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					                          THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF

                                JAMES
             CHAPTER 1                        those who love him.
 1 James, servant of God and of our            13 No one should say, when he is
Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tr i-        tempted, that he was tempted by
bes of the dispersion, greetings.             God. For God does not entice t o-
 2 My brothers, when you have fal-            ward evils, and he himself tempts no
len into various trials, consider ev e-       one.
rything a joy,                                 14 Yet truly, each one is tempted by
 3 knowing that the provin g of your          his own desires, having been enticed
faith exercises patience,                     and drawn away.
 4 and patience brings a work to               15 Thereafter, when desire has co n-
perfection, so that you may be pe r-          ceived, it gives birth to sin. Yet tr u-
fect and whole, deficient in nothing.         ly sin, when it has been consu m-
 5 But if anyone among you is in              mated, produces death.
need of wisdom, let him petition               16 And so, do not choose to go a s-
God, who gives abundantly to all              tray, my most beloved brothers.
without reproach, and it shall be              17 Every excellent gift and every
given to him.                                 perfect gift is from above, descen d-
 6 But he should ask with faith,              ing from the Father of lights, with
doubting nothing. For he who                  whom there is no change, nor any
doubts is like a wave on the ocean,           shadow of alteration.
which is moved about by the wind               18 For by his own will he pr oduced
and carried away;                             us through the Word of truth, so that
 7 then a man should not consider             we might be a kind of begi nning
that he would receive anything from           among his creatures.
the Lord.                                      19 You know this, my most b eloved
 8 For a man who is of two minds is           brothers. So let every man be quick
inconstant in all his ways.                   to listen, but slow to speak and slow
 9 Now a humble brother should                to anger.
glory in his exaltation,                       20 For the anger of man does not
 10 and a rich one, in his humili a-          accomplish the justice of God.
tion, for he will pass away like the           21 Because of this, having cast
flower of the grass.                          away all uncleanness and an abu n-
 11 For the sun has risen with a              dance of malice, receive with meek-
scorching heat, and has dried the             ness the newly-grafted Word, which
grass, and its flower has fallen off,         is able to save your souls.
and the appearance of its beauty has           22 So be doers of the Word, and not
perished. So also will the rich one           listeners only, deceiving you rselves.
wither away, according to his paths.           23 For if anyone is a listener of the
 12 Blessed is the man who suffers            Word, but not also a doer, he is
temptation. For when he has been              comparable to a man gazing into a
proven, he shall receive the crown            mirror upon the face that he was
of life which God has promised to             born with;


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                                    JAMES



 24 and after considering himself,           not they the ones who drag you to
he went away and promptly forgot             judgment?
what he had seen.                             7 Are not they the ones who blas-
 25 But he who gazes upon the per-           pheme the good name which has
fect law of liberty, and who r emains        been invoked over you?
in it, is not a forgetful hearer, but         8 So if you perfect the regal law,
instead a doer of the work. He shall         according to the Scriptures, “You
be blessed in what he does.                  shall love your neighbor as you r-
 26 But if anyone considers himself          self,” then you do well.
to be religious, but he does not r e-         9 But if you show favoritism to
strain his tongue, but instead s educ-       persons, then you commit a sin,
es his own heart: such a one‟s r eli-        having been convicted again by the
gion is vanity.                              law as transgressors.
 27 This is religion, clean and und e-        10 Now whoever has observed the
filed before God the Father: to visit        whole law, yet who offends in one
orphans and widows in their tribul a-        matter, has become guilty of all.
tions, and to keep yourself immac u-          11 For he who said, “You shall not
late, apart from this age.                   commit adultery,” also said, “You
                                             shall not kill.” So if you do not
             CHAPTER 2                       commit adultery, but you kill, you
 1 My brothers, within the glorious          have become a transgressor of the
faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, do           law.
not choose to show favoritism t o-            12 So speak and act just as you are
ward persons.                                beginning to be judged, by the law
 2 For if a man has entered your as-         of liberty.
sembly having a gold ring and                 13 For judgment is without mercy
splendid apparel, and if a poor man          toward him who has not shown me r-
has also entered, in dirty clothing,         cy. But mercy exalts itself above
 3 and if you are then attentive to          judgment.
the one who is clothed in excellent           14 My brothers, what benefit is
apparel, so that you say to him,             there if someone claims to have
“You may sit in this good place,”            faith, but he does not have works?
but you say to the poor man, “You            How would faith be able to save
stand over there,” or, “Sit below my         him?
footstool,”                                   15 So if a brother or sister is n aked
 4 are you not judging within you r-         and daily in need of food,
selves, and have you not become               16 and if anyone of you were to say
judges with unjust thoughts?                 to them: “Go in peace, keep warm
 5 My most beloved brothers, li sten.        and nourished,” and yet not give
Has not God chosen the poor in this          them the things that are necessary
world to be rich in faith and heirs of       for the body, of what benefit is this?
the kingdom that God has promised             17 Thus even faith, if it does not
to those who love him?                       have works, is dead, in and of itself.
 6 But you have dishonored the                18 Now someone may say: “You
poor. Are not the rich the ones who          have faith, and I have works.” Show
oppress you through power? And are           me your faith without works! But I



