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Judith

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									                               T H E   B O O K    O F

                               JUDITH
              CHAPTER 1                        10 To all these, Nebuchadnezzar,
 1 And so Arphaxad, king of the               king of the Assyrians, sent messe n-
Medes, subjugated many nations u n-           gers:
der his authority, and he built a very         11 whom they all with one mind
powerful city, which he called Ecb a-         contradicted, and they sent them
tana.                                         back empty, and they rejected them
 2 From stones, cut and squared, he           without honor.
made its walls: seventy cubits in              12 Then king Nebuchadnezzar, be-
height and thirty cubits in breadth.          ing indignant against all that land,
And, in truth, he set its towers one          swore by his throne and his kingdom
hundred cubits in height.                     that he would defend himself against
 3 In fact, at its corners, each side         all those regions.
was extended for the space of twenty
feet. And he set its gates according                        CHAPTER 2
to the height of the towers.                   1 In the thirteenth year of the reign
 4 And he glorified it, in its power,         of Nebuchadnezzar, on the twenty-
with the force of his army and with           second day of the first month, the
the glory of his chariots.                    word went forth from the house of
 5 Thereafter, in the twelfth year of         Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Ass y-
his reign, Nebuchadnezzar, king of            rians, that he would defend himself.
the Assyrians, who reigned in Nin e-           2 And he called all the native lead-
veh the great city, fought against A r-       ers, and all the commanders, and his
phaxad and prevailed over him:                officers of war, and he met with
 6 in the great plain, which is called        them in his secret council.
Ragae, near the Euphrates, and the             3 And he said to them that his
Tigris, and the Hydaspes, at the e n-         thoughts were to subjugate all the
campment of Arioch, king of the               earth to his authority.
Elymaeans.                                     4 And when this saying pleased
 7 Then the kingdom of Nebuchad-              them all, king Nebuchadnezzar
nezzar was exalted, and his heart             called Holofernes, the leader of his
was elevated. And he sent to all who          military.
dwelt in Cilicia, and Damascus, and            5 And he said to him: “Go out
Lebanon,                                      against all the kingdoms of the west,
 8 and to the nations that are in Ca r-       and against those in particular who
mel and Kedar, and to the inhab itants        showed contempt for my authority.
of Galilee, in the great plain of E s-         6 Your eye must not spare any kin g-
drelon,                                       dom, and all the fortified cities you
 9 and to all who were in Samaria             will subjugate to me.”
and across the river Jordan, even to           7 Then Holofernes called the com-
Jerusalem and to all the land of              manders and the magistrates of the
Jesse, until one passes through to the        army of the Assyrians. And he num-
borders of Ethiopia.                          bered men for the expedition, just as


                                          1
                                    JUDITH



the king had instructed him: one              of Midian, and he plundered them in
hundred and twenty thousand foot -            all their wealthy regions. And all
soldiers, and twelve thousand ar c-           who resisted him, he slew with the
hers on horseback.                            edge of the sword.
 8 And he caused his entire expedi-            17 And after these things, he des-
tionary force to go ahead with an i n-        cended to the plains of Damascus, in
numerable multitude of camels, with           the days of the harvest, and he set
whatever was needed in abundance              fire to all the crops, and he caused
for the armies, and with herds of ca t-       all the trees and the vineyards to be
tle, and flocks of sheep, which could         cut down.
not be numbered.                               18 And the fear of them fell upon
 9 He appointed grain to be prepared          all the inhabitants of the land.
from all of Syria, as he passed
through it.                                                CHAPTER 3
 10 In fact, he took up gold and sil-          1 Then the kings as well as the
ver from the house of the king in             princes of the provinces sent their
great abundance.                              emissaries from all of the cities:
 11 And he set out, he and all the            from Syria, particularly Mesopot a-
army, with the four-horse chariots,           mia, and Syria Sobal, and Libya as
and horsemen, and archers. And they           well as Cilicia. These, upon coming
covered the face of the earth like l o-       to Holofernes, said:
custs.                                         2 “Let your indignation concerning
 12 And when he had crossed over              us cease. For it is better for us to
the borders of the Assyrians, he              live in service to Nebuchadnezzar,
came to the great mountains of Ange,          the great king, and to become subject
which are on the left of Cilicia. And         to you, rather than to die, even
he ascended to all their castles, and         though we may have to suffer our
he prevailed over all the fortifica-          condemnation into the annihilation
tions.                                        of slavery.
 13 Moreover, he broke open the re-            3 All our cities and all our posses-
nowned city of Melothus, and he pil-          sions, all mountains, and hills, and
laged all the sons of Tarshish, and           fields, and herds of cattle, and flocks
the sons of Ishmael, who were opp o-          of sheep, and goats, and horses, and
site the face of the desert and to the        camels, and all our resources and
south of the land of Cellon.                  families are in your sight.
 14 And he crossed over the Euph-              4 Let all that we have be subject to
rates and came into Mesopotamia.              your law.
And he crushed all the lofty cities            5 We, and our sons, are your ser-
that were there, from the torrent of          vants.
Mambre, even until one passes                  6 Come to us as a peaceful lord, and
through to the sea.                           use our service, just as it pleases
 15 And he occupied its furthest re-          you.”
gions, from Cilicia all the way to the         7 Then he descended from the
coastlines of Japheth, which are to-          mountains with horsemen, in great
wards the south.                              power, and he took charge of every
 16 And he carried away all the sons          city and of every inhabitant of the



