July 15, 2007
Chris Sutterfield 2007 Charlotte North Carolina Registrations Are Coming In
OK Council on Law Enforcement
Education and Training The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department is excited to be hosting the 2007
ALERT International Conference. We have a great conference scheduled with
Vice President many interesting activities planned! The conference alone will be worth the trip but
we have several other optional activities to hold your interest. But before I tell you
Oklahoma State University-OKC
about the optional events, let me tell you about the conference itself. First of all,
Secretary the host hotel is the Embassy Suites Hotel which is 10 minutes from the airport and
Mike Brady five minutes from our Police Academy. We will have daily transportation to and
Lake Oswego Police Dept OR from the hotel to the Academy or any of the activities scheduled. There is a nightly
complimentary social hour at the hotel as well as our ALERT Hospitality Suite.
Tim Miller Early registration will be in the Hospitality Suite Monday afternoon. The
Kimberly-Hansen Police Dept ID conference will begin on Tuesday morning at the Police Academy. After the
Opening Ceremonies, we will have continuous break-out sessions as well as tours
Immediate Past President of the Academy and demonstrations at our driving facility. The break –out session
Colts Neck Police Dept NJ
topics will include Managing the Risks of Law Enforcement Driving, the Smith
System Driving Program, an Orientation to Rolling Road Blocks, an Orientation to
Western Regional Representative ATV riding for Law Enforcement, Stop Stick Training, EVOC 101 Simulator
Jan Ellertson Training and an FBI Surveillance Maneuver Course .
Portland Bureau of Police OR
Lunch and dinner will be provided and catered at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police
Representative Academy on Tuesday. The vendor Expo will also be open all day long at the
William “Butch” Adams Academy. Wednesday and Thursday will give you the opportunity to experience
Douglas County Sheriffs Office GA three different facility activities. For those of you that don’t care to travel to the two
other choices, you can stay in town and participate in many behind the wheel
South Central Regional
courses at the Charlotte Vehicle Operations Center (CVOC). Some of the courses
Mike Brown at the CVOC will be our Skid Pad Trilogy, the Off Road Recovery Course, the ABS
Kansas City Police Dept MO course, and our famous Emergency Curves course. Other activities at the
Academy will be a four hour ATV riding course (previous riding experience
Midwest Regional Representative recommended), and some behind the wheel time in the Skid Car. Now if you do
Adams County Sheriffs Office CO
want to travel, we’ve got two options for you on Wednesday and Thursday. One of
your choices will be to head to Cary, NC and visit First Sgt Ricky Stallings and his
North Central Regional staff with the North Carolina Highway Patrol There you’ll spend the day behind the
Representative wheel on their high speed road course or many of the other courses they have
Mike Leaverton prepared for you. Lunch will be provided at the NC Highway Patrol Academy. The
KY Dept of Criminal Justice Training
other choice for Wednesday and Thursday will be a trip to Laurens, SC and visit
Northeast Regional Chuck Lantz at the Michelin Proving Grounds. Chuck has prepared courses for
Representative you similar to the video that most of you have seen on Tire Blowouts and Tire
Michael Martin Tread / Pressure. Lunch will also be provided by the facility. When you finish with
Oswego Police Dept NY
the activities on Thursday, you’ll head back to Charlotte for a good ole’ Southern
Prairie Provinces (CANADA)
BBQ at the local Shriner’s Club “hideout” called The Red Fez Club. The Club is on
Regional Representative the edge of the beautiful water of Lake Wylie. You will be provided with excellent
Jim Thiessen local N.C. BBQ pork and chicken cooked by our CMPD crew, as well as, some
Winnipeg Police Service Manitoba good ole’ Southern Blue Grass Music performed by a few of our officers.
ALERT International Page 2 of 11
Nominations for the Upcoming Executive Board Elections
UNCONTESTED NOMINEE FOR Session of the Indiana Law Enforcement Academy;
the one hundred ninety-seventh (197th) Session of
OFFICE OF PRESIDENT
the FBI National Academy in Quantico. He
obtained his Master Instructor Certification in 1994
and is also a graduate of Northwestern University
Traffic Institute for D.U.I. Instructors. Lieutenant
Reath also holds certifications as an instructor in
Physical Fitness from the Cooper Institute in Dallas,
TX, PPCT Defensive Tactics Instructor, and
Weapon of Mass Destruction.
