence the prize of life:
   Fixing the patterns of the moon,                            Let us avoid all evil things,
   And pilgrim courses of the stars,                           And purge out every wickedness.

   That unto night and unto day                                C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   Thou mightest lay a boundary,                               And His co-equal, only Son:
   A signal known both near and far                            With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   For entering upon the months:                               Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.

   Fill with Thy light the hearts of men,                                            V. and R.
   Expel our souls’ impurities,                             Every feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent,
   Unbind the chains of our misdeeds,                       and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V. and R.
   Destroy the burden of our sins.                          is:

                                                              V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
                                                              R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                          On feast days, the Priest censes the Altar, the patronal
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                        icon, and the ark of Relics, and the server censes the
                                                            choir:
Before Purification, the last stanza is:
                                                                        Canticle of the Mother of God
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                            CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
   With Father and Holy Spirit,                             The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
                                                            Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                         V. and R.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On ferias from the first Sun.
                                                               M    y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                     spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                               For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                            handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
                                                            generations shall call me blessed.
  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.             For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
  R. As incense in Thy sight.                               * and holy is His name.
126                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

   And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
generation and generation.                                                       COMMEMORATIONS
   He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath                   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
                                                                     After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.               sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *                    Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
and exalted them of low degree.                                      commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
   He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
the rich He hath sent empty away.                                                        Conclusion
   He hath holpen His servant Israel * in
                                                                    V. The Lord be with you.
remembrance of His mercy,
                                                                    R. And with thy spirit.
   As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his
seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55                                         Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to              soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
the Holy Spirit.                                                    V. Let us bless the Lord.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                  R. Thanks be to God.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                         Antiphon                                                          Blessing
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the                If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
whole choir. On most ferias, the ant. is:                            the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
                                                                     yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
  ant. Thou hast looked upon my lowliness, O                         “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
Lord my God. (with neum)                                             answers, “Amen.”

 From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all the choir
remains turned to the East.                                       The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:

                    Festal Conclusion                                Our Father... Amen.
                                                                     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
                                                                     [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
the Preces are begun here (p. 91).                                And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the   Lady, and Vespers of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation,
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,     follow.
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
change his place, even on feasts.
                                                                                            Preces
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        The Preces for ferias are given on p. 91, under Monday
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         Vespers. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended
  Let us pray.                                                    as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
                                                                  Vespers of Our Lady and Vespers of the Dead. In Lent,
                        COLLECT                                   the Collation is also done.
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:

   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                     Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
                                                                     pages 11 - 29.
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):

   V. Let us bless the Lord.
   R. Thanks be to God.
                                                    THURSDAY AT MATINS                                                   127

                                                                         The second half is sung by the choir.
        THURSDAY at MATINS                                       For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry
                       Preparation                            land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us
After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to     worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep
the East, the Priest says silently:                           before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,
                                                              and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep
   Our Father... Amen.                                        of His hand.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                                    The whole Inv. is sung.
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
                                                                 Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
                       Introduction                           hearts, as in the provocation in the day of tempta-
Then he sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:           tion in the wilderness. For your fathers tempted Me;
                                                              they proved Me and saw My works.
   V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
                                                                                The second half is sung.
Those in choir answer:
                                                                 Forty years long was I grieved with that genera-
   R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.
                                                              tion, and I said: They do always err in their hearts.
The Priest then signs himself on his forehead and sings in    And they have not known My ways; so I sware in
a full voice:                                                 Mine anger: They shall not enter into My rest.
   V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.                                    The whole Inv. is sung.

Those in choir answer:                                            C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
                                                              to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and
   R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:)
                                                              now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
Glory be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and          The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.              intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.
Alleluya.
                                                                                        HYMN
From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we              The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
                                                              On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
                     INVITATORY                               Hymn is:
The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the                     Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or
feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
ferias the inv. is as follows:                                   T  he sable nightfall hath concealed
                                                                     The colours of all earthly things:
                                                                 We, giving thanks to Thee, entreat
Inv.   Let us worship the Lord, / for He hath made us.
                                                                 Thee, O Thou righteous Judge of hearts,
         Then the chanter(s) begin to sing Psalm 94:
                                                                 That Thou take from us our misdeeds,

   C  ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
       with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
                                                                 Wash the defilements of the soul,
                                                                 And grant to us, O Christ, Thy grace,
                                                                 That sinnings may be kept at bay.
and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.
                                                                 Behold, the froward mind is numb,
             The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.                At which the guilt of sin gnaweth:
    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over           Still, it wisheth to shun darkness,
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His                And, O Redeemer, to seek Thee.
people: for in His hand are the ends of the earth,               Do Thou drive from us our darkness,
and the heights of the mountains are His.                        Which is so grievous within us:
128                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

   That our soul may exult to be                                   They that hate me without a cause are multiplied
   Established in Thy joyous light.                            : more than the hairs of my head.
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                            Mine enemies are grown strong, they that
   And His co-equal, only Son,                                 persecute me unjustly : then did I restore that which
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                             I took not away.
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                               O God, Thou knowest my foolishness : and my
                                                               transgressions are not hid from Thee.
Before the Purification, the last stanza is:
                                                                   Let not them that wait on Thee be ashamed for
   C Glory be unto Thee, O Lord,                               my sake : O Lord, Thou Lord of hosts.
   Who hast been born of a Virgin,                                 Nor let them that seek after Thee be confounded
   With Father and Holy Spirit,                                for my sake : O God of Israel.
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.                                Because for Thy sake I have borne reproach :
On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when      shame hath covered my face.
service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:                      I am become a stranger unto my brethren : and an
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                     alien unto the sons of my mother.
                                                                   For the zeal of Thy house hath eaten me up : and
   R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
        Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
   And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
                                                               the reproaches of them that reproach Thee are fallen
                                                               on me.
                                                                   Yea, with fasting I covered my soul : and it was
   Power of the spirit.
                                                               turned into a reproach for me.
   That as together we sing to our kind King,                      And I made sackcloth my clothing : and I be-
   We may be worthy with His Saints to enter                   came a proverb to them.
   The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live                        And they prated against me, they that sit in the
   That life rejoicing.                                        gates : and they made a song about me, they that
  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—                      drink wine.
  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,                        But as for me, with my prayer I cry unto Thee, O
  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all                   Lord : it is time for Thy good pleasure.
  The earth resoundeth. Amen.                                      O God, in the multitude of Thy mercy hearken
                                                               unto me : in the truth of Thy salvation.
                       NOCTURN                                     Save me from the mire, that I be not stuck
On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve      therein : let me be delivered from them that hate me
Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there    and from the deeps of the waters.
are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the
                                                                   Let not the tempest of water overwhelm me : nor
Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine
Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.                                let the deep swallow me up, nor let the pit shut its
                                                               mouth upon me.
                          Psalms                                   Hearken unto me, O Lord, for Thy mercy is good
                         Psalm 68:                             : according to the multitude of Thy compassions,
                                                               look upon me.
   S   ave me, O God : for the waters are come in
        unto my soul.
    I am stuck fast in the mire of the deep : and there
                                                                   Turn not Thy countenance away from Thy
                                                               servant : for I am afflicted; quickly hearken unto
is no sure standing.                                           me.
    I am come into the deeps of the sea : and a                    Attend unto my soul and deliver it : because of
tempest hath overwhelmed me.                                   mine enemies, rescue me.
    I am grown weary with crying, my throat is                     For Thou knowest my reproach, my shame : and
become hoarse : from my hoping in my God, mine                 my humiliation.
eyes have failed me.                                               Before Thee are all that afflict me : my soul hath
                                              THURSDAY AT MATINS                                           129

awaited reproach and misery.                                Let them be turned back straightway in shame :
   And I waited for one that would grieve with me,       that say unto me: Well done! Well done!
but there was no one : and for them that would              Let them be glad and rejoice in Thee all that seek
comfort me, but I found none.                            after Thee, O God : and let them that love Thy
   And they gave me gall for my food : and for my        salvation say continually: The Lord be magnified.
thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.                       But as for me, I am poor and needy : O God,
   Let their table before them be for a snare : for a    come unto mine aid.
recompense and for a stumbling-block.                       My helper and my deliverer art Thou : O Lord,
   Let their eyes be darkened that they may not see :    make no long tarrying.
and their back do Thou continually bow down.                C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   Pour out upon them Thy wrath : and let the fury       the Holy Spirit.
of Thy wrath take hold upon them.                           As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Let their habitation be made desolate : and in        and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
their tents let there be none to dwell.
                                                            ant.   O Lord God, be attentive unto helping me.
   For they persecuted him whom Thou hast smitten
: and to the pain of my wounds have they added.                                 Psalm 70:
   Add iniquity to their iniquity : and let them not
enter into Thy righteousness.
   Let them be blotted out of the book of the living :
                                                            I  n Thee, O Lord have I hoped; let me not be put
                                                               to shame in the age to come : in Thy righteous-
                                                         ness deliver me and rescue me.
and with the righteous let them not be written.              Incline Thine ear unto me : and save me.
   Poor and in sorrow am I : may Thy salvation, O            Be Thou unto me a God that is my defender and
God, be quick to help me.                                a place of strength : that Thou mayest save me.
   I will praise the name of my God with an ode : I          For Thou art my foundation and refuge : O my
will magnify Him with praise.                            God, deliver me out of the hand of the sinner, out of
   And this shall please God : more than a young         the hand of the transgressor and the unrighteous
calf that hath horns and hooves.                         man.
   Let beggars behold it and be glad : seek after            For Thou art my patience, O Lord : O Lord, Thou
God, and your soul shall live.                           art my hope from my youth.
   For the Lord hath hearkened unto the poor : and           On Thee have I been made fast from the womb :
hath not despised them that are fettered for His         from my mother’s womb Thou art my protector.
sake.                                                        In Thee continually is my singing of praise : I am
   Let the heavens and the earth praise Him : the        become as a wonder to many, and Thou art my
sea and all the creeping things therein.                 strong helper.
   For God will save Sion : and the cities of Judea          Let my mouth be filled with praise : that I may
shall be builded.                                        hymn Thy glory and Thy majesty all the day long.
   And they shall dwell therein : - and inherit it.          Cast me not away in the time of mine old age :
   And the seed of Thy servants shall possess it :       when my strength faileth, forsake me not.
and they that love Thy name shall dwell therein.             For mine enemies have spoken against me : and
                                                         they that watch my soul took counsel together,
                      Psalm 69:
                                                             Saying: God hath forsaken him : pursue him and

   O    God, be attentive unto helping me : O
         Lord, make haste to help me.
   Let them be shamed and confounded : that seek
                                                         take him, for there is none to deliver him.
                                                             My God, be not far off from me : my God, be
                                                         attentive unto helping me.
after my soul.                                               Let them be put to shame and brought to nought
   Let them be turned back and brought to shame :        that falsely accuse my soul : let them be covered with
that desire evils against me.                            shame and confusion, they that seek evils for me.
130                                           ST. HILARION PRESS

   But as for me, I will ever hope in Thee : and I          And He shall continue as long as the sun : and
will add to all Thy praise.                             before the moon from generation to generation.
   My mouth shall declare Thy righteousness : all           He shall come down like rain upon a fleece : and
the day long Thy salvation.                             like rain-drops that fall upon the earth.
   For I know not the reckoning thereof; I will             In His days shall righteousness dawn forth an
commence in the might of the Lord : O Lord, I will      abundance of peace : until the moon be taken away.
make mention of the righteousness which is Thine            And He shall have dominion from sea to sea :
alone.                                                  and from the rivers even unto the ends of the
   O my God, Thou hast taught me from my youth :        inhabited earth.
and till now will I declare Thy wondrous works.             Before Him shall the Ethiopians fall down : and
   Yea, even unto old age and the dignity of years :    His enemies shall lick the dust.
my God, forsake me not,                                     The kings of Tharsis and the islands shall bring
   Until I declare Thy mighty arm : to every            gifts : kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring
generation that is to come,                             presents.
   Yea, Thy sovereignty and Thy righteousness, O            And all the kings of the earth shall worship Him
God, and declare even to the heights the great things   : all the nations shall serve Him,
which Thou hast done for me : O God, who is like            For He hath delivered the beggar from the
unto Thee?                                              oppressor : and the poor man for whom there was
   How great are the many and evil afflictions          no helper.
which Thou hast showed unto me; yet, having                 He shall spare the poor man and the pauper : and
returned, Thou madest me to live : and out of the       the souls of the poor shall He save.
depths of the earth Thou broughtest me up.                  From usury and from injustices shall He redeem
   Thou hast multiplied Thy magnificence over me;       their souls : and precious shall be His name before
and having returned, Thou hast comforted me : and       them.
out of the depths of the earth again Thou broughtest        And He shall live, and there shall be given unto
me up.                                                  Him of the gold of Arabia : and they shall make
   Therefore also will I confess Thee among the         prayer concerning Him always; all the day long
peoples, O Lord, with instruments of psalmody :         shall they bless Him.
with the harp I will chant of Thy truth unto Thee, O        He shall be a support in the earth on the summits
God, O Holy One of Israel.                              of the mountains; exalted more than Lebanon shall
   My lips shall rejoice when I chant unto Thee :       be His fruit : and they of the city shall flourish like
yea, even my soul which Thou hast redeemed.             the grass of the earth.
   Moreover my tongue will meditate on Thy                  His name shall be blessed unto the ages : before
righteousness all the day long : when they be put to    the sun doth His name continue.
shame and confounded which seek evils for me.               And in Him shall be blessed all the tribes of the
                      Psalm 71:                         earth : all the nations shall call Him blessed.
                                                            Blessed is the Lord, the God of Israel : Who
   O     God, give Thy judgment to the king : and
         Thy righteousness to the son of the king,
   That he may judge Thy people with
                                                        alone doeth wonders.
                                                            And blessed is the name of His glory for ever
righteousness : and Thy poor with judgment.             and unto the ages of ages : and all the earth shall be
                                                        filled with His glory. So be it. So be it.
   Let the mountains receive peace for the people :
and let the hills receive righteousness.                    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                        the Holy Spirit.
   He shall judge the beggars among the people,
and shall save the sons of the poor : and shall             As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
humble the false accuser.                               and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                               THURSDAY AT MATINS                                           131

   ant.Be Thou unto me, O Lord, a God that is my             As a dream of one who awaketh, O Lord, in Thy
defender.                                                 city : Thou shalt bring their image to nought.
                      Psalm 72:                              For my heart was fired and my reins have been
                                                          changed : and I was brought to nought and knew it
   H    ow good is God to Israel : to them that are
         upright of heart!
    But as for me, my feet were all but shaken : my
                                                          not.
                                                             I became as a beast before Thee : and I am ever
steps well nigh had slipped.                              with Thee.
    For I was jealous of the transgressors : when I          Thou hast held me by my right hand : and by Thy
beheld the peace of sinners.                              counsel Thou hast guided me, and with glory hast
    For they make no sign of refusal in the time of       Thou taken me to Thyself.
their death : and they have steadfastness in the time        For what have I in heaven : and besides Thee,
of their scourging.                                       what have I desired upon earth?
    They are not in such toils as other men : nor with       My heart and my flesh have failed : O God of my
other men shall they be scourged.                         heart; and God is my portion for ever.
    Wherefore, their pride hath utterly mastered them        For behold, they that remove themselves from
: they have wrapped themselves in their injustice         Thee shall perish : Thou hast destroyed all that go
and ungodliness.                                          a-whoring from Thee.
    Their injustice shall go forth as out of fatness :       But it is good for me to cleave unto God : to put
they have passed through to their heart’s intent.         my hope in the Lord,
    They have thought and spoken in wickedness :             That I may declare all Thy praises : in the gates
they have spoken unrighteousness in arrogance.            of the daughter of Sion.
    Thy have set their mouth against heaven : and                               Psalm 73:
their tongue roveth in the earth.
    Therefore shall my people return hither : and full
days shall be found in them.
                                                             O     God, why hast Thou cast us off unto the
                                                                    end : why hath Thine anger raged against
                                                          the sheep of Thy pasture?
    And they said: How doth God know : and is
                                                              Remember Thy congregation : which Thou hast
there knowledge in the Most High?
                                                          purchased from the beginning.
    Behold, these are the sinners; they prosper in this
                                                              Thou hast redeemed the rod of Thine inheritance
age : and have obtained riches.
                                                          : this Mount Sion wherein Thou hast dwelt.
    And I said: Surely in vain have I kept justice in
                                                              Lift up Thy hands against their pride at the end :
my heart : and washed my hands among the
                                                          against the things which the enemy hath wickedly
innocent.
                                                          done in Thy holy place.
    And I became a man scourged all the day long :
                                                              And they that hate Thee have boasted : in the
and reproof was mine in every morning.
                                                          midst of Thy feast.
    And I said: I shall speak thus : Lo, I should have
                                                              They set up their ensigns, yea, signs (though they
broken covenant with the generation of Thy sons.
                                                          knew it not) : as it were for the departing on high.
    And I sought to understand : but this was toil-
                                                              As in a forest of trees, with axes they cut down
some in my sight,
                                                          the doors thereof together: with two-edged axe and
    Until I come into the sanctuary of God : and          mason’s hammer have they broken it down.
understand their end.
                                                              With fire have they burned down Thy sanctuary :
    Surely, for their crafty dealings Thou hast           they have profaned even unto the ground the
appointed evils for them : Thou hast cast them            habitation of Thy name.
down in their exaltation.
                                                              They said in their heart, even the whole kindred
    How are they come unto desolation in a moment!        of them together : Come, let us abolish all the feasts
: They have ceased to be; they have perished              of God from the earth.
because of their iniquity.
132                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

    Our signs have we not seen; there is no more any                             Psalm 74:
prophet : and he will know us no more.
    How long, O God, shall the enemy utter
reproaches : shall the adversary provoke Thy name
                                                            W
                                                         name.
                                                                    e will confess Thee, O God, we will
                                                                     confess Thee : and we will call upon Thy

to the end?                                                  I will tell of all Thy wonders : when I am given
    Wherefore turnest away Thy hand, and Thy right       the appointed time, I will judge uprightly.
hand : out of the midst of Thy bosom for ever?               The earth is melted and all that dwell therein : it
    But God is our king before the ages : He hath        is I that made steadfast the pillars thereof.
wrought salvation in the midst of the earth.                 I said to the transgressors: Do not transgress :
    Thou didst establish the sea by Thy might : Thou     and to the sinners: Lift not up the horn.
didst break the heads of the dragons in the water.           Lift not up your horn on high : and speak not
    Thou didst crush the head of the dragon : Thou       unrighteousness against God.
gavest him as food to the Ethiopian peoples.                 For judgment cometh not from the byways, nor
    Thou hast cloven fountains and torrents : Thou       from the west : nor from the desert mountains; for
hast dried up the rivers of Etham.                       God is judge.
    Thine is the day and Thine is the night : Thou           This man He humbleth, and another He exalteth :
hast perfected the light and the sun.                    for in the hand of the Lord there is a brimming cup
    Thou hast made all the borders of the earth :        of unmingled wine.
summer and spring hast Thou fashioned.                       And He hath inclined it from side to side, but the
    Be mindful of this Thy creation : the enemy hath     dregs thereof were not fully emptied out : all the
reproached the Lord, and a mindless people hath          sinners of the earth shall drink of them.
provoked Thy name.                                           But as for me, I will rejoice for ever : I will chant
    O deliver not unto beasts the soul which doth        unto the God of Jacob.
confess Thee : of the souls of Thy paupers be not            And all the horns of the sinners will I break : but
forgetful unto the end.                                  the horn of the righteous man shall be exalted.
    Look Thou upon Thy covenant : for the dark
                                                                                 Psalm 75:
places of the earth are filled with the houses of
iniquity.
    Let not the humbled and shamed man be turned            In Judea is God known : His name is great in
                                                              Israel.
                                                            And His place hath been made in peace : and His
away : the beggar and the poor man shall praise Thy
name.                                                    dwelling in Sion.
    Arise, O God, judge Thine own cause :                   There did He break the power of the bow : the
remember the reproach made against Thee by the           weapon and the sword and the battle.
mindless man all the day long.                              Thou shinest wondrously from the everlasting
    Forget not the voice of Thy suppliants : the pride   mountains : all the foolish of heart were troubled.
of them that hate Thee ascendeth continually.               They have slept their sleep : and all the men of
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to     wealth have found nothing in their hands.
the Holy Spirit.                                            At Thy rebuke, O God of Jacob : they that had
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :     mounted upon horses fell aslumber.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            Thou art to be feared, and who shall withstand
                                                         Thee? : From thenceforth is Thy wrath.
   ant.   Thou hast redeemed the rod of Thine inherit-
                                                            Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from
ance.
                                                         heaven : the earth feared and was still.
                                                            When God rose to judgment : to save all the
                                                         meek of the earth.
                           C
                                              THURSDAY AT MATINS                                           133

   For the inward thought of man shall give praise       wonders.
unto Thee : and the remainder of his inward thought         Thou hast made Thy power known among the
shall keep a feast to Thee.                              peoples : with Thine arm hast Thou redeemed Thy
   Make your vows and pay them to the Lord our           people, the sons of Jacob and Joseph.
God : all that are round about Him shall bring gifts:       The waters saw Thee, O God, the waters saw
   To Him that is to be feared and taketh away the       Thee and were afraid : the abysses were troubled.
spirits of princes : to Him that is to be feared among      Great was the resounding sound of the waters :
the kings of the earth.                                  the clouds gave forth a voice.
   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to        Yea, for Thine arrows passed abroad : the voice
the Holy Spirit.                                         of Thy thunder is in their rolling.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         And Thy lightnings have lightened the world :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         the earth was shaken and it trembled.
   ant.   His name is great in Israel.                      In the sea are Thy byways, and Thy paths in
                                                         many waters : and Thy footsteps shall not be
                         Psalm 76:                       known.

   W     ith my voice unto the Lord have I cried :
           with my voice unto God, and He was
attentive unto me.
                                                            Thou leddest Thy people as sheep : by the hand
                                                         of Moses and Aaron.
                                                                               Psalm 77:
   In the day of mine affliction I sought out God,
with my hands upraised by night before Him : and I
was not deceived.                                           G    ive heed, O my people, to my law : incline
                                                                  your ear unto the words of my mouth.
                                                            I will open my mouth in parables : I will utter
   My soul refused to be comforted; I remembered
God and I was gladdened : I spake in idleness and        dark sayings which have been from the beginning,
my spirit became faint-hearted.                             Even those things that we have heard and have
   Mine eyes were wakeful before the watches : I         known : and which our fathers have told us.
was troubled and spake not.                                 They were not hid from their children : in
   I thought upon the days of old : and the years of     another generation.
the ages past I called to mind, and I meditated.            They declared the praises of the Lord and His
   By night I pondered in my heart : and my spirit       mighty acts : and His wonders which He wrought.
searched diligently.                                        And He raised up a testimony in Jacob : and
   Will the Lord then cast me off unto the ages :        appointed a law in Israel,
and will He be favourable no more?                          Even those things He had commanded our
   Or will He cut off His mercy unto the end? :          fathers : to make the same known unto their
Hath He brought to an end His word from                  children, that another generation might know,
generation to generation?                                   Even the sons about to be born, that they in turn
   Or will the Lord forget to be merciful : or in His    might arise : and declare them unto their sons,
wrath will He shut up His compassions for ever?             That they might set their hope in God : and not
   And I said: Now have I made a beginning : this        forget the works of God, but seek after His
change hath been wrought by the right hand of the        commandments,
Most High.                                                  That they might not be as their fathers : a
   I remembered the works of the Lord : for I will       generation perverse and provoking,
remember Thy wonders from the beginning.                    A generation that set not their heart aright : and
   And I will meditate on all Thy works : and I shall    which kept not their spirit steadfast with God.
ponder upon Thy ways.                                       The sons of Ephraim that bend and shoot with
   O God, in the sanctuary is Thy way; what God is       bows turned back : in the day of battle.
as great as our God? : Thou art God Who workest             They kept not the covenant of God : and in His
134                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

law they were not fain to walk.                          wrath of God rose up against them.
   They forgot His benefits : and His wonders that          And He slew their stout ones : and shackled the
He had showed to them,                                   choice men of Israel.
   Even the wonders He had done in the sight of             In all these things they sinned the more : and
their fathers, in the land of Egypt : and in the plain   believed not in His wonders.
of Tanis.                                                   And their days were consumed in vanity : - and
   He divided the sea, and brought them through :        their years with haste.
He made the waters to stand as in a wineskin.               When He slew them, then they sought after Him,
   He guided them with a cloud by day : and all the      and they turned back : and enquired early after God.
night with a light of fire.                                 And they remembered that God is their helper :
   He divided the rock in the wilderness : and gave      and that God the Most High is their redeemer.
them to drink as in a great deep.                           And they loved Him with their mouth : and with
   He led forth water out of the rock : and brought      their tongue they lied to Him,
down waters like rivers.                                    For their heart was not right with Him : nor were
   And they added yet more sin against Him : they        they faithful in His covenant.
embittered the Most High in the waterless place.            But He is compassionate and will be gracious
   And they made trial of God in their hearts : by       unto their sins : and He will not destroy.
asking food for their souls.                                And many a time will He turn His anger away :
   And they spake against God : and they said:           and will not kindle all His wrath.
Cannot God prepare a table in the wilderness?               And He remembered that they are but flesh :
   Because He smote a rock, and waters streamed          breath which passeth away and cometh not back
forth : and the torrents overflowed,                     again.
   Cannot He give bread also : or prepare a table for       How often did they embitter Him in the wilder-
His people?                                              ness : and move Him to wrath in the waterless land!
   Wherefore, the Lord heard and was stirred up :           They turned back and made trial of God : and
and a fire was kindled in Jacob, and wrath rose up       provoked the Holy One of Israel.
against Israel,                                             They remembered not His hand : nor the day
   Because they believed not in God : nor hoped in       wherein He redeemed them from the hand of the
His salvation.                                           oppressor,
   And He commanded the clouds from above : and             How He had wrought in Egypt His signs : and
opened the doors of heaven,                              His marvels in the plain of Tanis.
   And rained manna on them to eat : and bread of           Yea, He had turned into blood their rivers : and
heaven did He give unto them.                            their rainfalls, that they might not drink.
   Man ate the bread of angels : provision He sent          He had sent against them the dog-fly, and it
them to the full.                                        devoured them : and the frog, and it destroyed them.
   He removed the south wind from heaven : and              And He had given to the cankerworm their fruits
brought in by His might the southwest wind.              : and their labours to the locust.
   And He rained on them flesh as it were dust : and        And He destroyed with hail their vine : and their
feathered birds like the sands of the sea,               mulberry trees with frost.
   Which fell in the midst of their camp : round            And He had given over to the hail their cattle :
about their tents.                                       and their substance to the fire.
   And they ate and were filled exceedingly : and           And He sent forth against them the wrath of His
their desire did He give unto them; nor were they        anger : anger and wrath and affliction, a mission
deprived of their desire.                                performed by evil angels.
   But while their food was yet in their mouth : the        He had made a path for His wrath, and He spared
                                                 THURSDAY AT MATINS                                          135

not from death their souls : and their cattle He shut          And He chose out David His servant, and took
up in death.                                                him up from the flocks of sheep : from following
    And He had smitten every firstborn in the land of       the ewes great with young He took him,
Egypt : the firstlings of all their labour, in the             To shepherd Jacob His servant : and Israel His
tabernacles of Ham.                                         inheritance.
    And He took away His people as sheep : and He              And he did shepherd them in the innocence of
led them forth as a flock in the wilderness.                his heart : and by the skillfulness of his hands he
    And He guided them in hope and they feared not          guided them.
: and the sea covered up their enemies.                        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
    And He brought them unto the mountain of His            the Holy Spirit.
sanctuary : this mountain which His right hand had             As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
gained as a possession.                                     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    He cast out the heathen from before their face :
                                                               ant.   Thou art God Who workest wonders.
and apportioned them an inheritance by lot.
    And He settled in their tents : the tribes of Israel.                         Psalm 78:
    But they tempted and embittered God the Most
High : and His testimonies they did not keep.
    And they turned back and brake covenant : even
                                                               O     God, the heathen are come into Thine
                                                                     inheritance : they have defiled Thy holy
                                                            temple; they have made Jerusalem as it were the hut
as their fathers did; they became like unto a crooked       of an orchard-keeper.
bow.                                                           They have made the dead bodies of Thy servants
    And they provoked Him to wrath among their              to be food for the birds of heaven : the flesh of Thy
hills : and with their graven images they moved             saints for the beasts of the earth.
Him to jealousy.                                               They have poured out their blood like water
    God heard and regarded them no more : and set           round about Jerusalem : and there was none to bury
Israel utterly at nought.                                   them.
    And He rejected His dwelling at Silom : His                We are become a reproach among our
dwelling where He had dwelt among men.                      neighbours : a scorn and derision to them that are
    And He gave over to captivity their strength : and      round about us.
their beauty into the hands of enemies.                        How long, O Lord, wilt Thou be wroth unto the
    And with a sword He enclosed His people : and           end : shall Thy jealousy be kindled like fire?
His inheritance did He regard no more.                         Pour out Thy wrath upon the nations that know
    Fire consumed their young men : and their               Thee not : and upon the kingdoms that have not
virgins lamented not.                                       called upon Thy name.
    Their priests fell by the sword : and none shall           For they have devoured Jacob : and his place
weep for their widows.                                      have they made desolate.
    And the Lord awoke as one that sleepeth : like a           O remember not our iniquities of old; let Thy
mighty man grown cloyed with wine.                          compassions quickly go before us, O Lord : for we
    And He smote His enemies upon their backs :             are become exceedingly poor.
reproach everlasting He gave to them.                          Help us, O God our Saviour; for the sake of the
    And He rejected the dwelling of Joseph : and He         glory of Thy name, O Lord, deliver us : and be
chose not the tribe of Ephraim.                             gracious unto our sins for Thy name’s sake,
    And He chose the tribe of Judah : Mount Sion               Lest haply the nations say : Where is their God?
which He loved.                                                Yea, make known among the nations before our
    And He built His sanctuary like that of a unicorn       eyes : the vengeance for Thy servant’s blood which
: on the earth He established it for ever.                  hath been shed.
136                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

