2 Maccabees by FranckDernoncourt


									                       THE SECOND BOOK OF THE

              CHAPTER 1                      health vnto Aristobulus, king Ptol o-
 1 The brethren the Iewes that bee at        meus master, who was of the stock
Ierusalem, and in the lande of Iudea,        of the anointed priests, and to the
wish vnto the brethren the Iewes that        Iewes that were in Egypt.
are throughout Egypt, health and              11 Insomuch as God hath deliuered
peace.                                       vs from great perils, wee thanke him
 2 God be gracious vnto you, and             highly, as hauing bin in battell
remember his Couenant that hee               against a king.
made with Abraham, Isaac, and Ia-             12 For he cast them out that fought
cob, his faithfull seruants:                 within the holy citie.
 3 And giue you all an heart to s erue        13 For when the leader was come
him, and to doe his will, with a good        into Persia, and the armie with him
courage, and a willing minde:                that seemed inuincible, they were
 4 And open your hearts in his law           slaine in the temple of Nanea, by the
and commandements, & send you                deceit of Naneas priests.
peace:                                        14 For Antiochus, as though hee
 5 And heare your prayers, and be at         would marrie her, came into the
one with you, and neuer forsake you          place, and his friends that were with
in time of trouble.                          him, to receiue money in name of a
 6 And now wee be here praying for           dowrie.
you.                                          15 Which when the priests of Nanea
 7 What time as Demetrius reigned,           had set forth, and he was entred with
in the hundred threescore and ninth          a small company into the compasse
yeere, wee the Iewes wrote vnto you,         of the temple, they shut the temple
in the extremitie of trouble, t hat          assoone as Antiochus was come in.
came vpon vs in those yeeres, from            16 And opening a priuie doore of
the time that Iason and his company          the roofe, they threw stones like
reuolted from the holy land, and             thunderbolts, and stroke downe the
kingdome,                                    captaine, hewed them in pieces,
 8 And burnt the porch, and shed in-         smote off their heads, and cast them
nocent blood. Then we prayed vnto            to those that were without.
the Lord, and were heard: we o ffered         17 Blessed be our God in all things,
also sacrifices, and fine flowre, and        who hath deliuered vp the vngodly.
lighted the lampes, and set forth the         18 Therefore whereas we are nowe
loaues.                                      purposed to keep the purification of
 9 And now see that ye keepe the             the Temple vpon the fiue & twentieth
feast of Tabernacles in the moneth           day of the moneth Casleu, we
Casleu.                                      thought it necessary to certifie you
 10 In the hundreth, fourescore, and         thereof, that ye also might keepe it,
eight yeere, the people that were at         as the of the tabernacles, and of the
Ierusalem, and in Iudea, and the             fire when Neemias offered sacrifice,
counsel, and Iudas, sent greeting and        after that he had builded the Temple,

                                2 MACCABEES

and the Altar.                                serue among the heathen, looke vpon
 19 For when our fathers were led             them that are despised & abhorred,
into Persia, the Priests that were            and let the heathen know that thou
then deuout, took the fire of the A l-        art our God.
tar priuily, & hid it in a hollow place        28 Punish them that oppresse vs,
of a pit without water, where they            and with pride doe vs wrong.
kept it sure, so that the place was            29 Plant thy people againe in thy
vnknowen to all men.                          holy place, as Moises hath sp oken.
 20 Now after many yeeres, when it             30 And the Priests sung psalmes of
pleased God, Neemias being sent               thankesgiuing.
from the king of Persia, did send of           31 Now when the sacrifice was co n-
the posteritie of those Priests that          sumed, Neemias commanded the w a-
had hid it, to the fire: but when they        ter that was left, to bee powred on
tolde vs they found no fire, but              the great stones.
thicke water,                                  32 When this was done, there was
 21 Then comanded he them to draw             kindled a flame: but it was co nsumed
it vp, and to bring it: and when the          by the light that shined from the Al-
sacrifices were laid on, Neemias              tar.
comanded the Priests to sprinkle ye            33 So when this matter was knowen,
wood, and the things laid thereupon           it was told the king of Persia, that in
with ye water.                                the place, where the Priests that were
 22 When this was done, and the               led away, had hid the fire, there ap-
time came that the Sun shone which            peared water, and that Neemias had
afore was hid in the cloude, there            purified the sacrifices therewith.
was a great fire kindled, so that              34 Then the king inclosing the
euery man marueiled.                          place, made it holy after he had tried
 23 And the Priests made a prayer             ye matter.
whilest the sacrifice was consuming,           35 And the king tooke many gifts,
both the Priests, and all the rest, Io-       and bestowed thereof, on those
nathan beginning, and the rest ans-           whom he would gratifie.
wering thereunto, as Neemias did.              36 And Neemias called this thing
 24 And the prayer was after this             Naphthar, which is as much to say as
maner, O Lord, Lord God, Creatour             a cleansing: but many men call it
of all things, who art fearefull, and         Nephi.
strong, and righteous, and mercifull,
and the onely, and gracious king,                            CHAPTER 2
 25 The onely giuer of all things, the         1 It is also found in the records, that
onely iust, almightie & euerlas ting,         Ieremie the Prophet, commaunded
thou that deliuerest Israel from al           them that were caried away, to take
trouble, & didst choose the fathers,          of the fire as it hath beene signified,
& sanctifie them:                              2 And how that the Prophet hauing
 26 Receiue the sacrifice for thy             giuen them the law, charged them not
whole people Israel, and preserue             to forget the commaundements of the
thine owne portion, and sanctifie it.         Lord, and that they should not erre
 27 Gather those together that are            in their minds, when they see images
scattered fro vs, deliuer them that           of siluer, and gold, with their orn a-

                               2 MACCABEES

ments.                                       dayes.
 3 And with other such speeches ex-           13 The same things also were re-
horted he them, that the law should          ported in the writings, and comme n-
not depart from their hearts.                taries of Neemias, and how he
 4 It was also contained in the same         founding a librarie, gathered toget h-
writing, that the Prophet being              er the acts of the Kings, and the
warned of God, commanded the Ta-             Prophets, and of Dauid, and the
bernacle, and the Arke to goe with           Epistles of the Kings concerning the
him, as he went forth into the mou n-        holy gifts.
taine, where Moises climed vp, and            14 In like maner also, Iudas ga-
sawe the heritage of God.                    thered together all those things that
 5 And when Ieremie came thither,            were lost, by reason of the warre we
he found an hollow caue wherin he            had, and they remaine with vs.
laid the Tabernacle, and the Arke,            15 Wherefore if yee haue neede the-
and the altar of incense, & so               reof, send some to fetch them vnto
stopped the doore.                           you.
 6 And some of those that followed            16 Whereas we then are about to
him, came to marke the way, but              celebrate the purification, we haue
they could not find it.                      written vnto you, and yee shall doe
 7 Which when Ieremie perceiued,             well if yee keepe the same dayes.
hee blamed them, saying, As for that          17 We hope also that the God, that
place, it shall be vnknowen vntill the       deliuered all his people, and gaue
time that God gather his people              them all an heritage, and the kin g-
againe together, and receiue them            dome, and the priesthood, and the
vnto mercy.                                  Sanctuarie,
 8 Then shall the Lord shew them              18 As he promised in the lawe, will
these things, and the glory of the           shortly haue mercy vpon vs, and
Lord shall appeare, and the cloud a l-       gather vs together out of euery land
so as it was shewed vnder Moises,            vnder heauen into the holy place: for
and as when Solomon desired that             he hath deliuered vs out of great
the place might be honourably san c-         troubles, and hath purified the place.
tified.                                       19 Now as concerning Iudas Macca-
 9 It was also declared that he b eing       beus, and his brethren, and the puri-
wise, offered the sacrifice of dedica-       fication of the great Temple, and the
tion, and of the finishing of the            dedication of the altar,
Temple.                                       20 And the warres against Antio-
 10 And as when Moises prayed vnto           chus Epiphanes, & Eupator his
the Lord, the fire came down from            sonne,
heauen, and consumed the sacrifices:          21 And the manifest signes that
euen so prayed Solomon also, and             came from heauen, vnto those that
the fire came downe from heauen,             behaued themselues manfully to their
and consumed the burnt offerings.            honour for Iudaisme: so that b eing
 11 And Moises said, because the             but a few, they ouercame the whole
sinne offering was not to be eaten, it       country, and chased barbarous multi-
was consumed.                                tudes,
 12 So Solomon kept those eight               22 And recouered againe the Temple

                                 2 MACCABEES

renowned all the world ouer, and               abridgement.
freed the citie, and vpheld the lawes,          32 Here then will we begin the sto-
which were going downe, the Lord               ry: onely adding thus much to that
being gracious vnto them with al               which hath bene said, That it is a
fauour:                                        foolish thing to make a long prolo-
 23 All these things (I say) being d e-        gue, and to be short in the story it
clared by Iason of Cyrene in fiue              selfe.
books, we will assay to abridge in
one volume.                                                  CHAPTER 3
 24 For considering the infinite                1 Now when the holy Citie was i n-
number, and the difficulty, which              habited with all peace, and the
they find that desire to looke into the        Lawes were kept very well, because
narrations of the story, for the vari e-       of the godlinesse of Onias the high
ty of ye matter,                               Priest, and his hatred of wicke d-
 25 We haue beene carefull, that they          nesse,
that will read might haue delight,              2 It came to passe that euen the
and that they that are desirous to             Kings themselues did honour the
commit to memorie, might haue                  place, and magnifie the Temple with
ease, and that all, into whose hands           their best gifts;
it comes might haue profit.                     3 Insomuch that Seleucus king of
 26 Therefore to vs that haue taken            Asia, of his owne reuenues, bare all
vpon vs this paineful labour of a b-           the costes belonging to the seruice of
ridging, it was not easie, but a mat-          the sacrifices.
ter of sweat, and watching.                     4 But one Simon of the tribe of Be-
 27 Euen as it is no ease vnto him,            niamin, who was made gouernour of
that prepareth a banquet, and seeketh          the Temple, fell out with the high
the benefit of others: yet for the             Priest about disorder in the citie.
pleasuring of many we will vnder-               5 And when he could not ouercome
take gladly this great paines:                 Onias, he gate him to Apollonius the
 28 Leauing to the authour the exact           sonne of Thraseas, who then was
handling of euery particular, and l a-         gouernour of Coelosyria, and Ph e-
bouring to follow the rules of an ab-          nice,
ridgement.                                      6 And told him that the treasurie in
 29 For as the master builder of a             Ierusalem was full of infinite
new house, must care for the whole             summes of money, so that the multi-
building: but hee that vndertaketh to          tude of their riches which did not
set it out, and paint it, must seeke           pertaine to the account of the sacri-
out fit things for the adorning th e-          fices, was innumerable, and that it
reof: euen so I thinke it is with vs.          was possible to bring all into the
 30 To stand vpon euery point, and             kings hand.
goe ouer things at large, and to be             7 Now when Apollonius came to the
curious in particulars, belongeth to           king, and had shewed him of the
the first authour of the storie.               money, whereof he was told, the king
 31 But to vse breuitie, and auoyde            chose out Heliodorus his treasurer,
much labouring of the worke, is to             and sent him with a commaunde-
bee granted to him that will make an           ment, to bring him the foresaid mon-

