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					                    THE   CATHOLIC    EPISTLE   OF

                    ST. JAMES
This   Epistle     is    called       must be slow to anger and
Catholic or Universal, as             not   hearers    only,  but
formerly    were     also   the       doers   of  the   word.  Of
two Epistles of St. Pe-               bridling the tongue and
ter,   the    first    of   St.       of pure religion.
John   and     that    of   St.       1:1. James, the servant
Jude, because they were               of God and of our Lord
not written to any pec u-             Jesus    Christ,    to  the
liar people or particular             twelve tribes which are
person, but to the faith-             scattered abroad, gree t-
ful in general. It was                ing.
written    by    the    apostle
St.   James,      called    the       1:2. My brethren, count
Less, who was also called             it   all   joy,   when   you
the brother of our Lord,              shall   fall   into   divers
being   his     kinsman    (for       temptations:
cousins german with the
Hebrews       were       called       Into     divers     tempta-
brothers).      He    was   the       tions... The word tempt a-
first Bishop of Jerusa-               tion, in this epistle, is
lem. In this Epistle are              sometimes taken for tri-
set forth many precepts               als   by   afflictions   or
appertaining to faith and             persecutions, as in this
morals;         particularly,         place: at other times, it
that faith without good               is   to   be    understood,
works will not save a man             tempting,    enticing,   or
and that true wisdom is               drawing others into sin.
given only from above. In
the fifth chapter he pub-             1:3.   Knowing  that  the
lishes the sacrament of               trying of your faith wor-
anointing     the    sick.   It       keth patience
was written a short time
before     his      martyrdom,        1:4. And patience hath a
about twenty-eight years              perfect  work:   that  you
after our Lord’s Ascen-               may be perfect and e n-
sion.                                 tire, failing in nothing.

      James Chapter 1                 1:5. But if any of      you
                                      want wisdom, let him    ask
The benefit of tribula-               of God who giveth to    all
tions. Prayer with faith.             men  abundantly   and   u p-
God is the author of all              braideth   not.   And     it
good, but not of evil. We             shall be given him.


                                  1
                        JAMES



                                 God is not a tempter of
1:6. But let him ask in          evils: and he tempteth no
faith, nothing wavering.         man.
For he that wavereth is
like a wave of the sea,          1:14. But every man is
which is moved and car-          tempted by his own concu-
ried about by the wind.          piscence,   being   drawn
                                 away and allured.
1:7.  Therefore let not
that man think that he           1:15. Then, when concu-
shall receive any thing          piscence hath conceived,
of the Lord.                     it  bringeth   forth  sin.
                                 But sin, when it is co m-
1:8. A double minded   man       pleted, begetteth death.
is inconstant in all   his
ways.                            1:16.   Do not err,   there-
                                 fore,   my dearest    breth-
1:9. But let the brother         ren.
of low condition glory in
his exaltation:                  1:17. Every best gift and
                                 every   perfect   gift is
1:10. And the rich, in           from above, coming down
his being low: because as        from    the    Father  of
the flower of the grass          lights, with whom there
shall he pass away.              is no change nor shadow
                                 of alteration.
1:11. For the sun rose
with a burning heat and          1:18. For of his own will
parched   the  grass: and        hath he begotten us by
the flower thereof fell          the word of truth, that
off, and the beauty of           we might be some begin-
the   shape   thereof pe-        ning of his creature.
rished. So also shall the
rich man fade away in his        Some    beginning...  That
ways.                            is,   a   kind   of  first
                                 fruits of his creatures.
1:12. Blessed is the man
that endureth temptation:        1:19. You know, my dea r-
for, when he hath been           est   brethren.   And  let
proved, he shall receive         every   man  be  swift  to
the crown of life which          hear, but slow to speak
God hath promised to them        and slow to anger.
that love him.
                                 1:20. For the anger of
1:13. Let no man, when he        man worketh not the ju s-
is tempted, say that he          tice of God.
is tempted by God. For