Lieutenant Reath’s primary duties are in the field of
Emergency Vehicle Operations where he has
served as the Academy’s Director since 1995. In
the year 2000, Lt Reath developed Indiana’s First
Michael W. Reath Advanced EVO Instructor School for P.I.T. training,
rolling roadblocks, and other pursuit intervention
Master Instructor termination techniques. Lieutenant Reath became a
Lt Michael Reath served with the Crawfordsville certified EVO Instructor from the Indiana Law
Police Department prior to joining the staff at the Enforcement Academy in 1989.
Indiana Law Enforcement Academy in January of
UNCONTESTED NOMINEE FOR
OFFICE OF SECRETARY
Lt. Reath is also a graduate of several driving
schools including GM Proving Grounds EVO
Instructor School in Milford, Michigan; Fairfax
County Criminal Justice Academy Advanced
Emergency Vehicle Operations Course in Fairfax,
Virginia and BSR Executive Protection Driving
School at Summit Point Raceway in West Virginia
to name a few. Lieutenant Reath is a certified
SkidCar Instructor along with being a certified
Driving Simulator Instructor. Lieutenant Reath has
been an active member of ALERT International
since 1993 and has served as the North Central
Regional Training Representative. Lieutenant
Reath has provided guidance for several
departments and academies throughout the country Mike Brady
in developing and revising their present driving Lake Oswego OR Police Department
Mike Brady has worked with the Lake Oswego
Lt. Reath was chosen to participate in the revision OR Police Department for most of his career.
of the 2006 National Emergency Vehicle Training
He is a certified instructor with Oregon DPSST,
Reference Guide as well as the 2007 ALERT
workshop Train the Trainer Pursuit Seminar.
and has assisted with many instructor courses
throughout the Northwest.
Reath developed Indiana’s First Advanced EVO
Instructor School for P.I.T. training, rolling Brady has been the secretary for the
roadblocks,. association for the past two years, and truly
believes in moving the association forward
He is a graduate of the eighty-eighth (88th) Basic
through its mission and dedicated membership.
Page 3 of 11 ALERT International
NOMINEE FOR NOMINEE FOR
OFFICE OF VICE-PRESIDENT OFFICE OF VICE-PRESIDENT
Lieutenant Stacey Barrett
Louisiana State Police
Lieutenant Stacey Barrett is a 12 year veteran of Captain Travis Yates
the Louisiana State Police and currently serves as Tulsa OK Police Department
the In-Service Coordinator at the LSP Training
Academy. In this capacity, Lt. Barrett oversees all Captain Travis Yates has been with the Tulsa Police
Emergency Vehicle Operations, Defensive Tactics, Department for 14 years and currently is a Captain
Officer Survival, Firearms and Physical Fitness with the Headquarters Division. He has been
training for both in-service and recruit training. married for 12 years to Traci and has two sons,
Trevor & Tanner. Travis has a Master of Science
Lt. Stacey Barrett has been permanently assigned Degree from Northeastern State University and is
to the Louisiana State Police Training Academy currently an adjunct instructor with the University of
since 1999, after serving four years in Uniform Phoenix. He is a certified law enforcement driving
Patrol. She was first certified as an Emergency instructor, PIT instructor and tire deflation device
Vehicle Operations instructor that same year after instructor.
attending San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Office
Emergency Vehicle Operations Course. She has Captain Yates is the commander of the Tulsa Police
also attended Utah’s Police Academy’s Precision Driving Unit. The unit is responsible for
Emergency Vehicle Operation course. Lt. Barrett mandatory driver training for the department’s 820
is also a certified SkidCar Instructor, as well as a officers, academy training, tire deflation device
certified Driving Simulator Instructor. certification and the newly developed driving
simulator program. He also coordinates a regional
Lt. Barrett has been an active member of ALERT driver training program that offers law enforcement
since 2001. She assisted with teaching the Pursuit training for free to outside agencies.
Seminars presented by ALERT in 2002. She was Through his efforts, Captain Yates has received
chosen to participate in revising the Law numerous department awards including the first
Enforcement Driver Training Reference Guide Honorary Fellowship with the Advanced Drivers of
2007 and the Pursuit Policy Workshop for the America. Travis is a graduate of the FBI National
National Highway Safety Traffic Administration in Academy and is on the advisory board with Ten Four
2007. Ministries. He formerly held a board position with
Prior to her career with Louisiana State Police, Lt. Special Olympics of Oklahoma.