                                2 MACCABEES

ey.                                           for such as had committed them to
 8 So foorthwith Heliodorus tooke             be kept.
his iourney vnder a colour of visiting         16 Then whoso had looked the hie
the cities of Coelosyria, and Phenice,        Priest in the face, it would haue
but indeed to fulfill the kings pu r-         wounded his heart: for his count en-
pose.                                         ance, and the changing of his colour,
 9 And when he was come to Ierus a-           declared the inward agonie of his
lem, & had bene courteously re-               minde:
ceiued of the high Priest of the citie,        17 For the man was so compassed
hee told him what intelligence was            with feare, and horror of the body,
giuen of the money, & declared wh e-          that it was manifest to them that
refore hee came, and and asked if             looked vpon him, what sorrow hee
these things were so in deed.                 had now in his heart.
 10 Then the high Priest tolde him             18 Others ran flocking out of their
that there was such money layde vp            houses to the generall Supplication,
for the reliefe of widowes, and fa-           because the place was like to come
therlesse children,                           into contempt.
 11 And that some of it belonged to            19 And the women girt with sackec-
Hircanus, sonne of Tobias, a man of           loth vnder their breasts, abounded in
great dignitie, and not as that wicked        the streetes, and the virgins that
Simon had misinformed: the summe              were kept in, ran some to the gates,
whereof in all was foure hundred              and some to the walles, and others
talents of siluer, and two hundred of         looked out of the windowes:
gold,                                          20 And all holding their handes to-
 12 And that it was altogether i m-           wards heauen, made supplication.
possible that such wrong should be             21 Then it would haue pitied a man
done vnto them, that had committed            to see the falling downe of the mult i-
it to the holinesse of the place, and         tude of all sorts, and the feare of the
to the maiestie and inuiolable sancti-        hie Priest, being in such an agony.
tie of the Temple, honoured ouer all           22 They then called vpon the Al-
the world.                                    mightie Lord, to keepe the things
 13 But Heliodorus because of the             committed of trust, safe and sure, for
kings commandement giuen him,                 those that had committed them.
said, That in any wise it must be              23 Neuerthelesse Heliodorus ex-
brought into the kings treasury.              ecuted that which was decreed.
 14 So at the day which hee ap-                24 Now as hee was there present
pointed, hee entred in to order this          himselfe with his guard about the
matter, wherefore, there was no               treasurie, the Lord of spirits, & the
small agonie throughout the whole             Prince of all power caused a great
citie.                                        apparition, so that all that presumed
 15 But the Priests prostrating them-         to come in with him, were astonish ed
selues before the Altar in their              at the power of God, and fainted, and
Priests    Uestments, called vnto             were sore afraid.
heauen vpon him that made a Lawe               25 For there appeared vnto them a
concerning things giuen to bee kept,          horse, with a terrible rider vpon him,
that they should safely bee preserued         and adorned with a very faire coue r-

                               2 MACCABEES

ing, and he ranne fiercely, and smote        and stood beside Heliodorus, saying,
at Heliodorus with his forefeet, and         Giue Onias the high Priest great
it seemed that hee that sate vpon the        thankes, insomuch as for his sake the
horse, had complete harnesse of              Lord hath granted thee life.
golde.                                        34 And seeing that thou hast beene
 26 Moreouer two other yong men              scourged from heauen, declare vnto
appeared before him, notable in              all men the mightie power of God:
strength, excellent in beautie, and          and when they had spoken these
comely in apparell, who stood by             wordes, they appeared no more.
him on either side, and scourged him          35 So Heliodorus after he had of-
continually, and gaue him many sore          fered sacrifice vnto the Lord, and
stripes.                                     made great vowes vnto him that had
 27 And Heliodorus fell suddenly             saued his life, and saluted Onias, r e-
vnto the ground, and was compassed           turned with his hoste to the king.
with great darkenesse: but they that          36 Then testified hee to all men, the
were with him, tooke him vp, and             workes of the great God, which he
put him into a litter.                       had seene with his eyes.
 28 Thus him that lately came with a          37 And when the king asked Heli-
great traine, and with all his guard         odorus, who might be a fit man to be
into the said treasury, they caried          sent yet once againe to Ierusalem, he
out, being vnable to helpe himselfe          said,
with his weapons: and manifestly              38 If thou hast any enemy or traitor,
they acknowledged the power of               send him thither, and thou shalt r e-
God.                                         ceiue him well scourged, if he es-
 29 For hee by the hand of God was           cape with his life: for in that place,
cast downe, and lay speechlesse              no doubt, there is an especiall power
without all hope of life.                    of God.
 30 But they praised the Lord that            39 For hee that dwelleth in heauen
had miraculously honoured his owne           hath his eye on that place, and d e-
place: for the Temple which a little         fendeth it, and hee beateth and d e-
afore was full of feare and trouble,         stroyeth them that come to hurt it.
when the Almightie Lord appeared,             40 And the things concerning Heli-
was filled with ioy and gladnesse.           odorus, and the keeping of the tre a-
 31 Then straightwayes certaine of           surie, fell out on this sort.
Heliodorus friends, prayed Onias
that hee would call vpon the most                         CHAPTER 4
High to graunt him his life, who lay          1 This Simon now (of who wee
ready to giue vp the ghost.                  spake afore) hauing bin a bewrayer
 32 So the high Priest suspecting lest       of the money, and of his countrey,
the king should misconceiue that             slandered Onias, as if he had terri-
some treachery had beene done to             fied Heliodorus, and bene the worker
Heliodorus by the Iewes, offered a           of these euils.
sacrifice for the health of the man.          2 Thus was hee bold to call him a
 33 Now as the high Priest was mak-          traitour, that had deserued well of
ing an atonement, the same yong              the citie, and tendred his owne n a-
men, in the same clothing, appeared          tion, and was so zealous of the

                               2 MACCABEES

lawes.                                       against the law.
 3 But when their hatred went so              12 For he built gladly a place of ex-
farre, that by one of Simons faction         ercise vnder the towre it selfe, and
murthers were committed,                     brought the chiefe yong men vnder
 4 Onias seeing the danger of this           his subiection, and made them weare
contention, and that Appollonius, as         a hat.
being the gouernour of Coelosyria             13 Now such was the height of
and Phenice, did rage, and increase          Greek fashions, and increase of he a-
Simons malice,                               thenish maners, through the excee d-
 5 He went to the king, not to be an         ing profanenes of Iason that vngodly
accuser of his countrey men, but             wretch, and no high priest:
seeking the good of all, both pub-            14 That the priests had no courage
like, & priuate.                             to serue any more at the altar, but
 6 For he saw that it was impossible,        despising the Temple, and neglecting
that the state should continue quiet,        the sacrifices, hastened to be parta k-
and Simon leaue his folly, vnlesse           ers of the vnlawfull allowance in the
the king did looke thereunto.                place of exercise, after the game of
 7 But after the death of Seleucus,          Discus called them forth.
when Antiochus called Epiphanes,              15 Not setting by the honours of
tooke the kingdom, Iason the brother         their fathers, but liking the glory of
of Onias, laboured vnder hand to bee         the Grecians best of all.
hie Priest,                                   16 By reason whereof sore calamity
 8 Promising vnto the king by inter-         came vpon them: for they had them
cession, three hundred and threes-           to be their enemies and auengers,
core talents of siluer, and of another       whose custome they followed so ear-
reuenew, eightie talents:                    nestly, and vnto whom they desired
 9 Besides this, he promised to as-          to be like in all things.
signe an hundred and fiftie more, if          17 For it is not a light thing to doe
he might haue licence to set him vp a        wickedly against the lawes of God,
place for exercise, and for the train-       but the time following shall d eclare
ing vp of youth in the fashions of the       these things.
heathen, and to write them of Ierusa-         18 Now when the game that was
lem Antiochians.                             vsed euery fift yere was kept at Ty-
 10 Which when the king had                  rus, the king being present,
granted, and hee had gotten into his          19 This vngracious Iason sent sp e-
hand the rule, he foorthwith brought         ciall messengers from Ierus alem,
his owne nation to the Greekish f a-         who were Antiochians, to carie three
shion.                                       hundred drachmes of siluer to the
 11 And the royal priuiledges granted        sacrifice of Hercules, which euen the
of speciall fauour to the Iewes, by          bearers therof thought fit not to b es-
the meanes of Iohn the father of E u-        tow vpon the sacrifice, because it
polemus, who went Embassador to              was not conuenient, but to be rese-
Rome, for amitie and aid, he tooke           rued for other charges.
away, and putting down the gouern-            20 This money then in regard of the
ments which were according to the            sender, was appointed to Hercules
law, he brought vp new customes              sacrifice, but because of the bearers

                                2 MACCABEES

thereof, it was imployed to the ma k-         Lysimachus in his stead in the
ing of gallies.                               priesthood, and Sostratus left Crates,
 21 Now when Apollonius the sonne             who was gouernour of the Cyprians.
of Manastheus was sent vnto Egypt,             30 While those things were in
for the coronation of king Ptolomeus          doing, they of Tharsus and Mallos
Philometor, Antiochus vnderstanding           made insurrection, because they
him not to bee well affected to his           were giuen to the kings concubine
affaires, prouided for his owne saf e-        called Antiochis.
tie: whereupon he came to Ioppe, &             31 Then came the king in all haste
from thence to Ierusalem.                     to appease matters, leauing Androni-
 22 Where he was honourably re-               cus a man in authority, for his dep u-
ceiued of Iason, and of the citie, and        ty.
was brought in with torchlight, and            32 Now Menelaus supposing that he
with great shoutings: and so after-           had gotten a conuenient time, stole
ward went with his hoste vnto Ph e-           certaine vessels of gold, out of the
nice.                                         temple, and gaue some of them to
 23 Three yeere afterward, Iason sent         Andronicus, and some he sold into
Menelaus the foresaid Simons brot h-          Tyrus, and the cities round about.
er, to beare the money vnto the king,          33 Which when Onias knew of a s u-
and to put him in minde of certaine           rety, he reprooued him, and wit h-
necessary matters.                            drew himselfe into a Sanctuarie at
 24 But he being brought to the pres-         Daphne, that lieth by Antiochia.
ence of the king, when he had mag-             34 Wherefore Menelaus, taking An-
nified him, for the glorious appear-          dronicus apart, prayed him to get
ance of his power, got the pries thood        Onias into his hands, who b eing
to himselfe, offering more then Iason         perswaded thereunto, and comming
by three hundred talents of siluer.           to Onias in deceit, gaue him his right
 25 So he came with the kings                 hand with othes, and though hee
Mandate, bringing nothing worthy              were suspected (by him) yet per s-
the high priesthood, but hauing the           waded he him to come forth of the
fury of a cruell Tyrant, and the rage         Sanctuarie: whom forthwith he shut
of a sauage beast.                            vp without regard of Iustice.
 26 Then Iason, who had vndermined             35 For the which cause not onely
his owne brother, being vndermined            the Iewes, but many also of other n a-
by another, was copelled to flee into         tions tooke great indignation, and
the countrey of the Ammonites.                were much grieued for the vniust
 27 So Menelaus got the principal i-          murder of the man.
tie: but as for the money that he had          36 And when the king was come
promised vnto the king, hee tooke no          againe from the places about Cilicia,
good order for it, albeit Sostratus the       the Iewes that were in the citie, and
ruler of the castle required it.              certaine of the Greekes, that a b-
 28 For vnto him appertained the ga-          horred the fact also, complained b e-
thering of the customes. Wherefore            cause Onias was slaine without
they were both called before the              cause.
king.                                          37 Therefore Antiochus was heartily
 29 Now Menelaus left his brother             sorry, and mooued to pity, and wept,