                             2
                        JAMES



1:21. Wherefore, casting         world.
away all uncleanness and
abundance of naughtiness,        James Chapter 2
with meekness receive the
ingrafted word, which is         Against respect of pe r-
able to save your souls.         sons.    The   danger    of
                                 transgressing   one   point
1:22. But be ye doers of         of the law. Faith is dead
the word and not hearers         without works.
only, deceiving your own         2:1.  My   brethren,   have
selves.                          not the faith of our Lord
                                 Jesus  Christ   of   glory,
1:23. For if a man be a          with respect of persons.
hearer of the word and
not a doer, he shall be          With    respect     of    per-
compared to a man behold-        sons... The meaning is,
ing his own countenance          that in matters relating
in a glass.                      to faith, the administer-
                                 ing   of    the   sacraments,
1:24. For he beheld him-         and other spiritual fun c-
self and went his way and        tions    in   God’s    church,
presently   forgot    what       there should be no r e-
manner of man he was.            spect    of    persons;    but
                                 that   the    souls   of   the
1:25. But he that hath           poor should be as much
looked into the perfect          regarded as those of the
law of liberty and hath          rich. See Deut. 1.17.
continued   therein,   not
becoming    a    forgetful       2:2. For if there shall
hearer but a doer of the         come into your assembly a
work: this man shall be          man having a golden ring,
blessed in his deed.             in    fine  apparel;  and
                                 there shall come in also
1:26.  And   if  any  man        a poor man in mean a t-
think himself to be reli-        tire:
gious, not bridling his
tongue but deceiving his         2:3. And you have respect
own heart, this man’s re-        to him that is clothed
ligion is vain.                  with the fine apparel and
                                 shall  say  to  him:  Sit
1:27. Religion clean and         thou here well: but say
undefiled before God and         to the poor man: Stand
the Father is this: to           thou there, or: Sit under
visit the fatherless and         my footstool:
widows in their tribula-
tion and to keep one’s           2:4.   Do  you   not  judge
self unspotted from this         within    yourselves,   and


                             3
                           JAMES



are become judges   of   u n-       through    the    great    and
just thoughts?                      general     commandment     of
                                    charity, even by one mor-
2:5. Hearken, my dearest            tal sin. For all the pre-
brethren:  Hath   not  God          cepts of the law are to
chosen the poor in this             be considered as one to-
world, rich in faith and            tal and entire law, and
heirs   of   the   kingdom          as it were a chain of
which God hath promised             precepts,       where,      by
to them that love him?              breaking one link of this
                                    chain, the whole chain is
2:6. But you have disho-            broken, or the integrity
noured the poor man. Do             of the law consisting of
not the rich oppress you            a collection of precepts.
by might? And do not they           A sinner, therefore, by a
draw you before the judg-           grievous offence against
ment seats?                         any one precept, incurs
                                    eternal    punishment;     yet
2:7. Do not they blas-              the   punishment    in    hell
pheme the good name that            shall    be    greater     for
is invoked upon you?                those    who     have     been
                                    greater    sinners,     as   a
2:8. If then you fulfil             greater reward shall be
the royal law, according            for those in heaven who
to the scriptures: Thou             have lived with greater
shalt love thy neighbour            sanctity and perfection.
as thyself; you do well.
                                    2:11. For he that said:
2:9. But if you have r e-           Thou   shalt  not   commit
spect   to   persons,  you          adultery, said also: Thou
commit   sin,   being  r e-         shalt not kill. Now if
proved   by   the  law   as         thou do not commit adul-
transgressors.                      tery,   but  shalt   kill,
                                    thou art become a tran s-
2:10. And whosoever shall           gressor of the law.
keep the whole law, but
offend in one point, is             2:12. So speak ye and so
become guilty of all.               do, as being to be judged
                                    by the law of liberty.
Guilty of all;.. That is,
he becomes a transgressor           2:13. For judgment with-
of the law in such a ma n-          out   mercy  to   him   that
ner, that the observing             hath not done mercy. And
of all other points will            mercy    exalteth     itself
not avail him to salva-             above judgment.
tion; for he despises the
lawgiver,    and   breaks           2:14. What shall it prof-


                                4
                          JAMES



it, my brethren, if a man
say he hath faith, but             2:23. And the scripture
hath  not   works?  Shall          was   fulfilled,   saying:
faith  be  able  to  save          Abraham believed God, and
him?                               it was reputed to him to
                                   justice,   and    he   was
2:15. And if a brother or          called the friend of God.
sister be naked and want
daily food:                        2:24. Do you see that by
                                   works a man is justified,
2:16. And one of you say           and not by faith only?
to them: Go in peace, be
ye warmed and filled; yet          2:25. And in like manner
give   them   not   those          also  Rahab   the harlot,
things that are necessary          was not she justified by
for the body, what shall           works, receiving the me s-
it profit?                         sengers and sending them
                                   out another way?
2:17. So faith also,      if
it  have  not   works,    is       2:26.  For  even   as  the
dead in itself.                    body without the spirit
                                   is dead: so also faith
2:18. But some man will            without works is dead.
say: Thou hast faith, and
I have works. Shew me thy          James Chapter 3
faith without works; and
I   will  shew   thee, by          Of the evils of the ton-
works, my faith.                   gue.  Of   the  difference
                                   between the earthly and
2:19. Thou    believest that       heavenly wisdom.
there is     one God. Thou         3:1. Be ye not many ma s-
dost well:   the devils al-        ters, my brethren, know-
so believe   and tremble.          ing that you receive the
                                   greater judgment.
2:20. But wilt thou know,
O vain man, that faith             3:2. For in many things
without works is dead?             we all offend. If any man
                                   offend not in word, the
2:21. Was not Abraham our          same is a perfect man. He
father    justified     by         is   able   also  with  a
works, offering up Isaac           bridle to lead about the
his son upon the altar?            whole body.