                                          2
                                    JUDITH



land.                                         the tops of the mountains.
 8 And, from all the cities, he took           4 And they surrounded their villages
for himself auxiliaries: strong men           with walls, and they gathered to-
and well-chosen for war.                      gether grain in preparation for the
 9 And such a dread lay upon those            fight.
provinces, that the leading and ho n-          5 And then Eliachim the priest
ored inhabitants of all the cities, to-       wrote to all who were opposite E s-
gether with the people, went out to           drelon, which is opposite the face of
meet him at his arrival.                      the great plain near Dothain, and to
 10 They received him with garlands           all whom he would be able to reach
and lamps; they were led by choirs            through a passable way:
with timbrels and flutes.                      6 that they should hold the ascents
 11 Yet, not even by doing these              of the mountains, through which
things were they able to mitigate the         there might be any passage able to
ferocity of his chest.                        reach Jerusalem, and that they
 12 For he both destroyed their cities        should keep watch where the passage
and cut down their sacred groves.             was narrow, wherever possible, b e-
 13 For king Nebuchadnezzar had i n-          tween the mountains.
structed him to exterminate all the            7 And the sons of Israel did just as
gods of the earth, evidently so that          Eliachim, the priest of the Lord, had
he alone might be called „god‟ by             appointed them.
those nations which were able to be            8 And all the people cried out to the
subjugated by the power of Holo-              Lord with great urgency, and they
fernes.                                       humbled their souls with fastings,
 14 But when he had passed through            and prayers, both they and their
Syria Sobal, and all of Apamea, and           wives.
all Mesopotamia, he came to the                9 And the priests clothed themselves
Idumeans in the land of Gibeah.               with haircloths, and they pro strated
 15 And he took their cities, and he          the little children opposite the face
sat there for thirty days, during             of the temple of the Lord, and they
which days he instructed all the              covered the altar of the Lord with
troops of his army to regroup.                haircloth.
                                               10 And they cried out to the Lord
              CHAPTER 4                       God of Israel with one accord, lest
 1 Then, upon hearing these things,           their children should be given over
the sons of Israel, who dwelt in the          as prey, and their wives into distr i-
land of Judah, were very afraid b e-          bution, and their cities into exterm i-
fore his face.                                nation, and their holy things into d e-
 2 Trembling and horror invaded               filement, and so that they might not
their senses, lest he should do the           become the disgrace of the Gentiles.
same thing to Jerusalem and to the             11 Then Eliachim, the high priest of
temple of the Lord that he had done           the Lord, traveled all around Israel,
to other cities and their temples.            and he was talking to them,
 3 And they sent into all of Samaria,          12 saying: “Know that the Lord will
and by an indirect route even to Jeri-        heed your prayers, if you co ntinue to
cho, and they seized in advance all           persevere in fastings and prayers in



                                          3
                                    JUDITH



the sight of the Lord.                        tempt for us, and have not gone out
 13 Recall that Moses, the servant of         to meet us, so that they might r e-
the Lord, overcame Amalek, who                ceive us with peace?”
trusted in his own strength, and in            5 Then Achior, commander of all
his power, and in his army, and in            the sons of Ammon, responding,
his bronze shields, and in his swift          said: “If you would deign to listen,
chariots, and in his horsemen. He             my lord, I will tell the truth in your
overcame him, not by fighting with            sight about this people, who dwell in
iron, but by pleading with holy pra y-        the mountains, and not a false word
ers.                                          will go forth from my mouth.
 14 So will it be with all the en emies        6 This people is from the progeny of
of Israel, if you persevere in this           the Chaldeans.
work that you have begun.”                     7 These dwelt at first in Mesopot a-
 15 Therefore, by this exhortation            mia, because they were not willing
and his prayer to the Lord, they co n-        to follow the gods of their fathers,
tinued in the sight of the Lord,              who were in the land of the Cha l-
 16 so that even those who offered            deans.
holocausts to the Lord, offered the            8 And so, forsaking the ceremonies
sacrifices to the Lord girded with            of their fathers, which were with a
haircloths, and there were ashes              multitude of gods,
upon their heads.                              9 they worshipped one God of hea-
 17 And they all begged God with              ven, who also instructed them to go
their whole heart, that he would visit        forth from that place and to dwell in
his people Israel.                            Canaan. And when a famine covered
                                              the whole land, they went down into
             CHAPTER 5                        Egypt, and there, through four hun-
 1 And it was reported to Holofernes,         dred years, they were so multiplied,
the leader of the military of the A s-        that the army of them could not be
syrians, that the sons of Israel were         numbered.
preparing themselves to resist, and            10 And when the king of Egypt op-
also that they had closed the mou n-          pressed them, and also subjugated
tain passes.                                  them to labor with clay and brick in
 2 And he was enraged with extreme            the building of his cities, they cried
fury and great indignation, and he            out to their Lord, and he struck the
called together all the leaders of            entire land of Egypt with various
Moab and the leaders of Ammon.                plagues.
 3 And he said to them: “Tell me who           11 And when the Egyptians had cast
this people may be, who obstruct the          them away from them, and the pl a-
mountains. And which are their ci-            gue had ceased from them, and the y
ties, and of what kind, and how               were willing to seize them again and
many? And then, what may be their             recall them to their servitude:
power, and what may be their nu m-             12 the God of heaven opened the
ber, and who is king over their mili-         sea to these as they fled, so that the
tary?                                         waters were made to stand firm like
 4 And why have these, more than all          a wall on either side, and these
who dwell in the east, shown co n-            walked across the bottom of the sea



                                          4
                                     JUDITH



and passed through with dry feet.              they had withdrawn from the way
 13 In that place, when an innumera-           that their God had given them to
ble army of the Egyptians pursued              walk, they were destroyed in battles
after them, they were so over-                 by many nations and very many of
whelmed with the waters, that not              them were led away captive into a
even one remained to report to pos t-          land not their own.
erity what had happened.                        23 But, more recently, returning to
 14 In truth, going forth from the             the Lord their God, from the dispe r-
Red Sea, they occupied the deserts             sion in which they had been sca t-
of mount Sinai, in which man could             tered, they have united and have as-
never dwell, nor a son of man take             cended into all these mountains, and
rest.                                          they again possess Jerusalem, where
 15 In that place, bitter fountains b e-       their holy things are.
came sweet for them to drink, and,              24 Therefore, now my lord, inquire
through forty years, they continued            if there may be any iniquity of theirs
to receive provisions from heaven.             in the sight of their God. If so, let us
 16 And, although they had entered             ascend to them, because their God
without bow and arrow, and without             will surely deliver them to you, and
shield and sword, their God fought             they will be subjugated under the
on their behalf and was vict orious.           yoke of your power.
 17 And there was no one who could              25 But if, in truth, there may be no
attack this people, except when they           offense of this people before their
withdrew from the worship of the               God, we will not be able to resist
Lord their God.                                them, because their God will defend
 18 But as often as they worshipped            them, and we will become a disgrace
any other, except their own God,               to the whole earth.”
they were delivered to plunder, and             26 And it happened, when Achior
to the sword, and into reproach.               had ceased to speak these words, all
 19 But as often as they were repen-           the great men of Holofernes were
tant for having withdrawn from the             angry, and they intended to execute
worship of their God, the God of               him, saying to each other:
heaven gave them the power to res-              27 “Who is this, that says the sons
ist.                                           of Israel are able to resist king N e-
 20 And, indeed, they overthrew the            buchadnezzar and his armies: un-
king of the Canaanites, and of the             armed men, and without strength,
Jebusites, and of the Perizzites, and          and without skill in the art of fight-
of the Hethites, and of the Hevites,           ing?
and of the Amorrhites, and all the              28 Therefore, so that Achior may
powerful ones in Hesebon, and these            know that he has failed us, let us a s-
same possessed their lands and their           cend to the mountains. And, when
cities.                                        the most powerful among them have
 21 And, as long as they did not sin           been taken, then, with them, he will
in the sight of their God, it was well         be impaled with the sword.
with them. For their God hates ini q-           29 So may every people know that
uity.                                          Nebuchadnezzar is god of the earth,
 22 And even some years ago, when              and there is no other, except him.”