                              2 MACCABEES

because of the sober and modest b e-         45 But Menelaus being now con-
hauiour of him that was dead.               uicted, promised Ptolomee the sonne
 38 And being kindled with anger,           of Dorymenes, to giue him much
forthwith he tooke away Andronicus          money, if hee would pacifie the King
his purple, and rent off his clothes,       towards him.
and leading him through the whole            46 Whereupon Ptolomee taking the
city vnto that very place, where he         king aside into a certaine gallerie, as
had committed impietie against              it were to take the aire, brought him
Onias, there slew he the cursed mu r-       to be of another minde;
therer. Thus the Lord rewarded him           47 Insomuch that hee discharged
his punishment, as he had deserued.         Menelaus from the accusations, who
 39 Now when many sacriledges had           notwithstanding was cause of all the
beene committed in the citie by Ly-         mischiefe: and those poore men, who
simachus, with the consent of Men e-        if they had told their cause, yea, b e-
laus, and the bruit therof was spread       fore the Scythians, should haue bene
abroad, the multitude gathered the m-       iudged innocent, them he condemned
selues together against Lysim achus,        to death.
many vessels of gold being already           48 Thus they that followed the mat-
caried away.                                ter for the citie, and for the pe ople,
 40 Whereupon the common people             and for the holy vessels, did soone
rising, and being filled wit h rage,        suffer vniust punishment.
Lysimachus armed about three tho u-          49 Wherefore euen they of Tyrus
sand men, and beganne first to offer        mooued with hatred of that wicked
violence on Auranus, being the lea d-       deed, caused them to bee honourably
er, a man farre gone in yeeres, & no        buried.
lesse in folly.                              50 And so through the couetous-
 41 They then seeing the attempt of         nesse of them that were in power,
Lysimachus, some of them caught             Menelaus remained still in authority,
stones, some clubs, others taking           increasing in malice, and b eing a
handfuls of dust, that was next at          great traitour to the citizens.
hand, cast them all together vpon
Lysimachus, and those that set vpon                       CHAPTER 5
them.                                        1 About the same time Antiochus
 42 Thus many of them they                  prepared his second voyage into
wounded, & some they stroke to the          Egypt:
ground, and all they forced to flee:         2 And then it happened, that
but as for the Churchrobber him-            through all the citie, for the space
selfe, him they killed besides the          almost of fourtie dayes, there were
treasury.                                   seene horsemen running in the aire,
 43 Of these matters therefore there        in cloth of golde, and armed with
was an accusation laide against M e-        lances, like a band of souldiers,
nelaus.                                      3 And troupes of horsemen in aray,
 44 Now when the king came to Ty-           incountring, and running one against
rus, three men that were sent from          another with shaking of shieldes, and
the Senate, pleaded the cause before        multitude of pikes, and drawing of
him:                                        swords, and casting of darts, and

                               2 MACCABEES

glittering of golden ornaments, and           minde, he tooke the citie by force of
harnesse of all sorts.                        armes,
 4 Wherefore euery man praied that             12 And commaunded his men of
that apparition might turne to good.          warre not to spare such as they met,
 5 Now when there was gone forth a            and to slay such as went vp vpon the
false rumour, as though Antiochus             houses.
had bene dead, Iason tooke at the              13 Thus there was killing of yong
least a thousand men, and suddenly            and old, making away of men, wom-
made an assault vpon the citie, and           en and children, slaying of vi rgins
they that were vpon the walles, being         and infants.
put backe, and the citie at length             14 And there were destroyed within
taken, Menelaus fled into the castle:         the space of three whole daies, fo u-
 6 But Iason slew his owne citizens           rescore thousand, whereof fourty
without mercy, (not considering that          thousand were slaine in the conflict;
to get the day of them of his owne            and no fewer sold, then slaine.
nation, would be a most vnhappy day            15 Yet was he not content with this,
for him: but thinking they had bene           but presumed to goe into the most
his enemies, and not his countrey             holy Temple of all the world: Men e-
men whom he conquered.)                       laus that traitour to the Lawes, and
 7 Howbeit, for all this hee obtained         to his owne countrey, being his
not the principalitie, but at the last        guide.
receiued shame for the reward of his           16 And taking the holy vessels with
treason, and fled againe into the             polluted handes, and with prophane
countrey of the Ammonites.                    handes, pulling downe the things
 8 In the end therefore hee had an            that were dedicated by other kings,
vnhappy returne, being accused b e-           to the augmentation and glory and
fore Aretas the king of the Arabians,         honour of the place, he gaue them
fleeing from city to city, pursued of         away.
all men, hated as a forsaker of the            17 And so haughtie was Antiochus
Lawes, and being had in abomin a-             in minde, that hee considered not
tion, as an open enemie of his coun t-        that the Lord was angry for a while
rey, and countreymen, he was cast             for the sinnes of them that dwelt in
out into Egypt.                               the citie, and therefore his eye was
 9 Thus hee that had driuen many out          not vpon the place.
of their countrey, perished in a               18 For had they not beene formerly
strange land, retiring to the Laced e-        wrapped in many sinnes, this man as
monians, and thinking there to finde          soone as hee had come, had fo orth-
succour by reason of his kindred.             with beene scourged, and put backe
 10 And hee that had cast out many            from his presumption, as Heliodorus
vnburied, had none to mourne for              was, whom Seleucus the king sent to
him, nor any solemne funerals at all,         view the treasurie.
nor sepulchre with his fathers.                19 Neuerthelesse God did not
 11 Now when this that was done               choose the people for the places
came to the kings eare, he thought            sake, but the place for the peoples
that Iudea had reuolted, whereupon            sake.
remouing out of Egypt in a furious             20 And therefore the place it selfe

                                2 MACCABEES

that was partaker with them of the             selfe into the wildernesse, and liued
aduersities that happened to the n a-          in the mountaines after the mane r of
tion, did afterward communicate in             beasts, with his company, who fed on
the benefits sent from the Lord: and           herbes continually, lest they should
as it was forsaken in the wrath of the         be partakers of the pollution.
Almighty, so againe the great Lord
being reconciled, it was set vp with                         CHAPTER 6
all glory.                                      1 Not long after this, the king sent
 21 So when Antiochus had caried               an olde man of Athens, to compell
out of the Temple, a thousand and              the Iewes to depart from the lawes of
eight hundred talents, hee departed            their fathers, and not to liue after the
in all haste into Antiochia, weening           Lawes of God:
in his pride to make the land nauiga-           2 And to pollute also the Temple in
ble, and the Sea passable by foot:             Ierusalem, and to call it the Temple
such was the haughtinesse of his               of Iupiter Olympius: and that in G a-
minde.                                         rizim, of Iupiter the defender of
 22 And he left gouernours to vexe             strangers, as they did desire that
the nation: at Ierusalem Philip, for           dwelt in the place.
his countrey a Phrygian, and for                3 The comming in of this mischiefe
manners more barbarous then hee                was sore and grieuous to the people:
that set him there:                             4 For the Temple was filled with
 23 And at Garizim, Andronicus; and            riot and reuelling, by the Gentiles,
besides, Menelaus, who worse then              who dallied with harlots, and had to
all the rest, bare an heauie hand ouer         doe with women within the circuit of
the citizens, hauing a malicious               the holy places, and besides that,
minde against his countreymen the              brought in things that were not la w-
Iewes.                                         full.
 24 He sent also that detestable ri n-          5 The Altar also was filled with pr o-
gleader Apollonius, with an armie of           fane things, which the Law forbi d-
two and twentie thousand, com-                 deth.
maunding him to slay all those that             6 Neither was it lawfull for a man to
were in their best age, and to sell the        keepe Sabbath dayes, or ancient
women and the yonger sort:                     Feasts, or to professe himselfe at all
 25 Who comming to Ierusalem, and              to be a Iewe.
pretending peace, did forbeare till             7 And in the day of the kings birth,
the holy day of the Sabbath, when              euery moneth they were brought by
taking the Iewes keeping holy day,             bitter constraint to eate of the sacr i-
hee commanded his men to arme                  fices; and when the Feast of Bacchus
themselues.                                    was kept, the Iewes were compelled
 26 And so hee slewe all them that             to goe in procession to Bacchus, c a-
were gone to the celebrating of the            rying Iuie.
Sabbath, and running through the                8 Moreouer there went out a decree
city with weapons, slewe great mul-            to the neighbour cities of the he a-
titudes.                                       then, by the suggestion of Ptolomee,
 27 But Iudas Maccabeus, with nine             against the Iewes, that they should
others, or thereabout, withdrew hi m-          obserue the same fashions, and be

                                2 MACCABEES

partakers of their sacrifices.                  18 Eleazar one of the principall
 9 And whoso would not conforme                Scribes, an aged man, and of a well
themselues to the maners of the Ge n-          fauoured countenance, was co n-
tiles, should be put to death: then            strained to open his mouth, and to
might a man hane seene the present             eate swines flesh.
misery.                                         19 But he chusing rather to die glo-
 10 For there were two women                   riously, then to liue stained with
brought, who had circumcised their             such an abomination, spit it forth,
children, whom when they had open-             and came of his owne accord to the
ly led round about the citie, the              torment,
babes hanging at their breasts, they            20 As it behoued them to come, that
cast them downe headlong from the              are resolute to stand out against such
wall.                                          things, as are not lawfull for loue of
 11 And others that had run together           life to be tasted.
into caues neere by, to keepe the               21 But they that had the charge of
Sabbath day secretly, being dis-               that wicked feast, for the olde a c-
couered to Philip, were all burnt t o-         quaintance they had with the man,
gether, because they made a con-               taking him aside, besought him to
science to helpe themselues, for the           bring flesh of his owne prouision,
honour of the most sacred day.                 such as was lawfull for him to vse,
 12 Now I beseech those that reade             and make as if he did eate of the
this booke, that they be not discou-           flesh, taken from the sacrifice co m-
raged for these calamities, but that           manded by the king,
they iudge those punishments not to             22 That in so doing hee might bee
be for destruction, but for a chaste n-        deliuered from death, and for the
ing of our nation.                             olde friendship with them, find
 13 For it is a token of his great             fauour.
goodnesse, when wicked doers are                23 But he began to consider dis-
not suffered any longtime, but                 creetly, and as became his age, and
forthwith punished.                            the excellencie of his ancient yeeres,
 14 For not as with other nations              and the honour of his gray head,
whom the Lord patiently forbeareth             whereunto hee was come, and his
to punish, till they be come to the            most honest education from a child,
fulnesse of their sinnes, so dealeth           or rather the holy lawe made, and
he with vs,                                    giuen by God: therefore hee ans-
 15 Lest that being come to the                wered accordingly, and willed them
height of sinne, afterwards hee                straightwaies to send him to the
should take vengeance of vs.                   graue.
 16 And therfore he neuer withdra-              24 For it becommeth not our age,
weth his mercie from vs: and though            said he, in any wise to dissemble,
he punish with aduersitie, yet doeth           whereby many yong persons might
he neuer forsake his people.                   thinke, that Eleazar being fourescore
 17 But let this that we haue spoken           yeres old and ten, were now gone to
be for a warning vnto vs: And nowe             a strange religion.
will wee come to the declaring of the           25 And so they through mine h ypo-
matter in few words.                           crisie, and desire to liue a litle time,