   Let there come before Thee the groaning of them         of Thy face they shall perish.
that be in fetters : according to the greatness of            Let Thy hand be upon the man of Thy right hand
Thine arm, show Thy care for the sons of the slain.        : and upon the son of man whom Thou madest
   And render to our neighbours sevenfold into             strong for Thyself.
their bosom their reproach : wherewith they have              And we will not depart from Thee; Thou shalt
reproached Thee, O Lord.                                   quicken us : and we will call upon Thy name.
   For we are Thy people and the sheep of Thy                 O Lord God of hosts, make us to return : and
pasture; we will confess Thee, O God, for ever :           cause Thy face to shine, and we shall be saved.
unto generation and generation we will declare Thy            C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
praise.                                                    the Holy Spirit.
                       Psalm 79:                              As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                           and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   O     Shepherd of Israel, attend : Thou that
          leadest Joseph like a sheep.
   Thou that sittest on the cherubim : manifest
                                                              ant.    O Lord, be gracious unto our sins. (with neum)

Thyself before Ephraim and Benjamin and                                              V. and R.
Manasses.                                                            The proper versicle is intoned by one server.
   Stir up Thy might : and come to save us.                When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:
   O God, make us to return : and cause Thy face to          V. My lips shall rejoice when I chant unto Thee.
shine, and we shall be saved.                                R. Yea, even my soul, which Thou hast
   O Lord God of hosts : how long wilt Thou be                   redeemed. Ps 55:8
wroth against the prayer of Thy servants?
                                                           The choir prays together, inaudibly:
   Wilt Thou feed us with the bread of tears : and
wilt Thou give us for drink tears in measure?                 Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)
   Thou hast made us a gainsaying among our
                                                             V. And lead us not into temptation.
neighbours : and our enemies have scoffed at us.
                                                             R. But deliver us from evil.
   O Lord of hosts, make us to return : and cause
Thy face to shine, and we shall be saved.                                            LESSONS
   A vine hast Thou brought out of Egypt : Thou               Reader:     Grant, O Lord, to bless.
hast cast out the heathen and planted it.
   Thou hast prepared the way before it : and Thou         The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
                                                           Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
hast planted the roots thereof, and it filled the earth.   blessing is:
   The shadows thereof covered the mountains :
and the boughs thereof the cedars of God.                           May God have mercy upon us: and grant
                                                              Priest:
                                                           us peace. R. Amen.
   It stretched forth its shoots unto the sea : and its
branches unto the rivers.                                  Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
   Why hast Thou broken down the hedge thereof :           when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last
                                                           Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.
and all that pass along the way do pluck the fruit?
   The boar of the forest hath laid it to waste : and                                 Lesson 1
the wild beast hath devoured it.                           The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding
   O God of hosts, return again : and look down            the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.
from heaven and behold, and visit this vine.               Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any
   And perfect that which Thy right hand hath              “Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
planted : and look upon the son of man whom Thou
                                                                                   Responsory 1
madest strong for Thyself.
   It is burned with fire and is dug up : at the rebuke    The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
                                                         THURSDAY AT MATINS                                                 137

   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.                                   V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of          The choir answers:
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
blessing is:                                                            R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                                                                           be to the Father C and to the Son and to the
         May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
   Priest:                                                                 Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
hearts. R. Amen.                                                           and now and always, and unto the ages of
                           Lesson 2                                        ages. Amen. Alleluya.
The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows            From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
immediately:                                                          sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”

                        Responsory 2                                                           Psalms
The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,                                     Psalm 50:
while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.

   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
                                                                         H    ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
                                                                                great mercy.
                                                                          And according to the multitude of Thy
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of          compassions : blot out my transgression.
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the                  Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and
blessing is:                                                          cleanse me from my sin.
   Priest: Sent forth from heaven, may the Life-                          For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever
giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.                                   before me.
                                                                          Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
                           Lesson 3                                   evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in
The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there                 Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
follows:
                                                                          For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in
                        Responsory 3                                  sins did my mother bear me.
The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,                   For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden
the choir rises.                                                      and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
                                                                      manifest unto me.
After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,
as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum                  Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
is not chanted.                                                       be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is
                                                                      made whiter than snow.
begun straightaway:                                                       Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :
                                                                      the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
                            LAUDS
                                                                          Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out
The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the          all mine iniquities.
East:
                           V. and R.                                      Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a
                                                                      right spirit within me.
The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after                 Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take
Trin. to Advent, it is thus:                                          not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
                                                                          Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and
   V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
                                                                      with Thy governing Spirit establish me.
   R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22
                                                                          I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the
                        Introduction                                  ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.
The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:       Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou
                                                                      God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in
138                                              ST. HILARION PRESS

Thy righteousness.                                            And if we be in strength, mayhap fourscore years
   O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth          : and what is more than these is toil and travail.
shall declare Thy praise.                                     For mildness is come upon us : and we shall be
   For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it     chastened.
: with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be                Who knoweth the might of Thy wrath : and out
pleased.                                                   of fear of Thee, who can recount Thine anger?
   A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart          So make Thy right hand known to me : and to
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.           them that in their heart are instructed in wisdom.
   Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto                 Return, O Lord; how long? : And be Thou
Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.          entreated concerning Thy servants.
   Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of             We were filled in the morning with Thy mercy,
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt               O Lord : and we rejoiced and were glad in all our
offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine      days.
altar.                                                        Let us be glad for the days wherein Thou didst
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to        humble us : for the years wherein we saw evils.
the Holy Spirit.                                              And look upon Thy servants, and upon Thy
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :        works : and do Thou guide their sons.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                              And let the brightness of the Lord our God be
                                                           upon us, and the works of our hands do Thou guide
      Against Thee only have I sinned, O Lord:
   ant.
                                                           aright upon us : yea, the work of our hands do Thou
have mercy on me.
                                                           guide aright.
                       Psalm 89:                              C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                           the Holy Spirit.
   L    ord, Thou hast been our refuge : in genera-
         tion and generation.
    Before the mountains came to be and the earth
                                                              As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                           and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
was formed and the world : even from everlasting to
                                                              ant.   Lord, Thou hast been our refuge.
everlasting Thou art.
    Turn not man away unto lowliness : yea, Thou                                  Psalm 62:
hast said: Turn back, ye sons of men.
    For a thousand years in Thine eyes, O Lord : are
but as yesterday that is past,
                                                              O      God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
                                                                      dawn.
                                                               My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
    And as a watch in the night : things of no             my flesh longed after Thee!
account shall their years be.                                  In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
    In the morning like grass shall man pass away; in      in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
the morning shall he bloom and pass away : in the          see Thy power and Thy glory.
evening shall he fall and grow withered and dry.               For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
    For we have fainted away in Thy wrath : and in         shall praise Thee.
Thine anger have we been troubled.                             So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy
    Thou hast set our iniquities before Thee : our         name will I lift up my hands.
lifespan is in the light of Thy countenance.                   As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,
    For all our days are faded away : and in Thy           * and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise
wrath are we fainted away.                                 Thee.
    Our years have, like a spider, spun out their tale :       If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I
as for the days of our years, in their span they be        meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my
threescore years and ten.                                  helper.
                                              THURSDAY AT MATINS                                           139

   In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul       Thy right hand, O Lord, is glorified in strength;
hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been      Thy right hand, O Lord, hath shattered enemies :
quick to help me.                                        and in the multitude of Thy glory hast Thou ground
   But as for these, in vain have they sought after      down the adversaries.
my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of          Thou sentest forth Thy wrath; it consumed them
the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge     like stubble : and at the breath of Thy wrath, the
of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.          water parted asunder.
   But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall         The waters were hardened like a wall : hardened
be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of      also were the waves in the midst of the sea.
them is stopped that speak unjust things.                    The enemy said: I will pursue, I will overtake : I
                       Psalm 66:                         will divide the spoils, I will satisfy my soul.
                                                             I will destroy with my sword : my right hand
   G    od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
         cause His face to shine upon us, and have
mercy on us,
                                                         shall have dominion.
                                                             Thou sentest forth Thy breath; the sea covered
                                                         them : they sank like lead in the turbulent water.
   That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *
among all the nations Thy salvation.                         Who is like unto Thee among the gods, O Lord?
                                                         who is like unto Thee? : Glorified in holies,
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all
                                                         wonderful in glories, doing marvels.
the peoples praise Thee.
                                                             Thou hast stretched forth Thy right hand : the
   Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou
                                                         earth swallowed them up.
shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations
shalt Thou guide upon the earth.                             Thou hast guided by Thy righteousness : this Thy
                                                         people whom Thou hast redeemed.
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all
the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her        Thou hast called them by Thy strength : into Thy
fruit.                                                   holy habitation.
   Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *           The nations heard and waxed wroth : pangs took
and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.              hold of them that dwell in Philistia.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to          Then did the rulers of Edom hasten, and the
the Holy Spirit.                                         princes of the Moabites : trembling took hold of
                                                         them; all the dwellers in Canaan melted away.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                           Let fear and trembling come upon them : by the
                                                         greatness of Thine arm.
   ant.   At the dawn, O Lord, I meditated on Thee.          Let them be made like unto stone : until Thy
                  Canticle of Moses (I):                 people pass over, even this Thy people which Thou
                                                         didst take for Thine own.
   L   et us sing to the Lord, for gloriously is He
        glorified : horse and rider hath He hurled
into the sea.
                                                             Bring them in and plant them in the mountain of
                                                         Thine inheritance : in Thy prepared habitation,
                                                         which Thou hast fashioned, O Lord.
   A helper and protector was He unto me : for
                                                             Even the sanctuary which Thy hands have
salvation.
                                                         prepared : the Lord is king of the ages, yea, for ever
   This is my God, and I will glorify Him : the God      and evermore.
of my father, and I will exalt Him.
                                                             For the horse of Pharaoh with chariots and riders
   The Lord quenching wars; Lord is His name : the       went into the sea : and the Lord brought upon them
chariots of Pharaoh and his hosts He hurled into the     the water of the sea.
sea.
                                                             But the sons of Israel walked through dry land :
   The chosen mounted captains He plunged into
                                                         in the midst of the sea. Exod. 15:1-19
the Red Sea; with the open sea He covered them :
they sank into the deep like a stone.
140                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to          Let them praise His name in the dance : with the
the Holy Spirit.                                          timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto Him.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :          For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people : and
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
                                                             The saints shall boast in glory : and they shall
   ant. The Lord is king of the ages, yea for ever
                                                          rejoice upon their beds.
and evermore.
                                                             The high praise of God shall be in their throat :
                      Psalm 148                           and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:

   P   raise the Lord from the heavens : praise Him
        in the highest.
    Praise Him, all ye His Angels : praise Him, all ye
                                                             To do vengeance among the heathen :
                                                          punishments among the peoples:
                                                             To bind their kings with fetters : and their nobles
His hosts.                                                with manacles of iron:
    Praise Him, O sun and moon : praise Him, all ye          To do among them the judgment that is written :
stars and light.                                          this glory shall be to all His saints.
    Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens : and thou                                  Psalm 150:
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.
    For He spake, and they came to be : He
                                                             P  raise ye God in His saints : praise Him in the
                                                                 firmament of His power.
                                                             Praise Him for His mighty acts : praise Him
commanded, and they were created.
                                                          according to the multitude of His greatness.
    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and
ever : He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not pass       Praise Him with the sound of trumpet : praise
away.                                                     Him with the psaltery and harp.
    Praise the Lord from the earth : ye dragons, and         Praise Him with timbrel and dance : praise Him
all ye abysses.                                           with strings and flute.
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest : which          Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
perform His word,                                         with cymbals of jubilation : let every breath praise
                                                          the Lord.
    The mountains and all the hills : fruitful trees,
and all cedars,                                              C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
                                                          the Holy Spirit.
    The beasts and all the cattle : creeping things and
winged birds,                                                As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
                                                          and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Kings of the earth and all peoples : princes and
all the judges of the earth,                                 ant.   Praise ye God in His Saints. (with neum)
    Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;
let them praise the name of the Lord : for exalted is                            CHAPTER
the name of Him alone.                                    The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the
                                                          East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
    His praise is above the earth and heaven : and He     the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
shall exalt the horn of His people.                       Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:
    This is the hymn for all His saints : for the sons
of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto
Him.
                                                             W    atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
                                                                    fully, and be strengthened: let all your
                                                          things be done in charity.
                      Psalm 149:
                                                             R. Thanks be to God.        I Cor. 16:13-14

   S  ing unto the Lord a new song : His praise is
       in the church of the saints.
   Let Israel be glad in Him that made him : let the
                                                                                    HYMN
                                                          The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.
sons of Sion rejoice in their King.                       From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
                                                          service is of the feria, the Hymn is:
                                                    THURSDAY AT MATINS                                                    141

               Hymn I (of Prudentius)                             C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
                                                                  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
   B  ehold, the golden light doth rise:
        Let blindness, lightened, be brought low,
   Which for so long hath dangerously
                                                                  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                  The earth resoundeth. Amen.
   Drawn us in prelest from the path.
                                                                                        V. and R.
   May this Light give us peace of heart,                       The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
   And keep us blameless to Himself:                            Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
   Let us speak no deceitful thing;
                                                                  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
   Let us consider nothing dark.
                                                                  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
   So let the whole day run its course
                                                                On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
   That tongue, or hands, or roving eyes                        begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
   May never sin deceitfully,                                   ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.
   And thus the body, harmed, transgress.
                                                                                 Canticle of Zacharias
   The One Who seeth standeth on high,                                         CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
   He that beholdeth every day
                                                                The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
   Ourselves, and what we say and do,                           Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full
   From first light until evening-tide.                         here.)

   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                   B
                                                                people.
                                                                       lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
                                                                        hath visited and wrought redemption for His

   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                               And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
Before Purification, the last stanza is:                        the house of His servant David.
                                                                   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                the prophets of old.
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
                                                                   That we should be saved from our enemies, *
   With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                and from the hand of all that hate us.
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                                   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
                         V. and R.                              remember His holy covenant.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to          The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                 * that He would grant unto us,
  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.                              That we be delivered out of the hand of our
  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7                     enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,
                                                                   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all
From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
the Sun., the Hymn is:                                          the days of our life.
                                                                   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                      the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of

   B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
        The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
                                                                the Lord, to prepare His ways.
                                                                   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,
                                                                * by the remission of their sins.
   To the Almighty.                                                Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *
   That God our Father may, in His compassion,                  whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.
   Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,                To give light to them that sit in darkness and in
   And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,                      the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way
   By His sweet mercy.                                          of peace. Lk 1:68-79
142                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to                 V. Let us bless the Lord.
the Holy Spirit.                                                    R. Thanks be to God.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                                         Blessing
                         Antiphon                                    If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                                                                     the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the                yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Matins, all            “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
the choir stands turned to the East. On most ferias, the ant.        answers, “Amen.”
is:
    ant. In holiness let us serve the Lord, and He will
deliver us from our enemies. (with neum)                          The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:

                    Festal Conclusion                                Our Father... Amen.
                                                                     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
                                                                     [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
the Preces are begun here (p. 86).                                And so Matins is completed on feast days.
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the   Every day, except on double feasts and through the
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,     octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not              Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All
change his place, even on feasts.                                 Souls’, and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
                                                                  that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        the Wed. before Pascha until the first Sun. after Trin., the
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see
  Let us pray.                                                    p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of
                                                                  Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.
                        COLLECT
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:

   V. The Lord be with you.                                                                 Preces
   R. And with thy spirit.                                        The Preces for ferias are given on p. 86, under Monday
                                                                  Matins. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle       as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):          For the Peace of the Church, Matins of Our Lady, and
                                                                  Matins of the Dead.
   V. Let us bless the Lord.
   R. Thanks be to God.

                                                                  The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with
                COMMEMORATIONS                                    their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:                                            C

                        Conclusion
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with thy spirit.

Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                   THURSDAY AT VESPERS                                             143

                                                                  The Lord hath sworn in truth unto David, and He
     THURSDAY at VESPERS                                       will not annul it : Of the fruit of thy loins will I set
                       Preparation                             upon thy throne.
After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being      If thy sons keep My covenant : and these
kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the       testimonies which I will teach them,
north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
                                                                  Their sons also : shall sit for ever on thy throne.
facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:
                                                                  For the Lord hath elected Sion : He hath chosen
   Our Father... Amen.                                         her to be a habitation for Himself.
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                      This is My rest for ever and ever : here will I
   [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]                           dwell, for I have chosen her.
                      Introduction                                Blessing, I will bless her pursuit : her beggars
Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:     will I satisfy with bread.
                                                                  Her priests will I clothe with salvation : and her
  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.                    saints with rejoicing shall rejoice.
The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:                          There will I make to spring forth a horn for
                                                               David : I have prepared a lamp for My Christ.
  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                                                                  His enemies will I clothe with shame : but upon
      be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
                                                               Him shall My sanctification flourish.
      Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
      and now and always, and unto the ages of                    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
      ages. Amen. Alleluya.                                    the Holy Spirit.
                                                                  As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.

                          Psalms                                  ant.   And remember all his meekness.
                        Psalm 131:                                                    Psalm 132:


   R   emember, O Lord, David : and all his
       meekness.
   How he made an oath unto the Lord : and vowed
                                                                  B      ehold now, what is so good or so joyous : as
                                                                          for brethren to dwell together in unity?
                                                                   It is like the oil of myrrh upon the head : which
unto the God of Jacob:                                         runneth down upon the beard, upon the beard of
   I shall not go into the dwelling of my house : I            Aaron,
shall not ascend upon the bed of my couch,                         Which runneth down to the fringe of his raiment
   I shall not give sleep to mine eyes : nor slumber           : it is like the dew of Aermon, which cometh down
to mine eyelids,                                               upon the mountains of Sion.
   Nor rest to my temples, until I find a place for                For there the Lord commanded the blessing : life
the Lord : a habitation for the God of Jacob.                  for evermore.
   Lo, we have heard of it in Ephratha : we have                   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
found it in the plains of the wood.                            the Holy Spirit.
   Let us go forth into His tabernacles : let us                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
worship at the place where His feet have stood.                and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   Arise, O Lord,into Thy rest : Thou and the ark of              ant.   Behold now, what is so good or so joyous?
Thy holiness.
   Thy priests shall be clothed with righteousness :                                  Psalm 134:
and Thy righteous shall rejoice.
   For the sake of David Thy servant : turn not Thy
face away from Thine anointed one.
                                                                  P raise ye the name of the Lord : O ye servants,
                                                                      praise the Lord.
                                                                  Ye that stand in the house of the Lord : in the
144                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

courts of the house of our God,                                                Psalm 135:
   Praise ye the Lord, for the Lord is good : chant
unto His name, for it is good.
   For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto Himself :
                                                             O     give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good :
                                                                   for His mercy endureth for ever.
                                                              O give thanks unto the God of gods : for His
Israel for His own possession.                            mercy endureth for ever.
   For I know that the Lord is great : and that our           O give thanks unto the Lord of lords : for His
Lord is above all gods.                                   mercy endureth for ever.
   All that the Lord hath willed He hath done, in             To Him Who alone hath wrought great wonders :
heaven and on the earth : in the seas and in all the      for His mercy endureth for ever.
abysses.                                                      To Him that made the heavens with
   Bringing clouds up from the uttermost parts of         understanding : for His mercy endureth for ever.
the earth : lightnings for the rain hath He made.             To Him that established the earth upon the
   He bringeth winds out of His treasuries : He           waters : for His mercy endureth for ever.
smote the firstborn of Egypt, from man unto beast.            To Him Who alone hath made great lights : for
   He sent forth signs and marvels in the midst of        His mercy endureth for ever.
thee, O Egypt : on Pharaoh and on all his servants.           The sun for dominion of the day : for His mercy
   He smote many nations : - and slew mighty              endureth for ever.
kings.                                                        The moon and the stars of dominion of the night
   Seon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of the        : for His mercy endureth for ever.
land of Basan : and all the kingdoms of Canaan.               To Him that smote Egypt with their firstborn :
   And He gave their land for an inheritance : an         for His mercy endureth for ever.
inheritance for Israel His people.                            With a strong hand and a lofty arm : for His
   O Lord, Thy name endureth for ever : and Thy           mercy endureth for ever.
memorial unto generation and generation.                      To Him that divided the Red Sea into parts : for
   For the Lord will judge His people : and because       His mercy endureth for ever.
of His servants shall He be comforted.                        And led Israel through the midst thereof : for His
   The idols of the nations are of silver and gold :      mercy endureth for ever.
the works of the hands of men.                                And overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red
   They have a mouth but shall not speak : eyes           Sea : for His mercy endureth for ever.
have they and shall not see.                                  To Him that led His people through the
   Ears have they and shall not hear : nor is there       wilderness : for His mercy endureth for ever.
any breath in their mouth.                                    To Him that smote great kings : for His mercy
   Let those that make them become like unto them         endureth for ever.
: and all they that put their trust in them.                  And slew mighty kings : for His mercy endureth
   O house of Israel, bless ye the Lord : O house of      for ever.
Aaron, bless ye the Lord.                                     Seon, king of the Amorites : for His mercy
   O house of Levi, bless ye the Lord : ye that fear      endureth for ever.
the Lord, bless ye the Lord.                                  And Og, king of the land of Basan : for His
   Blessed is the Lord out of Sion : Who dwelleth         mercy endureth for ever.
in Jerusalem.                                                 And gave their land for an inheritance : for His
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to       mercy endureth for ever.
the Holy Spirit.                                              An inheritance for Israel His servant : for His
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :       mercy endureth for ever.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                              For in our humiliation the Lord remembered us :
   ant.   All that the Lord hath willed He hath done.     for His mercy endureth for ever.
                                              THURSDAY AT VESPERS                                              145

   And redeemed us from our enemies : for His                                  CHAPTER
mercy endureth for ever.                                             The proper Chapter is read here.
   He that giveth food to all flesh : for His mercy     On all ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to
endureth for ever.                                      Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent,
   O give thanks unto the God of heaven : for His       when service is of the season, the Chapter is:
mercy endureth for ever.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.
                                                           A    nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
                                                                 of God: and the patience of Christ.
                                                                R. Thanks be to God. 2 Thess 3:5
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        On double feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.

   ant.   For His mercy endureth for ever.                                        HYMN
                        Psalm 136:                                    The proper Hymn is sung here.