Barrett graduated from Louisiana State Captain Yates is the owner and moderator of the
University’s P.O.S.T. academy in 1991 and served Police Driving Site, www.Policedriving.com. The site
as a Louisiana State Park Ranger, Alcohol was formed in 2003 for law enforcement driving
Beverage Control Agent, and Department of Public instructors to share information. The site has
Safety Police Officer. become the largest of its kind dedicated to the issue
Lt. Barrett received her Master of Criminal Justice Continued p. 4
degree in May, 2006.
ALERT International Page 4 of 11
YATES Continued Uncontested Nominee for Office of Treasurer
of police driver training and Travis fields numerous
requests each week to assist other agencies with
their driver training program. Travis is sought across
the country to speak on the importance of driver
training. He has been featured on CNN, Law Officer
Magazine, Law Enforcement Technology Magazine
and several other publications. He writes a monthly
column titled “Safety Behind the Wheel” for Police
Travis has been a member with ALERT International
since 1998 and is looking forward to focusing his
efforts to assist the organization in any way that he
can. Travis welcomes any questions that you may
have. He may be reached at Tyates@cityoftulsa.org Tim Miller
or at 918-596-1354. Kimberly-Hansen ID Police Department
Tim Miller began his career with the Twin Falls ID
Police Department, working in many divisions before
leaving to work on a national teenage driver training
project involving simulation. He was then hired as
the Assistant Professor for Law Enforcement Training
at the College of Southern Idaho. He now is the
School Resource Officer for the Kimberly School
Miller has been the Treasurer for the association for
the past ten years. In addition, he has been the
Chairman for the Idaho Peace Officers Association
for the past six years.
Miller was chosen to participate in the revision of the
2000 and 2007 National Emergency Vehicle Training
Reference Guide as well as the 2001 and 2007
ALERT workshop Train the Trainer Pursuit Seminars.
Miller has dedicated many hours to move the
association in a positive direction, through revamping
the newsletter and membership systems to keeping
communication open among the membership.
CALL FOR BOARD MEMBERS/ELECTIONS
The Board of Directors is seeking nominees from members to fill board positions as regional
representatives. Please send a photo, a brief biography, and the position that you would like to be
nominated for. Send them to the ALERT office or email them as soon as possible and your
information will be posted in the upcoming newsletters with elections to be held in September before
the conference. Results will be announced at the conference. If no nominations are received,
regional representatives will be selected at the upcoming conference.
Page 5 of 11 ALERT International
SCOTT vs. HARRIS
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
No. 05-1631 Argued February 26, 2007 Decided April 30, 2007
Prepared by Thomas J. Witczak
On March 29, 2001, between 2230 and 2300, a Coweta County (GA) Sheriff’s Deputy, clocked a vehicle driven
by Victor Harris going 73 mph in a posted 55 mph zone. When the deputy attempted to stop Harris, Harris fled.
The pursuit covered nine miles and lasted approximately six minutes with speeds ranging between 70 mph and
90 mph. Harris passed vehicles when a double yellow traffic control lane was present and also ran through two
red traffic lights.
The deputy radioed dispatch and reported that he was in pursuit of a fleeing vehicle and broadcast the license
plate number. He did not relay the underlying charge of speeding. Coweta County Deputy (GA) Timothy Scott
heard the radio communication and joined in the pursuit.
After reaching Peachtree City in Fayette County (GA), Harris slowed down, activated his blinker and turned into
a drugstore parking lot, where two Peachtree City police vehicles were already stationed in the parking lot.
Deputy Scott went around to the other side of the complex and tried to prevent Harris from leaving the parking
lot. Deputy Scott drove his vehicle directly into Harris’ path. Harris attempted to turn to the left to avoid hitting
Deputy Scott’s squad, but the two vehicles came into contact with each other causing minor damage.
Deputy Scott took control of the pursuit and radioed dispatch for “permission to P.I.T.” the Harris vehicle.
Sergeant Fenninger, the supervisor in charge, granted Deputy Scott permission to employ the P.I.T. technique.