                                2 MACCABEES

and a moment longer, should bee d e-           said thus: What wouldest thou aske,
ceiued by me, and I get a staine to            or learne of vs? we are ready to die,
mine olde age, and make it abomina-            rather then to transgresse the lawes
ble.                                           of our fathers.
 26 For though for the present time I           3 Then the king being in a rage,
should be deliuered from the p u-              commanded pannes, and caldrons to
nishment of men: yet should I not              be made whot.
escape the hand of the Almightie,               4 Which forthwith being heated, he
neither aliue nor dead.                        commanded to cut out the tongue of
 27 Wherefore now manfully chang-              him that spake first, and to cut off
ing this life, I will shew my self e           the vtmost parts of his body, the rest
such an one, as mine age requireth,            of his brethren, and his mother loo k-
 28 And leaue a notable example to             ing on.
such as bee yong, to die willingly,             5 Now when he was thus maimed in
and couragiously, for the honourable           all his members, he commanded him
and holy lawes: and when he had                being yet aliue, to be brought to the
said these words, immediatly he                fire, and to be fried in the panne: and
went to the torment,                           as the vapour of the panne was for a
 29 They that led him, changing the            good space dispersed, they exhorted
good will they bare him a litle b e-           one another, with the mother, to die
fore, into hatred, because the fores a-        manfully, saying thus:
id speaches proceeded as they                   6 The Lord God looketh vpon vs,
thought, from a desperate minde.               and in trueth hath comfort in vs, as
 30 But when hee was readie to die             Moises in his song, which witnessed
with stripes, he groned, and said, It          to their faces declared, sa ying, And
is manifest vnto the Lord, that hath           he shall be comforted in his seruants.
the holy knowledge, that wheras I               7 So when the first was dead, after
might haue bin deliuered from death,           this maner, they brought the se cond
I endure sore paines in body, by b e-          to make him a mocking stocke: and
ing beaten: but in soule am well co n-         when they had pulled off the skin of
tent to suffer these things, because I         his head with the haire, they asked
feare him.                                     him, Wilt thou eate before thou bee
 31 And thus this man died, leauing            punished throughout euery member
his death for an example of a noble            of thy body?
courage, and a memoriall of vertue              8 But hee answered in his owne lan-
not only vnto yong men, but vnto all           guage, and said, No. Wherefore hee
his nation.                                    also receiued the next torment in or-
                                               der, as the former did.
            CHAPTER 7                           9 And when hee was at the last
 1 It came to passe also that seuen            gaspe, hee said, Thou like a fury
brethren with their mother were tak-           takest vs out of this present life, but
en, and compelled by the king                  the king of the world shall raise vs
against the lawe to taste swines               vp, who haue died for his lawes,
flesh, and were tormented with                 vnto euerlasting life.
scourges, and whips:                            10 After him was the third made a
 2 But one of them that spake first            mocking stocke, and when he was

                                2 MACCABEES

required, he put out his tongue, and           had in ye Lord
that right soone, holding forth his             21 Yea she exhorted euery one of
hands manfully,                                them in her owne language, filled
 11 And said couragiously, These I             with couragious spirits, and sti rring
had from heauen, and for his lawes I           vp her womanish thoughts, with a
despise them, and from him I hope to           manly stomacke, she said vnto them,
receiue them againe.                            22 I cannot tell how you came into
 12 Insomuch that the king, and they           my wombe: for I neither gaue you
that were with him marueiled at the            breath, nor life, neither was it I that
yong mans courage, for that he noth-           formed the mebers of euery one of
ing regarded the paines.                       you.
 13 Now when this man was dead al-              23 But doubtlesse the Creator of the
so, they tormented and mangled the             world, who formed the generation of
fourth in like maner.                          man, and found out the beginning of
 14 So when he was ready to die, he            all things, wil also of his owne me r-
said thus, It is good, being put to            cy giue you breath, and life againe,
death by men, to looke for hope from           as you now regard not your owne s e-
God to be raised vp againe by him:             lues for his Lawes sake.
as for thee thou shalt haue no resu r-          24 Now Antiochus thinking him-
rection to life.                               selfe despised, and suspecting it to
 15 Afterward they brought the fift            be a reprochfull speach, whiles the
also, and mangled him.                         yongest was yet aliue, did not onely
 16 Then looked hee vnto the king              exhort him by wordes, but also a s-
and said, Thou hast power ouer men,            sured him with oathes, that he would
thou art corruptible, thou doest what          make him both a rich, and a happy
thou wilt, yet thinke not that our n a-        man, if hee would turne from the
tion is forsaken of God.                       Lawes of his fathers, and that also he
 17 But abide a while, and behold his          would take him for his friend, and
great power, how he will torment               trust him with affaires.
thee, and thy seed.                             25 But when the yong man would in
 18 After him also they brought the            no case hearken vnto him, the king
sixt, who being ready to die, said, Be         called his mother, and exhorted her,
not deceiued without cause: for we             that she would counsell the yong
suffer these things for our selues,            man to saue his life.
hauing sinned against our God.                  26 And when hee had exhorted her
Therefore marueilous things are done           with many words, she promised him
(vnto vs.)                                     that she would counsell her sonne.
 19 But thinke not thou that takest in          27 But shee bowing her selfe t o-
hand to striue against God, t hat thou         wards him, laughing the cruell t yrant
shalt escape vnpunished.                       to scorne, spake in her countrey lan-
 20 But the mother was marueilous              guage on this maner; O my sonne,
aboue all, and worthy of honorable             haue pitie vpon mee that bare thee
memorie: for when shee sawe her                nine moneths in my wombe, and
seuen sonnes slaine within the space           gaue thee sucke three yeeres, and
of one day, she bare it with a good            nourished thee, and brought thee vp
courage, because of the hope that she          vnto this age, and endured the

                               2 MACCABEES

troubles of education.                        would speedily bee mercifull vnto
 28 I beseech thee, my sonne, looke           our nation, and that thou by torments
vpon the heauen, and the earth, and           & plagues mayest confesse, that he
all that is therein, and consider that        alone is God;
God made them of things that were              38 And that in me, and my brethren,
not, and so was mankinde made                 the wrath of the Almighty, which is
likewise;                                     iustly brought vpon all our nation,
 29 Feare not this tormentour, but            may cease.
being worthy of thy brethren, take             39 Then the King being in a rage,
thy death, that I may receiue thee            handled him worse then all the rest,
againe in mercy with thy bret hren.           and took it grieuously that he was
 30 Whiles she was yet speaking               mocked.
these words, the yong man said,                40 So this man died vndefiled, and
Whom wait ye for? I will not obey             put his whole trust in the Lord.
the kings commandement: but I will             41 Last of all after the sonnes, the
obey the commandement of the Law              mother died.
that was giuen vnto our fathers, by            42 Let this be ynough now to haue
Moses.                                        spoken cocerning the idol atrous
 31 And thou that hast bene the au-           feasts, and the extreme tortures.
thour of all mischiefe against the
Hebrewes, shalt not escape the                             CHAPTER 8
handes of God.                                 1 Then Iudas Maccabeus and they
 32 For wee suffer because of our             that were with him, went priuily into
sinnes.                                       the townes, and called their kins e-
 33 And though the liuing Lord bee            folkes together, and tooke vnto them
angrie with vs a little while for our         all such as continued in the Iewes
chastening and correction, yet shall          religion, and assembled about sixe
hee be at one againe, with his s e-           thousand men.
ruants.                                        2 And they called vpon the Lord,
 34 But thou, O godlesse man, and of          that hee would looke vpon the people
all other most wicked, be not lifted          that was troden downe of all, an d al-
vp without a cause, nor puffed vp             so pitie the Temple, prophaned of
with vncertaine hopes, lifting vp thy         vngodly men,
hand against the seruants of God:              3 And that he would haue compas-
 35 For thou hast not yet escaped the         sion vpon the city sore defaced and
iudgement of Almightie God, who               ready to be made euen with the
seeth all things.                             ground, and heare the blood that
 36 For our brethren who now haue             cried vnto him,
suffered a short paine, are dead               4 And remember the wicked slaugh-
vnder Gods Couenant of euerlasting            ter of harmelesse infants, and the
life: but thou through the iudgement          blasphemies committed against his
of God, shalt receiue iust punish-            Name, and that hee would shew his
ment for thy pride.                           hatred against the wicked.
 37 But I, as my brethren, offer vp            5 Now when Maccabeus had his
my body, and life for the Lawes of            company about him, hee could not be
our fathers, beseeching God that he           withstood by the heathen: for the

                               2 MACCABEES

wrath of the Lord was turned into              13 They that were fearefull, and
mercy.                                        distrusted the iustice of God, fled,
 6 Therefore he came at vnawares,             and conueyed themselues away.
and burnt vp townes and cities, and            14 Others sold all that they had left,
got into his hands the most comm o-           and withall besought the Lord to d e-
dious places, and ouercame & put to           liuer them, being solde by the
flight no small number of his en e-           wicked Nicanor before they met to-
mies.                                         gether:
 7 But specially tooke he aduantage            15 And if not for their owne sakes,
of the night, for such priuie at-             yet for ye couenants he had made
tempts, insomuch that the bruite of           with their fathers, and for his holy
his manlinesse was spread euery               and glorious Names sake, by which
where.                                        they were called
 8 So when Philip sawe that this man           16 So Maccabeus called his men t o-
encreased by little and little, & that        gether vnto the number of sixe tho u-
things prospered with him still more          sand, and exhorted them not to be
and more, hee wrote vnto Ptolemeus,           stricken with terrour of the en emie,
the gouernour of Coelosyria & Ph e-           nor to feare the great multitude of
nice, to yeeld more aide to the kings         the heathen who came wrongfully
affaires.                                     against them, but to fight manfully,
 9 Then forthwith choosing Nicanor             17 And to set before their eyes, the
the son of Patroclus, one of his sp e-        iniury that they had vniustly done to
ciall friends, he sent him with no            the holy place, and the cruell ha n-
fewer then twentie thousand of all            dling of the city, whereof they made
nations vnder him, to root out the            a mockery, and also the taking away
whole generation of the Iewes; and            of the gouernment of their for efa-
with him he ioyned also Gorgias a             thers:
captaine, who in matters of warre              18 For they, said he, trust in their
had great experience.                         weapons and boldnesse, but our con-
 10 So Nicanor vndertooke to make             fidence is in the Almightie God, who
so much money of the captiue Iewes,           at a becke can cast downe both them
as should defray the tribute of two           that come against vs, and also all the
thousand talents, which the king was          world.
to pay to the Romanes.                         19 Moreouer, hee recounted vnto
 11 Wherefore immediatly he sent to           them what helps their forefathers had
the cities vpon the sea coast, pr oc-         found, and how they were deliuered,
laiming a sale of the captiue Iewes,          when vnder Sennacherib an hundred
and promising that they should haue           fourescore and fiue thousand p e-
fourescore and ten bodies for one             rished.
talent, not expecting the vengeance            20 And he told them of ye battel
that was to follow vpon him from the          that they had in Babylon with the
Almighty God.                                 Galatians, how they came but eight
 12 Now when word was brought                 thousand in all to ye busines, with
vnto Iudas of Nicanors coming, and            foure thousand Macedonians, and
he had imparted vnto those that were          that the Macedonians being per-
with him, that the army was at hand,          plexed, the eight thousand destroyed