   B    y the waters of Babylon, there we sat down
         and we wept : when we remembered Sion.
   Upon the willows in the midst thereof : did we
                                                        From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
                                                        service is of the feria, the Hymn is:

                                                                 Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
hang our instruments.
   For there, they that had taken us captive : asked
us for words of song.
                                                           O   God of mighty power, Thou
                                                                That of the creatures born at sea
                                                           Resignest part to fill the deep,
   And they that had led us away asked us for a            And part liftest unto the winds.
hymn, saying : Sing us one of the songs of Sion.
   How shall we sing the Lord’s song : - in a              Those plunged in waters laying down,
strange land?                                              Those lifted pairing to the heavens:
   If I forget thee, O Jerusalem : let my right hand       That those born of one lineage
be forgotten.                                              Might occupy diverse quarters.
   Let my tongue cleave to my throat : if I                Bestow upon Thy servants whom
remember thee not,                                         The fountain of Thy blood hath cleansed
   If I set not Jerusalem above all other : as at the      Not to know lapses into sins,
head of my joy.                                            Nor bear in them the weight of death.
   Remember, O Lord, the sons of Edom : in the             Let guiltiness oppress no one,
day of Jerusalem.                                          Let arrogance exalt no one,
   Who said: Lay waste, lay waste to her : even to         Lest spirits humbled should lose heart
the foundations thereof.                                   Or spirits proud fall to their ruin.
   O daughter of Babylon, thou wretched one :
blessed shall he be who shall reward thee wherewith        C Most loving Father, grant us this,
thou hast rewarded us.                                     And His co-equal, only Son,
                                                           With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   Blessed shall he be who shall seize : and dash
                                                           Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
thine infants against the rock.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to     Before Purification, the last stanza is:
the Holy Spirit.                                           C O Master, glory be to Thee,
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :        Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                           With Father and Holy Spirit,
   ant.   Sing us one of the songs of Sion.                Unto the ages without end. Amen.
          (with neum)
146                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS


                         V. and R.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On ferias from the first Sun.
                                                                   M     y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                          spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                                   For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                                handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
                                                                generations shall call me blessed.
  R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2                             For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,
                                                                * and holy is His name.
On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the
                                                                   And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
Hymn is:
                                                                generation and generation.
        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)                         He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath
                                                                scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.
   O   All-Good Creator of light,
        Who bringest forth the light of day,
   Providing the earth’s foundation
                                                                   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *
                                                                and exalted them of low degree.
   With fresh beginnings of new light.                             He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
                                                                the rich He hath sent empty away.
   Who hast commanded that the dawn,
                                                                   He hath holpen His servant Israel * in
   When joined to dusk, be known as day:
                                                                remembrance of His mercy,
   Dark chaos stealeth over us;
   Hear our entreaties and weeping.                                As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his
                                                                seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55
   Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,                        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to
   Be exiled from the gift of life;                             the Holy Spirit.
   Lest, heedless of eternity,
                                                                   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
   It bind itself with sin’s fetters.
                                                                * and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
                                                                                         Antiphon
   And bear from thence the prize of life:
   Let us avoid all evil things,                                The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
                                                                whole choir. On most ferias, the ant. is:
   And purge out every wickedness.
                                                                   ant. He hath put down the mighty persecuting the
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
                                                                saints, and exalted them of low degree who confess
   And His co-equal, only Son:
                                                                to Christ. (with neum)
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                             From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all the choir
                                                                remains turned to the East.
                         V. and R.
Every feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent,
                                                                                    Festal Conclusion
and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V. and R.    On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal
is:                                                             seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
                                                                the Preces are begun here (p. 91).
  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
  R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2                          The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the
                                                                choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
On feast days, during Magnificat, the Priest censes the         facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
Altar, the patronal icon, and the ark of Relics, and the        change his place, even on feasts.
server censes the choir:
                                                                  V. The Lord be with you.
            Canticle of the Mother of God                         R. And with thy spirit.
               CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT                              Let us pray.
The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On                                    COLLECT
Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)    The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
                                                      FRIDAY AT MATINS                                                 147

   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.                                               FRIDAY at MATINS
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle                           Preparation
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):       After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to
                                                               the East, the Priest says silently:
   V. Let us bless the Lord.
   R. Thanks be to God.                                           Our Father... Amen.
                                                                  Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                                  [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
               COMMEMORATIONS
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.                                     Introduction
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the            Then the Priest sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
                                                                  V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
                                                               Those in choir answer:

                       Conclusion                                 R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.
  V. The Lord be with you.                                     He signs himself on his forehead and sings in a full voice:
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                                  V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):            Those in choir answer:

  V. Let us bless the Lord.                                       R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
  R. Thanks be to God.                                         be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the Holy
                                                               Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and now
                                                               and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                         Blessing
                                                               Alleluya.
   If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down               From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we
   yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,          chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
   “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   answers, “Amen.”                                                                 INVITATORY
                                                               The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the
                                                               precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or
The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
                                                               feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
   Our Father... Amen.                                         ferias the inv. is as follows:
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.                                     Inv. The Lord Who made us, / O come, let us
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                         worship.
And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our             Then the chanter(s) begin to sing Psalm 94:
Lady, and of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation, follow.



                          Preces
                                                                  C  ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
                                                                      with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
                                                               come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
The Preces for ferias are given on p. 91, under Monday         and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.
Vespers. And whenever the preces are done, the Office is
                                                                           The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.
ended as shown there, followed throughout most of the
year by Vespers of Our Lady and Vespers of the Dead.               For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over
                                                               all the earth. For the Lord will not cast off His
                                                               people; for in His hand are the ends of the earth, and
   Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on
   pages 11 - 29.
                                                               the heights of the mountains are His.
148                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

           The second half is sung by the choir.                   Nor sloth of heart bear down on us,
   For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry                 Lest through the touch of transgression
land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us                      We should be ruined by our deeds.
worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep                  C Most loving Father, grant us this,
before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,                    And His co-equal, only Son,
and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep                 With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
of His hand.                                                       Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
                  The whole Inv. is sung.
                                                                Before the Purification, the last stanza is:
   Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your
hearts, as in the provocation in the day of                        C O Master, glory be to Thee,
temptation in the wilderness. For your fathers                     Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
tempted Me; they proved Me and saw My works.                       With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                  The second half is sung.
                                                                On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when
   Forty years long was I grieved with that                     service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:
generation, and I said: They do always err in their
hearts. And they have not known My ways; so I                           Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
sware in Mine anger: They shall not enter into My
rest.                                                              R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
                                                                        Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
                                                                   And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
                  The whole Inv. is sung.
                                                                   Power of the spirit.
    C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and                That as together we sing to our kind King,
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                   We may be worthy with His Saints to enter
                                                                   The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live
The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-           That life rejoicing.
intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.
                                                                  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
                          HYMN                                    The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
       The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.                 The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                  The earth resoundeth. Amen.
On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the
Hymn is:
         Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)                                             NOCTURN
                                                                On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve
   T  hou Trinity and Unity,
        Who governest the earth with power:
   Attend unto the songs of praise
                                                                Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there
                                                                are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the
                                                                Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine
   Which we, arising, chant to Thee.                            Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.

   For from our beds we all arise                                                         Psalms
   In the still season of the night,                                                     Psalm 80:
   That we may earnestly request
   Healing from Thee for all our wounds.
   That in what sin soever we fell
                                                                   R   ejoice in God our helper : shout with joy to
                                                                        the God of Jacob.
                                                                   Take up a psalm, and bring the timbrel : the
   At night, by cunning of demons,                              pleasant psaltery with the harp.
   The power of Thy majesty,                                       Sound the trumpet at the new moon : in the
   From heavèn, would take it from us.                          notable day of our feast.
   Let not the body be defiled,                                    For this is an ordinance for Israel : and a
                                                FRIDAY AT MATINS                                           149

judgment of the God of Jacob.                               But like men ye die : and like one of the rulers do
    He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph when he     ye fall.
went out from the land of Egypt : a tongue which he         Arise, O God, judge the earth : for Thou shalt
knew not did he hear.                                    have an inheritance among all the nations.
    He removed his back from burdens : his hands            C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
had slaved at the basket.                                the Holy Spirit.
    Thou didst call upon Me in affliction, and I            As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
delivered thee : I heard thee in the secret place of     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
the tempest, I made trial of thee at the water
                                                            ant.   Rejoice in God our helper.
gainsaying.
    Hear, O My people, and I will speak unto thee, O                             Psalm 82:
Israel, and I will testify unto thee : if thou hearest
Me, there shall be in thee no new god, nor shalt
thou worship an alien god,
                                                            O     God, who shall be likened unto Thee? : Be
                                                                  Thou not silent, neither be still, O God.
                                                            For behold, Thine enemies have made a noise :
    For I am the Lord thy God Who led thee out of        and they that hate Thee have lifted up their heads.
the land of Egypt : open thy mouth wide, and I will         Against Thy people have they taken wicked
fill it.                                                 counsel : and have conspired against Thy saints.
    But My people heard not My voice : and Israel            They said: Come let us utterly destroy them that
gave no heed unto Me.                                    they may be no more a nation : and let the name of
    And I let them go according to the ways of their     Israel be remembered no more.
hearts : they shall walk in their own ways.                 For they have conspired with oneness of mind
    If My people had heard Me : if Israel had walked     together : against Thee have they made a covenant,
in My ways,                                              even the tents of the Idumeans and the Ismaelites,
    Quickly would I have humbled their enemies :            Moab and the Hagarenes, Gebal and Ammon and
and upon their oppressors would I have laid My           Amalek : and foreigners with them that dwell at
hand.                                                    Tyre.
    The enemies of the Lord have lied unto Him : but        Yea, for even Assur is come with them : they are
in that age their time shall come.                       become a help for the sons of Lot.
    And He fed them with the fat of the wheat : and         Do unto them as Thou didst unto Madiam and
with honey out of the rock He satisfied them.            Sisara : as unto Jabin at the brook of Kisson.
                      Psalm 81:                             They were utterly destroyed in Endor : they
                                                         became as dung for the earth.
   G
gods.
       od stood in the congregation of the gods :
        and in the midst He shall stand out among           Make their princes like Oreb : and Zeb and
                                                         Zebee and Salmana.
   How long will ye judge unrighteously : and               Yea, all their princes : who said: Let us take to
accept the person of sinners?                            ourselves for an inheritance the sanctuary of God.
   Judge for the orphan and the poor man : do               O my God, make them like a wheel : as stubble
justice to the humble and the pauper.                    before the face of the wind,
   Rescue the poor man and the needy : from the             As fire which shall burn the forest : as a flame
hand of the sinner deliver him.                          which shall consume the mountains.
   They have not known, nor understood; they walk           So shalt Thou pursue them with Thy tempest :
in darkness : let all the foundations of the earth be    and in Thy wrath shalt Thou trouble them.
shaken.                                                     Fill their faces with dishonour : and they shall
   I said:- Ye are gods : and all of you the sons of     seek Thy name, O Lord.
the Most High.                                              Let them be shamed and troubled unto ages of
                                                         ages : and let them be confounded and destroyed.
150                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

   And let me know that Thy name is Lord : Thou             Thou hast covered all their sins.
alone art Most High over all the earth.                        Thou hast made all Thy wrath to cease : Thou
                         Psalm 83:                          hast turned back from the wrath of Thine anger.
                                                               Turn us back, O God of our salvation : and turn
   H    ow beloved are Thy dwellings, O Lord of
          hosts : my soul longeth and fainteth for the
courts of the Lord.
                                                            away Thine anger from us.
                                                               Wilt Thou be wroth with us unto the ages : or
                                                            wilt Thou draw out Thy wrath from generation to
    My heart and my flesh : have rejoiced in the
                                                            generation?
living God.
                                                               O God, Thou wilt turn and quicken us : and Thy
    For the sparrow hath found herself a house : and
                                                            people shall be glad in Thee.
the turtledove a nest for herself where she may lay
her young,                                                     Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy : and Thy salvation
                                                            do Thou give unto us.
    Even Thine altars, O Lord of hosts : my King and
my God.                                                        I will hear what the Lord God will speak in me :
                                                            for He will speak peace to His people,
    Blessed are they that dwell in Thy house : unto
ages of ages shall they praise Thee.                           And to His saints : and to them that turn their
                                                            heart unto Him.
    Blessed is the man whose help is from Thee : he
hath made ascents in his heart, in the vale of                 Surely nigh unto them that fear Him is His
weeping, in the place which he hath appointed.              salvation : that glory may dwell in our land.
    Yea, for the lawgiver will give blessings : they           Mercy and truth are met together : righteousness
shall go from strength to strength; the God of gods         and peace have kissed each other.
shall be seen in Sion.                                         Truth is sprung up out of the earth : and
    O Lord of hosts, hearken unto my prayer : give          righteousness hath looked down from heaven.
ear, O God of Jacob.                                           Yea, for the Lord will give goodness : and our
    O God, our defender, behold : and look upon the         land shall yield her fruit.
face of Thine anointed one.                                    Righteousness shall go before Him : and shall set
    For better is one day in Thy courts : than              His footsteps in the way.
thousands elsewhere.                                                             Psalm 85:
    I have chosen rather to be an outcast in the house
of my God : than to dwell in the tents of sinners.
    For the Lord loveth mercy and truth : God will
                                                               B    ow down Thine ear, O Lord, and hearken
                                                                     unto me : for poor and needy am I.
                                                               Preserve my soul, for I am holy : save Thy
give grace and glory.                                       servant, O my God, that hopeth in Thee.
    The Lord will not withhold good things from                Have mercy on me, O Lord, for unto Thee will I
them that walk in innocence : O Lord God of hosts,          cry all the day long : make glad the soul of Thy
blessed is the man that hopeth in Thee.                     servant, for unto Thee have I lifted up my soul.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to           For Thou, O Lord, art good and gentle : and
the Holy Spirit.                                            plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :        Thee.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                               Give ear, O Lord, unto my prayer : and attend
   ant.   Thou alone art Most High over all the earth.      unto the voice of my supplication.
                                                               In the day of mine affliction have I cried unto
                         Psalm 84:
                                                            Thee : for Thou hast heard me.

   T
Jacob.
          hou hast been gracious, O Lord, unto Thy
           land : Thou hast turned back the captivity of
                                                               There is none like unto Thee among the gods, O
                                                            Lord : nor are there any works like unto Thy works.
                                                               All the nations whom Thou hast made shall
   Thou hast forgiven the iniquities of Thy people :        come and shall worship before Thee, O Lord : and
                                               FRIDAY AT MATINS                                            151

shall glorify Thy name.                                                       Psalm 87:
   For Thou are great and workest wonders : Thou
alone art God.
   Guide me, O Lord, in Thy way, and I will walk
                                                           O     Lord God of my salvation : by day have I
                                                                 cried, and by night before Thee.
                                                            Let my prayer come before Thee : bow down
in Thy truth : let my heart rejoice that I may fear     Thine ear unto my supplication,
Thy name.                                                   For filled with evils is my soul : and my life unto
   I will confess Thee, O Lord my God, with all my      hades hath drawn nigh.
heart : and I will glorify Thy name for ever.               I am counted with them that go down into the pit
   For great is Thy mercy upon me : and Thou hast       : I am become as a man without help, free among
delivered my soul from the nethermost hades.            the dead,
   O God, transgressors have risen up against me,           Like the bodies of the slain that sleep in the
and the assembly of the mighty hath sought after my     grave, whom Thou rememberest no more : and they
soul : and they have not set Thee before them.          are cut off from Thy hand.
   But Thou, O Lord my God, art compassionate               They laid me in the lowest pit : in darkness and
and merciful : long-suffering, and plenteous in         in the shadow of death.
mercy, and true.                                            Against me is Thine anger made strong : and all
   Look upon me and have mercy upon me : give           Thy billows hast Thou brought upon me.
Thy strength unto Thy servant, and save the son of          Thou hast removed my friends afar from me :
Thy handmaiden.                                         they have made me an abomination unto them-
   Work in me a sign unto good, and let them that       selves.
hate me behold and be put to shame : for Thou, O            I have been delivered up, and have not come
Lord, hast holpen me and comforted me.                  forth : mine eyes are grown weak from poverty.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to         I have cried unto Thee, O Lord : the whole day
the Holy Spirit.                                        long I have stretched out my hands unto Thee.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         Nay, for the dead wilt Thou work wonders : or
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                        shall physicians raise them up, that they may give
   ant.   Thou hast been gracious, O Lord, unto Thy     thanks unto Thee?
land.                                                       Nay, shall any in the grave tell of Thy mercy :
                       Psalm 86:                        and of Thy truth in that destruction?
                                                            Nay, shall Thy wonders be known in that
   H    is foundations are in the holy mountains :
          the Lord loveth the gates of Sion more than
all the dwellings of Jacob.
                                                        darkness : and Thy righteousness in that land that is
                                                        forgotten?
    Glorious things are spoken of thee : O city of          But as for me, unto Thee, O Lord, have I cried :
God.                                                    and in the morning shall my prayer come before
                                                        Thee.
    I will make mention of Raab and Babylon : to
them that know me.                                          Wherefore, O Lord, dost Thou cast off my soul :
                                                        and turnest Thy face away from me?
    And lo, the foreigners and Tyre and the people of
the Ethiopians : these were born there.                     A poor man am I, and in troubles from my youth
                                                        : yea, having been exalted, I was humbled and
    A man will say: Mother Sion; and: That man was
                                                        brought to distress.
born in her : and: The Most High Himself hath
founded her.                                                Thy furies have passed upon me : and Thy terrors
                                                        have sorely troubled me.
    The Lord shall tell it in the writ of the peoples
and the princes : even these that were born in her.         They came round about me like water all the day
                                                        long : they compassed me about together.
    How joyous are all they : that have their
habitation in Thee.                                         Thou hast removed afar from me friend and
                                                        neighbour : and mine acquaintances, because of my
152                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

misery.                                                   and in Thy righteousness shall they be exalted.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to           For the boast of their strength art Thou : and in
the Holy Spirit.                                          Thy good pleasure shall our horn be lifted high.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :           For from the Lord is our defence : yea, from the
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          Holy One of Israel, our King.
                                                              At that time Thou spakest in a vision to Thy
   ant.   His foundations are in the holy mountains.
                                                          sons, and Thou didst say : I have bestowed help on
                        Psalm 88:                         one that is mighty, I have raised up one chosen out
                                                          of My people.
   O    f Thy mercies, O Lord : will I sing for ever.
          Unto generation and generation : will I
declare Thy truth with my mouth.
                                                              I have found David My servant : with My holy
                                                          oil have I anointed him.
    For Thou hast said: Mercy shall be built up for           For My hand shall be unto him an ally : and
ever : In the heavens shall Thy truth be established.     Mine arm shall strengthen him.
    I have made a covenant with My chosen ones : I            No advantage shall his enemy have over him :
have sworn unto David My servant: I will establish        nor shall the son of iniquity avail to hurt him any
thy seed until eternity,                                  more.
    And build up thy throne : unto generation and             And I will hew down his enemies before his face
generation.                                               : and them that hate him shall I put to flight.
    The heavens shall confess Thy wonders, O Lord :           And My truth and My mercy shall be with him :
and Thy truth in the congregation of saints.              and in My name shall his horn be lifted high.
    For who in the clouds shall be compared unto the          And I will set his hand in the sea : and his right
Lord : and who shall be likened to the Lord among         hand in the rivers.
the sons of God?                                              He shall call upon Me and shall say: My Father
    God Who is glorified in the council of the saints     art Thou : my God, and the helper of my salvation.
: is great and terrible towards all that are round            And as for Me, I will make him my firstborn :
about Him.                                                higher than the kings of the earth.
    O Lord God of hosts, who is like unto Thee? :             For ever shall I keep for him My mercy : and My
Mighty art Thou, O Lord, and Thy truth is round           covenant shall be faithful unto him.
about Thee.                                                   And I will establish his seed unto ages of ages :
    Thou art sovereign over the strength of the sea :     and his throne shall be as the days of heaven.
and the tumult of her waves Thou makest calm.                 If his sons forsake My law : and if they walk not
    Thou hast brought the proud man low as the            in My judgments,
corpse of one slain : and with the arm of Thy power           If My statutes they profane : and keep not My
hast Thou scattered Thine enemies.                        commandments,
    Thine are the heavens, and Thine is the earth; the        I will visits their iniquities with a rod : and their
world and the fulness thereof hast Thou founded :         injustices with scourges.
the north and the sea hast Thou created.                      But My mercy will I not disperse away from
    Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in Thy name :          them : nor will I wrong them in My truth.
Thine is the arm that hath might.                             Nor will I profane My covenant : nor the things
    Let Thy hand be strengthened, let Thy right hand      that proceed from My lips will make void.
be lifted up on high : righteousness and judgment             Once have I sworn by My holiness that to David
are the establishment of Thy throne.                      I will not lie : his seed for ever shall abide.
    Mercy and truth shall go before Thy face :                And his throne shall be as the sun before Me :
blessed is the people that knoweth jubilation.            and as the moon that is established for ever, and is a
    O Lord, in the light of Thy face shall they walk,     faithful witness in the sky.
and in Thy name shall they rejoice all the day long :         But Thou hast cast off and brought to nought :
                                               FRIDAY AT MATINS                                           153

Thou hast been wroth with Thine anointed.               will the God of Jacob perceive it.
   Thou hast destroyed the covenant of Thy servant          Understand then, ye mindless ones among the
: Thou hast profaned his sanctuary unto the earth.      people : and ye fools, at length be wise.
   Thou hast broken down all his hedges : Thou              He that planted the ear, shall He not hear : or He
hast made his strongholds to be his terror.             that formed the eye, doth He not perceive?
   All have despoiled him that pass along the way :         He that chasteneth the heathen, shall He not
he is become a reproach unto his neighbours.            rebuke : He that teacheth man knowledge?
   Thou hast exalted the right hand of them that            The Lord knoweth the thoughts of men : that
afflict him : Thou hast gladdened all his enemies.      they are vain.
   Thou hast turned away the help of his sword :            Blessed is the man whom Thou shalt chasten, O
and hast not helped him in the battle.                  Lord : and out of Thy law shalt Thou instruct him:
   Thou hast made an end of his purification : his          That Thou mayest give him rest from evil days :
throne unto the earth hast Thou cast down.              until a pit be dug for the sinner.
   Thou hast shortened the days of his time : Thou          For the Lord will not cast off His people : nor
hast poured down shame upon him.                        will He forsake His inheritance:
   How long, O Lord, dost Thou turn away unto the           Until righteousness return unto judgment : and
end : shall Thy wrath burn like fire?                   all that are upright of heart be nigh thereto.
   Remember what my substance is : nay, hast Thou           Who will rise up for me against the evildoers : or
created all the sons of man in vain?                    who will stand up with me against the workers of
   Who is the man that shall live and not see death :   iniquity?
can he deliver his soul out of the hand of hades?           Unless the Lord had brought me help : my soul
   Where are Thine ancient mercies, O Lord :            had well nigh sojourned in hades.
which Thou swarest unto David in Thy truth?                 Whenever I said: My foot hath slipped : Thy
   Remember, O Lord, the reproach of Thy servants       mercy, O Lord, brought help unto me.
: which I have endured in my bosom from many                According to the multitude of my sorrows in my
nations.                                                heart : Thy consolations brought gladness unto my
   Wherewith Thine enemies have reproached, O           soul.
Lord : wherewith they have reproached the                   Let not the throne of iniquity have fellowship
recompense of Thine anointed.                           with Thee : which maketh mischief in the name of
   Blessed is the Lord for ever : So be it. So be it.   the law.
                                                            They shall hunt down the soul of the righteous
                     Psalm 93:
                                                        man : and the innocent blood shall they condemn.

   T   he Lord is the God of vengeances : the God
        of vengeances hath spoken openly.
   Be Thou exalted, O Thou that judgest the earth :
                                                            Yea, the Lord is become my refuge : and my God
                                                        the helper of my hope.
                                                            And the Lord shall give back to them their own
render the proud their due.                             iniquity : and according to their wickedness the
   How long shall sinners, O Lord : how long shall      Lord God shall make them to be seen no more.
sinners boast?                                              C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
   How long shall they utter and speak                  the Holy Spirit.
unrighteousness : how long shall they speak, all            As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
they that work iniquity?                                and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   Thy people, O Lord, have they brought low : and
to Thine inheritance have they done hurt.                  ant.   Blessed is the Lord for ever.
   Widow and orphan have they slain : and the
proselyte have they murdered.
   And they said:- The Lord shall not see it : nor
154                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

                       Psalm 95:                            the peoples saw His glory.