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                                    JAMES



will show you my faith by means of           their whole body around.
works.                                        4 Consider also the ships, which,
 19 You believe that there is one            though they are great and may be
God. You do well. But the demons             driven by strong winds, yet they are
also believe, and they tremble grea t-       turned around with a small rudder,
ly.                                          to be directed to wherever the
 20 So then, are you willing to u n-         strength of the pilot might will.
derstand, O foolish man, that faith           5 So also the tongue certainly is a
without works is dead?                       small part, but it moves great
 21 Was not our father Abraham ju s-         things. Consider that a small fire
tified by means of works, by offe r-         can set ablaze a great forest.
ing his son Isaac upon the altar?             6 And so the tongue is like a fire,
 22 Do you see that faith was coop e-        comprising all iniquity. The tongue,
rating with his works, and that by           stationed in the midst of our body,
means of works faith was brought to          can defile the entire body and i n-
fulfillment?                                 flame the wheel of our nativity, se t-
 23 And so the Scripture was ful-            ting a fire from Hell.
filled which says: “Abraham b e-              7 For the nature of all beasts and
lieved God, and it was reputed to            birds and serpents and others is
him unto justice.” And so he was             ruled over, and has been ruled over,
called the friend of God.                    by human nature.
 24 Do you see that a man is just i-          8 But no man is able to rule over
fied by means of works, and not by           the tongue, a restless evil, full of
faith alone?                                 deadly poison.
 25 Similarly also, Rahab, the ha r-          9 By it we bless God the Father,
lot, was she not justified by works,         and by it we speak evil of men, who
by receiving the messengers and              have been made in the likeness of
sending them out through another             God.
way?                                          10 From the same mouth pr oceeds
 26 For just as the body without the         blessing and cursing. My brot hers,
spirit is dead, so also faith wit hout       these things ought not to be so!
works is dead.                                11 Does a fountain emit, out of the
                                             same opening, both sweet and bitter
             CHAPTER 3                       water?
 1 My brothers, not m any of you              12 My brothers, can the fig tree
should choose to become teachers,            yield grapes? Or the vine, figs?
knowing that you shall receive a             Then neither is salt water able to
stricter judgment.                           produce fresh water.
 2 For we all offend in many ways.            13 Who is wise and well -taught
If anyone does not offend in word,           among you? Let him show, by means
he is a perfect man. And he is then          of good conversation, his work in
able, as if with a bridle, to lead the       the meekness of wisdom.
whole body around.                            14 But if you hold a bitter zeal, and
 3 For so we put bridles into the            if there is contention in your hearts,
mouths of horses, in order to submit         then do not boast and do not be liars
them to our will, and so we turn             against the truth.



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                                   JAMES