                               2 MACCABEES

an hundred and twenty thousand, b e-          be reconciled with his seruants for
cause of the helpe that they had from         euer.
heauen, & so receiued a great booty.           30 Moreouer of those that were with
 21 Thus when hee had made them               Timotheus & Bacchides, who fought
bold with these words, and ready to           against them, they slewe aboue twe n-
die for the Lawes, and the countrey,          tie thousand, and very easily got
he diuided his army into foure parts:         high and strong holds, & diuided
 22 And ioyned with himselfe his              amongst them selues many spoiles
owne brethren, leaders of each band,          more, and made the maimed, or-
to wit, Simon, and Ioseph, & Ion a-           phanes, widowes, yea, & the aged
than, giuing each one fifteene hun-           also, equal in spoiles wt themselues
dred men.                                      31 And when they had gathered
 23 Also (hee appointed) Eleazar to           their armour together, they laid them
reade the holy booke: and when he             vp all carefully in couenient places,
had giuen them this watchword, The            and the remnant of the spoiles they
help of God; himselfe leading the             brought to Ierusalem.
first band, he ioyned battell with Ni-         32 They slew also Philarches that
canor:                                        wicked perso who was wt Timotheus,
 24 And by the helpe of the Almigh-           & had annoied the Iewes many
tie, they slew aboue nine tho usand of        waies.
their enemies, and wounded and                 33 Furthermore at such time as they
maimed the most part of Nicanors              kept the feast for the victorie in their
hoste, and so put all to flight:              coutry, they burnt Calisthenes that
 25 And tooke their money that came           had set fire vpon the holy gates , who
to buy them, and pursued them farre:          was fled into a litle house, and so he
but lacking time, they returned.              receiued a reward meet for his wic k-
 26 For it was the day before the             ednesse.
Sabbath, and therefore they would no           34 As for that most vngracious Ni-
longer pursue them.                           canor, who had brought a thousand
 27 So when they had gathered their           merchants to buy the Iewes,
armour together, and spoiled their             35 He was through the helpe of the
enemies, they occupied thems elues            Lord brought downe by them, of who
about the Sabbath, yeelding exceed-           he made least account, & putting off
ing praise, & thanks to the Lord,             his glorious apparell, and discharg-
who had preserued them vnto ye day,           ing his company, he came like a f u-
which was the beginning of mercy,             gitiue seruant through the mid land
distilling vpon them.                         vnto Antioch, hauing very great di s-
 28 And after the Sabbath, when they          honour for that his hoste was d e-
had giuen part of the spoiles to the          stroyed.
maimed, and the widdowes, and O r-             36 Thus he that tooke vpon him to
phanes, the residue they diuided              make good to the Romanes, their tri-
among themselues, and their s e-              bute by meanes of the captiues in Ie-
ruants.                                       rusalem, told abroad, that the Iewes
 29 When this was done, and they              had God to fight for them, and the r-
had made a common supplication,               fore they could not be hurt, b ecause
they besought the mercifull Lord to           they followed the lawes that he gaue

                                2 MACCABEES

them.                                          mebers of his body were much
              CHAPTER 9                         8 And thus hee that a little afore
 1 About that time came Antiochus              thought he might command the
with dishonor out of the countrey of           waues of the sea (so proud was hee
Persia.                                        beyond the condition of man) and
 2 For he had entred the citie called          weigh the high mountaines in a bal-
Persepolis, and went about to rob the          lance, was now cast on the ground,
Temple, and to hold the citie, wh e-           and carried in an horselitter, shewing
reupon the multitude running to de-            foorth vnto all, the manifest power
fend theselues with their weapons,             of God.
put them to flight, & so it happened            9 So that the wormes rose vp out of
that Antiochus being put to flight of          the body of this wicked man, &
the inhabitants, returned with shame.          whiles hee liued in sorrow and paine,
 3 Now when he came to Ecbatana,               his flesh fell away, and the filthi-
newes was brought him what had                 nesse of his smell was noysome to
happened vnto Nicanor & Timotheus.             all his army.
 4 Then swelling with anger, hee                10 And the man that thought a little
thought to auenge vpon the Iewes the           afore he could reach to the sta rres of
disgrace done vnto him by those that           heauen, no man could endure to ca r-
made him flie. Therfore commanded              ry for his intollerable stinke.
he his chariot man to driue without             11 Here therefore being plagued,
ceasing, and to dispatch the iourney,          hee began to leaue off his great
the iudgement of God now following             pride, and to come to the knowledge
him. For he had spoken proudly in              by the scourge of God, his paine e n-
this sort, that he would come to Ier u-        creasing euery moment.
salem, & make it a common burying               12 And when hee himselfe could not
place of ye Iewes.                             abide his owne smell; hee saide
 5 But the Lord almightie, the God             these wordes: It is meete to bee su b-
of Israel smote him with an i ncura-           iect vnto God, and that a man that is
ble and inuisible plague: for assoone          mortall, should not proudly thinke of
as hee had spoken these words, a               himselfe, as if he were God.
paine of the bowels that was rem e-             13 This wicked person vowed also
diles, came vpon him, & sore to r-             vnto the Lord, (who now no more
ments of the inner parts.                      would haue mercy vpon him) saying
 6 And that most iustly: for hee had           thus:
tormented other mens bowels with                14 That the holy citie (to the which
many and strange torments.                     hee was going in haste to lay it euen
 7 Howbeit hee nothing at all ceased           with the ground, & to make it a
from his bragging, but still was               common burying place) he would set
filled with pride, breathing out fire          at liberty.
in his rage against the Iewes, and              15 And as touching the Iewes,
commanding to haste the iourney:               whom hee had iudged not worthy so
but it came to passe that he fel               much as to be buried, but to be cast
downe fro his chariot, caried violent-         out with their children to be
ly, so that hauing a sore fal, al the          deuoured of the foules, and wild

                               2 MACCABEES

beasts, he would make them al                 to whom the state was left, might not
equals to ye citizens of Athens,              be troubled.
 16 And the holy Temple, which be-             25 Againe considering, how that the
fore he had spoiled, hee would ga r-          princes that are borderers, and
nish with goodly gifts, and restore           neighbors vnto my kingdome, waite
all the holy vessels with many more,          for opportunities, and expect what
and out of his owne reuenew defray            shalbe the euent, I haue appointed
the charges belonging to the sacri-           my sonne Antiochus king, whom I
fices:                                        often comitted, and comended vnto
 17 Yea, and that also hee would b e-         many of you, when I went vp into
come a Iew himselfe, and goe                  the high prouinces, to whom I haue
through all the world that was inh a-         written as followeth.
bited, and declare the power of God.           26 Therefore I pray, and request you
 18 But for all this his paines would         to remember the benefits that I haue
not cease: for the iust iudgement of          done vnto you generally, and in sp e-
God was come vpon him: therfore               ciall, and that euery man will be still
despairing of his health, he wrote            faithfull to me, and my sonne.
vnto the Iewes the letter vnderwri t-          27 For I am perswaded that hee
ten, containing the forme of a sup-           vnderstanding     my    minde,    will
plicatio, after this maner.                   fauourably & graciously yeeld to
 19 Antiochus king and gouernour, to          your desires.
the good Iewes his Citizens, wisheth           28 Thus the murtherer, and blas-
much ioy, health, and prosperity.             phemer      hauing    suffered   most
 20 If ye, and your children fare             grieuously, as he entreated other
well, and your affaires be to your            men, so died he a miserable death in
contentment, I giue very great                a strange countrey in the moun-
thankes to God, hauing my hope in             taines.
heauen.                                        29 And Philip that was brought vp
 21 As for mee I was weake, or else I         with him, caried away his body, who
would haue remembred kindly your              also fearing the son of Antiochus,
honour, and good will. Returning out          went into Egypt to Ptolomeus Phil o-
of Persia, and being taken with a             metor.
grieuous disease, I thought it nece s-
sary to care for the common safety                        CHAPTER 10
of all:                                        1 Now Maccabeus, and his compa-
 22 Not distrusting mine health, but          ny, the Lord guiding them, recouered
hauing great hope to escape this              the Temple, and the citie.
sicknes                                        2 But the altars, which the heathen
 23 But considering that euen my fa-          had built in the open street, & also
ther, at what time he led an armie            the Chappels they pulled downe.
into the hie countries, appointed a            3 And hauing cleansed the Temple,
successor,                                    they made another Altar, and striking
 24 To the end, that if any thing fell        stones, they tooke fire out of them,
out contrary to expectation, or if any        and offered a sacrifice after two
tidings were brought that were                yeeres, & set forth incense, & lights,
grieuous, they of the land knowing            and Shewbread.

                               2 MACCABEES

 4 When that was done, they fell flat         deuoured to continue peace with
downe, and besought the Lord that             them.
they might come no more into such              13 Whereupon being accused of
troubles: but if they sinned any more         friends, before Eupator, & called
against him, that he himselfe would           traitor at euery word, because he had
chasten them with mercie, and that            left Cyprus that Philometor had com-
they might not bee deliuered vnto             itted vnto him, & departed to Antio-
the blasphemous, and barbarous n a-           chus Epiphanes; and seeing that hee
tions.                                        was in no honorable place, he was so
 5 Now vpon the same day that the             discouraged, that he poysoned hi m-
strangers prophaned the Temple, on            selfe and died.
the very same day it was cleansed              14 But when Gorgias was gouernour
againe, euen the fiue and twentieth           of the holds, hee hired souldiers, and
day of the same moneth, which is              nourished warre continually with the
Casleu.                                       Iewes:
 6 And they kept eight dayes with              15 And therewithall the Idumeans
gladnes as in the feast of the Tabe r-        hauing gotten into their handes the
nacles, remembring that not long              most commodious holdes, kept the
afore they had helde the feast of the         Iewes occupied, and receiuing those
Tabernacles, when as they wandered            that were banished from Ierus alem,
in the mountaines, and dennes, like           they went about to nourish warre.
beasts.                                        16 Then they that were wich Mac-
 7 Therefore they bare branches, and          cabeus made supplication, & be-
faire boughes and palmes also, and            sought God, that he would be their
sang Psalmes vnto him, that had               helper, and so they ranne with vi-
giuen them good successe in clens-            olence vpon the strong holds of the
ing his place.                                Idumeans,
 8 They ordeined also by a common              17 And assaulting them strongly,
statute, and decree, That euery yeere         they wanne the holds, and kept off
those dayes should be kept of the             all that fought vpon the wall, and
whole nation of the Iewes.                    slew all that fell into their hands,
 9 And this was the ende of Antio-            and killed no fewer then twentie
chus called Epiphanes.                        thousand.
 10 Now will wee declare the acts of           18 And because certaine (who were
Antiochus Eupator, who was the                no lesse then nine thousand) were
sonne of this wicked man, gathering           fled together into two very strong
briefly the calamities of the warres.         castles, hauing all maner of things
 11 So when he was come to ye                 conuenient to sustaine the siege,
crowne, he set one Lysias ouer the             19 Maccabeus left Simon, & Ioseph,
affaires of his Realme, and chiefe            and Zaccheus also, and them that
gouernour of Coelosyria and Ph e-             were with him, who were enow to
nice.                                         besiege them, and departed himselfe
 12 For Ptolomeus that was called             vnto those places, which more
Macron, chosing rather to doe iustice         needed his helpe.
vnto the Iewes, for the wrong that             20 Now they that were with Simon,
had bene done vnto them, en-                  being led with couetousnes, were