   O     sing unto the Lord a new song : sing unto
         the Lord all the earth.
    Sing unto the Lord, bless His name : proclaim
                                                               Let all be put to shame that worship graven
                                                            things : that boast themselves of their idols.
                                                               Worship Him, all ye His angels : Sion heard and
from day to day the good tidings of His salvation.          was glad.
    Declare among the nations His glory : and                  And the daughters of Judea rejoiced : because of
among all peoples His wonders.                              Thy judgments, O Lord.
    For great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised :         For Thou art Lord Most High over all the earth :
He is to be feared above all gods.                          Thou art exalted far above all the gods.
    For all the gods of the nations are demons : but           Ye that love the Lord, see to it that ye hate evil :
the Lord made the heavens.                                  the Lord preserveth the souls of His saints; from the
    Praise and beauty are before Him : holiness and         hand of the sinner shall He deliver them.
majesty are in His sanctuary.                                  A light hath dawned forth for the righteous man :
    Bring to the Lord, ye kindreds of the nations,          and gladness for the upright of heart.
bring to the Lord glory and honour : bring to the              Be glad in the Lord, O ye righteous : and give
Lord the glory due unto His name.                           thanks for the remembrance of His holiness.
    Bring sacrifices, and go into His courts : worship         C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Lord in His holy court.                                 the Holy Spirit.
    Let the earth be shaken at His presence : say              As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
among the nations that the Lord is king.                    and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    For He hath established the world which shall               ant.   O sing unto the Lord, and bless His name.
not be shaken : He shall judge the people in                           (with neum)
uprightness.
                                                                                     V. and R.
    Let the heavens be glad and let the earth rejoice :
let the sea be shaken, and the fulness thereof; the                The proper versicle is intoned by one server.
plains shall be joyful, and all the things therein.         When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:
    Then shall all the trees of the forest rejoice at the
                                                              V. Let my prayer come before Thee, O Lord.
presence of the Lord : for He cometh, for He
                                                              R. Bow down Thine ear unto my supplication. Ps
cometh to judge the earth.
                                                                  87:2
    He shall judge the world with righteousness : and
the peoples with His truth.                                 The choir prays together, inaudibly:

                       Psalm 96:                               Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)


   T   he Lord is king, let the earth rejoice : let the
        many islands be glad.
   Clouds and darkness are round about Him :
                                                              V. And lead us not into temptation.
                                                              R. But deliver us from evil.

righteousness and judgment are the establishment of                                  LESSONS
His throne.                                                    Reader:     Grant, O Lord, to bless.
   Fire shall go before Him : and shall burn up His         The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
enemies round about.                                        Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
   His lightnings have shone forth throughout the           blessing is:
world : the earth saw it and was shaken.                       Priest: May God have mercy upon us: and grant
   The mountains melted like wax at the presence            us peace. R. Amen.
of the Lord : at the presence of the Lord of all the
earth.                                                      Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
                                                            when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last
   The heavens declared His righteousness : and all         Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.
                                                      FRIDAY AT MATINS                                                       155

                         Lesson 1                                                          LAUDS
The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding       The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the
the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.              East:
Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any                                     V. and R.
“Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:           The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.
                                                               after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
                      Responsory 1                             Trin. to Advent, it is thus:
The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
                                                                  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.                             R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22

The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of                           Introduction
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
                                                               The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:
blessing is:
                                                                 V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
         May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
   Priest:
hearts. R. Amen.                                               The choir answers:

                         Lesson 2                                R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows          be to the Father C and to the Son and to the
immediately:                                                        Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
                                                                    and now and always, and unto the ages of
                      Responsory 2                                  ages. Amen. Alleluya.
The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a      From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.            sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”

   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.                                                      Psalms
                                                                                          Psalm 50:
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
blessing is:                                                      H    ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
                                                                        great mercy.
                                                                  And according to the multitude of Thy
         Sent forth from heaven, may the Life-
   Priest:
giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.                            compassions : blot out my transgression.
                                                                  Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and
                         Lesson 3                              cleanse me from my sin.
The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there             For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever
follows:
                                                               before me.
                      Responsory 3                                Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,        evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in
the choir rises.                                               Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,        For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in
as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum       sins did my mother bear me.
is not chanted.                                                   For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden
And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is       and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made
begun straightaway:                                            manifest unto me.
                                                                  Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall
                                                               be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be
                                                               made whiter than snow.
                             C                                    Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :
                                                               the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.
156                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

    Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out           I stretched forth my hands unto Thee : my soul
all mine iniquities.                                      thirsteth after Thee like a waterless land.
    Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a          Quickly hear me, O Lord : my spirit hath fainted
right spirit within me.                                   away.
    Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take            Turn not Thy face away from me : lest I be like
not Thy Holy Spirit from me.                              unto them that go down into the pit.
    Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and           Cause me to hear Thy mercy in the morning : for
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                   in Thee have I put my hope.
    I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the           Cause me to know O Lord, the way wherein I
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                        should walk : for unto Thee have I lifted up my
    Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou         soul.
God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in             Rescue me from mine enemies, O Lord; unto
Thy righteousness.                                        Thee have I fled for refuge : teach me to do Thy
    O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth        will, for Thou art my God.
shall declare Thy praise.                                    Thy good Spirit shall lead me in the land of
    For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it   uprightness : for Thy name’s sake, O Lord, shalt
: with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be            Thou quicken me.
pleased.                                                     In Thy righteousness shalt Thou bring my soul
    A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart     out of affliction : and in Thy mercy shalt Thou
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.          utterly destroy mine enemies.
    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto               And Thou shalt cut off all them that afflict my
Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.         soul : for I am Thy servant.
    Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of           C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt              the Holy Spirit.
offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
altar.                                                    and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
                                                             ant.    In Thy truth hearken unto me, O Lord.
the Holy Spirit.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                              Psalm 62:
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   ant. With Thy governing Spirit establish my
                                                             O      God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
                                                                     dawn.
                                                              My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
heart, O God.
                      Psalm 142:                          my flesh longed after Thee!
                                                              In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so
   O    Lord, hear my prayer : give ear unto my
        supplication in Thy truth; hearken unto me
in Thy righteousness.
                                                          in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
                                                          see Thy power and Thy glory.
   And enter not into judgment with Thy servant :             For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
for in Thy sight shall no man living be justified.        shall praise Thee.
   For the enemy hath persecuted my soul : he hath            So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy
humbled my life down to the earth.                        name will I lift up my hands.
   He hath sat me in darkness as those that have              As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,
been long dead : and my spirit within me is become        * and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise
despondent; within me my heart is troubled.               Thee.
   I remembered days of old, I meditated on all Thy           If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I
works : I pondered on the creations of Thy hands.         meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my
                                                          helper.
                                                FRIDAY AT MATINS                                            157

   In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul       His virtue hath covered the heavens : and the
hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been      earth was full of His praise.
quick to help me.                                            And His brightness shall be as the light; horns
   But as for these, in vain have they sought after      are in His hands : and He hath established a mighty
my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of      love of His strength.
the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge         Before His face shall the Word proceed : and He
of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.          shall go forth for instruction at His feet.
   But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall         He stood, and the earth was shaken : He beheld,
be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of      and the nations melted away.
them is stopped that speak unjust things.                    The mountains were violently burst asunder : the
                       Psalm 66:                         everlasting hills melted away at His everlasting
                                                         going forth.
   G    od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
         cause His face to shine upon us, and have
mercy on us,
                                                             Because of troubles, I looked upon the tents of
                                                         the Ethiopians : even the tabernacles of the land of
                                                         Madiam were dismayed.
   That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *
among all the nations Thy salvation.                         Nay, with the rivers wast Thou wroth, O Lord? :
                                                         Nay, against the rivers was Thine anger, or against
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all
                                                         the sea Thine attack?
the peoples praise Thee.
                                                             For Thou shalt mount upon Thy horses : and Thy
   Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou
                                                         chariots are salvation.
shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations
shalt Thou guide upon the earth.                             Bending Thy bow, Thou shalt bend it against
                                                         sceptres : the Lord saith: The land of rivers shall be
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all
                                                         rent asunder.
the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her
fruit.                                                       They shall see Thee, and the people shall be in
                                                         travail : while Thou scatterest the courses of the
   Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *
                                                         waters.
and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
                                                             The abyss gave forth her voice : and raised her
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
                                                         form on high.
the Holy Spirit.
                                                             Lifted up was the sun, and the moon stood still in
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
                                                         her course : at the light shall Thy missiles go forth,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                         at the brilliance of the gleam of Thy weapons.
   ant.   Cause Thy face to shine upon us, O Lord.           With threatening shalt Thou diminish the earth :
                                                         and with anger shalt Thou trample down nations.
                   Canticle of Abacuc:
                                                             Thou wentest forth for the salvation of Thy
   O     Lord, I have heard Thy report : - and I was
         afraid.
   O Lord, I considered Thy works : - and I was
                                                         people : to save Thine anointed ones art Thou come.
                                                             Thou didst cast death upon the heads of
                                                         transgressors : Thou didst lay fetters upon their neck
amazed.                                                  at the end.
   Between two living creatures shalt Thou be                Thou hast cut asunder with fury the heads of the
known : when the years draw nigh, Thou shalt be          mighty : they shall quake within themselves.
acknowledged.
                                                             They shall break open their bridles : like the poor
   When the season cometh, Thou shalt be shown
                                                         man that eateth in secret.
forth : when my soul is troubled, in Thine anger
                                                             And Thou hast mounted Thy horses in the sea :
shalt Thou remember mercy.
                                                         and they trouble the many waters.
   God shall come out of Thaeman : and the Holy
                                                             I kept watch, and my belly was troubled : at the
One out of a mountain overshadowed and densely
                                                         voice of the prayers of my lips.
wooded.
158                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

   And trembling went into my bones : and within              Kings of the earth and all peoples : princes and
me my strength was troubled.                              all the judges of the earth,
   I will rest in the day of mine affliction : that I         Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;
may go up to the people of my sojourning.                 let them praise the name of the Lord : for exalted is
   For the fig tree shall not bear fruit : and there      the name of Him alone.
shall be no increase for the vines.                           His praise is above the earth and heaven : and He
   The labour of the olive shall fail : and the plains    shall exalt the horn of His people.
shall bear no food.                                           This is the hymn for all His saints : for the sons
   The sheep have failed from their grazing : and         of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto
there are no oxen at the cribs.                           Him.
   But as for me, in the Lord will I be glad : I will                           Psalm 149:
rejoice in God my Saviour.
   The Lord is my God and my might : and He will
instruct my feet unto perfection.
                                                             S   ing unto the Lord a new song : His praise is
                                                                  in the church of the saints.
                                                             Let Israel be glad in Him that made him : let the
   He mounteth me on high : that I might be victor        sons of Sion rejoice in their King.
with His song. Abac. 3:2-19                                  Let them praise His name in the dance : with the
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to       timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto Him.
the Holy Spirit.                                             For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people : and
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :       He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                             The saints shall boast in glory : and they shall
                                                          rejoice upon their beds.
   ant.   O Lord, I have heard Thy report, and I was
afraid.                                                      The high praise of God shall be in their throat :
                       Psalm 148                          and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:
                                                             To do vengeance among the heathen :
   P   raise the Lord from the heavens : praise Him
        in the highest.
    Praise Him, all ye His Angels : praise Him, all ye
                                                          punishments among the peoples:
                                                             To bind their kings with fetters : and their nobles
                                                          with manacles of iron:
His hosts.
                                                             To do among them the judgment that is written :
    Praise Him, O sun and moon : praise Him, all ye
                                                          this glory shall be to all His saints.
stars and light.
    Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens : and thou                                Psalm 150:
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.
    For He spake, and they came to be : He
                                                             P  raise ye God in His saints : praise Him in the
                                                                 firmament of His power.
                                                             Praise Him for His mighty acts : praise Him
commanded, and they were created.                         according to the multitude of His greatness.
    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and          Praise Him with the sound of trumpet : praise
ever : He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not pass    Him with the psaltery and harp.
away.                                                        Praise Him with timbrel and dance : praise Him
    Praise the Lord from the earth : ye dragons, and      with strings and flute.
all ye abysses.                                              Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest : which       with cymbals of jubilation : let every breath praise
perform His word,                                         the Lord.
    The mountains and all the hills : fruitful trees,        C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to
and all cedars,                                           the Holy Spirit.
    The beasts and all the cattle : creeping things and      As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
winged birds,                                             and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                      FRIDAY AT MATINS                                                    159

   ant. With timbrel and dance, with strings and                   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
flute, praise ye God. (with neum)                                  With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                       CHAPTER
The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the                              V. and R.
East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to   The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to   Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:
                                                                  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.

   W    atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
          fully, and be strengthened: let all your
things be done in charity.
                                                                  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
                                                                From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
                                                                the Sun., the Hymn is:
   R. Thanks be to God.        I Cor. 16:13-14
                                                                        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
                          HYMN
The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when
                                                                   B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
                                                                        The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
                                                                   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:
                                                                   To the Almighty.
             Hymn I (Ambrosian, 5th c.)
                                                                   That God our Father may, in His compassion,
   E  ternal Glory of heaven,
        The blessèd hope of them that die,
   The high Thunderer’s only Son,
                                                                   Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
                                                                   And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,
                                                                   By His sweet mercy.
   The Offspring of a chaste Virgin:
                                                                  C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
   Grant Thy right hand to them that rise;
                                                                  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
   May the mind, sober, also rise:
                                                                  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
   And, zealous for the praise of God,
                                                                  The earth resoundeth. Amen.
   Repay Him with becoming thanks.
   The risen morning star shineth,                                                      V. and R.
   Telling of light which hath been strewed:                    The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
   The dark of night is vanishing:                              Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
   May Thy blessed light illumine us.                             V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
   Abiding also in our souls,                                     R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
   May it drive off the earthly night:                          On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
   And keep our breast, once purified,                          begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
   At all times, till the end of day.                           ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.

   Let faith, sought after first of all,                                         Canticle of Zacharias
   Take root in the depths of the heart:                                       CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
   Second, let hope rejoice with her,                           The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
   But greater still is charity.                                Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full
                                                                here.)
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
                                                                   B  lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He

                                                                people.
                                                                        hath visited and wrought redemption for His


Before Purification, the last stanza is:
                                                                   And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
                                                                the house of His servant David.
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
160                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

the prophets of old.                                                                     COLLECT
   That we should be saved from our enemies, *                    The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:
and from the hand of all that hate us.
                                                                     V. The Lord be with you.
   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
                                                                     R. And with thy spirit.
remember His holy covenant.
   The oath which He sware to our father Abraham                  Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
* that He would grant unto us,                                    in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):

   That we be delivered out of the hand of our                       V. Let us bless the Lord.
enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,                     R. Thanks be to God.
   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all
the days of our life.
                                                                                 COMMEMORATIONS
   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of                 The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of                After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
the Lord, to prepare His ways.                                       sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
                                                                     Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,
                                                                     commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
* by the remission of their sins.
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.                                      Conclusion
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in                V. The Lord be with you.
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way               R. And with thy spirit.
of peace. Lk 1:68-79
                                                                  Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to               soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
the Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                  R. Thanks be to God.

                         Antiphon                                                          Blessing
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
                                                                     If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Matins, all
                                                                     the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
the choir remains turned to the East. On most ferias, the
                                                                     yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
ant. is:
                                                                     “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
      Through the bowels of mercy of our God,
   ant.                                                              answers, “Amen.”
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.
(with neum)                                                       The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
                    Festal Conclusion                                Our Father... Amen.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal                Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,           [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
the Preces are begun here (p. 86).
                                                                  And so Matins is completed on feast days.
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,     Every day, except on double feasts and through the
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not              octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our
change his place, even on feasts.                                 Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All
                                                                  Souls’, and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         the Wed. before Pascha until the first Sun. after Trin., the
                                                                  prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see
  Let us pray.
                                                                  p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of
                                                                  Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.
                                                   FRIDAY AT VESPERS                                                161

                         Preces                                        FRIDAY at VESPERS
The Preces for ferias are given on p. 86, under Monday
Matins. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended                          Preparation
as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by     After the usual ringing of the bells, the lamps having being
For the Peace of the Church, Matins of Our Lady, and        kindled in the church, the small bell which hangs in the
Matins of the Dead.                                         north half of the choir is rung. Then, all standing and
                                                            facing the East, the Priest says the silent prayers:

                                                               Our Father... Amen.
The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with        Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.                    [I believe... (Apostolic Symbol)]
                                                                                  Introduction
                                                            Then the Priest signs his breast or forehead, and intones:

                           C                                  V. O God, C be attentive unto helping me.
                                                            The Choir, turned to the Altar, answers:

                                                              R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                                                                   be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the
                                                                   Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
                                                                   and now and always, and unto the ages of
                                                                   ages. Amen. Alleluya.
                                                            From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
                                                            chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”

                                                                                      Psalms
                                                                                    Psalm 137:


                                                               I
                                                            Thee.
                                                                  will confess Thee, O Lord, with my whole
                                                                  heart : and before angels will I chant unto

                                                               For Thou hast heard all the words of my mouth :
                                                            I will worship towards Thy holy temple and confess
                                                            Thy name.
                                                               For Thy mercy and for Thy truth : for Thou hast
                                                            magnified Thy holy name above all that is.
                                                               In whatsoever day I call upon Thee, quickly
                                                            hearken unto me : Thou shalt abundantly endow my
                                                            soul with Thy strength.
                                                               Let all the kings of the earth, O Lord, confess
                                                            Thee : for they have heard all the words of Thy
                                                            mouth.
                                                               And let them sing in the ways of the Lord : for
                                                            great is the glory of the Lord.
                                                               For the Lord is exalted, yet on lowly things He
                                                            looketh : and things haughty He knoweth from afar.
                                                               Though I should walk in the midst of affliction,
                                                            Thou shalt quicken me : against the wrath of mine
                                                            enemies hast thou stretched forth Thy hands, and
162                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

Thy right hand hath saved me.                                My being while it was still unformed Thine eyes
   The Lord shall give recompense in my behalf; O        did see, and in Thy book shall all men be written :
Lord, Thy mercy endureth for ever : disdain not the      day by day they are formed, when as yet there be
work of Thy hands.                                       none of them.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to          But to me, exceedingly honourable are Thy
the Holy Spirit.                                         friends, O Lord : their principalities are made
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :      exceeding strong.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                             I will count them, and they shall be multiplied
                                                         more than the sand : I awoke and I am still with
   ant.   Before Angels will I chant unto Thee, O my     Thee.
God.                                                         Surely Thou wilt slay the sinners, O God : ye
                       Psalm 138:
                                                         men of blood, depart from me.

   O      Lord, Thou hast proved me and Thou
           knowest me : Thou knowest my down-
sitting and mine uprising.
                                                             For Thou wilt say concerning their thoughts :
                                                         that in vain shall they take Thy cities.
                                                             As for them that hate Thee, O Lord, have I not
    Thou hast discerned my thoughts from afar : my       hated them : and because of Thine enemies have I
path and my lot hast Thou traced out,                    not pined away?
    And hast foreseen all my ways : for there is no          With perfect hatred have I hated them : they are
guile in my tongue.                                      reckoned enemies with me.
    Behold, Lord, Thou knowest all things, the last          Prove me, O God, and know my heart : examine
and the first : Thou hast fashioned me and hast laid     me and know my paths.
Thy hand upon me.
                                                             And see if the way of iniquity be in me : and
    Thy knowledge is too wonderful for me : it is        guide me in the way everlasting.
mighty; I cannot attain unto it.
                                                             C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
    Whither shall I go from Thy Spirit : and from        the Holy Spirit.
Thy presence whither shall I flee?
                                                             As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
    If I go up into heaven, Thou art there : if I go     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
down into hades, Thou art present there.
    If I take up my wings toward the dawn : and                O Lord, Thou hast proved me and Thou
                                                            ant.
make mine abode in the uttermost parts of the sea,       knowest me.
                                                                              Psalm 139:
    Even there shall Thy hand guide me : and Thy
right hand shall hold me.
    And I said: Surely darkness shall tread me down         R    escue me, O Lord, from the evil man : from
                                                                  the unjust man deliver me.
                                                            Who have devised injustice in their heart : all the
: and the night shall be turned into light in my
delight.                                                 day long have they arrayed themselves for wars.
    For darkness will not be darkness with Thee, and        They have whetted their tongue like that of a
night shall be bright as the day : as is the darkness    serpent : the venom of asps is under their lips.
thereof, even so shall the light thereof be.                Keep me, O Lord, from the hand of the sinner :
    For Thou hast possessed my reins, O Lord : Thou      rescue me from unjust men,
hast holpen me from my mother’s womb.                       Who have devised to undermine my steps : the
    I will confess Thee, for awesomely art thou          proud have hid a snare for me.
wondrous : marvellous are Thy works, and my soul            And with cords have they spread a snare for my
knoweth it right well.                                   feet : stumbling-blocks near the paths have they set
    My bone is not hid from Thee, which Thou             for me.
madest in secret : nor my substance in the nether-          I said unto the Lord:- Thou art my God : give ear,
most parts of the earth.                                 O Lord, unto the voice of my supplication.
                                                FRIDAY AT VESPERS                                          163

   Lord, O Lord, Thou strength of my salvation :            Keep me from the snare which they have laid for
Thou hast overshadowed my head in the day of             me : and from the stumbling-blocks of them that
battle.                                                  work iniquity.
   Because of my desire, O Lord, give me not up             The sinners shall fall into their own net : I am
unto the sinner : they have taken counsel against        alone until I pass by.
me; forsake me not, lest they should be exalted.            C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
   As for the head of those that encircle me : the       the Holy Spirit.
mischief of their lips shall cover them.                    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
   Coals shall fall upon them; in fire shalt Thou cast   and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
them down : and they shall not stand in afflictions.
                                                            ant.   Lord, I have cried unto Thee: hearken unto
   A babbling man shall not prosper on the earth :
                                                         me.
evils shall hunt an unjust man to his destruction.                               Psalm 141:
   I know that the Lord will maintain the cause of
the poor : and the justice of the paupers.
   Surely the righteous shall confess Thy name :
                                                            W      ith my voice unto the Lord have I cried :
                                                                     with my voice unto the Lord have I made
                                                         supplication.
and the upright shall dwell in Thy presence.
                                                             I will pour out before Him my supplication :
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to      mine affliction before Him will I declare.
the Holy Spirit.
                                                             When my spirit was fainting within me : then
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :      Thou knewest my paths.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                             In this way wherein I have walked : they hid for
   ant.   From the unjust man rescue me, O Lord.         me a snare.
                      Psalm 140:
                                                             I looked upon my right hand, and beheld : and
                                                         there was none that did know me.

   L    ord, I have cried unto Thee, hearken unto me
         : attend to the voice of my supplication when
I cry unto Thee.
                                                             Flight have failed me : and there is none that
                                                         watcheth out for my soul.
                                                             I have cried unto Thee, O Lord; I said: Thou art
    Let my prayer be set forth as incense before Thee    my hope : my portion art Thou in the land of the
: the lifting up of my hands as an evening sacrifice.    living.
    Set, O Lord, a watch before my mouth : and a             Attend unto my supplication : for I am brought
door of enclosure round about my lips.                   very low.
    Incline not my heart unto words of evil : to make        Deliver me from them that persecute me : for
excuse with excuses in sins,                             they are stronger than I.
    With men that work iniquity : and I will not join        Bring my soul out of prison that I may confess
with their chosen.                                       Thy name : the righteous shall wait patiently for me
    The righteous man will chasten me with mercy         until Thou shalt reward me.
and reprove me : as for the oil of the sinner, let it        C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
not anoint my head.                                      the Holy Spirit.
    For yet more is my prayer in the presence of their       As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
pleasures : swallowed up near by the rock have their     and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
judges been.
    They shall hear my words, for they be sweetened         ant. May my portion, O Lord, be in the land of
: as a clod of earth is broken upon the earth,           the living. (with neum)
    So have their bones been scattered nigh unto
hades : for unto Thee, O Lord, O Lord, are mine                                 CHAPTER
eyes; in Thee have I hoped; take not my soul away.                     The proper Chapter is read here.
164                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

On all ferias from the Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to                  V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
Septuagesima, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent,       R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2
when service is of the season, the Chapter is:
                                                                 On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the

   A    nd the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity
         of God: and the patience of Christ.
                                                                 Hymn is:
                                                                         Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
        R. Thanks be to God. 2 Thess 3:5

On many feasts, a Responsory is chanted here.                       O   All-Good Creator of light,
                                                                         Who bringest forth the light of day,
                                                                    Providing the earth’s foundation
                          HYMN                                      With fresh beginnings of new light.
              The proper Hymn is sung here.                         Who hast commanded that the dawn,
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when                When joined to dusk, be known as day:
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:                               Dark chaos stealeth over us;
                                                                    Hear our entreaties and weeping.
         Hymn I (of St. Gregory the Great)
                                                                    Let not the mind, weighed down with sin,
   O   God, the Fashioner of man,
        Who, ordering all things in Thyself,
   Commandest the earth to bring forth
                                                                    Be exiled from the gift of life;
                                                                    Lest, heedless of eternity,
   The race of beasts and creeping things.                          It bind itself with sin’s fetters.

   Who gavest creation’s larger beasts,                             At heaven’s chamber may it knock,
   Endowed with life at Thy command,                                And bear from thence the prize of life:
   As subjects to the first-made man,                               Let us avoid all evil things,
   That they might each do him service.                             And purge out every wickedness.

   Drive far away from Thy servants                                 C Most loving Father, grant us this,
   Whatever of impurity                                             And His co-equal, only Son:
   Would steal into our feelings, or                                With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
   Would sow itself amongst our deeds.                              Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.

   Bestow on us rewards of joy,                                                           V. and R.
   Bestow upon us gifts of grace:                                Every feria from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent,
   Unfasten Thou the bonds of strife;                            and from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, the V. and R.
                                                                 is:
   Bind fast and seal the bands of peace.
                                                                   V. Let my prayer be set forth unto Thee, O Lord.
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                            R. As incense in Thy sight. Ps 140:2
   And His co-equal, only Son,
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,                               On feast days, during Magnificat, the Priest censes the
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.                             Altar, the patronal icon, and the ark of Relics, and the
                                                                 server censes the choir:
Before Purification, the last stanza is:
                                                                             Canticle of the Mother of God
   C O Master, glory be to Thee,
                                                                                CALLED THE MAGNIFICAT
   Thou Who wast born of a Virgin,
   With Father and Holy Spirit,                                  The proper ant. on Magnificat is intonated here. (On
                                                                 Principal & Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full here.)
   Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                         V. and R.
The proper V. and R. is sung. On ferias from the first Sun.
                                                                    M    y soul doth magnify the Lord, * and my
                                                                          spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
                                                                    For He hath looked upon the lowliness of His
after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
Trin. to Advent, the V. and R. is:                               handmaiden, * for behold, from henceforth all
                                                                 generations shall call me blessed.
                                                        FRIDAY AT VESPERS                                                   165

   For the Mighty One hath done great things to me,                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
* and holy is His name.                                              R. Thanks be to God.
   And His mercy is on them that fear Him * unto
generation and generation.
                                                                                 COMMEMORATIONS
   He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath                   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.               After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   He hath put down the mighty from their seat, *                    sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
and exalted them of low degree.                                      Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
                                                                     commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
   He hath filled the hungry with good things, * and
the rich He hath sent empty away.
   He hath holpen His servant Israel * in                                                Conclusion
remembrance of His mercy,                                           V. The Lord be with you.
   As He spake to our fathers, * to Abraham and his                 R. And with thy spirit.
seed for ever. Lk 1:46-55
                                                                  Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son, * and to
                                                                  soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
the Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                  R. Thanks be to God.

                         Antiphon
                                                                                           Blessing
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
whole choir. On most ferias, the ant. is:                            If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
                                                                     the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
   ant.God hath holpen His servant Israel, as He                     yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
                                                                     “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
spake to Abraham and to his seed, and exalted them
                                                                     answers, “Amen.”
of low degree, even unto eternity. (with neum)
 From henceforth until the end of Vespers, all the choir          The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
remains turned to the East.
                                                                     Our Father... Amen.
                    Festal Conclusion                                Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal                [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
the Preces are begun here (p. 91).                                And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our
                                                                  Lady, and Vespers of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation,
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the   follow.
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not
change his place, even on feasts.
                                                                                            Preces
  V. The Lord be with you.                                        The Preces for ferias are given on p. 91, under Monday
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         Vespers. And whenever the preces are done, the Office is
  Let us pray.                                                    ended as shown there, followed throughout most of the
                                                                  year by Vespers of Our Lady and Vespers of the Dead.
                        COLLECT
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:

   V. The Lord be with you.                                          Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on
                                                                     pages 11 - 29.
   R. And with thy spirit.
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                                                              C
166                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.                                                SATURDAY at MATINS
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle           WHENEVER SATURDAY IS OF THE FERIA 1
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                                                            Preparation
   V. Let us bless the Lord.                                   After the bells are rung and those in choir are turned to
   R. Thanks be to God.                                        the East, the Priest says silently:

                                                                   Our Father... Amen.
               COMMEMORATIONS                                      Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
   The common commemorations are found on p. 183.                  [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
   After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the                                        Introduction
   Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the        Then he sings the versicle aloud in a modest voice:
   commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
                                                                   V. O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips.
                       Conclusion                              Those in choir answer:
  V. The Lord be with you.                                         R. And my mouth shall declare Thy praise.
  R. And with thy spirit.
                                                               The Priest then signs himself on his forehead and sings in
Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a   a full voice:
soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
                                                                   V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
  V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                               Those in choir answer:
  R. Thanks be to God.
                                                                  R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
                         Blessing                              be to the Father, C and to the Son, and to the Holy
                                                               Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning, and now
   If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
   the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down               and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,          Alleluya.
   “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
   answers, “Amen.”                                            From Septuagesima to Pascha, in place of “Alleluya,” we
                                                               chant: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”

The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:                                            INVITATORY
   Our Father... Amen.                                         The proper Invitatorium (Inv.) is sung here by the
                                                               precentor or ruler of the choir, according to the day or
   Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
                                                               feast. And on double feasts, the whole choir repeats it. On
   [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]                         ferias the inv. is as follows:
And so Vespers is completed on feast days. Vespers of Our          Inv.   The Lord our God, / O come, let us worship.
Lady, and of the Dead, and in Lent the Collation, follow.
                                                                          Then the chanter(s) begin to sing Psalm 94:

                          Preces
The Preces for ferias are given on p. 91, under Monday
                                                                   C ome, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout
                                                                      with jubilation unto God our Saviour: let us
                                                               come before His countenance with thanksgiving,
Vespers. And whenever the preces are done, the Office is
ended as shown there, followed throughout most of the
                                                               and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him.
year by Vespers of Our Lady and Vespers of the Dead.                          The whole Inv. is sung by the choir.