At the time of the pursuit, Coweta County Sheriff’s Department had a vehicle pursuit policy that stated,
“Deliberate physical contact between vehicles at any time may be justified to terminate the pursuit upon the
approval of the supervisor.” Deputy Scott and other Coweta Deputy’s had not had formal P.I.T. training until
after the incident. After receiving approval, Deputy Scott determined that he could not perform the P.I.T.
because he was going too fast. Instead, he rammed his squad directly into Harris’ vehicle at 80 mph. Harris lost
control of his vehicle. The vehicle left the roadway, ran down an embankment and crashed. As a result, Harris
was rendered a quadriplegic.
11th U.S. CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEAL:
The United States Court of Appeal for the 11the Circuit analyzed a ramming during a police pursuit under deadly
force principles and refused to grant the deputy summary judgment or qualified immunity. The supervisor, who
authorized Deputy Scott to perform the Precision Immobilization Technique (P.I.T.) during the pursuit was
granted summary judgment and dismissed from the case because, while he authorized the P.I.T. maneuver, the
deputy did not P.I.T. the Harris’ vehicle, but instead rammed the vehicle.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES:
The United States Supreme Court had to consider two questions:
1. Whether a law enforcement officer’s conduct is objectively reasonable under the 4th Amendment when
the officer makes a split-second decision to terminate a high-speed pursuit by bumping the fleeing
suspect’s vehicle with his push bumper because the suspect has demonstrated that he would continue to
drive in a reckless and dangerous manner that put the lives of innocent persons at a serious risk of
2. Whether at the time of the incident the law was clearly established when neither this Court (the Supreme
Court) nor any circuit, including the Eleventh Circuit, had ruled the Fourth Amendment is violated when a
law enforcement officer used deadly force to protect the lives of innocent persons from the risk of
dangerous and reckless vehicular flight.
ALERT International Page 6 of 11
The attorney for Harris stated that his client was driving fast, but he had his vehicle under control. He even used
his turn signals.
Justice Kennedy: He used his turn signals. That’s like the strangler who observed the no smoking sign.
Harris’ attorney stated that any officer who perceives that someone is driving unsafely and that they may cause
an accident to someone who may or may not be down the road if not stopped, would be justified in using deadly
force to literally take out anyone who is speeding.
Justice Scalia: It depends on how fast – It defends on how fast the car is going, whether it’s a two lane road or
four lane divided highway. All those factors come into account.
Harris attorney stated that when he turned into the shopping center he wasn’t weaving through a parking lot. He
was going through a private access road in a shopping mall which was closed at 11pm. And the collision, the
impact occurred when Officer Scott, who was going too fast to make the turn into the shopping center, went up
to the next intersection, came around the other way to head my client off at the pass. And then what happened
was that Mr. Harris took evasive action to avoid a collision when Officer Scott put himself right in Mr. Harris’ way.
Justice Alito: Mr. Jones, I looked at the videotape on this. It seems to me that he created a tremendous risk of
drivers on that road. Is that an unreasonable way of looking at the –at this tape?
Justice Scalia: It is frightening. A frightening amount of speed, and cars coming in the opposite direction, at
night, on a two lane winding road.
Harris attorney responded with, “ Well, as the Court below found, and as the tape indicates, Mr. Harris didn’t run
anybody off the road. He didn’t ram anybody. He didn’t try to ram anybody. He was just driving away.
Justice Souter: The question is whether he was creating a substantial risk doing that. My question is how could
a jury find otherwise? Your answer up to this point is that well, he used signal lights and his reflexes were good,
and they sure were. But the question is whether he was creating a substantial risk of death or serious bodily
harm to others. And my question is leaving – assuming that his reflexes were good and he knew how to use the
signal lights, how could the jury fail to find that he was creating such a risk?
U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISION: (04/30/07)
The Court ruled 8-1 in favor of Deputy Timothy Scott.
Because the car chase respondent initiated posed a substantial and immediate risk of serious physical injury to
others, Scott’s attempt to terminate the chase by forcing respondent off the road was reasonable, and Scott is
entitled to summary judgment.
Qualified immunity requires resolution of a “threshold question: Taken in the light most favorable to the party
asserting the injury, do the facts alleged show the officer’s conduct violated a constitutional right?” Saucier v.
Katz, 533 U.S. 194, 201
The record in this case includes a videotape capturing the events in question. Where, as here, the record
blatantly contradicts the plaintiff’s version of events so that no reasonable jury could believe it, a court should not
adopt that version of the facts for purposes of ruling on a summary judgment motion.
