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					    OVERVIEW:

THE MUSIC AND FORMS

     OF POETRY
   NO UNIVERSALLY AGREED UPON

    DEFINITION AS TO WHAT A POEM

    IS, BUT ONE ESSENTIAL FACT IS

    THAT POETRY BEGAN AS SONG.
   WHAT MOST DISTINGUISHES

    POETRY FROM PROSE ARE ITS

    MUSICAL QUALITIES: I.E., ITS

    RHYTHM, SOUND, &

    STRUCTURAL PATTERNS.
   LANGUAGE CONSISTS OF A

    SEQUENCE OF SOUNDS (VOWELS &

    CONSONANTS) ORGANIZED INTO

    SYLLABLES OF VARYING EMPHASIS

    (OR “STRESS”).
   IF A POEM‟S RHYTHM IS


    ORGANIZED INTO A RECURRING


    PATTERN, THIS IS CALLED METER.
   PROCESS OF ANALYZING A POEM‟S

    METER (I.E., OF DETERMINING THE

    PATTERN OF STRESSED &

    UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES PER LINE)

    IS CALLED SCANSION.
   OF THE FOUR METRICAL

    SYSTEMS IN ENGLISH POETRY,

    THE MOST COMMON BY FAR IS

    ACCENTUAL-SYLLABIC METER.
   IN THIS METRICAL SYSTEM THE

    BASIC RHYTHMIC UNIT IS

    CALLED A FOOT (A

    COMBINATION OF 2 OR 3

    STRESSED AND/OR UNSTRESSED

    SYLLABLES).
   THE FOUR MOST COMMON FEET
    IN ENGLISH POETRY:
    ◦ IAMB (adj. IAMBIC)

      unstressed-stressed (UPON,
       AWARE)
    ◦ TROCHEE (adj. TROCHAIC)

      stressed-unstressed (POEM,
       DELHI)
   FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE
    RISE OF FREE VERSE IN THE 20TH
    CENTURY, IAMBIC METER WAS
    THE MOST COMMON IN ENGLISH
    POETRY, CONSIDERED BY MANY
    TO BE THE METER CLOSEST TO
    EVERYDAY SPEECH.
   NUMBER OF FEET PER LINE:
    ◦   1--MONOMETER
    ◦   2--DIMETER
    ◦   3--TRIMETER
    ◦   4--TETRAMETER
    ◦   5--PENTAMETER
    ◦   6--HEXAMETER
    ◦   7--HEPTAMETER
   MOST COMMON METRICAL LINE


    (OR BASE RHYTHM) IN ENGLISH


    POETRY IS IAMBIC PENTAMETER.
   TOO REGULAR OR OBVIOUS A

    METER CAN BECOME BORING, SO

    POETS OFTEN INTRODUCE

    VARIATIONS INTO THE BASE

    RHYTHM OF A POEM.
   MORE THAN ANY OTHER


    ELEMENT, RHYME IS WHAT MOST


    PEOPLE ASSOCIATE WITH


    POETRY.
           RHYME IS THE
CORRESPONDENCE, IN TWO
OR MORE WORDS, BETWEEN
 A VOWEL SOUND AND ANY
     SUBSEQUENT SOUNDS
   1. Poetry has its roots
    in________?
   2. Define „prose‟ How is prose
    different from poetry? (3 things)
   3. What three things make up
    „language‟?
   4. What is „meter‟?
   5. „Foot‟ relates to: a) meter b)
    scansion C) ACCENTUAL-
    SYLLABIC METER D) All of these
   6. Iambic pentameter is made up
    of ____     a) 1 b) 5 c) 3 d) 6
    groups of stressed/unstressed
    syllables.
   7. Rhyme is the _____________in
    2 or more words, between a
    _________ sound and any
    subsequent ________.
   Focus is on:
    ◦ The collection of words put together
      (intentional)
    ◦ Words chosen are „highly charged
      with meaning‟
   Creates:
    ◦ Emotion in the reader
    ◦ Full of imagery
    ◦ Gets the reader to „relate‟


   Meant to be read ALOUD

				
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