                                           5
                                    JUDITH



                                              close to the mountains, the slingers
             CHAPTER 6                        of stones went forth against them.
 1 But when they had ceased speak-             9 Then, diverting by the side of the
ing, it happened that Holofernes, be-         mountain, they tied Achior, hands
ing very indignant, said to Achior:           and feet, to a tree, and so they aban-
 2 “Because you have prophesied to            doned him, bound with ropes, and
us, saying that the people of Israel          they returned to their lord.
may be defended by their God, and              10 Thereafter, the sons of Israel,
so as to reveal to you that there is no       descending from Bethulia, came to
God, except Nebuchadnezzar:                   him. Releasing him, they brought
 3 when we will have struck them all          him to Bethulia. And so, standing
as one man, then you also will pass           him in the midst of the people, they
away with them by the sword of the            interrogated him as to what event
Assyrians, and all Israel will perish         caused the Assyrians to abandon
into perdition with you.                      him, bound.
 4 And you will be shown that Neb u-           11 In those days, the rulers of that
chadnezzar is the lord of the whole           place were Uzziah, the son of Micah
earth. And then, the sword of my a r-         of the tribe of Simeon, and Chabris,
my will pass through your sides,              also called Gothoniel.
and, being stabbed, you will fall              12 And so, in the midst of the elders
among the wounded of Israel, and              and in the sight of everyone, Achior
you will breathe no longer, when you          explained all that he had said in r e-
have been destroyed with them.                ply to the questioning of Holofernes,
 5 And furthermore, if you consider           and in what manner the people of
your prophecy to be true, do not let          Holofernes wanted to have him
your countenance fall, and let the            killed because of this word,
paleness that has taken hold of your           13 and how Holofernes himself, b e-
face depart from you, if you claim            ing angry, had ordered him to be
that these my words cannot be fu l-           handed over to the Israelites, for this
filled.                                       reason: so that when he would pr e-
 6 But so that you may know that              vail over the sons of Israel, then he
you will experience these things t o-         would also command Achior himself
gether with them, behold, from this           to be executed by diverse torments,
hour you will be associated with              because he had said that the God of
their people, so that, when they re-          heaven is their defender.
ceive the punishment that they de-             14 And when Achior had declared
serve from my sword, you will fall            all these things, all the people fell on
under the same vengeance.”                    their faces, adoring the Lord, and,
 7 Then Holofernes instructed his             communing together with mourning
servants to apprehend Achior, and to          and weeping, they poured out their
lead him through to Bethulia, and to          prayers with one mind to the Lord,
deliver him into the hands of the              15 saying: “O Lord, God of heaven
sons of Israel.                               and earth, behold their arrogance,
 8 And, taking him, the servants of           and gaze upon our humility, and a t-
Holofernes traveled through the               tend to the face of your holy ones,
plains. But when they approached              and reveal that you do not abandon



                                          6
                                     JUDITH



those who rely on you, and that                foothills of the mountain, even to the
those who rely on themselves and               apex, which looks down upon D o-
who glory in their own strength, you           thain, from the place which is called
humble.”                                       Belma, up to Chelmon, which is op-
 16 And so, when their weeping was             posite Esdrelon.
ended, and the prayer of the people             4 But the sons of Israel, when they
throughout the entire day was co m-            saw the multitude of them, pro-
pleted, they consoled Achior,                  strated themselves upon the ground,
 17 saying: “The God of our fathers,           scattering ashes over their heads,
whose power you have predicted,                praying with one accord that the God
will give to you this in return: that          of Israel would show his mercy upon
you, instead, will see the destru ction        his people.
of them.                                        5 And, taking up their arms of war,
 18 Truly, when the Lord our God               they set up positions at the places
will give this freedom to his ser-             that lead along a narrow footpath b e-
vants, may God also be with you in             tween the mountains, and they
our midst, so that, just as it pleases         guarded them all day and night.
you, everyone who is with you may               6 Now Holofernes, while circling
keep company with us.”                         around, discovered that the fountain
 19 Then Uzziah, after the council             that flowed in to them, led directly
was ended, received him into his               through an aqueduct on the south
own house, and he made him a great             side, beyond the city. And he in-
supper.                                        structed their aqueduct to be cut off.
 20 And all the elders were invited;            7 Even so, there were springs not
together they refreshed themselves at          far from the walls, from which they
the completion of their fast.                  were seen to draw water secretly, to
 21 In truth, after this, all the people       refresh themselves a little rather than
were called together, and they                 to drink their fill.
prayed throughout the entire night              8 But the sons of Ammon and Moab
within the assembly, petitioning help          approached Holofernes, saying: “The
from the God of Israel.                        sons of Israel do not trust in their
                                               lances, nor in their arrows, but the
             CHAPTER 7                         mountains are their defense, and the
 1 But Holofernes, on another day,             steep hills and precipices const itute
instructed his army to ascend against          their fortifications.
Bethulia.                                       9 Therefore, so that you may be
 2 Moreover, there were one hundred            able to overcome them without joi n-
and twenty thousand foot-soldiers,             ing battle, set guards at the springs
and twenty-two thousand horsemen,              so that they may not draw water
besides the contingents of those men           from them, and you will put them to
who had been taken captive, and all            death without the sword, or at least,
the youths who had been abducted               being weary, they will hand over
from the provinces and the cities.             their city, which they suppose to be,
 3 All these prepared themselves to-           by its position in the mountains, un-
gether to fight against the sons of            able to be conquered.”
Israel, and they came through the               10 And these words were pleasing



