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Scarce _amp; Critical Skills 200910

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									Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10
  merSETA Projects Office - Research & Development
    Message froM general
    Manager, Projects

    This summary of the annual Sector Skills Plan review for 2009-10 provides a snapshot of the scarce
    and critical skill needs in this sector, derived through extensive consultation with stakeholders in
    the merSETA.

    These most recent skills requirements for each of the
    five Chambers, Metals, Plastics, Automotive, New Tyre
    and Motor, were developed against the background
    of a tumultuous year for the sector, where we have
    seen significant job-losses across several categories
    of occupations. Invariably this list is underpinned by
    various contextual considerations as stakeholders
    applied their minds to their sectors and the objective
    skills conditions required for economic recovery.

    We look forward to the input of our stakeholders in
    further refining this list as we move on to 2010 and
    beyond, and need to thank the Chamber committee
    members who have so willingly given their time to the
    important task of sector skills planning.



    Derrick Peo
    General Manager, Projects




2                                                                                                 merSETA
                                                                      Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    contents

    OVERVIEW AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                  5



    SCARCE AND CRITICAL SKILLS                                                                     6

          1     Introduction                                                                       6

          2     South African skills shortages                                                     6

          3     Definitions                                                                        7

          4     An Overview of skills shortage trends in the sector                                8

                4.1     Metal Chamber                                                              8

                4.2     Auto Chamber                                                               11

                4.3     Motor Chamber                                                              13

                4.4     New Tyre Chamber                                                           16

                4.5     Plastics Chamber                                                           18

          5     Overview                                                                           20



    APPENDIX                                                                                       21

    Appendix 1: Chamber scarce skills lists                                                        21

          Appendix 1.1: Metal Chamber                                                              21

          Appendix 1.2: Auto Chamber                                                               23

          Appendix 1.3: Motor Chamber                                                              27

          Appendix 1.4: New Tyre Chamber                                                           29

          Appendix 1.5: Plastics Chamber                                                           31

    Appendix 2: Executive summary of sector skills plan update for 2009/2010                       33




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                        3
    Table 1:   Skills in demand in Metal Chamber                                         9

    Table 2:   Number of personnel in demand by occupational category
               in the Metal Chamber                                                      10

    Table 3:   Priority skills in the Auto Chamber (by OFO code)                         11

    Table 4:   Number of personnel in demand by occupational category
               in the Auto Chamber                                                       13

    Table 5:   Priority skills in demand in the Motor Chamber                            13

    Table 6:   Number of personnel in demand by occupational category
               in the Motor Chamber                                                      15

    Table 7:   Significant occupations in demand for the New Tyre Chamber                17

    Table 8:   Proportion of skills in demand by occupational category in the
               New Tyre Chamber                                                          17

    Table 9:   Occupations in demand in the Plastics Chamber                             18

    Table 10: Demand in plastics sub-sector by OFO category                              19




    Figure 1: Occupations most in demand in the Metal Chamber                            9

    Figure 2: Five occupations most in demand in the Auto Chamber                        11

    Figure 3: Proportional distribution of personnel demand by type of qualification:
              Auto Chamber                                                               12

    Figure 4: List of the occupations most in demand in the Motor Chamber                14

    Figure 5: List of the occupations most in demand in the New Tyre Chamber             15

    Figure 6: List of the occupations most in demand in the Plastics Chamber             19

    Figure 7: The merSETA top ten skills needs for 2009/10 (by merSETA Chambers)         20




4                                                                                       merSETA
                                                                           Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10



    overview and
    acknowledgeMents
    This summarised version of the Sector Skills Plan (2009-10) provides a snapshot of the larger
    Sector Skills Plan: 2009/10 Review which provides the context for the development of these skill
    needs. That report documents key scarce and critical skill sets as determined by our stakeholders.
    This report incorporates chapter four of that report and contains the appendices which describes a
    comprehensive account of the skill needs of the various chambers within merSETA.

    The process of developing these skills is the culmination of processes initiated in July 2008.
    It therefore represents the collective endeavours of a range of stakeholders. My thanks to the
    merSETA Governing and Executive Committees for providing the enabling framework that made
    the extensive stakeholder involvement possible. The leadership of Dr Raymond Patel provides the
    guiding inspiration for the success of this work. The insight and encouragement of our chairperson,
    Ms Jeanne Esterhuizen, is similarly appreciated.

    The role of those inside the organisation including Mr Tom Mkwnazi and his team, the members
    of the research and development chamber sub-committee, my colleagues in the projects division
    under the dedicated leadership of Derrick Peo need special mention. Linda Nxumalo, Romiela Pillay
    and Owen Steyn and their team for their efficiency in getting information at somewhat unreasonable
    speed need to be acknowledged. My thanks and gratitude to Ms Vuyokazi Kibido who provided
    essential logistical support and Dr Jeffy Mukora and Ms Mariette Visser who provided technical
    assistance also needs to be acknowledged.

    I trust that you will find this a useful report and that it will aid you in your efforts at responding to
    the national development challenges. As I reiterated in the comprehensive document, now the
    hard work starts. Let’s use the document to ensure that we strive towards an equitable, effective
    and dedicated workforce designed to catapult the South African manufacturing industry in the
    direction of what we know it can be – a world class leader in transformative and appropriate skills
    development. We have much to do, quickly.

    I thank you

    Dr Salim Akoojee
    Research and Development Manager: merSETA




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                               5
    scarce and critical skills
                                                   1. introdUction
    This report deals with projected scarce and critical skills needs in the Manufacturing, Engineering
    and Related Services Sector Education and Training Authority for 2009-10.

    The information for this report comes from work undertaken by the merSETA Chamber Research
    and Development sub-committee.1 The methodology to identify the skills needs uses survey data
    derived from a merSETA sample survey conducted in 2006, supplemented by various merSETA
    data sources. The various scarce and critical skills lists are therefore the result of intensive
    stakeholder engagement which has yielded a list of occupational skills deemed by stakeholders
    to be scarce and critical at present. Using the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFOs) as
    a basis for reporting, despite its numerous challenges, means that there is a uniform basis for
    reporting scarcity.

    There is an important proviso to skills shortages and the national development challenge: the
    lists should be considered in the light of the national need for achieving a workplace guided by
    the imperatives of equity. There is an over-arching and all-encompassing necessity to ensure that
    the South African workplace reflects the diversity of our people at every level and it is therefore
    imperative to ensure the internal (in-company) skilling of people disadvantaged in the past by
    race or gender. The concerns and requirements of women, African, Coloured and Indian people
    as identified in employment equity legislation, together with those of the disabled, have to be
    accommodated. Importantly, we must vigorously ensure that those inflicted with the scourge of
    HIV/Aids are not ignored in our pursuit of immediate responses to scarce and critical skills needs.


                           2. soUtH african skills sHortages
    The skills shortage has been identified both anecdotally and empirically (see for instance Woolard
    and Leibrand, 2003 and DoL 2008). While this places special emphasis on the role of skills supply
    and the responsibility of various public and private institutional formations to deal with the challenge,
    private sector involvement is crucial in resolving the historical legacy.

    The Joint Initiative of Priority Skills Acquisition (JIPSA),2 identified a range of skills shortages which
    include:




    1 The process of developing scarcity is indeed contested and merSETA is engaged in a process of developing a more systemic tool
    for identification to be utilised in the Five Year Sector Skills Plan (2010-2015)
    2 While this initiative has been replaced by the Human Resources Strategy for South Africa, the document is still under consideration
    and is in a ‘comment’ phase. In the interim, JIPSA considerations still pertain.



6                                                                                                                                merSETA
                                                                              Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    •	   Lack	 of	 high-level,	 world-class	 engineering	 and	 planning	 skills	 for	 the	 ‘network	 industries’	
         – transport, communications and energy – which are all at the core of our infrastructural
         programme;

    •	   Lack	of	artisan	and	technical	skills,	with	priority	attention	to	be	given	to	these	infrastructural	
         building blocks;

    •	   Poor	teacher	training	for	mathematics,	science,	information	and	communication	technologies	
         (ICT) and language competence in public education;

    •	   Lack	of	specific	skills	required	by	the	priority	AsgiSA	sectors	starting	with	tourism	and	business	
         processes; outsourcing and cross-cutting skills required by all sectors, especially finance;
         project managers and managers in general; and

    •	   Lack	 of	 skills	 relevant	 to	 the	 local	 economic	 development	 requirements	 of	 municipalities,	
         especially development economists.

    Survey data reveals that there is a significant gap between industry needs and the availability of
    a pool of readily available skills to fill this gap. In particular, the shortages in technical and trades
    skills, together with higher order critical skills such as project management, quality management
    and supervision provide the context for skills needs in this sector, which suggests that a stronger
    partnership between industry and tertiary institutions is required in order to ensure that supply
    responds to demand.