                                                               1
                                                                 This order of Matins is followed only on Saturdays on which the service
   Compline for all weekdays and feasts is given on            is of the feria, i.e., Saturdays in Lent, Vigils, and Ember-days. Usually the
   pages 11 - 29.                                              Saturday Office is either of the Mother of God or a feast.
                                                     SATURDAY AT MATINS                                               167

    For the Lord is a great God, and a great king over           By means of Thy well-pleasing fire:
all the earth. For the Lord will not cast His people;            That they be girded for ever,
for in His hand are the ends of the earth, and the               The evil lusts being laid aside.
heights of the mountains are His.
                                                                 That whosoever amongst us
           The second half is sung by the choir.                 Now break the hours of night with songs
   For the sea is His, and He made it, and the dry               May all be well-endowed with gifts
land His hands have fashioned. O come, let us                    From the all-joyous fatherland.
worship and fall down before Him, and let us weep                C Most loving Father, grant us this,
before the Lord Who made us, for He is our God,                  And His co-equal, only Son,
and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep               With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
of His hand.                                                     Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
                  The whole Inv. is sung.
                                                              On ferias from the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when
   Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your           service is of the Sun. or feria, the Hymn is:
hearts, as in the provocation in the day of
temptation in the wilderness. For your fathers                        Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
tempted Me; they proved Me and saw My works.
                  The second half is sung.                       R  ising in darkness, let us all keep vigil;
                                                                      Let us, at all times, contemplate the Psalter,
                                                                 And let us sweetly hymn the Lord, with every
   Forty years long was I grieved with that                      Power of the spirit.
generation, and I said: They do always err in their
hearts. And they have not known My ways; so I                    That as together we sing to our kind King,
sware in Mine anger: They shall not enter into My                We may be worthy with His Saints to enter
rest.                                                            The hall of heaven, and unceasingly live
                                                                 That life rejoicing.
                  The whole Inv. is sung.
                                                                C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
    C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and               The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, and             The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
now and always, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                The earth resoundeth. Amen.
The second half is sung; then the precentor or ruler re-
intones it and the choir sings it through to the end.                                NOCTURN
                                                              On ferias there is one Nocturn, with the following twelve
                          HYMN                                Psalms. But on feasts of 9 lessons and double feasts, there
                                                              are three Nocturns, each with three Psalms, as given in the
       The proper Hymn is sung here antiphonally.
                                                              Common of Saints. And on feasts of 3 lessons, all the nine
On ferias from the first after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, the      Psalms are sung in one Nocturn.
Hymn is:
             Hymn I (Ambrosian, 7th c.)                                                 Psalms
                                                                                       Psalm 97:
   O   God of the most high mercy,
        Creator of the earth’s structure,
   Single by virtue of Thy power,                                O    sing unto the Lord a new song : for the
                                                                       Lord hath wrought wondrous things.
   And threefold in Hypostasis:                                  His right hand and His holy arm : have wrought
   Loving One, mercifully accept                              salvation for Him.
   Our weeping and our canticles,                                The Lord hath made known His salvation : in the
   That with hearts pure of stain we may                      sight of the nations hath He revealed His
   Enjoy Thee more abundantly.                                righteousness.
                                                                 He hath remembered His mercy to Jacob : and
   Set our loins and sick hearts aflame                       His truth to the house of Israel.
168                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

    All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation                             Psalm 99:
of our God : shout with jubilation unto the Lord, all
the earth; sing and rejoice and chant psalms.
    Chant ye unto the Lord with a harp, with the harp
                                                             S   hout with jubilation unto God, all the earth :
                                                                  serve the Lord with gladness.
                                                             Come before His presence : with rejoicing.
and with the voice of a psalm : with trumpets of             Know ye that the Lord Himself is our God : it is
metal, and with a voice of a trumpet of horn.             He that hath made us, and not we ourselves.
    Shout with jubilation before the Lord our King :         We are His people and the sheep of His pasture;
let the sea be shaken and the fulness thereof, the        enter into His gates with thanksgiving : into His
world and all they that dwell therein.                    courts with hymns; give thanks unto Him.
    The rivers shall clap their hands together; the          Praise His name, for the Lord is good; His mercy
mountains shall rejoice at the presence of the Lord :     endureth for ever : and His truth unto generation
for He cometh; yea, He is come to judge the earth.        and generation.
    He will judge the world with righteousness : and
the peoples with uprightness.                                                     Psalm 100:

                       Psalm 98:
                                                             O    f mercy and judgment will I sing unto Thee,
                                                                   O Lord : I will chant and have

   T
shaken.
       he Lord is king, let the peoples rage : He
         sitteth on the Cherubim, let the earth be
                                                          understanding in a blameless path; when wilt Thou
                                                          come unto me?
                                                             I have walked in the innocence of my heart : in
    The Lord is great in Sion : and He is high above      the midst of my house.
all peoples.                                                 I have no unlawful thing before mine eyes : the
    Let them confess Thy great name, for it is terrible   workers of transgressions I have hated.
and holy : and the king’s honour loveth judgment.            A crooked heart hath not cleaved unto me : as for
    Thou hast prepared uprightness : judgment and         the wicked man who turned from me, I knew him
righteousness in Jacob hath Thou wrought.                 not.
    Exalt ye the Lord our God : and worship the              Him that privily talked against his neighbour :
footstool of His feet, for He is holy.                    did I drive away from me.
    Moses and Aaron among His priests : and                  With him whose eye was proud : and his heart
Samuel among them that call upon His name.                insatiate, I did not eat.
    They called upon the Lord, and He hearkened              Mine eyes were upon the faithful of the land, that
unto them : in a pillar of cloud He spake unto them.      they might sit with me : the man that walked in the
    For they kept His testimonies : and His               blameless path, he ministered unto me.
ordinances which He gave them.                               The proud doer dwelt not in the midst of my
    O Lord our God, Thou didst hearken unto them;         house : the speaker of unjust things prospered not
O God, Thou wast fain to be entreated for them :          before mine eyes.
and yet tookest vengeance on all their devices.              In the morning I slew all the sinners of the land :
    Exalt ye the Lord our God, and worship at His         utterly to destroy out of the city of the Lord all them
holy mountain : for holy is the Lord our God.             that work iniquity.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to         C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                          the Holy Spirit.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   ant.   For the Lord hath wrought wondrous things.         ant.   Shout with jubilation unto God, all the earth.
                                              SATURDAY AT MATINS                                           169
                     Psalm 101:                             To declare in Sion the name of the Lord : and
                                                         His praise in Jerusalem,
   O     Lord, hear my prayer : and let my cry come
          unto Thee.
    Turn not Thy face away from me : in the day
                                                            When the peoples are gathered together : and the
                                                         kings to serve the Lord.
when I am afflicted, incline Thine ear unto me.             He answered Him in the way of his strength :
    In the day when I call upon Thee : quickly           The fewness of my days declare unto me.
hearken unto me.                                            Take me not away at the half of my days : in
    For my days are vanished like smoke : and my         generations and generations are Thy years.
bones consumed like wood for the burning.                   In the beginning, O Lord, Thou didst lay the
    I am smitten like grass, and withered is my heart    foundation of the earth : and the heavens are the
: for I forgot to eat my bread.                          works of Thy hands.
    By reason of the voice of my groaning : my bone         They shall perish, but Thou abidest : and all like
hath cleaved unto my flesh.                              a garment shall grow old.
    I am become like a pelican of the wilderness : I        And as a vesture shalt Thou fold them, and they
am like an owl in a ruined house.                        shall be changed : but Thou art the same, and Thy
    I have watched, and am like a sparrow : that         years shall not fail.
sitteth alone upon the house-top.                           The sons of Thy servants shall have their
    The whole day long mine enemies reproached           dwelling : and their seed for ever shall be guided
me : and they that praised me made an oath against       aright.
me.                                                                           Psalm 102:
    For before the face of Thy wrath and Thine anger
: I ate ashes like bread.
    And my drink I mingled with weeping : for after
                                                            B    less the Lord, O my soul : and all that is
                                                                  within me bless His holy name.
                                                            Bless the Lord, O my soul : and forget not all
uplifting me, Thou hast dashed me down.
                                                         that He hath done for thee,
    My days like a shadow have declined : and I like
                                                            Who is gracious unto all thine iniquities : Who
grass am withered.
                                                         healeth all thine infirmities,
    But Thou, O Lord, for ever abidest : and Thy
                                                            Who redeemeth thy life from corruption : who
remembrance is unto generation and generation.
                                                         crowneth thee with mercy and compassion,
    Thou shalt rise up and have pity upon Sion : for
                                                            Who fulfilleth thy desire with good things : thy
it is time to have compassion on her; yea, the time is
                                                         youth shall be renewed as the eagle’s.
come.
                                                            The Lord performeth deeds of mercy : and
    For Thy servants have taken pleasure in her
                                                         executeth judgment for all them that are wronged.
stones : and they shall feel pity for her dust.
                                                            He hath made His ways known unto Moses :
    And the nations shall fear Thy name, O Lord :
                                                         unto the sons of Israel the things that He hath
and all the kings of the earth Thy glory.
                                                         willed.
    For the Lord shall build up Sion : and He shall be
                                                            Compassionate and merciful is the Lord : long-
seen in His glory.
                                                         suffering and plenteous in mercy.
    He hath regarded the prayer of the humble : and
                                                            Not unto the end will He be angered : neither
hath not despised their supplication.
                                                         unto eternity will He be wroth.
    Let this be written for another generation : and
                                                            Not according to our iniquities hath He dealt
the people that is being created shall praise the
                                                         with us : neither according to our sins hath He
Lord.
                                                         rewarded us.
    For He hath looked out from His holy height :
                                                            For according to the height of heaven from the
the Lord from heaven hath looked upon the earth,
                                                         earth : the Lord hath made His mercy to prevail over
    To hear the groaning of them that be in fetters :
                                                         them that fear Him.
to loose the sons of the slain,
170                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

    As far as the east is from the west : so far hath        The abyss like a garment is His mantle : upon the
He removed our iniquities from us.                       mountains shall the waters stand.
    Like as a father hath compassion upon his sons,          At Thy rebuke they will flee : at the voice of Thy
so hath the Lord had compassion upon them that           thunder shall they be afraid.
fear Him : for He knoweth whereof we are made.               The mountains rise up and the plains sink down :
    He hath remembered that we are dust : as for         unto the place where Thou hast established them.
man, his days are as the grass; as a flower of the           Thou appointedst a bound that they shall not pass
field, so shall he blossom forth.                        : neither return to cover the earth.
    For when the wind is passed over it, then it shall       He sendeth forth springs in the valleys : between
be gone : and no longer will it know the place           the mountains will the waters run.
thereof.                                                     They shall give drink to all the beasts of the field
    But the mercy of the Lord is from eternity, even     : the wild asses will wait to quench their thirst.
unto eternity : upon them that fear Him.                     Beside them will the birds of the heaven lodge :
    And His righteousness is upon sons of sons :         from the midst of the rocks will they give voice.
upon them that keep His testament, and remember              He watereth the mountains from His chambers :
His commandments to do them.                             the earth shall be satisfied with the fruit of Thy
    The Lord in heaven hath prepared His throne :        works.
and His kingdom ruleth over all.                             He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle : and
    Bless the Lord, all ye His Angels, mighty in         green herb for the service of men,
strength, that perform His word : to hear the voice          To bring forth bread out of the earth : and wine
of His words.                                            maketh glad the heart of man.
    Bless the Lord, all ye His hosts : His ministers         To make his face cheerful with oil : and bread
that do His will.                                        strengtheneth man’s heart.
    Bless the Lord, all ye His works, in every place         The trees of the plain shall be satisfied, the
of His dominion : bless the Lord, O my soul.             cedars of Lebanon, which Thou hast planted : there
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to     will the sparrows make their nests.
the Holy Spirit.                                             The house of the heron is chief among them : the
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :     high mountains are a refuge for the harts, and so is
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         the rock for the hares.
   ant.   Let my cry come unto Thee, O God.                  He hath made the moon for seasons : the sun
                                                         knoweth his going down.
                      Psalm 103:
                                                             Thou appointedst the darkness, and there was the

   B   less the Lord, O my soul : O Lord my God,
        Thou hast been magnified exceedingly.
   Confession and majesty hast Thou put on : Who
                                                         night : wherein all the beasts of the forest will go
                                                         abroad.
                                                             Young lions roaring after their prey : and seeking
coverest Thyself with light as with a garment,           their food from God.
   Who stretchest out the heaven as it were a                The sun ariseth, and they are gathered together :
curtain : Who supporteth His chambers in the             and they lay them down in their dens.
waters,                                                      But man shall go forth unto his work : and to his
   Who appointeth the clouds for His ascent : Who        labour until the evening.
walketh upon the wings of the winds,                         How magnified are Thy works, O Lord! : In
   Who maketh His angels spirits : and His               wisdom hast Thou made them all; the earth is filled
ministers a flame of fire,                               with Thy creation.
   Who establisheth the earth in the sureness                So is this great and spacious sea : therein are
thereof : it shall not be turned back for ever and       things creeping innumberable,
ever.
                                              SATURDAY AT MATINS                                           171

    Small living creatures with the great : there go     and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,
the ships; there this dragon, whom Thou hast made            Saying: Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan
to play therein.                                         : the portion of your inheritance.
    All things wait on Thee : to give them their food        When they were few in number : very few and
in due season.                                           sojourners therein,
    When Thou givest it them, they will gather it :          And they went from nation to nation : and from
when Thou openest Thy hand, all things shall be          one kingdom to another people,
filled with goodness.                                        He allowed no man to wrong them : and He
    When Thou turnest away Thy face, they shall be       reproved kings for their sake,
troubled : Thou wilt take their spirit, and they shall       Saying: Touch not Mine anointed ones : and to
cease; and unto their dust shall they return.            My prophets do no evil.
    Thou wilt send forth Thy Spirit, and they shall          And He called a famine upon the land : He brake
created : and Thou shalt renew the face of the earth.    all the staff of bread.
    Let the glory of the Lord be unto the ages : the         He sent a man before them : Joseph was sold for
Lord will rejoice in His works,                          a slave.
    Who looketh on the earth and maketh it tremble :         They humbled his feet with fetters : his life was
Who toucheth the mountains and they smoke.               spent in irons, until his word came to pass.
    I will sing unto the Lord throughout my life : I         The oracle of the Lord proved him : the king sent
will chant to my God for as long as I have my being.     and loosed him, even the ruler of the people, and
    May my words be sweet unto Him : and I will          released him.
rejoice in the Lord.                                         He made him lord of his house : and ruler over
    O that sinners would cease from the earth, and       all his substance,
they that work iniquity, that they should be no more         To instruct his princes as himself : and to teach
: bless the Lord, O my soul.                             his elders wisdom.
                     Psalm 104:                              And Israel went into Egypt : and Jacob sojourned
                                                         in the land of Ham.
   O
works.
       give thanks unto the Lord and call upon
       His name : declare among the nations His              And He increased His people greatly : and made
                                                         them stronger than their enemies.
   Sing unto Him and chant unto Him : tell forth all         He turned their heart to hate His people : to deal
His wonders; glory in His holy name.                     craftily with His servants.
   Let the heart of them be glad that seek the Lord :        He sent forth Moses His servant : Aaron whom
seek ye the Lord, and be strengthened; seek ye His       He had chosen for Himself.
face at all times.                                           He set in them the words of His signs : and of
   Remember His wonders which He wrought : His           His marvels in the land of Ham.
marvels, and the judgments of His mouth,                     He sent forth darkness and made it dark : for they
   Ye that are the seed of Abraham, His servants :       were embittered against His words.
ye sons of Jacob, His chosen.                                He turned their waters into blood : - and He slew
   He is the Lord our God : in all the earth are His     their fish.
judgments.                                                   Their land teemed with frogs : even unto the
   He hath remembered His covenant unto eternity :       secret chambers of their kings.
the word which He commanded unto a thousand                  He spake, and the dog-fly came : and gnats in all
generations,                                             their borders.
   Which He made to Abraham : and His oath to                He gave them hail for rain : flaming fire in their
Isaac.                                                   land.
   And He established it to Jacob for an ordinance :         And He smote their vines and their fig trees : and
172                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

brake every tree of their border.                        iniquity, we have done unrighteousness.
    He spake, and the locust came : and the                  Our fathers in Egypt understood not Thy
caterpillar, and that without number,                    wonders : and they remembered not the multitude of
    And devoured all the grass in their land : and       Thy mercy.
devoured all the fruit of their land.                        And they embittered Thee as they went up by the
    And He smote every firstborn of their land : the     Red Sea : and He saved them for His name’s sake,
firstlings of all their labour.                          that He might make known His mighty power.
    And He led them out with silver and gold : and           And He rebuked the Red Sea, and it was dried up
there was not among their tribes one man that was        : and He led them into the deep as in a wilderness.
feeble.                                                      And He saved them from the hand of him that
    Egypt was glad when they departed : for fear of      hated them : and redeemed them from the hand of
them had fallen upon them.                               enemies.
    He spread out a cloud for a shelter to them : and        The waters covered their oppressors : not one of
a fire to give them light by night.                      them was left.
    They made request and the quail came : and with          And they believed His word : - and they sang His
the bread of heaven He filled them.                      praise.
    He clave the rock and the waters flowed : in             They made haste, they forgot His works : they
waterless places rivers ran.                             awaited not His counsel.
    For He remembered His holy word : which He               And they desired a desire in the wilderness : and
spake unto Abraham His servant.                          made trial of God in the waterless place.
    And He led forth His people with rejoicing : and         And He gave them their request : and sent forth
His chosen ones with gladness.                           fulness into their souls.
    And He gave unto them the lands of the heathen           And they provoked Moses in the camp : and
: and the labours of peoples they inherited,             Aaron the holy one of the Lord.
    That they might keep His statutes : and might            The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan : and
seek after His law.                                      covered over the congregation of Abiron.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to         And a fire was kindled in their congregation : a
the Holy Spirit.                                         flame burned up the sinners.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :         And they made a calf in Horeb : and they
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                         worshipped the graven thing.
                                                             And they changed His glory : into the likeness of
   ant.   Bless the Lord, O my soul.                     a calf that eateth grass.
                       Psalm 105:                            And they forgot God Who had saved them : Who
                                                         had done great things in Egypt, wonders in the land
   O    give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good :
         for His mercy endureth for ever.
   Who shall tell of the mighty acts of the Lord :
                                                         of Ham, terrible things at the Red Sea.
                                                             And He said that He would destroy them : had
who shall make all His praises to be heard?              not Moses His chosen stood in the breach before
                                                         Him,
   Blessed are they that keep judgment : and do
righteousness at all times.                                  To turn away His wrath, lest He should destroy
                                                         them : and they set at nought the desirable land.
   Remember us, O Lord, in Thy favour for Thy
people : visit us with Thy salvation,                        They believed not His word, and they murmured
                                                         in their tents : they hearkened not unto the voice of
   That we may see it in the goodness of Thy
                                                         the Lord.
chosen, that we may be glad in the gladness of Thy
nation : that we may glory with Thine inheritance.           And He lifted up His hand against them : to cast
                                                         them down in the wilderness,
   We have sinned with our fathers : we have done
                                                             To cast down their seed among the nations : and
                                             SATURDAY AT MATINS                                            173

to scatter them in the lands.                           everlasting to everlasting : and all the peoples shall
    And they were made initiates of Baal-phegor :       say: So be it, so be it.
and ate the sacrifices of the dead.                                           Psalm 106:
    And they provoked Him with their inventions :
and destruction was multiplied among them.
    And Phineas stood up and made appeasement :
                                                           O     give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good :
                                                                 for His mercy endureth for ever.
                                                           So let them say that have been redeemed by the
and the plague abated.
                                                        Lord : whom He hath redeemed from the hand of
    And it was counted unto him for righteousness :     the enemy; from the lands hath He gathered them.
unto generation and generation for evermore.
                                                           From the east, from the west : from the north,
    And they provoked Him at the water of               and from the sea.
gainsaying : and Moses suffered hurt for their sakes;
                                                           They wandered in the wilderness, in a waterless
for they embittered his spirit.
                                                        land : they found not the path to a city of habitation.
    And he gave judgment with his lips : they did not
                                                           Hungering and thirsting : their soul within them
destroy the heathen, concerning which the Lord had
                                                        fainted.
spoken to them.
                                                           And they cried unto the Lord in their affliction :
    They mingled among the nations and learned
                                                        and out of their distresses He delivered them.
their works : and they served their graven things,
and it became for them a stumbling- block.                 And He guided them into the right way : that
                                                        they might go to a city for habitation.
    And they sacrificed their sons : and their
daughters unto demons.                                     Let them give thanks unto the Lord for His
                                                        mercies : and for His wondrous works for the sons
    And they poured out innocent blood : the blood
                                                        of men.
of their sons and daughters, whom they sacrificed to
the graven things of Canaan.                               For He satisfied the empty soul : and the hungry
                                                        soul hath He filled with good things.
    And the land was befouled with the blood of
murder, and it was defiled with their works : and          As for them that sit in darkness and the shadow
they went a whoring with their own inventions.          of death : fettered with beggary and iron,
    And with anger was the Lord wroth against His          Because they were embittered against the sayings
people : and He abhorred His inheritance.               of God : and provoked the counsel of the Most
                                                        High,
    And He gave them into the hands of enemies :
and they that hated them were lords over them.             Yea, with labours was their heart brought low :
                                                        they waxed feeble, and there was none to help.
    And their enemies afflicted them : and they were
humbled under their hands; many times He                   And they cried unto the Lord in their affliction :
delivered them.                                         and out of their distresses He saved them.
    But they embittered Him with their counsel : and       And He brought them out of darkness and the
they were humbled in their iniquities.                  shadow of death : and their bonds He brake asunder.
    And the Lord saw when they were in affliction :        Let them give thanks unto the Lord for His
when He hearkened unto their supplication.              mercies : and for His wondrous works for the sons
                                                        of men.
    And He remembered His covenant : and repented
according to the multitude of His mercy.                   For He shattered the gates of brass : and brake
                                                        the bars of iron.
    And He caused them to be pitied : in the sight of
all that had taken them captive.                           He helped them out of the way of their
                                                        lawlessness : for on account of their iniquities had
    Save us, O Lord our God : and gather us from
                                                        they been brought low.
among the nations,
                                                           All food did their soul abhor : and they drew
    That we may confess Thy holy name : that we
                                                        nigh even unto the gates of death.
may glory in Thy praise.
                                                           And they cried unto the Lord in their affliction :
    Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, from
174                                             ST. HILARION PRESS

and out of their distresses He saved them.                   And again they became few : and were brought
    He sent forth His Word and He healed them :           low by affliction, evils and sorrows.
and He delivered them from their corruption.                 Contempt was poured out upon their princes :
    Let them give thanks unto the Lord for His            and He caused them to wander in a land untrodden,
mercies : and for His wondrous works for the sons         where there is no way.
of men.                                                      And He helped the poor man out of his poverty :
    And let them sacrifice to Him a sacrifice of          and made his kindred like a flock.
praise : and let them proclaim His works with                The upright shall see it and shall be glad : and all
rejoicing.                                                iniquity shall stop its mouth.
    They that go down to the sea in ships : doing            Who is wise and will keep these things : and will
their work in many waters,                                understand the mercies of the Lord?
    These have seen the works of the Lord : and His          C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
wonders in the deep.                                      the Holy Spirit.
    He spake, and a wind of tempest arose : and the          As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
waves thereof were lifted up.                             and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    They mount as high as the heavens, and they go
down into the abysses : their soul was melted with           ant.   Visit us, O Lord, with Thy salvation.
evils.                                                                           Psalm 107:
    They were troubled, and they reeled like one
drunken : and all their wisdom was swallowed up.
    And they cried unto the Lord in their affliction :
                                                             R    eady is my heart, O God, ready is my heart :
                                                                   I will sing and chant in my glory.
                                                             Awake, O my glory; awake, O psaltery and harp :
and out of their distresses He brought them.              I myself will awake at dawn.
    And He commanded the tempest, and it was                 I will confess Thee among the peoples, O Lord :
calmed into a breeze : and the waves thereof fell         I will chant unto Thee among the nations.
silent.
                                                             For great above the heavens is Thy mercy : and
    And they were glad, because they were quiet :         even unto the clouds is thy truth.
and He guided them to the haven of His will.
                                                             Be Thou exalted above the heavens, O God : and
    Let them give thanks unto the Lord for His            Thy glory above all the earth, that Thy beloved ones
mercies : and for His wondrous works for the sons         may be delivered.
of men.
                                                             Save Thou with Thy right hand : and hearken
    Let them exalt Him in the assembly of the people      unto me.
: and in the seat of the elders let them praise Him.
                                                             God hath spoken in His sanctuary: I will be
    He turned rivers into a wilderness : and the          exalted, and I will divide Sikima : and the vale of
coursings of waters into a thirsting land,                tabernacles will I measure out.
    A fruitful land into saltiness : for the wickedness      Mine is Galaad, and Mine is Manasses : and
of them that dwell therein.                               Ephraim is the protection of My head.
    He turned a wilderness into pools of waters : and        Judah is My king : Moab is the cauldron of My
a parched land into streams of water.                     hope.
    And He made the hungry to dwell therein : and            Upon Idumea will I stretch out My shoe : the
they established cities for habitation.                   foreign tribes have been subjected unto Me.
    And they sowed fields and planted vineyards :            Who will bring me into a fortified city : or who
and they made fruits of increase.                         will lead me into Idumea?
    And He blessed them and they were multiplied             Wilt Thou not, O God, Who hast spurned us :
greatly : and He diminished not the number of their       and wilt Thou not, O God, go forth with our forces?
cattle.
                                                             Give us help from affliction : for vain is the
                                               SATURDAY AT MATINS                                                 175

salvation of man.                                         went in like water into his bowels, and like oil into
   In God we shall work mighty deeds : and He will        his bones.
bring to nought our enemies.                                  Let it be for him like a garment wherewith he is
                                                          clothed : and like a girdle wherewith continually he
                      Psalm 108:
                                                          is girded.