                                           7
                                   JUDITH



before Holofernes and before his at-          18 And when they had said these
tendants, and so he stationed a hu n-        things, there happened a great we ep-
dred men around every spring.                ing and a loud lamentation within
 11 And when they had kept this              the assembly. From everyone and for
watch through twenty full days, the          many hours, with one voice, they
cisterns and collections of waters           cried out to God, saying:
failed among all the inhabitants of           19 “We have sinned like our fathers,
Bethulia, so that there was within the       we have acted unjustly, we have
city not enough to satisfy them for          committed iniquity.
even one day, because water was               20 May you have mercy on us, for
given out to the people daily by             you are pious, or with your own
measure.                                     scourges avenge our iniquities, but
 12 Then, all the men and women,             do not be willing to deliver those
youths and little ones, gathering t o-       trusting in you to a people who are
gether before Uzziah, all with one           ignorant of you,
voice together,                               21 so that they may not say among
 13 said: “May God be judge be-              the Gentiles, „Where is their God?‟ ”
tween us and you, for you have done           22 And when, being weary from
evil with us, in not being willing to        these outcries, and tired from these
speak peacefully with the Assyrians,         weepings, they became silent,
and because of this, God has sold us          23 Uzziah, rising up covered in
into their hands.                            tears, said: “Be steadfast in soul,
 14 And therefore, there is no one to        brothers, and let us wait these five
help us, while we are prostrated be-         days for mercy from the Lord.
fore their eyes with thirst and great         24 For perhaps he will break off his
destruction.                                 indignation and give glory to his
 15 And now, gather together all who         own name.
are in the city, so that we may wi l-         25 But if, with five days passing,
lingly deliver everyone of us to the         help does not arrive, we will acco m-
people of Holofernes.                        plish the words that you have sp o-
 16 For it is better that as captives,       ken.”
being alive, we should bless the
Lord, than that we should die and                         CHAPTER 8
become a disgrace to all flesh, after         1 And it happened that these words
we have seen our wives and our               were heard by Judith, a widow who
children die before our eyes.                was the daughter of Merari, the son
 17 We call to witness this day hea-         of Idox, the son of Joseph, the son of
ven and earth, and the God of our            Oziel, the son of Elai, the son of
fathers, who takes vengeance upon            Jamnor, the son of Gideon, the son
us according to our sins, so that now        of Raphaim, the son of Ahitub, the
you may deliver the city into the            son of Melchiel, the son of Enan, the
hand of the military of Holofernes.          son of Nathaniel, the son of Sal a-
And may our end be brief, by the             thiel, the son of Simeon, the son of
edge of the sword, that would be             Ruben.
made longer by the dryness of                 2 And her husband was Manasseh,
thirst.”                                     who died in the days of the barley



                                         8
                                   JUDITH



harvest.                                     tablished a day for him, according to
 3 For he was standing over those            your choice.
who bound sheaves in the field, and           14 But, since the Lord is patient, let
the heat overcame his head, and he           us be repentant about this same ma t-
died in Bethulia, his own city, and he       ter, and let us beg his indulgence
was buried there with his fathers.           with many tears.
 4 But Judith, his bereaved, was a            15 For God will not threaten like
widow now for three years and six            man, nor will he be inflamed to an-
months.                                      ger like a son of man.
 5 And she made herself a private             16 And, for this reason, let us hu m-
chamber in the upper part of her             ble our souls before him, and, con-
house, in which she stayed enclosed          tinuing to serve him in a spirit of
with her handmaids.                          humility,
 6 And she had haircloth around her           17 let us speak to the Lord with
waist, and she fasted all the days of        tears, so that he may act according to
her life, except Sabbaths, and new           his will in his mercy toward us. So
moons, and the feasts of the house of        then, just as our heart is disturbed by
Israel.                                      their arrogance, so also may we
 7 Moreover, she was exceedingly             glory in our humility.
elegant in appearance, and her hu s-          18 For we have not followed the
band left her many riches, and an            sins of our fathers, who abandoned
abundant household, as well as the           their God in order to worship strange
ownership of plentiful herds of oxen         gods.
and flocks of sheep.                          19 Because of this crime, they were
 8 And she was greatly renowned              given over to their enemies: to the
among all, because she feared the            sword, and to pillaging, and to co n-
Lord very much, nor was there an y-          fusion. But we know no other God
one who spoke an ill word about her.         except him.
 9 And so, when she heard that Uz-            20 Let us wait with humility for his
ziah had promised that he would              consolation, and the Lord our God
hand over the city with the passing          will requite our blood by the affli c-
of five days, she sent to the elders         tions of our enemies, and he will
Chabris and Charmis.                         humble all the nations that will rise
 10 And they came to her, and she            up against us, and he will cause them
said to them: “What is this word, by         to be without honor.
which Uzziah has consented to hand            21 And now, brothers, because you
over the city to the Assyrians, if           are the elders among the people of
within five days no help arrives for         God, and their very soul hangs upon
us?                                          you, rescue their hearts by your el o-
 11 And who are you to test the              quence, so that they may remember
Lord?                                        that our fathers were tested in order
 12 This is not a word that will pro-        to prove whether or not they truly
voke mercy, but rather one that may          worshiped their God.
excite wrath and enkindle fury.               22 They are obliged to remember
 13 You have set a time limit for the        how our father Abraham was tested,
mercy of the Lord, and you have e s-         and being proved by many tribul a-