                                             3. definitions
    The definitions provided by the Department of Labour in the Framework for Identifying &
    Monitoring Scarce & Critical Skills, was used as a guideline to specify scarce and critical skills.
    The definitions are identified below:

    •	   Scarce skills:	 Defined	 as	 ‘those	 occupations	 in	 which	 there	 is	 a	 scarcity	 of	 qualified	 and	
         experienced	people,	currently	or	anticipated	in	the	future’.	

    •	   Critical skills:	 Defined	 as	 ‘specific	 key	 or	 generic	 and	 top-up	 skills	 within	 an	 occupation’.	
         Critical skills include key or generic skills (including SAQA critical cross-field outcomes) e.g.
         cognitive, language, literacy and mathematical skills. The DoL guideline (referred to above)
         describes the possible reasons for skills scarcity.

         •	   Absolute	scarcity	
         Absolute scarcity refers to situations in which suitably skilled people are not available, i.e.,
         where there is a new or emerging occupation, or a complete lack of skilled people. Absolute
         scarcity also refers to situations where there is a replacement demand, i.e. there are no people
         enrolled or engaged in the process of acquiring the required skills in order to replace the
         current workforce.

         •	   Relative	scarcity	
         Relative scarcity describes a situation in which skilled people are available, but do not meet
         other employment criteria. Sub-categories of relative scarcity include the following:


Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                     7
              •	    Geographical	location,	e.g.	skilled	people	are	unwilling	to	work	outside	urban	areas;	
                    and
              •	    Equity	 considerations,	 i.e.	 skilled	 people	 are	 available,	 but	 do	 not	 meet	 the	
                    company’s	equity	requirements.	

    Replacement demand refers to those currently enrolled in education and training programmes
    and who are in the process of acquiring the necessary skills but are not available in the short-term
    to meet the replacement demand as it will take a number of years before they qualify. The scarce
    and critical skills list is expected to represent a source for responding to the current skills gaps
    in the country. The list is also used to assist the SETA in the identification of skills development
    interventions, necessary as a response to the specified areas of skills shortage. The development
    of a scarce and critical skills list is therefore crucial in the quest for a demand-centred skills
    development delivery strategy.

    The	notion	of	‘priority	skills’	(as	used	by	JIPSA)	is	also	used	in	this	report.	Priority	skills,	those	that	
    are required by the sector for resolution of immediate skills shortages, are the basis for this report
    and	the	discussion	around	skills	requirements.	We	also	use	the	term	‘Priority	skills’	to	reflect	the	
    skills needs deemed most pressing by those within the sector. This might incorporate both scarce
    and critical categories.


               4. an overview of skills sHortage trends
                             in tHe sector
    The following section documents the scarce and critical lists for the 2009-10 period. The various
    SETA Chambers including, Metal, Motor (including retail), Auto, New Tyre and Plastics represent
    the organised merSETA sectors. The Organising Framework of Occupations (OFO codes) is used
    as the primary category of analysis and is supplemented, where appropriate, with specialisations
    in some of the categories. This section summarises the key skills considered most in demand. The
    complete list for each chamber is available in Appendix 1 of this document.

    4.1 Metal cHaMber
    Figure 1 and Table 1 summarise the key priority skills for the metal sector for the 2009-10 period.
    In	the	category	of	‘most	in	demand’	occupations,	‘Crane,	Hoist	or	Lift	Operator’	(OFO	712101),	
    ‘Machine	 Setter	 and	 Minder’	 (OFO	 Code	 399704.),	 and	 ‘Fitter’	 (OFO	 Code	 323201)	 are	 the	
    top three. Demand in this sector exceeds the 2000 mark. Combined, these three occupations
    comprise	more	than	half	(77	percent)	of	the	total	skills	needs	in	this	sub-sector	(Table	1).	




8                                                                                                        merSETA
                                                                                          Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    Figure 1: Occupations most in demand in the Metal Chamber




    Source: Chamber data 2009


    The top three occupational categories are followed by four occupations that make up a little over a
    third	of	the	skills	needs	of	this	sub-sector.	The	occupational	categories	of	‘Engineering	Production	
    System	 Worker’	 (OFI	 Code	 712301),	 ‘Welder’	 (OFO	 Code	 322303),	 ‘Toolmaker’	 (OFO	 Code	
    323402),	 and	 Metal	 engineering	 process	 worker’	 (OFO	 Code	 839101)	 represent	 occupational	
    categories	‘in	demand’.

    Table 1: Skills in demand in Metal Chamber


     OFO         Occupation                         Specialisation                                        Demand   % Share
     Code                                                                                                          of total
     712101	     Crane, Hoist or Lift Operator      Includes but not exclusive to Forklift Driving        7	000	   40	
                 (Skill Level 2)
     399704	     Metal Manufacturing                                                                      4000	    23
                 Machine Setter and Minder
                 (Skill Level 3)
     323201      Fitter (General) (Skill Level 3)   CNC (Computer Numeric Control Operator)/              2 500    14	
                                                    Diesel Fitter/ Engineering Fitter/Fitter Machinist/
                                                    Fitter Machinist/ General Mechanical Engineering
                                                    Trades Workers/ Mechanic (Diesel and Heavy
                                                    Earthmoving Equipment)/ Machine Setter/
                                                    Mechanic/Maintenance Fitter/Pump Fitter




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                             9
      OFO           Occupation                      Specialisation                                  Demand     % Share
      Code                                                                                                     of total
      712301	       Engineering Production          Level	4	                                        1 500      9
                    Systems Worker (Skill
                    Level 2)
      322303        Welder / Welder (First Class)   Template Maker/Welding/Welding Tradesperson     1 500      9
                    (Skill Level 3)
      323402	       Toolmaker (Skill Level 3)       Die Castor/Die Cutter-Maker/Jig Maker/Press-    1 500      9
                                                    Toolmaker/ Tool Jig and Die Maker/Tool and/or
                                                    Die Maker
      839101        Metal Engineering Process       Foundry Worker                                  1 500      9
                    Worker (Skill Level 1)



     Table 2 indicates the demand categories of this sub-sector by broad occupational categories.
     While managers represent the least important category, national equity priorities suggest that
     a much more concerted attempt needs to be made to provide management opportunities to
     designated groups in terms of the equity considerations outlined above. This is also relevant for
     ‘Technicians	and	Trades	Workers’	(58%)	and	‘Machinery	Operators	and	Drivers’,	(34%)	of	the	total	
     skills need of this sub-sector.

     Table 2: Number of personnel in demand by occupational category in the Metal
     Chamber.


      OFO category                                                                 Demand             Percentage
      1.      Managers                                                              200                1%
      3.      Technicians and Trades Workers                                       	14	360             58%
      7.						Machinery	Operators	and	Drivers                                       8 500             	34%	
      8.      Elementary Workers                                                    1 580              6%
      total                                                                         24 640             100%

     Source: Chamber data 2009


     The category of elementary workers (at 6 percent) means that a significant contribution can be
     made, immediately and with minimal skills investment, to bring job creation imperatives in line with
     government’s	latest	initiatives.	




10                                                                                                                 merSETA
                                                                                   Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    4.2 aUto cHaMber
    The Auto sub-sector skills needs have to be understood in the light of the latest economic downturn.
    Some attention is nevertheless given to skills needs for the foreseeable future, in anticipation of an
    economic turnaround.

    Figure 2: Five occupations most in demand in the Auto Chamber




    Source: Chamber data 2009


    Figure	 2	 shows	 the	 predominance	 of	 ‘Mechatronics’	 skills,	 indicating	 the	 fusion	 of	 computer-
    generated technologies with mechanical skills. This comprises almost half of the skills needs in
    this	sector.	‘Mechatronics’	(OFO	Code	323502)	comprises	25	percent,	while	‘Automotive	Motor	
    Mechanic’	(OFO	Code	321201)	makes	up	another	24	percent.	Other	categories	are	less	significant	
    in the overall skills requirements of the sector.