                                 2 MACCABEES

perswaded for money (through cer-               and victorie: the other side making
taine of those that were in the ca stle)        their rage leader of their battell.
and     tooke    seuentie     thousand           29 But when the battaile waxed
drachmes, and let some of them es-              strong, there appeared vnto the en e-
cape.                                           mies from heauen, fiue comely men
 21 But when it was told Maccabeus              vpon horses, with bridles of golde,
what was done, hee called the goue r-           and two of them ledde the Iewes,
nours of the people together, and a c-           30 And tooke Maccabeus betwixt
cused those men, that they had sold             them, and couered him on euery side
their brethren for money, & let their           with their weapons, and kept him
enemies free to fight against them.             safe, but shot arrowes & lightenings
 22 So he slew those that were found            against the enemies: so that being
traitors, and immediately tooke the             confounded with blindnesse, and full
two castles.                                    of trouble, they were killed.
 23 And hauing good successe with                31 And there were slaine twentie
his weapons in all things hee tooke             thousand and fiue hundred, and sixe
in hand, hee slew in the two holdes,            hundred horsemen.
more then twentie thousand.                      32 As for Timotheus himselfe, hee
 24 Now Timotheus whom the Iewes                fled into a very strong holde, called
had ouercome before, when he had                Gazara, where Chereas was gouer-
gathered a great multitude of fo r-             nour.
raine forces, and horses out of Asia             33 But they that were with Macca-
not a few, came as though hee would             beus, laid siege against the fortresse
take Iewrie by force of armes.                  couragiously foure dayes.
 25 But when hee drew neere, they                34 And they that were within, trust-
that were with Maccabeus, turned                ing to the strength of the place, blas-
themselues to pray vnto God, and                phemed exceedingly, & vttered
sprinckled earth vpon their heads,              wicked words.
and girded their loynes with sack-               35 Neuerthelesse, vpon the fifth day
cloth,                                          early, twentie yong men of Macca-
 26 And fell downe at the foot of the           beus company, inflamed with anger
Altar, and besought him to be merci-            because of the blasphemies, as-
full to them, and to be an en emie to           saulted the wall manly, and with a
their enemies, and an aduersarie to             fierce courage killed all that they
their aduersaries, as the Law d ecla-           met withall.
reth.                                            36 Others likewise ascending after
 27 So after the prayer, they tooke             them, whiles they were busied with
their weapons, & went on further                them that were within, burnt the t o-
from the city: and when they drew               wres, and kindling fires, burnt the
neere to their enemies, they kept by            blasphemers aliue, and others broke
themselues.                                     open the gates, and hauing receiued
 28 Now the Sunne being newly ri s-             in the rest of the army, tooke the
en, they ioyned both together; the              city,
one part hauing, together with their             37 And killed Timotheus that was
vertue, their refuge also vnto the              hidde in a certaine pit, and Chereas
Lord, for a pledge of their successe            his brother, with Apollophanes.

                               2 MACCABEES

 38 When this was done, they praised          shaking his armour of gold.
the Lord with Psalmes and thankes-             9 Then they praised the mercifull
giuing, who had done so great things          God altogether, and tooke heart, i n-
for Israel, and giuen them the vict o-        somuch that they were ready not
ry.                                           onely to fight with men, but with
                                              most cruell beasts, & to pierce
             CHAPTER 11                       through wals of yron.
 1 Not long after this, Lysias the             10 Thus they marched forward in
kings protectour & cousin, who also           their armour, hauing an helper from
managed the affaires, tooke sore di s-        heauen: for the Lord was mercifull
pleasure for the things that were             vnto them.
done.                                          11 And giuing a charge vpon their
 2 And when he had gathered about             enemies like lions, they slew eleuen
fourescore thousand, with all the             thousand footmen, & sixteene hun-
horsemen, he came against the                 dred horsemen, and put all the other
Iewes, thinking to make the citie an          to flight.
habitation of the Gentiles,                    12 Many of them also being
 3 And to make a gaine of the Tem-            wounded, escaped naked, and Lysias
ple, as of the other Chappels o f the         himselfe fled away shamefully, and
heathen, and to set the high Priest-          so escaped.
hood to sale euery yeere:                      13 Who as hee was a man of vnders-
 4 Not at all considering the power           tanding, casting with himselfe what
of God, but puffed vp with his ten            losse he had had, and considering
thousand footmen, and his thousand            that the Hebrewes could not be oue r-
horsemen, and his fourescore El e-            come, because the Almighty God
phants.                                       helped them, he sent vnto them,
 5 So he came to Iudea, & drew                 14 And perswaded them to agree to
neere to Bethsura, which was a                all reasonable conditions, & that hee
strong town, but distant from Ierus a-        would perswade the king, that he
lem about fiue furlongs, and he laid          must needs be a friend vnto t hem.
sore siege vnto it.                            15 Then Maccabeus consented to all
 6 Now when they that were with               that Lysias desired, being car efull of
Maccabeus heard that he besieged              the common good; and whatsoeuer
the holdes, they and all the people           Maccabeus wrote vnto Lysias co n-
with lamentation and teares besought          cerning the Iewes, the king granted
the Lord, that he would send a good           it.
Angel to deliuer Israel.                       16 For there were letters written
 7 Then Maccabeus himselfe first of           vnto the Iewes from Lysias, to this
all tooke weapons, exhorting the              effect: Lysias vnto the people of the
other, that they would ieopard the m-         Iewes, sendeth greeting.
selues together with him, to helpe             17 Iohn and Absalon, who were sent
their brethren: so they went forth to-        from you, deliuered me the pet ition
gether with a willing minde.                  subscribed, and made request for the
 8 And as they were at Ierusalem,             performance of the contents thereof.
there appeared before them on                  18 Therefore what things soeuer
horsebacke, one in white clothing,            were meet to be reported to the king,

                                 2 MACCABEES

I haue declared them, and he hath                28 If ye fare well, we haue our d e-
granted as much as might be.                    sire, we are also in good health.
 19 If then you wil keepe your s elues           29 Menelaus declared vnto vs, that
loyall to the state, hereafter also will        your desire was to returne home, and
I endeuour to be a meanes of your               to follow your owne businesse.
good.                                            30 Wherefore they that will depart
 20 But of the particulars I haue               shall haue safe conduct, till the thi r-
giuen order, both to these, & the               tieth day of Xanthicus with securitie.
other that came from me, to co m-                31 And the Iewes shal vse their
mune with you.                                  owne kind of meats, and lawes, as
 21 Fare ye wel. The hundred &                  before, and none of them any maner
eight and fortie yeere, the foure and           of wayes shal be molested for things
twentie day of the moneth Dioscori n-           ignorantly done.
thius.                                           32 I haue sent also Menelaus, that
 22 Now the kings letter conteined              he may comfort you.
these words, King Antiochus vnto his             33 Fare ye wel. In the hundred, for-
brother Lysias sendeth greeting.                ty and eight yeere, and the fi fteenth
 23 Since our father is translated              day of the moneth Xanthicus.
vnto ye gods, our will is, that they             34 The Romanes also sent vnto them
that are in our realme liue qu ietly,           a letter containing these wordes:
that euery one may attend vpon his              Quintus Memmius, & Titus Manlius
own affaires.                                   embassadours of ye Romanes, send
 24 Wee vnderstand also that the                greeting vnto the people of the
Iewes would not consent to our f a-             Iewes.
ther for to bee brought vnto the cus-            35 Whatsoeuer Lysias the kings
tome of the Gentiles, but had rather            cousin hath granted, therewith we
keepe their owne manner of liuing:              also are well pleased.
for the which cause they require of              36 But touching such things as hee
vs that we should suffer the to liue            iudged to be referred to the king: a f-
after their own lawes.                          ter you haue aduised therof, send one
 25 Wherefore our mind is, that this            forthwith, that we may declare as it
nation shall be in rest, and we haue            is conuenient for you: for we are
determined to restore them their                now going to Antioch.
Temple, that they may liue according             37 Therefore send some with speed,
to the customes of their forefathers.           that we may know what is your
 26 Thou shalt doe well therefore to            mind.
send vnto them, and grant them                   38 Farewell, this hundred and eight
peace, that whe they are certified of           and fortie yeere, the fifteenth day of
our mind, they may be of good co m-             the moneth Xanthicus.
fort, & euer goe cheerefully about
their owne affaires.                                       CHAPTER 12
 27 And the letter of ye king vnto the           1 When these Couenants were made,
nation of the Iewes was after this              Lysias went vnto the king, and the
maner: king Antiochus sendeth gree t-           Iewes were about their husbandrie.
ing vnto the counsel, & the rest of              2 But of the gouernours of seueral
the Iewes                                       places, Timotheus, and Apollonius

                                2 MACCABEES

the sonne of Genneus, also Hieron y-            11 Whereupon there was a very sore
mus, and Demophon, and besides                 battell; but Iudas side by the helpe
them Nicanor ye gouernor of Cyprus             of God got the victory, so that the
would not suffer them to be quiet,             Nomades of Arabia being ouercome,
and liue in peace.                             besought Iudas for peace, promising
 3 The men of Ioppe also did such an           both to giue him cattell, and to ple a-
vngodly deed: they prayed the Iewes            sure him otherwise.
that dwelt among them, to goe with              12 Then Iudas thinking indeede that
their wiues, and children into the             they would be profitable in many
boats which they had prepared, as              things, granted them peace, wheru-
though they had meant them no hurt.            pon they shooke hands, and so they
 4 Who accepted of it according to             departed to their tents.
the common decree of the citie, as              13 Hee went also about to make a
being desirous to liue in peace, and           bridge to a certaine strong citie,
suspecting nothing: but when they              which was fenced about with walles,
were gone forth into the deepe, they           and inhabited by people of diuers
drowned no lesse then two hundred              countries, and the name of it was
of them.                                       Caspis.
 5 When Iudas heard of this crueltie            14 But they that were within it put
done vnto his countrey men, he                 such trust in the strength of the
commanded those that were with him             walles, and prouision of victuals,
 6 And calling vpon God the righ-              that they behaued themselues rudely
teous iudge, he came against those             towards them that were with Iudas,
murtherers of his brethren, & burnt            railing, and blaspheming, and vtter-
the hauen by night, and set the boats          ing such words, as were not to be
on fire, and those that fled thither,          spoken.
he slew.                                        15 Wherefore Iudas with his com-
 7 And when the towne was shut vp,             pany, calling vpon the great Lord of
he went backward, as if he would r e-          the world (who without any rammes,
turne to root out all them of the citie        or engines of warre did cast downe
of Ioppe.                                      Iericho in the time of Iosua) gaue a
 8 But when he heard that ye Iam-              fierce assault against the walles,
nites were minded to doe in like                16 And tooke the citie by the will of
maner vnto the Iewes that dwelt                God, and made vnspeakable slaugh-
among them,                                    ters, insomuch that a lake two fu r-
 9 He came vpon the Iamnites also              longs broad, neere adioining th e-
by night, and set fire on the hauen,           reunto, being filled ful, was seen
& the nauy, so that the light of the           running with blood.
fire was seene at Ierusalem, two                17 Then departed they from thence
hundred and fortie furlongs off.               seuen hundred and fifty furlongs,
 10 Now when they were gone from               and came to Characa vnto the Iewes
thence nine furlongs in their iourney          that are called Tubieni.
toward Timotheus, no fewer then                 18 But as for Timotheus they found
fiue thousand men on foote, & fiue             him not in the places, for b efore hee
hundred horse men of the Arabians,             had dispatched any thing, he d e-
set vpon him.                                  parted from thence, hauing left a