                                         9
                                   JUDITH



tions, he was made the friend of              except to pray for me to the Lord our
God.                                          God.”
 23 So Isaac, so Jacob, so Moses,              34 And Uzziah, the leader of Judah,
and all that have pleased God,                said to her, “Go in peace, and may
passed through many tribulations,             the Lord be with you to take r evenge
remaining faithful.                           among our enemies.” So, turning
 24 But those who did not accept the          back, they departed.
trials with the fear of the Lord, and
who brought forward their imp a-                           CHAPTER 9
tience and the disgrace of their               1 And when they were gone, Judith
murmuring against the Lord,                   entered her place of prayer. And
 25 were exterminated by the exter-           clothing herself with haircloth, she
minator, and they perished by ser-            placed ashes on her head. And pr o-
pents.                                        strating herself to the Lord, she cried
 26 And as for us, therefore, let us          out to the Lord, saying:
not revenge ourselves for these                2 “O Lord, God of my father Sim e-
things that we suffer.                        on, you gave him a sword to d efend
 27 But, in considering these same            against foreigners, who stood out as
sufferings to be less than our sins           violators by their defilement, and
deserve, let us believe that the              who uncovered the thigh of the vi r-
scourges of the Lord, by which we             gin unto shame.
are corrected like servants, have oc-          3 And you gave their wives into
curred for our improvement and not            plunder, and their daughters into
for our destruction.”                         captivity, and all their spoils to be
 28 And Uzziah and the elders said            divided to the servants, who were
to her: “All the things that you have         zealous with your zeal. Bring help, I
spoken are true, and there is nothing         ask you, O Lord my God, to me, a
reprehensible in your words.                  widow.
 29 Now, therefore, pray for us, b e-          4 For you have acted in the past,
cause you are a holy woman, and one           and you have decided one thing after
fearing God.”                                 another. And what you have willed,
 30 And Judith said to them: “You             this too has happened.
know that what I have been able to             5 For all your ways have been pre-
say is of God.                                pared, and you have placed your
 31 So, concerning that which I pro-          judgments within your providence.
pose to do, examine whether or not it          6 Look upon the camp of the Ass y-
is from God, and pray that God may            rians now, just as you deigned to
act to strengthen my plan.                    look upon the camp of the Egyptians,
 32 You will stand at the gate this           when their weapons rushed after
night, and I will go forth with my            your servants, trusting in their four-
handmaid. And pray that, just as you          horse chariots, and in their horse-
have said, within five days the Lord          men, and in a multitude of warriors.
may look kindly on his people Israel.          7 But you gazed upon their camp,
 33 But I am not willing to have you          and darkness wearied them.
examine my actions, and, until I r e-          8 The abyss took hold of their feet,
port to you, let nothing else be done,        and the waters covered them.



                                         10
                                     JUDITH



 9 So may it be with these also, O              heart, so that your house may co n-
Lord, who trust in their multitude,             tinue with your sanctification,
and in their swift chariots, and in              19 and so that all the nations may
their pikes, and in their shields, and          acknowledge that you are God, and
in their arrows, and the glory in their         there is no other beside you.”
lances.
 10 And they do not know that you                            CHAPTER 10
are our God, who crushes wars from               1 And it happened that, when she
the beginning, and the Lord is your             had ceased to cry out to the Lord,
name.                                           she arose from the place where she
 11 Raise up your arm, just as from             lay prostrate before the Lord.
the beginning, and throw down their              2 And she called her handmaid, and
power by your power. Let their po w-            descending into her house, she took
er fall, in their anger, for they pro m-        away from herself the haircloth, and
ise themselves to violate your sanc t-          she put away from herself the gar-
uary, and to pollute the tabern acle of         ments of her widowhood,
your name, and to cut down by their              3 and she washed her body, and she
sword the horn of your altar.                   anointed herself with the best oint-
 12 Act, O Lord, so that his arrog-             ment, and she plaited the hair of her
ance may be cut off with his own                head, and she put a headdress on her
sword.                                          head, and she clothed herself with
 13 Let him be seized by the snare of           the garments of her elegance, and
his own eyes in my regard, and may              she put sandals on her feet, and she
you strike him by the attraction of             put on her little bracelets, and lilies,
my lips.                                        and earrings, and rings, and she
 14 Give me constancy in my soul,               adorned herself with all her orna-
so that I may hold him in contempt,             ments.
and give me virtue, so that I may                4 And also, the Lord conferred upon
overthrow him.                                  her a splendor. For all this dressing
 15 For this will be a memorial to              up did not proceed from sensuality,
your name, when he will be overth-              but from virtue. And therefore, the
rown by the hand of a woman.                    Lord increased this, her beauty, so
 16 For your power, O Lord, is not in           that she appeared with incomparable
numbers, nor is your will with the              honor before the eyes of all.
strength of horses, nor from the b e-            5 And so, she appointed to her
ginning have the arrogant been                  handmaid a wineskin, and a vessel of
pleasing to you. But the pleas of the           oil, and parched grain, and dried
humble and the meek have always                 figs, and bread, and cheese, and they
pleased you.                                    departed.
 17 O God of the heavens, Creator of             6 And when they came to the gate of
the waters, and Lord of all creation,           the city, they found Uzziah and the
heed me, a miserable thing, pleading            elders of the city waiting.
you and depending on your mercy.                 7 And when they saw her, being as-
 18 Remember, O Lord, your cove-                tounded, they wondered at her su r-
nant, and put your words in my                  passing beauty.
mouth, and reinforce the plan in my              8 So, not questioning her at all, they



                                           11
                                    JUDITH



dismissed her to go forth, saying:             you well, and you will be very pleas-
“May the God of our fathers give               ing to his heart.” And they led her to
you grace, and may he strengthen all           the tabernacle of Holofernes, a n-
the advice of your heart with his vi r-        nouncing her.
tue, so that Jerusalem may glory                17 And when she had entered before
over you, and your name may be                 his face, immediately Holofernes
counted among the holy and the                 was captivated by his eyes.
just.”                                          18 And his attendants said to him,
 9 And those who were there, all               “Who can hold the people of the He-
with one voice, said: “Amen. Amen.”            brews in contempt, who have such
 10 In truth, Judith was praying to            beautiful women? So, we ought to
the Lord as she crossed through the            think it not worthwhile, for their
gates, she and her handmaid.                   sakes, to fight against them.”
 11 But it happened that, when she              19 And so, Judith looked upon Ho-
descended the mountain at about the            lofernes, sitting under a canopy,
break of day, the scouts of the Ass y-         which was woven from purple and
rians met her, and they stopped her,           gold, with emeralds and precious
saying, “Where are you coming                  stones.
from? And where are you going?”                 20 And, after she had gazed into his
 12 And she answered: “I am a                  face, she showed reverence for him,
daughter of the Hebrews. This is               prostrating herself to the ground.
why I have fled from their face: b e-          And the servants of Holofernes lifted
cause I realized that in the future            her up, at the command of their lord.
they would be given over to you with
pillaging, for they hold you in co n-                       CHAPTER 11
tempt, and they would never be wil l-           1 Then Holofernes said to her: “Be
ing to surrender themselves, so that           steadfast in soul, and do not be terri-
they might find mercy in your sight.           fied in your heart. For I have never
 13 For this reason, I thought to m y-         harmed a man who was willing to
self, saying: I will go to the face of         serve king Nebuchadnezzar.
the leader Holofernes, so that I may            2 But if your people had not des-
reveal to him their secrets, and show          pised me, I would not have lifted up
him by what means he may be able               my lance over them.
to prevail over them, without one               3 But now, tell me, for what reason
man of his army being slain.”                  have you withdrawn from them, and
 14 And when the men had heard her             why has it pleased you to come to
words, they beheld her face, and               us?”
their eyes were astounded, because              4 And Judith said to him: “R eceive
they wondered exceedingly at her               the words of your maidservant. For,
beauty.                                        if you will follow the words of your
 15 And they said to her: “You have            maidservant, the Lord will accom-
preserved your life by following               plish an excellent thing by you.
such an excellent plan, to descend to           5 For, as Nebuchadnezzar the king
our lord.                                      of the earth lives, and as his power
 16 But know this, that when you               lives, which is with you for the chas-
will stand in his sight, he will treat         tising of all straying souls: not only



