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					  SUNDAY
BIBLE CLASS
    church leadership
     IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
Springfield, Virginia           Nov. 15-16
Church of Christ                  2008

              www.EdwardFudge.com
What about 1 Cor. 14:34-35?
         CORINTH
                 1 Corinthians 14

        THESE ARE HOUSE-CHURCHES,
        PRACTICING MUTUAL MINISTRY



26 “. . . When you come together, each one has a
hymn, a lesson, a revelation, a tongue, or an
interpretation. Let all things be done for building up.”
                   1 Corinthians 14

    Paul tells three unruly groups to zip the lip.




    1.        27 If any speak in a   tongue, let there
be only two or at most three, and each in turn, and let
someone interpret. 28 But if there is no one to interpret,
let each of them keep silent (sigao) in church and
speak to himself and to God.
                   1 Corinthians 14

    Paul tells three unruly groups to zip the lip.




    2.         29 Let two or three prophets speak,
and let the others weigh what is said. 30 If a revelation is
made to another sitting there, let the first be silent
(sigao) . . . . 33 For God is not a God of confusion but
of peace.
              1 Corinthians 14

Paul tells three unruly groups to zip the lip.




3.    34 the women should keep silent
         (sigao) in the churches. For they are not
          permitted to speak, but should be in
         submission, as the Law also says. 35 If
         there is anything they desire to learn, let
         them ask their husbands at home. For it is
         shameful for a woman to speak in church.
What about 1 Tim. 2?
    EPHESUS
                    1 Timothy 2:8-15
“I desire then that in every place the men should pray,
lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling; likewise
also that women should adorn themselves in respect-
able apparel, with modesty and self-control, not with
braided hair and gold or pearls or costly attire, but with
what is proper for women who profess godliness—with
good works. Let a woman learn quietly with all submis-
siveness. I do not permit a woman to teach or to exer-
cise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.
For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not
deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a
transgressor. Yet she will be saved through child-
bearing—if they continue in faith and love and holiness,
with self-control.”
                  1 Timothy 2 – Setting

Timothy at Ephesus to rebut false teaching (1 Tim. 1:3).

• Speculations and myths concerning the Law of Moses
  (1 Tim. 1:3-7).

• Involved something “falsely called knowledge (gnosis)”
  (1 Tim. 6:20-21).

• Resurrection said to be past (2 Tim. 2:17-18).

• Targeted church women (2 Tim. 3:6-7).
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation


           8   “I wish therefore to pray

the men in every place, raising holy hands without anger
and quarreling;

9 similarly also

women in apparel discreet, with modesty and self-
control to adorn themselves, not with braided hair
(ringlets and curls) and gold, or pearls or expensive
attire, 10 but with what is fitting for women professing
piety—with good works.”
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation



Throughout 1 Tim. 2:8-15, the words translated “man”
(aner) and “woman” (gyne) also mean “husband” and
“wife.”

If this is the intended meaning, it narrows the scope of
what Paul is saying.
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation

“11 Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness.
12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise
authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.”
                  _______________

The startling comment here is not about quietness.

It is Paul’s statement “let a woman learn,
something unheard of among the Rabbis
but approved and practiced by Jesus as we saw
earlier.
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation

“11 Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness.
12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise
authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.”
                  _______________

The underlined words both translate a Greek word
(hesychia) which means “quietness” rather than
“silence.” Paul uses the adjective form of the same
word (hesychios) in verse 2, “. . . that we may lead a
quiet and peaceable life.” See also 2 Thess. 3:11-12,
where Paul commands believers “to do their work
quietly (hesychia) and to earn their own living.”
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation

“12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise
authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.”
                  _______________

 The verb Paul usually uses to express the idea of
having authority is exousiazo. Here, however, Paul
uses a verb that occurs nowhere else in the New
Testament. It is a very strong verb (authenteo) that
means “to domineer,” “to overthrow, usurp authority,”
“to act as a tyrant,” “to willfully enforce for oneself.”
The noun in the same word family (authentes), meant
in classical Greek either a “murderer” or an “absolute
ruler.”
      1 Timothy 2 – Vocabulary & Translation

“12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise
authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet.”
                  _______________

Dr. Carroll Osburn (Women in the Church, 246-252),
urges that the second verb underlined above explains
the verb before it. This has Paul saying: “I do not permit
a woman to teach domineeringly over a man.” Or
perhaps, “I do not permit a wife to teach domineeringly
over a husband.” This could reflect the situation at
Ephesus, where some women/ wives reject marriage
and declare themselves totally independent of men/
husbands, based on false “knowledge” or gnosis.
              Specific, local corrections --
              or universally binding rules?

1.    I urge that . . . Prayers . . . be made . . . for kings
2.    I desire . . . Men . . . pray, lifting holy hands
3.   Women adorn selves . . . not with braided hair
4.   and gold . . . or pearls . . . or costly attire
5.   Let a woman learn quietly with all submissiveness
6.    I do not permit a woman to teach
7.    or to exercise authority over a man
8.    rather, she is to remain quiet
9.   Yet she will be saved through childbearing

				
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