    Table 3: Priority skills in the Auto Chamber (by OFO code)


     OFO        Occupation          Qualification level              Specialisation      NQF          Demand       % Share
     Code                                                                                Level                     of total
     323502     Mechatronics        Mechatronics Learnership         Maintenance          2 to 5          214	          23
                Technician (Skill                                    Artisan
                Level 3)            Mechatronic Engineering Degree   Engineering                 6         10            1
                                                                     Planning
                                    Mechatronics Diploma                                                       9         1
                                    total                                                                 233         25%
     321201     Automotive Motor    Motor Mechanic Learnership/                                           217	          24	
                Mechanic (Skill     Apprenticeship
                Level 3)
     323501     Millwright (Skill   Millwright Apprenticeship        Maintenance                 4	        70	           8
                Level 3)                                             Artisan




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                             11
      OFO        Occupation           Qualification level               Specialisation     NQF         Demand       % Share
      Code                                                                                 Level                    of total
      321101     Automotive           Autotronics                       Auto Electrician    2 to 5          57	           6
                 Electrician (Skill   Auto Electrician Apprenticeship                                           1         0
                 Level 3)
      233502     Mechanical           Mechanical Engineering Degree/    Process             5 to 6          41	           4	
                 Engineer (Skill      Diploma                           Engineer
                 Level 5)
      233501     Industrial Engineer Industrial Engineering Diploma                                         31            3
                 (Skill Level 5)     Industrial Engineering Degree      Engineering                6        12            1
                                                                        Planning

     Source: Extracted from Chamber data 2009


     The Chamber has been able to identify the qualification levels that would be able to supply the skills
     in	demand.	Figure	3	shows	the	need	for	‘Learnerships’	(47	percent)	followed	by	‘Apprenticeships’	
     (18	percent)	and	‘Engineering	Diplomas’	(17	percent),	with	this	category	making	up	a	combined	
     35 percent of the total. It also makes up 82 percent of total supply, leaving university-level degree
     requirements,	 including	 ‘Engineering’,	 ‘Commerce’	 and	 ‘Social	 Science’,	 at	 18	 percent.	 This	
     suggests	that	considerable	foresight	is	necessary	in	the	identification	of	skills	that	are	not	‘hard’	
     technical skills, but are nevertheless crucial to the continued viability of the sector and its attempt
     to become world-class.

     Figure 3: Proportional distribution of personnel demand by type of qualification: Auto
     Chamber




     Source: Chamber data 2009



12                                                                                                                    merSETA
                                                                                    Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    The	Auto	Chamber’s	skills	needs	by	OFO	category	in	Table	4	indicates	considerable	demand	in	the	
    ‘Technicians	and	Trades	Workers’	category	(71	percent),	followed	by	‘Professionals’	(18	percent)	
    and	then	‘Managers’	(10	percent).	The	need	for	sales	workers	will	probably	diminish	as	a	result	of	
    the economic recession, with re-skilling a likely scenario.

    Table 4: Number of personnel in demand by occupational category in the Auto Chamber


     OFO Category                                                                        Demand             Percentage
     1.      Managers                                                                                  88             10%
     2.      Professionals                                                                          168               18%
     3.      Technicians and Trades Workers                                                         656               	71%	
     6.      Sales Workers                                                                              6                1%
     total                                                                                          918              100%

    Source: Chamber data 2009


    4.3 Motor cHaMber
    Almost one third (31 percent) of the skills in demand in the Motor Chamber is in the categories of
    ‘Small	Business	Manager’	(OFO	code	136201),	described	as	‘Productions	Operation	Manager’,	
    ‘Site	Fuel	Retail	Owner’	(8	percent)	and	‘Team	Manager’	(23	percent)	as	shown	in	Table	30	below.	
    That	 nearly	 8	 000	 (7	 680)	 skills	 are	 required	 in	 this	 sub-sector	 is	 likely	 to	 be	 a	 significant	 driver	
    for	training	interventions.	This	category	is	followed	by	‘Automotive	Motor	Mechanic’	(OFO	Code	
    321201),	at	18	percent,	and	‘Panel	Beaters’	(OFO	Code	324101)	at	10	percent.	These,	combined,	
    make up almost two-thirds (59 percent) of all skills needed in this sub-sector.

    Table 5: Priority skills in demand in the Motor Chamber


     OFO Code      Occupation                        Description                                        Demand      % Share
                                                                                                                    of total
     136201        Small	Business	Managers	          Production Operations Manager (Small Fuel              1920          8
                                                     Retail	Site	Owner)	(Skill	Level	4)	
                                                     Team Manager (Shift Manager, Lower Level               5760	        23
                                                     Site Manager or a Team Leader in the Service
                                                     Station context) (Skill Level 3)
                                                     total                                                  7680         31
     321201        Automotive Motor Mechanic         Motor Mechanic General                                 4500	        18
                   (Skill Level 3)
     324101	       Panel	Beater	(Skill	Level	3)	     Panel	Beater	                                          2385         10
     142101	       Retail Manager (General) (Skill   Business	Manager	(Retail	Management)	                  2000          8
                   Level	4)	
     321203        Motorcycle (and Scooter)          Motorcycle Mechanic                                    2000          8
                   Mechanic (Skill Level 3)
     621301/2      Motor Vehicle or Caravan          Sales: New and old vehicles, parts, service and        1016          4	
                   Salesperson (Skill Level 2)/      motorcycles
                   Automotive Parts Salesperson
                   (Skill Level 2)




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                              13
      OFO Code    Occupation                             Description                                         Demand    % Share
                                                                                                                       of total
      132101      Corporate Services Manager             Corporate Service Manager (Service Station             960          4	
                  (Skill Level 5)                        Owner)
      324301	     Vehicle Painter (Skill Level 3)        Automotive Spray Painter                               877	         4	
      321202      Diesel Motor Vehicle Mechanic          Diesel Mechanic                                        750	         3
                  (Skill Level 3)
      233501      Industrial Engineer (Skill Level 5)    Component Manufacturing                                580          2
      324201	     Vehicle	Body	Builder	(Skill	           Vehicle	Body	Builder	                                  377	         2
                  Level 3)
      323204	     Metal Machinist (First Class) (Skill   Metal Machinist (First Class)                          100
                  Level 3)
                                                         Automotive Machinist                                   250
                                                         total                                                  350          2
      321101      Automotive Electrician (Skill          Automotive Electrician                                 300          1
                  Level 3)
      322303      Welder/Welder (First Class) (Skill     Welder/Welder First Class                              200          1
                  Level 3)
      551102      Cost Clerk (Skill Level 2)             Costing Clerk (warranty, costing, administrative,      200          1
                                                         estimation and assessor key staff)

     Source: Chamber data 2009


     The predominance of management skills in demand in this sub-sector is also illustrated in Figure
     4	 which	 shows	 the	 need	 for	 ‘Small	 Business	 Managers’	 (OFO	 Code	 136201)	 as	 well	 as	 ‘Retail	
     Managers’	(OFO	Code	142101).	Chamber	specific	technical	skills	includes	‘Panel	Beaters’	(OFO	
     Code	 321201),	 ‘Automotive	 Motor	 Mechanic’	 (OFO	 Code	 321201)	 and	 ‘Motorcycle/Scooter	
     Mechanics’	(OFO	Code	321203).

     Figure 4: List of the occupations most in demand in the Motor Chamber




     Source: Chamber data 2009



14                                                                                                                       merSETA
                                                                    Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    Table	6	shows	the	occupational	categories	in	demand.	‘Technicians	and	Trades	workers’	is	the	
    category	most	in	demand,	followed	by	‘Managers’	(43	percent).	There	is	a	real	need	for	the	up-
    skilling of middle level personnel to management level, which would require additional technical
    skills. The inclusion of sales personnel and elementary level machinery operators and drivers
    means that skills interventions outside of the merSETA are also required.

    Table 6: Number of personnel in demand by occupational category in the Motor
    Chamber


     OFO Category                                                        Demand           Percentage
     1.      Managers                                                          10	640             	43%	
     2.      Professionals                                                         980             	4%	
     3.      Technicians and Trades Workers                                    10 982             	44%	
     5.      Clerical and Administrative Workers                                   300                 1%
     6.      Sales Workers                                                        1 116            	4%	
     7.								Machinery	Operators	and	Drivers	                                    877             	4%	
     total                                                                     24 895            100%

    Source: Chamber data 2009


    Overall, the need for technical and managerial personnel means that particular interventions are
    necessary.




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                           15
     4.4 new tYre cHaMber
     The	scarce	and	critical	list	for	the	New	Tyre	Chamber	is	centred	around	‘Rubber	Production	Machine	
     Operators’	(OFO	Code	711506)	as	is	shown	in	Table	7.	Within	this	OFO	Code,	‘Tyre	Builders’	(24	
     percent)	represent	the	most	in-demand	occupational	classification,	followed	by	‘Steel	and	Fabric	
     Calendering	Specialists’	(8	percent).	This	is	followed	by	‘Rubber	Compounding’	(7	percent)	and	
     ‘Extruders’	(7	percent).	These	make	up	almost	half	(46	percent)	of	all	skills	needs	in	the	sector.