Viewing the facts in the light depicted by the videotape, it is clear that Deputy Scott did not violate the Fourth
Page 7 of 11 ALERT International
Garner did not establish a magical on/off switch that triggers rigid preconditions whenever an officer’s actions
constitute “deadly force.” The Court there simply applied the Fourth Amendment’s “reasonableness” test to the
use of a particular type of force in a particular situation. That case has scant applicability to this one, which has
vastly different facts. Whether or not Scott’s actions constituted “deadly force,” what matters is whether those
actions were reasonable. In determining a seizure’s reasonableness, the Court balanced the nature and quality
of the intrusion on the individual’s Fourth Amendment interests against the importance of the governmental
interests allegedly justifying the intrusion. United States v. Place, 462 U.S. 696, 703. In weighing the high
likeliness of serious injury or death to respondent that Scott’s actions posed against the actual and imminent
threat that respondent posed to the lives of others, the Court takes account of the number of lives at risk and the
relative culpability of the parties involved. Respondent intentionally placed himself and the public in danger by
unlawfully engaging in reckless, high-speed flight; those who might have been harmed had Scott not forced
respondent off the road were entirely innocent. The Court concluded that it was reasonable for Scott to take the
action he did. It rejects respondent’s argument that safety could have been assured if the police simply ceased
their pursuit. The Court ruled that a police officer’s attempt to terminate a dangerous high-speed car chase that
threatens the lives of innocent bystanders does not violate the Fourth Amendment, even when it places the
fleeing motorist at risk of serious injury or death.
Justice Scalia delivered the opinion of the Court. Chief Justice Roberts, Justice Kennedy, Justice Souter,
Justice Thomas, Justice Ginsburg, Justice Breyer and Justice Alito joined in on this opinion. Justice Stevens
filed a dissenting opinion.
WHAT DID THE U.S. SUPREME COURT TELL US?
Basically, prior to this decision, the extent to which we could apply tactics to stop the fleeing suspect were based
on the NATURE OF THE CRIME, and what actions the driver was taking to elude had very little to do with the
decisions we made.
My interpretation of this case says the actions of the violator become the determining factor in what tactics are
appropriate. The nature of the offense is just the justification to initiate a pursuit. The driver actions become the
basis for tactics to stop them.
HELPFUL TOOLS THAT CAN INFLUENCE THE COURT:
Departments need to have a policy on pursuits that specifically identify the issue and how to deal with it. We
cannot afford to have a policy that is vague in nature. Policies must be reviewed on an annual basis and the
review panel should include officers who actively use the policy.
Supervisory Monitoring Of A Pursuit:
This is important. Has a supervisor been advised that a pursuit is in progress? Is the supervisor monitoring the
pursuit? Is it necessary for the officer to get supervisory approval for a specific tactic or use of a specific piece of
equipment? What if the supervisor makes a decision to terminate the pursuit? As soon as the officer is
informed, he or she must terminate that pursuit immediately. Not in a couple of blocks or miles, but right now.
Officers must also know that they may have to terminate a pursuit on their own, prior to supervisory intervention,
if certain conditions exist.
The in-car camera is a necessity, especially in an emergency response and a pursuit. We have evidence of
what actually took place in this situation. In this case, it was clear that the in-car camera showed the U.S.
Supreme Court Justices exactly what happened and not what the attorney for Harris claimed happened.
ALERT International Page 8 of 11
Every communication between an officer and dispatch is recorded. This is not something that can be changed
or misinterpreted. When it comes to a criminal or civil trial, the officer can review this communication or ask that
it be played in court for the judge and jury. Once again, we have information that is undisputed.
Constitutional Law – Officers need proper training in understanding what constitutes a seizure under the Fourth
Amendment of the U.S. Constitution relating to pursuits.
Roadblocks – We have moving roadblocks, roadblocks with an escape route, channelization, and roadblocks
with no escape route. Do we train officers properly how to set up these different types of roadblocks? Not just
looking at a PowerPoint, but physically taking part in properly setting up the specific roadblock.
Tire Deflation Devices – What type of device does our department have? Are all the officers properly trained
on how to use the device?
