Colegio Villa María La Planicie Rhythm Sonnet: Fourteen (14) lines with no stanza division
Poetic foot: It is a unit that measures and identifies the rhythm. (It tells us
Third Secondary Literature what rhythm is being used.) It is made of a determined combination of Petrarchan sonnet: One octave and one sextet:
accented (strong) ( / ) and unaccented (weak) ( u) sounds. abbaabba + cdcdcd ═ 14 or
ELEMENTS of POETRY and PROSE abbaabba + cdecde ═ 14
The letter u represents the weak sounds. The slash ( / ) represents the
strong sound. There are many types of poetic feet. Here are two common Shakespearian sonnet: Three quatrains and one couplet :
POETRY types. abab + cdcd + efef + gg ═ 14
A poem can be: iambic foot u/ One weak sound or syllable followed by 4. FEELINGS:
one strong syllable. A poem is personal, subjective, lyrical.
1. A STORY (Narrative Poetry): anapestic foot uu/ Two weak sounds or syllable followed by
one strong sound or syllable. 5. IDEAS:
Epic Poem : Example: It wants to communicate, share, convince.
The most primitive form of narrative poem. U / U /
About the adventures of a hero. My heart leaps up Iambic Bimeter
Mostly have elements of magic and religion.
Based on myths.
U / U / PROSE
When I behold Iambic Bimeter
Transmitted orally. Anonymous (the author is unknown). Fiction
Meter: It counts how many times a foot is repeated in a verse. It is the product of the author’s imagination.
Folk Ballad: Monometer 1
Based on sad stories or stories of magic. Bimeter 2 Elements of the narrative:
Elements may be added, deleted or changed. Trimeter 3 Setting: Time and place.
Transmitted orally. Anonymous. Tetrameter 4 Characters: People in the story.
Pentameter 5 Main character: hero, heroine.
Modern Ballad: Hexameter 6 Conflict: Central problem. Plot development is based on it.
Inspired by the Folk Ballad but author is known. Heptameter 7 Plot: Events (actions) that make up the story.
Octometer 8 Theme: Message. The author wants to tell us something
2. PAINTING (that appeals to all the senses): Nanometer 9 indirectly.
You create images that you perceive through your five senses. Decameter 10
In order to create those sensuous or sensory (all five senses) images, Short Story:
the author uses figures of speech. Rhyme A brief narration that is centered on one single conflict (Problem around
which the action happens).
Figures of speech: End Rhyme: It has few characters.
Simile: Compare or associate two elements by using the The agreement of sounds (pronunciation) is at the end of the poetical lines. There is one setting.
comparative words as or like. Obvious comparison. Ex: It creates one clear emotion (mood) in the reader.
Metaphor: Compare or associate two elements without using My little cat a It can be read during one sitting.
the comparative words. Implied comparison. Had a bat a
Personification: Give human qualities to things or animals. Non – fiction
Hyperbole: Over-exaggeration. Internal Rhyme: It is based on facts, not fantasy. Some forms are:
Symbol: a word that stands for something else for a The sound in the middle of the poetical line agrees with Essay Biography Autobiography
community of people. Can be called a community the last sound in that line.
metaphor. Ex.: The little boy had a toy.
COMPARISON OF PROSE AND POETRY
3. MUSIC: Structure or pattern:
It’s the way the poets organize the lines and the rhymes (their material).
It is created in poetry by two main elements: Ex: Sentence Verse / poetical line
Rhythm: Musicality created by the combination of accented and Couplet aa
unaccented sounds. Tercet aba Paragraphs Stanza (s t r o p h e )
Rhyme: Musicality created by the agreement or coincidence of sounds, in Quatrain abba
this case pronunciation., within (inside) a poetical line or between the ends Sextet cdcdcd or cdecde Rhythm Rhythm
of lines. Octave abbaabba
Other elements of musicality: alliteration, repetition, parallelism. No rhyme Rhyme