     Table 7: Significant occupations in demand for the New Tyre Chamber


      OFO        Occupation                              Description                       Demand         % Share
      Code                                                                                                of total
      711506	    Rubber Production Machine Operator      Tyre	Builders	                         165              24	
                 (Skill Level 2)                         Steel & Fabric Calendering                 55               8
                                                         Rubber Moulding Machine                    47	              7	
                                                         Operators
                                                         Extruders                                  48	              7	
                                                         Rubber	Compounding	(Banbury’s	             30               4	
                                                         and 2 Roll Mills)
                                                         Rubber Compounders                         28               4	
                                                         Fabric Calendering                         23               3
                                                         Banbury	Roller	Die	Operator	               21               3
                                                         Balanceman	                                20               3
                                                         Force Operator                             18               3
                                                         Bead	Creeling	                             17	              2
                                                         Banbury	Control	Room	Operator	              2               0
                 total for group                                                                474              68
      839202     Rubber Factory Worker (Skill Level 1)   Service Operator / Supplyman               10               1
      839202     Rubber Factory Worker (Skill Level 1)   Tyre Finisher & Examiner                   25               4	
      839301     Product Examiners (Skill Level 2)       Production Manager                         12               2
      133502     Production/Operations Manager           Earthmover Specialist                       1
                 (Manufacturing) (Skill Level 5)         Technology Team Leader                      1               2
                                                         Truck Tyre Specialist                       1
                                                                                                    15
                 total for group                                                                    18               2
      341101	    Electrician (General) (Skill Level 3)   Electricians                               37	              5
      341101	    Electrician (General) (Skill Level 3)   Fitters                                    40	              6
      323201     Fitter (General) (Skill Level 3)        In-Service Trainee (Mechanical)            20               3
      233505     Mechanical Engineering Technologists    Tyre Sales Representative                  20               3
                 (Skill Level 5)
      225401	    Sales Representatives (Industrial
                 Products) (Skill Level 5)

     Source: Chamber data 2009.


     In terms of skill needs of different occupational (OFO) codes, Figure 5 shows the six categories of
     skill	most	in	demand	in	the	sector.	In	addition	to	‘Rubber	Production	Machine	Operator’	(discussed	


16                                                                                                            merSETA
                                                                           Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    above),	other	skills	required	include	‘Fitter’	(OFO	Code	323201),	‘Electrician’	(OFO	Code	341101),	
    ‘Product	 Examiner’	 (OFO	 Code	 839301),	 ‘Sales	 Representatives’	 (OFO	 Code	 225401)	 and	
    ‘Mechanical	Engineering	Technologists’	(233505)	in	plastics.

    Figure 5: List of the occupations most in demand in the New Tyre Chamber




    Source: Chamber data 2009


    Table	8	shows	the	proportion	of	skills	in	demand	in	the	New	Tyre	Chamber.	‘Machine	Operators’	
    represent	the	predominant	category	(68	percent),	followed	by	‘Technicians	and	Trades	Workers’	
    (14	percent)	and	‘Professionals’	(11	percent).	There	is	clearly	a	need	for	skills	initiatives	for	machine	
    operatives.

    Table 8: Proportion of skills in demand by occupational category in the New Tyre
    Chamber


     OFO Category                                                            Demand            Percentage
     1.      Managers                                                                    17	                2%
     2.      Professionals                                                               75	                11%
     3.      Technicians and Trades Workers                                              96                 14%	
     5.      Clerical and Administrative Workers                                          1                 0%
     7.								Machinery	Operators	and	Drivers	                                         474	                68%
     8.      Elementary Workers                                                          35                 5%
     total                                                                              698             100%

    Source: Chamber data 2009


    The following generic skills were identified in addition to the scarce skills listed. These include
    management (first line and middle management, basic PC literacy for NQF 2 level and below,


Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                  17
     root cause analysis/ problem solving/trouble shooting, planning/scheduling, computer proficiency):
     Excel, Power Point, in-house systems, PLC training for electricians, SAP, and finance for non-
     financial persons.

     4.5 Plastics cHaMber
     The	Plastics	Chamber	scarce	and	critical	skills	list	in	Table	34	shows	that	the	sub-sector’s	most	
     critical	 skill	 is	 ‘Plastics	 Production	 Operator’	 and	 ‘Plastic	 Cable-making	 Machine	 Operator’,	
     (classified	 as	 OFO	 code	 711504	 and	 711501),	 comprising	 44	 percent	 of	 total	 demand	 in	 the	
     sub-sector.	 This	 is	 followed	 by	 ‘Plastics	 Composite	 Trades	 Worker’	 (OFO	 39906)	 and	 ‘Plastics	
     Manufacturing	 Machine	 Setter	 and	 Minder’	 (OFO	 325105),	 both	 at	 11	 percent.	 These	 three	
     occupational sets make up two-thirds (66 percent) of all skills needs in the sector.

     Table 9: Occupations in demand in the Plastics Chamber


      Occupation       Occupation                                              Description     2009/10 Demand
      Code

                                                                                               Demand    % Share
                                                                                                         of total
      711504	          Plastics Production Machine Operator (General) (Skill   Operator        1800      44	
                       Level 2)
      711501	          Plastic Cable-making Machine Operator (Skill Level 2)
      399906           Reinforced Plastics and Composite Trades Worker                         450	      11
                       (Skill Level 3)
      399705	          Plastics Manufacturing Machine Setter and Minder        Setter          450	      11
                       (Skills Level 3)
      136201           Small	Business	Managers	(Skill	Level	4)	                First Line      350       8
                                                                               Manager
      839201           Plastics and Composites Factory Worker (Skill Level 1) Laminator        300       7	
      711503	          Plastics Fabricator or Welder (Skill Level 2)           Thermoplastic   230       6
                                                                               Fabricator
      314105	          Plastics	Manufacturing	Technician	(Skill	Level	4)	      Plastician      180       4	

     Source: Chamber data 2009


     Figure 6 identifies the extent of sub-sector occupational requirements for production machine
     operators and other occupational categories. The need for plastics production machine operators
     far exceeds those for other occupational categories in the sector.




18                                                                                                             merSETA
                                                                       Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    Figure 6: List of the occupations most in demand in the Plastics Chamber.




    Source: Chamber data 2009


    The	demand	indicated	in	Table	10	shows	that	‘Machine	Operators’	(46	percent)	and	‘Technicians	
    and	Trades	Workers’	(34	percent)	make	up	80	percent	of	all	skills	requirements.	Managers	make	up	
    a	significant	14	percent,	indicating	the	possibility	for	in-company	mobility	with	skills	development	
    interventions.

    Table 10: Demand in plastics sub-sector by OFO category


     OFO Category                                                            Demand         Percentage

     1.      Managers                                                                 600           14%	

     3.      Technicians and Trades Workers                                        1	490	           34%	

     7.								Machinery	Operators	and	Drivers	                                    2 030            46%	

     8.      Elementary Workers                                                       300            7%	

     Not listed                                                                        20            0%
     total                                                                         4 420           100%

    Source: Chamber data 2009


    There	is	some	possibility	of	employment	prospects	for	those	outside	of	the	sector,	with	‘Elementary	
    Workers’	making	up	7	percent	of	total	demand.	




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                           19
               5. overview of Merseta skill needs 2009/10
     The	most	important	skills	by	OFO	code	are	represented	in	Figure	7	below,	which	identifies	the	‘top	
     ten’	skills	list	of	the	merSETA	by	OFO	code.	

     Figure 7: The merSETA top ten skills needs for 2009-10 by (merSETA Chambers)



                                                      Metal Chamber

                                                      712101 - Crane, Hoist or Lift Operato (Skill Level 2 )
                                                      399704 - Metal Manufacturing Machine Setter and Minder (Skill Level 3)
                 MERSETA SCARCE AND CRITICAL SKILLS




                                                      Auto Chamber

                                                      323502 - Mechtronics Technician (Skill Level 3 )
                                                      321201 - Automotive Motor Mechanic (Skill Level 3)


                                                      Motor Chamber

                                                      136201 - Small Business Managers (Skill Level 3 )
                                                      321201 - Automotive Motor Mechanic (Skill Level 3)


                                                      New Tyre Chamber

                                                      711506 - Rubber Production Machine Operator (Skill Level 2 )
                                                      321201 - Fitter (General) (Skill Level 3)


                                                      Plastics Chamber

                                                      711504 - Plastics Production Machine Operator (Skill Level 2 )
                                                      321201 - Reinforced Plastics and Composite Trades Worker (Skill Level 3)




20                                                                                                                               merSETA
                                                                                        Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10




    aPPendiX
                aPPendiX 1: cHaMber scarce skills lists
    aPPendiX 1.1: Metal cHaMber