   O     God, my praise do not pass over in silence :
          for the mouth of the sinner and the mouth of
the deceitful man are opened against me.
                                                              This is the dealing of the Lord with them that
                                                          slander me : and with them that speak evil things
                                                          against my soul.
    They have spoken against me with a deceitful              But Thou, O Lord, O Lord, deal Thou with me
tongue : and with words of hatred have they encom-        for Thy name’s sake : for Thy mercy is good.
passed me, and they have warred against me                    Deliver me, for a poor man am I and a pauper :
without a cause.                                          and my heart is troubled within me.
    In return for my love, they have falsely accused          Like a shadow when it declineth am I taken away
me : but as for me, I gave myself to prayer.              : I am shaken off as the locusts.
    And they repaid me evil for good : and hatred for         My knees are grown weak through fasting : and
my love.                                                  my flesh is changed for want of oil.
    Set Thou a sinner over him : and let the devil            And I am become a reproach unto them : they
stand at his right hand.                                  saw me and wagged their heads.
    When he is judged, let him go forth condemned :           Help me, O Lord my God : and save me
and let his prayer become sin.                            according to Thy mercy.
    Let his days be few : and his bishopric let an-           And let them know that this is Thy hand : and
other take.                                               that Thou, O Lord, hast wrought it.
    Let his children be fatherless : and his wife a           They will curse, and Thou wilt bless; let them
widow.                                                    that rise up against me be put to shame : but Thy
    Let his children be vagabonds without a               servant shall be glad.
dwelling-place, and let them beg : let them be cast           Let them that slander me be clothed with
out from their ruined dwellings.                          confusion : and let them be covered with shame as
    Let his creditor search out all his substance : and   with a mantle.
let strangers plunder all his labours.                        I will greatly praise the Lord with my mouth :
    Let there be for him no helper : nor anyone to        and in the midst of many will I praise Him.
pity his fatherless children.                                 For He hath stood at the right hand of the poor :
    Let his children be given over to utter destruction   to save my soul from them that persecute me.
: in a single generation let his name be blotted out.         C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
    Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered         the Holy Spirit.
before the Lord : and let not the sin of his mother be        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
blotted out.                                              and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    Let them be before the Lord continually, and let
the memory of them perish from off the earth :                ant. I will greatly praise the Lord with my mouth.
because he remembered not to show mercy,                  (with neum)

    And persecuted a man that was poor and a                                     V. and R.
beggar : and one broken in heart, that he might slay
                                                                 The proper versicle is intoned by one server.
him.
    And he loved cursing, and it shall come upon          When the above antiphons are used, the V. and R. are:
him : and he delighted not in blessing, and it shall        V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
be far from him.                                            R. And let my cry come unto Thee. Ps 101:1
    And he put on cursing like a garment : and it
176                                                  ST. HILARION PRESS

The choir prays together, inaudibly:                                                      Lesson 3
   Our Father... (until the Priest sings aloud:)               The proper lesson is read here, and immediately there
                                                               follows:
  V. And lead us not into temptation.
                                                                                       Responsory 3
  R. But deliver us from evil.
                                                               The proper Resp. is chanted, and when Glory Be is sung,
                       LESSONS                                 the choir rises.

   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.                          After the last Nocturn, the Te Deum is sung on feast days,
                                                               as on p. 35, under Sunday Matins. On ferias, the Te Deum
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of   is not chanted.
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the
blessing is:                                                   And always, on feasts and ferias, the Lauds of Matins is
                                                               begun straightaway:
   Priest: May God have mercy upon us: and grant
us peace. R. Amen.                                                                         LAUDS
                                                               The Priest sings in a modest voice, as all are turned to the
Everyone sits for the lessons, standing again, on feasts,
                                                               East:
when censed, and always as the Glory Be in the last
Responsory of the Nocturn is chanted.                                                     V. and R.
                                                               The first versicle varies, but on ferias from the first Sun.
                         Lesson 1                              after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, and from the first Sun. after
The proper lesson is read here. The rules for concluding       Trin. to Advent, it is thus:
the readings are shown on p. 29 of Sunday Matins.
                                                                  V. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us.
Immediately after the lesson is finished, without any             R. According as we have hoped in Thee. Ps 32:22
“Thanks be to God,” the Responsory (Resp.) is begun:
                                                                                       Introduction
                      Responsory 1
                                                               The Priest signs himself on the forehead and sings in a full voice:
The proper Resp. chant is sung here.
                                                                 V. O God, be C attentive unto helping me.
   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
                                                               The choir answers:
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the         R. O Lord, make haste to help me. (Bow:) Glory
blessing is:                                                        be to the Father C and to the Son and to the
                                                                    Holy Spirit: (Rise:) as it was in the beginning,
   Priest: May the virtue of Christ: abide in our
                                                                    and now and always, and unto the ages of
hearts. R. Amen.
                                                                    ages. Amen. Alleluya.
                         Lesson 2
                                                               From Septuagesima to Pascha, instead of “Alleluya,” we
The proper lesson is read here, and then the Resp. follows     sing: “Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of eternal glory.”
immediately:
                                                                                           Psalms
                      Responsory 2                                                        Psalm 50:
The proper Resp. is sung here, and on Sundays and feasts,
while it is sung, the Priest censes the Altar, and then a
server censes the choir one by one, bowing to each.               H   ave mercy on me, O God : according to Thy
                                                                       great mercy.
                                                                  And according to the multitude of Thy
   Reader:   Grant, O Lord, to bless.
                                                               compassions : blot out my transgression.
The proper blessing is sung (see p. 2). On ferias outside of      Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity : and
Paschaltide, and when there is no Gospel exposition, the       cleanse me from my sin.
blessing is:
                                                                  For I know mine iniquity : and my sin is ever
         Sent forth from heaven, may the Life-
   Priest:                                                     before me.
giving Spirit instruct us. R. Amen.                               Against Thee only have I sinned and done this
                                               SATURDAY AT MATINS                                              177

evil before Thee : that Thou mightest be justified in                             Psalm 91:
Thy words, and prevail when Thou art judged.
    For behold, I was conceived in iniquities : and in
sins did my mother bear me.
                                                             I  t is good to give praise unto the Lord : and to
                                                                 chant unto Thy name, O Most High,
                                                             To proclaim in the morning Thy mercy : and Thy
    For behold, Thou hast loved truth : the hidden        truth by night,
and secret things of Thy wisdom hast Thou made               On a psaltery of ten strings : with an ode upon
manifest unto me.                                         the harp.
    Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall          For Thou hast gladdened me, O Lord, by Thy
be made clean : Thou shalt wash me, and I shall be        deeds : and in the works of Thy hands will I rejoice.
made whiter than snow.                                       How great are Thy works, O Lord : exceeding
    Thou shalt make me to hear joy and gladness :         deep are Thy thoughts.
the bones that be humbled, they shall rejoice.               A mindless man shall not know it : nor shall a
    Turn Thy face away from my sins : and blot out        stupid man understand it.
all mine iniquities.                                         When the sinners spring up like grass : and all
    Create in me a clean heart, O God : and renew a       that work iniquity look loftily down,
right spirit within me.                                      It is that they may be utterly destroyed unto ages
    Cast me not away from Thy presence : and take         of ages : but Thou art Most High for ever, O Lord.
not Thy Holy Spirit from me.                                 For lo, Thine enemies, O Lord, for lo, Thine
    Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation : and        enemies shall perish : and scattered shall be all they
with Thy governing Spirit establish me.                   that work iniquity.
    I shall teach transgressors Thy ways : and the           And lifted high as that of a unicorn shall be my
ungodly shall turn back unto Thee.                        horn : and mine old age shall be strengthened with
    Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, Thou         rich oil.
God of my salvation : my tongue shall rejoice in             And mine eye hath looked upon mine enemies :
Thy righteousness.                                        and mine ear shall hear concerning the wicked that
    O Lord, Thou shalt open my lips : and my mouth        rise up against me.
shall declare Thy praise.                                    The righteous man shall flourish like a palm tree
    For if Thou hadst desired sacrifice, I had given it   : and like a cedar in Lebanon shall he be multiplied.
: with whole-burnt offerings Thou shalt not be               They that are planted in the house of the Lord : in
pleased.                                                  the courts of our God they shall blossom forth.
    A sacrifice unto God is a broken spirit : a heart        They shall still increase in a ripe old age : and
that is broken and humbled God will not despise.          happy shall they be to proclaim:
    Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure unto               That upright is the Lord our God : and there is no
Sion : and let the walls of Jerusalem be builded.         unrighteousness in Him.
    Then shalt Thou be pleased with a sacrifice of           C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
righteousness, with oblation and whole-burnt              the Holy Spirit.
offerings : then shall they offer bullocks upon Thine        As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
altar.                                                    and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
    C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to
the Holy Spirit.                                             ant.   It is good to give praise unto the Lord.
    As it was in the beginning, and now and always :                              Psalm 62:
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
   ant.   Do good, O Lord, in Thy good pleasure.             O   God, my God, * unto Thee I rise early at
                                                                  dawn.
                                                            My soul hath thirsted for Thee; * how often hath
                                                          my flesh longed after Thee!
178                                               ST. HILARION PRESS

    In a land barren and untrodden and unwatered, so                         Canticle of Moses (II):
in the sanctuary have I appeared before Thee * to
see Thy power and Thy glory.
    For Thy mercy is better than lives; * my lips
                                                               A    ttend, O heaven, and I will speak : and let
                                                                      the earth hear the words of my mouth.
                                                                Let mine instruction be awaited like rain : and let
shall praise Thee.                                          my words come down like the dew.
    So shall I bless Thee in my life, * and in Thy              Like a shower upon the tender grass, like snow
name will I lift up my hands.                               upon the green herb : for I have called upon the
    As with marrow and fatness let my soul be filled,       name of the Lord.
* and with lips of rejoicing shall my mouth praise              Render majesty unto our God : as for God, His
Thee.                                                       works are true, and all His ways are judgments.
    If I remembered Thee on my bed, at the dawn I               God is faithful, and there is no unrighteousness
meditated on Thee, * for Thou art become my                 in Him; righteous and holy is the Lord : they have
helper.                                                     sinned; blameworthy children are not His.
    In the shelter of Thy wings will I rejoice; my soul         O generation crooked and perverse : are these the
hath cleaved after Thee; * Thy right hand hath been         recompenses ye pay to the Lord?
quick to help me.                                               This is a people foolish, and not wise : did not
    But as for these, in vain have they sought after        He Himself, thy Father, take thee for His own, and
my soul; they shall go into the nethermost parts of         make thee, and fashion thee?
the earth; * they shall be surrendered unto the edge            Remember the days of old : consider now the
of the sword; portions for foxes shall they be.             years of generations and generations.
    But the king shall be glad in God; everyone shall           Ask thy father, and he will declare unto thee :
be praised that sweareth by Him, * for the mouth of         thine elders, and they will tell thee.
them is stopped that speak unjust things.
                                                                When the Most High divided the nations : when
                        Psalm 66:                           He scattered abroad the sons of Adam:
                                                                He set the boundaries of nations : according to
   G    od be gracious unto us and bless us, * and
         cause His face to shine upon us, and have
mercy on us,
                                                            the number of the Angels of God.
                                                                And there was made a portion for the Lord :
   That we may know upon the earth Thy way; *               Jacob His people; the line of His inheritance was
among all the nations Thy salvation.                        Israel.
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God; * let all           He filled him with abundance in the wilderness :
the peoples praise Thee.                                    in the thirsting of heat in a waterless land:
   Let the nations be glad and rejoice, for Thou                He led him about and instructed him : and kept
shalt judge peoples with uprightness, * and nations         him as the apple of His eye.
shalt Thou guide upon the earth.                                As an eagle would shelter his nest : and hath
   Let the peoples give Thee praise, O God, let all         yearned for his nurslings:
the peoples praise Thee; * the earth hath yielded her           And spreading his wings hath received them :
fruit.                                                      and hath taken them upon his pinions:
   Let God, our God, bless us; let God bless us, *              So the Lord alone led them : and there was no
and let all the ends of the earth fear Him.                 strange god among them.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to             He brought them up on the strength of the land :
the Holy Spirit.                                            He fed them with the increase of the fields.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,              He suckled them with honey from a rock : and
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                          with oil out of the solid rock.
                                                                With butter of cows and milk of sheep : with fat
   ant.   Let all the ends of the earth fear the Lord.
                                                            of lambs and rams, of sons of bulls:
                                               SATURDAY AT MATINS                                             179

   And he-goats with the fat of the kidneys of wheat      memorial to cease from among men,
: and they drank wine, the blood of the grape.                Were it not for the wrath of their enemies : yea,
   And Jacob ate and was filled : and the beloved         lest their adversaries should live long and unite to
one kicked; he grew fat; he grew thick; he waxed          set upon them.
broad.                                                        Lest they should say : Our own high hand, and
   And he forsook God Who had made him : and              not the Lord, hath done all these things.
departed from God his Saviour.                                For it is a nation that hath lost counsel, and there
   They provoked Me with strange gods : and with          is no understanding in them : they have not the wit
their abominations they embittered Me.                    to understand all these things; let them admit in a
   They sacrificed to demons and not to God : to          time that is to come:
gods whom they knew not.                                      How shall one man pursue a thousand : and how
   New and recent gods were come : which their            shall two put to flight tens of thousands?
fathers knew not.                                             If God had not yielded them up : and the Lord
   Thou hast abandoned the God Who begat thee :           surrendered them?
and hast forgotten God Who feedeth thee.                      For their gods are not as our God : and our
   And the Lord saw and was jealous : and He was          enemies are void of understanding.
provoked by the wrath of His sons and daughters.              For out of the vines of Sodom is their grape : and
   And He said: I will turn My face away from them        their vinebranch out of Gomorrha.
: and I will show what shall come upon them in the            Their grape is a grape of gall : it is a cluster of
last days.                                                bitterness to them.
   For it is a perverse generation : sons, in whom            The rage of dragons is their wine : and the
there is no faith.                                        incurable wrath of asps.
   They have made Me jealous with that which is               Lo, are not all these things stored up with Me :
not God : they have angered Me with their idols.          and sealed among My treasures?
   And I will provoke them to jealousy with that              In the day of vengeance I will requite : in the
which is no nation : with a foolish nation will I         moment when their foot stumbleth.
provoke them to wrath.                                        For nigh is the day of their perdition : and the
   For a fire is kindled out of My wrath : it shall       things prepared for you are at hand.
burn unto nethermost hades:                                   For the Lord shall judge His people : and
   It shall devour them and the land and the              because of His servants shall He be comforted.
increase thereof : it shall set on fire the foundations       For He saw that they were palsied : and had
of the mountains.                                         failed in their invasion, and that they were en-
   I will gather evils upon them : I will perfect Mine    feebled.
arrows against them.                                          And the Lord said: Where are their gods : in
   They shall melt away in famine : and the               whom they trusted?
devouring of birds, the bending down of their backs,          The fat of whose sacrifices ye ate : and ye drank
shall be incurable.                                       the wine of their libations?
   Teeth of wild beasts shall I send forth against            Let them arise, and let them help you : let them
them : along with the wrath of things that creep          be your protectors.
upon the earth.                                               Behold, behold, I am : and there is no god beside
   From without, the sword shall bereave them of          Me.
children : and out of their inner chambers shall issue        I will slay, and I will make to live; I will smite,
fear.                                                     and I will heal : and there is none who shall deliver
   The young man shall perish with the maiden : the       out of My hands.
suckling with him that long hath been old.                    For unto heaven I will lift up My hand : and I
   I said:- I would scatter them : I would make their     will swear by My right hand, and I will say: I live
180                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

unto eternity.                                           and all cedars,
   For I will sharpen My sword like lightning : and          The beasts and all the cattle : creeping things and
My hand shall take hold of judgment.                     winged birds,
   I will render justice unto Mine enemies : and             Kings of the earth and all peoples : princes and
them that hate Me will I recompense.                     all the judges of the earth,
   I will make Mine arrows drunk with blood : and            Young men and virgins, elders with the younger;
My sword shall feed on flesh:                            let them praise the name of the Lord : for exalted is
   On the blood of wounded men : and of captivity,       the name of Him alone.
from the head of the princes of the enemy.                   His praise is above the earth and heaven : and He
   Be glad with Him, O ye heavens : and let all the      shall exalt the horn of His people.
Angels of God worship Him.                                   This is the hymn for all His saints : for the sons
   Be glad, ye nations, with His people : and let all    of Israel and for the people that draw nigh unto
the sons of God be strengthened in Him.                  Him.
   For the blood of His sons shall He avenge : and                             Psalm 149:
He shall judge and execute judgment upon His
enemies.
   And to them that hate Him shall He render their
                                                            S   ing unto the Lord a new song : His praise is
                                                                 in the church of the saints.
                                                            Let Israel be glad in Him that made him : let the
due : and the Lord shall purify the land of His          sons of Sion rejoice in their King.
people. Deut. 32:1-43                                       Let them praise His name in the dance : with the
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son : and to      timbrel and the psaltery let them chant unto Him.
the Holy Spirit.                                            For the Lord taketh pleasure in His people : and
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :      He shall exalt the meek with salvation.
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                            The saints shall boast in glory : and they shall
   ant. And the Lord will have mercy on His
                                                         rejoice upon their beds.
servants.                                                   The high praise of God shall be in their throat :
                      Psalm 148                          and two-edged swords shall be in their hands:
                                                            To do vengeance among the heathen :
   P   raise the Lord from the heavens : praise Him
        in the highest.
    Praise Him, all ye His Angels : praise Him, all ye
                                                         punishments among the peoples,
                                                            To bind their kings with fetters : and their nobles
His hosts.                                               with manacles of iron,
    Praise Him, O sun and moon : praise Him, all ye         To do among them the judgment that is written :
stars and light.                                         this glory shall be to all His saints.
    Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens : and thou                               Psalm 150:
water that art above the heavens; let them praise the
name of the Lord.
    For He spake, and they came to be : He
                                                            P  raise ye God in His saints : praise Him in the
                                                                firmament of His power.
                                                            Praise Him for His mighty acts : praise Him
commanded, and they were created.                        according to the multitude of His greatness.
    He established them for ever, yea, for ever and         Praise Him with the sound of trumpet : praise
ever : He hath set an ordinance, and it shall not pass   Him with the psaltery and harp.
away.
                                                            Praise Him with timbrel and dance : praise Him
    Praise the Lord from the earth : ye dragons, and     with strings and flute.
all ye abysses.
                                                            Praise Him with tuneful cymbals, praise Him
    Fire, hail, snow, ice, blast of tempest : which      with cymbals of jubilation : let every breath praise
perform His word,                                        the Lord.
    The mountains and all the hills : fruitful trees,
                                                     SATURDAY AT MATINS                                                   181

   C Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to                    Hymn II (of St. Gregory the Great)
the Holy Spirit.
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always :
and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                   B   ehold, the shadow of nightfall abateth,
                                                                        The dawn of daylight, scintillating, shineth:
                                                                   With every striving, let us all send our prayers
   ant.   With tuneful cymbals praise ye the Lord.                 To the Almighty.
          (with neum)                                              That God our Father may, in His compassion,
                        CHAPTER                                    Drive all sloth from us, and grant us salvation,
The Priest sings the Chapter from his stall, turned to the         And bestow on us the kingdom of heaven,
East. On all ferias from the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to      By His sweet mercy.
the Beginning of Lent, and from the first Sun. after Trin. to
Advent, when service is of the feria, the Chapter is:             C The joy-creating Deity grant us this—
                                                                  The Son, the Father, and in equal manner,
   W    atch ye; stand fast in the Faith; do man-
          fully, and be strengthened: let all your
things be done in charity.
                                                                  The Holy Spirit—He Whose glory through all
                                                                  The earth resoundeth. Amen.

   R. Thanks be to God.        I Cor. 16:13-14                                          V. and R.
                          HYMN                                  The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to
                                                                Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:
The proper Hymn for the day or feast is sung antiphonally.
From the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct. to Lent, when              V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.
service is of the feria, the Hymn is:                             R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7
                Hymn I (of St. Ambrose)                         On feast days, during the Gospel canticle, the Priest
                                                                begins the censing of the Altar, the patronal icon, and the
   T  he dawn now spreadeth over the sky,
        And daylight stealeth over the earth:
   Light’s spear doth spring forth once again;
                                                                ark of Relics. And always the server censes the choir.

                                                                                 Canticle of Zacharias
   Let every unclean thing depart.                                              CALLED THE BENEDICTUS
   Let nightly apparitions cease,                               The proper ant. on Benedictus is intonated here. (On
   Let guilt of soul be burièd,                                 Principal and Greater Double Feasts, it is sung in full
   Let what unruly sin the night                                here.)
   Brought in her shadows, now be slain.
   That beholding the final dawn                                   B
                                                                people.
                                                                       lessed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He
                                                                        hath visited and wrought redemption for His
   Of that day which we now await,
   It may like light stream over us,                               And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us * in
   As now, when our chant resoundeth.                           the house of His servant David.
                                                                   As He spake by the mouth of His holy ones, *
   C Most loving Father, grant us this,                         the prophets of old.
   And His co-equal, only Son,
                                                                   That we should be saved from our enemies, *
   With the Spirit, the Paraclete,
                                                                and from the hand of all that hate us.
   Reigning for ever and ever. Amen.
                                                                   To deal mercifully with our fathers, * and to
                        V. and R.                               remember His holy covenant.
The proper V. & R. is sung. On all ferias from Theoph. to          The oath which He sware to our father Abraham
Lent, and from Trin. to Advent, the V. & R. is:                 * that He would grant unto us,
  V. At the dawn I meditated on Thee.                              That we be delivered out of the hand of our
  R. For Thou art become my helper. Ps 62:7                     enemies, * that we might serve Him without fear,
                                                                   In holiness and righteousness before Him * all
From the first Sun. after Trin. to Advent, when service is of
the Sun., the Hymn is:
                                                                the days of our life.
182                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

   And thou, O child, shalt be called the prophet of
the Most High, * for thou shalt go before the face of                            COMMEMORATIONS
                                                                     The common commemorations are found on p. 183.
the Lord, to prepare His ways.
                                                                     After each antiphon sung by the choir, the Priest
   To give knowledge of salvation unto His people,                   sings in a soft voice the versicle, and then the
* by the remission of their sins.                                    Collect thereof, from the same lectern. Once all the
                                                                     commemorations have been made, the Priest sings:
   Through the bowels of mercy of our God, *
whereby the Dayspring from on high hath visited us.
   To give light to them that sit in darkness and in                                     Conclusion
the shadow of death, * to guide our feet into the way
                                                                    V. The Lord be with you.
of peace. Lk 1:68-79
                                                                    R. And with thy spirit.
   C Glory be to the Father and to the Son * and to
the Holy Spirit.                                                  Then a server from the opposite side sings the versicle in a
                                                                  soft voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):
   As it was in the beginning, and now and always,
* and unto the ages of ages. Amen.                                  V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                                    R. Thanks be to God.
                           Antiphon
The proper ant. is re-intoned and sung through by the
whole choir. From henceforth until the end of Matins, all
                                                                                           Blessing
the choir remains turned to the East. On most ferias, the            If the Bishop is present, he sings the blessings for
ant. is:                                                             the day or Feast. His Deacon sings, “Bow down
                                                                     yourselves for a blessing,” and the choir answers,
   ant.   Guide us into the way of peace, O Lord.                    “Thanks be to God.” To each blessing, the choir
          (with neum)                                                answers, “Amen.”

                        Festal Conclusion
On feast days, and ferias in the Nativity and Paschal             The Priest concludes with the silent prayers:
seasons, the Collect follows immediately. On other ferias,
                                                                     Our Father... Amen.
the Preces are begun here (p. 86).
                                                                     Rejoice Mary... thy womb.
The Priest sings the Collect in his stall, but on feasts at the      [I believe... (Apostolical Symbol)]
choir step, the taper-bearers standing to his left and right,
facing him. And if the Bishop celebrates he does not              And so Matins is completed on feast days.
change his place, even on feasts.                                 Every day, except on double feasts and through the
                                                                  octaves of the Visitation, Assumption, and Nativity of Our
  V. The Lord be with you.
                                                                  Lady, and of the Dedication of the Church, and on All
  R. And with thy spirit.                                         Souls’, and on the Vigil of the Nativity of Christ, and from
  Let us pray.                                                    that time until the first Sun. after Theoph. Oct., and from
                                                                  the Wed. before Pascha until the first Sun. after Trin., the
                           COLLECT                                prayers For the Peace of the Church are added here (see
The proper Collect is sung, ended with “Amen.” Then:              p. 41), and then, throughout most of the year, Matins of
                                                                  Our Lady, and Matins of the Dead, follow.
   V. The Lord be with you.
   R. And with thy spirit.
Then a server from one side of the choir sings the versicle                                 Preces
in a loud voice (on double feasts, two servers sing it):          The Preces for ferias are given on p. 86, under Monday
                                                                  Matins. And when the preces are done, the Office is ended
   V. Let us bless the Lord.
                                                                  as shown there, followed throughout most of the year by
   R. Thanks be to God.                                           For the Peace of the Church, Matins of Our Lady, and
                                                                  Matins of the Dead.