                                          12
                                    JUDITH



men serve him through you, but also             15 And he will tell me when he will
the beasts of the field are submi ssive        repay them for their sins, and I will
to him.                                        return and announce it to you, so
 6 For the diligence of your mind is           that I may bring you through the
being reported to all nations, and it          midst of Jerusalem, and you will
has been revealed to all of this age           hold all the people of Israel, like
that you alone are good and powerful           sheep that have no shepherd, and
in all his kingdom, and your disc ip-          there will not be so much as one dog
line is being announced beforehand             that barks against you.
in all the provinces.                           16 For these things have been told
 7 This is not hidden, what Achior             to me through the providence of
has said, nor are we ignorant of what          God.
you have ordered to befall him.                 17 And because God has been angry
 8 For it is agreed that our God is so         with them, I have been sent to report
offended with sins that he has com-            these same things to you.”
manded, through his prophets to the             18 And so, all these words were
people, that he will deliver them up           pleasing before Holofernes, and b e-
for their sins.                                fore his servants, and they wondered
 9 And since the sons of Israel know           at her wisdom, and they said to one
that they have offended their God,             another:
your trembling is upon them.                    19 “There is not another woman so
 10 Moreover, now also a famine has            great upon the earth: in appearance,
assailed them, and, by drought of              in beauty, and in charming words.”
water, they are already counted                 20 And Holofernes said to her:
among the dead.                                “God has done well, who sent you
 11 And finally, they have a plan to           ahead of the people, so that you may
put to death their herds, and to drink         give them into our hands.
their blood.                                    21 And if your promise is good, if
 12 And the sacred things of the Lord          your God will do this for me, he will
their God, which God instructed                also be my God, and you will be
them not to touch, among the grain,            great in the house of Nebuchadnez-
wine, and oil, these they have d e-            zar, and your name will be renowned
cided to expend, and they are willing          through all the earth.”
to consume the things that they
ought not to touch with their hands.                       CHAPTER 12
Therefore, because they do these                1 Then he ordered her to enter
things, it is certain that they will be        where his valuables were stored, and
given over to perdition.                       he ordered her wait there, and he ap-
 13 And I, your maidservant, know-             pointed what should be given to her
ing this, have fled from them, and             from his own feast.
the Lord has sent me to report to you           2 And Judith responded to him, and
these same things.                             she said: “Now, I am not able to eat
 14 For I, your maidservant, worship           from these things which you i n-
God even now that I am with you,               structed to be allotted to me, lest an
and your maidservant will go out,              offense come upon me. But I will eat
and I will pray to God.                        from that which I have brought.”



                                          13
                                    JUDITH



 3 And Holofernes said to her, “If             may eat with him and drink wine
these things that you have brought             with cheerfulness.”
with you should fail you, what shall            13 Judith answered him: “Who am I,
we do for you?”                                that I should contradict my lord?
 4 And Judith said, “As your soul               14 All that will be good and best b e-
lives, my lord, your maidservant will          fore his eyes, I will do. Moreover,
not expend all these things, until             whatever will please him, to me, that
God accomplishes by my hand what I             will be what is best, all the days of
have in mind.” And his servants led            my life.”
her into the tabernacle, as he in-              15 And she arose and dressed her-
structed.                                      self with her garments, and ente ring,
 5 And, as she was entering, she re-           she stood before his face.
quested that it be permitted to her to          16 But the heart of Holofernes was
go outside at night, before da ylight,         struck. For he was burning with d e-
in order to pray and to petition the           sire for her.
Lord.                                           17 And Holofernes said to her,
 6 And he instructed his chamber-              “Drink now, and recline with chee r-
lains that she may exit and enter, just        fulness, for you have found favor b e-
as it may please her, to adore her             fore me.”
God, for three days.                            18 And Judith said, “I will drink,
 7 And she went out in the nights i n-         my lord, because my soul has been
to the valley of Bethulia, and she             magnified this day, beyond all my
washed herself in a fountain of w a-           days.”
ter.                                            19 And she accepted and ate and
 8 And, as she climbed up, she                 drank in his sight what her handmaid
prayed to the Lord God of Israel that          had prepared for her.
he would direct her way, to the lib e-          20 And Holofernes became pleased
ration of his people.                          with her, and he drank very much
 9 And entering, she remained pure             wine, more than he had ever drunk in
in the tabernacle, until she received          his life.
her own food in the evening.
 10 And it happened on the fourth                          CHAPTER 13
day that Holofernes made a supper               1 So then, when it had become late,
for his servants, and he said to Va-           his servants hurried to their lod g-
gao his eunuch: “Go, and persuade              ings, and Vagao closed the chamber
that Hebrew woman to willingly                 doors, and he went away.
consent to live with me.                        2 But they were all drowsy from the
 11 For it is disgraceful among the            wine.
Assyrians, if a woman mocks a man,              3 And Judith was alone in the
acting so as to pass through with              chamber.
immunity from him.”                             4 Moreover, Holofernes, being very
 12 Then Vagao entered toward Ju-              inebriated, was fast asleep, r eclining
dith, and he said, “May she not                on his bed.
dread, my good young woman, to en-              5 And Judith told her handmaid to
ter to my lord, so that she may be             stand outside before the chamber,
honored before his face, so that she           and to watch.