     OFO      Occupation             Description            Specialisation                              Demand        % Share
     Code                                                                                                             of total
     712101   Crane, Hoist or        Mobile Plant           Includes but not exclusive to Forklift         7	000            40
              Lift Operator (Skill   Operator               Driving
              Level 2)
     399704   Metal                  Technical Operator     Monitors and controls mechanical                     23
              Manufacturing                                 and operational efficiency of
              Machine Setter                                production facilities, equipment,
              and Minder (Skill                             plant and related resources in the
              Level 3)                                      production	of	metals.	4000
     323201   Fitter (General)       Fitter (General)       CNC (Computer Numeric Control                  2 500            14
              (Skill Level 3)                               Operator)/ Diesel Fitter/Engineering
                                                            Fitter/Fitter Machinist/ Fitter Machinist
                                                            General Mechanical Engineering
                                                            Trades Workers/Mechanic (Diesel
                                                            and Heavy Earthmoving Equipment)/
                                                            Machine Setter/ Mechanic/
                                                            Maintenance Fitter/Pump Fitter
     712301   Engineering            Metal Production       1 500                                                 9
              Production             Operator	Level	4
              Systems Worker
              (Skill Level 2)
     322303   Welder/Welder          Welder/Welder          Template Maker/Welding/Welding                 1 500                 9
              (First Class) (Skill   (First Class)          Tradesperson
              Level 3)
     323402   Toolmaker (Skill       Toolmaker              Die Caster/Die Cutter-Maker/Jig                1 500                 9
              Level 3)                                      Maker/Press- Toolmaker/Tool Jig and
                                                            Die Maker/Tool and/or Die Maker
     839101   Metal Engineering      Metal Engineering      1 500                                                 9
              Process Worker         Process Worker/
              (Skill Level 1)        Product Examiner
                                     Foundry Worker
     322301   Metal Fabricator       Metal Fabricator       Fabrication Engineer (Welding)/                       7
              (Skill Level 3)        (Coded Welder          Heavy Fabrication Engineer/
                                     Boilermaker)           Metal Fabricator/Structural Steel
                                                            Tradesperson 1 200
     323501   Millwright (Skill      Millwright (Electro-                                                    700                 4
              Level 3)               machanician)
     323204   Metal Machinist        Metal Machinist     500                                                      3
              (First Class) (Skill   (Turner Machinist)
              Level 3)               Metal Machine
                                     Setter/Metal Turner
     322201   Sheet Metal            Sheet Metal Trades Sheet Metal Engineer/Patternmaker/                   500                 3
              Trades Worker          Worker             Process Worker
              (Skill Level 3)



Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                                    21
      OFO      Occupation             Description          Specialisation                        Demand       % Share
      Code                                                                                                    of total
     341101    Electrican             Electrician          400                                            2
               (General) (Skill
               Level 3)
     342101    Air-conditioning       Air-conditioning,                                               400            2
               and Refrigeration      Refrigeration &
               Technician (Skill      Ventilation
               Level 3)
     323202    Fitter and Turner      Fitter and Turner                                               400            2
               (Skill Level 3)
     341103	   Lift Mechanic (Skill   Lift Mechanic                                                   200            1
               Level 3)
     133502    Production/            Production/                                                     200            1
               Operations             Operations
               Manager                Manager
               (Manufacturing)
               (Skill Level 5)
     342304	   Electronic             Instrument                                                      200            1
               Instrument Trades      Mechanician
               Worker (General)
               (Skill Level 3)
     322105    Metal Polisher         Metal Polisher       Electro Polisher/Metal Cleaner/            200            1
               (Skill Level 3)                             Finisher/ Aluminium Stainless Steel
                                                           Fabricator/Metal Spinner/Sheeter/
                                                           Metalwork Specialist
     821704	   Structural Steel       Steel Erector        Rigging                                     80            0
               Erector (Skill
               Level 2)
     334101	   Plumber (General)      Pipe Fitter          Pipe Fitter descriptor: Install and         80            0
               (Skill Level 3)                             maintains water, air, hydraulic
                                                           and high pressure pipes and pipe
                                                           systems.
     323304	   Precision              Precision            Scale Technician                            50            0
               Instrument Maker       Instrument Maker
               and Repairer (Skill    and Repairer (SL3)
               Level 3)
      331101   Bricklayer	(Skill	     Refractory                                                      30             0
               Level 3)               Mason

     Source: Chamber data 2009




22                                                                                                                merSETA
                                                                                      Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    aPPendiX 1.2: aUto cHaMber
    Table 11.1: Priority skills in the Auto Chamber (by OFO code)

                                                                                            NQF               % Share
     OFO Code   Occupation                 Qualification level       Specialism                     Demand
                                                                                            Level              of total
                                           B.Commerce-	              Sales &
                Sales and Marketing
     131102                                Marketing/	Business	      Marketing                 6         26          3
                Manager (Skill Level 5)
                                           Science                   specialist
                Personnel / Human
                                           B.Social	Science	:	
     132301     Resource Manager                                     Practitioner              6         15          2
                                           Human Resources
                (Skill Level 5)
                                           Process
                Engineering Manager                                  Maintenance
     133201                                Instrumentation                                     5         18          2
                (Skill Level 5)                                      Technician
                                           Diploma

                Supply and Distribution
     133601                                Logistics Manager         Material planner          5         16          2
                Manager (Skill Level 5)

                ICT Project Manager        Systems Engineering
     135102                                                          IT Specialist             6         13          1
                (Skill Level 5)            (Hard-& Software)

                Newspaper or
                                           P.R. Communications
     212402     Periodical Editor (Skill                                                                  2          0
                                           B.A.	Journalism
                Level 5)
                                           Chartered
                                                                     Accountant                6         15          2
                Accountant (General)       Accountancy (CA)
     221101
                (Skill Level 5)            Finance	B	Comm	
                                                                                                         11          1
                                           Degree
                Internal Auditor (Skill    Internal	Audit	B	
     221204                                                                                               0          0
                Level 5)                   Comm Audit
                                           Chemical Engineering      Paint
                                                                                               5          5          1
                Chemical Engineer          Diploma                   Specialisation
     233101
                (Skill Level 5)            Chemical Engineering
                                                                                                          2          0
                                           Degree
                Civil Engineering
                                           Civil Engineering
     233202     Technologist (Skill                                                                       1          0
                                           Degree
                Level 5)

                Electrical Engineer        Electrical Engineering
     233301                                                                                              16          2
                (Skill Level 5)            Diploma

                                           Electrical / Electronic
                                                                     Quality Engineer          6         23          3
                                           Engineering Degree
                Electronics Engineer
     233401
                (Skill Level 5)            Electronic Equipment
                                                                                                          9          1
                                           Mechanician

                                           Industrial Engineering
                                                                                                         31          3
                Industrial Engineer        Diploma
     233501
                (Skill Level 5)            Industrial Engineering    Engineering
                                                                                               6         12          1
                                           Degree                    Planning
                                           Mechanical
                Mechanical Engineer                                  Process
     233502                                Engineering Degree /                            5 to 6        41          4
                (Skill Level 5)                                      Engineer
                                           Diploma




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                         23
                                                                                            NQF               % Share
      OFO Code     Occupation                   Qualification level      Specialism                  Demand
                                                                                            Level              of total

                                                Autotronics              Auto Electrician                57           6
                   Automotive Electrician
      321101                                    Auto Electrician                            2 to 5
                   (Skill Level 3)                                                                        1           0
                                                Apprenticeship
                                                Motor Mechanic
                   Automotive Motor
      321201                                    Learnership /                                           217         24
                   Mechanic (Skill Level 3)
                                                Apprenticeship

                                                Fitting Learnership                                      13           1
                   Fitter (General) (Skill
      323201
                   Level 3)
                                                Fitter Apprenticeship                                    10           1

                   Metal Machinist (First
      323204                                    Turner Machinist                                          1           0
                   Class) (Skill Level 3)
                                                Tool jig & Die maker
                                                                                                         16           2
                                                Learnership
      323402       Toolmaker (Skill Level 3)
                                                Toolmaker
                                                                                                          2           0
                                                Apprenticeship
                                                Millwrights              Maintenance
      323501       Millwright (Skill Level 3)                                                   4        70           8
                                                Apprenticeship           Artisan

                                                Mechatronics             Maintenance
                                                                                            2 to 5      214         23
                                                Learnership              Artisan
                   Mechatronics
      323502
                   Technician (Skill Level 3) Mechatronic                Engineering
                                                                                                6        10           1
                                              engineering Degree         Planning

                                                Mechatronics Diploma                                      9           1

                   Panel	Beater	(Skill	         Automotive	Body	         PDR (Soft ding
      324101                                                                                    5         0           0
                   Level 3)                     Repair Apprenticeship    repair)
                                                Electrical Learnership                                   20           2
                   Electrician (General)
      341101                                    Electrical
                   (Skill Level 3)                                                                       16           2
                                                Apprenticeship
                   Retail	Buyer	(Skill	         Purchasing	Dipl./B	
      639201                                                                                              6           1
                   Level 3)                     Comm

     Source: Chamber data 2009




24                                                                                                               merSETA
                                    Mechatronics    Electrical      Industrial     Mechanical     Commerce    Millwrights    Electrical/    Mechatronics    Mechanical    Qualification category
                                    Engineering     (Electrician)   Engineering    Engineering                               Electronis                     (Mechanic)
                                                                                                                             Engineering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Chamber.