                                                                   The First, Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are given with
                                                                          their variations for ferias on pp. 42 - 67.
                                            COMMEMORATIONS AT MATINS & VESPERS                                         183

                                                             The V., R., and Collect at all Vespers are as above for
          COMMEMORATIONS                                     Matins.
Commemorations (Comm.’s) are added to the Office:                            Advent - Ferial Matins
(1) on ferias;                                                         COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:
(2) whenever a Saint’s feast occurs on another feast day,       ant. The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, Mary:
    Sunday, or festal Commemoration (such as that of Our     fear not, having in thy womb the Son of God,
    Lady on Saturday);
                                                             alleluya.
(3) during Octaves;
(4) when the second Vespers of one Feast coincides with        V. There shall come forth a rod out of the root of
    first Vespers of another; and also on other occasions.        Jesse.
The rubrics for shortened doxologies are given in full in      R. And a flower shall rise up out of his root.
the Great Breviary.
                                                                Let us pray.
          Advent - Sundays & Festal Matins                      Collect: O God, Who didst will that Thy Word
          COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:                        should take flesh in the womb of blessed Mary,
                                                             Ever-Virgin, at the tidings of an Angel: grant Thy
   ant.The Angel Gabriel was sent unto the Virgin
                                                             suppliants that we who believe she is truly the
Mary, espoused to Joseph.
                                                             Birth-giver of God may be aided by her
  V. There shall come forth a rod out of the root of         intercessions before Thee. C Through the same our
     Jesse.                                                  Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
  R. And a flower shall rise up out of his root.             with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
                                                             through all the ages of ages. Amen.
   Let us pray.
                                                                             COMM. OF ALL SAINTS:
   Collect: O God, Who didst will that Thy Word
should take flesh in the womb of blessed Mary,                  ant. Behold, the Lord shall come, and all His
Ever-Virgin, at the tidings of an Angel: grant Thy           Saints with Him, and there shall be in that day a
suppliants that we who believe she is truly the              great light, alleluya.
Birth-giver of God may be aided by her
                                                               V. Behold, the Lord will appear upon a white
intercessions before Thee. C Through the same our
                                                                   cloud.
Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
                                                               R. And thousands of the Saints with Him.
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
through all the ages of ages. Amen.                             Let us pray.
                                                                Collect: We beseech Thee, O Lord, in visiting our
          Advent - Sunday & Festal Vespers
                                                             consciences, to purify them: that when Jesus Christ
          COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:                        Thy Son cometh, with all the Saints, He may find in
                 At first Vespers the antiphon is:           us a dwelling-place prepared for Him. C Who
                                                             liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the
   ant. Rejoice, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is
                                                             Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
with thee: blessed art thou among women, alleluya.
                                                             Amen.
             At second Vespers the antiphon is:                            Advent Ferias - Vespers
   ant. Blessed art thou, Mary, who hast believed;                            COMM. OF ST. MARY:
there shall be performed in thee those things which             ant. Fear not, Mary, thou hast found grace with
were told thee from the Lord, alleluya.                      the Lord: behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a
On the Second Sunday in Advent, at second Vespers, the       Son, alleluya.
ant. is:
                                                               V. There shall come forth a rod out of the root of
   ant. Fear not, Mary, thou hast found grace with
                                                                  Jesse.
the Lord: behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a
                                                               R. And a flower shall rise up out of his root.
Son, alleluya.
184                                                    ST. HILARION PRESS

   Let us pray.                                                  liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the
   Collect: O God, Who didst will that Thy Word                  Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
should take flesh in the womb of blessed Mary,                   Amen.
Ever-Virgin, at the tidings of an Angel: grant Thy                                      Matins
suppliants that we who believe she is truly the                              COMM. ON SUNDAYS & FEASTS
Birth-giver of God may be aided by her
                                                                    ant.Behold, Mary hath begotten us a Saviour,
intercessions before Thee. Through the same our
                                                                 Whom when John beheld, he cried aloud, saying:
Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
                                                                 Behold the Lamb of God; behold Him that taketh
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
                                                                 away the sins of the world, alleluya.
through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                           COMM. ON FERIAS & LESSER FEASTS
The Comm. of All Saints at Vespers is as for Matins.
                                                                    ant. The root of Jesse hath blossomed, a star is
             Circumcision to Purification                        risen out of Jacob, a virgin hath brought forth a
From the Oct. of St. Stephen till Purification, there is daily   Saviour: we give Thee praise, O our God.
Comm. of St. Mary, whatever the service be, at Matins and
Vespers, except on the Vig. of Theoph. and Theoph. Day.          Whichever ant. is used, the V. and R. are:
On feasts of 9 lessons and on and in Oct.’s when the choir         V. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain
is ruled, and on Sundays at both Vespers, this is the
Comm.:                                                                inviolate.
                          Vespers                                  R. O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.
            COMM. ON SUNDAYS & FEASTS                            The Collect is as for Vespers, above.
   ant. When Thou wert born ineffably of a Virgin,               Then on ferias the Comm. of All Saints on ferias and feasts
then the Scriptures were fulfilled: Thou hast come               without ruling of the choir is said, both for Vespers and
down like rain upon a fleece, bringing salvation                 Matins, as during the summer (from Trin. to Advent).
unto all mankind: we give Thee praise, O our God.                             After Purification - Matins
But on ferias and feasts of 3 lessons without ruling of the                 COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:
choir, at Vespers this is the ant. of the Comm.:
                                                                    ant.Blessed Mother, and unwedded Virgin,
          COMM. ON FERIAS & LESSER FEASTS                        glorious Queen of the world: intercede in our behalf
   ant. We have recognised, in the bush which                    unto the Lord.
Moses saw preserved unburning, thy praiseworthy                    V. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain
virginity: O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.                      inviolate.
   ant. The root of Jesse hath blossomed, a star is                R. O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.
risen out of Jacob, a virgin hath brought forth a                    Let us pray.
Saviour: we give Thee praise, O our God.
                                                                     Collect: Forgive, we beseech Thee, O Lord, the
Whichever ant. is sung, the V., R., and Collect are:             transgressions of Thy servants: that we who are
                                                                 incapable of pleasing Thee by our actions may be
  V. Comely art thou in beauty, more than the sons
                                                                 saved by the intercession of her that conceived Thy
     of men.
                                                                 Son, our Lord God. C Through the same our Lord
  R. Grace hath been poured forth on thy lips.
                                                                 Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
   Let us pray.                                                  Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through
   Collect: O God, Who by the fruitful virginity of              all the ages of ages. Amen.
blessed Mary hast bestowed the rewards of eternal                                  or the following Collect:
salvation upon the human race: grant us, we beseech
                                                                     Collect: Almighty, everlasting God, protect us
Thee, to perceive that she intercedeth for us through
                                                                 Thy servants by the right hand of Thy might from
whom we have been worthy to receive the Author
                                                                 all dangers: and by the glorious intercession of
of life, our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son. C Who
                                          COMMEMORATIONS AT MATINS & VESPERS                                          185

blessed Mary, Ever-Virgin, cause us to rejoice in                                     During Lent
well-being, present and to come. C Through our                       COMM. OF PENITENTS AT FERIAL MATINS:
Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
                                                                    ant. Be converted to Me with all your heart, in
with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
                                                                 fasting, and in weeping, and in mourning, saith the
through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                 Lord. Joel 2:12
                COMM. OF ALL SAINTS:
                                                                   V. We have sinned with our fathers.
   ant. The Saints shall boast in glory, and they                  R. We have done iniquity, we have done
shall rejoice upon their beds.                                        unrighteousness. Ps 105:6
  V. Wondrous is God in His Saints.                                 Let us pray.
  R. And glorious in His majesty.
                                                                    Collect: Hearken, we beseech Thee, O Lord, to
   Let us pray.                                                  the prayers of Thy suppliants, and spare them that
   Collect: Look mercifully, O Lord, upon our                    confess their sins to Thee: that Thou mayest
weakness: and by the intercession of all Thy Saints,             graciously bestow upon us forgiveness and peace
turn away all the evils we justly deserve. C                     alike. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son,
Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth                Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of
and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy                  the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.                 Amen.

                       or this Collect:                              COMM. OF PENITENTS AT FERIAL VESPERS:

   Collect: Being pleased by the intercession of all                ant.Who knoweth, but God will return and
Thy Saints, we beseech Thee, O Lord, both to                     forgive, and leave a blessing behind Him? Joel 2:14
bestow upon us forgiveness of transgressions and to                V. O Lord, deal not with us according to our
grant us everlasting healings. C Through our Lord                     iniquities. Ps 102:9
Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
                                                                   R. Neither reward us according to our sins. ibid
Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through
all the ages of ages. Amen.                                      The Collect is given under Matins above.

                       or this Collect:                                          Paschaltide Sundays
   Collect:Behold our weaknesses, O Lord: and                    On all Sundays from the Oct. of Pascha to Ascension, the
with all Thy Saints interceding, help us with Thy                Resurrection is commemorated as follows:
swift mercy. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy                     COMM. OF THE RESURRECTION AT MATINS:
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity
                                                                    ant. And very early in the morning, the first day
of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
                                                                 of the week, they come to the sepulchre, the sun
Amen.
                       or this Collect:
                                                                 being now risen. Mk 16:2

   Collect:Grant all Thy Saints to pray continually                V. The Lord is risen indeed. Lk 24:34
for us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, and mayst Thou                    R. And hath appeared to Simon, alleluya. ibid
be pleased ever to hear them mercifully. C Through                  Let us pray.
our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and                       Collect: O God, Who by Thine Only-Begotten
reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit,              didst open wide for us the entrance to eternity this
God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.                         day, death having been utterly conquered: in helping
          After Purification, at Ferial Vespers                  us, do Thou fulfil our prayers, which Thou breathest
                                                                 in us as Thou precedest us. C Through the same our
After Purif., the ant.’s for Comm. of the Mother of God at
Vespers on ferias are as after the first Sun. after Trin. The    Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
same is true for those of All Saints at Vespers, till the Wed.   with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
at the Beginning of the Great Fast.                              through all the ages of ages. Amen.
186                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

          THE COMM. AT SECOND VESPERS:                        live forever in the joys of His Resurrection. C
   ant. And looking, they saw the stone rolled back.          Through the same our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son,
For it was very great, alleluya. Mk 16:4                      Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of
                                                              the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
  V. The Lord is risen again. Mk 16:6                         Amen.
  R. As He told you, alleluya. Mk 16:7                           COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD AT MATINS:
The Collect is given on p. 185 under Matins. There is no         ant. The gate of Paradise was closed to all by
Comm. of the Resurrection at first Vespers, but rather a      Eve: and by the Virgin Mary it is thrown open once
Procession in honour thereof.                                 again, alleluya.
      Festal Vespers & Matins in Paschaltide                    V. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain
From the Oct. of Pascha to Ascension, on all feasts of the         inviolate.
Saints when the choir is ruled, except the Finding of the       R. O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.
Holy Cross, and for the weekly Comm. of Our Lady, the
Resurrection is commemorated thus:                               Let us pray.
                  AT BOTH VESPERS:                               Collect: Thy Grace, O Lord, we beseech Thee, do

   ant. The Lord is risen from the sepulchre, who             Thou pour into our souls: that we who have known
for our sakes hung upon the Tree, alleluya, alleluya,         the Incarnation of Christ Thy Son at the tidings of
alleluya.                                                     an Angel may, by His Passion and Cross, be
                                                              brought unto the glory of His Resurrection. C
  V. The Lord is risen again. Mk 16:6                         Through the same our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son,
  R. As He told you, alleluya. Mk 16:7                        Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of
                                                              the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
The Collect is given on p. 185 under Matins.
                                                              Amen.
                       AT MATINS:                                        COMM. OF ALL SAINTS AT MATINS:
   ant. Going quickly, tell His disciples and Peter              ant. Thy Saints, O Lord, shall blossom as the lily,
that the Lord is risen, alleluya. cf Mk 16:7                  alleluya, and as the fragrance of balsam shall they
                                                              be before Thee, alleluya.
  V. The Lord is risen indeed. Lk 24:34
  R. And hath appeared to Simon, alleluya. ibid                                   or this antiphon:
The Collect is given on p. 185 under Matins.                     ant. O ye Saints and righteous, rejoice in the
                                                              Lord, alleluya, God hath chosen you for His
          Paschaltide Ferias & Lesser Feasts                  inheritance, alleluya.
On ferias and feasts of 3 lessons without ruling of the
choir, from the Oct. of Pascha to Ascension, these three                          or this antiphon:
Comm.’s are made:                                                ant. Within the veil Thy Saints cry out, O Lord:
      COMM. OF THE HOLY CROSS AT MATINS:                      alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.
   ant. The Crucified is risen from the dead; He              Whichever of these ant.’s is used, the Comm. continues:
hath redeemed us, alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                V. The voice of rejoicing and salvation.
  V. Declare it among the nations.                              R. Is in the tents of the righteous, alleluya.
  R. That the Lord hath reigned from the Tree,
                                                                 Let us pray.
      alleluya.
                                                                 Collect: Grant, we beseech Thee, almighty God,
   Let us pray.                                               that in the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ
   Collect: O God, Who for our redemption didst               Thy Son we may truly receive a portion with all the
will that Thy Son should suffer the punishment of             Saints. C Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the
the Cross, that Thou mayst cast out of us the power           unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of
of the enemy: grant us Thy servants that we may               ages. Amen.
                                         COMMEMORATIONS AT MATINS & VESPERS                                      187

     COMM. OF THE HOLY CROSS AT VESPERS:                       Thou vouchsafe to illumine our hearts and bodies,
   ant. He suffered the Holy Cross, He that                    O Saviour of the world. C Who with God the
shattered Hades; He was girded with power; He is               Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit livest and
risen upon the third day, alleluya.                            reignest, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                                   or this Collect:
  V. Declare it among the nations.
  R. That the Lord hath reigned from the Tree,                    Collect:Keep us in unbroken peace, we beseech
      alleluya.                                                Thee, O Lord: whom Thou wert pleased to redeem
                                                               by the wood of the Holy Cross. C O Saviour of the
   Let us pray.
                                                               world, Who with God the Father in the unity of the
   Collect: Grant, we beseech Thee, almighty God,
                                                               Holy Spirit livest and reignest, God: through all the
that in the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ              ages of ages. Amen.
Thy Son we may truly receive a portion with all the
Saints. C Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the                                 or this Collect:
unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of             Collect: Be with and help us, O Lord our God:
ages. Amen.                                                    and those whom Thou makest to rejoice in the
  COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD AT VESPERS:                       honour of the Holy Cross do Thou also defend with
                                                               its unfailing relief. C Through our Lord Jesus
This Comm. is made just as for Matins above.
                                                               Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee
          COMM. OF ALL SAINTS AT VESPERS:                      in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the
   ant. In the heavenly kingdom is the dwelling of             ages of ages. Amen.
the Saints, alleluya, and their repose is for ever,                      COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:
alleluya.
                                                                  ant.Blessed Mother, and unwedded Virgin,
  V. The voice of rejoicing and salvation.                     glorious Queen of the world: intercede in our behalf
  R. Is in the tents of the righteous, alleluya.               unto the Lord.
The Collect is given above under Matins (“Grant we               V. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain
beseech Thee”).                                                     inviolate.
          Summer Commemorations - Matins                         R. O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.
On the Mon. after the first Sun. after Trin., till Advent,         Let us pray.
both on ferias and feasts of 3 lessons without ruling of the
                                                                   Collect: Forgive, we beseech Thee, O Lord, the
choir, and on and in Oct.’s when the choir is not ruled,
these 3 Comm.’s are said: Of the Cross, Of the Mother of       transgressions of Thy servants: that we who are
God, and Of All Saints. But on feasts of 3 lessons when        incapable of pleasing Thee by our actions may be
some Saint’s feast falls on them, then there is first a        saved by the intercession of her that conceived Thy
Comm. of the Saint, and then the aforesaid Comm.’s. But        Son, our Lord God. C Through the same our Lord
through the Oct. of Relics, whether service is of the feria
or a Saint, there is always first a Comm. of the Relics, and
                                                               Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
then Comm. of the Cross.                                       Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through
                                                               all the ages of ages. Amen.
             COMM. OF THE HOLY CROSS:
                                                                              or the following Collect:
   ant.But as for us, it behooveth us to glory in the
Cross of our Lord, Jesus Christ.                                   Collect: Almighty, everlasting God, protect us
                                                               Thy servants by the right hand of Thy might from
  V. Let all the earth worship Thee, O God.                    all dangers: and by the glorious intercession of
  R. And chant unto Thee; let them chant unto Thy              blessed Mary, Ever-Virgin, cause us to rejoice in
      name.                                                    well-being, present and to come. C Through our
  Let us pray.                                                 Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
  Collect: O God, Who hast ascended the Holy                   with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
Cross, and illumined the darkness of the world: do             through all the ages of ages. Amen.
188                                            ST. HILARION PRESS

                COMM. OF ALL SAINTS:                                           or this antiphon:
   ant. The Saints shall boast in glory, and they           ant. We worship Thee, O Christ, and we bless
shall rejoice upon their beds.                           Thee: for by Thy Holy Cross Thou hast redeemed
                                                         the world.
  V. Wondrous is God in His Saints.
  R. And glorious in His majesty.                          V. Let all the earth worship Thee, O God.
                                                           R. And chant unto Thee; let them chant unto Thy
   Let us pray.                                                name.
   Collect: Look mercifully, O Lord, upon our
weakness: and by the intercession of all Thy Saints,        Let us pray.
turn away all the evils we justly deserve. C                Collect: O God, Who hast ascended the Holy
Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth        Cross, and illumined the darkness of the world, do
and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy          Thou vouchsafe to illumine our hearts and bodies,
Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.         O Saviour of the world. C Who with God the
                                                         Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit livest and
                    or this Collect:
                                                         reignest, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
   Collect: Being pleased by the intercession of all
Thy Saints, we beseech Thee, O Lord, both to                        COMM. OF THE MOTHER OF GOD:
bestow upon us forgiveness of transgressions and to         ant.O Holy Virgin Mary, intercede for all the
grant us everlasting healings. C Through our Lord        world: for thou hast begotten the King of the earth.
Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
                                                           V. Holy Theotokos, Ever-Virgin Mary.
Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through
                                                           R. Intercede for us unto the Lord our God.
all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                                        or this antiphon and versicle:
                    or this Collect:
   Collect:Behold our weaknesses, O Lord: and               ant.Holy Theotokos, Ever-Virgin Mary,
with all Thy Saints interceding, help us with Thy        intercede for us unto the Lord our God.
swift mercy. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy           V. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity           inviolate.
of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.     R. O Theotokos, intercede in our behalf.
Amen.
                    or this Collect:                                    or this antiphon and versicle:

   Collect:Grant all Thy Saints to pray continually         ant.By Thy Child a mother, in childbirth a
for us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, and mayst Thou          Virgin: be glad and rejoice, O sacred Mother of the
be pleased ever to hear them mercifully. C Through       Lord.
our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and              V. Holy Theotokos, Ever-Virgin Mary.
reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit,        R. Intercede for us with the Lord our God.
God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                         Whichever of these ant.’s is used, the Collect is:
          Summer Commemorations - Vespers
                                                             Let us pray.
              COMM. OF THE HOLY CROSS:
                                                             Collect: Almighty, everlasting God, protect us
   ant. Save us, Christ our Saviour, by virtue of the    Thy servants by the right hand of Thy might from
Holy Cross: Thou Who didst save Peter in the sea,        all dangers: and by the glorious intercession of
have mercy upon us.                                      blessed Mary, Ever-Virgin, cause us to rejoice in
                    or this antiphon:
                                                         well-being, present and to come. C Through our
                                                         Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
      By the sign of the Cross, deliver us from our
   ant.                                                  with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
enemies, O our God.                                      through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                           COMMEMORATIONS AT MATINS & VESPERS                                                  189
                 COMM. OF ALL SAINTS:                                 V. The souls of the just are in the hand of God.
   ant. All ye holy ones of God, that are the                         R. And no torment of wickedness shall touch
companions of the heavenly citizens: make                                 them.
intercession for us.
                                                                    This above rule is kept yearlong exc. in Advent and
                                                                    Paschaltide (P.T.).
  V. Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, ye righteous.
  R. And glory, all ye that are upright of heart. Ps                The Collect is one of those following:
      32                      or:
                                                                       Let us pray.
  V. Let the righteous rejoice in the presence of                      Collect: Look mercifully, O Lord, upon our
     God.                                                           weakness: and by the intercession of all Thy Saints,
  R. Let them delight in gladness. Ps 67                            turn away all the evils we justly deserve. C
                              or:                                   Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth
                                                                    and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy
   ant. All ye elect of God, remember us before                     Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
God: that assisted by your prayers, we may deserve
to be joined to you.                                                                       or this Collect:

The V. is either “Be glad” or “Let the righteous,” as                  Collect: Being pleased by the intercession of all
above.                                                              Thy Saints, we beseech Thee, O Lord, both to
                                                                    bestow upon us forgiveness of our transgressions
                              or:
                                                                    and to grant us everlasting healings. C Through our
   ant. By the prayers of all the Saints, bestow                    Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
salvation of body and of soul, O Christ, to Thy                     with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
servants.                                                           through all the ages of ages. Amen.
The V. is “Be glad in the Lord,” as above.                                                 or this Collect:
                              or:                                      Collect:Behold our weaknesses, O Lord: and
   ant. O how glorious is the kingdom wherein all                   with all Thy Saints interceding, help us with Thy
the Saints rejoice with Christ: clad in robes of                    swift mercy. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy
white, they follow the Lamb whithersoever He                        Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity
goeth.                                                              of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
                                                                    Amen.
The V. is “Be glad in the Lord,” as above.                                                 or this Collect:

The two V.’s and R.’s for Comm. of All Saints do not                   Collect:Grant all Thy Saints to pray continually
change exc. when the V. “Be glad” is said at first Vespers,         for us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, and mayst Thou
for then at Comm. of All Saints the V. “Let the righteous”          be pleased ever to hear them mercifully. C Through
is said. Likewise, at Matins, when the V. “Wondrous is
God” is said, then at the Comm. of All Saints this V. and
                                                                    our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and
R. are said:                                                        reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
                                                                    God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.



       Note: For all Collects succeeding the first Collect, the doxology "Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth," etc.,
  if that be the doxology, is shortened to "Through Christ our Lord."




                                                                C
190                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS


                                                                          Fifth Tone
               EIGHT TONES
For each of the Eight Tones,the Psalm intonation and
mediation are given on the first staff (the endings are
shown as each antiphon is given), the neum for the
principal antiphons on the second staff, and the tone for
the Benedictus and Magnificat on the third staff.

                       First Tone



                                                                          Sixth Tone




                      Second Tone



                                                                         Seventh Tone




                      Third Tone



                                                                         Eighth Tone




                      Fourth Tone




                                                                             C
                                         PSALM TONES AND NEUMS                                         191

       The TONE of PILGRIMAGE -
            Canticle of Zacharias
                                                      That we be de-liv-ered out of the hand of our e-


Bles-sed be the Lord God of Israel, * for He hath
                                                      ne-mies, * that we might serve Him with-out


vi-si-ted and wrought re-demp-tion for His peo-
                                                      fear,


ple.
                                                      In ho-li-ness and right-eous-ness be-fore Him *


And hath raised up a horn of sal-va-tion for us *
                                                      all the days of our life.


in the house of His ser-vant Da-vid.
                                                      And thou, O child, shalt be called the pro-phet of


As He spake by the mouth of His ho-ly ones, *
                                                      the Most High, * for thou shalt go be-fore the


the pro-phets of old.
                                                      face of the Lord, to pre-pare His ways.


That we should be saved from our e-ne-mies, *
                                                      To give know-ledge of sal-va-tion un-to His peo-


and from the hand of all that hate us.
                                                      ple, * by the re-mis-sion of their sins.


To deal mer-ci-fully with our fa-thers, * and to
                                                      Through the bowels of mer-cy of our God, *


re-mem-ber His ho-ly co-ve-nant.
                                                      where-by the Day-spring from on high hath vi-si-


The oath which He sware to our fa-ther A-bra-
                                                      ted us.


ham * that He would grant un-to us,
                                                      To give light to them that sit in dark-ness and in
192                                           ST. HILARION PRESS




  the sha-dow of death, * to guide our feet in-to the      And His mer-cy is on them that fear Him * un-to



  way of peace. Lk 1:68-79                                 ge-ne-ra-tion and ge-ne-ra-tion.



  Glo-ry be to the Fa-ther and to the Son * and to         He hath showed strength with His arm; * He hath



  the Ho-ly Spi-rit.                                       scat-tered the proud in the i-ma-gi-na-tion of



  As it was in the be-gin-ning, and now and al-            their heart.



                                                           He hath put down the migh-ty from their seat, *
  ways, * and un-to the ag-es of ag-es. A-men.


                                                           and ex-al-ted them of low de-gree.
         Canticle of the Mother of God


                                                           He hath filled the hun-gry with good things, *
  My soul doth mag-ni-fy the Lord, * and my spi-


                                                           and the rich He hath sent emp-ty a- way.
  rit hath re-joiced in God my Sa-viour.


                                                           He hath hol-pen His ser-vant Is-ra-el * in re-
  For He hath looked upon the low-li-ness of His


                                                           mem-brance of His mer-cy,
  hand-maid-en, * for be-hold, from hence-forth all


                                                           As He spake to our fa-thers, * to A-bra-ham and
  ge-ne-ra-tions shall call me bles-sed.


                                                           his seed for ev-er. Lk 1:46-55
  For the Migh-ty One hath done great things to
                                                        The Glory Be is shown above under the Canticle of
                                                        Zacharias.

  me, * and ho-ly is His name.
                                         PSALM TONES AND NEUMS                                        193

        Canticle of the Three Youths

                                                      the Lord, win-ter cold and sum-mer heat.
Bless the Lord, all ye works of the Lord; * O

                                                      Bless the Lord, O falls of dew and frost; * bless
praise ye Him and su-preme-ly ex-alt Him un-to

                                                      the Lord, O ice and cold.
the ag-es.

                                                      Bless the Lord, O hoar-frosts and snows; * bless
Bless the Lord, ye An-gels of the Lord; * ye hea-

                                                      the Lord, O nights and days.
vens, bless the Lord.

                                                      Bless the Lord, O light and dark-ness; * bless the
Bless the Lord, all ye wa-ters that are a-bove the

                                                      Lord, O light-nings and clouds.
hea-vens; * bless the Lord, all ye pow-ers of the

                                                      Let the earth bless the Lord; * let her praise Him
Lord.

                                                      and su-preme-ly ex-alt Him un-to the ag-es.
Bless the Lord, O sun and moon; * bless the

                                                      Bless the Lord, O moun-tains and hills; * bless
Lord, ye stars of hea-ven.

                                                      the Lord, all things that spring up up-on the
Bless the Lord, ye rain and dew; * bless the

                                                      earth.
Lord, eve-ry wind of God.

                                                      Bless the Lord, O foun-tains; * bless the Lord, O
Bless the Lord, fire and heat of burn-ing; * bless

                                                      seas and ri-vers.
194                                            ST. HILARION PRESS




  Bless the Lord, O mon-sters of the sea, and all           Him un-to the ag-es.



  things that move in the wa-ters; * bless the Lord,        Let us bless the Fa-ther and the Son with the



  all ye wing-ed crea-tures of the sky.                     Holy Spi-rit; * let us praise Him and su-preme-ly



  Bless the Lord, all ye beasts and cat-tle; * bless        ex-alt Him un-to the ag-es.



  the Lord, ye sons of men.                                 Bles-sed art Thou, O Lord, in the fir-ma-ment of



  Let Is-ra-el bless the Lord; * let him praise Him
                                                            hea-ven, * and wor-thy of praise, and glo-ri-ous,


  and su-preme-ly ex-alt Him un-to the ag-es.
                                                            and supremely exalted unto the ages. Dan 3:57-88


  Bless the Lord, ye priests of the Lord; * bless the
                                                                              Psalm 113

  Lord, ye ser-vants of the Lord.
                                                            When Is-ra-el went out of E-gypt, * and the

  Bless the Lord, ye spi-rits and ye souls of the
                                                            house of Ja-cob from a- mong a bar-ba-rous

  right-eous; * bless the Lord, ye Saints, and ye
                                                            peo-ple,

  that be hum-ble of heart.
                                                            Ju-de-a be-came His sanc-tu-a-ry, * Is-ra-el His

  Bless the Lord, O A-na-ni-as, A-za-ri-as, and Mi-
                                                            do-mi-nion.

  sa-el; * O praise ye Him and su-preme-ly ex-alt
                                                            The sea be-held and fled; * Jor-dan turned back.
                                          PSALM TONES AND NEUMS                                         195




The moun-tains skipped like rams, * and the hills      But our God is in hea-ven and on earth; * all


like lambs of flocks.                                  things so-ev-er He hath willed, He hath done.


What ail-eth thee, O sea, that thou fled-dest, *       The id-ols of the na-tions are of sil-ver and gold,


and thou Jor-dan, that thou didst turn back?           * the works of the hands of men.


Ye moun-tains, that ye skipped like rams, * and        They have a mouth, but shall not speak; * eyes


ye hills like lambs of flocks?                         have they, and shall not see.