 15 For this is not wisdom, descen d-        8 Draw near to God, and he will
ing from above, but rather it is            draw near to you. Cleanse your
earthly, beastly, and diabolical.           hands, you sinners! And purify your
 16 For wherever envy and conten-           hearts, you duplicitous souls!
tion is, there too is inconstancy and        9 Be afflicted: mourn and weep.
every depraved work.                        Let your laughter be turned into
 17 But within the wisdom that is           mourning, and your gladness into
from above, certainly, c hastity is         sorrow.
first, and next peacefulness, mee k-         10 Be humbled in the sight of the
ness, openness, consenting to what          Lord, and he will exalt you.
is good, a plenitude of mercy and            11 Brothers, do not choose to
good fruits, not judging, without           slander one another. Whoever sla nd-
falseness.                                  ers his brother, or whoever judges
 18 And so the fruit of justice is          his brother, slanders the law and
sown in peace by those who make             judges the law. But if you judge the
peace.                                      law, you are not a doer of the law,
                                            but a judge.
             CHAPTER 4                       12 There is one lawgiver and one
 1 Where do wars and contentions            judge. He is able to destroy, and he
among you come from? Is it not              is able to set free.
from this: from your own desires,            13 But who are you to judge your
which battle within your members?           neighbor? Consider this, you who
 2 You desire, and you do not have.         say, “Today or tomorrow we will go
You envy and you kill, and you are          into that city, and certainly we will
unable to obtain. You argue and you         spend a year there, and we will do
fight, and you do not have, b ecause        business, and we will make our
you do not ask.                             profit,”
 3 You ask and you do not receive,           14 consider that you do not know
because you ask badly, so that you          what will be tomorrow.
may use it toward your own desires.          15 For what is your life? It is a
 4 You adulterers! Do you not know          mist that appears for a brief time,
that the friendship of this world is        and afterwards will vanish away. So
hostile to God? Therefore, whoever          what you ought to say is: “If the
has chosen to be a friend of this           Lord wills,” or, “If we live,” we
world has been made into an e nemy          will do this or that.
of God.                                      16 But now you exult in your a r-
 5 Or do you think that Scripture           rogance. All such exultation is
says in vain: “The spirit which lives       wicked.
within you desires unto envy?”               17 Therefore, he who knows that he
 6 But he gives a greater grace.            ought to do a good thing, and does
Therefore he says: “God resists the         not do it, for him it is a sin.
arrogant, but he gives grace to the
humble.”                                                CHAPTER 5
 7 Therefore, be subject to God. But        1 Act now, you who are wealthy!
resist the devil, and he will flee          Weep and wail in your miseries,
from you.                                   which will soon come upon you!



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                                    JAMES



 2 Your riches have been co rrupted,         by heaven, nor by the earth, nor in
and your garments have been eaten            any other oath. But let your word
by moths.                                    „Yes‟ be yes, and your word „No‟ be
 3 Your gold and silver have rusted,         no, so that you may not fall under
and their rust will be a test imony          judgment.
against you, and it will eat away at          13 Is any of you sad? Let h im pray.
your flesh like fire. You have stored        Is he even-tempered? Let him sing
up wrath for yourselves unto the last        psalms.
days.                                         14 Is anyone ill among you? Let
 4 Consider the pay of the workers           him bring in the priests of the
who reaped your fields: it has been          Church, and let them pray over him,
misappropriated by you; it cries out.        anointing him with oil in the name
And their cry has entered into the           of the Lord.
ears of the Lord of hosts.                    15 And a prayer of faith will save
 5 You have feasted upon the earth,          the infirm, and the Lo rd will alle-
and you have nourished your hearts           viate him. And if he has sins, these
with luxuries, unto the day of               will be forgiven him.
slaughter.                                    16 Therefore, confess your sins to
 6 You led away and killed the Just          one another, and pray for one a noth-
One, and he did not resist you.              er, so that you may be saved. For
 7 Therefore, be patient, brothers,          the unremitting prayer of a just pe r-
until the advent of the Lord. Co n-          son prevails over many things.
sider that the farmer anticipates the         17 Elijah was a mortal man like us,
precious fruit of the earth, waiting         and in prayer he prayed that it
patiently, until he receives the early       would not rain upon the earth. And
and the late rains.                          it did not rain for three years and
 8 Therefore, you too should be p a-         six months.
tient and should strengthen your              18 And he prayed again. And the
hearts. For the advent of the Lord           heavens gave rain, and the earth
draws near.                                  brought forth her fruit.
 9 Brothers, do not complain against          19 My brothers, if anyone of you
one another, so that you may not be          strays from the truth, and if som e-
judged. Behold, the judge stands b e-        one converts him,
fore the door.                                20 he ought to know that whoever
 10 My brothers, consider the                causes a sinner to be converted from
Prophets, who spoke in the name of           the error of his ways will save his
the Lord, as an example of departing         soul from death and will cover a
from evil, of labor, and of patience.        multitude of sins.
 11 Consider that we beatify those
who have endured. You have heard
of the patient suffering of Job. And
you have seen the end of the Lord,
that the Lord is merciful and co m-
passionate.
 12 But before all things, my brot h-
ers, do not choose to swear, ne ither



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