                                                                                                                                                                          Apprenticeship




                                                                                                                       70
                                                                                                                                                                    82




                                                              17	
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Number
                                                                                                                                                                          Commerce Degree




                                                                                                        58
                                                                                                                                                                          Engineering Degree




                                              10
                                                                             12
                                                                                            29
                                                                                                                                      23




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap
                                              9
                                                                                                                                                                          Engineering Diploma




                                                                             31
                                                                                            21
                                                                                                                                      73
                                                                                                                                                                          Journalism Degree


                                                                                                                                                                          Learnership




                                                              20
                                                                                                                                                      214
                                                                                                                                                                    177



                                                                                                                                                                          Social ScienceDegree


                                                                                                                                                                          Total




                                              19
                                                              37
                                                                             43
                                                                                            50
                                                                                                        58
                                                                                                                       70
                                                                                                                                      96
                                                                                                                                                      214
                                                                                                                                                                    259




                                                                                            0
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                      0




                                              0
                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                          Apprenticeship
                                                                                                                                                                    32




                                                              	46
                                                                                                                       100




                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                    0




                                              0
                                                              0
                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                          Commerce Degree




                                                                                                        100
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Percentage




                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                    0




                                                              0
                                                                                                                                                                          Engineering Degree




                                                                                            58
                                                                                                                                      24




                                              53
                                                                             28
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                    0




                                                              0
                                                                                                                                                                          Engineering Diploma




                                                                                            42
                                                                                                                                      76




                                              	47
                                                                             	72
                                                                                            0
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                    0




                                              0
                                                              0
                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                          Journalism Degree




                                                                                            0
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                      0




                                              0
                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                          Learnership
                                                                                                                                                                    68




                                                              	54
                                                                                                                                                      100




                                                                                            0
                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                    0




                                              0
                                                              0
                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                          Social ScienceDegree


                                                                                                                                                                          Total




                                              100
                                                              100
                                                                             100
                                                                                            100
                                                                                                        100
                                                                                                                       100
                                                                                                                                      100
                                                                                                                                                      100
                                                                                                                                                                    100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


                                                                                                                                                                                                                Table 11.2: Priority skills demand by specialisation and qualification category: Auto




25
26
                                      total    Civil          Chemical       Systems        Logistics   Social     Process        Qualification category
                                               Engineering    Engineering    Engineering                Science    Engineering




                                                                                                                                  Apprenticeship




                                         169
                                                                                                                                                      Number




                                                                                                                                  Commerce




                                         58
                                                                                                                                  Degree




                                                        1
                                                                       2




          Source: Chamber data 2009
                                                                                                                                  Engineering




                                         90
                                                                                      13
                                                                                                                                  Degree




                                                                       5
                                                                                                                                  Engineering
                                                                                                                            18




                                         157
                                                                                                                                  Diploma




                                         2
                                                                                                             2                    Journalism
                                                                                                                                  Degree
                                                                                                                                  Learnership
                                                                                                  16




                                         427
                                                                                                                                  Social




                                         15
                                                                                                             15




                                                                                                                                  ScienceDegree




                                                        1
                                                                       7
                                                                                      13                                          Total
                                                                                                  16
                                                                                                             17
                                                                                                                            18




                                         918
                                                        0
                                                                       0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                            0




                                                                                                                                  Apprenticeship




                                         18
                                         6
                                                        0
                                                                       0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                            0




                                                                                                                                  Commerce
                                                                                                                                                      Percentage




                                                                                                                                  Degree
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                            0




                                                                                                                                  Engineering




                                         10
                                                                       29




                                                        100
                                                                                      100




                                                                                                                                  Degree

                                                        0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                             0




                                                                                                                                  Engineering




                                         17
                                                                       	71
                                                                                                                            100




                                                                                                                                  Diploma




                                         0
                                                        0
                                                                       0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                            0




                                                                                                                                  Journalism
                                                                                                             12




                                                                                                                                  Degree
                                                        0
                                                                       0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                            0




                                         47                                                                                       Learnership
                                                                                                  100




                                         2
                                                        0
                                                                       0
                                                                                      0
                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                            0




                                                                                                                                  Social
                                                                                                             88




                                                                                                                                  ScienceDegree
                                                                                                                                  Total
                                         100
                                                        100
                                                                       100
                                                                                      100
                                                                                                  100
                                                                                                             100
                                                                                                                            100




merSETA
                                                                                         Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    aPPendiX 1.3: Motor cHaMber
    Table 11.3: Priority skills in demand in the Motor Chamber (by OFO code)


     OFO Code   Occupation                               Description                               Demand         % Share
                                                                                                                  of total
     132101     Corporate Services Manager (Skill        Corporate Service Manager (Service                 960              4
                Level 5)                                 Station Owner)
     136201     Small	Business	Managers	                 Production Operations Manager                   1920                8
                                                         (Small Fuel Retail Site Owner) (Skill
                                                         Level	4)	
                                                         Team Manager (Shift Manager, Lower              5760            23
                                                         Level Site Manager or a Team Leader
                                                         in the Service Station context) (Skill
                                                         Level 3)
     142101     Retail Manager (General) (Skill          Business	Manager	(Retail	                       2000                8
                Level	4)	                                Management)
     223301     Training and Development                 Training and Development                           100              0
                Professional (Skill Level 5)             Professional
     224703     Skills Development Facilitator/          Skills Development Facilitator                     100              0
                Practitioner (Skill Level 5)
     233501     Industrial Engineer (Skill Level 5)      Component Manufacturing                            580              2
     233502     Mechanical Engineer (Skill Level 5)      Mechanical Engineers                               100              0
     233504     Industrial Engineering Technologist      Industrial Engineering Technician                  100              0
                (Skill Level 5)
     312502     Mechanical Engineering Technician        Metrologist                                        100              0
                (Skill	Level	4)	
     321101     Automotive Electrician (Skill Level 3)   Automotive Electrician                             300              1
     321201     Automotive Motor Mechanic (Skill         Motor Mechanic General                          4500            18
                Level 3)
     321202     Diesel Motor Vehicle Mechanic (Skill     Diesel Mechanic                                    750              3
                Level 3)
     321203     Motorcycle (and Scooter) Mechanic        Motorcycle Mechanic                             2000                8
                (Skill Level 3)
     322303     Welder/Welder (First Class) (Skill       Welder/Welder first Class                          200              1
                Level 3)
     323204     Metal Machinist (First Class) (Skill     Metal Machinist (First Class)                      100              0
                Level 3)
                                                         Automotive Machinist                               250              1
    323402      Toolmaker (Skill Level 3)                Toolmaker                                           20              0
    324101      Panel	Beater	(Skill	Level	3)	            Panel	Beater	                                   2385            10
    324201      Vehicle	Body	Builder	(Skill	Level	3)	    Vehicle	Body	Builder	                              377              2
    551102      Cost Clerk (Skill Level 2)               Costing Clerk (Warranty, costing,                  200              1
                                                         administrative, estimation and
                                                         assessor key staff)
    552201      Credit or Loans Officer (Skill Level 2) Finance and Insurance Clerk                         100              0




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                                27
      OFO Code     Occupation                            Description                              Demand          % Share
                                                                                                                  of total

      621301/2     Motor Vehicle or Caravan              Sales: New and Old Vehicles, Parts,             1016                4
                   Salesperson (Skill Level 2)/          Service and Motorcycles
                   Automotive Parts Salesperson (Skill
                   Level 2)
      631102       Office Cashier (Skill Level 1)        Cashiers                                         100                0
      324301       Vehicle Painter (Skill Level 3)       Automotive Spray Painter                         877                4

     Source: Chamber data 2009


     Table 11.4: Additional number of personnel in demand by skills programmes.


      OFO Code         Skills Programmes - Description                                   Level                    Demand
      313104           Computer Systems Technician - Specialisation as Computer                        Level	4	         100
                       Numeric Operator
      321201           Suspension Fitter                                                                              1 500
                       Automotive Engine Fitter                                                                         250
      321202           Brake	&	Clutch	Fitter	                                                                         2 000
                       Diesel Pump Room Assistant                                                                      	278
                       Driveline & Transmission Fitter                                                                 	700
                       Tow	Bar	Fitter                                                                                   500
                       Repair Shop Assistant                                                                          3 163
      324101           Body	Shop	Assistant	                                                                           2 000
      321101           Auto Electricians Assistant                                                                      300
                       Safety and Security                                                             Level 2        32000
                       Conflict Handling                                                               Level 2         8000
                       Food Handling                                                                   Level 2         8800
                       Vehicle Examiners                                                       Level 2/Level 3          600
                       Team Leading                                                            Level	3/Level	4	         100
                       Computer Literacy                                                                               2000
                       Technical Skills                                                                                 100
                       total                                                                                         62 041

     Source: Chamber data 2009




28                                                                                                                     merSETA
                                                                                      Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    aPPendiX 1.4: new tYre cHaMber
    Table 11.5: Priority skills in the New Tyre Chamber (by OFO code)