At the pre-sence of the Lord the earth was shak-       Ears have they, and shall not hear; * nos-es have


en, * at the pre-sence of the God of Ja-cob,           they, and shall not smell.


Who turn-eth the rock into pools of wa-ters * and      Hands they have, and shall not feel, feet have


the pre-ci-pice in-to foun-tains of wa-ters.           they, and shall not walk; * they shall make no


Not un-to us, O Lord, not un-to us * but un-to         sound in their throat.


Thy name give glo-ry.                                  Let those that make them be-come like un-to


For Thy mer-cy and Thy truth, * lest hap-ly the        them, * and all that put their trust in them.


hea-then say: Where is their God?                      The house of Is-ra-el hath hoped in the Lord; *
196                                           ST. HILARION PRESS




  their help-er and de-fend-er is He.                      and the earth.



  The house of Aa-ron hath hoped in the Lord; *            The hea-ven of hea-ven be-long-eth to the Lord,



  their help-er and de-fend-er is He.                      * but the earth He gave un-to the sons of men.



  They that fear the Lord have hoped in the Lord; *        Not the dead shall praise Thee, O Lord, * nor a-



  their help-er and de-fend-er is He.                      ny that go down to ha-des.



  The Lord, being mind-ful of us, * hath blessed           But we the liv-ing will bless the Lord, * from



  us.                                                      hence-forth and for ev-er-more.


  He hath blessed the house of Is-ra-el, * He hath
                                                           Glo-ry be to the Fa-ther and to the Son * and to


  blessed the house of Aa-ron.
                                                           the Ho-ly Spi-rit.


  He hath blessed them that fear the Lord, * the lit-
                                                           As it was in the be-gin-ning, and now and al-


  tle with the great.
                                                           ways, * and un-to the ag-es of ag-es. A-men.

  The Lord grant you in-crease, * to you and to


                                                                                 C
  your chil-dren.



  Ye are blessed of the Lord, * Who made hea-ven
                                                PSALM TONES AND NEUMS
                                                       TE DEUM                                                  197

                        Te Deum
The choir remains turned to the East as the Priest intones:
    Priest:                           All:                    through-out all the earth, the Ho-ly Church


   Thee, O God, we praise; Thee we con-fess
                                                              con-fes-seth: Fa-ther, of bound-less ma-
                        Face north/south:



   to be the Lord. Thee, the Fa-ther e-ter-nal,               jes-ty; Thy true and on-ly Son, Who is to be



   all the earth doth wor-ship. To Thee all the               wor-shipped; al-so the Pa-ra-clete, the Ho-ly



   An-gels, to Thee the hea-vens and all the                  Spi-rit. Thou, Xri-ste, art the King of Glo-ry.



   Pow-ers, to Thee the Che-ru-bim and Se-                    Thou art the ev-er-last-ing Son of the Fa-



   ra-phim, cry a-loud with voice un-ceas-ing:                ther. Thou, tak-ing it up-on Thee to de-li-ver



   Ho- ly, Ho- ly, Ho- ly is the Lord God of                  man, didst not ab-hor the womb of the Vir-



   Sa-ba-oth. Hea-ven and earth are full of the               gin. Thou, hav-ing con-quered the sting of



   ma-jes-ty of Thy glo- ry. Thee the glo-rious               death, hast o-pened the king-dom of hea-



   choir of A-pos-tles, Thee the throng of                    ven to them that be-lieve. Thou sit-test at



   Pro-phets wor-thy of praise, Thee the host                 the right hand of God in the glo-ry of the



   of Mar-tyrs in robes of white, praise. Thee,               Fa-ther. We be-lieve that Thou shalt come
198                                                 TE DEUM
                                               ST. HILARION PRESS




  to be our Judge. We there-fore be-seech                   And we praise Thy name for ev-er: and un-



  Thee: help Thy ser-vants whom Thou, by                    to the ag- es of ag- es. Vouch-safe, O Lord,



  Thy pre-cious blood, hast re-deem-ed. Make                this day to pre-serve us with-out sin. Have



  them to be num-bered with Thy Saints in                   mer-cy up-on us, O Lord, have mer-cy up-



  glo-ry ev-er-last- ing. O Lord, save Thy                  on us. Let Thy mer- cy, O Lord, be up- on



  peo-ple and bless Thine in- he- ri- tance.                us: ac-cord-ing as we have hoped in Thee.
                                                           Turn to the East:


  Shep-herd them, and bear them up un-to                    In Thee, O Lord, have I hop-     ed; let me not



  e- ter- ni- ty. Day af- ter day we bless Thee.            be put to shame for ev- er. (Ps 30:2)




                                                      C
                                                   COLLECTS & BLESSINGS                                             199
                                                                MONDAY (& EVERY WEEKDAY) AT SIXTH HOUR
      COMMON COLLECTS                                                               Collect
The following common Collects and hierarchical blessings        O Lord Jesus Christ, Who during the sixth hour
are provided so that a complete Office may be performed      didst ascend the wood of the Cross for the
in the absence of the Proper of the Seasons for the Sarum
Rite Divine Office. The common Collects are from the
                                                             redemption of the world, and afterwards the whole
Portiforium of Wulstan (XI c.), and the common blessings     world was turned into darkness, ever bestow upon
from the Canterbury Benedictional (c. A.D. 1025).            us in our soul and body that light through which we
                                                             may be deemed worthy to attain unto eternal life. C
                                                             Who livest and reignest with God the Father in the
    SATURDAY AT FIRST VESPERS OF SUNDAY
                                                             unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages
                                                             of ages. Amen.
                       Collect
                                                                MONDAY (& EVERY WEEKDAY) AT NINTH HOUR
   Almighty, everlasting God, Who hast granted
Thy servants, in confessing the true Faith, to                                      Collect
acknowledge the glory of the eternal Trinity, and in            O Lord Jesus Christ, Who upon the yoke of the
the power of Thy majesty to worship the Unity: we            Cross at the ninth hour didst give command that the
beseech Thee that by our steadfastness in this Faith         confessing thief be borne within the mansions of
we may be evermore defended from all adversities.            Paradise: we, humbly confessing Thee, beg that
C In which Trinity Thou livest and reignest, God:            Thou wouldst blot out our sins, that after our death
through all the ages of ages. Amen.                          Thou mayest grant us, rejoicing, to enter into the
                                                             joys of Paradise. C Who livest and reignest with
 SUNDAY AT MATINS, HOURS, & SECOND VESPERS                   God the Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
          The Collect is the same as that above.             through all the ages of ages. Amen.

                 MONDAY AT MATINS                                             MONDAY AT VESPERS

                       Collect                                                      Collect
   Graciously look down, O Lord, upon the                       May the dawn of righteousness arise, O Lord,
morning prayers of supplication, and enlighten the           upon the onsetting darkness, that Thou mayest in
hidden things of our heart with the remedy of Thy            the morning fittingly look back upon them who,
devotion, that dark desires may not take hold of             while humbly giving thanks to Thee for the day
them whom the heavenly light of grace hath                   completed, are found failing in their promises. C
repaired. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy                Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity          and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy
of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of             Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
ages. Amen.                                                                    TUESDAY AT MATINS
   MONDAY (& EVERY WEEKDAY) AT THIRD HOUR                                           Collect
                        Collect                                  Send forth Thy light, we beseech Thee, O Lord,
    O Lord Jesus Christ, Who wast led at the third           upon our hearts, that, walking in Thy path by the
hour to the penalty of the Cross for the salvation of        acceptance of the law of Thy commandments, we
the world: we humbly beg of Thee, that Thou                  may suffer no form of error. C Through our Lord
wouldst blot out our sins, that in Thy presence we           Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
may ever find pardon from our past evils and may             Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through
continuously have protection from those of the               all the ages of ages. Amen.
future. C Who livest and reignest with God the               The Collects for the Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are the
Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through         same as those given for Monday.
all the ages of ages. Amen.
200                                                 ST. HILARION PRESS

                 TUESDAY AT VESPERS                                           THURSDAY AT VESPERS
                        Collect                                                      Collect
    Grant us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, joy out of                 Give ear, O Lord, unto Thy family rendering the
tribulation, that we who have been a long time                offerings of evening unto Thy name, and deign to
afflicted for our sins, may find respite in Thy mercy.        protect throughout the quietness of the night those
C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who                  whom Thou hast preserved throughout each
liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the             moment of the day. C Through our Lord Jesus
Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.               Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee
Amen.                                                         in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the
                WEDNESDAY AT MATINS                           ages of ages. Amen.
                       Collect                                                   FRIDAY AT MATINS
   O God, Thou that distinguishest the day from the                                  Collect
night, separate our doings from the cloud of
                                                                  O God, Thou that dispellest the darkness of
darkness, that, ever contemplating on those things
                                                              ignorance with the light of Thy Word, increase in
which are holy, we may live together in Thy light.
                                                              our hearts the virtue which Thou hast given, that the
C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who
                                                              fire which Thy grace made to be kindled be not
liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the
                                                              extinguished by any temptations. C Through our
Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
                                                              Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth
Amen.
                                                              with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God:
The Collects for the Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are the    through all the ages of ages. Amen.
same as those given for Monday.
                                                              The Collects for the Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are the
               WEDNESDAY AT VESPERS                           same as those given for Monday.

                       Collect                                                  FRIDAY AT VESPERS
   Be gracious, O Lord, to our evening                                               Collect
supplications, and make us, without any indictment,
                                                                  We give thanks to Thee, O Lord, our guardian
to be present for the morning praises unto Thee. C
                                                              throughout the day; we offer thanks to Thee for
Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth
                                                              guarding us throughout the night: present us
and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy
                                                              unharmed, we beseech Thee, O Lord, at the
Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages. Amen.
                                                              morning hours, that Thou mayest have us as praise-
                 THURSDAY AT MATINS                           givers at all times. C Through our Lord Jesus
                       Collect                                Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee
                                                              in the unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the
   Rising from our beds, we implore the help of
                                                              ages of ages. Amen.
Thy grace, O Lord, with morning prayers, that the
darkness of imperfections having been scattered we                        SATURDAY AT FERIAL MATINS
may be deemed worthy to walk into the light of                                       Collect
virtues. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son,
                                                                 We beg Thee, O Lord, the true Light and Author
Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of
                                                              of light, that Thou wouldst dispel from us the
the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages of ages.
                                                              darkness of imperfections, and brighten us with the
Amen.
                                                              light of virtues. C Through our Lord Jesus Christ
The Collects for the Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are the    Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the
same as those given for Monday.                               unity of the Holy Spirit, God: through all the ages
                                                              of ages. Amen.

                            C                                 The Collects for the Third, Sixth, and Ninth Hours are the
                                                              same as those given for Monday.
                                              COLLECTS & BLESSINGS                                        201

                                                                           AT COMPLINE
      COMMON BLESSINGS
          from the Canterbury Benedictional                                     Blessing


                    AT VESPERS
                                                           M     ay the Lord send upon you the stillness of
                                                                  a holy slumber, and keep you from the
                                                        illusions of the devil’s deceits. Amen.
                     Blessing                              So that taking your rest, ye may sleep in the flesh
                                                        in such wise that, in your hearts, ye may be able to
   M   ay ye be sanctified by the Lord with
         heavenly blessing, ye who execute unto
God the evening offices of praise with a good will.
                                                        keep vigil unto God in a worthy manner. Amen.
                                                          That when the hour to rise from sleep is with
Amen.                                                   you, ye may be able to gird yourselves with the
   May He drive away from you the nocturnal             Divine might. Amen.
stumbling-blocks of the cunning one, and bestow            Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom
the saving gifts of His heavenly grace. Amen.           and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of
   So that the shadow of ignorance having been cast     ages. Amen.
out of your hearts, ye may safely arrive at the true       May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
Light which is Christ. Amen.                            and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
   Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom           upon you and remain for ever. Amen.
and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of                           AT MATINS
ages. Amen.
                                                                               Blessing
   May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
upon you and remain for ever. Amen.                        M    ay the brilliance of the eternal Light
                                                                 quicken you, and may the Sun of
                                                        righteousness enlighten your hearts with the rays of
               ANOTHER AT VESPERS                       His everlasting Divinity. Amen.
                                                           And may He that hath made this day blessed
   A   t the command of God, may ye partake of
         His heavenly grace, ye whom He hath been
pleased to gladden in the safety of this evening.
                                                        with spiritual gladness enrich you with the grace of
                                                        heavenly gifts and beautify you with the precepts of
Amen.                                                   a holy way of life, that ye may be made His peculiar
   That when the daylight hath departed, the power      people. Amen.
of the Most High may overshadow you, and present           So that ye may be glad in the present celebration
you at the praises of the day to come without sin.      offered worthily unto God, and repose with the
Amen.                                                   Angels in unending rest. Amen.
   And again, may God Who neither sleepeth nor             Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom
slumbereth defend and govern you at all times by        and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of
the guardianship of the Angels. Amen.                   ages. Amen.
   Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom              May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of      and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
ages. Amen.                                             upon you and remain for ever. Amen.
   May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,                      ANOTHER AT MATINS
and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
upon you and remain for ever. Amen.                                           Blessing
                                                           From heaven, may the Sun of righteousness
                                                        dawn in you, and the Holy Spirit enlighten you with
                                                        the ardour of Divine charity. Amen.
                                                                                  ...
202                                           ST. HILARION PRESS

   And may ye that keep watch unto God in the                 Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom
morning praises pass through this day with                 and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of
prosperous steps. Amen.                                    ages. Amen.
   And may ye so please God by the actions of the             May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
day, that ye may be worthy to be united with Him in        and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
joys everlasting. Amen.                                    upon you and remain for ever. Amen.
   Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom
                                                                           AT THE FIRST HOUR
and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of
ages. Amen.                                                                     Blessing
   May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend                 M    ay almighty God bless you with His
                                                                    mercy, and infuse you with the perception
                                                           of saving wisdom. Amen.
upon you and remain for ever. Amen.
                                                              May He nourish you with the teaching of the
                ANOTHER AT MATINS
                                                           Catholic Faith, and grant you to persevere in holy
                     Blessing                              deeds. Amen.

   M
Amen.
        ay He quicken you with spiritual life Who
         brought you to the beginning of this day.
                                                             May He turn your steps back from error, and
                                                           manifest unto you the way of peace and charity.
                                                           Amen.
   That being cleansed of the night’s impurities,             Which may He deign to grant, Whose kingdom
with prompt devotion ye may persevere with God in          and dominion abideth without end, unto the ages of
divine praises. Amen.                                      ages. Amen.
   And may ye be kept so worthy of God that here,             May the blessing of almighty God, the C Father,
with a joyful life, and also in eternal life, ye may       and the C Son, and the Holy C Spirit, descend
deserve to live with Him. Amen.                            upon you and remain for ever. Amen.




                                                       C
                                                        PASCHALTIDE                                                     203

                                                                  With Father and Holy Spirit,
      COMMON of SAINTS                                            Unto the ages without end. Amen.
                                                               Throughout Ascension Octave, the last two stanzas are:

When a Saint’s feast is celebrated, the antiphons,                Be our rejoicing and our joy,
Chapters, Hymns, versicles, Collects, and invitatoria in the      Who art our future recompense:
Common replace those provided in the Holy Psalter. If             May all our glory be in Thee
there are items in the Proper of Saints which pertain to the
individual Saint, those in turn replace the items in the
                                                                  For ever, and eternally.
Common.
                                                                  C O Master, glory be to Thee
                                                                  Who risest high above the stars,
                                                                  With Father and Holy Spirit,
     NATALITY of APOSTLES or                                      Unto the ages without end. Amen.
         EVANGELISTS
                                                                 V. The disciples rejoiced.
               in PASCHALTIDE                                    R. When they saw the Lord, alleluya.
 That is, from the Octave of Pascha to Pentecost
                                                               The Magnificat is sung (p. 108), with this antiphon:

                 FIRST VESPERS                                    ant. Daughters of Jerusalem, come ye and behold
Psalms of the weekday are sung with this antiphon:             the Martyr with the crown wherewith the Lord hath
                                                               crowned Him in the day of solemnity and gladness,
   ant. Light perpetual shall shine upon Thy Saints,
                                                               alleluya, alleluya.
and an eternity of ages, alleluya. (short one)
                                                               Note: The above ant. ‘Daughters of Jerusalem’ is done
The Chapters at all the Hours are proper to the Feast; if
                                                               for both Martyrs and Confessors and the word ‘martyr’ is
they are not provided, Chapters from the Common outside
                                                               not changed, for it refers to Christ in His Passion.
Paschaltide are said.
                                                               The Collect is proper to the feast, or is from the Common
   Resp. Her Nazarites were made white, alleluya:              outside of Paschaltide (p. 215, right).
they gave glory unto God, alleluya. / And like milk
were they curdled, // alleluya, alleluya.                                           COMPLINE
   V. Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth,                     The Paschal Compline is not altered.
and their words unto the ends of the world. Ps 18
   And like milk...                                                                    MATINS
   C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.                      Inv. Let the Saints be joyful in the Lord, /
   Alleluya, alleluya.                                         Alleluya.
               Hymn. (of St. Ambrose)                          Psalm 94 is given on p. 23.


   S orrowful were the Apostles
       Because their Master had been slain,
   Whom servants of the Wicked One
                                                               The Hymn is as for Vespers (at left).

                                                                  ant. Your sorrow, alleluya, shall be turned to joy,
   Condemned to die a bitter death.                            alleluya.
Until Ascension Day, the last two stanzas are:                 Three Psalms are said according to the order of Nocturns
                                                               from the Common of Apostles outside Paschaltide, and this
   We ask Thee, Author of all things,                          is done throughout Paschaltide: i.e., not starting with the
   In this rejoicing of Pascha,                                first Nocturn in whatever week. The same is done for
   That Thou wouldst protect Thy people                        other Saints falling in Paschaltide, for there will be only 3
   Against every attack of death.                              lessons.

   C O Master, glory be to Thee,                                 V. The disciples rejoiced.
   Thou that art risen from the dead:                            R. When they saw the Lord, alleluya.
204                                                ST. HILARION PRESS

The lessons are proper to the Apostle.                       Psalms 148-150. Glory be.

   Resp. 1. With great power the Apostles gave /                ant. The dwelling of the Saints is in the heavenly
testimony of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ our            realms, alleluya: and their repose is for ever,
Lord, alleluya, alleluya.                                    alleluya.
   V. Filled indeed with the Holy Spirit, they spake         Chapter of the proper, or of the Common outside
with confidence.                                             Paschaltide (p. 215, left).
   Testimony of the Resurrection...
                                                                            Hymn (of St. Ambrose)
   Resp. 2. These are the new lambs that have
declared themselves, alleluya. / They are now come
unto the fountains: they are filled with brightness,
                                                                T  he sun, with radiant Paschal joy,
                                                                     Maketh the earth bright with its rays,
                                                                For now the Apostles of Christ
alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                Behold Him with their bodily sight.
   V. In the sight of the Lamb they are clothed in
robes of white, and palms are in their hands.                   Christ’s wounds are manifest to them
   They are now come...                                         In His lustrous and radiant flesh;
                                                                In a loud voice, they now confess
   Resp. 3. His Nazarites are become white,                     The Lord is risen from the dead.
alleluya: they gave glory to God, alleluya. / And like
milk are they curdled, // alleluya, alleluya.                   O Christ, O King, O Merciful,
   V. Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth,           Take Thou possession of our hearts,
and their words unto the ends of the world. (Ps 18)             That we may render Thee Thy due
                                                                With praises ever-unending.
   And like milk...
   C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.                 Except during Ascension Octave, the last two stanzas are:
   Alleluya, alleluya.                                          We ask Thee, Author of all things,
  V. The voice of rejoicing and salvation.
                                                                In this rejoicing of Pascha,
  R. Is in the tents of the righteous, alleluya.
                                                                That Thou wouldst protect Thy people
                                                                Against every attack of death.
                        LAUDS
                                                                C O Master, glory be to Thee,
The Psalms of Sunday (p. 36) are sung with the antiphons:       Thou that art risen from the dead:
Psalm 92. Glory be.                                             With Father and Holy Spirit,
                                                                Unto the ages without end. Amen.
   ant. Thy Saints, O Lord, shall blossom as the lily,
alleluya: and as the fragrance of balsam shall they          Through the Ascension Octave, the last two stanzas are:
be before Thee, alleluya.                                       Be our rejoicing and our joy,
Psalm 99. Glory be.                                             Who art our future recompense:
                                                                May all our glory be in Thee
   ant. Ye holy and righteous, rejoice in the Lord,             For ever, and eternally.
alleluya. God hath chosen you for His inheritance,
alleluya.                                                       C O Master, glory be to Thee
                                                                Who risest high above the stars,
Psalms 62 and 66. Glory be.
                                                                With Father and Holy Spirit,
   ant.Within the veil Thy Saints cry out, O Lord:              Unto the ages without end. Amen.
alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.
                                                               V. Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous.
Canticle of the Three Youths.                                  R. Praise is meet for the upright. (Ps 32)

      Ye spirits and ye souls of the righteous, say
   ant.                                                      The Benedictus is sung (p. 40) with this antiphon:
a hymn unto our God, alleluya, alleluya.
                                                       PASCHALTIDE                                                      205

   ant. Light perpetual shall shine upon Thy Saints,                            NINTH HOUR
O Lord, alleluya: and an eternity of ages, alleluya,         Psalms 118 i., etc., are sung with:
alleluya, alleluya. (the long one)
                                                                ant. The dwelling of the Saints is in the heavenly
The Collect is as for Vespers.
                                                             realms, alleluya: and their repose is for ever,
                   FIRST HOUR                                alleluya.

Psalms 53, etc., are sung with:                              The Chapter is from the proper or the Common outside
                                                             Paschaltide.
   ant. Thy Saints, O Lord, shall blossom as the lily,
alleluya: and as the odour of balsam shall they be              Resp.  Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous, /
before Thee, alleluya.                                       alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                Rejoice...
                   THIRD HOUR                                   V. Praise is meet for the upright.
Psalm 118 c., etc., are sung with:                              Alleluya, alleluya.
   ant. Ye Saints and righteous, rejoice in the Lord,           C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.
alleluya. God hath chosen you for His inheritance,              Rejoice ...
alleluya.
                                                               V. The voice of rejoicing and salvation.
The Chapter is as for Lauds.                                   R. Is in the tents of the righteous, alleluya.

   Resp. Your sorrow, / alleluya, alleluya.                                  SECOND VESPERS
   Your sorrow...
                                                             Psalms 109 and the rest, from the Common of Apostles
   V. Shall be turned to joy.                                outside Paschaltide (p. 216), with this antiphon:
   Alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                ant. Thy Saints, O Lord, shall blossom as the lily,
   C Glory be to the Father... Holy Spirit.                  alleluya: and as the odour of balsam shall they be
   Your sorrow...                                            before Thee, alleluya.
  V. Precious in the sight of the Lord.                      The Chapter is from the proper, or from the Common
  R. Is the death of His saints, alleluya.                   outside Paschaltide (p. 218, right).

                                                             If it is a double feast, the Resp. ‘Her Nazarites’ is said, but
                   SIXTH HOUR                                otherwise no Resp. is said.
Psalms 118 f., etc., are sung with:
                                                             The Hymn with its versicle and response is given under
   ant.Within the veil Thy Saints cry out, O Lord:           Lauds (p. 204).
alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.                                The Magnificat (p. 108) is sung with this antiphon:
The Chapter is from the proper or the Common outside            ant.Light perpetual shall shine upon Thy Saints,
Paschaltide.
                                                             and an eternity of ages, alleluya. (short one)
   Resp.   Precious in the sight of the Lord, / alleluya,    The Collect proper to the Feast is said; otherwise it is
alleluya.                                                    from the Common outside Paschaltide (p. 215, right).
   Precious in the sight...
   V. Is the death of His Saints.
   Alleluya, alleluya.
   C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.                                                C
   Precious in the sight...
  V. Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous.
  R. Praise is meet for the upright, alleluya.
206                                                   ST. HILARION PRESS

                                                                  V. Precious in the sight of the Lord.
  NATALITY of ONE MARTYR                                          R. Is the death of His Saints, alleluya.
       or CONFESSOR                                             But when there is a proper ant. on the Psalms, as for a
  From the Octave of Pascha to Pentecost, and                   Comm., then then it is ‘V. Your sorrow. R. Shall be turned
           with Ruling of the Choir                             to joy, alleluya.’

                                                                   Resp. 1. Blessed is the man that feareth the
                 FIRST VESPERS                                  Lord, alleluya. / In His commandments shall be
Psalms of the weekday, with this antiphon:                      greatly delight, alleluya, alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                   V. His seed shall be mighty upon the earth: the
   ant. Light perpetual shall shine upon Thy Saints,
and an eternity of ages, alleluya. (short one)                  generation of the upright shall be blessed.
                                                                   In His commandments...
The Chapters at all the Hours are proper to the Feast; if
they are not provided, Chapters from the Common outside            Resp. 2. Precious in the sight of the Lord,
Paschaltide are said (pp. 219, 230, 246, or 258).               alleluya, / is the death of His Saints, alleluya.
   Resp.  Daughters of Jerusalem, come and behold                  V. In the sight of all His people.
the Martyr with His crown wherewith the Lord hath                  Is the death...
crowned Him / in the day of solemnity and glad-
                                                                   Resp. 3. Daughters of Jerusalem, come and
ness, / alleluya.
                                                                behold the Martyr with His crown wherewith the
   V. For He hath strengthened the bars of thy                  Lord hath crowned Him / in the day of solemnity
gates;•: He hath blessed thy sons within thee.                  and gladness, / alleluya.
   In the day...                                                   V. For He hath strengthened the bars of thy
   C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.                    gates: He hath blessed thy sons within thee.
   Alleluya.                                                       In the day...
                                                                   C Glory be to the Father ... Holy Spirit.
The Hymn is from the Common outside Paschaltide, p. 219
or p. 246, q.v.                                                    Alleluya.
                                                                                        LAUDS
  V. Your sorrow.
  R. Shall be turned to joy, alleluya.                            V. The voice of rejoicing and salvation.
                                                                  R. Is in the tents of the righteous, alleluya.
The Magnificat (p. 108) is sung with this antiphon:
                                                                The antiphons and their Psalms are just as for Lauds of
   ant. Daughters of Jerusalem, come and behold                 Apostles in Paschaltide (p. 204).
the Martyr with His crown wherewith the Lord hath               The Chapter is proper; but if none is given, from the
crowned Him in the day of solemnity and gladness,               Common outside Paschaltide (pp. 219 or 230 or 254).
alleluya, alleluya.
                                                                The Hymn is from the Common outside Paschaltide (p. 228
                       MATINS                                   or p. 254), with this versicle:

   Inv.The Saints shall rejoice in the Lord, /                    V. Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous.
Alleluya.                                                         R. Praise is meet for the upright, alleluya.

Psalm 94 is given on p. 23.                                     The Benedictus