2:22.   Seest  thou   that         3:3. For if we put       bits
faith did cooperate with           into    the     mouths     of
his works and by works             horses,    that   they    may
faith was made perfect?            obey   us:   and   we    turn


                               5
                          JAMES



about their whole body.            and cursing. My brethren,
                                   these things ought not so
3:4. Behold also ships,            to be.
whereas   they    are  great
and are driven by strong           3:11.   Doth  a  fountain
winds,    yet     are   they       send forth, out of the
turned about with a small          same hole, sweet and bit-
helm,   whithersoever    the       ter water?
force   of    the   governor
willeth.                           3:12. Can the fig tree,
                                   my brethren, bear grapes?
3:5. Even so the tongue            Or  the  vine,   figs? So
is indeed a little member          neither can the salt w a-
and     boasteth    great          ter yield sweet.
things. Behold how small
a fire kindleth a great            3:13. Who is a wise man
wood.                              and   endued   with    know-
                                   ledge, among you? Let him
3:6. And the tongue is a           shew, by a good contesta-
fire, a world of iniqui-           tion,   his  work   in   the
ty. The tongue is placed           meekness of wisdom.
among our members, which
defileth the whole body            3:14.   But if   you have
and inflameth the wheel            bitter zeal, and there be
of  our   nativity,  being         contention     in    your
set on fire by hell.               hearts: glory not and be
                                   not   liars  against  the
3:7. For every nature of           truth.
beasts and of birds and
of serpents and of the             3:15.   For  this  is  not
rest is tamed and hath             wisdom,   descending  from
been tamed, by the nature          above: but earthly, sen-
of man.                            sual, devilish.

3:8. But the tongue no             3:16. For where envying
man can tame, an unquiet           and contention is: there
evil, full of deadly poi-          is inconstancy and every
son.                               evil work.

3:9. By it we bless God            3:17. But the wisdom that
and the Father: and by it          is from above, first i n-
we curse men who are made          deed   is  chaste,    then
after  the   likeness  of          peaceable,  modest,   easy
God.                               to be persuaded, consent-
                                   ing to the good, full of
3:10.    Out  of  the  same        mercy  and  good   fruits,
mouth   proceedeth blessing        without judging, without


                               6
                        JAMES



dissimulation.
                                 4:6. But he giveth great-
3:18. And the fruit of           er  grace.  Wherefor e he
justice is sown in peace,        saith: God resisteth the
to them that make peace.         proud and giveth grace to
                                 the humble.
James Chapter 4
                                 4:7. Be subject therefore
The evils that flow from         to God. But resist the
yielding to concupiscence        devil: and he will fly
and being friends to this        from you.
world.         Admonitions
against pride, detraction        4:8. Draw nigh to God:
and the like.                    and he will draw nigh to
4:1. From whence are wars        you. Cleanse your hands,
and    contentions   among       ye   sinners,  and purify
you? Are they not hence,         your   hearts,  ye double
from your concupiscences,        minded.
which war in your mem-
bers?                            4:9.   Be  afflicted  and
                                 mourn and weep: let your
4:2. You covet, and have         laughter be turned into
not: you kill and envy           mourning and your joy in-
and  cannot  obtain.  You        to sorrow.
contend and war, and you
have not: because you ask        4:10. Be humbled in the
not.                             sight of the Lord: and he
                                 will exalt you.
4:3. You ask and receive
not:    because you   ask        4:11.   Detract   not  one
amiss, that you may co n-        another, my brethren. He
sume it on your concupis-        that     detracteth    his
cences.                          brother, or he that ju d-
                                 geth his brother, detra c-
4:4. Adulterers, know you        teth the law and judgeth
not that the friendship          the   law.   But  if  thou
of this world is the ene-        judge the law, thou art
my   of   God?   Whosoever       not a doer of the law,
therefore   will    be   a       but a judge.
friend of this world b e-
cometh an enemy of God.          4:12. There is one law-
                                 giver and judge, that is
4:5. Or do you think that        able to destroy and to
the  scripture  saith  in        deliver.
vain: To envy doth the
spirit covet which dwel-         4:13. But who art thou
leth in you?                     that judgest thy neigh-


