Compound and Complex Sentences
I. Complex sentences have one independent and one or more dependent clauses.
Dependent clauses are introduced by subordinators. Common subordinators are:
Common subordinators are:
Time Contrast Cause Condition
when although since if
while even though because unless
as soon as
1. After the sun dipped below the horizon, the clouds began to turn pink and purple.
2. Plants are important because they turn the sun’s energy into food.
3. As soon as Claudia finished her test, she met her friends in the cafeteria.
II. Compound sentences have two or more independent clauses connected by a
coordinate conjunction or a transition word.
The coordinate conjunctions are: and , but , so, yet, for, nor, or.
Common transition words are:
Contrast /opposition Cause/effect Addition Example
however therefore in addition for example
nevertheless consequently furthermore for instance
on the other hand as a result moreover
1. My neighbors were not able to pay there mortgage; as a result, they had to sell their
2. It was a cold , rainy , windy day, but we decided to go to the beach.
3. San Francisco is a beautiful, exciting city; however, it is a very expensive place to