                                          14
                                   JUDITH



 6 And Judith stood in front of the            16 And, enflaming the lights, they
bed, praying with tears, and her lips         gathered all around her. But she
moved in silence,                             climbed up to a higher place, and she
 7 saying: “Confirm me, O Lord God            ordered them to be made silent. And
of Israel, and in this hour look kind-        when all had quieted down,
ly upon the works of my hands, so              17 Judith said: “Praise the Lord our
that, just as you promised, you may           God, who has not abandoned those
raise up Jerusalem, your city, and so         who hope in him.
that, believing through you that this          18 And by me, his handmaid, he has
plan is able to be accomplished, I            fulfilled his mercy, which he prom-
may succeed.”                                 ised to the house of Israel. And he
 8 And when she had said this, she            has killed the enemy of his people,
approached the pillar, which was at           by my hand this night.”
the head of the bed, and she released          19 Then, taking the head of Hol o-
his blade, which was hanging tied to          fernes from the bag, she displayed it
it.                                           to them, saying: “Behold, the head
 9 And when she had unsheathed it,            of Holofernes the leader of the mil i-
she grabbed him by the hair of his            tary of the Assyrians, and behold his
head, and she said, “Confirm me, O            canopy, under which he reclined in
Lord God, in this hour.”                      his drunkenness, where the Lord our
 10 And she struck him twice on his           God struck him by the hand of a
neck, and she cut off his head, and           woman.
she took off his canopy from the pi l-         20 But, as the Lord himself lives,
lars, and she rolled away the trunk of        his angel has been my guardian both
his body.                                     from my departure, and while sta y-
 11 And after a little while, she went        ing there, and when returning from
out, and she delivered the head of            there. And the Lord has not permi t-
Holofernes to her handmaid, and she           ted me, his handmaid, to be defiled,
ordered her to put it in her bag.             but he has called me back to you
 12 And the two went out, according           without the pollution of sin, rejoi c-
to their custom, as if to prayer, and         ing in his victory, in my escape, and
they passed through the camp, and             in your liberation.
having circled around the valley,              21 Confess everything to him, for
they came to the gate of the city.            he is good, for his mercy is with
 13 And Judith, from a distance,              every generation.”
spoke to the watchmen on the walls,            22 Then everyone adored the Lord,
“Open the gates, for God is with us,          and they said to her, “The Lord has
and he has acted with his power in            blessed you by his power, because,
Israel.”                                      through you, he has reduced our
 14 And it happened that, when the            enemies to nothing.”
men had heard her voice, they called           23 Furthermore, Uzziah, the leader
the elders of the city.                       of the people of Israel, said to her:
 15 And all rushed toward her, from           “O daughter, you have been blessed
the least to the greatest. For, until         by the Lord, the most high God,
then, they held no hope that she              above all the women on earth.
would return.                                  24 Blessed is the Lord, who made



                                         15
                                   JUDITH



heaven and earth, who has guided               1 Then Judith said to all the people:
you in harming the head of the lead-          “Hear me, brothers. Suspend this
er of our enemies.                            head over our walls.
 25 For he has so magnified your               2 And, as soon as the sun rises, let
name this day, that your praise will          everyone take up his weapons and go
not retire from the mouth of men,             out to attack, not going down all the
who will be mindful of the power of           way, but only to seem as if making
the Lord forever, because you have            an assault.
risked your life for the sake of the           3 Then the scouts will have to hurry
distress and tribulation of your              to awaken their leader for the fight.
people, and you have prevented our             4 And when their commanders rush
ruin before the sight of our God.”            into the tabernacle of Holofernes,
 26 And all the people said: “Amen.           and they find his headless body wa l-
Amen.”                                        lowing in his blood, fear will fall
 27 And so, Achior was called, and            over them.
he drew near, and Judith said to him:          5 And when you realize that they
“The God of Israel, to whom you               are fleeing, go after them in s ecurity,
gave testimony, has avenged hi mself          for the Lord will crush them under
on his enemies. He has cut down the           your feet.”
head of all unbelievers, by my hand            6 Then Achior, seeing the power
this night.                                   that the God of Israel had wrought,
 28 And, so that you may determine            left behind the rituals of the Gen-
that this is so, behold, the head of          tiles. He believed in God, and he ci r-
Holofernes, who, in the contempt of           cumcised the flesh of his foreskin,
his pride, despised the God of Israel         and he was placed among the people
and threatened Israel with ruin, sa y-        of Israel, and so were all the suc ces-
ing, „When the people of Israel have          sion of his kindred, even until this
been captured, I will instruct your           present day.
sides to be pierced through with a             7 And soon, at the rising of day,
sword.‟ ”                                     they suspended the head of Hol o-
 29 Then Achior, seeing the head of           fernes above the walls, and every
Holofernes, and being distressed by           man took up his weapons, and they
fear, fell upon his face on the               went out with a great uproar and
ground, and his soul became agi-              howling.
tated.                                         8 When the scouts saw this, they
 30 In truth, after this, when he had         rushed to the tent of Holofernes.
recovered his breath, he fell down             9 Moreover, those who were in the
before her feet, and he showed rev e-         tent came and made a loud noise b e-
rence for her, and he said:                   fore the entrance to the bedcha mber,
 31 “Blessed are you by your God, in          hoping to awaken him by an attempt
every tabernacle of Jacob, for in             at skillful noise-making, not by in-
every nation that will hear of your           truding on him, so that Holofernes
name, the God of Israel will be ma g-         might be roused from sleep.
nified over you.”                              10 For no one dared to knock, or to
                                              open and enter, the bedchamber of
            CHAPTER 14                        the powerful leader of the Assyrians.