Pursuit Intervention Technique (P.I.T.) – Does our policy allow officers to use the P.I.T.? If so, are they properly
trained on how to properly use this technique? It is important for us to know and understand that this technique
can be taught and the outcome is predictable.
Scott vs. Harris certainly was a positive decision for the law enforcement community. However, it is not a sign
for us to become complacent. We need to continue to train our officers in emergency responses and pursuits.
The next challenge may be next week or next year. Will we be ready to meet with that challenge? The bottom
line is that we want our officers to come home safely at the end of their shift. In order to do that, we need to
provide them with whatever it takes in our training efforts. Training needs to be a top priority in our budgets and
for our officers on the street.
THOMAS J. Witczak, is a master instructor from Wisconsin. He has taught EVOC for over 25 years. Tom
continues to serve on the EVOC Advisory Board for EVOC and wrote the first state training manual. He was
appointed to a special task force by the Attorney General to come up with a policy on pursuits. Tom is the
trainer-of-trainers for new instructors in the state. He also acts as an expert witness to the courts for
emergency response and pursuit related matters. Tom can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tribute to Our Fallen Law Enforcement Officers
Deputy First Class Hilery A. Mayo Jr.
Deputy Sheriff Marvin Jerome Scarlett
Henry County Sheriff's Office, Georgia St. Tammany Parish Sheriff's Office, Louisiana
End of Watch: Sunday, May 20, 2007 End of Watch: Saturday, June 9, 2007
Tour of Duty: 15 years Tour of Duty: 10 years
Incident Details Incident Details
Cause of Death: Automobile accident
Cause of Death: Automobile accident
Date of Incident: Saturday, June 9, 2007
Date of Incident: Sunday, May 20, 2007
Deputy Marvin Scarlett was killed in an automobile
accident on I-75 at approximately 5:00 am.
Deputy Hilery Mayo was killed in an automobile accident
on Louisiana 40 while he and another deputy responded
His patrol car collided with the back of a delivery truck
to an emergency call.
that had stopped in the roadway due to another accident
that had just occurred.
The patrol car left the roadway, went into a ditch, and
then struck a tree. Deputy Mayo was killed and the other
Deputy Scarlett had served with the Henry County deputy, who was riding in the passenger seat, was
Sheriff's Office for 5 years and had previously served with
seriously injured. Both deputies were wearing their seat
the Miami-Dade, Florida, Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation for 10 years.
Deputy Mayo had served with the St. Tammany Parish
Sheriff's Office since 1997. He is survived by his wife,
Officer Jeffrey Howard (Jeff) McCoy mother, sister, and brother.
Abilene Police Department, Texas
End of Watch: Tuesday, June 5, 2007 Sergeant Linden "Beau" Raimer was killed when a pine
tree that had been struck by lightning hit his patrol car
Biographical Info while in the funeral procession for Deputy Mayo.
Tour of Duty: 18 years
Cause of Death: Automobile accident Officer Robert Franklin Dickey
Date of Incident: Tuesday, June 5, 2007 California Highway Patrol, California
Officer Jeff McCoy was killed in a two-vehicle automobile End of Watch: Sunday, June 10, 2007
accident while on routine patrol before dawn. Biographical Info
An oncoming car crossed into his lane and crashed into Tour of Duty: 5 years
the driver's side of his patrol car. The impact shoved the Incident Details
patrol car into a utility pole, killing Officer McCoy. The Cause of Death: Automobile accident
driver of the other vehicle was taken to Hendrick Medical Date of Incident: Sunday, June 10, 2007
Center for treatment of his injuries.
Officer Robert Dickey was killed in an automobile
accident on I-8 while on patrol in Imperial County.
Officer McCoy was a member of the Abilene Police
Department for 18 years. It is believed that a tire on his patrol car blew out, causing
him to lose control of the vehicle. The patrol car left the
roadway and flipped several times.