                              2 MACCABEES

very strong garrison in a certaine           the agreement, they let him goe for
hold:                                        the sauing of their brethren.
 19 Howbeit, Dositheus, and Sosipa-           26 Then Maccabeus marched forth
ter, who were of Maccabeus cap-              to Carnion, & to the Temple of Atar-
taines, went forth, and slew those           gatis, and there he slew fiue and
that Timotheus had left in the fo r-         twenty thousand persons.
tresse, aboue tenne thousand men.             27 And after he had put to flight,
 20 And Maccabeus ranged his armie           and destroyed them, Iudas remooued
by bands, & set them ouer the bands,         the hoste towards Ephron, a strong
and went against Timotheus, who              citie, wherin Lysias abode, and a
had about him & hundred and twen-            great multitude of diuers nat ions,
tie thousand men of foote, and two           and the strong yong men kept the
thousand, and fiue hundred horse-            wals, and defended them mightily:
men.                                         wherin also was great prouision of
 21 Nowe when Timotheus had                  engines, and darts.
knowledge of Iudas coming, he sent            28 But when Iudas and his company
the women and children, and the              had called vpon Almighty God (who
other baggage vnto a fortresse called        with his power breaketh the strength
Carnion (for the towne was hard to           of his enemies) they wanne the citie,
besiege and vneasie to come vnto, by         and slew twentie and fiue thousand
reason of the straitnesse of all the         of them that were within.
places.)                                      29 From thence they departed to
 22 But when Iudas his first band            Scythopolis, which lieth sixe hu n-
came in sight, the enemies (b eing           dreth furlongs from Ierusalem.
smitten with feare, and terrour               30 But when the Iewes that dwelt
through the appearing of him that            there had testified that the Scyth opo-
seeth all things) fled amaine, one           litans dealt louingly with them, and
running this way, another that way,          entreated them kindely in the time of
so as that they were often hurt of           their aduersitie:
their owne men, and wounded with              31 They gaue them thankes, desi r-
ye points of their owne swords               ing them to be friendly stil vnto
 23 Iudas also was very earnest in           them, and so they came to Ierusalem,
pursuing them, killing those wicked          the feast of the weekes approching.
wretches, of whom he slew about               32 And after the feast called Pent e-
thirtie thousand men.                        cost, they went foorth against Go r-
 24 Moreouer, Timotheus himselfe             gias the gouernour of Idumea,
fell into the hands of Dositheus, &           33 Who came out wt three thousand
Sosipater, whom he besought with             men of foot, & foure hundred hors e-
much craft to let him goe with his           men.
life, because hee had many of the             34 And it happened that in their
Iewes parents, and the brethren of           fighting together, a few of the Iewes
some of them, who, if they put him           were slaine.
to death, should not be regarded.             35 At which time Dositheus one of
 25 So when hee had assured them             Bacenors company, who was on
with many words, that hee would r e-         horsbacke, and a strong man, was
store them without hurt according to         still vpon Gorgias, and taking hold

                                 2 MACCABEES

of his coate, drew him by force, and            those that were slaine.
when he would haue taken that                    43 And when he had made a gather-
cursed man aliue, a horseman of                 ing throughout the company, to the
Thracia coming vpon him, smote off              sum of two thousand drachmes of
his shoulder, so that Gorgias fled              siluer, hee sent it to Ierusalem to o f-
vnto Marisa.                                    fer a sinne offering, doing therein
 36 Now when they that were with                very well, and honestl y, in that he
Gorgias had fought long & were                  was mindfull of the resurrection.
wearie, Iudas called vpon the Lord               44 (For if he had not hoped that
that he would shew himselfe to be               they that were slaine should haue
their helper, and leader of the battell.        risen againe, it had bin superfluous
 37 And with that he beganne in his             and vaine, to pray for the dead.)
owne language, & sung Psalmes with               45 And also in that he perceiued
a lowd voyce, & rushing vnawares                that there was great fauour layed vp
vpon Gorgias men, he put them to                for those that died godly. (It was an
flight.                                         holy, and good thought) wherupon he
 38 So Iudas gathered his host, and             made a reconciliation for the dead,
came into the city of Odollam. And              that they might be deliuered from
when the seuenth day came, they p u-            sinne.
rified themselues (as the custome
was) and kept the Sabbath in the                             CHAPTER 13
same place.                                      1 In the hundreth forty and ninth
 39 And vpon the day following as               yere it was told Iudas that Antiochus
the vse had bene, Iudas and his com-            Eupator was coming with a great
pany came to take vp the bodies of              power into Iudea;
them that were slaine, and to bury               2 And with him Lysias his protector,
them with their kinsmen, in their f a-          and ruler of his affaires, hauing e i-
thers graues.                                   ther of them a Grecian power of
 40 Now vnder the coats of euery                footemen, an hundred and ten thou-
one that was slaine, they found                 sand, and horsmen fiue thousand, &
things consecrated to the idoles of             three hundred, and Elephants two &
the Iamnites, which is forbidden the            twenty, and three hundred charets
Iewes by the Law. Then euery man                armed wt hooks.
saw that this was ye cause wherefore             3 Menelaus also ioyned himself
they were slaine.                               with them, and with great dissimul a-
 41 All men therefore praising the              tion encouraged Antiochus, not for
Lord the righteous Iudge, who had               the safegard of the countrey, but b e-
opened the things that were hid,                cause hee thought to haue bin made
 42 Betooke themselues vnto praier,             gouernour.
and besought him that the sinne                  4 But the King of kings mooued An-
committed, might wholy bee put out              tiochus minde against this wicked
of remembrance. Besides, that noble             wretch, and Lysias enformed the
Iudas exhorted the people to keep               king, that this man was the cause of
themselues from sinne, forsomuch as             all mischiefe, so that the king com-
they saw before their eyes the things           manded to bring him vnto Berea, and
that came to passe, for the sinne of            to put him to death, as the maner is

                                 2 MACCABEES

in that place.                                   14 So when he had committed to the
 5 Now there was in that place a t o-           Creator of the world, & exhorted his
wre of fifty cubites high full of               souldiers to fight manfully, euen
ashes, and it had a round instrumet             vnto death, for the Lawes, the Te m-
which on euery side hanged down                 ple, the city, the country, and the
into the ashes.                                 common-wealth, he camped by Mod-
 6 And whosoeuer was condemned of               in.
sacriledge, or had committed any                 15 And hauing giuen the watchword
other grieuous crime, there did all             to them that were about him, Uictory
men thrust him vnto death.                      is of God; with the most valiant and
 7 Such a death it happened that                choice yong men, he went in into the
wicked man to die, not hauing so                kings tent by night, & slewe in the
much as buriall in the earth, & that            campe about foure thousand men,
most iustly.                                    and the chiefest of the El ephants,
 8 For inasmuch as he had committed             with all that were vpon him.
many sinnes about the altar whose                16 And at last they filled the campe
fire and ashes were holy, hee re-               with feare and tumult, and d eparted
ceiued his death in ashes.                      with good successe.
 9 Now ye king came with a barbar-               17 This was done in the breake of
ous & hautie mind, to do far worse              the day, because the protection of the
to ye Iewes then had beene done in              Lord did helpe him.
his fathers time.                                18 Now when the king had taken a
 10 Which things when Iudas per-                taste of the manlinesse of the Iewes,
ceiued, hee commanded the mult i-               hee went about to take the holds by
tude to call vpon the Lord night &              policie,
day, that if euer at any other time, he          19 And marched towards Bethsura,
would now also helpe them, being at             which was a stroghold of ye Iews,
the point to be put from their Law,             but he was put to flight, failed, &
from their country, and from the holy           lost of his men.
Temple:                                          20 For Iudas had conueyed vnto
 11 And that hee would not suffer the           them that were in it, such things as
people, that had euen now been but a            were necessary.
little refreshed, to be in subiection to         21 But Rhodocus who was in ye
the blasphemous nations.                        Iewes hoste, disclosed the secrets to
 12 So when they had all done this              the enemies, therefore he was sought
together, and besought the mercifull            out, & when they had gotten him,
Lord with weeping, and fasting, and             they put him in prison.
lying flat vpon the ground three                 22 The king treated with them in
daies long, Iudas hauing exhorted               Bethsura the second time, gaue his
them, commanded they should be in               hand, tooke theirs, departed, fought
a readinesse.                                   with Iudas, was ouercome:
 13 And Iudas being apart with the               23 Heard that Philip who was left
Elders, determined before the kings             ouer the affaires in Antioch was de s-
host should enter into Iudea and get            perately bent, confounded, i ntreated
the city, to goe foorth and try the             the Iewes, submitted himselfe, and
matter by the helpe of the Lord.                sware to all equal conditions, agreed

                               2 MACCABEES

with them, and offred sacrifice, h o-          6 Those of the Iewes that bee called
noured the Temple, and dealt kindly           Asideans (whose captaine is Iudas
with the place,                               Maccabeus) nourish warre, and are
 24 And accepted well of Maccabeus,           seditious; and will not let the realme
made him principall gouernor from             be in peace.
Ptolemais vnto the Gerrhenians,                7 Therfore I being depriued of mine
 25 Came to Ptolemais, the people             ancestors honor (I meane the hie
there were grieued for the cou enants:        Priesthood) am now come hither.
for they stormed because they would            8 First verily for the vnfained care I
make their couenants voide.                   haue of things pertaining to the king,
 26 Lysias went vp to the iudgement           and secondly, euen for that I i ntend
seat, said as much as could be in d e-        the good of mine owne countrey
fence of the cause, perswaded, paci-          men: for all our nation is in no small
fied, made them well affected, r e-           misery, through the vnaduised deal-
turned to Antioch. Thus it went               ing of them aforesaid.
touching the kings comming and d e-            9 Wherefore, O king, seeing thou
parting.                                      knowest all these things, bee carefull
                                              for the countrey, and our nation,
            CHAPTER 14                        which is pressed on euery side, a c-
 1 After three yeres was Iudas en-            cording to the clemency that thou
formed that Demetrius the sonne of            readily shewest vnto all.
Seleucus hauing entred by the hauen            10 For as long as Iudas liueth, it is
of Tripolis with a great power and            not possible that the state should be
nauie,                                        quiet.
 2 Had taken the countrey, and killed          11 This was no sooner spoken of
Antiochus, and Lysias his protectour.         him, but others of the kings frien ds
 3 Now one Alcimus who had beene              being malitiously set against Iudas,
hie Priest, and had defiled himselfe          did more incense Demetrius.
wilfully in the times of their min-            12 And foorthwith calling Nicanor,
gling (with the Gentiles) seeing that         who had bene master of the El e-
by no meanes hee could saue hi m-             phants, and making him gouernour
selfe, nor haue any more accesse to           ouer Iudea, he sent him forth,
the holy Altar,                                13 Comanding him to slay Iudas, &
 4 Came to king Demetrius in the              to scatter them that were wt him, &
hundreth and one and fiftieth yeere,          to make Alcimus high priest of the
presenting vnto him a crowne of               great Temple.
golde, and a palme, and also of the            14 Then the heathen that had fled
boughes which were vsed solemnly              out of Iudea from Iudas, came to N i-
in the Temple: and so that day he             canor by flocks, thinking the harme
helde his peace.                              and calamities of the Iewes, to be
 5 Howbeit hauing gotten opportuni-           their well-fare.
ty to further his foolish enterprise,          15 Now when the Iewes heard of
being called into counsel by Dem e-           Nicanors comming, and that the hea-
trius, & asked how the Iewes stood            then were vp against them, they cast
affected, and what they inteded, he           earth vpon their heads, and made
answered therunto;                            supplication to him that had stab-