     OFO      Occupation                     Description                NQF     Comment              Demand       % Share
     Code                                                               Level                                     of total
     711506   Rubber Production              Rubber Moulding              3     Critical Skill            47             7
              Machine Operator (Skill        Machine Operators
              Level 2)                       Tyre	Builders	               3     Critical Skill           165            24
                                             Rubber Compounders           3     Critical Skill            28             4
                                             Extruders                    3     Critical Skill            48             7
                                             Fabric Calendering           3     Critical Skill            23             3
                                             Bead	Creeling	               2     Critical Skill            17             2
                                             Rubber Compounding           3     Critical Skill            30             4
                                             (Banbury’s	and	2	Roll	
                                             Mills)
                                             Steel & Fabric               3     Critical Skill            55             8
                                             Calendering
                                             Banbury	Control	Room	        3     Critical Skill                2          0
                                             Operator
                                             Banbury	Roller	Die	          2     Critical Skill            21             3
                                             Operator
                                             Balanceman	                  2     Critical Skill            20             3
                                             Force Operator               2     Critical Skill            18             3
     839202   Rubber Factory Worker          Service Operator/            2     Critical Skill            10             1
              (Skill Level 1)                Supplyman
     839301   Product Examiners (Skill       Tyre Finisher & Examiner     2                               25             4
              Level 2)
     133502   Production/Operations          Production Manager           5                               12             2
              Manager (Manufacturing)
              (Skills Level 5)
                                             Earthmover Specialist        5     Critical Skill and            1          0
                                                                                Future succession
                                                                                planning
                                             Technology Team              5     Critical Skill/               1          0
                                             Leader                             Succession
                                                                                Planning
                                             Truck Tyre Specialist        5     Critical Skill and            1          0
                                                                                Future Succession
                                                                                Planning
     233502   Mechanical Engineers           Mechanical Engineers         5                                   2          0
              (Skill Level 5)
     341101   Electrician (General) (Skill   Electricians                 4     Scarce                    37             5
              Level 3)
     342304   Electronic Trade Worker        Instrument Technicians       4                                   5          1
              (General) (Skill Level 3)
     323201   Fitter (General) (Skill        Fitters                      4     Scarce                    40             6
              Level 3)




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                            29
     OFO       Occupation                     Description             NQF     Comment               Demand       % Share
     Code                                                             Level                                      of total
     223302    Occupational Instructor/       Skills Development        5                                    0          0
               Trainer (Skill Level 5)        Facilitator
     233101    Chemical Engineer (Skill       Chemical Engineer         5     Scarce                         1          0
               Level 5)
     233505    Mechanical Engineering         In-Service Trainee        5     Critical Skill/            20             3
               Technologists (Skill           (Mechanical)                    Succession
               Level 5)                                                       Planning
     233102    Chemical Engineering           In-Service Trainee        5     Critical Skill/                7          1
               Technologist (Skill Level 5)   (Chemical)                      Succession
                                                                              Planning
     233504    Industrial Engineering         In-Service Trainee        5     Critical Skill/                5          1
               Technologists (Skill           (Industrial Engineer)           Succession
               Level 5)                                                       Planning
     224702    Organisation and               Quality Auditor           5                                10             1
               Methods Analyst (Skill
               Level 5)
     314106    Rubber Manufacturing           Graduate Trainee          5     Critical Skill/                4          1
               Technician	(Skill	Level	4)	                                    Succession
                                                                              Planning
     314103    Integrated Manufacturing       Production Specialist     5     Critical Skill             10             1
               Line Technician (Skill
               Level	4)	
     225401    Sales Representatives          Tyre Sales                5     Critical Skill             20             3
               (Industrial Products) (Skill   Representative
               Level 5)
     511201    Office Administrator (Skill    Financial Controller      3     No current                     0          0
               Level 3)                                                       vacancies, but has
                                                                              been problematic
                                                                              to fill
     233401    Electronic Engineers (Skill    Electronic Engineers      5     Vacancies: Critical            4          1
               Level 5)                                                       and Scarce
     139906    Quality Assurance              Quality Technical         5     Future Succession              1          0
               Manager (Skill Level 5)        Manager                         Planning
     233501    Industrial Engineer (Skill     Industrial Engineer       5     Future Succession              1          0
               Level 5)                                                       Planning
     133601    Supply and Distribution        Procurement Manager       5                                    1          0
               Manager (Skill Level 5)
     591103    Purchasing Officer (Skill      Purchasing Agent          3                                    1          0
               Level 3)
     261102    Systems Analyst (Skill         SAP Analyst               5     Scarce                         0          0
               Level 5)
     223303    Assessment Practitioner        Assessor                  5     Critical                       2          0
               (Skills Level 5)
     223301    Training and Development       Skills Development        5     Critical                       3          0
               Practitioner (Skill Level 5)   Practitioner

     Source: Chamber data 2009




30                                                                                                                  merSETA
                                                                                   Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


    aPPendiX 1.5: Plastics cHaMber
    Table 11.6: Priority occupations in the Plastics Chamber (by OFO code)


     Occu-        Occupation                    Description     Indicative Skills demand            2009/10 Demand
     pation                                                     NQF        Learnership Skills       Demand % Share
     Code                                                       Level                    Programmes          of total
     399705       Plastics Manufacturing        Setter          Level	4	     300          150          450        11
                  Machine Setter and
                  Minder (Skill Level 3)


     711504       Plastics Production           Operator        Level 2/     300         1 500         1800       44
                  Machine Operator                              Level 3
                  (General) (Skill Level 2)
     711501       Plastic Cablemaking                                                              0          0
                  Machine Operator (Skill
                  Level 2)
     839201       Plastics and Composites       Laminator       Level 2      100          200          300        7
                  Factory Worker (Skill
                  Level 1)
     399906       Reinforced Plastics and 150                   300          450           11
                  Composite Trades Worker
                  (Skill Level 3)
     136201       Small	Business	Managers	 First Line           Level 3/     150          200          350        8
                  (Skill	Level	4)	         Manager              Level 5
     133502       Production / Operations       Non Metallic    Level 2/      50           50          100        2
                  Manager (Manufacturing)       Assessor        Level	4	
                  (Skill Level 5)
     312502       Mechanical Engineering        70              30           100           2
                  Technician	(Skill	Level	4)	
     839301       Product Examiner (Skill       0               0
                  Level 2)
     711503       Plastics Fabricator or        Thermoplastic   Level 2/     100          130          230        6
                  Welder (Skill Level 2)        Fabricator      Level	4	
     139906       Quality Assurance             Quality         Level 51                               150        4
                  Manager (Skill Level 5)       Controller
     not listed                                 Mould Designer Level	4	                    10          10         0
     not listed                                 Product         Level 5                    10          10         0
                                                Designer



    Source: Chamber data 2009




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                       31
     Table 11.7: Priority trades in demand in the Plastics Chamber


     Occu-pation Occupation                              Description                       Indicative   2009/10 Demand
     Code                                                                                  NQF          Demand   % Share
                                                                                           Level                 of total
     323501      Millwright (Skill Level 3)              Millwright                                       69        22
     341101      Electrician (General) (Skill Level 3)   Electrician                                      36        12
     323402      Toolmaker (Skill Level 3)               Tool, Jig and Die Maker/Plastic                  111       36
                                                         Mould Maker
     323202      Fitter and Turner (Skill Level 3)       Fitter and Turner                                18        6
     323304      Precision Instrument Maker and          Instrument Technician                             5        2
                 Repairer (Skill Level 3)
     323502      Mechatronics Technician (Skill          Mechatronics                                      6        2
                 Level 3)
     323201      Fitter (General) (Skill Level 3)        Fitter                                           27        9
     323401      Engineering Patternmaker (Skill         Plastics Patternmaker             Level 3        20        6
                 Level 3)                                (Engineering Patternmaker)




32                                                                                                                  merSETA
                                                                               Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


         aPPendiX 2: eXecUtive sUMMarY of sector skills
                     Plan UPdate for 2009/2010
    In line with the requirement of the National Skills Development Strategy to determine a Sector
    Skills Plan (SSP), this Sector Skills Plan review (2009-10) identifies key employment and growth
    trends and the current and future skills requirements of merSETA. It therefore provides an overview
    of key economic trends, the essential demand-and supply-side skills considerations, and what
    are considered by stakeholders as scarce and critical skills. It does this in terms of each of the
    merSETA sub-sectors organised into Chambers – Metal, Auto, Plastics, Motor and New Tyre.

    Chapter 1 describes the sector in terms of current industrial and occupational coverage, and
    reflects on changes that have had, or may have, an impact on skills demand.

    •	   Following	several	years	of	global	economic	growth	averaging	between	3.0	and	4.0	percent	per	
         annum, the financial crisis of 2008 heralded sharply slower economic growth and recession
         in many countries around the world. Global GDP growth is expected to average around 2.0
         percent per annum in 2008, with a contraction of global output of 2.9 percent expected
         in	 2009.	 However,	 World	 Bank	 (2009)	 projections	 forecast	 that	 global	 economic	 growth	 is	
         expected to rise to 2.0 percent in 2010 and 3.2 percent in 2011, with the mean growth rate
         in	developing	countries	expected	to	be	back	to	over	4.0	percent	in	2010.	South	Africa	has	
         not	been	spared,	although	some	reports	provide	evidence	that	the	country’s	macroeconomic	
         policies have been able to shield the country from the more detrimental impacts.