He was flown to Yuma Regional Medical Center, in
Arizona, where he succumbed to his injuries a short time
Officer Dickey had served with the California Highway
Patrol for 5 years. He is survived by his wife and one-
ALERT International Page 10 of 11
Deputy Sheriff Charles Cook
Buchanan County Sheriff's Department, Missouri
End of Watch: Thursday, June 28, 2007
Deputy Kelly James Fredinburg
Marion County Sheriff's Office, Oregon
End of Watch: Saturday, June 16, 2007
Tour of Duty: 3 years
Biographical Info Incident Details
Age: 33 Cause of Death: Vehicle pursuit
Tour of Duty: 8 years, 10 months Date of Incident: Saturday, June 23, 2007
Incident Details Weapon Used: Automobile; Motorcycle
Cause of Death: Automobile accident Suspect Info: At large
Date of Incident: Saturday, June 16, 2007
Deputy Charles Cook succumbed to injuries sustained 5
Deputy Kelly James Fredinburg was killed in a two-
days earlier while pursuing a motorcycle on the Belt
vehicle collision while responding to a call for assistance
from another agency. Highway.
The motorcycle had been observed harassing a St.
Deputy Fredinburg was driving south on Highway 99E,
Joseph police officer by continuously driving past the
north of Gervais, with his lights and siren activated when
officer and doing wheelies while the officer was
a vehicle traveling north crossed the center line and
conducting a traffic stop.
collided with his patrol car. Deputy Fredinburg's patrol car
overturned and caught fire. He succumbed to his injuries
at the scene. The officer radioed the situation in to dispatch and Deputy
Cook responded to the scene. As the motorcycle fled
northbound on the highway Deputy Cook attempted to
One of the three occupants of the other vehicle was also
catch up to it. As he crested a small hill he encountered a
semi truck turning left across the highway. Deputy Cook
Deputy Fredinburg had served with the Marion County swerved to avoid striking the truck but his patrol SUV left
the roadway and struck a traffic control box.
Sheriff's Office for 10 months and had previously served
with the Polk County Sheriff's Office for 8 years. He is
He was transported to a local hospital where he remained
survived by his wife, two daughters, parents, brother,
in critical condition until succumbing to his injuries. The
sister, and grandmother.
motorcyclist who caused the incident was not captured.
Deputy Cook had served with the Buchanan County
Sergeant Justin Thompson Sheriff's Department for 3 years. He is survived by his
Lincoln County Sheriff's Office, West Virginia wife and 2-year-old son.
End of Watch: Wednesday, June 20, 2007
Tour of Duty: 5 years
Cause of Death: Automobile accident
Date of Incident: Wednesday, June 20, 2007
Sergeant Justin Thompson was killed in an automobile
accident shortly after midnight on Corridor G. His patrol
car was involved in a single vehicle crash shortly after he
assisted other deputies in the Alum Creek area.
Sergeant Thompson was a veteran of the War on
Terrorism. He had served with the Lincoln County
Sheriff's Office for 5 years. He is survived by his parents.
Page 11 of 11 ALERT International
Police Officer Adam Joseph Menuez
Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribal Police Department
End of Watch: Wednesday, July 4, 2007
Tour of Duty: 5 months
Cause of Death: Automobile accident
Date of Incident: Wednesday, July 4, 2007
Incident Location: Nevada
Officer Adam Menuez was killed in automobile accident
on Rio Vista Street, on the Stillwater Indian Reservation,
while responding to a call at approximately 4:30 am.
He lost control of his 2006 Dodge Charger patrol car and
struck a guardrail on a bridge as he rounded a bend in
the roadway. The vehicle overturned and became
submerged in an irrigation canal. He was extricated from
the vehicle and transported to Fallon Churchill Banner
Hospital, where he was pronounced dead.
Officer Menuez was a US Army veteran of the War on
Terrorism. He had served with the Fallon Paiute-
Shoshone Tribal Police Department for only 5 months.
Police Officer Dayle Weston (Wes) Hardy
Plano Police Department, Texas
End of Watch: Saturday, July 7, 2007
Tour of Duty: 12 years If you are planning on participating
Cause of Death: Motorcycle accident
in the extra-curricular activities
Date of Incident: Saturday, July 7, 2007 planned for October 29th and
Officer Dayle Hardy was killed when his police motorcycle
collided with a vehicle at the intersection of Independence
November 2nd while attending the
Parkway and Russell Creek Drive. Annual Conference, be sure to send
He was transported to Baylor Hospital where he in your registration forms and
succumbed to his injuries a short time later. payments for these activities so
Officer Hardy had served with the Plano Police transportation and other needs can
Department for 8 years and had previously served with
the Wise County Sheriff's Office for 4 years. He is
be arranged ahead of time.
survived by his wife and twin 3-year-old daughters
It is critical that the registrations are
received prior to your arrival at the