                                2 MACCABEES

lished his people for euer, and who            this life.
alwayes helpeth his portion with m a-           26 But Alcimus perceiuing the loue
nifestation of his presence.                   that was betwixt them, and conside r-
 16 So at the commandement of the              ing the couenants that were made,
captaine,        they        remooued          came to Demetrius, and tolde him
straightwayes from thence, and came            that Nicanor was not well affected
neere vnto them, at the towne of               towards the state, for that he had or-
Deffaro.                                       dained Iudas, a traitor to his realme,
 17 Now Simon, Iudas brother, had              to be the kings successour.
ioyned battell with Nicanor, but was            27 Then the king being in a rage,
somewhat discomfited, through the              and prouoked with the accus ations of
suddaine silence of his enemies.               the most wicked man, wrote to Nica-
 18 Neuerthelesse Nicanor hearing of           nor, signifying that he was much
the manlinesse of them that were               displeased with the couenants, and
with Iudas, and the courageou snes             commaunding him that hee should
that they had to fight for their count-        send Maccabeus prisoner in all haste
rey, durst not try the matter by the           vnto Antioch.
sword.                                          28 When this came to Nicanors
 19 Wherefore he sent Posidonius,              hearing, he was much cofounded in
and Theodotus, & Mattathias to                 himselfe, and tooke it grieuously,
make peace.                                    that hee should make voyd the a r-
 20 So when they had taken long                ticles which were agreed vpon, the
aduisement thereupon, and the cap-             man being in no fault.
taine had made ye multitude ac-                 29 But because there was no dealing
quainted therewith, and it appeared            against the king, hee watched his
that they were all of one minde, they          time to accomplish this thing by po l-
consented to the couenants,                    licie.
 21 And appointed a day to meet in              30 Notwithstading when Maccabeus
together by themselues, & when t he            saw that Nicanor began to bee chu r-
day came, and stooles were set for             lish vnto him, and that he entreated
either of them,                                him more roughly then he was wont,
 22 Iudas placed armed men ready in            perceiuing that such sowre b ehauiour
conuenient places, lest some trea-             came not of good, hee gathered t o-
chery should bee suddenly practised            gether not a few of his men, and
by the enemies; so they made a                 withdrew himselfe fro Nicanor.
peaceable coference.                            31 But the other knowing that he
 23 Now Nicanor abode in Ierusa-               was notably preuented by Iudas p oli-
lem, and did no hurt, but sent away            cie, came into the great and holy
the people that came flocking vnto             Temple, and commanded the Priestes
him.                                           that were offering their vsual sacri-
 24 And hee would not willingly                fices, to deliuer him ye man.
haue Iudas out of his sight: for hee            32 And whe they sware that they
loued the man from his heart.                  could not tel where ye man was, who
 25 He praied him also to take a               he sought,
wife, and to beget children: so he              33 Hee stretched out his right hand
maried, was quiet, and tooke part of           toward the Temple, & made an oath

                                2 MACCABEES

in this maner: If you wil not d eliuer         wicked to be abused otherwise then
me Iudas as a prisoner, I will lay this        beseemed his noble birth.
Temple of God euen with the ground,             43 But missing his stroke through
and I will breake downe the Altar,             haste, the multitude also rushi ng
and erect a notable temple vnto Ba c-          within the doores, he ran boldly vp
chus.                                          to the wall, and cast himselfe downe
 34 After these words he departed;             manfully among the thickest of them.
then the Priests lift vp their handes           44 But they quickly giuing backe,
towards heauen, & besought him that            and a space being made, he fell
was euer a defeder of their nation,            downe into the midst of the void
saying in this maner:                          place.
 35 Thou, O Lord of all things, who             45 Neuerthelesse while there was
hast neede of nothing, wast pleased            yet breath within him, being in-
that the Temple of thine habitation            flamed with anger, he rose vp, and
should be among vs.                            though his blood gushed out like
 36 Therefore now, O holy Lord of              spouts of water, and his wounds were
all holinesse, keepe this house euer           grieuous, yet hee ranne through the
vndefiled,     which     lately    was         midst of the throng, and standing
cleansed, and stop euery vnrighteous           vpon a steepe rocke,
mouth.                                          46 When as his blood was now quite
 37 Now was there accused vnto Ni-             gone, hee pluckt out his bowels, &
canor, one Razis, one of the Elders            taking them in both his hands, hee
of Ierusalem, a louer of his countrey          cast them vpon the throng, and cal l-
men, and a man of very good report,            ing vpon the Lord of life and spirit
who for his kindnesse was called a             to restore him those againe, he thus
father of ye Iewes.                            died.
 38 For in the former times, when
they mingled not themselues with the                       CHAPTER 15
Gentiles, he had bin accused of                 1 But Nicanor hearing that Iudas
Iudaisme, and did boldly ieopard his           and his company were in the strong
body and life with al vehemency for            places about Samaria, resolued with-
the religion of ye Iewes.                      out any danger to set vpon them on
 39 So Nicanor willing to declare the          ye sabbath day.
hate that he bare vnto the Iewes, sent          2 Neuertheles, the Iewes that were
aboue fiue hudred men of war to take           compelled to go with him, said, O
him.                                           destroy not so cruelly and barb arous-
 40 For he thought by taking him to            ly, but giue honour to that day,
do much hurt.                                  which he that seeth all things, hath
 41 Now when the multitude would               honoured with holinesse aboue
haue taken the towre, and vi olently            3 Then this most vngracious wretch
broken into the vtter doore, and bade          demanded, if there were a mightie
that fire should be brought to burne           one in heauen that had commanded
it, he being ready to be taken on              the Sabbath day to be kept.
euery side, fell vpon his sword,                4 And when they said, There is in
 42 Chusing rather to die manfully,            heauen a liuing Lord, and mightie,
then to come into the hands of the             who commanded the seuenth day to

                                2 MACCABEES

be kept,                                        13 This done, in like maner there
 5 Then said the other, And I also am          appeared a man with gray haires, &
mightie vpon earth, & I comand to              exceeding glorious, who was of a
take armes, and to do the kings b u-           wonderfull and excellent maiestie.
sines: yet he obteined not to haue his          14 Then Onias answered, saying,
wicked wil done.                               This is a louer of the brethren, who
 6 So Nicanor in exceeding pride and           prayeth much for the people, and for
haughtinesse, determined to set vp a           the holy citie, (to wit) Ieremias ye
publike moument of his victorie ouer           prophet of God.
Iudas, and them that were with him.             15 Whereupon Ieremias, holding
 7 But Maccabeus had euer sure co n-           forth his right hand, gaue to Iudas a
fidence that the Lord would helpe              sword of gold, and in giuing it spake
him.                                           thus:
 8 Wherfore he exhorted his people              16 Take this holy sword a gift from
not to feare the comming of the he a-          God, with the which thou shalt
then against them, but to remember             wound the aduersaries.
the helpe which in former times they            17 Thus being well comforted by
had receiued from heauen, and now              the words of Iudas, which were very
to expect the victory, and aid which           good, and able to stirre them vp to
should come vnto them from the A l-            valour, and to encourage the hearts
mightie.                                       of the yong men, they determined
 9 And so comforting them out of the           not to pitch campe, but couragiously
law, and the prophets, and withall             to set vpon them, and manfully to
putting them in mind of the battels            trie the matter by conflict, because
that they won afore, he made them              the citie, and the Sanctuarie, and the
more cheerefull.                               Temple were in danger.
 10 And when he had stirred vp their            18 For the care that they tooke for
minds, he gaue them their charge,              their wiues, and their chi ldren, their
shewing them therewithall the fals-            brethren, and kinsfolkes, was in least
hood of the heathen, and the breach            account with them: but the greatest,
of othes.                                      and principall feare, was for the holy
 11 Thus he armed euery one of them            Temple.
not so much with defence of shields             19 Also they that were in the citie,
and speares, as with comfortable and           tooke not the least care, being
good words: and besides that, he               troubled for the conflict abroad.
tolde them a dreame worthy to be b e-           20 And now when as all looked
leeued, as if it had bin so i ndeed,           what should bee ye triall, & the
which did not a litle reioyce them.            enemies were already come neere,
 12 And this was his vision: that              and the armie was set in aray, and
Onias, who had bin high Pri est, a             the beasts conueniently placed, and
vertuous, and a good man, reuerend             the horsemen set in wings:
in conuersation, gentle in condition,           21 Maccabeus seeing the comming
well spoken also, and exercised from           of the multitude, and the diuers
a child in all points of vertue, hol d-        preparations of armour, and the fier-
ing vp his hands, prayed for the               cenesse of the beasts, stretched out
whole bodie of the Iewes.                      his hands towards heauen, and called

                                2 MACCABEES

vpon the Lord, that worketh wo n-              lem.
ders, knowing that victorie commeth             31 So when he was there, and had
not by armes, but euen as it seemeth           called them of his nation together,
good to him, he giueth it to such as           and set the priests before the altar,
are worthy:                                    he sent for them that were of the
 22 Therefore in his prayer he said            Towre,
after this maner: O Lord, thou di d-            32 And shewed them vile Nicanors
dest send thine Angel in the time of           head, and the hand of that blasphe-
Ezekias king of Iudea, and diddest             mer, which with proud brags he had
slay in the host of Sennacherib, an            stretched out against the holy Te m-
hundred, fourescore, and fiue tho u-           ple of the Almightie.
sand.                                           33 And when he had cut out the
 23 Wherfore now also O Lord of                tongue of that vngodly Nicanor, he
heauen, send a good Angel before vs,           commanded that they should giue it
for a feare, and dread vnto them.              by pieces vnto the foules, and hang
 24 And through the might of thine             vp the reward of his madnesse before
arme, let those bee stricken with te r-        the Temple.
ror, that come against thy holy                 34 So euery man praised towards
people to blaspheme. And he ended              the heauen the glorious Lord, saying,
thus.                                          Blessed be hee that hath kept his
 25 Then Nicanor, and they that were           owne place vndefiled.
with him came forward with trum-                35 He hanged also Nicanors head
pets, and songs.                               vpon the Towre, an euident, and m a-
 26 But Iudas, and his company en-             nifest signe vnto all, of the helpe of
countred the enemies with inuoca-              the Lord.
tion, and prayer.                               36 And they ordained all with a
 27 So that fighting with their hands,         common decree, in no case to let that
and praying vnto God with their                day passe without solemnitie: but to
hearts, they slew no lesse then thirty         celebrate the thirteenth day of the
and fiue thousand men: for through             twelfth moneth, which in the Syrian
the appearance of God, they were               tongue is called Adar, the day before
greatly cheered.                               Mardocheus day.
 28 Now when the battell was done,              37 Thus went it with Nicanor, and
returning againe with ioy, they knew           from that time forth, the Hebrewes
that Nicanor lay dead in his har-              had the citie in their power: and
nesse.                                         heere will I make an end.
 29 Then they made a great shout,               38 And if I haue done well, and as
and a noise, praising the Almighty in          is fitting the story, it is that which I
their owne language:                           desired: but if slenderly, and meanly,
 30 And Iudas, who was euer the                it is that which I could attaine vnto.
chiefe defender of the citizens both            39 For as it is hurtfull to drinke
in body, and minde, and who conti n-           wine, or water alone; & as wine
ued his loue towards his countrymen            mingled with water is pleasant, and
all his life, commanded to strik e off         delighteth the tast: euen so speech
Nicanors head, and his hand, with              finely framed, delighteth the eares of
his shoulder, & bring them to Ierus a-         them that read the storie. And heere

                   2 MACCABEES

shall be an end.


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