                                         16
                                  JUDITH



 11 But when his commanders and               2 So then, no one spoke with his
tribunes had arrived, with all the           neighbor, but hanging their heads
chiefs of the army of the king of the        and leaving everything behind, they
Assyrians, they said to the chamber-         hurried to escape from the Hebrews,
lains:                                       who, as they had heard, were ad-
 12 “Enter and awaken him, for the           vancing against them well-armed.
mice have come out of their holes,           And they fled through the ways of
intending to challenge us to fight.”         the fields and the paths of the hills.
 13 Then Vagao, entering his bed-             3 And so, the sons of Israel, seeing
chamber, stood before the curtain,           them fleeing, pursued them. And
and he made a clapping noise with            they went down after them, sounding
his hands. For he suspected that he          the trumpets and howling.
was sleeping with Judith.                     4 And, since the Assyrians were not
 14 But when, with attentiveness, he         united, they rushed headlong in their
perceived no motion of anyone rec-           flight. But the sons of Israel, pur-
lining, he approached the curtain.           suing like one unit, struck down all
And lifting it up, he saw the dead           they were able to find.
body of Holofernes, without a head,           5 And so, Uzziah sent messengers
lying on the ground, soaked in his           through all the cities and regions of
own blood. He cried out with a loud          Israel.
voice and weeping, and he tore his            6 And then, every region and every
garments.                                    city sent their chosen young men
 15 And he entered the tent of Judith        with weapons after them, and they
and did not find her. And he ran out         pursued them with the edge of the
to the people,                               sword, until they passed through to
 16 and he said: “One Hebrew wom-            the extremities of their borders.
an has caused confusion in the house          7 But the remainder, who were in
of Nebuchadnezzar the king. For b e-         Bethulia, entered the camp of the
hold, Holofernes lies on the ground,         Assyrians and took away the plunder
and his head is not with him.”               that the Assyrians, in their flight,
 17 Now when the leaders of the ar-          had left behind, and they were ex-
my of the Assyrians had heard this,          ceedingly burdened.
they all tore their garments, and an          8 In truth, those who returned victo-
intolerable fear and trembling fell          rious to Bethulia brought with them
over them, and their minds were              everything that was theirs. So there
greatly disturbed.                           was no numbering their cattle, and
 18 And there was an unprecedented           beasts, and everything they could
outcry in the midst of their camp.           carry, so much so that, from the least
                                             to the greatest, all were made rich by
             CHAPTER 15                      their spoils.
 1 And when the entire army had               9 But Joachim, the high priest, came
heard that Holofernes was beheaded,          from Jerusalem to Bethulia with all
reason and resolution fled from              his elders to see Judith.
them, and, being moved by trembling           10 And when she had gone out to
and fear alone, they thought only to         him, they all blessed her with one
flee to safety.                              voice, saying: “You are the glory of



                                        17
                                    JUDITH



Jerusalem, you are the joy of Israel,          fire to my borders, and kill my
you are the honor of our people.               young men with the sword, to give
 11 For you have acted manfully, and           my children into plunder and my vi r-
your heart has been strengthened.              gins into captivity.
For you loved chastity, and, after              7 But the almighty Lord has harmed
your husband, you have not known               him, and he has delivered him into
any other. Therefore, also the hand            the hands of a woman, and he has
of the Lord has strengthened you,              pierced him through.
and, therefore, you will be blessed             8 For their powerful one did not fall
for all eternity.”                             by young men, nor did the sons of
 12 And all the people said: “Amen.            Titan strike him, nor did lofty giants
Amen.”                                         set themselves against him, but J u-
 13 But all of thirty days were                dith, the daughter of Merari, dis-
scarcely enough for the people of              solved him with the splendor of her
Israel to collect the spoils of the As-        face.
syrians.                                        9 For she put away from herself the
 14 But moreover, all of those things          garments of widowhood, and she
that were clearly the particular po s-         clothed herself with the garments of
sessions of Holofernes they gave to            rejoicing, for the sake of the exult a-
Judith: with gold, and silver, and             tion of the sons of Israel.
garments, and gems, and furniture.              10 She anointed her face with oint-
And these were all delivered to her            ment, and she gathered the locks of
by the people.                                 her hair with a headdress; she a c-
 15 And all the people rejoiced, with          cepted a new dress in order to dec e-
the women, and the virgins, and the            ive him.
young men, playing on wind instru-              11 Her sandals ravished his eyes;
ments and stringed instruments.                her beauty made his soul her captive;
                                               with a blade, she cut off his head.
             CHAPTER 16                         12 The Persians were horrified at
 1 Then Judith sang this canticle to           her constancy, and the Medes at her
the Lord, saying:                              boldness.
 2 “Call to the Lord with drums, sing           13 Then the camp of the Assyrians
to the Lord with cymbals, play for             howled, when my humble ones ap-
him a new psalm, ex alt and invoke             peared, parched with thirst.
his name.                                       14 The sons of the servant girls
 3 The Lord crushes wars; the Lord             have pierced them through, and, like
is his name.                                   fleeing servants, they have killed
 4 He has set up his camp in the               them. They perished in battle before
midst of his people, to rescue us              the face of the Lord, my God.
from the hand of all our enemies.               15 Let us sing a canticle to the
 5 Assur came from the mountains,              Lord; let us sing a new hymn to our
from the North, with the mult itude of         God.
his strength. His multitude block-              16 O Adonai, O Lord, you are great,
aded the torrents, and their horses            and splendor is in your virtue, and
covered the valleys.                           no one is able to overcome you.
 6 He told himself that he would set            17 Let all your creatures serve you.



                                          18
                                    JUDITH



For you spoke, and they became. You            came forth with great glory.
sent forth your Spirit, and they were           28 But she remained in her hus-
created. And there is no one who can           band‟s house for one hundred and
withstand your voice.                          five years, and she set her handmaid
 18 The mountains will be moved                free. And she passed away and was
from the foundations by the waters.            buried with her husband in Bethulia.
The rocks, like wax, will liq uefy be-          29 And all the people mourned her,
fore your face.                                for seven days.
 19 But those who fear you will be              30 And, during all the time of her
great with you, throughout all things.         life, there was no one who disturbed
 20 Woe to the people that rises up            Israel, nor for many years after her
against my people. For the Lord a l-           death.
mighty will be vindicated against               31 Moreover, the day of the festivi-
them; in the day of judgment, he will          ty of this victory was accepted by
visit them.                                    the Hebrews in the numbering of h o-
 21 For he will bestow fire and                ly days, and it was religiously o b-
worms on their flesh, so that they             served by the Jews, from that time,
may burn and have sensations wit h-            even to the present day.
out ceasing.”
 22 And it happened that, after these
things, all the people came to Jerus a-
lem after the victory, to adore the
Lord. And as soon as they were pur i-
fied, they all offered holocausts, and
vows, and their promises.
 23 Moreover, Judith offered all the
implements of war from Holofernes,
which the people gave to her, and the
canopy that she had taken away from
his chamber, as an anathema unto
oblivion.
 24 But the people were cheerful be-
fore the face of the sanctuary, and
for three months the gladness of this
victory was celebrated with Judith.
 25 And after those days, each one
returned to his own house, and J u-
dith became great in Bethulia, and
she had great splendor in all the land
of Israel.
 26 For chastity was one with her
virtue, so that she did not know man
all the days of her life, after the
passing away of her husband, Ma-
nasseh.
 27 And then, on feast days, she



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