                             7
                        JAMES



bour?  Behold,   now  you        are motheaten.
that say: To-day or to-
morrow we will go into           5:3. Your gold and silver
such a city, and there we        is cankered: and the rust
will  spend  a  year  and        of them shall be for a
will traffic and make our        testimony against you and
gain.                            shall eat your flesh like
                                 fire. You have stored up
4:14.   Whereas you know         to    yourselves     wrath
not what shall be on the         against the last days.
morrow.
                                 5:4. Behold the hire of
4:15. For what is your           the  labourers   who have
life?  It   is   a  vapour       reaped down your fields,
which   appeareth  for   a       which by fraud has been
little while and after-          kept back by you, crieth:
wards shall vanish away.         and the cry of them hath
For that you should say:         entered into the ears of
If the Lord will, and, If        the Lord of Sabaoth.
we shall live, we will do
this or that.                    5:5.   You    have   feasted
                                 upon earth: and in rio t-
4:16. But now you rejoice        ousness    you   have   no u-
in your arrogancies. All         rished   your   hearts,    in
such rejoicing is wicked.        the day of slaughter.

4:17.  To  him therefore         5:6. You have condemned
who knoweth to do good           and put to death the Just
and doth it not, to him          One: and he resisted you
it is sin.                       not.

James Chapter 5                  5:7.  Be    patient    ther e-
                                 fore, brethren, until the
A woe to the rich that           coming of the Lord. Be-
oppress the poor. Exhor-         hold, the husbandman wa i-
tations to patience and          teth   for    the    precious
to avoid swearing. Of the        fruit of the earth: pa-
anointing the sick, co n-        tiently bearing till he
fession of sins and fe r-        receive    the    early   and
vour in prayer.                  latter rain.
5:1. Go to now, ye rich
men:  weep  and   howl  in       5:8. Be you therefore al-
your    miseries,    which       so patient and strengthen
shall come upon you.             your hearts: for the com-
                                 ing of the Lord is at
5:2. Your riches are cor-        hand.
rupted: and your garments


                             8
                          JAMES



5:9. Grudge not, breth-            of scripture for the s a-
ren, one against another,          crament of extreme unc-
that   you  may   not   be         tion, that any controve r-
judged. Behold the judge           sy against its institu-
standeth before the door.          tion would be against the
                                   express words of the s a-
5:10. Take, my brethren,           cred text in the plainest
for example of suffering           terms.
evil, of labour and pa-
tience, the prophets who           5:15. And the prayer of
spoke in the name of the           faith shall save the sick
Lord.                              man. And the Lord shall
                                   raise him up: and if he
5:11. Behold, we account           be in sins, they shall be
them blessed who have en-          forgiven him.
dured. You have heard of
the patience of Job and            5:16.  Confess  therefore
you have seen the end of           your sins one to anoth er:
the Lord, that the Lord            and pray one for another,
is merciful and compas-            that you may be saved.
sionate.                           For the continual prayer
                                   of a just man availeth
5:12.    But   above    all        much.
things,     my    brethren,
swear   not,   neither   by        Confess your sins one to
heaven, nor by the earth,          another...   That   is,   to
nor by any other oath.             the    priests     of    the
But let your speech be:            church, whom (ver.14) he
Yea, Yea: No, No: that             had ordered to be called
you fall not under judg-           for, and brought in to
ment.                              the   sick;  moreover,    to
                                   confess   to   persons   who
5:13. Is any of you sad?           had no power to forgive
Let   him  pray:  Is   he          sins, would be useless.
cheerful in mind? Let him          Hence   the  precept    here
sing.                              means, that we must co n-
                                   fess to men whom God hath
5:14.   Is   any   man  sick       appointed,   and   who,   by
among you? Let him bring           their ordination and ju-
in  the    priests   of  the       risdiction, have received
church and let them pray           the   power  of   remitting
over him, anointing him            sins in his name.
with oil in the name of
the Lord.                          5:17.  Elias   was  a man
                                   passible  like   unto us:
Let   him bring in, etc...         and with prayer he prayed
See   here a plain warrant         that it might not rain


                               9
                        JAMES



upon the earth. And it
rained   not   for   three
years and six months.

5:18.   And   he    prayed
again.   And  the   heaven
gave rain: and the earth
brought forth her fruit.

5:19. My brethren, if any
of you err from the truth
and one convert him:

5:20. He must know that
he who causeth a sinner
to be converted from the
error of his way shall
save his soul from death
and shall cover a mult i-
tude of sins.




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