    •	   Employment	trends	over	the	past	year	have	been	mixed.	Employment	grew	from	11.7	million	
         in	 2001	 to	 13.7	 million	 in	 2008,	 an	 increase	 of	 two	 million	 jobs,	 with	 much	 of	 this	 growth	
         occurring by 2006 and only an additional 130 000 jobs added between 2006 and 2008.
         Quarterly Labour Force Surveys data indicates a decline in the official unemployment rate
         from a peak of 26.6 percent in 2002 to 21.0 percent, increasing to 23.1 percent in September
         2008.	Labour	force	participation	stood	at	57.6	percent	in	2008,	having	ranged	between	55	
         percent and 60 percent since 2002.
    •	   QES	data	reveals	that	employment	in	the	manufacturing	sector	has	been	declining	gradually	
         on	 a	 year-on-year	 basis	 since	 the	 second	 quarter	 of	 2007,	 falling	 from	 1	 331	 000	 in	 the	
         second	quarter	of	2006	to	1	246	000	in	the	first	quarter	of	2009,	a	decline	of	85	000	jobs.	
         However, much of this decline is attributable to the latter two quarters of the period: 25 000
         jobs were lost in the last quarter of 2008, while 29 000 were lost in the first quarter of 2009.
         Statistics South Africa (2009d) attributes this latter decline to various sub-sectors, including
         manufacture of basic metals, fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment and of
         office, accounting and computing machinery, and manufacture of transport equipment. For
         the year ending March 2009, the manufacturing sector shed 66 000 jobs, a reduction of 5
         percent.
    •	   Employment	stood	at	1.9	million	in	the	manufacturing	sector	of	South	Africa	in	2008,	with	the	
         majority	of	people	(88	percent)	in	formal	sector	employment.	Most	of	these	(43.3	percent) are
         employed in establishments with 50 or more employees. Three-quarters of manufacturing is
         located in three provinces: Gauteng (36 percent), KwaZulu-Natal (21 percent) and Western
         Cape	(17	percent).	




Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                       33
     •		   Employees	in	the	manufacturing	sector	were	reportedly	better	off	than	those	in	the	rest	of	the	
           economy. Seventy-two percent of the employment was permanent, compared with only three
           in five employees in other sectors.

     Chapter 2 provides information on the demand for skills, based on a sector profile developed
     earlier which provides an analysis of employment trends and patterns in key occupations.
     •	    As	 a	 result	 of	 the	 less	 than	 ideal	 economic	 considerations,	 the	 opportunities	 for	 better-
           performing firms to access labour that was relatively scarce until now, will probably signal a
           reduction of scarcity in key areas.
     •	    However,	merSETA	companies	are	particularly	exposed	to	the	current	shortage	of	artisanal	
           skills.
     •	    The	 technological	 innovation	 necessary	 to	 remain	 internationally	 competitive	 will	 mean	
           continuing demand for workers trained in new technologies and processes, and the requisite
           skills necessary to respond to these. Such demand is also more challenging, particularly for
           smaller firms incapable of training.
     •	    Demand	is	less	straightforward	to	satisfy,	as	it	is	dependent	on	the	systemic	performance	of	
           the education system.
     •	    Shortages	have	also	been	reported	in	particular	industries.	In	Metals,	there	were	shortages	
           in foundry, tooling and rapid design processes. The Automotive sector has experienced
           shortages in mechatronics qualifications, while the Motor industry will require increasing
           numbers of skilled service and repair technicians as firms seek to boost customer retention
           in the face of collapsing sales. Shortages of mould-setters and plant operators, and also of
           specialist engineers, have been identified in the Plastics sub-sector.

     Chapter 3	discusses	the	supply	of	skills	from	the	DoE’s	Further	Education	and	Training	(FET)	output	
     data, the Higher Education Management Information System, the South African Qualifications
     Authority’s	National	Learners’	Records	Database	and	merSETA	data	records.	
     •	    Secondary	education	occupies	a	critical	position	in	the	skills	pipeline.	Matric	pass	rates	have	
           been	disappointing	(65	percent	by	2007-08),	with	significant	provincial	variances.	
     •	    Participation	 in	 higher	 education	 is	 relatively	 low,	 with	 an	 average	 rate	 of	 16	 percent	 (ages	
           between	20	and	24	years)	and	an	enrolment	complement	of	743	000	(2004)	(Breier	&	Mabizela	
           2008b).
     •	    Enrolments	 in	 public	 higher	 education	 in	 2002	 (675	 595)	 were	 substantially	 higher	 than	
           enrolments	in	FET	colleges	(406	143)	(Akoojee	et	al.	2008).	Enrolments	in	public	FET	colleges	
           were	320	679	in	2007	(DoE	2009).	
     •	    merSETA	data	indicates	significant	workplace	skilling.	188	064	workers	were	trained	in	2007	
           (44	percent	of	employment).	Latest	figures	show	a	total	of	28	526	records	as	of	July	2009,	
           with each record referring to an individual learnership registration. Most registrations – over
           15 000 (or 53.3 percent) – are at NQF Level 2 and a quarter at NQF Level 1. A quarter of the
           learners are females, significant in the context of a sector largely dominated by males. Two-
           thirds	of	learners	are	Africans,	with	17.2	percent	Coloureds	and	10.5	percent	Whites.	
     •	    As	at	30	June	2009,	there	 are	 just	 under	 10	000	current	 registered	 apprentices	 within	 the	
           merSETA	Chambers.	The	greatest	number	is	in	their	second	year	(37	percent),	with	a	quarter	

34                                                                                                              merSETA
                                                                                Scarce & Critical Skills 2009/10


         each	in	their	first	or	third	year.	Almost	half	are	African	(49	percent),	while	a	third	are	White.	Six	
         percent of apprentices are female, indicating a significant challenge for the SETA.

    Chapter 4 provides an overview of the scarce and critical needs considered by the national
    Chamber sub-committees to be appropriate for the 2009-10 period. Two skills for each of the sub-
    sectors in the broad OFO category are identified below:

     merSETA Chamber            Occupational Description                                       OFO Code
     Metal chamber              Metal Manufacturing Machine Setter and Minder                  712101	
                                Crane, Hoist or Lift Operator                                  399704	
     auto chamber               Mechatronics Technician                                        323502
                                Automotive Motor Mechanic                                      321201
     Motor chamber              Small	Business	Manager	                                        136201
                                Automotive Motor Mechanic                                      321 201
     new tyre chamber           Rubber Production Machine Operator                             711506	
                                Fitter (General)                                               323201
     Plastics chamber           Plastics Production Machine Operator                           711504	
                                Reinforced Plastics and Composite Trades Worker                399906



    Chapter 5 identifies some key trends considered appropriate for the national skills development
    strategy.	The	focus	of	this	chapter	is	on	Adult	Basic	Education	and	Training	(ABET)	and	Small	and	
    Micro Enterprises (SME) development.
    •	   The	chapter	relies	on	data	gathered	in	merSETA	commissioned	research	and	is	supplemented	
         by	 current	 empirical	 evidence	 from	 merSETA’s	 SME	 Training	 Voucher	 Project	 and	 related	
         training interventions.
    •	   The	merSETA	database	shows	a	larger	proportion	of	small	companies	in	the	New	Tyre	Chamber	
         (94	percent),	followed	by	Auto	(88	percent)	and	then	Motor	(82	percent).	Plastics	and	Metals	
         have larger proportions of large companies, at 26 percent and 19 percent respectively. The
         number	of	‘smaller’	companies,	however,	is	not	translated	in	absolute	numbers	of	employees	
         in the sector.
    •	   Generally,	 skills	 demands	 in	 small	 enterprises	 mirror	 those	 of	 larger	 enterprises,	 although	
         differences	regarding	weighting	between	Chambers	relative	to	firm	size	are	evident.	
    •	   The	high	cost	of	training	and	the	lack	of	administrative	capacity	in	smaller	enterprises	constrain	
         effective training interventions.
    •	   More	 than	 two-thirds	 (72	 percent)	 of	 training	 is	 conducted	 in	 three	 key	 areas:	 Health	 and	
         Safety	(43	percent),	Sales,	Marketing	and	Customer	Service	(19	percent)	and	Technical	and	
         Industry-specific	Training	(14	percent).	
    •	   The	survey	findings	of	a	merSETA	ABET	study	showed	that	small	companies	invest	less	in	
         ABET,	probably	due	to	more	limited	budgets	and	less	ability	to	give	time	off	for	learning.	The	
         focus on literacy needs special attention, not only because of technological development, but
         because	of	real	and	strategic	safety	considerations	at	firm	level	in	all	company	sizes.	
    •	   Projects	designed	to	respond	to	national	needs	have	been	identified.	


Leaders in Closing the Skills Gap                                                                                   35

								
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